C13 H14 N6 O . Cl H, 306.751
INNOVATOR Exelixis Inc,, LICENSE SANOFI
PHASE 2, Malignant neoplasms
- Mol. Formula:C13H14N6O∙0.2H2O, MW:273.9
- Mechanism of Action:selective oral inhibitor of PI3K and mTOR
Stage of Development: phase ll study in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). A phase I/II trial is assessing SAR245409 in combination with letrozole in ER/PR+ HER2- breast cancer.
SAR245409 (XL765) is an orally available inhibitor of PI3K and the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), which are frequently activated in human tumors and play central roles in tumor cell proliferation. Exelixis discovered SAR245409 internally and out-licensed the compound to Sanofi. SAR245409 is being evaluated by Sanofi as a single agent and in multiple combination regimens in a variety of cancer indications. Clinical trials have included a single agent phase 2 trial in Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, combination phase 1b/2 trials with temozolomide in patients with glioblastoma, with letrozole in hormone receptor positive breast cancer, with bendamustine and/or rituximab in lymphoma or leukemia, and a phase 1 trial in combination with a MEK inhibitor.
SAR-245409 is an investigational drug originated by Exelixis that dually inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K).
Sanofi is also evaluating the compound in phase I/II clinical trials for the treatment of malignant neoplasm as monotherpay or in combination regimen. It has also completed phase I clinical trials as an oral treatment for brain cancer.
In 2009, the drug candidate was licensed to Sanofi (formerly known as sanofi-aventis) by Exelixis worldwide for the treatment of solid tumors.
XL765 (Voxtalisib, SAR245409, Sanofi)*, a PYRIDOPYRIMIDINONE-derivative, is a highly selective, potent and reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor of pan-Class I PI3K (α, β, γ, and δ) and mTORC1/mTORC2. It is orally active, highly selective over 130 other protein kinases. In cellular assays, XL765 inhibits the formation of PIP3 in the membrane, and inhibits phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 phosphorylation in multiple tumor cell lines with different genetic alterations affecting the PI3K pathway.
In mouse xenograft models, oral administration of XL-765 results in dose-dependent inhibition of phosphorylation of AKT, p70S6K, and S6 with a duration of action of approximately 24 hours. Repeat dose administration of XL765 results in significant tumor growth inhibition in multiple human xenograft models in nude mice that is associated with antiproliferative, antiangiogenic, and proapoptotic effects
Example 1. Synthesis of Compound (1)
Compound (1) can be synthesized as described in WO 07/044813, which is hereby incorporated in its entirety.
Briefly, a base and an intermediate, compound (a), are added to solution of commercially available 2-metfiyl-2-thiopseudourea sulfate in a solvent such as water and stirred overnight at room temperature. After neutralization, compound (b) is collected by filtration and dried under vacuum. Treatment of compound (b) with POCI3 and heating at reflux for 2 hours yields compound (c) which can be concentrated under vacuum to dryness. Compound (c) can be used directly in the following reaction with ethylamine carried out in a solvent such as water with heating to give compound (d). Compound (d) is then treated with iodine monochloride in a solvent such as methanol to form compound (e). Compound (e) is then dissolved in DMA, to which ethyl acrylate, Pd(OAc)2 and a base are added. This reaction mixture is heated and reacted overnight until completion of the reaction to give compound (f), which can be purified via column chromatography.
Compound (f) is then be treated with DBU in the presence of a base, such as DIEA, and heated at reflux for 15 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, the solvent is evaporated and the residue triturated with acetone to yield compound (g). Bromination of compound (g) can be achieved through drop-wise addition of Br2 to compound (g) in CH2C12, followed by stirring overnight at room temperature. Next, filtration is carried out, and triethylamine is added so that, upon washing and drying, the product, compound (h) is obtained. A Suzuki coupling between compound (h) and lH-pyrazol-5-yl boronic acid is carried out using a Pd- catalyst such as [1,1 -bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II) in the presence of a base to yield compound (i). Finally, compound (i) can be converted to compound (1) of the instant invention through 1) oxidation of the methylthio group with m-CPBA, carried out at room temperature with stirring and 2) treatment of the resulting product dissolved in dioxane, with liquid ammonia. Stirring at room temperature overnight followed by purification by column chromatography gives the desired product, 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl- 6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one, compound (1).
Example 1 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(lJΪ-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-</]pyrimidin-7(8J?)-one
To a solution of 2-methyl-2-thiopseudourea sulfate (Aldrich, 58.74 g, 0.422 mol) in water (1000 mL) were added sodium carbonate (81.44 g, 0.768 mol) and ethyl acetoacetate (50 g, 0.384 mol) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred overnight. After neutralizing to pH = 8, the solid was collected through filtration followed by drying under vacuum overnight to afford 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4(3H)-one (57.2 g, 95% yield) of product. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 12.47 (bs, IH), 5.96 (bs, lH), 2.47(s, 3H), 2.17 (s, 3H).
To the round bottom flask containing 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4(3H)- one (19 g, 121.6 mmol) was added POCl3 (30 mL). The reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 2 h and then concentrated on a rotary evaporator to dryness. The crude 4-chloro- 6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidine was used directly in the next reaction without further purification.
To the 4-chloro-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidine from above was added 30 mL of a solution of 70% ethylamine in water. The reaction mixture was heated to 50 0C for 3 h. After completion, excess ethylamine was evaporated on rotary evaporator under vacuum. The solid was filtered and dried under vacuum to afford 7V-ethyl-6-methyl-2- (methylthio)pyrimidin-4-amine (20 g, 90% yield).
To the solution of N-emyl-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-4-amine (20 g, 121.6 mmol) in methanol was added iodine monochloride (26.58 g, 163.7 mmol) in small portions at 0 °C. Then the reaction mixture was stirred overnight. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was triturated with acetone. The product iV-ethyl-5-iodo-6-methyl-2- (methylthio)pyrimin-4-amine (25.2 g, 75% yield) was collected by filtration. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 5.37 (bs, IH), 3.52 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, IH), 2.50 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
To the solution of N-ethyl-5-iodo-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimin-4-amine (25.2 g, 81.48 mmol) in DMA (260 mL) were added ethyl acrylate (12.23 g, 122.2 mmol), Pd(OAc)2 (3.65 g, 16.25 mmol), (+)BINAP and triethyl amine (24.68 g, 244.4 mmol). Then the reaction mixture was heated to 100 0C and reacted overnight. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was diluted with water and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate. The product (E)-ethyl-3-(4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin-5- yl)acrylate (16.8 g, 73% yield) was isolated by silica gel column chromatography with 6-8% ethyl acetate in hexane as eluent. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.65 (d, J = 16.4Hz, IH), 6.20 (d, J = 16.4Hz, IH), 5.15 (bs, IH), 4.28(q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.54 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.53 (s, 3H), 2.37 (s, 3H), 1.35 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.24 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
To a solution of (E)-ethyl-3-(4-(ethylamino)-6-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrimidin- 5-yl)acrylate (16.8 g, 59.8 mmol) in DIPEA was added l,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene (DBU, 18.21 g, 119.6 mmol) at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and reacted for 15 h. After evaporation of solvent, the residue was triturated with acetone. The product 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (10.77 g, 77% yield) was collected by filtration. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.78 (d, J = 9.6 Hz, IH), 6.63 (d, J = 9.6 Hz5 IH), 4.5(q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.67 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 1.33 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
 To a solution of 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)- one (6.31 g, 26.84 mmol) in DCM was added Br2 (4.79 g, 29.52 mmol) dropwise at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After filtration the solid was suspended in DCM (100 mL), and triethylamine (20 mL) was added. The mixture was washed with water and dried with Na2SO4, and the product 6-bromo-8- ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (6.96 g, 83 % yield) was obtained after evaporation of DCM. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 8.22 (s, IH), 4.56 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 2.62 (s, 3H), 1.34 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H).
To a solution of 6-bromo-8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)ρyrido[2,3- d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.765 g, 2.43 mmol) in DME-H2O (10:1 11 mL) was added IH- pyrazol-5-ylboronic acid (Frontier, 0.408 g, 3.65 mmol), [1,1′- bis(diphenylphosphino)ferrocene]dichloropalladium(II) complex with CH2Cl2 (Pd(dρρρf),0.198 g, 0.243 mmol) and triethylamine (0.736 g, 7.29 mmol) at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was heated to reflux and reacted for 4 h. After cooling down to room temperature, the reaction mixture was partitioned with water and ethyl acetate. After separation, the. organic layer was dried with Na2SO4, and the product 8- ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)-6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.567 g, 77% yield) was obtained by silica gel column chromatography. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 13.3 (bs, IH), 8.54 (s, IH), 7.82-7.07 (m, 2H), 4.45 (q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 2.71 (s, 3H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 1.26 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H).
To the solution of 8-ethyl-4-methyl-2-(methylthio)-6-(lH-pyrazol-5- yl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (0.123 g, 0.41mmol) in DCM (2 mL) was added MCPBA (0.176 g, 77%, 0.785 mmol) in a small portion at room temperature. Then the reaction mixture was stirred for 4 h. After evaporation of DCM, dioxane (1 mL) and liquid ammonia (1 mL) were introduced. The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. The product 2-amino-8-ethyl-4-methyl-6-(lH-pyrazol-5-yl)pyrido[2,3-(/lpyrimidin-7(8H)- one (50.4 mg) was obtained by silica gel column chromatography. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 8.41 (s, IH), 7.62 (d, J – 2.0 Hz, IH), 6.96 (d, J = 2.0Hz5 IH), 4.51 (q, J = 7.2Hz, 2H), 2.64 (s, 3H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.2Hz, 3H); MS (EI) for C13H14N6O: 271.3 (MH+)
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////////////Voxtalisib hydrochloride, Exelixis, SANOFI, PHASE 2, Malignant neoplasms, SAR-245409, XL-765