2013——-29 monoclonal antibody (mAbs) drugs are in Phase III clinical development.
While around 350 therapeutic mAbs are currently in clinical development globally, only 28 had entered active Phase 2/3 or Phase 3 studies as of January 2013, Additionally one mAb mixture was under evaluation in Phase III.
Historically, mAbs that target antigens relevant to cancer have comprised approximately 50% of the mAb clinical pipeline,
but in 2013 the picture has changed: 66% or 19 of the antibodies to watch in 2013 are for non-cancer indications.
The non-cancer mAbs include alirocumab (Regeneron; Sanofi, hypercholesterinemia);
AMG 145 (Amgen, hypercholesterinemia),
epratuzumab (UCB, SLE),
gantenerumab (Roche; Alzheimer’s disease),
gevokizumab (Xoma/Servier, Non-infectious uveitis),
itolizumab (Biocon, Plaque psoriasis), ixekizumab (Eli Lilly and Co., psoriasis),
lebrikizumab (Roche/Genentech, rheumatoid arthritis),
mepolizumab (GSK, Asthma, COPD etc.),
ocrelizumab (Roche/Genentech, multiple sclerosis),
reslizumab (Teva, Eosinophilic asthma), romosozumab (Amgen, Postmenopausal osteoporosis),
sarilumab (Regeneron; Sanofi, rheumatoid arthritis),
secukinumab (Novartis, rheuma, psoriasis),
sirukumab (Janssen R&D LLC, rheumatoid arthritis),
solanezumab (Eli Lilly and Co., Alzheimer’s disease),
tabalumab (Eli Lilly and Co., rheuma, SLE)
vedolizumab (Millenium, Ulcerative colitis; Crohn disease).
The mixture of actoxumab and bezlotoxumab (MK-3415A, Merck & Co.) is being evaluated in two Phase 3 studies as a treatment for Clostridium difficile infection.
The ten cancer mAbs are:
elotuzumab (Bristol-Myers Squibb, Abbott, multiple myeloma),
farletuzumab (Morphotek, ovarian cancer),
inotuzumab ozogamicin (Pfizer; UCB, ALL, NHL),
naptumomab estafenatox (Active Biotech, renal cell carcinoma),
necitumumab (ImClone LLC, NSCL),
nivolumab (Bristol-Myers Squibb, NSCL, renal cell carcinoma),
obinutuzumab (Roche/Genetech, Diffuse large B cell lymphoma, CLL, NHL),
onartuzumab (Roche/Genetech, NSCL cancer; gastric cancer),
racotumomab (CIMAB; Laboratorio Elea S.A.C.I.F. y A, NSCL),
and ramucirumab (ImClone LLC, Gastric; liver, breast, colorectal, NSCL cancers).