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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Novel Drug Approvals for 2017, A Review/Compilation


CDSCOImage result for FDA EMA

DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Novel Drug Approvals for 2017, A Review Compilation (USFDA, EMA, PMDA, CDSCO).

Any errors in this compilation, email  amcrasto@gmail.com, Call +919323115463

Some gaps will be filled up soon keep watching……………..

INDEX, NAME (click on the title,  it contains link)

SECTION A; USFDA Approvals

1 Abaloparatide

2 Abemaciclib

3 ACALABRUTINIB

4 ANGIOTENSIN II

5 AVELUMAB

6 BENRALIZUMAB

7 BENZNIDAZOLE

8 BETRIXABAN

9 BRIGATINIB

10 BRODALUMAB

11 CERLIPONASE ALPA

12 COPANLISIB

13 DEFLAZACORT

14 Delafloxacin

15 Deutetrabenazine

16DUPILUMAB

17 DURVALUMAB

18 EDAVARONE

19 EMICIZUMAB

20 Enasidenib

21 ERTUGLIFLOZIN

22 ETELCALCETIDE

23 GLECAPREVIR

24 GUSELKUMAB

25 INOTUZUMAB OZOGAMICIN

26 LATANOPROSTENE

27 LETERMOVIR

28 MACIMORELIN ACETATE

29 MEROPENEM

30 MIDOSTAURIN

31 NALDEMEDINE

32 NERATINIB

33 NETARSUDIL

34 NIRAPARIB

35 Ocrelizumab

36 OZENOXACIN

37 PIBRENTASVIR

38 PLECANATIDE

39 RIBOCICLIB

40  SARILUMAB

41 SECNIDAZOLE

42 SAFINAMIDE

43 SEMAGLUTIDE

44 SOFOSBUVIR

45 TELOTRISTAT ETHYL

46 VABORBACTAM

47 VALBENAZINE

48 VESTRONIDASE ALFA-VJBK

49 VELPATASVIR

50 VOXILAPREVIR

INDEX, FORMULATION NAME

USFDA

•Aliqopa (COPANLISIBto treat adults with relapsed follicular lymphoma — a slow-growing type of nonHodgkin lymphoma (a cancer of the lymph system) — who have received at least two prior systemic therapies;

• ALUNBRIG, BRIGATINIBTo treat patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib

• Austedo, Deutetrabenazine For the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease

• Bavencio (avelumab) for the treatment of patients 12 years and older with a rare and aggressive form of cancer called metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma, including those who have not received prior chemotherapy;

•BAXDELLA, Delafloxacin, BACTERIAL INFECTIONS

• Benznidazole to treat children ages 2 to 12 years with Chagas disease, a parasitic infection that can cause serious heart illness after years of infection, and can also affect swallowing and digestion. This is the first treatment approved in the United States for this rare disease;

• Besponsa (inotuzumab ozogamicin) for the treatment of adults with a type of cancer of the blood called relapsed or refractory B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukemia;

BEVYXXA, BETRIXABAN, For the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness

• BRINEURA, CERLIPONASE ALFATo treat a specific form of Batten disease

• Calquence (ACALABRUTINIB) to treat adults with mantle cell lymphoma who have received at least one prior therapy. Mantle cell lymphoma is a particularly aggressive cancer;

• DUPIXENT, (DUPILUMAB) To treat adults with moderate-to-severe eczema (atopic dermatitis)

• Emflaza (deflazacort) to treat patients age 5 years and older with Duchenne muscular dystrophy, a rare genetic disorder that causes progressive muscle deterioration and weakness;

• FASENRA, BENRALIZUMAB, For add-on maintenance treatment of patients with severe asthma aged 12 years and older, and with an eosinophilic phenotype

• Giapreza (angiotensin II), for the treatment of hypotension in adults with distributive or vasodilatory shock (dangerously low blood pressure despite adequate heart function) whose blood pressure remains low despite receiving fluids and treatment with drugs called vasopressors;

•  HEMLIBRA EMICIZUMAB To prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in adult and pediatric patients with hemophilia A who have developed antibodies called Factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors.

• Idhifa (enasidenibfor the treatment of adults with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia, a form of blood cancer, who have a specific genetic mutation;

• IMFINZI, DURVALUMAB To treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma

• Ingrezza (valbenazineto treat adults with tardive dyskinesia, a side effect of some antipsychotic medications whereby patients can experience uncontrollable stiff, jerky movements of their face and body, and other uncontrolled movements such as eye-blinking, sticking out the tongue, and arm-waving;

•  KEVZARA SARILUMAB, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

• KISQALI, RIBOCICLIB, To treat postmenopausal women with a type of advanced breast cancer

• Macrilen  macimorelin acetate, For the diagnosis of adult growth hormone deficiency

• Mavyret (glecaprevir and pibrentasvir) to treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 1-6 without cirrhosis (liver disease) or with mild cirrhosis, including patients with moderate to severe kidney disease, as well as those who are on hemodialysis;

• Mepsevii (vestronidase alfa-vjbk) to treat patients with Sly syndrome or mucopolysaccharidosis type 7 – a rare genetic disorder where an enzyme deficiency results in skeletal abnormalities, developmental delay, enlarged liver and spleen, and narrowed airways, which can lead to respiratory infections;

 Nerlynx (neratinib) for the extended adjuvant treatment — a form of therapy administered after an initial treatment to further lower the risk of the cancer coming back — of early-stage, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer;

 OCREVUS, OCRELIZUMAB, To treat patients with relapsing and primary progressive forms of multiple sclerosis

 OZEMPIC SEMAGLUTIDE To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

PARSABIV, ETELCALCETIDE, To treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in adult patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis

• Prevymis (letermovir) for prevention of an infection called cytomegalovirus (CMV) in patients who are receiving a bone marrow transplant. CMV disease can cause serious health issues in these patients;

 Radicava (edaravoneto treat patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, commonly referred to as Lou Gehrig’s disease, a rare disease that attacks and kills the nerve cells that control voluntary muscles;

• RHOPRESSA, NETARSUDIL To treat glaucoma or ocular hypertension

• Rydapt (midostaurin) to treat adults newly diagnosed with a form of blood cancer known as acute myeloid leukemia who have a specific genetic mutation called FLT3, in combination with chemotherapy;

• Siliq (brodalumab) to treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis, a chronic disorder in which the body’s immune system sends out faulty signals that speed growth of skin cells that then accumulate, causing red, flaky patches that can appear anywhere on the body;

•SOLOSEC, SECNIDAZOLE To treat bacterial vaginosis

•  STEGLATRO ERTUGLIFLOZIN To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus

• Symproic (Naldemedine) for the treatment of opioid-induced constipation in adults with chronic noncancer pain; • Tremfya (guselkumab) for the treatment of adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis;

• Trulance (plecanatide) to treat adults with chronic idiopathic constipation, which is a persistent condition of constipation due to unknown origin;

• TYMLOS, Abaloparatide, To treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of fracture or those who have failed other therapies

• Vabomere (vaborbactam and meropenem) for treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract infections, including pyelonephritis (kidney infection) caused by bacteria;

• Verzenio (abemaciclib) to treat adults who have hormone receptor (HR)-positive, HER2-negative advanced or metastatic breast cancer that has progressed after taking therapy that alters a patient’s hormones (endocrine therapy);

• Vosevi (sofosbuvir/velpatasvir/voxilaprevir) to treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus genotypes 1-6 without cirrhosis (liver disease) or with mild cirrhosis;

• VYZULTA LATANOPROSTENE To treat intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

• Xadago (safinamide) as an add-on treatment for patients with Parkinson’s disease who are currently taking levodopa/carbidopa and experiencing “off” episodes;

XERMELO, TELOTRISTAT ETHYL combined with somatostatin analog (SSA) therapy to treat adults with carcinoid syndrome diarrhea that SSA therapy alone has inadequately controlled, and;

• XEPI OZENOXACIN TO TREAT IMPETIGO

XERMELO, TELOTRISTAT ETHYL, To treat carcinoid syndrome diarrhea

• Zejula (niraparib) for the maintenance treatment (intended to delay cancer growth) of adults with recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancer, whose tumors have completely or partially shrunk (complete or partial response, respectively) in response to platinum-based chemotherapy

USFDA

No. Drug
Name
Active Ingredient Approval Date FDA-approved use on approval date
46. Giapreza angiotensin II 12/21/2017

Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

To increase blood pressure in adults with septic or other distributive shock
45. Macrilen macimorelin acetate 12/20/2017

Drug Trials Snapshot

For the diagnosis of adult growth hormone deficiency
44. Steglatro ertugliflozin 12/19/2017

Drug Trials Snapshot

To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
43. Rhopressa netarsudil 12/18/2017

Drug Trials Snapshot

To treat glaucoma or ocular hypertension
42. Xepi ozenoxacin 12/11/2017 To treat impetigo
Drug Trials Snapshot
41. Ozempic semaglutide 12/5/2017

Drug Trials Snapshot

To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
40. Hemlibra emicizumab 11/16/2017

Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

To prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in adult and pediatric patients with hemophilia A who have developed antibodies called Factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors.
39. Mepsevii vestronidase alfa-vjbk 11/15/2017

Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

To treat pediatric and adult patients with an inherited metabolic condition called mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII), also known as Sly syndrome.
38. Fasenra  benralizumab 11/14/2017 For add-on maintenance treatment of patients with severe asthma aged 12 years and older, and with an eosinophilic phenotype
Drug Trials Snapshot
37. Prevymis letermovir 11/8/2017 To prevent infection after bone marrow transplant
Drug Trials Snapshot
36. Vyzulta latanoprostene bunod ophthalmic solution 11/2/2017 To treat intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Drug Trials Snapshot
35. Calquence acalabrutinib 10/31/2017 To treat adults with mantle cell lymphoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
34. Verzenio abemaciclib 9/28/2017 To treat certain advanced or metastatic breast cancers
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
33. Solosec secnidazole 9/15/2017 To treat bacterial vaginosis
Drug Trials Snapshot
32. Aliqopa copanlisib 9/14/2017 To treat adults with relapsed follicular lymphoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
31. benznidazole benznidazole 8/29/2017 To treat children ages 2 to 12 years old with Chagas disease
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
30. Vabomere meropenem and vaborbactam 8/29/2017 To treat adults with complicated urinary tract infections
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
29. Besponsa inotuzumab ozogamicin 8/17/2017 To treat adults with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
28. Mavyret glecaprevir and pibrentasvir 8/3/2017 To treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
27. Idhifa enasidenib 8/1/2017 To treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
26. Vosevi sofosbuvirvelpatasvir and voxilaprevir 7/18/2017 To treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
25. Nerlynx neratinib maleate 7/17/2017 To reduce the risk of breast cancer returning
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
24. Tremfya guselkumab 7/13/2017 For the treatment of adult patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
Drug Trials Snapshot
23. Bevyxxa betrixaban 6/23/2017 For the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness
Drug Trials Snapshot
22. Baxdela delafloxacin 6/19/2017 To treat patients with acute bacterial skin infections
Drug Trials Snapshot
21. Kevzara sarilumab 5/22/2017 To treat adult rheumatoid arthritis
Drug Trials Snapshot
20. Radicava edaravone 5/5/2017 To treat patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
19. Imfinzi durvalumab 5/1/2017 To treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma
Web Post
Drug Trials Snapshot
18. Tymlos abaloparatide 4/28/2017 To treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of fracture or those who have failed other therapies
Drug Trials Snapshot
17. Rydapt midostaurin 4/28/2017 To treat acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release Chemistry Review(s) (PDF)
Drug Trials Snapshot
16. Alunbrig brigatinib 4/28/2017 To treat patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib
Drug Trials Snapshot
15. Brineura cerliponase alfa 4/27/2017 To treat a specific form of Batten disease
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
14. Ingrezza valbenazine 4/11/2017 To treat adults with tardive dyskinesia
Press Release Chemistry Review(s) (PDF)Drug Trials Snapshot
13. Austedo deutetrabenazine 4/3/2017 For the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease
Drug Trials Snapshot,  Chemistry Review(s) (PDF)
12. Ocrevus ocrelizumab 3/28/2017 To treat patients with relapsing and primary progressive forms of multiple sclerosis
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
11. Dupixent dupilumab 3/28/2017 To treat adults with moderate-to-severe eczema (atopic dermatitis)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
10. Zejula niraparib 3/27/2017 For the maintenance treatment for recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancers
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
9. Symproic naldemedine 3/23/2017

For the treatment of opioid-induced constipation
Drug Trials Snapshot

8. Bavencio avelumab 3/23/2017 To treat metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
7. Xadago safinamide 3/21/2017 To treat Parkinson’s disease
Press Release
Drug Trials SnapshotChemistry Review(s) (PDF)
6. Kisqali ribociclib 3/13/2017 To treat postmenopausal women with a type of advanced breast cancer
Drug Trials Snapshot
5. Xermelo telotristat ethyl 2/28/2017 To treat carcinoid syndrome diarrhea
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
4. Siliq brodalumab 2/15/2017 To treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
3. Emflaza deflazacort 2/9/2017 To treat patients age 5 years and older with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot
2. Parsabiv etelcalcetide 2/7/2017 To treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in adult patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
Drug Trials Snapshot
1. Trulance plecanatide 1/19/2017 To treat Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) in adult patients.
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

* This information is currently accurate. In rare instances, it may be necessary for FDA to change a drug’s new molecular entity (NME) designation or the status of its application as a novel new biologics license application (BLA).  For instance, new information may become available which could lead to a reconsideration of the original designation or status.  If changes must be made to a drug’s designation or the status of an application as a novel BLA, the Agency intends to communicate the nature of, and the reason for, any revisions as appropriate.

USFDA 2017
2017/12/21 Angiotensin II Giapreza La Jolla Pharmaceutical
2017/12/20 Ertugliflozin Steglatro Merck Sharp Dohme
2017/12/20 Macimorelin acetate Macrilen Aeterna Zentaris GmbH
2017/12/18 Netarsudil mesylate Rhopressa Aerie Pharmaceuticals
2017/12/11 Ozenoxacin Xepi Ferrer Internacional S.A.
2017/12/5 Semaglutide Ozempic Novo Nordisk Inc
2017/11/16 Emicizumab Hemlibra Genentech BLA
2017/11/15 Vestronidase alfa Mepsevii Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical BLA
2017/11/14 Benralizumab Fasenra AstraZeneca AB BLA
2017/11/8 Letermovir Prevymis Merck Sharp Dohme
2017/11/2 Latanoprostene bunod Vyzulta Bausch & Lomb Incorporated
2017/10/31 Acalabrutinib Calquence AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals LP
2017/9/28 Abemaciclib Verzenio Eli Lilly
2017/9/15 Secnidazole Solosec Symbiomix Therapeutics
2017/9/14 Copanlisib Aliqopa Bayer Healthcare Pharmaceuticals
2017/8/29 Benznidazole Chemo Research
2017/8/29 Meropenem – Vaborbactam Vabomere Rempex Pharmaceuticals
2017/8/17 Inotuzumab ozogamicin Besponsa Wyeth Pharmaceuticals BLA
2017/8/3 Glecaprevir – Pibrentasvir Mavyret AbbVie
2017/8/1 Enasidenib Idhifa Celgene Corporation
2017/7/18 Sofosbuvir – Velpatasvir – Voxilaprevir Vosevi Gilead Sciences
2017/7/17 Neratinib maleate Nerlynx Puma Biotechnology
2017/7/13 Guselkumab Tremfya Janssen Biotech BLA
2017/6/23 Betrixaban Bevyxxa Portola Pharmaceuticals
2017/6/19 Delafloxacin meglumine Baxdela Melinta Therapeutics
2017/5/22 Sarilumab Kevzara Sanofi Synthelabo BLA
2017/5/5 Edaravone Radicava Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma America
2017/5/1 Durvalumab Imfinzi AstraZeneca UK BLA
2017/4/28 Abaloparatide Tymlos Radius Health
2017/4/28 Midostaurin Rydapt Novartis Pharmaceuticals
2017/4/28 Brigatinib Alunbrig Ariad Pharmaceuticals
2017/4/27 Cerliponase alfa Brineura BioMarin Pharmaceutical BLA
2017/4/11 Valbenazine Ingrezza Neurocrine Biosciences
2017/4/3 Deutetrabenazine Austedo Teva Pharmaceuticals
2017/3/28 Ocrelizumab Ocrevus Genentech BLA
2017/3/28 Dupilumab Dupixent Regeneron Pharmaceuticals BLA
2017/3/27 Niraparib Zejula Tesaro
2017/3/23 Naldemedine tosylate Symproic Shionogi
2017/3/23 Avelumab Bavencio EMD Serono BLA
2017/3/23 Safinamide mesylate Xadago Newron Pharmaceuticals
2017/3/21 Ribociclib Kisqali Novartis Pharmaceuticals
2017/2/28 Telotristat ethyl Xermelo Lexicon Pharmaceuticals
2017/2/15 Brodalumab Siliq Valeant Pharmaceuticals BLA
2017/2/9 Deflazacort Emflaza Marathon Pharmaceuticals
2017/2/8 Etelcalcetide hydrochloride Parsavib KAI Pharmaceuticals
2017/1/19 Plecanatide Trulance Synergy Pharmaceuticals

1 Abaloparatide

RADIUS

str1

Tymlos

FDA 4/28/2017

To treat osteoporosis in postmenopausal women at high risk of fracture or those who have failed other therapies
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for AbaloparatideImage result for Abaloparatide

link……..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/02/13/abaloparatide-%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%BE%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B4-%D8%A3%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%88%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%8A%D8%AF-%E5%B7%B4%E7%BD%97%E6%97%81/

2 Abemaciclib

ELI LILLY

Verzenio abemaciclib FDA 9/28/2017 To treat certain advanced or metastatic breast cancers
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2015/10/19/abemaciclib-bemaciclib/

Image result for abemaciclibImage result for abemaciclib

3 Acalabrutinib

Calquence FDA APPROVED

10/31/2017

To treat adults with mantle cell lymphoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for AcalabrutinibImage result for AcalabrutinibImage result for Acalabrutinib

LINK……….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/02/02/acalabrutinib-acp-196-%D0%B0%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B1%D1%80%D1%83%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B1-%D8%A3%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A8-%E9%98%BF/

4 Angiotensin II

LA JOLLA

Giapreza angiotensin II 12/21/2017 To increase blood pressure in adults with septic or other distributive shock
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for angiotensin IIImage result for GIAPREZA

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/12/22/fda-approves-drug-giapreza-angiotensin-ii-to-treat-dangerously-low-blood-pressure/

5 AVELUMAB

MERCK

Image result for AVELUMABImage result for AVELUMAB

Bavencio FDA 3/23/2017 To treat metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/03/24/fda-approves-first-treatment-bavencio-avelumabfor-rare-form-of-skin-cancer/

6 BENRALIZUMAB

ASTRA ZENECA

Fasenra benralizumab

FDA 11/14/2017

For add-on maintenance treatment of patients with severe asthma aged 12 years and older, and with an eosinophilic phenotype
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for BENRALIZUMAB

7 Benznidazole

CHEMO RESEARCH

Image result for BENZNIDAZOLE

Image result for BENZNIDAZOLEImage result for BENZNIDAZOLE

benznidazole FDA

8/29/2017

To treat children ages 2 to 12 years old with Chagas disease
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/08/30/fda-approves-first-u-s-treatment-benznidazole-for-chagas-disease/

8 BETRIXABAN

PORTOLA PHARMA

Image result for betrixaban

Bevyxxa FDA

6/23/2017

For the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients hospitalized for an acute medical illness
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for betrixabanImage result for betrixaban

STR2STR1

LINK…….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2013/03/05/phase-3-portola-pharma-betrixaban-long-acting-oral-direct-factor-xa-inhibitor/

9 BRIGATINIB

Figure imgf000127_0001

TAKEDA

Image result for BRIGATINIBImage result for BRIGATINIB

Alunbrig FDA

4/28/2017

To treat patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who have progressed on or are intolerant to crizotinib
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/01/20/brigatinib-%D0%B1%D1%80%D0%B8%D0%B3%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B1-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%8A%D8%BA%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A8-%E5%B8%83%E6%A0%BC%E6%9B%BF%E5%B0%BC/

10 BRODALUMAB

VALEANT PHARMA

Siliq FDA

2/15/2017

To treat adults with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for BRODALUMAB

LINK ,,,,https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/02/16/fda-approves-new-psoriasis-drug-siliq-brodalumab/

11 CERLIPONASE ALFA

Image resultImage result for cerliponase alfaImage result for cerliponase alfa

Brineura FDA 4/27/2017 To treat a specific form of Batten disease
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/04/28/fda-approves-first-treatment-for-a-form-of-batten-disease-brineura-cerliponase-alfa/

12 Copanlisib

Aliqopa FDA APPROVED

9/14/2017

To treat adults with relapsed follicular lymphoma
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Copanlisib dihydrochloride.png

Image result for copanlisibImage result for copanlisib

LINK…..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/11/20/copanlisib/

13  DEFLAZACORT

MARATHON PHARMA

Image result for deflazacort

Emflaza FDA 2/9/2017 To treat patients age 5 years and older with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK……https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/02/17/deflazacort/

14 DELAFLOXACIN

Baxdela FDA APPROVED

6/19/2017

To treat patients with acute bacterial skin infections

Image result for delafloxacin

Image result for delafloxacinImage result for delafloxacin

LINK……..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/01/25/delafloxacin/

15 Deutetrabenazine

TEVA

Deutetrabenazine.svg

Image result for deutetrabenazineImage result for deutetrabenazineImage result for deutetrabenazine

LINK……………https://newdrugapprovals.org/2015/08/15/sd-809-deutetrabenazine-nda-submitted-by-teva/

Austedo FDA 4/3/2017 For the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease
Drug Trials Snapshot   Chemistry Review(s) (PDF)

STR1STR2str3

16 DUPILUMAB

SANOFI/REGENERON

Image result for DUPILUMABImage result for DUPILUMAB

Dupixent FDA 3/28/2017 To treat adults with moderate-to-severe eczema (atopic dermatitis)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/03/29/fda-approves-new-eczema-drug-dupixent-dupilumab/

17 DURVALUMAB

ASTRA ZENECA

Image result for DURVALUMAB

Imfinzi

durvalumab FDA 5/1/2017To treat patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma
Web Post
Drug Trials Snapshot

18 EDAVARONE

Image result for EDARAVONE

MITSUBISHI TANABE

Radicava FDA 5/5/2017 To treat patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for EDARAVONEImage result for EDARAVONE

LINK………https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/05/06/fda-approves-drug-to-treat-als-radicava-edaravone-%D1%8D%D0%B4%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B0%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%BD-%D8%A5%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%88%D9%86-%E4%BE%9D%E8%BE%BE%E6%8B%89%E5%A5%89/

19 EMICIZUMAB

ROCHE

Image result for EMICIZUMAB

Hemlibra emicizumab FDA 11/16/2017 To prevent or reduce the frequency of bleeding episodes in adult and pediatric patients with hemophilia A who have developed antibodies called Factor VIII (FVIII) inhibitors.
Press Release

Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/11/17/fda-approves-new-treatment-hemlibra-emicizumab-kxwh-to-prevent-bleeding-in-certain-patients-with-hemophilia-a/

Image result for EMICIZUMAB

20 Enasidenib

Enasidenib.png

Image result for EnasidenibImage result for Enasidenib

Idhifa FDA

8/1/2017

To treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for Enasidenib

LINK……https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/08/02/enasidenib-%D1%8D%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B1-%D8%A5%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A8-%E4%BC%8A%E9%82%A3%E5%B0%BC%E5%B8%83/

21 Ertugliflozin

MERCK

Image result for ERTUGLIFLOZIN

Steglatro ertugliflozin FDA

12/19/2017

To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/02/10/ertugliflozin/

Image result for ERTUGLIFLOZIN

22 ETELCALCETIDE

Amgen

Parsabiv FDA APPROVED

2/7/2017

To treat secondary hyperparathyroidism in adult patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis
Drug Trials SnapshotSYNTHESIS LINK……..https://cen.acs.org/articles/96/i4/the-year-in-new-drugs-2018.html

Image result for ETELCALCETIDEImage result for ETELCALCETIDE

SYNTHESIS LINK……..https://cen.acs.org/articles/96/i4/the-year-in-new-drugs-2018.html

23 GLECAPREVIR

ABBVIE

Image result for GLECAPREVIR

Mavyret glecaprevir and pibrentasvir FDA 8/3/2017 To treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/10/05/glecaprevir-abt-493/

Image result for GLECAPREVIRImage result for GLECAPREVIRImage result for GLECAPREVIR

24 GUSELKUMAB

JOHNSON AND JOHNSON

Tremfya

guselkumab

FDA 7/13/2017

For the treatment of adult patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for GUSELKUMABImage result for GUSELKUMAB

25 Inotuzumab ozogamicin

PFIZER

Image result for inotuzumab ozogamicin

Image result for inotuzumab ozogamicinImage result for inotuzumab ozogamicin

Besponsa FDA

8/17/2017

To treat adults with relapsed or refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2015/10/23/fda-grants-breakthrough-status-for-pfizers-leukaemia-drug-inotuzumab-ozogamicin/

26 LATANOPROSTENE

VALEANT

Image result for LATANOPROSTENE

latanoprostene bunod ophthalmic solution

FDA 11/2/2017

To treat intraocular pressure in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for LATANOPROSTENE

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/09/27/nicox-stock-leaps-on-positive-ph-iii-glaucoma-drug-data-%E8%8B%B1%E6%96%87%E5%90%8D%E7%A7%B0/

27 LETERMOVIR

MERCK

Image result for LETERMOVIR

Prevymis FDA 11/8/2017 To prevent infection after bone marrow transplant
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/05/16/letermovir-aic-246/

Image result for LETERMOVIRImage result for LETERMOVIR

 

28 Macimorelin acetate

AETERNA ZENTARIS

Macrilen macimorelin acetate FDA

12/20/2017

For the diagnosis of adult growth hormone deficiency
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/01/07/aeterna-zentaris-submits-new-drug-application-to-fda-for-macimorelin-acetate-aezs-130-for-evaluation-of-aghd-2/

 Image result for macimorelin acetate

29 MEROPENEM

Image result for MEROPENEM


30 MIDOSTAURIN

NOVARTIS

Image result for MIDOSTAURIN

Rydapt FDA

4/28/2017

To treat acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

STR1 STR2

LINK…….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/04/29/fda-approves-new-combination-treatment-for-acute-myeloid-leukemia-rydapt-midostaurin/

31 Naldemedine

FDA 3/23/2017, Symproic, For the treatment of opioid-induced constipation

Image result for naldemedine

Image result for naldemedineImage result for naldemedine

LINK……..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/01/24/naldemedine-%E3%83%8A%E3%83%AB%E3%83%87%E3%83%A1%E3%82%B8%E3%83%B3%E3%83%88%E3%82%B7%E3%83%AB%E9%85%B8%E5%A1%A9/

32 NERATINIB MALEATE

PUMA BIOTECH

Image result for NERATINIB

Image result for NERATINIBImage result for NERATINIBImage result for NERATINIB

Nerlynx FDA 7/17/2017 To reduce the risk of breast cancer returning
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/04/11/neratinib-hki-272-puma-presents-positive-results-from-phase-ii-trial-of-its-investigational-drug-pb272/

33 NETARSUDIL

Rhopressa FDA APPROVED

12/18/2017

To treat glaucoma or ocular hypertension

Image result for Netarsudil

Image result for Netarsudil

LINK……https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/01/29/netarsudil/

34 NIRAPARIB

TESARO

Zejula FDA 3/27/2017 For the maintenance treatment for recurrent epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal cancers
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Figure imgf000023_0001Image result for TESARO

Image result for NIRAPARIB

LINK…https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/12/22/niraparib-mk-4827/

35 OCRELIZUMAB

ROCHE

Ocrevus FDA 3/28/2017 To treat patients with relapsing and primary progressive forms of multiple sclerosis
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for ocrelizumabImage result for ocrelizumab

LINK..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/03/30/fda-approves-new-drug-to-treat-multiple-sclerosis-ocrevus-ocrelizumab/

36 OZENOXACIN

MEDIMETRIX

Image result for ozenoxacin

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/03/28/ozenoxacin-in-phase-3-topical-formulation-in-the-treatment-of-impetigo/

Image result for ozenoxacin

Xepi ozenoxacin FDA

12/11/2017

To treat impetigo
Drug Trials Snapshot

37 Pibrentasvir

ABBVIE

Image result for PIBRENTASVIR

Mavyret glecaprevir and pibrentasvir FDA 8/3/2017 To treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/06/08/abt-530-pibrentasvir/

Image result for PIBRENTASVIRImage result for PIBRENTASVIR

38 PLECANATIDE

Plecanatide 普卡那肽 ليكاناتيد плеканатид

SYNERGY PHARMA

Image result for PLECANATIDEImage result for PLECANATIDE

Trulance FDA APPROVED

1/19/2017

To treat Chronic Idiopathic Constipation (CIC) in adult patients.
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK ….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/04/21/plecanatide-%E6%99%AE%E5%8D%A1%E9%82%A3%E8%82%BD-%D9%84%D9%8A%D9%83%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%AA%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D0%BF%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B8%D0%B4/

39 RIBOCICLIB

NOVARTIS

2D chemical structure of 1374639-75-4

Structure..link for correct structure

Kisqali FDA 3/13/2017 To treat postmenopausal women with a type of advanced breast cancer
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for RIBOCICLIB

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2015/10/19/ribociclib/

40  SARILUMAB

SANOFI /REGENERON

Kevzara sarilumab FDA 5/22/2017 To treat adult rheumatoid arthritis
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2013/11/25/late-stage-success-for-sanofiregeneron-ra-drug-sarilumab/

Image result for SARILUMABImage result for SARILUMAB

41 SECNIDAZOLE

SYMBIOMIX

Secnidazole.svg

Solosec FDA 9/15/2017 To treat bacterial vaginosis
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for SECNIDAZOLE

link….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/11/03/secnidazole-%D1%81%D0%B5%D0%BA%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%BE%D0%BB-%D8%B3%D9%8A%D9%83%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%88%D9%84-%E5%A1%9E%E5%85%8B%E7%A1%9D%E5%94%91/

42 SAFINAMIDE

NEWRON PHARMA

Image result for safinamide

Image result for safinamideImage result for safinamide

STR1

Xadago FDA 3/21/2017 To treat Parkinson’s disease
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/03/22/fda-approves-drug-xadago-safinamide-%D1%81%D0%B0%D1%84%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%BC%D0%B8%D0%B4-%D8%B3%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%8A%D8%AF-%E6%B2%99%E9%9D%9E%E8%83%BA-to-treat-parkins/

43 Semaglutide

NOVO NORDISK

Image result for SEMAGLUTIDE

Ozempic semaglutide FDA

12/5/2017

To improve glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2013/07/22/a-survey-of-promising-late-stage-diabetes-drugs/

Image result for SEMAGLUTIDE

44 SOFOSBUVIR

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2013/12/11/us-approves-breakthrough-hepatitis-c-drug-sofosbuvir-all-about-drugs/

45 TELOTRISTAT ETHYL

LEXICON

LX1606 Hippurate.png

Xermelo FDA

2/28/2017

To treat carcinoid syndrome diarrhea
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for Lexicon Pharmaceuticals, Inc.STR1

46 VABORBACTAM

THE MEDICINES CO

Image result for Vaborbactam

Vabomere meropenem and vaborbactam FDA

8/29/2017

To treat adults with complicated urinary tract infections
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for VABOMERE

LINK     https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/09/05/vaborbactam-%D0%B2%D0%B0%D0%B1%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BA%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BC-%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%83%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%85-%E6%B3%95%E7%A1%BC%E5%B7%B4%E5%9D%A6/

47 VALBENAZINE

NEUROCRINE

Image result for valbenazine

Image result for VALBENAZINEImage result for VALBENAZINEImage result for VALBENAZINE

Ingrezza FDA

4/11/2017

To treat adults with tardive dyskinesia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK…………..https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/04/12/fda-approves-first-drug-ingrezza-valbenazine-to-treat-tardive-dyskinesia/

48 Vestronidase alfa-vjbk

ULTRAGENYX

Mepsevii vestronidase alfa-vjbk FDA 11/15/2017 To treat pediatric and adult patients with an inherited metabolic condition called mucopolysaccharidosis type VII (MPS VII), also known as Sly syndrome.
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

Image result for vestronidase alfa-vjbkImage result for vestronidase alfa-vjbk

LINK…https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/11/16/fda-approves-mepsevii-vestronidase-alfa-vjbk-for-treatment-for-rare-genetic-enzyme-disorder/

49 VELPATASVIR

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/07/30/velpatasvir-gs-5816-gilead-sciences-%D0%B2%D0%B5%D0%BB%D0%BF%D0%B0%D1%82%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B2%D0%B8%D1%80-%D9%81%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%B1-%E7%BB%B4%E5%B8%95/

50 VOXILAPREVIR

GILEAD

Image result for VOXILAPREVIR

Image result for VOXILAPREVIR

Vosevi sofosbuvir, velpatasvir and voxilaprevir FDA 7/18/2017 To treat adults with chronic hepatitis C virus
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/07/19/voxilaprevir-%D9%81%D9%88%D9%83%D8%B3%D9%8A%D9%84%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B1%D9%8A%D9%81%D9%8A%D8%B1-%E4%BC%8F%E8%A5%BF%E7%91%9E%E9%9F%A6-%D0%B2%D0%BE%D0%BA%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%BF%D1%80%D0%B5%D0%B2/

SECTION B; EMA approvals

European Medicines Agency’s – Human medicines: Highlights of 2017

Advances in medicines authorizations are essential for public health as they have the potential to improve treatment of diseases. In 2017, EMA recommended 92 medicines for marketing authorization. Of these, 35 had a new active substance, which has never been authorized in the European Union (EU) before. Many of these medicines represent a significant improvement in their therapeutic areas; they include medicines for children, for rare diseases and advanced therapies42. Amongst the 35 new active substances (NAS) that EMA recommended, 11 were new drugs and biologics to treat cancer, 05 to treat neurological disorders, 04 for infectious diseases, 04 for immunology/rheumatology, 03 for endocrinology, 02 each for Uro-nephrology, haematology, and dermatology, 01 for Pneumonology, and 01 for hepatology/gastroenterology class of drugs.

STR1 STR2 str3 str4 str5

STR1 STR2

EUROPE

2017/11/16 Niraparib Zejula Tesaro UK Limited O NME
2017/11/10 Adalimumab Cyltezo Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH B
2017/11/10 Miglustat Miglustat Gen.Orph Gen.Orph G
2017/11/10 Ritonavir Ritonavir Mylan MYLAN S.A.S G
2017/11/10 Padeliporfin Tookad STEBA Biotech S.A
2017/11/10 Guselkumab Tremfya Janssen-Cilag International N.V. BLA
2017/9/27 Dupilumab Dupixent sanofi-aventis groupe BLA
2017/9/21 Darunavir / Cobicistat / Emtricitabine / Tenofovir alafenamide Symtuza Janssen-Cilag International N.V.
2017/9/21 Atezolizumab Tecentriq Roche Registration Limited BLA
2017/9/18 Avelumab Bavencio Merck Serono Europe Limited O BLA
2017/9/18 Entecavir Entecavir Mylan Mylan S.A.S G
2017/9/18 Lacosamide Lacosamide Accord Accord Healthcare Ltd G
2017/9/18 Midostaurin Rydapt Novartis Europharm Ltd O NME
2017/9/18 Telotristat ethyl Xermelo Ipsen Pharma O NME
2017/9/5 Trientine Cuprior GMP-Orphan SA
2017/9/5 Efavirenz / Emtricitabine / Tenofovir disoproxil Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir disoproxil Mylan Mylan S.A.S G
2017/8/24 Tivozanib hydrochloride monohydrate Fotivda EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited NME
2017/8/24 Adalimumab Imraldi Samsung Bioepis UK Limited (SBUK) B
2017/8/24 Nitisinone Nitisinone MDK (previously Nitisinone MendeliKABS) MendeliKABS Europe Ltd G
2017/8/22 Ribociclib Kisqali Novartis Europharm Ltd NME
2017/8/22 Cladribine Mavenclad Merck Serono Europe Limited
2017/7/26 Glecaprevir / Pibrentasvir Maviret AbbVie Limited NME
2017/7/26 Sofosbuvir / Velpatasvir / Voxilaprevi Vosevi Gilead Sciences International Ltd NME
2017/7/19 Insulin lispro Insulin lispro Sanofi sanofi-aventis groupe B
2017/7/19 Patiromer sorbitex calcium Veltassa Vifor Fresenius Medical Care Renal Pharma France NME
2017/7/17 Efavirenz / Emtricitabine / Tenofovir disoproxil Efavirenz/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir disoproxil Zentiva Zentiva k.s. G
2017/7/17 Brodalumab Kyntheum LEO Pharma A/S BLA
2017/7/17 beclometasone / formoterol / glycopyrronium bromide Trimbow Chiesi Farmaceutici S.p.A.
2017/7/13 Rituximab Blitzima Celltrion Healthcare Hungary Kft. B
2017/7/13 Cariprazine Reagila Gedeon Richter
2017/7/10 Spheroids of human autologous matrix-associated chondrocytes Spherox CO.DON AG
2017/7/6 Cenegermin Oxervate Dompe farmaceutici s.p.a. O BLA
2017/6/29 Inotuzumab ozogamicin Besponsa Pfizer Limited O BLA
2017/6/23 Etanercept Erelzi Sandoz GmbH
2017/6/23 Sarilumab Kevzara Sanofi-Aventis Groupe NME
2017/6/23 Dimethyl fumarate Skilarence Almirall S.A
2017/6/23 Carglumic acid Ucedane Lucane Pharma G
2017/6/15 Rituximab Rixathon, Riximyo B Sandoz GmbH
2017/6/2 Pentosan polysulfate sodium Elmiron bene-Arzneimittel GmbH
2017/6/2 Nonacog beta pegol Refixia Novo Nordisk A/S BLA
2017/5/30 Cerliponase alfa Brineura BioMarin International Limited O E BLA
2017/5/30 Nusinersen Spinraza Biogen Idec Ltd O NME
2017/5/24 Meningococcal group b vaccine (recombinant, adsorbed) Trumenba Pfizer Limited
2017/5/22 Ivabradine Ivabradine Accord Accord Healthcare Ltd G
2017/5/8 Dinutuximab beta Dinutuximab beta Apeiron Apeiron Biologics AG O E
2017/4/28 Emtricitabine – tenofovir disoproxil mixt Emtricitabine/Tenofovir disoproxil Krka d.d. KRKA, d.d., Novo mesto G
2017/4/24 Parathyroid hormone Natpar Shire Pharmaceuticals Ireland Ltd O C BLA
2017/4/20 Edoxaban Roteas Daiichi Sankyo Europe GmbH
2017/3/22 Tofacitinib citrate Xeljanz Pfizer Limited NME
2017/3/20 Umeclidinium Rolufta GlaxoSmithKline Trading Services Limited
2017/3/3 Chlormethine Ledaga Actelion Registration Ltd. O
2017/2/27 Pregabalin Pregabalin Zentiva Zentiva k.s. G
2017/2/17 Rituximab Truxima Celltrion Healthcare Hungary Kft. B
2017/2/13 Etanercept Lifmior Pfizer Limited
2017/2/13 Baricitinib Olumiant Eli Lilly Nederland B.V. NME
2017/1/19 Mercaptamine Cystadrops Orphan Europe S.A.R.L. O
2017/1/18 Bezlotoxumab Zinplava Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited NME
2017/1/11 Teriparatide Movymia STADA Arzneimittel AG B
2017/1/11 Insulin glargine / lixisenatide Suliqua Sanofi-Aventis Groupe
2017/1/9 Insulin aspart Fiasp Novo Nordisk A/S
2017/1/9 Tadalafil Tadalafil Mylan S.A.S G
2017/1/9 Tenofovir alafenamide Vemlidy Gilead Sciences International Ltd
2017/1/4 Lonoctocog alfa Afstyla CSL Behring GmbH BLA
2017/1/4 Darunavir Darunavir Mylan Mylan S.A.S. G
2017/1/4 Insulin glargine Lusduna Merck Sharp & Dohme Limited B
2017/1/4 Teriparatide Terrosa Gedeon Richter Plc. B

SECTION B; EMA Approvals

Combined drugs  USFDA+EMA +PMDA  list are listed below. trying to simplify search

1 Abaloparatide   USFDA

2 Abemaciclib  USFDA

3 ACALABRUTINIB USFDA

3A ALOFISEL        EMA

3B AMENAMEVIR  JAPAN

4 ANGIOTENSIN II USFDA

4A Atezolizumab            EMA

5 AVELUMAB      USFDA+EMA

6 BENRALIZUMAB     USFDA+EMA

6A BARICITINIB   JAPAN

7 BENZNIDAZOLE USFDA

8 BETRIXABAN USFDA

9 BRIGATINIB USFDA

10 BRODALUMAB    USFDA+EMA

10A BUROSUMAB           EMA

10B CARIPRAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE        EMA

11 CERLIPONASE ALPA    USFDA+EMA

12 COPANLISIB USFDA

13 DEFLAZACORT USFDA

14 Delafloxacin USFDA

15 Deutetrabenazine USFDA

16DUPILUMAB    USFDA+EMA

17 DURVALUMAB   USFDA

18 EDAVARONE   USFDA

19 EMICIZUMAB USFDA

20 Enasidenib USFDA

21 ERTUGLIFLOZIN USFDA

22 ETELCALCETIDE USFDA

22A FORODESINE   JAPAN

22B FLUCICLOVINE  EMA

23 GLECAPREVIR    USFDA+EMA

24 GUSELKUMAB    USFDA+EMA

25 INOTUZUMAB OZOGAMICIN     USFDA+EMA

26 LATANOPROSTENE USFDA

27 LETERMOVIR    USFDA+EMA

27A Utetium lu 177 dotatate        EMA

28 MACIMORELIN ACETATE USFDA

29 MEROPENEM USFDA

30 MIDOSTAURIN     USFDA+EMA

31 NALDEMEDINE USFDA

32 NERATINIB USFDA

33 NETARSUDIL USFDA

34 NIRAPARIB    USFDA+EMA

34A NONACOG        EMA

34B NUCINERSEN        EMA   +Japan

35 Ocrelizumab    USFDA+EMA

35A OXERVATE         EMA

36 OZENOXACIN USFDA

36A PATIROMER        EMA

36B PADELIPORFIN        EMA

36C PEMAFIBRATE  JAPAN

37 PIBRENTASVIR     USFDA+EMA

38 PLECANATIDE USFDA

38A PRALATREXATE    JAPAN

39 RIBOCICLIB      USFDA+EMA

39A ROLAPITANT         EMA

39BRURLOCTOCOG        EMA

40  SARILUMAB    USFDA+EMA

41 SECNIDAZOLE USFDA

42 SAFINAMIDE USFDA

43 SEMAGLUTIDE    USFDA+EMA

43A SODIUM ZIRCONIUM CYCLOCYLICATE        EMA

44 SOFOSBUVIR    USFDA+EMA

44A SPHEROX       EMA

45 TELOTRISTAT ETHYL    USFDA+EMA

45A TIVOZANIB        EMA

45B TOFACITINIB      EMA

45C TRUMENBA        EMA

46 VABORBACTAM USFDA

47 VALBENAZINE  USFDA

48 VESTRONIDASE ALFA-VJBK USFDA

49 VELPATASVIR    USFDA+EMA

50 VOXILAPREVIR     USFDA+EMA

Drugs EMA list missed out in usfda list

3A ALOFISEL

link………https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/03/02/alofisel-darvadstrocel-cx-601/

4A Atezolizumab

WILL BE UPDATED

10A BUROSUMAB

WILL BE UPDATED

10B CARIPRAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE

WILL BE UPDATED

22B FLUCICLOVINE

Image result for FLUCICLOVINE

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/05/28/fda-approves-new-diagnostic-imaging-agent-fluciclovine-f-18-to-detect-recurrent-prostate-cancer/

SEE EMA

Axumin : EPAR – Summary for the public EN = English 06/07/2017

http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/medicines/human/medicines/004197/human_med_002100.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058001d124

Marketing-authorisation holder Blue Earth Diagnostics Ltd
Revision 0
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union 22/05/2017

Contact address:

Blue Earth Diagnostics Ltd
215 Euston Road
London NW1 2BE
United Kingdom

27A Lutetium lu 177 dotatate

WILL BE UPDATED

34A NONACOG

WILL BE UPDATED

34B NUCINERSEN

EMA AND JAPAN 2017 APPROVED

Nusinersen sodium colored.svg

Image result for Nusinersen sodium

LINK …….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/03/14/nusinersen-sodium-%E3%83%8C%E3%82%B7%E3%83%8D%E3%83%AB%E3%82%BB%E3%83%B3%E3%83%8A%E3%83%88%E3%83%AA%E3%82%A6%E3%83%A0/

35A OXERVATE

WILL BE UPDATED

36A PATIROMER

WILL BE UPDATED

36B PADELIPORFIN

img

NAME Tookad
AGENCY PRODUCT NUMBER EMEA/H/C/004182
ACTIVE SUBSTANCE padeliporfin di-potassium
INTERNATIONAL NON-PROPRIETARY NAME(INN) OR COMMON NAME padeliporfin
THERAPEUTIC AREA Prostatic Neoplasms
ANATOMICAL THERAPEUTIC CHEMICAL (ATC) CODE L01XD07
ADDITIONAL MONITORING This medicine is under additional monitoring. This means that it is being monitored even more intensively than other medicines. For more information, see medicines under additional monitoring.
MARKETING-AUTHORISATION HOLDER STEBA Biotech S.A
REVISION 0
DATE OF ISSUE OF MARKETING AUTHORISATION VALID THROUGHOUT THE EUROPEAN UNION 10/11/2017

Contact address:

STEBA Biotech S.A
7 place du theatre
L-2613 Luxembourg
Luxembourg

Image result for PADELIPORFIN

38A PRALATREXATE 

Pralatrexate.png

Japan approved 2017

2017/7/3 PMDA JAPAN Pralatrexate Difolta Mundipharma NME

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/03/16/pralatrexate-%E3%83%97%E3%83%A9%E3%83%A9%E3%83%88%E3%83%AC%E3%82%AD%E3%82%B5%E3%83%BC%E3%83%88/

39A ROLAPITANT

WILL BE UPDATED

39B RURLOCTOCOG

WILL BE UPDATED

 43A SODIUM ZIRCONIUM

WILL BE UPDATED

 44A SPHEROX

WILL BE UPDATED

45A TIVOZANIB

Image result for TIVOZANIB EMAImage result for TIVOZANIB EMA

Pharmacotherapeutic group

Antineoplastic agents

Therapeutic indication

Fotivda is indicated for the first line treatment of adult patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and for adult patients who are VEGFR and mTOR pathway inhibitor-naïve following disease progression after one prior treatment with cytokine therapy for advanced RCC.

Treatment of advanced renal cell carcinoma

Fotivda : EPAR -Product Information

http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/medicines/human/medicines/004131/human_med_002146.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058001d124

http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/EPAR_-_Public_assessment_report/human/004131/WC500239035.pdf

str6

Tivozanib is synthesized in three main steps using well defined starting materials with acceptable
specifications.
Adequate in-process controls are applied during the synthesis. The specifications and control methods for
intermediate products, starting materials and reagents have been presented. The critical process
parameters are duly justified, methodology is presented and control is adequate.
The characterisation of the active substance and its impurities are in accordance with the EU guideline on
chemistry of new active substances. Potential and actual impurities were well discussed with regards to
their origin and characterised.
The active substance is packaged in a low-density polyethylene (LDPE) bag which complies with the EC
directive 2002/72/EC and EC 10/2011 as amended.

Product details

Name Fotivda
Agency product number EMEA/H/C/004131
Active substance tivozanib
International non-proprietary name(INN) or common name tivozanib hydrochloride monohydrate
Therapeutic area Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Anatomical therapeutic chemical (ATC) code L01XE

Publication details

Marketing-authorisation holder EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited
Revision 0
Date of issue of marketing authorisation valid throughout the European Union 24/08/2017

Contact address:

EUSA Pharma (UK) Limited
Breakspear Park, Breakspear Way
Hemel Hempstead, HP2 4TZ
United Kingdom

LINK………https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/02/26/tivozanib-%E3%83%86%E3%82%A3%E3%83%9C%E3%82%B6%E3%83%8B%E3%83%96%E5%A1%A9%E9%85%B8%E5%A1%A9%E6%B0%B4%E5%92%8C%E7%89%A9/

45B TOFACITINIB

WILL BE UPDATED

45C TRUMENBA

WILL BE UPDATED

SECTION C JAPANFORODOS

STR1

SECTION C  New Drugs JAPAN

https://www.pmda.go.jp/english/review-services/reviews/approved-information/drugs/0002.html

STR1

STR1

STR2

JAPAN 2017

2017/9/27 Avelumab (genetical recombination) Bavencio Merck Serono BLA
2017/9/27 Glecaprevir – pibrentasvir mixt Maviret Abbvie NME
2017/9/27 Daratumumab (genetical recombination) Darzalex Janssen Pharmaceutical BLA
2017/9/27 Belimumab (genetical recombination) Benlysta GlaxoSmithKline BLA
2017/9/27 Bezlotoxumab (genetical recombination) Zinplava MDS BLA
2017/9/27 Palbociclib Ibrance Pfizer NME
2017/9/27 Lonoctocog alfa (genetical recombination) Afstyla CSL Behring BLA
2017/9/27 Rupatadine fumarate Rupafin Teikoku seiyaku NME
2017/9/27 Sarilumab (genetical receombination) Kevzara Sanofi BLA
2017/9/27 Flutemetamol (18F) Vizamyl Nihon Medi-Physics NME
2017/7/3 Nusinersen sodium Spinraza Biogen Japan
2017/7/3 Romidepsin Istodax Celgene NME
2017/7/3 Pralatrexate Difolta Mundipharma NME
2017/7/3 Amenamevir Amenalief Maruho NME
2017/7/3 Baricitinib Olumiant Lilly NME
2017/7/3 Pemafibrate Parmodia Kowa NME
2017/3/30 Human prothrombin complex, freeze-dried concentrated Kcentra CSL Behring
2017/3/30 Ixazomib citrate Ninlaro Takeda NME
2017/3/30 Forodesine hydrochloride Mundesine Mundipharma
2017/3/30 Aflibercept beta (genetical recombination) Zaltrap Sanofi
2017/3/30 Hydromorphone hydrochloride Narusus, Narurapid DaiichiSankyo-pp
2017/3/30 Naldemedine tosylate Symproic Shionogi NME
2017/3/30 Guanfacine hydrochloride Intuniv Shionogi

3B AMENAMEVIR

Originally developed by Astellas, the drug was licensed to Maruho. Amenamevir treats herpes zoster by inhibiting the activity of the helicase-primer enzyme during viral DNA replication and blocking the virus’s proliferation.

Amenalief® is an oral film-coated tablet containing 200 mg of amenamevir per tablet. Recommended dose of 1 day, 400mg each time, after meals.

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/03/12/amenamevir-%E3%82%A2%E3%83%A1%E3%83%8A%E3%83%A1%E3%83%93%E3%83%AB/

22A FORODESINE HYDROCHLORIDE

LINK  https://newdrugapprovals.org/2018/03/06/forodesine-hydrochloride/

6A BARICITINIB   JAPAN

Originally developed by Incyte, Baricitinib was later licensed to and for sale by Lilly under the trade name Olumiant®. Baricitinib is an irreversible inhibitor of Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) and Janus kinase 2 (JAK2). Olumiant® is approved for the treatment of mild to moderate rheumatoid arthritis in adult patients who are not responsive or intolerant to other anti-arthritic drugs. This product can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate.

Olumiant® is a film-coated tablet containing 2 mg or 4 mg per tablet. Recommended oral dose is 4mg daily, with meals or fasting food, you can take any time period.

2017/7/3PMDA   Baricitinib Olumiant Lilly

LINK https://newdrugapprovals.org/2013/06/17/lilly-and-partner-incyte-corp-have-presented-more-promising-data-on-their-investigational-jak-inhibitor-baricitinib-for-rheumatoid-arthritis/

36C PEMAFIBRATE 

LINK   https://newdrugapprovals.org/2016/04/24/pemafibrate/

SECTION D

CDSCO INDIA


http://www.cdsco.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=2034&Id=11 http://www.cdsco.nic.in/forms/list.aspx?lid=2034&Id=11

str1


 

KEEP WATCHING UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND WILL BE PASTED SOON………………………………………..

KEEP WATCHING UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND WILL BE PASTED SOON………………………………………..

KEEP WATCHING UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND WILL BE PASTED SOON………………………………………..

KEEP WATCHING UNDER CONSTRUCTION AND WILL BE PASTED SOON………………………………………..

REFERENCES

http://www.ema.europa.eu/ema/index.jsp?curl=pages/news_and_events/news/2018/01/news_detail_002886.jsp&mid=WC0b01ac058004d5c1

http://www.ema.europa.eu/docs/en_GB/document_library/Report/2018/01/WC500242079.pdf

“NEW DRUG APPROVALS” CATERS TO EDUCATION GLOBALLY, No commercial exploits are done or advertisements added by me. This is a compilation for educational purposes only. P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent

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Anthony Melvin Crasto Dr.

amcrasto@gmail.com

I , Dr A.M.Crasto is writing this blog to share the knowledge/views, after reading Scientific Journals/Articles/News Articles/Wikipedia. My views/comments are based on the results /conclusions by the authors(researchers). I do mention either the link or reference of the article(s) in my blog and hope those interested can read for details. I am briefly summarising the remarks or conclusions of the authors (researchers). If one believe that their intellectual property right /copyright is infringed by any content on this blog, please contact or leave message at below email address amcrasto@gmail.com. It will be removed ASAP

////////EMA APPROVALS, USFDA Approvals, ACALABRUTINIBAVELUMABBETRIXABANBRODALUMABCOPANLISIBDEFLAZACORTDelafloxacinDeutetrabenazineDUPILUMABETELCALCETIDENaldemedineNETARSUDILNIRAPARIBOcrelizumabPLECANATIDERIBOCICLIBSAFINAMIDETELOTRISTAT ETHYL, VALBENAZINE, CERLIPONASE, BRIGATINIB, MIDOSTAURIN, Abaloparatide, BENZNIDAZOLENERATINIBinotuzumab ozogamicinEnasidenib, LETERMOVIR, GLECAPREVIR, PIBRENTASVIR, VOXILAPREVIR, SOFOSBUVIR, EDAVARONE, abemaciclib, ANGIOTENSIN II, VESTRONIDASE, macimorelin acetate, ERTUGLIFLOZIN, SEMAGLUTIDE, EMICIZUMAB, eu 2017, fda 2017, BENRALIZUMAB, DURVALUMAB, GUSELKUMAB, LATANOPROSTENE, OZENOXACIN, SARILUMAB, SECNIDAZOLE, BENRALIZUMAB, TIVOZANIB, SARILUMAB, FLUCICLOVINE, 

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Betrixaban


N-(5-chloropyridin-2-yl)-2-([4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoyl]amino)-5-methoxybenzamide

Betrixaban:PRT-54021, PRT-021, MK-4448, PRT-054021

N- (5- chloro-2-pyridyl) -2 – [[4 – [(dimethylamino) methyl] benzoyl] amino] -5 – methoxy – benzamide

CAS 330942-05-7

MW 451.91, C23H22ClN5O3

Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)

Millennium INNOVATOR

Takeda Pharmaceutical Co Ltd

Lee’s Pharmaceutical Holdings (Hong Kong) Ltd; Portola Pharmaceuticals Inc…DEVELOPERS

Ever since post was written now, FDA approval on June 23rd, 2017

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved betrixaban for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adults hospitalized for an acute medical illness who are at risk for thromboembolic complications (related to limited mobility or other risk factors for VTE). Betrixaban is now the fifth FDA-approved oral anticoagulant on the market.

The decision was based on data from the phase III APEX trial, a double-blind, international study that randomized 7,513 patients to receive either extended-duration betrixaban (betrixaban 160 mg orally on day 1, then 80 mg daily for 35 to 42 days, followed by a placebo injection once-daily for 6 to 14 days) or short-duration enoxaparin (enoxaparin 40 mg subcutaneously once-daily for 6 to 14 days followed by an oral placebo pill once-daily for 35 to 42 days).

Image result for betrixabanImage result for betrixabanImage result for betrixaban

Patients in the betrixaban arm experienced fewer VTE events, a composite outcome score of asymptomatic or symptomatic proximal deep vein thrombosis, non-fatal pulmonary embolism, or VTE-related death: 4.4 percent versus 6 percent (relative risk = 0.75, 95% CI 0.61-0.91).

Fifty-four percent of betrixaban-treated patients experienced at least one adverse event (AE), compared with 52 percent of those on enoxaparin. The most common AEs (observed in ≥5% of patients) associated with betrixaban were bleeding-related, and bleeding was the most common reason for treatment discontinuation.

UNII-28Z3021TMU.png

Betrixaban maleate

CAS 936539-80-9,

Molecular Weight, 567.98, Molecular Formula, C23H22ClN5O3 . C4H4O4

(2Z)-but-2-enedioic acid; N-(5-chloropyridin-2-yl)-2- [4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzamido]-5- methoxybenzamide

Image result for betrixabanImage result for betrixaban

STR2STR1

STR1

STR2STR1

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/nda/2017/208383Orig1s000ChemR.pdf

FDA approval on June 23rd, 2017. FDA approved betrixaban (BEVYXXA, Portola) for the prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult patients”

Image result for betrixaban

Image result for betrixaban

Image result for betrixabanImage result for betrixaban

血栓新药Bevyxxa(betrixaban,贝曲西班)的合成_syntheticfuture_新浪博客

新浪博客690 × 529Search by image

血栓新药Bevyxxa(betrixaban,贝曲西班)的合成
str6

Conversion of the carboxylic acid compound S-1 to the acid chloride followed by reaction with the aminopyridine S-2 gives the amide compound, which is subsequently hydro-reduced to give the compound S-4 . Dimethylamine in the presence of a strong base to deprotonated proton nitrile compound to obtain amidine compounds S-6 , hydrolysis ester group to give carboxylic acid compound S-7 . S-7 and S-4 resulted in Bevyxxa ( betrixaban ) with the participation of the condensation reagent EDC .

Synthetic route reference: WO2011084519A1

STR1STR2str3str4

Betrixaban, a factor Xa (FXa) inhibitor, is chemically described as N-(5-chloropyridin-2-yl)-2[4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)-benzoylamino]-5-methoxybenzamide maleate. Its molecular formula (as maleate salt) is C27H26ClN5O7, which corresponds to a molecular weight of 567.98. Betrixaban (maleate salt) has the following structural formula:

BEVYXXA™ (betrixaban) Structural Formula Illustration

BEVYXXA capsules are available for oral administration in strengths of 80 mg and 40 mg of betrixaban with the following inactive ingredients: dextrose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate, and a hard gelatin capsule.

Patents

  1. US8557852
  2. US6376515
  3. US8691847
  4. US9629831
  5. US9555023
  6. US8404724
  7. US8987463
  8. US7598276
  9. US6835739
  10. US8518977

FDA Orange Book Patents

FDA Orange Book Patents: 1 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 6376515
Expiration Sep 15, 2020
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 2 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 6835739
Expiration Sep 15, 2020
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 3 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 9555023
Expiration Nov 7, 2026
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 4 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 9629831
Expiration Sep 15, 2020
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 5 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 7598276
Expiration Nov 8, 2026
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 6 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 8404724
Expiration Mar 29, 2031
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 7 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 8518977
Expiration Sep 15, 2020
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 8 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 8557852
Expiration Sep 8, 2028
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 9 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 8691847
Expiration Sep 15, 2020
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
FDA Orange Book Patents: 10 of 10 (FDA Orange Book Patent ID)
Patent 8987463
Expiration Dec 28, 2030
Applicant PORTOLA PHARMS INC
Drug Application
  1. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)
  2. N208383 (Prescription Drug: BEVYXXA. Ingredients: BETRIXABAN)

////////

PHASE 3  for Venous Thromboembolism (VTE)

Patents CN1391555A, CN102336702A, CN101595092A, CN102762538A

Portola Pharmaceuticals, under license from Takeda (formerly known as Millennium Pharmaceuticals), is developing betrixaban (was reported to be in phase III in November 2015), for treating venous thrombosis

In October 2015, betrixaban was granted Fast Track designation by the FDA for extended-duration prevention of VTE or blood clots in acute medically ill patients

Betrixaban (INN, codenamed PRT-054,021) is an anticoagulant drug which acts as a direct factor Xa inhibitor.[1] It is potent, orally active and highly selective for factor Xa, being selected from a group of similar compounds for its low hERG affinity.[2] Betrixaban has undergone human clinical trials for prevention of embolism after knee surgery,[3] and prevention of stroke following atrial fibrillation,[4] with promising results.[5] Betrixaban is currently being studied in a human clinical trial for extended duration thromboprophylaxis to prevent venous thromboembolism in acute medically ill patients.[6] Joint development with Portola was discontinued in 2011 by Merck.[7] Betrixaban is now being developed by Portola Pharmaceuticals.

Long-acting, oral, direct Factor Xa Inhibitor

Description

Betrixaban is an oral small molecule anticoagulant that directly inhibits the activity of Factor Xa, an important validated target in the blood coagulation pathway.

Key Characteristics

Betrixaban has been specifically designed for chronic, once-a-day treatment. It has a half-life that supports true, once-daily dosing and a low peak-to-trough drug concentration ratio that minimizes anticoagulant variability. Betrixaban is primarily eliminated unchanged in the bile and has been studied in patients with all degrees of renal function, including those with severe renal impairment (excluding dialysis patients). Betrixaban is minimally metabolized through the Cytochrome 450 enzyme system, which may result in low potential for CYP-related drug interactions. Betrixaban is reversible with PRT4445, a universal Factor Xa inhibitor antidote that Portola is developing as a companion product.

Potential Indications

Treatment or prevention of life-threatening blood clots (venous thromboembolism; VTE) in acute medically ill patients.

Clinical Development

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01583218
COMPLETION-August 2014

http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01583218

APEX Study

Portola has initiated its pivotal Phase 3 APEX Study to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of betrixaban for extended duration venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis for up to 35 days in acute medically ill patients with restricted mobility and certain risk factors. This randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, multicenter, multinational study will compare a once-daily dose of 80 mg of betrixaban for a total of 35 days (including both in the hospital and after discharge) with in-hospital administration of 40 mg of enoxaparin once daily for 6 to 14 days followed by placebo. The global study is expected to enroll approximately 6,850 patients at more than 400 study sites throughout the world. The primary objective of the trial is to demonstrate the superiority of betrixaban as compared to the current standard of care in the reduction of VTE-related events at 35 days while maintaining a favorable benefit to risk profile.

The APEX study is adequately powered to show a clinically relevant benefit with a p-value of less than 0.01 on the primary endpoint of total asymptomatic proximal DVT (as detected by ultrasound), symptomatic DVT (proximal or distal), non-fatal pulmonary embolism and VTE-related death. The first patient was enrolled in March 2012.

The safety and tolerability of betrixaban for stroke prevention was evaluated in 508 patients with atrial fibrillation in the Phase 2 EXPLORE-Xa dose-ranging study. Results were presented during a late-breaking session at the American College of Cardiology’s 59th Annual Scientific Session in March 2010. The data showed that a once-daily dose of oral betrixaban, given to patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter and at least one risk factor for stroke, reduced the incidence of major and clinically relevant non-major bleeds compared to dose-adjusted warfarin. In August 2010, additional pharmacodynamic data from a pre-specified analysis of EXPLORE-Xa showed a concentration dependent relationship and provided further evidence for the anticoagulant activity of betrixaban across all three doses studied in the clinical trial. The additional pharmacodynamic analysis provides information for dose selection for Phase 3 evaluation of betrixaban.

In 2007, positive top-line results from EXPERT were published in The Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis. This randomized, multi-center, Phase 2 in-hospital efficacy and safety study of the prevention of VTE compared betrixaban with enoxaparin in 215 patients undergoing knee replacement surgery.

Portola Pharmaceuticals

Betrixaban (INN, codenamed PRT-054,021) is an anticoagulant drug which acts as a direct factor Xa inhibitor.[1] It is potent, orally active and highly selective for factor Xa, being selected from a group of similar compounds for its low hERG affinity.[2] Betrixaban has undergone human clinical trials for prevention of embolism after knee surgery,[3] and prevention of stroke following atrial fibrillation,[4] with promising results.[5]

b1

b2

 

Patent Document CN1391555A first discloses a preparation method (see Scheme 1):

Figure CN104693114AD00042

 

CN101595092A  (See Scheme 2).

Figure CN104693114AD00051

 

Patent Document CN102762538A  (see Scheme 3).

[0013]

Figure CN104693114AD00061

 

 

CN104693114

Machine translated from chinese please bear with names

http://www.google.com/patents/CN104693114A?cl=en

Figure CN104693114AD00071

 

Preparation Example 1 shell song in Spanish

Figure CN104693114AD00111

  Under stirring, temperature 15 ~ 20 ° C, was added dropwise 2mol / L tetrahydrofuran solution of isopropylmagnesium chloride (available commercially available) 308ml (0 • 615mol, 5eq) to 2mol / L dimethylamine THF Solution (commercially available can) 339ml (0.677mol, 5. 5eq) to give dimethylamine reaction solution.

  Under stirring, temperature 15 ~ 20 ° C, the compound of formula II 50. 0g (0 123mol, leq.) Was mixed with 500ml of tetrahydrofuran, was added dropwise the above-described reaction solution of dimethylamine; After the addition continued at 25 The reaction was stirred for ~ 30 ° C, the progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After completion of the reaction, at 15 ~ 20 ° C, the reaction solution was added to about 2mol L hydrochloric acid solution 700ml / in hydrochloric acid and then adjusting the pH to 2-3; concentrated under reduced pressure and the organic solvent was evaporated, filtered and concentrated liquid The precipitated solid, the filter cake washed with an appropriate amount of water; the filter cake was mixed by stirring with 500ml of acetone, the pH adjusted with triethylamine to 7-8; filtered; the cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure to give Pui Spanish song 45. 5g. . Yield: 82 0%; HPLC purity: 98.9%, of which 0.05% dechlorinated impurities VIII, IX desmethyl impurities were not detected.

Take the above Tony Qu Spanish 45.0g, at about 70 ° C under stirring dissolved in N, N- dimethylacetamide 180ml, a toluene solution of 360ml; cooling crystallization, filtration, the filter cake washed with an appropriate amount of acetone at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure; the resulting song Tony Spanish HPLC purity 99.7%.

(+) LC-MS: m / z = 452 ([M + H] +). Che NMR (400MHz, DMS0-d6) S:…. 2 96 (s, 6H), 3 83 (s, 3H), 7. 06-7 09 (dd, 1H), 7. 55-7 59 ( m, 3H), 7. 80-7. 83 (dd, 1H), 8. 21-8. 23 (d, 1H), 8. 27-8. 30 (d, 2H), 8. 37-8. 40 (d, 1H), 8. 41-8. 43 (d, 1H), 10. 54 (br., 2H).

Preparation Example 2 Tony Qu Spanish maleate

  Under stirring, temperature 0 ~ 5 ° C, dropping 2mol isopropyl magnesium chloride in tetrahydrofuran / L (available commercial available) 105ml (0 • 21mol, 8. 4eq) twenty methylamine hydrochloride 8. 91g (0 • llmol, 4. 4eq) in tetrahydrofuran 60ml of the suspension, the reaction solution obtained dimethylamine.

  Under stirring, temperature 0 ~ 5 ° C, the compound of formula II 10. 0g (0 025mol, leq.) Was mixed with 100ml of tetrahydrofuran, and then dropping the above reaction liquid dimethylamine; After the addition continued 10 The reaction was stirred for ~ 15 ° c, the progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After completion of the reaction, at 10 ~ 15 ° C, the reaction solution was added to an aqueous solution of 45g and 100ml dubbed maleic acid solution; the organic solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and concentrated, filtered concentrate precipitated solid cake was washed with the right amount of water washing. Cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure to give Tony Qu Spanish maleate 12.lg. . Yield: 85 4%; HPLC purity: 98.6%, which is 0.03% dechlorinated impurities VIII, IX desmethyl impurities were not detected.

Take the above shellfish Spanish song maleate 10. 0g, at about 70 ° C under stirring dissolved in a mixed solvent of ethanol 50ml and 25ml of water, dropping water 150ml; cooling crystallization, filtration, the filter cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure; the resulting song Tony Spanish maleate HPLC purity 99.9%.

: HNMR (400MHz, DMS〇-d6) 8: 3. 25 (s, 3H), 3. 32 (s, 3H), 3. 87 (s, 3H), 6. 02 (s, 2H) , 7. 19-7. 21 (dd, 1H), 7. 44-7. 45 (1H), 7. 75-7. 77 (d, 2H), 7. 97-9. 98 (d, 2H) , 8. 08-8. 13 (m, 3H), 8. 44-8. 45 (d, 1H), 9. 01 (br., 1H), 9. 37 (br., 1H), 11.04 (s , 1H), 11. 13 (s, 1H).

Preparation Example 3 Tony Spanish song of [0075] Example

  Under stirring, temperature 25 ~ 30 ° C, isopropylmagnesium chloride in tetrahydrofuran was added dropwise a solution of 2mol / L (available commercially available) 81ml (0 • 161mol, 7eq) to 2mol / L dimethylamine THF Solution (commercially available can) 121ml (0 • 242mol, 10. 5eq) to give dimethylamine reaction solution.

Under stirring, temperature 25 ~ 30 ° C, the hydrochloride salt of a compound of formula II 10. 0g (0 023mol, leq.) Was mixed with 100ml of tetrahydrofuran, was added dropwise the above-described reaction solution of dimethylamine; After the addition was complete The reaction continued stirring at 25 ~ 30 ° C, the progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After completion of the reaction, at 15 ~ 20 ° C, the reaction solution was added to about 2mol L hydrochloric acid solution 210ml / in hydrochloric acid and then adjusting the pH to 2-3; concentrated under reduced pressure and the organic solvent was evaporated, filtered and concentrated liquid The precipitated solid, the filter cake washed with an appropriate amount of water; the filter cake with 90ml acetone was stirred and mixed, the pH adjusted with triethylamine to 7-8; filtration; cake was 45 ~ 50 ° C and dried under reduced pressure to give Pui Qu Spanish 8. 35g. Yield: 80.5%. HPLC purity: 98.7%, which is 0.03% dechlorinated impurities VIII, IX desmethyl impurities were not detected.

Preparation Example 4 shellfish Spanish song hydrochloride

  Under stirring, temperature 15 ~ 20 ° C, dropping lmol / n-amyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran solution (which can be commercialized available) 75ml (0 • 075mol, 3eq) to 2mol / L of dimethyl L amine in tetrahydrofuran (commercially available can) 56ml (0 • 113mol, 4. 5eq) to give dimethylamine reaction solution.

Under stirring, temperature 15 ~ 20 ° C, the compound of formula II 10. 0g (0 025mol, leq.) Was mixed with 100ml of tetrahydrofuran, was added dropwise the above-described reaction solution of dimethylamine; After the addition continued at 25 The reaction was stirred for ~ 30 ° C, the progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After completion of the reaction, at 15 ~ 20 ° C, the reaction solution was added to about 2mol L hydrochloric acid solution 100ml / in hydrochloric acid and then adjusting the pH to 2-3; concentrated under reduced pressure and the organic solvent was evaporated, filtered and concentrated liquid The precipitated solid, the filter cake washed with an appropriate amount of water. Cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure to give Tony Qu Spanish hydrochloride 10.lg, yield:. 82 9%; HPLC purity: 99.0%, which is 0.02% dechlorination impurity VIII, from A impurities IX was not detected.

  Take the above shellfish Spanish song hydrochloride 10. 0g, at about 70 ° C under stirring dissolved in N, N- dimethylacetamide 40ml, a toluene solution of 80ml; cooling crystallization, filtration, cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C and dried under reduced pressure; the resulting song Tony Spanish hydrochloride HPLC purity 99.8%.

Preparation 5 shellfish Spanish song of [0082] Example

Under stirring, temperature 0 ~ 5 ° C, dropping lmol / diethyl zinc toluene solution of L (available commercially oriented) 50ml (0. 050mol, 2eq) to 2mol / L dimethylamine tetrahydrofuran (commercially available can) 28ml (0. 055mol, 2. 2eq) to give dimethylamine reaction solution.

  Under stirring, temperature 0 ~ 5 ° C, the compound of formula II 10. 0g (0 025mol, leq.) Was mixed with 100ml of tetrahydrofuran, and then dropping the above reaction liquid dimethylamine; After dropping 5 continues The reaction was stirred for ~ 10 ° C, the progress of the reaction was monitored by HPLC. After completion of the reaction, in the next 5 ~ 10 ° C, the reaction mixture was added to about 2mol L dilute hydrochloric acid solution 70ml / in hydrochloric acid and then adjusting the pH to 2-3; concentrated under reduced pressure and the organic solvent was evaporated, filtered and concentrated liquid The precipitated solid, the filter cake was washed successively with a suitable amount of water; the filter cake with acetone l〇〇ml mixing, the pH adjusted with triethylamine to 7-8; filtered; the cake at 40 ~ 45 ° C under reduced pressed and dried to give Tony Qu Spanish 9. 03g. . Yield: 80 1%; HPLC purity: 99.0%, which is 0.02% dechlorinated impurities VIII, IX desmethyl impurities were not detected.

  Preparation of compounds of Formula II Preparation Example 1

Methoxy-2-nitro – (5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl) -5 – benzamide (compound V) Preparation of [0086] (1) N-

Figure CN104693114AD00131

  with stirring at room temperature, 5-methoxy-2-nitrobenzoic acid (Compound VI, can be commercially available) 250g (1. 27mol, leq) and 2-amino-5-chloropyridine (Compound VII .) 163g (l 27mol, leq) was suspended in 1700ml of acetonitrile, pyridine 301g (3 81mol, 3eq), and then phosphorus oxychloride was added dropwise 231g (l 52mol, 1 2eq);… After stirring for 1 hour the reaction 3500ml water quenching crystallization; the filter cake was washed with water 1700mlX2; dried under reduced pressure to obtain compound V349g.

  (2) 2-Amino -N- (5- chloro – pyridin-2-yl) -5-methoxy – benzamide (compound IV) is prepared

Figure CN104693114AD00132

  with stirring at room temperature, the N- (5- chloro – pyridin-2-yl) -5-methoxy-2-nitro – benzamide (Compound V) 300g (0 • 977mol, 1.Oeq) 3000ml was dissolved in acetic acid, and iron powder was added portionwise 546g (9 77mol, 10eq.); After the addition of iron stirring was continued for 3 hours, and then ethyl acetate and water 6000ml 3000ml, liquid separation; the aqueous phase was separated 3000mlX2 extracted with ethyl acetate; combined organic phases were washed with water, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate, saturated sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give compound IV244g.

(3) N- (5- chloro – pyridin-2-yl) -2- (4-cyano – benzoyl – amino) -5-methoxy – benzamide (compound II) is prepared

Figure CN104693114AD00141

at 10 ~ 20 ° C, a solution of a compound of formula IV 200g (0 • 72mol, 1.Oeq) and triethylamine 109g (1. 08mol, 1. 5eq) 2000ml dissolved in tetrahydrofuran, to which was added dropwise to cyano benzoyl chloride (compound III, commercially available technology) 130g (0 79mol, 1.leq.) and tetrahydrofuran solution dubbed 1000ml, HPLC monitoring progress of the reaction; after the reaction was filtered, the filter cake washed with an appropriate amount of ethanol, dried under reduced pressure to obtain compound II263g. HPLC purity: 98.7%.

  (+) LC-MS: m / z = 407 ([M + H] +). Insect NMR (400MHz, DMS0-d6) S:… 3 85 (s, 3H), 7 16-7 .19 (dd, 1H), 7. 39-7 41 (d, 1H), 7. 93- 7. 96 (d, 2H), 8. 02-8. 04 (m, 4H), 8. 13-8. 14 (d, 2H), 8. 42-8. 43 (d, 1H), 11. 06 (br. 2H).

Example 2 Preparation of the hydrochloride salt of the compound of formula II

  at 10 ~ 20 ° C, a solution of a compound of formula IV 40. 0g (0 • 14mol, 1.Oeq) was dissolved in 400ml of tetrahydrofuran, a solution of cyanobenzoyl chloride (Compound III, can be commercialized available) 24 8g (0 15mol, 1.leq) and tetrahydrofuran solution 200ml dubbed, HPLC monitoring progress of the reaction;.. After the reaction was filtered, the filter cake washed with ethanol and after an appropriate amount, and dried under reduced pressure to obtain a compound of formula II hydrochloride . HPLC purity: 99.5%.

 

 WO 2015176591

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Example 1: Preparation of Spanish Preparation and Form A half-L- malic acid shellfish song

At 55 ~ 60 ℃, the shellfish song Spanish 6.0g (13.3mmol), L- malic acid 1.1g (8.0mmol) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran 70mL / water 7mL mixed solvent acetone was added with stirring 60mL, cooled to room temperature, Crystallization. Precipitated solid was filtered, and the resulting solid at 40 ~ 45 ℃ vacuum dried to give half L- malic acid shellfish Spanish song.

1H NMR(400MHz,MeOD)δ:2.355-2.419(dd,0.5H),2.735-2.781(dd,0.5H),3.226(s,6H),3.907(s,3H),4.302-4.326(dd,0.5H),7.195-7.224(dd,1H),7.448-7.455(d,1H),7.744-7.764(d,2H),7.821-7.849(dd,1H),8.145-8.165(d,2H),8.196-8.219(d,1H),8.238-8.261(d,1H),8.323-8.329(d,1H)。

Above 1 H-NMR results, δ: 3.907 (s, 3H) attributed to shellfish Spanish song molecule methyl CH 3 , 4.302-4.326 (dd, 0.5H) attributed to L- malic acid molecule methine CH , you can determine the song title product in shellfish Spanish and L- malic acid molar ratio of 2: 1.

PATENT

http://www.google.com.na/patents/EP2101760A2?cl=en

Example 2

Preparation of the compound of Formula II

a. Gram scale preparation A slurry of the compound of Formula F (455 g, 1.0 eq.) in THF (4.67 kg,

10.3 parts) was prepared and adjusted to <10 0C. Lithium dimethyl amide was prepared as follows :hexyllithium (2.3 N/hexane, 2.45 L, 5.5 eq.) was added to dimethylamine solution (2 N/THF, 2.8 L, 5.5 eq.) maintaining <10 0C. The lithium dimethyl amide solution was charged into the slurry containing the compound of Formula F keeping the pot temperature of <10 0C. The reaction progress was monitored by in-process HPLC which confirmed that the amount of Formula F was <1.0 A%. A buffer solution of NaHCO3 (490 g, 1.1 parts, 5.7 eq.) and Na2CO3 (490 g, 1.1 parts, 4.5 eq.) in deionized water (6.6 kg, 14.51 parts) was prepared, and the above reaction mixture was transferred to this aqueous solution maintaining < 5 0C. The product precipitated out and the resulting slurry was adjusted to 20 0C over a period of 12 hr. The solid was filtered, and the resulting wet cake was washed with 3.5 kg (7.7 parts) of deionized water. The solid was filtered off using a coarse frit glass bench filter, and rinsed forwarded with cold (0-5 0C) absolute ethanol (628 g, 1.4 parts). The product was dried at 30-35 0C. Dry product was obtained in 458 g (73% yield). b. Kilogram scale preparation A slurry of the compound of Formula F (31.5 kg, 1.0 eq.) in THF (251 kg,

8.0 parts) was prepared in a 780 L Hastelloy reactor (Reactor A) and adjusted to 0 0C (-3 to 3 0C). 2 M Dimethylamine in THF (161.0 kg, 5.0 eq.) and THF (63 kg, 2 parts) were charged into a 1900 L GLMS reactor (Reactor B) and adjusted to 0 0C (-3 to 3 0C) with maximum agitation. Hexyllithium (2.3 M, 97.2 kg, 4.5 eq.) was slowly charged to Reactor B while maintaining a max temperature of 10 0C. The pump and lines were rinsed forward to Reactor B with THF (3.2 kg). The Reactor B contents were adjusted to 0 0C (-3 to 3 0C), then transferred to Reactor A while keeping Reactor A temperature < 10 0C. The Reactor B pump and lines were rinsed forward with THF (31.4 kg, 1.0 part). The Reactor A contents were adjusted to 0 0C (-3 to 3 0C), and agitated at this temperature until the reaction was complete as verified by HPLC (1-2 hrs). After about 1 hr of agitation, in-process HPLC analysis indicated that 0 A% starting material remained (in-process criteria: max 1 A%). Reactor A contents were adjusted to -5 0C (-8 to -3 0C). In-process cleaning of Reactor B with water was performed. Two previously prepared aqueous solutions (NaHCO3 (35.0 kg, 1.1 parts) in water (236 kg, 7.5 parts), and Na2CO3 (35.0 kg 1.1 parts) in water (236 kg, 7.5 parts))were charged to Reactor B and adjusted to -3 0C (0 to 6 0C). Reactor A contents were transferred to Reactor B through an insulated line, maintaining the temperature of Reactor B at -8 0C to a maximum of 5 0C. The Reactor A pump and lines were rinsed forward with cold [-5 0C (-8 to -3 0C)] THF (31.4 kg, 1.0 part). Reactor B contents were adjusted to 22 0C (19-25 0C) and agitated for ca. 3 hrs. Slurry formation was visually confirmed, and Reactor B contents were filtered onto a 30″ centrifuge fitted with a filter cloth. The Reactor B pump and lines were rinsed forward onto the 30″ centrifuge fitted with a filter cloth with drinking water (63 kg, 2 parts). The wet filter cake (66.5 kg) was transferred back to Reactor B and submitted to a slurry wash in drinking water (1005 kg, 32 parts) at 22 0C (19-25) 0C for ca. 1 hr. The product was filtered onto the 30″ centrifuge (after in-process cleaning and fitting with a filter cloth), and the Reactor B lines and pump were rinsed forward with drinking water (63 kg, 2 parts). The water rinse was sampled for test by TDS, which was found to be 0.46%. The Reactor B pump, lines and wet filter cake were further rinsed with cold [0 0C (-3 to 3 0C)] ethanol (44 kg, 1.39 parts). The wet filter cake was dried under vacuum with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 35 0C. In-process LOD was 0% after ca. 24 hrs of drying, and the product was discharged (24.8 kg) in 76.7% yield. HPLC showed 98 % purity, with dechlorinated impurity at 1.14 %. Example 3

Preparation of the compound of Formula F Step 1. Synthesis of 2-nitro-N-(5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methoxy-benzamide (C)

5-Methoxy-2-nitrobenzoic acid (A) (25.0 kg, 1.0 eq.), 2-amino-5- chloropyridine (B) (16.3 kg, 1.0 eq.), and acetonitrile (87.5 kg, 3.5 parts) were charged to a 380 L GLMS reactor. The reaction mixture was adjusted to 22 0C (19-25 0C) and anhydrous pyridine (30.0 kg, 3.0 eq.) was added. The pump and lines were rinsed forward with acetonitrile (22.5 kg, 0.9 parts), and the reactor contents were adjusted to a temperature of 19-22 0C. Phosphorous oxychloride (23.3 kg, 1.20 eq.) was charged to the contents of the reactor via a metering pump, while maintaining a temperature of 25 0C (22-28 0C). The metering pump and lines were rinsed forward with acetonitrile (12.5 kg, 0.5 parts), while keeping the temperature at 25 0C (22-28 0C). The reaction mixture normally turned from a slurry to a clear solution after the addition of about 1/3 of the POCI3. At the end of the addition, it became turbid. After complete addition, the reaction mixture was agitated at 25 0C (22-28 0C) for ca. 1 hr, at which time HPLC analysis confirmed reaction completion. The solution was cooled to 15 0C (12-18 0C) and drinking water (156.3 kg, 6.25 parts) was charged slowly while keeping reaction temperature of between 12 and 30 0C. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to 22 0C (19-25 0C) and agitated for ca. 5 hrs until exotherm ceased. Formation of a slurry was visually confirmed and the contents of the reactor were filtered onto a pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, and lines were washed forward onto the pressure nutsche with two portions of drinking water (62.5 kg, 2.5 parts each). The filtrate had a pH value of 7. The product (41.8 kg) was dried under vacuum with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 50 0C. After ca. 12 hrs, in-process LOD analysis indicated a solvent content of 0.72%. The dry product (C) was discharged (34.4 kg) with 88.2% yield and 99.1 % purity by HPLC. Step 2. Synthesis of 2-amino-N-(5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methoxy-benzamide (D)

To a 780 L Hastelloy reactor, compound C (33 kg, 1.0 eq.), 5% platinum carbon (sulfided, 0.33 kg, 0.010 parts) and dichloromethane (578 kg, 17.5 parts) were charged. Agitation was started and reactor contents were adjusted to 22 0C (19-25 0C). The reactor was pressurized with ca. 30 psi hydrogen and the reaction mixture gently heated to 28 0C (25-31 0C). Hydrogenation of the reactor contents was performed under ca. 30 psi at 28 0C (25 to 31 0C; maximum 31 0C) until the reaction was complete by HPLC. After 16.5 hrs, the reaction was deemed complete after confirming the disappearance of starting material (0.472 A%). The contents of the reactor were circulated through a conditioned celite pad (0.2-0.5 kg celite conditioned with 20-55 kg dichloromethane) prepared in a 8″ sparkler filter to remove the platinum catalyst. The reactor and celite bed were rinsed forward with two portions of dichloromethane (83 kg, 2.5 parts each). The filtrate was transferred to and concentrated in a 570 L GLMS reactor under a atmospheric pressure to ca. 132 L (4 parts volume). Ethanol (69 kg, 2.1 parts) was charged and concentration continued under atmospheric pressure to ca. 99 L (3 parts volume). In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 39%. Ethanol (69 kg, 2.1 parts) was charged again and concentration continued again to ca. 99 L (3 parts volume). In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 5%. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to 3 0C (0 to 6 0C), agitated for ca. 1 hr, and the resulting slurry filtered onto a jacketed pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, and lines were rinsed forward with cold [3 0C (0-6 0C)] ethanol (26 kg, 0.8 parts). The wet filter cake (36.6 kg) was dried under vacuum at 40-50 0C with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 50 0C. LOD analysis after 12.5 hrs indicated solvent content was at 0.1%. The dry product (D) was discharged (26.4 kg) in 89.5% yield. HPLC showed 98.4 A% purity, with dechlorinated impurity at 0.083 %. Step 3. Synthesis of N-(5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-2-(4-cyano-benzoyl-amino)-5-methoxy- benzamide Hydrochloride (F)

To a 780 L Hastelloy reactor, was charged 4-cyanobenzoyl chloride (E)

(17.2 kg, 1.1 eq.) and THF (92 kg, 3.5 parts). Reactor contents were agitated at 22 0C (19- 25 0C) until all of the solids had dissolved. The resulting solution was transferred to a lower receiver and the reactor was rinsed forward with THF (26 kg, 1 part). Compound D (26.4 kg, 1 eq.), THF (396 kg, 15 parts) and pyridine (2.90 kg, 0.4 eq.) were charged to a clean reactor. The pump and lines were rinsed forward with THF (34 kg, 1.3 parts). Via a metering pump, the 4-cyanobenzoyl chloride/THF solution was charged to the reactor, keeping the temperature at < 30 0C and rinsing forward with THF (ca. 10 kg). The resulting yellow-colored slurry was agitated at 22 0C (19-25 0C) for ca 2 hrs. In-process HPLC taken after 2 hrs showed a compound of Formula D content of 0%, indicating completion of the reaction. The slurry was filtered onto a pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, lines and wet cake were rinsed with three portions of ethanol (ca. 15 kg each). The wet filter cake was discharged (65.4 kg) and transferred back to the reactor for slurry wash in ethanol (317 kg, 12 parts) at 22 0C (19-25 0C) for ca. 1 hr. The slurry was filtered onto the pressure nutsche and the reactor, pump, lines, and wet filter cake were rinsed with two portions of ethanol (ca. 15 kg each) and two portions of THF (ca. 15 kg each). The wet filter cake was dried under vacuum with a maximum temperature of warm glycol bath (to heat the dryer jacket) of 40 0C. After 14.5 hrs of drying, LOD was 0.75%. The dried material was milled (screen 0.125″) to give 31.8 kg of product, which was dried under vacuum for another 10.5 hrs. LOD after drying was 1.8%, and the product was discharged (31.5 kg) in 74.8% yield (expected 60-90%). HPLC showed 100 % purity.

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2011084519A1?cl=en

U.S. Patent No. 6,376,515 B2 discloses a class of benzamide based compounds as specific factor Xa inhibitors. In particular, U.S. Patent No. 6,376,515 B2 describes a compound identified as Example 206, which is also disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 6,835,739 B2 as Example 206 and herein identified as betrixaban, which has the chemical formula of Formula I:

 

 

 

Scheme 1

Example 1: Preparation of betrixaban

[0113] Dimethylformamide (13L) and hydrochloride (18 mL) were charged into a reactor. Compound B (1 kg) was added followed by Compound A (0.88 kg).

Compound A is commercially available or, just as with Compound B may be prepared using the methods described in Examples 4 and 5. The reaction mixture was cooled between 0 °C and -10 °C. EDC (0.752 kg) was added while maintaining the temperature between -10 °C and 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred until the content of

Compound B is below 0.10% area by HPLC. The reaction mixture was stirred until betrixaban started to crystallize. Acetone (26 L) was then added during a period of at least 1 hr while the temperature was maintained at between -10 °C and 0 °C. The suspension was then stirred for additional 2 hrs at a temperature of between 0 °C and 10 °C. The suspension was filtered and washed with cold acetone to give a wet product betrixaban. Example 2: Preparation of a maleate salt of betrixaban

[0114] The wet betrixaban obtained above was reacted with maleic acid (0.52 x weight of maleic acid/weight of dry betrixaban) in ethanol (22.4 x volume of

liquid/weight of dry betrixaban (v/w)) and purified water (5.7 x v/w) to form a betrixaban maleate salt. The solution of the betrixaban maleate salt was filtered and concentrated under vacuum until a final volume of 5.7 x v/w. Water (2 x v/w) was then added and the mixture was back concentrated until the same volume. The procedure of adding water and distil until a final volume of 5.7 x v/w was carried out until the molar ratio between the content of ethanol and the content of betrixaban maleate salt in the mixture was lower than, or equal to, 6. Betrixaban maleate salt crystallized during the removal of ethanol. The suspension was cooled to a temperature between 19 °C and 25 °C and stirred for not less than 2 hours at this temperature range. Betrixaban maleate salt was isolated by filtration, washed with water and dried under vacuum at a maximum temperature of 40 °C until the content of water was lower than, or equal to, 0.5 % w/w by Karl-Fisher. The purity of the maleate salt was determined to be greater than 99 % by HPLC. The betrixaban maleate isolated was in a crystalline form A which was concluded based on IR, DSC and XRPD results obtained, see Figures 3-5, respectively. The major peaks of XRPD pattern of crystalline form A are also listed in Table 2. Table 2: Betrixaban Form A XRPD Peak °2-Theta (2Θ0)

Example 3: Synthesis of 2-nitro-N-(5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methoxy-benzamide (C)

D E C

[0115] 5-Methoxy-2-nitrobenzoic acid (D) (25.0 kg, 1.0 eq.), 2-amino-5- chloropyridine (E) (16.3 kg, 1.0 eq.), and acetonitrile (87.5 kg) were charged to a 380 L glass-lined reactor. The reaction mixture was adjusted to 22 °C (19-25 °C) and anhydrous pyridine (30.0 kg, 3.0 eq.) was added. The pump and lines were rinsed forward with acetonitrile (22.5 kg), and the reactor contents were adjusted to a temperature of 19-22 °C. Phosphorous oxychloride (23.3 kg, 1.20 eq.) was charged to the contents of the reactor via a metering pump, while maintaining a temperature of 25 °C (22-28 °C). The metering pump and lines were rinsed forward with acetonitrile (12.5 kg), while keeping the temperature at 25 °C (22-28 °C). The reaction mixture normally turned from a slurry to a clear solution after the addition of about 1/3 of the POCI3. At the end of the addition, it became turbid. After complete addition, the reaction mixture was agitated at 25 °C (22- 28 °C) for ca. 1 hr, at which time HPLC analysis confirmed reaction completion. The solution was cooled to 15 °C (12-18 °C) and water (156.3 kg) was charged slowly while keeping reaction temperature of between 12 and 30 °C. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to 22 °C (19-25 °C) and agitated for ca. 5 hrs until exotherm ceased. Formation of a slurry was visually confirmed and the contents of the reactor were filtered onto a pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, and lines were washed forward onto the pressure nutsche with two portions of water (62.5 kg). The filtrate had a pH value of 7. The product (41.8 kg) was dried under vacuum with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 50 °C. After ca. 12 hrs, in-process LOD analysis indicated a solvent content of 0.72%. The dry product (C) was discharged (34.4 kg) with 88.2% yield and 99.1 % purity by HPLC.

Exam le 4. Synthesis of 2-amino-N-(5-chloro-pyridin-2-yl)-5-methoxy-benzamide

Process A

[0116] To a 780 L Hastelloy reactor, Compound C (33 kg, 1.0 eq.), 5%> platinum carbon (sulfided, 0.33 kg) and dichloromethane (578 kg) were charged. Agitation was started and reactor contents were adjusted to 22 °C (19-25 °C). The reactor was pressurized with ca. 30 psi hydrogen and the reaction mixture gently heated to 28 °C (25-31 °C). Hydrogenation of the reactor contents was performed under ca. 30 psi at 28 °C (25 to 31 °C; maximum 31 °C) until the reaction was complete by HPLC. After 16.5 hrs, the reaction was deemed complete after confirming the disappearance of starting material (0.472 A%). The contents of the reactor were circulated through a conditioned Celite™ (diatomaceous earth; Celite Co., Santa Barbara, Ca.) pad (0.2-0.5 kg Celite™ conditioned with 20-55 kg dichloromethane) prepared in a 8″ sparkler filter to remove the platinum catalyst. The reactor and Celite™ bed were rinsed forward with two portions of dichloromethane (83 kg). The filtrate was transferred to and concentrated in a 570 L glass-lined reactor under an atmospheric pressure to ca. 132 L. Ethanol (69 kg) was charged and concentration continued under atmospheric pressure to ca. 99 L. In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 39%. Ethanol (69 kg) was charged again and concentration continued again to ca. 99 L. In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 5%. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to 3 °C (0 to 6 °C), agitated for ca. 1 hr, and the resulting slurry filtered onto a jacketed pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, and lines were rinsed forward with cold [3 °C (0-6 °C)] ethanol (26 kg. The wet filter cake (36.6 kg) was dried under vacuum at 40-50 °C with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 50 °C. LOD analysis after 12.5 hrs indicated solvent content was at 0.1%. The dry product (B) was discharged (26.4 kg) in 89.5% yield. HPLC showed 98.4 A% purity, with dechlorinated impurity at 0.083 %.

Process B

[0117] To a 780 L Hastelloy reactor, Compound C (33 kg, 1.0 eq.), 5%> platinum carbon (sulfided, 0.33 kg) and dichloromethane (578 kg) were charged. Agitation was started and reactor contents were adjusted to 22 °C (19-25 °C). The reactor was pressurized with ca. 30 psi hydrogen and the reaction mixture gently heated to 26 °C (21 to 31 °C). Hydrogenation of the reactor contents was performed under ca. 30 psi at 26 °C (21 to 31 °C; maximum 31 °C) until the reaction was complete by HPLC. After 16.5 hrs, the reaction was deemed complete after confirming the disappearance of starting material (0.472 A%). The contents of the reactor were circulated through a conditioned Celite™ pad (0.2-0.5 kg Celite™ conditioned with 20-55 kg dichloromethane) prepared in a 8″ sparkler filter to remove the platinum catalyst. The reactor and Celite™ bed were rinsed forward with two portions of dichloromethane (83 kg). The filtrate was transferred to and concentrated in a 570 L glass-lined reactor under vacuum and a maximum temperature of 45 °C to ca. 132 L. Ethanol (69 kg) was charged and concentration continued under vacuum and a maximum temperature of 45 °C to ca. 132 L. In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 39%. Ethanol (69 kg) was charged again and concentration continued again to ca. 132 L. In-process NMR indicated that the dichloromethane content was 5%. The reaction mixture was then adjusted to 3 °C (0 to 6 °C), agitated for ca. 1 hr, and the resulting slurry filtered onto a jacketed pressure nutsche fitted with a filter cloth. The reactor, pump, and lines were rinsed forward with cold [3 °C (0-6 °C)] ethanol (26 kg. The wet filter cake (36.6 kg) was dried under vacuum at 40-50 °C with a maximum temperature of water bath (to heat dryer jacket) of 50 °C. LOD analysis after 12.5 hrs indicated solvent content was at 0.1%. The dry product (B) was discharged (26.4 kg) in 89.5% yield. HPLC showed 98.4 A% purity, with dechlorinated impurity at 0.083 %.

Example 5. Synthesis of 4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoic acid (A)

Process A

Step 1: Amidine Formation

[0118] To a tetrahydrofuran solution of 2M dimethylamine, 2.3M hexane solution of hexyllithium was slowly added over a period of at least three (3) hours while maintaining the temperature at between -8°C and -12°C. This solution was added to the tetrahydrofuran solution of ethyl-4-cyanobenzoate (F) while maintaining the temperature between -8°C and -12°C. The completion of the reaction was confirmed by HPLC, and the solution temperature was adjusted to between -8°C and 3°C. The reaction mixture was slowly added to the cold solution of aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution and the desired ethyl-4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoate (G) was extracted with ethyl acetate. The ethyl acetate layer was dried, filtered and evaporated under vacuum to afford ethyl-4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoate (G) as a white solid.

Step 2: Hydrolysis of ester

[0119] To a THF solution of ethyl -4(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoate (G) was added an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide (2 eq.) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 6 hr. The completion of the reaction was confirmed by HPLC. To the reaction mixture was added water, followed by extraction with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 6N HCI to pH between 3-4 at which point the desired 4-(N,N- dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoic acid precipitated as the white solid. The white solid isolated was washed with hexane to afford 4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoic acid as an hydrochloride salt (A).

Process B:

Step 1: Ester Formation

[0120] To a methanolic solution of 4-cyanobenzoic acid was added concentrated sulfuric acid and refluxed the reaction for at least 12 hours. The completion of the reaction was confirmed by HPLC. The solution was cooled and the solvent was evaporated. To the residue was added ethyl acetate followed by washing with 10 % sodium hydroxide solution. The ethyl acetate layer was dried, filtered and evaporated to give desired 4-methyl cyanobenzoate as a white solid.

Step 2: Dimethylamidine formation

[0121] A stream of HCI (gas) was bubbled through a 0 °C solution of 4-methyl cyanobenzoate (1 mmol) in 50 mL of ethanol until saturation. The mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight and evaporated to afford compound P. The resulting residue was treated with dimethylamine hydrochloride (0.15 eq.) in 20 mL ethanol at reflux temperature for 4 hours. The solvent was removed at reduced pressure and the residue was washed with hexane to afford desired product Q as a light yellow solid.

Step 3: Ester hydrolysis

[0122] To a THF solution of ethyl-4(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoate (Q) was added an aqueous solution of lithium hydroxide (2 eq.) and the reaction mixture was stirred for 6 hours. The completion of the reaction was confirmed by HPLC. To the reaction mixture was added water, followed by extraction with ethyl acetate. The aqueous layer was acidified with 6N HC1 to pH between 3-4 at which point the desired 4- (N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoic acid precipitated as the white solid. The white solid isolated was washed with hexane to afford 4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoic acid as an hydrochloride salt (A).

Example 6: Preparation of betrixaban, free base

[0123] To 100 mL round bottom flask, was added compound B (2.0 g, obtained as in Example 4), compound A (1.98 g, obtained as in example 5), 20 mL N,N- dimethylacetamide. The reaction mixture was stirred briefly so as to dissolve most of the solid, then con. HC1 (36 microliters) was added. To this thin slurry add EDC HCl (1.8 g total, Aldrich) in 3 portions, 0.6 g each, 20 min apart. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours for complete reaction. [0124] To this reaction was added 2.3 g sodium carbonate solution in 10 mL water while the batch was cooled with water bath to keep the batch temperature 22-30 °C. Vigorous agitation was required to keep the batch well mixed. Then 10 mL water was added. The batch was stirred at 22-25 °C for 30 min. After a slurry was formed, 20 mL more water was added. The batch was stirred at 22 °C for 1 hour. The batch was filtered and the wet cake was washed with 3×5 mL water, then 5 mL acetone. The cake was dried on the funnel by suction. The weight of the dry cake is 2.95 g -2.92 g which is the crude betrixaban. To purify the crude betrixaban obtained, 1.0 g of the crude solid was mixed with 4 mL Ν,Ν-dimethylacetamide and heated to 70 °C for 30 min. Then add 8 mL toluene was added and the mixture was heated for 30 min, then cooled to 22 °C over 1 h, then cooled to 0 °C, aged at 0 °C for 2 hours, filtered, washed with 2×1 mL toluene. The cake was dried on the funnel by suction to obtain 0.88 g pure betrixaban (I).

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References

 

 

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Husten, Harry. “Merck Abandons Development of Factor Xa Inhibitor Betrixaban”. CardioBrief. Retrieved 11 April 2014.

Betrixaban
Betrixaban.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-(5-chloropyridin-2-yl)-2-([4-(N,N-dimethylcarbamimidoyl)benzoyl]amino)-5-methoxybenzamide
Clinical data
Legal status
  • Development terminated
Identifiers
CAS Number 330942-05-7 
ATC code None
PubChem CID: 10275777
ChemSpider 18981107 Yes
UNII 74RWP7W0J9 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL512351 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C23H22ClN5O3
Molecular mass 451.905 g/mol

 

/////////////CN(C)C(=N)C1=CC=C(C=C1)C(=O)NC2=C(C=C(C=C2)OC)C(=O)NC3=NC=C(C=C3)Cl

SEE ABAN SERIES AT………..http://organicsynthesisinternational.blogspot.in/p/aban-series.html

 

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