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Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with AFRICURE PHARMA, ROW2TECH, CLEANCHEM LABS as ADVISOR, earlier assignment was with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, as CONSUlTANT, Retired from GLENMARK in Jan2022 Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 32 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 32 PLUS year tenure till date Feb 2023, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 100 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 100 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 227 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 38 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 227 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc He has total of 32 International and Indian awards

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Otsuka Receives Complete Response Letter From U.S. Food And Drug Administration For Tolvaptan For Use In Patients With Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Tokyo, Japan – August 30, 2013 – Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd announced today the company has received a Complete Response Letter (CRL) from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regarding the new drug application (NDA) for tolvaptan for the treatment of adult patients with rapidly progressing autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). The FDA issues CRLs to convey that their initial review of an application is complete; however, they cannot approve the application in its present form and request additional information.
In its letter to Otsuka, the FDA requested Otsuka provide additional data to further evaluate the efficacy and safety of tolvaptan in patients with ADPKD.

Otsuka Pharmaceutical Submits New Drug Application in Japan for Tolvaptan for the Treatment of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD)

JUNE 10, 2013 3:46 AM


may 30 2013

  • Tolvaptan was discovered by Otsuka in Japan, and its primary results from a global clinical trial involving 1,400 ADPKD patients from 15 countries, which demonstrated a statistically significant reduction in the rate of total kidney volume, were published in New England Journal of Medicine in 2012. It is also currently under a fast track review in the US, following our announcement of FDA accepting to review the application in April 2013.
  • ADPKD is a hereditary and often physically and mentally burdensome disease characterized by the development of multiple cysts in the kidneys. ADPKD is often associated with pain, hypertension, decreased kidney function and ultimately, kidney failure that may result in hemodialysis or kidney transplantation.
  • There are estimated to be approximately 31,000 ADPKD patients in Japan, and the diagnosed prevalence is estimated to be between 1:1000 and 1:4000 globally.

(Tokyo, Japan, May 30, 2013) – Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. Today announced it filed an application with the Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices Agency in Japan (PMDA) to market its novel compound tolvaptan for the treatment of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD). Phase III clinical trial results that form the basis of the regulatory filing were published in the New England Journal of Medicine in November 2012. The MHLW has designated tolvaptan as an Orphan Drug.

Tolvaptan (INN), also known as OPC-41061, is a selective, competitive vasopressin receptor 2 antagonist used to treat hyponatremia (low blood sodium levels) associated withcongestive heart failurecirrhosis, and the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone(SIADH). Tolvaptan was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on May 19, 2009, and is sold by Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co. under the trade name Samsca and in India is manufactured & sold by MSN laboratories Ltd. under the trade name Tolvat & Tolsama.

Tolvaptan is also in fast-track clinical trials[2] for polycystic kidney disease. In a 2004 trial, tolvaptan, when administered with traditional diuretics, was noted to increase excretion of excess fluids and improve blood sodium levels in patients with heart failure without producing side effects such as hypotension (low blood pressure) or hypokalemia(decreased blood levels of potassium) and without having an adverse effect on kidney function.[3] In a recently published trial (TEMPO 3:4 number, NCT00428948) the study met its primary and secondary end points. Tolvaptan, when given at an average dose of 95 mg per day over a 3-year period, slowed the usual increase in kidney volume by 50% compared to placebo (2.80% per year versus 5.51% per year, respectively, p<0.001) and reduced the decline in kidney function when compared with that of placebo-treated patients by approximately 30% (reciprocal serum creatinine, -2.61 versus -3.81 (mg/mL)-1 per year, p <0.001)[4]

Chemical synthesis:[5] Tolvaptan.png

  1. Shoaf S, Elizari M, Wang Z, et al. (2005). “Tolvaptan administration does not affect steady state amiodarone concentrations in patients with cardiac arrhythmias”. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther 10 (3): 165–71. doi:10.1177/107424840501000304PMID 16211205.
  2.  Otsuka Maryland Research Institute, Inc.
  3. Gheorghiade M, Gattis W, O’Connor C, et al. (2004). “Effects of tolvaptan, a vasopressin antagonist, in patients hospitalized with worsening heart failure: a randomized controlled trial”. JAMA 291 (16): 1963–71. doi:10.1001/jama.291.16.1963PMID 15113814.
  4. (2012) Tolvaptan in Patients with Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease
  5. Kondo, K.; Ogawa, H.; Yamashita, H.; Miyamoto, H.; Tanaka, M.; Nakaya, K.; Kitano, K.; Yamamura, Y.; Nakamura, S.; Onogawa, T.; et al.; Bioor. Med. Chem. 1999, 7, 1743.
  • Gheorghiade M, Niazi I, Ouyang J et al. (2003). “Vasopressin V2-receptor blockade with tolvaptan in patients with chronic heart failure: results from a double-blind, randomized trial”. Circulation 107 (21): 2690–6. doi:10.1161/01.CIR.0000070422.41439.04.PMID 12742979.

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