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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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CK-101


N-[3-[2-[2,3-Difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]anilino]quinazolin-8-yl]phenyl]prop-2-enamide.png

CK-101, RX-518

CAS 1660963-42-7

MF C29 H28 F2 N6 O2
MW 530.57
2-Propenamide, N-[3-[2-[[2,3-difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]phenyl]amino]-8-quinazolinyl]phenyl]-

N-[3-[2-[[2,3-Difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]phenyl]amino]quinazolin-8-yl]phenyl]acrylamide

N-(3-(2-((2,3-Difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide

EGFR-IN-3

UNII-708TLB8J3Y

708TLB8J3Y

AK543910

Suzhou NeuPharma (Originator)
Checkpoint Therapeutics

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Therapy
Solid Tumors Therapy

PHASE 2 Checkpoint Therapeutics, Cancer, lung (non-small cell) (NSCLC), solid tumour

RX518(CK-101) is an orally available third-generation and selective inhibitor of certain epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations, including the resistance mutation T790M, and the L858R and exon 19 deletion (del 19) mutations, with potential antineoplastic activity.

In August 2019, Suzhou Neupharma and its licensee Checkpoint Therapeutics are developing CK-101 (phase II clinical trial), a novel third-generation, covalent, EGFR inhibitor, as a capsule formulation, for the treatment of cancers including NSCLC and other advanced solid tumors. In September 2017, the FDA granted Orphan Drug designation to this compound, for the treatment of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC; in January 2018, the capsule was being developed as a class 1 chemical drug in China.

CK-101 (RX-518), a small-molecule inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is in early clinical development at Checkpoint Therapeutics and Suzhou NeuPharma for the potential treatment of EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other advanced solid malignancies.

In 2015, Suzhou NeuPharma granted a global development and commercialization license to its EGFR inhibitor program, excluding certain Asian countries, to Coronado Biosciences (now Fortress Biotech). Subsequently, Coronado assigned the newly acquired program to its subsidiary Checkpoint Therapeutics.

In 2017, the product was granted orphan drug designation in the U.S. for the treatment of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.

There are at least 400 enzymes identified as protein kinases. These enzymes catalyze the phosphorylation of target protein substrates. The phosphorylation is usually a transfer reaction of a phosphate group from ATP to the protein substrate. The specific structure in the target substrate to which the phosphate is transferred is a tyrosine, serine or threonine residue. Since these amino acid residues are the target structures for the phosphoryl transfer, these protein kinase enzymes are commonly referred to as tyrosine kinases or serine/threonine kinases.

[0003] The phosphorylation reactions, and counteracting phosphatase reactions, at the tyrosine, serine and threonine residues are involved in countless cellular processes that underlie responses to diverse intracellular signals (typically mediated through cellular receptors), regulation of cellular functions, and activation or deactivation of cellular processes. A cascade of protein kinases often participate in intracellular signal transduction and are necessary for the realization of these cellular processes. Because of their ubiquity in these processes, the protein kinases can be found as an integral part of the plasma membrane or as cytoplasmic enzymes or localized in the nucleus, often as components of enzyme complexes. In many instances, these protein kinases are an essential element of enzyme and structural protein complexes that determine where and when a cellular process occurs within a cell.

[0004] The identification of effective small compounds which specifically inhibit signal transduction and cellular proliferation by modulating the activity of tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases to regulate and modulate abnormal or inappropriate cell proliferation, differentiation, or metabolism is therefore desirable. In particular, the identification of compounds that specifically inhibit the function of a kinase which is essential for processes leading to cancer would be beneficial.

[0005] While such compounds are often initially evaluated for their activity when dissolved in solution, solid state characteristics such as polymorphism are also important. Polymorphic forms of a drug substance, such as a kinase inhibitor, can have different physical properties, including melting point, apparent solubility, dissolution rate, optical and mechanical properties, vapor pressure, and density. These properties can have a direct effect on the ability to process or manufacture a drug substance and the drug product. Moreover, differences in these properties

can and often lead to different pharmacokinetics profiles for different polymorphic forms of a drug. Therefore, polymorphism is often an important factor under regulatory review of the ‘sameness’ of drug products from various manufacturers. For example, polymorphism has been evaluated in many multi-million dollar and even multi-billion dollar drugs, such as warfarin sodium, famotidine, and ranitidine. Polymorphism can affect the quality, safety, and/or efficacy of a drug product, such as a kinase inhibitor. Thus, there still remains a need for polymorphs of kinase inhibitors. The present disclosure addresses this need and provides related advantages as well.

PATENT

WO2015027222

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015027222

PATENT

WO-2019157225

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019157225&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P10-JZNKMN-12945-1

Crystalline form II-VIII of the compound presumed to be CK-101 (first disclosed in WO2015027222 ), for treating a disorder mediated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) eg cancer.

SCHEME A

Scheme B

General Procedures

Example 1: Preparation of the compound of Formula I (N-(3-(2-((2,3-difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-l-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide)

[0253] To a solution of l,2,3-trifluoro-4-nitrobenzene (2.5 g, 14 mmol, 1.0 eq.) in DMF (20 mL) was added K2C03 (3.8 g, 28 mmol, 2.0 eq.) followed by 2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (1.8 g, 14 mmol, 1.0 eq.) at 0 °C and the mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was poured into ice-water (200 mL), filtered and dried in vacuo to afford 2-(4-(2,3-difluoro-4-nitrophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.7 g, 67.5%).

[0254] To a solution of 2-(4-(2,3-difluoro-4-nitrophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.7 g, 9.0 mmol) in MeOH (30 mL) was added Pd/C (270 mg) and the resulting mixture was stirred at r.t.

overnight. The Pd/C was removed by filtration and the filtrate was concentrated to afford 2-(4-(4-amino-2,3-difluorophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.39 g, 99% yield) as off-white solid.

[0255] To a solution of 8-bromo-2-chloroquinazoline (15.4 g, 63.6 mmol, 1 eq. ) and (3-aminophenyl)boronic acid (8.7 g, 63.6 mmol, 1 eq.) in dioxane/H20 (200 mL/20 mL) was added Na2C03 (13.5 g, 127.2 mmol, 2 eq.), followed by Pd(dppf)Cl2 (2.6 g, 3.2 mmol, 0.05 eq.) under N2, then the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 12 h. Then the solution was cooled to r.t.,

concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (PE/EA=3 :2, v/v) to afford 3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)aniline as yellow solid (8.7 g, 53.7% yield).

[0256] To a solution of 3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)aniline (8.7 g, 34 mmol, 1 eq.) in DCM ( 200 mL ) cooled in ice-bath was added TEA (9.5 mL, 68 mmol, 2 eq. ), followed by acryloyl chloride (4.1 mL, 51 mmol, 1.5 eq.) dropwise. The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h, then washed with brine, dried over anhydrous N2S04 concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (PE/EA=l : 1, v:v) to afford N-(3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acryl amide as yellow solid(6.6 g, 65% yield).

[0257] To a suspension of 2-(4-(4-amino-2,3-difluorophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (83 mg,

0.32 mmol, 1 eq.) and N-(3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (100 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1 eq.) in n-BuOH (5 mL) was added TFA (68 mg, 0.64 mmol, 2 eq.) and the resulting mixture was stirred at 90 °C overnight. The mixture was concentrated, diluted with DCM (20 mL) , washed with Na2C03 solution (20 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (MeOH/DCM=l/30, v:v) to afford N-(3-(2-((2,3-difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-l-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide as a yellow solid(l6.3 mg, 9.5% yield). LRMS (M+H+) m/z calculated 531.2, found 531.2. 1H NMR

(CD3OD, 400 MHz) d 9.21 (s, 1 H), 7.19-8.01 (m, 10 H), 8.90 (s, 1 H), 6.41-6.49 (m, 3 H), 5.86 (m, 1 H), 3.98-4.01 (m, 3 H), 3.70-3.76 (m, 3 H), 3.40-3.49 (m, 2 H), 3.37-3.39 (m, 4 H), 3.18 (m, 2H).

Example 2. Preparation of Form I of the compound of Formula I

[0258] Crude compound of Formula I (~30 g, 75% of weight based assay) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3 L) at 55-65 °C under nitrogen. The resulting solution was filtered via silica gel pad and washed with ethyl acetate (3 L><2) at 55-65 °C. The filtrate was concentrated via vacuum at 30-40 °C to ~2.4 L. The mixture was heated up to 75-85 °C and maintained about 1 hour.

Then cooled down to 50-60 °C and maintained about 2 hours. The heat-cooling operation was repeated again and the mixture was then cooled down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate (60 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 30-40 °C to get (about 16 g) of the purified Form I of the compound of Formula I.

Example 3. Preparation of Form III of the compound of Formula I

[0259] The compound of Formula I (2 g) was dissolved in EtOH (40 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen. n-Heptane (40 mL) was added dropwise into reaction at 75-85 °C. The mixture was stirred at 75-85 °C for 1 hour. Then cooled down to 50-60 °C and maintained about 2 hours. The heat-cooling operation was repeated again and continued to cool the mixture down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with EtOH/n-Heptane (1/1, 5 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 30-40 °C to get the purified Form III of the compound of Formula I (1.7 g).

Example 4. Preparation of Form IV of the compound of Formula I The crude compound of Formula I (15 g) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (600 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen and treated with anhydrous Na2S04, activated carbon, silica metal scavenger for 1 hour. The resulting mixture was filtered via neutral Al203 and washed with ethyl acetate (300 mL><2) at 75-85 °C. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum at 30-40 °C and swapped with DCM (150 mL). n-Heptane (75 mL) was added into this DCM solution at 35-45 °C, and then the mixture was cooled down to 20-30 °C slowly. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with DCM/n-Heptane (2/1, 10 mL><3). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 35-40 °C to get the purified Form IV of the compound of Formula I (9.6 g).

Example 5. Preparation of Form V of the compound of Formula I

[0260] Polymorph Form III of the compound of Formula I was dried in oven at 80 °C for 2 days to obtain the polymorph Form V.

Example 6. Preparation of Form VI of the compound of Formula I

[0261] The compound of Formula I (1 g) was dissolved in IPA (20 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen. n-Heptane (20 mL) was added dropwise into reaction at 75-85 °C. The mixture was stirred at 45-55 °C for 16 hours. Then heated up to 75-85 °C and maintained about 0.5 hour.

Then cooled down to 45-55 °C for 0.5 hour and continued to cool the mixture down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. Filtered and washed with IPA/n-Heptane (1/1, 3 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 75-80 °C for 2 hours to get the purified Form VI of the compound of Formula I.

Example 7. Preparation of Form VIII of the compound of Formula I

[0262] The polymorph Form VI of the compound of Formula I was dried in oven at 80 °C for 2 days to obtain the polymorph Form VIII.

Example 8. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD)

[0263] X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns were obtained on a Bruker D8 Advance. A CuK source (=1.54056 angstrom) operating minimally at 40 kV and 40 mA scans each sample between 4 and 40 degrees 2-theta. The step size is 0.05°C and scan speed is 0.5 second per step.

Example 9. Thermogravimetric Analyses (TGA)

[0264] Thermogravimetric analyses were carried out on a TA Instrument TGA unit (Model TGA 500). Samples were heated in platinum pans from ambient to 300 °C at 10 °C/min with a nitrogen purge of 60mL/min (sample purge) and 40mL/min (balance purge). The TGA temperature was calibrated with nickel standard, MP=354.4 °C. The weight calibration was performed with manufacturer-supplied standards and verified against sodium citrate dihydrate desolvation.

Example 10. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

[0265] Differential scanning calorimetry analyses were carried out on a TA Instrument DSC unit (Model DSC 1000 or 2000). Samples were heated in non-hermetic aluminum pans from ambient to 300 °C at 10 °C/min with a nitrogen purge of 50mL/min. The DSC temperature was calibrated with indium standard, onset of l56-l58°C, enthalpy of 25-29J/g.

Example 11. Hygroscopicity (DVS)

[0266] The moisture sorption profile was generated at 25°C using a DVS Moisture Balance Flow System (Model Advantage) with the following conditions: sample size approximately 5 to 10 mg, drying 25°C for 60 minutes, adsorption range 0% to 95% RH, desorption range 95% to 0% RH, and step interval 5%. The equilibrium criterion was <0.01% weight change in 5 minutes for a maximum of 120 minutes.

Example 12: Microscopy

[0267] Microscopy was performed using a Leica DMLP polarized light microscope equipped with 2.5X, 10X and 20X objectives and a digital camera to capture images showing particle shape, size, and crystallinity. Crossed polars were used to show birefringence and crystal habit for the samples dispersed in immersion oil.

Example 13: HPLC

[0256] HPLCs were preformed using the following instrument and/or conditions.

///////////////CK-101 , CK 101 , CK101 , phase II , Suzhou Neupharma, Checkpoint Therapeutics ,  Orphan Drug designation, EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC, NSCLC, CANCER, SOLID TUMOUR,  China, RX-518, AK543910

OCCN1CCN(CC1)c5ccc(Nc2nc3c(cccc3cn2)c4cccc(NC(=O)C=C)c4)c(F)c5F

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SY-008


Acetic acid;(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[[4-[[4-[(E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecan-2-yl)but-1-enyl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-propan-2-yl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxy]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol.png

SY-008

CAS 1878218-66-6

FREE FORM 1480443-32-0

SGLT1 inhibitor (type 2 diabetes),

β-D-Glucopyranoside, 4-[[4-[(1E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)-1-buten-1-yl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-(1-methylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl, acetate (1:1)

acetic acid;(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[[4-[[4-[(E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecan-2-yl)but-1-enyl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-propan-2-yl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxy]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol

4-{4-[(1E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-1-en-1-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate

MF H50 N4 O6 . C2 H4 O2

MW 58.8 g/mol,C35H54N4O8

Originator Eli Lilly

  • Developer Eli Lilly; Yabao Pharmaceutical Group
  • Class Antihyperglycaemics; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Sodium-glucose transporter 1 inhibitors
  • Phase I Diabetes mellitus
  • 28 Aug 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Diabetes-mellitus in Singapore (PO)
  • 24 Jun 2018 Biomarkers information updated
  • 12 Mar 2018 Phase-I clinical trials in Diabetes mellitus (In volunteers) in China (PO) (NCT03462589)
  • Eli Lilly is developing SY 008, a sodium glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) inhibitor, for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. The approach of inhibiting SGLT1 could be promising because it acts independently of the beta cell and could be effective in both early and advanced stages of diabetes. Reducing both glucose and insulin may improve the metabolic state and potentially the health of beta cells, without causing weight gain or hypoglycaemia. Clinical development is underway in Singapore and China.

    As at August 2018, no recent reports of development had been identified for phase-I development in Diabetes-mellitus in Singapore (PO).

Suzhou Yabao , under license from  Eli Lilly , is developing SY-008 , an SGLT1 inhibitor, for the potential oral capsule treatment of type 2 diabetes in China. By April 2019, a phase Ia trial was completed

PATENT

WO 2013169546

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013169546&recNum=43&docAn=US2013039164&queryString=EN_ALL:nmr%20AND%20PA:(ELI%20LILLY%20AND%20COMPANY)%20&maxRec=4416

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and disorders associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases that is characterized by high levels of blood glucose. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States and is also the 7th leading cause of death in U.S. according to the 201 1 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the absorption of carbohydrates, such as glucose. More specifically, SGLTl is responsible for transport of glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLTl may result in reduced absorption of glucose in the small intestine, thus providing a useful approach to treating diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with human SGLTl inhibitory activity which are further disclosed as useful for the prevention or treatment of a disease associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. In addition, WO 201 1/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity which are further disclosed as being useful for treatment of bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

There is a need for alternative drugs and treatment for diabetes. The present invention provides certain novel inhibitors of SGLTl which may be suitable for the treatment of diabetes.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a compound of Formula II:

Preparation 1

Synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol.

Scheme 1, step A: Add borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (0.2 mol, 200 mL, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (39 g, 0.18 mol) in

tetrahydrofuran (200 mL). After 18 hours at room temperature, remove the solvent under the reduced pressure to give a solid. Purify by flash chromatography to yield the title compound as a white solid (32.9 g, 0.16 mol). 1H NMR (CDCI3): δ 1.55 (s, 1H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.18-7.29 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol.

Borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (2M in THF; 1 16 mL, 0.232 mol) is added slowly to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (24.3 g, 0.1 13 mol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF, 146 mL) at 3 °C. After stirring cold for 10 min the cooling bath is removed and the reaction is allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature. After 1 hour, the solution is cooled to 5°C, and water (100 mL) is added slowly. Ethyl acetate (100 mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (200 mL) and dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by filtration through a short pad of silica eluting with 15% ethyl acetate/iso-hexane to give the title compound (20.7 g, 91.2% yield). MS (m/z): 183/185 (M+l-18).

Preparation 2

Synthesis of 4-bromo- l-2-methyl-benzene.

Scheme 1, step B: Add thionyl chloride (14.31 mL, 0.2 mol,) to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (32.9 g, 0.16 mol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) and

-Cl-

dimethylformamide (0.025 mol, 2.0 mL) at 0°C. After 1 hour at room temperature pour the mixture into ice-water (100 g), extract with dichloromethane (300 mL), wash extract with 5% aq. sodium bicarbonate (30 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over sodium sulfate, and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as a white solid (35.0 g, 0.16 mol). The material is used for the next step of reaction without further purification. XH NMR (CDC13): δ 2.38 (s, 3H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.35 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of 4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene. Methanesulfonyl chloride (6.83 mL, 88.3 mmol) is added slowly to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (16.14 g, 80.27 mmol) and triethylamine (16.78 mL; 120.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (80.7 mL) cooled in ice/water. The mixture is allowed to slowly warm to ambient temperature and is stirred for 16 hours. Further

methanesulfonyl chloride (1.24 mL; 16.1 mmol) is added and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours. Water (80mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with hydrochloric acid (IN; 80 mL) then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (80 mL), then water (80 mL), and is dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with hexane) to give the title compound (14.2 g; 80.5% yield). XH NMR (300.1 1 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.36-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.18 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Preparation 3

Synthesis of 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol.

Scheme 1, step C: Add sodium hydride (8.29 g, 0.21 mol, 60% dispersion in oil) to a solution of methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (27.1 mL, 0.19 mol) in tetrahydrofuran at 0°C. After 30 min at room temperature, add a solution of 4-bromo- l-chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (35.0 g, 0.16 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL). Heat the resulting mixture at 70 °C overnight (18 hours). Add 1.0 M HC1 (20 mL) to quench the reaction.

Extract with ethyl acetate (200 mL), wash extract with water (200 rnL) and brine (200 mL), dry over a2S04, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Dissolve the resulting residue in toluene (200 mL) and add hydrazine monohydrate (23.3 mL, 0.48 mol). Heat the mixture at 120 °C for 2 hours with a Dean-Stark apparatus to remove water. Cool and remove the solvent under the reduced pressure, dissolve the residue with dichloromethane (50 mL) and methanol (50 mL). Pour this solution slowly to a beaker with water (250 mL). Collect the resulting precipitated product by vacuum filtration. Dry in vacuo in an oven overnight at 40 °C to yield the title compound as a solid (48.0 g, 0.16 mol). MS (m/z): 311.0 (M+l), 309.0 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-r(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl1-5-isopropyl- !H-pyrazol- 3-oL

A solution of 4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (13.16 g, 59.95 mmoles) in acetonitrile (65.8 mL) is prepared. Potassium carbonate (24.86 g, 179.9 mmol), potassium iodide (1 1.94 g, 71.94 mmol) and methyl 4-methyl-3-oxo valerate (8.96 mL; 62.95 mmol) are added. The resulting mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. Hydrochloric acid (2N) is added to give pH 3. The solution is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 ml), the organic phase is washed with brine (100 ml) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is dissolved in toluene (65.8 mL) and hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL, 0.180 mol) is added. The resulting mixture is heated to reflux and water is removed using a Dean and Stark apparatus. After 3 hours the mixture is cooled to 90 °C and additional hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL; 0.180 mol) is added and the mixture is heated to reflux for 1 hour. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid is triturated with water (200 mL), filtered and dried in a vacuum oven over P2O5 at 60°C. The solid is triturated in iso-hexane (200 mL) and filtered to give the title compound (14.3 g; 77.1% yield). MS (m/z): 309/31 1 (M+l).

Preparation 4

Synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra- O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step D: To a 1L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (20 g, 64.7 mmol), alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide tetrabenzoate (50 g, 76 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (6 g, 19.4 mmol), dichloromethane (500 mL), potassium carbonate (44.7 g, 323 mmol) and water (100 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (500mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (37 g, 64 mmol). MS (ml 2): 889.2 (M+l), 887.2 (M-l).

Preparation 5

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1H- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step E: Add 3-buten-l-ol (0.58 mL, 6.8 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3 g, 3.4 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) and triethylamine (20 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (205 mg, 0.67 mmol) and palladium acetate (76 mg, 0.34 mmol). Reflux at 90 °C for 2 hours. Cool to room temperature and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (2.1 g, 2.4 mmol). MS (m/z): 878.4 (M+l).

Preparation 6

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step F: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (134 mg, 0.96 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (280 mg, 0.32 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (133.8 mg, 1.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (270 mg, 0.31 mmol). MS (m/z): 876.5 (M+l), 874.5 (M-l).

Preparation 7

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2- {(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 1, step G: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (98 mg, 0.46 mmol) to a solution of 4- {4-[(lis)-4-oxybut- 1 -en-1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (270 mg, 0.31 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (179 mg, 0.62 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (5 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL), dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (275 mg, 0.25 mmol).

MS (m/z): 1115.6 (M+1).

Preparation 8

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside dihydrochloride.

Scheme 1, step H: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 0.6 mL, 2.4 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3is)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (275 mg, 0.25 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL). After overnight (18 hours) at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (258 mg, 0.24 mmol). MS (m/z): 1015.6 (M+l).

Example 1

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step I: Add sodium hydroxide (0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (258 mg, 0.24 mmol) in methanol (2 mL). After 2 hours at 40 °C, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to give a residue, which is purified by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 um C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – 1¾0 w NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound as a solid (46 mg, 0.08 mmol). MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l).

 Preparation 9

Synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra- O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step A: To a 1 L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammomum chloride (5 g, 15.5 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL), potassium carbonate (32 g, 323 mmol) and water (120 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (450 mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (36.5 g, 57 mmol). MS (m/z): 638.5 (M+l), 636.5 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Reagents 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24.0 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (4.94 g, 15.52 mmol), potassium carbonate

(32.18 g, 232.9 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (120 mL) are combined and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The mixture is partitioned between dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (250 mL). The organic phase is washed with brine (250 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with 10% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane to 70% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane) to give the title compound (36.5 g, 74% yield). MS (m/z): 639/641 (M+l).

Preparation 10

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1H- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step B: Add 3-buten-l-ol (6.1 mL, 70 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15 g, 23.5 mmol) in acetonitrile (200 mL) and triethylamine (50 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (1.43 g, 4.7 mmol) and palladium acetate (526 mg, 2.35 mmol). After refluxing at 90 °C for 2 hours, cool, and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (7.5 g, 11.9 mmol). MS (m/z): 631.2 (M+l), 629.2 (M-l).

Preparation 11

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step C: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (2.1g, 4.76 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside ( 1.5 g, 2.38 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (2 g, 23.8 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL), wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (0.95 g, 1.51 mmol). MS (m/z): 628.8(M+1), 626.8 (M-l).

Preparation 12

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0- acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 2, Step D: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (303 mg, 1.4 mmol) to a solution of 4- {4-[(lis)-4-oxybut- 1 -en-1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (600 mg, 0.95 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (333 mg, 1.2 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (30 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (15 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (60 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (60 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (500 mg, 0.58 mmol).

MS (m/z): 866.8, 867.8 (M+l), 864.8, 865.8 (M-l).

Preparation 13

Synthesis oftert-butyl 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,8- diazaspiro[4.5]decane-8-carboxylate.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 12. S (m/z): 852.8, 853.6 (M+l), 850.8, 851.6 (M-l).

Preparation 14

Synthesis oftert-butyl 9-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-3,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-3-carboxylate.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 12. S (m/z): 866.8, 867.6 (M+l), 864.8, 865.6 (M-l).

Preparation 15

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside dihydrochloride.

Scheme 2, step E: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 1.5 mL, 5.8 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.58 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL). After 2 hours at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (480 mg, 0.57 mmol).

MS (m/z): 767.4 (M+l).

Preparation 16

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5- (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

dihydrochloride.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 15. MS (m/z): 752.8, 753.8 (M+1), 750.8 (M-1).

First alternative synthesis of Example 1

First alternative synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en- 2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step F: Add methanol (5 mL), triethylamine (3 mL), and water (3 mL) to 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (480 mg, 0.24 mmol). After 18 hours (overnight) at room temperature, concentrate to dryness under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 urn C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H20 w NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound as a solid (50 mg, 0.08 mmol).

MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+1), 596.8 (M-1). 1H MR (400.31 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.11 (d, J=1.3

Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J=1.3,8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 15.8 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (dt, J= 15.8, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.02 (m, 1H), 3.81 (d, J= 11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H) , 3.64 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.79 (m, 1H), 2.72 (t, J= 5.8 Hz, 4H), 2.44-2.33 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26 ( broad s, 2H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.36 (m, 2H), 1.1 1 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.10 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H).

Example 2

Synthesis of 4- {4-[(lE)-4-(2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbi

(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

O H

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of the first alternative synthesis of Example 1. MS (m/z): 584.7 (M+l), 582.8 (M-l).

Example 3

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( 1 E)-4-(3 ,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-3 -yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

The title compound is prepared essentially by first treating the compound of Prearation 14 with HC1 as discussed in Preparation 15 then treating the resulting hydrochloride salt with triethyl amine as discussed in the first alternative synthesis of Example 1. MS (m/z): 598.8, 599.8 (M+l), 596.8, 597.8 (M-l).

Example 1 Preparation 17

Synthesis of tert-butyl 4-but-3- nyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step A: Cesium carbonate (46.66 g, 143.21 mmol) is added to a suspension of tert-butyl 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (16.66 g, 57.28 mmoles) in acetonitrile (167 mL). The mixture is stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature then 4-bromobutyne (6.45 mL, 68.74 mmol) is added. The reaction is heated to reflux and stirred for 18 hours. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is partitioned between water (200 mL) and ethyl acetate (150 mL). The phases are separated and the aqueous layer is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The combined organic layers are washed with water (200 mL), then brine (150 mL), dried over MgSC^, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (17.2 g, 98% yield). iH MR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 3.43-3.31 (m, 4H),

2.53-2.48 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 2H), 1.94 (t, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (s, 17H).

Preparation 18

Synthesis of tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]- 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step B: Triethylamine (5.62 mmoles; 0.783 mL), 4,4,5, 5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (8.56 mL, 59.0 mmol) and zirconocene chloride (1.45 g, 5.62 mmoles) are added to tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (17.21 g, 56.16 mmoles). The resulting mixture is heated to 65 °C for 3.5 hours. The mixture is cooled and dissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL). The resulting solution is passed through a ~4cm thick pad of silica gel, eluting with dichloromethane (2 x 200 mL). The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (21.2 g, 87% yield), !H NMR (300.1 1 MHz, CDC13): δ 6.65-6.55 (m, 1H), 5.49-5.43 (m, 1H),

3.42-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.25-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.70 – 1.13 (m, 29H).

Preparation 19

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step C: A solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (20 g, 31.3 mmol), tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (16.3 g, 37.5 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.97 g, 93.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (200 mL) and water (40 mL) is degassed for 15 min by bubbling nitrogen gas through it. Pd(OAc)2 (140 mg, 625 μιηοΐ) and 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-tri-i-propyl-l, r-biphenyl (0.596 g, 1.25 mmol) are added and the reaction is heated to reflux for 16 h. The solution is cooled to ambient temperature and methanol (200 mL) is added. After 30 minutes the solvent is removed under reduced pressure. The mixture is partitioned between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and brine (500 ml) adding aqueous MgS04 (1M; 500 ml) to aid the phase separation. The layers are separated and the organic layer is dried over MgS04 and filtered through a 10 cm pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate (-1.5 L). The filtrate is discarded and the silica pad is flushed with 5% MeOH in THF (2 L). The methanolic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (20. lg, 92%).

MS (m/z): 699 (M+l).

Second alternative Synthesis of Example 1

Second alternative synthesis of 4- {4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 3, step D: Trifluoroacetic acid (32.2 mL; 0.426 mol) is added to a solution of tert-butyl 2- {(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (14.87 g; 21.28 mmol) in dichloromethane (149 mL) cooled in iced water. The solution is allowed to warm to room temperature. After 30 minutes, the mixture is slowly added to ammonia in MeOH (2M; 300 mL), applying cooling as necessary to maintain a constant temperature. The solution is stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is purified using SCX-2 resin. The basic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is triturated/sonicated in ethyl acetate, filtered and dried. The resulting solid is dissolved in MeOH (200ml) and concentrated in vacuo. This is repeated several times give the title compound (12.22 g, yield 96%). MS (m/z): 599 (M+l). [a]D20 = -12 ° (C=0.2, MeOH).

PATENT

WO 2015069541

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2015069541A1

4-{4-[(1 E)-4-(2,9-DIAZASPIRO[5.5]UNDEC-2-YL)BUT-1 -EN-1

-YL]-2-METHYLBENZYL}-5-(PROPAN-2-YL)-1 H-PYRAZOL-3-YL

BETA-D- GLUCOPYRANOSIDE ACETATE

The present invention relates to a novel SGLT1 inhibitor which is an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound, to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compound, to methods of using the compound to treat physiological disorders, and to intermediates and processes useful in the synthesis of the compound.

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and disorders associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases that is characterized by high levels of blood glucose. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States and is also the 7th leading cause of death in U.S. according to the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the absorption of carbohydrates, such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transport of glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 may result in reduced absorption of glucose in the small intestine, thus providing a useful approach to treating diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with human SGLT1 inhibitory activity which are further disclosed as useful for the prevention or treatment of a disease associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. In addition, WO 2011/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity which are further disclosed as being useful for treatment of bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

There is a need for alternative drugs and treatment for diabetes. The present invention provides an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound, which is an SGLT1 inhibitor, and as such, may be suitable for the treatment of certain disorders, such as diabetes. Accordingly, the present invention provides a compound of Formula I:

Figure imgf000003_0001

or hydrate thereof.

Figure imgf000008_0001

Preparation 1

(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol

Figure imgf000009_0001

Scheme 1, step A: Add borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (0.2 mol, 200 mL, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (39 g, 0.18 mol) in

tetrahydrofuran (200 mL). After 18 hours at room temperature, remove the solvent under the reduced pressure to give a solid. Purify by flash chromatography to yield the title compound as a white solid (32.9 g, 0.16 mol). !H NMR (CDCI3): δ 1.55 (s, 1H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.18-7.29 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)mefhanol.

Borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (2M in THF; 116 mL, 0.232 mol) is added slowly to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (24.3 g, 0.113 mol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF, 146 mL) at 3 °C. After stirring cold for 10 min the cooling bath is removed and the reaction is allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature. After 1 hour, the solution is cooled to 5°C, and water (100 mL) is added slowly. Ethyl acetate (100 mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (200 mL) and dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by filtration through a short pad of silica eluting with 15% ethyl acetate/iso-hexane to give the title compound (20.7 g, 91.2% yield). MS (m/z): 183/185 (M+l-18).

Preparation 2

4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl -2 -methyl -benzene

Figure imgf000009_0002

Scheme 1, step B: Add thionyl chloride (14.31 mL, 0.2 mol,) to a solution of (4- bromo-2 -methyl -phenyl)methanol (32.9 g, 0.16 mol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) and dimethylformamide (0.025 mol, 2.0 mL) at 0°C. After 1 hour at room temperature pour the mixture into ice-water (100 g), extract with dichloromethane (300 mL), wash extract with 5% aq. sodium bicarbonate (30 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over sodium sulfate, and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as a white solid (35.0 g, 0.16 mol). The material is used for the next step of reaction without further purification. !H NMR (CDC13): δ 2.38 (s, 3H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.35 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2-methyl -benzene. Methanesulfonyl chloride (6.83 mL, 88.3 mmol) is added slowly to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (16.14 g, 80.27 mmol) and triethylamine (16.78 mL; 120.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (80.7 mL) cooled in ice/water. The mixture is allowed to slowly warm to ambient temperature and is stirred for 16 hours. Further

methanesulfonyl chloride (1.24 mL; 16.1 mmol) is added and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours. Water (80mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with hydrochloric acid (IN; 80 mL) then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (80 mL), then water (80 mL), and is dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with hexane) to give the title compound (14.2 g; 80.5% yield). !H NMR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.36-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.18 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Preparation 3

4- [(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl] -5 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-3 -ol

Figure imgf000010_0001

Scheme 1, step C: Add sodium hydride (8.29 g, 0.21 mol, 60% dispersion in oil) to a solution of methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (27.1 mL, 0.19 mol) in tetrahydrofuran at 0°C. After 30 min at room temperature, add a solution of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2- methyl-benzene (35.0 g, 0.16 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL). Heat the resulting mixture at 70 °C overnight (18 hours). Add 1.0 M HC1 (20 mL) to quench the reaction. Extract with ethyl acetate (200 mL), wash extract with water (200 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over Na2S04, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Dissolve the resulting residue in toluene (200 mL) and add hydrazine monohydrate (23.3 mL, 0.48 mol). Heat the mixture at 120 °C for 2 hours with a Dean-Stark apparatus to remove water. Cool and remove the solvent under the reduced pressure, dissolve the residue with dichloromethane (50 mL) and methanol (50 mL). Pour this solution slowly to a beaker with water (250 mL). Collect the resulting precipitated product by vacuum filtration. Dry in vacuo in an oven overnight at 40 °C to yield the title compound as a solid (48.0 g, 0.16 mol). MS (m/z): 311.0 (M+l), 309.0 (M-l). Alternative synthesis of 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl] -5 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-

3-ol.

A solution of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (13.16 g, 59.95 mmoles) in acetonitrile (65.8 mL) is prepared. Potassium carbonate (24.86 g, 179.9 mmol), potassium iodide (11.94 g, 71.94 mmol) and methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (8.96 mL; 62.95 mmol) are added. The resulting mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. Hydrochloric acid (2N) is added to give pH 3. The solution is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 ml), the organic phase is washed with brine (100 ml) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is dissolved in toluene (65.8 mL) and hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL, 0.180 mol) is added. The resulting mixture is heated to reflux and water is removed using a Dean and Stark apparatus. After 3 hours the mixture is cooled to 90 °C and additional hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL; 0.180 mol) is added and the mixture is heated to reflux for 1 hour. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid is triturated with water (200 mL), filtered and dried in a vacuum oven over P2Os at 60°C. The solid is triturated in iso-hexane (200 mL) and filtered to give the title compound (14.3 g; 77.1% yield). MS (m/z): 309/311 (M+l).

Preparation 4

4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl- beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000012_0001

Scheme 1, step D: To a 1L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (20 g, 64.7 mmol), alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide tetrabenzoate (50 g, 76 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (6 g, 19.4 mmol), dichloromethane (500 mL), potassium carbonate (44.7 g, 323 mmol) and water (100 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (500mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (37 g, 64 mmol). MS (m/z): 889.2 (M+l), 887.2 (M-l).

Preparation 5

4- {4- [(lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000012_0002

Scheme 1, step E: Add 3-buten-l-ol (0.58 mL, 6.8 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4- bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3 -yl 2,3 ,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside (3 g, 3.4 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) and triethylamine (20 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (205 mg, 0.67 mmol) and palladium acetate (76 mg, 0.34 mmol). Reflux at 90 °C for 2 hours. Cool to room temperature and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (2.1 g, 2.4 mmol). MS (m/z): 878.4 (M+l).

Preparation 6

4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000013_0001

Scheme 1, step F: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (134 mg, 0.96 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (280 mg, 0.32 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (133.8 mg, 1.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (270 mg, 0.31 mmol). MS (m/z): 876.5 (M+l), 874.5 (M-l).

Preparation 7

tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000014_0001

Scheme 1, step G: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (98 mg, 0.46 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol- 3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (270 mg, 0.31 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (179 mg, 0.62 mmol) in 1,2- dichloroethane (5 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL), dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (275 mg, 0.25 mmol).

MS (m/z): 1115.6 (M+l).

Preparation 8

4- {4- [( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan- 2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000014_0002

Scheme 1, step H: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 0.6 mL, 2.4 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3- [(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4- yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (275 mg, 0.25 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL). After overnight (18 hours) at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (258 mg, 0.24 mmol). MS (m/z): 1015.6 (M+l).

Figure imgf000016_0001

Preparation 9

4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl- beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Figure imgf000017_0001

Scheme 2, step A: To a 1 L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)mefhyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D- glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (5 g, 15.5 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL), potassium carbonate (32 g, 323 mmol) and water (120 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (450 mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (36.5 g, 57 mmol). MS (m/z): 638.5 (M+l), 636.5 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Reagents 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24.0 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (4.94 g, 15.52 mmol), potassium carbonate (32.18 g, 232.9 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (120 mL) are combined and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The mixture is partitioned between dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (250 mL). The organic phase is washed with brine (250 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with 10% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane to 70% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane) to give the title compound (36.5 g, 74% yield). MS (m/z): 639/641 (M+l). Preparation 10

4- {4- [(lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000018_0001

Scheme 2, step B: Add 3-buten-l-ol (6.1 mL, 70 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4- bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5 -(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3 -yl 2,3 ,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside (15 g, 23.5 mmol) in acetonitrile (200 mL) and triethylamine (50 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (1.43 g, 4.7 mmol) and palladium acetate (526 mg, 2.35 mmol). After refluxing at 90 °C for 2 hours, cool, and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (7.5 g, 11.9 mmol) MS (m/z): 631.2 (M+l), 629.2 (M-l).

Preparation 11

4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000018_0002

Scheme 2, step C: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (2.1g, 4.76 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside ( 1.5 g, 2.38 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (2 g, 23.8 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL), wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (0.95 g, 1.51 mmol). MS (m/z): 628.8(M+1), 626.8 (M-l).

Preparation 12a

tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy] -lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en- 1 -yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000019_0001

Scheme 2, Step D: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (303 mg, 1.4 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol- 3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (600 mg, 0.95 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (333 mg, 1.2 mmol) in 1,2- dichloroethane (30 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (15 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (60 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (60 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (500 mg, 0.58 mmol).

MS (m/z): 866.8, 867.8 (M+l), 864.8, 865.8 (M-l).

Preparation 13

4- {4- [( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan- 2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000020_0001

Scheme 2, step E: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 1.5 mL, 5.8 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6- tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] – lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 – yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.58 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL). After 2 hours at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (480 mg, 0.57 mmol).

MS (m/z): 767.4 (M+l).

Scheme 3

Figure imgf000021_0001

Preparation 14

tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazas iro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000021_0002

Scheme 3, step A: Cesium carbonate (46.66 g, 143.21 mmol) is added to a suspension of tert-butyl 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (16.66 g, 57.28 mmoles) in acetonitrile (167 mL). The mixture is stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature then 4-bromobutyne (6.45 mL, 68.74 mmol) is added. The reaction is heated to reflux and stirred for 18 hours. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is partitioned between water (200 mL) and ethyl acetate (150 mL). The phases are separated and the aqueous layer is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The combined organic layers are washed with water (200 mL), then brine (150 mL), dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (17.2 g, 98% yield). lH NMR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 3.43-3.31 (m, 4H), 2.53-2.48 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 2H), 1.94 (t, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (s, 17H).

Preparation 15

tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000022_0001

Scheme 3, step B: Triethylamine (5.62 mmoles; 0.783 mL), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl- 1,3,2-dioxaborolane (8.56 mL, 59.0 mmol) and zirconocene chloride (1.45 g, 5.62 mmoles) are added to tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (17.21 g, 56.16 mmoles). The resulting mixture is heated to 65 °C for 3.5 hours. The mixture is cooled and dissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL). The resulting solution is passed through a ~4cm thick pad of silica gel, eluting with dichloromethane (2 x 200 mL). The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (21.2 g, 87% yield). 1H NMR (300.11 MHz, CDCI3): δ 6.65-6.55 (m, 1H), 5.49-5.43 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.25-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.70 – 1.13 (m, 29H).

Preparation 16

tert-butyl 2-{(3£’)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH- pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl} -2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000023_0001

Scheme 3, step C: A solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (20 g, 31.3 mmol), tert- butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5 ,5 -tetramethyl- 1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3 -enyl] -4,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (16.3 g, 37.5 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.97 g, 93.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (200 mL) and water (40 mL) is degassed for 15 min by bubbling nitrogen gas through it. Pd(OAc)2 (140 mg, 625 μιηοΐ) and 2- dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-tri-i -propyl- Ι, -biphenyl (0.596 g, 1.25 mmol) are added and the reaction is heated to reflux for 16 h. The solution is cooled to ambient temperature and methanol (200 mL) is added. After 30 minutes the solvent is removed under reduced pressure. The mixture is partitioned between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and brine (500 ml) adding aqueous MgS04 (1M; 500 ml) to aid the phase separation. The layers are separated and the organic layer is dried over MgS04 and filtered through a 10 cm pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate (-1.5 L). The filtrate is discarded and the silica pad is flushed with 5% MeOH in THF (2 L). The methanolic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (20. lg, 92%).

MS (m/z): 699 (M+l).

Figure imgf000024_0001
Figure imgf000024_0002

Preparation 17

tert-butyl 4- [(E)-4- [4- [(3 -hydroxy-5-isopropyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)methyl] -3 -methyl- phenyl]but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000024_0003

Scheme 4, step A: Add tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2- dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (35.8 kg, 82.4 mol) in methanol (130 L) to a solution of (4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (23.9 kg, 77.3 mol) in methanol (440 L) at room temperature. Add water (590 L) and tripotassium phosphate (100 kg, 471.7 mol) and place the reaction under nitrogen atmosphere. To the stirring solution, add a suspension of

tris(dibenzylideneacetone) dipalladium (1.42 kg, 1.55 mol) and di-tert- butylmethylphosphonium tetrafluoroborate (775 g, 3.12 mol) in methanol (15 L). The resulting mixture is heated at 75 °C for 2 hours. Cool the mixture and filter over diatomaceous earth. Rinse the the filter cake with methanol (60 L), and concentrate the filtrate under reduced pressure. Add ethyl acetate (300 L), separate the layers, and wash the organic layer with 15% brine (3 x 120 L). Concentrate the organic layer under reduced pressure, add ethyl acetate (300 L), and stir the mixture for 18 to 20 hours. Add heptane (300 L), cool the mixture to 10 °C, and stir the mixture for an additional 18 to 20 hours. Collect the resulting solids by filtration, rinse the cake with ethyl acetate/heptane (2:3, 2 x 90 L), and dry under vacuum at 40°C to give the title compound (29.3 kg, 70.6% yield) as a white solid. lH NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.14 (s, 1H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.92 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J= 16.0 Hz, 1H), 6.25-6.12 (m, 1H), 3.63 (s, 2H), 3.45-3.38 (bs, 3H), 3.34 (s, 3 H), 3.33 (s, 3H), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.40 (m, 5 H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 1.68-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.36 (m, 15H), 1.11 (s, 3H), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Preparation 12b

Alterternative preparation of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3- [(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but- 3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Figure imgf000025_0001

Scheme 4, step B: Combine tert-butyl 4-[(E)-4-[4-[(3-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)methyl] -3-methyl-phenyl]but-3 -enyl] -4,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undecane-9- carboxylate (17.83 kg, 33.2 moles), acetonitrile (180 L), and benzyltributylammonium chloride (1.52 kg, 4.87 moles) at room temperature. Slowly add potassium carbonate (27.6 kg, 199.7 moles) and stir the mixture for 2 hours. Add 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha- D-glucopyranosyl bromide (24.9 kg, 60.55 mol), warm the reaction mixture to 30°C and stir for 18 hours. Concentrate the mixture under reduced pressure and add ethyl acetate (180 L), followed by water (90 L). Separate the layers, wash the organic phase with 15% brine (3 x 90 L), concentrate the mixture, and purify using column chromatography over silica gel (63 kg, ethyl acetate/heptanes as eluent (1 :2→1 :0)) to provide the title compound (19.8 kg, 94% purity, 68.8% yield) as a yellow foam, !H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.13 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 16.0,

1H), 6.25-6.13 (m, 1H), 5.64 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.45-5.25 (m, 2H), 5.13-4.95 (m, 2H), 4.84-4.76 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.13 (m, 2H), 4.10-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.90-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.58-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.40-3.22 (m, 4H), 2.89-2.79 (m, 1H), 2.10-1.90 (m, 18 H), 1.82 (s, 3H), 1.62- 0.82 (m, 22H).

Preparation 18

2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane

Figure imgf000026_0001

Scheme 4, step C: Combine tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)- 3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4- yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (19.6 kg, 22.6 moles) with dichloromethane (120 L) and cool to 0°C. Slowly add trifluoroacetic acid (34.6 L, 51.6 kg, 452 moles) and stir for 9 hours. Quench the reaction with ice water (80 L), and add ammonium hydroxide (85-90 L) to adjust the reaction mixture to pH (8- 9). Add dichloromethane (120 L), warm the reaction mixture to room temperature, and separate the layers. Wash the organic layer with water (75 L), brine, and concentrate under reduced pressure to provide the title compound (16.2 kg, 95.0% purity, 93% yield) as a yellow solid. lH NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.08 (s, IH), 6.99 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, IH),

6.76 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, IH), 6.38 (d, J=15.6 Hz, IH), 6.00-5.83 (m, IH), 5.31 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, IH), 5.25-5.13 (m, 4H), 4.32 (dd, J= 12.8, 9.2 Hz, IH), 4.14 (d, J= 11.2 Hz, IH), 3.90 (d, J= 10.0 Hz, IH), 3.75-3.50 (m, 3H), 3.30-3.00 (m, 5 H), 2.85-2.75 (m, IH), 2.70-2.48 (m, 3H), 2.25 (s, IH), 2.13-1.63 (m, 19H), 1.32-1.21 (m, IH), 1.14 (s, 3H), 1.13 (s, 3H), 1.12 (s, 3H), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Example 1

Hydrated crystalline 4- {4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate

First alternative preparation of 4-{4-[(l£’)-4-(2.9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yl]-2-methylbenzyl| -5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (free base).

Figure imgf000027_0001

Scheme 1, step I: Add sodium hydroxide (0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4- {4-[( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} – 5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (258 mg, 0.24 mmol) in methanol (2 mL). After 2 hours at 40°C, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to give a residue, which is purified by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 μιη C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H.0 with NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound (free base) as a solid (46 mg, 0.08 mmol). MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l).

Second alternative preparation of 4-{4-r(l-£’)-4-(2.9-diazaspiror5.51undec-2-yl)but-l-en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3 -yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (free base).

Figure imgf000028_0001

Scheme 2, step F: Add methanol (5 mL), triethylamine (3 mL), and water (3 mL) to 4- {4-[( lJE)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 – (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (480 mg, 0.24 mmol). After 18 hours (overnight) at room temperature, concentrate to dryness under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 μιη C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H20 with NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound (free base) as a solid (50 mg, 0.08 mmol).

MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l). 1H NMR (400.31 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.11 (d, J=1.3

Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J=l .3,8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 15.8 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (dt, J= 15.8, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.02 (m, 1H), 3.81 (d, J= 11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H) , 3.64 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.79 (m, 1H), 2.72 (t, J= 5.8 Hz, 4H), 2.44-2.33 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26 ( broad s, 2H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.36 (m, 2H), 1.11 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.10 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H).

Third alternative preparation of 4-{4-[(l£,)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.51undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yll-2-methylbenzyl|-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 3, step D: Trifluoroacetic acid (32.2 mL; 0.426 mol) is added to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (14.87 g; 21.28 mmol) in dichloromethane (149 mL) cooled in iced water. The solution is allowed to warm to room temperature. After 30 minutes, the mixture is slowly added to ammonia in MeOH (2M; 300 mL), applying cooling as necessary to maintain a constant temperature. The solution is stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is purified using SCX-2 resin. The basic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is triturated/sonicated in ethyl acetate, filtered and dried. The resulting solid is dissolved in MeOH (200mL) and concentrated in vacuo. This is repeated several times to give the title compound (free base) (12.22 g, yield 96%). MS (m/z): 599 (M+l); [a]D 20 = -12 ° (C=0.2, MeOH).

Preparation of final title compound, hydrated crystalline 4-{4-|YlE)-4-(2.9- diazaspiro [5.5|undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5-(propan-2-vD- 1 H-pyrazol-3 – yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate.

Figure imgf000029_0001

4- {4- [(1 E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 – (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (902 mg) is placed in a round bottom flask (100 mL) and treated with wet ethyl acetate (18 mL). [Note – wet ethyl acetate is prepared by mixing ethyl acetate (100 mL) and dionized water (100 mL). After mixing, the layers are allowed to separate, and the top wet ethyl acetate layer is removed for use. Acetic acid is a hydrolysis product of ethyl acetate and is present in wet ethyl acetate.] The compound dissolves, although not completely as wet ethyl acetate is added. After several minutes, a white precipitate forms. An additional amount of wet ethyl acetate (2 mL) is added to dissolve remaining compound. The solution is allowed to stir uncovered overnight at room temperature during which time the solvent partially evaporates. The remaining solvent from the product slurry is removed under vacuum, and the resulting solid is dried under a stream of nitrogen to provide the final title compound as a crystalline solid. A small amount of amorphous material is identified in the product by solid-state NMR. This crystalline final title compound may be used as seed crystals to prepare additional crystalline final title compound.

Alternative preparation of final title compound, hvdrated crystalline 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2.,9- diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3 – yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate.

Under a nitrogen atmosphere combine of 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec- 2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O- acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2.1 kg, 2.74 mol), methanol (4.4 L), tetrahydrofuran (4.2 L), and water (210 mL). Add potassium carbonate (460 g, 3.33 moles) and stir for four to six hours, then filter the reaction mixture to remove the solids. Concentrate the filtrate under reduced pressure, then add ethanol (9.0 L) followed by acetic acid (237 mL, 4.13 mol) and stir at room temperature for one hour. To the stirring solution add wet ethyl acetate (10 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) slowly over five hours, followed by water (500 mL). Stir the suspension for twelve hours and add wet ethyl acetate (4.95 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) over a period of eight hours. Stir the suspension for twelve hours and add additional wet ethyl acetate (11.5 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) slowly over sixteen hours. Stir the suspension for twelve hours, collect the solids by filtration and rinse the solids with wet ethyl acetate (3.3 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water). Dry in an oven under reduced pressure below 30°C to give the title compound as an off-white crystalline solid (1.55 kg, 2.35 mol, 96.7% purity, 72.4 w/w% potency, 68.0% yield based on potency). HRMS (m/z): 599.3798 (M+l).

PATENT

CN105705509

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=CN175101669&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and conditions associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States, and according to the 2011 National Diabetes Bulletin, it is also the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (US Department of Health and Human Resources Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the uptake of carbohydrates such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transporting glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 can result in a decrease in glucose absorption in the small intestine, thus providing a useful method of treating diabetes.

Alternative medicines and treatments for diabetes are needed. The present invention provides an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound which is an SGLT1 inhibitor, and thus it is suitable for treating certain conditions such as diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives having human SGLT1 inhibitory activity, which are also disclosed for use in the prevention or treatment of diseases associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. Moreover, WO 2011/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives having SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity, which are also disclosed for use in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis.


PATENT

WO-2019141209

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019141209&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P10-JYNZF2-05384-1

Diabetes is a group of lifelong metabolic diseases characterized by multiple causes of chronic hyperglycemia. Long-term increase in blood glucose can cause damage to large blood vessels and microvessels and endanger the heart, brain, kidney, peripheral nerves, eyes, feet and so on. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, there are more than 100 complications of diabetes, which is the most common complication, and the incidence rate is also on the rise. The kidney plays a very important role in the body’s sugar metabolism. Glucose does not pass through the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane in the body, and must rely on the glucose transporter on the cell membrane. Sodium-coupled glucose co-transporters (SGLTs) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the uptake of carbohydrates such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transporting glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 results in a decrease in glucose absorption in the small intestine and can therefore be used in the treatment of diabetes.
Ellerelli has developed a novel SGLTs inhibitor for alternative drugs and treatments for diabetes. CN105705509 discloses the SGLTs inhibitor-pyrazole compound, which has the structure shown in the following formula (1):
str1
It is well known for drug production process has strict requirements, the purity of pharmaceutical active ingredients will directly affect the safety and effectiveness of drug quality. Simplified synthetic route optimization, and strictly control the purity of the intermediates has a very important role in improving drug production, quality control and optimization of the dosage form development.
CN105705509 discloses a method for synthesizing a compound of the formula (1), wherein the intermediate compound 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl4-({5-(propyl-2-yl)) is obtained by the step B in Scheme 4. -3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3- Tert-butyl-1-enyl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (Compound obtained in Preparation Example 12b) was obtained as a yellow foam, yield 68.6%, purity 94 %, this step involves silica gel column purification, low production efficiency, high cost, and poor quality controllability; the intermediate 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl 4-({5- (prop-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl) Phenyl]but-3-en-1-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane (Compound obtained in Preparation Example 18) as a yellow solid with a purity of 95.0%; The resulting intermediate compounds were all of low purity. Moreover, CN105705509 produces a compound of formula (1) having a purity of 96.7% as described in the publications of the publications 0141 and 0142. The resulting final compound is not of high purity and is not conducive to subsequent drug preparation.

Process for preparing pyranoglucose-substituted pyrazole compound, used as a pharmaceutical intermediate in SGLT inhibitor for treating diabetes.

Example 1
626 g of the compound of the formula (16), 6 L of acetonitrile, 840 g of cesium carbonate and 1770 g of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-pivaloyl-α-D-glucosyl bromide (formula (17) The compound is sequentially added to the reaction vessel, heated to 40 ° C to 45 ° C, and reacted for 4 to 5 hours, then cooled to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the obtained solid is rinsed once with acetonitrile; the filter cake is dissolved with 8 L of ethyl acetate and 10 L of water. After the liquid separation, the organic phase was concentrated to about 3 L, 10 L of acetonitrile was added, and the mixture was stirred for 12 h to precipitate a solid, which was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with acetonitrile and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to give white crystals, 652 g of compound of formula (9c). The yield was 61%, the HPLC purity was 98.52%, and the melting point was 180.0-182.1 °C. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 1): δ 7.10 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=15.6,1H), 6.19-6.12 (m,1H), 5.59 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 5.40-5.35 (t, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 5.17-5.06 (m, 2H) , 4.18-4.14 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.06 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 3.92-3.89 (dd, J = 10 Hz, 2.4 Hz, 1H) , 3.64-3.54 (dd, J=20 Hz, 16.8 Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.30 (m, 4H), 2.86-2.79 (m, 1H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 11H), 1.63-1.38 (m, 17H), 1.15-1.05 (m, 42H). MS (m/z): 1035.7 (M+H).
640 g of the compound of the formula (9c) and 6.4 L of ethyl acetate were successively added to the reaction vessel, and the temperature was lowered to 15 ° C to 20 ° C. 1176 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate was added in portions for 2 to 3 hours; after the reaction was over, 3.5 L of a 9% potassium hydroxide aqueous solution was added, and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and the aqueous phase was discarded. The organic phase was washed successively with 3.5 L of 9% and 3.5 L of 3% aqueous potassium hydroxide and concentrated to 2.5 L. 21L of n-heptane was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred for 12 hours; filtered, and the filter cake was rinsed with n-heptane; the filter cake was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to obtain white crystals, p-toluene of the compound of formula (10c). The sulfonate salt was 550 g, the yield was 80%, the purity was 97.59%, and the melting point was 168.0-169.2 °C. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 2): δ 7.72 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.24 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.10 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J = 15.6, 1H), 6.19-6.12 (m, 1H), 5.60 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H) ), 5.41-5.37 (t, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 5.17-5.06 (m, 2H), 4.18-4.14 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.07 (d, J = 11.6Hz, 1H), 3.94-3.91 (dd, J=7.2Hz, 2.8Hz, 1H), 3.64-3.54 (dd, J=20.0Hz, 16.8Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.30 (m, 4H), 2.86 -2.79 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.29 (m, 14H), 1.78-1.44 (m, 8H), 1.15-1.05 (m, 42H). MS (m/z): 935.7 (M+H).
82.6 g of potassium hydroxide, 5.5 L of absolute ethanol and 550 g of the p-toluenesulfonate of the compound of the formula (10c) were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and stirred at 45 to 50 ° C for about 4 hours. The temperature was lowered to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the solid was rinsed with ethanol. The filtrate and the eluent were combined, and 65 g of acetic acid was added thereto, followed by stirring for 15 min. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure to about 1.5 L, and then 52 g of acetic acid was added. After stirring for 20 min, 4.5 L of ethyl acetate containing 3% water and 160 mL of purified water were added dropwise. After the dropwise addition, continue stirring for 3 to 4 hours. Filter and filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate containing 3% water. The solid was transferred to a reaction kettle, 500 mL of water was added and stirred for 18 h. After filtration, the filter cake was washed successively with water and an ethanol/ethyl acetate mixed solvent. The filter cake was dried under vacuum at 35 to 40 ° C for 4 hours to obtain a white solid, 245 g of compound of formula (1), yield 75%, purity 99.55%. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 3): δ 7.11 (s, 1H), 7.05 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=16.0,1H), 6.20-6.13 (dt, J=15.6 Hz, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.03-5.01 (m, 1H), 3.83 (d, J=11.2, 1H), 3.71-3.59 (m, 3H), 3.35-3.30 (m, 4H), 3.09-3.06 (t, J = 6 Hz, 4H), 2.87-2.77 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.31 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26(s, 2H), 1.90 (s, 3H), 1.78 (m, 2H), 1.68 (m, 2H), 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.44-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.13 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.11 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), MS (m/z): 599.5 (M+H).
Example 2
5.00 kg of the maleate salt of the compound of the formula (16), 40 L of tetrahydrofuran, 5.47 kg of potassium phosphate and 11.67 kg of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-pivaloyl-α-D-glucosyl bromide The compound (formula (17)) is sequentially added to the reaction vessel, heated to 40 to 45 ° C, and reacted for 4 to 5 hours, then cooled to 15 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the solid was rinsed once with tetrahydrofuran. The filter cake was dissolved in 36 L of ethyl acetate and 20 L of water and then separated. The organic phase was concentrated to ca. 18 L, 64 L acetonitrile was added and stirred for 15 h. Filtration, the filter cake was rinsed with acetonitrile, and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to give white crystals of the compound of formula (9c), 4.50 kg, yield 57%, HPLC purity 99.19%.
4.45 kg of the compound of the formula (9c) and 45 L of butyl acetate were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and the temperature was lowered to 15 ° C to 20 ° C. 4.13 kg of methanesulfonic acid was added in portions and the reaction was carried out for 2 to 3 hours. 22 L of a 9% aqueous potassium hydroxide solution was added, stirred for 10 min, and the liquid phase was discarded. The organic phase was washed successively with 10 L of 9%, 4.5 L of 10% and 2 L of 2.5% aqueous potassium hydroxide and concentrated to 15 L. 68 L of n-heptane was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred for further 12 h. Filtered and the filter cake was rinsed once with n-heptane. The solid was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to obtain white crystals. The methanesulfonic acid salt of the compound of formula (10c) was 4.37 kg, yield 99%, purity 97.94%.
0.73 kg of potassium hydroxide, 43 L of methanol and 4.30 kg of the compound of the formula (10c) were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and stirred at 45 to 50 ° C for 4 hours. The temperature was lowered to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and 0.56 kg of acetic acid was added to the filtrate, and the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. The reaction solution was concentrated to about 15 L under reduced pressure, and 0.40 g of acetic acid was added. After stirring for 10 min, 39 L of 3% water in ethyl acetate and 1.3 L of purified water were added dropwise. After the dropwise addition, stirring was continued for about 2 hours. Filter and filter cake was rinsed once with ethyl acetate containing 3% water. The solid was transferred to a reaction kettle, and 3.5 L of water was added and stirred for 18 h. After filtration, the filter cake was washed successively with water and an ethanol/ethyl acetate mixed solvent. The cake was vacuum dried at 35 to 40 ° C to give a white solid. Compound (1) (1), 1.84 g, yield 67%, purity 99.65%.
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9573970 4–5-(PROPAN-2-YL)-1H-PYRAZOL-3-YL BETA-D GLUCOPYRANOSIDE ACETATE 2014-10-30 2016-07-28

/////////////SY-008 , SY 008 , SY008, ELI LILY, PHASE 1, GLT1 inhibitor, type 2 diabetes, Yabao Pharmaceutical, CHINA, DIABETES

CC(=O)O.Cc5cc(\C=C\CCN2CCCC1(CCNCC1)C2)ccc5Cc3c(nnc3C(C)C)O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O

Cc5cc(\C=C\CCN2CCCC1(CCNCC1)C2)ccc5Cc3c(nnc3C(C)C)O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4
O

Fluazolepali, 氟唑帕利 , Fluzoparib


Fluazolepali

CAS  2170504-09-1

Fluzoparib; SHR-3162, (HS10160)

  • HS 10160
  • SHR 3162

An orally available inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 and 2 (PARP-1/2) for treatment of solid tumors (Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co. Ltd., Lianyungang, China)

Fluazolepali, developed by Hengrui and Howson, is intended for the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, advanced gastric cancer and other advanced solid tumors. Currently, the drug has been introduced into China for recurrent ovarian cancer. Clinical stage.

In February 2019, a randomized, double-blind, controlled, multicenter, phase III clinical study (CTR20190294) of flazopril capsule versus placebo for maintenance of recurrent ovarian cancer was initiated in China and was sponsored by Hengrui Medicine.

Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical , in collaboration with  Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine , is developing an oral capsule formulation of fluazolepali (fluzoparib; SHR-3162), a small molecule inhibitor to PARP-1 and PARP-2, for the treatment of solid tumors including epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal, breast and gastric cancer.

  • Originator Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co.
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 inhibitors; Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 2 inhibitors
  • Phase II Ovarian cancer
  • Phase I Breast cancer; Fallopian tube cancer; Gastric cancer; Peritoneal cancer; Solid tumours
  • 09 Jul 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine initiates a phase I trial in Solid tumors in China (NCT04013048) [14C]-Fluzoparib
  • 01 Jul 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine plans a phase I drug-drug interaction trial (In volunteers) in China (PO) (NCT04011124)
  • 12 Jun 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine completes a phase I trial in Gastric cancer (Combination therapy, Recurrent, Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater, Late-stage disease) in China (PO) (NCT03026881)

Fluzoparib (SHR 3162) is a selective poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP1) and poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2 inhibitor (PARP2), being developed by Jiangsu HengRui Medicine, for the treatment of cancer. PARP enzymes play a vital role in repair of DNA damage and maintaining genomic stability. Fluzoparib inhibits PARP enzymes and induces DNA-double strands breaks, G2/M arrest and apoptosis in homologous recombination repair (HR)-deficient cells. Clinical development for ovarian cancer, breast cancer, fallopian tube cancer, peritoneal cancer, gastric cancer and solid tumours is underway in China and Australia.

An orally available inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) types 1 and 2, with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon oral administration, fluzoparib inhibits PARP 1 and 2 activity, which inhibits PARP-mediated repair of damaged DNA via the base excision repair (BER) pathway, enhances the accumulation of DNA strand breaks, promotes genomic instability, and leads to an induction of apoptosis. The PARP family of proteins catalyze post-translational ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins, which then transduce signals to recruit other proteins to repair damaged DNA. PARP inhibition may enhance the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents and may reverse tumor cell chemoresistance and radioresistance. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

PATENT

WO-2019137358

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019137358&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P20-JYI5A2-54836-1

Process for preparing heterocyclic compounds (presumed to be fluazolepali ) and its intermediates as PARP inhibitors useful for treating cancer.

Example 1

The compound and 5.0kg of 10% palladium on carbon 250g, 80L of methanol was added to the kettle at 0.4MPa, 24h 25 ℃ hydrogenation reaction. The palladium carbon was removed by filtration, the filter cake was washed with methanol, and the filtrate was collected, evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, and ethyl acetate (20 L) was added to the concentrate, and the mixture was stirred and evaporated, and then cooled to 0° C. ~3, stirring, filtration, filter cake and then adding 20 L of ethyl acetate, pulping at room temperature for 3 to 4 h, filtration, vacuum drying at 45 ° C for 6-8 h to obtain 5.5 kg of compound 3 solid, yield 91.7%, HPLC purity 99.69%.
Example 2
According to the method of Example 19 of CN102686591A, 2 g of the compound 3 and 2.79 g of the compound 4 were charged to obtain 3.6 g of the compound of the formula I in a yield of 87.8%.
Example 3
At room temperature, 2.0 g of compound 2 (prepared according to the method disclosed in WO2009025784) was dissolved in 30 mL of isopropanol, and concentrated sulfuric acid was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, and stirred at room temperature without solid precipitation; the reaction solution was poured into 150 mL of n-hexane. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the sulfate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 4
1. At room temperature, 1.11 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol, and 15% phosphoric acid/isopropanol solution was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, stirred at room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake was washed with isopropyl alcohol and dried under vacuum. Compound 2 phosphate solid 1.46 g, yield 87.1%, HPLC purity 99.72%.
Example 5
At room temperature, 1.28 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol, and 20% acetic acid/isopropanol solution was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, and stirred at room temperature without solid precipitation; the reaction solution was poured into 100 mL of n-hexane, and continued. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the acetate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 6
1.05g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10mL of isopropanol at room temperature, and the pH was adjusted to 3 by adding 15% citric acid/isopropanol solution while stirring. At room temperature, no solid precipitated; the reaction solution was poured into 100 mL of n-hexane. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the citrate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 7
1.12 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol at room temperature, and 0.74 g of maleic acid was added thereto with stirring. The mixture was stirred at room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake was washed with isopropyl alcohol and dried in vacuo to obtain the maleate salt of compound 2. 1.51 g, yield 84.6%.

PATENT

WO2019109938

claiming synergistic combination comprising PARP inhibitor fluazolepali and apatinib mesylate .

PATENT

WO 2018005818

WO 2018129553

WO 2018129559

WO 2018208968

WO 2018213732

WO 2018191277

WO 2018201096

WO 2018085469

WO 2018085468

WO 2019090227

WO 2019133697

WO 2019067978

WO 2019071123

WO 2019090141

///////////Fluazolepali, Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical,  Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine, fluzoparib,  SHR-3162, 氟唑帕利 , Phase II,  Ovarian cancer, HS10160, CHINA, HS 10160

https://med.sina.com/article_detail_103_2_64751.html

HS 10340


HS-10340

CAS 2156639-66-4

MF C26 H31 N7 O5
MW 521.57
1,8-Naphthyridine-1(2H)-carboxamide, N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methylethyl]amino]-2-pyridinyl]-7-formyl-3,4-dihydro-6-[(tetrahydro-2-oxo-1,3-oxazepin-3(2H)-yl)methyl]-
(R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl)-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

CAS 2307670-65-9

Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd

Being investigated by Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical and Changzhou Hengbang Pharmaceutical ; in June 2018, the product was being developed as a class 1 chemical drug in China.

Useful for treating liver cancer, gastric cancer and prostate cancer.

Use for treating cancers, liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma and rhabdomyosarcoma

The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor and includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.
FGFR4, a member of the FGFR receptor family, forms dimers on the cell membrane by binding to its ligand, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), and the formation of these dimers can cause critical tyrosine in FGFR4’s own cells. The phosphorylation of the amino acid residue activates multiple downstream signaling pathways in the cell, and these intracellular signaling pathways play an important role in cell proliferation, survival, and anti-apoptosis. FGFR4 is overexpressed in many cancers and is a predictor of malignant invasion of tumors. Decreasing and reducing FGFR4 expression can reduce cell proliferation and promote apoptosis. Recently, more and more studies have shown that about one-third of liver cancer patients with continuous activation of FGF19/FGFR4 signaling pathway are the main carcinogenic factors leading to liver cancer in this part of patients. At the same time, FGFR4 expression or high expression is also closely related to many other tumors, such as gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and the like.
The incidence of liver cancer ranks first in the world in China, with new and dead patients accounting for about half of the total number of liver cancers worldwide each year. At present, the incidence of liver cancer in China is about 28.7/100,000. In 2012, there were 394,770 new cases, which became the third most serious malignant tumor after gastric cancer and lung cancer. The onset of primary liver cancer is a multi-factor, multi-step complex process with strong invasiveness and poor prognosis. Surgical treatments such as hepatectomy and liver transplantation can improve the survival rate of some patients, but only limited patients can undergo surgery, and most patients have a poor prognosis due to recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Sorafenib is the only liver cancer treatment drug approved on the market. It can only prolong the overall survival period of about 3 months, and the treatment effect is not satisfactory. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a liver cancer system treatment drug targeting new molecules. FGFR4 is a major carcinogenic factor in liver cancer, and its development of small molecule inhibitors has great clinical application potential.
At present, some FGFR inhibitors have entered the clinical research stage as anti-tumor drugs, but these are mainly inhibitors of FGFR1, 2 and 3, and the inhibition of FGFR4 activity is weak, and the inhibition of FGFR1-3 has hyperphosphatemia. Such as target related side effects. Highly selective inhibitor of FGFR4 can effectively treat cancer diseases caused by abnormal FGFR4 signaling pathway, and can avoid the side effects of hyperphosphatemia caused by FGFR1-3 inhibition. Highly selective small molecule inhibitors against FGFR4 in tumor targeted therapy The field has significant application prospects.
SYN

PATENT

WO2017198149

where it is claimed to be an FGFR-4 inhibitor for treating liver and prostate cancers, assigned to Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd and Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical Co Ltd .

PATENT

WO2019085860

Compound (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-) 1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (shown as Formula I). The compound of formula (I) is disclosed in Hausen Patent PCT/CN2017/084564, the compound of formula I is a fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitor, and the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor. The body includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.

[0003]
Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)

[0048]
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol

[0049]

[0050]
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .

[0051]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);

[0052]
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .

[0053]
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone

[0054]

[0055]
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).

[0056]
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .

[0057]
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate

[0058]

[0059]
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .

[0060]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);

[0061]
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .

[0062]
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis

[0063]

[0064]
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).

[0065]
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);

[0066]
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .

[0067]
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

[0068]

[0069]
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).

[0070]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);

[0071]
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

PATENT

WO-2019085927

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019085927&tab=FULLTEXT

Novel crystalline salt (such as hydrochloride, sulfate, methane sulfonate, mesylate, besylate, ethanesulfonate, oxalate, maleate, p-toluenesulfonate) forms of FGFR4 inhibitor, particularly N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]amino]-2-pyridyl]-7-formyl-6-[(2-oxo-1,3-oxazepan-3-yl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,8-naphthyridine-1-carboxamide (designated as Forms I- IX), compositions comprising them and their use as an FGFR4 inhibitor for the treatment of cancer such as liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and glioma or rhabdomyosarcoma are claimed.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

///////////HS-10340 , HS 10340 , HS10340, CANCER, Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical,  Changzhou Hengbang, CHINA,  liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma,  rhabdomyosarcoma

C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CCS(=O)(=O)O.C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CS 3001


str1

CS-3001

BB 7, VX 033

CAS 2159116-56-8
Propanoic acid, 2-[[5-bromo-4-(3-cyclopropyl-5,5-difluoro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[c]thien-1-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]thio]-2-methyl-
Molecular Weight, 478.37

C17 H18 Br F2 N3 O2 S2

CStone Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd, JUNE 2018 IND FILED CHINA

URAT1 inhibitor – useful for treating hyperuricemia and gout.

The compound was originally claimed in WO2017202291 , covering thiophene derivative URAT1 inhibitors, useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, assigned to Medshine Discovery Inc , but naming the inventors.and has been reported in some instances to be a URAT1 modulator. In June 2018, an IND application was filed in

Uric acid is a product of the metabolism of terpenoids in animals. For humans, due to the lack of uric acid enzymes that continue to oxidatively degrade uric acid, uric acid is excreted in the human body as the final product of sputum metabolism through the intestines and kidneys. Renal excretion is the main pathway for uric acid excretion in humans. The upper limit of the normal range of uric acid concentration in the human body is: male 400 μmol/L (6.8 mg/dL) and female 360 μmol/L (6 mg/dL). Abnormal uric acid levels in the human body are often due to an increase in uric acid production or a decrease in uric acid excretion. Conditions associated with abnormal levels of uric acid include hyperuricemia, gout, and the like.
Hyperuricemia refers to a disorder in which the metabolism of substances in the human body is disordered, resulting in an increase or decrease in the synthesis of uric acid in the human body, and an abnormally high level of uric acid in the blood. Gouty arthritis refers to the fact that when uric acid is more than 7 mg/dL in human blood, uric acid is deposited as a monosodium salt in the joints, cartilage and kidneys, causing excessive reaction (sensitivity) to the body’s immune system and causing painful inflammation. The general site of attack is the big toe joint, ankle joint, knee joint and so on. Red, swollen, hot, and severe pain in the site of acute gout attacks, usually in the midnight episode, can make people wake up from sleep. In the early stages of gout, the attack is more common in the joints of the lower extremities. Hyperuricemia is the pathological basis of gouty arthritis. The use of drugs to lower blood uric acid concentration is one of the commonly used methods to prevent gouty arthritis.
In Europe and the United States, the onset of hyperuricemia and gout disease is on the rise. Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of gouty arthritis accounts for 1-2% of the total population and is the most important type of arthritis in adult males. Bloomberg estimates that there will be 17.7 million gout patients in 2021. In China, the survey showed that among the population aged 20 to 74, 25.3% of the population had a high blood uric acid content and 0.36% had gout disease. At present, clinical treatment drugs mainly include 1) inhibition of uric acid-producing drugs, such as xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol and febuxostat; 2) uric acid excretion drugs, such as probenecid and benzbromarone; 3) Inflammation inhibitors, such as colchicine. These drugs have certain defects in treatment, poor efficacy, large side effects, and high cost are some of the main bottlenecks in their clinical application. It has been reported that 40%-70% of patients with serum uric acid levels do not meet the expected therapeutic goals (<6mg/dL) after receiving standard treatment.
As a uric acid excretion agent, its mechanism of action is to reduce the reabsorption of uric acid by inhibiting the URAT1 transporter on the brush-like edge membrane of the proximal convoluted tubule. Uric acid is a metabolite of sputum in the body. It is mainly filtered by glomerulus in the original form, reabsorbed and re-secreted by the renal tubules, and finally excreted through the urine. Very few parts can be secreted into the intestinal lumen by mesenteric cells. The S1 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is a site of uric acid reabsorption, and 98% to 100% of the filtered uric acid enters the epithelial cells through the uric acid transporter URAT1 and the organic anion transporter OAT4 on the brush epithelial cell border of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells is reabsorbed into the capillaries around the tubules via the renal tubular basement membrane. The S2 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is the site of re-secretion of uric acid, and the amount secreted is about 50% of the excess of the small filter. The uric acid in the renal interstitial enters the epithelial cells first through the anion transporters OAT1 and OAT3 on the basal membrane of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells passes through another anion transporter MRP4 on the brush border membrane and is discharged into the small lumen. The S3 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule may be a reabsorption site after uric acid secretion, and the amount of reabsorption is about 40% of the excess of the microsphere filtration, and similar to the first step of reabsorption, URAT1 may be a key reabsorption transporter. Therefore, if the urate transporter URAT1 can be significantly inhibited, it will enhance the excretion of uric acid in the body, thereby lowering blood uric acid level and reducing the possibility of gout attack.
In December 2015, the US FDA approved the first URAT1 inhibitor, Zurampic (Leinurad). The 200 mg dose was approved in combination with xanthine oxidase inhibitor XOI (such as Febuxostat, etc.) for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, but the combination was compared with the xanthine oxidase inhibitor alone. The effect is not very significant. The Zurampic 400 mg dose was not approved due to significant toxic side effects at high doses (the incidence of renal-related adverse events, especially the incidence of kidney stones). Therefore, the FDA requires the Zurampic label to be filled with a black box warning to warn medical staff Zulampic of the risk of acute kidney failure, especially if it is not used in conjunction with XOI. If the over-approved dose uses Zurampic, the risk of kidney failure is even greater. high. At the same time, after the FDA asked for the listing of Zurampic, AstraZeneca continued its investigation of kidney and cardiovascular safety. Therefore, the development of a new type of safe blood-supplemented uric acid drug has become a strong demand in this field.
WO2009070740 discloses Leinurad, which has the following structure:
SYN
PATENT

WO-2019101058

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019101058&tab=FULLTEXT&maxRec=1000

Novel crystalline forms of URAT1 inhibitor (designated as Forms A and B) are claimed. The compounds are disclosed to be useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis.

Novel crystalline forms of a URAT1 inhibitor, designated as Forms A and B, and their preparation.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
synthetic route:
Step 1: Synthesis of Compound 2
In a three-necked flask (10 L), 4.5 L of dimethyl sulfoxide was added, and potassium t-butoxide (836.66 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added with stirring, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes until the dissolution was clear, and then cooled to an ice water bath. The internal temperature of the reaction solution was 20-25 °C. To the above solution, a solution of Compound 1 (500.05 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) in dimethyl sulfoxide (500 mL) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and then carbon disulfide (283.86 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) was added dropwise thereto. ), after the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction was stirred for 30 minutes. Further, ethyl bromoacetate (1250 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added dropwise thereto, and the mixture was stirred for further 2 hours. Finally, potassium carbonate (515.52 g, 7.46 mol, 1 eq) was added, and the temperature was raised to an internal temperature of 65 ° C, and the reaction was further stirred for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. The reaction solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (10 L), and then 1M hydrochloric acid (2 L) and water (2 L) were added and stirred for 10 minutes, and the mixture was allowed to stand. The aqueous layer was separated and the organic phase was washed with water (2L×3). The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate (3L). All organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine (2 L×2). The organic phase was dried over an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then filtered, and then evaporated. On the same scale, 6 batches were fed in parallel, and the combined black and red oily products were obtained. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 72 hours, a large amount of solid was precipitated, ethanol (2 L) was added thereto, stirred for 30 minutes, filtered, and the cake was collected and dried in vacuo to give Compound 2. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.32 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.19 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (S, 2H), 3.25 (T, J = 6.8Hz , 2H), 3.19 (t, J = 14.4 Hz, 2H), 2.26-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.37 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.27 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 364.8 [M+H] + .
Step 2: Synthesis of Compound 3
Compound 2 (241.00 g, 0.66 mol) was dissolved in ethanol (1 L) and placed in an autoclave (5 L), and Raney nickel (120 g) was added under argon atmosphere, followed by the addition of ethanol (2 L). The autoclave was charged and replaced with argon three times, then replaced with hydrogen three times, hydrogen was charged to a pressure of 2.0 MP in the autoclave, stirred and heated to an internal temperature of 85 ° C for 28 hours. The reaction was stopped, the reaction system was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was filtered, and the filter cake was washed three times with ethanol, 0.5 L each time. The filtrates were combined and then dried to give compound 3. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.09 (S, IH), 4.26 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 3.12 (T, J = 14.4Hz , 2H), 2.20-2.10 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 247.0 [M+H] + .
Step 3: Synthesis of Compound 4
Compound 3 (406.2 g, 1.65 mol, 1 eq) was dissolved in acetonitrile (6 L), then N-bromosuccinimide (1484.2 g, 6.60 mol, 4 eq) was slowly added, and the obtained reaction mixture was at 23 to 25 ° C. The reaction was stirred for 12 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction liquid was concentrated to about 1.0 L. The solid was removed by filtration, and a saturated solution of sodium hydrogensulfite (1 L) was added to the filtrate and stirred for 10 min. Add acid ethyl ester and extract three times, 2L each time. The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Petroleum ether (3 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred at 30 ° C for 30 minutes. After filtration, the filter cake was washed 5 times with petroleum ether, 200 mL each time, until no product remained in the filter cake. Combine all the organic phases and spin dry to obtain a crude product. Petroleum ether (100 mL) was added to the crude product, stirred well, filtered, and filtered, and then dried in vacuo. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3) [delta]: 4.24 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.95 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.17-2.07 (m, 2H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
Step 4: Synthesis of Compound 5
Compound 4 (340.21 g, 1.05 mol), cyclopropylboronic acid (108.12 g, 1.26 mol), anhydrous potassium phosphate (444.98 g, 2.10 mol), palladium acetate (12.03 g, 53.58 mmol) and 2-dicyclohexyl Phospho-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (23.86 g, 50.05 mmol) was added to a mixed solvent of toluene and water (10:1, 3.4 L/340 mL), and the reaction flask was replaced with nitrogen. After that, place it in an oil bath. The reaction solution was heated at an internal temperature of 80 ° C, and the reaction was stirred at this temperature for 16 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and tris-thiocyanic acid (6.51 g, suspended in ethanol (34 mL)) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 0.5 hour. On a similar scale (300.00 g of compound 4), 5 batches were fed in parallel and combined. After filtration, the organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (250mL). The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to yield crude crude oil. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 20 hours, a yellow solid was precipitated, and petroleum ether (3 L) was added thereto and stirred for 1 hour. Filtration and drying of the filter cake in vacuo gave compound 5. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.29 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (T, J = 6.4Hz, 2H), 3.16 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.85 (m, 1H), 1.35 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.09-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.77-0.75 (m, 2H).
Step 5: Synthesis of Compound 6
Compound 5 (619.27 g, 2.16 mol) was added to a mixed solution of ethanol and water (3 L/3 L) of sodium hydroxide (173.55 g, 4.33 mol), and the reaction liquid was heated to an internal temperature of 60 ° C to stir the reaction 3 hour. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (750.17 g of compound 5), 1 batch was fed in parallel and combined. The combined reaction solution was extracted with petroleum ether (4 L). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was backwashed twice with water (1.5L x 2). The aqueous phases were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove ethanol. Water was added to the aqueous phase to dilute to 13 L, and then slowly added with dilute hydrochloric acid (3 M) to adjust to pH = 2, and a large amount of pale yellow solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake with water (3.0L x 2). After draining, the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give Compound 6. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 12.79 (brs, IH), 3.23 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 3.07 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.27-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.09-1.04 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.66 (m, 2H).
Step 6: Synthesis of Compound 7
Compound 6 (641.27 g, 2.48 mol), triethylamine (754.07 g, 7.45 mol) and diphenyl azide (1025.34 g, 3.73 mol) were added to t-butanol (6.5 L) with stirring. The reaction solution was heated in a 100 ° C oil bath for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (650.00 g of compound 6), 4 batches were fed in parallel and combined. The reaction mixture was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove t-butyl alcohol. The remaining black residue was dissolved with ethyl acetate (10L). Dry with an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude brown solid. Petroleum ether (8 L) was added to the crude product and stirred for 2 hours. After filtration, the filter cake was rinsed with petroleum ether (1 L) in portions, and the filter cake was vacuum dried in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to obtain Compound 7. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 6.31 (brs, IH), 3.11 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.15 (m, 2H) , 1.82-1.75 (m, 1H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 0.94-0.90 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.65 (m, 2H).
Step 7: Synthesis of Compound 8
Compound 7 (1199.17 g, 3.64 mol) was added to ethyl acetate (2 L), and then stirred and then ethyl acetate (4L, 16. The reaction solution was reacted at 15 ° C for 2.5 hours, and then placed in a 40 ° C warm water bath to continue the reaction for 2 hours. After the reaction was completed, a large amount of dark red solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (2.0 L). The filter cake was dried under vacuum in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to give compound 8. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 3.17 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.82 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.25-2.15 (m, 2H), 2.00-1.94 ( m, 1H), 0.99-0.95 (m, 2H), 0.58-0.54 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 229.8 [M+H-HCl] + .
Step 8: Synthesis of Compound 9
In a 3 L three-necked flask, Compound 8 (301.25 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (600 mL), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Diisopropylethylamine (635.72 g) was added dropwise, and after completion of the dropwise addition, the ice water bath was removed, and the mixture was stirred at an internal temperature of 10 to 15 ° C for about 10 minutes. Filter and filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (100 mL x 2). The filtrates were combined to give a solution A for use.
Tetrahydrofuran (2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask containing thiophosgene (257.48 g). The mixture was stirred and cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C in an ice water bath, and the solution A was slowly added dropwise thereto, and the dropwise addition was completed within about 5.5 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, it was filtered, and the filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (150 mL × 2). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove solvent. Tetrahydrofuran (400 mL) was added to the residue, which was dissolved to give a solution B.
The hydrazine hydrate (112.94 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (2.5 L), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 5 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Solution B was added dropwise, and the addition was completed for about 2 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The ice water bath was removed, N,N-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (333.45 g) was added, and the mixture was heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was stopped after the heat retention reaction for 3 hours.
The reaction solution was dried to dryness, and ethyl acetate (2 L) and purified water (1L) were added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred. The pH was adjusted to 5-6 with 10% hydrobromic acid, stirring was continued for 5 minutes, and allowed to stand for 10 minutes. Dispense and separate the aqueous phase. The organic phase was washed with pure water (500 mL x 2). The combined aqueous phases were extracted with EtOAc (1 mL). The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to dryness. n-Heptane (2.0 L) and tert-butyl methyl ether (150 mL) were added to the crude product, and the mixture was stirred ( stirring speed 550 rpm) for 18 hours. Filter and filter cake was washed with n-heptane (150 mL). The filter cake was collected and the filter cake was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give compound 9. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.82 (S, IH), 3.20 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.74 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.28-2.10 (m, 2H) , 1.98-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.06-1.02 (m, 2H), 0.75-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 313.9 [M+H] + .
Step 9: Synthesis of Compound 10
Acetonitrile (3 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Compound 9 (303.25 g) and potassium carbonate (261.83 g) were added first with stirring. Further, methyl 2-bromoisobutyrate (203.85 g) was added, and the reaction system was replaced with nitrogen, and then heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was kept for about 2 hours. After the completion of the reaction, the heating was stopped, and the mixture was naturally cooled to 15 to 20 ° C under stirring. Filter and filter cake was washed with ethyl acetate (100 mL x 3). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (mobile phase: ethyl acetate / n-heptane = 1:5 to 2:1). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 8.20 (S, IH), 3.68 (S, 3H), 3.19 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.57 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.22 -2.12 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.67 (s, 6H), 1.08-1.03 (m, 2H), 0.73-0.69 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 414.0 [M +H] + .
Step 10: Synthesis of Compound 11
Acetonitrile (3.17 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Under stirring, compound 10 (317.22 g) and thiocarbonyldiimidazole (26.94 g) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 16 to 20 ° C for 5 minutes. N-bromosuccinimide (158.60 g) was added and stirred for about 30 minutes with heat. After the reaction was over, the reaction was stopped. Filtration and concentration of the filtrate under reduced pressure afforded crude crude. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (EtOAc:EtOAc:EtOAc This crude product was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3.50 L) and washed with purified water (700 mL×4). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give Compound 11. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 3.73 (S, 3H), 3.22 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.53 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.14 (m, 2H) , 1.95-1.91 (m, 1H), 1.71 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 6H), 1.11-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.78-0.74 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 491.7 [M+H ] + ,493.7[M+H+2] + .
Step 11: Synthesis of a compound of formula (I)
Tetrahydrofuran (1.2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask, and Compound 11 (243.03 g) was added with stirring. After the solution was dissolved, pure water (1.2 L) was added, and then lithium hydroxide monohydrate (125.46 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at 20 to 25 ° C for about 2.5 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure at 40 ° C to remove organic solvent. Pure water (1 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was extracted with t-butyl methyl ether (300 mL). The aqueous phase was placed in a 10 L three-necked flask and cooled to 5 to 10 ° C in an ice bath. The pH was adjusted to 2 to 3 with a 40% hydrobromic acid solution, and a large amount of a pale yellow solid precipitated. Stirring was continued for 30 minutes, and the pH was again measured to be 2-3. Stirring was continued for 20 minutes and filtered. The filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL x 3). The filter cake was collected, pure water (1500 mL) was added, and the mixture was beaten at room temperature for 1 hour. After filtration, the filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL × 2), and the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 40 ° C for 3 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (I). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, the CD . 3 the OD) [delta]: 3.27 (T, J = 15.6Hz, 2H), 2.60-2.47 (m, 2H), 2.27-2.17 (m, 2H), 2.10-2.03 (m, IH) , 1.68 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 6H), 1.15.10.10 (m, 2H), 0.80-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 477.99 [M+H] + , 480.1 [M+H+ 2] + .
Example 2: Preparation of Form A of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and methanol (0.4 mL) was added thereto, followed by stirring to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and ethyl acetate (0.4 mL) was added and stirred to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
Example 3: Preparation of Form B of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, tetrahydrofuran (0.4 mL) was added, and the mixture was stirred to dissolve. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The collected sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystalline form of the final product in the form of Form B of the compound of formula (I).
Example 4: Solubility test of Form A of the compound of formula (I)
1. Preparation of diluent and mobile phase
Diluent: Accurately measure 300mL of pure water and 100mL of pure acetonitrile, mix in a 1L glass bottle, ultrasonic degassing for 10 minutes and then set aside.
Mobile phase A: 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution

For example, remove 2.0 mL of phosphoric acid into 2000 mL of water, sonicate for 10 minutes, mix, and let cool to room temperature as mobile phase A.

Mobile phase B: acetonitrile.
2. Preparation of the reference solution (using the A crystal form itself as a control sample)
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-1.
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-2.
3. Preparation of linear solution
The above working reference solution STD-1 was diluted 1 time, 10 times, 100 times, 1000 times and 2000 times, and recorded as linear solutions L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5.
4. Solubility test
Accurately weigh 6mg of A crystal form into 8mL glass bottle, then accurately add 3mL different solvent (0.1N hydrochloric acid solution, 0.01N hydrochloric acid solution, purified water, pH3.8 buffer solution, pH4.5 buffer solution, pH5 .5 buffer solution, pH 6.0 buffer solution, pH 7.4 buffer solution, pH 6.8 buffer solution), made into a suspension. A stir bar was added to the above suspension, and the mixture was thoroughly stirred at 37 ° C in the dark. After stirring, the solids in the pH 7.4 buffer solution and the pH 6.8 buffer solution were all dissolved, and 6 mg of the A crystal form was accurately weighed, added to the buffer solution, and thoroughly stirred again to prepare a suspension. After stirring for 4 hours and 24 hours, the sample was centrifuged, and the solution was filtered through a filter and the concentration thereof was measured by HPLC. The HPLC analysis method is shown in Table 3.
Table 3: HPLC analysis methods

////////////CS-3001, BB 7, VX 033, CHINA, PRECLINICAL, CStone Pharmaceuticals, URAT1 inhibitor,  hyperuricemia, gout

O=C(O)C(C)(C)Sc4nnc(Br)n4c2sc(c1CC(F)(F)CCc12)C3CC3

TL 487


str1

TL-487

CAS  1469746-55-1
2-Butenamide, N-[3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-, (2E)-
Molecular Weight, 507.58, MF C30 H29 N5 O3

Teligene Inc(2E)-N-[3-Cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-2-butenamide

(E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide

Maleate in anhydrous or monohydrate CAS, 2326561-36-6, AND 2326561-38-8 form are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer

Useful for treating breast cancer, ovary cancer and colon cancer. are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer.

Anticancer protein kinase inhibitor

The compound was originally claimed in WO2013152135 , and may provide the structure of TL-487 , a small molecule inhibitor to HERs, being investigated by Teligene for the treatment of breast cancer; in July 2016, the company intended to develop the product as a class 1.1 chemical drug in China.

PATENT

US 20150057312

PATENT

WO2013152135

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013152135&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&queryString=%28ET%2Fkinase%29+&recNum=8&maxRec=4574

PATENT

WO-2019096327

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019096327&redirectedID=true

Novel crystalline maleate salt of (E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide (first disclosed in WO2013152135) and its hydrates (monohydrate) and anhydrates, process for its preparation, composition comprising it and its use for treating cancers such as breast cancer, ovary cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer, mantle cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma are claimed. The compound is disclosed to be an irreversible inhibitor to BTK and Her-2 (also known as Erb-2 or neu).

(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide is mentioned in WO2013152135 and corresponds to the compound of the Formula I:
Formula I
Compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline have been shown to have anti-tumor activity, which may make them useful as chemotherapeutic agents in treating various cancers, including but not limited to, pancreatic cancer, melanoma, lymphatic cancer, parotid tumors, Barrett’s esophagus, esophageal carcinomas, head and neck tumors, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, epidermoid tumors, cancers of major organs, such as kidney, bladder, larynx, stomach, and lung, colonic polyps and colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. Examples of compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline are disclosed and shown to possess anti-tumor activity in many literatures. One limitation of certain 3-cyanoquinoline compounds is that they are not water soluble in a free base form.
The crystalline form of a particular drug as a salt, a hydrate and/or any polymorph thereof is often one important determinant of the drug’s ease of preparation, stability, water solubility, storage stability, ease of formulation and in-vivo pharmacology. It is possible that one crystalline form is preferable over another where certain aspects such as ease of preparation, stability, water solubility and/or superior pharmacokinetics are deemed to be critical. Crystalline forms of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide salts that possess a higher degree of water solubility than the free base but are stable fulfill an unmet need for stable, crystalline, water-solubl
Example 1. (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide sulfate
95%ethanol (4.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed sulfuric acid (101.9 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. Then an amount of precipitate was founded. Another 95% (60 ml) was added to the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was heated to 70℃ again. Then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and The reaction mixture was crystallized at -10℃ for 41.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (260 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound as FIG. 9.
Example 2. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide hydrochloride
95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed hydrochloric acid (38.0 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 44.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (96 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 6.
Example 3. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide malate
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , L-malic acid (139.4 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to a 50 ml round-bottom flask. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45.5h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target (370 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 8
Example 4: synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide citrate
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , citric acid (198.8 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) . The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target compound (610 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an crystalline structure to the compound in FIG. 7.
Example 5: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide free base (0.091 kg) is rinsed with a 10%solution of USP purified water in n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) followed by the addition of water: n-propanol solution (0.74 kg, 0.90 L) . Maleic acid is added (1.01 equiv) and the mixture is rinsed with 10%water: n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The mixture is quickly heated to 50-60 ℃ and held for a minimum of 15 min. until a solution is obtained. The hot solution is clarified through a pre-heated 50-60 ℃, 0.2 Mm filter cartridge and the filtrates are collected in a preheated 45-55℃, 2 L multi-neck flask. The filter cartridge is rinsed through with 10%water: n-propanol pre-heated to 45-55 ℃ (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The solution is cooled over at least one hour to 40 ℃ and held at that temperature for 12 hours then cooled to room temperature (25 ℃) over a minimum of four hours and held at that temperature for at least two hours. The mixture is filtered on a 12.5 cm diameter Buchner funnel for 5 min., then rinsed and washed with prefiltered10%water: n-propanol solution (2 x 0.12 kg, 2 x 0.15 L) . The cake is dammed and suction maintained until dripping essentially stops, about 1 h.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 1.
Example 6: The product from Example 1 is dried (50 ℃, 10 mm Hg, 24 h) to give crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 3.
Example 7: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (38.0 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) and n-propanol/H 2O (380 ml, V: V=9: 1) . maleic acid (8.7 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) in n-propanol/H 2O (76 ml, V: V=9: 1) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixturewas heated to 65 ℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20 hours. Filtered and filtrate was evaporated under vacuum to get the crude product.
The crude product (14.0 g) was recrystallized in n-propanol/H 2O (240 ml, V: V=9: 1) at 70℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20.5 hours. Filtered and wash the cake with n-propanol/H 2O (20 ml, V: V=9: 1) to get target product (12.9 g, wet) .
PXRD as FIG. 1.
Example 8: crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (21.5 g, 42.4 mmol, 1.0 eq) and ethanol (300 ml) . maleic acid (5.2 g, 44.8 mmol, 1.05 eq) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixture was heated to 70 ℃. Another ethanol (1980 ml) was added to the reaction mixture in several times and the reaction temperature was keep at 70 ℃. Filtered and filtrate was cooled to room temperature, stop stirring and stand for 16-20 hours. Filtered and the solid was dried at room temperature for 24 hours to get the title compound.

///////////////TL-487, PRECLINICAL, CHINA, breast cancer, ovary cancer, olon cancer,  BTK, HER-2 kinase inhibitor,

CN(C)C\C=C\C(=O)Nc3cc4c(Nc2ccc(Oc1ccccc1)cc2)c(cnc4cc3OCC)C#N

HAO 472


STR1

STR1.CF3COOH

STR1.jpg

HAO 472

PHASE 1 CHINA

PRoject Name: HAO472 treatment Phase I clinical trial in relapsed / refractory AML,  M2b type of AML

The main purpose: to determine HAO472 treatment of relapsed / refractory C the maximum tolerated dose (MTD). Secondary objectives: 1) evaluation of drug safety and tolerability; 2) study HAO472 in pharmacokinetic characteristics of the human body; 3) the effectiveness of HAO472 treatment of relapsed / refractory M2b type of AML.

Introduction Test

Acute myelogenous leukemia

HAO472

Phase I

Test Number: CTR20150246

Sponsor Name:

Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd. 1/
2 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine /
3 Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd. /
4 Shanghai Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd. /

Microsoft Word - 2016-6-8_Manuscrpit_Review on Oridonin analogs

Natural products have historically been, and continue to be, an invaluable source for the discovery of various therapeutic agents. Oridonin, a natural diterpenoid widely applied in traditional Chinese medicines, exhibits a broad range of biological effects including anticancer and anti-inflammatory activities. To further improve its potency, aqueous solubility and bioavailability, the oridonin template serves as an exciting platform for drug discovery to yield better candidates with unique targets and enhanced drug properties. A number of oridonin derivatives (e.g. HAO472) have been designed and synthesized, and have contributed to substantial progress in the identification of new agents and relevant molecular mechanistic studies toward the treatment of human cancers and other diseases. This review summarizes the recent advances in medicinal chemistry on the explorations of novel oridonin analogues as potential anticancer therapeutics, and provides a detailed discussion of future directions for the development and progression of this class of molecules into the clinic.

Highlights

Oridonin displays significant anticancer activities via multi-signaling pathways.

Recent advances in medicinal chemistry of oridonin-like compounds are presented.

The article summarizes the SAR and mechanism studies of relevant drug candidates.

The milestones and future direction of oridonin-based drug discovery are discussed.

Volume 122, 21 October 2016, Pages 102–117

Review article

Discovery and development of natural product oridonin-inspired anticancer agents

  • a Chemical Biology Program, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, 77555, United States
  • b Department of Clinical Cancer Prevention, Division of Cancer Prevention and Population Sciences, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, 77030, United States

Major milestones achieved in oridonin-inspired drug discovery and development.

////////Natural product, Oridonin, Diterpenoids, Anticancer agents, Drug discovery, Chemical biology, AML, HAO 472, relapsed / refractory AML. Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co., Ltd, PHASE1, LEUKEMIA

C[C@H](N)C(=O)O[C@]15OC[C@@]2([C@H](O)CCC(C)(C)[C@@H]2[C@H]1O)[C@H]3CC[C@@H]4C(=C)C(=O)[C@@]35C4O

Chidamide (Epidaza), A New Cancer Drug, Made in China


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Figure CN103833626AD00031

Chidamide (Epidaza)

CS055; HBI-8000

CAS   743438-44-0  CORRECT

C22 H19 F N4 O2, Benzamide, N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]-
Molecular Weight, 390.41
  • Benzamide, N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propenyl]amino]methyl]-
  • N-(2-Amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]benzamide
  • CS 055
  • Chidamide
  • Epidaza
Activity: HDAC Inhibitor; Cancer Drug; Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor; HDAC-1, 2,3,10 Inhibitor; Treatment for Peripheral T-cell Lymphomas; Treatment for PTCL
Status: Launched 2014 (China)
Originator: Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd
SHENZHEN CHIPSCREEN BIOSCIENCES LTD. [CN/CN]; Research Institute of Tsinghua University, Suite C301, P.O. Box 28, High-Tech Industrial Park Nanshan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057
 
 

ERROR IN STRUCTURE

FLUORO IN WRONG POSITION

Chidamide.svg

CAS Registry Number: 743420-02-2

As described for Example 2 according to the patent ZL03139760.3 obtained chidamide poor purity (about 95%). LC / MS analysis results shown in Figure 1, show that the product contains N- (2- amino-5-fluorophenyl) -4- (N- (3- pyridin-acryloyl group of 4.7% of the structure shown in formula II) aminomethyl) benzamide. 1H NMR analysis of the results shown in Figure 2, show that the product contains 1.80% of tetrahydrofuran, far beyond the technical requirements for people with drug registration International Conference on Harmonization (ICH, International Conference of Harmonizition) provided 0.072% residual solvent limits. Therefore, the solid

Body not for pharmaceutical manufacturing.

Figure CN103833626AD00041

Chidamide (Epidaza) is an HDAC inhibitor (HDI) developed wholly in China.[1] It was originally known as HBI-8000.[2]

It is a benzamide HDI) and inhibits Class I HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, as well as Class IIb HDAC10.[3]

It is approved by the Chinese FDA for relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), and having orphan drug status in Japan.[2]

As of April 2015 it is only approved in China.[1]

It shows potential in treating pancreatic cancer.[4][5][6]

Is NOT approved for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Chidamide drug administration and clinical milestone

November 2005: China declared IND

November 2006: eligible for Phase I clinical documents of approval

November 2006: completion of the International Patent Licensing, China entered the international fray original new drug development

May 2008: completed Phase I clinical, showing international mechanism similar drugs have the potential to become the best

February 2009: eligible lymphoma indications II / III of this document

March 2009: Start of the Phase II clinical trial for the NDA to ①CTCL goal of clinical trials and ②PTCL

March 2009: IND by the FDA application is eligible to start Phase I clinical in the United States

July 2009: eligible for non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer clinical documents of approval

December 2010: of PTCL by a conventional phase II directly into Phase II clinical trial registered drug trial center and by recognition

March 2011: combination chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer clinical trials enter phase Ib

September 2012: of PTCL indication test deadline

December 2012: of PTCL clinical summary will be held

January 2013: Chidamide declare China NDA

December 2014: the State Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) approved the listing

STR1

Chidamide overview, location and clinical significance

Chidamide (Chidamide, love spectrum sand ® / Epidaza®) Shenzhen microchip biotechnology limited liability company developed a new subtype selective histone having a chemical structure and is eligible for a global patent licensing deacetylase inhibitor, belong to the new mechanisms of epigenetic regulation new class of targeted anticancer drugs, has now completed with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma clinical trial study registered indications, was in March 2013 to the SFDA reporting new drug certificate (NDA) and the marketing authorization (MAA). While a number of Chinese Cancer clinical trials undertaken Chidamide is also China’s first approved by the US FDA clinical studies in the United States of Chinese chemical original new drug trials in the United States Phase I has been completed. Chidamide has won the national “Eleventh Five-Year” 863 major projects (project number: 2006AA020603) and the national “Eleventh Five-Year”, “significant Drug Discovery” science and technology and other major projects funded project (project number: 2009ZX09401-003), was chosen the Ministry of Science and one of the “Eleventh five-Year” major national scientific and technological achievements.

Relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is Chidamide first approvedclinical indications, PTCL belongs to the category of rare diseases, the lack of standard drug currently recommended clinical treatment, conventional chemotherapy response rate is low, recur, 5-year overall survival rate was about 25%. The world’s first PTCL treatment Folotyn (intravenous drug use) is eligible for FDA clearance to market in 2009, the second drugs Istodax (intravenous drug use) approved by the FDA in 2011. Add a new drug information for these drugs is very expensive, and were listed in China. Chidamide album clinical trial results showed that the primary endpoint of objective response rate was 28%, reaching the intended target research and development; sustained remission rate of 24% three months; drug safety was significantly better than the international similar drugs, and oral medication.
Chidamide is a completely independent intellectual property rights China originator of innovative medicines, has been multi-national patent. In China, for patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL to carry out effective drug treatment is urgent clinical need, Chidamide expected to bring new treatment options for patients with PTCL, prolong survival and improve quality of life of patients.

In China, for the effective treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL has undertaken urgent clinical need

Chidamide is a completely independent intellectual property rights China originator of innovative medicines

Chidamide (Chidamide) has been multi-national invention patents

In October 2006, the US HUYA biological microchip company formally signed the International Patent Chidamide licensing and international clinical cooperative development agreement; the United States in the ongoing Phase I clinical

Chidamide (Epidaza), a class I HDAC inhibitor, was discovered and developed by ChipScreen and approved by the CFDA in December 2014 for the treatment of recurrent of refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Chidamide, also known as CS055 and HBI- 8000, is an orally bioavailable benzamide type inhibitor of HDAC isoenzymes class I , as well as class IIb 10, with potential antineoplastic activity. It selectively binds to and inhibits HDAC, leading to an increase in acetylation levels of histone protein H3.

Chidamide, the English called Chidamide, by the Shenzhen-core biotechnology limited liability company independent design and synthesis of a novel anti-cancer drugs with new chemical structures and global intellectual property, and its chemical name N- (2-amino-_4_ fluorophenyl) -4_ (N- (3- topiramate Li acryloyl) aminomethyl) benzamide, its chemical structure of the structural formula I

Figure CN103833626AD00031

The patent ZL03139760.3 and said US7,244,751, Chidamide have histone deacetylase inhibitory activity can be used to treat the differentiation and proliferation-related diseases such as cancer and psoriasis, especially for leukemia and solid tumors with excellent results.

 Patent No. ZL03139760.3 and US7,244,751 discloses a method for preparing chidamide, but did not specify whether the resulting product is a crystalline material, nor did the presence or absence of the compound polymorphism. In the above patent, the activity of the compound for evaluation is not conducted in a solid state and, therefore, does not disclose any description about characteristics of the crystal.

Chipscreen grabs CFDA approval for chidamide

Chipscreen BioSciences announced that the CFDA had approved chidamide for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in December 2014. The drug and Hengrui’s apatinib were the only two NCEs launched by domestic drug makers last year.

Chidamide (CS055/HBI-8000) is a HDAC1/2/3/10 inhibitor derived from entinostat (MS-27-275)[1] which was first discoved by Mitsui Pharmaceuticals in 1999. Chipscreen holds worldwide IP rights to chidamide (patents: WO2004071400, WO2014082354).

Syndax Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ: SNDX) is testing entinostat in breast cancer and NSCLC in pivotal trials. The FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to entinostat for advanced breast cancer in 2013. Eddingpharm in-licensed China rights to entinostat from Syndax in September 2013.

Chipscreen disclosed positive results from Phase II study of chidamide in relapsed or refractory PTCL at 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting[2]. Out of 79 evaluable patients in the trial, 23 patients (29.1%) had confirmed responses (8 CR, 3 CRu, and 12 PR). The most common grade 3/4 AEs were thrombocytopenia (24%), leucocytopenia (13%), neutropenia(10%).

The FDA has approved three HDAC inhibitors, known as Zolinza (vorinostat), Istodax (romidepsin) and Beleodaq (belinostat), for the treatment of PTCL. Celgene priced Istodax at $12000-18000/month and reported annual sales of $54 million in 2013. The efficacy and safety profile of chidamide compares favorably with romidepsin.

Although a dozen of companies are developing generic vorinostat and romidepsin, no chemical 3.1 NDA has been submitted to the CFDA so far. Chipscreen will be the only domestic maker of HDAC inhibitor in the coming two years. Moreover, the company is testing chidamide in NSCLC and breast cancer in early clinical studies.

CLIP

Chiamide synthesis: US7244751B2

Procedure:

Step a: To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of 3-pyridineacrylic acid at 0 °C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 5. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid (0.46 g, 82%). HRMS calcd for C16H14N2O3: 282.2988. Found: 282.2990. MA calcd for: C16H14N2O3: C, 68.07%; H, 5.00%; N, 9.92%. Found: C, 68.21%; H, 5.03%; N, 9.90%.

Step b: To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45 °C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofiman (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): dppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (1H, t), 6.80 (2H, m),696 (1H, t), 7.18 (1H, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (1H, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (1H, d), 8.56 (1H, d), 8.72 (1H, br. t), 8.78 (1H, s), 9.60 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C22H19N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C22H19N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35%. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US7244751

EXAMPLE 1

Preparation of 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00005

To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of 3-pyridineacrylic acid at 0° C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 5. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give the title compound (0.46 g, 82%). HRMS calcd for C16H14N2O3: 282.2988. Found: 282.2990. MA calcd for: C16H14N2O3: C, 68.07%; H, 5.00%; N, 9.92%. Found: C, 68.21%; H, 5.03%; N, 9.90%.EXAMPLE 2

Preparation of N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00006

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45° C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofiman (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (1H, t), 6.80 (2H, m),696 (1H, t), 7.18 (1H, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (1H, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (1H, d), 8.56 (1H, d), 8.72 (1H, br. t), 8.78 (1H, s), 9.60 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C22H19N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C22H19N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35%. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.EXAMPLE 3

Preparation of 4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzoic acid

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00007

To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of cinnamic acid at 0° C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 7. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give the title compound (0.51 g, 91%). HRMS calcd for C17H15NO3: 281.3242. Found: 281.3240. MA calcd for C17H15NO3: C, 72.58%; H, 5.38%; N, 4.98. Found: C, 72.42%; H, 5.37%; N, 4.98%.

EXAMPLE 4

Preparation of N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzamide

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00008

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45° C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 16 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.45 g, 64%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.42 (2H, d), 4.92 (2H, br.s), 6.62 (1H, t), 6.78 (2H, m), 7.01 (1H, t), 7.32 (5H, m), 7.54 (5H, m), 8.76 (1H, br.t), 9.58 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm−1: 3306, 1618, 1517, 1308, 745. HRMS calcd for C23H20N3O2F: 389.4292. Found: 389.4294. MA calcd for C23H20N3O2F: C, 70.94%; H, 5.18%; N, 10.79%. Found: C, 70.72%; H, 5.18%; N, 10.88%.

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/US20150299126

STR1

  • FIG. 2 is the 1H NMR spectrum of the solid prepared according to Example 2 of patent ZL 03139760.3;

NMR, MS ETC CLICK TO VIEW

C-NMR

CLIP

Chidamide (Epidaza), a class I HDAC inhibitor, was discovered and developed by ChipScreen and approved by the CFDA in December 2014 for the treatment of recurrent of refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Chidamide, also known as CS055 and HBI- 8000, is an orally bioavailable benzamide type inhibitor of HDAC isoenzymes class I 1–3, as well as class IIb 10, with potential antineoplastic activity. It selectively binds to and inhibits HDAC, leading to an increase in acetylation levels of histone protein H3.74

This agent also inhibits the expression of signaling kinases in the PI3K/ Akt and MAPK/Ras pathways and may result in cell cycle arrest and the induction of tumor cell apoptosis.75

Currently, phases I and II clinical trials are underway for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and for the treatment of breast cancer, respectively.76 The scalable synthetic approach to chidamide very closely follows the discovery route,77–79 and is described in Scheme 10. The sequence began with the condensation of commercial nicotinaldehyde (52) and malonic acid (53) in a mixture of pyridine and piperidine. Next, activation of acid 54 with N,N0-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) and subsequent reaction with 4-aminomethyl benzoic acid (55) under basic conditions afforded amide 56 in 82% yield.

Finally, activation of 56 with CDI prior to treatment with 4-fluorobenzene- 1,2-diamine (57) and subsequent treatment with TFA and THF yielded chidamide (VIII) in 38% overall yield from 52. However, no publication reported that mono-N-Boc-protected bis-aniline was used to approach Chidamide.

STR1

74. Ning, Z. Q.; Li, Z. B.; Newman, M. J.; Shan, S.; Wang, X. H.; Pan, D. S.; Zhang, J.;
Dong, M.; Du, X.; Lu, X. P. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 2012, 69, 901.
75. Liu, L.; Chen, B.; Qin, S.; Li, S.; He, X.; Qiu, S.; Zhao, W.; Zhao, H. Biochem.
Biophys. Res. Commun. 2010, 392, 190.
76. Gong, K.; Xie, J.; Yi, H.; Li, W. Bio. Chem. J. 2012, 443, 735.
77. Lu, X. P.; Li, Z. B.; Xie, A. H.; Shi, L. M.; Li, B. Y.; Ning, Z. Q.; Shan, S.; Deng, T.;
Hu, W. M. US Patent 2004224991A1, 2004.
78. Lu, X. P.; Li, Z. B.; Xie, A. H.; Shi, L. M.; Li, B. Y.; Ning, Z. Q.; Shan, S.; Deng, T.;
Hu, W. M. CN Patent 1513839A, 2003.
79. Yin, Z. H.; Wu, Z. W.; Lan, Y. K.; Liao, C. Z.; Shan, S.; Li, Z. L.; Ning, Z. Q.; Lu, X.
P.; Li, Z. B. Chin. J. New Drugs 2004, 13, 536.

see  CN 105457038

CN 1513839

WRONG COMPD

WO2004071400

Example 2. Preparation of
N-(2-amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N, N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45°C for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (IH, t), 6.80 (2H, m), 6.96 (IH, t), 7.18 (IH, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (IH, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (IH, d), 8.56 (IH, d), 8.72 (IH, br. t), 8.78 (IH, s), 9.60 (IH, br.s). IR (KBr) cm“1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C229N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C229N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.

Photo taken on May 22, 2015 shows a box of Chidamide in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province. Chidamide is the world’s first oral HDAC inhibitor …

A New Cancer Drug, Made in China

After 14 years, Shenzhen biotech’s medicine is one of the few locally developed from start to finish

Xian-Ping Lu left his research job at a drug maker in the U.S. to co-found a biotech company in his native China.
Xian-Ping Lu left his research job at a drug maker in the U.S. to co-found a biotech company in his native China. PHOTO: SHENZHEN CHIPSCREEN BIOSCIENCES

HONG KONG— Xian-Ping Lu left his job as director of research at drug maker Galderma R&D in Princeton, N.J., to co-found a biotech company to develop new medicines in his native China.

It took more than 14 years but the bet could be paying off. In February, Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences’ first therapy, a medication for a rare type of lymph-node cancer, hit the market in China.

The willingness of veterans like Dr. Lu and others to leave multinational drug companies for Chinese startups reflects a growing optimism in the industry here. The goal, encouraged by the government, is to move the Chinese drug industry beyond generic medicines and drugs based on ones developed in the West.

Chipscreen’s drug, called chidamide, or Epidaza, was developed from start to finish in China. The medicine is the first of its kind approved for sale in China, and just the fourth in a new class globally. Dr. Lu estimates the research cost of chidamide was about $70 million, or about one-tenth what it would have cost to develop in the U.S.

“They are a good example of the potential for innovation in China,” said Angus Cole, director at Monitor Deloitte and pharmaceuticals and biotechnology lead in China.

China’s spending on pharmaceuticals is expected to top $107 billion in 2015, up from $26 billion in 2007, according to Deloitte China. It will become the world’s second-largest drug market, after the U.S., by 2020, according to an analysis published last year in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice.

China has on-the-ground infrastructure labs, a critical mass of leading scientists and interested investors, according to Franck Le Deu, head of consultancy McKinsey & Co.’s pharmaceuticals and medical-products practice in China. “There’re all the elements for the recipe for potential in China,” he said.

But there are obstacles to an industry where companies want big payoffs for a decade or more of work and tremendous costs it takes to develop a drug.

While the protection of intellectual property has improved, China’s cumbersome rules for drug approval and a government effort to cut health-care costs, particularly spending on drugs, could hurt the Chinese drug companies’ efforts, said Mr. Cole of Deloitte.

“Will you start to see success? Of course you will,” said Mr. Cole. However, “I’ve yet to see convincing or compelling evidence that it’s imminent.”

To date, many of the Chinese companies that are flourishing in the life sciences are contract research organizations that help carry out clinical trials, as well as providers of related services.

Some companies, like Shanghai-based Hua Medicine, are buying the rights to develop new compounds in China from multinational drug companies, what some experts consider more akin to an intermediate step to innovation.

Late last year, Hua Medicine completed an early-stage human clinical trial of a diabetes drug in China and in March filed an application to the Food and Drug Administration to develop it in the U.S. as well. The company has raised $45 million in venture funding to date.

Li Chen, who left an 18-year career at Roche Holding AG as head of research and development in China to help start Hua Medicine, said the company’s goal is to “create a game-changer of drug discovery.”

At Chipscreen Biosciences, Dr. Lu and his co-founders set up the company in 2001 in Shenzhen, a city that was quickly growing into a technology and research hub, just over the border from Hong Kong. They created a lab of 10 scientists to use a new analytic technique known as “chemical genomics” to examine the relationships between molecular structures of the existing and failed drugs, how they act on different targets in the body and what genes were being activated or repressed. Now they have more than 60 scientists.

By better predicting how chemicals would act on the body before entering human testing, they hoped they would be more likely get a drug to market.

“How can a small company compete with a multinational?” said Dr. Lu. “The only thing we can compete with is the scientific brain.”

The biggest challenges for the company have been financing and the Chinese regulatory system, said Dr. Lu. The company has raised a total of 300 million yuan ($48 million) over five rounds of venture funding, said Dr. Lu. Chipscreen also receives grant money from the Chinese government.

The company filed its application for approval of chidamide to the Chinese Food and Drug Administration, or CFDA, in early 2013. It had to wait nearly two years for approval, receiving the OK only in December.

Chidamide now is on the market in China for 26,500 yuan ($4,275) a month, a price far lower than patients in the U.S. pay for some of the newest cancer medicines but much more than the typical Chinese patient pays for drugs. Dr. Lu said the price reflects a balance between affordability for patients and return for shareholders. Some investors wanted to price the drug higher.

PAPER

Discovery of an orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, chidamide, as an epigenetic modulator for cancer treatment

Corresponding authors
aShenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd., BIO-Incubator, Suit 2-601, Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Shenzhen, P. R. China
E-mail: xplu@chipscreen.com
Med. Chem. Commun., 2014,5, 1789-1796

DOI: 10.1039/C4MD00350K, http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/md/c4md00350k#!divAbstract

Tumorigenesis is maintained through a complex interplay of multiple cellular biological processes and is regulated to some extent by epigenetic control of gene expression. Targeting one signaling pathway or biological function in cancer treatment often results in compensatory modulation of others, such as off-target drivers of cell survival. As a result, overall survival of cancer patients is still far from satisfactory. Epigenetic-modulating agents can concurrently target multiple aberrant or compensatory signaling pathways found in cancer cells. However, existing epigenetic-modulating agents in cancer treatment have not yet fully translated into survival benefits beyond hematological tumors. In this article, we present a historical rationale for use of chidamide (CS055/Epidaza), an orally active and subtype-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor of the benzamide chemical class. This compound was discovered and successfully developed as mono-therapy for relapsed and refractory peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) in China. We discuss the evidence supporting chidamide as a durable epigenetic modulator that allows cellular reprogramming with little cytotoxicity in cancer treatments.

Graphical abstract: Discovery of an orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, chidamide, as an epigenetic modulator for cancer treatment
CLIPS
Chinese scientists develop world’s 1st oral HDAC inhibitor

Lu Xianping works in a lab at Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd. in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, May 20, 2015. Lu Xianping, together with other four returned overseas scientists, spent 14 years to develop Chidamide, the world’s first oral HDAC inhibitor, which was given regulatory approval in January. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation Licenses Novel Cancer Molecule from Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

PR Newswire

SHENZHEN, China, Oct. 10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ — GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation announces the grant of an exclusive license from Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.for the development and commercialization of Chidamide in Taiwan. Chidamide, an oral, selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, is currently being evaluated in Phase II trials by Chipscreen Biosciences in Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL), Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer patients (NSCLC). GNTbm will develop and commercialize Chidamide primarily in PTCL, NSCLC and will also retain the rights to develop and commercialize Chidamide in other oncology indications in Taiwan.

About Chidamide

Chidamide is a selective HDAC inhibitor against subtype 1, 2, 3 and 10, and being studied in multiple clinical trials as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of various hematological and solid cancers. Its anticancer effects are thought to be mediated through epigenetic modulation via multiple mechanisms of action, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in blood derived cells, inhibition of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT, a process that is highly relevant to tumor cell metastasis and drug resistance), induction of tumor specific antigen and antigen-specific T cell cytotoxicity, enhancement of NK cell anti-tumor activity, induction of cancer stem cell differentiation, and resensitization of tumor cells that have become resistant to anticancer agents such as platinums, taxanes and topoisomerase II inhibitors. Chidamide has demonstrated clinical efficacy in pivotal phase II trials on Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) and Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL) conducted in China, and is currently undergoing phase II trial in NSCLC together with first line PC therapeutic treatment. Due to its superior pharmacokinetic properties and selectivity, Chidamide may offer better clinical profile over the other HDAC inhibitors currently under development or being marketed.

About GNTbm

GNTbm is a subsidiary of GNT Inc, a Taiwanese company focused on the manufacture of nano-scale metallic particles for food and medical purposes. Founded in 1992 by a team of electronic professionals, GNT has successfully developed the innovative technology of physical metal miniaturization based on the patent of MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy). Further information about GNT Inc is available at www.gnt.com.tw.

GNTbm was established in August 2013, and housed in the Nankang Biotech Incubation Center, (NBIC), in Nankang, Taipei. Lead by Dr. Chia-Nan Chenalong with an experienced team of scientists, GNTbm will explore development and commercialization of novel drug delivery systems, Innovative biomedical and diagnostic tools based on gold nanoparticles.

About Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

Chipscreen is a leading integrated biotech company in China specialized in discovery and development of novel small molecule pharmaceuticals. The company has utilized its proprietary chemical genomics-based discovery platform to successfully develop a portfolio of clinical and preclinical stage programs in a number of therapeutic areas. Chipscreen’s business strategy is to generate differentiated drug candidates across multiple therapeutic areas. Drug candidates are either developed by Chipscreen or co-developed and commercialized in a partnership at the research, preclinical and clinical stages. The company was established as Sino-foreign joint venture in 2001. Further details about Chipscreen Bioscience is available atwww.chipscreen.com.

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

Ekambaranellore Prakash, PhD

Director of International Department

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

TEL: +886-2-7722-0388 #303

E-mail: prakash@gntbm.com.tw

Web site: www.gnt.com.tw

Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

Rebecca Hai

Investor Relations

Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

TEL: +86-755-26957317

E-mail: rebeccai_hai@chipscreen.com

Web site: www.chipscreen.com

SOURCE GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

CN101397295B Nov 12, 2008 Apr 25, 2012 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 2-dihydroindolemanone derivates as histone deacetylase inhibitor, preparation method and use thereof
CN101648920B Aug 20, 2009 Feb 8, 2012 苏州东南药物研发有限责任公司 用作组蛋白去乙酰酶抑制剂的三氟甲基酮类化合物及其用途
CN101648921B Aug 20, 2009 Nov 2, 2011 苏州东南药物研发有限责任公司 Benzamide compound used as histone deacetylase inhibitor and application thereof
CN103833626A * Nov 27, 2012 Jun 4, 2014 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 Crystal form of chidamide and preparation method and application thereof
CN103833626B * Nov 27, 2012 Nov 25, 2015 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 西达本胺的晶型及其制备方法与应用
CN104876857A * May 12, 2015 Sep 2, 2015 亿腾药业(泰州)有限公司 Preparation of benzamide histone deacetylase inhibitor with differentiation and anti-proliferation activity
EP2205563A2 * Oct 8, 2008 Jul 14, 2010 Orchid Research Laboratories Limited Novel histone deacetylase inhibitors
WO2009152735A1 * Jun 9, 2009 Dec 23, 2009 Jiangsu Goworth Investment Co. Ltd Histone deacetylase inhibitors and uses thereof
WO2010135908A1 * May 20, 2010 Dec 2, 2010 Jiangsu Goworth Investment Co. Ltd. N-(2-amino-4-pyridyl) benzamide derivatives and uses thereof
WO2014082354A1 * Dec 18, 2012 Jun 5, 2014 Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences, Ltd. Crystal form of chidamide, preparation method and use thereof
Chidamide
Chidamide.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-(2-Amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]-benzamide
Clinical data
Trade names Epidaza
Identifiers
CAS Number 743420-02-2
PubChem CID 9800555
ChemSpider 7976319
UNII 87CIC980Y0 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C22H19FN4O2
Molar mass 390.4 g/mol
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015299126 2015-10-22 CRYSTAL FORM OF CHIDAMIDE, PREPARATION METHOD AND USE THEREOF
US2010222379 2010-09-02 NOVEL HISTONE DEACETYLASE INHIBITORS
US7244751 2007-07-17 Histone deacetylase inhibitors of novel benzamide derivatives with potent differentiation and anti-proliferation activity

References

  1.  “China’s First Homegrown Pharma.”. April 2015.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b [1]
  3.  HUYA Bioscience International Grants An Exclusive License For HBI-8000 In Japan And Other Asian Countries To Eisai. Feb 2016
  4.  Qiao, Z (2013-04-26). “Chidamide, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, synergistically enhances gemcitabine cytotoxicity in pancreatic cancer cells.”. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 434 (1): 95–101. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.03.059. PMID 23541946.
  5.  Guha, Malini (2015-04-01). “HDAC inhibitors still need a home run, despite recent approval”. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 14: 225–226. doi:10.1038/nrd4583.
  6.  Wang, Shirley S. (2015-04-02). “A New Cancer Drug, Made in China”. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  7. References:
    1. Ning, Z. Q.; et. al. Chidamide (CS055/HBI-8000): a new histone deacetylase inhibitor of the benzamide class with antitumor activity and the ability to enhance immune cell-mediated tumor cell cytotoxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol2012, 69(4), 901-909. (activity)
    2. Gong, K.; et. al. CS055 (Chidamide/HBI-8000), a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, induces G1 arrest, ROS-dependent apoptosis and differentiation in human leukaemia cells. Biochem J 2012, 443(3), 735-746. (activity)

    3. Hu, W.; et. al. N-(2-amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl) aminomethyl ]benzamide or other derivatives for treating cancer and psoriasis. US7244751B2
    4. Lu, X.; et. al. Crystal form of chidamide, preparation method and use thereof. WO2014082354A1
    5. Yin, Z.-H.; et. al. Synthesis of chidamide,a new histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. Chin J New Drugs 2004, 13(6), 536-538. (starts with basic raw materials)
  8. Zhongguo Xinyao Zazhi (2004), 13(6), 536-538.

/////////Chidamide, Epidaza, CS055,  HBI-8000, orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, epigenetic modulator,  cancer treatment, CFDA, CHINA, CANCER

Fc3ccc(NC(=O)c1ccc(cc1)CNC(=O)/C=C/c2cccnc2)c(N)c3

Lefucoxib (乐福昔布)


CID 16730197.pngC3

 

Lefucoxib (乐福昔布)

5-(3,4-dimethyl-phenyl)-1-methanesulfonyl-3-trifluoromethol-pyrazole

1 [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole

CAS 849048-84-6

Molecular Formula: C19H17F3N2O2S
Molecular Weight: 394.41069 g/mol

IND FILED

Prostaglandin G/H Synthase 2 (PTGS2; COX-2) Inhibitors

A COX-2 inhibitor potentially for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor

National Center of Biomedical Analysis

Example 1

1 [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole (I1)

1- (3,4- two toluene-yl) -4,4,4-trifluoro-methyl – D-1,3-dione (IV1) of sodium metal was weighed 2.3g (0.1mol) was added 50ml of anhydrous toluene to prepare a sodium sand. After cooling, ethanol was added dropwise 12ml, and then heated at 60 ℃, complete reaction of sodium metal. After cooling to room temperature, was added 3,4-dimethylphenyl ethanone 23.8g (0.1mol) and trifluoroacetic ethyl acetate 20ml (0.2mol), reacted at 100 ℃ 5 hours. Toluene was distilled off under reduced pressure, a 10% aqueous hydrochloric acid was added, the pH was adjusted to 2-3, extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, ethyl acetate was distilled off under reduced pressure. Then under reduced pressure, distillation, collecting fractions 105-107 ℃ / 0.7mmHg, was 14.6g, 60% yield.

1- [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole (I1) take the above-prepared substituted (IV1) 2.38g (0.01mol ), 15ml of ethanol, then added p-methanesulfonyl phenyl hydrazine salt alkoxide 2.3g (0.01ml). Was refluxed for 15 hours. Place the refrigerator overnight, the crystals were collected by filtration, recrystallized from ethanol, mp 129-31 ℃, to give 3.1 g.

Elemental analysis: C19H17F3N2O2S Calculated: C, 57.86; H, 4.34; N, 7.10 Found: C, 57.97; H, 4.29; N, 7.20MS (m / z): 395 (M + 1)

C4

 

CN101497585B Jan 31, 2008 Jan 12, 2011 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Method for photocatalytic synthesis of 1,3,5-trisubstituted-2-pyrazole derivative

Beijing Shenogen Granted Fast Track Status for Novel Cancer Drug, Icaritin


Icaritin.png

Icaritin;  118525-40-9; AC1NSXIV; UNII-UFE666UELY;

3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)chromen-4-one

3,5,7-trihydroxy-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)-8-(3-methylbut-2-enyl)chromen-4-one

C21H20O6
Molecular Weight: 368.3799 g/mol

The roots of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim

 

Beijing Shenogen Granted Fast Track Status for Novel Cancer Drug

Written by Richard Daverman, PhD, Executive Editor, Greg B. Scott.

Beijing Shenogen Biomedical announced that Icaritin, a China Class I cancer drug, was granted Fast Track Review status after the company filed its New Drug Approval submission to the Beijing Food & Drug Administration. Icaritin is an oral traditional Chinese medicine, derived from barrenwort, which targets the estrogen receptor α36. Shenogen has conducted clinical trials of Icaritin in patients with liver cancer, though it expects the drug will also prove effective in breast cancer and other estrogen-related cancers as well. More details…. http://www.chinabiotoday.com/articles/20150917

Antiproliferative agent (IC50 values are 8,13 and 18 μM for K562, CML-CP and CML-BC cells respectively). Inhibits H/R-induced PTK activation. Induces G(2)/M cell cycle arrest and mitochondrial transmembrane potential drop. Modulates MAPK/ERK/JNK and JAK2/STAT3 /AKT signaling. Inhibits PPAR-g. Modulates differentiation. Inhibits cytochrome P450 in vivo. Orally active.

Cardiovascular function improvement, hormone regulation and antitumor activity.
2. The anti-MM activity of Icaritin was mainly mediated by inhibiting IL-6/JAK2/STAT3 signaling.
3. The inhibitory activity of Icariside II on pre-osteoclast RAW264.7 growth was synergized by Icaritin, which maybe contribute to the efficiency of Herba Epimedii extract on curing bone-related diseases, such as osteoporosis.
4. The Icaritin at low concentration (4 or 8 μmol/L) can promote rat chondrocyte proliferation and inhibit cell apoptosis, while the effect of Icaritin on rat chondrocyte at high concentration was reversed.
5. Icaritin might be a new potent inhibitor by inducing S phase arrest and apoptosis in human lung carcinoma A549 cells.
6. Icaritin dose-dependently inhibits ENKL cell proliferation and induces apoptosis and cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase. Additionally, Icaritin upregulates Bax, downregulates Bcl-2 and pBad, and activates caspase-3 and caspase-9.

What is Epimedium ?

Herba epimedii (Epimedium, also called bishop’s hat, horny goat weed or yin yang huo), a traditional Chinese medicine, has been widely used as a kidney tonic and antirheumatic medicine for thousands of years. It is a genus of about 60 flowering herbs, cultivated as a ground cover plant and an aphrodisiac. The bioactive components in herba epimedii are mainly prenylated flavonol glycosides, end-products of the flavonoid pathway. Epimedium species are also used as garden plants due to the colorful flowers and leaves. Most of them bloom in the early spring, and the leaves of some species change colors in the fall, while other species retain their leaves year round.

Figure 1 Epimedium

Epimedium Raw Material

The herbs we used to extract icariin is one species of Epimedium, which name is Epimedium brevicornum Maxim. This kind of epimedium only can be abundantly found in Gansu province of China. And because of the growth habit of this kind of herb, which only grows under trees, it can’t to be planted, only can harvest the wild one.

This wild epimedium contains quite a bit of active components, depending on its long growth time and rich nutrient. Usually the content of the icariin is not lower than 1%.

Below photo is the herb specimen which we use. Picking in the epimedium full-bloom stage. And the medicinal value of the herb is the best at this time. The herb we select contains roots, stems, leaves and flowers. And we extract with the whole herb.

 

 

Figure 2 Epimedium for extract

Epimedium Extract

Epimedium extract is a herbal supplement claimed to be beneficial for the treatment of sexual problems such as impotence. It is believed to contain a number of active components, including plant compounds that may have antioxidant activity and estrogen-like compounds. The major components of Epimedium brevicornum are icariin, epimedium B and epimedium C. It is reported to have anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative, and anti-tumor effects. It is also reported to have potential effects on the management of erectile dysfunction.

 

 

 

Figure 3 HPLC spectrum of icariin

 

Our specification available is Icariin HPLC 50%- 98%. Below please see the the information for reference:

 

 

 

      Figure 4 Epimedium Extract(Icariin)

Derivatives

The plant extracts of epimedium traditionally used for male impotence, and the individual compounds is icariin, were screened against phosphodiesterase-5A1 (PDE5A1) activity. Human recombinant PDE5A1 was used as the enzyme source. The E. brevicornum extract and its active principle icariin were active. To improve its inhibitory activity, some derivatives ware subjected to various structural modifications, which include icaritin, icariside II and 3,7-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) icaritin. There have some scientific papers report that the improved pharmacodynamic profile and lack of cytotoxicity on human fibroblasts make such compounds a promising candidate for further development. We hope that our new products can help you to find more commercial opportunity.

In this way, we can introduce those products as below, and we can also provide more details about the products according to your demand. The 1H-NMR of icaritin and 3,7-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) icaritin is as below.

Product Name Specification CAS No.
Icariin HPLC 50%-98% 489-32-7
icaritin HPLC 98% 118525-40-9
icariside II HPLC 98% 113558-15-9
3,7-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) icaritin HPLC 98% 1067198-74-6

 

Figure 4 1H-NMR of icaritin and 3,7-bis(2-hydroxyethyl) icaritin

Main Function of Epimedium Extract 

horny goat weed; epimedium; Icariin; penis medicine;epimedium p.e;epimedium brevicornum; shorthorned epimedium herb; Icariins; Icaritin; 3,7-Bis(2-Hydroxyethyl)Icaritin; icariin 60%; icariin 98%; epimedium graepimedium; icarisides II;epimedium sagittatum;epimedium leaf; barrenwort.powder extract

Epimedium has been used to treat male erectile dysfunction in Traditional Chinese Medicine for many centuries. The main functions of Epimedium brevicornum in ancient Chinese books focused on the nourishment of kidney viscera and reinforcement of ‘yang’, resulting in the restoration of erectile function in males.

Epimedium contains chemicals which might help increase blood flow and improve sexual function. It also contains phytoestrogens, chemicals that act somewhat like the female hormone estrogen that might reduce bone loss in postmenopausal women.

 

 

Figure 5 some products from epimedium extract

………..

PAPER

 

The novel total synthesis of icaritin (1), naturally occurring with important bioactive 8-prenylflavonoid, was performed via a reaction sequence of 8 steps including Baker-Venkataraman reaction, chemoselective benzyl or methoxymethyl protection, dimethyldioxirane (DMDO) oxidation, O-prenylation, Claisen rearrangement and deprotection, starting from 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone and 4-hydroxybenzoic acid in overall yields of 23%. The key step was Claisen rearrangement under microwave irradiation. MS, 1H and 13C NMR techniques have been used to confirm the structures of all synthetic compounds. – See more at: http://www.eurekaselect.com/124334/article

…….

PAPER

[1860-5397-11-135-1]
Figure 1: Structures of icariin (1), icariside I (2) and icaritin (3).

Synthesis of icariin from kaempferol through regioselective methylation and para-Claisen–Cope rearrangement

Qinggang Mei1,2, Chun Wang1, Zhigang Zhao3, Weicheng Yuan2 and Guolin Zhang1Email of corresponding author
1Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
2Chengdu Institute of Organic Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China
3College of Chemistry and Environmental Protection Engineering, Southwest University for Nationalities, Chengdu 610041, China…http://www.beilstein-journals.org/bjoc/single/articleFullText.htm?publicId=1860-5397-11-135
[1860-5397-11-135-i1]
Scheme 1: Reagents and conditions: (a) Ac2O, pyridine, 94%; (b) BnBr, KI, K2CO3, acetone, 85%; (c) Me2SO4, K2CO3, acetone, MeOH, 82%; (d) MOMCl, N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA), CH2Cl2, 93%; (e) 3,3-dimethylallyl bromide, 18-crown-6, K2CO3, acetone, 86%; (f) Eu(fod)3, NaHCO3, PhCl, 85 °C, 61%; (g) MeOH, 3 M HCl (aq), reflux, 95%; (h) Pd/C, 1,4-cyclohexadiene, MeOH, 84%.
[1860-5397-11-135-i2]
Scheme 2: Decomposition of 8.
[1860-5397-11-135-i3]
Scheme 3: Claisen rearrangement of flavonol 8.
[1860-5397-11-135-i4]
Scheme 4: Reagents and conditions: (a) 15, DMF/CHCl3, Ag2CO3, molecular sieves (4 Å, powder); (b) 16, CH2Cl2, Ag2O, molecular sieves (4 Å powder), 31% for 2 steps; (c) NH3 (g), MeOH, 94%; (d) NH3 (g), MeOH, 63% for 2 steps.
ICARITIN 2
3 Nguyen, V.-S.; Shi, L.; Li, Y.; Wang, Q.-A. Lett. Org. Chem. 2014, 11, 677–681.
4. Dell’Agli, M.; Galli, G. V.; Dal Cero, E.; Belluti, F.; Matera, R.; Zironi, E.; Pagliuca, G.; Bosisio, E. J. Nat. Prod. 2008, 71, 1513–1517.
 1H NMR
NMR1
13C NMR
NMR2
HMBC
HMBC1
NOESY
NOESY1
………….

The present invention relates to compositions comprising icariside I, and to a novel, one step method of preparing such compositions, comprising converting specific prenylated flavonol glycosides such as epimedium A, epimedium B, epimedium C, icariin, and their corresponding acetate derivatives contained in an Epimedium plant extract to a single compound, namely icariside I shown below as compound I, which was surprisingly discovered to be a strong PDE-5 inhibitor.

Figure US06399579-20020604-C00001

This invention further comprises compositions enriched for anhydroicaritin, and to methods of preparing such compositions. One method of this invention for preparing compositions enriched for anhydroicaritin comprises a one-step method of converting prenylated flavonol glycosides, specifically the sagittatoside compounds A, B, and C, and the corresponding acetate derivatives, present in Epimedium plant extracts to a single compound, namely anhydroicaritin shown below as compound II, which was also discovered to be a strong PDE-5 inhibitor.

Figure US06399579-20020604-C00002
http://www.google.com/patents/US6399579

EXAMPLES Example 1 Acid Hydrolysis of a 50% EtOH Extract and Purification by Reversed Phase ChromatographyWhole Epimedium grandiflorum leaves were extracted with a 1:1 mixture of ethanol and water at 55° C. The resulting extract (referred to as a “50% EtOH extract”) was filtered and the filtrate concentrated at 40-50° C. under vacuum and then dried under vacuum at 60° C. to a dry solid. The dried extract (131 g) containing approximately 5.8 g of total PFG’s was placed in a 2 liter round bottom flask and 1 L of 90% ethanol was added. The mixture was heated to reflux to help dissolve the solids. Concentrated sulfuric acid (28 mL) was added. The mixture refluxed for 2 hr, cooled to room temperature, and 900 mL of water added with stirring. Next the mixture was filtered using vacuum to remove insoluble sulfate salts and other solids and loaded on a 2.5×56 cm (275 mL) column packed with 250-600 micron divinylbenzene cross-linked polystyrene resin (Mitsubishi Chemical). The column was washed with 2 column volumes (CVs) of 60% ethanol and the icariside I was eluted with 2 CVs of 95% ethanol. The product pool was air-dried producing 11.3 g of brown solids. HPLC analysis (FIG. 5) showed that the solids contained 18% icariside I (peak 15.27 min) and 12% anhydroicaritin (peak 25.15 min). The recovery of the icariside I in the product pool was 87% of the amount present in the hydrolyzate.

Example 2 Purification of a Hydrolyzate by Liquid/liquid ExtractionThe ethanolic hydrolyzate (25 mL) prepared in Example 1 was mixed with 62.5 mL of de-ionized water and the pH was adjusted to 7.0 using 50% (w/w) sodium hydroxide solution. The resulting mixture was extracted with three 25 mL portions of ethyl acetate and the combined ethyl acetate extracts were back extracted with 150 mL of water. The ethyl acetate layers were combined, dried, and assayed for icariside I. HPLC analysis (FIG. 6) showed that the dried EtOAc fractions contained 22% icariside I (peak 15.29 min) and 11% anhydroicaritin (peak 25.27 min), and icariside I recovery into the ethyl acetate was 97% of the amount present in the hydrolyzate. The partition coefficient for icariside I between ethyl acetate and water was found to be 16, indicating that the icariside I has a high affinity for ethyl acetate over water.

Example 3 Acid Hydrolysis of a 50% EtOH Extract and Purification by PrecipitationThe dried extract (204 g) described in Example 1 was mixed with 1 L of 90% EtOH and then heated to reflux to help dissolve the solids. Sulfuric acid (25 ML) was added slowly with swirling. The mixture was refluxed 90 minutes and immediately chilled to stop the reaction. After cooling to room temperature, the mixture was filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper to remove insoluble sulfates and other materials, and the cake was washed with about 350 mL of 90% ethanol. The resulting ethanolic hydrolyzate (1.34 L) contained 4.1 g of icariside I.

The ethanolic hydrolyzate prepared above (1.32 L) was placed in a 10 L container and 40 g of 50% (w/w) sodium hydroxide solution was added followed by 20 mL of phosphoric acid. Next 3.3 L of deionized water was added with stirring. The pH of this mixture was 2.4. Sodium hydroxide solution (50% w/w ) was added until the pH was 8.25. The mixture was heated to 65° C. to assist with the coagulation of the precipitate. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 0.5 hr at room temperature before filtering through a cellulose filter using vacuum. The resulting brown solids were washed with 715 mL of 10% ethanol and dried either under vacuum at room temperature or in air at 55° C. to yield brown solids. HPLC analysis (FIG. 7) showed the solids contained 20% icariside I (peak 15.27 min) and 10% anhydroicaritin. Recovery of icariside I using this precipitation procedure was 94% of the amount present in the hydrolyzate.

Example 4 Acid Hydrolysis of a Water Extract and Purification by PrecipitationGround Epimedium grandiflorum leaves (0.40 kg) were mixed with 5 L water in a 10 L round bottom flask. The flask was placed on a rotary evaporator for two hours at a rotation speed of 120 rpm and a water bath temperature of 90° C. The extract was filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper. The resulting filtrate (3.2 L) was evaporated using the rotary evaporator to a volume of 100 mL and dried under vacuum at 50° C.

The dark brown solids prepared above (40.4 g) were mixed with 200 mL of 90% ethanol and 6.0 mL of sulfuric acid in a 500 mL round bottom flask. The mixture was refluxed for 90 minutes and immediately chilled to stop the reaction. This mixture was filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper to remove insoluble sulfates and other materials. The cake was washed with 15 mL of 90% ethanol. The resulting ethanolic hydrolyzate (215 mL) contained 0.53 g of icariside I.

The hydrolyzate prepared above (50 mL) was transferred to a 250 mL beaker and 2.5 mL of 50% (w/w) sodium hydroxide solution was added with stirring to adjust the pH of the solution to pH 9, followed by 1.5 mL of concentrated phosphoric acid. Deionized water (125 mL) was added, and the mixture was adjusted to pH 8.2 using 1.5 mL of 50% sodium hydroxide solution. The mixture was heated to 65° C. to assist with coagulation of the precipitate and cooled to room temperature. The mixture was allowed to sit undisturbed at room temperature for 30 minutes prior to filtration under reduced pressure through cellulose paper. The resulting olive-green solids were washed with 25 mL of de-ionized water and dried under vacuum at room temperature or in air at 80° C. to produce olive-green solids. HPLC analysis (FIG. 8) showed the solids contained 60% icariside I (peak 15.33 min) and 2.4% anhydroicaritin (peak 25.40 min). Recovery of icariside I using this precipitation procedure was 92% of the amount present in the hydrolyzate.

Example 5 Enzymatic Hydrolysis of Icariside Ia) The substrate was a partially purified icariside I product with 20% icariside I and 11% anhydroicaritin. About 50 mg was dissolved in 10 mL of ethanol, and water or buffer was added until the mixture became cloudy (about 20% ethanol). The following dry enzymes were added to separate samples: α-amylase, α-glucosidase, β-amylase, β-glucosidase, hesperidinase, lactase, and pectinase. The samples were incubated overnight at 40 ° C. and analyzed by HPLC. The results were only semi-quantitative due to the difficulty in dissolving the anhydroicaritin that precipitated from the samples. However, several of the chromatograms did show a definite reduction in icariside I and increase in the ratio of anhydroicaritin to icariside I. The best results were obtained using hesperidinase, lactase, β-glucosidase and pectinase.

A larger scale experiment was done using hesperidinase in order to isolate pure anhydroicaritin for characterization. Pure icariside I (20 mg )was dissolved in 10 mL of ethanol and 50 mL of water and 200 mg of hesperidinase enzyme was added and the mixture was incubated for 24 hr at 40 ° C. Crude anhydroicaritin was collected via filtration and purified on a 2.5×30 cm semi-prep C-18 HPLC column using a gradient of 50:50 (MeCN/H2O) to 80:20 (MeCN/H2O) in 20 min. The pure anhydroicaritin was analyzed by LC/MS and proton NMR.

b) Enzymatic Hydrolysis of PFG’s: The purified PFG solids (55.3%, purified by reversed-phase chromatography of a 50% EtOH extract) were subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis with the same enzymes and conditions described in part (a). Hesperidinase, lactase, β-glucosidase and pectinase appeared to convert the mixture of PFG’s to a mixture of sagittatosides, but no icariside I or anhydroicaritin were observed. This indicated that these enzymes were specific for the 7-β-glucosyl group and did not hydrolyze the 3-position sugar(s).

Example 6 Preparation of a High Anhydroicaritin-containing ProductA high sagittatosides Epimedium sagittatum extract containing 24.7% total sagittatosides (assayed as icariin) and 8.1% icariin and other expected prenylated flavonol glycosides was obtained from China. A 50 g portion of this extract was mixed with 250 mL of 90% ethanol and 7.5 mL of concentrated sulfuric acid in a 500 mL round bottom flask. The mixture was refluxed for 90 minutes, then allowed to cool to room temperature. The hydrolyzed mixture was filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper to remove insoluble sulfates and other materials. The cake was washed with approximately 20 mL of 90% ethanol. The resulting filtered ethanolic hydrolyzate (305 mL) contained 3.75 g of anhydroicaritin and 2.50 g of icariside I.

The filtered hydrolyzate prepared above (200 mL) was transferred to a 1000 mL container and 8.0 mL of 50% (w/w) sodium hydroxide solution was added with stirring, followed by 4.0 mL of phosphoric acid. De-ionized water (500 mL) was then added. This mixture was adjusted to pH 4.9 using 50% sodium hydroxide solution. The mixture was allowed to sit undisturbed at room temperature for 24 hours prior to decanting off the liquid. The resulting solids were macerated using de-ionized water and filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper. The resulting dark brown solids (11.9 g) were washed with de-ionized water and dried in air overnight. The dark brown solids contained 20% anhydroicaritin and 12% icariside I and an anhydroicaritin/icariside I ratio of 1.66. The recovery of anhydroicaritin in the precipitation procedure was 94% from the hydrolyzate.

Example 7 Recrystallization of Icariside IIcariside 1 (30 mg) obtained by a method described in Example 1 was dissolved in a minimum of hot tetrahydrofuran (THF). Hot methanol (approximately 10 mL) was then added. The hot THF/MeOH solution was filtered through a PTFE filter into a vial and allowed to evaporate at room temperature to about 5 mL, whereupon crystals began to form, and then placed in a 4° C. refrigerator for 24 hours. The crystals were filtered and washed with cold methanol and dried in a vacuum. Icariside I (21 mg) was isolated as yellow crystals and had a chromatographic purity of 97.4%.

Example 8 Large Scale Acid Hydrolysis of an Epimedium extractAn 800 g portion of an Epimedium sagittatum powder extract obtained from China containing about 13% total prenylflavonol glycosides as icariin was mixed with 4.0 L of 90% ethanol and 120 mL of sulfuric acid in a 10 L round bottom flask. The mixture was refluxed for 90 minutes and immediately chilled to stop the reaction. This mixture was filtered under reduced pressure through cellulose paper to remove insoluble sulfates and other materials. The cake was washed with approximately 200 mL of 90% ethanol. The resulting ethanolic hydrolyzate (4.0 L) contained 33.7 g of icariside I.

The ethanolic hydrolyzate prepared above was transferred to a 34 L container and 200 mL of 50% (w/w) sodium hydroxide solution was added with stirring, followed by 120 mL of phosphoric acid. De-ionized water (10 L) was then added. This mixture was adjusted to pH 8.2 using 120 mL of 50% sodium hydroxide solution. The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes and allowed to sit undisturbed at room temperature for 60 minutes prior to filtration under reduced pressure through cellulose paper. The resulting olive-green solids were washed with 750 mL of de-ionized water and dried under vacuum at 50° C. or in air at 80° C. The olive-green solids contained 44.6% icariside I. Recovery of icariside I in the precipitation procedure was 96% from the hydrolyzate.

Example 9 Large Scale Purification of an Epimedium Extract Containing Prenylflavonoid GlycosidesA 3.7 kg portion of an Epimedium sagittatum powdered extract obtained from China containing approximately 10% total prenylflavonol glycosides (PFG’s) assayed as icariin was stirred with 35 L of 85/15 acetone/water (v/v) in a 50 L mixing tank. The mixture was stirred vigorously for 30 minutes and allowed to sit for 5 minutes. The acetone extract layer (36 L) was decanted from the tank and contained 362 g of PFG’s. Recovery of the PFG’s in this extraction procedure was 96%.

A portion (about 500 mL) of the acetone extract was dried under reduced pressure at 50° C. or less, providing 16.1 g of brown solids which were analyzed to contain 28.6% total PFG’s when assayed as icariin.

TABLE 1
PDE-5
IC50
Entry Sample description % PFG’s (μg/mL)
1 Vat extraction of Epimedium leaves, 8.0 5.78
refluxing for 17 hours with methanol
2 Extract prepared by extracting Epimedium 7.2 4.24
leaves with 50% ethanol
3 Extract prepared by extracting Epimedium 10.2 12.50
leaves with 90% ethanol
4 Extract prepared by extracting Epimedium 16.30 5.27
leaves with 50% EtOH and then purifying
the extract (after removal of EtOH) by
liq/liq extraction with butanol. Sample
tested was the butanol fraction.
5 Extract prepared by extracting Epimedium 19.3 3.97
leaves with 50% EtOH and purifying by
liquid/liquid extraction. Sample tested was
the aqueous fraction of the liq/liq extraction.
6 Purification of a 90% ethanol extract on 65.60 1.87
a HP-20 reversed phase column
TABLE 2
PDE-5
% IC50
Entry Sample description icarside I (μg/mL)
7 Crude hydrolyzate composition obtained 2.1 24.30
from a 50% EtOH extract of Epimedium
leaves
8 Crude hydrolyzate composition obtained 5.3 9.39
from a 90% EtOH extract of Epimedium
leaves
9 Icariside I fraction obtained from 21.4 1.50
purifying hydrolyzate Sample No. 7 on a
SP-70 reversed-phase column and
eluting icariside I with alcohol
10 Pure (recrystallized) icariside I 100 0.33
11 Pure anhydroicaritin 0 1.50
12 icariside I hydrate 0 21.50
13 sildenafil 0 0.031
  • Liang DL & Zheng SL Effects of icaritin on cytochrome P450 enzymes in rats. Pharmazie 69:301-5 (2014).Read more (PubMed: 24791596) »
  • Guo Y  et al. An anticancer agent icaritin induces sustained activation of the extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway and inhibits growth of breast cancer cells. Eur J Pharmacol 658:114-22 (2011). Read more (PubMed: 21376032) »
  • Zhu Jf  et al. Icaritin shows potent anti-leukemia activity on chronic myeloid leukemia in vitro and in vivo by regulating MAPK/ERK/JNK and JAK2/STAT3 /AKT signalings. PLoS One 6:e23720 (2011). Read more (PubMed: 21887305) »
  • The roots of Epimedium brevicornu Maxim
Patent Submitted Granted
Compositions comprising icariside I and anhydroicaritin and methods for making the same [US6399579] 2002-06-04
COSMETIC COMPOSITION CONTAINING HYDROLYSATES OF ICARIIN [US2009170787] 2009-07-02
COMPOUNDS AND METHODS FOR TREATING ESTROGEN RECEPTOR-RELATED DISEASES [US8252835] 2008-06-19 2012-08-28

/////////Beijing Shenogen,  Granted Fast Track Status,  Novel Cancer Drug, Icaritin, New Drug Approval submission,  Beijing Food & Drug Administration, oral traditional Chinese medicine, barrenwort

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