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TIDEGLUSIB ..An NSAID and neuroprotective agent.

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Tideglusib

M.Wt: 334.39
Formula: C19H14N2O2S
CAS No.: 865854-05-3
4-Benzyl-2-(naphthalen-1-yl)-1,2,4-thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione

Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta (GSK-3beta; tau Protein Kinase I) Inhibitors

Treatment of Neurologic Drugs (Miscellaneous)
Alzheimer’s Dementia, Treatment ofCerebrovascular Diseases, NP031112; NP-031112, Nypta  Zentylor

  • NP 031112
  • NP-12
  • NP031112
  • Tideglusib
  • UNII-Q747Y6TT42

Noscira (Originator)
Tideglusib (NP-12NP031112) is a potent, selective and irreversible[1] small molecule non-ATP-competitive GSK3 inhibitor that has been investigated as a potential treatment for Alzheimer’s disease and paralysis supranuclear palsy in Phase IIa[2] and IIb clinical trials.[3][4][5][6] The first clinical trial conducted with tideglusib to be published (in English, at least) was phase II and demonstrated that overall tideglusib was well tolerated, except for some moderate, asymptomatic, fully reversible increases in liver enzymes (≥2.5xULN; where ULN=Upper Limit of Normal).[4]

tideglusib

NP-031112 is an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta (GSK-3beta) in early clinical development for the oral treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. The compound had been in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of progressive supranuclear palsy and for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease; however the development was discontinued in 2011 and 2012 respectively, due to lack of efficacy.

The neuroprotective effects demonstrated in animal studies have also suggested its potential use in stroke and other brain disorders. It is being developed by Noscira (formerly known as NeuroPharma). In 2009, orphan drug designation was received in the E.U. and the U.S. for the treatment of progressive supranuclear palsy. In 2010, fast track designation was assigned in the U.S. by Noscira for this indication.

Fast Track status is granted to facilitate development and expedite the review of a drug for a serious or potentially fatal illness and to meet an unmet medical need

The Phase II trial for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) commenced in December 2009 and is currently in progress

Belen Sopesen, CEO of Noscira: ‘Fast Track status is very positive for the company and is an incentive to continue advancing in the clinical development of Tideglusib (ZentylorTM) in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy’

Overexpression of GSK-3 leads to hyperphosphorylation of the tau protein, an anomaly which occurs in a number of neurodegenerative diseases known collectively as tauopathies, which include Alzheimer’s disease (AD), Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) and Pick disease. NP-12 is a GSK-3 inhibitor with oral bioavailability and great therapeutic potential as a disease-modifying treatment for Alzheimer’s.

NP-12 is currently undergoing  clinical trials for Alzheimer’s disease in the EU. NP-12, the only GSK-3 inhibitor under clinical development for AD, has proven to be capable of acting on all of the histopathological lesions associated with the disease in experimental models: it reduces phosphorylation of the tau protein and hippocampal and entorhinal cortex neuron loss, improves spatial memory deficits and significantly reduces the accumulation of amyloid plaques in the brain. NP-12 also provides neuroprotection in vivo and has a potent anti-inflammatory effect in a range of animal models.

About Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

PSP is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by oculomotor disturbances, specifically difficulties in moving the eye vertically, falling down and Parkinsonian symptoms.

The disease affects an estimated 5-6.4 out of every 100,000 people.

There is currently no treatment capable of delaying or altering the progression of the illness.

TIDEGLUSIB

  1.  Domínguez, JM; Fuertes, A; Orozco, L; del Monte-Millán, M; Delgado, E; Medina, M (January 2012). “Evidence for Irreversible Inhibition of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 by Tideglusib”The Journal of Biological Chemistry 287 (2): 893–904.doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.306472PMC 3256883PMID 22102280.
  2.  Teodoro Del Ser (2010). “Phase IIa clinical trial on Alzheimer’s disease with NP12, a GSK3 inhibitor”. Alzheimer’s & Dementia 6 (4): S147. doi:10.1016/j.jalz.2010.05.455.
  3.  Eldar-Finkelman, H; Martinez, A (2011). “GSK-3 Inhibitors: Preclinical and Clinical Focus on CNS”Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience 4: 32.doi:10.3389/fnmol.2011.00032PMC 3204427PMID 22065134.
  4.  Del Ser, T; Steinwachs, KC; Gertz, HJ; Andrés, MV; Gómez-Carrillo, B; Medina, M; Vericat, JA; Redondo, P et al. (2013). “Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease with the GSK-3 inhibitor tideglusib: A pilot study”. Journal of Alzheimer’s disease 33 (1): 205–15.doi:10.3233/JAD-2012-120805PMID 22936007.
  5.  “FDA Grants Fast Track Status to Tideglusib (ZentylorTM) for Progressive Supranuclear Palsy”. PR Newswire Europe Including UK Disclose. 10 September 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2013.
  6.  Dominguez, JM; Fuertes, A; Orozco, L; Del Monte-Millan, M; Delgado, E; Medina, M (2011). “Evidence for Irreversible Inhibition of Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3 by Tideglusib”Journal of Biological Chemistry 287 (2): 893–904.doi:10.1074/jbc.M111.306472PMC 3256883PMID 22102280.
  7. WO 2005097117
  8. WO 2006045581
  9. WO 2006084934
  10. WO 2008057933
  11. WO 2011151359
  12. Evidence for irreversible inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3β by tideglusib.

    Domínguez JM, Fuertes A, Orozco L, del Monte-Millán M, Delgado E, Medina M.

    J Biol Chem. 2012 Jan 6;287(2):893-904. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M111.306472. Epub 2011 Nov 18

    13. MARTINEZ A ET AL.: “First Non-ATP Competitive Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3.beta. (GSK-3.beta.) Inhibitors: Thiadiazolidinones (TDZD) as Potential Drugs for the Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease” JOURNAL OF MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY, vol. 45, no. 6, 2002, pages 1292-1299

4-18-2012
GSK-3 Inhibitors
5-13-2009
GSK-3 inhibitors
6-27-2008
Use Of Heterocyclic Compounds As Neurogenic Agents

CLINICAL TRIALS

http://clinicaltrials.gov/search/intervention=NP+031112

http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01350362

………….

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2005097117

For example, the following procedure can be used to produce 4-N-benzyl substituted thiadiazolidinones :

Figure imgf000014_0002

The general experimental procedure of Scheme 1 is described for example in Slomczynska,

U.; Barany, G., “Efficient Synthesis of l,2,4-Dithiazolidine-3,5-diones (Dithiasuccinoyl- amines) and observations on formation of l,2,4-Thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione by related

Chemistry”, J. Heterocyclic Chem., 1984, 21, 241-246.

For example, sulfuryl chloride is added dropwise with stirring, under nitrogen atmosphere, preferably at low temperature, preferably at about 5 °C, to a solution of benzyl isothiocyanate and the isocyanate indicated in each case, in a suitable solvent such as hexane, ether or THF. When the addition is finished, the mixture is left to react, for example by stirring for 20 hours at room temperature. After this time, the resulting product is isolated by conventional methods such as suction filtration or solvent evaporation and then, the purification is performed (e.g. by recristallization or silica gel column chromatography using the appropriate eluent). Other alternative procedures will be apparent to the person skilled in the art, such as the use of any other chlorinating agent instead of sulfuryl chloride, variations in the order of addition of the reactants and reaction conditions (solvents, temperature, etc).

Example 2

4-Benzyl-2-naphthalen-l-yl-[l,2,4]thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione (2)

Reagents: Benzyl-isothiocianate (13 mmol, 1.72 mL), 1-naphthyl-isocyanate (13 mmol, 1.9 mL) and SO2CI2 (13 mmol, 1.04 mL) in hexane (50 mL). Isolation: filtration of reaction mixture. Purification: recrystallization from EtOH. Yield: 3.8 g (87%), white needles. mp= 150 °C

1H-RMN (CDC13): 4.9 (s, 2H, CH2PI1); 7.3-7.9 (m, 12Η, arom.) 13C-RMN (CDCI3): 46.5 (CH2Ph); 128.3; 128.6; 129.0; 135.0 (C arom, Ph); 122.0; 125.3; 126.8; 127.2; 127.5; 128.5; 130.8; 134.4 (C arom, naphthyl); 152.2 (3-00); 165.9 (5- C=O).

Anal (C19H14N2O2S), C, H, N, S

Sulfuryl chloride is added dropwise with stirring, under nitrogen atmosphere, at 5 °C to a solution of benzyl isothiocyanate and the isocyanate indicated in each case, in hexane, ether or THF. When the addition is finished, the mixture is stirred for 20 hours at room temperature. After this time, the resulting product is isolated by suction filtration or by solvent evaporation and then, the purification is performed by recristallization or silica gel column chromatography using the appropriate eluent. More details can be found in Slomczynska, U.; Barany, G., “Efficient Synthesis of l,2,4-Dithiazolidine-3,5-diones (Dithiasuccinoyl-amines) and observations on formation of l,2,4-Thiadiazolidine-3,5-dione by related Chemistry”, J Heterocyclic Client., 1984, 21, 241-246.

…………

WO2006045581A1 * Oct 21, 2005 May 4, 2006 Neuropharma Sa The use of 1, 2, 4-thiadiazolidine-3, 5-diones as ppar activators
WO2011151359A1 Jun 1, 2011 Dec 8, 2011 Noscira, S.A. Combined treatment with a cholinesterase inhibitor and a thiadiazolidinedione derivative
WO2013124413A1 Feb 22, 2013 Aug 29, 2013 Noscira, S.A. Thiadiazolidinediones as gsk-3 inhibitors
EP2177510A1 Oct 17, 2008 Apr 21, 2010 Universität des Saarlandes Allosteric protein kinase modulators
EP2527323A1 May 24, 2011 Nov 28, 2012 Noscira, S.A. Urea carbonyl disulfide derivatives and their therapeutic uses

………..

 

ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO

THANKS AND REGARD’S
DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

GLENMARK SCIENTIST , NAVIMUMBAI, INDIA

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need help, email or call me

MOBILE-+91 9323115463
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I was  paralysed in dec2007, Posts dedicated to my family, my organisation Glenmark, Your readership keeps me going and brings smiles to my family

 

 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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