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Plecanatide 普卡那肽 ليكاناتيد плеканатид

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STR1

PLECANATIDE;  UNII-7IK8Z952OK;  (3-Glutamic acid(D>E))human uroguanylin (UGN); 467426-54-6;

Molecular Formula: C65H104N18O26S4
Molecular Weight: 1681.88626 g/mol

Novel Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Drug Under FDA Review

Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog
Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog

Synergy Pharmaceuticals announced the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review the New Drug Application (NDA) for plecanatide for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC).

The NDA submission was based on data from two double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trials and one open-label long term safety study in over 3,500 patients with CIC.

RELATED: NDA Submitted for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Drug Plecanatide

The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) target action date of January 29, 2017 to make a decision on the NDA.

Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog currently under development for the treatment of CIC and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). It is designed to replicate the function of uroguanylin, a naturally occurring GI peptide, by working locally in the upper GI tract to stimulate digestive fluid movement and support regular bowel function.

PATENT

CN 104628827

http://www.google.com/patents/CN104628827A?cl=en

Prica exenatide Synergy Pharmaceuticals developed by the United States for the GC-C receptor in development of drugs, administered orally Limited.Currently underway include chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) and constipation irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C), including the phase III clinical trials. It is expected to receive US FDA clearance to market in recent years. Prica that peptides CAS: 467426-54-6 English name plecanatide, structural formula is as follows:

Figure CN104628827AD00031

Preparation Prica that peptides from Shenzhen Han Yu medicine was first reported (CN103694320A), using a solid-phase synthesis of linear peptides in solution and then the two-step method to get into the ring, respectively. Since the method to form a ring carved in solution twice, the solution of complex composition, separation and purification difficult, the method should be improved.

Example 1

 Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 51mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (5. Lmmol), added to the solid phase reactor, DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH 6. 34g, H0Bt 2. 07g, DIC 2. 37mL was dissolved in DMF, added to the reactor uniformly mixed, the reaction at room temperature 2h. Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

 Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

 To a prepared peptide resin reactor volume percentage of 15% DMF solution of mercapto ethanol, reaction 2h; then DCM was added a solution of 20-fold amount DTNP reaction lh; was added after washing 1% TFA containing TIS 5% of DCM solution reaction 20min.

Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, DMF was added 10 times the amount in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

After the preparation of the peptide resin was added in a volume ratio of 95/2/2/1 TFA / TIS / EDT / H lysis reagent 20 is added in an amount 20mL / g, the reaction ice bath lh, stirring was continued at room temperature 5h, then filtration.After lysis reagent suction filtrate using a rotary evaporator until no overflow TFA, precipitated reagent was added standing; Pulika centrifugation the precipitated crude peptide was peptide to give 8. 67g〇

The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

Example 2

Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 2mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (2mmol), added to the solid phase reactor. DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH1. 24g, HOBtO. 406g, DIC 0 • 465mL dissolved in DMF solution, after mixing into the reactor at room temperature the reaction 2h.Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

[0053] To illustrate the preparation of the present embodiment obtained peptide resin reactor volume percent of a DMF solution of 30% mercaptoethanol, reaction 4h; then 5-fold amount DTNP in DCM reaction lh; was added after washing 1% TFA containing TIS 5% in DCM reaction 20min.

 Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, 20 times the amount of DMF was added in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

Peptide Resin [0055] Preparation was added volume ratio of 82. 5/5/5/5/2. 5 TFA / thioanisole / H20 / phenol / EDT cleavage reagents, added in an amount 10mL / g, the reaction ice bath 0 After. 5h, stirring was continued at room temperature for lh, then suction filtered. After lysis reagent suction filtrate to the non-use of force blowing TFA overflow, adding precipitation reagent standing; centrifugation precipitated Prica exenatide crude peptide to give 1. 52g.

 The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

 Example 3

 Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 6mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (6mmol), added to the solid phase reactor, DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH 7. 46g, H0Bt2. 44g, DIC 2. 79mL was dissolved in DMF, added to the reactor uniformly mixed, the reaction at room temperature 2h.Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

 Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

 To the prepared peptide resin reactor volume percentage of 25% DMF solution of mercapto ethanol, reaction 3h; then 10-fold amount DTNP in DCM reaction lh; was added 1% TFA washed containing TIS5% DCM solution Reaction 20min〇

 Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, 15 times the amount of DMF was added in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

 Preparation of the peptide resin was added in a volume ratio of 90/5/3/2 TFA / thioanisole / anisole / EDT cleavage reagents, added in an amount 20mL / g, the ice bath was reacted 0.lh, stirring was continued at room temperature The reaction 10h, then filtration. After lysis reagent suction filtrate using a rotary evaporator until no overflow TFA, precipitated reagent was added standing; Pulika centrifugation the precipitated crude peptide was peptide to give 8. 46g.

 The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

Although the above has been described with general, specific embodiments and test, the present invention has been described in detail, but on the basis of the present invention, it may make some changes or improvements, which the skilled artisan It is obvious. Thus, the present invention without departing from the spirit on the basis of these modifications or improvements made, belong to the scope of the invention as claimed.

PATENT

CN 104211777

http://www.google.com/patents/CN104211777A?cl=en

The pickup exenatide (Plecanatide) is a synthetic analogue of guanylin urine (urine guanylin is a natriuretic hormone, can regulate gastrointestinal transport of ions and liquid), pickup exenatide enter After in vivo and guanylate gastrointestinal tract endothelial cells cyclase C binding and activation, activation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), to promote chloride and water into the intestine, thereby promoting bowel motility, improve constipation symptoms.

Synergy company announced its pick in the research of new drugs that peptide (code: SP304) on October 6, 2010 the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders II a clinical experimental results. The study, conducted in patients with chronic constipation showed that the drugs can improve bowel function in patients, promote intestinal motility and reduce abdominal discomfort shape. In the experiment, there was no diarrhea and other adverse reactions, at the doses tested did not detect the pickup system that peptides are absorbed. The drug is expected for the treatment of chronic constipation (CC), constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) and other gastrointestinal disorders. CC and IBS-C is a common gastrointestinal disease that can cause serious impact on the work and the quality of life of patients. Synergy will continue to conduct clinical trials of other pickups that peptide.

The structure of the peptide pickup that is:

H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-C ys-Leu-〇H (4-12 disulfide, 7- 15)

Example 30:

 H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-C ys-Leu-〇H (4-12 disulfide, 7- 15) Preparation of

 embodiments will be prepared by the method of Example 18 H-Asn (Trt) -Asp (OtBu) -Asp (OtBu) -Cys (mmt) -Glu (Ot Bu) -Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn ( Trt) -Val-Ala-Cys (mmt) -Thr (tBu) -Gly-Cys (StBu) -Leu-CT C resin (IOOmmol, 472. 88g) disposed cracking reactor to 10ml / g resin ratio Add lysis reagent (TFA: EDT: water = 95: 2 5:.. 2 5 (V / V)), stirred at room temperature 2h. The reaction was filtered with sand core funnel, and then added a small amount of TFA The resin was washed in the funnel, collecting the filtrate, the combined filtrate was concentrated. Frozen in dry diethyl ether was added (100ml / g peptide purpose tree months) and the solution was precipitated, centrifuged to remove the precipitate was washed with diethyl ether after dry ether three times, and dried in vacuo to give a white solid powder was approximately 180g, i.e., H-Asn-Asp-Asp -Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-Cy s (StBu) -Leu-OH. The solid was dissolved with water to lmg / ml solution. Was added an aqueous solution of 1% by volume of H2O2, the reaction was stirred at room temperature 30min, to prepare H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gl y-Cys (StBu) -Leu-OH (disulfide 4-12) was treated with a rotary evaporator after drying the compound containing 500ml 20% β- mercaptoethanol and 0. IM N- methylmorpholine were dissolved in water, followed by stirring After 12h the reaction, the reaction solution was diluted with water to 3mg / ml was about 60L, dissolved in ethanol was added with IL 300mmol I2 solution, the reaction was stirred at room temperature 2h. Adding an appropriate amount Vc remove excess I2, until the color of the reaction solution was transparent, i.e., to give H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-As n-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-Cys-L eu_0H (disulfide bonds 4-12, 7-15).

PATENT

WO 2014197720

CN 103694320

WO 2012118972

WO 2012037380

WO 2011069038

US 20100152118

WO 2010065751

///Plecanatide,  普卡那肽 ,  ليكاناتيد , плеканатид, 467426-54-6, Chronic Idiopathic Constipation, NDA, SP 304, SYNERGY, PEPTIDE,

C[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H]2CSSC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC2=O)[C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)O)C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1)C(C)C)CC(=O)N)C(C)C)CC(C)C)CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)N)N

OR

O=C(N[C@@H](CC(=O)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@H]1CSSC[C@@H]2NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)O)NC1=O)CC(C)C)CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC2=O)[C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)O)C(C)C)C(C)C)[C@@H](N)CC(N)=O

updated

Plecanatide (brand name Trulance), is a drug approved by the FDA for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC)[1] and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation. Plecanatide is an agonist of guanylate cyclase-C. Plecanatide increases intestinal transit and fluid through a buildup of cGMP.[2][3]

Medical uses

As of January 2017, plecanatide is approved in the United States for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults.[1] The presence of this condition is determined using the Rome III diagnostic criteria for chronic constipation which requires that the patient meet stool frequency, stool consistency, incomplete evacuation, and straining requirements in addition to not being a likely candidate for irritable bowel syndrome.[4] The symptoms should also have been present for at least three of the last six months to establish the chronic nature of the condition before treatment with plecanatide is indicated.[4]

Plecanatide has been shown to be safe and effective. It has shown to be at least equally as effective as its main competitor, linaclotide (brand name Linzess), but has been shown to have a lower rate of diarrhea as an adverse drug reaction.[5]

Contraindications

Plecanatide has not been shown to be safe or effective in persons 6 years to 18 years of age.[6] Use of plecanatide by persons under the age of 6 poses a serious dehydration risk and studies have demonstrated plecanatide can cause death in juvenile mice due to this dehydrating effect.[6]

Use of plecanatide is also contraindicated in persons who are suspected of having a mechanical gastrointestinal obstruction.[6]

Pharmacology

Structure and function

Plecanatide is a 16 amino acid peptide with the amino acid sequence:

H-Asn1-Asp2-Glu3-Cys4-Glu5-Leu6-Cys7-Val8-Asn9-Val10-Ala11-Cys12-Thr13-Gly14-Cys15-Leu16-OH

Is nearly structurally identical to human uroguanylin, apart from the substitution of Asp3 with Glu3.[7] Disulfide bonds exist between Cys4 and Cys12, as well as Cys7 and Cys15.[8]

Plecanatide has two important motifs. The first being the acidic residues Asp2 and Glu3 which modulate the affinity for its receptor in response to environmental pH.[6][7][9] Simulations predict the optimal activity of Plecanatide to occur at pH 5, making it suitable for targeting cells within the proximal intestine, which has a pH of between 5 and 6.[6] The second is the ACTGC motif (residues Ala11 to Cys15) which is the region responsible for its binding to the receptor, guanylate cyclase-C.[10]

Mechanism of action

Plecanatide works as a laxative by drawing water in to the gastrointestinal tract thereby softening stool and encouraging its natural passage.

Similar to its endogenous counterpart, plecanatide activates guanylate cyclase-C on endothelial cells within the gastrointestinal tract.[7] The activation of guanylate cyclase-C catalyses the production of the second messenger guanosine 3’,5’-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP) which leads to the protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase G II (PKGII)-mediated phosphorylation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) protein.[11][12] CFTR is an anion channel and upon activation it will secrete negatively charged ions, particularly chloride (Cl) and bicarbonate (HCO3) in to the GI tract lumen.[13][14] This disruption to the electrochemical gradient is in part rectified by the passive secretion of positively charged sodium ions in to the lumen and water follows by osmosis.[13]

Plecanatide is also known to have an anti-nociceptive effect in animal models, however the exact mechanism of action is not yet fully elucidated.[6] It has been suggested that this may be in part to the anti-inflammatory action of guanylate cyclase-C by its inhibition of pro-inflammatory cytokines, or through the inhibition of associated sensory neurons.[15]

Pharmacokinetics and metabolism

As plecanatide acts on receptors present on the apical side of endothelial cells lining the gastrointestinal tract it is able to impart its effect without ever entering circulation.[7] As with most orally ingested peptides, plecanatide is degraded by intestinal enzymes, and so very little of the active drug enters systemic circulation.[6] Minimal amounts of the drug are expected to be transported in to the body, and concentrations of plecanatide and its metabolites are undetectable in plasma following the recommended dosage of 3 mg.[6][7] It has also been shown that dosages up to 48.6 mg produced no detectable concentration of plecanatide in human plasma at any time point after ingestion.[7]

Commercialization

Plecanatide, branded as Trulance, is manufactured by Synergy Pharmaceuticals.[16]

PATENT

WO-2020250102

Novel Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Drug Under FDA Review

Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog
Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog

Synergy Pharmaceuticals announced the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted for review the New Drug Application (NDA) for plecanatide for the treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC).

The NDA submission was based on data from two double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trials and one open-label long term safety study in over 3,500 patients with CIC.

RELATED: NDA Submitted for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation Drug Plecanatide

The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) target action date of January 29, 2017 to make a decision on the NDA.

Plecanatide is a once-daily, oral, uroguanylin analog currently under development for the treatment of CIC and irritable bowel syndrome with constipation (IBS-C). It is designed to replicate the function of uroguanylin, a naturally occurring GI peptide, by working locally in the upper GI tract to stimulate digestive fluid movement and support regular bowel function.

PATENT

CN 104628827

http://www.google.com/patents/CN104628827A?cl=en

Prica exenatide Synergy Pharmaceuticals developed by the United States for the GC-C receptor in development of drugs, administered orally Limited.Currently underway include chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) and constipation irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C), including the phase III clinical trials. It is expected to receive US FDA clearance to market in recent years. Prica that peptides CAS: 467426-54-6 English name plecanatide, structural formula is as follows:

Figure CN104628827AD00031

Preparation Prica that peptides from Shenzhen Han Yu medicine was first reported (CN103694320A), using a solid-phase synthesis of linear peptides in solution and then the two-step method to get into the ring, respectively. Since the method to form a ring carved in solution twice, the solution of complex composition, separation and purification difficult, the method should be improved.

Example 1

 Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 51mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (5. Lmmol), added to the solid phase reactor, DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH 6. 34g, H0Bt 2. 07g, DIC 2. 37mL was dissolved in DMF, added to the reactor uniformly mixed, the reaction at room temperature 2h. Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

 Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

 To a prepared peptide resin reactor volume percentage of 15% DMF solution of mercapto ethanol, reaction 2h; then DCM was added a solution of 20-fold amount DTNP reaction lh; was added after washing 1% TFA containing TIS 5% of DCM solution reaction 20min.

Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, DMF was added 10 times the amount in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

After the preparation of the peptide resin was added in a volume ratio of 95/2/2/1 TFA / TIS / EDT / H lysis reagent 20 is added in an amount 20mL / g, the reaction ice bath lh, stirring was continued at room temperature 5h, then filtration.After lysis reagent suction filtrate using a rotary evaporator until no overflow TFA, precipitated reagent was added standing; Pulika centrifugation the precipitated crude peptide was peptide to give 8. 67g〇

The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

Example 2

Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 2mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (2mmol), added to the solid phase reactor. DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH1. 24g, HOBtO. 406g, DIC 0 • 465mL dissolved in DMF solution, after mixing into the reactor at room temperature the reaction 2h.Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

[0053] To illustrate the preparation of the present embodiment obtained peptide resin reactor volume percent of a DMF solution of 30% mercaptoethanol, reaction 4h; then 5-fold amount DTNP in DCM reaction lh; was added after washing 1% TFA containing TIS 5% in DCM reaction 20min.

 Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, 20 times the amount of DMF was added in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

Peptide Resin [0055] Preparation was added volume ratio of 82. 5/5/5/5/2. 5 TFA / thioanisole / H20 / phenol / EDT cleavage reagents, added in an amount 10mL / g, the reaction ice bath 0 After. 5h, stirring was continued at room temperature for lh, then suction filtered. After lysis reagent suction filtrate to the non-use of force blowing TFA overflow, adding precipitation reagent standing; centrifugation precipitated Prica exenatide crude peptide to give 1. 52g.

 The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

 Example 3

 Weigh the degree of substitution of 0. 6mmol / g of Fmoc-Leu- Wang resin 10g (6mmol), added to the solid phase reactor, DMF washing 3 times, the swelling 3h. The volume ratio of 1: 4 piperidine: DMF was added to the reactor the reaction, after the reaction was washed with DCM and washed twice, DMF 4 times. Weigh Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH 7. 46g, H0Bt2. 44g, DIC 2. 79mL was dissolved in DMF, added to the reactor uniformly mixed, the reaction at room temperature 2h.Ninhydrin color reaction control endpoint, the resin was colorless indicates the end of the reaction, the reaction is continued if the color to colorless. After completion of the reaction, DCM was washed twice, DMF and washed 4 times.

 Repeat the above steps, in accordance with the order of the sequence, followed by deprotection, coupling Fmoc-Gly-OH, Fmoc-Thr (tBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys- (Mmt) -OH, Fmoc-Ala-OH, Fmoc- Val-OH, Fmoc-Asn (Trt) -〇H, Fmoc-Val-OH, Fmoc-Cys (Acm) -OH, Fmoc-Leu-OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Cys (StBu) -OH, Fmoc-Glu (OtBu) -OH, Fmoc-Asp (OtBu) -OH, Boc-Asn (Trt) -〇H〇

 To the prepared peptide resin reactor volume percentage of 25% DMF solution of mercapto ethanol, reaction 3h; then 10-fold amount DTNP in DCM reaction lh; was added 1% TFA washed containing TIS5% DCM solution Reaction 20min〇

 Preparation of peptide resin obtained after sufficiently washed with DMF, 15 times the amount of DMF was added in the reaction solution 12 lh. Full wash sash.

 Preparation of the peptide resin was added in a volume ratio of 90/5/3/2 TFA / thioanisole / anisole / EDT cleavage reagents, added in an amount 20mL / g, the ice bath was reacted 0.lh, stirring was continued at room temperature The reaction 10h, then filtration. After lysis reagent suction filtrate using a rotary evaporator until no overflow TFA, precipitated reagent was added standing; Pulika centrifugation the precipitated crude peptide was peptide to give 8. 46g.

 The preparation of the crude peptide was obtained Pulika peptide using preparative HPLC system, wavelength 214nm, C18 reversed-phase column packing for the separation, the mobile phase of water and acetonitrile were used, with a gradient elution method to collect the target polypeptide The absorption peak. Using rotary evaporation at 30 ° C to remove most of the acetonitrile, were freeze-dried to obtain a purified Prica exenatide refined products.

Although the above has been described with general, specific embodiments and test, the present invention has been described in detail, but on the basis of the present invention, it may make some changes or improvements, which the skilled artisan It is obvious. Thus, the present invention without departing from the spirit on the basis of these modifications or improvements made, belong to the scope of the invention as claimed.

PATENT

CN 104211777

http://www.google.com/patents/CN104211777A?cl=en

The pickup exenatide (Plecanatide) is a synthetic analogue of guanylin urine (urine guanylin is a natriuretic hormone, can regulate gastrointestinal transport of ions and liquid), pickup exenatide enter After in vivo and guanylate gastrointestinal tract endothelial cells cyclase C binding and activation, activation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), to promote chloride and water into the intestine, thereby promoting bowel motility, improve constipation symptoms.

Synergy company announced its pick in the research of new drugs that peptide (code: SP304) on October 6, 2010 the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders II a clinical experimental results. The study, conducted in patients with chronic constipation showed that the drugs can improve bowel function in patients, promote intestinal motility and reduce abdominal discomfort shape. In the experiment, there was no diarrhea and other adverse reactions, at the doses tested did not detect the pickup system that peptides are absorbed. The drug is expected for the treatment of chronic constipation (CC), constipation-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-C) and other gastrointestinal disorders. CC and IBS-C is a common gastrointestinal disease that can cause serious impact on the work and the quality of life of patients. Synergy will continue to conduct clinical trials of other pickups that peptide.

The structure of the peptide pickup that is:

H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-C ys-Leu-〇H (4-12 disulfide, 7- 15)

Example 30:

 H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-C ys-Leu-〇H (4-12 disulfide, 7- 15) Preparation of

 embodiments will be prepared by the method of Example 18 H-Asn (Trt) -Asp (OtBu) -Asp (OtBu) -Cys (mmt) -Glu (Ot Bu) -Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn ( Trt) -Val-Ala-Cys (mmt) -Thr (tBu) -Gly-Cys (StBu) -Leu-CT C resin (IOOmmol, 472. 88g) disposed cracking reactor to 10ml / g resin ratio Add lysis reagent (TFA: EDT: water = 95: 2 5:.. 2 5 (V / V)), stirred at room temperature 2h. The reaction was filtered with sand core funnel, and then added a small amount of TFA The resin was washed in the funnel, collecting the filtrate, the combined filtrate was concentrated. Frozen in dry diethyl ether was added (100ml / g peptide purpose tree months) and the solution was precipitated, centrifuged to remove the precipitate was washed with diethyl ether after dry ether three times, and dried in vacuo to give a white solid powder was approximately 180g, i.e., H-Asn-Asp-Asp -Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-Cy s (StBu) -Leu-OH. The solid was dissolved with water to lmg / ml solution. Was added an aqueous solution of 1% by volume of H2O2, the reaction was stirred at room temperature 30min, to prepare H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys (StBu) -Val-Asn-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gl y-Cys (StBu) -Leu-OH (disulfide 4-12) was treated with a rotary evaporator after drying the compound containing 500ml 20% β- mercaptoethanol and 0. IM N- methylmorpholine were dissolved in water, followed by stirring After 12h the reaction, the reaction solution was diluted with water to 3mg / ml was about 60L, dissolved in ethanol was added with IL 300mmol I2 solution, the reaction was stirred at room temperature 2h. Adding an appropriate amount Vc remove excess I2, until the color of the reaction solution was transparent, i.e., to give H-Asn-Asp-Asp-Cys-Glu-Leu-Cys-Val-As n-Val-Ala-Cys-Thr-Gly-Cys-L eu_0H (disulfide bonds 4-12, 7-15).

PATENT

WO 2014197720

CN 103694320

WO 2012118972

WO 2012037380

WO 2011069038

US 20100152118

WO 2010065751

///Plecanatide,  普卡那肽 ,  ليكاناتيد , плеканатид, 467426-54-6, Chronic Idiopathic Constipation, NDA, SP 304, SYNERGY, PEPTIDE,

C[C@H]1C(=O)N[C@H]2CSSC[C@@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@@H](CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC2=O)[C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)O)C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N[C@H](C(=O)N1)C(C)C)CC(=O)N)C(C)C)CC(C)C)CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)O)NC(=O)[C@H](CC(=O)N)N

OR

O=C(N[C@@H](CC(=O)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CCC(O)=O)C(=O)N[C@H]1CSSC[C@@H]2NC(=O)[C@H](C)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CC(N)=O)NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@@H](NC(=O)[C@H](CCC(=O)O)NC1=O)CC(C)C)CSSC[C@H](NC(=O)CNC(=O)[C@@H](NC2=O)[C@@H](C)O)C(=O)N[C@@H](CC(C)C)C(=O)O)C(C)C)C(C)C)[C@@H](N)CC(N)=O

References

  1. Jump up to:a b “FDA approves Trulance for Chronic Idiopathic Constipation”FDA.gov. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  2. ^ “TRULANCE package insert” (PDF)Trulance website. Synergy Pharmaceuticals Inc. 420 Lexington Avenue, Suite 2012 New York, New York 10170. Retrieved 20 January 2017.
  3. ^ Thomas RH, Luthin DR (June 2015). “Current and emerging treatments for irritable bowel syndrome with constipation and chronic idiopathic constipation: focus on prosecretory agents”. Pharmacotherapy35 (6): 613–30. doi:10.1002/phar.1594PMID 26016701.
  4. Jump up to:a b Rome III : the functional gastrointestinal disorders. Drossman, Douglas A. (3rd ed.). McLean, Va.: Degnon Associates. 2006. ISBN 9780965683753OCLC 79476570.
  5. ^ “Trulance – FDA prescribing information, side effects and uses”Drugs.com. Retrieved 2017-10-27.
  6. Jump up to:a b c d e f g h Al-Salama ZT, Syed YY (April 2017). “Plecanatide: First Global Approval”. Drugs77 (5): 593–598. doi:10.1007/s40265-017-0718-0PMID 28255961.
  7. Jump up to:a b c d e f Shailubhai K, Comiskey S, Foss JA, Feng R, Barrow L, Comer GM, Jacob GS (September 2013). “Plecanatide, an oral guanylate cyclase C agonist acting locally in the gastrointestinal tract, is safe and well-tolerated in single doses”. Digestive Diseases and Sciences58 (9): 2580–6. doi:10.1007/s10620-013-2684-zPMID 23625291.
  8. ^ Chang WL, Masih S, Thadi A, Patwa V, Joshi A, Cooper HS, et al. (February 2017). “+/Min-FCCC mice”World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics8(1): 47–59. doi:10.4292/wjgpt.v8.i1.47PMC 5292606PMID 28217374.
  9. ^ Hamra FK, Eber SL, Chin DT, Currie MG, Forte LR (March 1997). “Regulation of intestinal uroguanylin/guanylin receptor-mediated responses by mucosal acidity”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America94 (6): 2705–10. Bibcode:1997PNAS…94.2705Hdoi:10.1073/pnas.94.6.2705PMC 20153PMID 9122260.
  10. ^ Forte LR (November 2004). “Uroguanylin and guanylin peptides: pharmacology and experimental therapeutics”. Pharmacology & Therapeutics104 (2): 137–62. doi:10.1016/j.pharmthera.2004.08.007PMID 15518884.
  11. ^ Hamra FK, Forte LR, Eber SL, Pidhorodeckyj NV, Krause WJ, Freeman RH, et al. (November 1993). “Uroguanylin: structure and activity of a second endogenous peptide that stimulates intestinal guanylate cyclase”Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America90 (22): 10464–8. Bibcode:1993PNAS…9010464Hdoi:10.1073/pnas.90.22.10464PMC 47797PMID 7902563.
  12. ^ Bijvelds MJ, Loos M, Bronsveld I, Hellemans A, Bongartz JP, Ver Donck L, et al. (December 2015). “Inhibition of Heat-Stable Toxin-Induced Intestinal Salt and Water Secretion by a Novel Class of Guanylyl Cyclase C Inhibitors”The Journal of Infectious Diseases212 (11): 1806–15. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiv300PMID 25999056.
  13. Jump up to:a b Gadsby DC, Vergani P, Csanády L (March 2006). “The ABC protein turned chloride channel whose failure causes cystic fibrosis”Nature440 (7083): 477–83. Bibcode:2006Natur.440..477Gdoi:10.1038/nature04712PMC 2720541PMID 16554808.
  14. ^ Park HW, Nam JH, Kim JY, Namkung W, Yoon JS, Lee JS, et al. (August 2010). “Dynamic regulation of CFTR bicarbonate permeability by [Cl-]i and its role in pancreatic bicarbonate secretion”. Gastroenterology139 (2): 620–31. doi:10.1053/j.gastro.2010.04.004PMID 20398666.
  15. ^ Eutamene H, Bradesi S, Larauche M, Theodorou V, Beaufrand C, Ohning G, et al. (March 2010). “Guanylate cyclase C-mediated antinociceptive effects of linaclotide in rodent models of visceral pain”. Neurogastroenterology and Motility22 (3): 312–e84. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2982.2009.01385.xPMID 19706070.
  16. ^ “Plecanatide – brand name list from Drugs.com”Drugs.com.
Plecanatide
Plecanatide sequence.svg
Clinical data
Trade names Trulance
Other names SP-304
License data
Routes of
administration
By mouth
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
Formula C65H104N18O26S4
Molar mass 1681.89 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

////////////PLECATANIDE, плеканатид بليكاناتيد 普卡那肽 7IK8Z952OK, Guanilib


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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