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Voxtalisib, SAR-245409, XL-765



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SAR-245409, XL-765


2-Amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(1H-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one hydrochloride

C13 H14 N6 O . Cl H, 306.751



PHASE 2, Malignant neoplasms


Mol. Formula:C13H14N6O∙0.2H2O, MW:273.9
Mechanism of Action:selective oral inhibitor of PI3K and mTOR
Indication:Cancer Treatment
Stage of Development: phase ll study in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). A phase I/II trial is assessing SAR245409 in combination with letrozole in ER/PR+ HER2- breast cancer.

SAR245409 (XL765)

SAR245409 (XL765) is an orally available inhibitor of PI3K and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which are frequently activated in human tumors and play central roles in tumor cell proliferation. Exelixis discovered SAR245409 internally and out-licensed the compound to Sanofi. SAR245409 is being evaluated by Sanofi as a single agent and in multiple combination regimens in a variety of cancer indications. Clinical trials have included a single agent phase 2 trial in Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, combination phase 1b/2 trials with temozolomide in patients with glioblastoma, with letrozole in hormone receptor positive breast cancer, with bendamustine and/or rituximab in lymphoma or leukemia, and a phase 1 trial in combination with a MEK inhibitor.

SAR-245409 is an investigational drug originated by Exelixis that dually inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K).

Sanofi is also evaluating the compound in phase I/II clinical trials for the treatment of malignant neoplasm as monotherpay or in combination regimen. It has also completed phase I clinical trials as an oral treatment for brain cancer.

In 2009, the drug candidate was licensed to Sanofi (formerly known as sanofi-aventis) by Exelixis worldwide for the treatment of solid tumors.

XL765 (Voxtalisib, SAR245409, Sanofi)*, a PYRIDOPYRIMIDINONE-derivative, is a highly selective, potent and reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor of pan-Class I PI3K (α, β, γ, and δ) and mTORC1/mTORC2. It is orally active, highly selective over 130 other protein kinases. In cellular assays, XL765 inhibits the formation of PIP3 in the membrane, and inhibits phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 phosphorylation in multiple tumor cell lines with different genetic alterations affecting the PI3K pathway.

In mouse xenograft models, oral administration of XL-765 results in dose-dependent inhibition of phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 with a duration of action of approximately 24 hours. Repeat dose administration of XL765 results in significant tumor growth inhibition in multiple human xenograft models in nude mice that is associated with antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, and proapoptotic effects


WO 2014058947

Example 1. Synthesis of Compound (1)

Compound (1) can be synthesized as described in WO 07/044813, which is hereby incorporated in its entirety.

Figure imgf000015_0001

Briefly, a base and an intermediate, compound (a), are added to solution of commercially available 2-metfiyl-2-thiopseudourea sulfate in a solvent such as water and stirred overnight at room temperature. After neutralization, compound (b) is collected by filtration and dried under vacuum. Treatment of compound (b) with POCI3 and heating at reflux for 2 hours yields compound (c) which can be concentrated under vacuum to dryness. Compound (c) can be used directly in the following reaction with ethylamine carried out in a solvent such as water with heating to give compound (d). Compound (d) is then treated with iodine monochloride in a solvent such as methanol to form compound (e). Compound (e) is then dissolved in DMA, to which ethyl acrylate, Pd(OAc)2 and a base are added. This reaction mixture is heated and reacted overnight until completion of the reaction to give compound (f), which can be purified via column chromatography.

Compound (f) is then be treated with DBU in the presence of a base, such as DIEA, and heated at reflux for 15 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, the solvent is evaporated and the residue triturated with acetone to yield compound (g). Bromination of compound (g) can be achieved through drop-wise addition of Br2 to compound (g) in CH2C12, followed by stirring overnight at room temperature. Next, filtration is carried out, and triethylamine is added so that, upon washing and drying, the product, compound (h) is obtained. A Suzuki coupling between compound (h) and lH-pyrazol-5-yl boronic acid is carried out using a Pd- catalyst such as [1,1 -bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II) in the presence of a base to yield compound (i). Finally, compound (i) can be converted to compound (1) of the instant invention through 1) oxidation of the methylthio group with m-CPBA, carried out at room temperature with stirring and 2) treatment of the resulting product dissolved in dioxane, with liquid ammonia. Stirring at room temperature overnight followed by purification by column chromatography gives the desired product, 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl- 6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one, compound (1).


WO 2007044813

Example 1 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(lJΪ-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-</]pyrimidin-7(8J?)-one

Figure imgf000060_0001

To a solution of 2-methyl-2-thiopseudourea sulfate (Aldrich, 58.74 g, 0.422 mol) in water (1000 mL) were added sodium carbonate (81.44 g, 0.768 mol) and ethyl acetoacetate (50 g, 0.384 mol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. After neutralizing to pH = 8, the solid was collected through filtration followed by drying under vacuum overnight to afford 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (57.2 g, 95% yield) of product. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.47 (bs, IH), 5.96 (bs, lH), 2.47(s, 3H), 2.17 (s, 3H).

Figure imgf000060_0002

To the round bottom flask containing 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4(3H)- one (19 g, 121.6 mmol) was added POCl3 (30 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 2 h and then concentrated on a rotary evaporator to dryness. The crude 4-chloro- 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidine was used directly in the next reaction without further purification.

Figure imgf000060_0003

To the 4-chloro-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidine from above was added 30 mL of a solution of 70% ethylamine in water. The reaction mixture was heated to 50 0C for 3 h. After completion, excess ethylamine was evaporated on rotary evaporator under vacuum. The solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford 7V-ethyl-6-methyl-2- (methylthio)pyrimidin-4-amine (20 g, 90% yield).

Figure imgf000061_0001

To the solution of N-emyl-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4-amine (20 g, 121.6 mmol) in methanol was added iodine monochloride (26.58 g, 163.7 mmol) in small portions at 0 °C. Then the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was triturated with acetone. The product iV-ethyl-5-iodo-6-methyl-2- (methylthio)pyrimin-4-amine (25.2 g, 75% yield) was collected by filtration. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.37 (bs, IH), 3.52 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, IH), 2.50 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).

Figure imgf000061_0002

To the solution of N-ethyl-5-iodo-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimin-4-amine (25.2 g, 81.48 mmol) in DMA (260 mL) were added ethyl acrylate (12.23 g, 122.2 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (3.65 g, 16.25 mmol), (+)BINAP and triethyl amine (24.68 g, 244.4 mmol). Then the reaction mixture was heated to 100 0C and reacted overnight. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was diluted with water and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate. The product (E)-ethyl-3-(4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-5- yl)acrylate (16.8 g, 73% yield) was isolated by silica gel column chromatography with 6-8% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.65 (d, J = 16.4Hz, IH), 6.20 (d, J = 16.4Hz, IH), 5.15 (bs, IH), 4.28(q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.54 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.24 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).

Figure imgf000061_0003

To a solution of (E)-ethyl-3-(4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin- 5-yl)acrylate (16.8 g, 59.8 mmol) in DIPEA was added l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU, 18.21 g, 119.6 mmol) at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and reacted for 15 h. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was triturated with acetone. The product 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (10.77 g, 77% yield) was collected by filtration. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.78 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, IH), 6.63 (d, J = 9.6 Hz5 IH), 4.5(q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.67 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).

Figure imgf000062_0001

[00187] To a solution of 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)- one (6.31 g, 26.84 mmol) in DCM was added Br2 (4.79 g, 29.52 mmol) dropwise at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After filtration the solid was suspended in DCM (100 mL), and triethylamine (20 mL) was added. The mixture was washed with water and dried with Na2SO4, and the product 6-bromo-8- ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (6.96 g, 83 % yield) was obtained after evaporation of DCM. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.22 (s, IH), 4.56 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 1.34 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H).

Figure imgf000062_0002

To a solution of 6-bromo-8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)ρyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.765 g, 2.43 mmol) in DME-H2O (10:1 11 mL) was added IH- pyrazol-5-ylboronic acid (Frontier, 0.408 g, 3.65 mmol), [1,1′- bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II) complex with CH2Cl2 (Pd(dρρρf),0.198 g, 0.243 mmol) and triethylamine (0.736 g, 7.29 mmol) at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and reacted for 4 h. After cooling down to room temperature, the reaction mixture was partitioned with water and ethyl acetate. After separation, the. organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, and the product 8- ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)-6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.567 g, 77% yield) was obtained by silica gel column chromatography. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 13.3 (bs, IH), 8.54 (s, IH), 7.82-7.07 (m, 2H), 4.45 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.71 (s, 3H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H).

Figure imgf000063_0001

To the solution of 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)-6-(lH-pyrazol-5- yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.123 g, 0.41mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added MCPBA (0.176 g, 77%, 0.785 mmol) in a small portion at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h. After evaporation of DCM, dioxane (1 mL) and liquid ammonia (1 mL) were introduced. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The product 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-(/lpyrimidin-7(8H)- one (50.4 mg) was obtained by silica gel column chromatography. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 8.41 (s, IH), 7.62 (d, J – 2.0 Hz, IH), 6.96 (d, J = 2.0Hz5 IH), 4.51 (q, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 2.64 (s, 3H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H); MS (EI) for C13H14N6O: 271.3 (MH+)


1. P. W. Yu, et al., Characterization of the Activity of the PI3K/mTOR Inhibitor XL765 (SAR245409) in Tumor Models with Diverse Genetic Alterations Affecting the PI3K Pathway, Mol Cancer Ther, May 2014 13; 1078-91
2. K. P. Papadopoulos, et al., Phase I Safety, Pharmacokinetic, and Pharmacodynamic Study of SAR245409 (XL765), a Novel, Orally Administered PI3K/mTOR Inhibitor in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors, Clin Cancer Res, May 1, 2014 20; 2445
3 WO 2014058947
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8 WO 2008124161
9 WO 2007044698
10 WO 2007044813
WO2007044813A1 9 Oct 2006 19 Apr 2007 Exelixis Inc PYRIDOPYRIMIDINONE INHIBITORS OF PI3Kα
WO2012054748A2 * 20 Oct 2011 26 Apr 2012 Seattle Genetics, Inc. Synergistic effects between auristatin-based antibody drug conjugates and inhibitors of the pi3k-akt mtor pathway
WO2012065019A2 * 11 Nov 2011 18 May 2012 Exelixis, Inc. Pyridopyrimidinone inhibitors of p13k alpha
US7811572 14 Aug 2006 12 Oct 2010 Immunogen, Inc. Process for preparing purified drug conjugates
US20040235840 20 May 2004 25 Nov 2004 Immunogen, Inc. Cytotoxic agents comprising new maytansinoids

Exelixis, Inc.

210 East Grand Avenue
So. San Francisco, CA 94080
(650) 837-7000 phone
(650) 837-8300 fax

////////////Voxtalisib hydrochloride, Exelixis, SANOFI, PHASE 2, Malignant neoplasms, SAR-245409, XL-765






1 Comment

  1. larryhbern says:

    Reblogged this on Leaders in Pharmaceutical Business Intelligence and commented:
    good possibilities

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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