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SD-809, Deutetrabenazine NDA Submitted by TEVA

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SD-809,  Deutetrabenazine

  • Tetrabenazine-d6

(3RS,11Brs)-9,10-di((2H3)methoxy)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-benzo(a)quinolizin-2-one

2H-​Benzo[a]​quinolizin-​2-​one, 1,​3,​4,​6,​7,​11b-​hexahydro-​9,​10-​di(methoxy-​d3)​-​3-​(2-​methylpropyl)​-​, (3R,​11bR)​-​rel

2H-Benzo(a)quinolizin-2-one, 1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-9,10-di(methoxy-d3)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-, (3R,11bR)-rel-

2H-Benzo(a)quinolizin-2-one, 1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-9,10-di(methoxy-d3)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-, (3R,11bR)-rel-

(RR,SS)-1,3,4,6,7,11b-Hexahydro-9,10-di(methoxy-d3)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-2H-benzo[a]quinolizin-2-one

(3RS,11Brs)-9,10-di((2H3)methoxy)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-benzo(a)quinolizin-2-one
Treatment of Chorea Associated with Huntington Disease

MF C19-H21-D6-N-O3

  • C19-H27-N-O3
Molecular Weight, 323.4629
CAS 1392826-25-3
UNII P341G6W9NB


SD-809 was granted Orphan Drug Designation for the treatment of HD by the FDA in November 2014 and became part of Teva’s CNS portfolio with the acquisition of Auspex Pharmaceuticals in May 2015.

Teva announced that the New Drug Application (NDA) for SD-809 (deutetrabenazine) has been accepted by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington disease (HD), a rare and fatal neurodegenerative disorder caused by the progressive breakdown of nerve cells in the brain that affects about five to seven people per 100,000 in western countries, according to the World Health Organization.

(3RS,11Brs)-9,10-di((2H3)methoxy)-3-(2-methylpropyl)-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-benzo(a)quinolizin-2-one.png

…………………….

Patent for preparing tetrabenazine

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2012081031A1?cl=en

Chemically tetrabenazine is cis rac -1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 1 lb-hexahydro-9, 10-dimethoxy-3-(2- methylpropyl)-2Hbenzo[a]quinolizin-2-one and it is represented by compound of structural formula I.

Formula 1

The proprietary name of tetrabenazine is Xenazine and is marketed by Biovail Americas. Xenazine is indicated for the treatment of chorea associated with Huntington’s disease. U.S. patent no. 2,830,993 discloses a process for the preparation of tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I wherein 1 -carbethoxymethyl-6, 7-dimethoxy-l , 2, 3, 4- tetrahydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula IV is being reacted with mono- isobutylmalonic acid dimethyl ester compound of structural formula V and paraformaldehyde in methanol solvent to get l-carbethoxymethyl-2 (2, 2-dicarbomethoxy-4-methyl-n-pentyl)-6, 7- dimethoxy-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrahydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VI. The 1- carbethoxymethyl-2(2,2-dicarbomethoxy-4-methyl-n-pentyl)-6,7-dimethoxy-l ,2,3,4- tetrahydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VI is subjected to Dieckmann cyclization , hydrolysis and decarboxylation to get tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I, which is recrystallized from di-isopropyl ether solvent.

Formula I

Scheme I

U. S. patent no. 4,678,792 discloses a process for the preparation of 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4- dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII wherein 2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)- ethylamine compound of structural formula II is being reacted with chloral hydrate at 120°C to get N-formyl-2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine compound of structural formula III. The N- formyl-2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine compound of structural formula III is further reacted with polyphosphoric acid to get 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII. The 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII is being used as an intermediate for the preparation of tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I.

Formula III

Formula II

Polyphosphoric acid

Formula VII

Scheme II

Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 2002 Volume (23). No. l , page no. 149 discloses N-formylation of various amines and alcohols with formic acid in toluene.

U.S. patent publication no. 2010/0130480 discloses a process for the preparation of 6, 7- dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII by reacting 2-(3, 4- dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine compound of structural formula II with hexamethylenetetramine in presence of acetic acid or trifluoroacetic acid.

Hexamethylenetetramine

Formula II Formula VII

U.S. patent publication no. 2008/0167337 discloses a process for the preparation of tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I wherein 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII is reacted with 3-dimethylaminomethyl-5-methyl-hexan-2-one methiodide compound of structural formula VIII to get crude tetrabenazine compound. The crude tetrabenazine compound was purified by employing flash column chromatography technique and

Formula VIII Formula I

The prior-art processes for preparing N-formyl-2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine compound of structural formula III produces below mentioned compound of structural formula XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI and XXII as a by-product of the reaction due to the demethylation and formylation of resulting hydroxy compounds.

Formula XX Formula XXI Formula XXII

The compounds of structural formula XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI and XXII are being carry- forwarded into the further steps of reactions of preparing tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I and therefore there is a need in the art to develop an improved process of preparing 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII, which obviates the prior-art problems. Accordingly there is provided a process of preparing tetrabenazine compound of structural formula I wherein 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline compound of structural formula VII is being formed without the formation of above mentioned compounds of structural formula XVII, XVIII, XIX, XX, XXI and XXII.

EXAMPLE: PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF SUBSTANTIAL PURE CRYSTALLINE FORM A OF TETRABENAZINE

Stage A: Process for the preparation of 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoIine

Step 1 : Process for the preparation of N-formyl-2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine

A solution of 2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine (500gm) in toluene (2000ml) was added formic acid (150gm) at 25°C, the resulting reaction mixture was diluted with toluene (500ml) and heated up to 45°C. The reaction mixture was maintained at 40-45°C for 5 hours and then the resulting reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure at 50°C to get the title compound

Yield: 570gm

Purity: 99.98% (By HPLC)

Step 2: Process for the preparation of 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline

A solution of N-formyl-2-(3, 4-dimethoxyphenyl)-ethylamine (250gm) obtained from step 1 in toluene (500ml) and polyphosphoric acid (50gm) was heated at 110°C for 5 hours. The resulting reaction mixture was cooled to 50°C, quenched with water (500ml) and pH of the resulting solution was adjusted to about 8.3 with aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide [sodium hydroxide (690gm) + water (690ml)]. The resulting reaction mass was extracted by ethyl acetate (2 1250ml), dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (50gm) and concentrated under reduced pressure to get 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline (190gm).

Yield: 215gm

Purity: 99.67% (By HPLC)

Stage B: Process for the preparation of 3-((dimethylamino) methyi)-5-methylhexan-2-one methiodide

Step 1 : Process for the preparation of 3-((dimethylamino) methyl)-5-methylhexan-2-one Dimethylamine hydrochloride (180gm) and paraformaldehyde (lOOgm) were added to a solution of 5-methylhexan-2-one (900ml) in methanol (1600ml). The resulting reaction mass was heated at reflux for 12 hours, and then the pH was adjusted to about 8.75 with aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide [sodium hydroxide(90gm) + water (900ml)] at 25 °C. The resulting reaction solution was extracted by toluene (2x1234ml). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate (50gm) and concentrated under reduced pressure to get title compound.

Yield: 900gm

Purity: 99.80% (By HPLC)

Step 2: Process for the preparation of 3-((dimethylamino) methyl)-5-methylhexan-2-one methiodide

Methyl iodide (323gm) was added dropwise to a solution of 3-((dimethylamino) methyl)-5- methylhexan-2-one (195gm) obtained from step 1 , in ethyl acetate (1650ml) at 25-30°C in 30 minutes. The resulting reaction mixture was stirred at 25 °C for 12 hours and then the resulting solids were filtered, washed with water (200ml) and suck-dried to get wet compound (400gm). The wet compound was slurried with water (1000ml) at 25°C for 1 hour and then it was again filtered, washed with water (200ml) and dried at 45-50°C to get title compound

Yield: 300gm

Purity: 99.86% (By HPLC)

Stage C: Preparation of substantial pure crystalline form A of Tetrabenazine

3-((Dimethylamino) methyl)-5-methylhexan-2-one methiodide (80gm) was added to the solution of 6, 7-dimethoxy-3, 4-dihydroisoquinoline (40gm) in isopropanol (288ml) at 25°C and the resulting reaction mass was heated at 40-45°C for 15 hours. The resulting insoluble material was filtered, washed with isopropanol (80ml) and filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure up to the 150ml reaction volume. The reaction solution was diluted with methylene dichloride (1200ml) and water (1000ml) and pH was adjusted to 8.5 with sodium hydroxide solution [10%, 100ml]. The organic layer was separated, washed with water (3 x 1000ml) and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain residue. The residue was dissolved in methanol (300ml) at 50°C, and resulting solution was treated with an activated carbon (20gm) at 50-60°C for 30minutes and then it was filtered and filtrate was further stirred at 20-25°C for 2 hours. The resulting solids were filtered, washed with methanol (150ml), dried at 50-55°C for 8 hours. The resulting solids were milled, sifted through 40 mesh sieve and micronized.

Yield: 65gm

Purity: 99.96% (By HPLC)

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PAPER

Org. Lett., 2011, 13 (24), pp 6500–6503
DOI: 10.1021/ol202792q
Abstract Image

A concise synthesis of tetrabenazine and dihydrotetrabenazine is described. The key feature of this synthesis is the intramolecular aza-Prins-type cyclization of an amino allylsilane via oxidative C–H activation.

T1 T2 T3 T4

http://www.hgxb.com.cn/EN/abstract/abstract12047.shtml

……………
PAPER

 

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3126153/

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc. Object name is nihms279693f2.jpg

The TBZ (4) for these reactions was prepared by reacting 3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinoline (3) and the Mannich base (2) as shown in Scheme 1.14 The α,β-unsaturated TBZ (5), which was the original substrate, was obtained by further treatment with chloranil in refluxing benzene.

Tetrabenazine (4a)

To a solution of 3,4-dihydro-6,7-dimethoxyisoquinoline hydrochloride (3, 3.5 g, 15.4 mmol) in cold H2O (20 mL) in an ice water bath, was added 3-(dimethylaminomethyl)-5-methyl-2-hexanone (2, 3.15 g, 18.3 mmol) as the free base with stirring. Precipitate formed within 3 h, and stirring was continued until the solid-gummy precipitate prevented stirring. The mixture was allowed to stand at RT (room temperature) for 3 days. The solid–gum mixture was filtered, and the yellow solid–gum mixture was dissolved in hot MeOH. The solution was chilled at −10°C for 18 h. The pale yellow solid was filtered to give 2.1 g (43%) of TBZ (4a).
TLC: Rf = 0.62; silica gel; 4% MeOH/96% CH2Cl2.
MS: (DCl-NH3) m/z 318 (M+H).
UV: (EtOH) λmax 282.0 nm (ε4431).
1H NMR: (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ 6.61 (s, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 3.85 (s, 3H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.51 (br dd, 1H), 3.29 (dd, 1H), 3.13 (m, 2H), 2.90 (dd, 1H), 2.75 (m, 2H), 2.57 (m, 2H), 2.35 (t, 1H), 1.81 (ddd, 1H), 1.65 (m, 1H), 1.04 (ddd, 1H), 0.92 (d, 3H), 0.89 (d, 3H) ppm.
13C NMR: (75 MHz, CDCl3) δ 210.00, 147.86, 147.54, 128.60, 126.11, 111.53, 107.94, 62.48, 61.52, 56.01, 55.92, 50.58, 47.62, 47.57, 36.09, 29.38, 25.44, 23.21, 22.11 ppm.
EA: Anal. Calc for C19H17NO3: C, 71.89; H, 8.57; N, 4.41. Found C, 72.15; H, 8.69; N, 4.47.
HPLC: Brownlee 25 cm × 4.6 mm silica gel column; 30% isopropanol/70% hexane; 1 mL/min; ret. time 5.94 min; purity >99.5%.

…………….

http://www.google.ga/patents/WO2008154243A1?cl=en

Example 10 Removal The Boc Protecting Group From First Intermediate 12 And Amino Cyclization Provide (+)-Tetrabenazine XVII

[0063] First intermediate 12 (1.0 eq) was dissolved in 10% Me2S- dichloromethane to provide an 82 mM solution. The solution was cooled to 0 0C and triisopropylsilane (1.1 eq.) followed by TFA (precooled to 0 0C) was added to the reaction mixture to provide a final concentration of 41 mM. The reaction mixture was permitted to stir at 0 0C for 1 h. Following the allotted time the reaction mixture was quenched at 0 0C by the addition of saturated aqueous potassium carbonate solution and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove the majority of the dimethylsulfide. The mixture was extracted with five portions of dichloromethane, and the combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to provide the crude product as a yellow solid. The crude product was recrystallized from 3.5% dimethoxyethane in hexanes. The resulting colorless crystals were washed with hexanes to provide pure (+)- tetrabenazine (XVII) 46%: mp 126.0 0C (3.5% DME-hexanes) (a crystal polymorph was observed at 116 0C); [α]26 D +37.2 (c 0.41, CH2Cl2); 1H NMR (CD2Cl2) δ 0.89 (apparent t, J = 7.2 Hz, 6H), 0.98 (ddd, J = 12, 6.0, 4.0 Hz, IH), 1.59-1.68 (m, IH), 1.74 (ddd, J = 12, 5.9, 5.7 Hz, IH), 2.32 (apparent t, J = 11.7 Hz, IH), 2.46 (apparent t, J = 12.3 Hz, IH), 2.55 (ddd, J = 12, 10.0, 3.8 Hz, IH), 2.65-2.73 (m, 2H), 2.83 (dd, J = 5.5, 2.8Hz, IH), 2.97-3.07 (m, IH), 3.07-3.14 (m, IH), 3.25 (dd, J =9.7, 6.3 Hz, IH), 3.47 (apparent d, J = 12Hz, IH), 3.75 (s, 3H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 6.55 (s, IH), 6.60 (s, IH) 13C NMR (CD2Cl2) δ 21.98, 23.02, 25.51, 29.46, 35.16, 47.47, 47.63, 50.47, 55.87, 56.01, 61.47, 62.46, 108.46, 111.72, 126.37, 128.96, 147.65, 147.98, 209.72; HRMS-(ESI+) calcd for (C19H27NO3 + H) ([M+H]+ 318.2069, found 318.2082.

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US 20150152099

d1 d2 d3

………….

WO 2015077520

NBI-98854 (CAS # 1025504-59-9), (S)-(2R,3R,l lbR)-3-isobutyl-9,10-dimethoxy-2,3,4,6,7,1 lb-hexahydro-lH-pyrido[2,l-a]isoquinolin-2-yl 2-amino-3-methylbutanoate, is a VMAT2 inhibitor. NBI-98854 is currently under investigation for the treatment of movement disorders including tardive dyskinesia. WO 2008058261; WO 2011153157; and US 8,039,627. NBI-98854, a valine ester of (+)-a-dihydrotetrabenazine, in humans is slowly hydrolyzed to (+)-a-dihydrotetrabenazine which is an active metabolite of tetrabenazine.

NBI-98854

 

EXAMPLE 1

D6-(±)-3-Isobutyl-9,10-dimethoxy-3,4,6,7-tetrahydro-lH-pyrido[2,l-a]isoquinolin-2(l lbH)-one ((±)-Tetrabenazine-<d6)

Step 1

[0193] Jgrt-butyl 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylcarbamate : A solution of dopamine

hydrochloride (209 g, 1.11 mol, 1.00 equiv), sodium carbonate (231 g, 2.75 mol, 2.50 equiv) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (263 g, 1.21 mol, 1.10) in 2.4 L tetrahydrofuran / water (5: 1) was stirred at 20°C for 2.5 h. After the starting material was consumed completedly, the reaction was diluted with ethyl acetate (2 L) and washed with water (2×600 mL). The organic phase was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure until two volumes of solvent was left. The precipitated solid was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum to give 254 g (91%) of ieri-butyl 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylcarbamate as white solid. Ή-ΝΜΪ (300 MHz, CDC13) 8.72 (s, 1H), 8.62 (s, 1H), 6.79 (m, 1H), 6.62 (m, 1H), 6.51 (m, 1H), 6.40 (m, 1H), 3.03 (m, 2H), 2.50 (m, 2H), 1.37 (s, 1H). LC-MS: m /z = 254 (MH) +.

Step 2

[0194] D6-fert-butyl 3,4-dimethoxyphenethylcarbamate: A solution of ieri-butyl 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylcarbamate (127 g, 397 mmol, 1.00 equiv), potassium carbonate (359.3 g, 2.604 mmol, 3.00 equiv) and 18-crown-6 (1,4,7,10,13,16-hexaoxacyclooctadecane ) (68.64 g, 0.26 mmol, 0.03 equiv) in acetone (800 mL) was stirred at 38°C. After 30 min., CD3I (362 g, 2.604 mmol, 3.00 equiv) was added to the reaction, and the mixture was stirred at 38°C for 12 h. Then an additional CD3I (120 g, 0.868 mmol, 1.00 equiv) was added to the solution and the solution was stirred for 5 h. Then the mixture was cooled to room temperature and the solid was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The resultant solid was dissolved in H2O (300 mL) and extracted with EA (3×300 mL), the organic layers was combined and concentrated under vacuum to give 114 g (79%) of de-tert-butyl 3,4-dimethoxyphenethylcarbamate as white

solid. ^-NMR (300 MHz, CDC13) <Π.39 (m, 5H), 6.82 (m, 1H), 6.73 (m, 2H), 5.12 (s, 1H), 3.45 (m, 2H), 2.77 (m, 2H). LC-MS: m /z = 288 (MH) +.

Step 3

[0195] D6-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine: A solution of de-tert-butyl 3,4-dimethoxyphenethylcarbamate (128 g, 455.26 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in ethyl acetate (1.5 L) was stirred at room temperature. Then HC1 gas was introduced into the reaction mixture for 2h. The precipitated solid was isolated by filtration. The solid was dissolved in 300 mL of water. The pH value of the solution was adjusted to 12 with sodium hydroxide (solid). The resulting solution was stirred for 1 h at 5-10°C. The resulting solution was extracted with 6×800 mL of ethyl acetate and the organic layers combined, dried over sodium sulfate, and concentrated under vacuum to give 64 g (78%) of d6-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine as yellow oil.

^-NMR (300 MHz, CDC ) 6.77 (m, 3H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.87 (s, 3H), 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.71 (m, 2H), 1.29 (s, 2H). LC-MS: m /z = 182 (MH) +.

Step 4

[0196] D6-N-r2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)ethyllformamide: A solution of d6-2-(3,4-dimethoxyphenyl)ethanamine (69 g, 368 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in ethyl formate(250 mL) was heated under reflux overnight. The solution was concentrated under vacuum to give 71 g (91%) of d6-N-[2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)ethyl]formamide as yellow solid. The crude solid was used in next step without purification. ^-NMR (300 MHz, CDCb) £8.17 (s, 1H), 6.81 (m, 3H), 5.53 (br, 1H).3.59 (m, 2H), 2.81 (t, 2H, / = 6.9 Hz). LC-MS: m /z = 216 (MH) +.

Step 5

[0197] D6-6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihvdroisoguinoline: A solution of d6-N-[2-(3,4-dimethoxy-phenyl)ethyl]formamide (71 g, 329 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in phosphorus oxychloride (100 mL) was stirred at 105°C for 1 h. Then the solution was concentrated under vacuum to remove

phosphorus oxychloride. The residual oil was dissolved in ice / water. The solution was made basic with potassium carbonate with cooling. The basic aqueous solution was extracted with dichloromethane. The collected organic phase was dried using sodium sulfate and then filtered. The dichloromethane was removed by concentration under vacuum to give an orange oil.

Purification by silica gel (ethyl acetate:petroleum ether = 1: 1 ~ ethyl acetate) to give 43 g (66%) of d6-6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline as orange solid (yield 66%). Ή-ΝΜΡ (300 MHz, CDC13) 8.24 (s, 1H), 6.82 (s, 1H), 6.68 (s, 1H), 3.74 (m, 2H), 2.69 (t, 2H, J = 12 Hz). LC-MS: m /z = 198 (MH) +.

Step 6

[0198] Trimethyl(5-methylhex-2-en-2-yloxy)silane: To a cold (-78°C), stirred solution of j-PrMgBr (500 mL of 2 M solution in tetrahydrofuran, 1 mol, 1.00 equiv) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (1 L) was added Cul (19.02 g, 0.1 mol, 0.10 equiv) and the resultant mixture was stirred for 15 min at -78°C. Anhydrous hexamethylphosphorous triamide (358.4 g, 2 mmol, 2 equiv) was added and after 20 min, a solution of methyl vinyl ketone (70 g, 0.1 mol, 1.00 equiv), trimethylsilyl chloride (217 g, 0.2 mol, 2.00 equiv), in tetrahydrofuran (200 mL) was added dropwise over 30 min. After the reaction mixture was stirred at -78 °C for lh, triethylamine (20.2g, 200 mmol, 2.00 equiv) was added and the resulting mixture stirred for 10 min at 0 °C. To this was added ie/ -butyl methyl ether (2 L), and the solution was washed with 5% ammonia solution (6×300 mL). Then the organic phase was dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under vacuum at 25°C to give 155 g crude product as yellow liquid. The liquid was purified by distilling (64-68°C/40 mmHg) to provide 118 g (63.3%) of trimethyl(5-methylhex-2-en-2-

yloxy)silane (E:Z = 56 : 44) as a colorless oil. XH-NMR (300 MHz, J6-DMSO) 4.58 (m, 0.56H), 4.43 (m, 0.44H), 1.73 (s, 1.69H), 1.66 (s, 1.32H), 1.53 (m, 1H), 0.84 (m, 6 H), 0.15(m, 9H).

Step 7

[0199] 3-r(Dimethylamino)methyl1-5-methylhexan-2-one: To a stirred solution of trimethyl(5-methylhex-2-en-2-yloxy)silane (118 g, 633 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in anhydrous acetonitrile (800 mL) was added N-methyl-N-methylenemethanaminium iodide (128.8 g, 696.3 mmol, 1.10 equiv) in several batches and the resultant mixture was stirred at 20°C overnight. Then the solution was concentrated under vacuum to remove the solvent. The residue was dissolved in 400 mL 1 N HC1 (aq.) and extracted with ieri-butyl methyl ether. Then the water phase was basiced with 2 N aq. NaOH and extracted with ie/ -butyl methyl ether. The organic phase was dried and concentrated under vacuum. The liquid was purified by distilling (80°C/0.5 mmHg) to provide 50 g (46%) of 3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-5-methylhexan-2-one as a colorless oil. XH-NMR (300 MHz, J6-DMSO) £0.92 (d, 3H), 0.98 (d, 3H), 1.11-1.23 (m, 1H), 1.23-1.38 (m, 1H), 1.54-1.70 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 3.01 (s, 9H), 3.10-3.32 (m, 2H), 3.81-3.88 (m, 1H).

Step 8

[0200] 2-Acetyl-N,N V,4-tetramethylpentan-l-aminium iodide: A solution of 3-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-5-methylhexan-2-one (50 g, 15.00 mmol, 1.00 equiv) and methyl iodide (4.26 g, 30.00 mmol, 2.00 equiv) in 50 mL diethyl ether was stirred overnight at room temperature. The precipitated solid was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum to give 79 g (86%) of 2-acetyl-N,N,N,4-tetramethylpentan-l-aminium iodide as white solid. XH-NMR (300 MHz, Je-DMSO) 0.89-0.98 (m, 6H), 1.11-1.20 (m, 1H), 1.40 (m, 1H), 1.66 (m, 1H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 3.01(s, 9H), 3.21 (m, 2H), 3.85 (m, 1H).

Step 9

[0201] Ρό- (±) -tetrabenazine : A solution of d6-6,7-dimethoxy-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline (33.4 g, 169 mmol, 1.10 equiv) and 2-acetyl-N,N,N,4-tetramethylpentan-l-aminium iodide (48 g, 153 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in 300ml of methanol was heated under reflux for 48 h. Then 150 mL water was added. The solution was cooled to room temperature. The precipitated solid was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum to give 38 g of crude d6-tetrabenazine as yellow solid. The crude tetrabenazine was dissolved in ieri-butyl methyl ether (15 volumes), the mixture was heated until the solid was almost dissolved. The yellow solid which was unsolvable was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum until 2 volumes ieri-butyl methyl ether was left. The solid was filtered and collected. The above solid was dissolved in ethanol (4 volumes), then the mixture was heated until the solid was dissolved. The solution was stirred and cooled to room temperature at the rate of 20°C/h. Then the mixture was stirred at 0°C for lh. The precipitated solid was isolated by filtration and dried under vacuum to give 25 g (50.4%) of tetrabenazine-<d6 as white solid.

^-NMR (300 MHz, CD2C12) £6.61 (s, 1H), 6.55 (s, 1H), 3.84 (s, 3H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 3.50 (d, 1H, / = 12 Hz), 3.27 (dd, 1H, / = 11.4Hz, / = 6.3 Hz), 3.11 (m, 2H), 2.84 (dd, 1H, / = 10.5 Hz, / = 3 Hz), 2.74 (m, 2H), 2.56 (m, 2H), 2.31 (t, 1H, J = 12 Hz), 1.76 (m, 1H), 1.63 (m, 1H), 0.98 (m, 1H), 0.89 (m, 6H).

LC-MS: m /z = 324 (MH) +.

………………

NMR PREDICT

C1

D2

D3

Watch out will be updated……………….

Rob Koremans, MD, President and CEO of Global Specialty Medicines at Teva.

Michael Hayden, M.D., Ph.D., President of Global R&D and Chief Scientific Officer at Teva

 

 

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सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से जिंदगी चल जाये। औकात बस इतनी देना, कि औरों का भला हो जाये।
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 amcrasto@gmail.com

09b37-misc2b027LIONEL MY SON
He was only in first standard in school when I was hit by a deadly one in a million spine stroke called acute transverse mylitis, it made me 90% paralysed and bound to a wheel chair, Now I keep him as my source of inspiration and helping millions, thanks to millions of my readers who keep me going and help me to keep my son happy
सुकून उतना ही देना प्रभू, जितने से
जिंदगी चल जाये।
औकात बस इतनी देना,
कि औरों का भला हो जाये।

///////


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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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