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ChemSpider 2D Image | Orilotimod | C16H19N3O5

Orilotimod

(2R)-2-amino-5-{[(1R)-1-carboxy-2-(1H-indol-3-yl)ethyl]amino}-5-oxopentanoic acid
186087-26-3 
Apo805,UNII-Q66Z43C5XM; Thymodepressin; Orilotimod [USAN]; AC1OIBUF; 
  • C16H19N3O5
  • MW 333.339

Apotex Technologies Inc.  INNOVATOR

2D chemical structure of 960155-19-5

Orilotimod potassium,

  • APO805K1

D-Tryptophan, D-gamma-glutamyl-, potassium salt (1:1), CAS 960155-19-5

The drug, orilotimod, was originally developed and launched by Immunotech Developments; however, ApoPharma (a subsidiary of Apotex) is developing orilotimod, presumably a topical formulation, for the treatment of psoriasis. In August 2015, the ApoPharma’s drug was reported to be in phase 2 clinical development.

Thymodepressin is the free diacid having Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number@ of 186087-26-3. U.S. Pat. No. 5,736,519 discloses H-D-iGlu-D-Trp-OH and a process for its preparation wherein it is purified by ion exchange chromatography. It is an immunosuppressant and selectively inhibits proliferation of hemopoietic precursor cells and stimulates granulocyte and lymphocyte apoptosis (Sapuntsova, S. G., et al. (May 2002), Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, 133(5), 488-490).

Thymodepressin is currently being sold in Russia as the disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan in liquid formulation for injection and intranasal administration for the treatment of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. The solid form of the disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan is an amorphous powder which is hygroscopic and very difficult to handle. The disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan has the molecular formula C16H17N3Na2O5 and  is reported in Kashirin, D. M., et al. (2000), Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal, 34(11), 619-622.

 

Orilotimod.png

PAPENT

BEAWARE EXAMPLE WITH AN ESTER GP

http://www.google.im/patents/WO2012129671A1?cl=en

Preparation of H-D-Glu( -Trp-OH)-0-Et hydrochloride salt (Apo836.HCI)

 

Figure imgf000037_0001

A. Preparation of Boc-D-Glu(D-Trp-0-Bzl)-0-Et

Proceeding in a similar manner as described under Example 3A, Boc-D- Glu(D-Trp-0-Bzl)-0-Et was prepared in 87% yield.1H NMR ( DMSO-D6l 400 MHz) δ ppm: 10.87, (s, 1 H), 8.35 (d, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.48 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.35 (d, J = 7.9 Hz, 1 H), 7.29-7.33 (m, 3H), 7.23 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.09-7.22 (m, 3H), 7.08 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.98 (t, J = 7,7 Hz, 1 H), 4.98 – 5.06 (m, 2H), 4.55 (apparent q, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 4.04 – 4.11 (m, 2H), 3.90 – 3.95 (m, 1 H), 3.04 – 3.19 (m, 2H), 2.18 – 2.23 (m, 2H), 1.84 – 1.89 (m, 1 H), 1.70 – 1.77 (m, 1 H), 1.38 (s, 9H), 1.16 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H); MS-ESI (m/z): 552 [ +1]+.

B. Preparation of Boc-D-Glu(D-Trp-OH)-0-Et

Proceeding in a similar manner as described under Example 3B, Boc-D-

Glu(D-Trp-OH)-0-Et was prepared in quantitative yield. 1H NMR ( DMSO-D6, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 12.62 (br. 1H), 10.82, (s, 1 H), 8.10 (d, J = 7.7 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (d, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (s, 1 H), 7.06 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (t, J = 7.5 Hz, 1 H)„ 4.45 (apparent q, J = 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 4.03 – 4.11 (m, 2H), 3.87 – 3.92 (m, 1 H), 3.13 – 3.18 (m, 1H), 2.96 – 3.03 (m,

1 H), 2.13 – 2.20 (m, 2H), 1.82 – 1.88 (m, 1H), 1.69-1.75 (m, 1 H), 1.38 (s, 9H>, 1.17 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H); MS-ESI (m/z): 462 [M+1]+.

C. Preparation of H-D-Glu(D-Trp-OH)-0-Et.HCI (Apo836 HCI)

To an ice-cooled solution of Boc-D-Glu(D-Trp-OH)-0-Et (4.55 g, 9.8 mmol) obtained in Section B above in dichloromethane (100 mL) was bubbled HCI gas for 15 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated under vacuum by rotary evaporation to give H-D-Glu(D-Trp-OH)-0-Et hydrochloride (Apo836.HCI, 4.0 g) as a foamy solid. 1 H NMR ( DMSO-D6, 400 MHz) δ ppm: 12.68 (br. s, 1 H), 10.90, (s, 1H), 8.66 (br, s, 3H), 8.33 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.33 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.12 (d, J = 1.5 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.98 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.47 (apparent q, J = 4.8 Hz, 1 H), 4.13 – 4.19 (m, 2H), 3.90 (br, 1 H), 3.16 – 3.20 (m, 1H), 2.98 – 3.04 (m, 1 H), 2.29 – 2.33 (m, 2H), 1.94 – 1.98

(m, 2H), 1.20 (t, J = 7.1 Hz, 3H); MS-ESI (m/z): 362 [M+1]+ (free base).

……………………..

US 20150225341

file:///H:/ORILOTIMODUS20150225341A1.pdf

Novel crystalline and amorphous salts of thymodepressin (orilotimod), particularly potassium salt, useful for treating psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. Also claims salt exchange method for preparing thymodepressin salts.

 

hymodepressin is the free diacid having Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number@ of 186087-26-3. U.S. Pat. No. 5,736,519 discloses H-D-iGlu-D-Trp-OH and a process for its preparation wherein it is purified by ion exchange chromatography. It is an immunosuppressant and selectively inhibits proliferation of hemopoietic precursor cells and stimulates granulocyte and lymphocyte apoptosis (Sapuntsova, S. G., et al. (May 2002), Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine, 133(5), 488-490).

Thymodepressin is currently being sold in Russia as the disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan in liquid formulation for injection and intranasal administration for the treatment of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. The solid form of the disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan is an amorphous powder which is hygroscopic and very difficult to handle. The disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan has the molecular formula C16H17N3Na2O5 and which is reported in Kashirin, D. M., et al. (2000), Pharmaceutical Chemistry Journal, 34(11), 619-622.

Through investigations in our laboratory, we have determined that the freeze-dried disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan is extremely hygroscopic turning into a gel in a matter of minutes in air and cannot easily be handled.

A powdery or amorphous form of a compound, intended for pharmaceutical use may give rise to manufacturing problems due to bulk density issues, hygroscopicity and variable water content that cannot be corrected by vacuum drying. D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan is a dipeptide and the drying of an amorphous form at elevated temperature, for example, 80-100° C. under vacuum is not recommended. Thus, there are serious difficulties experienced during the purification of the disodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan and obtaining the pure disodium salt on a manufacturing scale. Further, there is no published procedure for its preparation.

The monosodium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan is identified by the CAS Registry System and is listed in the CAS REGISTRYSM File with a CAS Registry Number@ of 863988-88-9. However, there are no references citing the substance and thus no publication of its identity, its physical and/or chemical properties, its characterization or a procedure for its preparation. Freeze-dried powders of mono sodium and disodium salts of peptide drugs may not have controllable powder bulk density ranges for formulation. They may require significant investment in freeze-dried dispersion technology.

EXAMPLES

Example 1

Preparation of potassium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan (1:1) from D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan and potassium hydroxide

In a 100-mL round bottom flask equipped with a magnetic stir bar was placed 5 mL of potassium hydroxide solution (0.5 N). The solution was cooled to 0° C. in an ice-water bath, and solid H-D-iGlu-D-Trp-OH (1.00 g, 3 mmol) was added. The mixture was stirred while the pH of the solution was adjusted to ca. 6.0 by adding a few drops of potassium hydroxide solution (0.5 N). The solution was filtered to remove any solid particulates. The filtrate was evaporated to dryness at a bath temperature of about 30° C. to afford a solid. After drying under vacuum at room temperature for overnight, the salt was obtained in quantitative yield, with a HPLC purity (peak area percent) of 98.3%. HPLC method; Column: XTerra MS C18; 5 μm, 4.6×250 mm; Mobile phase: A=the aqueous phase: 4 mM Tris, 2 mM EDTA, pH 7.4; B=the organic phase: CH3CN; gradient: B %: 0 min. 5%, 15 min. 55%, 30 min. 55%, 32 min. 5%, 35 min. 5%; Flow rate: 1 mL/min; injection volume: 5 μL; λ: 222, 254, 282, 450 nm; retention time of the product: 6.41 min. The XRPD pattern of this crystalline material is shown in FIG. 1A; the water content by Karl-Fischer test is 0.7%; UV (water, c=23.8 ρM, λmax nm): 221 (ε 33270), 280 (ε 5417); MS (m/z): 372.0 [M]+, 334.2 [C16H20N3O5]+, 187.9 (100%). The FT-IR (KBr) spectrum is shown in FIG. 1B.

Example 2

A. Preparation of mono potassium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan (1:1) from the mono ammonium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan (1:1)

A solution of H-D-iGlu-D-Trp-OH, mono ammonium salt (1:1), (1.66 g, 4.05 mmol) and potassium hydroxide (253 mg, 4.50 mmol) in water (20 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The pH of the solution was about 9. The reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure to a volume of about 1 mL. After cooling to room temperature, isopropanol was added until a solid precipitated out. The resulting suspension was stirred at room temperature for 15 min, then filtered. The solid was washed with isopropanol (2×20 mL) and ethyl acetate (20 mL), then dried under vacuum in an oven at 42° C. overnight. An off white solid was obtained (1.49 g, 99% yield). The water content by Karl-Fischer test is 2.5%. Analytical data (XRPD pattern, FT-IR and MS spectra) are similar to those described in Example 1.

B. Preparation of amorphous form of potassium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan (1:1) from the mono ammonium salt of D-isoglutamyl-D-tryptophan (1:1)

A solution of H-D-iGlu-D-Trp-OH, mono ammonium salt (1:1), (517 mg, 1.40 mmol) and potassium hydroxide (82 mg, 1.46 mmol) in water (10 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 30 minutes. The resulting mixture was freeze-dried overnight. An off white solid was obtained in quantitative yield. The XRPD pattern spectrum confirmed that this material is amorphous.

1H NMR (D2O) δ: 7.69 (d, J=7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.48 (d, J=8.2 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (t, J=7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (s, 1H), 7.16 (t, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 4.59 (dd, J=8.7, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.51 (dd, J=6.8, 5.8 Hz, 1H), 3.38 (dd, J=14.8, 4.8 Hz, 1H), 3.11 (dd, J=14.8, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 2.20-2.49 (m, 2H) and 1.85-1.94 (m, 2H); 

13C NMR (D2O) δ: 181.4, 177.0, 176.6, 138.8, 129.9, 126.9, 124.5, 121.9, 121.4, 114.5, 113.2, 58.6, 57.0, 34.6 (CH2), 30.2 (CH2) and 29.3 (CH2);

the water content by Karl-Fischer test is 5.4%;

the FT-IR (KBr) spectrum is shown in FIG. 1C;

MS (m/z): 371.7 [M]+, 334.2 [C16H20N3O5]+, 187.9 (100%);

HPLC purity (peak area percent): 99.8%, Retention time: 5.04 min; HPLC conditions: Column Waters Symmetry C18, 3.9×150 mm, 5 μm; Mobile phase: 0.035% HClO4, pH 2/CH3CN, 85/15, isocratic, Flow rate: 1 mL/min; λ: 220, 254, 280 nm.

Patent Submitted Granted
GAMMA-GLUTAMYL AND BETA-ASPARTYL CONTAINING IMMUNOMODULATOR COMPOUNDS AND METHODS THEREWITH [EP1042286] 2000-10-11 2010-08-25
CRYSTALLINE D-ISOGLUTAMYL-D-TRYPTOPHAN AND THE MONO AMMONIUM SALT OF D-ISOGLUTAMYL-D-TRYPTOPHAN [US8119606] 2010-01-21 2012-02-21
Pharmaceutically Acceptable Salts of Thymodepressin and Processes for their Manufacture [US8138221] 2010-03-04 2012-03-20
CRYSTALLINE FORMS OF THE MONO-SODIUM SALT OF D-ISOGLUTAMYL-D-TRYPTOPHAN [US8207217] 2010-02-04 2012-06-26
 

////////Orilotimod, PHASE 2, thymodepressin, APO 805K1

C1=CC=C2C(=C1)C(=CN2)CC(C(=O)O)NC(=O)CCC(C(=O)O)N


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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