Alectinib (AF802, CH5424802, RG7853, RO5424802)
CAS 1256580-46-7 FREE
1256589-74-8 (Alectinib Hydrochloride)
Mechanism of Action:ALK inhibitor
Indication:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Current Status:Phase II (US,EU,UK), NDA(Japan)
Company:中外製薬株式会社 (Chugai), Roche
Japan First to Approve Alectinib for ALK+ NSCLC
Roche announced that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) has approved alectinib for the treatment of people living with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that is anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene-positive (ALK+). The approval was based on results from a Japanese Phase 1/2 clinical study (AF-001JP) for people whose tumors were advanced, recurrent or could not be removed completely through surgery (unresectable).
|Company||Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.|
|Description||Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor|
|Molecular Target||Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)|
|Mechanism of Action||Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Ki-1) (ALK) inhibitor|
|Therapeutic Modality||Small molecule|
|Latest Stage of Development||Registration|
|Standard Indication||Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)|
|Indication Details||Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Treat unresectable progressive or recurrent ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)|
U.S. – Breakthrough Therapy (Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC));
Alectinib (also known as CH5424802,RO5424802), a second generation oral inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), is being developed by Chugai and Roche for the treatment of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has progressed on Xalkori (Crizotinib).
Alectinib was discovered by Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. Chugai became a subsidiary of Roche in 2002 and the Swiss group currently owns 59.9 percent of the company.
On October 8, 2013, Chugai Pharmaceutical announced that it has filed a new drug application to Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) for alectinib hydrochloride for the treatment of ALK fusion gene positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
IT is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with IC50 of 1.9 nM.Alterations in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene have been implicated in human cancers. Among these findings, the fusion gene comprising EML4 and ALK has been identified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and fusion of ALK to NPM1 has been observed in anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The possibility of targeting ALK in human cancer was advanced with the launch of crizotinib for NSCLC in the U.S. in 2011. The development of resistance to crizotinib in tumors, however, has led to the need for second-generation ALK inhibitors. One of these, alectinib hydrochloride, has been found to be an orally active, potent and highly selective ALK inhibitor with activity in ALK-driven tumor models. Alectinib has shown preclinical activity against cancers with ALK gene alterations, including NSCLC cells expressing the EML4-ALK fusion and ALCL cells expressing the NPM-ALK fusion. Alectinib was well tolerated and active in a phase I/II study conducted in Japan in patients with ALK-rearranged advanced NSCLC and in patients with ALK-positive NSCLC who had progressed on crizotinib. Alectinib has been submitted for approval in Japan for the treatment of ALK fusion gene-positive NSCLC and is in phase I/II development for ALK-rearranged NSCLC in the U.S.
9 – ethyl-6, 6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3 – carbonitrile
Under the same conditions as the synthesis of the compound B3-13-1, and the title compound was synthesized from compound F5-49.
1 H-NMR (400MHz, DMSO-D 6) δ: 12.70 (1H, s), 8.32 (1H, d, J = 7.9 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.00 (1H, s), 7.61 (1H , d, J = 8.5 Hz), 7.34 (1H, s), 3.64-3.57 (4H, m), 3.27-3.18 (2H, m), 2.82-2.66 (4H, m), 2.39-2.28 (1H, m ), 1.96-1.87 (2H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.69-1.53 (2H, m), 1.29 (3H, t, J = 7.3 Hz)
LCMS: m / z 483 [M + H] +
HPLC retention time: 1.98 minutes (analysis conditions U)
Hydrochloride 9 of compound F6-20 – ethyl-6, 6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b I was dissolved at 60 ℃ in a mixture of 10 volumes of methyl ethyl ketone, 3 volumes of water and acetic acid volume 4-carbonitrile -] carbazol-3. I was dropped hydrochloric acid (2N) 1 volume of solution. After stirring for 30 minutes at 60 ℃, and the precipitated solid was filtered and added dropwise to 25 volume ethanol, 9 – Dry ethyl -6,6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) I got a one-carbonitrile hydrochloride – 11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3. Ethyl-6, 6 – 9 – obtained dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3 – I was pulverized with a jet mill carbonitrile monohydrochloride.
1 H-NMR (400MHz, DMSO-D 6) δ: 12.78 (1H, s), 10.57 (1H, br.s), 8.30 (1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 7.99 (1H , s), 7.59 (1H, d, J = 7.9 Hz), 7.36 (1H, s) ,4.02-3 .99 (2H, m) ,3.84-3 .78 (2H, m) ,3.51-3 .48 (2H, m), 3.15-3.13 (1H, s) ,2.83-2 .73 (2H, s) ,2.71-2 .67 (2H, s) ,2.23-2 .20 (2H, m) ,1.94-1 .83 (2H, m), 1.75 (6H, s ), 1.27 (3H, t, J = 7.5 Hz)
FABMS: m / z 483 [M + H] +
I was dissolved at 90 ℃ to 33 volume dimethylacetamide F6-20 F6-20 mesylate. Was added to 168 volumes mesylate solution (2 N) 1.2 volume, ethyl acetate solution was stirred for 4 hours. The filtered crystals were precipitated, and dried to obtain a F6-20 one mesylate. I was milled in a jet mill F6-20 one mesylate salt was obtained.
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 54(18), 6286-6294; 2011
|WO2002043704A1 *||30 Nov 2001||6 Jun 2002||Yasuki Kato||Composition improved in solubility or oral absorbability|
|WO2008051547A1 *||23 Oct 2007||2 May 2008||Cephalon Inc||Fused bicyclic derivatives of 2,4-diaminopyrimidine as alk and c-met inhibitors|
|WO2009073620A2 *||1 Dec 2008||11 Jun 2009||Newlink Genetics||Ido inhibitors|
|WO2010143664A1 *||9 Jun 2010||16 Dec 2010||Chugai Seiyaku Kabushiki Kaisha||Tetracyclic compound|
|JP2008280352A||Title not available|
|JP2009100783A||Title not available|
|JPH0892090A *||Title not available|
1: Ignatius Ou SH, Azada M, Hsiang DJ, Herman JM, Kain TS, Siwak-Tapp C, Casey C, He J, Ali SM, Klempner SJ, Miller VA. Next-generation sequencing reveals a Novel NSCLC ALK F1174V mutation and confirms ALK G1202R mutation confers high-level resistance to alectinib (CH5424802/RO5424802) in ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients who progressed on crizotinib. J Thorac Oncol. 2014 Apr;9(4):549-53. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000094. PubMed PMID: 24736079.
2: Gouji T, Takashi S, Mitsuhiro T, Yukito I. Crizotinib can overcome acquired resistance to CH5424802: is amplification of the MET gene a key factor? J Thorac Oncol. 2014 Mar;9(3):e27-8. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000113. PubMed PMID: 24518097.
3: Latif M, Saeed A, Kim SH. Journey of the ALK-inhibitor CH5424802 to phase II clinical trial. Arch Pharm Res. 2013 Sep;36(9):1051-4. doi: 10.1007/s12272-013-0157-8. Epub 2013 May 23. Review. PubMed PMID: 23700294.
4: Seto T, Kiura K, Nishio M, Nakagawa K, Maemondo M, Inoue A, Hida T, Yamamoto N, Yoshioka H, Harada M, Ohe Y, Nogami N, Takeuchi K, Shimada T, Tanaka T, Tamura T. CH5424802 (RO5424802) for patients with ALK-rearranged advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (AF-001JP study): a single-arm, open-label, phase 1-2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jun;14(7):590-8. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70142-6. Epub 2013 Apr 30. PubMed PMID: 23639470.
5: Kinoshita K, Asoh K, Furuichi N, Ito T, Kawada H, Hara S, Ohwada J, Miyagi T, Kobayashi T, Takanashi K, Tsukaguchi T, Sakamoto H, Tsukuda T, Oikawa N. Design and synthesis of a highly selective, orally active and potent anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor (CH5424802). Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Feb 1;20(3):1271-80. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.12.021. Epub 2011 Dec 22. PubMed PMID: 22225917.
6: Sakamoto H, Tsukaguchi T, Hiroshima S, Kodama T, Kobayashi T, Fukami TA, Oikawa N, Tsukuda T, Ishii N, Aoki Y. CH5424802, a selective ALK inhibitor capable of blocking the resistant gatekeeper mutant. Cancer Cell. 2011 May 17;19(5):679-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2011.04.004. PubMed PMID: 21575866.
Gadgeel S, Ou SH, Chiappori A, et al: A phase I dose escalation study of a new ALK inhibitor, CH542480202, in ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer patients who have failed crizotinib. Abstract O16.06. Presented at the 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer, Sydney, Australia, October 29, 2013.
Ou SH, Gadgeel S, Chiappori AA, et al: Consistent therapeutic efficacy of CH5424802/RO5424802 in brain metastases among crizotinib-refractory ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients in an ongoing phase I/II study. Abstract O16.07. Presented at the 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer, Sydney, Australia, October 29, 2013.
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Kinoshita, Kazutomo et al,9-Substituted 6,6-Dimethyl-11-oxo-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]carbazoles as Highly Selective and Potent Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Inhibitors, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 54(18), 6286-6294; 2011
Kinoshita, Kazuhiro et al, Preparation of tetracyclic compounds such as 11-oxo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[b]carbazole-3-carbonitrile derivatives as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors,Jpn. Tokkyo Koho, 4588121, 24 Nov 2010