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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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NEW PATENT, PONESIMOD, CRYSTAL PHARMATECH, WO 2017107972


NEW PATENT, PONESIMOD,  CRYSTAL PHARMATECH, WO 2017107972

Novel crystalline forms I, II and III of ponesimod . Useful as a selective sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor-1 (S1P1) receptor agonist, for the treatment of psoriasis. Appears to be first filing from Crystal Pharmatech claiming ponesimod. Johnson & Johnson , following its acquisition of Actelion , is developing ponesimod (phase III clinical trial), a S1P1 agonist, for the treatment of autoimmune disorders.

Applicants: CRYSTAL PHARMATECH CO., LTD. [CN/CN]; B4-101, Biobay, 218 Xinghu Street,
Suzhou Industrial Park Suzhou, Jiangsu 215123 (CN)
Inventors: CHEN, Minhua; (CN).
ZHANG, Yanfeng; (CN).
LI, Jiaoyang; (CN).
ZHANG, Xiaoyu; (CN)

Most of the family members of the product case ( WO2005054215 ) of ponesimod expire in European countries until November, 2023 and in the US by December, 2024 with US154 extension.

front page image

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017107972&redirectedID=true

Disclosed are crystalline forms 1, 2, and 3 of a selective S1P1 receptor agonist, namely Ponesimod, and a method for preparing the same. An X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the crystalline form 1 has characteristic peaks at 2 theta values of 18.1° ± 0.2°, 14.6° ± 0.2°, and 11.3° ± 0.2°. An X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the crystalline form 2 has characteristic peaks at 2 theta values of 3.8° ± 0.2°, 10.8° ± 0.2°, and 6.1° ± 0.2°. An X-ray powder diffraction pattern of the crystalline form 3 has characteristic peaks at 2 theta values of 12.2° ± 0.2°, 6.2° ± 0.2°, and 5.6° ± 0.2°. Compared with existing crystalline forms, the present invention has better stability and a greatly increased solubility, and is more suitable for development of a pharmaceutical preparation containing Ponesimod

Ponesimod (compound of formula I) is a selective S1P1 receptor antagonist developed by Actelion. The drug was used to treat moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis in the two medium-term trial was successful, and will carry out the treatment of psoriasis in 3 clinical trials.

The present invention discloses a process for the preparation of a compound of formula I, which is disclosed in patent CN 102177144B, which is an amorphous form prepared by the process of CN100567275C, and discloses a process for the preparation of a compound of formula I, crystalline form C, crystalline form III, Type II. The results show that the crystallinity of crystalline form III is poor and it is converted to crystalline form II at room temperature. The crystalline form II is difficult to repeat and prepare a certain amount of propionic acid. The thermodynamics stability of crystalline form A is inferior to that of crystal form C. In contrast, For the crystal form suitable for the development of the drug, the solubility of the crystalline form C is not ideal.

Example 1

 

Preparation of Ponesimod Form 1:

 

48.1 mg of Ponesimod was added to 0.40 mL of 1,4-dioxane and the filtrate was filtered. To the solution was stirred at room temperature, 1.20 mL of n-heptane was added dropwise to precipitate the crystals and stirred overnight. The supernatant was filtered off by centrifugation Liquid to obtain Ponesimod crystal form 1.

Follow “‘2014’ Suzhou International Elite Entrepreneurship Week” with interest Over 88 billion venture capital investment helps your pioneering dreams come true

 

Since 2009, there have been 1267 overseas high-level talent projects settled in Suzhou through International Elite Entrepreneurship Week and 54 talents have been introduced and fostered for the national “Thousand Talents Plan”. Among these 53 talents, Dr. Chen Minhua, the founder of Suzhou Crystal Pharmatech Co., Ltd., was deeply impressed by thoughtful services in Suzhou for innovative pioneering talents when he recalled the development in Suzhou. “Investment and financing services are placed with particular importance. Everything is thoroughly considered for fear that enterprise

In 2010, Chen Minhua quitted his job in a well-known pharmaceutical company in the United States and returned with his core 4-people R&D team. He founded Crystal Pharmatech Co., Ltd. in Suzhou Biobay through the Entrepreneurship Week. Till 2013, Crystal Pharmatech has made profits year by year. The yearly output value in 2013 reached 18 million Yuan, while the profits reached as high as 4 million Yuan. His clients involve half of top 20 pharmaceutical companies globally. Chen Minhua longs to fill the vacancy of drug crystals in China and take the lead in the international drug crystal research. Chen Minhua introduced that government service is an integral part to his growth. “Since it was settled down, Suzhou public sector organized several investment and financing activities and offered training and services in various aspects like the mode of financing, finance docking and enterprise strategic investment, which laid a solid foundation for Crystal Pharmatech’s capital expansion”, said by Chen Minhua.

To help high-level talents solve financial difficulty, Suzhou lays stress on the docking of science & technology and finance. The person in charge of the Municipal Science and Technology Bureau said that Suzhou guides and integrates social capital for equity investment of hi-tech enterprises at the start-up stage via the guiding funds set up by the government and follow-up investment, etc, thus evolving the venture capital investment cluster based on Shahu Equity Investment Center. After the national “Thousand Talents Plan” venture capital investment center was set up, pioneering talents and venture capital are further converging here. As of the end of 2013, there are 270 effective organizations engaged in various venture capital investment in Suzhou that manage the funds in excess of 88 billion Yuan. 30 million Yuan will be appropriated from the municipal science and technology fund budget for the newly established FOF of Angel Investment this year, so as to take avail of social capital for the development of small and medium-sized hi-tech enterprises.

Meanwhile, Suzhou sets up the special compensation fund against credit risks and offers “Kedaitong” with “low threshold and low interest rate”, so as to solve financial difficulty of small and medium-sized hi-tech enterprises and create favorable financing environment for the pioneering work of talents and corporate development. At present, the fund of credit risk pool has reached 500 million Yuan and “Kedaitong” loans of 8.52 billion Yuan have been granted for 1023 small and medium-sized hi-tech enterprises. Particularly, 120 pioneering enterprises that feature independent intellectual property, high content of technology and light assets were backed up with 1.314 billion Yuan, the special risk compensation fund of “Kedaitong”, thus vigorously supporting innovation and pioneering work of leading talents in the science and technology community in Suzhou.

Reporter Qian Yi

Quoted from Suzhou Daily on July 6, 2014

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Imigliptin dihydrochloride, Xuanzhu Pharma Co Ltd, NEW PATENT, WO 2017107945


Imigliptin dihydrochloride, Xuanzhu Pharma Co Ltd, NEW PATENT, WO 2017107945

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017107945&redirectedID=true

Applicants: XUANZHU PHARMA CO.,LTD. [CN/CN]; 2518, Tianchen Street, National High-tech Development Zone Jinan, Shandong 250101 (CN)
Inventors: SHU, Chutian; (CN).
WANG, Zhenhua; (CN)

str1

The present invention relates to a crystalline form of benzoate of a dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor, a method for preparing the same, a pharmaceutical composition,and a use thereof. Specifically, the present invention relates to a crystalline form of benzoate of a compound used as a dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitor and represented by formula (1), namely (R)-2-((7-(3-aminopiperidine-1-yl)-3,5-dimethyl-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-imidazo(4,5-b)pyridine-1-yl)methyl)benzonitrile, a method for preparing the same, a pharmaceutical composition, and a use thereof.

Novel crystalline form I of imigliptin dihydrochloride as dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor (DPP-IV) for the treatment of and/or prevention of non-insulin dependent diabetes, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia. In June 2017, KBP Biosciences and Xuanzhu Pharma , subsidiaries of Sihuan Pharmaceutical , are developing an imigliptin dihydrochloride (phase II clinical trial), a DPP-IV inhibitor and a hypoglycemic agent,, for the treatment of type II diabetes. Follows on from WO2013007167 , claiming similar composition.

Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitor is a new generation of oral type 2 diabetes treatment drugs, by enhancing the role of intestinal insulin to play a role, non-insulin therapy drugs. Compared with conventional drugs for the treatment of diabetes, DPP-IV inhibitors do not have weight gain and edema and other adverse reactions.
The compound (R) -2 – ((7- (3-aminopiperidin-1-yl) -3,5-dimethyl-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro- 1H-imidazo [4,5-b] pyridin-1-yl) methyl) benzonitrile (described in the specification as a compound of formula (1), as described in patent application PCT / CN2011 / 000068) Inhibitors of compounds, DPP-IV has a strong inhibitory effect and a high selectivity.
The study of crystal form plays an important role in drug development process. Application No. PCT / CN2012 / 078294 discloses the dihydrochloride crystal form I of the compound of formula (1), in order to meet the requirements of formulation, production and transportation , We further studied the crystal form of the compound of formula (1) in order to find a better crystal form.
Example 1 Preparation of benzoate form I of compound of formula (1)
40 g (0.1 mol) of the compound of the formula (1) was added to a 2 L round bottom flask, suspended in 1428 mL of acetonitrile, and the temperature was raised to 60 ° C. The free solution was dissolved, 14.3 g (0.1 mol) of benzoic acid was added, The precipitate was dried at 60 ° C for 1 hour and then allowed to stand at room temperature. The filter cake was dried in vacuo at 40 ° C for 10 hours and weighed 51.6 g in 97.4% yield. By XRPD test, for the benzoate crystal type Ⅰ.

////////////////Imigliptin dihydrochloride, Xuanzhu Pharma Co Ltd, NEW PATENT, WO 2017107945

CFDA Granted Approval of Phase II/III Clinical Trials for Imigliptin Hydrochloride
2016-08-04 15:25:37 Author:admin

        Phase II/ III Clinical Trials of Imigliptin Hydrochloride (KBP-3853) have been approved by CFDA; the Clinical Approval Numbers are 2016L05997 and 2016L06137.

        As we know, in Phase I study both single and multiple doses of Imigliptin Hydrochloride were safe and well tolerated in healthy volunteers and in Type 2 diabetes patients. Imigliptin Hydrochloride demonstrated good pharmacokinetic (PK) characteristics and exhibited dose-proportional plasma exposure. The potent and long duration inhibition of DPP-4 was validated in the PK/PD study. The results of Phase I study of Imigliptin Hydrochloride warranted its long-term safety and efficacy studies in Phase II/ III.
        Currently, the Imigliptin Hydrochloride team has completed the production of clinical trial drug product, as well as finalized the clinical protocols and the study sites. Phase II clinical trial of Imigliptin Hydrochloride will begin in the near future.
       The approval of Imigliptin Hydrochloride for the phase II/ III clinical trials represents another milestone in the SiHuan/ XuanZhu’s new drug discovery history. We enter into a new clinical stage of the development process, and we have many works remaining before us. It is still an urgent task for us to accelerate the clinical development, and to launch the drug product in the China market as soon as possible.

WO 2016181414, IVACAFTOR, NEW PATENT, COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH


Image result for COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCHImage result for REDDY SRINIVASA DUMBALAImage result for INDIA ANIMATED FLAG

CSIR, Dr. D. Srinivasa Reddy

WO2016181414, PROCESS FOR THE SYNTHESIS OF IVACAFTOR AND RELATED COMPOUNDS

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2016181414&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

REDDY, Dumbala Srinivasa; (IN).
NATARAJAN, Vasudevan; (IN).
JACHAK, Gorakhnath Rajaram; (IN)

COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH [IN/IN]; Anusandhan Bhawan, Rafi Marg New Delhi 110001 (IN)

The present patent discloses a novel one pot two-step process for the synthesis of ivacaftor and related compounds of [Formula (I)], wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and Ar1are as described above; its tautomers or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof starting from indole acetic acid amides

See Eur J Org Chem, Nov 2015, for an article by the inventors, describing a process for preparing ivacaftor using 4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid amides. The inventors appear to be based at National Chemical Laboratories of CSIR.

Ivacaftor, also known as N-(2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-l,4-dihydro-4-oxoquinoline-3-carboxamide, having the following Formula (A):

Formula (A)

[003] Ivacaftor was approved by FDA and marketed by vertex pharma for the treatment of cystic fibrosis under the brand name KALYDECO® in the form of 150 mg oral tablets. Kalydeco® is indicated for the treatment of cystic fibrosis in patients age 6 years and older who have a G55ID mutation in the CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator)gene.

[004] U.S. 20100267768 discloses a process for preparation of ivacaftor, which involves the coupling of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3- quinoline carboxylic acid with hydroxyl protected phenol intermediate in the presence of propyl phosphonic anhydride (T3P®) followed by deprotection of hydroxyl protection group and optional crystallization with isopropyl acetate. The publication also discloses the use of highly expensive coupling reagent, propyl phosphonic anhydride; which in turn results to an increase in the manufacturing cost. The process disclosed is schematically represented as follows:

[005] Article titled “Discovery of N-(2,4-Di-te -butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (VX-770, Ivacaftor), a Potent and Orally Bioavailable CFTR Potentiator” byHadida,S et. al in . Med. Chem., 2014, 57 (23), pp 9776-9795 reportsN-(2,4-di-teri-butyl-5-hydroxyphenyl)-4-oxo- 1 ,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (VX-770, 48, ivacaftor), an investigational drug candidate approved by the FDA for the treatment of CF patients 6 years of age and older carrying the G551D mutation.

[006] WO 2014125506 A2 discloses a process for the preparation of ivacaftor in high yield and purity by using novel protected quinolone carboxylic acid compounds as intermediates.

[007] Article titled “Expeditious synthesis of ivacaftor” by Jingshan Shen et. al in Heterocycles, 2014, 89 (4), pp 1035 – 1040 reports an expeditious synthesis for ivacaftor featuring modified Leimgruber-Batcho procedure. The overall yield is 39% over six steps from commercially available 2-nitrobenzoyl chloride.

[008] U.S.2011/064811 discloses a process for preparation of ivacaftor, which involves condensation of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3- quinolone carboxylic acid with 5- amino-2,4-di-(tert-butyl)phenol in the presence of HBTU followed by the formation of ethanol crystalate, which is then treated with diethyl ether to yield ivacaftor as a solid.

[010] U.S. 7,495,103 discloses modulators of ATP-binding cassette transporters such as ivacaftor and a process for the preparation of modulators of ATP-binding cassette transporters such as quinolone compounds. The process includes condensation of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3 -quinolone carboxylic acid with aniline in presence of 2-(lH-7-azabenzotriazol-l-yl)-l,l,3,3-tetramethyluronium hexafluoro phosphate methanaminium (HATU) as shown:

[011] U.S. 2011/230519 discloses a process for preparation of 4-oxo-l,4-dihydro-3-quinoline carboxylic acid by reaction of aniline with diethylethoxymethylenemalonate at 100-110°C followed by cyclization in phenyl ether at temperature 228-232°C and then hydrolysis, as shown below:

[012] US 7,402,674 B2 discloses 7-Phenylamino-4-quinolone-3-carboxylic acid derivatives, process for their preparation and their use as medicaments.

[013] US 4,981,854 discloses l-aryl-4-quinolone-3 carboxylic acids, processes for their preparation and anti-bacterial agents and feed additives containing these compounds.

Article titled “Ozonolysis Applications in Drug Synthesis” by Van Ornum,S.G. ; Champeau,R.M.; Pariza,R. in Chem. Rev., 2006, 106 (7), pp 2990-3001 reports that ozonolysis for the synthesis of numerous interesting bioactive natural products and pharmaceutical agents.

[014] Article titled “Safe Execution of a Large-Scale Ozonolysis: Preparation of the Bisulfite Adduct of 2-Hydroxyindan-2-carbox-aldehyde and Its Utility in a Reductive Animation” by RaganJ.A. et. al. in Org. Proc. Res. Dev., 2003, 7 (2), pp 155-160 reports various routes to bisulfite adduct, the most efficient of which involved vinyl Grignard addition to 2-indanone followed by ozonolysis and workup with aqueous NaHS03 to effect reduction and bisulfite formation in a single pot. The utility of bisulfite adduct is as an aldehyde surrogate in a reductive amination reaction.

[015] The reported methods for the synthesis of ivacaftor suffered from several drawbacks such as harsh conditions, high temperature reactions and use of large excess of polyphosphoric acid and corrosive phosphoryl chloride etc. Furthermore, synthesis of ivacaftor requires use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) techniques for the separation of ivacaftor and their analogues.

[016] Therefore, development of a simple and efficient synthetic route is in urgent need. Accordingly the present inventors developed environmentally benign, cost effective and short synthetic route for the synthesis of ivacaftor and their analogues.

Example 1:

Procedur A:

To a solution of indole acetic acid (500 mg, 2.85 mmol), aniline (2.85 mmol), HOBt (3.4 mmol) in acetonitrile (10 mL), EDC.HCl (3.4 mmol) followed by DIPEA (11.4 mmol) was added, and mixture was stirred for 16 h at ambient temperature. The

reaction mixture was evaporated to dryness, diluted with EtOAc (25 mL), washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (5 mL), H20 (5 mL), brine (5 mL), and dried over Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was purified by column chromatography (silica gel 230-400 mesh, ethyl acetate – pet ether) to afford corresponding amide as a colorless solid.

[040] Example 2:

2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylacetamide (1) :

Yield: 570 mg; 80%; 1H NMR (200MHz, DMSO-d6) δ = 10.95 (brs, 1 H), 10.14 (s, 1 H), 7.64 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 3 H), 7.47 – 7.24 (m, 4 H), 7.21 – 6.92 (m, 3 H), 3.76 (s, 2H); MS: 273 (M+Na)+.

[041] Example 3:

5-(2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamido)-2,4-di-tert-butylphenyl methyl carbonate (2): Yield: 800 mg; 64%; 1H NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ = 11.51 (brs, 1 H), 9.41 (s, 1 H), 8.12 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.96 – 7.78 (m, 3 H), 7.71 – 7.42 (m, 3 H), 4.34 (s, 3 H), 4.30 (s, 2 H), 1.79 (s, 9 H), 1.64 (s, 9 H); MS: 459 (M+Na)+.

[042] Example 4:

(S)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-(l-phenylethyl)acetamide (3):

Yield: 620 mg; 78%; 1H NMR (400MHz ,DMSO-d6)5 = 10.88 (brs, 1 H), 8.48 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.59 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.39 – 7.26 (m, 5 H), 7.25 – 7.16 (m, 2 H), 7.08 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.02 – 6.95 (m, 1 H), 4.96 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 3.59 (s, 2H), 1.38 (d, J = 7.1 Hz, 3 H).

[043] Example 5:

N-(4-Fluorophenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (4):

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) : δ 10.93 (brs, 1H), 10.17 (s, 1H), 7.68 – 7.61 (m, 3H), 7.36 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.27 (d, J= 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.15 – 7.13 (m, 3H), 7.11 – 6.99 (m, 1H), 3.73 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6) : δ 170.1, 159.5, 157.1, 136.6, 136.3, 127.7, 124.4, 121.5, 121.3, 121.2, 119.1, 118.9, 115.8, 115.6, 111.8, 108.9, 34.2; MS: 269 (M+H)+

[044] Example 6:

N-(4-Chlorophenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (5):

1H NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6): 510.93 (brs, 1H),10.24 (s, 1H), 7.67 – 7.59 (m, 3H), 7.36 – 7.27 (m, 4H), 7.12 – 6.98 (m, 2H), 3.74 (s, 2H); 13CNMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): 5170.4, 138.9, 136.7, 129.1, 127.8, 127.1, 124.5, 121.6, 121.2, 119.2, 119.0, 115.7, 111.9, 108.9, 34.3; MS: 285 (M+H)+.

[045] Example 7:

2-(lH-Indol-3-yl)-N-(p-tolyl)acetamide (6) :

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 510.91 (brs, 1H), 10.01 (s, 1H), 7.62 (d, J= 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.50 (d, J= 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.29 – 7.26 (m, 1H), 7.10 – 7.07 (m, 3H), 7.01 – 6.99 (m, 1H), 3.71 (s, 2H), 2.23 (s, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-de): 5170.0, 137.4, 136.6, 132.4, 129.5, 127.7, 124.3, 121.4, 119.6, 119.2, 118.8, 111.8, 109.1, 34.2, 20.9; MS: 265 (M+H)+.

[046] Example 8:

N-(4-Ethylphenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (7):

XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 510.91 (brs, 1H), 10.01 (s, 1H), 7.61 (s, 1H), 7.52 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.36 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (s, 1H), 7.15 – 7.04 (m, 3H), 6.99 (s, 1H), 2.55 (t, J= 7.5 Hz, 2H), 1.15 (t, J= 7.5 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): 5169.9, 138.9, 137.6, 136.6, 128.3, 127.7, 124.3, 121.4, 119.6, 119.2, 118.8, 111.8, 109.1, 40.6, 40.4, 40.2, 40.0, 39.8, 39.6, 39.4, 34.2, 28.0, 16.2; MS: 279 (M+H)+.

[047] Example 9:

2-(lH-Indol-3-yl)-N-(4-propylphenyl)acetamide (8):

1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 58.48 (brs, 1H), 7.64 (d, J = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.50 – 7.42 (m, 2H), 7.33 – 7.15 (m, 6H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.3 Hz, 2H), 3.92 (s, 2H), 2.52 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.65 – 1.53 (m, 2H), 0.91 (t, J= 7.3 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): 5169.7, 138.9, 136.5, 135.2, 128.8, 126.9, 124.0, 122.8, 120.4, 120.1, 118.7, 111.6, 108.7, 37.4, 34.5, 24.6, 13.7; MS: 315 (M+Na)+.

[048] Example 10:

2-(lH-Indol-3-yl)-N-(4-isopropylphenyl)acetamide (9) :

yield 79% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.91 (brs, 1H), 10.01 (s, 1H), 7.62 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.55 – 7.49 (m, = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.37 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.18 – 7.11 (m, = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 7.11 – 7.05 (m, 1H), 7.02 – 6.95 (m, 1H), 2.95 – 2.71 (m, 1H), 1.17 (d, = 6.8 Hz, 6H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 169.9, 143.5, 137.6, 136.6, 127.7, 126.8, 124.3, 121.4, 119.7, 119.2, 118.8, 111.8, 109.2, 24.4; MS: 315 (M+Na)+.

[049] Example 11:

2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)acetamide (10):

Yield 85% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.35 (brs., 1 H), 7.44 – 7.38 (m, 2 H), 7.27 – 7.21 (m, 3 H), 7.12 – 7.05 (m, 1H), 7.03 – 6.95 (m, 2H), 6.93 (d, = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 3.75 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDC13): δ 170.0, 145.3, 136.5, 136.2, 126.8, 124.1, 123.0, 121.6, 121.2, 120.5, 118.5, 111.7, 108.2, 34.4; MS: 335 (M+Na)+.

[050] Example 12:

N-(2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (11):

Yield 75% ; XH NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.98 (brs, 1H), 9.27 (s, 1H), 7.59 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.53 (d, = 2.9 Hz, 1H), 7.39 – 7.32 (m, 3H), 7.09 – 6.99 (m, 2H), 6.74 (dd, = 3.0, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 3.85 (s, 2H), 3.71 (s, 3H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 170.4, 160.1, 141.1, 136.7, 130.0, 127.8, 124.4, 121.6, 119.2, 119.0, 111.9, 109.1, 105.4, 55.4, 34.4; MS: 315 (M+Na)+.

[051]Example 13:

N-(2-ethylphenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (12):

Yield 78% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.68 (brs, 1H), 7.95 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.67 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.48 – 7.44 (m, 2H), 7.29 – 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.22 – 7.20 (m, 3H), 7.05 (d, = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 2.00 (q, = 7.4 Hz, 2H), 0.67 (t, = 7.6 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDC13): δ 169.9, 136.6, 135.0, 134.3, 128.7, 126.7, 125.1, 124.1, 123.0, 122.5, 120.4, 118.7, 111.6, 108.6, 34.4, 24.2, 13.6.

[052] Example 14:

N-(2-bromophenyl)-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide(13):

Yield 76%; 1H NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.00 (brs, 1H), 9.30 (s, 1H), 7.81 -7.77 (m, 1H), 7.63 – 7.56 (m, 2H), 7.41 – 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.11 – 7.05 (m, 3H), 3.85 (s, 2H);13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 169.9, 136.2, 132.5, 128.0, 127.2, 126.4, 125.5, 124.4, 121.2, 118.7, 118.5, 116.4, 111.4, 108.0, 33.2.

[053] Example 15:

N-benzyl-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (14):

Yield 85%; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.89 (brs., 1H), 8.40 (t, = 5.7 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.32 – 7.18 (m, 6H), 7.08 (t, = 7.5Hz, 1H), 7.03 – 6.90 (m, 1H), 4.28 (d, = 5.9Hz, 2H), 3.60 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 171.2, 140.1, 136.6, 128.7, 127.7, 127.2, 124.3, 121.4, 119.2, 118.7, 111.8, 109.3, 42.7, 33.2.

[054] Example 16:

2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-(4-methoxybenzyl)acetamide(15):

Yield 85% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.87 (brs, 1 H), 8.32 (t, = 5.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.55 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.35 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.22 – 7.13 (m, 3H), 7.11 – 7.05 (m, 1 H), 7.00 – 6.94 (m, 1H), 6.84 (d, = 8.6 Hz, 2H), 4.20 (d, = 6.1 Hz, 2H), 3.72 (s, 3H), 3.56 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 171.1, 158.6, 136.6, 132.0, 129.0, 127.7, 124.2, 121.4, 119.2, 118.7, 114.1, 111.8, 109.4, 55.5, 42.1, 33.2.

[055] Example 17:

N,N-dibenzyl-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (16):

Yield 70% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.91 (brs, 1H), 7.50 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.37 – 7.34 (m, 3H), 7.30 (d, = 6.6 Hz, 1H), 7.25 – 7.19 (m, 3H), 7.17 (t, = 6.6 Hz, 5H), 7.16 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.00 – 6.97 (m, 1H), 4.59 (s, 2H), 4.50 (s, 2H), 3.86 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 171.7, 138.2, 136.6, 129.2, 128.8, 128.1, 127.8, 127.7, 127.5, 127.1, 124.2, 121.5, 119.2, 118.8, 111.8, 108.5, 50.7, 48.4, 31.2.

[056] Example 18:

2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-propylacetamide (17):

Yield 75% ; XH NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.86 (brs, 1H), 7.88 – 7.80 (m, 1H), 7.56 (d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, = 2.3 Hz, 1H), 7.06 – 6.92 (m, 2H), 3.48 (s, 2H), 3.00 (q, J = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.39 (sxt, / = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 0.88 – 0.75 (t, = 7.2 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 171.0, 136.6, 127.8, 124.2,

121.4, 119.2, 118.7, 111.8, 109.6, 39.4, 33.3, 22.9, 11.9.

[057] Example 19:

N-hexyl-2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetamide (18) :

Yield 87% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.84 (brs, 1H), 7.83 (brs, 1H), 7.54 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.21 – 7.13 (m, 1H), 7.06 (t, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.96 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.47 (s, 2H), 3.03 (q, / = 6.8 Hz, 2H), 1.37 (t, = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.30 – 1.15 (m, 6H), 0.84 (t, = 6.7 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 170.9, 136.6, 127.7, 124.2, 121.3, 119.1, 118.7, 111.7, 109.5, 39.06, 33.2, 31.5, 29.6, 26.5, 22.5, 14.4.

[058] Example 20:

Methyl (2-(lH-indol-3-yl)acetyl)-L-alaninate (19):

Yield 79% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 8.53 (brs, 1H), 7.60 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.41 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.25 – 7.23 (m, 1H), 7.19 – 7.14 (m, 2H), 6.27 (d, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.63 (t, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.78 (s, 2H), 3.68 (s, 3H), 1.31 (d, = 7.3 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CDC13): δ 173.4, 171.2, 136.4, 127.0, 123.8, 122.5, 119.9, 118.7,

111.5, 108.5, 52.4, 48.0, 33.3, 18.2.

[059] Example 21:

-(6-chloro-lH-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylacetamide(20):

To a solution of 6-Chloro indole 20a (300 mg, 1.98 mmol )in anhydrous THF, Oxalyl chloride (186 μΤ, 276 mg, 2.18 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred at room temperature. After 2 h, N,N-Diisopropylethylamine (758 μΤ, 562 mg, 4.35 mmol) was

introduced to the mixture, followed by the aniline (221.0 mg, 2.37 mmol). The temperature was raised to 45 °C, and heating continued for 18 h. The solvent was evaporated, and then mixture was diluted with EtOAC (15 mL), washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was purified by column chromatography (10 – 20% EtOAc : Petroleum ether) to afford 20b (295 mg, 51% yield) as a yellow coloured solid. IR Omax(film): 3346, 3307,2853, 1724, 1678 cm“1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.40 (br. s., 1H), 10.68 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 8.25 (d, = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.62 (d, = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.41 – 7.30 (m, 3H), 7.19 – 7.13 (m, 1H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 182.5, 162.5, 140.0, 138.4, 137.4, 129.2, 128.5, 125.4, 124.8, 123.4, 122.9, 120.8, 113.0, 112.3; HRMS (ESI) Calculated for Ci6HnN2OCl[M+H]+: 299.0582, found 299.0580;

A solution of 20b (300 mg, 0.99 mmol) dissolved in MeOH (40 mL) was added to NaBH4 (45 mg, 1.23 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 4h and then added to saturated solution of Na2S04. The reaction mixture was further stirred for lh and then filtered through Celite.The filtrate obtained was concentrated in vacuo, and then mixture was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL), washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was forwarded for next step without further purification.In an N2 atmosphere, TMSC1 (1.272 mL, 9.9 mmol) in CH3CN (40 mL) was added to sodium iodide (1.488 mg, 9.9 mmol) and stirred for 2h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and a solution of above crude alcohol (0.99 mmol) in CH3CN (10 mL) was then added drop wise over 30 min, followed by stirring for 3h. The reaction mixture was poured into NaOH (7g in 40 mL of water) and then extracted with ethyl acetate (15×2). The organic layer was washed with aq.Na2S203, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (EtOAc:Pet ether) to afford 20 as a off white solid (two steps 38 % ); IR Umax(film): 3273, 3084,2953, 2857, 1629, 1562 cm“1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.06 (br. s., 1H), 10.13 (br. s., 1H), 7.62 – 7.57 (m, 3H), 7.40 (s, 1H), 7.30 – 7.25 (m, 3H), 7.04 – 6.99 (m, 2H), 3.71 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 170.1,

139.7, 136.9, 129.2, 126.5, 126.3, 125.5, 123.7, 120.6, 119.6, 119.3, 111.5, 109.4, 34.0; HRMS (ESI):Calculated for Ci6Hi4N2OCl[M+H]+: 285.0789, found 285.0786.

[060] Example 22:

2-(5-chloro-lH-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylacetamide(21):

21a 21b 21

To a solution of 5-Chloro indole 21a (300 mg, 1.98 mmol )in anhydrous THF(20 mL), Oxalyl chloride (186 ^L, 276 mg, 2.18 mmol) was added and the mixture stirred at room temperature. After 2 h, N,N-diisopropylethylamine (758 μΕ, 562 mg, 4.35 mmol) was introduced to the mixture, followed by the aniline (221.0 mg, 2.37 mmol). The tempera ture was raised to 45 °C, and heating continued for 18 h. The solvent was evaporated, and then mixture was diluted with EtOAC (15 mL), washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was purified by column chromatography (10 – 20% EtOAc : Petroleum ether) to afford (21b) (305 mg, 53% yield) as a yellow coloured solid. IR rjmax(film): 3346, 3307,2853, 1724, 1678 cm“1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.40 (br. s., 1H), 10.68 (s, 1H), 8.79 (d, = 3.2 Hz, 1H), 8.25 (d, = 8.6 Hz, 1H), 7.85 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.62 (d, = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.42 – 7.30 (m, 3H), 7.20 – 7.14 (m, 1H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 182.4, 162.4, 140.3, 138.4, 135.4, 129.2, 127.9, 124.8, 124.1, 120.8, 114.8, 112.0; HRMS (ESI) Calculated for Ci6HnN2OCl[M+H]+: 299.0582, found 299.0580; A solution of 21b (200 mg, 0.66 mmol) dissolved in MeOH (30 mL) was added to NaBH4 (30 mg, 0.82 mmol). The reaction was stirred for 4h and then added to saturated solution of Na2S04. The reaction mixture was further stirred for lh and then filtered through Celite. The filtrate obtained was concentrated in vacuo, and then mixture was diluted with EtOAc (15 mL), washed with brine and dried over anhydrous Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was forwarded for next step without further purification. In an N2 atmosphere, TMSC1 (848 mL, 6.6 mmol) in CH3CN (25 mL) was added to sodium iodide (992 mg, 6.6 mmol) and stirred for 2h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C and a solution of above crude alcohol(0.66 mmol) in CH3CN (5 mL) was then added dropwise over 30 min, followed by stirring for 3h. The reaction mixture was poured into NaOH (5g in 30 mL of water) and then extracted with ethyl acetate(15×2). The organic layer was washed with aq.Na2S203, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was chromatographed on silica gel (EtOAc:Pet ether) to afford 22 as a off white solid (two steps 42 % ); IR Umax(film): 3273, 3084,2955, 2857, 1629, 1562 cm“1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.13 (br. s., 1H), 10.11 (s, 1H), 7.67 (s, 1H), 7.60 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.39 – 7.27 (m, 4H), 7.13 – 7.02 (m, 2H), 3.16 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 169.9, 139.8, 135.0, 129.2, 128.9, 126.2, 123.6, 121.4, 119.6, 118.6, 113.4, 109.0, 34.0; HRMS (ESI) Calculated for Ci6H14N2OCl[M+H]+: 285.0789, found 285.0786.

[061] Example 23:

2-(l-benzyl-lH-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylacetamide (22):

Yield 79% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.67 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.54 (brs, 1H), 7.43 – 7.31 (m, 6H), 7.31 – 7.25 (m, 3H), 7.23 – 7.15 (m, 4H), 7.12 – 7.06 (m, 1H), 5.36 (s, 2H), 3.91 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 169.7, 137.7, 137.2, 137.0, 128.9, 128.9, 127.9, 127.6, 126.9, 124.3, 122.7, 120.2, 119.9, 119.0, 110.2, 107.9, 77.4, 77.1, 76.8, 50.1, 34.5.

[062] Example 24:

Procedure B:

2-(lH-indol-3-yl)-N-phenylacetamidel(100 mg; 0.4 mmol) was dissolved in DCM:MeOH(50 mL; 5: 1), then a stream of 03 was passed through the solution until a blue color developed (10 min). The 03 stream was continued for 4 min. Then surplus O3 was removed by passing a stream of 02 through the solution for 10 min or until the blue colorcompletely vanished. Afterwards pyridine (0.1 mL;1.2mmol) was added to the cold (- 78 °C) mixture. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature (1 h) and then Et3N (0.35 mL; 2.4 mmol) were added. After stirring at room temperature overnight the reaction mass was concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness, diluted with EtOAc (30 mL), washed with H20 (5 mL), brine (5 mL), and dried over Na2S04. The crude material obtained after removal of solvent was purified by column chromatography (silica gel 230-400 mesh, MeOH – DCM) to give desired quinolone carboxamide as colorless solid.

[063] Example 25:

4-oxo-N-phenyl-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (23):

Yield: 65 mg; 62%; XH NMR (200MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 12.97 (brs, 1 H), 12.49 (s, 1 H), 8.89 (s, 1 H), 8.33 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.91 – 7.69 (m, 4 H), 7.62 – 7.50 (m, 1 H), 7.37 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2 H), 7.18 – 7.01 (m, 1 H); MS: 287 (M+Na)+.

[064] Example 26:

2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-(4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamido)phenyl methyl carbonate (24):

Yield: 35 mg; 34%; 1H NMR (400MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 12.96 (brs, 1 H), 12.08 (s, 1 H), 8.94 – 8.82 (m, 1 H), 8.44 – 8.28 (m, 1 H), 7.86 – 7.79 (m, 1 H), 7.78 – 7.73 (m, 1 H), 7.59 (s, 1 H), 7.53 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.39 (s, 1 H), 3.86 (s, 3 H), 1.46 (s, 9 H), 1.32 (s, 9 H).

[065] Example 27:

(S)-4-oxo-N-(l-phenylethyl)-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (25):

Yield: 56 mg; 53%; 1H NMR (500MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 12.75 (brs, 1H), 10.54 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 8.73 (brs, 1H), 8.28 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.78 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.73 -7.68 (m, 1 H), 7.50 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.42 – 7.34 (m, 4 H), 7.29 – 7.23 (m, 1 H), 5.18 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 1.50 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 3 H).

[066] Example 28:

Synthesis of ivacaftor (26):

To a solution of 2,4-di-tert-butyl-5-(4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamido)phenyl methyl carbonate 5 (30 mg, 0.06mmol) in MeOH (2 mL) was added NaOH (5.3 mg, 0.13mmol) dissolved in H20 (2 mL), and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5h. Reaction mass was evaporated to one third of its volume (temperature not exceeding 40°C) and acidified with aq.2N HC1 to pH 2-3. The resulting precipitate was collected by suction filtration give desired compound 7 (19 mg, 76%) as off white solid H NMR (400MHz ,DMSO-d6) δ = 12.88 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 11.81 (s, 1 H), 9.20 (s, 1 H), 8.86 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 1 H), 8.32 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.88 – 7.65 (m, 2 H), 7.51 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.16 (s, 1 H), 7.10 (s, 1 H), 1.38 (s,9H), 1.36 (s, 9H).

[067] Example 29:

N-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (27):

Yield 56% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.96 (br. s., 1H), 12.50 (s, 1H), 8.88 (s, 1H), 8.33 (d, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.86 – 7.72 (m, 4H), 7.54 (t, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (t, = 8.8 Hz, 2H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.8, 163.2, 159.7, 157.3, 144.6, 139.6, 135.7, 133.5, 126.4, 125.9, 125.8, 121.8, 119.7, 116.1, 115.9, 110.9.

[068] Example 30:

N-(4-chlorophenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (28):

Yield 51% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 13.00 (brs., 1H), 12.59 (br. s., 1H), 8.89 (s, 1H), 8.34 (d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.83 – 7.76 (m, 4H), 7.56 (s, 1H), 7.42 (d, = 7.9 Hz, 2H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.8, 163.4, 144.7, 139.6, 138.2, 133.5, 129.4, 127.4, 126.4, 125.9, 125.8, 121.6, 119.7, 110.8.

[069] Example 31:

4-oxo-N-(p-tolyl)-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (29):

Yield 57% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.94 (brs., 1H), 12.40 (s, 1H), 8.88 (s, 1H), 8.33 (d, = 7.8Hz, 1H), 7.82 – 7.80 (m, 1H), 7.76 – 7.7 (m, 1H), 7.63 (d, = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (t, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 7.17 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 2.29 (s, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 176.8, 163.1, 144.5, 139.6, 136.8, 133.4, 132.8, 129.9, 126.4, 125.9, 125.7, 120.0, 119.6, 111.1, 20.9; HRMS (ESI):Calculated for Ci7H1502N2[M+H]+: 279.1128, found 279.1127.

[070] Example 32:

N-(4-ethylphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (30):

Yield 51% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.95 (br. s., 1H), 12.40 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 8.87 (d, = 6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.33 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.81 – 7.76 (m, 2H), 7.66 – 7.62 (m, = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 7.53 (t, 7 = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.22 – 7.17 (m, = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 2.58 (q, = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.18 (t, = 7.6 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 181.5, 167.8, 149.3, 144.3, 144.0, 141.7, 138.2, 133.4, 131.1, 130.7, 130.5, 124.8, 124.4, 115.9, 32.8, 20.9.

[071] Example 33:

4-Oxo-N-(4-propylphenyl)-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (31):

Yield 51%; 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ12.93 (brs, 1H), 12.40 (s, 1H), 8.87 (s, 1H), 8.36 – 8.29 (m, 1H), 7.86 – 7.78 (m, 1H), 7.75 (d, J= 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.68 – 7.61 (m, J= 8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.54 (t, J= 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.22 – 7.14 (m, J= 8.2 Hz, 2H), 2.55 – 2.51 (m, 2H), 1.64 – 1.53 (m, 2H), 0.90 (t, J= 7.3 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): 176.8, 163.1, 144.5, 139.6, 137.6, 137.0, 133.5, 129.3, 126.4, 125.9, 125.7, 120.0, 119.7, 111.1, 37.2, 24.6, 14.1.

[072] Example 34:

N-(4-isopropylphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide (32):

Yield 46% ; 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.93 (br. s., 1H), 12.40 (br. s., 1H), 8.89 – 8.86 (m, 1H), 8.33(d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.81 – 7.50 (m, 5H), 7.25 – 7.21 (m, 2H), 2.90-2.83 (m, 1H), 1.22-1. l l(m, 6H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.8, 163.1, 144.5, 143.9, 139.6, 137.1, 133.4, 127.2, 126.4, 125.9, 125.7, 120.1, 119.6, 111.1, 33.4, 24.4.

[073] Example 35:

4-oxo-N-(4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl)-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(33):

Yield 57% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.98 (br. s., 1H), 12.63 (s, 1H), 8.88 (d, = 4.9 Hz, 1H), 8.32 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.89 – 7.83 (m, = 8.8 Hz, 2H), 7.79 (d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.77 – 7.73 (m, 1H), 7.53 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.40 – 7.34 (m, = 8.6 Hz, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.8, 163.5, 144.7, 144.0, 139.5, 138.5, 133.5, 126.3, 125.9, 125.8, 122.3, 121.4, 119.7, 110.7.

[074] Example 36:

N-(2-chloro-5-methoxyphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(34):

Yield 54% ; XH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.98 (br. s., 1H), 12.49 (s, 1H), 8.88 (s, 1H), 8.33 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.83 – 7.75 (m, 1H), 7.56-7.48 (m, 3H), 7.27 – 7.21 (m, 1H), 6.67 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 3.77 (s, 3H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.8, 163.4, 160.2, 144.7, 140.4, 139.6, 133.5, 130.3, 126.4, 125.9, 125.8, 119.7, 112.3, 111.0, 109.5, 105.7, 55.5.

[075] Example 37:

N-(2-ethylphenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(35):

Yield 58% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.94 (br. s., 1H), 12.37 (s, 1H), 8.90 (s, 1H), 8.36 (dd, = 8.1, 1.4 Hz, 2H), 8.32 (dd, = 8.1, 1.4 Hz, 2H), 7.82 – 7.74 (m, 1H), 7.53- 7.19 (m, 3H), 7.15 – 7.06(m, 1H), 2.79 (q, = 7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.26 (t, = 7.5 Hz, 3H); 293 (M+H)+.

[076] Example 38:

N-(2-bromophenyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(36):

Yield 47% ; 1H NMR (200 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.98 (br. s., 1H), 12.69 (s, 1H), 8.90 (d, = 5.9 Hz, 1H), 8.54 (dd, 7 = 1.4, 8.3 Hz, 1H), 8.34 (d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.86 – 7.67 (m, 3H), 7.57 – 7.49 (m, 1H), 7.40 (t, = 7.2 Hz, 1H), 7.10 – 7.05 (m, 1H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 176.7, 163.7, 145.0, 139.5, 137.7, 133.5, 133.1, 128.6, 126.4, 126.0, 125.8, 125.3, 122.9, 119.7, 113.4, 110.8.

[077] Example 39:

N-benzyl-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(37):

Yield 58% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD-d6): δ 8.82 (s, 1 H), 8.35 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1 H), 7.79 – 7.77 (m, 1 H), 7.65 (d, = 8.3 Hz, 1 H), 7.52 (t, = 7.6 Hz, 1 H), 7.42 – 7.34 (m, 4 H), 7.31 – 7.26 (m, 1 H), 4.67 (s, 2 H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.6, 165.0, 144.2, 140.0, 139.5, 133.2, 128.9, 128.7, 127.8, 127.3, 126.6, 125.9, 125.4, 119.5, 111.2, 42.6.

[078] ] Example 40:

N-(4-methoxybenzyl)-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(38):

Yield 56% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.73 (br. s., 1H), 10.35 (t, = 5.3 Hz, 1H), 8.78 (d, = 6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.24 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.76 (d, = 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.73 -7.68 (m, 1H), 7.48 (t, = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (d, = 8.3 Hz, 2H), 6.91 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 2H), 4.49 (d, = 5.6 Hz, 2H), 3.74 (s, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.6, 164.8, 158.8, 144.1, 139.5, 133.1, 131.9, 129.2, 126.6, 125.8, 125.4, 119.5, 114.3, 111.3, 55.5, 42.0.

[079] Example 41:

N,N-dibenzyl-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(39):

Yield 43% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.21 (br. s., 1H), 8.27 (d, = 4.9 Hz, 1H), 8.21 (d, = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.49 – 7.41 (m, 2H), 7.41 – 7.35 (m, 3H), 7.33 – 7.20 (m, 5H), 7.20 – 7.11 (m, 7 = 7.1 Hz, 2H), 4.59 (br. s., 2H), 4.42 (s, 2H).

[080] Example 42:

4-oxo-N-propyl-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(40):

Yield 47% ;1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.7 (br.s., 1H)10.05 (t, = 5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.26 (d, = 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.83 – 7.66 (m, 2H), 7.52 – 7.44 (m, 1H), 3.33 – 3.22 (m, 2H), 1.61 – 1.49 (m, 2H), 0.93 (t, = 7.5 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 176.6, 164.8, 143.9, 139.5, 133.1, 126.6, 125.9, 125.3, 119.4, 111.4, 39.3, 23.1, 12.0

[081] Example 43:

N-hexyl-4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(41):

Yield 51% ;1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.68 (m, 1H), 10.02 (t, = 5.5 Hz, 1H), 8.73 (d, = 6.1 Hz, 1H), 8.27 – 8.25 (m, 1H), 7.77 – 7.67 (m, 2H), 7.47 (t, = 7.5 Hz, 1H), 3.33 – 3.29 (m, 2H), 1.56 – 1.45 (m, 2H), 1.34 – 1.25 (m, 6H), 0.88 – 0.82 (m, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.6, 164.8, 143.9, 139.5, 133.1, 126.6, 125.9, 125.3, 119.4, 111.4, 38.7, 31.5, 29.8, 26.7, 22.5, 14.4.

[082] Example 44:

Methyl (4-oxo-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carbonyl)-L-alaninate(42):

Yield 38% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 8.74 (s, 1H), 8.47 – 8.29 (m, 1H), 7.86 -7.76 (m, 1H), 7.64 (d, = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.58 – 7.44 (m, 1H), 4.69 (d, = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.79 (s, 3H), 1.55 (d, = 7.3 Hz, 3H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, CD3OD): δ 177.3, 173.3, 165.5, 143.6, 139.2, 132.9, 126.3, 125.4, 125.2, 118.5, 110.3, 51.5, 47.0, 17.0.

[083] Example 45:

7-chloro-4-oxo-N-phenyl-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(43):

Yield 48% ; IR Omax(film): 2920, 2868, 1661, 1601 cm” 1; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 12.91 (br. s., 1H), 12.30 (s, 1H), 8.90 (s, 1H), 8.29 (d, = 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.80 -7.67 (m, 3H), 7.58 – 7.51 (m, 1H), 7.36 (t, = 7.7 Hz, 2H), 7.09 (t, = 7.3 Hz, 1H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.3, 162.9, 145.4, 140.3, 139.2, 138.0, 129.5, 128.2, 126.1, 125.1, 123.9, 120.1, 118.8, 111.6.

[084] Example 46:

6-chloro-4-oxo-N-phenyl-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(44):

Yield 52% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 13.05 (brs, 1H), 12.27 (s, 1H), 8.88 (s, 1H), 8.21 (d, = 2.2 Hz, 1H), 7.86 – 7.67 (m, 4H), 7.36 (t, = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.16 – 7.04 (m, 1H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 175.6, 162.9, 144.9, 139.1, 138.2, 133.5, 130.4, 129.5, 127.5, 124.9, 123.9, 122.0, 120.1, 111.4.

[085] Example 47:

l-benzyl-4-oxo-N-phenyl-l,4-dihydroquinoline-3-carboxamide(45)

Yield 55% ; 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.30 (s, 1H), 9.05 (s, 1H), 8.60 (dd, = 1.7, 8.1 Hz, 1H), 7.82 (d, = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.69 – 7.62 (m, 1H), 7.55 – 7.45 (m, 2H), 7.43 – 7.34 (m, 5H), 7.24 – 7.18 (m, 2H), 7.17 – 7.10 (m, 1H), 5.53 (s, 2H); 13C NMR (100 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 176.9, 162.9, 148.7, 139.3, 138.7, 134.1, 133.1, 129.4, 128.9, 128.7, 128.0, 127.4, 126.2, 125.5, 123.9, 120.5, 116.9, 112.3, 57.9; HRMS (ESI): Calculated for C23H1802N2Na [M+Na]+: 377.1260, found 377.1259; MS: 355 (M+H)+.

[086] Advantages of invention:

1. Cost-effective process for synthesis.

2. Carried out at environmentally benign conditions.

3. Short synthetic route.

4. Useful for making several related compounds of medicinal

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DR SRINIVASA REDDY recieving NASI – Reliance Industries Platinum Jubilee Award (2015) for Application Oriented Innovations in Physical Sciences.

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From left to right: Dr. D. Srinivasa Reddy, Shri Y. S. Chowdary, Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Dr. Girish Sahni

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//////////WO-2016181414, WO 2016181414,  IVACAFTOR, new patent, COUNCIL OF SCIENTIFIC & INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH,  Anusandhan Bhawan, Rafi Marg New Delhi, INDIA, CSIR, Dr. D. Srinivasa Reddy

IPRAGLIFLOZIN, NEW PATENT, WO2016173551, China State Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry; Shanghai Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry


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WO 2016173551 China State Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry; Shanghai Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2016173551&redirectedID=true

MA, Shuai; (CN).
ZHOU, Weicheng; (CN)

WO2016173551,  IPRAGLIFLOZIN PREPARATION METHOD

CHINA STATE INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY [CN/CN]; 4th Floor, Building 1, No.1111 Halley Road,pudong New Area Shanghai 201203 (CN).
SHANGHAI INSTITUTE OF PHARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY [CN/CN]; No.1320,West Beijing Road,Jing’an District Shanghai 200040 (CN)

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MACHINE TRANSLATED FROM CHINESE……

Ignatius column Net (English name: Ipragliflozin) by Astellas Pharma Ltd. (Astellas) new sodium life Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (Kotobuki) R & D – glucose cotransporter (Sodium glucose co-transporters, referred to as SGLT-2 ) inhibitor, on January 17, 2014 in the Japanese market for the treatment of patients with type ⅱ diabetes; tradename Suglat, currently provide 25mg and 50mg tablets.

 

Chemical Name column Ignatius net is (1S) -1,5- dehydration -1-C- [3- (1- benzothien-2-yl-methyl) -4-fluorophenyl] -D-glucose alcohols of the formula the C 21 the H 21 the FO 5 the S, the CAS No. 761423-87-4, as the structure of formula 2, as a column for medicinal Eagle with L- proline net clinical eutectics, such as a structural formula FIG.

 

 

Ignatius column in the process of preparation of the net, the chiral synthesis of β glycoside bond synthetic route key points. Currently, Ignatius column net of synthetic methods reported in the literature there are several of these methods for the synthesis of chiral β-glucoside bonds mainly relates to hydroxy-protected D- glucose lactone ester carbonyl nucleophilic addition reaction.

 

Route One: Patent WO2004080990 synthetic route reported net Ignatius column is as follows:

 

This route, [1-benzopyran-2-yl (5-bromo-2-fluorophenyl) methoxy] (tert-butyl) dimethylsilane (Compound 10) with n-butyl lithium at -78 deg.] C (or minus 78 deg.] C) the reaction of an organolithium reagent and then with 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- benzyl -D- glucose lactone (compound 9) nucleophilic addition at low temperature -78 ℃ to obtain compound 8, followed by removal of the silicon compound 8 hydroxy group is protected with tetrabutylammonium fluoride (of TBAF) to give compound 7, triethylsilane and then reducing the compound 7 obtained with chiral β glycosidic bond Ignatius column net intermediate 6, the last off at -78 ℃ intermediate ring 6 sugar hydroxyl protecting groups to obtain the desired product – Ignatius column net (compound 2). Compound 10 was prepared by the target product – Ignatius column net synthesis route yield 9.94%, net Ignatius column purity not reported. The disadvantage of this method is that a long synthetic route, after every step of the reaction were purified by column chromatography, and the yield is low. Deprotecting the hydroxy group on two key steps chiral β glycosidic bond synthesis and sugar ring need to be at a low temperature at -78 deg.] C, clearly, it is difficult to meet the needs of industrial production.
Route II: Patent WO2008075736 Ignatius column reported net synthetic route is as follows:

 

 

The route of 2- (5-bromo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (compound 15) with n-butyl lithium at -43.5 ~ -33.3 ℃ reaction of an organolithium reagent and then with 2,3,4 , 6-tetrafluoro -O- trimethylsilyl -D- glucose lactone (compound 14) nucleophilic addition reactions at -72.6 ~ -65 ℃ to give compound 13, compound 13 and then acetylation, reduction Ignatius column net intermediates prepared with chiral β glycoside bond of 11, finally deacetylated to obtain the desired product of intermediate 11 – Ignatius column net (compound 2). Compound 15 was prepared by the Scheme 2 the desired product in a yield of 72.46%, a purity of compound 2 was 99%. The disadvantage of this method is that the route Ignatius column net synthesis requires at a low temperature of -72.6 ℃ to react and involve nucleophilic addition reaction, a hydroxyl group on the terminal carbon methylation, acetylation of hydroxyl groups on the sugar ring, the end methoxy groups on carbon reduction, the reaction and post-treatment process is very complicated, more difficult to industrial production, and on the terminal carbon-methoxy-reducing agent used in the reduction – t-butyldimethylsilyl more expensive, increasing the whole synthetic route costs.

 

Route III: Patent WO2015012110 Ignatius column reported net synthetic route is as follows:

 

On the basis of patent WO2015012110 patent WO2008075736 reported synthetic route for the synthesis net Ignatius column primarily relates to the further improvements: namely: 2- (5-bromo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (Compound 15) three butylmagnesium lithium at -12 ~ -26 ℃ organomagnesium reagent prepared by the reaction – compound 16, and then with 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- trimethylsilyl -D- glucose lactone (compound 14) carried out at -12 ~ -16 ℃ nucleophilic addition reaction Ignatius column net key intermediates – compounds 13, this step is nucleophilic addition reaction temperature was raised to -26 ℃, avoid the use of other organic lithium reagent required -78 ℃ low temperature reactions. The disadvantage of this method is that Ignatius column net synthesis still need to involve nucleophilic addition reaction, a hydroxyl group on the terminal carbon methylation, acetylation of hydroxyl groups on the sugar ring, a methoxy group on the terminal carbon reduction reaction and post-treatment very complicated problem is not resolved; in addition, tributyltin lithium magnesium used in the route in the country not commercially available, and can be prepared before the experiment, the manufacturing process is more complex, more difficult to industrial production.

 

Skilled in the art knows the energy super low temperature chemical reaction operations is considerable. Generally, the reaction temperature at -40 ℃ over the operation of the more conventional reactor in the plant can be relatively easy to do; but lower than the reaction below -40 ℃ the need to use special equipment or a special reactor is required with liquid nitrogen as the cooling source, the higher the cost. For ultra-low temperature improvements often become enlarged or when the process of large-scale, process optimization of key points.

 

In the background art described in this article about the Ignatius column net three synthetic route, the “connection” between the main synthon mainly related to the organometallic reagents – such as organic lithium or magnesium organic lithium reagents protected hydroxy D- glucose ester carbonyl lactone on nucleophilic substitution reaction with hydroxyl groups to form the corresponding glucose derivative on the terminal carbon; then after hydroxy or derivatives thereof – methoxy reduced to hydrogen, to give the title with β-type hand glycoside bond Ignatius column net key intermediate structure; and finally the removal of hydroxy protecting groups on the pyranose ring to give Ignatius column net. In these types of synthetic route, operation and post-processing reaction steps are more complicated, the cost is high. For example, in Scheme 1 and 2, both the use of ultra-low temperature organolithium reagent – minus 78 ℃; several synthetic route in addition, most of the intermediate purification using column chromatography, such process is not suitable for plant production is amplified. Therefore, an urgent need to find new Ignatius column net synthesis method, and enables industrial production.

 

(1), from 4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) phenyl methyl halide (Compound 5) as a starting material, the compound 5 in a suitable solvent, is reacted with an alkyl lithium, followed by reaction with zinc an organic zinc reagent – bis [4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) methyl phenyl] zinc, and then with 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- Generation glucopyranose (compound 4) nucleophilic substitution reaction of intermediate net Ignatius column – compound 3;
(2), compound 3 by an organic base off pivaloyl protecting group to obtain Eagle column net (Compound 2);

 

Wherein in the 4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) phenyl methyl halide (Compound 5) Structure X is selected from bromo or iodo;

 

Synthetic route is as follows:

 

 

Example 1, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc bromide (0.676 g) and lithium bromide (0.261 g) was added n-butyl ether (8mL), stirred and heated to 50 deg.] C 2h, cooling backup. Under nitrogen, was added 2- (5-iodo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (2.21g) in toluene (5mL), n-butyl ether (5mL), cooled to -25 deg.] C, was slowly added dropwise 1.6mol / L n-hexyl lithium hexane solution (4.13 ml), to control the internal temperature does not exceed -10 deg.] C, after the addition was complete the reaction was incubated at -20 ℃ 0.5h, a solution of n-butyl ether was added to the backup lithium bromide and zinc bromide, at 10 ℃ reaction was stirred 3h. Was added 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (3.48 g of) in toluene (10 mL) solution and heated to 80 deg.] C the reaction was stirred 6h, TLC analysis after completion of the reaction, was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (7mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, concentrated, and n-heptane (5mL) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 3.452g 3 of solid compound, yield: 77.65%. Purity: 99.45%. Melting point: 128.9 ~ 130.5 ℃. 1 the H-NMR (CDCl 3 ): [delta] 7.72 (IH, D), 7.64 (IH, D), 7.21-7.30 (4H, m), 7.04 (IH, T), 6.96 (IH, S), 5.40 ( 1H, t), 5.27 (2H , m), 4.36 (1H, d), 4.08-4.21 (4H, m), 3.82 (1H, dd), 1.19 (9H, s), 1.16 (9H, s), 1.11 (9H, s), 0.85 ( 9H, s).
Example 2, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc bromide (0.676 g) and lithium bromide (0.261 g) was added n-butyl ether (8mL), stirred and heated to 50 deg.] C 2h, cooling backup. Under nitrogen, was added 2- toluene (5mL) (5- iodo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (2.21g) in n-butyl ether (5mL), cooled to – 50 ℃, was slowly added dropwise 2.5mol / L n-butyllithium hexane solution (2.64 mL), controlling the internal temperature does not exceed -30 deg.] C, 6h after the addition was complete the reaction was kept at -50 deg.] C, was added a solution of n-butyl ether in said auxiliary zinc bromide and lithium bromide, the reaction was stirred 8h at -20 ℃. Was added 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (6.954g) in toluene (12mL) solution, heated to 25 deg.] C the reaction was stirred 24h, after completion of the reaction by TLC, was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (8mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, concentrated, and n-heptane (5mL) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 3.237g 3 of solid compound, yield: 72.81%. Purity: 99.36%.
Example 3, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc iodide (1.915g) and lithium iodide (0.803 g) in n-butyl ether was added (10mL), stirred and heated to 50 deg.] C 1.5h, cool reserve. Under nitrogen, was added 2- (5-iodo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (2.21g) in toluene (9mL), n-butyl ether (3mL), cooled to -30 deg.] C, was slowly added dropwise 1.6mol / L n-hexyl lithium hexane solution (4.13mL), controlling the internal temperature does not exceed -20 ℃, n-butyl ether solution after the addition was complete the reaction was kept at -30 ℃ at 5h, zinc iodide was added to the backup and lithium iodide the mixture was stirred at 25 ℃ reaction 1h. After addition of 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (4.346g) in toluene (10 mL) solution, the reaction was heated to reflux for 145 ℃ 0.5h, TLC detection completion of the reaction , was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (8mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, concentrated, and n-heptane (5mL) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 3.552 3 g of a solid compound in a yield of 79.9%. Purity: 99.41%.
Example 4, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc bromide (0.676 g) and lithium bromide (0.261 g) was added n-butyl ether (7mL), stirred and heated to 50 deg.] C 2h, cooling backup. Under nitrogen atmosphere, 2- (5-bromo-2-yl) benzothiophene (1.927g) was added toluene (6mL), n-butyl ether (4mL), cooled to -30 deg.] C, was slowly added dropwise 2.5mol / L n-butyllithium hexane solution (2.88 mL), controlling the internal temperature does not exceed -20 deg.] C, 3h after the addition was complete the reaction was kept at -30 deg.] C, was added a solution of n-butyl ether in said auxiliary zinc bromide and lithium bromide, the reaction was kept at -5 ℃ 4h, was added 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (4.346g) in toluene (7mL) solution, stirred and heated to 120 ℃ The reaction 4h, after completion of the reaction by TLC, was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (8mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, and concentrated under reduced pressure, n-heptane (5mL ) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 2.783g solid compound 3, yield: 62.6%. Purity: 99.29%.
EXAMPLE 5, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc bromide (0.676 g) and lithium bromide (0.261 g) was added cyclopentyl ether (8mL), stirred and heated to 50 deg.] C 2h, cooling backup. Under nitrogen, was added 2- (5-iodo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (2.21g) in toluene (6mL), cyclopentyl methyl ether (6mL), cooled to -30 deg.] C, was slowly added dropwise 1.6 mol / L hexane solution of n-hexyl lithium (4.5mL), controlling the internal temperature does not exceed -20 ℃, after the addition was complete the reaction was kept at -30 ℃ at 3h, added to the backup lithium bromide and zinc bromide cyclopentylmethyl the ether solution, the reaction incubated at -5 ℃ 4h, was added 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (4.346g) in toluene (8mL) solution, heated to 120 ℃ reaction was stirred 4h, after completion of the reaction by TLC, was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (8mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, and concentrated under reduced pressure, with n-heptane dioxane (5mL) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 2.088g solid compound 3, yield: 47%. Purity: 99.3%.
6, (1S) -2,3,4,6- four -O- pivaloyl anhydro-1- [3- (1-thiophen-2-yl-methyl) -4 Example Preparation fluorophenyl] glucitol (compound 3) –
Zinc bromide (0.676 g) and lithium bromide (0.261 g) was added methyl t-butyl ether (8mL), was heated to 50 ℃ stirred 3h, cooling backup. Under nitrogen, was added 2- toluene (6mL), methyl t-butyl ether (4mL) (5- iodo-2-fluorobenzyl) benzothiophene (2.21g), cooled to -40 deg.] C, was slowly added dropwise 1.6 mol / L n-hexyl lithium hexane solution (3.94mL), controlling the internal temperature does not exceed -30 ℃, after the addition was complete the reaction was kept at -40 ℃ at 4h, was added to the lithium bromide and zinc bromide spare methyl tert-butyl ether solution, the reaction incubated at 5 ℃ 7H, was added 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl bromo -α-D- glucopyranose (3.48 g of) in toluene (8mL) solution, heated to 90 ℃ reaction was stirred 6h, after completion of the reaction by TLC, was added 1mol / L dilute hydrochloric acid (8mL), water (20 mL), the combined organic phase was washed with water, dried over anhydrous of Na 2 the SO 4 dried, and concentrated under reduced pressure, with n-heptane dioxane (5mL) and methanol (15mL) recrystallized 2.792g solid compound 3, yield: 62.8%. Purity: 99.44%.
Example 7, (1S) -1,5- anhydro-1- [3- (1-methyl-thiophen-2-yl) -4-fluorophenyl] -D-glucitol (Compound 2) preparation
Compound 3 (7.41g) was added methanol (35mL), was added sodium methoxide (2.161g), heated at reflux for 5H reaction, after completion of the reaction by TLC, concentrated and the residue was added methanol (10 mL), water (10 mL), acetic acid ( 3g), was added seed crystal (0.1g), stirred at 5 ℃ crystallization, filtration, the filter cake washed with cold (methanol: (5mL) was washed with 1) solvent to give an off-white solid 3.89g compound 2: water = 1 , yield: 96.2%. Purity: 99.29%. 1 the H-NMR (the CD 3 the OD): [delta] 7.70 (IH, D), 7.63 (IH, D), 7.43 (IH, dd), 7.34-7.38 (IH, m), 7.21-7.26 (2H, m) , 7.08 (1H, t), 7.01 (1H, s), 4.18-4.28 (2H, m), 4.12 (1H, d), 3.88 (1H, dd), 3.70 (1H, dd), 3.30-3.50 (4H , m).
Example 8, (1S) -1,5- anhydro-1- [3- (1-methyl-thiophen-2-yl) -4-fluorophenyl] -D-glucitol (Compound 2) preparatio
Methanol was added (15mL) of the compound 3 (7.41g) was added sodium hydroxide (2g) in water (10 mL) solution was heated to 50 deg.] C the reaction was stirred 10h, TLC detection after completion of the reaction, water (10mL), 2mol / L hydrochloric acid (2mL), stirred at room temperature for crystallization, white solid was suction filtered, the filter cake washed with water (5mL) was washed and dried to give 3.806g of compound 2, yield: 94.1%. Purity: 99.31%.
Preparation 9, Ignatius column eutectic net L- proline (Compound 1) Example
Net Ignatius column (compound 2) (4.04g) was added ethanol (25mL), was added L- proline (1.15 g of), the reaction was heated at reflux for 1h, cooled to room temperature, filtered, the filter cake washed with cold ethanol, and dried to give white solid 4.67g of compound 1. Yield: 90%. Purity: 99.51%. Melting point: 194.0 ~ 202.1 ℃. The MS-ESI (m / Z): 427.16 [the M + of Na] + . 1 the H-NMR (the CD 3 the OD): [delta] 7.75 (IH, D), 7.67 (IH, D), 7.45 (IH, dd), 7.37 (IH, m), 7.24-7.31 (2H, m), 7.10 (1H, t), 7.07 ( 1H, s), 4.23-4.32 (2H, m), 4.13 (1H, d), 3.98 (1H, t), 3.89 (1H, d), 3.71 (1H, dd),3.31-3.50 (5H, m), 3.21-3.27 (1H, m), 2.27-2.34 (1H, m), 2.09-2.17 (1H, m), 1.95-2.02 (2H, m).

Claims

Ignatius one kind of column and net synthesis process, comprising the steps of: (1), from 4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) methyl-5-phenyl-halide as a raw material, in an appropriate solvent 5 is reacted with an alkyl lithium, followed by reaction with the zinc salt prepared organozinc reagents – bis [4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) methyl phenyl] zinc, and then with 2,3,4,6-tetra -O- pivaloyl -α-D- glucopyranose 4-bromo nucleophilic substitution reaction of intermediate net Ignatius column 3; (2), compound 3 by an organic base off pivaloyl protecting group prepared net Ignatius column 2; wherein, in the 4-fluoro-3- (2-benzothienyl) methyl-5-phenyl halide of structure X is selected from bromo or iodo; synthesis route is as follows:

////////WO 2016173551, China State Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry; Shanghai Institute of Pharmaceutical Industry, IPRAGLIFLOZIN, NEW PATENT,

Sacubitril, WO 2016180275, New patent, SUZHOU PENGXU PHARMATECH CO., LTD


Sacubitril, WO 2016180275, New patent, SUZHOU PENGXU PHARMATECH CO., LTD

AHU-377 INTERMEDIATES AND METHOD FOR PREPARING AHU-377 AND AHU-377 INTERMEDIATES PATENT

WO2016180275, new patent, SUZHOU PENGXU PHARMATECH CO., LTD. [CN/CN]; 3rd Floor Building 7, 2358 Chang An Road, Wujiang Suzhou, Jiangsu 215200 (CN)

WANG, Peng; (CN).

LI, Pixu; (CN).

GU, Xiangyong; (CN)

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Heart failure is a very high mortality syndrome, for patients with heart failure, so far no drug can significantly improve mortality and morbidity, and thus a new type of therapy is necessary. AHU-377 (CAS No. 149709-62-6) is an enkephalinase inhibitor, which is a prodrug ester groups can be lost through hydrolysis, converted to pharmaceutically active LBQ657, inhibit endorphin enzyme (NEP) the role of the main biological effects of NEP is to natriuretic peptides, bradykinin and other vasoactive peptide degradation failure. AHU-377 and angiotensin valsartan composition according to the molar ratio of 1 LCZ696. LCZ696 is an angiotensin receptor enkephalinase inhibitors, which can lower blood pressure, treat heart failure may become a new drug. Clinical data show, LCZ696 is more effective for the treatment of hypertension than valsartan alone.

Patents US 5,217,996 and US 5,354,892 reported the first synthesis of AHU-377, the synthetic route is as follows:

 

 

Reaction with unnatural D-tyrosine derivative as a substrate, more expensive, while the second step in the synthesis is necessary to use Pd-catalyzed Suzuki coupling reaction, whereby preparative route costs than the AHU-377 high.

 

Patent US 8,115,016 above routes also reported the departure from the pyroglutamate, through multi-step process for preparing a reaction AHU-377, which is more difficult methylation reaction, and the yield is not high. Patent US 8,580,974 also reported a carbonyl group of the a- introducing N, N- dimethyl enamine is converted to methyl, however, there are some problems in the route for constructing methyl chiral centers, are not suitable for scale-up synthesis route as follows:

 

 

About the latest AHU377 synthesis intermediates, Patent WO2014032627A1 reported using a Grignard reagent to react with epichlorohydrin, a quicker been important intermediates, synthetic route Compound AHU377 synthesized as follows:

However, the second step of the synthetic route use succinimide nitrogen atoms introduced by Mitsunobu reaction with hydrochloric acid hydrolysis to remove, then converted to Boc protected at the end of the synthesis process AHU377 Boc will have to take off protection, then any connection with succinic anhydride reaction product introduced into the structure of succinic acid portion, so that this method of atom economy and the economy of the steps are low.

 

Example 1

 

Synthesis of Compound 2

 

 

In inert atmosphere, a solution of three 500mL flask was added compound 1 (10g, 1eq), dissolved after 90mL THF, was added CuI (4.814g, 0.1eq), the system moves to the low temperature in the cooling bath to -20 ℃ when, biphenyl magnesium bromide dropwise addition, the internal temperature was controlled not higher than -10 ℃. Bi closed refrigeration drop, return to room temperature overnight. Completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was poured into saturated the NH 4 of Cl (10vol, 100 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 0.5h. Suction filtered, the filter cake was rinsed with a small amount of EA, and the filtrate was transferred to a separatory funnel carved, and the aqueous phase was extracted with EA (10vol × 2,100mL × 2) and the combined organic phases with saturated NaHC [theta] 3 , the NH 4 of Cl, each Brine 150mL (15vol) washed once, dried over anhydrous over MgSO 4 dried, suction filtered, and concentrated to give a white solid. Product obtained was purified by column 15.2g, yield 78%.

 

NMR data for the product are as follows:

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 7.57 (D, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.52 (D, J = 8.1Hz, 2H), 7.42 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.38-7.25 (m, 8H), 4.62-4.47 ( m, 2H), 4.09 (dd, J = 6.7,3.5Hz, 1H), 3.54 (dd, J = 9.5,3.5Hz, 1H), 3.43 (dd, J = 9.4 , 6.9Hz, 1H), 2.84 ( d, J = 6.6Hz, 2H), 2.38 (s, 1H).

 

Example 2

 

Synthesis of Compound 3

 

 

In an inert gas, at room temperature was added to the flask 500mL three Ph3P (18.54g, 2eq), 240mL DCM dissolution, butyryl diimide (of 6.44 g), compound 2 (15g), an ice-water bath cooling to 0 ℃ or so, was added dropwise DIAD (14mL) was complete, the reaction go to room temperature.Starting material the reaction was complete, the system was added to water (100 mL) quenched the reaction was stirred for 10min; liquid separation, the aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (100mL × 2), the combined organic phases with saturated Brine 100mL × 2), dried over anhydrous over MgSO 4 dried , filtration, spin dry to give a white solid; product was purified by column 15.4g, yield 82%.

 

NMR data for the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (D, J = 7.4Hz, 2H), 7.49 (D, J = 8.0Hz, 2H), 7.42 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.37-7.30 (m, 3H), 7.27 ( d, J = 6.7Hz, 3H), 7.22 (d, J = 8.0Hz, 2H), 4.75 (s, 1H), 4.56 (d, J = 12.0Hz, 1H), 4.45 (d, J = 12.0Hz, 1H ), 4.06 (t, J = 9.6Hz, 1H), 3.70 (dd, J = 10.0,5.2Hz, 1H), 3.23 (dd, J = 13.8,10.3Hz, 1H) , 3.14-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.48 (d, J = 4.0Hz.4H).

 

Example 3

 

Synthesis of Compound 4

 

 

Protection of inert gas, at room temperature was added to the flask 1L three compound 3 (18.81g), 470mL EtOH was dissolved, was added Pd / C, replaced the H 2 three times, move heated on an oil bath at 60 ℃ reaction. Raw reaction was complete, the system was removed from the oil bath, the reaction solution was suction filtered through Celite and concentrated to give the crude product. It was purified by column pure 11.8g, a yield of 81.2%.

 

NMR data for the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 7.57 (D, J = 7.8Hz, 2H), 7.51 (D, J = 7.8Hz, 2H), 7.42 (T, J = 7.5Hz, 2H), 7.33 (T , J = 7.2Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 4.55 (d, J = 5.2Hz, 1H), 4.06-3.97 (m, 1H), 3.86 (dd, J = 12.0, 3.1Hz, 1H), 3.16 (dd , J = 8.1,2.9Hz, 2H), 2.58 (t, J = 7.0Hz, 4H), 1.26 (s, 2H).

Example 4

 

Synthesis of Compound 7

 

Protection of inert gas, at room temperature to a 25mL flask was added three Dess-Martin oxidant (767.7mg), 10mL DCM was dissolved, the system was cooled down to -10 deg.] C, was added 4 (500mg). Starting material the reaction was complete, to the system was added saturated NaHCO3 and Na2S2O3 each 5mL, quench the reaction stirred for 10min; aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (10mL × 3) and the combined organic phases with saturated NaHCO3, Brine 30mL each wash, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtration, spin dried to give the crude product used directly in the next reaction cast.

Example 5

 

Synthesis of Compound 8

Inert gas, at room temperature for three to 500mL flask 7 (497.5mg), 10mL DCM to dissolve an ice water bath to cool, added phosphorus ylide reagent (880.6mg), the system was removed from the ice water bath at room temperature. The reaction material completely stop the reaction, the system was added to water (5mL) to quench the reaction. Liquid separation, the aqueous phase was extracted with DCM (10mL × 2), organic phases were combined, washed with saturated Brine 20mL × 2, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, filtration, spin crude done. Product obtained was purified by column 563mg, 90% yield.

 

NMR data for the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) δ7.60-7.53 (m, 2H), 7.51 (D, J = 8.1Hz, 2H), 7.42 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.33 (D, J = 7.3Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d , J = 8.1Hz, 2H), 7.13 (dd, J = 9.2,1.5Hz, 1H), 5.26 (td, J = 9.5,6.9Hz, 1H), 4.25-4.05 ( m, 2H), 3.40 (dd , J = 13.7,9.7Hz, 1H), 3.13 (dd, J = 13.8,6.7Hz, 1H), 2.53 (d, J = 2.2Hz, 4H), 1.85 (d, J = 1.4Hz, 3H), 1.30 ( t, J = 7.1Hz, 3H).

Example 6

 

Synthesis of Compound 9

 

Protection of inert gas, at room temperature to a 50mL flask was added three 8 (365mg, 1eq), 9mL of ethanol and stirred to dissolve, the system was replaced with hydrogen three times, was added Pd / C (25% w / w) at room temperature. The reaction material completely stop the reaction, the system was added to water (5mL) to quench the reaction. The reaction mixture was suction filtered through Celite and concentrated to give the crude product. Product was purified by column, yield 80.2%, purity 97.2%.

Example 7

 

Synthesis of Compound 10

Equipped with Compound 9 (100mg) acetic acid A reaction flask (9mL), hydrochloric acid (1mL). The reaction was heated oil bath at 80 deg.] C. The reaction material completely stop the reaction, the system was added to water (5mL) to quench the reaction. After saturated NaHCO3 and extracted with EA and concentrated to give crude product. Product obtained was purified by column 90mg, yield 84%.

 

NMR data for the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) δ7.61-7.54 (m, 2H), 7.53-7.48 (m, 2H), 7.41 (dd, J = 10.5,4.9Hz, 2H), 7.31 (dd, J = 8.3 , 6.4Hz, 1H), 7.22 ( d, J = 8.2Hz, 2H), 5.93 (t, J = 9.7Hz, 1H), 4.34-4.00 (m, 3H), 2.91-2.71 (m, 2H), 2.68 -2.57 (m, 2H), 2.55 (ddd, J = 9.4,7.0,4.3Hz, 1H), 2.42 (dt, J = 13.3,6.8Hz, 2H), 1.97-1.74 (m, 1H), 1.64-1.46 (m, 1H), 1.23 ( td, J = 7.1,3.3Hz, 3H), 1.14 (dd, J = 7.1,3.9Hz, 3H)

Example 8

Synthesis of Compound 5

 

 

Example 8-1: The reaction flask was added compound 4 (1eq) was added water (2VOL), concentrated hydrochloric acid (2VOL), 110 ℃ reaction was heated in an oil bath overnight, complete conversion of starting material, the HPLC peak area 97%. 10% NaOH solution was added to adjust the pH to about 10, filtration products. Yield 85%.

 

Example 8-2: The reaction flask was added compound 4 (1eq) was added ethanol (5 vol), water (5 vol), potassium hydroxide (8 eq), was heated in an oil bath overnight at 110 ℃ reaction, complete conversion of the starting material, the HPLC peak area 99%. Water was added (5Vol), filtered to obtain the product. Yield 95%. Product was dissolved in toluene, was added ethanolic hydrochloric acid, the precipitated hydrochloride Compound 5.

NMR data for the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, of DMSO) [delta] 8.31 (S, 3H), 7.70-7.61 (m, 4H), 7.47 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.42-7.31 (m, 3H), 4.09 (the dq- , J = 42.6,7.1Hz, 1H), 3.62-3.51 (m, 1H), 3.50-3.41 (m, 1H), 3.11-3.00 (m, 1H), 2.95-2.84 (m, 1H), 1.30-1.10 (m, 1H).

 

EXAMPLE 9

Synthesis of Compound 6

 

To the reactor was added compound 5, was added absolute ethanol (3vol). Temperature of the outer set 30 ℃ heating, stirring was continued after the temperature reached 25 ℃ 20min. Was added 30% NaOH aqueous solution (1.1eq). External temperature 65 ℃ heating provided, after the internal temperature reached 60 deg.] C was slowly added (of Boc) 2 O (1.1 eq). Stirring 0.5h, reaction monitoring. After completion of the reaction, water was added slowly dropwise (8vol), turn off the heating and natural cooling. The system temperature was lowered to 25 deg.] C and continue stirring for 2h. Filter cake at 50 ℃ blast oven drying to obtain the product.

 

NMR data of the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) δ7.61-7.50 (m, 4H), 7.61-7.50 (m, 4H), 7.46-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.48-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.23 (m, 3H), 7.37-7.26 ( m, 3H), 4.82 (d, J = 7.9Hz, 1H), 4.82 (d, J = 7.9Hz, 1H), 3.91 (s, 1H), 3.70 (d, J = 11.0Hz, 1H), 3.77-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.47 (m, 1H), 2.88 (d, J = 7.0Hz, 2H), 2.88 (d, J = 7.0Hz, 2H), 2.51 (s, 1H), 2.51 (s, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

 

Synthesis of Intermediate Compound 6 to Compound 10, i.e., the AHU-377, a synthetic route in the background of the present invention, the cited patent application WO2014032627A1 loaded in detail, not in this repeat.

 

Example 10

Synthesis of Compound 2

 

 

Benzyl glycidyl ether preparation (50g) in THF (200mL) was added. Under inert gas protection, the biphenyl magnesium bromide (365mmol) was added to THF (1020mL) was added the reaction flask is placed in a low temperature bath -40 ℃ cooling. Cuprous iodide (O.leq) when the internal temperature dropped to -9 ℃. Continued to decrease the temperature of -23 ℃ dropwise addition of benzyl glycidyl ether in THF was added dropwise to control the internal temperature process of not higher than -15 deg.] C, 47 min when used, the addition was completed the cooling off the reaction was stirred overnight. The cooling system to -20 ℃ quenched with 1N HCl aqueous solution, <10 ℃ Go stirred 30min at room temperature. Liquid separation, the aqueous phase was extracted with THF, the combined THF phases. Respectively saturated ammonium chloride (250mL), saturated brine (250mL) washed. Rotary evaporation to remove THF, and water (200 mL) Continue rotary evaporation 1h, cool to precipitate a solid. Suction crude. Crude n-heptane was added 2Vol beating, suction filtration to obtain the product in a yield of 90 ~ 95%, HPLC peak area 94%. In another column purification was pure, columned yield 88.6%, HPLC 99.1%.

 

Example 11

 

Synthesis of Compound 3

 

Preparation Example 9, said compound taking the embodiment 2 (5g) added to the reaction flask, the reaction flask was added toluene (80mL), phthalimide (2.55 g of) and triphenylphosphine (5.35g of), the nitrogen was replaced protection. An ice-salt bath cooling to -5 deg.] C, was added dropwise DIAD (4.12g), dropwise addition was exothermic, the temperature was raised to 5 ℃. The reaction was continued 1h sampling HPLC test material substantially complete reaction. Join 12g silica spin column done to collect the product (including DIEA derivative).

 

Example 12

Synthesis of Compound 11

 

 

Compound 3 (3g) was added to the reaction flask embodiment taken in Preparation Example 10, was added ethanol (30 mL), with stirring. Was added hydrazine hydrate (2g) was heated in an oil bath reflux 1h, when supplemented with 20mL ethanol was stirred difficulties, the reaction was continued to 2.5h, HPLC showed the starting material the reaction was complete. Add EA / H2O 100mL each liquid separation, the EA phase was washed with water (100mL) and the combined organic phases were washed with water (100mL) and saturated brine (100mL) washed. Anhydrous magnesium sulfate and filtered spin column was done product 1.88g, yield 88%, HPLC 94%.

 

NMR data of the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, of DMSO) [delta] 7.64 (D, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 7.57 (D, J = 8.1Hz, 2H), 7.45 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.39-7.32 ( m, 5H), 7.29 (d , J = 8.1Hz, 3H), 4.55-4.43 (m, 2H), 3.38-3.23 (m, 3H), 3.18-3.10 (m, 1H), 2.82-2.74 (m, 1H), 2.61-2.52 (m, 1H ).

 

Example 13

 

Synthesis of Compound 11

 

To the toluene solution of the compound 2 was added phthalimide (1.1 eq), triphenylphosphine (1.3 eq) with stirring. External bath set -10 ℃, to cool the system, the internal temperature dropped to 0 ~ 5 ℃, start dropping DIAD (1.3eq), control the internal temperature -5 ~ 5 ℃. Completion of the dropwise addition, the cooling bath was turned off outside the reaction was stirred at room temperature. The reaction was stirred for 1 to 4 hours. The reaction solution to give compound 3, administered directly in the next reaction. To the above reaction mixture was added hydrazine hydrate (6 eq), heated to 70 ~ 80 ℃, to complete the reaction, filtered hot, the filtrate. Aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (20vol 10%) was stirred for 0.5h, allowed to stand for liquid separation from toluene phase. Water was added (20vol) was stirred for 0.5h, allowed to stand for liquid separation from toluene phase. The toluene phase was added hydrochloric acid (20vol, 3N), stirred for 0.5h, to form a solid precipitate. Filtration and drying to obtain a product, i.e. compound 11, the hydrochloride salt, yield 60% in two steps.

NMR data of the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, of DMSO) [delta] 8.46 (S, 3H), 7.63 (dd, J = 16.4,7.7Hz, 4H), 7.47 (T, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.42-7.22 (m, 8H ), 4.56 (d, J = 12.1Hz, 1H), 4.48 (d, J = 12.1Hz, 1H), 3.58 (d, J = 7.9Hz, 2H), 3.47 (dd, J = 10.9,6.3Hz, 1H ), 3.11 (dd, J = 13.5,4.9Hz, 1H), 2.92 (dd, J = 13.4,9.1Hz, 1H).

Example 14

 

Synthesis of Compound 12

 

 

Weigh Compound 11 (1.38g) was added to the reaction flask. To the reaction flask plus DCM (14ml) and Et3N (462mg, 0.73ml). Weighed (of Boc) 2O (1.23 g of) was added to DCM (5ml) was dissolved. Room temperature (8 ℃), a solution (of Boc) 2 DCM solution O was added dropwise to the reaction, (2ml) rinsed with DCM. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature, detected by HPLC, the reaction ends 4h. Reaction mixture was washed (15ml) 3 times with Brine (15ml) The reaction solution was washed 1 times. Inorganic sulfate, concentrated and purified by column PE:EA = 15:1 give product 560mg, yield 30.8%, HPLC 99.92%.

NMR data of the product are as follows:

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 7.57 (D, J = 7.6Hz, 2H), 7.49 (D, J = 7.4Hz, 2H), 7.43 (T, J = 7.3Hz, 2H), 7.39-7.28 (m, 5H), 7.24 ( d, J = 9.0Hz, 3H), 5.00-4.80 (br, 1H), 4.51 (q, J = 11.8Hz, 2H), 4.08-3.85 (br, 1H), 3.43 ( d, J = 2.9Hz, 2H) , 3.02-2.77 (m, 2H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

Example 15

Synthesis of Compound 6

 

 

Weigh Compound 12 (250mg) and methanol (9ml) was added to the reaction flask. Added Pd / C (138mg, 1 / 4w / w, water content 55%). The H 2replaced 3 times, 50 ℃ stirred and heated. HPLC detection reaction, the reaction end 30h. Filtered off Pd / C, 40 ℃ concentrated under reduced pressure to remove methanol. PE:EA = 3:1 florisil column to give the product 196mg, 100% yield, 99.34% purity.

 

NMR data of the product are as follows:

 

1 the H NMR (400MHz, CDCl 3 ) δ7.61-7.50 (m, 4H), 7.61-7.50 (m, 4H), 7.46-7.39 (m, 2H), 7.48-7.38 (m, 2H), 7.38-7.23 (m, 3H), 7.37-7.26 ( m, 3H), 4.82 (d, J = 7.9Hz, 1H), 4.82 (d, J = 7.9Hz, 1H), 3.91 (s, 1H), 3.70 (d, J = 11.0Hz, 1H), 3.77-3.54 (m, 2H), 3.65-3.47 (m, 1H), 2.88 (d, J = 7.0Hz, 2H), 2.88 (d, J = 7.0Hz, 2H), 2.51 (s, 1H), 2.51 (s, 1H), 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.42 (s, 9H).

 

Method for preparing the AHU-377, characterized by comprising the steps of: (a) Compound (1) S- benzyl glycidyl ether and biphenyl Grignard reagent produced by the reaction of the compound (2) in an organic solvent; ( b) compound (2) with a succinimide or phthalimide Mitsunobu reaction occurs in an organic solvent to form a compound (3); (C) compound (3) in an organic solvent in the role of a catalyst under removal debenzylation protected form compound (4); (D) compound (4) with an oxidizing agent oxidation reaction occurs in an organic solvent to form a compound (7); (E) compound (7) with a phosphorus ylide reagent in an organic solvent to give the compound (8); (F.) compound (8) in an organic solvent in the selective catalytic hydrogenation of the compound (9); and (g) of the compound (9) in an organic solvent in the hydrolysis reaction of the amide compound occurs in the presence of an acid ( 10), i.e., AHU-377;

SUVEN LIFE SCIENCES LTD, WO 2016178064, POLYMORPH OF NINTEDANIB ETHANESULPHONATE, NEW PATENT


NINTEDANIB ETHANESULPHONATE

NEW PATENT

WO2016178064, CLICK FOR PATENT

POLYMORPH OF NINTEDANIB ETHANESULPHONATE, PROCESSES AND INTERMEDIATES THEREOF

SUVEN LIFE SCIENCES LIMITED [IN/IN]; 5th floor, Serene Chamber, Road No.5, Off Avenue No. 7, Banjara Hills, Telangana Hyderabad 500034 (IN)

ARAVA, Veera Reddy; (IN).
GOGIREDDY, Surendra Reddy; (IN).
JASTI, Venkateswarlu; (IN)

DR VEERA ARAVA REDDY

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Veerareddy Arava

Vice President

Surendra Reddy Gogireddy, Sr.Research Associate

JASTI, Venkateswarlu

The present invention provides novel crystalline Form of Nintedanib and process for its preparation. The present invention also provides to a novel process for the preparation of Nintedanib. The present invention further provides to novel intermediates used in the preparation of Nintedanib and process for their preparation.

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Nintedanib inhibits multiple receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) and non-receptor tyrosine kinases (nRTKs).The chemical name of Nintedanib is lH-Indole-6-carboxylic acid, 2,3-dihydro-3-[[[4-[methyl-(4-methyl-l-iperazinyl)acetyl]amino]phenyl]amino]phenylmethylene] -2-oxo-,methylester, (3Z)-, ethanesulfonate (1 : 1) and is structurally represented by compound of Formula I.

Formula I

Nintedanib is marketed in the United States under the trade name OFEV and is indicated for the treatment of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).

Nintedanib was first described and claimed in U.S. Pat.No. 6,762, 180 and EP 1224 170. These patents disclose a process for the preparation of Nintedanib as depicted in scheme I given below:

U.S.Pat.No. 8,067,617 discloses a process for the preparation of Nintedanib intermediate Enolindole derivative), which is shown in the scheme-II given below:

Scheme-II

U.S.Pat. No. 7,119,093 discloses Nintedanib monoethanesulphonate in crystalline form characterised by X-ray powder diffraction pattern having 2Θ values at 7.70, 8.78, 9.47, 9.82, 11.59, 11.93, 13.15, 13.69, 14.17, 16.32, 16.72, 16.92, 17.43, 17.77, 18.58, 18.81, 19.03, 19.73, 19.87, 20.03, 20.61, 20.83, 21.26, 21.76, 22.05, 22.19, 22.57, 23.10, 23.81, 24.69, 24.78, 24.91, 25.42, 26.24, 26.91, 27.19, 27.61, 27.95, 28.71, 29.25.

Polymorphism, the occurrence of different crystal forms, is a property of some molecules and molecular complexes. A single molecule may give rise to a variety of polymorphs having distinct crystal structures and physical properties like melting point, X-ray diffraction pattern, infrared absorption fingerprint and solid state NMR spectrum. One polymorph may give rise to thermal behaviour different from that of another polymorph. Thermal behaviour can be measured in the laboratory by such techniques as capillary melting point, thermo gravimetric analysis (“TGA”) and differential scanning calorimetry (“DSC”), which have been used to distinguish polymorphic forms.

The differences in the physical properties of different polymorphs results from the orientation and intermolecular interactions of adjacent molecules or complexes in the bulk solid. Accordingly, polymorphs are distinct solids sharing the same molecular Formula yet having distinct advantageous physical properties compared to other polymorphs of the same composition or complex. Hence there remains a need for polymorphic forms which have properties suitable for pharmaceutical processing on a commercial scale.

Considering the importance of Nintedanib, there exists a need to develop an alternate and improved process for the preparation of Nintedanib with better yield. Further, the process involved should be simple, convenient and cost-effective for large scale production. The inventors of the present invention during their continuous efforts also developed a novel high melting stable polymorphic form of Nintedanib ethanesulfonate.

EXAMPLES

Example 1: Process for the preparation of Nintedanib Monoethane Sulfonate:

Step-1: Preparation of methyl-3-(hydroxy(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate: To the suspension of methyl 2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (50 gm, 0.261 mol) in IPA (350 ml) was added slowly SMO-powder (33.8 gm, 0.626 mol) and stirred for about 15 min. Benzyl chloride (44 g, 0.313 mol) was added after completion of the reaction at a reaction temperature of -5 to -10°C for about 5hrs. The reaction mixture was quenched into ice-water (700 ml) and acidified with Cone. HC1 (2.0-2.5 ml). Filtered the reaction mixture, washed with water (2X100 ml) and dried the precipitate to obtain crude product which can be recrystallized from acetonitrile (28 ml) to obtain methyl-3-(hydroxy(phenyl)methylene)-2- oxoindoline-6-carboxylate pure crystalline solid (32 gm) (61%) (HPLC purity >97%). The filtrate was evaporated in vacuum to give unreacted methyl 2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate. MR: 216-223°C; IR (KBr, cm“1): 3178, 1711, 1651; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 3.80 (s, 3H), 7.17 (s, 1H), 7.28-7.31 (m, 2H), 7.46-7.50 (m, 3H), 7.72 (d, 2H, J = 6.0 Hz), 9.52 (s, 1H), 11.53 (s, 1H); 13C-NMR (100 MHz, DMSO): δ 22.12, 52.41, 101.13, 111.13, 119.23, 123.06, 126.65, 127.06, 128.65, 129.21, 132.26, 134.47, 136.99, 166.58, 172.52 and 175.80; MS: m/z 294 [M]“1

Step-2: Preparation of methyl-3-(acetoxy(phenyl)methylene)-l-acetyl-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (Acetyl derivative):

To the suspension of methyl-3-(hydroxy(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (45 gm, 0.1512 mol) in acetic anhydride (300 ml) was added pyridine (4.5g) slowly (drop-wise) and stirred the reaction at temperature of 0-5°C for about30 min. After completion of the reaction raised the temperature of the reaction mass to 75-80°C and stirred for about lhr. Cooled the reaction mass and stirred for about 30 min at 25-28°C, filtered, washed with hexane (100ml) and dried the precipitate to obtain methyl-3-(acetoxy(phenyl)methylene)-l-acetyl-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate.

MR: 226-229°C; IR (KBr, cm“1): 3413, 1771, 1743, 1717, 1640; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 2.38 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 3.92 (s, 3H), 7.44 (m, 3H), 7.62 (d, 2H, J = 7.004 Hz), 7.68 (d, 1H, J = 8.12 Hz), 7.91 (d, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 8.90 (s, 1H); 13C-NMR (100 MHz, CDC13): δ 21.08, 21.38, 26.96, 52.25, 52.34, 115.17, 117.18, 121.33, 122.77, 125.82, 126.19, 126.56, 128.15, 128.87, 129.27, 129.34, 130.81, 130.90, 131.47, 131.82, 132.80, 138.55, 160.85, 165.95, 166.38, 166.42, 167.01, 170.67 and 170.76; MS: m/z 380 [M]+1.

Step-3: Preparation of methyl- l-acetyl-3-(((4-(2-chloro-N-methylacetamido)phenyl)amino) (phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate) (Chloroacetyl derivative) :

Suspension of methyl-3-(acetoxy(phenyl)methylene)- l-acetyl-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (Acetyl derivative) (49gm, 0.129mol) and N-(4-aminophenyl)-2-chloro-N-methylacetamide(25.66gm, 0.129 mol) in a mixture of methanol (350 ml) and DMF (88 ml) was heated to 60-65°C stirred for about 12hr at the same temperature. After completion of the reaction cooled the reaction mass to room temperature and stirred for about 30min. Filtered the reaction mixture, washed with methanol (2X50ml) and dried the precipitate to obtainmethyl-l-acetyl-3-(((4-(2-chloro-N-ethylacetamido)phenyl)amino)(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate).

MR: 247-250°C; IR (KBr, cm“1): 3432, 1712, 1675, 1591; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 2.74 (s, 3H), 3.11 (s, 3H), 3.78(s, 3H), 3.87 (s, 2H), 5.75 (d, 1H, J = 8.08 Hz), 7.01 (d, 2H, J = 7.96 Hz), 7.22 (d, 2H, J = 6.08Hz), 7.36 (d, 1H, J = 8.48 Hz), 7.46 (d, 2H, J = 7.24 Hz), 7.54-7.64 (m, 3H), 8.74 (s, 1H0, 11.92 (s, 1H), 13C-NMR (100MHz, DMSO): δ 27.17, 37.76, 42.48, 52.40, 96.38, 116.17, 117.59, 124.80, 125.33, 125.68, 128.09, 129.00, 130.10, 131.35, 131.97, 134.05, 160.93, 165.63, 166.68, 168.49 and 171.28; MS: m/z 518 [M]+1 and 520 [M]+1.

Step-4: Preparation of (Z)-methyl-3-(((4-(N-methyl-2-(4-methylpiperazin-lyl)acetamide) phenyl) amino)(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (Nintedanib free base):

Suspension of methyl- l-acetyl-3-(((4-(2-chloro-N-methylacetamido)phenyl)amino) (phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate)(40 gm, 0.077ml) and N-methylpiperidine (23.24 gm, 0.232 mol) in a mixture of DMF (160 ml) was heated to a reaction temperature of 45-50°C for about l-2hrs. The reaction mixture was quenched into ice-water (1.6 Lt) and stirred for about lhr at 15-20°C. Filtered the reaction mixture mass washed with water and dried the precipitate to obtain crystalline crude solid (36 gm). Purified with acetonitrile to obtain Nintedanib free base (34 gm) as a yellow crystals (93.74%) (HPLC purity: >98%). MR: 240-246°C; IR (KBr, cm“1): 3559, 3455, 2940, 2810, 1711, 1657; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 2.09 (s, 3H), 2.17 (s, 8H), 2.68 (s, 2H), 3.05 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 5.80 (d, 1H, J = 7.56 Hz), 6.86 (d, 2H, J = 6.72 Hz), 7.11 (d, 1H, J = 6.48 Hz), 7.17 (d, 2H, J = 7.68 Hz), 7.42-7.57 (m, 6H), 10.98 (s, 1H), 12.23 (s, 1H) ; 13C-NMR (100MHz, DMSO): δ 37.17, 46.18, 52.24, 52.79, 55.05, 59.68, 98.10, 109.94, 117.75, 121.96, 124.29, 124.52, 128.06, 128.90, 129.40, 129.92, 130.91, 132.50, 136.72, 140.66, 158.81, 166.84, 169.04 and 170.66; MS: m/z 540 [M]+1.

Step-5: Preparation of (Z)-methyl-3-(((4-(N-methyl-2-(4-methylpiperazin-lyl)acetamide) phenyl) amino)(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate ethane sulfonate salt:

Suspension of (Z)-methyl-3-(((4-(N-methyl-2-(4-methylpiperazin-l-yl)acetamide)phenyl) amino)(phenyl)methylene)-2-oxoindoline-6-carboxylate (36 gm, 0.066 mol) in methanol (237 ml) and water (2.88 ml)was heated to 60-65°C and aq. ethane sulfonic acid was added to the reaction mixture. The resulting solution was cooled to 50°C, seeds diluted with isopropanol (237 ml) was added. The reaction mixture was cooled at 0°C for lhr. Filtered the precipitate, washed with mixture of methanol and isopropanol (50 ml), dried to obtain crude Nintedanib monoethane sulfonate (36.6 gm) and crystallized from methanol (5 Vol) to

obtained pure Nintedanib monoethane sulfonate salt as yellow crystals (33 gm) (80%) (HPLC purity >99%).

DSC: 298°C; IR (KBr, cm-1): 3321, 3273, 1710, 1652, 1615, 1515, 1435, 1378, 1289, 1209, 1161, 1087; 1H-NMR (400 MHz, DMSO): δ 1.08 (t, 3H, J = 7.31 Hz), 2.41-2.47 (q, 2H), 2.50-3.16 (broad m, 13H), 3.37 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 5.82 (d, 1H, J = 7.88Hz), 6.87 (d, 2H, J = 7.36 Hz), 7.14-7.20 (m, 3H), 7.49 (s, 1H), 7.49 (d, 2H, J = 6.68 Hz), 7.56-7.63 (m, 3H), 9.45 (s, 1H), 10.99 (s, 1H), 12.25 (s, 1H), 13C-NMR (100 MHz, DMSO): δ 37.15, 42.79, 45.65, 49.40, 52.26, 53.10, 58.04, 98.25, 110.01, 117.78, 121.97, 124.32, 124.59, 128.27, 128.90, 129.36, 130.00, 131.00, 132.52, 136.79, 137.93, 140.00, 158.66, 166.85, 168.47 and 170.65; MS: m/z 540[M]+1.

Example 2: Process for the preparation of Polymorph Form S of Nintedanib monoethanesulf onate :

Crude Nintedanib monoethane sulfonate was dissolved in methanol and heated to 60-64°C for about 15 min. After completion of the reaction cooled to room temperature for about lhr. Filtered the precipitate, washed with mixture of methanol (20ml) and isopropanol (30 ml) and dried to obtain pure crystalline solid (28 gm) (yield: 93.3%) with HPLC purity 99.72% and individual impurities 0.09%, 0.02% and 0.04%.

SUVEN, Chief executive and chairman Venkat Jasti

//////////WO2016178064,  POLYMORPH,  NINTEDANIB ETHANESULPHONATE, PROCESSES,  INTERMEDIATES, suven, new patent

LUPIN LIMITED, WO 2016181313, NEW PATENT, SOFOSBUVIR


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WO2016181313,  A PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SOFOSBUVIR INTERMEDIATES & ITS POLYMORPH

LUPIN LIMITED [IN/IN]; Kalpataru Inspire 3rd Floor, Off Western Express Highway Santacruz (East) Mumbai 400 055 (IN)

SINGH, Girij, Pal; (IN).
SRIVASTAVA, Dhananjai; (IN).
MEHARE, Kishor, Gulabrao; (IN).
MALIK, Vineet; (IN).
DEOKAR, Sharad, Chandrabhan; (IN).
DANGE, Abhijeet, Avinash; (IN)

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SUCCESS QUOTIENT: Lupin chairman DB Gupta (sitting) with managing director Kamal K Sharma (centre), directors Vinita Gupta (right) and Nilesh Gupta.

The present invention provides a novel process for preparation N-[(2,3,4,5,6- Pentafluorophenoxy)phenoxyphosphinyl]-L-alanine 1-methylethyl ester (formula 2) and resolving the formula 2 in the presence base to form N-[(S)-(2,3,4,5,6- Pentafluorophenoxy)phenoxyphosphinyl]-L-alanine 1-methylethyl ester (formula 2′).

Sofosbuvir is chemically named as (S)-isopropyl 2-((S)-(((2R,3R,4R,5R)-5-(2,4- dioxo3,4-dihydropyrimidin-l(2H)-yl)-4-fluoro-3-hydroxy-4-methyltetrahydrofuran- 2yl)methoxy)-(phenoxy)phosphorylamino)propanoate and is represented by the following chemical structure:

Formula 1

PCT publications WO2011123645 and WO2010135569 describes process for preparation of compound of formula 2′ by reacting isopropyl (chloro(phenoxy)phosphoryl)-L-alaninate and pentaflurophenol in the presence of base.

Formula 2′

Example-1:

Preparation of sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentaflurophenolate using sodium hydride

10.2g of sodium hydride was dissolved in 100 ml anhydrous THF. This solution was slowly added to a solution of pentafluorophenol (50g) in THF (100ml), Reaction mass was stirred for 60-120 min at 25-30°C. Reaction mass was distilled under reduced pressure, obtained solid was dried under vacuum at 45-50°C (yield=55g, confirmed by IR)

Example-2:

Preparation of sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentaflurophenolate using sodium methoxide

2,3,4,5, 6-pentafluorophenol (lOg) was dissolved in methanol (100ml), solution was cooled to 5-10°C. To this was added a solution of sodium methoxide in methanol. The reaction mass was stirred for 60-120 min at 25-30°C. Reaction mass was distilled under reduced pressure, obtained residue was striped with toluene. Obtained solid was dried under vacuum at 45-50°C (yield=l lg)

Example 3:

Preparation of sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentaflurophenolate using sodium hydroxide

2,3,4,5, 6-pentafluorophenol (lOOg) dissolved in methanol (—ml), solution was cooled to 5-10°C. To this was added a solution of sodium hydroxide (— g) in methanol. The reaction mass was stirred for 60-120 min at 25-30°C. Reaction mass was distilled under reduced pressure, obtained residue was striped with dichloromethane. Obtained solid was dried under vacuum at 45-50°C (yield=— g)

Example 4:

Preparation of (2S)-isopropyl-2-((chloro(phenoxy)posphoryl)amino)propanoate:

phenyl phosphodichloridate (30.6g) was dissolved in dichloromethane , to this was added a solution of 1-alanine isopropyl ester free base (19.16g) in dichloromethane at-60°C under nitrogen. Solution of triethylamine (20.7ml) was added to above reaction mass. Reaction mass was stirredat -60°C for 30 min and then temperature was raised to 25 °C. Reaction mass was stirred at 20-25 °C for 60 min & filtered and washed with dichloromethane. Clear filtrate was distilled under reduced pressure obtained residue was stirred with diisopropyl ether & filtered. Clear filtrate was distilled under reduced pressure to get (2S)-isopropyl-2-((chloro(phenoxy)posphoryl)amino)propanoate compound.

Example 5:

Preparation of isopropyl ((perfluorophenoxy)(phenoxy)phosphoryl)-L-alaninate (formula 2):

(Formula 2)

Obtained (2S)-isopropyl-2-((chloro(phenoxy)phosphoryl)amino)propanoate (1.2 mol eq.) was dissolved in dichloromethane and cooled to 0-5°C under nitrogen atmosphere. To this was added solution of sodium 2,3,4,5,6-pentaflurophemolate (1 mol eq.) in tetrahydrofuran . Temperature of reaction mass was raised to 25°C and reaction mass was stirred for 3 hrs. After completion of reaction, reaction mass was distilled under reduced pressure & obtained residue was dissolved I ethyl acetate. Ethyl acetate layer was washed with water, dried over sodium sulfate & distilled off under reduced pressure. Diisopropyl ether was added to obtained residue and stirred for 60 min at 25 °C, obtained mass was filtered & washed with diisopropyl ether. Solid product was dried under vacuum at 40-45 °C .(yield=20g, enantiomer purity=93.45%)

Example 6:

Preparation of (S)-isopropyl 2-(((S)- (perfluorophenoxy)phenoxy)phosphoyl)amino)propanoate (Formula 2′):

Formula 2′

(2S)-isopropyl-2-((chloro(phenoxy)phosphoryl)amino)propanoate (1.2 mol eq.) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 volumes). The reaction mass was cooled to -10°C. Solution of sodium salt of pentafluorophenol (1 mol eq.) in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 volumes) was added dropwise to the reaction mass at -10°C. After completion of the reaction solvent was distilled off. Ethyl acetate and water were added to the reaction mass. Reaction mass was stirred, ethyl acetate layer was separated and washed with sodium bicarbonate solution and brine. Ethyl acetate layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. Reaction mass was stripped with n-hepatane to get crude product. Crude product was dissolved in Methyl tert-butyl ether and n-heptane (1 : 1 ratio). The pH of reaction mass was adjusted to pH 8 by using triethylamine. Reaction mass was stirred overnight. Solid mass was filtered and washed with a mixture of methyl tertiary-butyl ether: n-heptane (1 : 1). The obtained product was dissolved in ethyl-acetate and washed with water and 20% brine solution. Ethyl acetate layer was separated; solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure. Reaction mass was stripped with diisopropyl ether. Di-isopropyl ether was added to the reaction mass. Reaction mass was stirred at 45-50°C. Reaction mass was cooled to 5-10°C and stirred. The titled compound was isolated by filtration and washed with di-isopropyl ether. The titled compound was dried under reduced pressure at 40°C. Yield 66.81%.

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Vinita Gupta, CEO, Lupin Pharmaceuticals Inc

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Desh Bhandu Gupta- Founder and chairman of Lupin Limited

////////////LUPIN LIMITED, WO 2016181313,  NEW PATENT, SOFOSBUVIR

WO 2016147197, DAPAGLIFLOZIN, NEW PATENT, HARMAN FINOCHEM LIMITED


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WO 2016147197, DAPAGLIFLOZIN, NEW PATENT, HARMAN FINOCHEM LIMITED

LINK>>> (WO2016147197) A NOVEL PROCESS FOR PREPARING (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-CHLORO-3-(4-ETHOXYBENZYL)PHENY 1] -6-(HY DROXY METHYL)TETRAHYDRO-2H-PY RAN-3,4,5-TRIOL AND ITS AMORPHOUS FORM

HARMAN FINOCHEM LIMITED [IN/IN]; 107, Vinay Bhavya Complex 159-A, C.S.T. Road Kalina, Mumbai 400098 Maharashtra (IN)

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KADAM, Vijay Trimbak; (IN).
SAIKRISHNA; (IN).
CHOUDHARE, Tukaram Sarjerao; (IN).
MINHAS, Harpreet Singh; (IN).
MINHAS, Gurpreet Singh; (IN)

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CHAIRMAN

HARPREET SINGH MINHAS

HARPREET SINGH MINHAS

Owner, HARMAN FINOCHEM LIMITED

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(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol is sodium dependent glucose transporter (SGLT) which is currently under investigation for the treatment of type-2 diabetes. (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol is marketed under the tradename Farxiga or Forxiga.

(2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol is also known as D-glucitol, l,5-anhydro-l-C-[4-chloro-3-[(4ethoxyphenyl)methyl]phenyl]-, (I S). (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3, 4,5 -triol is a white to off-white powder with a molecular formula of C2iH25C106 and a molecular weight of 408.87

Formula-I

US 6,515,117 B2 discloses (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts. US 6,515,117 B2 also describes process for preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4- chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol which comprises reaction of 5-bromo-2-chloro-4′-ethoxydiphenylmethane with 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-trimethylsilyl- -D-glucolactone in presence of THF/Toluene, methansulfonic acid to yield o-methylglucoside product which further reacts with Et3SiH, BF3Et20 in presence of MDC and acetonitrile to yield yellow solidified foam which is dissolved in MDC, pyridine and followed by acetylation with acetic anhydride, DMAP to yield tetra acetylated- β-C-glucoside as a white solid which is further deprotected with LiOH H20 in presence of THF/MeOH/H20 to get (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol.

The drawback of said prior art is having multiple process steps which makes the process very lengthy and tedious. Moreover the process discloses use of hazardous chemicals like pyridine which is not applicable to industry.

Process for preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenylJ-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol is disclosed in US 7,375,213 B2 and J.Med.Chem.2008, 51, 1145-1149. The preparation process is depicted in Scheme-I.

Scheme-1

Prior art US’213 describes reaction of 2-chloro-5-bromo-4′-ethoxy-diphenylmethane with 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-trimethylsilyl-D-gluconolactone, n-BuLi in presence of THF and Heptane. After basification with TEA, the oily residue of methyl- l-C-(2-chloro-4′- ethoxy-diphenylmethan-3-yl)-a-D-glucopyranose obtained as solid compound after workup. This compound reacts with acetic anhydride in presence of THF, DIPEA and DMAP to get oily residue of methyl-2,3,4,6 tetra-0-acetyl-l-C-(2-chloro-4′-ethoxydiphenylmethan-3-yl)-a-D-glucopyranose which further undergoes reduction reaction in presence of acetonitirle, t riethylsilane, boron trifluoride etherate to yield 2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-l-C-(2-chloro-4′-ethoxydi henylmethan-3-yl)-β-D-glucopyranose which is further deprotected by reacting with LiOH monohydrate in presence of THF/MeOH/H20 to get (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol.

The said prior art describes multiple, time consuming process steps which involves getting the intermediate products as oily residue at various stages of the process, which is difficult to purify and handle for further process step. More over the workup involves multiple evaporation of product which may result in decomposition. Another drawback of the process is that the process describes n-BuLi reaction with two pot reaction. It is very difficult to transfer the material from one reactor to second reactor at -78 °C at industrial level with highly moisture sensitive reaction mass. This makes process uneconomical, cumbersome and commercially not viable. Further when practically the said method followed, a-Isomer of the final product is formed in the range of 6-8% along ith Des-bromo impurity formed in the range of 7-9 %, which increases after addition of n-butyllithium and kept the mass for overnight reaction. Moreover lactone ring cleavage is also observed in the range of 3-4% after addition of Methanesulphonic Acid/Methanol and maintained overnight for reaction completion, the removal of which is difficult from the final product.

WO 2008002824 A 1 discloses crystalline forms of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol comprising (S)-propylene glycol (PG), (R)-PG, EtOH, ethylene glycol (EG), 1 :2 L-proline, 1 : 1 L-proline, 1 : 1 L-proline hemihydrate, 1 : 1 L-phenylalanine and its preparation process.

In the light of the above drawbacks, it is necessitated to provide economical, robust, safe and commercially viable process for preparing (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol.

Accordingly, it is an objective of the present invention to provide a commercially viable process for the preparation of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxyb.enzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol, prepared via riovel intermediates which gives higher yield and purity and facilitates easy recovery of the final compound. The purification process does not involve any costly technique/equipment, however, carried out with solvents which are industrially feasible. More over the present invention discloses the n-BuLi insitu reaction that makes the present invention cost-effective over the teachings of prior art.

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Scheme-II

Formula-Ill Formula-IV

Formula-V where R1= allyl, prop-2-ynyl,isopropyl

Scheme-Ill

where R = allyl, prop-2-ynyl

Scheme-IV

Scheme-V

Examples:

Example-1: Preparation of 3,4,5-Tris-trimethylsiIanyloxy-6-trimethylsiIanyloxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-one

To 750 cc of dry THF added 1.12 mole 3,4,5-Trihydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-one at ambient temperature and stirred for 20 min. To the reaction mass added 9.0 mole N-Methyl morpholine and stirred for another 30.0 min at ambient temperature. Reaction mass was cooled to -5 °C to 0 °C and stirred for 30.0 min. Added 18.0 mole Trimethyl sillyl chloride at the temp -5 °C to 0 °C and stirred for 30.0 min. Temperature was raised to 25 °C to 30 °C and maintained for 18-20hrs. After reaction complies by GC, the reaction mass was cooled to -5 deg to 0 deg. Added Sat.Sodium bicarbonate solution to obtain the pH 7-8 and stirred for 1 hr at 0 °C. Added 500 cc toluene and stirred for lhr. Reaction mass was settled down for 30.0 min and layers were separated. To the Aqueous layer added 250 cc of toluene and stirred for 30.0 min. Layers separated and both the organic layers mixed and back washed with sat.brine solution. Organic layer was distilled under reduced pressure at a temperature of about 40 – 48 deg. Unload the oily mass . Purity: 92-96 %

Example-2: Preparation of 2-Allyloxy-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyI-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the mixture of 10 cc THF and 10 cc Toluene added 0.138 mole 4-(5-bromo-2-chlorobenzyl)phenyl ethyl ether at ambient temperature and stirred for 15 min. Cooled to -70 to -80°C in dry ice /acetone bath and stirred for 15 min. Added a solution of 0.014 mole n-Butyl lithium (1.9M in hexanes) at -70 to -80°C. and stirred for lhr. Added solution of 3, 4, 5-Tris-trimethylsilanyloxy-6-trimethylsilanyloxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-one in 5 cc of Toluene at -70 to -80°C and stirred for 2 to 3hrs. After the compliance of the reaction, reaction mass was quenched with Methane sulphonic acid and Allyl alcohol mixture at -70 to -80°C. Temperature was raised to ambient temperature and stirred overnight. Reaction mass was quenched with 30 cc sat.sodiumbicarbonate solution to bring the pH neutral to alkaline and stirred for 30.0 min. Layers separated and aqueous layer was extracted with 10 cc of Toluene. Organic layer was combined and washed with 30cc water and 50 cc sat. brine solution. Organic layer was distilled under reduced pressure to recover toluene. Solid compound was dissolved in 50cc of toluene and quenched in n-Hexane to obtain 83 % the compound as crystalline solid.

HPLC purity: 88 – 91 %

I R data:

Anomeric C-0 stretching: 1242 cm“1

Allylic C- O stretching: 1 177 cm“1

Allylic C- H stretching: 3010 – 3120 cm“1

Aromatic C- CI stretching: 820 cm“1

Lactones O – H stretching: 3240 – 3380 cm“1

Lactones C – 0 stretching: 1045 – 1092 cm“1

Aromatic C=C stretching: 1510 , 1548 , 1603 , 1703 cm“1

Alkane C – H stretching: 2877,2866, 2956, 2958, 2962 cm“1

Aromatic C – H stretching: 3050 – 3090 cm“1

Dip-Mass

(M+Na) 487.19 m/z

(M+K) 503.17 m/z

Example 3: Preparation of 2-prop-2ynyl-2-[4-Chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the mixture of 10 cc THF and 10 cc Toluene added 0.138 mole 4-(5-bromo-2-chlorobenzyl)phenyl ethyl ether at ambient temperature and stirred for 15 min. Cooled to -70 to -80°C in dry ice /acetone bath and stirred for 15 min. Added a solution of 0.014 mole n-Butyl lithium (1.9M in hexanes) at -70 to -80°C. and stirred for lhr. Added solution of 3, 4, 5-Tris-trimethylsilanyloxy-6-trimethylsilanyloxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-2-one in 5 cc of Toluene at -70 to -80°C and stirred for 2 to 3hrs. After the compliance of the reaction, the reaction mass was quenched with Methane sulphonic acid and propargyl alcohol mixture at -70 to -80°C. Temperature was raised to ambient temperature and stirred overnight. Reaction mass was quenched with 30 cc sat.sodiumbicarbonate solution to bring the pH neutral to alkaline. Reaction mass stirred for 30.0 min. Layers separated and aqueous layer was extracted with 10 cc of Toluene. Organic layer were combined and washed with 30cc water and 50 cc sat. brine solution. Organic layer was distilled under reduced pressure to recover toluene. Solid compound dissolved in 50cc of toluene and quenched in n-Hexane to obtain 75 – 80 % the compound as crystalline solid.

HPLC purity: 88 – 93 %

IR data:

Anomeric C-0 stretching: 1242 cm“1

Propargyl ~c CH stretching: 2125 cm“1

Propargyl C- H stretching : 3010 – 3120 cm“1

Aromatic C- CI stretching: 820 cm“1

Lactones O – H stretching: 3240 – 3380 cm“1

Lactones C – 0 stretching: 1045 – 1092 cm“1

Aromatic C=C stretching: 1510 , 1548 , 1603 , 1703 cm“1

Alkane C – H stretching: 2877, 2866,2956,2958,2962 cm“1

Aromatic C – H stretching: 3050 – 3090 cm“1

Dip-Mass

(M+Na) 485.25 m/z

(M+K) 501.25 m/z

Example-4: Preparation of 2-[4-Chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyI-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-trioI

To the mixture of 20 cc (1 : 1 MDC + ACN) added 0.1 1 mole 2-Allyloxy-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-triol under argon atmosphere, and stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min. Cooled the reaction mass to -40 to -55°C in a dry ice/acetone bath under argon atmosphere. Charged 3 mole Triethylsilane at -40 to -55°C and stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min at -50 to -55°C. Slowly added Borontrifloride in diethyl ether solution at -40 to -55°C and stirred the reaction mass for 2 hrs. Quenched the reaction mass with 50 cc sat. sodium bicarbonate solution at -40 to -55°C . and stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min. Slowly raised the temperature to 25 to 30°C. Settled down the reaction mass and separated the layers, extracted the aqueous layer with 100 cc of MDC. Combined the organic layer and wash with 500 cc water. Washed the organic layer with 500 cc of sat. Brine solution. Distilled out the MDC under reduced pressure below 40°C. to get 85 %the light yellow solid.

HPLC purity: 92-95 %

Example 5: Preparation of 2-[4-Chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the mixture of 20 cc (1 :1 MDC + ACN) added 0.11 mole 2-prop-2-ynyl-2-[4-Chloro-3-(4-ethoxy-benzyl)-phenyl]-6-hydroxymethyl-tetrahydro-pyran-3,4,5-triol under argon

atmosphere. Stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min. Cooled the reaction mass to -40 to -55°C in a dry ice/acetone bath under argon atmosphere. Charged 3 mole Triethylsilane at -40 to -55°C and stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min at -50 to -55°C. Slowly added Borontrifloride in diethyl ether solution at -40 to -55°C and stirred the reaction mass for 2 hrs. Quenched the reaction mass with 50 cc sat. sodium bicarbonate solution at -40 to -55°C and Stirred the reaction mass for 30.0 min. Slowly raised the temperature to 25 to 30°C. Settled down the reaction mass and separated the layers, extracted the aqueous layer with 100 cc of MDC. Combined the organic layer and washed with 500 cc water. Washed the organic layer with 500 cc of sat. Brine solution. Distilled out the MDC under reduced pressure below 40°C. to get 85%the light yellow solid.

HPLC purity: 90%

Example 6: Preparation of amorphous form of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the solid obtained from example 4 charged 500cc of n-heptane and stirred for ½hrs at ambient temperature. Heated the reaction mass to 55-60°C and stirred it for 2-3 hrs.; cooled to room temperature and maintained for 4-5 hrs. Filtered the solid and washed the, cake with 100 cc n-heptane. Dried at 40-45°C under vacuum to get 85% amorphous form of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol.

HPLC purity: 91-93%

Example 7: Preparation of amorphous form of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the solid obtained from example 5 charged 500cc of n-heptane and stirred for ½ hrs at ambient temperature. Heated the reaction mass to 55-60°C and stirred it for 2-3 hrs., cooled to room temperature and maintained for 4-5 hrs. Filtered the solid and washed the cake with 100 cc n-heptane. Dried at 40-45 °C under vacuum to get 85-88% amorphous form of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6- (hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol.

HPLC purity: 89-91%

Example 8: Preparation of L-proline – (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyI]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol co crystal

To the 10 cc of Ethyl acetate charged 1.0 mole (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol under argon atmosphere at ambient temperature and stirred for 30.0 min to get clear solution. Slowly heated the reaction mass to 60 – 65°C and stirred for 1 hr. Slowly added L-proline at 60 -65°C and maintained for 1 hr. Slowly added 15 cc n-Heptane to the reaction mass at 60 -65°C and stirred the mass for 2.5 hrs. Cooled the mass to ambient temperature for 3-4 hrs and maintained for 5 hrs. Filtered the mass under argon atmosphere. Washed the cake with 10 cc n-Heptane. Dried the cake at 50-55°C under reduced pressure to get 92% titled compound.

HPLC purity: 99%

Example 9: Preparation of L-proline – (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triolco crystal

To the 10 cc of acetone charged 1.0 mole (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol under argon atmosphere at ambient temperature and stirred for 30.0 min to get clear solution. Slowly heated the reaction mass to 60 – 65°C and stirred for 1 hr. Slowly added proline at 60 -65°C and maintained for 1 hr. Slowly added 15 cc n-Heptane to the reaction mass at 60 -65°C and stirred the mass for 2.5 hrs. Cooled the mass to ambient temperature for 3-4 hrs and maintained for 5 hrs. Filtered the mass under argon atmosphere. Washed the cake with 10 cc n-Heptane. Dried the cake at 50-55°C under reduced pressure to get 93-95% titled compound.

HPLC purity: 98-99%

Example 10: Preparation of amorphous form of (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol

To the 15 cc ethyl acetate added (2S,3R,4R,5S,6R)-2-[4-chloro-3-(4-ethoxybenzyl)phenyl]-6-(hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2H-pyran-3,4,5-triol at ambient temperature and stirred for 30.0 min. Slowly added 5- 8 cc sat. sodium bicarbonate solution at ambient temperature and stirred for 1.5 hr to get the clear solution. Settled down and separated layers. Extracted the aqueous layer with 25 cc ethyl acetate.

Combined the organic layers and washed the ethyl acetate layer with 50 cc sat. Sodium chloride solution. Distilled out ethyl acetate under reduced pressure at 40 – 45°C to get fluffy solid. Charged 50 cc n-Heptane and stirred for 5 hrs to get 70-78% the title compound as Amorphous soild.

HPLC purity: 99.8-99.95 %

Example 11: Preparation of 2-chloro -4′- ethoxydiphenylmethane (impurity)

To the 20 cc THF and 20 cc Toluene added 0.25 mole 2-ehloro-5-bromo-4′- ethoxydiphenylmethane under argon atmosphere. Cooled the reaction mass to – 78° C. Slowly added n-Butyl lithium (1.9 M in hexane) at – 78° C and stirred for 30 min. Slowly added 20 % Ammonium chloride solution to the reaction mass. Brought the reaction mass to ambient temperature and stirred for 30 min. Settled and separated layers. Extracted the aqueous layer with 50 cc toluene. Washed the combined organic layer with 500 cc brine solution. Distilled out the toluene and charged heptanes, stirred for 2 – 3 hrs at ambient temperature. Filtered the product and dried the product at 45 – 50°C under reduced pressure to get 93 % titled compound.

Mass: (m+1) 247 m/z found 247.1 1

HPLC purity: 96.33 %

SHENDRA AURANGABAD, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA

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Bhupinder Singh Manhas

 

Google's 18th Birthday

////////WO 2016147197, DAPAGLIFLOZIN, NEW PATENT, HARMAN FINOCHEM LIMITED

WO 2016147120, AZILSARTAN, NEW PATENT, SMILAX Laboratories Ltd


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Azilsartan.svg

WO-2016147120, AZILSARTAN, NEW PATENT, SMILAX Laboratories Ltd

SMILAX LABORATORIES LIMITED [IN/IN]; Plot No. 12/A, Phase – III, I.D.A. Jeedimetla, Hyderabad 500 055 (IN).

The present invention relates to an improved process for the preparation of substantially pure compound of 2-Ethoxy-1-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-1,2,4-oxadiazol- 3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan) of Formula I, with a reduced content of desethyl impurity less than 0.1% and an efficient, commercially viable process for the preparation of pure intermediates of Azilsartan.
KOTAGIRI, Vijaya Kumar; (IN).
YENUMULA, Raghavendra Rao; (IN).
BANDARI, Mohan; (IN).
SURYADEVARA, Murali Krishna; (IN)
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(WO2016147120) AN IMPROVED PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SUBSTANTIALLY PURE AZILSARTAN

Azilsartan (I) is an angiotensin receptor II antagonist used in the treatment of hypertension. Angiotensin II causes vasoconstriction via an angiotensin II receptor on the cell membrane and elevates blood pressure.

Azilsartan medoxomil i.e. (5-methyl-2-oxo-l,3-dioxol-4-yl)methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid is developed by Takeda pharmaceuticals and is marketed under the trade name Edarbi. It was approved by USFDA on 25 Feb, 2011 and EMEA on 7 Dec 2011 for the treatment of high blood pressure in adults.

Azilsartan medoxomil and its salts thereof are imbibed with properties such as strong and long lasting angiotensin II antagonistic activity and hypotensive action which has an insulin sensitizing activity useful for the treatment of metabolic diseases such as diabetes and the like., and a useful agent for the prophylaxis or treatment of circulatory diseases such as hypertension, cardiac diseases, nephritis and stroke. Azilsartan medoxomil is the prodrug of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan).

Methods of preparing benzimidazole derivative useful as an angiotensin II receptor antagonist such as Azilsartan Medoxomil and salts thereof are disclosed by Takeda in US 5,243,054 (herein after referred as US ‘054 patent). The US’054 patent describes several synthetic routes for preparing Azilsartan. According to one of the synthetic process, the compound of formula II is reacted with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in a conventional organic solvent and sodium methoxide in methanol to give the amidoxime compound of formula III which on further reaction with ethyl chloroformate in presence of triethylamine base in refluxing xylene undergoes cyclization to provide a compound of formula IV. Azilsartan was prepared by hydrolysis of compound of formula IV in presence of lithium hydroxide by adjusting the pH with HC1. The process is as depicted below in Scheme A:

However, the amidoxime compound of formula III obtained by the above process contains about 50% of amide imputiy along with desired product, owing to the strong reaction conditions which impairs the quality and loss of yield. The pH adjustment with HC1 in the hydrolysis step of compound IV results in the formation of an undesired desethyl impurity of formula V due to acid sensitive nature of the ether linkage in the benzimidazole moiety of Azilsartan.

Formula V

According to another method disclosed in US’054 for the preparation of Azilsartan comprises by reacting ethoxycarboimidoyl biphenyl benzimidazole derivative of compound with ethyl chloroformate to give N-methoxycarbonyl ethoxycarboimidoyl biphenyl benzimidazole derivative, which is further converted to compound of formula IV and then to Azilsartan of formula I by hydrolysis.

According to one another embodiment method for the preparation of Azilsartan disclosed in US ‘054, cyanobiphenyl aminobenzoate derivative compound reacts with hydroxylamine hydrochloride in presence of triethylamine subsequently followed by addition of ethyl chlorocarbonate results in the formation of compound of formula IV which is further hydrolyzed to obtain Azilsartan of formula I.

J. Med. Chem. Vol. 39, No. 26, 5230-5237 (1996) describes the use of triethylamine as base during the conversion of compound of formula II to amidoxime compound of formula III and use of 2-ethylhexylchloroformate instead of ethylchloroformate as cyclizing agent.

Processes for the preparation of Azilsartan medoxomil and its potassium salt are described in US 7,157,584 which comprises reacting Azilsartan with 4-hydroxymethyl-5-methyl-l,3-dioxol-2-one in presence of dimethylacetamide, p-toluoyl sulfonylchloride, 4-dimethylaminopyridine and potassium carbonate.

PCT publication WO 2012/107814 discloses process for the preparation of Azilsartan or its esters or salts by reacting amidoxime compound of formula III with carbonyl source such as carbodiimides, dialkyl carbonate and phosgene equivalents in presence of a suitable base to obtain compound of formula IV which is further converted to Azilsartan and its pharmaceutically acceptable salts. The process for the preparation of Azilsartan is as depicted in Scheme B:

Scheme – B

This publication also discloses that use of a carbonyl source reduces the formation of the content of desethyl impurity during cyclization.

Polymorphs of Azilsartan and its salts are disclosed in WO 2013/044816 and WO 2013/186792.

All the above prior art methods for the preparation of Azilsartan have inherent disadvantages such as the usage of unsafe reagents, high boiling solvents, extreme reaction conditions invariably resulting in the formation of low pure intermediates as well as Azilsartan having a considerably higher content of desethyl impurity. Accordingly, there remains a need for the industrial preparation of substantially pure Azilsartan which is free of impurities with high yield.

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Examples

Example-1: Preparation of Methyl-2-ethoxy-l-[[2′- ((hydroxycarbamimidoyl)biphenyl)-4-yl]methyl]-lH-benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (Formula-Ill):

To a stirred solution of DMSO (1500.0 mL), Hydroxylamine hydrochloride ( 126.7g 1.83mol) and Dipotassium hydrogen phosphate (634.9g 3.65mol) was added Methyl l-[[2′-cyanobiphenyl-4-yl]methyl]-2-ethoxybenzimidazole-7-carboxylate (lOO.Og 0.243mol) at 25-30°C. The reaction mass temperature was raised to 80-85°C and maintained for 30-40 hours. Reaction completion was monitored by TLC. Upon completion of reaction, reaction mass was cooled to 10- 15°C, and was poured into water (3000.0 mL), stirred for 45min at 20-25°C. and was filtered. The filtered wet solid was washed with water and dried at 65°C to get crude Methyl-2-ethoxy-l-[[(2′-(hydroxycarbarmrmdoyl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]-lH-benzimidazole-7-carboxylate. The wet material was slurried in Acetone (optional) at reflux and filtered at room temperature to obtain pure compound.

Yield: 79.92 g, 74.0%; HPLC Purity: 97.78%; Desethyl impurity: 0.318%; Amide impurity: 1.42%.

Example-2: Preparation of Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (Formula-IV) :

To the pre cooled solution of Methylene dichloride (375.0 mL) and Methyl-2-ethoxy-1 -[[2′ -((hydroxycarbamimidoyl)biphenyl)-4-yl] methyl]- lH-benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (75.0g, 0.168mol) was added ethyl chloroformate ( 18.3g 0.168mol)

followed by addition of triethylamine (18.75g 0.185mol). The reaction mass was maintained at 0-5 °C for about 1 hour. Upon completion of the reaction, reaction mass was poured into water (200.0 mL), organic layer was separated and washed with 5% NaHC03 solution (150.0 mL) and then with water (150.0 mL). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate and distilled to obtain the crude material (optionally be isolated using cyclohexane solvent). To this obtained crude material, ethyl acetate (750.0mL) and potassium carbonate (112.5g 0.814mol) were added and heated to reflux for 6 to 8 hours. The contents were cooled, filtered and wet solid was slurried in water. Wet material so obtained was slurried in ethyl acetate at reflux and filtered at room temperature and dried at 60-65°C to give Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate.

Yield: 64.27 g, 81.0 %; HPLC Purity: 99.80%; Desethyl impurity: 0.085%.

Example-3: Preparation of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan)

A mixture of 0.4N NaOH solution (395.8 mL) and Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (25. Og) were stirred at 50-55°C for period of 60min. The reaction mass was cooled to room temperature and the product layer was washed with ethyl acetate (125.0mL). pH of the separated aqueous product layer was adjusted to 4.0 to 5.0 using dilute acetic acid at 0-5 °C. The obtained solid material was filtered and washed with water (lOO.OmL). This material was dried to obtain the title product.

Yield: 20.0 g, 82.47%; HPLC Purity : 99.80%; Desethyl impurity: 0.10%.

Example-4: Preparation of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan)

A mixture of 0.4N NaOH solution (633.33 mL) and Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (40.0g) were stirred at 50-55°C for period of 60min. The reaction mass was cooled to room temperature and the product layer was washed with ethyl acetate (200.0mL). pH of the separated aqueous product layer was adjusted to 4.0 to 4.5 using acetic acid at 10-15°C. The obtained solid material was filtered and washed with water (lOO.OmL). This material was dried to obtain the title product.

Yield: 32.35 g, 83.37%; HPLC Purity: 99.45%; Desethyl impurity: 0.12%.

Example-5: Preparation of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan)

A mixture of 0.4N NaOH solution (791.66 mL) and Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (50.0g) were stirred at 50-55°C for period of 60min. The reaction mass was cooled to room temperature and the product layer was washed with ethyl acetate (250.0mL). pH of the separated aqueous product layer was adjusted to 3.0 to 4.0 using citric acid at 10-15°C. The obtained solid material was filtered and washed with water (125.0mL). This material was dried to obtain the title product.

Yield: 37.0 g, 76.28%; HPLC Purity: 99.69%; Desethyl impurity: 0.083%.

Example-6: Preparation of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan)

A mixture of 0.4N NaOH solution (395.83 mL) and Methyl 2-ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylate (25. Og) were stirred at 50-55°C for period of 60min. The reaction mass was cooled to room temperature and the product layer was washed with ethyl acetate (lOO.OmL). pH of the separated aqueous product layer was adjusted to 3.0 to 4.0

using hydrochloric acid at 10-15°C. The obtained solid material was filtered and washed with water (72.5 mL). This material was dried to obtain the title product. Yield: 20.22 g, 83.37%; HPLC Purity: 99.45%; Desethyl impurity: 0.217%.

Example-7: Purification of 2-Ethoxy-l-[[2′-(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo-l,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (Azilsartan)

Charged 2-Ethoxy- 1 – [[2′ -(2,5-dihydro-5-oxo- 1 ,2,4-oxadiazol-3-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]methyl]benzimidazole-7-carboxylic acid (lOO.Og), methanol (600.0ml) and methylene dichloride (600.0ml) and were stirred for 10 min at 25-30°C to get a clear solution. Above solution was treated with Activated carbon (lO.Og) and stirred for 10.0 min at 25-30°C. Reaction mixture was passed through a hyflow bed and washed with a mixture of (1: 1) ratio of 200.0ml methanol and methylene dichloride. The solvent mixture was distilled out at below 50°C till the solid formation was observed. Reaction mixture is stirred for 30.0min at 30°C, then the solid was filtered and washed with 200.0ml of methylene dichloride. To the obtained solid, methanol (450.0 ml) was charged at 25-30°C, heated to 45°C, stirred for 30 min at 45°C and then cooled to 30°C. After cooling, the solid was filtered and washed with methanol (90.0ml) which was further dried at 50-55°C for 12 hours.

Yield: 80.0 g, 80.0%; HPLC Purity: 99.96%; Desethyl impurity : 0.012%.

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Accreditation

Smilax Managing Director, S. Murali Krishna received the award from Hon’ble Chief Minister of Andhra Pradesh Shri. N. Kiran Kumar Reddy.

WO 2016113415, Sandoz, Riociguat, New Patent


WO 2016113415, Sandoz, Riociguat, New Patent

STEFINOVIC, Marijan; (AT).
RICHTER, Frank; (AT).
GRIESSER, Ulrich; (AT).
LANGES, Christoph; (AT)

SANDOZ AG [CH/CH]; Lichtstrasse 35 4056 Basel (CH)

WO 2016113415

Novel method for purifying riociguat, useful for treating chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension, pulmonary arterial hypertension, systemic sclerosis and Raynaud’s phenomenon. Also claims novel crystalline solvates of riociguat (eg ethyl acetate or butan-2-one solvate), useful as intermediates in the purification of riociguat. Bayer and licensee Merck have developed and launched riociguat.

The present filing appears to be the first filing from Sandoz on riociguat; however see WO2015095515, assigned to Novartis, parent company of Sandoz, claiming an ophthalmic composition comprising a soluble guanylate cyclase activator (eg riociguat).

Riociguat (BAY 63-2521 ), having the chemical name N-[4,6-Diamino-2-[1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1 H-pyrazolo[3,4-b]pyridin-3-yl]pyrimidin-5-yl]-N-methylcarbamic acid methyl ester, or sometimes also called or also sometimes called Methyl-(4,6-diamino-2-(1-(2-fluorobenzyl)-1 H-pyrazolo[3, 4-b]pyridin-3-yl)-5-pyrimidinyl)(methyl)carbamate is a stimulator of the soluble guanylate cyclase.

Riociguat has been approved for the treatment of inoperable, or persistent, recurrent chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) after surgery in adult patients and for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension and is in development for the treatment of systemic sclerosis and Raynaud’s phenomenon.

(I)

The preparation of the compound of formula (I) and its purification are known. According to the experimental procedure of Example 8 of WO 03/095451 (comparable description in Chem. Med. Chem 2009, 4, 853-865), iodomethane is used as an alkylating agent in a late step and the purification of the crude riociguat either comprised preparatory HPLC steps or several steps of extracting, precipitating, suspending, washing, redissolving and reprecipitating riociguat, resulting in a long and tedious workup procedure with moderate yield.

In WO 201 1/064171 a potential genotoxic azo compound of formula III is used as a key intermediate, which under catalytic hydrogenation forms a compound of formula VIII.

The compound of formula VIII is further reacted with a methyl chloroformate or with a dimethyl carbonate derivative to form a compound of formula VI. The compound of formula VI is then methylated to form crude riociguat of formula (I).

Crude riociguat of formula (I) is then purified by a process comprising the intermediate isolation of a riociguat DMSO solvate of formula (II).

For the pharmaceutical use of riociguat, the solvent DMSO has to be removed. To that end, the compound of formula (II) is boiled in pharmaceutically acceptable solvents such as ketones, esters, ethers or alcohols. However, the riociguat obtained in this manner contains detectable amounts of DMSO.

These processes for the preparation of riociguat and their laborious purification protocols have a number of disadvantages which are unfavorable for industrial realization on a large scale.

On the one hand, the purification process according to WO 03/095451 require the repeated isolation of solid intermediates or preparatory HPLC, which ultimately results in a reduced yield of pure riociguat of formula (I) of pharmaceutical grade. Yet, traces of compound of formula (III) remain.

It is therefore one of the objects of the present invention to provide a process for the preparation of pure riociguat – compound of the formula (I) – which yields riociguat free from any genotoxic impurity and/or mutagenic impurity.

On the other hand, the process for the preparation of riociguat described in WO 201 1/064171 has a different serious drawback. It comprises the use of a DMSO solvate.

DMSO is an active pharmaceutical ingredient by itself. It is used as an active pharmaceutical ingredient in the treatment of interstitial cystitis. DMSO removal is difficult to achieve by the published processes. It is thus a further object of the invention to provide riociguat essentially free from DMSO and suitable for pharmaceutical use.

WO 2014/128109 discloses forms of riociguat, such as polymorphs and solvates, and describes a ¼ ethyl acetate solvate of riociguat in example 6. The X-ray powder

diffractogram in Tab.3 and figure 4 comprises reflexes at °2Theta positions of 9.1 and 25.6.

Thus, there is a need in the art for a process, which allows the preparation of pure riociguat free from any genotoxic impurity and/or mutagenic impurity which at the same time does not comprise residual DMSO.

Surprisingly, we have now identified a process for the purification of crude riociguat which yields riociguat which is essentially free from genotoxic impurities and DMSO. In particular, this novel process differs from the processes known to date in that the isolation of intermediates prior to the formation of riociguat is not required. This process allows to overcome the disadvantages of the processes known to date and to obtain riociguat in high yield and high purity and pharmaceutical acceptable quality essentially free of genotoxic impurities.

 

Examples

Preparative example

Preparation of crude riociguat

Riociguat was prepared as disclosed in example 7 of WO 201 1/064171 and had a chemical purity of 91.7% by the area of the riociguat peak in the HPLC-UV elution profile.

Comparative Example 1

Preparation of DMSO solvate

An amount of 4.505 g (0.0107 moles) of crude riociguat was dissolved in 8 ml DMSO at 100 °C. The obtained brownish, turbid solution was then cooled to 75 °C within 16 minutes. After that 55 ml of ethylacetate were added and the mixture was cooled to 25 °C (30 minutes). After 22 h the obtained precipiate was filtered off, washed with 14 ml EtOAc and dried for 4 hours at 50 °C at reduced pressure (50 mbar). The precipitate was analysed with XRPD, confirming that riociguat DMSO was obtained. The product was also analyzed by HPLC-UV-MS. Purity was calculated based on UV detection at 254nm. The so obtained riociguat DMSO solvate was 91 .92% pure.

Comparative Example 2

Preparation of riociguat form I from riociguat DMSO solvate

The entire product prepared in comparative example 1 (4.283 g = 0.009 moles) was reflux heated in 77 ml of ethylacetate at 78 °C for 1 h and then cooled to 25 °C. The white solid was filtered off with suction, washed with a total of 18 ml of ethyl acetate and dried at 50 °C under reduced pressure (50 mbar) for 5 hours. The dried product was then analyzed by XRPD, confirming identity of riociguat form I unequivocally.

Yield (dry): 3.224 g (0.0076 moles) = 75% for comparative example 2 and 72% overall (C.ex. 1 and 2). Total organic volatile impurity is higher than 1000 ppm and total DMSO content is higher than 100 ppm.

Example 1 ; Preparation of Riociguat ethylacetate solvate

Crude Riociguat (500 mg; Form I; 91 .7% percentage area purity) was dissolved in 2 ml DMF and heated to 100 °C to obtain a slightly turbid solution. After filtration through a 0.44 micron filter, 20 ml EtOAc were added to the hot solution (water bath 70°C) and allowed to stand. The temperature was slowly decreased to ambient temperature. Crystallization started after

10min. The yellowish, fine powder was filtered off and dried at ambient conditions. The PXRD indicated the formation of a new ethylacetate solvate. Yield 71 %, 97.8% purity.

Example 2; Preparation of the Methyl ethyl ketone (butan-2-one) solvate of Riociguat.

Crude Riociguat (500 mg; Form I; 91 .7% percentage area purity) was dissolved in 2 ml DMF at 100 °C to obtain a clear solution. After filtration through a 0.44 micron filter, 20 ml MEK were added. The hot solution (water bath 70 °C) was allowed stand. The temperature was then slowly decreased to ambient temperature. After 30 minutes yellowish, square-shaped crystals appeared, which were analyzed. Analysis confirmed that they were a new crystalline MEK-solvate. Yield 43%, 97.2% purity.

Example 3 ; Conversion of Solvated forms to Form I

Both the solvates from examples 1 and 2 can be converted to riociguat Form I by heating the material to 150°C under vacuum for an appropriate amount of time.

Example 4; Direct preparation of riociguat form I from crude riociguat using DMF-Acetone Crude Riociguat (200 mg; Form I; 91 .7% percentage area purity) was dissolved in 1.0 ml DMF at 100 °C to obtain a clear solution. After filtration through a 0.44 micron filter, 5 ml acetone was added. The hot solution (water bath 70 °C) was allowed to stand. Crystallisation occurred while the temperature was slowly decreased to ambient temperature. After 24 hours the precipitate was filtered off and dried at ambient conditions to obtain form I. Yield 78% ; 97.6% purity

///////////WO 2016113415, Sandoz, Riociguat, New Patent

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