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Alternative solid-state forms of a potent antimalarial aminopyridine: X-ray crystallographic, thermal and solubility aspects

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Graphical abstract: Alternative solid-state forms of a potent antimalarial aminopyridine: X-ray crystallographic, thermal and solubility aspects

 

Graphical abstract: Alternative solid-state forms of a potent antimalarial aminopyridine: X-ray crystallographic, thermal and solubility aspects

Alternative solid-state forms of a potent antimalarial aminopyridine: X-ray crystallographic, thermal and solubility aspects

Dyanne L. Cruickshank, Yassir Younis, Nicholas M. Njuguna, Dennis S. B. Ongarora, Kelly Chibale and Mino R. Caira

CrystEngComm, 2014, 16, 5781 DOI:10.1039/C3CE41798K

http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2014/CE/C3CE41798K?utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=pub-CE-vol-16-issue-26&utm_source=toc-alert#!divAbstract

3-(6-Methoxypyridin-3-yl)-5-(4-methylsulfonyl phenyl)-pyridin-2-amine (MMP) is a member of a novel class of orally active antimalarial drugs. This aminopyridine molecule has shown potent in vitro antiplasmodial activity and in vivo antimalarial activity in Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. The aqueous solubility of this molecule is, however, limited.

Thus investigations aimed at improving the physicochemical properties, including solubility, of MMP were accordingly conducted. Five salts of MMP were formed with co-former molecules saccharin, salicylic acid, fumaric acid, oxalic acid and suberic acid, but a cocrystal was obtained when the co-former adipic acid was employed.

All these new multi-component systems have been fully characterised using X-ray diffraction and thermal methods. Semi-quantitative, turbidimetric solubility tests in a phosphate-buffered saline solution at a pH of 7.4 were performed on the salts and the cocrystal of MMP. The saccharinate salt, fumarate salt and the cocrystal of MMP proved to have greater solubility than MMP itself. This work illustrates the importance of screening and modifying candidate drug compounds in their preliminary stages of development.
Alternative solid-state forms of a potent antimalarial aminopyridine: X-ray crystallographic, thermal and solubility aspects

 

Dyanne L. Cruickshank,a Yassir Younis,a Nicholas M. Njuguna,a Dennis S. B. Ongarora,a Kelly Chibalea and Mino R. Caira*a
*corresponding authors
aDepartment of Chemistry, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
E-mail: mino.caira@uct.ac.za;
Fax: +27 21 650 5195 ;
Tel: +27 21 650 3071

CrystEngComm, 2014,16, 5781-5792

DOI: 10.1039/C3CE41798K

 

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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