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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Naloxegol


Image result for Naloxegol

Naloxegol

Movantik; NKTR-118; NKTR118; UNII-44T7335BKE; NKTR 118

854601-70-0  cas

1354744-91-4 (Naloxegol Oxalate)

(4R,4aS,7S,7aR,12bS)-7-[2-[2-[2-[2-[2-[2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethoxy]ethoxy]ethoxy]ethoxy]ethoxy]ethoxy]-3-prop-2-enyl-1,2,4,5,6,7,7a,13-octahydro-4,12-methanobenzofuro[3,2-e]isoquinoline-4a,9-diol

MF C34H53NO11
MW 651.78472 g/mol
Morphinan-3,14-diol, 4,5-epoxy-6-(3,6,9,12,15,18,21-heptaoxadocos-1-yloxy)-17-(2-propen-1-yl)-, (5α,6α)-, ethanedioate (1:1) (salt)
Naloxegol oxalate [USAN]
UNII-65I14TNM33
AZ-13337019 oxalate
Naloxegol (oxalate)
NKTR-118 oxalate;AZ-13337019 oxalate
UNII:65I14TNM33

Naloxegol oxalate (MovantikTM, Moventig)

Image result for Naloxegol

Naloxegol (INN; PEGylated naloxol;[1] trade names Movantik and Moventig) is a peripherallyselective opioid antagonistdeveloped by AstraZeneca, licensed from Nektar Therapeutics, for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation.[2] It was approved in 2014 in adult patients with chronic, non-cancer pain.[3] Doses of 25 mg were found safe and well tolerated for 52 weeks.[4] When given concomitantly with opioid analgesics, naloxegol reduced constipation-related side effects, while maintaining comparable levels of analgesia.[5]

Image result for naloxegol

Naloxegol Oxalate was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Sept 16, 2014, then approved by European Medicine Agency (EMA) on Dec 8, 2014. It was developed and marketed as Movantik®(in the US)/Moventig®(in EU) by AstraZeneca.

Naloxegol oxalate is an antagonist of opioid binding at the mu-opioid receptor. It is indicated for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation (OIC) in adult patients with chronic non-cancer pain.

Movantik® is available as tablets for oral use, containing 12.5 mg or 25 mg of free Naloxegol. The recommended dose is 25 mg once daily (reduce to 12.5 mg if not tolerated).

Chemically, naloxegol is a pegylated (polyethylene glycol-modified) derivative of α-naloxol. Specifically, the 5-α-hydroxyl group of α-naloxol is connected via an ether linkage to the free hydroxyl group of a monomethoxy-terminated n=7 oligomer of PEG, shown extending at the lower left of the molecule image at right. The “n=7” defines the number of two-carbon ethylenes, and so the chain length, of the attached PEG chain, and the “monomethoxy” indicates that the terminal hydroxyl group of the PEG is “capped” with amethyl group.[6] The pegylation of the 5-α-hydroxyl side chain of naloxol prevents the drug from crossing the blood-brain barrier(BBB).[5] As such, it can be considered the antithesis of the peripherally-acting opiate loperamide which is utilized as an opiate-targeting anti-diarrheal agent that does not cause traditional opiate side-effects due to its inability to accumulate in the central nervous system in normal subjects.

Naloxegol was previously a Schedule II drug in the United States because of its chemical similarity to opium alkaloids, but was recently reclassified as a prescription drug after the FDA concluded that the impermeability of the blood-brain barrier to this compound made it non-habit-forming, and so without the potential for abuse — specifically, naloxegol was officially decontrolled on 23. January 2015. [7]

Image result for Naloxegol

As an opiate antagonist, it is not expected to be capable of inducing the euphoria and anxiolytic effects which are generally cited as the desirable effects of commonly abused opiates (all of which are opiate agonists) if it were to cross the BBB; it would in fact reverse the effects of opiate drugs of abuse if it entered the central nervous system.

Naloxegol is an oral polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivative of naloxone, a peripherally acting µ-opioid receptor antagonist (PAMORA) with limited potential for interfering with centrally mediated opioid analgesia. The incorporation of a polyethylene glycol moiety aims at inhibiting naloxone’s capacity to cross the blood-brain barrier, while preserving the affinity for the µ-opioid receptor [1].

Image result for Naloxegol

Opioid-induced bowel dysfunction (OIBD) represents a broad spectrum of symptoms that result from the actions of opioids on the CNS as well as the gastrointestinal tract. The majority of gastrointestinal effects seem to be mediated by the high number of µ-receptors that are expressed in the enteric nervous system. Naloxegol was more effective than placebo in increasing the number of spontaneous bowel movements in patients with opioid-induced constipation, including those with an inadequate response to laxatives.

Recognition of Naloxegol as a useful option in the treatment of opioid-induced constipation resulted in its approval by US-FDA for adult patients with chronic, non-cancer pain in 2014.
Naloxegol oxalate (XXI) is a peripherally acting l-opioid receptor antagonist that was approved in the USA and EU for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in adults with chronic non-cancer pain. The drug, a pegylated version of naloxone, has significantly reduced central nervous system (CNS) penetration and works by inhibiting the binding of opioids in the gastrointestinal tract.152–154 Naloxegol oxalate was developed by Nektar and licensed to AstraZeneca. Although we were unable to find a single report in the primary or patent literature that describes the exact experimental procedures to prepare naloxegol oxalate, there havebeen reports on the preparation of closely related analogs155 with specific reports on improving the selectivity of the reduction step156 and the salt formation of the final drug substance.157 Taken together, the likely synthesis of naloxegol oxalate (XXI) is
described in Scheme 28. Naloxone (180) was treated with methoxyethyl chloride in the presence of Hunig’s base to give the protected ketone 181. Reduction of the ketone with potassium trisec-butylborohydride exclusively provided the a-alcohol 182 in 85% yield. Alternatively, sodium trialkylborohydrides could also be used to provide similar a-selective reduction in high yield.
Deprotonation of the alcohol with sodium hydride followed by alkylation with CH3(OCH2CH2)7Br (183) provided the pegylated intermediate 184 in 88% yield. Acidic removal of the methoxyethyl ether protecting group followed by treatment with oxalic acid and crystallization provided naloxegol oxalate (XXI) in good yield.

152. Corsetti, M.; Tack, J. Expert Opin. Pharmacol. 2015, 16, 399.
153. Garnock-Jones, K. P. Drugs 2015, 75, 419.
154. Leonard, J.; Baker, D. E. Ann. Pharmacother. 2015, 49, 360.
155. Bentley, M. D.; Viegas, T. X.; Goodin, R. R.; Cheng, L.; Zhao, X. US Patent
2005136031A1, 2005.
156. Cheng, L.; Bentley, M. D. WO Patent 2007124114A2, 2007.
157. Aaslund, B. L.; Aurell, C.-J.; Bohlin, M. H.; Sebhatu, T.; Ymen, B. I.; Healy, E. T.;
Jensen, D. R.; Jonaitis, D. T.; Parent, S. WO Patent 2012044243A1, 2012.
158. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm4183

Image result for Naloxegol

Naloxegol Synthesis

CREDIT

https://ayurajan.blogspot.in/2016/08/naloxegol.html

US20050136031A1: The patent reports detailed synthetic procedures to manufacture gram quantities of Naloxegol. The synthesis starts with Naloxone which was treated with methoxyethyl chloride in the presence of Hunig’s base to give the protected ketone. Reduction of the ketone with potassium tri-sec-butylborohydride exclusively provided the α-alcohol in 85% yield. Deprotonation of the alcohol with sodium hydride followed by alkylation with CH3(OCH2CH2)7Br  provided the pegylated Naloxone in 88% yield.

Identifications:

1H NMR (Estimated) for Naloxegol

Image result for Naloxegol

Image result for Naloxegol

Image result for Naloxegol

Image result for Naloxegol

PATENT

US20060182692

Figure US20060182692A1-20060817-C00004

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2005058367A2?cl=en

EXAMPLE 4 SYNTHESIS OF PEG 3-NALθxoL [0211] The structure of the naloxol, an exemplary small molecule drug, is shown below.

Figure imgf000059_0001

Naloxol [0212] This molecule was prepared (having a protected hydroxyl group) as part of a larger synthetic scheme as described in Example 5.

EXAMPLE 5

Figure imgf000059_0002

[0213] α,β-PEGι-naloxol was prepared. The overview of the synthesis is provided below.

Figure imgf000060_0001

(3)

Figure imgf000060_0002

(4)

5.A. Synthesis of 3-MEM-naloxone

[0214] Diisopropylethylamine (390 mg, 3.0 mmole) was added to a solution of naloxone HCl 2H2O (200 mg, 0.50 mmole) in CH2C12 (10 mL) with stining. Methoxyethyl chloride (“MEMCl,” 250 mg, 2.0 mmole) was then added dropwise to the above solution. The solution was stined at room temperature under N2 overnight.

[0215] The crude product was analyzed by HPLC, which indicated that 3-

MEM-O-naloxone (1) was formed in 97% yield. Solvents were removed by rotary evaporation to yield a sticky oil.

5.B. Synthesis of α and β epimer mixture of 3-MEM-naloxoI (2)

[0216] 3 mL of 0.2 N NaOH was added to a solution of 3-MEM-naloxone

(1) (obtained from 5.A. above, and used without further purification) in 5mL of ethanol. To this was added a solution of NaBHLt (76 mg, 2.0 mmole) in water (1 mL) dropwise. The resulting solution was stined at room temperature for 5 hours. The ethanol was removed by rotary evaporation followed by addition of a solution of 0.1 N HCl solution to destroy excess NaBKj and adjust the pH to a value of 1. The solution was washed with CHC13 to remove excess methoxyethyl chloride and its derivatives (3 x 50 mL), followed by addition of K2OO3 to raise the pH of the solution to 8.0. The product was then extracted with CHC13 (3 x 50 mL) and dried over Na2SO4. The solvent was removed by evaporation to yield a colorless sticky solid (192 mg, 0.46 mmole, 92% isolated yield based on naloxone HCl 2H2O).

[0217] HPLC indicated that the product was an α and β epimer mixture of

3-MEM-naloxol (2).

5.C. Synthesis of α and β epimer mixture of 6-CH3-OCH2CH2-O-3-MEM- naloxol (3a).

[0218] NaH (60% in mineral oil, 55 mg, 1.38 mmole) was added into a solution of 6-hydroxyl-3-MEM-naloxol (2) (192 mg, 0.46 mmole) in dimethylformamide (“DMF,” 6 mL). The mixture was stined at room temperature under N2 for 15 minutes, followed by addition of 2-bromoethyl methyl ether (320 mg, 2.30 mmole) in DMF (1 mL). The solution was then stirred at room temperature under N2 for 3 hours.

[0219] HPLC analysis revealed formation of a mixture of α- and β-6-CH3-OCH2CH2-0-3-MEM-naloxol (3) in about 88% yield. DMF was removed by a rotary evaporation to yield a sticky white solid. The product was used for subsequent transformation without further purification.

5.D. Synthesis of α and β epimer mixture of 6-CH3-OCH2CH2-naloxoI (4)

[0220] Crude α- and β-6-CH3-OCH2CH2-O-3-MEM-naloxol (3) was dissolved in 5 mL of CH2C12 to form a cloudy solution, to which was added 5 mL of trifluoroacetic acid (“TFA”). The resultant solution was stined at room temperature for 4 hours. The reaction was determined to be complete based upon HPLC assay. CH2C12 was removed by a rotary evaporator, followed by addition of 10 mL of water. To this solution was added sufficient K2OO3 to destroy excess TFA and to adjust the pH to 8. The solution was then extracted with CHC13 (3 x 50 mL), and the extracts were combined and further extracted with 0.1 N HCl solution (3 x 50 mL). The pH of the recovered water phase was adjusted to a pH of 8 by addition of K2CO3>followed by further extraction with CHC13 (3 x 50 mL). The combined organic layer was then dried with Na2SO4. The solvents were removed to yield a colorless sticky solid.

[0221] The solid was purified by passage two times through a silica gel column (2 cm x 30 cm) using CHCl3/CH3OH (30:1) as the eluent to yield a sticky solid. The purified product was determined by 1H NMR to be a mixture of α- and β epimers of 6-CH3-OCH2CH2-naloxol (4) containing ca. 30% α epimer and ca. 70% β epimer [100 mg, 0.26 mmole, 56% isolated yield based on 6-hydroxyl-3-MEM- naloxol (2)].

[0222] 1H NMR (δ, ppm, CDC13): 6.50-6.73 (2 H, multiplet, aromatic proton of naloxol), 5.78 (1 H, multiplet, olefinic proton of naloxone), 5.17 (2 H, multiplet, olefinic protons of naloxol), 4.73 (1 H, doublet, C5 proton of α naloxol), 4.57 (1 H, doublet, C5 proton of β naloxol), 3.91 (1H, multiplet, C6 proton of naloxol), 3.51-3.75 (4 H, multiplet, PEG), 3.39 (3 H, singlet, methoxy protons of PEG, α epimer), 3.36 (3 H, singlet, methoxy protons of PEG, β epimer), 3.23 (1 H, multiplet, C6 proton of β naloxol), 1.46-3.22 (14 H, multiplet, protons of naloxol).

SYN 1

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2012044243A1?cl=en

Naloxol-polyethylene glycol conjugates are provided herein in solid phosphate and oxalate salt forms. Methods of preparing the salt forms, and pharmaceutical compositions comprising the salt forms are also provided herein. ACKGROUND

Effective pain management therapy often calls for an opioid analgesic. In addition to the desired analgesic effect, however, certain undesirable side effects, such as bowel dysfunction, nausea, constipation, among others, can accompany the use of an opioid analgesic. Such side effects may be due to opioid receptors being present outside of the central nervous system, principally in the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical and preclinical studies support the use of mPEG7-0-naloxol, a conjugate of the opioid antagonist naloxol and polyethylene glycol, to counteract undesirable side effects associated with use of opioid analgesics. When administered orally to a patient mPEG7-0-naloxol largely does not cross the blood brain barrier into the central nervous system, and has minimal impact on opioid- induced analgesia. See, e.g., WO 2005/058367; WO 2008/057579; Webster et al., “NKTR-118 Significantly Reverses Opioid-Induced Constipation,” Poster 39, 20th AAPM Annual Clinical Meeting (Phoenix, AZ), October 10, 2009.

To move a drug candidate such as mPEG7-O-naloxol to a viable pharmaceutical product, it is important to understand whether the drug candidate has polymorphic forms, as well as the relative stability and interconversions of these forms under conditions likely to be encountered upon large-scale production, transportation, storage and pre-usage preparation. Solid forms of a drug substance are often desired for their convenience in formulating a drug product. No solid form of mPEG7-O-naloxol drug substance has been made available to date, which is currently manufactured and isolated as an oil in a free base form. Exactly how to accomplish this is often not obvious. For example the number of pharmaceutical products that are oxalate salts is limited. The free base form of mPEG7-0-naloxol has not been observed to form a crystalline phase even when cooled to -60 °C and has been observed to exist as a glass with a transition temperature of

approximately -45 °C. Furthermore, mPEG7-0-naloxol in its free base form can undergo oxidative degradation upon exposure to air. Care can be taken in handling the free base, for example, storing it under inert gas, to avoid its degradation. However, a solid form of mPEG7-0-naloxol, preferably one that is stable when kept exposed to air, is desired

a naloxol-polyethlyene glycol conjugate oxalate salt, the salt comprising ionic species of mPEG7-0-naloxol and oxalic acid. The formulas of mPEG7-0-naloxol and oxalic acid are as follows:

Figure imgf000004_0001

In certain embodiments, the methods provided comprise dissolving mPEG7-0- naloxol free base in ethanol; adding methyl t-butyl ether to the dissolved mPEG?

O-naloxol solution; adding oxalic acid in methyl t-butyl ether to the dissolved mPEG7-0-naloxol over a period of at least 2 hours to produce a slurry; and filtering the slurry to yield the naloxol-polyethlyene glycol conjugate oxalate salt in solid form.

In certain embodiments, the methods provided comprise dissolving mPEG7-0- naloxol free base in acetonitrile; adding water to the dissolved mPEG7-0-naloxol solution; adding oxalic acid in ethyl acetate to the dissolved mPEG7-0-naloxol over a period of at least 2 hours to produce a slurry; and filtering the slurry to yield the naloxol-polyethlyene glycol conjugate oxalate salt in solid form.

In some embodiments, the solid salt form of mPEG7-0-naloxol is a crystalline form.

In certain embodiments a solid crystalline salt provided herein is substantially pure, having a purity of at least about 80%, at least about 85%, at least about 90%, at least about 92%, at least about 95%, at least about 96%, at least about 97%, at least about 98%, or at least about 99%.

In certain embodiments, the solid salt form of mPEG7-0-naloxol is a phosphate salt.

In other embodiments, the solid mPEG7-0-naloxol salt form is an oxalate salt. For instance, in some embodiments of solid oxalate salt forms provided herein, the solid mPEG7-0-naloxol oxalate salt form is in Form A, as described herein. As another example, in some embodiments of solid oxalate salt forms provided herein, the solid mPEG7-0-naloxol oxalate salt form is in Form B, as described herein. In yet other embodiments, an oxalate salt of mPEG7-0-naloxol in solid form prepared according to the methods described herein is provided.

In yet other embodiments, an dihydrogenphosphate salt of mPEG7-0-naloxol in solid form prepared according to the methods described herein is provided.

In certain embodiments of a solid mPEG7-0-naloxol oxalate salt Form B provided herein, the salt form exhibits a single endothermic peak on differential scanning calorimetry between room temperature and about 150 °C. The single endothermic peak can occur, for instance, between about 91 °C to about 94 °C. For example, in some embodiments the endothermic peak is at about 92 °C, about 92.5 °C, or about93 °C.

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2005058367A2?cl=en

PATENT

CN101033228A

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/CN102174049A?cl=en

References and notes

  1.  Roland Seifert; Thomas Wieland; Raimund Mannhold; Hugo Kubinyi; Gerd Folkers (17 July 2006). G Protein-Coupled Receptors as Drug Targets: Analysis of Activation and Constitutive Activity. John Wiley & Sons. p. 227. ISBN 978-3-527-60695-5. Retrieved 14 May 2012.
  2.  “Nektar | R&D Pipeline | Products in Development | CNS/Pain | Oral Naloxegol (NKTR-118) and Oral NKTR-119”. Retrieved2012-05-14.
  3. “FDA approves MOVANTIK™ (naloxegol) Tablets C-II for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in adult patients with chronic non-cancer pain”. 16 September 2014.
  4.  “Randomised clinical trial: the long-term safety and tolerability of naloxegol in patients with pain and opioid-induced constipation.”. Aliment Pharmacol Ther. 40: 771–9. Oct 2014.doi:10.1111/apt.12899. PMID 25112584.
  5. ^ Jump up to:a b Garnock-Jones KP (2015). “Naloxegol: a review of its use in patients with opioid-induced constipation”. Drugs. 75 (4): 419–425. doi:10.1007/s40265-015-0357-2.
  6.  Technically, the molecule that is attached via the ether link is O-methyl-heptaethylene glycol [that is, methoxyheptaethylene glycol, CH3OCH2CH2O(CH2CH2O)5CH2CH2OH], molecular weight 340.4, CAS number 4437-01-8. See Pubchem Staff (2016). “Compound Summary for CID 526555, Pubchem Compound 4437-01”. PubChem Compound Database. Bethesda, MD, USA: NCBI, U.S. NLM. Retrieved 28 January2016.
  7. ^http://www.deadiversion.usdoj.gov/fed_regs/rules/2015/fr0123_3.htm

1. WO2012044243A / US12015038524A1.

2. WO2005058367A2 / US7786133B2.

3. US20060182692A1 / US8067431B2.

4. CN101033228A.

5. Fudan Univ. J. Med. Sci. 2007, 34, 888-890.

WO2008057579A2 * Nov 7, 2007 May 15, 2008 Nektar Therapeutics Al, Corporation Dosage forms and co-administration of an opioid agonist and an opioid antagonist
WO2009137086A1 * May 7, 2009 Nov 12, 2009 Nektar Therapeutics Oral administration of peripherally-acting opioid antagonists
US20050136031 * Dec 16, 2004 Jun 23, 2005 Bentley Michael D. Chemically modified small molecules

Patents

7056500 United States
7662365 United States
 
8067431 United States
 
8617530 United States
 
9012469 United States

FDA Orange Book Patents

FDA Orange Book Patents: 1 of 6
Patent 7056500
Expiration Jun 29, 2024
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 2 of 6
Patent 7662365
Expiration Oct 18, 2022
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
 
FDA Orange Book Patents: 3 of 6
Patent 8617530
Expiration Oct 18, 2022
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
 
FDA Orange Book Patents: 4 of 6
Patent 9012469
Expiration Apr 2, 2032
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
 
FDA Orange Book Patents: 5 of 6
Patent 7786133
Expiration Dec 19, 2027
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
 
FDA Orange Book Patents: 6 of 6
Patent 8067431
Expiration Dec 16, 2024
Applicant ASTRAZENECA PHARMS
Drug Application N204760 (Prescription Drug: MOVANTIK. Ingredients: NALOXEGOL OXALATE)
Naloxegol
Naloxegol.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(5α,6α)-4,5-epoxy-6-(3,6,9,12,15,18,21-heptaoxadocos-1-yloxy)-17-(2-propen-1-yl)morphinan-3,14-diol
Clinical data
Trade names Movantik, Moventig
AHFS/Drugs.com movantik
License data
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Routes of
administration
Oral
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding ~4.2%
Metabolism Hepatic (CYP3A)
Biological half-life 6–11 h
Excretion Feces (68%), urine (16%)
Identifiers
CAS Number 854601-70-0
ATC code A06AH03 (WHO)
PubChem CID 56959087
ChemSpider 28651656
ChEBI CHEBI:82975
Synonyms NKTR-118
Chemical data
Formula C34H53NO11
Molar mass 651.785 g/mol

//////////////Naloxegol, Movantik,  NKTR-118,  NKTR118,  UNII-44T7335BKE, NKTR 118, 854601-70-0, EU 2014, FDA 2014

COCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCOCCO[C@H]1CC[C@]2([C@H]3Cc4ccc(c5c4[C@]2([C@H]1O5)CCN3CC=C)O)O

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Belinostat (PXD101), a novel HDAC inhibitor


File:Belinostat.svg

Belinostat (PXD101)

 FAST TRACK FDA , ORPHAN STATUS

PXD101;PX105684;PXD-101;PXD 101;PX-105684
UNII:F4H96P17NZ
N-Hydroxy-3-(3-phenylsulphamoylphenyl)acrylamide
N-HYDROXY-3-[3-[(PHENYLAMINO)SULFONYL]PHENYL]-2-PROPENAMIDE
NSC726630
(E)-N-hydroxy-3-[3-(phenylsulfamoyl)phenyl]prop-2-enamide
414864-00-9 [RN]
866323-14-0 [RN]
Beleodaq®

Approved by FDA……http://www.drugs.com/newdrugs/fda-approves-beleodaq-belinostat-peripheral-t-cell-lymphoma-4052.html?utm_source=ddc&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Today%27s+news+summary+-+July+3%2C+2014

July 3, 2014 — The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Beleodaq (belinostat) for the treatment of patients with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), a rare and fast-growing type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). The action was taken under the agency’s accelerated approval program.

Belinostat (PXD101) is a novel HDAC inhibitor with IC50 of 27 nM, with activity demonstrated in cisplatin-resistant tumors.

CLINICAL TRIALS…http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=Belinostat+OR+PXD101

MP 172–174 °C, (lit.(@) 172 °C). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ = 10.75–10.42 (m, 2H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 7.92 (s, 1H), 7.78 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H),7.47 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (m, 2H), 7.10–7.01 (m, 3H), 6.51 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI): m/z = 318.6 [M+H] +.

Finn, P. W.; Bandara, M.; Butcher, C.; Finn, A.; Hollinshead, R.; Khan, N.; Law, N.; Murthy, S.; Romero,R.; Watkins, C.; Andrianov, V.; Bokaldere, R. M.; Dikovska, K.; Gailite, V.; Loza, E.; Piskunova, I.;Starchenkov, I.; Vorona, M.; Kalvinsh, I. Helv. Chim. Acta 2005, 88, 1630, DOI: 10.1002/hlca.200590129

Beleodaq and Folotyn are marketed by Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc., based in Henderson, Nevada. Istodax is marketed by Celgene Corporation based in Summit, New Jersey.

Belinostat was granted orphan drug status for the treatment of Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in the US in September 2009 and the EU in October 2012. In July 2015, an orphan drug designation has also been granted for malignant thymoma in the EU.

Belinostat received its first global approval in the US-FDA on 3 July 2014 for the intravenous (IV) treatment of relapsed or refractory PTCL in adults.

Belinostat was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on July 3, 2014. It was originally developed by CuraGen Pharma,then developed by Spectrum Pharmaceuticals cooperating with Onxeo, then marketed as Beleodaq® by Spectrum.

Beleodaq is a pan-histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor selectively causing the accumulation of acetylated histones and other proteinsin tumor cells. It is indicated for the treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL).

Beleodaq® is available as lyophilized powder for intravenous infusion, containing 500 mg of free Belinostat. The recommended dose is 1,000 mg/m2 once daily on days 1-5 of a 21-day cycle.

Index:

MW 318.07
MF C15H14N2O4S

414864-00-9  cas no

866323-14-0

(2E)-N-hydroxy-3-[3-(phenylsulfamoyl)phenyl]acrylamide

A novel HDAC inhibitor

Chemical structure for belinostat
PTCL comprises a diverse group of rare diseases in which lymph nodes become cancerous. In 2014, the National Cancer Institute estimates that 70,800 Americans will be diagnosed with NHL and 18,990 will die. PTCL represents about 10 to 15 percent of NHLs in North America.Belinostat inhibits the growth of tumor cells (A2780, HCT116, HT29, WIL, CALU-3, MCF7, PC3 and HS852) with IC50 from 0.2-0.66 μM. PD101 shows low activity in A2780/cp70 and 2780AD cells. Belinostat inhibits bladder cancer cell growth, especially in 5637 cells, which shows accumulation of G0-G1 phase, decrease in S phase, and increase in G2-M phase. Belinostat also shows enhanced tubulin acetylation in ovarian cancer cell lines. A recent study shows that Belinostat activates protein kinase A in a TGF-β signaling-dependent mechanism and decreases survivin mRNA.

Beleodaq works by stopping enzymes that contribute to T-cells, a type of immune cell, becoming cancerous. It is intended for patients whose disease returned after treatment (relapsed) or did not respond to previous treatment (refractory).

“This is the third drug that has been approved since 2009 for the treatment of peripheral T-cell lymphoma,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “Today’s approval expands the number of treatment options available to patients with serious and life-threatening diseases.”

The FDA granted accelerated approval to Folotyn (pralatrexate) in 2009 for use in patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL and Istodax (romidepsin) in 2011 for the treatment of PTCL in patients who received at least one prior therapy.

The safety and effectiveness of Beleodaq was evaluated in a clinical study involving 129 participants with relapsed or refractory PTCL. All participants were treated with Beleodaq until their disease progressed or side effects became unacceptable. Results showed 25.8 percent of participants had their cancer disappear (complete response) or shrink (partial response) after treatment.

The most common side effects seen in Beleodaq-treated participants were nausea, fatigue, fever (pyrexia), low red blood cells (anemia), and vomiting.

The FDA’s accelerated approval program allows for approval of a drug based on surrogate or intermediate endpoints reasonably likely to predict clinical benefit for patients with serious conditions with unmet medical needs. Drugs receiving accelerated approval are subject to confirmatory trials verifying clinical benefit. Beleodaq also received orphan product designation by the FDA because it is intended to treat a rare disease or condition.

BELINOSTAT

Belinostat (trade name Beleodaq, previously known as PXD101) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor drug developed by TopoTargetfor the treatment of hematological malignancies and solid tumors.[2]

It was approved in July 2014 by the US FDA to treat peripheral T-cell lymphoma.[3]

In 2007 preliminary results were released from the Phase II clinical trial of intravenous belinostat in combination with carboplatin andpaclitaxel for relapsed ovarian cancer.[4] Final results in late 2009 of a phase II trial for T-cell lymphoma were encouraging.[5]Belinostat has been granted orphan drug and fast track designation by the FDA,[6] and was approved in the US for the use againstperipheral T-cell lymphoma on 3 July 2014.[3] It is not approved in Europe as of August 2014.[7]

The approved pharmaceutical formulation is given intravenously.[8]:180 Belinostat is primarily metabolized by UGT1A1; the initial dose should be reduced if the recipient is known to be homozygous for the UGT1A1*28 allele.[8]:179 and 181

NCI: A novel hydroxamic acid-type histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor with antineoplastic activity. Belinostat targets HDAC enzymes, thereby inhibiting tumor cell proliferation, inducing apoptosis, promoting cellular differentiation, and inhibiting angiogenesis. This agent may sensitize drug-resistant tumor cells to other antineoplastic agents, possibly through a mechanism involving the down-regulation of thymidylate synthase

 

The study of inhibitors of histone deacetylases indicates that these enzymes play an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. The inhibitor Trichostatin A (TSA) (Yoshida et al., 1990a) causes cell cycle arrest at both G1 and G2 phases (Yoshida and Beppu, 1988), reverts the transformed phenotype of different cell lines, and induces differentiation of Friend leukaemia cells and others (Yoshida et al., 1990b). TSA (and SAHA) have been reported to inhibit cell growth, induce terminal differentiation, and prevent the formation of tumours in mice (Finnin et al., 1999).

Trichostatin A (TSA)

Figure imgf000005_0001

Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (SAHA)

Figure imgf000005_0002

Cell cycle arrest by TSA correlates with an increased expression of gelsolin (Hoshikawa et al., 1994), an actin regulatory protein that is down regulated in malignant breast cancer (Mielnicki et al., 1999). Similar effects on cell cycle and differentiation have been observed with a number of deacetylase inhibitors (Kim et al., 1999). Trichostatin A has also been reported to be useful in the treatment of fibrosis, e.g., liver fibrosis and liver cirrhosis. See, e.g., Geerts et al., 1998.

Recently, certain compounds that induce differentiation have been reported to inhibit histone deacetylases. Several experimental antitumour compounds, such as trichostatin A (TSA), trapoxin, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), and phenylbutyrate have been reported to act, at least in part, by inhibiting histone deacetylase (see, e.g., Yoshida et al., 1990; Richon et al., 1998; Kijima et al., 1993). Additionally, diallyl sulfide and related molecules (see, e.g., Lea et al., 1999), oxamflatin (see, e.g., Kim et al., 1999), MS-27-275, a synthetic benzamide derivative (see, e.g., Saito et al., 1999; Suzuki et al., 1999; note that MS-27-275 was later re-named as MS-275), butyrate derivatives (see, e.g., Lea and Tulsyan, 1995), FR901228 (see, e.g., Nokajima et al., 1998), depudecin (see, e.g., Kwon et al., 1998), and m-carboxycinnamic acid bishydroxamide (see, e.g., Richon et al., 1998) have been reported to inhibit histone deacetylases. In vitro, some of these compounds are reported to inhibit the growth of fibroblast cells by causing cell cycle arrest in the G1 and G2 phases, and can lead to the terminal differentiation and loss of transforming potential of a variety of transformed cell lines (see, e.g., Richon et al, 1996; Kim et al., 1999; Yoshida et al., 1995; Yoshida & Beppu, 1988). In vivo, phenybutyrate is reported to be effective in the treatment of acute promyelocytic leukemia in conjunction with retinoic acid (see, e.g., Warrell et al., 1998). SAHA is reported to be effective in preventing the formation of mammary tumours in rats, and lung tumours in mice (see, e.g., Desai et al., 1999).

The clear involvement of HDACs in the control of cell proliferation and differentiation suggest that aberrant HDAC activity may play a role in cancer. The most direct demonstration that deacetylases contribute to cancer development comes from the analysis of different acute promyelocytic leukaemias (APL). In most APL patients, a translocation of chromosomes 15 and 17 (t(15;17)) results in the expression of a fusion protein containing the N-terminal portion of PML gene product linked to most of RARσ (retinoic acid receptor). In some cases, a different translocation (t(11 ;17)) causes the fusion between the zinc finger protein PLZF and RARα. In the absence of ligand, the wild type RARα represses target genes by tethering HDAC repressor complexes to the promoter DNA. During normal hematopoiesis, retinoic acid (RA) binds RARα and displaces the repressor complex, allowing expression of genes implicated in myeloid differentiation. The RARα fusion proteins occurring in APL patients are no longer responsive to physiological levels of RA and they interfere with the expression of the RA- inducible genes that promote myeloid differentiation. This results in a clonal expansion of promyelocytic cells and development of leukaemia. In vitro experiments have shown that TSA is capable of restoring RA-responsiveness to the fusion RARα proteins and of allowing myeloid differentiation. These results establish a link between HDACs and oncogenesis and suggest that HDACs are potential targets for pharmaceutical intervention in APL patients. (See, for example, Kitamura et al., 2000; David et al., 1998; Lin et al., 1998).

BELINOSTAT

Furthermore, different lines of evidence suggest that HDACs may be important therapeutic targets in other types of cancer. Cell lines derived from many different cancers (prostate, coloreetal, breast, neuronal, hepatic) are induced to differentiate by HDAC inhibitors (Yoshida and Horinouchi, 1999). A number of HDAC inhibitors have been studied in animal models of cancer. They reduce tumour growth and prolong the lifespan of mice bearing different types of transplanted tumours, including melanoma, leukaemia, colon, lung and gastric carcinomas, etc. (Ueda et al., 1994; Kim et al., 1999).

Psoriasis is a common chronic disfiguring skin disease which is characterised by well-demarcated, red, hardened scaly plaques: these may be limited or widespread. The prevalence rate of psoriasis is approximately 2%, i.e., 12.5 million sufferers in the triad countries (US/Europe/Japan). While the disease is rarely fatal, it clearly has serious detrimental effects upon the quality of life of the patient: this is further compounded by the lack of effective therapies. Present treatments are either ineffective, cosmetically unacceptable, or possess undesired side effects. There is therefore a large unmet clinical need for effective and safe drugs for this condition. Psoriasis is a disease of complex etiology. Whilst there is clearly a genetic component, with a number of gene loci being involved, there are also undefined environmental triggers. Whatever the ultimate cause of psoriasis, at the cellular level, it is characterised by local T-cell mediated inflammation, by keratinocyte hyperproliferation, and by localised angiogenesis. These are all processes in which histone deacetylases have been implicated (see, e.g., Saunders et al., 1999; Bernhard et al, 1999; Takahashi et al, 1996; Kim et al , 2001 ). Therefore HDAC inhibitors may be of use in therapy for psoriasis. Candidate drugs may be screened, for example, using proliferation assays with T-cells and/or keratinocytes.

 CLIP

PXD101/Belinostat®

(E)-N-hydroxy-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylamide, also known as PXD101 and Belinostat®, shown below, is a well known histone deacetylate (HDAC) inhibitor. It is being developed for treatment of a range of disorders mediated by HDAC, including proliferative conditions (such as cancer and psoriasis), malaria, etc.

Figure US20100286279A1-20101111-C00001

PXD101 was first described in WO 02/30879 A2. That document describes a multi-step method of synthesis which may conveniently be illustrated by the following scheme.

Figure US20100286279A1-20101111-C00002
Figure US20100286279A1-20101111-C00003

PATENT

GENERAL SYNTHESIS

str1

WO2002030879A2

IGNORE 10

Figure imgf000060_0002

ENTRY 45 IS BELINOSTAT

Scheme 1

Figure imgf000101_0001

By using amines instead of aniline, the corresponding products may be obtained. The use of aniline, 4-methoxyaniline, 4-methylaniline, 4-bromoaniline, 4-chloroaniline, 4-benzylamine, and 4-phenethyamine, among others, is described in the Examples below.

In another method, a suitable amino acid (e.g., ω-amino acid) having a protected carboxylic acid (e.g., as an ester) and an unprotected amino group is reacted with a sulfonyl chloride compound (e.g., RSO2CI) to give the corresponding sulfonamide having a protected carboxylic acid. The protected carboxylic acid is then deprotected using base to give the free carboxylic acid, which is then reacted with, for example, hydroxylamine 2-chlorotrityl resin followed by acid (e.g., trifluoroacetic acid), to give the desired carbamic acid.

One example of this approach is illustrated below, in Scheme 2, wherein the reaction conditions are as follows: (i) RSO2CI, pyridine, DCM, room temperature, 12 hours; (ii) 1 M LiOH or 1 M NaOH, dioxane, room temperature, 3-48 hours; (iii) hydroxylamine 2-chlorotrityl resin, HOAt, HATU, DIPEA, DCM, room temperature, 16 hours; and (iv) TFA/DCM (5:95, v/v), room temperature, 1.5 hours.

Scheme 2

Figure imgf000102_0001

Additional methods for the synthesis of compounds of the present invention are illustrated below and are exemplified in the examples below.

Scheme 3A

Figure imgf000102_0002

Scheme 3B

Figure imgf000103_0001

Scheme 4

Figure imgf000104_0001
Figure imgf000105_0001

Scheme 8

Figure imgf000108_0002

Scheme 9

Figure imgf000109_0001

PATENT

SYNTHESIS

WO2002030879A2

Example 1

3-Formylbenzenesulfonic acid, sodium salt (1)

Figure imgf000123_0001

Oleum (5 ml) was placed in a reaction vessel and benzaldehyde (2.00 g, 18.84 mmol) was slowly added not exceeding the temperature of the reaction mixture more than 30°C. The obtained solution was stirred at 40°C for ten hours and at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into ice and extracted with ethyl acetate. The aqueous phase was treated with CaC03 until the evolution of C02 ceased (pH~6-7), then the precipitated CaSO4was filtered off and washed with water. The filtrate was treated with Na2CO3 until the pH of the reaction medium increased to pH 8, obtained CaCO3 was filtered off and water solution was evaporated in vacuum. The residue was washed with methanol, the washings were evaporated and the residue was dried in desiccator over P2Oβ affording the title compound (2.00 g, 51%). 1H NMR (D20), δ: 7.56-8.40 (4H, m); 10.04 ppm (1 H, s).

Example 2 3-(3-Sulfophenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester, sodium salt (2)

Figure imgf000124_0001

Sodium salt of 3-formylbenzenesulfonic acid (1) (1.00 g, 4.80 mmol), potassium carbonate (1.32 g, 9.56 mmol), trimethyl phosphonoacetate (1.05 g, 5.77 mmol) and water (2 ml) were stirred at ambient temperature for 30 min., precipitated solid was filtered and washed with methanol. The filtrate was evaporated and the title compound (2) was obtained as a white solid (0.70 g, 55%). 1H NMR (DMSO- dβl HMDSO), δ: 3.68 (3H, s); 6.51 (1 H, d, J=16.0 Hz); 7.30-7.88 (5H, m).

Example 3 3-(3-Chlorosulfonylphenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester (3)

Figure imgf000124_0002

To the sodium salt of 3-(3-sulfophenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester (2) (0.670 g, 2.53 mmol) benzene (2 ml), thionyl chloride (1.508 g, 0.9 ml, 12.67 mmol) and 3 drops of dimethylformamide were added and the resultant suspension was stirred at reflux for one hour. The reaction mixture was evaporated, the residue was dissolved in benzene (3 ml), filtered and the filtrate was evaporated to give the title compound (0.6’40 g, 97%).

Example 4 3-(3-Phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester (4a)

Figure imgf000125_0001

A solution of 3-(3-chlorosulfonylphenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester (3) (0.640 g, 2.45 mmol) in dichloromethane (2 ml) was added to a mixture of aniline (0.465 g, 4.99 mmol) and pyridine (1 ml), and the resultant solution was stirred at 50°C for one hour. The reaction mixture was evaporated and the residue was partitioned between ethyl acetate and 10% HCI. The organic layer was washed successively with water, saturated NaCl, and dried (Na2S0 ). The solvent was removed and the residue was chromatographed on silica gel with chloroform-ethyl acetate (7:1 , v/v) as eluent. The obtained product was washed with diethyl ether to give the title compound (0.226 g, 29%). 1H NMR (CDCI3, HMDSO), δ: 3.72 (3H, s); 6.34 (1H, d, J=16.0 Hz); 6.68 (1 H, br s); 6.92-7.89 (10H, m).

Example 5 3-(3-Phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acrylic acid (5a)

Figure imgf000125_0002

3-(3-Phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acrylic acid methyl ester (4a) (0.220 g, 0.69 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (3 ml), 1N NaOH (2.08 ml, 2.08 mmol) was added and the resultant solution was stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The aqueous layer was acidified with 10% HCI and stirred for 30 min. The precipitated solid was filtered, washed with water and dried in desiccator over P2Os to give the title compound as a white solid (0.173 g, 82%). Example 6 3-(3-Phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acryloyl chloride (6a)

Figure imgf000126_0001

To a suspension of 3-(3-phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acrylic acid (5a) (0.173 g, 0.57 mmol) in dichloromethane (2.3 ml) oxalyl chloride (0.17 ml, 1.95 mmol) and one drop of dimethylformamide were added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40°C for one hour and concentrated under reduced pressure to give crude title compound (0.185 g).

Example 7

N-Hydroxy-3-(3-phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acrylamide (7a) (PX105684) BELINOSTAT

Figure imgf000126_0002

To a suspension of hydroxylamine hydrochloride (0.200 g, 2.87 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (3.5 ml) a saturated NaHCOβ solution (2.5 ml) was added and the resultant mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 10 min. To the reaction mixture a 3-(3-phenylsulfamoylphenyl)acryloyl chloride (6a) (0.185 g) solution in tetrahydrofuran (2.3 ml) was added and stirred at ambient temperature for one hour. The reaction mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and 2N HCI. The organic layer was washed successively with water and saturated NaCl, the solvent was removed and the residue was washed with acetonitrile and diethyl ether.

The title compound was obtained as a white solid (0.066 g, 36%), m.p. 172°C. BELINOSTAT

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, HMDSO), δ: 6.49 (1 H, d, J=16.0 Hz); 7.18-8.05 (10H, m); 9.16 (1 H, br s); 10.34 (1 H, s); 10.85 ppm (1 H, br s).

HPLC analysis on Symmetry C18column: impurities 4% (column size 3.9×150 mm; mobile phase acetonitrile – 0.1 M phosphate buffer (pH 2.5), 40:60; sample concentration 1 mg/ml; flow rate 0.8 ml/ min; detector UV 220 nm).

Anal. Calcd for C154N204S, %: C 56.59, H 4.43, N 8.80. Found, %: C 56.28, H 4.44, N 8.56.

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/CN102786448A?cl=en

Example: belinostat (compound of formula I) Preparation of

Figure CN102786448AD00092

Methods of operation:

The compound of formula II (4. Og) added to the reactor, was added methanol 30ml, and stirred to dissolve, was added IM aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (38mL), stirred at room temperature overnight, the reaction was completed, ethyl acetate was added (IOmL) ^ K (20mL), stirred for 5 minutes, phase separation, the ethyl acetate phase was discarded, the aqueous phase was acidified with 10% hydrochloric acid to pH2, stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, filtered, washed with water, and dried to give hydrolyzate 3. lg, yield rate of 81.6%.

 The hydrolyzate (3. Og) added to the reactor, was added methylene chloride (53. 2g), dissolved with stirring, was added oxalyl chloride (2.8mL, 0.0032mol) at room temperature was added I drop DMF, reflux I hours, concentrated and the residue was dissolved in THF (30mL) alternate, the other to take a reaction flask was added hydroxylamine hydrochloride (3. 5g, 0.05mol), THF (50mL), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (40mL), the mixture at room temperature under stirring for 10 minutes, then was added to spare, stirred at room temperature for I hour, the reaction was complete, at – at room temperature was added ethyl acetate (50mL), 2M hydrochloric acid (50mL), stirred for 5 minutes the phases were separated, the aqueous phase was discarded, the organic layer was washed with water, saturated brine, dried, filtered and concentrated to give crude product belinostat, recrystallized from ethyl acetate, 50 ° C and dried for 8 hours to give white crystals 2. 6g, yield 83.8%. .  1H-NMR (DMS0-d6, 400MHz) δ: 6 50 (1H, d, J = 16. OHz); 7 07 (d, J = 7. 8Hz, 2H); 7 16 (t.. , J = 7. 3Hz, 1H);. 7 25 (m, 2H);. 7 45 (t, J = 7. 8Hz, 1H);. 7 60 (d, J = 15. 9Hz, 1H); 7 . 62 (d, J = 7. 7Hz, 1H);. 7 75 (d, J = 7. 8Hz, 1H);. 7 88 (br s. ‘1H);. 9 17 (br s’ 1H); 10. 35 (s, 1H);. 10 82ppm (br s, 1H). ·

str1

Step a): Preparation of Compound III

Figure CN102786448AD00071

 The carboxy benzene sulfonate (224g, Imol), anhydrous methanol (2300g), concentrated hydrochloric acid (188. 6g) refluxing

3-5 hours, filtered and the filtrate was added anhydrous sodium bicarbonate powder (200g), stirred for I hour, filtered, the filter residue was discarded, the filtrate was concentrated. The concentrate was added methanol (2000g), stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes, filtered and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness, 80 ° C and dried for 4 hours to give a white solid compound III147g, yield 61.8%.

Step b): Preparation of Compound IV

Figure CN102786448AD00072

 Compound III (50g, 0. 21mol), phosphorus oxychloride (250mL) was refluxed for 2_6 hours, completion of the reaction, cooled to

0-5 ° C, was slowly added to ice water, stirred for 2 hours and filtered to give a brown solid compound IV40 g, due to the instability of Compound IV, directly into the next reaction without drying.

Preparation of Compound V: [0040] Step c)

Figure CN102786448AD00073

The aniline (5. 58g, 0. 06mol) and 30mL of toluene added to the reactor, stirred to dissolve, in step b) the resulting compound IV (7. 05g, O. 03mol) was dissolved in 60 ml of toluene, at room temperature dropwise added to the reactor, the addition was completed, stirring at room temperature for 1-2 hours, the reaction was completed, the filtered solid washed with water, and then recrystallized from toluene, 50 ° C and dried for 4 hours to obtain a white crystalline compound V6. Og, yield 73%. mp:.. 144 4-145 2. . .

 1H- bandit R (CDCl3, 400MHz) δ:…. 3 92 (s, 3H); 6 80 (. Br s, 1H); 7 06-7 09 (m, 2H); 7 11. . -7 15 (m, 1H);.. 7 22-7 26 (m, 2H);. 7 51 (t, J = 7. 8Hz, 1H);.. 7 90-7 93 (dt, J = . 1.2,7 8Hz, 1H); 8 18-8 21 (dt, J = I. 4, 7. 8Hz, 1H);… 8 48 (t, J = L 6Hz, 1H).

 IR v ™ r: 3243,3198,3081,2953,1705,1438,1345,766,702,681cm-1.

 Step d): Preparation of Compound VI

Figure CN102786448AD00081

 The anhydrous lithium chloride 2. 32g, potassium borohydride 2. 96g, THF50mL added to the reactor, stirring evenly, Compound V (8g, 0. 027mol) was dissolved in 7mL of tetrahydrofuran, was slowly dropped into the reactor was heated under reflux for 5 hours, the reaction was completed, the force mouth 40mL water and ethyl acetate 40mL, stirred for half an hour, allowed to stand for separation, the organic layer was washed with 40mL water, concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, the crude product was recrystallized from toluene, solid 50 V dried for 4 hours to give a white crystalline compound VI6. 82g, yield 90. O%. mp:.. 98 2-98 6. . .

1H-NMR (DMS0-d6, 400ΜΗζ) δ:….. 4 53 (s, 2H); 5 39 (s, 1H); 6 99-7 03 (m, 1H); 7 08- 7. ll (m, 2H);.. 7 19-7 24 (m, 2H);.. 7 45-7 52 (m, 2H);.. 7 61-7 63 (dt, J = I. 8 , 7 4Hz, 1H);.. 7 79 (br s, 1H);. 10. 26 (s, 1H).

IRv =: 3453,3130,2964,1488,1151,1031, 757,688cm_10

Step e): Preparation of Compound VII

Figure CN102786448AD00082

After Compound VI (7.5g, 0.028mol) dissolved in acetone was added 7ml, dichloromethane was added 60mL, supported on silica gel was added PCC at room temperature 20g, stirred at room temperature for 12-24 hours, the reaction was complete, filtered and the filtrate was purified The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was discarded after the organic phase is washed 30mL5% aqueous sodium bicarbonate, evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure to give the crude product, the crude product was recrystallized from toluene, 50 ° C and dried for 8 hours to give white crystalline compound VII4. 7g, yield 62.7%. mp:.. 128 1-128 5 ° C.

 1H- bandit R (CDCl3,400MHz) δ:…. 7 08-7 15 (m, 4Η); 7 · 23-7 27 (m, 2H); 7 · 60-7 64 (t, J = 7 7Hz, 1Η);.. 8 00 (d, J = 7. 6Hz, 1Η);. 8 04 (d, J = 7. 6Hz, 1Η);. 8 30 (br s’ 1Η).; 10. 00 (S, 1Η).

 IR ν ™ Γ: 3213,3059,2964,2829,1687,1480,1348,1159,1082,758,679cm_10

Preparation of compounds of formula II: [0055] Step f)

Figure CN102786448AD00091

 phosphoryl trimethylorthoacetate (2. 93g, 0. 0161mol) added to the reaction vessel, THF30mL, stirring to dissolve, cooled to -5-0 ° C, was added sodium hydride (O. 8g, content 80%) , the addition was completed, stirring for 10-20 minutes, was added dropwise the compound VII (4g, O. 0156mol) and THF (20mL) solution, stirred for 1_4 hours at room temperature, the reaction was complete, 10% aqueous ammonium chloride solution was added dropwise 50mL, and then After addition of 50mL of ethyl acetate, stirred 30min rested stratification, the aqueous layer was discarded, the organic phase was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the crude product, the crude product was recrystallized from methanol 60mL, 50 ° C and dried for 8 hours to give white crystalline compound 113. 6g, yield 75%. mp:.. 152 0-152 5 ° C.

 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz) δ:…. 3 81 (s, 3H); 6 40 (d, J = 16. 0Hz, 1H); 6 79 (. Br s, 1H); 7 08 ( d, J = 7. 8Hz, 2H);. 7 14 (t, J = 7. 3Hz, 1H);. 7 24 (m, 2H);. 7 46 (t, J = 7. 8Hz, 1H); 7. 61 (d, J = 16. ΟΗζ, ΙΗ);. 7 64 (d, J = 7. 6Hz, 1H);. 7 75 (d, J = 7. 8Hz, 1H);. 7 89 (br . s, 1H).

IR v ^ :: 3172,3081,2954,2849,1698,1475,1345,1157,773,714,677cm-1.

PATENT

SYNTHESIS

US20100286279

Figure US20100286279A1-20101111-C00034

CLIP

SYNTHESIS AND SPECTRAL DATA

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2011 ,  vol. 54,  13  pg. 4694 – 4720

(E)-N-Hydroxy-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylamide (28, belinostat, PXD101).

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jm2003552

 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jm2003552/suppl_file/jm2003552_si_001.pdf

The methyl ester (27) (8.0 g) was prepared according to reported synthetic route,

(Watkins, C. J.; Romero-Martin, M.-R.; Moore, K. G.; Ritchie, J.; Finn, P. W.; Kalvinsh, I.;
Loza, E.; Dikvoska, K.; Gailite, V.; Vorona, M.; Piskunova, I.; Starchenkov, I.; Harris, C. J.;
Duffy, J. E. S. Carbamic acid compounds comprising a sulfonamide linkage as HDAC
inhibitors. PCT Int. Appl. WO200230879A2, April 18, 2002.)
but using procedure D (Experimental Section) or method described for 26 to convert the methyl ester to crude
hydroxamic acid which was further purified by chromatography (silica, MeOH/DCM = 1:10) to
afford 28 (PXD101) as off-white or pale yellow powder (2.5 g, 31%).

LC–MS m/z 319.0 ([M +H]+).

1H NMR (DMSO-d6)  12–9 (very broad, 2H), 7.90 (s, 1H), 7.76 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.70 (d, J

= 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (t, J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.08 (d,J = 7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.01 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 1H), 6.50 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H);

13C NMR (DMSO-d6)  162.1, 140.6, 138.0, 136.5, 135.9, 131.8, 130.0, 129.2, 127.1, 124.8, 124.1, 121.3, 120.4.

Anal.
(C15H14N2O4S) C, H, N

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PATENT

SYNTHESIS

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WO2009040517A2

PXDIOI / Belinostat®

(E)-N-hydroxy-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylamide, also known as PXD101 and Belinostat®, shown below, is a well known histone deacetylate (HDAC) inhibitor. It is being developed for treatment of a range of disorders mediated by HDAC, including proliferative conditions (such as cancer and psoriasis), malaria, etc.

Figure imgf000003_0001

PXD101 was first described in WO 02/30879 A2. That document describes a multi-step method of synthesis which may conveniently be illustrated by the following scheme.

Scheme 1

Not isolated

Figure imgf000003_0002

ed on (A)

on (D)

Figure imgf000003_0003

d on (H)

Figure imgf000004_0001

There is a need for alternative methods for the synthesis of PXD101 and related compounds for example, methods which are simpler and/or employ fewer steps and/or permit higher yields and/or higher purity product.

Scheme 5

Figure imgf000052_0001

DMAP, toluene

Figure imgf000052_0003
Figure imgf000052_0002
Figure imgf000052_0004

Synthesis 1 3-Bromo-N-phenyl-benzenesulfonamide (3)

Figure imgf000052_0005

To a 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was charged aniline (2) (4.01 kg; 93.13 g/mol; 43 mol), toluene (25 L), and 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) (12 g), and the mixture was heated to 50-600C. 3-Bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1) (5 kg; 255.52 g/mol; 19.6 mol) was charged into the reactor over 30 minutes at 50-600C and progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After 19 hours, toluene (5 L) was added due to losses overnight through the vent line and the reaction was deemed to be complete with no compound (1) being detected by HPLC. The reaction mixture was diluted with toluene (10 L) and then quenched with 2 M aqueous hydrochloric acid (20 L). The organic and aqueous layers were separated, the aqueous layer was discarded, and the organic layer was washed with water (20 L), and then 5% (w/w) sodium bicarbonate solution (20 L), while maintaining the batch temperature at 45-55°C. The batch was then used in the next synthesis.

Synthesis 2 (E)-3-(3-Phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylic acid ethyl ester (5)

Figure imgf000053_0001

To the batch containing 3-bromo-N-phenyl-benzenesulfonamide (3) (the treated organic layer obtained in the previous synthesis) was added triethylamine (2.97 kg; 101.19 g/mol; 29.4 mol), tri(o-tolyl)phosphine (119 g; 304.37 g/mol; 0.4 mol), and palladium (II) acetate (44 g; 224.51 g/mol; 0.2 mol), and the resulting mixture was degassed four times with a vacuum/nitrogen purge at 45-55°C. Catalytic palladium (0) was formed in situ. The batch was then heated to 80-900C and ethyl acrylate (4) (2.16 kg; 100.12 g/mol; 21.6 mol) was slowly added over 2.75 hours. The batch was sampled after a further 2 hours and was deemed to be complete with no compound (3) being detected by HPLC. The batch was cooled to 45-55°C and for convenience was left at this temperature overnight.

The batch was then reduced in volume under vacuum to 20-25 L, at a batch temperature of 45-55°C, and ethyl acetate (20 L) was added. The batch was filtered and the residue washed with ethyl acetate (3.5 L). The residue was discarded and the filtrates were sent to a 100 gallon (-454 L) reactor, which had been pre-heated to 600C. The 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was then cleaned to remove any residual Pd, while the batch in the 100 gallon (-454 L) reactor was washed with 2 M aqueous hydrochloric acid and water at 45-55°C. Once the washes were complete and the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was clean, the batch was transferred from the 100 gallon (-454 L) reactor back to the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor and the solvent was swapped under vacuum from ethyl acetate/toluene to toluene while maintaining a batch temperature of 45-55°C (the volume was reduced to 20-25 L). At this point, the batch had precipitated and heptanes (10 L) were added to re-dissolve it. The batch was then cooled to 0-100C and held at this temperature over the weekend in order to precipitate the product. The batch was filtered and the residue was washed with heptanes (5 L). A sample of the wet-cake was taken for Pd analysis. The Pd content of the crude product (5) was determined to be 12.9 ppm.

The wet-cake was then charged back into the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor along with ethyl acetate (50 L) and heated to 40-500C in order to obtain a solution. A sparkler filter loaded with 12 impregnated Darco G60® carbon pads was then connected to the reactor and the solution was pumped around in a loop through the sparkler filter. After 1 hour, a sample was taken and evaporated to dryness and analysed for Pd content. The amount of Pd was found to be 1.4 ppm. A second sample was taken after 2 hours and evaporated to dryness and analysed for Pd content. The amount of Pd had been reduced to 0.6 ppm. The batch was blown back into the reactor and held at 40-500C overnight before the solvent was swapped under vacuum from ethyl acetate to toluene while maintaining a batch temperature of 45-55°C (the volume was reduced to 20-25 L). At this point, the batch had precipitated and heptanes (10 L) were added to re-dissolve it and the batch was cooled to 0-100C and held at this temperature overnight in order to precipitate the product. The batch was filtered and the residue was washed with heptanes (5 L). The filtrate was discarded and the residue was dried at 45-55°C under vacuum for 25 hours. A first lot of the title compound (5) was obtained as an off-white solid (4.48 kg, 69% overall yield from 3-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (1)) with a Pd content of 0.4 ppm and a purity of 99.22% (AUC) by HPLC.

Synthesis 3 (E)-3-(3-Phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrvlic acid (6)

Figure imgf000054_0001

To the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was charged the (E)-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)- acrylic acid ethyl ester (5) (4.48 kg; 331.39 g/mol; 13.5 mol) along with 2 M aqueous sodium hydroxide (17.76 L; -35 mol). The mixture was heated to 40-50°C and held at this temperature for 2 hours before sampling, at which point the reaction was deemed to be complete with no compound (5) being detected by HPLC. The batch was adjusted to pH 2.2 using 1 M aqueous hydrochloric acid while maintaining the batch temperature between 40-500C. The product had precipitated and the batch was cooled to 20-300C and held at this temperature for 1 hour before filtering and washing the cake with water (8.9 L). The filtrate was discarded. The batch was allowed to condition on the filter overnight before being charged back into the reactor and slurried in water (44.4 L) at 40-500C for 2 hours. The batch was cooled to 15-20°C, held for 1 hour, and then filtered and the residue washed with water (8.9 L). The filtrate was discarded. The crude title compound (6) was transferred to an oven for drying at 45-55°C under vacuum with a slight nitrogen bleed for 5 days (this was done for convenience) to give a white solid (3.93 kg, 97% yield). The moisture content of the crude material was measured using Karl Fischer (KF) titration and found to be <0.1% (w/w). To the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was charged the crude compound (6) along with acetonitrile (47.2 L). The batch was heated to reflux (about 80°C) and held at reflux for 2 hours before cooling to 0-10°C and holding at this temperature overnight in order to precipitate the product. The batch was filtered and the residue was washed with cold acetonitrile (7.9 L). The filtrate was discarded and the residue was dried under vacuum at 45-55°C for 21.5 hours. The title compound (6) was obtained as a fluffy white solid (3.37 kg, 84% yield with respect to compound (5)) with a purity of 99.89% (AUC) by HPLC.

Synthesis 4 (E)-N-Hvdroxy-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylamide (PXD101) BELINOSTAT

Figure imgf000055_0001

To the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was charged (E)-3-(3-phenylsulfamoyl-phenyl)-acrylic acid (6) (3.37 kg; 303.34 g/mol; 11.1 mol) and a pre-mixed solution of 1 ,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU) in isopropyl acetate (IPAc) (27 g in 30 L; 152.24 g/mol; 0.18 mol). The slurry was stirred and thionyl chloride (SOCI2) (960 mL; density ~1.631 g/mL; 118.97 g/mol; -13 mol) was added to the reaction mixture and the batch was stirred at 20-300C overnight. After 18.5 hours, the batch was sampled and deemed to be complete with no compound (6) being detected by HPLC. The resulting solution was transferred to a 100 L Schott reactor for temporary storage while the

30 gallon (-136 L) reactor was rinsed with isopropyl acetate (IPAc) and water. Deionized water (28.9 L) was then added to the 30 gallon (-136 L) reactor followed by 50% (w/w) hydroxylamine (6.57 L; -1.078 g/mL; 33.03 g/mol; -214 mol) and another charge of deionized water (1.66 L) to rinse the lines free of hydroxylamine to make a 10% (w/w) hydroxylamine solution. Tetrahydrofuran (THF) (6.64 L) was then charged to the

30 gallon (-136 L) reactor and the mixture was stirred and cooled to 0-100C. The acid chloride solution (from the 100 L Schott reactor) was then slowly charged into the hydroxylamine solution over 1 hour maintaining a batch temperature of 0-10°C during the addition. The batch was then allowed to warm to 20-300C. The aqueous layer was separated and discarded. The organic layer was then reduced in volume under vacuum while maintaining a batch temperature of less than 300C. The intention was to distill out 10-13 L of solvent, but this level was overshot. A larger volume of isopropyl acetate (IPAc) (16.6 L) was added and about 6 L of solvent was distilled out. The batch had precipitated and heptanes (24.9 L) were added and the batch was held at 20-30°C overnight. The batch was filtered and the residue was washed with heptanes (6.64 L). The filtrate was discarded and the residue was dried at 45-55°C under vacuum with a slight nitrogen bleed over the weekend. The title compound (PXD101) was obtained as a light orange solid (3.11 kg, 89% yield with respect to compound (6)) with a purity of 99.25% (AUC) by HPLC.

The title compound (PXD101) (1.2 kg, 3.77 mol) was dissolved in 8 volumes of 1:1 (EtOH/water) at 600C. Sodium bicarbonate (15.8 g, 5 mol%) was added to the solution. Water (HPLC grade) was then added at a rate of 65 mL/min while keeping the internal temperature >57°C. After water (6.6 L) had been added, crystals started to form and the water addition was stopped. The reaction mixture was then cooled at a rate of 10°C/90 min to a temperature of 0-10cC and then stirred at ambient temperature overnight. The crystals were then filtered and collected. The filter cake was washed by slurrying in water (2 x 1.2 L) and then dried in an oven at 45°C for 60 hours with a slight nitrogen bleed. 1.048 kg (87% recovery) of a light orange solid was recovered. Microscopy and XRPD data showed a conglomerate of irregularly shaped birefringant crystalline particles. The compound was found to contain 0.02% water.

As discussed above: the yield of compound (5) with respect to compound (1) was 69%. the yield of compound (6) with respect to compound (5) was 84%. the yield of PXD101 with respect to compound (6) was 89%.

PAPER

Synthetic Commun. 2010, 40, 2520-2524.

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PATENT

FORMULATION

WO2006120456A1

Formulation Studies

These studies demonstrate a substantial enhancement of HDACi solubility (on the order of a 500-fold increase for PXD-101) using one or more of: cyclodextrin, arginine, and meglumine. The resulting compositions are stable and can be diluted to the desired target concentration without the risk of precipitation. Furthermore, the compositions have a pH that, while higher than ideal, is acceptable for use.

Figure imgf000047_0001

UV Absorbance

The ultraviolet (UV absorbance E\ value for PXD-101 was determined by plotting a calibration curve of PXD-101 concentration in 50:50 methanol/water at the λmax for the material, 269 nm. Using this method, the E1i value was determined as 715.7.

Methanol/water was selected as the subsequent diluting medium for solubility studies rather than neat methanol (or other organic solvent) to reduce the risk of precipitation of the cyclodextrin.

Solubility in Demineralised Water

The solubility of PXD-101 was determined to be 0.14 mg/mL for demineralised water. Solubility Enhancement with Cvclodextrins

Saturated samples of PXD-101 were prepared in aqueous solutions of two natural cyclodextrins (α-CD and γ-CD) and hydroxypropyl derivatives of the α, β and Y cyclodextrins (HP-α-CD, HP-β-CD and HP-γ-CD). All experiments were completed with cyclodextrin concentrations of 250 mg/mL, except for α-CD, where the solubility of the cyclodextrin was not sufficient to achieve this concentration. The data are summarised in the following table. HP-β-CD offers the best solubility enhancement for PXD-101.

Figure imgf000048_0001

Phase Solubility Determination of HP-β-CD

The phase solubility diagram for HP-β-CD was prepared for concentrations of cyclodextrin between 50 and 500 mg/mL (5-50% w/v). The calculated saturated solubilities of the complexed HDACi were plotted against the concentration of cyclodextrin. See Figure 1.

Links

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SPECTRUM

Tiny Biotech With Three Cancer Drugs Is More Alluring Takeover Bet Now
Forbes
The drug is one of Spectrum’s two drugs undergoing phase 3 clinical trials. Allergan paid Spectrum $41.5 million and will make additional payments of up to $304 million based on achieving certain milestones. So far, Raj Shrotriya, Spectrum’s chairman, 

http://www.forbes.com/sites/genemarcial/2013/07/14/tiny-biotech-with-three-cancer-drugs-is-more-alluring-takeover-bet-now/

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Copenhagen, December 10, 2013
Topotarget announces the submission of a New Drug Application (NDA) for belinostat for the treatment of relapsed or refractory (R/R) peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The NDA has been filed for Accelerated Approval with a request for Priority Review. Response from the FDA regarding acceptance to file is expected within 60 days from the FDA receipt date.
read all this here

PAPER

The Development of an Effective Synthetic Route of Belinostat

Key Laboratory of Structure-Based Drug Design & Discovery, Ministry of Education, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Shenyang 110016, China
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00170
Publication Date (Web): July 12, 2016
Copyright © 2016 American Chemical Society
Abstract Image

A practical synthetic route of belinostat is reported. Belinostat was obtained via a five-step process starting from benzaldehyde and including addition reaction with sodium bisulfite, sulfochlorination with chlorosulfonic acid, sulfonamidation with aniline, Knoevenagel condensation, and the final amidation with hydroxylamine. Key to the strategy is the preparation of 3-formylbenzenesulfonyl chloride using an economical and practical protocol. The main advantages of the route include inexpensive starting materials and acceptable overall yield. The scale-up experiment was carried out to provide 169 g of belinostat with 99.6% purity in 33% total yield.

(E)-N-Hydroxy-3-((phenylamino)sulfonyl)phenyl)acrylamide (Belinostat, 1)

1

mp 172–174 °C, (lit.(@) 172 °C). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ = 10.75–10.42 (m, 2H), 9.15 (s, 1H), 7.92 (s, 1H), 7.78 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 7.56 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H),7.47 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H), 7.24 (m, 2H), 7.10–7.01 (m, 3H), 6.51 (d, J = 15.8 Hz, 1H). MS (ESI): m/z = 318.6 [M+H] +.

Finn, P. W.; Bandara, M.; Butcher, C.; Finn, A.; Hollinshead, R.; Khan, N.; Law, N.; Murthy, S.; Romero,R.; Watkins, C.; Andrianov, V.; Bokaldere, R. M.; Dikovska, K.; Gailite, V.; Loza, E.; Piskunova, I.;Starchenkov, I.; Vorona, M.; Kalvinsh, I. Helv. Chim. Acta 2005, 88, 1630, DOI: 10.1002/hlca.200590129

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Belinostat (Beleodaq),

Belinostat is a drug which was developed by Spectrum Pharmaceuticals and is currently marketed by Onxeo as Beleodaq. The
drug, which received fast track designation by the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) and was approved for
the treatment of hematological malignancies and solid tumors associated with peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in 2014,58 is a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor and is the third such treatment to receive accelerated approval for PTCL, the others being
vorinostat (Zolinza) and pralatrexate (Folotyn).58 Although belinostat was not yet approved in Europe as of August 2014,58 the
compound exhibits a safety profile considered to be acceptable for HDAC inhibitors–less than 25% of patients reported adverse
effects and these most frequently were nausea, fatigue, pyrexia,anemia, and emesis.58 While several different synthetic approaches
have been reported for the preparation of belinostat and related HDAC inhibitors,59–62 the most likely process-scale approach has
been described in a patent application filed by Reisch and co-workers at Topotarget UK, which exemplifies the synthesis described in
Scheme 8 on kilogram scale.63

Commercially available 3-bromobenzenesulfonyl chloride (41) was reacted with aniline in the presence of aqueous sodium carbonate
to deliver sulfonamide 42 in 94% yield. Next, this aryl bromide was subjected to a Heck reaction involving ethyl acrylate to
give rise to cinnamate ester 43, which was immediately saponified under basic conditions and acidic workup to furnish the corresponding acid 44. This acid was activated as the corresponding acid chloride prior to subjection to hydroxylamine under basic conditions to form the hydroxamic acid, which was then recrystallized from an 8:1 ethanol/water mixture in the presence of a catalytic
amount of sodium bicarbonate to furnish crystalline belinostat (VI) in 87% overall yield from acid 44.61

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Lee, H. Z.; Kwitkowski, V. E.; Del Valle, P. L.; Ricci, M. S.; Saber, H.;Habtemariam, B. A.; Bullock, J.; Bloomquist, E.; Li Shen, Y.; Chen, X. H.;Brown, J.; Mehrotra, N.; Dorff, S.; Charlab, R.; Kane, R. C.; Kaminskas, E.;Justice, R.; Farrell, A. T.; Pazdur, R. Clin. Cancer Res. 2015, 21, 2666.
59. Qian, J.; Zhang, G.; Qin, H.; Zhu, Y.; Xiao, Y. CN Patent 102786448A, 2012.
60. Wang, H.; Yu, N.; Chen, D.; Lee, K. C.; Lye, P. L.; Chang, J. W.; Deng, W.; Ng, M.C.; Lu, T.; Khoo, M. L.; Poulsen, A.; ngthongpitag, K.; Wu, X.; Hu, C.; Goh, K.C.; Wang, X.; Fang, L.; Goh, K. L.; Khng, H. H.; Goh, S. K.; Yeo, P.; Liu, X.; Bonday, Z.; Wood, J. M.; Dymock, B. W.; Kantharaj, E.; Sun, E. T. J. Med. Chem.2011, 54, 4694.
61. Yang, L.; Xue, X.; Zhang, Y. Synth. Comm. 2010, 40, 2520.

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Let’s Research !!!!!

 
 Helv Chim Acta 2005, 88(7), 1630-1657: It is first reported synthesis for Belinostat and many other derivatives. The procedure uses oleum, thionyl chloride (SOCl2) as well as oxalyl chloride (COCl)2, no wonder better procedures were derived from it. ABOVE
Synth Comm 2010, 40(17), 2520–2524: The synthesis avoids the use of the extremely corrosive oleum and thionyl chloride (SOCl2) and therefore is possibly better for scaled-up production. Second, synthetic steps do not involve tedious separations and give a better overall yield.  BELOWIdentifications:
1H NMR (Estimated) for Belinostat

Experimental: 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 6.52 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 1H), 6.81–7.12 (m, 6H), 7.33 (d, J=15.9 Hz, 1H), 7.47–7.67 (m, 3 H), 7.87 (s, 1H), 9.00–11.20 (br, 3H).

 SEE COMPILATION ON SIMILAR COMPOUNDS AT …………..http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/nostat-series.html

HPLC

ANALYTICAL HPLC TEST METHOD

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HPLC spectrum of Belinostat.

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PATENT

http://www.google.si/patents/CN102531972A?cl=en

Belinostat synthesis process related to the first report of the literature of W002 / 30879 A2, including preparation for Belinostat described as follows:

Figure CN102531972AD00031

Example 3:

3- (3-sulfonate-yl) phenyl – acrylate preparation:

First, 3-bromophenyl sulfonate 37. Ig (257. 90g / mol, 0. 1439mol) was dissolved with stirring in 260mL toluene IL reactor was then added triethylamine 36. 5g (101. 19g / mol, 0. 3604mol), tri (o-methylphenyl) phosphine 0. 875g (304. 37g / mol, 0. 002874mol), palladium acetate 0. 324g (224. 51g, 0. 001441mol), the reaction mixture was heated to 45- 55 ° C with nitrogen pumping ventilation four, this time in the reaction system to generate the catalytically active 1 ^ (0). The temperature of the reaction system was raised to 80-90 ° C, within 2. 75h dropwise methacrylate 13. 6g (86. 04g / mol, 0. 1586mol), the reaction was continued after the cell by HPLC 3- bromophenyl sulfonyl chloride was completion of the reaction. The temperature of the reaction system was reduced to 45-55 ° C.

[0021] In at 45-55 ° C, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate and n-heptane and recrystallized to give the product 29. 4g, 83% yield.

[0022] The spectral data:

1HNMR (DMS0-d6, HMDS0), δ (ppm): 3. 65 (3H, S, H-1); 6. 47 (1H, d, J = 16 0 Hz, H-2.); 7. 30 -8 00 (5H, m, H-3, H_4, H_5, H_6, H_7) m / e:. 264. 23

Figure CN102531972AD00061

Links

References

    1.  “Beleodaq (belinostat) For Injection, For Intravenous Administration. Full Prescribing Information” (PDF). Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Irvine, CA 92618. Retrieved 21 November2015.
    2. Plumb JA; Finn PW; Williams RJ; et al. (2003). “Pharmacodynamic Response and Inhibition of Growth of Human Tumor Xenografts by the Novel Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor PXD101”. Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2 (8): 721–728.PMID 12939461.
    3.  “FDA approves Beleodaq to treat rare, aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma”. FDA. 3 July 2014.
    4.  “CuraGen Corporation (CRGN) and TopoTarget A/S Announce Presentation of Belinostat Clinical Trial Results at AACR-NCI-EORTC International Conference”. October 2007.
    5.  Final Results of a Phase II Trial of Belinostat (PXD101) in Patients with Recurrent or Refractory Peripheral or Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma, December 2009
    6.  “Spectrum adds to cancer pipeline with $350M deal.”. February 2010.
    7.  H. Spreitzer (4 August 2014). “Neue Wirkstoffe – Belinostat”.Österreichische Apothekerzeitung (in German) (16/2014): 27.
    8.  Lexicomp, (corporate author) (2016). Bragalone, DL, ed.Drug Information Handbook for Oncology (14th ed.). Wolters Kluwer. ISBN 9781591953517.
  1. Helvetica Chimica Acta, 2005 ,  vol. 88,  7  PG. 1630 – 1657, MP 172
  2. WO2009/40517 A2, ….
  3. WO2006/120456 A1, …..
  4. Synthetic Communications, 2010 ,  vol. 40,  17  PG. 2520 – 2524, MP 172
  5. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2011 ,  vol. 54,   13  PG. 4694 – 4720, NMR IN SUP INFO

Drug@FDA, NDA206256 Pharmacology Review(s).

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J. Transl. Med. 2007, 5, 1-12.

Mol. Cancer Ther. 2006, 5, 2086-2095.

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US7557140 7-8-2009 CARBAMIC ACID COMPOUNDS COMPRISING A SULFONAMIDE LINKAGE AS HDAC INHIBITORS
WO1998038859A1 * Mar 4, 1998 Sep 11, 1998 Thomas E Barta Sulfonyl divalent aryl or heteroaryl hydroxamic acid compounds
WO1999024399A1 * Nov 12, 1998 May 20, 1999 Darwin Discovery Ltd Hydroxamic and carboxylic acid derivatives having mmp and tnf inhibitory activity
WO2000056704A1 * Mar 22, 2000 Sep 28, 2000 Duncan Batty Hydroxamic and carboxylic acid derivatives
WO2000069819A1 * May 12, 2000 Nov 23, 2000 Thomas E Barta Hydroxamic acid derivatives as matrix metalloprotease inhibitors
WO2001038322A1 * Nov 22, 2000 May 31, 2001 Methylgene Inc Inhibitors of histone deacetylase
EP0570594A1 * Dec 7, 1992 Nov 24, 1993 SHIONOGI &amp; CO., LTD. Hydroxamic acid derivative based on aromatic sulfonamide
EP0931788A2 * Dec 16, 1998 Jul 28, 1999 Pfizer Inc. Metalloprotease inhibitors
GB2312674A * Title not available
WO2002030879A2 Sep 27, 2001 Apr 18, 2002 Prolifix Ltd Carbamic acid compounds comprising a sulfonamide linkage as hdac inhibitors
WO2005063806A1 Dec 30, 2003 Jul 14, 2005 Council Scient Ind Res Arginine hydrochloride enhances chaperone-like activity of alpha crystallin
US4642316 May 20, 1985 Feb 10, 1987 Warner-Lambert Company Parenteral phenytoin preparations
WO2008090585A2 * Jan 25, 2008 Jul 31, 2008 Univ Roma Soluble forms of inclusion complexes of histone deacetylase inhibitors and cyclodextrins, their preparation processes and uses in the pharmaceutical field
WO2009109861A1 * Mar 6, 2009 Sep 11, 2009 Topotarget A/S Methods of treatment employing prolonged continuous infusion of belinostat
WO2010048332A2 * Oct 21, 2009 Apr 29, 2010 Acucela, Inc. Compounds for treating ophthalmic diseases and disorders
WO2011064663A1 Nov 24, 2010 Jun 3, 2011 Festuccia, Claudio Combination treatment employing belinostat and bicalutamide
US20110003777 * Mar 6, 2009 Jan 6, 2011 Topotarget A/S Methods of Treatment Employing Prolonged Continuous Infusion of Belinostat
CN102786448A * 9 avg 2012 21 nov 2012 深圳万乐药业有限公司 Method of synthesizing belinostat
CN102786448B 9 avg 2012 12 mar 2014 深圳万乐药业有限公司 Method of synthesizing belinostat

CLIP

Belinostat
Belinostat.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(2E)-N-Hydroxy-3-[3-(phenylsulfamoyl)phenyl]prop-2-enamide
Clinical data
Trade names Beleodaq
AHFS/Drugs.com beleodaq
Pregnancy
category
  • US: D (Evidence of risk)
Routes of
administration
Intravenous (IV)
Legal status
Legal status
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 100% (IV)
Protein binding 92.9–95.8%[1]
Metabolism UGT1A1
Excretion Urine
Identifiers
CAS Number 866323-14-0 
ATC code L01XX49 (WHO)
PubChem CID 6918638
ChemSpider 5293831 Yes
UNII F4H96P17NZ Yes
ChEBI CHEBI:61076 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL408513 Yes
Synonyms PXD101
Chemical data
Formula C15H14N2O4S
Molar mass 318.348 g/mol
////////////Belinostat, PXD101, novel HDAC inhibitor, Beleodaq, Folotyn, Spectrum Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Henderson, Nevada, Istodax, Celgene Corporation,  Summit, New Jersey,  CuraGen Pharma, FDA 2014
O=S(=O)(Nc1ccccc1)c2cc(\C=C\C(=O)NO)ccc2
 SEE COMPILATION ON SIMILAR COMPOUNDS AT …………..http://drugsynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/nostat-series.html

Eliglustat tartrate (Cerdelga) エリグルスタット酒石酸塩 依利格鲁司特 エリグルスタット,サーデルガ


Eliglustat tartrate (Cerdelga) エリグルスタット酒石酸塩

依利格鲁司特

エリグルスタット,サーデルガ

FOR TREATMENT OF GAUCHERS DISEASE

ELIGLUSTAT; Cerdelga; Genz 99067; Genz-99067; UNII-DR40J4WA67; GENZ-112638;

CAS 491833-29-5 FREE FORM

Molecular Formula: C23H36N2O4
Molecular Weight: 404.54294 g/mol

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide;(2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioic acid
Mechanism of Action: glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor
Indication: Type I Gaucher Disease
Date of Approval: August 19, 2014 (US)

US patent number:US6916802 , US7196205 , US7615573
Patent Expiration Date: Apr 29, 2022 (US6916802, US7196205, US7615573)
Exclusivity Expiration Date:Aug 19, 2019(NCE), Aug 19, 2021 (ODE)
Originator:University of Michigan
Developer: Genzyme, a unit of Sanofi

Eliglustat, marketed by Genzyme as CERDELGA, is a glucosylceramide synthase inhibitor indicated for the long-term treatment of type 1 Gaucher disease. Patients selected for treatment with Eliglustat undergo an FDA approved genotype test to establish if they are CYP2D6 EM (extensive metabolizers), IM (intermediate metabolizers), or PM (poor metabolizers), as the results of this test dictate the dosage of Eliglustat recommended. Eliglustat was approved for use by the FDA in August 2014.

Eliglustat (INN, USAN;[1] trade name Cerdelga) is a treatment for Gaucher’s disease developed by Genzyme Corp that was approved by the FDA August 2014.[2] Commonly used as the tartrate salt, the compound is believed to work by inhibition ofglucosylceramide synthase.[3][4] According to an article in Journal of the American Medical Association the oral substrate reduction therapy resulted in “significant improvements in spleen volume, hemoglobin level, liver volume, and platelet count” in untreated adults with Gaucher disease Type 1.[5]

Cerdelga, capsule, 84 mg/1, oralGenzyme Corporation, 2014-09-03, Us

ELIGLUSTAT.pngELIGLUSTAT

ChemSpider 2D Image | Eliglustat tartrate | C50H78N4O14

Eliglustat tartrate

  • Molecular FormulaC50H78N4O14
  • Average mass959.173 Da
  • UNII-N0493335P3
  • Butanedioic acid, 2,3-dihydroxy-, (2R,3R)-, compd. with N-[(1R,2R)-2-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-(1-pyrrolidinylmethyl)ethyl]octanamide (1:2)
  •  eliglustat hemitartrate
  •  eliglustat L-tartrate

CAS 928659-70-5

CERDELGA (eliglustat) capsules contain eliglustat tartrate, which is a small molecule inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase that resembles the ceramide substrate for the enzyme, with the chemical name N-((1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxin-6-yl)-1- hydroxy-3-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)octanamide (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxysuccinate. Its molecular weight is 479.59, and the empirical formula is C23H36N2O4+½(C4H6O6) with the following chemical structure:

CERDELGA (eliglustat) Structural Formula Illustration

Each capsule of CERDELGA for oral use contains 84 mg of eliglustat, equivalent to 100 mg of eliglustat tartrate (hemitartrate salt). The inactive ingredients are microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, hypromellose and glyceryl behenate, gelatin, candurin silver fine, yellow iron oxide, and FD&C blue 2.

Cost

In 2014, the annual cost of Cerdelga hard gelatin capsules taken orally twice a day was $310,250. Genzyme’s flagship Imiglucerase(brand name Cerezyme) cost about $300,000 for the infusions if taken twice a month.[6] Manufacturing costs for Cerdelga are slightly lower than for Cerezyme. Genzyme’s maintains higher prices for orphan drugs—most often paid for by insurers— in order to remain financially sustainable.[6]

Chemically Eliglustat is named N-[(1 R,2R)-2-(2,3-dihydro-1 ,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -(1 -pyrrolidinylmethyl)ethyl]-Octanamide(2R!3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioate and the hemitartarate salt of eliglustat has the structural formula as shown in Formula I.

Formula I

Eliglustat hemitartrate (Genz-1 12638), currently under development by Genzyme, is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of Gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders. Eliglustat hemitartrate is orally active with potent effects on the primary identified molecular target for type 1 Gaucher disease and other glycosphingolipidoses, appears likely to fulfill high expectations for clinical efficacy. Gaucher disease belongs to the class of lysosomal diseases known as glycosphingolipidoses, which result directly or indirectly from the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, many hundreds of which are derived from glucocerebroside. The first step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is the formation of glucocerebroside, the primary storage molecule in Gaucher disease, via glucocerebroside synthase (uridine diphosphate [UDP] – glucosylceramide glucosyl transferase). Eliglustat hemitartrate is based on improved inhibitors of glucocerebroside synthase, and is currently under development by Genzyme.

U.S. patent No. 7,196,205 discloses a process for the preparation of Eliglustat or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

U.S. patent No. 6855830, 7265228, 7615573, 7763738, 8138353, U.S. patent application publication No. 2012/296088 discloses process for preparation of Eliglustat and intermediates thereof.

U.S. patent application publication No. 2013/137743 discloses (i) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, (ii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 70% by weight of the salt is crystalline, (iii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 99% by weight of the salt is in a single crystalline form.

It has been disclosed earlier that the amorphous forms in a number of drugs exhibit different dissolution characteristics and in some cases different bioavailablity patterns compared to crystalline forms [Konne T., Chem pharm Bull., 38, 2003(1990)]. For some therapeutic indications one bioavailabihty pattern may be favoured over another. An amorphous form of Cefuroxime axetil is a good example for exhibiting higher bioavailability than the crystalline form.

CLIP

Eliglustat tartrate, developed and marketed by Genzyme Corporation (a subsidiary of Sanofi), was approved by the US FDA in August 2014 for the treatment of nonneuropathic (type 1) Gaucher disease (GD1) in both treatment-naïve and treatment-experienced adult patients.98

It is the first oral treatment to be approved for first-line use in patients with Gaucher disease type 1, which is a rare lysosomal storage disease characterized by accumulation of lipid glucosylceramide (GL-1) due to insufficient production of the enzyme glucosylceramidase.99,100

Clinical complications include hepatosplenomegaly, anemia, thrombocytopenia, and bone involvement.101 Eliglustat is a specific inhibitor of glucosylceramide synthase with an IC50 of 10 ng/mL and acts as substrate reduction therapy for GD1;102 it has demonstrated non-inferiority to enzyme replacement therapy, which is the current standard of care, in Phase III trials.99

While the process-scale route has not yet been disclosed,103 the largest scale route to eliglustat tartrate reported to date is described in Scheme 15.104

Condensation of commercially available S-(+)-2-phenyl glycinol (87) with phenyl bromoacetate (88) in acetonitrile in the presence of N,N-diisopropylethylamine (DIPEA) provided morpholin-2-one 89 upon treatment with HCl.Neutralization with NaHCO3 followed by coupling with aldehyde 90 in refluxing EtOAc/toluene yielded oxazine adduct 91, which was isolated as a precipitate from methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE).

The stereochemistry of the three new stereocenters in 91 can be rationalized through the cycloaddition of an ylide intermediate in the sterically-preferred S-configuration (generated by the reaction of the morpholinone 89 with aldehyde 90) with a second equivalent of the aldehyde. With the morpholinone in a chair conformation in which the phenyl group is equatorial, endo axial approach of the dipolarophile to the less-hindered face of the ylide and subsequent ring flip of the morpholinone ring to a boat conformation positions all exocyclic aryl substituents in a pseudoequatorial configuration. 105

Opening of oxazine 91 with pyrrolidine in refluxing THF followed by addition of HCl in refluxing MeOH gave amide 92, which was reduced to amine 93 using LiAlH4 in refluxing THF.

Subsequent hydrogenation with Pd(OH)2 in EtOH cleaved the phenylethanol group to give the free amine, which was converted to dioxalate salt 94 by treatment with oxalic acid in methyl isobutylketone (MIBK). Subjection of aminoethanol 94 to aqueous sodium hydroxide followed by coupling with palmitic acid Nhydroxysuccinimide (NHS)-ester (95) gave eliglustat as the corresponding freebase (96) in 9.5% overall yield from 87.

Salt formation with L-tartaric acid (0.5 equiv) then provided eliglustat tartrate (XII).106

STR1

STR1

98. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm410585.htm.
99. Poole, R. M. Drugs 2014, 74, 1829.
100. Kaplan, P. Res. Rep. Endocr. Disord. 2014, 4, 1.
101. Pastores, G. M.; Hughes, D. Clin. Invest. 2014, 4, 45.
102. Shayman, J. A. Drugs Future 2010, 35, 613.
103. Javed, I.; Dahanukar, V. H.; Oruganti, S.; Kandagatla, B. WO Patent2,015,059,679, 2015.
104. Hirth, B.; Siegel, C. WO Patent 2,003,008,399, 2003.
105. Anslow, A. S.; Harwood, L. M.; Phillips, H.; Watkin, D.; Wong, L. F. Tetrahedron:Asymmetry 1991, 2, 1343.
106. Liu, H.; Willis, C.; Bhardwaj, R.; Copeland, D.; Harianawala, A.; Skell, J.;Marshall, J.; Kochling, J.; Palace, G.; Peterschmitt, J.; Siegel, C.; Cheng, S. WO Patent 2,011,066,352, 2011.

CLIP

TAKEN FROM

http://www.xinbiaopin.com/a/zuixindongtai/huaxuepinshuju/2015/0310/2383.html

str1

Nmr predict

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 491833-29-5 NMR spectral analysis, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide H-NMR spectrum

13 C NMR

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 491833-29-5 NMR spectral analysis, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide C-NMR spectrum

CAS NO. 491833-29-5, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide

C-NMR spectral analysis

str1

str1

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2013059119A1?cl=en

Figure imgf000024_0001

http://www.google.com/patents/US7196205

Compound 7

(1R,2R)-Nonanoic acid[2-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-ethyl]-amide

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00026

This compound was prepared by the method described for Compound 6 using Nonanoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester. Analytical HPLC showed this material to be 98.4% pure. mp 74–75° C.

1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 6.86–6.76 (m, 3H), 5.83 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.24 (s, 4H), 4.24–4.18 (m, 1H), 2.85–2.75 (m, 2H), 2.69–2.62 (m, 4H), 2.10 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.55–1.45 (m, 2H), 1.70–1.85 (m, 4H), 1.30–1.15 (m, 10H), 0.87 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Intermediate 4(1R,2R)-2-Amino-1-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00023

Intermediate 3 (5.3 g, 13.3 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (60 mL). Water (6 mL) and trifluoroacetic acid (2.05 m/L, 26.6 mmol, 2 equivalents) were added. After being placed under nitrogen, 20% Palladium hydroxide on carbon (Pearlman’s catalysis, Lancaster or Aldrich, 5.3 g) was added. The mixture was placed in a Parr Pressure Reactor Apparatus with glass insert. The apparatus was placed under nitrogen and then under hydrogen pressure 110–120 psi. The mixture was stirred for 2–3 days at room temperature under hydrogen pressure 100–120 psi. The reaction was placed under nitrogen and filtered through a pad of celite. The celite pad was washed with methanol (100 mL) and water (100 mL). The methanol was removed by rotoevaporation. The aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate three times (100, 50, 50 mL). A 10 M NaOH solution (10 mL) was added to the aqueous layer (pH=12–14). The product was extracted from the aqueous layer three times with methylene chloride (100, 100, 50 mL). The combined organic layers were dried with Na2SO4, filtered and rotoevaporated to a colorless oil. The foamy oil was vacuum dried for 2 h. Intermediate 4 was obtained in 90% yield (3.34 g).

Intermediate 3(1R,2R,1″S)-1-(2′,3′-Dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-2-(2″-hydroxy -1′-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00022

To a 3-neck flask equipped with a dropping funnel and condenser was added LiAlH4 (Aldrich, 1.2 g, 31.7 mmol, 2.5 equivalents) and anhydrous THF (20 mL) under nitrogen. A solution of Intermediate 2 (5.23 g, 12.68 mmol) in anhydrous THF (75 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction over 15–30 minutes. The reaction was refluxed under nitrogen for 9 hours. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath and a 1M NaOH solution was carefully added dropwise. After stirring at room temperature for 15 minutes, water (50 mL) and ethyl acetate (75 mL) was added. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate (75 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with saturated sodium chloride solution (25 mL). After drying with Na2SO4 the solution was filtered and rotoevaporated to yield a colorless to yellow foamy oil. Intermediate 3 was obtained in 99% yield (5.3 g).

PATENT

WO 2016001885

EXAMPLES

Example 1 : Preparation of amorphous form of eliglustat hemitartarate.

500mg of eliglustat hemitartarate was dissolved in 14 mL of dichloromethane at 26°C and stirred for 15 min. The solution is filtered to remove the undissolved particles and the filtrate is distilled under reduced pressure at 45°C. After distillation the solid was dried under vacuum at 45°C.

PATENT

str1

PAPER

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2012), 55(9), 4322-4335

OLD CLIPS

Genzyme Announces Positive New Data from Two Phase 3 Studies for Oral Eliglustat Tartrate for Gaucher Disease


Eliglustat tartrate (USAN)

CAS:928659-70-5
February 15, 2013
Genzyme , a Sanofi company (EURONEXT: SAN and NYSE: SNY), today announced positive new data from the Phase 3 ENGAGE and ENCORE studies of eliglustat tartrate, its investigational oral therapy for Gaucher disease type 1. The results from the ENGAGE study were presented today at the 9th Annual Lysosomal Disease Network WORLD Symposium in Orlando, Fla. In conjunction with this meeting, Genzyme also released topline data from its second Phase 3 study, ENCORE. Both studies met their primary efficacy endpoints and together will form the basis of Genzyme’s registration package for eliglustat tartrateThe data presented at this year’s WORLD symposium reinforce our confidence that eliglustat tartrate may become an important oral option for patients with Gaucher disease”The company is developing eliglustat tartrate, a capsule taken orally, to provide a convenient treatment alternative for patients with Gaucher disease type 1 and to provide a broader range of treatment options for patients and physicians. Genzyme’s clinical development program for eliglustat tartrate represents the largest clinical program ever focused on Gaucher disease type 1 with approximately 400 patients treated in 30 countries.“The data presented at this year’s WORLD symposium reinforce our confidence that eliglustat tartrate may become an important oral option for patients with Gaucher disease,” said Genzyme’s Head of Rare Diseases, Rogerio Vivaldi MD. “We are excited about this therapy’s potential and are making excellent progress in our robust development plan for bringing eliglustat tartrate to the market.”ENGAGE Study Results:In ENGAGE, a Phase 3 trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of eliglustat tartrate in 40 treatment-naïve patients with Gaucher disease type 1, improvements were observed across all primary and secondary efficacy endpoints over the 9-month study period. Results were reported today at the WORLD Symposium by Pramod Mistry, MD, PhD, FRCP, Professor of Pediatrics & Internal Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine, and an investigator in the trial.The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study had a primary efficacy endpoint of improvement in spleen size in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate. Patients were stratified at baseline by spleen volume. In the study, a statistically significant improvement in spleen size was observed at nine months in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate compared with placebo. Spleen volume in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate decreased from baseline by a mean of 28 percent compared with a mean increase of two percent in placebo patients, for an absolute difference of 30 percent (p<0.0001).

Genzyme

Eliglustat tartate (Genz-112638)

What is Eliglustat?

  • Eliglustat is a new investigational phase 3 compound from Genzyme Corporation that is being studied for type 1 Gaucher Disease.
  • Eliglustat works as a substrate reduction therapy by reducing glucocerebroside. formation.
  • This product is an oral agent (i.e. a pill) that is taken once or twice a day in contrast to an IV infusion for enzyme replacement therapy. Enzyme replacement therapy focuses on replenishing the enzyme that is deficient in Gaucher Disease and breaks down glucocerebroside that accumulates.
  • The clinical trials for eliglustat tartate are sponsored by Genzyme Corporation.

Eliglustat tartrate (Genz-1 12638) is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders, which is currently under development.

Eliglustat is chemically known as 1 R, 2R-Octanoic acid [2-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -ylmethyl]-ethyl]-amide, having a structural formula I depicted here under.

Formula I

Eliglustat hemitartrate (Genz-1 12638) development by Genzyme, is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of Gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders. Eliglustat hemitartrate is orally active with potent effects on the primary identified molecular target for type 1 Gaucher disease and other glycosphingolipidoses, appears likely to fulfill high expectations for clinical efficacy.

Gaucher disease belongs to the class of lysosomal diseases known as glycosphingolipidoses, which result directly or indirectly from the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, many hundreds of which are derived from glucocerebroside. The first step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is the formation of glucocerebroside, the primary storage molecule in Gaucher disease, via glucocerebroside synthase (uridine diphosphate [UDP] – glucosylceramide glucosyl transferase). Eliglustat hemitartrate is based on improved inhibitors of glucocerebroside synthase.

U.S. patent No. 7,196,205 (herein described as US’205) discloses a process for the preparation of eliglustat or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In this patent, eliglustat was synthesized via a seven-step process involving steps in that sequence:

(i) coupling S-(+)-2-phenyl glycinol with phenyl bromoacetate followed by column chromatography for purification of the resulting intermediate,

(ii) reacting the resulting (5S)-5-phenylmorpholin-2-one with 1 , 4-benzodioxan-6-carboxaldehyde to obtain a lactone,

(iii) opening the lactone of the oxazolo-oxazinone cyclo adduct via reaction with pyrrolidine,

(iv) hydrolyzing the oxazolidine ring, (v) reducing the amide to amine to obtain sphingosine like compound, (vi) reacting the resulting amine with octanoic acid and N-hydroxysuccinimide to obtain crude eliglustat, (vii) purifying the crude eliglustat by repeated isolation for four times from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane.

U.S. patent No. 6855830, 7265228, 7615573, 7763738, 8138353, U.S. patent application publication No. 2012/296088 disclose processes for preparation of eliglustat and intermediates thereof.

U.S. patent application publication No. 2013/137743 discloses (i) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, (ii) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, wherein at least 70% by weight of the salt is crystalline, (iii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 99% by weight of the salt is in a single crystalline form.

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=234E6BE008E68831F6875FB703760826.wapp2nA?docId=WO2015059679&recNum=1&office=&queryString=FP%3A%28dr.+reddy%27s%29&prevFilter=%26fq%3DCTR%3AWO&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&maxRec=364

WO 2015059679

Process for the preparation of eliglustat free base – comprising the reaction of S-(+)-phenyl glycinol with phenyl-alpha-bromoacetate to obtain 5-phenylmorpholin-2-one, which is further converted to eliglustat.
Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd
New crystalline eliglustat free base Form R1 and a process for its preparation are claimed. Also claimed is a process for the preparation of eliglustat free base which comprises the reaction of S-(+)-phenyl glycinol with phenyl-alpha-bromoacetate to obtain 5-phenylmorpholin-2-one, which is further converted to eliglustat.Further eliglustat oxalate, its crystalline form, and a process for the preparation of crystalline eliglustat oxalate, are claimed.

Eliglustat tartrate (Genz-1 12638) is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders, which is currently under development.

Eliglustat is chemically known as 1 R, 2R-Octanoic acid [2-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -ylmethyl]-ethyl]-amide, having a structural formula I depicted here under.

Formula I

Eliglustat hemitartrate (Genz-1 12638) development by Genzyme, is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of Gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders. Eliglustat hemitartrate is orally active with potent effects on the primary identified molecular target for type 1 Gaucher disease and other glycosphingolipidoses, appears likely to fulfill high expectations for clinical efficacy.

Gaucher disease belongs to the class of lysosomal diseases known as glycosphingolipidoses, which result directly or indirectly from the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, many hundreds of which are derived from glucocerebroside. The first step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is the formation of glucocerebroside, the primary storage molecule in Gaucher disease, via glucocerebroside synthase (uridine diphosphate [UDP] – glucosylceramide glucosyl transferase). Eliglustat hemitartrate is based on improved inhibitors of glucocerebroside synthase.

U.S. patent No. 7,196,205 (herein described as US’205) discloses a process for the preparation of eliglustat or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In this patent, eliglustat was synthesized via a seven-step process involving steps in that sequence:

(i) coupling S-(+)-2-phenyl glycinol with phenyl bromoacetate followed by column chromatography for purification of the resulting intermediate,

(ii) reacting the resulting (5S)-5-phenylmorpholin-2-one with 1 , 4-benzodioxan-6-carboxaldehyde to obtain a lactone,

(iii) opening the lactone of the oxazolo-oxazinone cyclo adduct via reaction with pyrrolidine,

(iv) hydrolyzing the oxazolidine ring, (v) reducing the amide to amine to obtain sphingosine like compound, (vi) reacting the resulting amine with octanoic acid and N-hydroxysuccinimide to obtain crude eliglustat, (vii) purifying the crude eliglustat by repeated isolation for four times from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane.

U.S. patent No. 6855830, 7265228, 7615573, 7763738, 8138353, U.S. patent application publication No. 2012/296088 disclose processes for preparation of eliglustat and intermediates thereof.

U.S. patent application publication No. 2013/137743 discloses (i) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, (ii) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, wherein at least 70% by weight of the salt is crystalline, (iii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 99% by weight of the salt is in a single crystalline form.

Example 1 : Preparation of 5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride

To a (S) + phenyl glycinol (100g) add N, N-diisopropylethylamine (314ml) and acetonitrile (2000ml) under nitrogen atmosphere at room temperature. It was cooled to 10- 15° C. Phenyl bromoacetate (172.4g) dissolved in acetonitrile (500ml) was added to the above solution at 15° C over a period of 30 min. The reaction mixture is allowed to room temperature and stirred for 16-20h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath

temperature less than 25° C to get a residue. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (1000ml) and stirred for 1 h at 15-20°C to obtain a white solid. The solid material obtained was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate (200ml). The filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (20g) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature less than 25° C to give crude compound (1000g) as brown syrup. The Crude brown syrup is converted to HCI salt by using HCI in ethyl acetate to afford 5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride (44g) as a white solid. Yield: 50%, Mass: m/z = 177.6; HPLC (% Area Method): 90.5%

Example 2: Preparation of (1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 ,3-Bis-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4] dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one.

5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride (100g) obtained from above stage 1 is dissolved in toluene (2500ml) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25-30°C. 1 ,4-benzodioxane-6-carboxaldehyde (185.3g) and sodium sulphate (400g) was added to the above solution and the reaction mixture was heated at 100-105°C for 72h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature less than 25° C to get a residue. The residue was cooled to 10°C, ethyl acetate (2700ml) and 50% sodium bisulphate solution (1351 ml) was added to the residue and stirred for 1 h at 10°C to obtain a white solid. The obtained white solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The separated ethyl acetate layer was washed with water (1000ml), brine (1000ml) and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45-50°C to get a crude material. The obtained crude material is triturated with diethyl ether (1500ml) to get a solid material which is filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature for 2-3h to afford (1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 ,3-Bis-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one (148g) as a yellow solid. Yield: 54%, Mass: m/z = 487.7; HPLC (% Area Method): 95.4 %

Example 3: Preparation of (2S,3R,1 “S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 ”^henyl-ethy^

(1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 !3-Bis-(2′!3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one (70g) obtained from above stage 2 was dissolved in chloroform (1400ml) at room temperature. It was cooled to 0-5°C and pyrrolidone (59.5ml) was added at 0-5°C over a period of 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was allowed to room temperature and stirred for 16-18h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 40-45°C to obtain a crude. The obtained crude was dissolved in methanol (1190ml) and 1 N HCI (1 190ml) at 10-15° C, stirred for 10 minutes and heated at 80-85°C for 7h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, methanol was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C.The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer was washed with 1 N HCI (50ml). The aqueous layer was basified with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution up to pH 8-9 and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x70ml). The combined organic layers was washed with brine (100ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C to afford (2S,3R,1″S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 “-phenyl-ethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -one (53g) as a yellow foamy solid. Yield: 90%, Mass: m/z = 412.7, HPLC (% Area Method): 85.1 %

Example 4: Preparation of (1 R,2R,1 “S)-1-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol.

(2S,3R,1 “S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6’-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 “-phenyl-ethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -one (2.5g) obtained from above stage 3 dissolved in Tetrahydrofuran (106ml) was added to a solution of Lithium aluminium hydride (12.2g) in tetrahydrofuran (795ml) at 0°C and the reaction mixture was heated at 60-65°C for 10h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to 5- 10°C and quenched in saturated sodium sulphate solution (100ml) at 5-10°C. Ethyl acetate was added to the reaction mass and stirred for 30-45 min. The obtained solid is filtered through celite bed and washed with ethyl acetate. Filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50°C to afford (1 R,2R, 1″S)-1 -(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (43.51 g) as a yellow gummy liquid. The crude is used for the next step without further purification. Yield: 85%, Mass: m/z = 398.7, HPLC (% Area Method): 77 %

Example 5: Preparation of (1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol.

(1 R,2R,1 “S)-1 -(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6’-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (40g) obtained from above stage 4 was dissolved in methanol (400ml) at room temperature in a 2L hydrogenation flask. Trifluoroacetic acid (15.5ml) and 20% Pd (OH) 2(40g) was added to the above solution under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was hydrogenated under H2, 10Opsi for 16-18h at room temperature. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite bed and washed with methanol (44ml) and water (44ml). Methanol was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C and the aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was basified with 10M NaOH till the PH reaches 12-14 and then extracted with dichloromethane (2x125ml). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (3gm) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45°C to obtain a gummy liquid. The gummy liquid was triturated with methyl tertiary butyl ether for 1 h to get a white solid, which is filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature to afford (1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1 -(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (23g) as a white solid. Yield: 82.3%, Mass (m/zj: 278.8, HPLC (% Area Method): 99.5%, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 97.9%

Example 6: Preparation of Eliglustat {(1 R, 2R)-Octanoic acid[2-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-ethyl]-amide}.

(1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1 -(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (15g) obtained from above stage 5 was dissolved in dry dichloromethane (150ml) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere and cooled to 10-15° C. Octanoic acid N-hydroxy succinimide ester (13.0 g)was added to the above reaction mass at 10-15° C and stirred for 15 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16h-18h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to 15°C and diluted with 2M NaOH solution (100 ml_) and stirred for 20 min at 20 °C. The organic layer was separated and washed with 2M sodium hydroxide (3x90ml).The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (30g) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45°C to give the crude compound (20g).The crude is again dissolved in methyl tertiary butyl ether (25 ml_) and precipitated with Hexane (60ml). It is stirred for 10 min, filtered and dried under vacuum to afford Eliglustat as a white solid (16g). Yield: 74%, Mass (m/zj: 404.7 HPLC (% Area Method): 97.5 %, ELSD (% Area Method): 99.78%, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 99.78 %.

Example 7: Preparation of Eliglustat oxalate.

Eliglustat (5g) obtained from above stage 6 is dissolved in Ethyl acetate (5ml) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. Oxalic acid (2.22g) dissolved in ethyl acetate (5ml) was added to the above solution at room temperature and stirred for 14h. White solid observed in the reaction mixture was filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature for 1 h to afford Eliglustat oxalate as a white solid (4g). Yield: 65.46%, Mass (m/zj: 404.8 [M+H] +> HPLC (% Area Method): 95.52 %, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 99.86 %

References

  1.  Eligustat (PDF), AMA By subscription only
  2. FDA approves new drug to treat a form of Gaucher disease, U.S. Food and Drug Administration, 19 August 2015, retrieved 18 July 2015
  3.  Lee, L.; Abe, A.; Shayman, J. A. (21 May 1999). “Improved Inhibitors of Glucosylceramide Synthase”. Journal of Biological Chemistry 274(21): 14662–14669. doi:10.1074/jbc.274.21.14662.
  4.  Shayman, JA (1 August 2010). “Eliglustat Tartrate: Glucosylceramide Synthase Inhibitor Treatment of Type 1 Gaucher Disease.”. Drugs of the future 35 (8): 613–620. PMID 22563139.
  5.  Pramod K. Mistry, Elena Lukina, Hadhami Ben Turkia, Dominick Amato, Hagit Baris, Majed Dasouki, Marwan Ghosn, Atul Mehta, Seymour Packman, Gregory Pastores, Milan Petakov, Sarit Assouline, Manisha Balwani, Sumita Danda, Evgueniy Hadjiev, Andres Ortega, Suma Shankar, Maria Helena Solano, Leorah Ross, Jennifer Angell, M. Judith Peterschmitt (17 February 2015), “Effect of Oral Eliglustat on Splenomegaly in Patients With Gaucher Disease Type 1: The ENGAGE Randomized Clinical Trial”, Journal of the American Medical Association 313 (7): 695–706, doi:10.1001/jama.2015.459
  6.  Robert Weisman (2 September 2014), New Genzyme pill will cost patients $310,250 a year, The Boston Globe, retrieved 18 July 2015

FDA Orange Book Patents

FDA Orange Book Patents: 1 of 3
Patent 6916802
Expiration Apr 29, 2022
Applicant GENZYME CORP
Drug Application N205494 (Prescription Drug: CERDELGA. Ingredients: ELIGLUSTAT TARTRATE)
from FDA Orange Book
FDA Orange Book Patents: 2 of 3
Patent 7196205
Expiration Apr 29, 2022
Applicant GENZYME CORP
Drug Application N205494 (Prescription Drug: CERDELGA. Ingredients: ELIGLUSTAT TARTRATE)
from FDA Orange Book
FDA Orange Book Patents: 3 of 3
Patent 7615573
Expiration Apr 29, 2022
Applicant GENZYME CORP
Drug Application N205494 (Prescription Drug: CERDELGA. Ingredients: ELIGLUSTAT TARTRATE)
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US8003617 2011-08-23 Methods of Treating Diabetes Mellitus
US2010298317 2010-11-25 METHOD OF TREATING POLYCYSTIC KIDNEY DISEASES WITH CERAMIDE DERIVATIVES
US7763738 2010-07-27 SYNTHESIS OF UDP-GLUCOSE: N-ACYLSPHINGOSINE GLUCOSYLTRANSFERASE INHIBITORS
US7615573 2009-11-10 Synthesis of UDP-glucose: N-acylsphingosine glucosyltransferase inhibitors
US2009105125 2009-04-23 Methods of Treating Fatty Liver Disease
US7265228 2007-09-04 Synthesis of UDP-glucose: N-acylsphingosine glucosyltransferase inhibitors
US7196205 2007-03-27 Synthesis of UDP-glucose: N-acylsphingosine glucosyltransferase inhibitors
US6855830 2005-02-15 Synthesis of UDP-glucose: N-acylsphingosine glucosyltransferase inhibitors
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2016068519 2016-03-10 INHIBITORS OF THE ENZYME UDP-GLUCOSE: N-ACYL-SPHINGOSINE GLUCOSYLTRANSFERASE
US2015148534 2015-05-28 SYNTHESIS OF UDP-GLUCOSE: N-ACYLSPHINGOSINE GLUCOSYL TRANSFERASE INHIBITORS
US2015051261 2015-02-19 Methods of Treating Fatty Liver Disease
US8779163 2014-07-15 Synthesis of UDP-Glucose: N-acylsphingosine glucosyl transferase inhibitors
US2013137743 2013-05-30 AMORPHOUS AND A CRYSTALLINE FORM OF GENZ 112638 HEMITARTRATE AS INHIBITOR OF GLUCOSYLCERAMIDE SYNTHASE
US2013095089 2013-04-18 GLUCOSYLCERAMIDE SYNTHASE INHIBITORS AND THERAPEUTIC METHODS USING THE SAME
US2012322786 2012-12-20 2-ACYLAMINOPROPOANOL-TYPE GLUCOSYLCERAMIDE SYNTHASE INHIBITORS
US8138353 2012-03-20 SYNTHESIS OF UDP-GLUCOSE: N-ACYLSPHINGOSINE GLUCOSYLTRANSFERASE INHIBITORS
US2012022126 2012-01-26 Method Of Treating Diabetes Mellitus
US8003617 2011-08-23 Methods of Treating Diabetes Mellitus
Eliglustat
Eliglustat.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-Dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-(1-pyrrolidinyl)-2-propanyl]octanamide
Clinical data
Trade names Cerdelga
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
CAS Number 491833-29-5
ATC code A16AX10 (WHO)
PubChem CID 23652731
ChemSpider 28475348
ChEBI CHEBI:82752 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C23H36N2O4
Molar mass 404.543 g/mol
Patent Number Pediatric Extension Approved Expires (estimated)
US6916802 No 2002-04-29 2022-04-29 Us
US7196205 No 2002-04-29 2022-04-29 Us
US7615573 No 2002-04-29 2022-04-29 Us

///////////491833-29-5, 928659-70-5, eliglustat hemitartrate, eliglustat L-tartrate, ELIGLUSTAT,  Cerdelga,  Genz 99067,  Genz-99067,  UNII-DR40J4WA67,  GENZ-112638, エリグルスタット酒石酸塩 , FDA 2014,  GAUCHERS DISEASE, 依利格鲁司特, エリグルスタット,サーデルガ

CCCCCCCC(=O)N[C@H](CN1CCCC1)[C@@H](C2=CC3=C(C=C2)OCCO3)O

Ombitasvir


 

 

Ombitasvir.svg

 

Ombitasvir; ABT-267; ABT 267; UNII-2302768XJ8; 1258226-87-7;

C50H67N7O8
Molecular Weight: 894.10908 g/mol

Anti-Viral Compounds [US2010317568]

 Dimethyl (2S,2′S)-1,1′-((2S,2′S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl))bis(3-methyl-1-oxobutane-2,1-diyl)dicarbamate

methyl N-[(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-[[4-[(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-5-[4-[[(2S)-1-[(2S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoyl]pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]amino]phenyl]pyrrolidin-2-yl]phenyl]carbamoyl]pyrrolidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-1-oxobutan-2-yl]carbamate

1258226-87-7 [RN]
2:9 hydrate cas= 1456607-70-7…… is the drug substance
ABT-267
 Abbvie Inc.  innovator
ombitasvir is Dimethyl ([(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl) pyrrolidine-2,5diyl]bis{benzene-4,1-diylcarbamoyl(2S)pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl[(2S)-3-methyl-1-oxobutane-1,2diyl]})biscarbamate hydrate. The molecular formula is C50H67N7O8•4.5H2O (hydrate) and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 975.20 (hydrate).
Ombitasvir - Structural Formula Illustration

Ombitasvir is an antiviral drug for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In the United States, it is approved by theFood and Drug Administration for use in combination with paritaprevir, ritonavir and dasabuvir in the product Viekira Pak for the treatment of HCV genotype 1,[1][2] and with paritaprevir and ritonavir in the product Technivie for the treatment of HCV genotype 4.[3][4]

Ombitasvir is in phase II clinical development at AbbVie for the treatment of chronic hepatitis C infection in combination with ABT-450/ritonavir and, in combination with peginterferon alpha-2a/ribavirin (pegIFN/RBV) in treatment naïve Hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 infected patients.

Ombitasvir is part of a fixed-dose formulation with ABT-450/ritonavir that is approved in the U.S. and the E.U.
Ombitasvir acts by inhibiting the HCV protein NS5A.[5]

In 2013, breakthrough therapy designation was assigned in the U.S. for the treatment of genotype 1 hepatitis C in combination with ABT-450, ritonavir and ABT-333, with and without ribavirin.

 Ombitasvir.png

 

Ombitasvir

 

 

 

 

DeGoey, DA, Discovery of ABT-267, a Pan-genotypic Inhibitor of HCV NS5A,  J. Med. Chem., 2014, 57 (5), pp 2047-2057

 http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jm401398x

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jm401398x/suppl_file/jm401398x_si_001.pdf

Abstract Image

We describe here N-phenylpyrrolidine-based inhibitors of HCV NS5A with excellent potency, metabolic stability, and pharmacokinetics. Compounds with 2S,5S stereochemistry at the pyrrolidine ring provided improved genotype 1 (GT1) potency compared to the 2R,5Ranalogues. Furthermore, the attachment of substituents at the 4-position of the central N-phenyl group resulted in compounds with improved potency. Substitution with tert-butyl, as in compound 38 (ABT-267), provided compounds with low-picomolar EC50 values and superior pharmacokinetics. It was discovered that compound 38 was a pan-genotypic HCV inhibitor, with an EC50 range of 1.7–19.3 pM against GT1a, -1b, -2a, -2b, -3a, -4a, and -5a and 366 pM against GT6a. Compound 38 decreased HCV RNA up to 3.10 log10 IU/mL during 3-day monotherapy in treatment-naive HCV GT1-infected subjects and is currently in phase 3 clinical trials in combination with an NS3 protease inhibitor with ritonavir (r) (ABT-450/r) and an NS5B non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitor (ABT-333), with and without ribavirin.

 Dimethyl (2S,2′S)-1,1′-((2S,2′S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl))bis(3-methyl-1-oxobutane-2,1-diyl)dicarbamate (38)…desired

and

Dimethyl (2S,2′S)-1,1′-((2S,2′S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-tert-Butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,1-phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl))bis(3-methyl-1-oxobutane-2,1-diyl)dicarbamate (39)…….undesired

…………….. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16 h. The mixture was partitioned between ethyl acetate and water, and the organic layer was washed with saturated aqueous NaHCO3, brine (2×) and dried with Na2SO4. The drying agent was filtered off and the solution was concentrated in vacuo to give a crude product that was purified by column chromatography on silica gel, eluting with a solvent gradient of 2–8% methanol in dichloromethane to give a 1:1 mixture of trans-pyrrolidine isomers (290 mg, 96%). The mixture was separated on a Chiralpak AD-H column, eluting with a mixture of 1 part (2:1 isopropanol/ethanol) and 2 parts hexanes (0.1% TFA).
Compound 38 was the first of two stereoisomers to elute (101 mg, 99% ee by chiral HPLC). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 0.88 (d, J = 6.61 Hz, 6H), 0.93 (d, J = 6.72 Hz, 6H), 1.11 (s, 9H), 1.63 (d, J = 5.42 Hz, 2H), 1.80–2.04 (m, 8H), 2.09–2.19 (m, 2H), 2.44–2.47 (m, 2H), 3.52 (s, 6H), 3.59–3.66 (m, 2H), 3.77–3.84 (m, 2H), 4.02 (t, J = 8.40 Hz, 2H), 4.42 (dd, J = 7.86, 4.83 Hz, 2H), 5.14 (d, J = 6.18 Hz, 2H), 6.17 (d, J = 8.67 Hz, 2H), 6.94 (d, J = 8.78 Hz, 2H), 7.13 (d, J = 8.46 Hz, 4H), 7.31 (d, J= 8.35 Hz, 2H), 7.50 (d, J = 8.35 Hz, 4H), 9.98 (s, 2H).
MS (ESI) m/z 894.9 (M + H)+.
Compound39 was the second of two stereoisomers to elute. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 0.87 (d, J = 6.51 Hz, 6H), 0.92 (d, J = 6.72 Hz, 6H), 1.11 (s, 9H), 1.63 (d, J = 5.53 Hz, 2H), 1.82–2.04 (m, 8H), 2.09–2.18 (m, 2H), 2.41–2.47 (m, 2H), 3.52 (s, 6H), 3.58–3.67 (m, 2H), 3.75–3.84 (m, 2H), 4.02 (t, J = 7.26 Hz, 2H), 4.43 (dd, J = 7.92, 4.88 Hz, 2H), 5.14 (d, J = 6.18 Hz, 2H), 6.17 (d, J = 8.78 Hz, 2H), 6.94 (d, J = 8.67 Hz, 2H), 7.12 (d, J = 8.46 Hz, 4H), 7.31 (d, J = 8.35 Hz, 2H), 7.49 (d, J = 8.46 Hz, 4H), 9.98 (s, 2H). MS (ESI) m/z 895.0 (M + H)+.

………..

PATENT

WO 2011156578

dimethyl (2S,2,S)-l,l ‘-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4’-((2S,5S)-l-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine- 2,5-diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3- methyl- l-oxobutane-2,l-diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000003_0001

hereinafter Compound IA),..http://www.google.com/patents/WO2011156578A1?cl=en

……………………………..

PATENT

US 20100317568

https://www.google.co.in/patents/US20100317568

Example 34

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate and

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-ter/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000133_0002

Example 34A l-(4-fer?-butylphenyl)-2,5-bis(4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolidine The product from Example 1C (3.67 g, 7.51 mmol) and 4-tert-butylaniline (11.86 ml, 75 mmol) in DMF (40 ml) was stirred under nitrogen at 50 °C for 4 h. The resulting mixture was diluted into ethyl acetate, treated with IM HCl, stirred for 10 minutes and filtered to remove solids. The filtrate organic layer was washed twice with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (5% to 30%) to give a solid. The solid was triturated in a minimal volume of 1 :9 ethyl acetate/hexane to give a light yellow solid as a mixture of trans and cis isomers (1.21 g, 36%).

Example 34B 4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline and 4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert- butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline To a solution of the product from Example 34A (1.1 g, 2.47 mmol) in ethanol (20 ml) and

THF (20 ml) was added PtC>2 (0.22 g, 0.97 mmol) in a 50 ml pressure bottle and stirred under 30 psi hydrogen at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was filtered through a nylon membrane and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (20% to 60%). The title compound eluted as the first of 2 stereoisomers (trans isomer, 0.51 g, 54%).

Example 34C

(2S,2’S)-tert-Butyl 2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fer/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)dipyrrolidine- 1 -carboxylate and (2S,2’S)-tert-Butyl 2,2′- (4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)dipyrrolidine-1-carboxylate To a mixture of the product from Example 34B (250 mg, 0.648 mmol), (S)-1-(tert- butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (307 mg, 1.427 mmol) and HATU (542 mg, 1.427 mmol) in DMSO (10 ml) was added Hunig’s base (0.453 ml, 2.59 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was partitioned with ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (10% to 50%) to give the title compound (500 mg, 99%).

Example 34D

(2S,2’S)-N,N’-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-ter/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))dipyrrolidine-2-carboxamide and (2S,2’S)-N,N’-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-tert- butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l-phenylene))dipyrrolidine-2-carboxamide To the product from Example 34C (498 mg, 0.638 mmol) in dichloromethane (4 ml) was added TFA (6 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was partitioned between 3: 1 CHCl3dsopropyl alcohol and saturated aq. NaHCO3. The aqueous layer was extracted by 3: 1 CHCl3:isopropyl alcohol again. The combined organic layers were dried over

Figure imgf000135_0001

filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (345 mg, 93%).

Example 34E Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate and

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-1, r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

The product from Example 34D (29.0 mg, 0.050 mmol), (S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3- methylbutanoic acid (19.27 mg, 0.110 mmol), EDAC (21.09 mg, 0.110 mmol), HOBT (16.85 mg,

0.110 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.027 ml, 0.250 mmol) were combined in DMF (2 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The mixture was partitioned with ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine twice, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (50% to 80%) to give a solid. The solid was triturated with ethyl acetate/hexane to give the title compound (13 mg, 29%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.85 – 0.95 (m, 12 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.59 – 1.65 (m, 2 H) 1.79 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.10 – 2.18 (m, 2 H) 2.41-2.46 (m, 2H) 3.52 (s, 6 H)

3.57 – 3.67 (m, 2 H) 3.76 – 3.86 (m, 2 H) 4.00 (t, J=7.56 Hz, 2 H) 4.39 – 4.46 (m, 2 H) 5.15 (d, J=7.00

Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=7.70 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=7.37 Hz, 4 H) 7.30 (d, J=8.20

Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.24 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H); (ESI+) m/z 895 (M+H)+. The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 35

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000135_0002………………desired

The product from Example 34E was purified by chiral chromatography on a Chiralpak AD-H semi-prep column eluting with a 2:1 mixture of hexane:(2: l isopropyl alcohol: EtOH). The title compound was the first of the 2 diastereomers to elute. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.88 (d, J=6.61 Hz, 6 H) 0.93 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.42 Hz, 2 H) 1.80 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.09 – 2.19 (m, 2 H) 2.44 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.59 – 3.66 (m, 2 H) 3.77 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02 (t, J=8.40 Hz, 2 H) 4.42 (dd, J=7.86, 4.83 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H). The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV Ib- Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 36 Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-1, r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000136_0001…….undesired

The product from Example 34E was purified by chiral chromatography on a Chiralpak AD-H semi-prep column eluting with a 2:1 mixture of hexane:(2: l isopropyl alcohol: EtOH). The title compound was the second of 2 diastereomers to elute. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.87

(d, J=6.51 Hz, 6 H) 0.92 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.53 Hz, 2 H) 1.82 – 2.04 (m, 8

H) 2.09-2.18 (m, 2 H) 2.41 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.58 – 3.67 (m, 2 H) 3.75 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02

(t, J=7.26 Hz, 2 H) 4.43 (dd, J=7.92, 4.88 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 7.12 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.49 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H)

9.98 (s, 2 H). The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 37 Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000136_0002……………desired

Example 37A (S)-2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl 2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoate To a mixture of (S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoic acid (19.66 g, 112 mmol) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (13.29g, 116 mmol) was added ethyl acetate (250 ml), and the mixture was cooled to 0-5 °C. Diisopropylcarbodiimide (13.88 g, 110 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5 °C for about 1 hour. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature. The solids (diisopropylurea by-product) were filtered and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to an oil. Isopropyl alcohol (200 ml) was added to the oil and the mixture was heated to about 50 °C to obtain a homogeneous solution. Upon cooling, crystalline solids formed. The solids were filtered and washed with isopropyl alcohol (3 x 20 ml) and dried to give the title compound as a white solid (23.2 g, 77% yield).

Example 37B

(S)- 1 -((S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid To a mixture of L-proline (4.44g, 38.6 mmol), water (20 ml), acetonitrile (20 ml) and DIEA (9.5 g, 73.5 mmol) was added a solution of the product from Example 37A (1Og, 36.7 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 inL) over 10 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solution was concentrated under vacuum to remove the acetonitrile. To the resulting clear water solution was added 6N HCl (9 ml) until pH ~ 2 .The solution was transferred to a separatory funnel and 25% NaCl (10 ml) was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (75 ml), and then again with ethyl acetate (6 x 20 ml), and the combined extracts were washed with 25% NaCl (2 x 10ml). The solvent was evaporated to give a thick oil. Heptane was added and the solvent was evaporated to give a foam, which was dried under high vacuum. Diethyl ether was added and the solvent was evaporated to give a foam, which was dried under high vacuum to give the title compound (10.67g) as a white solid.

The compound of Example 37B can also be prepreared according to the following procedure: To a flask was charged L- valine (35 g, 299 mmol), IN sodium hydroxide solution (526 ml,

526 mmol) and sodium carbonate (17.42 g, 164 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 15 min to dissolve solids and then cooled to 15 °C. Methyl chloroformate (29.6 g, 314 mmol) was added slowly to the reaction mixture. The mixture was then stirred at rt for 30 min. The mixture was cooled to 15 °C and pH adjusted to -5.0 with concentrated HCl solution. 100 inL of 2-methytetrahydrofuran (2- MeTHF) was added and the adjustment of pH continued until the pH reached ~ 2.0. 150 mL of 2- MeTHF was added and the mixture was stirred for 15 min. Layers were separated and the aqueous layer extracted with 100 mL of 2-MeTHF. The combined organic layer was dried over anhyd Na2SC^ and filtered, and Na2SC^ cake was washed with 50 mL of 2-MeTHF. The product solution was concentrated to ~ 100 mL, chased with 120 mL of IPAc twice. 250 mL of heptanes was charged slowly and then the volume of the mixture was concentrated to 300 mL. The mixture was heated to 45 °C and 160 mL of heptanes charged. The mixture was cooled to rt in 2h, stirred for 30 min, filtered and washed with 2-MeTHF/heptanes mixture (1:7, 80 inL). The wetcake was dried at 55 °C for 24 h to give 47.1 g of Moc-L- VaI-OH product as a white solid (90%).

Moc-L- VaI-OH (15O g, 856 mmol), HOBt hydrate (138 g, 899 mmol) and DMF (1500 ml) were charged to a flask. The mixture was stirred for 15 min to give a clear solution. EDC hydrochloride (172 g, 899 mmol) was charged and mixed for 20 min. The mixture was cooled to 13

°C and (L)-proline benzyl ester hydrochloride (207 g, 856 mmol) charged. Triethylamine (109 g,

1079 mmol) was then charged in 30 min. The resulting suspension was mixed at rt for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 15 °C and 1500 mL of 6.7% NaHCO3 charged in 1.5 h, followed by the addition of 1200 mL of water over 60 min. The mixture was stirred at rt for 30 min, filtered and washed with water/DMF mixture (1 :2, 250 mL) and then with water (1500 mL). The wetcake was dried at 55 °C for 24 h to give 282 g of product as a white solid (90%).

The resulting solids (40 g) and 5% Pd/ Alumina were charged to a Parr reactor followed by THF (160 mL). The reactor was sealed and purged with nitrogen (6 x 20 psig) followed by a hydrogen purge (6 x 30 psig). The reactor was pressurized to 30 psig with hydrogen and agitated at room temperature for approximately 15 hours. The resulting slurry was filtered through a GF/F filter and concentrated to approximately 135 g solution. Heptane was added (120 mL), and the solution was stirred until solids formed. After an addition 2 – 3 hours additional heptane was added drop-wise (240 mL), the slurry was stirred for approximately 1 hour, then filtered. The solids were dried to afford the title compound.

Example 37C

(lR,4R)-1,4-bis(4-nitrophenyl)butane-1,4-diyl dimethanesulfonate

The product from Example 32 (5.01 g, 13.39 mmol) was combined with 2- methyltetrahydrofuran (70 mL) and cooled to -5 °C, and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (6.81 g, 52.7 mmol) was added over 30 seconds. Separately, a solution of methanesulfonic anhydride (6.01 g, 34.5 mmol) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (30 mL) was prepared and added to the diol slurry over 3 min., maintaining the internal temperature between -15 °C and -25 °C. After mixing for 5 min at -15 °C, the cooling bath was removed and the reaction was allowed to warm slowly to 23 °C and mixed for 30 minutes. After reaction completion, the crude slurry was carried immediately into the next step.

Example 37D

(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-2,5-bis(4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolidine

To the crude product solution from Example 37C (7.35 g, 13.39 mmol) was added 4-tert- butylaniline (13.4 g, 90 mmol) at 23 °C over 1 minute. The reaction was heated to 65 °C for 2 h. After completion, the reaction mixture was cooled to 23 °C and diluted with 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (100 mL) and 1 M HCl (150 mL). After partitioning the phases, the organic phase was treated with 1 M HCl (140 mL), 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (50 mL), and 25 wt% aq. NaCl (100 mL), and the phases were partitioned. The organic phase was washed with 25 wt% aq. NaCl (50 mL), dried over MgSO/t, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to approximately 20 mL. Heptane (30 mL) and additional 2- methyltetrahydrofuran were added in order to induce crystallization. The slurry was concentrated further, and additional heptane (40 mL) was slowly added and the slurry was filtered, washing with 2- methyltetrahydrofuran:heptane (1:4, 20 mL). The solids were suspended in MeOH (46 mL) for 3 h, filtered, and the wet solid was washed with additional MeOH (18 mL). The solid was dried at 45 °C in a vacuum oven for 16 h to provide the title compound (3.08 g, 51% 2-step yield).

Example 37E

4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline

To a 160 ml Parr stirrer hydrogenation vessel was added the product from Example 37D (2 g, 4.49 mmol), followed by 60 ml of THF, and Raney Nickel Grace 2800 (1 g, 50 wt% (dry basis)) under a stream of nitrogen. The reactor was assembled and purged with nitrogen (8 x 20 psig) followed by purging with hydrogen (8 x 30 psig). The reactor was then pressurized to 30 psig with hydrogen and agitation (700 rpm) began and continued for a total of 16 h at room temperature. The slurry was filtered by vacuum filtration using a GF/F Whatman glass fiber filter. Evaporation of the filtrate to afford a slurry followed by the addition heptane and filtration gave the crude title compound, which was dried and used directly in the next step.

Example 37F dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4, l- phenylene)bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene))bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diy 1) die arb amate To a solution of the product from Example 37E (1.64 g, 4.25 mmol) in DMF (20 ml), the product from Example 37B (2.89 g, 10.63 mmol), and HATU (4.04 g, 10.63 mmol) in DMF (15OmL) was added triethylamine (1.07 g, 10.63 mmol), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 90 min. To the reaction mixture was poured 20 mL of water, and the white precipitate obtained was filtered, and the solid was washed with water (3×5 mL). The solid was blow dried for Ih. The crude material was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with a gradient starting with ethyl acetate/ heptane (3/7), and ending with pure ethyl acetate. The desired fractions were combined and solvent distilled off to give a very light yellow solid, which was dried at 45 °C in a vacuum oven with nitrogen purge for 15 h to give the title compound (2.3 g, 61% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- D6) δ ppm 0.88 (d, J=6.61 Hz, 6 H) 0.93 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.42 Hz, 2 H) 1.80 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.09 – 2.19 (m, 2 H) 2.44 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.59 – 3.66 (m, 2 H) 3.77 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02 (t, J=8.40 Hz, 2 H) 4.42 (dd, J=7.86, 4.83 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H).

Alternately, the product from example 37E (11.7 g, 85 wt%, 25.8 mmol) and the product from example 37B (15.45 g, 56.7 mmol) are suspended in EtOAc (117 mL), diisopropylethylamine (18.67 g, 144 mmol) is added and the solution is cooled to 0 °C. In a separate flask, 1-propanephosphonic acid cyclic anhydride (T3P®) (46.0 g, 50 wt% in EtOAc, 72.2 mmol) was dissolved in EtOAc (58.5 mL), and charged to an addition funnel. The T3P solution is added to the reaction mixture drop-wise over 3-4 h and stirred until the reaction is complete. The reaction is warmed to room temperature,and washed with IM HCl/7.5 wt% NaCl (100 mL), then washed with 5% NaHCO3 (100 mL), then washed with 5% NaCl solution (100 mL). The solution was concentrated to approximately 60 mL, EtOH (300 mL) was added, and the solution was concentrated to 84 g solution.

A portion of the EtOH solution of product (29 g) was heated to 40 °C, and added 134 g 40 w% EtOH in H2O. A slurry of seeds in 58 wt/wt% EtOH/H2O was added, allowed to stir at 40 °C for several hours, then cooled to 0 °C. The slurry is then filtered, and washed with 58wt/wt% EtOH/H2O. The product is dried at 40 – 60 °C under vacuum, and then rehydrated by placing a tray of water in the vacuum oven to give the title compound. The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

……………..

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2337781A2?cl=en

Example 34

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate and

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-ter/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000133_0002

Example 34A l-(4-fer?-butylphenyl)-2,5-bis(4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolidine The product from Example 1C (3.67 g, 7.51 mmol) and 4-tert-butylaniline (11.86 ml, 75 mmol) in DMF (40 ml) was stirred under nitrogen at 50 °C for 4 h. The resulting mixture was diluted into ethyl acetate, treated with IM HCl, stirred for 10 minutes and filtered to remove solids. The filtrate organic layer was washed twice with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (5% to 30%) to give a solid. The solid was triturated in a minimal volume of 1 :9 ethyl acetate/hexane to give a light yellow solid as a mixture of trans and cis isomers (1.21 g, 36%).

Example 34B 4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline and 4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert- butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline To a solution of the product from Example 34A (1.1 g, 2.47 mmol) in ethanol (20 ml) and

THF (20 ml) was added PtC>2 (0.22 g, 0.97 mmol) in a 50 ml pressure bottle and stirred under 30 psi hydrogen at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was filtered through a nylon membrane and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (20% to 60%). The title compound eluted as the first of 2 stereoisomers (trans isomer, 0.51 g, 54%).

Example 34C

(2S,2’S)-tert-Butyl 2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fer/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)dipyrrolidine- 1 -carboxylate and (2S,2’S)-tert-Butyl 2,2′- (4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)dipyrrolidine-1-carboxylate To a mixture of the product from Example 34B (250 mg, 0.648 mmol), (S)-1-(tert- butoxycarbonyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (307 mg, 1.427 mmol) and HATU (542 mg, 1.427 mmol) in DMSO (10 ml) was added Hunig’s base (0.453 ml, 2.59 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. The mixture was partitioned with ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (10% to 50%) to give the title compound (500 mg, 99%).

Example 34D

(2S,2’S)-N,N’-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-ter/’-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))dipyrrolidine-2-carboxamide and (2S,2’S)-N,N’-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-tert- butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l-phenylene))dipyrrolidine-2-carboxamide To the product from Example 34C (498 mg, 0.638 mmol) in dichloromethane (4 ml) was added TFA (6 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 h and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was partitioned between 3: 1 CHCl3dsopropyl alcohol and saturated aq. NaHCO3. The aqueous layer was extracted by 3: 1 CHCl3:isopropyl alcohol again. The combined organic layers were dried over

Figure imgf000135_0001

filtered and concentrated to give the title compound (345 mg, 93%).

Example 34E Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate and

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-1, r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

The product from Example 34D (29.0 mg, 0.050 mmol), (S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3- methylbutanoic acid (19.27 mg, 0.110 mmol), EDAC (21.09 mg, 0.110 mmol), HOBT (16.85 mg,

0.110 mmol) and N-methylmorpholine (0.027 ml, 0.250 mmol) were combined in DMF (2 ml). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 h. The mixture was partitioned with ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine twice, dried with sodium sulfate, filtered and evaporated. The residue was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate in hexane (50% to 80%) to give a solid. The solid was triturated with ethyl acetate/hexane to give the title compound (13 mg, 29%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.85 – 0.95 (m, 12 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.59 – 1.65 (m, 2 H) 1.79 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.10 – 2.18 (m, 2 H) 2.41-2.46 (m, 2H) 3.52 (s, 6 H)

3.57 – 3.67 (m, 2 H) 3.76 – 3.86 (m, 2 H) 4.00 (t, J=7.56 Hz, 2 H) 4.39 – 4.46 (m, 2 H) 5.15 (d, J=7.00

Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=7.70 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=7.37 Hz, 4 H) 7.30 (d, J=8.20

Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.24 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H); (ESI+) m/z 895 (M+H)+. The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 35

Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000135_0002………….desired

The product from Example 34E was purified by chiral chromatography on a Chiralpak AD-H semi-prep column eluting with a 2:1 mixture of hexane:(2: l isopropyl alcohol: EtOH). The title compound was the first of the 2 diastereomers to elute. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.88 (d, J=6.61 Hz, 6 H) 0.93 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.42 Hz, 2 H) 1.80 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.09 – 2.19 (m, 2 H) 2.44 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.59 – 3.66 (m, 2 H) 3.77 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02 (t, J=8.40 Hz, 2 H) 4.42 (dd, J=7.86, 4.83 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H). The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV Ib- Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 36 Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-1, r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2R,5R)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5- diyl)bis(4, 1 -phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 – oxobutane-2, 1 -diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000136_0001……….undesired

The product from Example 34E was purified by chiral chromatography on a Chiralpak AD-H semi-prep column eluting with a 2:1 mixture of hexane:(2: l isopropyl alcohol: EtOH). The title compound was the second of 2 diastereomers to elute. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D6) δ ppm 0.87

(d, J=6.51 Hz, 6 H) 0.92 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.53 Hz, 2 H) 1.82 – 2.04 (m, 8

H) 2.09-2.18 (m, 2 H) 2.41 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.58 – 3.67 (m, 2 H) 3.75 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02

(t, J=7.26 Hz, 2 H) 4.43 (dd, J=7.92, 4.88 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 7.12 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.49 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H)

9.98 (s, 2 H). The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Example 37 Dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-fert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4,l- phenylene))bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene)bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diyl)dicarbamate

Figure imgf000136_0002………………desired

Example 37A (S)-2,5-dioxopyrrolidin-1-yl 2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoate To a mixture of (S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoic acid (19.66 g, 112 mmol) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (13.29g, 116 mmol) was added ethyl acetate (250 ml), and the mixture was cooled to 0-5 °C. Diisopropylcarbodiimide (13.88 g, 110 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0-5 °C for about 1 hour. The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature. The solids (diisopropylurea by-product) were filtered and rinsed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to an oil. Isopropyl alcohol (200 ml) was added to the oil and the mixture was heated to about 50 °C to obtain a homogeneous solution. Upon cooling, crystalline solids formed. The solids were filtered and washed with isopropyl alcohol (3 x 20 ml) and dried to give the title compound as a white solid (23.2 g, 77% yield).

Example 37B

(S)- 1 -((S)-2-(methoxycarbonylamino)-3-methylbutanoyl)pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid To a mixture of L-proline (4.44g, 38.6 mmol), water (20 ml), acetonitrile (20 ml) and DIEA (9.5 g, 73.5 mmol) was added a solution of the product from Example 37A (1Og, 36.7 mmol) in acetonitrile (20 inL) over 10 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The solution was concentrated under vacuum to remove the acetonitrile. To the resulting clear water solution was added 6N HCl (9 ml) until pH ~ 2 .The solution was transferred to a separatory funnel and 25% NaCl (10 ml) was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (75 ml), and then again with ethyl acetate (6 x 20 ml), and the combined extracts were washed with 25% NaCl (2 x 10ml). The solvent was evaporated to give a thick oil. Heptane was added and the solvent was evaporated to give a foam, which was dried under high vacuum. Diethyl ether was added and the solvent was evaporated to give a foam, which was dried under high vacuum to give the title compound (10.67g) as a white solid.

The compound of Example 37B can also be prepreared according to the following procedure: To a flask was charged L- valine (35 g, 299 mmol), IN sodium hydroxide solution (526 ml,

526 mmol) and sodium carbonate (17.42 g, 164 mmol). The mixture was stirred for 15 min to dissolve solids and then cooled to 15 °C. Methyl chloroformate (29.6 g, 314 mmol) was added slowly to the reaction mixture. The mixture was then stirred at rt for 30 min. The mixture was cooled to 15 °C and pH adjusted to -5.0 with concentrated HCl solution. 100 inL of 2-methytetrahydrofuran (2- MeTHF) was added and the adjustment of pH continued until the pH reached ~ 2.0. 150 mL of 2- MeTHF was added and the mixture was stirred for 15 min. Layers were separated and the aqueous layer extracted with 100 mL of 2-MeTHF. The combined organic layer was dried over anhyd Na2SC^ and filtered, and Na2SC^ cake was washed with 50 mL of 2-MeTHF. The product solution was concentrated to ~ 100 mL, chased with 120 mL of IPAc twice. 250 mL of heptanes was charged slowly and then the volume of the mixture was concentrated to 300 mL. The mixture was heated to 45 °C and 160 mL of heptanes charged. The mixture was cooled to rt in 2h, stirred for 30 min, filtered and washed with 2-MeTHF/heptanes mixture (1:7, 80 inL). The wetcake was dried at 55 °C for 24 h to give 47.1 g of Moc-L- VaI-OH product as a white solid (90%).

Moc-L- VaI-OH (15O g, 856 mmol), HOBt hydrate (138 g, 899 mmol) and DMF (1500 ml) were charged to a flask. The mixture was stirred for 15 min to give a clear solution. EDC hydrochloride (172 g, 899 mmol) was charged and mixed for 20 min. The mixture was cooled to 13

°C and (L)-proline benzyl ester hydrochloride (207 g, 856 mmol) charged. Triethylamine (109 g,

1079 mmol) was then charged in 30 min. The resulting suspension was mixed at rt for 1.5 h. The reaction mixture was cooled to 15 °C and 1500 mL of 6.7% NaHCO3 charged in 1.5 h, followed by the addition of 1200 mL of water over 60 min. The mixture was stirred at rt for 30 min, filtered and washed with water/DMF mixture (1 :2, 250 mL) and then with water (1500 mL). The wetcake was dried at 55 °C for 24 h to give 282 g of product as a white solid (90%).

The resulting solids (40 g) and 5% Pd/ Alumina were charged to a Parr reactor followed by THF (160 mL). The reactor was sealed and purged with nitrogen (6 x 20 psig) followed by a hydrogen purge (6 x 30 psig). The reactor was pressurized to 30 psig with hydrogen and agitated at room temperature for approximately 15 hours. The resulting slurry was filtered through a GF/F filter and concentrated to approximately 135 g solution. Heptane was added (120 mL), and the solution was stirred until solids formed. After an addition 2 – 3 hours additional heptane was added drop-wise (240 mL), the slurry was stirred for approximately 1 hour, then filtered. The solids were dried to afford the title compound.

Example 37C

(lR,4R)-1,4-bis(4-nitrophenyl)butane-1,4-diyl dimethanesulfonate

The product from Example 32 (5.01 g, 13.39 mmol) was combined with 2- methyltetrahydrofuran (70 mL) and cooled to -5 °C, and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (6.81 g, 52.7 mmol) was added over 30 seconds. Separately, a solution of methanesulfonic anhydride (6.01 g, 34.5 mmol) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (30 mL) was prepared and added to the diol slurry over 3 min., maintaining the internal temperature between -15 °C and -25 °C. After mixing for 5 min at -15 °C, the cooling bath was removed and the reaction was allowed to warm slowly to 23 °C and mixed for 30 minutes. After reaction completion, the crude slurry was carried immediately into the next step.

Example 37D

(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)-2,5-bis(4-nitrophenyl)pyrrolidine

To the crude product solution from Example 37C (7.35 g, 13.39 mmol) was added 4-tert- butylaniline (13.4 g, 90 mmol) at 23 °C over 1 minute. The reaction was heated to 65 °C for 2 h. After completion, the reaction mixture was cooled to 23 °C and diluted with 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (100 mL) and 1 M HCl (150 mL). After partitioning the phases, the organic phase was treated with 1 M HCl (140 mL), 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (50 mL), and 25 wt% aq. NaCl (100 mL), and the phases were partitioned. The organic phase was washed with 25 wt% aq. NaCl (50 mL), dried over MgSO/t, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to approximately 20 mL. Heptane (30 mL) and additional 2- methyltetrahydrofuran were added in order to induce crystallization. The slurry was concentrated further, and additional heptane (40 mL) was slowly added and the slurry was filtered, washing with 2- methyltetrahydrofuran:heptane (1:4, 20 mL). The solids were suspended in MeOH (46 mL) for 3 h, filtered, and the wet solid was washed with additional MeOH (18 mL). The solid was dried at 45 °C in a vacuum oven for 16 h to provide the title compound (3.08 g, 51% 2-step yield).

Example 37E

4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)dianiline

To a 160 ml Parr stirrer hydrogenation vessel was added the product from Example 37D (2 g, 4.49 mmol), followed by 60 ml of THF, and Raney Nickel Grace 2800 (1 g, 50 wt% (dry basis)) under a stream of nitrogen. The reactor was assembled and purged with nitrogen (8 x 20 psig) followed by purging with hydrogen (8 x 30 psig). The reactor was then pressurized to 30 psig with hydrogen and agitation (700 rpm) began and continued for a total of 16 h at room temperature. The slurry was filtered by vacuum filtration using a GF/F Whatman glass fiber filter. Evaporation of the filtrate to afford a slurry followed by the addition heptane and filtration gave the crude title compound, which was dried and used directly in the next step.

Example 37F dimethyl (2S,2’S)-l,r-((2S,2’S)-2,2′-(4,4′-((2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl)pyrrolidine-2,5-diyl)bis(4, l- phenylene)bis(azanediyl)bis(oxomethylene))bis(pyrrolidine-2, 1 -diyl))bis(3-methyl- 1 -oxobutane-2, 1 – diy 1) die arb amate To a solution of the product from Example 37E (1.64 g, 4.25 mmol) in DMF (20 ml), the product from Example 37B (2.89 g, 10.63 mmol), and HATU (4.04 g, 10.63 mmol) in DMF (15OmL) was added triethylamine (1.07 g, 10.63 mmol), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 90 min. To the reaction mixture was poured 20 mL of water, and the white precipitate obtained was filtered, and the solid was washed with water (3×5 mL). The solid was blow dried for Ih. The crude material was loaded on a silica gel column and eluted with a gradient starting with ethyl acetate/ heptane (3/7), and ending with pure ethyl acetate. The desired fractions were combined and solvent distilled off to give a very light yellow solid, which was dried at 45 °C in a vacuum oven with nitrogen purge for 15 h to give the title compound (2.3 g, 61% yield). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO- D6) δ ppm 0.88 (d, J=6.61 Hz, 6 H) 0.93 (d, J=6.72 Hz, 6 H) 1.11 (s, 9 H) 1.63 (d, J=5.42 Hz, 2 H) 1.80 – 2.04 (m, 8 H) 2.09 – 2.19 (m, 2 H) 2.44 – 2.47 (m, 2 H) 3.52 (s, 6 H) 3.59 – 3.66 (m, 2 H) 3.77 – 3.84 (m, 2 H) 4.02 (t, J=8.40 Hz, 2 H) 4.42 (dd, J=7.86, 4.83 Hz, 2 H) 5.14 (d, J=6.18 Hz, 2 H) 6.17 (d, J=8.67 Hz, 2 H) 6.94 (d, J=8.78 Hz, 2 H) 7.13 (d, J=8.46 Hz, 4 H) 7.31 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 2 H) 7.50 (d, J=8.35 Hz, 4 H) 9.98 (s, 2 H).

Alternately, the product from example 37E (11.7 g, 85 wt%, 25.8 mmol) and the product from example 37B (15.45 g, 56.7 mmol) are suspended in EtOAc (117 mL), diisopropylethylamine (18.67 g, 144 mmol) is added and the solution is cooled to 0 °C. In a separate flask, 1-propanephosphonic acid cyclic anhydride (T3P®) (46.0 g, 50 wt% in EtOAc, 72.2 mmol) was dissolved in EtOAc (58.5 mL), and charged to an addition funnel. The T3P solution is added to the reaction mixture drop-wise over 3-4 h and stirred until the reaction is complete. The reaction is warmed to room temperature,and washed with IM HCl/7.5 wt% NaCl (100 mL), then washed with 5% NaHCO3 (100 mL), then washed with 5% NaCl solution (100 mL). The solution was concentrated to approximately 60 mL, EtOH (300 mL) was added, and the solution was concentrated to 84 g solution.

A portion of the EtOH solution of product (29 g) was heated to 40 °C, and added 134 g 40 w% EtOH in H2O. A slurry of seeds in 58 wt/wt% EtOH/H2O was added, allowed to stir at 40 °C for several hours, then cooled to 0 °C. The slurry is then filtered, and washed with 58wt/wt% EtOH/H2O. The product is dried at 40 – 60 °C under vacuum, and then rehydrated by placing a tray of water in the vacuum oven to give the title compound. The title compound showed an EC50 value of less than about 0.1 nM in HCV lb-Conl replicon assays in the presence of 5% FBS.

Intermediates

Example 32

( 1 R,4R)- 1 ,4-bis(4-mtrophenyl)butane- 1 ,4-diol

Figure imgf000132_0002

To (S)-(-)-α,α-diphenyl-2-pyrrohdinemethanol (2 71 g, 10 70 mmol) was added THF (80 mL) at 23 °C The very thin suspension was treated with t11methyl borate (1 44 g, 13 86 mmol) over 30 seconds, and the resulting solution was mixed at 23 °C for 1 h The solution was cooled to 16-19 °C, and N,N-diethylanilme borane (21 45 g, 132 mmol) was added dropwise via syringe over 3-5 mm (caution vigorous H2 evolution), while the internal temperature was maintained at 16-19 °C After 15 mm, the H2 evolution had ceased To a separate vessel was added the product from Example IA (22 04 g, 95 wt%, 63 8 mmol), followed by THF (80 mL), to form an orange slurry After cooling the slurry to 11 °C, the borane solution was transferred via cannula into the dione slurry over 3-5 min During this period, the internal temperature of the slurry rose to 16 °C After the addition was complete, the reaction was maintained at 20-27 °C for an additional 2 5 h After reaction completion, the mixture was cooled to 5 °C and methanol (16 7 g, 521 mmol) was added dropwise over 5-10 mm, maintaining an internal temperature <20 °C (note vigorous H2 evolution) After the exotherm had ceased (ca 10 mm), the temperature was adjusted to 23 °C, and the reaction was mixed until complete dissolution of the solids had occurred Ethyl acetate (300 mL) and 1 M HCl (120 mL) were added, and the phases were partitioned The organic phase was then washed successively with 1 M HCl (2 x 120 mL), H2O (65 mL), and 10% aq NaCl (65 mL) The orgamcs were dried over MgSO4, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Crystallization of the product occurred during the concentration The slurry was warmed to 50 °C, and heptane (250 inL) was added over 15 min. The slurry was then allowed to mix at 23 °C for 30 min and filtered. The wet cake was washed with 3: 1 heptane:ethyl acetate (75 mL), and the orange, crystalline solids were dried at 45 °C for 24 h to provide the title compound (15.35 g, 99.3% ee, 61% yield), which was contaminated with 11% of the meso isomer (vs. dl isomer).

References

  1.  “VIEKIRA PAK™ (ombitasvir, paritaprevir and ritonavir tablets; dasabuvir tablets), for Oral Use. Full Prescribing Information”(PDF). AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL 60064. Retrieved 30 July 2015.
  2.  “FDA approves Viekira Pak to treat hepatitis C”. Food and Drug Administration. December 19, 2014.
  3.  “TECHNIVIE™ (ombitasvir, paritaprevir and ritonavir) Tablets, for Oral Use. Full Prescribing Information” (PDF). AbbVie Inc., North Chicago, IL 60064. Retrieved 28 July 2015.
  4.  “FDA approves Technivie for treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotype 4”. Food and Drug Administration. July 24, 2015.
  5.  Jordan J. Feld, Kris V. Kowdley, Eoin Coakley, Samuel Sigal, David R. Nelson, Darrell Crawford, Ola Weiland, Humberto Aguilar, Junyuan Xiong, Tami Pilot-Matias, Barbara DaSilva-Tillmann, Lois Larsen, Thomas Podsadecki, and Barry Bernstein (2014). “Treatment of HCV with ABT-450/r–Ombitasvir and Dasabuvir with Ribavirin”. N Engl J Med 370: 1594–1603.doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1315722.
Ombitasvir
Ombitasvir.svg ChemSpider 2D Image | Ombitasvir | C50H67N7O8
Systematic (IUPAC) name
Dimethyl ({(2S,5S)-1-[4-(2-methyl-2-propanyl)phenyl]-2,5-pyrrolidinediyl}bis{4,1-phenylenecarbamoyl(2S)-2,1-pyrrolidinediyl[(2S)-3-methyl-1-oxo-1,2-butanediyl]})biscarbamate
Clinical data
Trade names Viekira Pak (with ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir and dasabuvir), Technivie (with ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir)
Legal status
Routes of
administration
Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability not determined
Protein binding ~99.9%
Metabolism amide hydrolysis followed by oxidation
Onset of action ~4 to 5 hours
Biological half-life 21 to 25 hours
Excretion mostly with feces (90.2%)
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number 1258226-87-7
PubChem CID: 54767916
ChemSpider 31136214
ChEBI CHEBI:85183 Yes
Synonyms ABT-267
Chemical data
Formula C50H67N7O8
Molecular mass 894.11 g/mol

 

rx list

 

VIEKIRA PAK is ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir fixed dose combination tablets copackaged with dasabuvir tablets.

Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, ritonavir fixed dose combination tablet includes ahepatitis C virus NS5A inhibitor (ombitasvir), a hepatitis C virus NS3/4Aprotease inhibitor (paritaprevir), and a CYP3A inhibitor (ritonavir) that inhibits CYP3A mediated metabolism of paritaprevir, thereby providing increased plasma concentration of paritaprevir. Dasabuvir is a hepatitis C virus nonnucleoside NS5B palm polymerase inhibitor, which is supplied as separate tablets in the copackage. Both tablets are for oral administration.

Ombitasvir

The chemical name of ombitasvir is Dimethyl ([(2S,5S)-1-(4-tert-butylphenyl) pyrrolidine-2,5diyl]bis{benzene-4,1-diylcarbamoyl(2S)pyrrolidine-2,1-diyl[(2S)-3-methyl-1-oxobutane-1,2diyl]})biscarbamate hydrate. The molecular formula is C50H67N7O8•4.5H2O (hydrate) and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 975.20 (hydrate). The drug substance is white to light yellow to light pink powder, and is practically insoluble in aqueous buffers but is soluble in ethanol. Ombitasvir has the following molecular structure:

View Enlarged TableOmbitasvir - Structural Formula Illustration

Paritaprevir

The chemical name of paritaprevir is (2R,6S,12Z,13aS,14aR,16aS)-N-(cyclopropylsulfonyl)-6{[(5-methylpyrazin-2-yl)carbonyl]amino}-5,16-dioxo-2-(phenanthridin-6-yloxy)1,2,3,6,7,8,9,10,11,13a,14,15,16,16a-tetradecahydrocyclopropa[e]pyrrolo[1,2-a][1,4] diazacyclopentadecine-14a(5H)-carboxamide dihydrate. The molecular formula is C40H43N7O7S•2H2O (dihydrate) and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 801.91 (dihydrate). The drug substance is white to off-white powder with very low water solubility. Paritaprevir has the following molecular structure:

Paritaprevir - Structural Formula Illustration

Ritonavir

The chemical name of ritonavir is [5S-(5R*,8R*,10R*,11R*)]10-Hydroxy-2-methyl-5-(1methyethyl)-1-[2-(1-methylethyl)-4-thiazolyl]-3,6-dioxo-8,11-bis(phenylmethyl)-2,4,7,12tetraazatridecan-13-oic acid,5-thiazolylmethyl ester. The molecular formula is C37H48N6O5S2 and the molecular weight for the drug substance is 720.95. The drug substance is white to off white to light tan powder practically insoluble in water and freely soluble in methanol and ethanol. Ritonavir has the following molecular structure:

View Enlarged Table

Ombitasvir, Paritaprevir, Ritonavir Fixed-Dose Combination Tablets

Ombitasvir, paritaprevir, and ritonavir film-coated tablets are co-formulated immediate release tablets. The tablet contains copovidone, K value 28,vitamin E polyethylene glycol succinate, propylene glycol monolaurate Type I, sorbitan monolaurate, colloidal silicon dioxide/colloidal anhydrous silica, sodium stearyl fumarate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol 3350/macrogol 3350, talc, titanium dioxide, and iron oxide red. The strength for the tablet is 12.5 mg ombitasvir, 75 mg paritaprevir, 50 mg ritonavir.

Dasabuvir

The chemical name of dasabuvir is Sodium 3-(3-tert-butyl-4-methoxy-5-{6[(methylsulfonyl)amino]naphthalene-2-yl}phenyl)-2,6-dioxo-3,6-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ide hydrate (1:1:1). The molecular formula is C26H26N3O5S•Na•H2O (salt, hydrate) and the molecular weight of the drug substance is 533.57 (salt, hydrate). The drug substance is white to pale yellow to pink powder, slightly soluble in water and very slightly soluble in methanol and isopropyl alcohol. Dasabuvir has the following molecular structure:

Dasabuvir - Structural Formula Illustration

Dasabuvir is formulated as a 250 mg film-coated, immediate release tablet containing microcrystalline cellulose (D50-100 um), microcrystalline cellulose (D50-50 um), lactose monohydrate, copovidone, croscarmellose sodium, colloidal silicon dioxide/anhydrous colloidal silica, magnesium stearate, polyvinyl alcohol, titanium dioxide, polyethylene glycol 3350/macrogol 3350, talc, and iron oxide yellow, iron oxide red and iron oxide black. Each tablet contains 270.3 mg dasabuvir sodium monohydrate equivalent to 250 mg dasabuvir.

//////////fda 2014, Ombitasvir, orphan drug, Abbvie Inc.

Eliglustat


Eliglustat.svg

ELIGLUSTAT TARTRATE

THERAPEUTIC CLAIM Treatment of lysosomal storage disorders

CHEMICAL NAMES

1. Octanamide, N-[(1R,2R)-2-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-(1-
pyrrolidinylmethyl)ethyl]-, (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioate (2:1)

2. bis{N-[(1R,2R)-2-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-(pyrrolidin-1-
ylmethyl)ethyl]octanamide} (2R,3R)-2,3-dihydroxybutanedioate

MOLECULAR FORMULA C23H36N2O4 . ½ C4H6O6

MOLECULAR WEIGHT 479.6

MANUFACTURER Genzyme Corp.

CODE DESIGNATION Genz-112638

CAS REGISTRY NUMBER 928659-70-5

Eliglustat (INN, USAN;[1] trade name Cerdelga) is a treatment for Gaucher’s disease developed by Genzyme Corp that was approved by the FDA August 2014.[2] Commonly used as the tartrate salt, the compound is believed to work by inhibition ofglucosylceramide synthase.[3][4]

In March 2015, eliglustat tartrate was approved in Japan for the treatment of Gaucher disease. Eliglustat tartrate was described specifically within the US FDA’s Orange Booked listed US6916802, which is set to expire in April 2022.

In May 2015, the Orange Book also listed that eliglustat tartrate had Orphan Drug Exclusivity and New Chemical Entity exclusivity until 2019 and 2021, respectively.

it having been developed and launched as eliglustat tartrate by Genzyme (a wholly owned subsidiary of Sanofi), under license from the University of Michigan.

Eliglustat tartrate is known to act as inhibitors of glucosylceramide synthase and glycolipid, useful for the treatment of Gaucher’s disease type I and lysosome storage disease.

Genzyme Announces Positive New Data from Two Phase 3 Studies for Oral Eliglustat Tartrate for Gaucher Disease


Eliglustat tartrate (USAN)

CAS:928659-70-5
February 15, 2013
Genzyme , a Sanofi company (EURONEXT: SAN and NYSE: SNY), today announced positive new data from the Phase 3 ENGAGE and ENCORE studies of eliglustat tartrate, its investigational oral therapy for Gaucher disease type 1. The results from the ENGAGE study were presented today at the 9th Annual Lysosomal Disease Network WORLD Symposium in Orlando, Fla. In conjunction with this meeting, Genzyme also released topline data from its second Phase 3 study, ENCORE. Both studies met their primary efficacy endpoints and together will form the basis of Genzyme’s registration package for eliglustat tartrateThe data presented at this year’s WORLD symposium reinforce our confidence that eliglustat tartrate may become an important oral option for patients with Gaucher disease”The company is developing eliglustat tartrate, a capsule taken orally, to provide a convenient treatment alternative for patients with Gaucher disease type 1 and to provide a broader range of treatment options for patients and physicians. Genzyme’s clinical development program for eliglustat tartrate represents the largest clinical program ever focused on Gaucher disease type 1 with approximately 400 patients treated in 30 countries.“The data presented at this year’s WORLD symposium reinforce our confidence that eliglustat tartrate may become an important oral option for patients with Gaucher disease,” said Genzyme’s Head of Rare Diseases, Rogerio Vivaldi MD. “We are excited about this therapy’s potential and are making excellent progress in our robust development plan for bringing eliglustat tartrate to the market.”ENGAGE Study Results:In ENGAGE, a Phase 3 trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of eliglustat tartrate in 40 treatment-naïve patients with Gaucher disease type 1, improvements were observed across all primary and secondary efficacy endpoints over the 9-month study period. Results were reported today at the WORLD Symposium by Pramod Mistry, MD, PhD, FRCP, Professor of Pediatrics & Internal Medicine at Yale University School of Medicine, and an investigator in the trial.The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study had a primary efficacy endpoint of improvement in spleen size in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate. Patients were stratified at baseline by spleen volume. In the study, a statistically significant improvement in spleen size was observed at nine months in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate compared with placebo. Spleen volume in patients treated with eliglustat tartrate decreased from baseline by a mean of 28 percent compared with a mean increase of two percent in placebo patients, for an absolute difference of 30 percent (p<0.0001).

Genzyme

Eliglustat tartate (Genz-112638)

What is Eliglustat?

  • Eliglustat is a new investigational phase 3 compound from Genzyme Corporation that is being studied for type 1 Gaucher Disease.
  • Eliglustat works as a substrate reduction therapy by reducing glucocerebroside. formation.
  • This product is an oral agent (i.e. a pill) that is taken once or twice a day in contrast to an IV infusion for enzyme replacement therapy. Enzyme replacement therapy focuses on replenishing the enzyme that is deficient in Gaucher Disease and breaks down glucocerebroside that accumulates.
  • The clinical trials for eliglustat tartate are sponsored by Genzyme Corporation.

Eliglustat tartrate (Genz-1 12638) is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders, which is currently under development.

Eliglustat is chemically known as 1 R, 2R-Octanoic acid [2-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -ylmethyl]-ethyl]-amide, having a structural formula I depicted here under.

Formula I

Eliglustat hemitartrate (Genz-1 12638) development by Genzyme, is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of Gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders. Eliglustat hemitartrate is orally active with potent effects on the primary identified molecular target for type 1 Gaucher disease and other glycosphingolipidoses, appears likely to fulfill high expectations for clinical efficacy.

Gaucher disease belongs to the class of lysosomal diseases known as glycosphingolipidoses, which result directly or indirectly from the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, many hundreds of which are derived from glucocerebroside. The first step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is the formation of glucocerebroside, the primary storage molecule in Gaucher disease, via glucocerebroside synthase (uridine diphosphate [UDP] – glucosylceramide glucosyl transferase). Eliglustat hemitartrate is based on improved inhibitors of glucocerebroside synthase.

U.S. patent No. 7,196,205 (herein described as US’205) discloses a process for the preparation of eliglustat or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In this patent, eliglustat was synthesized via a seven-step process involving steps in that sequence:

(i) coupling S-(+)-2-phenyl glycinol with phenyl bromoacetate followed by column chromatography for purification of the resulting intermediate,

(ii) reacting the resulting (5S)-5-phenylmorpholin-2-one with 1 , 4-benzodioxan-6-carboxaldehyde to obtain a lactone,

(iii) opening the lactone of the oxazolo-oxazinone cyclo adduct via reaction with pyrrolidine,

(iv) hydrolyzing the oxazolidine ring, (v) reducing the amide to amine to obtain sphingosine like compound, (vi) reacting the resulting amine with octanoic acid and N-hydroxysuccinimide to obtain crude eliglustat, (vii) purifying the crude eliglustat by repeated isolation for four times from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane.

U.S. patent No. 6855830, 7265228, 7615573, 7763738, 8138353, U.S. patent application publication No. 2012/296088 disclose processes for preparation of eliglustat and intermediates thereof.

U.S. patent application publication No. 2013/137743 discloses (i) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, (ii) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, wherein at least 70% by weight of the salt is crystalline, (iii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 99% by weight of the salt is in a single crystalline form.

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=234E6BE008E68831F6875FB703760826.wapp2nA?docId=WO2015059679&recNum=1&office=&queryString=FP%3A%28dr.+reddy%27s%29&prevFilter=%26fq%3DCTR%3AWO&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&maxRec=364

WO 2015059679

Process for the preparation of eliglustat free base – comprising the reaction of S-(+)-phenyl glycinol with phenyl-alpha-bromoacetate to obtain 5-phenylmorpholin-2-one, which is further converted to eliglustat.
Dr Reddy’s Laboratories Ltd
New crystalline eliglustat free base Form R1 and a process for its preparation are claimed. Also claimed is a process for the preparation of eliglustat free base which comprises the reaction of S-(+)-phenyl glycinol with phenyl-alpha-bromoacetate to obtain 5-phenylmorpholin-2-one, which is further converted to eliglustat.Further eliglustat oxalate, its crystalline form, and a process for the preparation of crystalline eliglustat oxalate, are claimed.

Eliglustat tartrate (Genz-1 12638) is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders, which is currently under development.

Eliglustat is chemically known as 1 R, 2R-Octanoic acid [2-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -ylmethyl]-ethyl]-amide, having a structural formula I depicted here under.

Formula I

Eliglustat hemitartrate (Genz-1 12638) development by Genzyme, is a glucocerebroside (glucosylceramide) synthase inhibitor for the treatment of Gaucher disease and other lysosomal storage disorders. Eliglustat hemitartrate is orally active with potent effects on the primary identified molecular target for type 1 Gaucher disease and other glycosphingolipidoses, appears likely to fulfill high expectations for clinical efficacy.

Gaucher disease belongs to the class of lysosomal diseases known as glycosphingolipidoses, which result directly or indirectly from the accumulation of glycosphingolipids, many hundreds of which are derived from glucocerebroside. The first step in glycosphingolipid biosynthesis is the formation of glucocerebroside, the primary storage molecule in Gaucher disease, via glucocerebroside synthase (uridine diphosphate [UDP] – glucosylceramide glucosyl transferase). Eliglustat hemitartrate is based on improved inhibitors of glucocerebroside synthase.

U.S. patent No. 7,196,205 (herein described as US’205) discloses a process for the preparation of eliglustat or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof. In this patent, eliglustat was synthesized via a seven-step process involving steps in that sequence:

(i) coupling S-(+)-2-phenyl glycinol with phenyl bromoacetate followed by column chromatography for purification of the resulting intermediate,

(ii) reacting the resulting (5S)-5-phenylmorpholin-2-one with 1 , 4-benzodioxan-6-carboxaldehyde to obtain a lactone,

(iii) opening the lactone of the oxazolo-oxazinone cyclo adduct via reaction with pyrrolidine,

(iv) hydrolyzing the oxazolidine ring, (v) reducing the amide to amine to obtain sphingosine like compound, (vi) reacting the resulting amine with octanoic acid and N-hydroxysuccinimide to obtain crude eliglustat, (vii) purifying the crude eliglustat by repeated isolation for four times from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane.

U.S. patent No. 6855830, 7265228, 7615573, 7763738, 8138353, U.S. patent application publication No. 2012/296088 disclose processes for preparation of eliglustat and intermediates thereof.

U.S. patent application publication No. 2013/137743 discloses (i) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, (ii) a hemitartrate salt of eliglustat, wherein at least 70% by weight of the salt is crystalline, (iii) a hemitartrate salt of Eliglustat, wherein at least 99% by weight of the salt is in a single crystalline form.

Example 1 : Preparation of 5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride

To a (S) + phenyl glycinol (100g) add N, N-diisopropylethylamine (314ml) and acetonitrile (2000ml) under nitrogen atmosphere at room temperature. It was cooled to 10- 15° C. Phenyl bromoacetate (172.4g) dissolved in acetonitrile (500ml) was added to the above solution at 15° C over a period of 30 min. The reaction mixture is allowed to room temperature and stirred for 16-20h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath

temperature less than 25° C to get a residue. The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (1000ml) and stirred for 1 h at 15-20°C to obtain a white solid. The solid material obtained was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate (200ml). The filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (20g) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature less than 25° C to give crude compound (1000g) as brown syrup. The Crude brown syrup is converted to HCI salt by using HCI in ethyl acetate to afford 5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride (44g) as a white solid. Yield: 50%, Mass: m/z = 177.6; HPLC (% Area Method): 90.5%

Example 2: Preparation of (1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 ,3-Bis-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4] dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one.

5-phenyl morpholine-2-one hydrochloride (100g) obtained from above stage 1 is dissolved in toluene (2500ml) under nitrogen atmosphere at 25-30°C. 1 ,4-benzodioxane-6-carboxaldehyde (185.3g) and sodium sulphate (400g) was added to the above solution and the reaction mixture was heated at 100-105°C for 72h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature less than 25° C to get a residue. The residue was cooled to 10°C, ethyl acetate (2700ml) and 50% sodium bisulphate solution (1351 ml) was added to the residue and stirred for 1 h at 10°C to obtain a white solid. The obtained white solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate. The separated ethyl acetate layer was washed with water (1000ml), brine (1000ml) and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. The organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45-50°C to get a crude material. The obtained crude material is triturated with diethyl ether (1500ml) to get a solid material which is filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature for 2-3h to afford (1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 ,3-Bis-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one (148g) as a yellow solid. Yield: 54%, Mass: m/z = 487.7; HPLC (% Area Method): 95.4 %

Example 3: Preparation of (2S,3R,1 “S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 ”^henyl-ethy^

(1 R,3S,5S,8aS)-1 !3-Bis-(2′!3′-dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-5-phenyl-tetrahydro-oxazolo[4,3-c][1 ,4]oxazin-8-one (70g) obtained from above stage 2 was dissolved in chloroform (1400ml) at room temperature. It was cooled to 0-5°C and pyrrolidone (59.5ml) was added at 0-5°C over a period of 30 minutes. The reaction mixture was allowed to room temperature and stirred for 16-18h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 40-45°C to obtain a crude. The obtained crude was dissolved in methanol (1190ml) and 1 N HCI (1 190ml) at 10-15° C, stirred for 10 minutes and heated at 80-85°C for 7h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, methanol was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C.The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate and the organic layer was washed with 1 N HCI (50ml). The aqueous layer was basified with saturated sodium bicarbonate solution up to pH 8-9 and extracted with ethyl acetate (3x70ml). The combined organic layers was washed with brine (100ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C to afford (2S,3R,1″S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 “-phenyl-ethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -one (53g) as a yellow foamy solid. Yield: 90%, Mass: m/z = 412.7, HPLC (% Area Method): 85.1 %

Example 4: Preparation of (1 R,2R,1 “S)-1-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol.

(2S,3R,1 “S)-3-(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6’-yl)-3-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 “-phenyl-ethylamino)-1 -pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -one (2.5g) obtained from above stage 3 dissolved in Tetrahydrofuran (106ml) was added to a solution of Lithium aluminium hydride (12.2g) in tetrahydrofuran (795ml) at 0°C and the reaction mixture was heated at 60-65°C for 10h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to 5- 10°C and quenched in saturated sodium sulphate solution (100ml) at 5-10°C. Ethyl acetate was added to the reaction mass and stirred for 30-45 min. The obtained solid is filtered through celite bed and washed with ethyl acetate. Filtrate was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50°C to afford (1 R,2R, 1″S)-1 -(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6′-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2″-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (43.51 g) as a yellow gummy liquid. The crude is used for the next step without further purification. Yield: 85%, Mass: m/z = 398.7, HPLC (% Area Method): 77 %

Example 5: Preparation of (1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1-(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol.

(1 R,2R,1 “S)-1 -(2′,3′-(Dihydro-benzo[1 ,4]dioxin-6’-yl)2-hydroxy-2-(2”-hydroxy-1 ‘-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (40g) obtained from above stage 4 was dissolved in methanol (400ml) at room temperature in a 2L hydrogenation flask. Trifluoroacetic acid (15.5ml) and 20% Pd (OH) 2 (40g) was added to the above solution under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was hydrogenated under H2, 10Opsi for 16-18h at room temperature. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was filtered through celite bed and washed with methanol (44ml) and water (44ml). Methanol was concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 50-55°C and the aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was basified with 10M NaOH till the PH reaches 12-14 and then extracted with dichloromethane (2x125ml). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (3gm) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45°C to obtain a gummy liquid. The gummy liquid was triturated with methyl tertiary butyl ether for 1 h to get a white solid, which is filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature to afford (1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1 -(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (23g) as a white solid. Yield: 82.3%, Mass (m/zj: 278.8, HPLC (% Area Method): 99.5%, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 97.9%

Example 6: Preparation of Eliglustat {(1 R, 2R)-Octanoic acid[2-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1 -pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-ethyl]-amide}.

(1 R, 2R)-2-Amino-1 -(2′, 3′-dihydro-benzo [1 , 4] dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1 -yl-propan-1 -ol (15g) obtained from above stage 5 was dissolved in dry dichloromethane (150ml) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere and cooled to 10-15° C. Octanoic acid N-hydroxy succinimide ester (13.0 g)was added to the above reaction mass at 10-15° C and stirred for 15 min. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 16h-18h. Progress of the reaction was monitored by thin layer chromatography. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture was cooled to 15°C and diluted with 2M NaOH solution (100 ml_) and stirred for 20 min at 20 °C. The organic layer was separated and washed with 2M sodium hydroxide (3x90ml).The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate (30g) and concentrated under reduced pressure at a water bath temperature of 45°C to give the crude compound (20g).The crude is again dissolved in methyl tertiary butyl ether (25 ml_) and precipitated with Hexane (60ml). It is stirred for 10 min, filtered and dried under vacuum to afford Eliglustat as a white solid (16g). Yield: 74%, Mass (m/zj: 404.7 HPLC (% Area Method): 97.5 %, ELSD (% Area Method): 99.78%, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 99.78 %.

Example 7: Preparation of Eliglustat oxalate.

Eliglustat (5g) obtained from above stage 6 is dissolved in Ethyl acetate (5ml) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. Oxalic acid (2.22g) dissolved in ethyl acetate (5ml) was added to the above solution at room temperature and stirred for 14h. White solid observed in the reaction mixture was filtered and dried under vacuum at room temperature for 1 h to afford Eliglustat oxalate as a white solid (4g). Yield: 65.46%, Mass (m/zj: 404.8 [M+H] +> HPLC (% Area Method): 95.52 %, Chiral HPLC (% Area Method): 99.86 %
……………………………..

Nmr predict

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 491833-29-5 NMR spectral analysis, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide H-NMR spectrum

13 C NMR

N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 491833-29-5 NMR spectral analysis, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide C-NMR spectrum

CAS NO. 491833-29-5, N-[(1R,2R)-1-(2,3-dihydro-1,4-benzodioxin-6-yl)-1-hydroxy-3-pyrrolidin-1-ylpropan-2-yl]octanamide

C-NMR spectral analysis

………………..

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2013059119A1?cl=en

Figure imgf000024_0001

http://www.google.com/patents/US7196205

Compound 7

(1R,2R)-Nonanoic acid[2-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-2-hydroxy-1-pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl-ethyl]-amide

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00026

This compound was prepared by the method described for Compound 6 using Nonanoic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester. Analytical HPLC showed this material to be 98.4% pure. mp 74–75° C.

1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 6.86–6.76 (m, 3H), 5.83 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (d, J=3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.24 (s, 4H), 4.24–4.18 (m, 1H), 2.85–2.75 (m, 2H), 2.69–2.62 (m, 4H), 2.10 (t, J=7.3 Hz, 2H), 1.55–1.45 (m, 2H), 1.70–1.85 (m, 4H), 1.30–1.15 (m, 10H), 0.87 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 3H) ppm.

Intermediate 4(1R,2R)-2-Amino-1-(2′,3′-dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00023

Intermediate 3 (5.3 g, 13.3 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (60 mL). Water (6 mL) and trifluoroacetic acid (2.05 m/L, 26.6 mmol, 2 equivalents) were added. After being placed under nitrogen, 20% Palladium hydroxide on carbon (Pearlman’s catalysis, Lancaster or Aldrich, 5.3 g) was added. The mixture was placed in a Parr Pressure Reactor Apparatus with glass insert. The apparatus was placed under nitrogen and then under hydrogen pressure 110–120 psi. The mixture was stirred for 2–3 days at room temperature under hydrogen pressure 100–120 psi. The reaction was placed under nitrogen and filtered through a pad of celite. The celite pad was washed with methanol (100 mL) and water (100 mL). The methanol was removed by rotoevaporation. The aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate three times (100, 50, 50 mL). A 10 M NaOH solution (10 mL) was added to the aqueous layer (pH=12–14). The product was extracted from the aqueous layer three times with methylene chloride (100, 100, 50 mL). The combined organic layers were dried with Na2SO4, filtered and rotoevaporated to a colorless oil. The foamy oil was vacuum dried for 2 h. Intermediate 4 was obtained in 90% yield (3.34 g).

Intermediate 3(1R,2R,1″S)-1-(2′,3′-Dihydro-benzo[1,4]dioxin-6′-yl)-2-(2″-hydroxy -1′-phenyl-ethylamino)-3-pyrrolidin-1-yl-propan-1-ol

Figure US07196205-20070327-C00022

To a 3-neck flask equipped with a dropping funnel and condenser was added LiAlH4 (Aldrich, 1.2 g, 31.7 mmol, 2.5 equivalents) and anhydrous THF (20 mL) under nitrogen. A solution of Intermediate 2 (5.23 g, 12.68 mmol) in anhydrous THF (75 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction over 15–30 minutes. The reaction was refluxed under nitrogen for 9 hours. The reaction was cooled in an ice bath and a 1M NaOH solution was carefully added dropwise. After stirring at room temperature for 15 minutes, water (50 mL) and ethyl acetate (75 mL) was added. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate (75 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with saturated sodium chloride solution (25 mL). After drying with Na2SO4 the solution was filtered and rotoevaporated to yield a colorless to yellow foamy oil. Intermediate 3 was obtained in 99% yield (5.3 g).

………………..

SWEDEN

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FDA gives green light to Novartis acromegaly drug Pasireotide


Pasireotide.svg

Pasireotide, Signifor; SOM 320; HY-16381; 396091-73-9

Cyclo[4(R)-[N-(2-aminoethyl)carbamoyloxy]-L-prolyl-L-phenyl-glycyl-D-tryptophyl-L-lysyl-(4-O-benzyl)-L-tyrosyl-L-phenylalanyl]bis(L-aspartic acid)

Regulators in the USA has approved a long-acting release of Novartis’ Signifor as a treatment for acromegaly.

The Food and Drug Administration has approved Signifor LAR (pasireotide) for the treatment of patients with acromegaly who have had an inadequate response to surgery or for whom the latter is not an option. The thumbs-up comes a month after the European Medicines Agency approved the drug, a next-generation somatostatin analogue administered intramuscularly once-monthly.

Read more at: http://www.pharmatimes.com/Article/14-12-16/FDA_gives_green_light_to_Novartis_acromegaly_drug.aspx#ixzz3M8Ibn14Q

clinical…..https://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=Pasireotide+OR+SOM-230

Pasireotide (SOM230, trade name Signifor[1]) is an orphan drug approved in the U.S. and Europe for the treatment of Cushing’s disease in patients who fail or are ineligible for surgical therapy.[2][3] It was developed by Novartis. Pasireotide is a somatostatinanalog which has a 40-fold increased affinity to somatostatin receptor 5 than other somatostatin analogs.

The drug showed therapeutical potential in a recent study (PASPORT-CUSHINGS B2305) where 162 patients were treated with either 2x 600 µg or 2x 900 µg pasireotide s.c. daily.[4] The effectiveness of the treatment was checked by the UFC-value (urinary free cortisol) after six months of treatment. The mean reduction of UFC after six months was 47.9%, which also lead to amelioration of clinical symptoms such as blood pressure, cholesterol value, and weight loss.[5]

Pasireotide was approved by the EMEA in October 2009[6] and by the FDA in December 2012.[7]

At present, it is in phase III clinical trials at Novartis for the treatment of carcinoid tumors and symptoms that are not adequately controlled by somatostatin analogues (Sandostatin). Phase II clinical development is also under way at the company for the treatment of gastric dumping syndrome, metastatic carcinoid tumors, meningioma and pituitary adenoma and for the treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma in combination with everolimus. Early clinical trials are also ongoing for the treatment of patients with metastatic melanoma or Merkel cell carcinoma. A phase I clinical trial for the treatment of alcoholic cirrhosis has been completed. The company intends to file for approval in 2007 for these indications. Novartis and Thomas Jefferson University are conducting phase II clinical trials for the treatment of prostate cancer, alone or in combination with everolimus. The Mayo Clinic is conducting phase II clinical trials for the treatment of polycystic liver disease. Phase III clinical trials had been ongoing for the reduction of post-pancreatectomy fistula, leak, and abscess; however, in 2010 these trials were suspended. In 2004, orphan drug designation was assigned in the E.U. for the treatment of functional gastroenteropancreatic endocrine tumors. In 2009, orphan drug designation was received in the U.S. and the E.U. for the treatment of Cushing’s disease and acromegaly. The designation for the treatment of Cushing’s disease was assigned in Australia in 2011 and in Japan in 2012. In 2013, orphan drug designation was assigned in Australia for the treatment of acromegaly.

SIGNIFOR (pasireotide diaspartate) injection is prepared as a sterile solution of pasireotide diaspartate in a tartaric acid buffer for administration by subcutaneous injection. SIGNIFOR is a somatostatin analog. Pasireotide diaspartate, chemically known as (2-Aminoethyl) carbamic acid (2R,5S,8S,11S,14R,17S,19aS)-11-(4-aminobutyl)-5-benzyl-8-(4-benzyloxybenzyl)-14-(1H-indol-3ylmethyl)-4,7,10,13,16,19-hexaoxo-17-phenyloctadecahydro-3a,6,9,12,15,18hexaazacyclopentacyclooctadecen-2-yl ester, di[(S)-2-aminosuccinic acid] salt, is a cyclohexapeptide with pharmacologic properties mimicking those of the natural hormone somatostatin.

The molecular formula of pasireotide diaspartate is C58H66N10O9 • 2C4H7NO4 and the molecular weight is 1313.41. The structural formula is:

SIGNIFOR is supplied as a sterile solution in a single-dose, 1 mL colorless glass ampule containing pasireotide in 0.3 mg/mL, 0.6 mg/mL, or 0.9 mg/mL strengths for subcutaneous injection.

Each glass ampule contains:

0.3 MG 0.6 MG 0.9 MG
Pasireotide diaspartate 0.3762* 0.7524* 1.1286*
Mannitol 49.5 49.5 49.5
Tartaric acid 1.501 1.501 1.501
Sodium hydroxide ad pH 4.2 ad pH 4.2 ad pH 4.2
Water for injection ad 1ml ad 1ml ad 1ml
* corresponds to 0.3/0.6/0.9 mg pasireotide base
Note: Each ampule contains an overfill of 0.1ml to allow accurate administration of 1 ml from the ampule.

 

Pasireotide
Pasireotide.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
[(3S,6S,9S,12R,15S,18S,20R)-9-(4-aminobutyl)-3-benzyl-12-(1H-indol-3-ylmethyl)-2,5,8,11,14,17-hexaoxo-15-phenyl-6-[(4-phenylmethoxyphenyl)methyl]-1,4,7,10,13,16-hexazabicyclo[16.3.0]henicosan-20-yl] N-(2-aminoethyl)carbamate
Clinical data
Trade names Signifor
Licence data EMA:Link
Legal status
  • Prescription only
Routes Subcutaneous
Identifiers
CAS number 396091-73-9 Yes
ATC code H01CB05
PubChem CID 9941444
UNII 98H1T17066 Yes
Synonyms SOM230
Chemical data
Formula C58H66N10O9 
Mol. mass 1107.26 g/mol

Pasireotide is a multiligand somatostatin analogue with high binding affinity to somatostatin receptors sst1, sst2, sst3 and sst5. Novartis Oncology, a division of Novartis, filed for approval in the E.U. for the treatment of Cushing’s syndrome in 2010. A positive opinion was granted in 2011 and final approval was obtained in 2012. The E.U.’s first launch took place in Germany in June 2012. Also in 2011, Novartis filed an NDA in the U.S. seeking approval of the compound for the treatment of Cushing’s syndrome; however, the application was withdrawn the same year due to an issue related to chemistry, manufacturing and controls. In November 2012, the product was recommended for approval in the U.S. for Cushing’s syndrome. In December 2012, final FDA approval was granted. Phase III clinical trials are ongoing in Japan for this indication. In 2014, the product was approved in the E.U and the U.S. for the treatment of adult patients with acromegaly for whom surgery is not an option or has not been curative and who are inadequately controlled on treatment with a first-generation somatostatin analogue (SSA).

 

EP2310042B1

  • http://www.google.com/patents/EP2310042B1?cl=en
  • The present invention relates to a new use of Somatostatin (SRIF) peptidomimetics (also referred to as Somatostatin- or SRIF-analogs).
  • Somatostatin is a tetradecapeptide having the structure

    Figure imgb0001
  • The somatostatin class is a known class of small peptides comprising the naturally occurring somatostatin-14 and analogues having somatostatin related activity, e.g. as disclosed by A.S. Dutta in Small Peptides, Vol.19, Elsevier (1993). By “somatostatin analog” as used herein is meant any straight-chain or cyclic polypeptide having a structure based on that of the naturally occurring somatostatin-14 wherein one or more amino acid units have been omitted and/or replaced by one or more other amino radical(s) and/or wherein one or more functional groups have been replaced by one or more other functional groups and/or one or more groups have been replaced by one or several other isosteric groups. In general, the term covers all modified derivatives of the native somatostatin-14 which exhibit a somatostatin related activity, e.g. they bind to at least one of the five somatostatin receptor (SSTR), preferably in the nMolar range.
  • Natural somatostatin binds and activates all 5 somatostatin receptors (SSTR1-5) with nmol efficacy and thus causes its multiple physiological effects.
  • Synthetically available somatostatin analogs differ in their binding affinity to the different somatostatin receptor subtypes and often bind selectively to one or few subtypes with significantly higher affinity.
  • Somatostatin analogs of particular interest according to the present invention have a high binding affinity to human SSTR1,2,3,5 and have been described e.g. in WO 97/01579 , the contents of which being incorporated herein by reference. Said somatostatin analogs comprise the amino acid sequence of formula I-(D/L)Trp-Lys-X1 -X2 -     Iwherein X1 is a radical of formula (a) or (b)

    Figure imgb0002

    wherein R1 is optionally substituted phenyl, wherein the substituent may be halogen, methyl, ethyl, methoxy or ethoxy,
    R2 is -Z1-CH2-R1, -CH2-CO-O-CH2-R1,

    Figure imgb0003

    wherein Z1 is O or S, and
    X2 is an α-amino acid having an aromatic residue on the Cα side chain, or an amino acid unit selected from Dab, Dpr, Dpm, His,(Bzl)HyPro, thienyl-Ala, cyclohexyl-Ala and t-butyl-Ala, the residue Lys of said sequence corresponding to the residue Lys9 of the native somatostatin-14.

  • Somatostatin analogs of particular interest which have a high binding affinity to human SSTR1,2,3,5 have also been described e.g. inWO02/10192. Said somatostatin analogs comprise the compound of formula

    Figure imgb0004

    also called cyclo[{4-(NH2-C2H4-NH-CO-O-)Pro}-Phg-DTrp-Lys-Tyr(4-Bzl)-Phe] or pasireotide, as well as diastereoisomers and mixtures thereof, in free form, in salt or complex form or in protected form. Phg means -HN-CH(C6H5)-CO- and Bzl means benzyl.

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http://www.google.com/patents/WO2002010192A2?cl=en

Example 1 : Cyclo[{4-(NH2-C2H4-NH-CO-O-

a) Synthesis of Fmoc-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-OH

L-hydroxyproline methylester hydrochloride is reacted with Fmoc-OSu in aqueous 1.0 N sodium carbonate/THF at room temperature. After completion of the reaction, Fmoc-Pro(4- OH)-OMe is isolated by precipitation. Fmoc-Pro(4-OH)-OMe is then added dropwise into a solution of trisphosgene (0.6 eq.) in THF to give a chlorocarbonate intermediate. After 1 h dimethylaminopyridine (1.0 eq.) and N-Boc-diaminoethane (6.0 eq.) are added and the reaction is stirred at room temperature. After completion of the reaction, the solvent is removed in vacuo and the resulting Fmoc-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-OMe is extracted from a two phase system of ethyl acetate/0.1 M HCI to give crude product (MH+ = 554) which is purified by crystallization from ethyl acetate. The methyl ester is then cleaved to the free acid by treatment with 1 N NaOH in dioxane/water and the product Fmoc-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-OH is purified on silica gel, [(M+Na)]+= 562).

b) H-Phe-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-Phg-DTrp(Boc)-Lys(Boc)-Tyr(Bzl)-OH Commercially available Fmoc-Tyr(Bzl)-O-CH2-Ph(3-OCH3)-O-CH2-Polystyrene resin (SASRIN-resin, 2.4 mM) is used as starting material and carried through a standard protocol consisting of repetitive cycles of Nα-deprotection (Piperidine/DMF, 2:8), repeated washings with DMF and coupling (DIPCI: 4.8 mM/HOBT: 6mM, DMF). The following amino acid- derivatives are sequentially coupled: Fmoc-Lys(Boc)-OH, Fmoc-DTrp(Boc)-OH, Fmoc-Phg- OH, Fmoc-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-OH, Fmoc-Phe-OH. Couplings (2 eq. amino acids) are continued or repeated until completion, i.e. until complete disappearance of residual amino groups which is monitored by a negative ‘Kaiser* Ninhydrin test. Before cleavage of the completely assembled protected linear peptide from its resin support the Nα-Fmoc protection from the last residue is removed.

c) H-Phe-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH-Boc)-Phg-DTrp(Boc)-Lys(Boc)-Tyr(Bzl)-OH After washings with CH2CI2) the peptide-resin is transferred into a column or a stirred suction filter and the peptide fragment is cleaved and eluted with a short treatment with 2% TFA in CH2CI2 within 1 h. The eluate is immediately neutralized with a saturated NaHCO3 solution. The organic solution is separated and evaporated and the side chain protected precursor (MH+ = 1366) is cyclized without further purification.

d) cyclo[-Pro(4-OCO-NH-CH2-CH2-NH2)-Phg-DT -Lys-Tyr(Bzl)-Phe-], trifluoroacetate The above linear fragment is dissolved in DMF (4 mM), cooled to minus 5°C and treated with 2 eq. DIPEA then 1.5 eq. of DPPA and stirred until completion (ca. 20h) at 0-4°C. The solvent was almost completely removed in vacuo; the concentrate is diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with NaHCO3, water, dried and evaporated in vacuo.

For deprotection the residue is dissolved at 0°C in TFA H2O 95:5 (ca.50 mM) and stirred in the cold for 30 min. The product is then precipitated with ether containing ca. 10 eq. HCI, filtered, washed with ether and dried. In order to completely decompose remaining Indole-N carbaminic acid the product is dissolved in 5% AcOH and lyophilized after 15 h at ca. 5°C. Preparative RP-HPLC is carried out on a C-18 10 μm STAGROMA column (5-25 cm) using a gradient of 0.5% TFA to 0.5% TFA in 70% acetonitrile. Fractions containing the pure title compound are combined, diluted with water and lyophilized. The lyophilisate is dissolved in water followed by precipitation with 10% Na2CO3 in water. The solid free base is filtered of, washed with water and dried in vacuum at room temperature. The resulting white powder is directly used for the different salts.

Example 2: Cyclo[{4-(NH2-C2H4-NH-CO-O-)Pro}-Phg-DTrp-Lys-Tyr(4-Bzl)-Phe] in salt form a. Acetate

Conversion to the acetate salt form is carried out using an ion-exchange resin (e.g. AG 3- X4). MS (ESI): m/z 524.5 [M+2H]2+ [α]D 20= -42°, c=0.26 in AcOH 95%

b. Aspartate

Conversion to the mono- or di-aspartate is obtained by reacting 1 equivalent of the compound of Example 1 with 1 or 2 equivalent of aspartic acid in a mixture of acetonitrile/water 1 :3. The resulting mixture is frozen and lyophilized. The di-aspartate may also be obtained by dissolving the compound of Example 1 in water/acetonitrile 4:1, filtering, loading on a an ion-exchange resin, e.g. BioRad AG4X4 column, and eluting with water/acetonitrile 4:1. The eluate is concentrated, frozen and lyophilized. [ ]D 20= -47.5°, c= 2.5mg/ml in methanol

 Chemical structure for Pasireotide

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WO2013/174978 A1

http://www.google.im/patents/WO2013174978A1?cl=ru

………………………..

WO2013/131879 A1,

http://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013131879&recNum=83&maxRec=3895&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=FP%3AWO+AND+PA%3Anovartis+&tab=PCTDescription

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WO2005/53732 A1,

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2005053732A1?cl=en

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Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2003 ,  vol. 46,  12  pg. 2334 – 2344

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm021093t

Abstract Image

A rational drug design approach, capitalizing on structure−activity relationships and involving transposition of functional groups from somatotropin release inhibitory factor (SRIF) into a reduced size cyclohexapeptide template, has led to the discovery of SOM230 (25), a novel, stable cyclohexapeptide somatostatin mimic that exhibits unique high-affinity binding to human somatostatin receptors (subtypes sst1−sst5). SOM230 has potent, long-lasting inhibitory effects on growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 release and is a promising development candidate currently under evaluation in phase I clinical trials.

5.1.3.2. Cyclization, Deprotection, and Purification of Cyclo[(diaminoethylcarbamoyl)-HyPro-Phg-d-Trp-Lys-Tyr(Bzl)-Phe] (25). For cyclization, the above linear fragment was dissolved in DMF to a concentration of 4 mM, cooled to −5 °C, treated with 2 equiv of DIPEA and then 1.5 equiv of DPPA, and stirred at 0−4 °C until completion (ca. 20 h). The solvent was almost completely removed in vacuo. The concentrate was diluted with ethyl acetate, washed with NaHCO3 and water, dried, and evaporated in vacuo. The protected cyclized product was obtained in good yield.
For complete deprotection, the residue was dissolved at 0 °C in TFA/H2O, 95:5 (ca. 50 mM), and the mixture was stirred in the cold for 30 min. The product was then precipitated with ether containing ca. 10 equiv of HCl, filtered, washed with ether, and dried. To completely decompose the remaining indole-N carbaminic acid, the product was dissolved in 5% AcOH and lyophilized after 15 h at ca. 5 °C. Analytical RP-HPLC indicated a purity of 75% for the crude product.Preparative HPLC purification afforded 25:  3.1 g, 20% yield, purity 98%, RtI = 10.70, RtII = 10.20, RtIV = 3.90, HRMS 1047.51 (calcd 1047.5014).
Table 2.  1H and 13C NMR Assignments of SOM230, Using Numbering Scheme in NMR Assignment
residue group δ 1H [ppm] δ 13C [ppm] residue group δ 1H [ppm] δ 13C [ppm]
1 l-phenylglycine
   1 NH 9.73    1 α-CH 6.47 59.3
   1 2/6-CH 8.02 127.3    1 CO 169.6
   1 3/5-CH 7.41 129.1    1 1-C 141.0
   1 4-CH 7.21 128.0
2 d-tryptophane
   2 1‘-NH 12.20    2 α-CH 5.28 55.6
   2 NH 10.34    2 β-CH2 3.72 3.30 28.5
   2 7-CH 7.65 112.0    2 CO 173.9
   2 4-CH 7.43 119.2    2 8-C 137.5
   2 2-CH 7.28 124.7    2 9-C 128.3
   2 6-CH 7.23 121.6    2 3-C 110.3
   2 5-CH 6.96 119.2
3 l-lysine
   3 NH 10.10    3 δ-CH2 1.41 1.32 31.5
   3 α-CH 4.62 55.2    3 γ-CH2 0.89 23.5
   3 ε-CH2 2.80 41.0    3 CO 171.9
   3 β-CH2 1.87 1.32 31.6    3 NH3+ a
4 (4-O-benzyl)-l-tyrosine
   4 NH 7.99    4 7-CH2 4.92 69.9
   4 2‘/6‘-CH 7.46 128.0    4 β-CH2 3.46 3.10 39.7
   4 3‘/5‘-CH 7.37 128.9    4 CO 171.8
   4 4‘-CH 7.30 128.2    4 4-C 157.9
   4 2/6-CH 7.21 131.5    4 1‘C 137.9
   4 3/5-CH 6.85 114.7    4 1-C