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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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GST-HG-121


GST-HG-121

mw 431.4

C23 H29 N07

Fujian Cosunter Pharmaceutical Co Ltd

Preclinical for the treatment of hepatitis B virus infection

This compound was originally claimed in WO2018214875 , and may provide the structure of GST-HG-121 , an HBsAg inhibitor which is being investigated by Fujian Cosunter for the treatment of hepatitis B virus infection; in June 2019, an IND application was planned in the US and clinical trials of the combination therapies were expected in 2020. Fujian Cosunter is also investigating GST-HG-131 , another HBsAg secretion inhibitor, although this appears to be being developed only as a part of drug combination.

WO2017013046A1

PATENT

WO2018214875

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018214875&_cid=P21-KB0QYA-12917-1

Example 6

 

 

 

Step A: Maintaining at 0 degrees Celsius, lithium aluminum hydride (80.00 g, 2.11 mol, 2.77 equiv) was added to a solution of 6-1 (100.00 g, 762.36 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (400.00 mL). The solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 10 hours. Then, 80.00 ml of water was added to the reaction solution with stirring, and 240.00 ml of 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added, and then 80.00 ml of water was added. The resulting suspension was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and filtered to obtain a colorless clear liquid. Concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-2.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ = 3.72 (dd, J = 3.9, 10.2 Hz, 1H), 3.21 (t, J = 10.2 Hz, 1H), 2.51 (dd, J = 3.9, 10.2 Hz, 1H ), 0.91(s, 9H)

 

Step B: Dissolve 6-2 (50.00 g, 426.66 mmol) and triethylamine (59.39 mL, 426.66 mmol) in dichloromethane (500.00 mL), di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (92.19 g, 422.40 mmol) Mol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (100.00 ml) and added dropwise to the previous reaction solution at 0 degrees Celsius. The reaction solution was then stirred at 25 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was washed with saturated brine (600.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, the organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, and then recrystallized with methyl tert-butyl ether/petroleum ether (50.00/100.00) to obtain compound 6-3 .
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 4.64 (br s, 1H), 3.80-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.51 (br d, J = 7.09 Hz, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 1.48 (s, 9H), 0.96 (s, 9H).

 

Step C: Dissolve thionyl chloride (100.98 ml, 1.39 mmol) in acetonitrile (707.50 ml), 6-3 (121.00 g, 556.82 mmol) in acetonitrile (282.90 ml), and drop at minus 40 degrees Celsius After adding to the last reaction solution, pyridine (224.72 mL, 2.78 mol) was added to the reaction solution in one portion. The ice bath was removed, and the reaction solution was stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 1 hour. After spin-drying the solvent under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate (800.00 ml) was added, and a solid precipitated, which was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Step 2: The obtained oil and water and ruthenium trichloride (12.55 g, 55.68 mmol) were dissolved in acetonitrile (153.80 ml), and sodium periodate (142.92 g, 668.19 mmol) was suspended in water (153.80 ml ), slowly add to the above reaction solution, and the final reaction mixture is stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 0.15 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered to obtain a filtrate, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (800.00 mL×2). The organic phase was washed with saturated brine (800.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. Column purification (silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 20/1) gave compound 6-4.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 4.49-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.40-4.44 (m, 1H), 4.10 (d, J = 6.15 Hz, 1H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 0.94 (s,9H).

[0230]
Step D: Dissolve 6-5 (100.00 g, 657.26 mmol) in acetonitrile (1300.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (227.10 g, 1.64 mol) and 1-bromo-3-methoxypropane (110.63 g, 722.99 Millimoles). The reaction solution was stirred at 85 degrees Celsius for 6 hours. The reaction solution was extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, then filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-6.

[0231]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 9.76-9.94 (m, 1H), 7.42-7.48 (m, 2H), 6.98 (d, J=8.03 Hz, 1H), 4.18 (t, J=6.53 Hz , 2H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 3.57 (t, J = 6.09 Hz, 2H), 3.33-3.39 (m, 3H), 2.13 (quin, J = 6.34 Hz, 2H).

[0232]
Step E: Dissolve 6-6 (70.00 g, 312.15 mmol) in methylene chloride, add m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (94.27 g, 437.01 mmol), and the reaction was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. After cooling the reaction solution, it was filtered, the filtrate was extracted with dichloromethane, the organic phase was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution 2000.00 ml (400.00 ml × 5), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. A brown oil was obtained. After dissolving with as little methanol as possible, a solution of 2 mol per liter of potassium hydroxide (350.00 ml) was slowly added (exothermic). The dark colored reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes, and the reaction solution was adjusted to pH 5 with 37% hydrochloric acid. It was extracted with ethyl acetate 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 200.00 ml (100.00 ml×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-7.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 6.75 (d, J = 8.53 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 2.89 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (dd, J = 2.82, 8.60 Hz, 1H), 4.07 (t, J = 6.40 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.60 (t, J = 6.15 Hz, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.06-2.14 (m, 2H).

 

Step F: Dissolve 6-7 (33.00 g, 155.48 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (330.00 mL), add paraformaldehyde (42.02 g, 466.45 mmol), magnesium chloride (29.61 g, 310.97 mmol), triethylamine (47.20 g, 466.45 mmol, 64.92 mL). The reaction solution was stirred at 80 degrees Celsius for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was quenched with 2 molar hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 ml) at 25°C, then extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2). Dry over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain a residue. The residue was washed with ethanol (30.00 ml) and filtered to obtain a filter cake. Thus, compound 6-8 is obtained.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 11.29 (s, 1H), 9.55-9.67 (m, 1H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 6.42 (s, 1H), 4.10 (t, J=6.48 Hz , 2H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.49 (t, J = 6.05 Hz, 2H), 3.28 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.27 Hz, 2H)

 

Step G: Dissolve 6-8 (8.70 g, 36.21 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (80.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (10.01 g, 72.42 mmol) and 6-4 (11.13 g) , 39.83 mmol), the reaction solution was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. The reaction solution was quenched with 1.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (150.00 mL×2). The combined organic phase was washed with water (150.00 mL×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-9.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 10.31 (s, 1H), 7.34 (s, 1H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 4.18-4.26 (m, 3H), 4.07 (dd, J=5.33, 9.60Hz, 1H), 3.88(s, 4H), 3.60(t, J=5.96Hz, 2H), 3.39(s, 3H), 2.17(quin, J=6.21Hz, 2H), 1.47(s, 9H) , 1.06 (s, 9H).

 

Step H: Dissolve 6-9 (15.80 g, 35.95 mmol) in dichloromethane (150.00 mL) and add trifluoroacetic acid (43.91 mL, 593.12 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (100.00 mL) was added, and dichloromethane (100.00 mL) was extracted. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-10.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 8.40 (s, 1H), 6.80 (s, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 4.30 (br d, J = 12.35 Hz, 1H), 4.04-4.11 ( m, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.49 (t, J = 5.99 Hz, 2H), 3.36 (br d, J = 2.93 Hz, 1H), 3.28 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.24Hz, 2H), 1.02(s, 9H).

 

Step I: Dissolve 6-10 (5.00 g, 15.56 mmol) in toluene (20.00 mL) and add 6-11 (8.04 g, 31.11 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours under nitrogen protection. The reaction solution was quenched with water (100.00 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (100.00 mL×2), the combined organic phases were washed with water (80.00 mL×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse phase column. Then purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex luna C18 250*50 mm*10 microns; mobile phase: [water (0.225% formic acid)-acetonitrile]; elution gradient: 35%-70%, 25 minutes) Compound 6-12 is obtained.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 5.15-5.23 (m, 1H), 4.35-4.41 (m, 2H) , 4.08-4.19 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.61-3.67 (m, 1H), 3.46 (dt, J=1.96, 5.99Hz, 2H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.94 (m, 1H), 1.97-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.18-1.22 (m, 3H), 1.04 (s, 9H).

 

Step J: Dissolve 6-12 (875.00 mg, 1.90 mmol) in toluene (20.00 mL) and ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (20.00 mL), and add tetrachlorobenzoquinone (1.40 g, 5.69 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and a saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution (50.00 ml) and ethyl acetate (60.00 ml) were added. The mixed solution was stirred at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and the liquid was separated to obtain an organic phase. Add 2.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL) to the organic phase, stir at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and separate the liquid. Wash the organic phase with 2 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL×2), separate the liquid, and separate the water phase A 2 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (200.00 ml) and dichloromethane (200.00 ml) were added. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-13.

[0243]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 7.98-8.78 (m, 1H), 6.86 (s, 1H), 6.43-6.73 (m, 2H), 4.41-4.48 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.38 ( m, 2H), 4.03-4.11 (m, 2H), 3.93 (br s, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.47-3.52 (m, 3H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.24 Hz, 2H), 1.33 (t, J = 7.15 Hz, 2H), 0.70-1.25 (m, 10H).

[0244]
Step K: Dissolve 6-13 (600.00 mg, 1.31 mmol) in methanol (6.00 mL), and add 4.00 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (2.00 mL, 6.39 equiv). The reaction solution was stirred at 15 degrees Celsius for 0.25 hours. The reaction solution was adjusted to pH=3-4 with a 1.00 mol/L hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, and then extracted with dichloromethane (50.00 mL×3). The organic phases were combined, washed with saturated brine (50.00 mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. , Filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain Example 6.

[0245]
ee value (enantiomeric excess): 100%.

[0246]
SFC (Supercritical Fluid Chromatography) method: Column: Chiralcel OD-3 100 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 3 μm mobile phase: methanol (0.05% diethylamine) in carbon dioxide from 5% to 40% Flow rate: 3 ml per minute Wavelength: 220 nm.

[0247]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 15.72 (br s, 1H), 8.32-8.93 (m, 1H), 6.60-6.93 (m, 2H), 6.51 (br s, 1H), 4.38-4.63 ( m, 2H), 4.11 (br dd, J = 4.52, 12.23 Hz, 3H), 3.79-3.87 (m, 3H), 3.46-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 2.07 (quin, J = 6.24 Hz, 2H), 0.77-1.21 (m, 9H).

PATENT

WO-2020103924

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020103924&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P21-KB0QP8-09832-1

Novel crystalline forms of 11-oxo-7,11-dihydro-6H-benzo[f]pyrido[1,2-d][1,4]azepine, a hepatitis B surface antigen and HBV replication inhibitor, useful for treating HBV infection.

Hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis B for short, is a disease caused by Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection of the body. Hepatitis B virus is a hepatotropic virus, which mainly exists in liver cells and damages liver cells, causing inflammation, necrosis, and fibrosis of liver cells. There are two types of viral hepatitis, acute and chronic. Acute hepatitis B in most adults can heal itself through its own immune mechanism. But chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has become a great challenge for global health care, and it is also the main cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer (HCC). It is estimated that 2 billion people worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus, and more than 350 million people have developed into hepatitis B. Nearly 600,000 people die each year from complications of chronic hepatitis B. my country is a high incidence area of ​​hepatitis B. There are many patients with accumulated hepatitis B, and the harm is serious. According to data, there are about 93 million people with hepatitis B virus infection in China, and about 20 million of them are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, of which 10%-20% can evolve into cirrhosis and 1%-5% can develop into Liver cancer.

 

The key to the functional cure of hepatitis B is to remove HBsAg (hepatitis B virus surface antigen) and produce surface antibodies. HBsAg quantification is a very important biological indicator. In patients with chronic infection, few HBsAg reductions and seroconversion can be observed, which is the end point of current treatment.

 

The surface antigen protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV) plays a very important role in the process of HBV invading liver cells, and is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of HBV infection. Surface antigen proteins include large (L), medium (M) and small (S) surface antigen proteins, sharing a common C-terminal S region. They are expressed from an open reading frame, and their different lengths are determined by the three AUG start codons in the reading frame. These three surface antigen proteins include pre-S1/pre-S2/S, pre-S2/S and S domains. The HBV surface antigen protein is integrated into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and is initiated by the N-terminal signal sequence. They not only constitute the basic structure of the virion, but also form spherical and filamentous subviral particles (SVPs, HBsAg), aggregated in the ER, host ER and pre-Golgi apparatus, SVP contains most S surface antigen proteins. The L protein is crucial in the interaction between viral morphogenesis and nucleocapsid, but it is not necessary for the formation of SVP. Due to their lack of nucleocapsid, the SVPs are non-infectious. SVPs are greatly involved in disease progression, especially the immune response to hepatitis B virus. In the blood of infected persons, the amount of SVPs is at least 10,000 times the number of viruses, trapping the immune system and weakening the body’s immune response to hepatitis B virus. HBsAg can also inhibit human innate immunity, can inhibit the production of cytokines induced by polysaccharide (LPS) and IL-2, inhibit the DC function of dendritic cells, and LPS interfere with ERK-1/2 and c-Jun N-terminal interfering kinase-1 2 Inducing activity in monocytes. It is worth noting that the disease progression of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma is also largely related to the persistent secretion of HBsAg. These findings indicate that HBsAg plays an important role in the development of chronic hepatitis.

 

The currently approved anti-HBV drugs are mainly immunomodulators (interferon-α and pegylated interferon-α-2α) and antiviral drugs (lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, entecavir, and Bifudine, Tenofovir, Kravudine, etc.). Among them, antiviral drugs belong to the class of nucleotide drugs, and their mechanism of action is to inhibit the synthesis of HBV DNA, and cannot directly reduce the level of HBsAg. As with prolonged treatment, nucleotide drugs show HBsAg clearance rate similar to natural observations.

 

Existing therapies in the clinic are not effective in reducing HBsAg. Therefore, the development of small molecule oral inhibitors that can effectively reduce HBsAg is urgently needed in clinical medicine.

 

Roche has developed a surface antigen inhibitor called RG7834 for the treatment of hepatitis B, and reported the drug efficacy of the compound in the model of woodchuck anti-hepatitis B: when using RG7834 as a single drug, it can reduce the surface of 2.57 Logs Antigen, reduced HBV-DNA by 1.7 Logs. The compound has good activity, but in the process of molecular synthesis, the isomers need to be resolved, which reduces the yield and increases the cost.

 

WO2017013046A1 discloses a series of 2-oxo-7,8-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,1,a][2]benzodiazepine-3-for the treatment or prevention of hepatitis B virus infection Carboxylic acid derivatives. The IC 50 of Example 3, the highest activity of this series of fused ring compounds , is 419 nM, and there is much room for improvement in activity. The chiral centers contained in this series of compounds are difficult to synthesize asymmetrically. Generally, the 7-membered carbocyclic ring has poor water solubility and is prone to oxidative metabolism.
Example 1 Preparation of compound of formula (I)

 

[0060]

 

Step A: Maintaining at 0 degrees Celsius, to a solution of compound 1 (100.00 g, 762.36 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (400.00 mL) was added lithium aluminum hydride (80.00 g, 2.11 mol, 2.77 equiv). The solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 10 hours. Then, 80.00 ml of water was added to the reaction solution with stirring, and 240.00 ml of 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added, and then 80.00 ml of water was added. The resulting suspension was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and filtered to obtain a colorless clear liquid. Concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain compound 2.
Step B: Dissolve compound 2 (50.00 g, 426.66 mmol) and triethylamine (59.39 mL, 426.66 mmol) in dichloromethane (500.00 mL), di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (92.19 g, 422.40 mmol) ) Was dissolved in dichloromethane (100.00 ml) and added dropwise to the previous reaction solution at 0 degrees Celsius. The reaction solution was then stirred at 25 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was washed with saturated brine (600.00 ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, the organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, and then recrystallized from methyl tert-butyl ether/petroleum ether (50.00/100.00) to obtain compound 3.
Step C: Dissolve thionyl chloride (100.98 ml, 1.39 mmol) in acetonitrile (707.50 ml), compound 3 (121.00 g, 556.82 mmol) in acetonitrile (282.90 ml), and add dropwise at minus 40 degrees Celsius To the last reaction solution, after the dropwise addition, pyridine (224.72 mL, 2.78 mol) was added to the reaction solution in one portion. The ice bath was removed, and the reaction solution was stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 1 hour. After spin-drying the solvent under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate (800.00 ml) was added, and a solid precipitated, which was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Step 2: The obtained oil and water and ruthenium trichloride (12.55 g, 55.68 mmol) were dissolved in acetonitrile (153.80 ml), and sodium periodate (142.92 g, 668.19 mmol) was suspended in water (153.80 ml ), slowly add to the above reaction solution, and the final reaction mixture is stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 0.15 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered to obtain a filtrate, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (800.00 mL×2). The organic phase was washed with saturated brine (800.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. Column purification (silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 20/1) gave compound 4.
Step D: Dissolve compound 5 (100.00 g, 657.26 mmol) in acetonitrile (1300.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (227.10 g, 1.64 mol) and 1-bromo-3-methoxypropane (110.63 g, 722.99 mmol) Mole). The reaction solution was stirred at 85 degrees Celsius for 6 hours. The reaction solution was extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, then filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6.

 

Step E: Compound 6 (70.00 g, 312.15 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride, m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (94.27 g, 437.01 mmol) was added, and the reaction was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. After cooling the reaction solution, it was filtered, the filtrate was extracted with dichloromethane, the organic phase was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution 2000.00 ml (400.00 ml × 5), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. A brown oil was obtained. After dissolving with as little methanol as possible, a solution of 2 mol per liter of potassium hydroxide (350.00 ml) was slowly added (exothermic). The dark colored reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes, and the reaction solution was adjusted to pH 5 with 37% hydrochloric acid. It was extracted with ethyl acetate 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2), the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 200.00 ml (100.00 ml×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 7.

[0066]
Step F: Compound 7 (33.00 g, 155.48 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (330.00 mL), paraformaldehyde (42.02 g, 466.45 mmol), magnesium chloride (29.61 g, 310.97 mmol), triethylamine ( 47.20 g, 466.45 mmol, 64.92 mL). The reaction solution was stirred at 80 degrees Celsius for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was quenched with 2 molar hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 ml) at 25°C, then extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2). Dry over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain a residue. The residue was washed with ethanol (30.00 ml) and filtered to obtain a filter cake. Thus, compound 8 is obtained.

 

Step G: Dissolve compound 8 (8.70 g, 36.21 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (80.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (10.01 g, 72.42 mmol) and compound 4 (11.13 g, 39.83 Mmol), the reaction solution was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. The reaction solution was quenched with 1.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (150.00 mL×2). The combined organic phase was washed with water (150.00 mL×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 9.

Step H: Compound 9 (15.80 g, 35.95 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (150.00 mL), and trifluoroacetic acid (43.91 mL, 593.12 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (100.00 mL) was added, and dichloromethane (100.00 mL) was extracted. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 10.

Step I: Compound 10 (5.00 g, 15.56 mmol) was dissolved in toluene (20.00 mL), and compound 11 (8.04 g, 31.11 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 120°C for 12 hours under nitrogen protection. The reaction solution was quenched with water (100.00 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (100.00 mL×2), the combined organic phases were washed with water (80.00 mL×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse phase column. Purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex luna C18 250×50 mm×10 μm; mobile phase: [water (0.225% formic acid)-acetonitrile]; elution gradient: 35%-70%, 25 minutes) Compound 12 is obtained.

Step J: Compound 12 (875.00 mg, 1.90 mmol) was dissolved in toluene (20.00 mL) and ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (20.00 mL), and tetrachlorobenzoquinone (1.40 g, 5.69 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and a saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution (50.00 ml) and ethyl acetate (60.00 ml) were added. The mixed solution was stirred at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and the liquid was separated to obtain an organic phase. Add 2.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL) to the organic phase, stir at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and separate the liquid. Wash the organic phase with 2 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL×2), separate the liquid, and separate the water phase A 2 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (200.00 ml) and dichloromethane (200.00 ml) were added. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 13.

Step K: Compound 13 (600.00 mg, 1.31 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (6.00 mL), and 4.00 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (2.00 mL, 6.39 equiv) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 15 degrees Celsius for 0.25 hours. The reaction solution was adjusted to pH=3-4 with a 1.00 mol/L hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, and then extracted with dichloromethane (50.00 mL×3). The organic phases were combined, washed with saturated brine (50.00 mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate , Filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the compound of formula (I). ee value (enantiomeric excess): 100%.

SFC (supercritical fluid chromatography) method:
Column: Chiralcel OD-3 100 mm x 4.6 mm size, 3 microns.
Mobile phase: methanol (0.05% diethylamine) in carbon dioxide, from 5% to 40%.
Flow rate: 3 ml per minute.
Wavelength: 220 nm.

////////////GST-HG-121, Fujian Cosunter,  Preclinical ,  hepatitis B,  virus infection

O=C(O)C1=CN2C(=CC1=O)c3cc(OC)c(OCCCOC)cc3OC[C@H]2C(C)(C)C

O=C(O)C1=CN2C(=CC1=O)c3cc(OC)c(OCCCOC)cc3OC[C@H]2C(C)(C)C

ADX-103


2-(5-Amino-2-phenyl-1,3-benzoxazol-6-yl)propan-2-ol.png

ADX-103

CAS 916056-81-0

Preclinical, Antiinflammatory Ophthalmic Agents, Diabetic Retinopathy,

Agents for Ophthalmic Drugs
MF C16 H16 N2 O2

5-Amino-α,α-dimethyl-2-phenyl-6-benzoxazolemethanol

MW 268.31
6-Benzoxazolemethanol, 5-amino-α,α-dimethyl-2-phenyl-

Aldeyra Therapeutics Inc
ADX-103 , an aldehyde trap being investigated by Aldeyra for the treatment of dry eye syndrome; in May 2018, preclinical data were presented at 2018 ARVO Meeting in Honolulu, HI. Aldeyra, in collaboration with an undisclosed company, is also investigating an anti-inflammatory agent for treating ocular inflammation.

PATENT

WO-2020033344

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020033344&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P21-K6SRJF-10276-1

Novel crystalline forms of a specific benzoxazole and it’s salts, process for their preparation, and compositions comprising them are claimed, useful for treating dry eye, inflammation and diabetes, through action as an aldehyde scavenger.

It has now been found that compounds of the present invention, and compositions thereof, are useful for treating, preventing, and/or reducing a risk of a disease, disorder, or condition in which aldehyde toxicity is implicated in the pathogenesis. In general, salt forms or freebase forms, and pharmaceutically acceptable compositions thereof, are useful for treating or lessening the severity of a variety of diseases or disorders as described in detail herein. Such compounds are represented by the chemical structure below, denoted as compound A:

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

[0008] Compounds of the present invention, and pharmaceutically acceptable compositions thereof, are useful for treating a variety of diseases, disorders or conditions, associated with toxic aldehydes. Such diseases, disorders, or conditions include those described herein.

[0009] Compounds provided by this invention are also useful for the study of certain aldehydes in biology and pathological phenomena.

Scheme 1 – Synthesis of Compound A

Step 1: Synthesis of Compound A2

[00549] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with methanol (10L). Compound A1 (2.0kg) was added, followed by further methanol to rinse (9L). The reaction mixture was warmed to Tjacket=40°C. Once temperature had stabilized, sulfuric acid (220 mL, 0.4eq.) was slowly added. Once addition was complete, agitation was maintained for 30 mins then the vessel was heated to Tjmt=62°C. Reaction progress was

monitored by LC-MS analysis of reaction mixture. The reaction does not go to completion but is deemed complete when no change is apparent in ratio of starting material : product.

[00550] The vessel contents were cooled to Tjmt=24°C and stirred 60 minutes before filtration under vacuum. The filter cake was air dried for 2 hours and the contents then dissolved in ethyl acetate (18L) which was then washed sequentially with saturated sodium bicarbonate (8L), water (8L) and brine (8L) before drying over sodium sulfate, filtration and evaporation in vacuo. Compound A2 (1.5kg, 68.1%) was obtained as a bright orange powder.

Step 2: Synthesis of Compound A3

[00551] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with /V,/V-dimethylformamide (16L). Compound A2 (1.5kg) was added and the brown reaction mixture set to cool to Tint<20oC. Once temperature had stabilized, A-bromosucci ni mi de (l.5kg, 1.1 eq.) was added portion wise, maintaining Tint<27°C. Once addition was complete, the reaction was allowed to stir until starting material content was <1% AUC (250nm) by LCMS analysis.

[00552] A secondary jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with ethyl acetate (16L) and deionized water (22L). The reaction mixture was vacuum transferred into this vessel and held at high agitation for not less than 30 minutes. The aqueous layer was discharged and the organic layer washed with saturated sodium chloride (2 x 8L) then dried over sodium sulfate before evaporation in vacuo to Compound A3 as a deep brown oil (2.lkg, 100.8%), suitable for use in following step without purification.

Step 3: Synthesis of Compound A4

[00553] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with dichloromethane (9L). Compound A3 (2.lkg) was added and the reaction mixture cooled to Tmt<l°C. A solution of Di-/er/-butyl dicarbonate (3.6kg, 2.2 eq.) in dichloromethane (0.5L) was added followed by a solution of A, A-di methyl ami nopyri di ne (92g, 0.1 eq.) in dichloromethane (0.5L). The resultant clear brown solution was stirred for 30 minutes whereupon pyridine (1.3L, 1.7 eq.) was dropwise added, maintaining Tint<5°C. Upon complete addition internal temperature was ramped from Tint=l°C to Tint=20°C over 18 hours.

[00554] The reaction mixture was sequentially washed with saturated sodium chloride (3 x 4.5L), 10 % w/v aqueous citric acid (2 x 4L), saturated sodium bicarbonate (4L), aqueous hydrochloric acid (1M, 4L), saturated sodium bicarbonate (4L) and saturated sodium chloride (4L) then dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated in vacuo with one azeotropic distillation with toluene (2L) to a very dark, heavy tar (3.4kg).

[00555] The isolated tar was mixed with absolute ethanol (3.1L) for 2 days whereupon it was filtered providing light cream colored, granular solids and a black mother liquor. The solids were washed with ice-cold ethanol (3 x 1L) and dried to constant mass. Compound A4 was obtained as off- white granules (1.7 kg, 50.2%).

Step 4: Synthesis of Compound AS

[00556] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with reagent alcohol (6.1 L) and Compound A4 (0.8kg), Tmt<20°C. Iron powder (0.5kg, 5.0 eq.) was added and the suspension stirred vigorously for 30 minutes. Acetic acid (glacial, 1.6L, 15.7 eq.) was added, maintaining Tint<30C.

[00557] Once LCMS confirmed complete consumption of starting material, ethyl acetate (10.2L) and water (10.2L) were added. Sodium bicarbonate (2.3kg, 15.9 eq.) was added portion wise and the layers separated once gas evolution had ceased. The aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate until LCMS indicated no further product was being extracted (8 x 2L) and the combined organic layers were sequentially washed with deionized water (6L) then saturated sodium chloride (6L) before drying over magnesium sulfate and evaporation in vacuo. Compound A5 was obtained as a light orange solid (0.7kg, 91.5%).

Step 5: Synthesis of Compound A6

[00558] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with dichloromethane (9L), Compound A5 (0.7kg), and the reaction mixture cooled to Tint 20°C. Benzoyl chloride (0.3L, 1.5 eq.) was added and the reaction stirred 15 minutes. N,N-dimethylaminopyridine (7g, 0.04 eq.) in dichloromethane (0.1L) was added and the reaction stirred 15 minutes. Pyridine (0.5L, 2.5 eq.) was dropwise added, maintaining Tint<20°C. Upon complete addition the reaction was stirred until LCMS indicated consumption of starting material.

[00559] The reaction mixture was washed with deionized water (11L) and the organic layer extracted sequentially with aqueous hydrochloric acid (1M, 3 x 5L), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (11 L), saturated sodium chloride (11 L), dried over magnesium sulfate and evaporated in vacuo. Compound A6 was obtained as a cream colored solid, suitable for use without further purification (0.9kg, 100.7%).

Step 6: Synthesis of Compound A 7

[00560] A 30L jacketed vessel equipped with mechanical agitation, baffle and nitrogen bleed was charged with l,2-dimethoxy ethane (16L) and temperature set to Tint=2l°C. Compound A6 (0.9kg) was added and stirred to dissolution. Copper iodide (0.3kg, 1.0 eq.) was added and the mixture stirred 15 minutes. l, lO-phenanthroline (0.3kg, 1.2 eq.) was added and the mixture stirred 15 minutes. Cesium carbonate (l .5kg, 3.0 eq.) was added and the reaction was stirred for 15 minutes. The reaction temperature was ramped to Tint=80-85oC and maintained for 23 hours whereupon it was cooled to Tmt=20°C.

[00561] The reaction mixture was filtered through a celite pad, washing sequentially with deionized water (8L) and ethyl acetate (8L). The organic layer was extracted sequentially with deionized water (2 x 5L), saturated sodium chloride (4L), dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated in vacuo. Compound A7 was obtained as a brown solid, suitable for use without further purification (0.8kg, 104.1%).

Step 7: Synthesis of Compound A8

[00562] A 12L 3 -neck round bottom flask with nitrogen bleed and mechanical stirring was charged with a solution of Compound A7 (0.8kg) in dichloromethane (3.6L) and cooled to Tmt<5°C in an ice bath. Hydrochloric acid in dioxane (4M, 1 2L, 3.1 eq.) was added dropwise with vigorous stirring, maintaining Tmt<25°C. Once addition was complete, the reaction mixture was allowed to stir for 18 hours at Tint=20-25oC.

[00563] The reaction mixture was filtered and the filter cake washed with dichloromethane (2 x 1L) and dried to constant mass. The hydrochloride salt of Compound A8 was isolated as an off-white solid (0.5kg, 88.7%).

Step 8: Synthesis of Compound A

[00564] A 12L 3 -neck round bottom flask with nitrogen bleed and mechanical stirring was charged with a solution of Compound A8 (0.5kg) in tetrahydrofuran (4.8L) and cooled to Tint<-30°C in a dry-ice / acetone bath. Methylmagnesium bromide (3.4M in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran, 2.4L, 5.0eq.) was added slowly, maintaining Tmt<-lO°C. Once addition was complete, the reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature overnight.

[00565] Saturated aqueous ammonium chloride (2L) and ethyl acetate (2L) were added and the reaction mixture stirred for 30 minutes. The aqueous layer was extracted with further ethyl acetate (2 x 2L) and the combined organic layers washed with saturated sodium chloride (2L), dried over sodium sulfate and evaporated in vacuo to a dark heavy oil. The heavy oil was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate : heptane 1 : 19 to 1 : 1. Pure Compound A was obtained after evaporation and drying as a brown powder (99.8 g, 23.0%).

Example 1 – Preparation of Free Base Forms A, B and C of Compound A

Compound A

Primary Polymorph Screen

[00566] Based on solubility screen results, a primary polymorph screen using an initial set of 24 solvents, as shown in Table 18, was performed as follows: A) To 24 x 20 mL vials, approximately 50 mg of the received ADX-103 was added; B) The solids were then slurried in 2 mL of the solvents and left placed in an incubator/shaker to temperature cycle between ambient and 40 °C in 4 hour cycles; C) After 72 hours temperature cycling, the mother liquors were removed from the vials and split evenly between 4 x 2 mL vials. The vials were then split between evaporation, crash cooling to 2 °C and -18 °C and anti-solvent addition; and D) Any solids

recovered were analysed by XRPD, any new patterns identified were also analysed by TG/DTA and PLM.

Table 18. Solvents Selected for Initial Primary Polymorph Screen

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018039197&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P21-K6SRNE-12791-1

WO2018039197 , as compound I-8.

PATENT

WO 2006127945

WO 2011072141

WO 2014116593

US 20150344447

WO 2020028820

////////////ADX-103, Preclinical, Antiinflammatory,  Ophthalmic Agents, Diabetic Retinopathy, Aldeyra Therapeutics Inc,

CC(C)(O)c1cc2oc(nc2cc1N)c3ccccc3

SK1-I , BML 258


BML-EI411

img

SK1-I , BML 258

Sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) inhibitor; antiproliferative

  • (1E)-1,2,4-Trideoxy-4-(methylamino)-1-(4-pentylphenyl)-D-erythro-pent-1-enitol
  • (E,2R,3S)-2-(Methylamino)-5-(4-pentylphenyl)pent-4-ene-1,3-diol
  • D-erythro-Pent-1-enitol, 1,2,4-trideoxy-4-(methylamino)-1-(4-pentylphenyl)-, (1E)-
Name: (2R,3S,4E)-N-methyl-5-(4′-pentylphenyl)-2-aminopent-4-ene-1,3-diol . HCl
Formula: C17H27NO. HCl
MW: 313.9
CAS: 1072443-89-0

 

  • Originator Enzo Biochem; Virginia Commonwealth University
  • Developer Enzo Biochem
  • Class Antineoplastics; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Sphingosine kinase inhibitors
  • Preclinical Autoimmune hepatitis; Haematological malignancies; Liver cancer; Solid tumours
  • 07 May 2019 Preclinical trials in Liver cancer in USA (unspecified route)
  • 03 Dec 2018 SK1 I is available for licensing as of 03 Dec 2018. http://www.enzo.com/
  • 03 Dec 2018 Enzo Biochem has patent pending for SK1 I worldwide

SK1 I, a small molecule that specifically inhibits sphingosine kinase 1, is being developed by Enzo Biochem for the treatment of cancer and autoimmune diseases. Preclinical development is underway for the treatment of solid tumours, liver cancer, haematological malignancies and autoimmune hepatitis in the US.

As at December 2018, Enzo Biochem seeks partners for the development of SK1

SK1-I is a sphingosine analog and a sphingosine competitive inhibitor specific for sphingosine kinase 1 (SK1), with ki~10µM and excellent water solubility. It is not to be confused with SKI-I, 5-naphthalen-2-yl-2H-pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxy-naphthalen-1-ylmethylene)-hydrazide, CAS 306301-68-8, a noncompetitive inhibitor of both SK1 and SK2 with poor water solubility (K.J. French, et al., 2006; N.J. Pyne and S. Pyne, 2010). SK1-I does not inhibit SK2, PKCα, PKCδ, PKA, AKT1, ERK1, EGFR, CDK2, IKKβ or CamK2β. Not only does it decrease sphingosine-1-phosphate levels, it also causes an accumulation of its proapoptotic precursor ceremide. Inhibits tumor cell growth in vitro and in vivo.

PATENTS

US 20100035959

WO 2010127093

US 20100278741

WO 2011025545

Patent

US-10364211

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=US249091462&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P10-JZ0Q22-89420-1

This patent was granted in July 30, 2019 and set to expire on October 24, 2038. Claims methods for synthesizing the compound (2R,3S,4E)-N-methyl-5-(4′-pentylphenyl)-2-aminopent-4-ene-1,3-diol (also known as SK1-I and BML-258 (as HCl salt)) and its intermediates.

(2R,3S,4E)-N-methyl-5-(4′-pentylphenyl)-2-aminopent-4-ene-1,3-diol, also known as SK1-I and BML-258 (as HCl salt), is a pharmaceutical inhibitor of sphingosine kinase 1 initially described in Paugh et al., Blood. 2008 Aug. 15; 112(4): 1382-1391. An existing method for synthesizing SK1-I is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 8,314,151.


and

    The invention provides methods and intermediate compounds for synthesizing the compound (2R,3 S,4E)-N-methyl-5-(4′-pentylphenyl)-2-aminopent-4-ene-1,3-diol, also known as SK1-I, and related compounds. The structure of SK1-I is shown below.
      A step-wise synthesis of SK1-I according to the invention is exemplified as follows.

N-Boc-(D)-Serine Methyl Ester

      To an ice-cooled suspension of the (D)-Serine methyl ester hydrochloride (62.24 g, 0.4 mol) in dichloromethane (600.0 mL), triethylamine (40.4 g, 0.4 mol) was added. After the mixture was stirred for 30 min, Boc anhydride (96.0 g, 0.44 mol) in dichloromethane (100 mL) was added dropwise with vigorous stirring over 30 min. The reaction mixture was stirred for 16 hours at room temperature. Water (600 mL) was added. The organic layer was separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with 2×200 mL of dichloromethane. The combined organic layer was washed with water (2×400 mL) and dried (Na 2SO 4). The solution was filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure to give an oil 93.36 g (˜100% yield), which was used directly in the next step without further purification.

Protection of N-Boc-(D)-Serine Methyl Ester

      Boc-Serine methyl ester from above (93.0 g, 0.42 mol) and catalyst p-toluenesulfonic acid (9.3 g) were dissolved in dichloromethane (500 mL) and 2,2-dimethoxypropane (500 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 20 hours with a drying tube. Saturated sodium bicarbonate (600.0 mL) was added. The mixture was then stirred vigorously for 30 min. The organic layer was separated, washed with bicarbonate (2×400.0 mL), water (400.0 mL), saturated NaCl (400.0 mL) and dried (Na 2SO 4). The solution was filtered and concentrated under vacuum to give 87.22 g oil (84% yield for two steps), which was used directly in the next step without further purification.

(R)—Garner Aldehyde

      To a cooled solution of the ester (87.0 g, 0.336 mol) in anhydrous toluene (690.0 mL, −78° C., acetone/dry ice bath), DIBAL in toluene (1.49 M in toluene, 392 mL, 585.0 mmol) was added dropwise under argon in such a way that the internal temperature did not rise above −70° C. After the addition, the reaction mixture was stirred for an additional 4 hours at −78° C. Methanol (128 mL) was added to the mixture to quench the reaction. The mixture was poured slowly into an aqueous solution of Rochelle salt (potassium sodium tartrate tetrahydrate; 1.2 M, 660 g/1949 mL water) with vigorous stirring. The mixture was stirred at room temperature until clear separation into two layers. The aqueous layer was extracted with diethyl ether (2×300.0 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (2×800 mL) and brine (800 mL), then dried with anhydrous Na 2SO 4. The solvent was evaporated under vacuum to give aldehyde as a pale yellow oil (68.59 g, 89%), which was used without further purification.

Addition of 4-Pentylphenyl Acetylene to the Above Aldehyde

      To a cooled (−20° C.) solution of 4-n-pentylphenylacetylene (51.68 g, 300 mmol) in dry THF (400 mL), n-BuLi solution (2.5 M in hexane, 120 mL, 300 mmol) was added dropwise under argon. After 2 hours, the mixture was cooled to −78° C., followed by the addition of HMPA (hexmethylphosphoramide, 64.5 g, 360 mmol). After the mixture was stirred at −78° C. for an additional 30 mins, methyl (R)-(+)-3-(t-butoxycarbonyl)-2,2-dimethyl-4-oxazolidinecarboxaldehyde (58.0 g, 248.3 mmol) in anhydrous THF (tetrahydrofuran; 100 mL) was added dropwise (maintaining the temperature below −60° C.). The mixture was stirred for an additional 5 hours at −78° C., then quenched by saturated ammonium chloride solution (1000 mL). The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl ether (3×400 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with 0.5 N HCl (2×400 mL) and brine (400 mL), then dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was removed under vacuum to give a yellow oil (104.04 g, ˜100% yield), which was used without further purification.

Deprotection of the Above Oxazolidine


      To an ice cooled solution of Boc-oxazolidine (103.0 g, 257.0 mmol) in methanol (1000 mL), was added conc. HCl (43.5 mL, pre-cooled to 0° C.). The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and then extracted with hexane (3×400 mL). The pH of the methanol solution was adjusted with solid sodium bicarbonate to 8.0. Boc anhydride (53.94 g, 245.92 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1-4 hours until the disappearance of formed intermediate free amine. The solvent was removed under vacuum. The residue was redissolved in water (300 mL) and diethyl ether (300 mL). The ethyl ether layer was dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate and then evaporated to give a brown oil (87.54 g, 94%), which was used without further purification.

Reduction of the Above Alcohol


      To an ice-cooled solution of the above acetylene (87.0 g, 241.0 mmol) in THF (800 mL), Red-Al (Sodium bis(2-methoxyethoxy)aluminum dihydride; 60% w/w in toluene, 392 mL; 1.205 mol) was added dropwise over 1 hour under argon with stirring. The solution was then stirred at room temperature for 36 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled in an ice bath and then poured carefully into a pre-cooled solution of Rochelle salt in water (700 g in 2200 mL of water). The mixture was vigorously stirred until two layers were visible and well separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with 2×600 mL of toluene. The combined toluene layer was washed with water (2×800 mL) and saturated sodium chloride (800 mL) and dried (Na 2SO 4). The solvent was removed under vacuum to give a yellowish semi solid, which was recrystallized with hexane (200 mL) to give a white solid 43.3 g (purity: >98%; yield: 49%)

Deprotection to SK1-I (BML-258)


      To a solution of Boc protected amine (15 g, 41.3 mmol) in anhydrous THF (300 mL), DIBAL (25% w/w in toluene, 1.49 M, 278 mL, 413 mmol) was added at room temperature under argon. The mixture was refluxed until the starting material disappeared. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into Rochelle salt (340 g/1000 mL water) containing sodium hydroxide (50 g, ˜5%). The mixture was stirred vigorously for 1 hour. The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (2×500 mL). The combined organic layer was washed with water (1000 mL) and brine (1000 mL) and dried with anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was removed under vacuum to afford yellowish oil, which turned into a pale solid after storing at −20° C. overnight. To a cold solution (ice bath) of this solid in ethyl ether (400 mL), was added 1M HCl in ethyl ether (50 mL). The white precipitate was collected by filtration and washed with ethyl ether (2×50 mL), and then dried under vacuum to give product as a white solid (8.11 g, 63% yield).

PATENT

WO2018237379 ,

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018237379

claiming sphingosine pathway modulating compounds for the treatment of cancers, assigned to Enzo Biochem Inc , naming different team

Sphingosine- 1 -phosphate (SIP) was discovered to be a bioactive signaling molecule over 20 years ago. Studies have since identified two related kinases, sphingosine kinase 1 and 2 (a/k/a sphingosine kinase “type I” and “type II” respectively, and SphKl and SphK2 respectively), which catalyze the phosphorylation of sphingosine to SIP. Extracellular SIP can bind to and activate each of five S IP-specific, G protein-coupled receptors (designated S IPR1-5) to regulate cellular and physiological processes in an autocrine or paracrine manner. Selective inhibitors of each of sphingosine kinase 1 and 2, as well as both nonselective and selective agonists of SlPRs, have been developed and are known in the art.

Product Literature References

Sphingosine kinase 1 activation by estrogen receptor α36 contributes to tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer: M.A. Maczis, et al.; J. Lipid Res. 59, 2297 (2018), AbstractFull Text
TP53 is required for BECN1- and ATG5-dependent cell death induced by sphingosine kinase 1 inhibition: S. Lima, et al.; Autophagy 11, 1 (2018), Abstract;
A novel E2F/Sphingosine kinase 1 axis regulates anthracycline response in squamous cell carcinoma: M. Hazar-Rethinam, et al.; Clin. Cancer Res. 21, 417 (2015), Application(s): Inhibition of Sphingosine kinase 1 in doxorubicin-treated SCC cells and in vivo., Abstract;
Inhibition of Sphingosine Kinase 1 Ameliorates Angiotensin II-induced Hypertension and Inhibits Transmembrane Calcium Entry via Store-Operated Calcium Channel: P. C. Wilson, et al.; Mol. Endocrinol. 29, 896 (2015), Application(s): Cell Culture, AbstractFull Text
Sphingosine Kinases Signalling in Carcinogenesis: G. Marfe, et al.; Mini Rev. Med. Chem. 15, 300 (2015), Application(s):Inhibition of Sphingosine kinase 1, Abstract;
K63-linked polyubiquitination of transcription factor IRF1 is essential for IL-1-induced production of chemokines CXCL10 and CCL5.: K. B. Harikumar, et al.; Nat. Immunol. 15, 231 (2014), Application(s): Inhibition of Sphingosine kinase 1 in primary human astrocytes and mice, AbstractFull Text
LRIG1 modulates aggressiveness of head and neck cancers by regulating EGFR-MAPK-SPHK1 signaling and extracellular matrix remodeling: J. J. C. Sheu, et al.; Oncogene 33, 1375 (2014), Application(s): Inhibition of Sphingosine kinase 1 in head and neck cancer TW06 cells, Abstract;
Role of sphingosine kinase 1 and sphingosine-1-phosphate in CD40 signaling and IgE class switching: E. Y. Kim, et al.; FASEB J. 28, 4347 (2014), Application(s): Inhibition of Sphingosine kinase 1 in human tonsil B cells, mouse splenic B cells and in mice, Abstract;
Sphingosine kinase-1 enhances resistance to apoptosis through activation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB pathway in human non–small cell lung cancer: L. Song et al.; Clin. Cancer Res. 17, 1839 (2011), Abstract;
Targeting sphingosine kinase 1 inhibits Akt signaling, induces apoptosis, and suppresses growth of human glioblastoma cells and xenografts: D. Kapitonov et al.; Cancer Res. 69, 6915 (2009), Abstract;
A selective sphingosine kinase 1 inhibitor integrates multiple molecular therapeutic targets in human leukemia: S.W. Paugh et al.; Blood 112, 1382 (2008), Abstract;

General Literature References

Sphingosine-1-phosphate and cancer: N.J. Pyne & S. Pyne; Nat. Rev. Cancer 10, 489 (2010), Abstract;
Antitumor Activity of Sphingosine Kinase Inhibitors: K.J. French, et al.; J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 318, 596 (2006), AbstractFull Text

/////////SK1-I , SK1I , SK1 I , BML 258, Enzo Biochem,  Virginia Commonwealth, Preclinical, solid tumours, liver cancer, haematological malignancies, autoimmune hepatitis, 

CCCCCC1=CC=C(/C=C/[C@H](O)[C@H](NC)CO)C=C1.Cl

SYN 01


SYN-01, SYN-510

Synthena AG

Preclinical

Synthena , presumed to be under license from  University of Bern , is investigating (presumably SYN-01 ), a lead from the tricyclo(tc)-DNA based antisense oligonucleotides (AON) developed using its proprietary tricyclo-DNA technology platform, for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. In January 2017, the drug was listed as being in preclinical development.

Patent

WO-2019142135

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019142135&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P22-JYQVON-19722-1

Process for preparing tricyclo-deoxyribonucleic acid (tc-DNA) which may be used as building blocks for tc-DNA containing antisense oligonucleotide-based therapies.

Antisense technology is an effective means for reducing the expression of specific gene products and can therefore be useful in therapeutic, diagnostic, and research applications.

Generally, the principle behind antisense technology is that an antisense oligomeric compound (a sequence of nucleotides or analogues thereof) hybridizes to a target nucleic acid and modulates gene expression activities or function, such as transcription and/or translation.

[003] Antisense oligomeric compounds may be prepared from chemically-modified antisense oligonucleotides, which may include a variety of different structural variations depending upon the therapeutic strategy. For example, tricyclo-deoxyribonucleic acids (tc-DNA) are conformationally constrained DNA analogs.

[004] There is a need in the field for processes that allow for the bulk preparation of tc-DNA nucleoside precursors that may be used as building blocks for tc-DNA containing antisense oligonucleotide-based therapies.

Example 4 – Cvclopropanation of Compound 17 with Carbenoid Prepared from CH2I2 and Et2Zn in the Absence of Additives

[00127] According to the following scheme, compound 17 was converted to tc-DNA Nucleoside Precursor 18 using the cyclopropanation conditions set forth in Examples 4 to 7 :

[00128] 1.07 g purified a-anomer (3.736 mmol) 17 was dissolved in 37 ml of dry CH2C12 and cooled to 0 °C (ice). Subsequently, 22.3 ml (22.3 mmol, 6 eq.) Et2Zn 1.0 M in hexane (Aldrich) were added dropwise and stirred under Ar for 30 min at 0 °C. Then, 3.02 ml (37.2 mmol, 10 eq.) of CH2I2 were added dropwise over 15 min at the same temperature and stirred for further 2 h at 0 °C. Afterwards the cooling bath was removed and the mixture was stirred for additional 21 h at ambient temperature. TLC showed substantial amount of unreacted a- 17. It was diluted by addition of EtOAc and quenched with 50 mL of sat. aqueous NH4Cl. Extractive work-up provided 1.79 g of crude which was purified by chromatography on silica-gel giving 0.43 g (39%) of 18 and 0.49 g of mixture of compound 17 and 18 (approximately 20:80).

PATENT

WO2018193428

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018193428

claiming a composition comprising an oligomeric compound having tricyclo-deoxyribonucleic acid (tc-DNA) nucleosides and a lipid moiety.

EXAMPLE 1

Inventive compositions for the treatment of Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Evaluation of efficacy

[00464] Adult mdx mice were treated weekly over 4 weeks with intravenous injections of different 13-mer AONs targeting the donor splice site of exon 23 of the dystrophin pre-mRNA (M23D: +2-11), namely with either SY-0308, SY-0210 and the inventive SY-0299, SY-0343, SY-0442 and SY-0455. SY-0308 (also named “tcDNA-PO M23D” interchangeably herein) corresponds to p-CCTCGGCTTACCT-OH of SEQ ID NO: l, with all nucleotides being tc-DNAs and all internucleosidic linkage groups being phosphorodiester linkage groups, and p being a phosphate moiety at the 5′ end. SY-0210 (also named “tcDNA-PS M23D” interchangeably herein) corresponds to p-CCTCGGCTTACCT-OH of SEQ ID NO: 1, with all nucleotides being tc-DNAs and all internucleosidic linkage groups being phosphorothioate linkage groups, and p being a phosphate moiety at the 5′ end. The inventive composition SY-0343 is herein interchangeably referred to as “Palm-2PS-tcDNA-PO M23D” which is depicted in the following:

[00465] The inventive composition SY-0442 is herein interchangeably referred to as “Palm-lPS-tcDNA-PO M23D” which is depicted in the following:

[00466] The inventive composition SY-0299 is herein interchangeably referred to as “Palm-2PO-tcDNA-PO M23D” which is depicted in the following:

//////////////////SYN-01, SYN 01, SYN01, preclinical , Duchenne muscular dystrophy, University of Bern,

HS 10340


HS-10340

CAS 2156639-66-4

MF C26 H31 N7 O5
MW 521.57
1,8-Naphthyridine-1(2H)-carboxamide, N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methylethyl]amino]-2-pyridinyl]-7-formyl-3,4-dihydro-6-[(tetrahydro-2-oxo-1,3-oxazepin-3(2H)-yl)methyl]-
(R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl)-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

CAS 2307670-65-9

Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd

Being investigated by Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical and Changzhou Hengbang Pharmaceutical ; in June 2018, the product was being developed as a class 1 chemical drug in China.

Useful for treating liver cancer, gastric cancer and prostate cancer.

Use for treating cancers, liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma and rhabdomyosarcoma

The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor and includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.
FGFR4, a member of the FGFR receptor family, forms dimers on the cell membrane by binding to its ligand, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), and the formation of these dimers can cause critical tyrosine in FGFR4’s own cells. The phosphorylation of the amino acid residue activates multiple downstream signaling pathways in the cell, and these intracellular signaling pathways play an important role in cell proliferation, survival, and anti-apoptosis. FGFR4 is overexpressed in many cancers and is a predictor of malignant invasion of tumors. Decreasing and reducing FGFR4 expression can reduce cell proliferation and promote apoptosis. Recently, more and more studies have shown that about one-third of liver cancer patients with continuous activation of FGF19/FGFR4 signaling pathway are the main carcinogenic factors leading to liver cancer in this part of patients. At the same time, FGFR4 expression or high expression is also closely related to many other tumors, such as gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and the like.
The incidence of liver cancer ranks first in the world in China, with new and dead patients accounting for about half of the total number of liver cancers worldwide each year. At present, the incidence of liver cancer in China is about 28.7/100,000. In 2012, there were 394,770 new cases, which became the third most serious malignant tumor after gastric cancer and lung cancer. The onset of primary liver cancer is a multi-factor, multi-step complex process with strong invasiveness and poor prognosis. Surgical treatments such as hepatectomy and liver transplantation can improve the survival rate of some patients, but only limited patients can undergo surgery, and most patients have a poor prognosis due to recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Sorafenib is the only liver cancer treatment drug approved on the market. It can only prolong the overall survival period of about 3 months, and the treatment effect is not satisfactory. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a liver cancer system treatment drug targeting new molecules. FGFR4 is a major carcinogenic factor in liver cancer, and its development of small molecule inhibitors has great clinical application potential.
At present, some FGFR inhibitors have entered the clinical research stage as anti-tumor drugs, but these are mainly inhibitors of FGFR1, 2 and 3, and the inhibition of FGFR4 activity is weak, and the inhibition of FGFR1-3 has hyperphosphatemia. Such as target related side effects. Highly selective inhibitor of FGFR4 can effectively treat cancer diseases caused by abnormal FGFR4 signaling pathway, and can avoid the side effects of hyperphosphatemia caused by FGFR1-3 inhibition. Highly selective small molecule inhibitors against FGFR4 in tumor targeted therapy The field has significant application prospects.
SYN

PATENT

WO2017198149

where it is claimed to be an FGFR-4 inhibitor for treating liver and prostate cancers, assigned to Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd and Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical Co Ltd .

PATENT

WO2019085860

Compound (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-) 1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (shown as Formula I). The compound of formula (I) is disclosed in Hausen Patent PCT/CN2017/084564, the compound of formula I is a fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitor, and the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor. The body includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.

[0003]
Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)

[0048]
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol

[0049]

[0050]
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .

[0051]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);

[0052]
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .

[0053]
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone

[0054]

[0055]
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).

[0056]
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .

[0057]
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate

[0058]

[0059]
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .

[0060]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);

[0061]
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .

[0062]
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis

[0063]

[0064]
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).

[0065]
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);

[0066]
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .

[0067]
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

[0068]

[0069]
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).

[0070]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);

[0071]
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

PATENT

WO-2019085927

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019085927&tab=FULLTEXT

Novel crystalline salt (such as hydrochloride, sulfate, methane sulfonate, mesylate, besylate, ethanesulfonate, oxalate, maleate, p-toluenesulfonate) forms of FGFR4 inhibitor, particularly N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]amino]-2-pyridyl]-7-formyl-6-[(2-oxo-1,3-oxazepan-3-yl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,8-naphthyridine-1-carboxamide (designated as Forms I- IX), compositions comprising them and their use as an FGFR4 inhibitor for the treatment of cancer such as liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and glioma or rhabdomyosarcoma are claimed.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

///////////HS-10340 , HS 10340 , HS10340, CANCER, Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical,  Changzhou Hengbang, CHINA,  liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma,  rhabdomyosarcoma

C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CCS(=O)(=O)O.C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CS 3001


str1

CS-3001

BB 7, VX 033

CAS 2159116-56-8
Propanoic acid, 2-[[5-bromo-4-(3-cyclopropyl-5,5-difluoro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[c]thien-1-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]thio]-2-methyl-
Molecular Weight, 478.37

C17 H18 Br F2 N3 O2 S2

CStone Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd, JUNE 2018 IND FILED CHINA

URAT1 inhibitor – useful for treating hyperuricemia and gout.

The compound was originally claimed in WO2017202291 , covering thiophene derivative URAT1 inhibitors, useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, assigned to Medshine Discovery Inc , but naming the inventors.and has been reported in some instances to be a URAT1 modulator. In June 2018, an IND application was filed in

Uric acid is a product of the metabolism of terpenoids in animals. For humans, due to the lack of uric acid enzymes that continue to oxidatively degrade uric acid, uric acid is excreted in the human body as the final product of sputum metabolism through the intestines and kidneys. Renal excretion is the main pathway for uric acid excretion in humans. The upper limit of the normal range of uric acid concentration in the human body is: male 400 μmol/L (6.8 mg/dL) and female 360 μmol/L (6 mg/dL). Abnormal uric acid levels in the human body are often due to an increase in uric acid production or a decrease in uric acid excretion. Conditions associated with abnormal levels of uric acid include hyperuricemia, gout, and the like.
Hyperuricemia refers to a disorder in which the metabolism of substances in the human body is disordered, resulting in an increase or decrease in the synthesis of uric acid in the human body, and an abnormally high level of uric acid in the blood. Gouty arthritis refers to the fact that when uric acid is more than 7 mg/dL in human blood, uric acid is deposited as a monosodium salt in the joints, cartilage and kidneys, causing excessive reaction (sensitivity) to the body’s immune system and causing painful inflammation. The general site of attack is the big toe joint, ankle joint, knee joint and so on. Red, swollen, hot, and severe pain in the site of acute gout attacks, usually in the midnight episode, can make people wake up from sleep. In the early stages of gout, the attack is more common in the joints of the lower extremities. Hyperuricemia is the pathological basis of gouty arthritis. The use of drugs to lower blood uric acid concentration is one of the commonly used methods to prevent gouty arthritis.
In Europe and the United States, the onset of hyperuricemia and gout disease is on the rise. Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of gouty arthritis accounts for 1-2% of the total population and is the most important type of arthritis in adult males. Bloomberg estimates that there will be 17.7 million gout patients in 2021. In China, the survey showed that among the population aged 20 to 74, 25.3% of the population had a high blood uric acid content and 0.36% had gout disease. At present, clinical treatment drugs mainly include 1) inhibition of uric acid-producing drugs, such as xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol and febuxostat; 2) uric acid excretion drugs, such as probenecid and benzbromarone; 3) Inflammation inhibitors, such as colchicine. These drugs have certain defects in treatment, poor efficacy, large side effects, and high cost are some of the main bottlenecks in their clinical application. It has been reported that 40%-70% of patients with serum uric acid levels do not meet the expected therapeutic goals (<6mg/dL) after receiving standard treatment.
As a uric acid excretion agent, its mechanism of action is to reduce the reabsorption of uric acid by inhibiting the URAT1 transporter on the brush-like edge membrane of the proximal convoluted tubule. Uric acid is a metabolite of sputum in the body. It is mainly filtered by glomerulus in the original form, reabsorbed and re-secreted by the renal tubules, and finally excreted through the urine. Very few parts can be secreted into the intestinal lumen by mesenteric cells. The S1 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is a site of uric acid reabsorption, and 98% to 100% of the filtered uric acid enters the epithelial cells through the uric acid transporter URAT1 and the organic anion transporter OAT4 on the brush epithelial cell border of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells is reabsorbed into the capillaries around the tubules via the renal tubular basement membrane. The S2 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is the site of re-secretion of uric acid, and the amount secreted is about 50% of the excess of the small filter. The uric acid in the renal interstitial enters the epithelial cells first through the anion transporters OAT1 and OAT3 on the basal membrane of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells passes through another anion transporter MRP4 on the brush border membrane and is discharged into the small lumen. The S3 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule may be a reabsorption site after uric acid secretion, and the amount of reabsorption is about 40% of the excess of the microsphere filtration, and similar to the first step of reabsorption, URAT1 may be a key reabsorption transporter. Therefore, if the urate transporter URAT1 can be significantly inhibited, it will enhance the excretion of uric acid in the body, thereby lowering blood uric acid level and reducing the possibility of gout attack.
In December 2015, the US FDA approved the first URAT1 inhibitor, Zurampic (Leinurad). The 200 mg dose was approved in combination with xanthine oxidase inhibitor XOI (such as Febuxostat, etc.) for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, but the combination was compared with the xanthine oxidase inhibitor alone. The effect is not very significant. The Zurampic 400 mg dose was not approved due to significant toxic side effects at high doses (the incidence of renal-related adverse events, especially the incidence of kidney stones). Therefore, the FDA requires the Zurampic label to be filled with a black box warning to warn medical staff Zulampic of the risk of acute kidney failure, especially if it is not used in conjunction with XOI. If the over-approved dose uses Zurampic, the risk of kidney failure is even greater. high. At the same time, after the FDA asked for the listing of Zurampic, AstraZeneca continued its investigation of kidney and cardiovascular safety. Therefore, the development of a new type of safe blood-supplemented uric acid drug has become a strong demand in this field.
WO2009070740 discloses Leinurad, which has the following structure:
SYN
PATENT

WO-2019101058

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019101058&tab=FULLTEXT&maxRec=1000

Novel crystalline forms of URAT1 inhibitor (designated as Forms A and B) are claimed. The compounds are disclosed to be useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis.

Novel crystalline forms of a URAT1 inhibitor, designated as Forms A and B, and their preparation.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
synthetic route:
Step 1: Synthesis of Compound 2
In a three-necked flask (10 L), 4.5 L of dimethyl sulfoxide was added, and potassium t-butoxide (836.66 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added with stirring, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes until the dissolution was clear, and then cooled to an ice water bath. The internal temperature of the reaction solution was 20-25 °C. To the above solution, a solution of Compound 1 (500.05 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) in dimethyl sulfoxide (500 mL) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and then carbon disulfide (283.86 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) was added dropwise thereto. ), after the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction was stirred for 30 minutes. Further, ethyl bromoacetate (1250 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added dropwise thereto, and the mixture was stirred for further 2 hours. Finally, potassium carbonate (515.52 g, 7.46 mol, 1 eq) was added, and the temperature was raised to an internal temperature of 65 ° C, and the reaction was further stirred for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. The reaction solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (10 L), and then 1M hydrochloric acid (2 L) and water (2 L) were added and stirred for 10 minutes, and the mixture was allowed to stand. The aqueous layer was separated and the organic phase was washed with water (2L×3). The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate (3L). All organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine (2 L×2). The organic phase was dried over an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then filtered, and then evaporated. On the same scale, 6 batches were fed in parallel, and the combined black and red oily products were obtained. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 72 hours, a large amount of solid was precipitated, ethanol (2 L) was added thereto, stirred for 30 minutes, filtered, and the cake was collected and dried in vacuo to give Compound 2. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.32 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.19 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (S, 2H), 3.25 (T, J = 6.8Hz , 2H), 3.19 (t, J = 14.4 Hz, 2H), 2.26-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.37 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.27 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 364.8 [M+H] + .
Step 2: Synthesis of Compound 3
Compound 2 (241.00 g, 0.66 mol) was dissolved in ethanol (1 L) and placed in an autoclave (5 L), and Raney nickel (120 g) was added under argon atmosphere, followed by the addition of ethanol (2 L). The autoclave was charged and replaced with argon three times, then replaced with hydrogen three times, hydrogen was charged to a pressure of 2.0 MP in the autoclave, stirred and heated to an internal temperature of 85 ° C for 28 hours. The reaction was stopped, the reaction system was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was filtered, and the filter cake was washed three times with ethanol, 0.5 L each time. The filtrates were combined and then dried to give compound 3. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.09 (S, IH), 4.26 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 3.12 (T, J = 14.4Hz , 2H), 2.20-2.10 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 247.0 [M+H] + .
Step 3: Synthesis of Compound 4
Compound 3 (406.2 g, 1.65 mol, 1 eq) was dissolved in acetonitrile (6 L), then N-bromosuccinimide (1484.2 g, 6.60 mol, 4 eq) was slowly added, and the obtained reaction mixture was at 23 to 25 ° C. The reaction was stirred for 12 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction liquid was concentrated to about 1.0 L. The solid was removed by filtration, and a saturated solution of sodium hydrogensulfite (1 L) was added to the filtrate and stirred for 10 min. Add acid ethyl ester and extract three times, 2L each time. The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Petroleum ether (3 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred at 30 ° C for 30 minutes. After filtration, the filter cake was washed 5 times with petroleum ether, 200 mL each time, until no product remained in the filter cake. Combine all the organic phases and spin dry to obtain a crude product. Petroleum ether (100 mL) was added to the crude product, stirred well, filtered, and filtered, and then dried in vacuo. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3) [delta]: 4.24 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.95 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.17-2.07 (m, 2H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
Step 4: Synthesis of Compound 5
Compound 4 (340.21 g, 1.05 mol), cyclopropylboronic acid (108.12 g, 1.26 mol), anhydrous potassium phosphate (444.98 g, 2.10 mol), palladium acetate (12.03 g, 53.58 mmol) and 2-dicyclohexyl Phospho-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (23.86 g, 50.05 mmol) was added to a mixed solvent of toluene and water (10:1, 3.4 L/340 mL), and the reaction flask was replaced with nitrogen. After that, place it in an oil bath. The reaction solution was heated at an internal temperature of 80 ° C, and the reaction was stirred at this temperature for 16 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and tris-thiocyanic acid (6.51 g, suspended in ethanol (34 mL)) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 0.5 hour. On a similar scale (300.00 g of compound 4), 5 batches were fed in parallel and combined. After filtration, the organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (250mL). The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to yield crude crude oil. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 20 hours, a yellow solid was precipitated, and petroleum ether (3 L) was added thereto and stirred for 1 hour. Filtration and drying of the filter cake in vacuo gave compound 5. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.29 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (T, J = 6.4Hz, 2H), 3.16 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.85 (m, 1H), 1.35 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.09-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.77-0.75 (m, 2H).
Step 5: Synthesis of Compound 6
Compound 5 (619.27 g, 2.16 mol) was added to a mixed solution of ethanol and water (3 L/3 L) of sodium hydroxide (173.55 g, 4.33 mol), and the reaction liquid was heated to an internal temperature of 60 ° C to stir the reaction 3 hour. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (750.17 g of compound 5), 1 batch was fed in parallel and combined. The combined reaction solution was extracted with petroleum ether (4 L). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was backwashed twice with water (1.5L x 2). The aqueous phases were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove ethanol. Water was added to the aqueous phase to dilute to 13 L, and then slowly added with dilute hydrochloric acid (3 M) to adjust to pH = 2, and a large amount of pale yellow solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake with water (3.0L x 2). After draining, the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give Compound 6. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 12.79 (brs, IH), 3.23 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 3.07 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.27-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.09-1.04 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.66 (m, 2H).
Step 6: Synthesis of Compound 7
Compound 6 (641.27 g, 2.48 mol), triethylamine (754.07 g, 7.45 mol) and diphenyl azide (1025.34 g, 3.73 mol) were added to t-butanol (6.5 L) with stirring. The reaction solution was heated in a 100 ° C oil bath for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (650.00 g of compound 6), 4 batches were fed in parallel and combined. The reaction mixture was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove t-butyl alcohol. The remaining black residue was dissolved with ethyl acetate (10L). Dry with an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude brown solid. Petroleum ether (8 L) was added to the crude product and stirred for 2 hours. After filtration, the filter cake was rinsed with petroleum ether (1 L) in portions, and the filter cake was vacuum dried in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to obtain Compound 7. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 6.31 (brs, IH), 3.11 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.15 (m, 2H) , 1.82-1.75 (m, 1H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 0.94-0.90 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.65 (m, 2H).
Step 7: Synthesis of Compound 8
Compound 7 (1199.17 g, 3.64 mol) was added to ethyl acetate (2 L), and then stirred and then ethyl acetate (4L, 16. The reaction solution was reacted at 15 ° C for 2.5 hours, and then placed in a 40 ° C warm water bath to continue the reaction for 2 hours. After the reaction was completed, a large amount of dark red solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (2.0 L). The filter cake was dried under vacuum in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to give compound 8. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 3.17 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.82 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.25-2.15 (m, 2H), 2.00-1.94 ( m, 1H), 0.99-0.95 (m, 2H), 0.58-0.54 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 229.8 [M+H-HCl] + .
Step 8: Synthesis of Compound 9
In a 3 L three-necked flask, Compound 8 (301.25 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (600 mL), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Diisopropylethylamine (635.72 g) was added dropwise, and after completion of the dropwise addition, the ice water bath was removed, and the mixture was stirred at an internal temperature of 10 to 15 ° C for about 10 minutes. Filter and filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (100 mL x 2). The filtrates were combined to give a solution A for use.
Tetrahydrofuran (2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask containing thiophosgene (257.48 g). The mixture was stirred and cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C in an ice water bath, and the solution A was slowly added dropwise thereto, and the dropwise addition was completed within about 5.5 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, it was filtered, and the filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (150 mL × 2). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove solvent. Tetrahydrofuran (400 mL) was added to the residue, which was dissolved to give a solution B.
The hydrazine hydrate (112.94 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (2.5 L), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 5 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Solution B was added dropwise, and the addition was completed for about 2 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The ice water bath was removed, N,N-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (333.45 g) was added, and the mixture was heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was stopped after the heat retention reaction for 3 hours.
The reaction solution was dried to dryness, and ethyl acetate (2 L) and purified water (1L) were added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred. The pH was adjusted to 5-6 with 10% hydrobromic acid, stirring was continued for 5 minutes, and allowed to stand for 10 minutes. Dispense and separate the aqueous phase. The organic phase was washed with pure water (500 mL x 2). The combined aqueous phases were extracted with EtOAc (1 mL). The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to dryness. n-Heptane (2.0 L) and tert-butyl methyl ether (150 mL) were added to the crude product, and the mixture was stirred ( stirring speed 550 rpm) for 18 hours. Filter and filter cake was washed with n-heptane (150 mL). The filter cake was collected and the filter cake was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give compound 9. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.82 (S, IH), 3.20 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.74 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.28-2.10 (m, 2H) , 1.98-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.06-1.02 (m, 2H), 0.75-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 313.9 [M+H] + .
Step 9: Synthesis of Compound 10
Acetonitrile (3 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Compound 9 (303.25 g) and potassium carbonate (261.83 g) were added first with stirring. Further, methyl 2-bromoisobutyrate (203.85 g) was added, and the reaction system was replaced with nitrogen, and then heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was kept for about 2 hours. After the completion of the reaction, the heating was stopped, and the mixture was naturally cooled to 15 to 20 ° C under stirring. Filter and filter cake was washed with ethyl acetate (100 mL x 3). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (mobile phase: ethyl acetate / n-heptane = 1:5 to 2:1). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 8.20 (S, IH), 3.68 (S, 3H), 3.19 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.57 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.22 -2.12 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.67 (s, 6H), 1.08-1.03 (m, 2H), 0.73-0.69 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 414.0 [M +H] + .
Step 10: Synthesis of Compound 11
Acetonitrile (3.17 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Under stirring, compound 10 (317.22 g) and thiocarbonyldiimidazole (26.94 g) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 16 to 20 ° C for 5 minutes. N-bromosuccinimide (158.60 g) was added and stirred for about 30 minutes with heat. After the reaction was over, the reaction was stopped. Filtration and concentration of the filtrate under reduced pressure afforded crude crude. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (EtOAc:EtOAc:EtOAc This crude product was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3.50 L) and washed with purified water (700 mL×4). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give Compound 11. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 3.73 (S, 3H), 3.22 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.53 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.14 (m, 2H) , 1.95-1.91 (m, 1H), 1.71 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 6H), 1.11-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.78-0.74 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 491.7 [M+H ] + ,493.7[M+H+2] + .
Step 11: Synthesis of a compound of formula (I)
Tetrahydrofuran (1.2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask, and Compound 11 (243.03 g) was added with stirring. After the solution was dissolved, pure water (1.2 L) was added, and then lithium hydroxide monohydrate (125.46 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at 20 to 25 ° C for about 2.5 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure at 40 ° C to remove organic solvent. Pure water (1 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was extracted with t-butyl methyl ether (300 mL). The aqueous phase was placed in a 10 L three-necked flask and cooled to 5 to 10 ° C in an ice bath. The pH was adjusted to 2 to 3 with a 40% hydrobromic acid solution, and a large amount of a pale yellow solid precipitated. Stirring was continued for 30 minutes, and the pH was again measured to be 2-3. Stirring was continued for 20 minutes and filtered. The filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL x 3). The filter cake was collected, pure water (1500 mL) was added, and the mixture was beaten at room temperature for 1 hour. After filtration, the filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL × 2), and the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 40 ° C for 3 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (I). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, the CD . 3 the OD) [delta]: 3.27 (T, J = 15.6Hz, 2H), 2.60-2.47 (m, 2H), 2.27-2.17 (m, 2H), 2.10-2.03 (m, IH) , 1.68 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 6H), 1.15.10.10 (m, 2H), 0.80-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 477.99 [M+H] + , 480.1 [M+H+ 2] + .
Example 2: Preparation of Form A of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and methanol (0.4 mL) was added thereto, followed by stirring to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and ethyl acetate (0.4 mL) was added and stirred to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
Example 3: Preparation of Form B of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, tetrahydrofuran (0.4 mL) was added, and the mixture was stirred to dissolve. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The collected sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystalline form of the final product in the form of Form B of the compound of formula (I).
Example 4: Solubility test of Form A of the compound of formula (I)
1. Preparation of diluent and mobile phase
Diluent: Accurately measure 300mL of pure water and 100mL of pure acetonitrile, mix in a 1L glass bottle, ultrasonic degassing for 10 minutes and then set aside.
Mobile phase A: 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution

For example, remove 2.0 mL of phosphoric acid into 2000 mL of water, sonicate for 10 minutes, mix, and let cool to room temperature as mobile phase A.

Mobile phase B: acetonitrile.
2. Preparation of the reference solution (using the A crystal form itself as a control sample)
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-1.
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-2.
3. Preparation of linear solution
The above working reference solution STD-1 was diluted 1 time, 10 times, 100 times, 1000 times and 2000 times, and recorded as linear solutions L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5.
4. Solubility test
Accurately weigh 6mg of A crystal form into 8mL glass bottle, then accurately add 3mL different solvent (0.1N hydrochloric acid solution, 0.01N hydrochloric acid solution, purified water, pH3.8 buffer solution, pH4.5 buffer solution, pH5 .5 buffer solution, pH 6.0 buffer solution, pH 7.4 buffer solution, pH 6.8 buffer solution), made into a suspension. A stir bar was added to the above suspension, and the mixture was thoroughly stirred at 37 ° C in the dark. After stirring, the solids in the pH 7.4 buffer solution and the pH 6.8 buffer solution were all dissolved, and 6 mg of the A crystal form was accurately weighed, added to the buffer solution, and thoroughly stirred again to prepare a suspension. After stirring for 4 hours and 24 hours, the sample was centrifuged, and the solution was filtered through a filter and the concentration thereof was measured by HPLC. The HPLC analysis method is shown in Table 3.
Table 3: HPLC analysis methods

////////////CS-3001, BB 7, VX 033, CHINA, PRECLINICAL, CStone Pharmaceuticals, URAT1 inhibitor,  hyperuricemia, gout

O=C(O)C(C)(C)Sc4nnc(Br)n4c2sc(c1CC(F)(F)CCc12)C3CC3

TL 487


str1

TL-487

CAS  1469746-55-1
2-Butenamide, N-[3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-, (2E)-
Molecular Weight, 507.58, MF C30 H29 N5 O3

Teligene Inc(2E)-N-[3-Cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-2-butenamide

(E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide

Maleate in anhydrous or monohydrate CAS, 2326561-36-6, AND 2326561-38-8 form are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer

Useful for treating breast cancer, ovary cancer and colon cancer. are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer.

Anticancer protein kinase inhibitor

The compound was originally claimed in WO2013152135 , and may provide the structure of TL-487 , a small molecule inhibitor to HERs, being investigated by Teligene for the treatment of breast cancer; in July 2016, the company intended to develop the product as a class 1.1 chemical drug in China.

PATENT

US 20150057312

PATENT

WO2013152135

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013152135&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&queryString=%28ET%2Fkinase%29+&recNum=8&maxRec=4574

PATENT

WO-2019096327

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019096327&redirectedID=true

Novel crystalline maleate salt of (E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide (first disclosed in WO2013152135) and its hydrates (monohydrate) and anhydrates, process for its preparation, composition comprising it and its use for treating cancers such as breast cancer, ovary cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer, mantle cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma are claimed. The compound is disclosed to be an irreversible inhibitor to BTK and Her-2 (also known as Erb-2 or neu).

(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide is mentioned in WO2013152135 and corresponds to the compound of the Formula I:
Formula I
Compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline have been shown to have anti-tumor activity, which may make them useful as chemotherapeutic agents in treating various cancers, including but not limited to, pancreatic cancer, melanoma, lymphatic cancer, parotid tumors, Barrett’s esophagus, esophageal carcinomas, head and neck tumors, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, epidermoid tumors, cancers of major organs, such as kidney, bladder, larynx, stomach, and lung, colonic polyps and colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. Examples of compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline are disclosed and shown to possess anti-tumor activity in many literatures. One limitation of certain 3-cyanoquinoline compounds is that they are not water soluble in a free base form.
The crystalline form of a particular drug as a salt, a hydrate and/or any polymorph thereof is often one important determinant of the drug’s ease of preparation, stability, water solubility, storage stability, ease of formulation and in-vivo pharmacology. It is possible that one crystalline form is preferable over another where certain aspects such as ease of preparation, stability, water solubility and/or superior pharmacokinetics are deemed to be critical. Crystalline forms of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide salts that possess a higher degree of water solubility than the free base but are stable fulfill an unmet need for stable, crystalline, water-solubl
Example 1. (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide sulfate
95%ethanol (4.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed sulfuric acid (101.9 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. Then an amount of precipitate was founded. Another 95% (60 ml) was added to the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was heated to 70℃ again. Then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and The reaction mixture was crystallized at -10℃ for 41.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (260 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound as FIG. 9.
Example 2. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide hydrochloride
95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed hydrochloric acid (38.0 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 44.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (96 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 6.
Example 3. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide malate
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , L-malic acid (139.4 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to a 50 ml round-bottom flask. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45.5h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target (370 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 8
Example 4: synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide citrate
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , citric acid (198.8 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) . The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target compound (610 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an crystalline structure to the compound in FIG. 7.
Example 5: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide free base (0.091 kg) is rinsed with a 10%solution of USP purified water in n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) followed by the addition of water: n-propanol solution (0.74 kg, 0.90 L) . Maleic acid is added (1.01 equiv) and the mixture is rinsed with 10%water: n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The mixture is quickly heated to 50-60 ℃ and held for a minimum of 15 min. until a solution is obtained. The hot solution is clarified through a pre-heated 50-60 ℃, 0.2 Mm filter cartridge and the filtrates are collected in a preheated 45-55℃, 2 L multi-neck flask. The filter cartridge is rinsed through with 10%water: n-propanol pre-heated to 45-55 ℃ (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The solution is cooled over at least one hour to 40 ℃ and held at that temperature for 12 hours then cooled to room temperature (25 ℃) over a minimum of four hours and held at that temperature for at least two hours. The mixture is filtered on a 12.5 cm diameter Buchner funnel for 5 min., then rinsed and washed with prefiltered10%water: n-propanol solution (2 x 0.12 kg, 2 x 0.15 L) . The cake is dammed and suction maintained until dripping essentially stops, about 1 h.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 1.
Example 6: The product from Example 1 is dried (50 ℃, 10 mm Hg, 24 h) to give crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 3.
Example 7: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (38.0 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) and n-propanol/H 2O (380 ml, V: V=9: 1) . maleic acid (8.7 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) in n-propanol/H 2O (76 ml, V: V=9: 1) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixturewas heated to 65 ℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20 hours. Filtered and filtrate was evaporated under vacuum to get the crude product.
The crude product (14.0 g) was recrystallized in n-propanol/H 2O (240 ml, V: V=9: 1) at 70℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20.5 hours. Filtered and wash the cake with n-propanol/H 2O (20 ml, V: V=9: 1) to get target product (12.9 g, wet) .
PXRD as FIG. 1.
Example 8: crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (21.5 g, 42.4 mmol, 1.0 eq) and ethanol (300 ml) . maleic acid (5.2 g, 44.8 mmol, 1.05 eq) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixture was heated to 70 ℃. Another ethanol (1980 ml) was added to the reaction mixture in several times and the reaction temperature was keep at 70 ℃. Filtered and filtrate was cooled to room temperature, stop stirring and stand for 16-20 hours. Filtered and the solid was dried at room temperature for 24 hours to get the title compound.

///////////////TL-487, PRECLINICAL, CHINA, breast cancer, ovary cancer, olon cancer,  BTK, HER-2 kinase inhibitor,

CN(C)C\C=C\C(=O)Nc3cc4c(Nc2ccc(Oc1ccccc1)cc2)c(cnc4cc3OCC)C#N

HM04 or H0900


str2

3-[(1R)-1-(2,3-Dichloro-4-pyrazin-2-ylphenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl]-1-methyl-1-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl)urea.png

HM04 or H0900

Cas 1808913-24-7

MF C20 H22 Cl2 F3 N5 O
MW 476.32
Urea, N‘-[(1R)-1-[2,3-dichloro-4-(2-pyrazinyl)phenyl]-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl]-N-methyl-N-(1-methyl-4-piperidinyl)-

(R)-3-(1-(2,3-dichloro-4-(pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1-methyl-1-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl) urea

The compound was disclosed in WO2015134839 . Helsinn under license from Novo Nordisk , is investigating ghrelin antagonists for treating obesity, Prader-Willi syndrome and other metabolic disorders; in May 2015, the program was listed as being in preclinical development

Helps reducing ghrelin signaling activity and treating disorder associated with an increase in ghrelin level (eg food abuse, alcohol addiction, and Prader-Willi syndrome).

Ghrelin, a growth hormone-releasing peptide produced by ghrelinergic cells in the gastrointestinal tract, is understood to function as a neuropeptide that regulates energy metabolism by stimulating appetite. The modulation, for example inhibition, of ghrelin signaling, through the ghrelin/growth hormone secretagogue receptor (GHS-Rla), is an attractive target for pharmacological treatment of disorders associated with high ghrelin level. Potential disorders for treatment using ghrelin modulators include food abuse (such as binge eating, obesity, hyperphagia (or uncontrollable appetite), post-dieting body weight rebound (including post-dieting hyperphagia), alcohol addiction, and genetic diseases associated with increased ghrelin level (e.g., Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS)).

PATENT

US 20150252021

PATENT

WO2015134839

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015134839

Example 1

nthesis of Intermediate lk

Intermediate k

Step 1:

To a solution of la (100 g, 0.62 mol) in DMF (1.2 L) was added N-bromosuccinimide (110 g, 0.62 mol) at 0 °C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 4 h, then water (800 mL) was added and the resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 500 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was triturated with petroleum ether to provide lb (133.7 g, 89% yield) as a brown solid. !H-NMR (CDC13, 300 MHz): δ= 7.30 (d, 1 H), 6.59 (d, 1 H), 4.22 (br, 2 H). LC-MS: 241 [M+l]+.

Step 2:

To a solution of lb (133.7 g, 0.55 mol) in dry CH2C12 (1.5 L) was added acetic anhydride (110 g, 0.62 mol) dropwise over a period of 20 minutes at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight, then diluted with CH2C12 (300 mL) and washed with water (150 mL) and brine (200 mL). The organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was triturated with petroleum ether (300 mL) to provide compound lc (143.0 g, 91% yield) as a white solid. ¾-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): δ= 8.26 (d, 1 H), 7.63 (br, 1 H), 7.54 (d, 1 H), 2.26 (s, 3 H). LC-MS: 280 [M-l].

Step 3:

A mixture of compound lc (50.0 g, 0.18 mol), butyl vinyl ether (Id, 89.0 g, 0.89 mol), bis(l,3-diphenylphosphino)propane (DPPP, 22.0 g, 0.053 mol), TEA (100 mL, 0.71 mol) and Pd(OAc)2 (6.4 g, 0.027 mol) in DMSO (1.2 L) was heated at 130 °C under N2 overnight. After the reaction was completed, the mixture was cooled to 0 °C and 2N HC1 (480 mL) was added dropwise over a period of 30 minutes. Then, the mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous a2S04 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (silica, EtOAc: PE=1 : 10) to provide le (19.5 g, 45% yield) as a yellow solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 8.46 (d, 1 H), 7.82 (br, 1 H), 7.51 (d, 1 H), 2.63 (s, 3 H), 2.29 (s, 3 H). LC-MS: 244 [M-l].

Step 4:

To a solution of le (21.9 g, 89.4 mmol) in MeOH (350 mL) was added 2N NaOH solution (350 mL) at room temperature. The mixture was heated at 50 °C overnight, then cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid was triturated with water (100 mL) for 30 min and filtered to provide If (18.0 g, 98% yield) as a brown solid. ¾-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 7.48 (d, 1 H), 6.68 (d, 1 H), 4.56 (br, 2 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H). LC-MS: 202[M-1]\

Step 5:

To a mixture of compound If (18.0 g, 89.2 mmol) and ice (360 g) in cone. HC1 (180 mL) was added a solution of NaN02 (9.2 g, 133.7 mmol) in water (20 mL) dropwise over a period of 30 minutes, and the resulting mixture stirred in an ice bath for 30 min. A solution of KI (74.0 g, 446 mmol) in water (360 mL) was added dropwise over 45 min at 0 °C. The mixture was stirred for 30 min and then extracted with EtOAc (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (silica, EtOAc: PE=1 :40) to provide lg (23.9 g, 86% yield) as a yellow solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 7.6 (d, 1 H), 7.06 (d, 1 H), 2.62 (s, 3 H).

Step 6:

To a solution of lg (23.9 g, 76.1 mmol) in MeOH (100 mL)/THF (100 mL) was slowly added NaB¾ (2.9 g, 76.1 mmol) at 0 °C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 min, and then quenched with water (100 mL). The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (silica, EtOAc: PE=1 : 10) to provide lh (22.4 g, 93% yield) as a white solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 7.81 (d, 1 H), 7.26 (d, 1 H), 5.23 (q, 1 H), 2.17 (br, 1 H), 1.47 (d, 3 H).

Step 7:

To a mixture of lh (22.4 g, 70.9 mmol), phthalimide (12.5 g, 85.0 mmol) and PPh3 (22.3 g, 85.0 mmol) in dry THF (450 mL) was added DIAD (21.5 g, 106.3 mmol) at room temperature under N2 protection. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography (silica, EtOAc: PE=1 : 15) to provide li (18.5 g, 58% yield) as a white solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 7.78-7.84 (m, 3 H), 7.70-7.73 (m, 2 H), 7.41-7.43 (d, 1 H), 5.76-5.81 (q, 1 H), 1.84 (d, 3 H).

Step 8:

A solution of li (7.2 g, 16.2 mmol) and hydrazine hydrate (98%, 4.0 g, 80.9 mmol) in MeOH (150 mL) was heated under reflux for 2 h, then cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with CH2C12 (3 x 100 mL). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give lj (3.8 g, 75% yield) as a white solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 7.81 (d, 1 H), 7.25 (d, 1 H), 4.55 (q, 1 H), 1.36-1.38 (d, 3 H). LC-MS: 316 [M+l]+.

Step 9:

To a solution of lj (41. Og, 0.13 mol) in methyl tert-butyl ether (750 mL) was added slowly a solution of D-mandelic acid (7.8 g, 0.052 mol) in methyl tert-butyl ether (1 10 mL) at 45°C. The mixture was stirred at this temperature for 30 min then cooled and filtered. White solid obtained was partitioned between 5% NaOH solution (300 mL) and methyl tert-butyl ether (300 mL). The bi -phases were separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with methyl tert-butyl ether (300 mL). The combined organic layer was concentrated to provide Intermediate lk (12 g, 58.5% yield) as a white solid (ee%=98.0%, Chiralpak AD-H, 5 μπι, 4.6*250mm, mobile phase: Hex: EtOH : DEA=80 : 20 : 0.2), retention time = 6.408 min).

Example 2

Synthesis of Compoun

A suspension of N-methyl-4-piperidone 2a (13.3 g, 58.6 mmol), NH2Me (30% in MeOH, 100 mL) and Pd/C (0.66 g) in MeOH (200 mL) was heated at 60 °C under H2 atmosphere (50 psi) overnight, then cooled and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue was dissolved in HC1 in dioxane (3N, 100 mL) and stirred for 30 min. The precipitate was filtered and washed with EtOAc (50 mL) to provide 2b (7.7g, 54% yield) as white powder. 1H-NMR (DMSO, 400 MHz): δ= 9.50 (br, 2 H), 3.48 (d, 2 H), 3.15-3.16 (m, 1 H), 2.96-3.01 (m, 2 H), 2.70 (s, 3 H), 2.51 (s, 3 H), 2.22-2.28 (m, 2 H), 1.94-2.02 (m, 2 H), LC-MS: 129 [M+l]+ .

Example 20

Synthesis of H0900

Step 1:

To a mixture of 16d (32 g, 120 mmol) in dry CH2CI2 (800 mL) was added Dess-Martin peroxide reagent (76 g, 180 mmol) portion- wise at 0 °C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h, then diluted with DCM (800 mL), washed with aqueous NaHC03 solution (300 mL) and brine (300 mL). The organic phase was separated, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and

concentrated under reduced pressure to afford crude 18a (31.4 g) which was used directly in the next step without further purification.

Step 2:

To a solution of 18a (12 g, 40 mmol) and 3b (22.2 g, 60 mmol) in DME (560 mL) were added Pd(PPh3)4 (9.25 g, 8 mmol) and Cul (1.52 g, 8 mmol) at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at 90 °C overnight, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified with silica gel column chromatography (silica, EA : PE = 1 :5) to provide 18b (8.0 g, 79.3%) as a white solid. LC-MS: 253 [M+l]+.

Step 3:

To a solution of 18b (7 g, 27.7 mmol) and (¾)-tert-butylsulfinamide (7.27 g, 30.56 mmol) in dry THF (200 mL) was added Ti(i-OPr)4 (15.7 g, 55.4 mmol) dropwise at room temperature. The mixture was stirred at 80 °C overnight, and then cooled. Ethyl acetate (40 mL) was added, the resulting mixture was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified with silica gel column chromatography (silica, EA:PE =1 :5) to provide 18c (6.8 g, 69%) as a yellow solid. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): 3= 9.10 (s, 1H), 8.97 (s, 1H), 8.72 (s, 1H), 8.64 (d, 1H),8.12 (d, 1H), 7.59 (d, 1H), 1.30 (s, 9H).LC-MS: 356 [M+l]+.

Step 4:

To a stirred solution of 18c (6.8 g, 19 mmol) and Tetrabutylammonium difluorotnphenylsilicate (15.8 g, 29 mmol) in dry THF (250 mL) was added a solution of TMSCF3 (11 g, 77 mmol) in anhydrous THF (50 mL) at -65 °C. The mixture was then stirred at -65 °C for 2 h, and at that point aqueous NH4CI solution (250 mL) was added. The mixture was diluted with ethyl acetate (250 mL), washed with brine (250 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified with silica gel column chromatography (silica, EA : PE=1 :2) to provide 18d (4.3 g, 52%) as a yellow solid. LC-MS: 426 [M+l]+.

Step 5:

To a stirred solution of 18d (4.3 g, 10.1 mmol) in MeOH (40 mL) was added a solution of HCl/MeOH (4N, 40 mL) at room temperature. The mixture was stirred for 1 h, then concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was triturated with ethyl acetate (40 mL) to afford crude 18e (4.3g) which was directly in the next step without further purification. LC-MS: 322 [M+l]+.

Step 6:

To a solution of 18e (2.7 g, 7.1 mmol), 2b (3.4 g, 21.3 mmol) and TEA (80 mL) in DCM (220 mL) was added thiphosgene (3.15 g, 10.6 mmol) in DCM (40 mL) dropwise at 0 °C. The solution was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred for 1 h, then diluted with DCM ( 100 mL) and washed with aqueous Na2C03 solution (100 mL) and brine (100 mL). The organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous Na2SC>4 and concentrated. The residue was purified with silica gel column chromatography (silica, DCM : CH3OH=10 : 1) to provide crude H0900 (2.13 g, ee%=92.5%) which was further purified through chiral separation to afford H0900 (1.6 g, 49% yield) as a white solid. (ee%=98.5%, Chiralpak IC 5um, 4.6*250mm, Phase: Hex: EtOH:

DEA=90: 10:0.2), retention tine =12.829 min. 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz): δ= 8.86 (d, 1H), 8.63 (dd, 1H), 8.55 (d, 1H), 7.47 (d, 1H), 7.40 (d, 1H), 6.28 (m, 1H), 5.18 (d, 1H), 4.12 (m, 1H), 2.88 (t, 2H), 2.77 (s, 3H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.05 (m, 2H), 2.48 (m, 2H), 1.52 (m, 2H), 1.73-1.49 (m, 4H). LC-MS: 476 [M+l]+.

PATENT

WO-2019118298

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019118298&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&maxRec=1000

Novel crystalline fumarate salt forms of (R)-3-(1-(2,3-dichloro-4-(pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)-2,2,2-trifluoroethyl)-1-methyl-1-(1-methylpiperidin-4-yl) urea (also referred to as HM04 or H0900; designated as Forms 1-4), process for their preparation and compositions comprising them are claimed.

PWS occurs in approximately 1 in 10,000 births and is associated with deletion or lack of expression of region 15ql 1.2 of the paternal chromosome 15.

Characteristics of PWS include short stature, low muscle tone, and hyperphagia. Growth hormone replacement is frequently used to treat growth deficiencies and hypotonia. However, treatment for the insatiable appetite is lacking and PWS children can mature into adults suffering from obesity and type 2 diabetes. Levels of ghrelin are generally elevated in PWS; however, the relationship with ghrelin signaling and food intake in PWS remains unclear. See Purtell L., et ah, In adults with Prader-Willi syndrome, elevated ghrelin levels are more consistent with hyperphagia than high PYY and GLP-l levels. Neuropeptides. 201 l;45(4):30l-7; Cummings D.E., et ah, Elevated plasma ghrelin levels in Prader Willi syndrome. Nature Medicine . 2002;8(7):643-4; DelParigi A., et ah, High circulating ghrelin: a potential cause for hyperphagia and obesity in Prader-Willi syndrome. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. 2002;87(l2):546l-4.

[005] Accordingly, it is desirable to find treatments that effectively inhibit GHSRla, that are tolerable to the patient, and that do not interfere with other functions of the growth hormones. GHSRla modulators, including inhibitors such as (R)-3-(l-(2,3-dichloro-4-(pyrazin-2-yl)phenyl)-2, 2, 2-trifluoroethyl)-l -methyl- l-(l-m ethylpiperidin-4-yl) urea (HM04, H0900) depicted below, are reported in LT.S. Patent No. 9,546,157.

Step 1 : Synthesis of compound 2A

[00106] 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (7.20 kg, 51.1 mol, 3.0 eq.,

KF=0.30%) was added into a 100 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer and mixed at RT under nitrogen protection. THF (50 L) was added into the reactor and stirred. The vessel was purged with nitrogen three times and cooled to 0 °C. n-BuLi (20.4 L, 3.0 eq.; 2.5 M hexane solution) was added to the mixture dropwise while keeping the temperature at about 0 °C to about 5 °C for over one hour. The color of the solution turned yellow. The mixture was stirred at about 0 °C to about 5 °C for 30 minutes. The mixture was cooled to about -78 °C to about -70 °C to form Solution A.

[00107] Compound 1 (3.25 kg, 17.0 mol. 1.0 eq., KF=0.03%) was dissolved in 15 L of THF to form Solution B.

[00108] Solution B was added to solution A dropwise at a temperature of about -70 °C to about -78 °C over one hour and then stirred for 30 minutes to form solution C. Tri-isopropyl borate ((i-PrO)3B) (3.52 kg, 18.7 mol., 1.1 eq.) was added dropwise into solution C over 10 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred at a

temperature of about -70 °C to about -78 °C for one hour. HC1 (40 L, 3M, 7.0 eq.) was added over 30 minutes to quench the reaction. A 10 degree rise in temperature was noted.

[00109] The resulting aqueous layer was separated and extracted with EtOAc (40 L). The aqueous layer was separated and extracted twice again with EtOAc (35 L, 30 L). The organic layers were combined resulting in about 160 L of liquid. The combined organic layer was washed twice with 50 L of a 1M aqueous HC1 solution saturated with NaCl. The organic layer was concentrated to about 5 L in a 50 L rotavapor at a temperature of about 50 °C to about 55 °C under 30-40 mmHg for about 8 hours.

[00110] The residual EtOAc was swapped with DME for 3 times (10 L x 3). The organic layer was concentrated in the 50 L rotavapor at a temperature of about 50 °C to about 55 °C under 30-40 mmHg for about 6 hours. Each time about 5 L of residual remained. DME (20 L) was added to the residual to obtain a deep brown solution of 14.2% compound 2A (3.55 kg in 25 kg of solution; 88.8% yield; 97.4% purity (AETC by HPLC, retention time = 1.6 minutes); 0.24% residual ethyl acetate). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 5=8.55 (s, 2H), 7.36 (d, 1H), 7.69 (d, 1H). A second batch of compound 2A was prepared by the same method to produce 3.29 kg (95.4% purity, 82.3% yield, 0.11% residual ethyl acetate).

[00111] Step 2: Synthesis of Compound 3A

C! , N


M

K2CO3 (I .O equiv)

2A OH

DME/H20 3:1 (20 vol), 50 e C 3A N

[00112] Compound 2 A (2.91 kg in 20.5 kg solution) was added into a 100

L reactor at room temperature under nitrogen. DME (45 mL), 2-chloropyrazin (1.42 kg,

12.4 mol., 1.0 eq.), and Pd(dppf)Cl2 (10% w/w, 291 g) were added sequentially, and each

mixed at room temperature under nitrogen. Nitrogen was bubbled into the mixture for 20

minutes and the resulting mixture was purged and filled with nitrogen (3 times). The

mixture was heated to 48-52°C over 60 minutes. K2CO3 (2.57 kg, 18.6 mol, 1.5 eq.) was

added to 22 L of water in another reactor at room temperature and then added dropwise to

the compound 2 A mixture over 10 minutes. The mixture was stirred at 48-52°C for 16

hours and then cooled to room temperature. This procedure was repeated twice and all

three batches were combined.

[00113] An aqueous solution of K2CO3 (1.0 kg) was dissolved in 22 L of

water and added to the combined mixture to adjust the pH to 9. TBME (50 L) was added

into the mixture and filtered (PET filter, 3-5 pm, 205g/m2) to remove about 50 g of

sticky, brown solid material (catalyst analog). The aqueous layer was twice separated and

extracted with TBME (40 L, 40L).

[00114] The aqueous layer was combined with the aqueous layer of a

fourth batch prepared according to the above method. The pH of the combined aqueous layers was adjusted to pH<3 with HC1 (2N, 48 L). The solid precipitated out slowly as

the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered (PET

filter, 3-5 pm, 205g/m2) over 30 minutes to obtain 20 kg of wet product. ACN (40 L) was

added into a 100 L reactor equipped with an overhead stirrer at room temperature. The 20

kg of wet product was added into the reactor and the reaction mixture heated to reflux

and stirred at reflux for 4 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature

over 3 hours (around 15 °C/hour) and filtered to obtain 8.5 kg of wet solid. The wet solid

was dried under vacuum (20-30 mmHg) at 50-55 °C for 15 hours to obtain compound 3 A

as a pale white solid (6.1 kg; 97.4% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 3.7

minutes); 83.8% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 5=7.67 (d, 1H), 7.82 (d, 1H), 8.75

(d, 1H), 8.82 (t, 1H), 8.98 (d, 1H), 13.89 (bs, 1H).

[00115] Step 3: Synthesis of compound 6A

3A 6A N

N

[00116] Compound 3 A (6.1 kg, 22.7 mol, 1.0 eq.) was added into a 100 L

reactor equipped with a temperature probe, overhead stirrer, and condenser. Methanol

(92 L) was added into the reactor at room temperature. The mixture was cooled to

0-10 °C and added with SOCk (5.4 kg, 45.3 mol, 2.0 eq.) dropwise at 0-10 °C over 30

minutes. The reaction mixture was heated to reflux (65 °C) and stirred at reflux for 15

hours. A suspension was formed. Most of the solvent and SOCk was removed under

vacuum distillation until about 30 L remained. The mixture was concentrated under

vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 50-55 °C for about 6 hours. Water (10 L) was added to the residual at -5 to 15 °C. The pH was adjusted to 8-9 with an aqueous solution of K2CO3 (200 g, dissolved in 2L of water) at -5 to 15 °C. The resulting aqueous layer was extracted twice with isopropyl acetate (25 L, 25 L). The combination of organic layers (about 50 kg) was washed with 20 L of NaHCCb aqueous layer. The organic layer was separated and washed with 10 L of of an aqueous solution of NaHCCb. All the aqueous layers were combined (55.8 kg). The organic layer was filtered through a silica pad (30 cm) and the pad washed with extra isopropyl acetate until the compound 6 A was filtered from the silica gel (about 3 hours). The organic layer was concentrated to about 5 L. THF (10 L) was added to the residual and concentrated to about 5 L (3 times) under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 50-55 °C for about 3 hours. Another 10 L of THF was added to the residual concentrate, giving a concentrated solution of compound 6A (15.8 kg; 32.83%,

5.19 kg compound 6A in solution; 97.9% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 8.5 min); 80.8% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): 5=3.98 (s, 3H), 7.54 (d, 1H), 7.78 (d, 1H), 8.63 (d, 1H), 8.72 (t, 1H), 8.94 (d, 1H).

[00117] Step 4: Synthesis of compound 6B

[00118] THF (26 L) was added into a 100 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer under nitrogen. DIBAL-H (26 kg, 46 mol, 5.0 eq.) was added and the system purged and filled with nitrogen three times. The mixture was cooled to -78 to -70 °C to form solution A. A room temperature solution of compound 6A (2.6 kg, 9.2 mol, 1.0 eq.) in 52 L of THF was added dropwise at -78 to -70 °C over 30 minutes under nitrogen. The mixture was warmed to -30 °C over about 5-6 hours. The reaction mixture was stirred at -40 to -30 °C for 30 minutes. The mixture was slowly added to 42 L of 2N HCL over 1 hour reaching a maximum temperature of 35 °C. The mixture was extracted with 26 L of isopropyl acetate. The organic layer was separated and washed with 30 L of brine. This procedure was repeated and both batches of organic layer were combined and concentrated from about 100 L to about 5-10 L under vacuum.

A solid slowly formed during concentration. The mixture was cooled to 5-15 °C and stirred for 1 hour. The mixture was filtered (30-50 pm) over 30 minutes. The solid was dried under vacuum at 50 °C for 6 hours to obtain compound 6B as a brown solid (2.1 kg; 97.5% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 8.6 min); 45.7% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): d = 4.65 (d, 2H), 5.68 (t, 1H), 7.62 (d, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H), 8.72 (d, 1H),

8.80 (t, 1H), 8.94 (d, 1H).

[00119] Step 5: Synthesis of compound 7

[00120] DMSO (10 L) was added to a 50 L flask equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer under nitrogen at room temperature. Compound 6B (2.05 kg, 8.04 mol, 1.0 eq.) was added under nitrogen at room temperature. Et3N (8 L) was added under nitrogen at RT and the mixture was then cooled to 15-20 °C.

SCb. pyridine (5.1 kg, 32.08 mol, 4.0 eq.) was dissolved into 10 L of DMSO at 5-15 °C in a separate flask and added to the mixture dropwise over 3.5 hours at about 20 °C. The reaction mixture was transferred to 70 L of ice-water. The suspension mixture was stirred at 0-10 °C for 1 hour and filtered (PET, 3-5 pm, 205 g/m2) by centrifuge over 1.5 hours to obtain compound 7 as a brown solid. The solid was dissolved in 35 L of DCM at room temperature. The resulting DCM layer was washed with 5 L of brine. The organic layer was separated and concentrated under vacuum at 40-45 °C to dryness to obtain compound 7 as a brown solid (2.33 kg; 96.3% purity (AEiC by HPLC, retention time = 9.2 minutes); 93.5% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): d = 7.67 (d, 1H), 7.99 (d, 1H), 8.67 (d, 1H), 8.75 (s, 1H), 8.99 (d, 1H), 10.56 (s, 1H).

[00121] Step 6: Synthesis of compound 8

[00122] THF (23 L) was added to a 50 L flask equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer under nitrogen at room temperature. Compound 7 (2.3 kg, 9.1 mol, 1.0 eq.) and (S)-2-methylpropane-2-sulfmamide (1.21 kg, 10 mol, 1.1 eq.) were added sequentially to the flask under nitrogen. Ti(OEt)4 (6.22 kg, 27.3 mol, 3.0 eq.) was added dropwise to the flask over 1 hour at 30-35 °C under nitrogen. The system was purged with nitrogen three times and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. Isopropyl acetate (40 L) was added to the reaction mixture. The entire reaction mixture was then charged to 20 L of brine while stirring slowly at RT. A lot of solid was formed and no heat release was observed. The solid (about 18 kg) was filtered using centrifuge, and then the solid was slurried with 20 L of isopropyl acetate again for 20 minutes, and filtered again, resulting is slightly less solid (17.3 kg). The filtrates were then combined and washed with 20 L of brine. The organic layer was separated and concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 40-50 °C for about 4 hours to remove the solvents and obtain a brown oil (compound 8). The oil was dissolved in DMF to obtain a black solution (7.36 kg; 40.1%; 3.0 kg compound 8 in solution; 92.1% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 9.7 minutes); >100% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCb): d = 1.30 (s, 9H), 7.59 (d, 1H), 8.11 (d, 1H), 8.64 (s, 1H), 8.73 (m, 1H), 8.97 (s, 1H), 9.10 (s, 1H).

[00123] Step 7: Synthesis of compound 11

O

S

10 s C

8

11 N

[00124] DMF (26 L, 10 v/w) was added to a 50 L flask equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer under nitrogen at 15 °C. Compound 8 (7.3 kg of

DMF solution, containing 2.9 kg, 8.1 mol, 1.0 eq.) and TBAA (2.44 kg, 8.1 mol, 1.0 eq.) were added sequentially to the flask under nitrogen. The mixture was cooled to 0-10 °C.

TMSCF3 (2.88 kg, 20.3 mol, 2.5 eq.) was then added to the flask over 60 min at 0-10 °C.

The reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5 °C under nitrogen protection for 3 hours.

Isopropyl acetate (60 L) was added to the mixture, followed by the addition of 45 L of

NaHCCb under stirring at 5-25 °C. The organic layer was separated, washed three times with NaHC03 (30 L x 3), and concentrated from 60 kg to 2.5 kg of brown oil. The oil product was dissolved in 20 L of TBME and filtered through a pad of silica gel (about 40 cm high, 30 cm diameter) over 2 hours to obtain 2.14 kg of compound 1 1 in TBME solution. The solution was concentrated at 45-50 °C to dryness to obtain compound 1 1 as a black oil (1.85 kg; 85.2% purity (AETC by HPLC, retention time = 9.1 minutes, 9.6 minutes for diastereoisomer); 53.6% yield). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCh): d = 1.33 (s, 9H), 3.82-3.85 (d, 1H), 5.61-5.66 (m, 1H), 7.53-7.60 (m, 2H), 8.63-8.64 (d, 1H), 8.71-8.72 (m, 1H), 8.95 (s, 1H).

[00125] Step 8: Synthesis of compound 12 (free base)

[00126] Compound 1 1 (1.8 kg, 4.23 mol, 1.0 eq., crude) was added to a 50 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer under nitrogen at 25 °C. Anhydrous MeOH (18 L) was added to dissolve compound 1 1. Then MeOH/HCl (18 L, 1 N) was added dropwise at 25-30 °C over 10 minutes and the mixture was stirred at 25-30 °C for 1 hour. Water (15 L) was added to the reaction and the mixture concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 4 hours to remove the solvent. The pH of the mixture was adjusted to 10 with 5 L of K2CO3 solution. 20 L of EtOAc was then added to the mixture and the organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer extracted twice with EtOAc (15 L x 2). The organic layers were combined and washed with 10 L of brine. The combined organic layers contained 996 g of

compound 12 in 40 kg of EtOAc solution (84% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time =

2.8 minutes). The organic layers were concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 3 hours to a 7.5 kg volume of compound 12 in EtOAc solution (83% purity (AETC by HPLC, retention time = 2.7 minutes).

[00127] In a separate 50 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer, D-CSA was added (930 g, 4.0 mol, 1.0 eq. to 1.26 kg compound 12) and stirred at room temperature under nitrogen. EtOAc (10 L) and then the EtOAc solution of compound 12 (1.26 kg, 3.9 mol, 1.0 eq.) were each sequentially added to the reactor. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour and slowly became a suspension. The mixture was filtered by centrifuge and washed with EtOAc to produce 2.3 kg of compound 12 as an off-white solid (96.0% purity).

[00128] The solid product, 20 L of EtOAc, and 10 L of 10% aqueous K2CO3 were added sequentially to a 50 L flask and stirred at room temperature until no solid remained (pH = 9-10). The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer extracted twice with EtOAc (10 L x 2). The organic layers were combined (about 32 kg) and washed with 10 L of brine. The organic layer contained 716 g of compound 12 in

31.8 kg of solution.

[00129] The organic layer was concentrated under vacuum at 45-50 °C to about 8 L. Activated carbon (200 g) was added to the organic layer and the mixture stirred at 60-70 °C for 1 hour, cooled to room temperature, and filtered using a Buchner funnel and filter paper (pore size: 30-50 pm) over 30 minutes to remove the activated carbon. The mixture was concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 3 hours to yield 710 g of compound 12 as a yellow solid (99.4% purity). [00130] D-CSA (410 g, 1.77 mol, 1.0 eq. to 680 g compound 12), 3.4 L iPrOH, and 68 mL of water were added sequentially to a 10 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer and stirred at room temperature under nitrogen. The mixture was heated to reflux (84 °C) to form solution A after 1 hour. Compound 12 (680 g) was dissolved in 3.4 L of iPrOH and added into solution A for one partition. A clear solution was formed and the temperature decreased to 65 °C. The mixture was stirred at 65 °C for about 15 minutes after which a solid appeared. The mixture was cooled to 10 °C over 2 hours, stirred at 10 °C for an additional 30 minutes, and filtered through a Buchner funnel and filter paper (pore size: 30-50 pm) over 30 minutes to collect the 1.1 kg of white solid.

[00131] EtOAc (10 L), 1.1 kg of white solid product, and 5 L of 10% K2CO3 were added sequentially to a 20 L flask and mixed for 5 minutes. The solid dissolved (pH = 9-10). The EtOAc layer was separated and the aqueous layer extracted twice with EtOAc (5 L each). The organic layers were combined (about 20 L), washed with 5 L of brine, and concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-55 °C for about 3 hours to remove most of the solution and until the residue weight reached 1 kg. Heptanes (1 L) was added to the mixture and stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The mixture was filtered using a Buchner funnel and filter paper (pore size: 30-50 pm) over 30 minutes to obtain 419 g of compound 12 base as a white solid (99.7% purity). The filtrate was concentrated to 135 g of compound 12 as a yellow solid (98.7% purity). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCh): d = 1.85 (bs, 2H), 5.17 (m, 1H), 7.56 (d, 1H), 7.68 (d, 1H), 8.62 (d, 1H), 8.70-8.71 (m, 1H), 8.93 (s, 1H). Combined, the products resulted in a 40.7% yield of compound 12.

[00132] Step 9: Synthesis of compound 10

10A 10

[00133] Pd/C (40 g, 5% w/w) was added into a 10 L autoclave reactor at room temperature under nitrogen. THF (2 L), 2 L of methylamine (27%-30% alcoholic solution, 2.1 eq.), and 800 g of compound 10A (7 mol, 1.0 eq.) were sequentially added into the reactor. The system was purged with hydrogen three times. The mixture was stirred at hydrogen pressure (50 psi) at 70-75 °C overnight and was then filtered using a Biichner funnel and filter paper (pore size: 30-50 pm) over 10 minutes to remove the Pd/C. The filtrate was concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 3 hours to obtain 933 g of yellow oil. The mixture was distilled without a column at atmospheric pressure and the 140-170 °C portion was collected to obtain 763 g of compound 10 as a colorless oil (98.6% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 4.8 minutes); 84.2% yield; 8000 ppm residual ethanol). A portion of the oil (563 g) was distilled using a 3 cm column at atmospheric pressure and the 140-170 °C portion was collected to obtain 510 g of compound 10 (75.8% yield; 134 ppm residual ethanol). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCb): d = 0.82 (bs, 1H), 1.10-1.12 (q, 2H), 1.66 (d, 2H), 1.73-1.81 (t, 2H), 2.05 (s, 3H), 2.08-2.19 (m, 1H), 2.22 (s, 3H), 2.60 (d, 2H).

[00134] Step 10: Synthesis of HM04 fumarate salt

[00135] DCM (1L), 200 g CDI (1.23 mol, 2.0 eq.), and 35 g DABCO (0.31 mol, 0.5 eq.) were sequentially added into a 3 L reactor equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer, and stirred at room temperature under nitrogen. The mixture was cooled to -10 to -5 °C. Compound 12 (200 g) was dissolved in 1 L of DCM and added into the mixture dropwise over 1 hour, followed by stirring for 16 hours at -10 to -5 °C. Compound 10 (159 g, 1.24 mol, 2.0 eq.) was added at -10 to 0 °C over 10 minutes. The mixture was then warmed to 0 to 5 °C and held for 2 hours. The mixture was concentrated under vacuum at 40-45 °C to about 1 L. HC1 (1 L of 1 N) was added to the residual and concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 2 hours to remove the DCM. Another 3 L of 1N HC1 was added to the residual and extracted three times with TBME (4 L, 2 L, 2 L). The aqueous layer was slowly adjusted to pH = 9-10 with 20% aqueous K2CO3 (about 1.5 L) and extracted with DCM (2 L x 3). The organic layers were combined (about 4 L) and washed three times with 0.25 N KH2PO4 (1.2 L x 3). The organic layer was washed with 2 L of brine to bring the pH to neutral and concentrated in a rotavapor under vacuum (30-40 mmHg) at 45-50 °C for about 2 hours to 450 g (335 mL). MTBE (1.5 L) was added to the residual and distilled until 500 mL of liquid was collected. This step was repeated four times with the addition of 500 mL of TBME and collection of 500 mL of distillate, with the exception that 330 mL of liquid was collected at the final distillation. About 1 to 1.2 L of residual remained in the flask. The residual was slowly cooled to room temperature and stirred at room temperature overnight. The mixture was filtered, washed twice with TBME (400 mL x 2), and dried to obtain 192 g of HM04 free base a light yellow solid (99.3% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 11.0 minutes). The product on the wall was dissolved in DCM and concentrated under vacuum to obtain 22 g of HM04 free base as a brown sticky oil (97.6% purity). The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to obtain 22.5 g of yellow solid (94.0% purity).

[00136] HM04 free base (187 g, 0.39 mol, 1.0 eq., 99.3% purity) and 1.9 L of ACN were sequentially added to a 3 L flask equipped with a temperature probe and overhead stirrer and stirred at 15 °C under nitrogen to obtain a light-yellow suspension. Fumaric acid (45.6 g, 0.39 mol, 1.0 eq.) was added to the flask and generated a white suspension after 1 minute. The reaction suspension was stirred overnight at room temperature, filtered (15-20 pm, ash<0.l5), washed twice with ACN (50 mL x 2), and dried under vacuum at 50 °C for 6 hours to obtain 207 g of HM04 fumarate salt as a light yellow solid (99.4% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 11.1 minutes); 57.8% yield; 3100 ppm residual ACN). The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum to obtain 20.1 g of HM04 fumarate salt as a light yellow solid (97.3% purity).

[00137] A portion of the product (117 g) was further dried in a vacuum oven (20-40 mmHg) to lower the residual acetonitrile content. After drying at 60 °C for 6 hours, 15 hours, and 72 hours; and at 65 °C for 18 hours, the residual acetonitrile content was measured as 3100 ppm, 2570 ppm, 1300 ppm, and 256 ppm, respectively. After the drying process, 98 g of HM04 fumarate salt was isolated (99.4% purity (AUC by HPLC, retention time = 11.0 minutes); 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): d = 1.49-1.58 (m, 2H),

1.81-1.92 (m, 2H), 2.44-2.53 (m, 5H), 2.78 (s, 3H), 3.12 (m, 2H), 4.06-4.13 (m, 1H), 6.36-6.41 (m, 1H), 6.55 (s, 2H), 7.47 (d, 1H), 7.73 (d, 1H), 8.11 (d, 1H), 8.75 (d, 1H),

8.81-8.82 (m, 1H), 8.99 (d, 1H). The yield of 98g of HM04 fumarate salt isolated after drying the partial batch was extrapolated over the whole batch to calculate an

approximate yield of 48% for step 10.

[00138] XRPD analysis of HM04 fumarate salt products obtained after drying at 60 °C for 6 hours, 15 hours, and 72 hours; and at 65 °C for 18 hours was performed (see Figures 6-9, respectively). The XRPD profile showed that the HM04 fumarate salt product was consistent with Form 1.

Example 6. Streamlined Synthesis of HM04 Fumarate Salt Form 1

[00139] The overall yield of HM04 fumarate salt produced using Step 10 of Example 5 was calculated as approximately 48%. In order to increase the overall yield, a streamlined synthesis was investigated that eliminated the step of isolating HM04 free base. In particular, step 10 of the method of Example 5 shown in Figure 5 was changed. An overview of the streamlined synthesis beginning after step 9 of Example 5 is shown in Figure 10.

[00140] Streamlined HM04 Fumarate Salt Trial 1 : PCM (121.4 g). CPI (20.0 g, 123 mmol, 2 eq.) and DABCO (3.5 g, 31 mmol) were sequentially added into an inertized 1 L reactor. The mixture was cooled to -10 °C. Separately, a solution of DCM (132.5 g) and compound 12 (20.0 g, 62.1 mmol) were charged into a vessel and stirred until a solution was obtained. This solution was dropped into the 1 L reactor over 33 minutes by keeping the internal temperature at -10 to -5 °C. At the end of the addition, the vessel was rinsed with DCM (7.0 g), which was then added to the reaction mixture.

After stirring overnight (19 hours) and positive IPC, compound 10 (15.9 g, 124 mmol, 2 eq.) was added over 15 minutes and the vessel rinsed with DCM (9.0 g). After heating at 0 °C, 1 hour of stirring, positive IPC, and a further 1.5 hours of stirring, the mixture was heated at room temperature and charged with water (200.1 g). The aqueous layer was separated and the organic layer extracted twice with 1 N HC1 (201, 200 g). The combined aqueous layers containing the product were washed with TBME (148 g). After removal of the organic layer, the aqueous layer was charged with DCM (265.0 g) and 50% K2CO3 solution (about 240 ml) until reaching pH 9.61.

[00141] Meanwhile, a solution of KH2PO4 (8.2 g) in water (240 g) was prepared. The organic layer containing the product was charged with the KH2PO4 solution until reaching pH 7.12 (142.2 g). After separation of the aqueous layer, the organic layer was washed with water (200 g). After separation of the aqueous layer, the organic layer was evaporated at 50 °C. ACN (314.4 g) was added and the solvent distilled again at 70-75 °C under vacuum. ACN (235.8 g) was added and the solvent distilled again under vacuum. ACN (141.5 g) was added, the resulting solution polish filtered and the filter washed with ACN (16 g). After heating at 60 °C, fumaric acid (7.2 g, 62 mmol) was added to the solution, causing a white precipitate. After cooling to 20 °C over 1 hour, the suspension was filtered and washed twice with TBME (2 x 30 g). After drying on the filter with nitrogen flow, 70.7 g of wet raw product was obtained. This was slurried with TBME (177.0 g) for 1 hour, filtered, and washed with TBME (70 g). After drying on the filter under nitrogen flow, 33.0 g of wet product was obtained. Heating at 50 °C under vacuum afforded the dry product as a white powder of HM04 fumarate salt (21.1 g;

Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9926337 SUBSTITUTED ASYMMETRIC UREAS AND MEDICAL USES THEREOF 2016-12-02
US9546157 p-Substituted Asymmetric Ureas and Medical Uses Thereof 2015-03-06 2015-09-10

////////////HM04, H0900, Helsinn,  Novo Nordisk, PRECLINICAL, obesity, Prader-Willi syndrome, ghrelin

CN(C1CCN(C)CC1)C(=O)N[C@H](c3ccc(c2cnccn2)c(Cl)c3Cl)C(F)(F)F

GFH 018


(E)-3-[6-[2-(6-Methylpyridin-2-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl]-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]prop-2-enamide.png

GFH-018

CAS 2169299-67-4

C21 H19 N7 O, 385.42
(E)-3-[6-[2-(6-methylpyridin-2-yl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl]-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]prop-2-enamide
2-Propenamide, 3-[6-[5,6-dihydro-2-(6-methyl-2-pyridinyl)-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl][1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]-, (2E)-

GenFleet Therapeutics

Advanced solid tumor; Cancer

TGF-beta Receptor Type-1 (TGFBR1; ALK5; SKR4; TbetaR-I) Inhibitors

Signal Transduction Modulators

GFH-018 , a TGFBR1 inhibitor, being investigated by GenFleet as an oral tablet formulation, for the treatment of cancer, including advanced solid tumors and hepatocellular carcinoma,  in March 2019, the company was developing GFH-018 as a class 1 chemical drug in China, with a clinical trial expected to begin in the second half of 2019.

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is a multifunctional growth factor superfamily with extensive biological activity, involved in early embryonic development, cartilage and bone formation, extracellular matrix synthesis, inflammation, Interstitial fibrosis, regulation of immune and endocrine functions, tumor formation and development.
The TGF-β superfamily consists of a class of structural and functionally related polypeptide growth factors, including TGF-βs (ie, narrowly defined TGF-β), activins (axivins), inhibins, and bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs). Müllerian inhibitors (mullerian), etc., TGF-β is one of the important members of this family. In mammals, TGF-β mainly exists in three forms of TGF-β1, TGF-β2 and TGF-β3, which are located on different chromosomes, and TGF-β1 accounts for the highest proportion (>90%) in somatic cells. It has the strongest activity, the most functions, and the widest distribution. The newly synthesized TGF-β appears as an inactive precursor consisting of a signal peptide, a latent-associated polypeptide (LAP) and a mature TGF-β. After enzymatic hydrolysis, it forms active TGF-β, and then Receptor binding exerts a biological effect.
TGF-[beta] signaling molecules signal through a transmembrane receptor complex. TGF-β receptor is a transmembrane protein present on the cell surface and is divided into type I receptor (TGF-βRI), type II receptor (TGF-βRII) and type III receptor (TGF-βRIII), of which TGF- βRI is also known as activin receptor-like kinase 5 (ALK5). TGF-βRIII lacks intrinsic activity and is primarily involved in the storage of TGF-β. TGF-βRI and TGF-βRII belong to the serine/threonine kinase family. Type II receptors bind to TGF-β ligands with higher affinity and form heterologous receptor complexes with type I receptors. Phosphorylation of a region rich in glycine and serine residues (GS domain) of the proximal membrane of the receptor initiates an intracellular signal cascade reaction.
Smads are important TGF-β signal transduction and regulatory molecules in cells, which can directly transduce TGF-β signaling from the cell membrane, such as the nucleus. TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway plays an important role in the occurrence and development of tumors. . In TGF-β/Smads signal transduction, activated TGF-β first binds to TGF-βRII on the cell membrane surface to form a heterodimeric complex, and TGF-βRI recognizes and binds to the binary complex.
TGF-βRII phosphorylates serine/threonine in the GS domain of the cytoplasmic domain of TGF-βRI, thereby activating TGF-βRI; activated TGF-βRI further phosphorylates R-Smads (Smad2/Smad3) protein, which in turn Co-Smad (Smad4) binds to a heterotrimeric complex that enters the nucleus and acts synergistically with other co-activators and co-inhibitors to regulate transcription of target genes. . Any change in any part of the TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway leads to abnormalities in the signal transduction pathway.
Current research indicates that in tumor cells, TGF-β can directly affect tumor growth (non-inherent effects of TGF-β signaling), or by inducing epithelial-mesenchymal transition, blocking anti-tumor immune responses, and increasing tumor-associated fibrosis And enhanced angiogenesis indirectly affects tumor growth (the intrinsic effect of TGF-β). At the same time, TGF-β has a strong fibrotic induction, which is an activator of tumor-associated fibroblasts. These fibroblasts are a major source of collagen type I and other fibrotic factors. Induction products of fibroblasts and other fibrotic factors may continue to develop a microenvironment that reduces immune responses, increases drug resistance, and enhances tumor angiogenesis. In addition, TGF-β affects blood vessels during individual development and tumor growth. Raw regeneration. For example, TGF-βRI-deficient mouse embryos show severe vascular development defects, demonstrating that the TGF-β signaling pathway is a key regulator in vascular endothelium and smooth muscle cell development.
In 2013, the FDA awarded Lilly’s small molecule TGF-βRI inhibitor LY2157299 (WO 2002/094833) for the treatment of glioma and liver cancer. LY2157299 is an orphan drug under research, named Galunisertib. Galunisertib inhibits tumor cell invasion and metastasis while inhibiting the infiltration of tumor cells into blood vessels. In the phase 2 clinical trial of patients with liver cancer, about 23% of patients treated with Galunisertib had a decrease in serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) levels of more than 20%. Compared with patients without AFP response, these patients had slower tumor progression and longer survival, and increased expression of cadherin in epithelial cells was also observed in these patients, suggesting that Galunisertib can be regulated by inhibiting TGF-β signaling pathway. EMT, thereby inhibiting the progression of liver cancer, the structure of Galunisertib (LY2157299) is shown in formula (II):
Background research and development materials refer to the following documents:
WO2009/009059; WO2007/076127; WO2004/026306; WO2004/072033; WO2002/094833.
Synthesis
WO2017215506

PATENT

WO2017215506

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017215506

Example 1
Preparation of intermediates 1-6:
Step A: Ethyl acetate (291.41 ml, 2.98 mol) was dissolved in toluene (750.00 ml), and then sodium ethoxide (135.06 g, 1.98 mol) was added portionwise at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Methyl 6-methylpyridine-2-carboxylate (150.00 g, 992.33 mmol) was added to the above reaction solution at 25 ° C, then heated to 95 ° C and stirred for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 30 ° C, the pH was adjusted to 7 with acetic acid, diluted with water (500 ml), and ethyl acetate (500 ml). The organic phase was dried with anhydrous sodium s The residue was purified with EtOAc EtOAc EtOAc (EtOAc:EtOAc Rate: 58.35%).
Step B: Ethyl 3-(6-methyl-2-pyridine)-3-oxo-propanoate (120.00 g, 579.07 mmol) was dissolved in pyridine (300 mL) then 1-aminopyrrolidine- 2-keto-p-toluenesulfonate (172.01 g, 631.66 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 ° C for 16 hours and then concentrated under reduced pressure to remove solvent. The residue was diluted with water (300 ml) and then extracted with ethyl acetate (300 ml). The combined organic phases were dried with anhydrous sodium s , yield: 90.28%).
Step C: Dissolving 3-(6-methyl-2-pyridine)-3-(2-carbonyl-pyrrolidine)imino-propionic acid ethyl ester (155.00 g, 535.72 mmol) in toluene and then adding ethanol Sodium (72.91 g, 1.07 mol). The reaction mixture was heated to 100 ° C and stirred for 16 hours, then cooled to room temperature. It was slowly diluted with water (1.5 liters), adjusted to pH 4 with concentrated hydrochloric acid, and extracted with dichloromethane / isopropyl alcohol (10/1) (1 liter x 7). The combined organic layers were dried with anhydrous sodium s The residue was triturated with petroleum ether / ethyl acetate = 10/1 (200 mL). The solid was dried under reduced pressure to give 2-(6-methyl-2-pyridine)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrole[1,2-b]pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (52.80 g, yield : 40.52%).
Step D: Dissolving 2-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrole[1,2-b]pyrazole-3-carboxylic acid (45.00 g, 184.99 mmol) In N,N-dimethylformamide (650.00 ml), then NBS (49.09 g, 258.99 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 30-40 ° C for 60 hours, then diluted with water (600 mL) and extracted with dichloromethane / isopropyl alcohol (10/1) (500 mL × 3). The combined organic phases were washed with EtOAc (EtOAc m. The resulting solid was slurried with EtOAc/EtOAc =EtOAc (EtOAc). The solid was dried under reduced pressure to give 3-bromo-2-(6-methyl-2-pyridine)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrole[1,2-b]pyrazole (33.00 g, yield: 64.13%).
Step E: 3-Bromo-2-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrole [1,2-b]pyrazole (1.00 g, 3.60 mmol) and boric acid Triisopropyl ester (1.79 g, 9.54 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (20.00 mL). The reaction mixture was cooled to minus 70 ° C, then n-butyllithium (2.5 M, 3.74 mL) was then added dropwise. After completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at 25 ° C for 1 hour, and then the pH was adjusted to 7 with aqueous hydrochloric acid (0.5 mol / liter). The tetrahydrofuran was then concentrated under reduced pressure and cooled to 15 °C. The mixture was filtered, and the filtered cake was purified with EtOAc EtOAc EtOAc (EtOAc) 5,6-Dihydro-4H-pyrrole[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl]boronic acid (750 mg, yield: 85.71%).
Preparation of Example 1:
Step A: 6-Iodo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine (16.00 g, 65.30 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (800.00 mL) and cooled to below 60-70 ° C. Thereafter, lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1 mol/liter, 130.60 ml, 65.30 mmol) was added dropwise. The reaction mixture was stirred at minus 60-70 ° C for 15 minutes and N,N-dimethylformamide (14.32 g, 195.90 mmol, 15.07 mL). Stirring was then continued at minus 60 to 70 degrees C for 15 minutes and then quenched with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride (500 mL). The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and then extracted with ethyl acetate (500 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified with a silica gel column (eluent: methylene chloride / ethyl acetate = 10/1) to afford 6-iodo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5- Formaldehyde (6.40 g, yield: 35.90%). . 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 10.46 (S, IH), 8.62 (S, IH), 8.16 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH), 7.88 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH).
Step B: To a 500 ml three-necked flask equipped with a thermometer and a nitrogen balloon, 2-diethoxyphosphorylacetonitrile (3.83 g, 21.61 mmol, 3.48 ml) and tetrahydrofuran (80 ml) were added. The mixture was cooled to 0.degree. C. and then potassium tert-butoxide (2.42 g, 21.61 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 ° C for 15 minutes and then added dropwise to another suspension through a dropping funnel (dispersing 6-iodo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-5-carbaldehyde In tetrahydrofuran (120 ml) and cooled to 0 ° C). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0<0>C for 15 min then EtOAc (EtOAc)EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified with a silica gel column (eluent: methylene chloride / ethyl acetate = 200/1 to 10/1) to afford (E)-3-(6-iodo-[1,2,4]triazole. [1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl)prop-2-enenitrile (4.2 g, yield: 65.66%). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) [delta] 8.42 (S, IH), 8.03 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH), 7.98-7.91 (m, IH), 7.85-7.78 (m, IH), 7.60 (d, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H).
Step C: (E)-3-(6-Iodo-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl)prop-2-enenitrile (4.50 g, 15.20 m Mole), [2-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazol-3-yl]boronic acid (4.43 g, 18.24 m Mole), sodium carbonate (4.83 g, 45.60 mmol), [1,1′-bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]palladium dichloride (556.07 mg, 759.96 μmol), 2-dicyclohexylphosphine- 2′,6′-dimethoxybiphenyl (311.98 mg, 759.96 μmol) and [2-(2-aminophenyl)phenyl]-chloro-palladium-cyclohexyl-[2-(2,6- Dimethoxyphenyl)phenyl]phosphine (547.64 mg, 759.96 μmol) was added to a mixed solvent of dioxane (100 ml) and water (20 ml). It was replaced with nitrogen 3 times and then heated to 90-100 ° C and stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water (200 ml) and evaporated and evaporated. The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified with EtOAc mjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjjj The solid was concentrated and dried under reduced pressure to give (E)-3-[6-[2-(6-methyl-2-pyridyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b] Pyrazol-3-yl]-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]prop-2-enenitrile (5.37 g, yield: 96.16%). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) [delta] 8.49 (S, IH), 7.82-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.46 (m, 4H), 6.99 (dd, J = 2.6,6.1Hz, IH) , 4.39 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.90 – 2.70 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 3H).
Step D: (E)-3-[6-[2-(6-Methyl-2-pyridyl)-5,6-dihydro-4H-pyrrolo[1,2-b]pyrazole-3 -yl]-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,5-a]pyridin-5-yl]prop-2-enenitrile (5.37 g, 14.62 mmol) dissolved in dichloromethane (20 mL) , a mixed solvent of dimethyl sulfoxide (70 ml) and water (20 ml), then separately added hydrogen peroxide (8.29 g 73.10 mmol, 7.02 ml, 30%) and sodium hydroxide (2 mol / liter, 14.62 ml) ). The mixture was stirred at 15-20 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The mixture was poured into water (200 ml), and extracted with a mixture solvent of dichloromethane/isopropanol (3/1) (200 ml × 1). The organic layer was washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified by preparative high performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex Gemini C18 250 x 50 mm x 10 μm; mobile phase: [water (0.05% ammonia v/v)-acetonitrile]; gradient: 5%-32%, 33 80% min) Example 1 (3.6 g, yield: 63.82%) was obtained. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-D) [delta] 8.45 (S, IH), 8.09 (D, J = 15.6Hz, IH), 7.85 (D, J = 15.6Hz, IH), 7.69 (D, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H), 7.55-7.45 (m, 2H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.93-5.65 (m, 2H), 4.35 (br .s., 2H), 2.99-2.64 (m, 4H), 2.33 (s, 3H).

PATENT

WO-2019114792

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019114792&tab=FULLTEXT&maxRec=1000

Novel crystalline and salt (hydrochloride, sulfate and mesylate) forms of a TGF-βRI inhibitor, designated as Forms A and B, processes for their preparation and compositions comprising them are claimed for treating cancers. The compound was originally claimed in WO2017215506 , assigned to Medshine Discovery Inc alone.

Example 1 Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
Preparation of intermediates 1-6:
Step A: Ethyl acetate (291.41 ml, 2.98 mol) was dissolved in toluene (750.00 ml), and then sodium ethoxide (135.06 g, 1.98 mol) was added portionwise at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. 1-1 (150.00 g, 992.33 mmol) was added to the above reaction liquid at 25 ° C, and then heated to 95 ° C and stirred for 15 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to about 30 ° C, and the pH was adjusted to 7 with acetic acid, diluted with water (500 ml), and ethyl acetate (500 ml). The organic phase was dried with anhydrous sodium s The residue was purified with a silica gel column (eluent: petroleum ether/ethyl acetate v/v = 50/1) to afford 1-2.
Step B: Dissolve 1-2 (120.00 g, 579.07 mmol) in pyridine (300 mL), then add 1-aminopyrrolidin-2-one p-toluenesulfonate (172.01 g, 631.66 mmol) ). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25 ° C for 16 hours and then concentrated under reduced vacuo. The residue was diluted with water (300 ml) and then extracted with ethyl acetate (300 ml). The combined organic layers were dried with anhydrous sodium s
Step C: 1-3 (155.00 g, 535.72 mmol) was dissolved in toluene then sodium ethoxide (72.91 g, 1.07 mol). The reaction mixture was heated to 100 ° C and stirred for 16 hours, then cooled to room temperature. It was slowly diluted with water (1.5 liters), adjusted to pH 4 with concentrated hydrochloric acid, and extracted with dichloromethane/isopropanol (v/v = 10/1, 1 liter x 7). The combined organic layers were dried with anhydrous sodium s The residue was triturated with petroleum ether / ethyl acetate (v/v = 10/1, 200 mL). The solid was dried under reduced pressure to give 1-4.
Step D: 1-4 (45.00 g, 184.99 mmol) was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (650.00 ml), then NBS (49.09 g, 258.99 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 30 to 40 ° C for 60 hours, then diluted with water (600 ml), and extracted with dichloromethane / isopropyl alcohol (v / v = 10 / 1,500 ml × 3). The combined organic phases were washed with EtOAc (EtOAc m. The resulting solid was slurried with EtOAc/EtOAc (EtOAc/EtOAc) The solid was dried under reduced pressure to give 1-5.
Step E: 1-5 (1.00 g, 3.60 mmol) and triisopropyl borate (1.79 g, 9.54 mmol) were dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (20.00 mL). The reaction mixture was cooled to minus 70 ° C, then n-butyllithium (2.5 M, 3.74 mL) was added dropwise. After completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction mixture was stirred at 25 ° C for 1 hour, and then the pH was adjusted to 7 with aqueous hydrochloric acid (0.5 mol / liter). It was then concentrated under reduced pressure to remove tetrahydrofuran and cooled to 15 °C. The mixture was filtered, and the EtOAc EtOAc m.
Preparation of the compound of formula (I):
Step A: 1-7 (16.00 g, 65.30 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (800.00 ml), cooled to minus 60-70 ° C, and lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1 mol/L, 130.60) was added dropwise. ML, 65.30 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at -60 to 70 ° C for 15 minutes, and N,N-dimethylformamide (14.32 g, 195.90 mmol, 15.07 ml) was added. Stirring was then continued at minus 60-70 ° C for 15 minutes and then quenched with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride (500 mL). The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and then extracted with ethyl acetate (500 ml). The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified with a silica gel column (eluent: methylene chloride / ethyl acetate v/v = 10/1) to afford 1-8. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) 10.46 (S, IH), 8.62 (S, IH), 8.16 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH), 7.88 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH).
Step B: To a 500 ml three-necked flask equipped with a thermometer and a nitrogen balloon, 2-diethoxyphosphorylacetonitrile (3.83 g, 21.61 mmol, 3.48 ml) and tetrahydrofuran (80 ml) were added. The mixture was cooled to 0 ° C then potassium tert-butoxide (2.42 g, 21.61 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 0<0>C for 15 min then added dropwise to a further suspension (1~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ The reaction mixture was stirred at 0<0>C for 15 min then EtOAc (EtOAc)EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified with a silica gel column (eluent: methylene chloride/ethyl acetate v/v = 200/1 to 10/1) to afford 1-9. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 8.42 (S, IH), 8.03 (D, J = 9.3Hz, IH), 7.98-7.91 (m, IH), 7.85-7.78 (m, IH), 7.60 ( d, J = 9.2 Hz, 1H).

Step C: 1-9 (4.50 g, 15.20 mmol), 1-6 (4.43 g, 18.24 mmol), sodium carbonate (4.83 g, 45.60 mmol), [1,1′-bis (diphenyl) Phosphine) ferrocene] palladium dichloride (556.07 mg, 759.96 μmol), 2-biscyclohexylphosphine-2′, 6′-dimethoxybiphenyl (311.98 mg, 759.96 μmol) and [2-( 2-Aminophenyl)phenyl]-chloro-palladium-cyclohexyl-[2-(2,6-dimethoxyphenyl)phenyl]phosphine (547.64 mg, 759.96 μmol) was added to the dioxane (100 ml) and water (20 ml) in a mixed solvent. It was replaced with nitrogen three times and then heated to 90 to 100 ° C and stirred for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was poured into water (200 ml) and evaporated and evaporated. The combined organic layers were washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified on a silica gel column (eluent: methylene chloride/methanol, v/v=30/1) to afford crude crude product in petroleum ether/ethyl acetate (v/v=5/1) After stirring for 12 hours, the solid was collected by filtration, and the solid was concentrated and dried under reduced pressure to give 1-10. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 8.49 (S, IH), 7.82-7.74 (m, 2H), 7.59-7.46 (m, 4H), 6.99 (dd, J = 2.6,6.1Hz, IH), 4.39 (d, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.90 – 2.70 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 3H).

Step D: 1-10 (5.37 g, 14.62 mmol) was dissolved in a mixed solvent of dichloromethane (20 ml), dimethyl sulfoxide (70 ml) and water (20 ml), and then hydrogen peroxide ( 8.29 g 73.10 mmol, 7.02 mL, 30%) and sodium hydroxide (2 mol/L, 14.62 mL). The mixture was stirred at 15 to 20 ° C for 12 hours. The mixture was poured into water (200 ml), and extracted with a mixture solvent of dichloromethane/isopropanol (3/1) (200 ml × 1). The organic layer was washed with EtOAc EtOAc m. The residue was purified by preparative high performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex Gemini C18 250 x 50 mm x 10 μm; mobile phase: [water (0.05% ammonia v/v)-acetonitrile]; gradient: 5%-32%, 33 80% minute) to give a compound of formula (I). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 8.45 (S, IH), 8.09 (D, J = 15.6Hz, IH), 7.85 (D, J = 15.6Hz, IH), 7.69 (D, J = 9.2Hz , 1H), 7.55-7.45 (m, 2H), 7.37 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 6.99 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 5.93-5.65 (m, 2H), 4.35 (br. s., 2H), 2.99-2.64 (m, 4H), 2.33 (s, 3H).
Example 2 Preparation of a compound of formula (II)
115 mg of the compound of formula (I) was added to an 8 ml glass vial, 4 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added, and the solution was sonicated by ultrasonication; then 1.05 equivalent of p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate was slowly added. The suspension sample was placed on a magnetic stirrer (40 ° C) and stirred for 16 hours. The sample solution was centrifuged, and the solid was taken out and dried in a vacuum oven at 35 ° C for 16 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (II). 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) δ 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.14 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 8.05 (d, J = 15.6 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (dd, J=8.4, 15.6 Hz, 4H), 7.54 (d, J = 15.6 Hz, 1H), 7.39 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (d, J = 7.6) Hz, 2H), 4.42 (m, 2H), 3.05-2.87 (m, 2H), 2.82 (s, 3H), 2.81-2.74 (m, 2H), 2.35 (s, 3H).
Example 3 Preparation of a compound of formula (IV)
115 mg of the compound of formula (I) was added to an 8 ml glass vial, 4 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added, and the solution was sonicated by ultrasonication; then 1.05 equivalent of hydrochloric acid was slowly added. The suspension sample was placed on a magnetic stirrer (40 ° C) and stirred for 16 hours. The sample solution was centrifuged, and the solid was taken out and dried in a vacuum oven at 35 ° C for 16 hours. The obtained solid was added to an appropriate amount of acetone to prepare a suspension and stirred at 40 ° C, and the supernatant was discarded by centrifugation, and the solid sample was drained with an oil pump at room temperature to obtain a compound of the formula (IV).
Example 4 Preparation of a compound of formula (V)
115 mg of the compound of formula (I) was added to an 8 ml glass vial, 4 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added, and the solution was sonicated by ultrasonication; then 1.05 equivalent of sulfuric acid was slowly added. The suspension sample was placed on a magnetic stirrer (40 ° C) and stirred for 16 hours. The sample solution was centrifuged, and the solid was taken out and dried in a vacuum oven at 35 ° C for 16 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (V).
Example 5 Preparation of a compound of formula (VI)
115 mg of the compound of formula (I) was added to an 8 ml glass vial, 4 ml of tetrahydrofuran was added, and the solution was sonicated by ultrasonication; then 1.05 equivalent of methanesulfonic acid was slowly added. The suspension sample was placed on a magnetic stirrer (40 ° C) and stirred for 16 hours. The sample solution was centrifuged, and the solid was taken out and dried in a vacuum oven at 35 ° C for 16 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (VI).
Example 6 Preparation of Form A of Compound of Formula (I)
10 g of the compound of the formula (I) was placed in a mixed solvent of ethanol (80 ml) and water (40 ml), heated to 70-75 ° C and stirred until clarified, and filtered while hot, and the filtrate was distilled under reduced pressure to a volume of the remaining solution. 50 ml, followed by cooling to stand for crystallisation, filtration, and the resulting filter cake was dried under reduced pressure to give a solid of the compound of formula (I).
Example 7 Preparation of Form B of Compound of Formula (II)

192 mg of the compound of formula (I) was weighed into a glass bottle. 10 ml of a tetrahydrofuran:acetic acid (v/v=9/1) mixed solvent was added, and after ultrasonic assisted for 30 minutes, the sample was dissolved into a clear solution. Stir on a magnetic stirrer (40 ° C). After 1.05 equivalents of p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate was slowly added, the sample was stirred overnight. After naturally cooling to room temperature, the supernatant was discarded by centrifugation, stirred for 10 hours by adding 10 ml of tetrahydrofuran, and the supernatant was discarded by centrifugation, and the same procedure was repeated twice more. The obtained solid was dried in a vacuum oven at 40 ° C for 1 hour, and after milling, it was further dried in a vacuum oven at 30 ° C for 16 hours to obtain a crystal form B of the compound of the formula (II).

.///////////////////GFH-018, GFH 018, GenFleet Therapeutics, Advanced solid tumor,  Cancer, PRECLINICAL

NC(=O)/C=C/c4n5ncnc5ccc4c2c3CCCn3nc2c1cccc(C)n1

BI-882370


img

AEJACXAFHXBVHF-UHFFFAOYSA-N.png

BI-882370

XP-102

N-(3-(5-((1-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-1-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane-1-sulfonamide

CAS 1392429-79-6
Chemical Formula: C28H33F2N7O2S
Molecular Weight: 569.68
Elemental Analysis: C, 59.03; H, 5.84; F, 6.67; N, 17.21; O, 5.62; S, 5.63

N-(3-(5-((1-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-1-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane-1-sulfonamide

N-(3-{5-[(1-Ethylpiperidin-4-Yl)(Methyl)amino]-3-(Pyrimidin-5-Yl)-1h-Pyrrolo[3,2-B]pyridin-1-Yl}-2,4-Difluorophenyl)propane-1-Sulfonamide

N-[3-[5-[(1-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)-methylamino]-3-pyrimidin-5-ylpyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-1-yl]-2,4-difluorophenyl]propane-1-sulfonamide

BI 882370 is a highly potent and selective RAF inhibitor that binds to the DFG-out (inactive) conformation of the BRAF kinase. BI 882370 inhibits proliferation of human BRAF-mutant melanoma cells with 100× higher potency (1-10 nmol/L) than vemurafenib.

Xynomic, under license from Boehringer Ingelheim , is investigating for treating BRAF mutant cancers, including colorectal cancer and melanoma; in October 2017, preclinical data were reported in the melanoma and colorectal cancer settings.

  • Originator Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Developer Boehringer Ingelheim; Xynomic Pharmaceuticals
  • Class Antineoplastics; Piperidines; Pyridines; Pyrimidines; Pyrroles; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Proto oncogene protein b raf inhibitors
  • Preclinical Colorectal cancer; Malignant melanoma
  • 20 Dec 2018 Xynomic Pharma plans a phase Ib trial for Colorectal cancer (in combination with BI 860585) in third quarter of 2019
  • 01 Jun 2018 Xynomic Pharmaceuticals plans a phase I trial for Colorectal cancer and Malignant melanoma in 2018 or 2019
  • 06 Nov 2017 Chemical structure information added
  • US8889684

PATENT

WO2012104388

PATENT

WO-2019084459

Novel crystalline salts (monosuccinate salt), designated as Form A, of BI-882370 and their substantially anhydrous and non-solvated, processes for their preparation and compositions comprising them. Also claimed are their use as a RAF kinase Inhibitor, for the treatment of cancers and other diseases, such as infections, inflammations and autoimmune diseases.

The compound N-(3-(5-((l -ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)andno)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo [3, 2-Z>]pyri din- l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane-l -sulfonamide (BI 882370), having Formula I:

I

is a RAF kinase inhibitor useful in the treatment of various diseases including cancer. The compound of Formula I, as well as its preparation and use, have been described in

WO/2012/104388, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

The RAS-RAF-MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase) signaling pathway plays a critical role in transmitting proliferation signals generated by the cell surface receptors and cytoplasmic signaling elements to the nucleus. Constitutive activation of this pathway is involved in malignant transformation by several oncogenes. Activating mutations in RAS

occur in approximately 15 % of cancers, and recent data has shown that B-RAF is mutated in about 7% of cancers (Wellbrock et al, “The RAF proteins take centre stage”, Nature Rev. Mol. Cell Biol., 2004, 5, 875-885), identifying it as another important oncogene in this pathway. In mammals, the RAF family of serine/threonine kinases comprises three members: A-RAF, B-RAF and C-RAF. However, activating mutations have so far been only identified in B-RAF underlining the importance of this isoform. It is believed that B-RAF is the main isoform that couples RAS to MEK, and that C-RAF and A-RAF signal to ERK only to fine-tune cellular responses (Wellbrock et al. Nature Rev. Mol. Cell Biol, 2004, 5, 875-885). The most common cancer mutation in B-RAF results in a valine to glutamic acid exchange at position 600 of the protein (V600E), which dramatically enhances B-RAF activity, presumably because its negative charge mimics activation loop phosphorylation (Wan et al , “Mechanism of activation of the RAF-ERK signaling pathway by oncogenic mutations of B-RAF”, Cell, 2004, 116, 855-867). The highest incidence of B-RAF V600 mutations occurs in malignant melanoma (39%), thyroid cancer (46%), colorectal cancer (10%), biliary tract cancer (10%), prostate cancer (4%), ovary cancer (3%) and non-small cell lung cancer (2%), but they also occur at a low frequency in a wide variety of other cancers (frequencies of mutations according to COSMIC (Catalogue Of Somatic Mutations In Cancer; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) release v.53, 15th May 2011 ;

http://www.sanger.ac.uk/genetics/CGP/cosmic/). Literature supported the hypothesis that B-RA 600E mutated tumor cells seem to rely heavily on the continued activation of this pathway – a phenomenon termed “oncogene addiction” – whereas normal B-RAFwt cells use a broader range of signals. This provides an Achilles’ heel that can be exploited

therapeutically by treating patients with somatically mutated B-RAFV600E using orally available B-RAF inhibitors.

The key role of B-RAF V600E in aberrant ERK signaling and consequently oncogenesis has been demonstrated in several independent experimental approaches such as

overexpression of oncogenic/mutated B-RAF in vitro and in vivo (Wan et al., Cell, 2004, 116, 855-867; Wellbrock et al, Cancer Res. 2004, 64: 2338-2342), siRNA knock-down in vitro (Karasarides et al., Oncogene, “V599EB-RAF is an oncogene in melanocytes”, 2004, 23, 6292-6298) or in inducible short-hairpin RNA xenograft models where gain-of-function B-RAF signaling was found to be strongly associated with in vivo tumorigenicity (Hoeflich et al, “Oncogenic BRAF is required for tumor growth and maintenance in melanoma models”, Cancer Res., 2006, 66, 999-1006).

Treatment of B-RAFV600E mutated melanoma or colon carcinoma cells induces a B-RAF inhibition phenotype (e.g. reduction of phospho-MEK and phospho-ERK levels, reduction of cyclin D expression and induction of p27 expression). Consequently, these cells are locked in the Gl -phase of the cell cycle and do not proliferate.

Clinical proof of mechanism and proof of concept has been established for treating in cancer in B-RAFV600E mutated melanoma patients treated with Zelboraf®, B-RAF inhibitor (PLX-4032, vemurafenib, from Plexxikon/Daiichi Sankyo/Roche. Bollag et al., “Clinical efficacy of a RAF inhibitor needs broad target blockade in BRAF-mutant melanoma”, Nature, 2010, 467(7315), 596-9.; Flaherty et al, New Engl. J. Med., “Inhibition of Mutated, Activated BRAF in Metastatic Melanoma”, 2010, 363, 809-819; Chapman et al. “Improved Survival with Vemurafenib in Melanoma with BRAF V600E Mutation”, New Engl. J. Med, 2011, 364:2507-2516. Favorable response rates were observed in both Phase I and Phase III clinical trials. It was reported, that melanoma patients carrying a B-RAFV600K mutation also do respond to therapy (Rubinstein et al, “Incidence of the V600K mutation among melanoma patients with BRAF mutations, and potential therapeutic response to the specific BRAF inhibitor PLX4032”, J. Transl. Med , 2010, 8, 67).

The most frequent B-RAF mutation is the exchange at amino acid position 600 from valine to glutamate with more than 90% frequency of all B-RAF mutations (Wellbrock et al. Nature Rev. Mol. Cell Biol, 2004, 5, 875-885), the second most frequent mutation is an alteration from valine to lysine, other mutations were found with lower frequency at that position (Wellbrock et al. Nature Rev. Mol. Cell Biol, 2004, 5, 875-885 and frequencies of mutations according to COSMIC (Catalogue Of Somatic Mutations In Cancer; Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute) release v53, 15th May 2011 ;

http://www.sanger.ac.uk/genetics/CGP/cosmic/). Additional mutations were found at e.g. the glycine rich loop (Wellbrock et al. Nature Rev. Mol. Cell Biol, 2004, 5, 875-885). Not all of these rather rare mutations seem to lead to direct activation of B-RAF (Wan et al. ,

“Mechanism of activation of the RAF-ERK signaling pathway by oncogenic mutations of B-RAF”, Cell, 2004, 116, 855-867).

The compound of Formula I is a highly potent and selective RAF inhibitor that binds to the DFG-out (inactive) conformation of the B-RAF kinase. The compound inhibited proliferation of human B-RAF-mutant melanoma cells with 100 times higher potency (1-10 nmol/L) than vemurafenib, whereas wild-type cells were not affected at 1,000 nmol/L. A solution of the compound administered orally was efficacious in mouse models of B-RAF-mutant melanomas and colorectal carcinomas, and at 25 mg/kg twice daily showed superior efficacy compared with vemurafenib, dabrafenib, or trametinib. The compound was also active in A375 melanoma-bearing mice that were resistant to vemurafenib, particularly when dosed in combination with trametinib. Mice treated with the compound did not show any body weight loss or clinical signs of intolerability, and no pathologic changes were observed in several major organs investigated, including skin. Furthermore, in a pilot study in rats (up to 60 mg/kg daily for 2 weeks), the compound lacked toxicity in terms of clinical chemistry, hematology, pathology, and toxicogenomics. These results are described in Waizenegger et al., Mol. Cancer Ther., 2016, 75(3); 354-65, which is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

For the manufacture, purification, and formulation of a drug, it may be advantageous to employ a form of the drug having superior stability or other desirable formulation property exhibited by, for example, one or more salt or crystalline forms of the drug. Formation of salts of basic or acidic drugs can sometimes provide forms of the drug that have

advantageous properties such as solubility, non-hygroscopicity, crystallinity, and other physical properties that advantageous for formulating the drug. On the other hand, discovering a suitable salt or other crystalline form that is suitable for formulation is difficult, since there are numerous variables in the formation of a salt or crystalline form. These include the existence of numerous possible acids and bases that might be used as a counter-ion, various stoichiometric ratios that may be possible for combining a given basic or acid drug with an acid or base counter-ion, a wide variety of solvents and solvent systems

(including combinations of solvents) that potentially can be used to attempt to form salts or crystalline forms, and a variety of conditions (such as temperature or heating or cooling conditions) under which salts or crystalline forms may be generated. All of these variables of which may affect the properties of the salts or crystalline forms that might be obtained. Salts or solid forms may also have a variety of properties that render them unsuitable for drug development and formulation such as lack of crystallinity (amorphous forms), the presence or formation of multiple crystalline forms, which may interconvert and/or have different properties (polymorphism), lack of aqueous solubility, hygroscopicity, or stickiness of the solid. Furthermore, the formation of salts and crystalline forms and their properties are generally very unpredictable.

Accordingly, the crystalline salt forms of the compound of Formula I provided herein help satisfy the ongoing need for the development of a RAF kinase inhibitor for the treatment of serious diseases.

Preparation of A^-(3-(5-((l-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo[3,2-Z>]pyridin-l- amide (BI 882370)

Step 1. 4-(6-Methyl-5-nitro-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyi ester

(3)

1 2 3

DIPEA (62.82 mL, 0.435 mol) is added to the solution of 6-chloro-3-nitro-2-methylpyridine (1) (50 g, 290 mmol) and N-Boc-piperazine (2) (53.95 g, 290 mmol) in dry MeCN (200 mL) and stirred for 4 h at 50 °C. After the reaction is finished the reaction mixture is diluted with MeCN and water and stirred for 30 min. The precipitated product is collected by filtration, washed with water and the solid is dried in vacuo.

Step 2. 4- [6-((£’)-2-Dimethylamino-vinyl)-5-nitro-pyridin-2-yl] -piperazine- 1-carboxylic acid

To a stirred solution of 4-(6-methyl-5-nitro-pyridin-2-yl)-piperazine- 1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (3) (13 g, 40.3 mmol) in DMF (35 mL) is added N,N-dimethylformamide dimethylacetal (14.47 g, 121 mmol) and stirred in argon atmosphere for 36 h at 90 °C.

Additional 1.5 eq. of N^V-dimethylformamide dimethylacetal is added and stirred for 12 h at 90 °C. The reaction mixture is poured into water and extracted with DCM. The combined organic layers are washed with water, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is used without further purification for the next step.

Step -(lH-pyrrolo[3,2-Z>]pyridin-5-yl)piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (5)

4 5

4-[6-((i?)-2-Dimethylairdno-vinyl)-5-nitro-pyridin-2-yl]-piperazine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (36.4 g, 96 mmol) is taken up in MeOH, Pd/C (0.56 g, 10 %) is added and the mixture is hydrogenated in an autoclave at 60 psi for 16 h. The reaction mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is purified by column chromatography viaNP MPLC. The product containing fractions of compound (5) (HPLC-MS method B: tRet. = 1.55 min.; MS (M+H)+ = 303) are combined and evaporated in vacuo.

Step 4. N- -Amino-2,6-difluorophenyl)acetamide (7)

6 7

Compound (6) (55.0 g, 254 mmol) is taken-up in MeOH (1.0 L). Pd/C (10.0 g, 10 %) is added and the mixture is hydrogenated in an autoclave at 200 psi for 3 h. The reaction mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is purified by NP-MPLC on silica gel using DCM/MeOH (96:4) as eluent. The product containing fractions of the aniline intermediate (HPLC-MS method B: tRet. = 0.25 min.; MS (M-H) = 185) are combined and evaporated.

Step 5. N- -Difluoro-3-(propylsulfonamido)phenyl)acetamide (9)

To the aniline intermediate (35.0 g, 188 mmol) in DCM (100 mL) pyridine (6.6 mL, 75 mmol) and ^-propane sulfonyl chloride (8) (29.5 mL, 263 mmol) are added and the mixture is stirred at rt for 16 h. The reaction mixture is diluted with EtOAc (200 mL), washed with H2O and HC1 (aq., 1 N) and the layers are separated, dried over MgS04 and evaporated to yield the sulfonamide (9) which was used without further purification.

Step 6. N-

9 10

The sulfonylated aniline (9) (38.0 g, 130 mmol) is taken-up in EtOH (250 mL), H2O (200 mL) and concentrated hydrochloric acid (200 mL) and heated to 80 °C for 2 h. The reaction mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure, aqueous NaOH (4 N) is added until pH = 6 is reached and the mixture is extracted 2 x with DCM. The combined organic layer is washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated to yield the deacylated aniline (10) (HPLC-MS method B: tRet. = 0.22 min.; MS (M-H) = 249) as a hydrochloride which was used without further purification.

Step 7. N-(2 -Difluoro-3-iodophenyl)propane-l-sulfonamide (11)

10 11

The hydrochloride of compound (10) is taken-up in DCM and extracted with NaHCCb solution. The organic layer is dried over MgSCn, filtered and evaporated. To the free base (10) (3.55 g, 14.21 mmol) in TFA (80 mL) at 0 °C is added NaNC (1.96 g, 28.4 mmol) in small portions and the mixture is stirred for 30 min. KI (23.83 g, 142 mmol) is added and stirring is continued for additional 15 min. The reaction mixture is diluted with Et^O and stirred for 1 h. Na2S203 solution (semiconc.) is added and the mixture is extracted 3 x with Et20. The combined organic layer is dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue is purified by column chromatography via NP-MPLC. The product containing fractions of compound (11) (HPLC-MS method A: tRet. = 1.58 min.; MS (M-H) = 360) are combined and evaporated in vacuo.

Step 8. 4-((l-(2,6-Difluoro-3-(propylsulfonamido)phenyl)-lH-pyrrolo [3,2-b] pyridin-5-yl)

12

The lH-pyrrolo [3,2-*] pyridine (5) (10.0 g, 30.27 mmol), sulfonamide (11) (16.4 g,

45.4 mmol), Cul (576 mg, 3.03 mmol), ^^-(l ^^^-^N’-bismethyl-l^-cyclohexandiamine

(1.91 mL, 12.1 mmol) and CS2CO3 (29.6 g, 90.85 mmol) are taken-up in dry toluene (3 mL) and the resulting mixture is flushed with argon and stirred for 16 h at 120 °C. After the addition of further Cul (576 mg, 3.03 mmol), trans-(\R,2R)-N,N’-bismet y 1-1,2-cyclohexandiamine (1.91 mL, 12.1 mmol) and CS2CO3 (20.0 g, 60.0 mmol) the reaction mixture is stirred for further 24 h. The solvent is removed in vacuo, the residue is taken up in DCM and extracted with NaHCC solution (semiconc). The organic layer is dried over MgS04, filtered, the solvent is removed in vacuo and the residue is purified viaNP-MPLC. The product containing fractions of (12) (HPLC-MS method C: teet. = 1.62 mia; MS (M+H)+ = 564) are combined and the solvent is removed in vacuo.

Step 9. 4-((l-(2,6-Difluoro-3-(propylsulfonamido)phenyl)-3-iodo-lH-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-5 3)

To a solution of sulfonamide (12) (1.078 g, 1.9 mmol) in DMF (4 mL)/THF (100 μί) is added NIS (474 mg, 2.1 mmol) and the mixture is stirred for 1 h at rt. The reaction mixture is diluted with 30 mL DCM and extracted with NaHCCb solution (semiconc). The combined organic layer is dried over MgSCn, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is purified by column chromatography via RP HPLC. The product containing fractions of (13) (HPLC-MS method B: tRet. = 2.035 mia; MS (M+H)+ = 688) are freeze dried.

Step 10. 4-((l-(2,6-Difluoro-3-(propylsulfonamido)phenyl)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-5-yl)(methyl)amino)piperidine-l-carboxylic acid tert-butyi ester (15)

13 15

Sulfonamide (13) (770 mg, 1.12 mmol), pyrimidin-5-yl-boronic acid (14) (194 mg, 1.57 mmol), Pd(dppf)Cl2 (82 mg, 0.11 mmol), LiCl (142 mg, 3.35 mmol) and Na2C03 (294 mg, 2.8 mmol) are taken-up in dioxane/LhO (2: 1 mixture, 12 mL), and the resulting mixture is flushed with argon and stirred for 1 h at 100 °C. The reaction mixture is diluted with DCM and extracted with NaHCCb solution (semi-concentrated). The organic layer is dried over MgS04, filtered, Isolute® is added, the solvent is removed in vacuo and the residue is purified via RP HPLC. The product containing fractions of (15) (HPLC-MS method C: tRet. = 2.149 min.; MS (M+H)+ = 642) are freeze dried.

Step 11. N-(2,4-Difluoro-3-(5-(methyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)- 1H-pyrrolo[3,2-b]pyridin-l-yl)phenyl)propane-l-sulfonamide

15 16

To a solution of example compound (15) (154 mg, 0.24 mmol) in DCM/MeOH (1 : 1, 4 mL) is added HC1 (in dioxane, 4 N, 2 mL) and the mixture is stirred for 3 h at rt. The solvent is removed in vacuo. Obtained compound (16) (HPLC-MS method B: tRet. = 1.02 min.; MS (M+H)+ = 542) is used without further purification.

Step 12. ^-(3-(5-((l-Ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo [3,2-Z>] pyridin- l-yl)-2,4-diflu

Compound I was obtained from compound (16) by reductive alkylation with acetaldehyde (40% in iPrOH) in the presence of 1.5 eq. sodium acetoxyborohydride in iPrOH. The crude product was recrystallized from ethanol to obtain the title compound in 84% yield.

Scale-Up Synthesis of A/-(3-(5-((l-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo[3,2-Z>]pyridin-l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane- 1-sulfonamide (BI 882370)

Step 1. N-(2,4-Difluoro-3-(5-(methyl(piperidin-4-yl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo[

15 16

Isopropanol (8.83 kg) and compound (15) (1.80 kg, 2.8 mol) were added into a reactor, and the mixture was stirred and heated to 55-60 °C. Concentrated hydrochloric acid (2.76 kg, 28 mol) was dropped into the reactor over than 20 min. at 60-65 °C. Then, the reaction mass was heated to 60-70 °C and held for 1 h. The conversion was monitored by HPLC, and reached about 99.5% after about 1 h.

The reaction mass was cooled and the isopropanol was removed by distillation under reduced pressure at not more than 50 °C. A brown oil was obtained, dissolved into water (6.75 kg) and washed by extraction with ethyl acetate (2.02 kg) at 20-30 °C. The water-phase was cooled to 15-20 °C. The pH was adjusted to 8.0-8.5 with 10% aqueous NaOH solution (-8.0 kg) at 20-30°C. The mixture was stirred for 3-4h at 20-30°C with the pH adjusted to 8.0-8.5 by addition of 10% NaOH solution every half-hour. The product was isolated by filtration and the cake washed with water (3.6 kg). The solid was dried under vacuum at 45-50 until the water content was not more than 5.5%. This provided about 1.64 kg of crude compound (16) (yield 108% of theoretical; the crude product containing water and NaCl detected). The crude product was used directly).

Step 12. ^-(3-(5-((l-Ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrr -Z>] pyridin- l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane- 1-sulfonamide (I)

Bl 878426 Bl 882370 

Process:

Dichloromethane (19.88 kg) and compound (16) (1.5kg, 2.77mol) were added into a reactor, and the mixture was stirred and cooled to 0-10°C under a nitrogen atmosphere. Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (95%, 0.93 kg, 4.16 mol) was added into the mixture at 0-10°C. The mixture was stirred for 20-30 min. at 0- 10°C. Acetaldehyde in DCM (40%,

1.07 kg, 9.71 mol) added into the mixture slowly over 2 h at 0-10 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0-10 °C under a nitrogen atmosphere for 0.5-lh. The conversion was monitored by HPLC, and reached about 99.5% after about 0.5-1 h.

Water (15 kg) was added into the reaction mass at a temperature below 15 °C. The mixture was stirred at 15-30 °C for 20-30 min. Aqueous ammonia (25%, 1.13 kg, 16.61 mol) was added into the mixture and the mixture was then stirred for 0.5 h. The organic phase was separated and then washed by extraction with water (15 kg) at 20-25 °C. Activated charcoal (0.15 kg) was added into the organic phase. The mixture was stirred for 1 h and then filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure at not more than 40°C, and compound (I) (1.58 kg, 100% yield) was obtained as a foamy solid.

Investigation of the Crystallinity of iV-(3-(5-((l-Ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)- lH-pyrrolo [3,2-Z>] pyridin- l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane- 1-sulfonamide Free Base

Investigation of the crystallinity of N-(3-(5-((l-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(py rimidin-5-y 1)- lH-pyrrolo[3 ,2-b] pyridin- 1 -y l)-2,4-difluoropheny l)propane- 1 -sulfonamide free base, obtained by recrystallization from aqueous ethanol, which was used as a starting material to investigate salt formation showed that the compound had low crystallinity, as seen in FIG. 1.

Investigation of Salt forms of iV-(3-(5-((l-Ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)amino)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)- lH-pyrrolo [3,2-Z>] pyridin- l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane- 1-sulfonamide

The compound N-(3-(5-((l-ethylpiperidin-4-yl)(methyl)andno)-3-(pyrimidin-5-yl)-lH-pyrrolo [3 ,2-Z>]pyri din- l-yl)-2,4-difluorophenyl)propane-l -sulfonamide was combined with various acids in various solvent systems.

A 96-well master plate was charged by dosing compound in MeOH (stock solution) with a concentration of approx. 40 mg/mL. This plate was placed in a vacuum oven for liquid removal to obtain the same amount of solid material in each well. Subsequently different solvents/solvent mixtures and the acids were added to the solid material in each well (approx. 500μί) and the whole plate was heated up to 50 °C for 2 hours while stirring (using a small stirring bar added to each well).

The acids used were as shown in Table 1. The solvents used were as shown in Table 2. Crystallinity of salts obtained either by the slurry experiment or crystallization by evaporation.

To investigate crystal formation by a slurry experiment, the plate was allowed to cool and the crystallinity of the resulting salts was investigated by XRPD. An image of the master plate showing the salts obtained is shown in FIG. 2A and images of XRPD performed on the salt from each of the master plate wells, showing the crystallinity of the salts formed, is shown in FIG. 2B.

To investigate crystal formation by an evaporation experiment, after the heating period, the solutions were filtered at the same temperature (50 °C) using a preheated filter plate to ensure that no non-dissolved material can be transferred into the other crystallization plates. The filtrate was dispensed into an evaporation plate (approx.. 200μί). The solvents were allowed to evaporate, and the crystallinity of the resulting salts was investigated by XRPD. An image of the master plate showing the salts obtained is shown in FIG. 3A and images of XRPD performed on the salt from each of the evaporation plate wells, showing the crystallinity of the salts formed, is shown in FIG. 3B.

Table 1. Salts Used for Salt Form Investigation

Table 2. Solvents Used for Salt Form Investigation

REFERENCES

1: Waizenegger IC, Baum A, Steurer S, Stadtmüller H, Bader G, Schaaf O, Garin-Chesa P, Schlattl A, Schweifer N, Haslinger C, Colbatzky F, Mousa S, Kalkuhl A, Kraut N, Adolf GR. A Novel RAF Kinase Inhibitor with DFG-Out-Binding Mode: High Efficacy in BRAF-Mutant Tumor Xenograft Models in the Absence of Normal Tissue Hyperproliferation. Mol Cancer Ther. 2016 Mar;15(3):354-65. doi: 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-15-0617. Epub 2016 Feb 25. PubMed PMID: 26916115.

/////////////// BI-882370,  BI 882370,  BI882370, XP-102, Boehringer Ingelheim, Xynomic Pharmaceuticals, Preclinical,  Colorectal cancer, Malignant melanoma

CCN1CCC(CC1)N(C)c3ccc4n(cc(c2cncnc2)c4n3)c5c(F)ccc(NS(=O)(=O)CCC)c5F

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