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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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CILOFEXOR


Cilofexor.png

Cilofexor Chemical Structure

 

 

CILOFEXOR

C28H22Cl3N3O5 ,

586.8 g/mol

1418274-28-8

GS-9674, Cilofexor (GS(c)\9674)

UNII-YUN2306954

YUN2306954

2-[3-[2-chloro-4-[[5-cyclopropyl-3-(2,6-dichlorophenyl)-1,2-oxazol-4-yl]methoxy]phenyl]-3-hydroxyazetidin-1-yl]pyridine-4-carboxylic acid

Cilofexor is under investigation in clinical trial NCT02943447 (Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cilofexor in Adults With Primary Biliary Cholangitis Without Cirrhosis).

Cilofexor (GS-9674) is a potent, selective and orally active nonsteroidal FXR agonist with an EC50 of 43 nM. Cilofexor has anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects. Cilofexor has the potential for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) research.

Gilead , following a drug acquisition from  Phenex , is developing cilofexor tromethamine (formerly GS-9674), the lead from a program of farnesoid X receptor (FXR; bile acid receptor) agonists, for the potential oral treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), primary biliary cholangitis/cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis. In March 2019, a phase III trial was initiated for PSC; at that time, the trial was expected to complete in August 2022.

PATENT

Product case WO2013007387 , expiry EU in 2032 and in the US in 2034.

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2013007387A1/en

Figure imgf000039_0001

PATENT

WO2020150136 claiming 2,6-dichloro-4-fluorophenyl compounds.

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020172075&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P20-KEP1ZU-65392-1

WO-2020172075

Novel crystalline forms of cilofexor as FXR agonists useful for treating nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.   Gilead , following a drug acquisition from  Phenex , is developing cilofexor tromethamine (formerly GS-9674), the lead from a program of farnesoid X receptor (FXR; bile acid receptor) agonists, for the potential oral treatment of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), primary biliary cholangitis/cirrhosis (PBC) and primary sclerosing cholangitis. In March 2019, a phase III trial was initiated for PSC; at that time, the trial was expected to complete in August 2022. Family members of the cilofexor product case WO2013007387 , expire in the EU in 2032 and in the US in 2034.

solid forms of compounds that bind to the NR1H4 receptor (FXR) and act as agonists or modulators of FXR. The disclosure further relates to the use of the solid forms of such compounds for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of diseases and/or conditions through binding of said nuclear receptor by said compounds.

 

[0004] Compounds that bind to the NR1H4 receptor (FXR) can act as agonists or modulators of FXR. FXR agonists are useful for the treatment and/or prophylaxis of diseases and conditions through binding of the NR1H4 receptor. One such FXR agonist is the compound of Formula I:

 

 

I.

 

[0005] Although numerous FXR agonists are known, what is desired in the art are physically stable forms of the compound of Formula I, or pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, with desired properties such as good physical and chemical stability, good aqueous solubility and good bioavailability. For example, pharmaceutical compositions are desired that address

challenges of stability, variable pharmacodynamics responses, drug-drug interactions, pH effect, food effects, and oral bioavailability.

 

[0006] Accordingly, there is a need for stable forms of the compound of Formula I with suitable chemical and physical stability for the formulation, therapeutic use, manufacturing, and storage of the compound.

 

[0007] Moreover, it is desirable to develop a solid form of Formula I that may be useful in the synthesis of Formula I. A solid form, such as a crystalline form of a compound of Formula I may be an intermediate to the synthesis of Formula F A solid form may have properties such as bioavailability, stability, purity, and/or manufacturability at certain conditions that may be suitable for medical or pharmaceutical uses.

Description

Cilofexor (GS-9674) is a potent, selective and orally active nonsteroidal FXR agonist with an EC50 of 43 nM. Cilofexor has anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic effects. Cilofexor has the potential for primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) research[1][2].

IC50 & Target

EC50: 43 nM (FXR)[1]

In Vivo

Cilofexor (GS-9674; 30 mg/kg; oral gavage; once daily; for 10 weeks; male Wistar rats) treatment significantly increases Fgf15 expression in the ileum and decreased Cyp7a1 in the liver in nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) rats. Liver fibrosis and hepatic collagen expression are significantly reduced. Cilofexor also significantly reduces hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation and significantly decreases portal pressure, without affecting systemic hemodynamics[3].

Animal Model: Male Wistar rats received a choline-deficient high fat diet (CDHFD)[3]
Dosage: 30 mg/kg
Administration: Oral gavage; once daily; for 10 weeks
Result: Significantly increased Fgf15 expression in the ileum and decreased Cyp7a1 in the liver. Liver fibrosis and hepatic collagen expression were significantly reduced.
Clinical Trial
NCT Number Sponsor Condition Start Date Phase
NCT02943460 Gilead Sciences
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
November 29, 2016 Phase 2
NCT02808312 Gilead Sciences
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
July 13, 2016 Phase 1
NCT02781584 Gilead Sciences
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)|Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)
July 13, 2016 Phase 2
NCT02943447 Gilead Sciences
Primary Biliary Cholangitis
December 1, 2016 Phase 2
NCT03987074 Gilead Sciences|Novo Nordisk A+S
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis
July 29, 2019 Phase 2
NCT03890120 Gilead Sciences
Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis
March 27, 2019 Phase 3
NCT02854605 Gilead Sciences
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
October 26, 2016 Phase 2
NCT03449446 Gilead Sciences
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis
March 21, 2018 Phase 2
NCT02654002 Gilead Sciences
Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)
January 2016 Phase 1
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2019142814 Novel FXR (NR1H4) binding and activity modulating compounds 2019-01-15
US2019055273 ACYCLIC ANTIVIRALS 2017-03-09
US10220027 FXR (NR1H4) binding and activity modulating compounds 2017-10-13
US10071108 Methods and pharmaceutical compositions for the treatment of hepatitis b virus infection 2018-02-19
US2018000768 INTESTINAL FXR AGONISM ENHANCES GLP-1 SIGNALING TO RESTORE PANCREATIC BETA CELL FUNCTIONS 2017-09-06
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9820979 NOVEL FXR (NR1H4) BINDING AND ACTIVITY MODULATING COMPOUNDS 2016-12-05
US9539244 NOVEL FXR (NR1H4) BINDING AND ACTIVITY MODULATING COMPOUNDS 2015-08-12 2015-12-03
US9895380 METHODS AND PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS FOR THE TREATMENT OF HEPATITIS B VIRUS INFECTION 2014-09-10 2016-08-04
US2017355693 FXR (NR1H4) MODULATING COMPOUNDS 2017-06-12
US2016376279 FXR AGONISTS AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING 2016-09-12
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9139539 NOVEL FXR (NR1H4) BINDING AND ACTIVITY MODULATING COMPOUNDS 2012-07-12 2014-08-07
US2018133203 METHODS OF TREATING LIVER DISEASE 2017-10-27

ClinicalTrials.gov

CTID Title Phase Status Date
NCT03890120 Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cilofexor in Non-Cirrhotic Adults With Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Phase 3 Recruiting 2020-08-31
NCT02781584 Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Selonsertib, Firsocostat, and Cilofexor in Adults With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Phase 2 Recruiting 2020-08-13
NCT03987074 Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Monotherapy and Combination Regimens in Adults With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Phase 2 Completed 2020-07-29
NCT02943460 Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cilofexor in Adults With Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Without Cirrhosis Phase 2 Completed 2020-06-09
NCT02943447 Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cilofexor in Adults With Primary Biliary Cholangitis Without Cirrhosis Phase 2 Completed 2020-02-11

ClinicalTrials.gov

CTID Title Phase Status Date
NCT03449446 Safety and Efficacy of Selonsertib, Firsocostat, Cilofexor, and Combinations in Participants With Bridging Fibrosis or Compensated Cirrhosis Due to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Phase 2 Completed 2019-12-24
NCT02854605 Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of GS-9674 in Participants With Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Phase 2 Completed 2019-01-29
NCT02808312 Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of GS-9674 in Adults With Normal and Impaired Hepatic Function Phase 1 Completed 2018-10-30
NCT02654002 Study in Healthy Volunteers to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of GS-9674, and the Effect of Food on GS-9674 Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics Phase 1 Completed 2016-07-27

EU Clinical Trials Register

EudraCT Title Phase Status Date
2019-000204-14 A Phase 3, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cilofexor in Non-Cirrhotic Subjects with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Phase 3 Restarted, Ongoing 2019-09-11
2016-002496-10 A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of GS-9674 in Subjects with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH) Phase 2 Completed 2017-02-21
2016-002443-42 A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of GS-9674 in Subjects with Primary Biliary Cholangitis Without Cirrhosis Phase 2 Completed 2017-01-09
2016-002442-23 A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo Controlled Study Evaluating the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of GS-9674 in Subjects with Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis Without Cirrhosis Phase 2 Completed 2017-01-09

///////////CILOFEXOR, Cilofexor (GS(c)\9674), GS-9674, phase 3

 

C1CC1C2=C(C(=NO2)C3=C(C=CC=C3Cl)Cl)COC4=CC(=C(C=C4)C5(CN(C5)C6=NC=CC(=C6)C(=O)O)O)Cl

LAZUVAPAGON


img

Unii-CK6VS66Q6X.png

LAZUVAPAGON

KRPN-118

CAS 2379889-71-9
Chemical Formula: C27H32N4O3
Molecular Weight: 460.58

(4S)-N-((2S)-1-Hydroxypropan-2-yl)-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-1-benzazepine-4-carboxamide

1H-1-Benzazepine-4-carboxamide, 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-N-((1S)-2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl)-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-, (4S)-

(4S)-N-[(2S)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yl]-methyl-1-[2-methyl-4-(3- methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-1-benzazepine-4-carboxamide

Vasopressin V2 receptor agonist

Kyorin Pharmaceutical under license from Sanwa Kagaku Kenkyusho , is developing SK-1404 ([14C]-SK-1404, presumed to be lazuvapagon), for the iv treatment of nocturia, and as an oral formulation, as KRPN-118

PATENT

WO2020171055

PATENT

WO2014104209

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2014104209

PATENT

WO-2020171073

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020171073&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P20-KEM6XV-16484-1

Process for preparing benzazepine derivatives, particularly lazuvapagon a V2 receptor agonist, and their intermediates, useful for treating diabetes insipidus, hemophilia and overactive bladder.

[Fifth Step] to [Sixth Step]
[Chemical
Formula 33] [In the formula, R 1 and R 2 have the same meanings as those in the first step, and * represents an asymmetric center. ]

[0074]
 In the fifth step and the sixth step, the reaction can be performed according to a conventional method.
In the fifth step, compound (IX) is treated with a base (eg, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, etc.) in a suitable solvent (eg, alcohol solvent such as methanol, ethanol, etc., water), usually at room temperature to an organic solvent. A carboxylic acid compound of the compound (X) can be obtained by reacting at a temperature of the boiling point of the solvent for 30 minutes to 1 day. Next, in the sixth step, the obtained carboxylic acid compound is subjected to amidation with L-alaninol to obtain the compound (V). For the amidation, a method using a condensing agent, a method of reacting L-alaninol with a mixed acid anhydride or acid chloride of carboxylic acid, and the like can be used. In the method using a condensing agent, for example, the carboxylic acid compound and L-alaninol are condensed in a suitable organic solvent (chloroform, dimethylformamide, etc.) in the presence of a base (eg, diisopropylethylamine, triethylamine, etc.) (for example, 1 , 3-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCC), 1-ethyl-3-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl]carbodiimide (EDC), etc.) alone or in combination with 1-hydroxybenztriazole (HOBt). (V) can be obtained. Further, in the method using a mixed acid anhydride, for example, a carboxylic acid derivative in an appropriate organic solvent (eg, dichloromethane, toluene, etc.) in the presence of a base (eg, pyridine, triethylamine, etc.), an acid chloride (eg, pivaloyl chloride, Tosyl chloride, etc.) or an acid derivative (eg, ethyl chloroformate, isobutyl chloroformate, etc.), and the resulting mixed acid anhydride is reacted with L-alaninol usually at 0° C. to room temperature to give compound (V). Can be obtained. Further, in the method of passing through an acid chloride, for example, an acid chloride is obtained by using a chlorinating agent (eg, thionyl chloride, oxalyl chloride, etc.) in a suitable organic solvent (eg, toluene, xylene, etc.) Acid chloride in the presence of a base (eg sodium carbonate, triethylamine etc.) in a suitable organic solvent (eg ethyl acetate, toluene etc.) with L-alaninol,

[0075]
 Compound (V) can also exist as a solvate. The solvate of compound (V) can be obtained by a conventional method for producing a solvate. Specifically, it can be obtained by mixing the compound (V) with a solvent while heating if necessary, and then cooling and crystallizing the mixture while stirring or standing. It is desirable that the cooling be carried out while adjusting the cooling rate if necessary in consideration of the influence on the quality of crystal, grain size and the like. For example, cooling at a cooling rate of 20 to 1° C./hour is preferable, and cooling at a cooling rate of 10 to 3° C./hour is more preferable. As the organic solvent used in these methods, alcohol solvents such as methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, normal propanol, and tertiary butanol are preferable. The amount of the organic solvent used is preferably 3 to 20 times by weight, more preferably 5 to 10 times by weight, of the compound (V).

PATENT

WO-2020171055

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020171055&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P20-KEM6S2-14698-1

The present inventors have investigated the method described in Patent Document 1 by using N-[(S)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yl]-4-methyl-1-[2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H). -Pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxamide chiral compound was prepared and analyzed. As a result, the compound was amorphous (amorphous). Solid). Amorphous is known to be a thermodynamically non-equilibrium metastable state and generally has high solubility and dissolution rate, but is low in stability and is often unfavorable in terms of drug development. Therefore, an object of the present invention is to increase the applicability as a drug substance to (S)-N-[(S)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yl]-4 represented by the formula (I). -Methyl-1-[2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl]-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxamide It is to provide an alcohol solvate or a crystal thereof.
[Chemical 1]

[Reference Example 1] Compound (I) (amorphous)
Compound (I) was produced by the following method.
[Chemical 5]

[0046]
(First Step)
1-(2-Methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-5-oxo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b] Azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester was treated with methyl bromide in the presence of (R,R)-3,5-bistrifluoromethylphenyl-NAS bromide, cesium carbonate and cesium fluoride in a mixed solvent of benzene bromide and water. By carrying out methylation using (R)-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-5-oxo-2,3,4 ,5-Tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester was obtained.

[0047]
(Second Step)
(R)-4-Methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-5-oxo-2,3,4,5- Reduction of the ketone portion of tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester with a borane-ammonia complex prepared from sodium borohydride and ammonium sulfate in a toluene solvent gave (4R)-5. -Hydroxy-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine- 4-Carboxylic acid ethyl ester was obtained.

[0048]
(Third Step)
(4R)-5-hydroxy-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5- By chlorinating the hydroxyl group of tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester with phosphorus oxychloride in the presence of pyridine in a toluene solvent, (4S)-5-chloro-4-methyl-1 -(2-Methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester was obtained. It was

[0049]
(Step 4)
(4S)-5-chloro-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5- By stirring tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester in a methanol solvent in the presence of 10% palladium-carbon under slightly pressurized conditions of hydrogen gas, (S)-4-methyl- 1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester Obtained.

[0050]
(Fifth Step)
(S)-4-Methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H- Benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester is hydrolyzed with 30% sodium hydroxide in a solvent of water and methanol to give (S)-4-methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-( 3-Methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid was obtained.

[0051]
(Sixth Step)
(S)-4-Methyl-1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H- Benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxylic acid was converted to an acid chloride form using thionyl chloride in a toluene solvent. This acid chloride and L-alaninol are reacted in a mixed solvent of ethyl acetate and water in the presence of sodium carbonate to give (S)-N-((S)-1-hydroxypropan-2-yl)-4-methyl. -1-(2-methyl-4-(3-methyl-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)benzoyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-benzo[b]azepine-4-carboxamide (compound ( I)) was obtained.

[0052]
 FIG. 7 shows the powder X-ray diffraction spectrum of the compound (I) obtained in the first to sixth steps. No clear peak was observed in the X-ray diffraction pattern, and the compound (I) of Reference Example 1 was found to be amorphous.

[0053]
[Example 1] Isopropanol solvate
of compound (I) To 5.0 g of amorphous compound (I) of Reference Example 1, 65 mL of isopropanol was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. After the precipitated suspension was dissolved by heating, it was allowed to cool to room temperature and stirred overnight at 5°C. The suspension was filtered, washed with chilled isopropanol and dried at 40° C. overnight to give 4.9 g of a white solid.

[0054]
 When the obtained compound was analyzed by a thermogravimetric apparatus, the content of isopropanol was 8.2% with respect to the compound (I), and the molar ratio was 0.7 times the amount with respect to the compound (I). It was

[0055]
 The powder X-ray diffraction spectrum and the infrared absorption spectrum of the compound obtained in Example 1 are shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2, respectively. The characteristic peaks shown in Table 1 were shown as the diffraction angle (2θ) or as the interplanar spacing d. The obtained compound was crystalline.

[0056]
[table 1]
FIG. 2 shows an infrared absorption spectrum of the compound obtained in Example 1.

/////////////LAZUVAPAGON, KRPN-118

CC1=NN(C=C1)C2=CC(=C(C=C2)C(=O)N3CCC(CC4=CC=CC=C43)(C)C(=O)NC(C)CO)C

MOLINDONE, молиндон موليندون 吗茚酮


Thumb

Molindone.svg

ChemSpider 2D Image | Molindone | C16H24N2O2

MOLINDONE

C16H24N2O2,, 276.374

SPN 810,  SPN 801M, AFX 2201

cas 15622-65-8 hcl

Molindone is used for the management of the manifestations of psychotic disorders.

Schizophrenia

молиндон
موليندون
吗茚酮
(±)-Molindone
2376
3-Ethyl-2-methyl-5-(4-morpholinylmethyl)-1,5,6,7-tetrahydro-4H-indol-4-one [ACD/IUPAC Name]
3-Ethyl-2-methyl-5-(morpholin-4-ylmethyl)-1,5,6,7-tetrahydro-4H-indol-4-one
4H-Indol-4-one, 3-ethyl-1,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2-methyl-5-(4-morpholinylmethyl)-
7416-34-4 [RN]
RT3Y3QMF8N
UNII:RT3Y3QMF8N

Supernus Pharmaceuticals , under license from Afecta Pharmaceuticals , is developing molindone hydrochloride (SPN-810; SPN-801M; AFX-2201; presumed to be Zalvari), as a capsule formulation, for the potential oral treatment of conduct disorder in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. In 3Q15, the company initiated two phase III trials (CHIME 1 and CHIME 2) for compulsive aggression in ADHD. In November 2019, the trial was expected to complete in June 2020.

Molindone, sold under the brand name Moban, is an antipsychotic which is used in the United States in the treatment of schizophrenia.[1][2] It works by blocking the effects of dopamine in the brain, leading to diminished symptoms of psychosis. It is rapidly absorbed when taken orally.

It is sometimes described as a typical antipsychotic,[3] and sometimes described as an atypical antipsychotic.[4]

Molindone was discontinued by its original supplier, Endo Pharmaceuticals, on January 13, 2010.[5]

Availability and Marketing in the USA

After having been produced and subsequently discontinued by Core Pharma in 2015-2017, Molindone is available again from Epic Pharma effective December, 2018.[6]

Adverse effects

The side effect profile of molindone is similar to that of other typical antipsychotics. Unlike most antipsychotics, however, molindone use is associated with weight loss.[4][7]

Chemistry

Synthesis

Molindone synthesis: SCHOEN KARL, J PACHTER IRWIN; BE 670798 (1965 to Endo Lab).

Condensation of oximinoketone 2 (from nitrosation of 3-pentanone), with cyclohexane-1,3-dione (1) in the presence of zinc and acetic acid leads directly to the partly reduced indole derivative 6. The transformation may be rationalized by assuming as the first step, reduction of 2 to the corresponding α-aminoketone. Conjugate addition of the amine to 1 followed by elimination of hydroxide (as water) would give ene-aminoketone 3. This enamine may be assumed to be in tautomeric equilibrium with imine 4Aldol condensation of the side chain carbonyl group with the doubly activated ring methylene group would then result in cyclization to pyrrole 5; simple tautomeric transformation would then give the observed product. Mannich reaction of 6 with formaldehyde and morpholine gives the tranquilizer molindone (7).

US-20200262788

Process for preparing molindone and its intermediates useful for treating schizophrenia..

Molindone is chemically known as 4H-Indol-4-one, 3-ethyl-1,5,6,7-tetrahydro-2-methyl-5-(4-morpholinylmethyl) and represented by formula I. Molindone is indicated for management of schizophrenia and is under clinical trial for alternate therapies.

      The compound molindone, process for its preparation and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 3,491,093. Another application WO 2014042688 discloses methods of producing molindone. Since there are very limited methods for preparation of molindone reported in literature there exist a need for alternate process for preparation of molindone. The present invention provides novel process for preparation of Molindone (I) and its salts.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Preparation of methyl 2-chloro-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoate

      A mixture of methyl acetoacetate (100 g), potassium tertiary butoxide (101.5 g) and tetrahydrofuran (400 ml) was stirred and a solution of ethyliodide (141 g) in tetrahydrofuran (200 ml) was added to it. The reaction mixture was stirred at 60° C. for about 15 hours. Water (250 ml) was added to the reaction mixture at 25° C. followed by addition of dichloromethane (500 ml). The organic layer was separated and concentrated. To the concentrate was added dichloromethane (1000 ml) and sulfuryl chloride (93.7 g) and the solution was stirred for about 18 hours at 25-30° C. Water (500 ml) was added to the reaction mixture. The organic layer was separated and concentrated to give the title compound.

Example 2: Preparation of 3-chloropentan-2-one

      A mixture of methyl 2-chloro-2-ethyl-3-oxobutanoate (98.8 g) and water (240 ml) was treated with sulfuric acid (260 g) and stirred for 90 minutes at 75-80° C. The reaction mixture was poured into water (500 ml) and dichloromethane (500 ml). The organic layer was separated and concentrated. The concentrate was subjected to fractional distillation and pure compound was collected.

Example 3: Preparation of 3-chloropentan-2-one

      A mixture of petane-2-one (15 g), acetic acid (60 ml) and N-chlorosuccinimide (24.4 g) was stirred for about 18 hours at 80-85° C. The reaction mixture was cooled and dichloromethane (100 ml) was added to it. The mixture was treated with sodium bicarbonate solution. The organic layer was separated and concentrated to give the title compound (2).

Example 4: Preparation of 2-(2-oxopentan-3-yl)cyclohexane-1,3-dione (4)

      A mixture of 3-bromopentan-2-one (17 g), cyclohexane-1,3-dione (11.5 g), triethyl amine (15.6 g) and acetonitrile (100 ml)) was stirred for about 2 hours at 55-60° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated and ethyl acetate (170 ml) and water (85 ml) was added. The organic layer separated and concentrated. The residue was subjected to column chromatography (ethylacetate: cyclohexane). The title compound was obtained. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl 3), δ 5.14 (S 1H), δ 4.37 (d 1H), δ 2.50-2.55 (m 2H) δ 2.35-2.38 (m 2H), δ 2.16 (s 3H), δ 2.00-2.05 (m 2H) δ 1.88-1.90 (m 2H), δ 1.00-1.02 (m 3H); 13C NMR (500 MHz, CDCl 3), 206.04, 199.34, 176.63, 103.70, 77.12, 36.62, 28.88, 25.44, 21.00, 16.55, 9.41 ppm; Dept135 NMR (500 MHz, CDCl 3): 103.70, 83.78, 36.62, 28.87, 28.65, 25.45, 24.69, 21.00, 9.41 ppm; Mass: [M+1]=197.

Example 5: Preparation of 2-methyl-3-ethyl-4-oxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindole (5)

      A mixture of 2-(2-oxopentan-3-yl)cyclohexane-1,3-dione (10 g), acetic acid (40 ml) and ammonium acetate (19.6 g) was stirred for about 3 hours at 95-100° C. The reaction mixture was cooled and concentrated. To the residue a mixture of ethyl acetate (60 ml) and water (50 ml) was added. The organic layer separated and concentrated to give the title compound.

Example 6: Preparation of 2-methyl-3-ethyl-4-oxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindole (5)

      A mixture of cyclohexane-1,3-dione (3 g), dimethyl sulfoxide (15 ml), triethyl amine (2.7 g) and 3-chloropentan-2-one (3.2 g) was stirred for about 24 hours at 40-45° C. Aqueous ammonia (15 ml) was added to the mixture and stirred for about 10 hours at 25-30° C. A mixture of water (60 ml) and ethyl acetate (30 ml) was added to it. The organic layer separated and concentrated. The residue was subjected to column chromatography (ethyl acetate/n-hexane). The title compound was obtained.

Example 7: Preparation of Molindone Hydrochloride

      A mixture of 2-methyl-3-ethyl-4-oxo-4,5,6,7-tetrahydroindole (5 g), morpholine (4.42 g), paraformaldehyde (1.52 g) and ethanol (70 ml) was stirred for about 24 hours at 75-80° C. The reaction mixture was concentrated and water (50 ml) was added to the residue. The mixture was treated with concentrated hydrochloric acid followed by aqueous ammonia in presence of ethyl acetate. The organic layer was separated and concentrated to obtain molindone as a residue. Isopropanol hydrochloride was added to the residue and stirred for 30 minutes at 25-30° C. The solution was concentrated and ethyl acetate (15 ml) was added. The solid was filtered, washed with ethyl acetate and dried to obtain molindone hydrochloride.

References

  1. ^ “molindone”. F.A. Davis Company.
  2. ^ “Molindone”.
  3. ^ Aparasu RR, Jano E, Johnson ML, Chen H (October 2008). “Hospitalization risk associated with typical and atypical antipsychotic use in community-dwelling elderly patients”. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother6 (4): 198–204. doi:10.1016/j.amjopharm.2008.10.003PMID 19028375.
  4. Jump up to:a b Bagnall A, Fenton M, Kleijnen J, Lewis R (2007). Bagnall A (ed.). “Molindone for schizophrenia and severe mental illness”. Cochrane Database Syst Rev (1): CD002083. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002083.pub2PMID 17253473.
  5. ^ https://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/DrugShortages/ucm050794.htm
  6. ^ “NEWS”http://www.epic-pharma.com. Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  7. ^ Allison DB, Mentore JL, Heo M, et al. (1999). “Antipsychotic-induced weight gain: a comprehensive research synthesis”. Am J Psychiatry156 (11): 1686–96. doi:10.1176/ajp.156.11.1686 (inactive 2020-01-22). PMID 10553730. Free full text
Molindone
Molindone.svg
Clinical data
Pronunciation /mˈlɪndn/ moh-LIN-dohn
Trade names Moban
AHFS/Drugs.com Consumer Drug Information
MedlinePlus a682238
Pregnancy
category
  • C
Routes of
administration
By mouth (tablets)
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Metabolism Hepatic
Elimination half-life 1.5 hours
Excretion Minor, renal and fecal
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
ECHA InfoCard 100.254.109 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Formula C16H24N2O2
Molar mass 276.380 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
 

//////////MOLINDONE, SPN 810,  SPN 801M, AFX 2201, молиндон,  موليندون  , 吗茚酮  ,

BAY 1895344


BAY-1895344 Structure

BAY 1895344

1876467-74-1 (free base)
(R)-3-methyl-4-(4-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-8-(1H-pyrazol-3-yl)-1,7-naphthyridin-2-yl)morpholine, monohydrochloride

BAY-1895344 hydrochloride Chemical Structure

BAY-1895344

Molecular Weight

411.89

Formula

C₂₀H₂₂ClN₇O

BAY-1895344 (hydrochloride)

1876467-74-1

1876467-74-1(free base)

s8666CCG-268786CS-7574HY-101566A

BAY-1895344 hydrochloride is a potent, orally available and selective ATR inhibitor, with IC50 of 7 nM. Anti-tumor activity.

bay

NMR https://file.selleckchem.com/downloads/nmr/S866603-BAY-1895344-hnmr-selleck.pdf

 

Biological Activity

In vitro, BAY 1895344 was shown to be a very potent and highly selective ATR inhibitor (IC50 = 7 nM), which potently inhibits proliferation of a broad spectrum of human tumor cell lines (median IC50 = 78 nM). In cellular mechanistic assays BAY 1895344 potently inhibited hydroxyurea-induced H2AX phosphorylation (IC50 = 36 nM). Moreover, BAY 1895344 revealed significantly improved aqueous solubility, bioavailability across species and no activity in the hERG patch-clamp assay. BAY 1895344 also demonstrated very promising efficacy in monotherapy in DNA damage deficient tumor models as well as combination treatment with DNA damage inducing therapies.

Conversion of different model animals based on BSA (Value based on data from FDA Draft Guidelines)
Species Mouse Rat Rabbit Guinea pig Hamster Dog
Weight (kg) 0.02 0.15 1.8 0.4 0.08 10
Body Surface Area (m2) 0.007 0.025 0.15 0.05 0.02 0.5
Km factor 3 6 12 8 5 20
Animal A (mg/kg) = Animal B (mg/kg) multiplied by Animal B Km
Animal A Km

For example, to modify the dose of resveratrol used for a mouse (22.4 mg/kg) to a dose based on the BSA for a rat, multiply 22.4 mg/kg by the Km factor for a mouse and then divide by the Km factor for a rat. This calculation results in a rat equivalent dose for resveratrol of 11.2 mg/kg.

Chemical Information
Molecular Weight 375.43
Formula C20H21N7O
CAS Number 1876467-74-1
Purity 98.69%
Solubility 10 mM in DMSO
Storage at -20°C
PAPER
Damage Incorporated: Discovery of the Potent, Highly Selective, Orally Available ATR Inhibitor BAY 1895344 with Favorable Pharmacokinetic Properties and Promising Efficacy in Monotherapy and in Combination Treatments in Preclinical Tumor Models
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry  20206313, 7293-7325 (Article)

Publication Date (Web):June 5, 2020DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c00369

2-[(3R)-3-Methylmorpholin-4-yl]-4-(1-methyl-1Hpyrazol-5-yl)-8-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)-1,7-naphthyridine (BAY 1895344). Sulfonate 67 (500 mg, 0.95 mmol), 1- methyl-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)- 1H-pyrazole (68) (415 mg, 1.90 mmol), 2 M aq K2CO3 solution (1.4 mL), and Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (67 mg, 0.094 mmol) were solubilized in DME (60 mL). The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min at 130 °C under microwave irradiation. After cooling to rt, the mixture was filtered through a silicon filter and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude material was purified by flash column chromatography (silica gel, hexane/EtOAc gradient 0–100%, followed by EtOAc/EtOH 9:1). The desired fractions were concentrated under reduced pressure and solubilized in concd H2SO4 (5 mL). The mixture was stirred for 3 h at rt. The mixture was then poured into ice and basified using solid NaHCO3. The suspension was filtered and the solid was stirred with EtOH at 40 °C, filtered, and dried under reduced pressure to give BAY 1895344 (280 mg, 0.75 mmol, 78%). LC-MS [Method 2]: Rt = 0.99 min. MS (ESI+): m/z = 376.1 [M+H]+ . 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ = 13.44 (br s, 1H, pyrazole-NH), 8.35 (d, J = 5.32 Hz, 1H, naphthyridine), 7.56–7.68 (m, 3H, pyrazole, naphthyridine), 7.42 (br s, 1H, pyrazole), 7.27 (d, J = 5.58 Hz, 1H, naphthyridine), 6.59 (d, J = 2.03 Hz, 1H, pyrazole), 4.60–4.69 (m, 1H, morpholine), 4.23 (br d, J = 11.66 Hz, 1H, morpholine), 4.00–4.09 (m, 1H, morpholine), 3.78–3.85 (m, 1H, morpholine), 3.75 (m, 4H, methyl, morpholine), 3.69–3.74 (m, 1H, morpholine), 3.57 (m, 1H, morpholine), 1.30 (d, J = 6.59 Hz, 3H, methyl). 13C NMR (125 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ = 156.5, 145.2, 140.0, 139.6, 139.5, 138.2, 137.4, 137.4, 125.7, 117.1, 115.5, 108.2, 107.7, 70.3, 66.1, 47.3, 39.7, 37.2, 13.3. ESI-HRMS: m/z [M+H]+ calcd for C20H22N7O: 376.1886, found: 376.1879. [α]D –80.8 ± 1.04 (1.0000 g/ 100 mL CHCl3).
References

Identification of potent, highly selective and orally available ATR inhibitor BAY 1895344 with favorable PK properties and promising efficacy in monotherapy and combination in preclinical tumor models
Ulrich T, et al. AACR. 2017 July;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 983.

ATR inhibitor BAY 1895344 shows potent anti-tumor efficacy in monotherapy and strong combination potential with the targeted alpha therapy Radium-223 dichloride in preclinical tumor models
Antje Margret Wengner, et al. AACR 2017 July;77(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 836.

////////////s8666CCG-268786CS-7574HY-101566ABAY-1895344BAY 1895344

CC1COCCN1C2=NC3=C(C=CN=C3C4=CC=NN4)C(=C2)C5=CC=NN5C

MK 5204


mk-5204

MK 5204

mk-5204

(1R,5S,6R,7R,10R,11R,14R,15S,20R,21R)-21-[(2R)-2-Amino-2,3,3-trimethylbutoxy]-20-(5-carbamoyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-5,7,10,15-tetramethyl-7-[(2R)-3-methylbutan-2-yl]-17-oxapentacyclo[13.3.3.01,14.02,11.05,10]henicos-2-ene-6-carboxylic acid.png

mk-5204

CAS No: 1207751-75-4
Product Code: BM178545

 (1R,5S,6R,7R,10R,11R,14R,15S,20R,21R)-21-[(2R)-2-amino-2,3,3-trimethylbutoxy]-20-(5-carbamoyl-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-5,7,10,15-tetramethyl-7-[(2R)-3-methylbutan-2-yl]-17-oxapentacyclo[13.3.3.01,14.02,11.05,10]henicos-2-ene-6-carboxylic acid

MW: 696g/mol

MW 695.97

C40 H65 N5 O5

PAPER

https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0960894X20304686

Abstract

Our previously reported efforts to produce an orally active β-1,3-glucan synthesis inhibitor through the semi-synthetic modification of enfumafungin focused on replacing the C2 acetoxy moiety with an aminotetrazole and the C3 glycoside with a N,N-dimethylaminoether moiety. This work details further optimization of the C2 heterocyclic substituent, which identified 3-carboxamide-1,2,4-triazole as a replacement for the aminotetrazole with comparable antifungal activity. Alkylation of either the carboxamidetriazole at C2 or the aminoether at C3 failed to significantly improve oral efficacy. However, replacement of the isopropyl alpha amino substituent with a t-butyl, improved oral exposure while maintaining antifungal activity. These two structural modifications produced MK-5204, which demonstrated broad spectrum activity against Candida species and robust oral efficacy in a murine model of disseminated Candidiasis without the N-dealkylation liability observed for the previous lead.

MK-5204: An orally active β-1,3-glucan synthesis inhibitor ...

MK-5204: An orally active β-1,3-glucan synthesis inhibitor ...

patent

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=US43243783&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P22-KD34BU-17225-1

Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US8188085 Antifungal agents 2010-05-06 2012-05-29
ungal infection is a major healthcare problem, and the incidence of hospital-acquired fungal diseases continues to rise. Severe systemic fungal infection in hospitals (such as candidiasis, aspergillosis, histoplasmosis, blastomycosis and coccidioidomycosis) is commonly seen in neutropaenic patients following chemotherapy and in other oncology patients with immune suppression, in patients who are immune-compromised due to Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) caused by HIV infection, and in patients in intensive care. Systemic fungal infections cause ˜25% of infection-related deaths in leukaemics. Infections due to Candida species are the fourth most important cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection. Serious fungal infections may cause 5-10% of deaths in patients undergoing lung, pancreas or liver transplantation. Treatment failures are still very common with all systemic mycoses. Secondary resistance also arises. Thus, there remains an increasing need for effective new therapy against mycotic infections.
      Enfumafungin is a hemiacetal triterpene glycoside that is produced in fermentations of a Hormonema spp. associated with living leaves of Juniperus communis (U.S. Pat. No. 5,756,472; Pelaez et al., Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 23:333-343, 2000; Schwartz et al., JACS, 122:4882-4886, 2000; Schwartz, R. E., Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents, 11(11):1761-1772, 2001). Enfumafungin is one of the several triterpene glycosides that have in vitro antifungal activities. The mode of the antifungal action of enfumafungin and other antifungal triterpenoid glycosides was determined to be the inhibition of fungal cell wall glucan synthesis by their specific action on (1,3)-β-D-glucan synthase (Onishi et al., Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 44:368-377, 2000; Pelaez et al., Systematic and Applied Microbiology, 23:333-343, 2000). 1,3-β-D-Glucan synthase remains an attractive target for antifungal drug action because it is present in many pathogenic fungi which affords broad antifungal spectrum and there is no mammalian counterpart and as such, compounds inhibiting 1,3-β-D-Glucan synthase have little or no mechanism-based toxicity.

SIMILAR BUT NOT SAME

METHOXY EXAMPLE

Example 8

(1S,4aR,6aS,7R,8R,10aR,10bR,12aR,14R,15R)-15-[[(2R)-2-amino-2,3-dimethylbutyl]oxy]-8-[(1R)-1,2-dimethylpropyl]-14-[3-(methoxycarbonyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl]-1,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a,10b,11,12,12a-dodecahydro-1,6a,8,10a-tetramethyl-4H-1,4a-propano-2H-phenanthro[1,2-c]pyran-7-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 8A) and (1S,4aR,6aS,7R,8R,10aR,10bR,12aR,14R,15R)-15-[[(2R)-2-amino-2,3-dimethylbutyl]oxy]-8-[(1R)-1,2-dimethylpropyl]-14-[5-(methoxycarbonyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl]-1,6,6a,7,8,9,10,10a,10b,11,12,12a-dodecahydro-1,6a,8,10a-tetramethyl-4H-1,4a-propano-2H-phenanthro[1,2-c]pyran-7-carboxylic acid (EXAMPLE 8B)

      Methyl 1,2,4-triazole-3-carboxylate (27.1 mg, 0.213 mmol) and BF 3OEt (54 μl, 0.426 mmol) were added to a stirred solution of Intermediate 6 (25.9 mg, 0.043 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (0.43 ml). The reaction mixture was a light yellow suspension that was heated at 50° C. for 7.5 hr and then stirred at room temperature for 64 hr. The solvent was evaporated and the resulting residue was placed under high vacuum. The residue was dissolved in methanol and separated using a single HPLC run on a 19×150 mm Sunfire Prep C18 OBD 10 μm column by eluting with acetonitrile/water+0.1% TFA. The HPLC fractions of the faster eluting regioisomer were combined, the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was lyophilized from ethanol and benzene to give EXAMPLE 8A (8.9 mg, 10.97 μmol) as a white solid. The HPLC fractions of the slower eluting regioisomer were combined, the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, and the residue was lyophilized from ethanol and benzene to give EXAMPLE 8B (1.5 mg, 1.85 μmol) as a white solid.

Example 8A

       1H NMR (CD 3OD, 600 MHz, ppm) δ 0.76 (s, 3H, Me), 0.76 (d, 3H, Me), 0.79 (d, 3H, Me), 0.83 (d, 3H, Me), 0.85 (d, 3H, Me), 0.88 (s, 3H, Me), 0.88 (s, 3H, Me), 0.89 (d, 3H, Me), 1.16 (s, 3H, Me), 1.20 (s, 3H, Me), 1.22-1.35 (m), 1.39-1.44 (m), 1.47-1.65 (m), 1.78-2.02 (m), 2.10-2.22 (m), 2.46 (dd, 1H, H13), 2.66 (d, 1H), 2.83 (s, 1H, H7), 3.48 (d, 1H), 3.50 (d, 1H), 3.53 (dd, 1H), 3.60 (d, 1H), 3.77 (d, 1H), 3.92 (d, 1H), 3.95 (s, 3H, COOMe), 5.48 (dd, 1H, H5), 5.61-5.68 (m, 1H, H14), 8.77 (broad s, 1H, triazole).
      Mass Spectrum: (ESI) m/z=697.42 (M+H).

Example 8B

       1H NMR (CD 3OD, 600 MHz, ppm) δ 0.76 (s, 3H, Me), 0.76 (d, 3H, Me), 0.79 (s, 3H, Me), 0.79 (d, 3H, Me), 0.82 (d, 3H, Me), 0.85 (d, 3H, Me), 0.88 (s, 3H, Me), 0.89 (d, 3H, Me), 1.13 (s, 3H, Me), 1.20 (s, 3H, Me), 1.22-1.36 (m), 1.39-1.44 (m), 1.47-1.55 (m), 1.59-1.65 (m), 1.72-1.96 (m), 2.10-2.22 (m), 2.46 (dd, 1H, H13), 2.78 (d, 1H), 2.84 (s, 1H, H7), 3.48 (d, 1H), 3.50 (d, 1H), 3.55 (dd, 1H), 3.62 (d, 1H), 3.93 (d, 1H), 3.98 (d, 1H), 3.99 (s, 3H, COOMe), 5.47 (dd, 1H, H5), 6.53-6.59 (m, 1H, H14), 8.14 (s, 1H, triazole).
      Mass Spectrum: (ESI) m/z=697.42 (M+H).
 

/////////////MK 5204, BM178545

NC(=O)c6ncnn6[C@@H]1C[C@]45COC[C@@](C)([C@H]1OC[C@](C)(N)C(C)(C)C)[C@@H]5CC[C@H]3C4=CC[C@@]2(C)[C@H](C(=O)O)[C@](C)(CC[C@@]23C)[C@H](C)C(C)C

CC(C)C(C)C1(CCC2(C3CCC4C5(COCC4(C3=CCC2(C1C(=O)O)C)CC(C5OCC(C)(C(C)(C)C)N)N6C(=NC=N6)C(=O)N)C)C)C

SELGANTOLIMOD


2D chemical structure of 2004677-13-6

SELGANTOLIMOD

GS 9688

RN: 2004677-13-6
UNII: RM4GJT3SMQ

Molecular Formula, C14-H20-F-N5-O,

Molecular Weight, 293.344

1-Hexanol, 2-((2-amino-7-fluoropyrido(3,2-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methyl-, (2R)-

(2R)-2-((2-Amino-7-fluoropyrido(3,2-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexan-1-ol

gs

Discovery of GS9688 (Selgantolimod) as a Potent and Selective Oral Toll-Like Receptor 8 Agonist for the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, Articles ASAP (Drug Annotation)

Publication Date (Web):May 14, 2020DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.0c00100

PATENTS
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2019192504 Therapeutic heterocyclic compounds 2018-08-20
US2017281627 TOLL LIKE RECEPTOR MODULATOR COMPOUNDS 2017-04-25
US2017071944 MODULATORS OF TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF HIV 2016-09-13
US9670205 TOLL LIKE RECEPTOR MODULATOR COMPOUNDS 2016-03-02

Patent

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=US178076456&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P21-KD1F9D-27923-1

EXAMPLE 63

      Synthesis of methyl 2-amino-2-methylhexanoate (63A. To a mixture of (2R)-2-amino-2-methylhexanoic acid hydrochloride (50 mg, 0.28 mmol) and (2S)-2-amino-2-methylhexanoic acid hydrochloride (50 mg, 0.28 mmol) in MeOH (5.0 mL) was added (trimethylsilyl) diazomethane in hexanes (2 M, 0.41 mL, 0.83 mmol) dropwise. After 6 h, the reaction was quenched with AcOH (100 μL). The mixture was concentrated in vacuo to provide 63A that was used without further isolation. LCMS (m/z): 159.91 [M+H] +; t R=0.57 min. on LC/MS Method A.
      Synthesis of methyl 2-((2-((2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino)-7-fluoropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexanoate (63B). To a solution of 84E (120 mg, 0.55 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added 63A (88 mg, 0.55 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.3 mL, 1.7 mmol). After stirring at 80° C. for 18 h, the reaction was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), washed with water (50 mL) and brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2SO 4, then filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The crude residue was then diluted with THF (10 mL) and 2,4-dimethoxybenzylamine (0.4 mL, 2.6 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.3 mL, 1.7 mmol) were added. After stirring at 100° C. for 18 h, the reaction was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), washed with water and brine, dried over Na 2SO 4, then filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to silica gel chromatography eluting with hexanes-EtOAc to provide 63B. 1H NMR (400 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ 8.14 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (s, 1H), 7.28-7.24 (m, 2H), 6.46 (d, J=2.3 Hz, 1H), 6.41 (dd, J=8.3, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (dd, J=6.2, 2.7 Hz, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 3.78 (s, 3H), 3.69 (s, 3H), 2.27-2.16 (m, 1H), 2.02 (s, 1H), 1.71 (s, 3H), 1.34-1.23 (m, 5H), 0.88 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 3H). 19F NMR (376 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ −121.51 (d, J=422.9 Hz). LCMS (m/z): 472.21 [M+H] +; t R=0.91 min. on LC/MS Method A.
      Synthesis of 2-((2-((2,4-dimethoxybenzyl)amino)-7-fluoropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexan-1-ol (63C). To a solution of 63B (104 mg, 0.22 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added lithium aluminum hydride in Et 2O (2M, 0.30 mL, 0.60 mmol). After 5 h the reaction was quenched with H 2O (1 mL) and 2M NaOH (aq), and then filtered. The mother liquor was then diluted with EtOAc (30 mL), washed with sat. Rochelle’s salt solution (25 mL), H 2O (25 mL), and brine (25 mL), dried over Na 2SO 4, then filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to silica gel chromatography eluting with hexanes-EtOAc to provide 63C. 1H NMR (400 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ 8.12 (d, J=2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (s, 1H), 7.28 (s, 1H), 6.46 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 6.42 (dd, J=8.2, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 4.57-4.52 (m, 2H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 3.79 (s, 4H), 3.75 (s, 2H), 1.92 (d, J=14.1 Hz, 1H), 1.74 (t, J=12.6 Hz, 1H), 1.40-1.37 (m, 3H), 1.32 (td, J=13.4, 12.4, 6.3 Hz, 4H), 0.91 (t, J=7.0 Hz, 3H). 19F NMR (377 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ −121.34. LCMS (m/z): 444.20 [M+H] +; t R=0.94 min. on LC/MS Method A
      Synthesis of 2-((2-amino-7-fluoropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexan-1-ol (63). To 63C (22 mg, 0.05 mmol) was added TFA (3 mL). After 30 minutes, the reaction mixture was diluted with MeOH (5 mL). After stirring for 18 h, the mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. Co-evaporation with MeOH (×3) provided 63 as a TFA salt. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ 8.53 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.20 (s, 1H), 7.65 (dd, J=8.8, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (s, 1H), 3.70 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 2.09 (ddd, J=13.9, 10.9, 5.3 Hz, 1H), 1.96-1.86 (m, 1H), 1.53 (s, 3H), 1.42-1.28 (m, 6H), 0.95-0.87 (m, 3H). 19F NMR (377 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ −77.47, −118.23 (d, J=8.6 Hz). LCMS (m/z): 294.12 [M+H] +; t R=0.68 min. on LC/MS Method A.

EXAMPLE 64

      Synthesis of (S)-2-amino-2-methylhexan-1-ol (64A). To (2S)-2-amino-2-methylhexanoic acid hydrochloride (250 mg, 1.4 mmol, supplied by Astatech) in THF (5 mL) was added borane-tetrahydrofuran complex solution in THF (1M, 5.5 mL) dropwise over 5 minutes. After 24 h, the reaction was quenched with MeOH (1 mL) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was taken up in DCM (10 mL), filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to provide crude 64A. LCMS (m/z): 131.92 [M+H] +; t R=0.57 min. on LC/MS Method A.
      Synthesis of (S)-2-((2-amino-7-fluoropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexan-1-ol (64). To a solution of 43B (140 mg, 78 mmol) and 64A (125 mg, 0.95 mmol) in NMP (7.5 mL), was added DBU (0.35 mL, 2.4 mmol) followed by BOP (419 mg, 0.95 mmol). After 16 h, the reaction mixture was subjected to prep HPLC (Gemini 10u C18 110A, AXIA; 10% aq. acetonitrile—50% aq. acetonitrile with 0.1% TFA, over 20 min. gradient) to provide, after removal of volatiles in vacuo, 64 as a TFA salt. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ 8.55 (d, J=2.4 Hz, 1H), 8.22 (s, 1H), 7.64 (dd, J=8.7, 2.5 Hz, 1H), 3.97 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 3.71 (d, J=11.2 Hz, 1H), 2.09 (ddd, J=13.9, 10.8, 5.2 Hz, 1H), 1.92 (ddd, J=13.6, 10.9, 5.4 Hz, 1H), 1.54 (s, 4H), 1.40-1.31 (m, 5H), 1.00-0.85 (m, 3H). 19F NMR (377 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ −77.62, −118.22 (d, J=8.7 Hz). LCMS (m/z) 294.09 [M+H] +; t R=0.79 min. on LC/MS Method A.

EXAMPLE 65

      Synthesis of (R)-N-(2-((2-amino-7-chloropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexyl)acetamide (65A). To a solution of 19B (112 mg, 0.48 mmol) in THF (5 mL) was added 61E (100 mg, 0.48 mmol) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.25 mL, 1.4 mmol). After stirring at 80° C. for 18 h, 2,4-dimethoxybenzylamine (0.75 mL, 5.0 mmol) was added and the mixture was heated to 100° C. After 18 h, the reaction was cooled to rt, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), washed with water (50 mL) and brine (50 mL), dried over Na 2SO 4, then filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to silica gel chromatography eluting with hexanes-EtOAc to provide 65A LCMS (m/z): 509.30[M+H] +; t R=0.89 min. on LC/MS Method A.
      Synthesis of (R)-N-(2-((2-amino-7-chloropyrido[3,2-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)-2-methylhexyl)acetamide (65). To 65A (21 mg, 0.04 mmol) was added TFA (3 mL). After 30 minutes, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue co-evaporated with MeOH (10 mL×3). The resulting residue was suspended in MeOH (10 mL), filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to provide 65 as a TFA salt. 1H NMR (400 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ 8.59 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 8.58 (s, 1H), 7.91 (d, J=2.1 Hz, 1H), 3.93 (d, J=14.0 Hz, 1H), 3.52 (d, J=14.0 Hz, 1H), 2.22-2.10 (m, 1H), 1.96 (s, 3H), 1.95-1.87 (m, 1H), 1.54 (s, 3H), 1.34 (dd, J=7.5, 3.9 Hz, 5H), 0.94-0.89 (m, 3H). 19F NMR (377 MHz, MeOH-d 4) δ −77.91. LCMS (m/z): 351.29 [M+H] +; t R=0.69 min. on LC/MS Method A.

 

 

/////////////GS 9688, SELGANTOLIMOD

CCCC[C@@](C)(CO)Nc1nc(N)nc2cc(F)cnc12

Desidustat


Desidustat.svg

DESIDUSTAT

Formal Name
N-[[1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-1,2-dihydro-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-3-quinolinyl]carbonyl]-glycine
CAS Number 1616690-16-4
Molecular Formula   C16H16N2O6
Formula Weight 332.3
FormulationA crystalline solid
λmax233, 291, 335

2-(1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamido)acetic acid

desidustat

Glycine, N-((1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-1,2-dihydro-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-3-quinolinyl)carbonyl)-

N-(1-(Cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)glycine

ZYAN1 compound

BCP29692

EX-A2999

ZB1514

CS-8034

HY-103227

A16921

(1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl) glycine in 98% yield, as a solid. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 333.05 (M+H) +1H NMR (DMSO-d 6): 0.44-0.38 (m, 2H), 0.62-0.53 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.24 (m, 1H), 4.06-4.04 (d, 2H), 4.14-4.13 (d, 2H), 7.43-7.39 (t, 1H), 7.72-7.70 (d, 1H), 7.89-7.85 (m, 1H), 8.11-8.09 (dd, 1H), 10.27-10.24 (t, 1H), 12.97 (bs, 1H), 16.99 (s, 1H). HPLC Purity: 99.85%

Desidustat | C16H16N2O6 - PubChem

breakingnewspharma hashtag on Twitter

Desidustat (INN, also known as ZYAN1) is an investigational drug for the treatment of anemia of chronic kidney disease. Clinical trials on desidustat have been done in India and Australia.[1] In a Phase 2, randomized, double-blind, 6-week, placebo-controlled, dose-ranging, safety and efficacy study, a mean Hb increase of 1.57, 2.22, and 2.92 g/dL in Desidustat 100, 150, and 200 mg arms, respectively, was observed.[2] It is currently undergoing Phase 3 clinical trials.[3] Desidustat is being developed for the treatment of anemia, where currently erythropoietin and its analogues are drugs of choice. Desidustat is a prolyl hydroxylase domain (PHD) inhibitor. In preclinical studies, effect of desidustat was assessed in normal and nephrectomized rats, and in chemotherapy-induced anemia. Desidustat demonstrated hematinic potential by combined effects on endogenous erythropoietin release and efficient iron utilization.[4][5] Desidustat can also be useful in treatment of anemia of inflammation since it causes efficient erythropoiesis and hepcidin downregulation.[6]. In January 2020, Zydus entered into licensing agreement with China Medical System Holdings for development and commercialization of Desidustat in Greater China. Under the license agreement, CMS will pay Zydus an initial upfront payment, regulatory milestones, sales milestones and royalties on net sales of the product. CMS will be responsible for development, registration and commercialization of Desidustat in Greater China [7]

 

PATENT

US277539705

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=C922CC7937C0B6D7F987FE395E8B6F34.wapp2nB?docId=US277539705&_cid=P21-KCEB8C-83913-1

      Patent applications WO 2004041818, US 20040167123, US 2004162285, US 20040097492 and US 20040087577 describes the utility of N-arylated hydroxylamines of formula (IV), which are intermediates useful for the synthesis of certain quinolone derivatives (VI) as inhibitors of hepatitis C (HCV) polymerase useful for the treatment of HCV infection. In these references, the compound of formula (IV) was prepared using Scheme 1 which involves partial reduction of nitro group and subsequent O-alkylation using sodium hydride as a base.

 (MOL) (CDX)

      The patent application WO 2014102818 describes the use of certain quinolone based compound of formula (I) as prolyl hydroxylase inhibitors for the treatment of anemia. Compound of formula (I) was prepared according to scheme 2 which involved partial reduction of nitro group and subsequent O-alkylation using cesium carbonate as a base.

 (MOL) (CDX)

      The drawback of process disclosed in WO 2014102818 (Scheme 2) is that it teaches usage of many hazardous reagents and process requires column chromatographic purification using highly flammable solvent at one of the stage and purification at multi steps during synthesis, which is not feasible for bulk production.
Scheme 3:

 (MOL) (CDX)

 Scheme 4.

 (MOL) (CDX)

      The process for the preparation of compound of formula (I-a) comprises the following steps:

Step 1′a Process for Preparation of ethyl 2-iodobenzoate (XI-a)

      In a 5 L fixed glass assembly, Ethanol (1.25 L) charged at room temperature. 2-iodobenzoic acid (250 g, 1.00 mol) was added in one lot at room temperature. Sulphuric acid (197.7 g, 2.01 mol) was added carefully in to reaction mixture at 20 to 35° C. The reaction mixture was heated to 80 to 85° C. Reaction mixture was stirred for 20 hours at 80 to 85° C. After completion of reaction distilled out ethanol at below 60° C. The reaction mixture was cooled down to room temperature. Water (2.5 L) was then added carefully at 20 to 35° C. The reaction mixture was then charged with Ethyl acetate (1.25 L). After complete addition of ethyl acetate, reaction mixture turned to clear solution. At room temperature it was stirred for 5 to 10 minutes and separated aqueous layer. Aqueous layer then again extracted with ethyl acetate (1.25 L) and separated aqueous layer. Combined organic layer then washed with twice 10% sodium bicarbonate solution (2×1.25 L) and twice process water (2×1.25L) and separated aqueous layer. Organic layer then washed with 30% brine solution (2.5 L) and separated aqueous layer. Concentrated ethyl acetate in vacuo to get ethyl 2-iodobenzoate in 95% yield, as an oil, which was used in next the reaction, without any further purification. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 248.75 (M+H). 1H NMR (CDCl 3): 1.41-1.37 (t, 3H), 4.41-4.35 (q, 2H), 7.71-7.09 (m, 1H), 7.39-7.35 (m, 1H), 7.94-7.39 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.96 (d, 1H). HPLC Purity: 99.27%

Step-2 Process for the Preparation of ethyl 2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)(cyclopropylmethoxy)aminolbenzoate (XII-a)

      In a 5 L fixed glass assembly, toluene (1.5 L) was charged at room temperature. Copper (I) iodide (15.3 g, 0.08 mol) was added in one lot at room temperature. Glycine (39.1 g, 0.520 mol) was added in one lot at room temperature. Reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at room temperature. Ethyl 2-iodobenzoate (221.2 g, 0.801 mol) was added in one lot at room temperature. Tert-butyl (cyclopropylmethoxy)carbamate (150 g, 0.801 mol) was added in one lot at room temperature. Reaction mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at room temperature. Potassium carbonate (885.8 g, 6.408 mol) and ethanol (0.9 L) were added at 25° C. to 35° C. Reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was refluxed at 78 to 85° C. for 24 hours. Reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was then charged with ethyl acetate (1.5 L). After complete addition of ethyl acetate, reaction mixture turned to thick slurry. At room temperature it was stirred for 30 minutes and the solid inorganic material was filtered off through hyflow supercel bed. Inorganic solid impurity was washed with ethyl acetate (1.5 L), combined ethyl acetate layer was washed with twice water (2×1.5 L) and separated aqueous layer. Organic layer washed with 30% sodium chloride solution (1.5 L) and separated aqueous layer. Ethyl acetate was concentrated in vacuo to get ethyl 2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)(cyclopropylmethoxy)amino)benzoate in 89% yield, as an oil, which was used in next the reaction, without any further purification. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 357.93 (M+Na). 1H NMR (CDCl 3): 0.26-0.23 (m, 2H), 0.52-0.48 (m, 2H), 1.10-1.08 (m, 1H), 1.38-1.35 (t, 3H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 3.78-3.76 (d, J=7.6 Hz, 2H), 4.35-4.30 (q, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.29-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.49-7.47 (m, 2H), 7.78-7.77 (d, 1H). HPLC Purity: 88.07%

Step 3 Process for the Preparation of ethyl 2-((cyclopropylmethoxy)amino)benzoate (XIII-a)

      In a 10 L fixed glass assembly, dichloromethane (2.4 L) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl 2-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)(cyclopropylmethoxy)amino)benzoate (200 g, 0.596 mol) was charged and cooled externally with ice-salt at 0 to 10° C. Methanolic HCl (688.3 g, 3.458 mol, 18.34% w/w) solution was added slowly drop wise, over a period of 15 minutes, while maintaining internal temperature below 10° C. Reaction mixture was warmed to 20 to 30° C., and stirred at 20 to 30° C. for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched with addition of water (3.442 L). Upon completion of water addition, the reaction mixture turn out to light yellow coloured solution. At room temperature it was stirred for another 15 minutes and separated aqueous layer. Aqueous layer was again extracted with Dichloromethane (0.8 L). Combined dichloromethane layer then washed with 20% sodium chloride solution (1.0 L) and separated aqueous layer. Concentrated dichloromethane vacuo to get Ethyl 2-((cyclopropylmethoxy)amino)benzoate in 92% yield, as an oil. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 235.65 (M+H) +1H NMR (CDCl 3): 0.35-0.31 (m, 2H), 0.80-0.59 (m, 2H), 0.91-0.85 (m, 1H), 1.44-1.38 (t, 3H), 3.76-3.74 (d, 2H), 4.36-4.30 (q, 2H), 6.85-6.81 (t, 1H), 7.36-7.33 (d, 1H), 7.92-7.43 (m, 1H), 7.94-7.93 (d, 1H), 9.83 (s, 1H). HPLC Purity: 87.62%

Step 4 Process for the Preparation of ethyl 24N-(cyclopropylinethoxy)-3-ethoxy-3-oxopropanamido)benzoate (XIV-a)

      In a 2 L fixed glass assembly, Acetonitrile (0.6 L) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl 2-((cyclopropylmethoxy)amino)benzoate (120 g, 0.510 mol) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl hydrogen malonate (74.1 g, 0.561 mol) was charged at room temperature. Pyridine (161.4 g, 2.04 mol) was added carefully in to reaction mass at room temperature and cooled externally with ice-salt at 0 to 10° C. Phosphorous oxychloride (86.0 g, 0.561 mol) was added slowly drop wise, over a period of 2 hours, while maintaining internal temperature below 10° C. Reaction mixture was stirred at 0 to 10° C. for 45 minutes. The reaction mixture was quenched with addition of water (1.0 L). Upon completion of water addition, the reaction mixture turns out to dark red coloured solution. Dichloromethane (0.672 L) was charged at room temperature and it was stirred for another 15 minutes and separated aqueous layer. Aqueous layer was again extracted with dichloromethane (0.672 L). Combined dichloromethane layer then washed with water (0.400 L) and 6% sodium chloride solution (0.400 L) and separated aqueous layer. Mixture of acetonitrile and dichloromethane was concentrated in vacuo to get Ethyl 2-(N-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-3-ethoxy-3-oxopropanamido)benzoate in 95% yield, as an oil. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 350.14 (M+H) l1H NMR (DMSO-d 6): 0.3-0.2 (m, 2H), 0.6-0.4 (m, 2H), 1.10-1.04 (m, 1H), 1.19-1.15 (t, 3H), 1.29-1.25 (t, 3H), 3.72-3.70 (d, 2H), 3.68 (s, 2H), 4.17-4.12 (q, 2H), 4.25-4.19 (q, 2H), 7.44-7.42 (d, 1H), 7.50-7.46 (t, 1H), 7.68-7.64 (m, 1H), 7.76-7.74 (d, 1H). HPLC Purity: 86.74%

Step 5: Process for the Preparation of ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2 dihydroquinolline-3-carboxylate (XY-a)

      In a 10 L fixed glass assembly under Nitrogen atmosphere, Methanol (0.736 L) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl 2-(N-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-3-ethoxy-3-oxopropanamido)benzoate (160 g, 0.457 mol) was charged at room temperature. Sodium methoxide powder (34.6 g, 0.641 mol) was added portion wise, over a period of 30 minutes, while maintaining internal temperature 10 to 20° C. Reaction mixture was stirred at 10 to 20° C. for 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was quenched with addition of ˜1N aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (0.64 L) to bring pH 2, over a period of 20 minutes, while maintaining an internal temperature 10 to 30° C. Upon completion of aqueous hydrochloric acid solution addition, the reaction mixture turned to light yellow coloured slurry. Diluted the reaction mass with water (3.02 L) and it was stirred for another 1 hour. Solid material was filtered off and washed twice with water (2×0.24 L). Dried the compound in fan dryer at temperature 50 to 55° C. for 6 hours to get crude ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmetboxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate as a solid.

Purification

      In a 10 L fixed glass assembly, DMF (0.48 L) was charged at room temperature. Crude ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (120 g) was charged at room temperature. Upon completion of addition of crude compound, clear reaction mass observed. Reaction mixture stirred for 30 minutes at room temperature. Precipitate the product by addition of water (4.8 L), over a period of 30 minutes, while maintaining an internal temperature 25 to 45° C. Upon completion of addition of water, the reaction mixture turned to light yellow colored slurry. Reaction mixture was stirred at 25 to 45° C. for 30 minutes. Solid material was filtered off and washed with water (0.169 L). Dried the product in fan dryer at temperature 50 to 55° C. for 6 hours to get pure ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate in 81% yield, as a solid. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 303.90 (M+H) +1H NMR (DMSO-d 6): 0.37-0.35 (m, 2H), 0.59-0.55 (m, 2H), 1.25-1.20 (m, 1H), 1.32-1.29 (t, 3H), 3.97-3.95 (d, 2H), 4.36-4.31 (q, 2H), 7.35-7.31 (in, 1H), 7.62-7.60 (dd, 1H), 7.81-7.77 (m, 1H), 8.06-7.04 (dd, 1H). HPLC Purity: 95.52%

Step 6 Process for the Preparation of ethyl (1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)glycinate (XVI-a)

      In a 5 L fixed glass assembly, tetrahydrofuran (0.5 L) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (100 g, 0.329 mol) was charged at room temperature. Glycine ethyl ester HCl (50.7 g, 0.362 mol) was charged at room temperature. N,N-Diisopropylethyl amine (64 g, 0.494 mol) was added carefully in to reaction mass at room temperature and heated the reaction mass at 65 to 70° C. Reaction mixture was stirred at 65 to 70° C. for 18 hours. The reaction mixture was quenched with addition of water (2.5 L).
      Upon completion of water addition, the reaction mixture turns out to off white to yellow coloured slurry. Concentrated tetrahydrofuran below 55° C. in vacuo and reaction mixture was stirred at 25 to 35° C. for 1 hour. Solid material was filtered off and washed with water (3×0.20 L). Dried the compound in fan dryer at temperature 55 to 60° C. for 8 hours to get crude ethyl (1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)glycinate as a solid.

Purification

      In a 2 L fixed glass assembly, Methanol (1.15 L) was charged at room temperature. Crude ethyl (1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)glycinate (100 g) was charged at room temperature. The reaction mass was heated to 65 to 70° C. Reaction mass was stirred for 1 h at 65 to 70° C. Removed heating and cool the reaction mass to 25 to 35° C. Reaction mass stirred for 1 h at 25 to 35° C. Solid material was filtered off and washed with methanol (0.105 L). The product was dried under fan dryer at temperature 55 to 60° C. for 8 hours to get pure ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate in 80% yield, as a solid. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 360.85 (M+H) +1H NMR (DMSO-d 6): 0.39 (m, 2H), 0.60-0.54 (m, 2H), 1.23-1.19 (t, 3H), 1.31-1.26 (m, 1H), 4.04-4.02 (d, 2H), 4.18-4.12 (q, 2H), 4.20-4.18 (d, 2H), 7.40-7.36 (m, 1H), 7.70-7.68 (d, 1H), 7.87-7.83 (m, 1H), 8.08-8.05 (dd, 1H), 10.27-10.24 (t, 1H). HPLC Purity: 99.84%

Step 7: Process for the Preparation of (1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)glycine (I-a)

      In a 5 L fixed glass assembly, methanol (0.525 L) was charged at room temperature. Ethyl 1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxylate (75 g, 0.208 mol) was charged at room temperature. Water (0.30 L) was charged at room temperature. Sodium hydroxide solution (20.8 g, 0.520 mol) in water (0.225 L) was added carefully at 30 to 40° C. Upon completion of addition of sodium hydroxide solution, the reaction mass turned to clear solution. Reaction mixture stirred for 30 minutes at 30 to 40° C. Diluted the reaction by addition of water (2.1 L). Precipitate the solid by addition of hydrochloric acid solution (75 mL) in water (75 mL). Upon completion of addition of hydrochloric acid solution, the reaction mass turned to off white colored thick slurry. Reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at room temperature. Solid material was filtered off and washed with water (4×0.375 L). The compound was dried under fan dryer at temperature 25 to 35° C. for 6 hours and then dried for 4 hours at 50 to 60° C. to get (1-(cyclopropylmethoxy)-4-hydroxy-2-oxo-1,2-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl) glycine in 98% yield, as a solid. MS (ESI-MS): m/z 333.05 (M+H) +1H NMR (DMSO-d 6): 0.44-0.38 (m, 2H), 0.62-0.53 (m, 2H), 1.34-1.24 (m, 1H), 4.06-4.04 (d, 2H), 4.14-4.13 (d, 2H), 7.43-7.39 (t, 1H), 7.72-7.70 (d, 1H), 7.89-7.85 (m, 1H), 8.11-8.09 (dd, 1H), 10.27-10.24 (t, 1H), 12.97 (bs, 1H), 16.99 (s, 1H). HPLC Purity: 99.85%

Polymorphic Data (XRPD):

References

  1. ^ Kansagra KA, Parmar D, Jani RH, Srinivas NR, Lickliter J, Patel HV, et al. (January 2018). “Phase I Clinical Study of ZYAN1, A Novel Prolyl-Hydroxylase (PHD) Inhibitor to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability, and Pharmacokinetics Following Oral Administration in Healthy Volunteers”Clinical Pharmacokinetics57 (1): 87–102. doi:10.1007/s40262-017-0551-3PMC5766731PMID28508936.
  2. ^ Parmar DV, Kansagra KA, Patel JC, Joshi SN, Sharma NS, Shelat AD, Patel NB, Nakrani VB, Shaikh FA, Patel HV; on behalf of the ZYAN1 Trial Investigators. Outcomes of Desidustat Treatment in People with Anemia and Chronic Kidney Disease: A Phase 2 Study. Am J Nephrol. 2019 May 21;49(6):470-478. doi: 10.1159/000500232.
  3. ^ “Zydus Cadila announces phase III clinical trials of Desidustat”. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 20 April 2019 – via The Hindu BusinessLine.
  4. ^ Jain MR, Joharapurkar AA, Pandya V, Patel V, Joshi J, Kshirsagar S, et al. (February 2016). “Pharmacological Characterization of ZYAN1, a Novel Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibitor for the Treatment of Anemia”. Drug Research66 (2): 107–12. doi:10.1055/s-0035-1554630PMID26367279.
  5. ^ Joharapurkar AA, Pandya VB, Patel VJ, Desai RC, Jain MR (August 2018). “Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibitors: A Breakthrough in the Therapy of Anemia Associated with Chronic Diseases”. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry61 (16): 6964–6982. doi:10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01686PMID29712435.
  6. ^ Jain M, Joharapurkar A, Patel V, Kshirsagar S, Sutariya B, Patel M, et al. (January 2019). “Pharmacological inhibition of prolyl hydroxylase protects against inflammation-induced anemia via efficient erythropoiesis and hepcidin downregulation”. European Journal of Pharmacology843: 113–120. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2018.11.023PMID30458168S2CID53943666.
  7. ^ “Zydus enters into licensing agreement with China Medical System Holdings”. 20 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020 – via Business Standard.

 

 

Publication Dates
20160
20170
20180
1.WO/2020/086736RGMC-SELECTIVE INHIBITORS AND USE THEREOF
WO – 30.04.2020
Int.Class A61P 7/06Appl.No PCT/US2019/057687Applicant SCHOLAR ROCK, INC.Inventor NICHOLLS, Samantha
Selective inhibitors of repulsive guidance molecule C (RGMc), are described. Related methods, including methods for making, as well as therapeutic use of these inhibitors in the treatment of disorders, such as anemia, are also provided.
2.WO/2020/058882METHODS OF PRODUCING VENOUS ANGIOBLASTS AND SINUSOIDAL ENDOTHELIAL CELL-LIKE CELLS AND COMPOSITIONS THEREOF
WO – 26.03.2020
Int.Class C12N 5/071Appl.No PCT/IB2019/057882Applicant UNIVERSITY HEALTH NETWORKInventor KELLER, Gordon
Disclosed herein are methods of producing a population of venous angioblast cells from stem cells using a venous angioblast inducing media and optionally isolating a CD34+ population from the cell population comprising the venous angioblast cells, for example using a CD34 affinity reagent, CD31 affinity reagent and/or CD144 affinity reagent, optionally with or without a CD73 affinity reagent as well as methods of further differentiating the venous angioblasts in vitro to produce SEC-LCs and/or in vivo to produce SECs. Uses of the cells and compositions comprising the cells are also described.
3.110876806APPLICATION OF HIF2ALPHA AGONIST AND ACER2 AGONIST IN PREPARATION OF MEDICINE FOR TREATING ATHEROSCLEROSIS
CN – 13.03.2020
Int.Class A61K 45/00Appl.No 201911014253.3Applicant PEKING UNIVERSITYInventor JIANG CHANGTAO
The invention discloses application of an HIF2alpha agonist and an ACER2 agonist in preparation of a medicine for treating and/or preventing atherosclerosis. Wherein the HIF2alpha agonist can be an adipose cell HIF2alpha agonist, and the ACER2 agonist can be a visceral fat ACER2 enzyme activator. The invention also discloses an application of Roxadustat in preparing a medicine for treating and/orpreventing atherosclerosis. The HIF2alpha agonist, the ACER2 agonist and the Roxadustat can be used for inhibiting or alleviating the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis.
4.20190359574PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF QUINOLONE BASED COMPOUNDS
US – 28.11.2019
Int.Class C07D 215/58Appl.No 16421671Applicant CADILA HEALTHCARE LIMITEDInventor Ranjit C. Desai

The present invention relates to an improved process for the preparation of quinolone based compounds of general formula (I) using intermediate compound of general formula (XII). Invention also provides an improved process for the preparation of compound of formula (I-a) using intermediate compound of formula (XII-a) and some novel impurities generated during process. Compounds prepared using this process can be used to treat anemia.

5.WO/2019/169172SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TREATING MEIBOMIAN GLAND DYSFUNCTION
WO – 06.09.2019
Int.Class A61F 9/00Appl.No PCT/US2019/020113Applicant THE SCHEPENS EYE RESEARCH INSTITUTEInventor SULLIVAN, David, A.
Systems and methods of treating meibomian and sebaceous gland dysfunction. The methods include reducing oxygen concentration in the environment of one or more dysfunctional meibomian and sebaceous glands, thereby restoring a hypoxic status of one or more dysfunctional meibomian and sebaceous glands. The reducing of the oxygen concentration is accomplished by restricting blood flow to the one or more dysfunctional meibomian and sebaceous glands and the environment of one or more dysfunctional meibomian sebaceous glands. The restricting of the blood flow is accomplished by contracting or closing one or more blood vessels around the one or more dysfunctional meibomian or sebaceous glands. The methods also include giving local or systemic drugs that lead to the generation of hypoxia-inducible factors in one or more dysfunctional meibomian and sebaceous glands.
6.201591195ХИНОЛОНОВЫЕ ПРОИЗВОДНЫЕ
EA – 30.10.2015
Int.Class C07D 215/58Appl.No 201591195Applicant КАДИЛА ХЕЛЗКЭР ЛИМИТЕДInventor Десаи Ранджит К.

Настоящее изобретение относится к новым соединениям общей формулы (I), фармацевтическим композициям, содержащим указанные соединения, применению этих соединений для лечения состояний, опосредованных пролилгидроксилазой HIF, и к способу лечения анемии, включающему введение заявленных соединений

7.2935221QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES
EP – 28.10.2015
Int.Class C07D 215/58Appl.No 13828997Applicant CADILA HEALTHCARE LTDInventor DESAI RANJIT C
The present invention relates to novel compounds of the general formula (I), their tautomeric forms, their stereoisomers, their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutical compositions containing them, methods for their preparation, use of these compounds in medicine and the intermediates involved in their preparation. [Formula should be inserted here].
8.20150299193QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES
US – 22.10.2015
Int.Class C07D 215/58Appl.No 14652024Applicant Cadila Healthcare LimitedInventor Ranjit C. Desai

The present invention relates to novel compounds of the general formula (I), their tautomeric forms, their stereoisomers, their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutical compositions containing them, methods for their preparation, use of these compounds in medicine and the intermediates involved in their preparation.

embedded image

9.WO/2014/102818NOVEL QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES
WO – 03.07.2014
Int.Class C07D 215/58Appl.No PCT/IN2013/000796Applicant CADILA HEALTHCARE LIMITEDInventor DESAI, Ranjit, C.
The present invention relates to novel compounds of the general formula (I), their tautomeric forms, their stereoisomers, their pharmaceutically acceptable salts, pharmaceutical compositions containing them, methods for their preparation, use of these compounds in medicine and the intermediates involved in their preparation. [Formula should be inserted here].

 

 

Desidustat
Desidustat.svg
Clinical data
Other names ZYAN1
Identifiers
CAS Number
UNII
Chemical and physical data
Formula C16H16N2O6
Molar mass 332.312 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Date

CTID Title Phase Status Date
NCT04215120 Desidustat in the Treatment of Anemia in CKD on Dialysis Patients Phase 3 Recruiting 2020-01-02
NCT04012957 Desidustat in the Treatment of Anemia in CKD Phase 3 Recruiting 2019-12-24

////////// DESIDUSTAT, ZYDUS CADILA, COVID 19, CORONA VIRUS, PHASE 3, ZYAN 1

GST-HG-121


GST-HG-121

mw 431.4

C23 H29 N07

Fujian Cosunter Pharmaceutical Co Ltd

Preclinical for the treatment of hepatitis B virus infection

This compound was originally claimed in WO2018214875 , and may provide the structure of GST-HG-121 , an HBsAg inhibitor which is being investigated by Fujian Cosunter for the treatment of hepatitis B virus infection; in June 2019, an IND application was planned in the US and clinical trials of the combination therapies were expected in 2020. Fujian Cosunter is also investigating GST-HG-131 , another HBsAg secretion inhibitor, although this appears to be being developed only as a part of drug combination.

WO2017013046A1

PATENT

WO2018214875

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018214875&_cid=P21-KB0QYA-12917-1

Example 6

 

 

 

Step A: Maintaining at 0 degrees Celsius, lithium aluminum hydride (80.00 g, 2.11 mol, 2.77 equiv) was added to a solution of 6-1 (100.00 g, 762.36 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (400.00 mL). The solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 10 hours. Then, 80.00 ml of water was added to the reaction solution with stirring, and 240.00 ml of 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added, and then 80.00 ml of water was added. The resulting suspension was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and filtered to obtain a colorless clear liquid. Concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-2.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ = 3.72 (dd, J = 3.9, 10.2 Hz, 1H), 3.21 (t, J = 10.2 Hz, 1H), 2.51 (dd, J = 3.9, 10.2 Hz, 1H ), 0.91(s, 9H)

 

Step B: Dissolve 6-2 (50.00 g, 426.66 mmol) and triethylamine (59.39 mL, 426.66 mmol) in dichloromethane (500.00 mL), di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (92.19 g, 422.40 mmol) Mol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (100.00 ml) and added dropwise to the previous reaction solution at 0 degrees Celsius. The reaction solution was then stirred at 25 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was washed with saturated brine (600.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, the organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, and then recrystallized with methyl tert-butyl ether/petroleum ether (50.00/100.00) to obtain compound 6-3 .
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 4.64 (br s, 1H), 3.80-3.92 (m, 1H), 3.51 (br d, J = 7.09 Hz, 2H), 2.17 (br s, 1H), 1.48 (s, 9H), 0.96 (s, 9H).

 

Step C: Dissolve thionyl chloride (100.98 ml, 1.39 mmol) in acetonitrile (707.50 ml), 6-3 (121.00 g, 556.82 mmol) in acetonitrile (282.90 ml), and drop at minus 40 degrees Celsius After adding to the last reaction solution, pyridine (224.72 mL, 2.78 mol) was added to the reaction solution in one portion. The ice bath was removed, and the reaction solution was stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 1 hour. After spin-drying the solvent under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate (800.00 ml) was added, and a solid precipitated, which was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Step 2: The obtained oil and water and ruthenium trichloride (12.55 g, 55.68 mmol) were dissolved in acetonitrile (153.80 ml), and sodium periodate (142.92 g, 668.19 mmol) was suspended in water (153.80 ml ), slowly add to the above reaction solution, and the final reaction mixture is stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 0.15 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered to obtain a filtrate, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (800.00 mL×2). The organic phase was washed with saturated brine (800.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. Column purification (silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 20/1) gave compound 6-4.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 4.49-4.55 (m, 1H), 4.40-4.44 (m, 1H), 4.10 (d, J = 6.15 Hz, 1H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 0.94 (s,9H).

[0230]
Step D: Dissolve 6-5 (100.00 g, 657.26 mmol) in acetonitrile (1300.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (227.10 g, 1.64 mol) and 1-bromo-3-methoxypropane (110.63 g, 722.99 Millimoles). The reaction solution was stirred at 85 degrees Celsius for 6 hours. The reaction solution was extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, then filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-6.

[0231]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 9.76-9.94 (m, 1H), 7.42-7.48 (m, 2H), 6.98 (d, J=8.03 Hz, 1H), 4.18 (t, J=6.53 Hz , 2H), 3.95 (s, 3H), 3.57 (t, J = 6.09 Hz, 2H), 3.33-3.39 (m, 3H), 2.13 (quin, J = 6.34 Hz, 2H).

[0232]
Step E: Dissolve 6-6 (70.00 g, 312.15 mmol) in methylene chloride, add m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (94.27 g, 437.01 mmol), and the reaction was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. After cooling the reaction solution, it was filtered, the filtrate was extracted with dichloromethane, the organic phase was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution 2000.00 ml (400.00 ml × 5), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. A brown oil was obtained. After dissolving with as little methanol as possible, a solution of 2 mol per liter of potassium hydroxide (350.00 ml) was slowly added (exothermic). The dark colored reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes, and the reaction solution was adjusted to pH 5 with 37% hydrochloric acid. It was extracted with ethyl acetate 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 200.00 ml (100.00 ml×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-7.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 6.75 (d, J = 8.53 Hz, 1H), 6.49 (d, J = 2.89 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (dd, J = 2.82, 8.60 Hz, 1H), 4.07 (t, J = 6.40 Hz, 2H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.60 (t, J = 6.15 Hz, 2H), 3.38 (s, 3H), 2.06-2.14 (m, 2H).

 

Step F: Dissolve 6-7 (33.00 g, 155.48 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (330.00 mL), add paraformaldehyde (42.02 g, 466.45 mmol), magnesium chloride (29.61 g, 310.97 mmol), triethylamine (47.20 g, 466.45 mmol, 64.92 mL). The reaction solution was stirred at 80 degrees Celsius for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was quenched with 2 molar hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 ml) at 25°C, then extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2). Dry over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain a residue. The residue was washed with ethanol (30.00 ml) and filtered to obtain a filter cake. Thus, compound 6-8 is obtained.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 11.29 (s, 1H), 9.55-9.67 (m, 1H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 6.42 (s, 1H), 4.10 (t, J=6.48 Hz , 2H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.49 (t, J = 6.05 Hz, 2H), 3.28 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.27 Hz, 2H)

 

Step G: Dissolve 6-8 (8.70 g, 36.21 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (80.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (10.01 g, 72.42 mmol) and 6-4 (11.13 g) , 39.83 mmol), the reaction solution was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. The reaction solution was quenched with 1.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (150.00 mL×2). The combined organic phase was washed with water (150.00 mL×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-9.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 10.31 (s, 1H), 7.34 (s, 1H), 6.57 (s, 1H), 4.18-4.26 (m, 3H), 4.07 (dd, J=5.33, 9.60Hz, 1H), 3.88(s, 4H), 3.60(t, J=5.96Hz, 2H), 3.39(s, 3H), 2.17(quin, J=6.21Hz, 2H), 1.47(s, 9H) , 1.06 (s, 9H).

 

Step H: Dissolve 6-9 (15.80 g, 35.95 mmol) in dichloromethane (150.00 mL) and add trifluoroacetic acid (43.91 mL, 593.12 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (100.00 mL) was added, and dichloromethane (100.00 mL) was extracted. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-10.
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 8.40 (s, 1H), 6.80 (s, 1H), 6.51 (s, 1H), 4.30 (br d, J = 12.35 Hz, 1H), 4.04-4.11 ( m, 3H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 3.49 (t, J = 5.99 Hz, 2H), 3.36 (br d, J = 2.93 Hz, 1H), 3.28 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.24Hz, 2H), 1.02(s, 9H).

 

Step I: Dissolve 6-10 (5.00 g, 15.56 mmol) in toluene (20.00 mL) and add 6-11 (8.04 g, 31.11 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours under nitrogen protection. The reaction solution was quenched with water (100.00 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (100.00 mL×2), the combined organic phases were washed with water (80.00 mL×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse phase column. Then purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex luna C18 250*50 mm*10 microns; mobile phase: [water (0.225% formic acid)-acetonitrile]; elution gradient: 35%-70%, 25 minutes) Compound 6-12 is obtained.

 

1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 7.95 (s, 1H), 6.59 (s, 1H), 6.40 (s, 1H), 5.15-5.23 (m, 1H), 4.35-4.41 (m, 2H) , 4.08-4.19 (m, 2H), 3.94-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.61-3.67 (m, 1H), 3.46 (dt, J=1.96, 5.99Hz, 2H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.85-2.94 (m, 1H), 1.97-2.01 (m, 2H), 1.18-1.22 (m, 3H), 1.04 (s, 9H).

 

Step J: Dissolve 6-12 (875.00 mg, 1.90 mmol) in toluene (20.00 mL) and ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (20.00 mL), and add tetrachlorobenzoquinone (1.40 g, 5.69 mmol). The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and a saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution (50.00 ml) and ethyl acetate (60.00 ml) were added. The mixed solution was stirred at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and the liquid was separated to obtain an organic phase. Add 2.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL) to the organic phase, stir at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and separate the liquid. Wash the organic phase with 2 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL×2), separate the liquid, and separate the water phase A 2 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (200.00 ml) and dichloromethane (200.00 ml) were added. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6-13.

[0243]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 7.98-8.78 (m, 1H), 6.86 (s, 1H), 6.43-6.73 (m, 2H), 4.41-4.48 (m, 1H), 4.28-4.38 ( m, 2H), 4.03-4.11 (m, 2H), 3.93 (br s, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.47-3.52 (m, 3H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 2.06 (quin, J = 6.24 Hz, 2H), 1.33 (t, J = 7.15 Hz, 2H), 0.70-1.25 (m, 10H).

[0244]
Step K: Dissolve 6-13 (600.00 mg, 1.31 mmol) in methanol (6.00 mL), and add 4.00 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (2.00 mL, 6.39 equiv). The reaction solution was stirred at 15 degrees Celsius for 0.25 hours. The reaction solution was adjusted to pH=3-4 with a 1.00 mol/L hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, and then extracted with dichloromethane (50.00 mL×3). The organic phases were combined, washed with saturated brine (50.00 mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. , Filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain Example 6.

[0245]
ee value (enantiomeric excess): 100%.

[0246]
SFC (Supercritical Fluid Chromatography) method: Column: Chiralcel OD-3 100 mm x 4.6 mm ID, 3 μm mobile phase: methanol (0.05% diethylamine) in carbon dioxide from 5% to 40% Flow rate: 3 ml per minute Wavelength: 220 nm.

[0247]
1 H NMR (400 MHz, deuterated chloroform) δ 15.72 (br s, 1H), 8.32-8.93 (m, 1H), 6.60-6.93 (m, 2H), 6.51 (br s, 1H), 4.38-4.63 ( m, 2H), 4.11 (br dd, J = 4.52, 12.23 Hz, 3H), 3.79-3.87 (m, 3H), 3.46-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 2.07 (quin, J = 6.24 Hz, 2H), 0.77-1.21 (m, 9H).

PATENT

WO-2020103924

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020103924&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P21-KB0QP8-09832-1

Novel crystalline forms of 11-oxo-7,11-dihydro-6H-benzo[f]pyrido[1,2-d][1,4]azepine, a hepatitis B surface antigen and HBV replication inhibitor, useful for treating HBV infection.

Hepatitis B virus, or hepatitis B for short, is a disease caused by Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) infection of the body. Hepatitis B virus is a hepatotropic virus, which mainly exists in liver cells and damages liver cells, causing inflammation, necrosis, and fibrosis of liver cells. There are two types of viral hepatitis, acute and chronic. Acute hepatitis B in most adults can heal itself through its own immune mechanism. But chronic hepatitis B (CHB) has become a great challenge for global health care, and it is also the main cause of chronic liver disease, cirrhosis and liver cancer (HCC). It is estimated that 2 billion people worldwide are infected with chronic hepatitis B virus, and more than 350 million people have developed into hepatitis B. Nearly 600,000 people die each year from complications of chronic hepatitis B. my country is a high incidence area of ​​hepatitis B. There are many patients with accumulated hepatitis B, and the harm is serious. According to data, there are about 93 million people with hepatitis B virus infection in China, and about 20 million of them are diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B, of which 10%-20% can evolve into cirrhosis and 1%-5% can develop into Liver cancer.

 

The key to the functional cure of hepatitis B is to remove HBsAg (hepatitis B virus surface antigen) and produce surface antibodies. HBsAg quantification is a very important biological indicator. In patients with chronic infection, few HBsAg reductions and seroconversion can be observed, which is the end point of current treatment.

 

The surface antigen protein of hepatitis B virus (HBV) plays a very important role in the process of HBV invading liver cells, and is of great significance for the prevention and treatment of HBV infection. Surface antigen proteins include large (L), medium (M) and small (S) surface antigen proteins, sharing a common C-terminal S region. They are expressed from an open reading frame, and their different lengths are determined by the three AUG start codons in the reading frame. These three surface antigen proteins include pre-S1/pre-S2/S, pre-S2/S and S domains. The HBV surface antigen protein is integrated into the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane and is initiated by the N-terminal signal sequence. They not only constitute the basic structure of the virion, but also form spherical and filamentous subviral particles (SVPs, HBsAg), aggregated in the ER, host ER and pre-Golgi apparatus, SVP contains most S surface antigen proteins. The L protein is crucial in the interaction between viral morphogenesis and nucleocapsid, but it is not necessary for the formation of SVP. Due to their lack of nucleocapsid, the SVPs are non-infectious. SVPs are greatly involved in disease progression, especially the immune response to hepatitis B virus. In the blood of infected persons, the amount of SVPs is at least 10,000 times the number of viruses, trapping the immune system and weakening the body’s immune response to hepatitis B virus. HBsAg can also inhibit human innate immunity, can inhibit the production of cytokines induced by polysaccharide (LPS) and IL-2, inhibit the DC function of dendritic cells, and LPS interfere with ERK-1/2 and c-Jun N-terminal interfering kinase-1 2 Inducing activity in monocytes. It is worth noting that the disease progression of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma is also largely related to the persistent secretion of HBsAg. These findings indicate that HBsAg plays an important role in the development of chronic hepatitis.

 

The currently approved anti-HBV drugs are mainly immunomodulators (interferon-α and pegylated interferon-α-2α) and antiviral drugs (lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil, entecavir, and Bifudine, Tenofovir, Kravudine, etc.). Among them, antiviral drugs belong to the class of nucleotide drugs, and their mechanism of action is to inhibit the synthesis of HBV DNA, and cannot directly reduce the level of HBsAg. As with prolonged treatment, nucleotide drugs show HBsAg clearance rate similar to natural observations.

 

Existing therapies in the clinic are not effective in reducing HBsAg. Therefore, the development of small molecule oral inhibitors that can effectively reduce HBsAg is urgently needed in clinical medicine.

 

Roche has developed a surface antigen inhibitor called RG7834 for the treatment of hepatitis B, and reported the drug efficacy of the compound in the model of woodchuck anti-hepatitis B: when using RG7834 as a single drug, it can reduce the surface of 2.57 Logs Antigen, reduced HBV-DNA by 1.7 Logs. The compound has good activity, but in the process of molecular synthesis, the isomers need to be resolved, which reduces the yield and increases the cost.

 

WO2017013046A1 discloses a series of 2-oxo-7,8-dihydro-6H-pyrido[2,1,a][2]benzodiazepine-3-for the treatment or prevention of hepatitis B virus infection Carboxylic acid derivatives. The IC 50 of Example 3, the highest activity of this series of fused ring compounds , is 419 nM, and there is much room for improvement in activity. The chiral centers contained in this series of compounds are difficult to synthesize asymmetrically. Generally, the 7-membered carbocyclic ring has poor water solubility and is prone to oxidative metabolism.
Example 1 Preparation of compound of formula (I)

 

[0060]

 

Step A: Maintaining at 0 degrees Celsius, to a solution of compound 1 (100.00 g, 762.36 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tetrahydrofuran (400.00 mL) was added lithium aluminum hydride (80.00 g, 2.11 mol, 2.77 equiv). The solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 10 hours. Then, 80.00 ml of water was added to the reaction solution with stirring, and 240.00 ml of 15% aqueous sodium hydroxide solution was added, and then 80.00 ml of water was added. The resulting suspension was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and filtered to obtain a colorless clear liquid. Concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain compound 2.
Step B: Dissolve compound 2 (50.00 g, 426.66 mmol) and triethylamine (59.39 mL, 426.66 mmol) in dichloromethane (500.00 mL), di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (92.19 g, 422.40 mmol) ) Was dissolved in dichloromethane (100.00 ml) and added dropwise to the previous reaction solution at 0 degrees Celsius. The reaction solution was then stirred at 25 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was washed with saturated brine (600.00 ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, the organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, and then recrystallized from methyl tert-butyl ether/petroleum ether (50.00/100.00) to obtain compound 3.
Step C: Dissolve thionyl chloride (100.98 ml, 1.39 mmol) in acetonitrile (707.50 ml), compound 3 (121.00 g, 556.82 mmol) in acetonitrile (282.90 ml), and add dropwise at minus 40 degrees Celsius To the last reaction solution, after the dropwise addition, pyridine (224.72 mL, 2.78 mol) was added to the reaction solution in one portion. The ice bath was removed, and the reaction solution was stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 1 hour. After spin-drying the solvent under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate (800.00 ml) was added, and a solid precipitated, which was filtered, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Step 2: The obtained oil and water and ruthenium trichloride (12.55 g, 55.68 mmol) were dissolved in acetonitrile (153.80 ml), and sodium periodate (142.92 g, 668.19 mmol) was suspended in water (153.80 ml ), slowly add to the above reaction solution, and the final reaction mixture is stirred at 5-10 degrees Celsius for 0.15 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered to obtain a filtrate, which was extracted with ethyl acetate (800.00 mL×2). The organic phase was washed with saturated brine (800.00 mL), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. Column purification (silica, petroleum ether/ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 20/1) gave compound 4.
Step D: Dissolve compound 5 (100.00 g, 657.26 mmol) in acetonitrile (1300.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (227.10 g, 1.64 mol) and 1-bromo-3-methoxypropane (110.63 g, 722.99 mmol) Mole). The reaction solution was stirred at 85 degrees Celsius for 6 hours. The reaction solution was extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, then filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 6.

 

Step E: Compound 6 (70.00 g, 312.15 mmol) was dissolved in methylene chloride, m-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (94.27 g, 437.01 mmol) was added, and the reaction was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. After cooling the reaction solution, it was filtered, the filtrate was extracted with dichloromethane, the organic phase was washed with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution 2000.00 ml (400.00 ml × 5), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. A brown oil was obtained. After dissolving with as little methanol as possible, a solution of 2 mol per liter of potassium hydroxide (350.00 ml) was slowly added (exothermic). The dark colored reaction solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes, and the reaction solution was adjusted to pH 5 with 37% hydrochloric acid. It was extracted with ethyl acetate 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2), the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 200.00 ml (100.00 ml×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 7.

[0066]
Step F: Compound 7 (33.00 g, 155.48 mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (330.00 mL), paraformaldehyde (42.02 g, 466.45 mmol), magnesium chloride (29.61 g, 310.97 mmol), triethylamine ( 47.20 g, 466.45 mmol, 64.92 mL). The reaction solution was stirred at 80 degrees Celsius for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was quenched with 2 molar hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 ml) at 25°C, then extracted with ethyl acetate 600.00 ml (200.00 ml×3), and the organic phase was washed with saturated brine 400.00 ml (200.00 ml×2). Dry over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure to obtain a residue. The residue was washed with ethanol (30.00 ml) and filtered to obtain a filter cake. Thus, compound 8 is obtained.

 

Step G: Dissolve compound 8 (8.70 g, 36.21 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (80.00 mL), add potassium carbonate (10.01 g, 72.42 mmol) and compound 4 (11.13 g, 39.83 Mmol), the reaction solution was stirred at 50 degrees Celsius for 2 hours. The reaction solution was quenched with 1.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (200.00 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (150.00 mL×2). The combined organic phase was washed with water (150.00 mL×3), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 9.

Step H: Compound 9 (15.80 g, 35.95 mmol) was dissolved in dichloromethane (150.00 mL), and trifluoroacetic acid (43.91 mL, 593.12 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 10 degrees Celsius for 3 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure and spin-dried, sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution (100.00 mL) was added, and dichloromethane (100.00 mL) was extracted. The organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 10.

Step I: Compound 10 (5.00 g, 15.56 mmol) was dissolved in toluene (20.00 mL), and compound 11 (8.04 g, 31.11 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 120°C for 12 hours under nitrogen protection. The reaction solution was quenched with water (100.00 mL), extracted with ethyl acetate (100.00 mL×2), the combined organic phases were washed with water (80.00 mL×2), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by reverse phase column. Purified by high-performance liquid chromatography (column: Phenomenex luna C18 250×50 mm×10 μm; mobile phase: [water (0.225% formic acid)-acetonitrile]; elution gradient: 35%-70%, 25 minutes) Compound 12 is obtained.

Step J: Compound 12 (875.00 mg, 1.90 mmol) was dissolved in toluene (20.00 mL) and ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (20.00 mL), and tetrachlorobenzoquinone (1.40 g, 5.69 mmol) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 120 degrees Celsius for 12 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and a saturated aqueous sodium carbonate solution (50.00 ml) and ethyl acetate (60.00 ml) were added. The mixed solution was stirred at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and the liquid was separated to obtain an organic phase. Add 2.00 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL) to the organic phase, stir at 10-15 degrees Celsius for 20 minutes, and separate the liquid. Wash the organic phase with 2 mol/L aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (60.00 mL×2), separate the liquid, and separate the water phase A 2 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (200.00 ml) and dichloromethane (200.00 ml) were added. The layers were separated, and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain compound 13.

Step K: Compound 13 (600.00 mg, 1.31 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (6.00 mL), and 4.00 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (2.00 mL, 6.39 equiv) was added. The reaction solution was stirred at 15 degrees Celsius for 0.25 hours. The reaction solution was adjusted to pH=3-4 with a 1.00 mol/L hydrochloric acid aqueous solution, and then extracted with dichloromethane (50.00 mL×3). The organic phases were combined, washed with saturated brine (50.00 mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate , Filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the compound of formula (I). ee value (enantiomeric excess): 100%.

SFC (supercritical fluid chromatography) method:
Column: Chiralcel OD-3 100 mm x 4.6 mm size, 3 microns.
Mobile phase: methanol (0.05% diethylamine) in carbon dioxide, from 5% to 40%.
Flow rate: 3 ml per minute.
Wavelength: 220 nm.

////////////GST-HG-121, Fujian Cosunter,  Preclinical ,  hepatitis B,  virus infection

O=C(O)C1=CN2C(=CC1=O)c3cc(OC)c(OCCCOC)cc3OC[C@H]2C(C)(C)C

O=C(O)C1=CN2C(=CC1=O)c3cc(OC)c(OCCCOC)cc3OC[C@H]2C(C)(C)C

NARONAPRIDE


 

Thumb

Naronapride | C27H41ClN4O5 - PubChem

Naronapride | ATI-7505 | CAS#860174-12-5 | 860169-57-9 | 5-HT(4 ...

NARONAPRIDE

860174-12-5

Average: 537.1

C27H41ClN4O5

ATI 7505 / ATI-7505

(3R)-1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octan-3-yl 6-[(3S,4R)-4-(4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxybenzamido)-3-methoxypiperidin-1-yl]hexanoate

INGREDIENT UNII CAS
Naronapride dihydrochloride 898PE2W8US 860169-57-9

 860174-12-5 (free base)   860169-57-9 (HCl)

Naronapride (free base), also known as ATI-7505, is a highly selective, high-affinity 5-HT(4) receptor agonist for gastrointestinal motility disorders. ATI-7505 accelerates overall colonic transit and tends to accelerate GE and AC emptying and loosen stool consistency.

 

Investigated for use/treatment in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and gastroparesis.

Renexxion , presumed to have been spun-out from Armetheon , under license from ARYx Therapeutics is developing naronapride (ATI-7505; phase 2 clinical in February 2020), an analog of the gastroprokinetic 5-HT 4 agonist cisapride identified using ARYx’s RetroMetabolic platform technology (ARM), for the oral treatment of upper GI disorders. In September 2018, this was still the case . PATENT

WO2005068461

NEW PATENT

WO-2020096911

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020096911&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P21-KANOVN-53661-1

Process for preparing trihydrate salt of naronapride  hydrochloride as 5-HT 4 receptor agonist useful for treating gastrointestinal disorders such as dyspepsia, gastroparesis, constipation, post-operative ileus. Appears to be the first filing from the assignee and the inventors on this compound,

In some aspects, provided herein is a method of making a trihydrate form of (3S, 4R, 3’R)-6-[4-(4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxy-benzoylamino)-3-methoxy-piperidin-l-yl]-hexanoic acid l-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3’-yl ester di-hydrochloride salt, which has the following formula:

Example 5: NMR Characterization of the Trihydrate

[0282] ^-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (‘H-NMR) : Approximately 6 mg of the trihydrate was dissolved in in 1 g of deuterated solvent (dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)-C45 99.9% d, with 0.05% v/v tetramethyl silane (TMS)). A Varian Gemini 300 MHz FT-NMR spectrometer was used to obtain the ¾-NMK spectrum. A list of the peaks is provided in Table 1 below. A representative ‘H-NMR spectrum is provided in FIG. 6.

Table 1. ‘H-NMR peak list for trihydrate

[0283] 13 C-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy ( 13C-NMR ): Approximately 46 mg of the trihydrate was dissolved in 1 mL of deuterated solvent (deuterium oxide, Aldrich, 99.9% D, TPAS 0.75%). The 13C-NMR spectrum was obtained using a Varian Gemini 300 MHz FT-NMR spectrometer. A list of the peaks is provided in Table 2 below. A representative 13C-NMR spectrum is provided in FIG. 7.

Table 2. 13C-NMR peak list for trihydrate

 

 

PATENT

US10570127 claiming composition (eg tablet) comprising a trihydrate form of naronapride.

patent

ARYX THERAPEUTICS, WO2005/68461, A1, (2005)

Methods

titanium tetraethoxide; toluene;

Reactants can be synthesized in 1 step.
ARYX THERAPEUTICS, WO2005/68461, A1, (2005) The ester (1 part by weight) and (R)-3-Quinuclidinol (about 1.12 part by weight) were suspended in toluene before slowly adding titanium (IV) ethoxide (about 0.5 part by weight) to the stirred suspens ion. The mixture was heated to about 91 °C under a stream of nitrogen, and partial vacuum was applie d to the flask through a distillation apparatus in order to azeotropically remove the ethanol. Addit ional toluene was added as needed to maintain a minimum solvent volume in the flask. The reaction was considered complete after about 33 hours. The mixture was cooled to about room temperature and ext racted five times with water. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure and the resulting residue was redissolved in EtOH/iPrOH (about 1: 1 v/v) and then filtered through a 0.45 micron membrane filter to remove any particulates. Concentrated hydrochloric acid was added slowly to the stirred filtrate to precipitate out the desired product as the dihydrochloride salt. The resulting s uspension was stirred for several hours at room temperature and collected under vacuum filtration and rinsed with EtOH/tPrOH (1: 1; v/v) to provide 0.53 part by weight of the crude product salt. Crude dihydrochloride salt was resuspended in ethanol and heated to reflux before cooling to room temperature over about 1 hour. The product was collected under vacuum filtration and rinsed with ethanol an d then air-dried. The solids were resuspended in ethanol and warmed to about 55 °C to give a clear s olution before adding warm isopropanol and the product was allowed to precipitate by slow cooling to room temperature. The resulting suspension was stirred for several hours before vacuum filtering and rinsing with, e. g., isopropanol. The product was vacuum dried, initially at room temperature for several hours and then at about 55 °C until a constant weight was achieved.

Patent

Methods

dmap; 1-ethyl-(3-(3-dimethylamino)propyl)-carbodiimide hydrochloride; DMFA;

Reactants can be synthesized in 2 steps.
ARYX THERAPEUTICS, WO2007/28073, A2, (2007) Production of Compound IV and Compound VI[0394] A mixture of (+)-Comrhoound II (1 eq.), (R)-(-)-3-quinuclidinol HCl salt (1 eq.), EDAC (1 eq.) and DMAP (1 eq.) in DMF is heated at around 5OC overnight . After cooling and diluting with water, the mixture is purified by chromatography or by crystallization to provide Compound IV. Similarly, using (S)-(+)-quinuclidinol, Compound VI is obtained

REFERENCES

1: Jiang C, Xu Q, Wen X, Sun H. Current developments in pharmacological therapeutics for chronic constipation. Acta Pharm Sin B. 2015 Jul;5(4):300-9. doi: 10.1016/j.apsb.2015.05.006. Epub 2015 Jun 6. Review. PubMed PMID: 26579459; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4629408.

2: Buchwald P, Bodor N. Recent advances in the design and development of soft drugs. Pharmazie. 2014 Jun;69(6):403-13. Review. PubMed PMID: 24974571.

3: Mozaffari S, Didari T, Nikfar S, Abdollahi M. Phase II drugs under clinical investigation for the treatment of chronic constipation. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2014 Nov;23(11):1485-97. doi: 10.1517/13543784.2014.932770. Epub 2014 Jun 24. Review. PubMed PMID: 24960333.

4: Shin A, Camilleri M, Kolar G, Erwin P, West CP, Murad MH. Systematic review with meta-analysis: highly selective 5-HT4 agonists (prucalopride, velusetrag or naronapride) in chronic constipation. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2014 Feb;39(3):239-53. doi: 10.1111/apt.12571. Epub 2013 Dec 5. Review. PubMed PMID: 24308797.

5: Stevens JE, Jones KL, Rayner CK, Horowitz M. Pathophysiology and pharmacotherapy of gastroparesis: current and future perspectives. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2013 Jun;14(9):1171-86. doi: 10.1517/14656566.2013.795948. Epub 2013 May 11. Review. PubMed PMID: 23663133.

6: Tack J, Camilleri M, Chang L, Chey WD, Galligan JJ, Lacy BE, Müller-Lissner S, Quigley EM, Schuurkes J, De Maeyer JH, Stanghellini V. Systematic review: cardiovascular safety profile of 5-HT(4) agonists developed for gastrointestinal disorders. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Apr;35(7):745-67. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2012.05011.x. Epub 2012 Feb 22. Review. PubMed PMID: 22356640; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3491670.

7: Hoffman JM, Tyler K, MacEachern SJ, Balemba OB, Johnson AC, Brooks EM, Zhao H, Swain GM, Moses PL, Galligan JJ, Sharkey KA, Greenwood-Van Meerveld B, Mawe GM. Activation of colonic mucosal 5-HT(4) receptors accelerates propulsive motility and inhibits visceral hypersensitivity. Gastroenterology. 2012 Apr;142(4):844-854.e4. doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2011.12.041. Epub 2012 Jan 4. PubMed PMID: 22226658; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3477545.

8: Bowersox SS, Lightning LK, Rao S, Palme M, Ellis D, Coleman R, Davies AM, Kumaraswamy P, Druzgala P. Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of naronapride (ATI-7505), a serotonin 5-HT(4) receptor agonist for gastrointestinal motility disorders. Drug Metab Dispos. 2011 Jul;39(7):1170-80. doi: 10.1124/dmd.110.037564. Epub 2011 Mar 29. PubMed PMID: 21447732.

9: Tack J. Current and future therapies for chronic constipation. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol. 2011 Feb;25(1):151-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bpg.2011.01.005. Review. PubMed PMID: 21382586.

10: Manabe N, Wong BS, Camilleri M. New-generation 5-HT4 receptor agonists: potential for treatment of gastrointestinal motility disorders. Expert Opin Investig Drugs. 2010 Jun;19(6):765-75. doi: 10.1517/13543784.2010.482927. Review. PubMed PMID: 20408739.

11: Sanger GJ. Translating 5-HT receptor pharmacology. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2009 Dec;21(12):1235-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2009.01425.x. Review. PubMed PMID: 19906028.

12: Vakil N. New pharmacological agents for the treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Rev Gastroenterol Disord. 2008 Spring;8(2):117-22. Review. PubMed PMID: 18641594.

13: Bayés M, Rabasseda X, Prous JR. Gateways to clinical trials. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Jun;29(5):359-73. PubMed PMID: 17805439.

14: Camilleri M, Vazquez-Roque MI, Burton D, Ford T, McKinzie S, Zinsmeister AR, Druzgala P. Pharmacodynamic effects of a novel prokinetic 5-HT receptor agonist, ATI-7505, in humans. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2007 Jan;19(1):30-8. PubMed PMID: 17187586.

////////////NARONAPRIDE, ATI 7505, ATI 7505,PHASE 2

CO[C@H]1CN(CCCCCC(=O)O[C@H]2CN3CCC2CC3)CC[C@H]1NC(=O)C1=C(OC)C=C(N)C(Cl)=C1

VOCLOSPORIN


Voclosporin.svg

ChemSpider 2D Image | Voclosporin | C63H111N11O12

Voclosporin | C63H111N11O12 - PubChem

Structure of VOCLOSPORIN

Voclosporin

  • Molecular FormulaC63H111N11O12
  • Average mass1214.622 Da

VOCLOSPORIN

(3S,6S,9S,12R,15S,18S,21S,24S,30S,33S)-30-Ethyl-33-[(1R,2R,4E)-1-hydroxy-2-methyl-4,6-heptadien-1-yl]-6,9,18,24-tetraisobutyl-3,21-diisopropyl-1,4,7,10,12,15,19,25,28-nonamethyl-1,4,7,10,13,16,19,22,2 5,28,31-undecaazacyclotritriacontane-2,5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32-undecone
1,4,7,10,13,16,19,22,25,28,31-Undecaazacyclotritriacontane-2,5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32-undecone, 30-ethyl-33-[(1R,2R,4E)-1-hydroxy-2-methyl-4,6-heptadien-1-yl]-1,4,7,10,12,15,19,25,28-nonamethyl-3,2 1-bis(1-methylethyl)-6,9,18,24-tetrakis(2-methylpropyl)-, (3S,6S,9S,12R,15S,18S,21S,24S,30S,33S)-
2PN063X6B1
515814-01-4 [RN]
8889
SA247, ISAtx 247, ISAtx-247, ISAtx247, Luveniq, LX211,
The Greedy Vulture Accumulate under $3.50

Aurinia Pharmaceuticals  (following its merger with  Isotechnika ), in collaboration with licensee  Paladin Labs  (a subsidiary of Endo International plc ),  3SBio ,and  ILJIN , is developing a capsule formulation of the immunosuppressant calcineurin inhibitor peptide voclosporin for the treatment of psoriasis, the prevention of organ rejection after transplantation, autoimmune disease including systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis, and nephrotic syndrome including focal segmental glomerulosclerosis;

Voclosporin is an experimental immunosuppressant drug being developed by Aurinia Pharmaceuticals. It is being studied as a potential treatment for lupus nephritis (LN) and uveitis.[1] It is an analog of ciclosporin that has enhanced action against calcineurin and greater metabolic stability.[2] Voclosporin was discovered by Robert T. Foster and his team at Isotechnika in the mid 1990s.[3] Isotechnika was founded in 1993 and merged with Aurinia Pharmaceuticals in 2013.

Initially, voclosporin was a mixture of equal proporations of cis and trans geometric isomers of amino acid-1 modified cyclosporin. Later, in collaboration with Roche in Basel, Switzerland, voclosporin’s manufacturing was changed to yield the predominantly trans isomer which possesses most of the beneficial effect of the drug (immunosuppression) in the treatment of organ transplantation and autoimmune diseases.

Patent

WO-2020082061

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2020082061&_cid=P12-K9MDK8-59382-1

Novel crystalline forms of voclosporin  which is a structural analog of cyclosporine A as calcineurin signal-transduction pathway inhibitor useful for treating lupus nephritis.

Voclosporin is a structural analog of cyclosporine A, with an additional single carbon extension that has a double-bond on one side chain. Voclosporin has the chemical name (3S,6S,9S,l2R,l5S,l8S,2lS,24S,30S,33S)-30-Ethyl-33-[(lR,2R,4E)-l-hydroxy-2-methyl-4,6-heptadien-l-yl]-6,9,l8,24-tetraisobutyl-3,2l-diisopropyl-l,4,7,l0,l2,l5,l9,25,28-nonamethyl-l,4,7,l0,l3,l6,l9,22,25,28,3 l-undecaazacyclotritriacontane-2,5,8,l l,l4,l7,20,23,26,29,32-undecone and the following chemical structure:

Voclosporin is reported to be a semisynthetic structural analogue of cyclosporine that exerts its immunosuppressant effects by inhibition of the calcineurin signal-transduction pathway and is in Phase 3 Clinical Development for Lupus Nephritis.

[0003] Voclosporin and process for preparation thereof are known from International Patent Application No. WO 1999/18120.

[0004] Certain mixtures of cis and trans-isomers of cyclosporin A analogs referred to as

ISATX247 in different ratios are known from U.S. Patent No. 6,998,385, U.S. Patent No. 7,332,472 and U.S. Patent No. 9,765,119.

[0005] Polymorphism, the occurrence of different crystal forms, is a property of some molecules and molecular complexes. A single compound, like Voclosporin, may give rise to a variety of polymorphs having distinct crystal structures and physical properties like melting point, thermal behaviors (e.g. measured by thermogravimetric analysis – “TGA”, or differential scanning calorimetry – “DSC”), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) pattern, infrared absorption fingerprint, Raman absorption fingerprint, and solid state (13C-) NMR spectrum. One or more of these techniques may be used to distinguish different polymorphic forms of a compound.

[0006] Different salts and solid state forms (including solvated forms) of an active

pharmaceutical ingredient may possess different properties. Such variations in the properties of different salts and solid state forms and solvates may provide a basis for improving formulation, for example, by facilitating better processing or handling characteristics, improving the dissolution profile, or improving stability (polymorph as well as chemical stability) and shelf-life. These variations in the properties of different salts and solid state forms may also provide improvements to the final dosage form, for instance, if they serve to improve bioavailability. Different salts and solid state forms and solvates of an active pharmaceutical ingredient may also give rise to a variety of polymorphs or crystalline forms, which may in turn provide additional opportunities to use variations in the properties and characteristics of a solid active pharmaceutical ingredient for providing an improved product.

[0007] Discovering new salts, solid state forms and solvates of a pharmaceutical product can provide materials having desirable processing properties, such as ease of handling, ease of processing, storage stability, and ease of purification or as desirable intermediate crystal forms that facilitate conversion to other salts or polymorphic forms. New salts, polymorphic forms and solvates of a pharmaceutically useful compound can also provide an opportunity to improve the performance characteristics of a pharmaceutical product (dissolution profile, bioavailability, etc.). It enlarges the repertoire of materials that a formulation scientist has available for formulation optimization, for example by providing a product with different properties, e.g., a different crystal habit, higher crystallinity or polymorphic stability which may offer better processing or handling characteristics, improved dissolution profile, or improved shelf-life.

[0008] For at least these reasons, there is a need for solid state forms (including solvated forms) of Voclosporin and salts thereof.

HPLC method:

Method description

Column: Zorbax SB C18, 1.8 pm, 100×2.1 mm

Mobile phase: A: 38 ACN : 7 TBME : 55 voda : 0.02 H3P04 (V/V/V/V)

B: 70 ACN : 7 TBME : 23 voda : 0.02 H P04 (V/V/V/V)

Flow rate: 0.5 mL/min

Gradient

Analysis time: 26 minutes + 3 minutes equilibration

Injection volume: 3.0 pL

Column temperature: 90 °C

Diluent: Ethanol

Detection: UV, 210 nm

EXAMPLES

[0095] The starting material Voclosporin crude may be obtained according to ET.S. Patent No. 6,998,385 ETnless otherwise indicated, the purity is determined by HPLC (area percent). The crude product contained according to HPLC analysis 42.6 % trans-Voclosporin (further only Voclosporin), 40.2 % cis-Voclosporin and 2.9 % Cyclosporin A. The crude Voclosporin was purified by column chromatography on silica gel using a mixture of toluene and acetone 82 : 18 (v/v) as mobile phase. The fractions were monitored by HPLC. The appropriate fractions were joined and evaporated, obtaining purified Voclosporin as a white foam. According to HPLC analysis it contained 85.7 % Voclosporin, 3.6 % cis-Voclosporin and 2.6 % Cyclosporin A (further only purified Voclosporin).

[0096] The Voclosporin crude (containing about 42.6 % of Voclosporin) was used for further optimization of the chromatographic separation of cis-Voclosporin and Voclosporin and the effort resulted in improved process for chromatographic separation which includes purification by column chromatography on silica gel using a mixture of toluene and methylisobutylketone 38 : 62 as mobile phase. The fractions were monitored by HPLC. The appropriate fractions were joined and evaporated to a dry residue, weighing 31.0 grams. This residue was not analyzed. The material was dissolved in 25 ml of acetone and then 50 ml of water was added and the solution was let to crystallize for 2 hours in the refrigerator. Then the crystalline product was separated by filtration and dried in vacuum dryer (40 °C, 50 mbar, 12 hours), obtaining 29.6 g of dry product containing 90.6 % of Voclosporin, 0.4 % cis-Voclosporin and 3.7 % Cyclosporin A (further mentioned as final Voclosporin).

Example 1: Preparation of Voclosporin Form A

4.1 grams of Purified Voclosporin was dissolved in acetone and the solution was evaporated to 8.0 grams and the concentrate was diluted by 6 ml of water. The solution was let to crystallize in refrigerator at about 2 °C for 12 hours. The crystalline product was filtered off, washed by a mixture of acetone and water 1 : 1 (v/v) and dried on open air obtaining 2.6 grams of crystalline product Form A. Voclosporin form A was confirmed by PXRD as presented in Figure 1.

Example 2: Preparation of Voclosporin Form B

[0097] 1.0 gram of Purified Voclosporin was dissolved in a mixture of 1.5 ml acetone and 3.0 ml n-hexane. The solution was let to crystallize in refrigerator at about 2 °C for 12 hours. The crystalline product was filtered off, washed by a mixture of acetone and hexane 1 : 2 (v/v) and dried on open air obtaining 0.5 grams of crystalline product Form B. Voclosporin form B was confirmed by PXRD as presented in Figure 2.

Example 3: Preparation of Amorphous Voclosporin

[0098] 2.0 grams of Purified Voclosporin was dissolved in 40 ml of hot cyclohexane and the solution was stirred for 12 hours at room temperature. Then the crystalline product was filtered off and washed with 5 ml of cyclohexane and dried on open air, obtaining 1.3 grams of amorphous powder. Amorphous Voclosporin was confirmed by PXRD as presented in Figure 3

Example 4: Preparation of Voclosporin Form C

[0099] Final Voclosporin (2 grams) was dissolved in acetonitrile (20 ml) at 50 °C, water (6 ml) was added with stirring, and the clear solution was allowed to crystallize 5 days at 20 °C. Colorless needle crystals were directly mounted to the goniometer head in order to define the crystal structure. Voclosporin form C was confirmed by X-ray crystal structure determination.

References

  1. ^ “Luveniq Approval Status”Luveniq (voclosporin) is a next-generation calcineurin inhibitor intended for the treatment of noninfectious uveitis involving the intermediate or posterior segments of the eye.
  2. ^ “What is voclosporin?”. Isotechnika. Retrieved October 19, 2012.
  3. ^ U.S. Patent 6,605,593

External links

 

Voclosporin
Voclosporin.svg
Names
IUPAC name

(3S,6S,9S,12R,15S,18S,21S,24S,30S,33S)-30-Ethyl-33-[(1R,2R,4E)-1-hydroxy-2-methyl-4,6-heptadien-1-yl]-6,9,18,24-tetraisobutyl-3,21-diisopropyl-1,4,7,10,12,15,19,25,28-nonamethyl-1,4,7,10,13,16,19,22,25,28,31-undecaazacyclotritriacontane-2,5,8,11,14,17,20,23,26,29,32-undecone
Other names

VCS, ISA247, Luveniq
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
PubChem CID
Properties
C63H111N11O12
Molar mass 1214.646 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

 

Synthesis

methanol; potassium carbonate;

Reactants can be synthesized in 7 steps.
Synthesis, vol. 44, 1, (2012), p. 63 – 68

Yield:60%
SYN 2

sulfuric acid; tetrahydrofuran;

ISOTECHNIKA INC., WO2004/89960, A2, (2004) 20 ml of THF were added and the reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C. 2.7 ML (48.69 mmol, 3 equiv. ) of concentrated sulfuric acid were added. The temperature was raised to RT. After completion of the reaction (ca 1 hour), 100 ml of water were added. The organic phase was separated and washed 2 times with 50 ml water. The water phases were re-extracted sequentially with 50 ml dichloromethane. The c ombined organic phases were dried over NA2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure at 3 0°C. The resulting white foam was re-dissolved in 250 ml MTBE and after a few minutes, the crystalli zation started. After stirring 15 min. at RT and 2 hours at 0-2 C, THE SUSPENSION WAS FILTERED. THE crystals were washed with 50 ml cold MTBE (-20 °C) and dried at 40-50 °C under reduced pressure to p rovide 19.2 g of (E) -acetyl-ISA247 as white powder in >98percent isomeric purity (400MHZ LH NMR). (E)-ACETYL-ISA247 can be RECRYSTALLIZED by dissolving the solid in dichloromethane at room temperatur e and exchanging the solvent to MTBE (by adding MTBE, concentrating the solution to half its volume under reduced pressure at 40°C and repeating these operation 2 to three times). The solution is cool ed to room temperature and the crystallization then starts within a few minutes. The suspension is s tirred at room temperature for 2h and 30min at 0°C. The crystals of (E) -acetyl-ISA247 are isolated after filtration, washing with MTBE and drying under reduced pressure at 40°C.iii) Peterson eliminat ion The CRUDE-TRIMETHYLSILYALCOHOL diastereomers mixture (11 g, maximum 4.056 mmol) was dissolved in 25 ml THF. 0.679 ml (12.16 mmol, 3 equiv.) concentrated sulfuric were added dropwise maintaining th e temperature between 20 °C and 25 °C. After 2 hours at RT, 50 ml half saturated aqueous NaCl soluti on were added. The resulting mixture was extracted twice with 50 ML MTBE. The organic phases were washed with 50ML of a half saturated aqueous NACL solution, combined, dried over NA2SO4 and concentrat ed under reduce pressure at 40°C. The resulting crude E-acetyl-ISA247 was re-dissolved in 20 ml dich loromethane and concentrated under reduced pressure. The crude product was dissolved in 60 ml MTBE. The crystallization started within 10 min. The suspension was stirred for an additional 15 min. at R T and 2 hours AT-10 °C. The crystals were isolated by filtration, washed with 20 ml cold MTBE (-20 ° C) and dried under reduced pressure to provide 3. 6 G of (E)-ACETYL-ISA247 in ca 98percent isomeric purity by NMR.iii) Peterson elimination After overnight reaction, the organic layer was separated an d the water phase was discarded. 50 ML THF were added to the organic phase. The solution was concent rated under reduced pressure at 30 °C to half its volume. 100 ML THP were added and the solution was concentrated to 80 ML. The volume was adjusted to 100 ml with THF and the solution was cooled to 0- 2 °C. 1. 812 ML (32. 46 MMOL, 2 equiv.) concentrated sulfuric acid were added dropwise over 5 min., maintaining the temperature below 5 °C. After addition, the reaction cooling bath was removed and th e temperature was raised to RT. After 4 hours reaction, 40 ML water were added followed by 20 ml MTB E. The aqueous layer was separated and discarded. The organic phase was washed with 40 ml NAHCO3 Q, 20 ML saturated NACLAQ, 40 ml saturated NaClaq, dried over Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated at 40 ° C under reduced pressure. The crude E-acetyl-ISA247 was RE-DISSOLVED in 200 ml MTBE and crystallizat ion started within a few minutes. After 15 min. at RT and 2.5 hours at 0 °C, the suspension was filt ered, the crystals were washed with 50 ML MTBE and dried at 50 °C under reduced pressure to give 18. 45 g of (E) -acetyl-ISA247 as a white powder (>98percent isomeric purity by NMR).iii) Peterson elim ination 5 ml THF were added to the organic phase and the solution was cooled to 0- 2 °C. 181 UL (3.2 46, 2 equiv. ) concentrated sulfuric acid were added. The reaction mixture was warmed up to RT. Afte r stirring overnight, 20 ml water were added. The aqueous layer was separated and discarded. The organic phase was washed with 20 ml of 5percent aqueous NAHCO3 solution, dried over MGS04, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure at 40 °C to give 2 g of (E) -acetyl-ISA247 as a white foam in > 98percent double bond isomeric purity (by NMR).ii) Peterson elimination The crude product was dissol ved in 11.15 ML THF and 268 P1 concentrated sulfuric acid were added. The reaction mixture was heate d at 33 °C for 1.5 hour and then cooled to RT. 22 ml water were added and the reaction mixture was e xtracted with 22 ml MTBE. The aqueous phase was RE-EXTRACTED with 11 ml MTBE. The organic layer were washed with 11 ml water, combined, dried over NA2SO4, filtered and concentrated at 40 °C under redu ced pressure to give 1.89 g of crude (E) -acetyl-ISA247 as a beige powder. The crude product was re-dissolved in 20 ml MTBE at RT. The crystallization started within a few minutes. The suspension was stirred 30 min. at RT, 45 min. at-10 °C and was filtered. The solid was washed with cold MTBE and dr ied at 40 °C under reduced pressure to give 1.02 g of (E)-acetylISA247 as a white powder in ca 98per cent double bond isomeric purity (NMR). ii) Peterson elimination The crude product was dissolved in 8 ML THF at RT. The solution was cooled to 0-5 °C and 200 UL of concentrated sulfuric acid were adde d dropwise. The temperature was raised to RT and the reaction mixture was stirred 10 hours. 40 ml MTBE and 15 ml of water were added. The water phase was separated and discarded. The organic phase was washed 15 ml of a 5percent aqueous NAHCO3 solution, 15 ml of a half saturated aqueous NACL solution, dried over NA2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1. 8 g of crude E-acet yl- ISA247. The crude diene was dissolved in 20 ml dichloromethane. 20 ML MTBE were added, and the s olution was concentrated at 40 °C under reduced pressure to half its volume. The last two operations was repeated three times to in order to exchange the solvent from dichloromethane to MTBE. The solution was cooled to RT and the crystallization started within a few minutes. The suspension was stirr ed 2 hours at RT and 30 min. at 0 °C. The suspension was filtered. The solid was washed with 15 ml M TBE and dried under reduced pressure at 40 °C to give 1.1 g OF E-ACETYL-ISA247 in >95percent double bond isomeric purity (NMR), as a white powder.ii) Peterson elimination The crude product was dissolv ed in 10 ml THF at RT. The solution was cooled to 0-5 °C and 200 UL of concentrated sulfuric acid we re added dropwise. The temperature was raised to RT and the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. 40 ml MTBE and 15 ML of water were added. The water phase was separated and discarded. The organic p hase was washed with 15 ml water, 15 ml of a 5percent aqueous NAHCO3 solution, 15 ml of a half saturated aqueous NaCl solution, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1.8 g of crude E-ACETYL-ISA247. The crude diene was redissolved in 35 ml of MTBE. The crystallization started withi n a few minutes. The suspension was stirred 2 hours at RT and 30 min. at 0 °C. The suspension was fi ltered. The solid was washed with 15 ml MTBE and dried under reduced pressure at 40 °C to gi ve 1 g of E-acetyl-ISA247 in >95percent double bond isomeric purity (NMR), as a white powder.

REFERENCES

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//////////VOCLOSPORIN, Voclosporin, ISA247, ISAtx 247, ISAtx-247, ISAtx247, Luveniq, LX211,

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