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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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AMISELIMOD


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AMISELIMOD

UNII-358M5150LY; CAS 942399-20-4; 358M5150LY; MT-1303; Amiselimod, MT-1303

Molecular Formula: C19H30F3NO3
Molecular Weight: 377.448 g/mol

2-amino-2-[2-[4-heptoxy-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl]propane-1,3-diol

Phase II Crohn’s disease; Multiple sclerosis; Plaque psoriasis

Image result for AMISELIMOD

AMISELIMOD HYDROCHLORIDE

  • Molecular FormulaC19H31ClF3NO3
  • Average mass413.902 Da
1,3-Propanediol, 2-amino-2-[2-[4-(heptyloxy)-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl]-, hydrochloride (1:1)
2-Amino-2-{2-[4-(heptyloxy)-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl}-1,3-propanediol hydrochloride (1:1)
942398-84-7 [RN]
MT-1303
UNII-AY898D6RU1
2-amino-2-[2-[4-(heptyloxy)-3-(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethyl]-1,3-propanediol, monohydrochloride
  • Originator Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation
  • Class Propylene glycols; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Immunosuppressants; Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor antagonist

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase II Crohn’s disease; Multiple sclerosis; Plaque psoriasis
  • Phase I Autoimmune disorders; Inflammation; Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • No development reported Inflammatory bowel diseases

Most Recent Events

  • 04 Nov 2017 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Autoimmune-disorders in Japan (PO, Capsule)
  • 04 Nov 2017 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Autoimmune-disorders in USA (PO, Capsule)
  • 04 Nov 2017 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Inflammation in Japan (PO, Capsule)
  • Image result

Amiselimod, also known as MT1303, is a potent and selective immunosuppressant and sphingosine 1 phosphate receptor modulator. Amiselimod may be potentially useful for treatment of multiple sclerosis; inflammatory diseases; autoimmune diseases; psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases. Amiselimod is currently being developed by Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation

Mitsubishi Tanabe is developing amiselimod, an oral sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) receptor antagonist, for treating autoimmune diseases, primarily multiple sclerosis, psoriasis and inflammatory bowel diseases, including Crohn’s disease.

WO2007069712

EU states expire 2026, and

Expire in the US in June 2030 with US154 extension.

Inventors Masatoshi KiuchiKaoru MarukawaNobutaka KobayashiKunio Sugahara
Applicant Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation

In recent years, calcineurin inhibitors such as cyclosporine FK 506 have been used to suppress rejection of patients receiving organ transplantation. While doing it, certain calcineurin inhibitors like cyclosporin can cause harmful side effects such as nephrotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, neurotoxicity, etc. For this reason, in order to suppress rejection reaction in transplant patients, development of drugs with higher safety and higher effectiveness is advanced.

[0003] Patent Documents 1 to 3 are useful as inhibitors of (acute or chronic) rejection in organ or bone marrow transplantation and also useful as therapeutic agents for various autoimmune diseases such as psoriasis and Behcet’s disease and rheumatic diseases 2 aminopropane 1, 3 dioly intermediates are disclosed.

[0004] One of these compounds, 2-amino-2- [2- (4-octylphenel) propane] 1, 3 diol hydrochloride (hereinafter sometimes referred to as FTY 720) is useful for renal transplantation It is currently under clinical development as an inhibitor of rejection reaction. FTY 720 is phosphorylated by sphingosine kinase in vivo in the form of phosphorylated FTY 720 [hereinafter sometimes referred to as FTY 720-P]. For example, 2 amino-2-phosphoryloxymethyl 4- (4-octafil-el) butanol. FTY720 – P has four types of S1 P receptors (hereinafter referred to as S1 P receptors) among five kinds of sphingosine – 1 – phosphate (hereinafter sometimes referred to as S1P) receptors It acts as an aggroove on the body (other than S1P2) (Non-Patent Document 1).

[0005] It has recently been reported that S1P1 among the S1P receptors is essential for the export of mature lymphocytes with thymus and secondary lymphoid tissue forces. FTY720 – P downregulates S1P1 on lymphocytes by acting as S1P1 ghost. As a result, the transfer of mature lymphocytes from the thymus and secondary lymphatic tissues is inhibited, and the circulating adult lymphocytes in the blood are isolated in the secondary lymphatic tissue to exert an immunosuppressive effect Has been suggested (

Non-Patent Document 2).

[0006] On the other hand, conventional 2-aminopropane 1, 3 dioly compounds are concerned as transient bradycardia expression as a side effect, and in order to solve this problem, 2-aminopropane 1, 3 diiori Many new compounds have been reported by geometrically modifying compounds. Among them, as a compound having a substituent on the benzene ring possessed by FTY 720, Patent Document 4 discloses an aminopropenol derivative as a S1P receptor modulator with a phosphate group, Patent Documents 5 and 6 are both S1P Discloses an amino-propanol derivative as a receptor modulator. However, trihaloalkyl groups such as trifluoromethyl groups are not disclosed as substituents on the benzene ring among them. In any case, it is currently the case that it has not yet reached a satisfactory level of safety as a pharmaceutical.

Patent Document 1: International Publication Pamphlet WO 94 Z 08943

Patent Document 2: International Publication Pamphlet WO 96 Z 06068

Patent Document 3: International Publication Pamphlet W 0 98 z 45 429

Patent Document 4: International Publication Pamphlet WO 02 Z 076995

Patent document 5: International public non-fret WO 2004 Z 096752

Patent Document 6: International Publication Pamphlet WO 2004 Z 110979

Non-patent document 1: Science, 2002, 296, 346-349

Non-patent document 2: Nature, 2004, 427, 355-360

Reference Example 3

5 bromo 2 heptyloxybenzonitrile

(3- 1) 5 Synthesis of bromo-2 heptyloxybenzonitrile (Reference Example Compound 3- 1)

1-Heptanol (1.55 g) was dissolved in N, N dimethylformamide (24 ml) and sodium hydride (0.321 g) was added at room temperature. After stirring for 1 hour, 5 bromo-2 fluoborosyl-tolyl (2.43 g) was added and the mixture was further stirred for 50 minutes. The reaction solution was poured into water, extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure. After eliminating the 5 bromo 2 fluconate benzonitrile as a raw material, the reaction was carried out again under the same conditions and purification was carried out by silica gel column chromatography (hexane: ethyl acetate = 50: 1 to 5: 1) to obtain the desired product (3.10 g ) As a colorless oil.

– NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 0.89 (3H, t, J = 6.4 Hz), 1.24-1.35 (6H, m

J = 8.8 Hz), 1.48 (2H, quint, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.84 7.59 (1 H, dd, J = 8.8, 2.4 Hz), 7.65 (1 H, d, J = 2.4 Hz).

Example 1

2 Amino 2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3 trifluoromethylph enyl) propane-1, 3-diol hydrochloride

(1 – 1) {2, 2 Dimethyl 5- [2- (4 hydroxy 3 trifluoromethylfuethyl) ethyl] 1,3 dioxane 5 mercaptothenylboronic acid t butyl ester (synthesis compound 1 1)

Reference Example Compound 2-5 (70.3 g) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (500 ml), t-butoxycallium (13.Og) was added, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. To the mixed solution was dropwise added a solution of the compound of Reference Example 1 (15.Og) in tetrahydrofuran (100 ml) under ice cooling, followed by stirring for 2 hours under ice cooling. Water was added to the reaction solution, the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, saturated brine, dried with anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (hexane: ethyl acetate = 3: D to obtain 31. Og of a pale yellow oily matter.) The geometric isomer ratio of the obtained product was (E : Z = 1: 6).

This pale yellow oil was dissolved in ethyl acetate (200 ml), 10% palladium carbon (3.00 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere at room temperature for 7 hours. After purging the inside of the reaction vessel with nitrogen, the solution was filtered and the filtrate was concentrated. The residue was washed with diisopropyl ether to obtain the desired product (2.2 g) as a colorless powder.

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 1. 43 (3H, s), 1.44 (3H, s), 1. 47 (9H, s), 1

(2H, m), 91- 1. 98 (2H, m), 2. 50-2.66 (2H, m), 3. 69 (2H, d, J = Il. 6 Hz), 3. 89 J = 8.2 Hz), 7. 22 (1 H, dd J = 8 Hz), 5. 02 (1 H, brs), 5. 52 . 2, 1. 7 Hz), 7. 29 (1 H, d, J = l. 7 Hz).

(1-2) {2,2 Dimethyl-5- [2- (4heptyloxy-3 trifluoromethyl) ethyl] 1,3 dioxane 5-mercaptobutyric acid t-butyl ester Synthesis (compound 1 2)

Compound 1-1 (510 mg) was dissolved in N, N dimethylformamide (10 ml), potassium carbonate (506 mg) and n-heptyl bromide (0.235 ml) were added and stirred at 80 ° C. for 2 hours. Water was added to the reaction solution, the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water and saturated brine, dried with anhydrous sulfuric acid

The resultant was dried with GENSCHUM and the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure to obtain the desired product (640 mg) as a colorless oil.

– NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 0.89 (3H, t, J = 6.8 Hz), l.30-1.37 (6H, m

(2H, m), 1.91-1.98 (2H, m), 1.42-1.50 (2H, m), 1.42 (3H, s), 1.44 (3H, s), 1.47 J = 16.6 Hz), 4.00 (2H, t, J = 6.4 Hz), 4.9 8 (2H, d, J = 11.6 Hz), 3.69 1 H, brs), 6.88 (1 H, d, J = 8.5 Hz), 7.26 – 7.29 (1 H, m), 7.35 (1 H, d, J = 1.5 Hz).

(1-3) Synthesis of 2-amino-2- [2- (4heptyloxy 3 trifluoromethyl) ethyl] propane 1, 3 diol hydrochloride (Compound 1- 3)

Compound 12 (640 mg) was dissolved in ethanol (15 ml), concentrated hydrochloric acid (3 ml) was caught and stirred at 80 ° C. for 2 hours. The reaction solution was concentrated, and the residue was washed with ethyl ether to give the desired product (492 mg) as a white powder.

MS (ESI) m / z: 378 [M + H]

– NMR (DMSO-d) δ (ppm): 0.86 (3H,

6 t, J = 6.8 Hz), 1.24 – 1.39 (6

(4H, m), 3.51 (4H, d, J = 5. lHz), 4.06 (2H, m), 1.39-1.46 (2H, m), 1.68-1.78 (4H, m), 2.55-2.22 , 7.32 (2H, t, J = 5.1 Hz), 7.18 (1 H, d, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.42 – 7.45 (2 H, m), 7.76 (3 H, brs;).

PATENT

WO 2009119858

JP 2011136905

WO 2017188357

PATENT

WO-2018021517

Patent Document 1 discloses 2-amino-2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) ethyl] propane- 1,3 which is useful as a medicine excellent in immunosuppressive action, rejection- – diol hydrochloride is disclosed.
The production method includes the step of reducing 4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzoic acid (Ia) to 4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl alcohol (IIa). However, until now, there has been a problem such that the conversion is low and the by-product (IIa ‘) in which the trifluoromethyl group is reduced together with the compound (IIa) is generated in this step.
[Chemical formula 1]
 In particular, since a series of analogous substances derived from by-products (IIa ‘) are difficult to be removed in a later process, it is necessary to suppress strict production thereof in the manufacture of drug substances requiring high quality there were.

Patent Document 1: WO2007 / 069712

[Chemical formula 3]

(2-amino-2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) ethyl] propane- 1,3-diol hydrochloride) From
the compound (IIa), the following scheme Based on the route, 2-amino-2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) ethyl] propane-1,3-diol hydrochloride was prepared.
[Chemical Formula 9]

STR1
Example 2
Synthesis of 4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl chloride (Step A) A
few drops of N, N-dimethylformamide was added to a solution of compound (IIa) (26.8 g) in methylene chloride (107 mL), and 0 At 0 ° C., thionyl chloride (8.09 mL) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours, and water (50 mL) was added to the reaction solution. The organic layer was separated and extracted, washed with water (50 mL), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (70 mL), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure to give 4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl Chloride (28.3 g) as white crystals.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 0.89 (3H, t, J = 6.5 Hz), 1.26-1.54 (8H, m), 1.77-1.86 (2H, m , 4.49 (2H, t, J = 6.4 Hz), 4.56 (2H, s), 6.96 (IH, d, J = 8.6 Hz), 7.49 (IH, dd, J = 2.0 Hz, 8.5 Hz), 7.58 (1 H, d, J = 1.9 Hz)
Example 3
Synthesis of dimethyl (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl) phosphonate (Step B) To
a solution of N, N (3-trifluoromethylbenzyl ) phosphonate of 4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl chloride (6.00 g, 19.4 mmol) (2.57 g, 23.3 mmol), cesium carbonate (7.60 g, 23.3 mmol) and tetrabutylammonium iodide (7.54 g, 20.4 mmol) were added to a dimethylformamide (36 mL) And the mixture was stirred at 25 ° C. for 1 day. Toluene (36 mL) and water (18 mL) were added for phase separation, and the resulting organic layer was washed twice with a mixture of N, N-dimethylformamide (18 mL) and water (18 mL). After concentration under reduced pressure, column purification using hexane and ethyl acetate gave 4.71 g of dimethyl (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl) phosphonate.
1
H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 0.89 (3 H, t, J = 6.9 Hz), 1.20 – 1.41 (6 H, m) , 1.43-1.49 (2H, m), 1.72-1.83 (2H, m), 3.09 (IH, s), 3.14 (IH, s), 3.68 (3H , 7.41 – 7.44 (2 H, t, J = 6.4 Hz), 6.94 (1 H, d, J = 8.4 Hz), 3.70 (3 H, s), 4.02 (2H, m)
Example 4
tert-Butyl (E) – {2,2-dimethyl-5- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) vinyl] -1, 3-dioxan-5- yl} carbamate Ester synthesis (Step C) A
solution of dimethyl (1.18 g, 3.09 mmol ) (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylbenzyl) phosphonate in 1.25 mL of N, N- dimethylformamide and (2, -dimethyl-5-formyl-1,3-dioxan-5-yl) carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (961 mg, 3.71 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (4 mL) was treated with potassium tert-butoxide (1.28 g, 4 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (7 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 0 ° C. for 6 hours. Heptane (7 mL) and water (3 mL) were added and the layers were separated, and the obtained organic layer was washed twice with water (3 mL) and concentrated. Heptane was added and the mixture was cooled in an ice bath. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure to give (E) – {2,2-dimethyl-5- [2- (4-heptyloxy- Phenyl) vinyl] -1, 3-dioxan-5-yl} carbamic acid tert-butyl ester.
1
H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ (ppm): 0.89 (3 H, t, J = 6.9 Hz), 1.29 – 1.38 (6 H, m) , 1.44 – 1.59 (17 H, m), 1.77 – 1.83 (2 H, m), 3.83 – 3.93 (2 H, m), 3.93 – 4.08 (4 H, J = 16.5 Hz), 6.48 (1 H, d, J = 16.5 Hz), 6.91 (1 H, d, J), 5.21 (1 H, brs), 6.10 J = 8.5 Hz), 7.44 (1 H, dd, J = 8.6, 2.1 Hz), 7.55 (1 H, d, J = 2.0 Hz)
Example 5
Synthesis of 2-amino-2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) ethyl] propane-1,3-diol hydrochloride (Step D)
(E) – {2, -dimethyl-5- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) vinyl] -1,3-dioxan- 5-yl} carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (6.50 g, 12.6 mmol) Methanol (65 mL) solution was heated to 50 ° C., a solution of concentrated hydrochloric acid (2.55 g) in methanol (5.3 mL) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred at 60 ° C. for 6 hours. The mixture was cooled to around room temperature, 5% palladium carbon (0.33 g) was added thereto, and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen gas atmosphere for 3 hours. After filtration and washing the residue with methanol (39 mL), the filtrate was concentrated and stirred at 5 ° C. for 1 hour. Water (32.5 mL) was added and the mixture was stirred at 5 ° C for 1 hour, and the precipitated crystals were collected by filtration. Washed with water (13 mL) and dried under reduced pressure to obtain 4.83 g of 2-amino-2- [2- (4-heptyloxy-3-trifluoromethylphenyl) ethyl] propane-1,3-diol hydrochloride .
MS (ESI) m / z: 378 [M + H]

Image result

PATENTS

Patent ID

Patent Title

Submitted Date

Granted Date

US2017029378 KINASE INHIBITOR
2016-10-12
US2014296183 AMINE COMPOUND AND USE THEREOF FOR MEDICAL PURPOSES
2014-06-17
2014-10-02
Patent ID

Patent Title

Submitted Date

Granted Date

US2017253563 KINASE INHIBITORS
2017-05-24
US9499486 Kinase inhibitor
2015-10-01
2016-11-22
US9751837 KINASE INHIBITORS
2015-10-01
2016-04-14
US8809304 Amine Compound and Use Thereof for Medical Purposes
2009-05-28
US2017209445 KINASE INHIBITORS
2015-10-01

////////////AMISELIMOD, Phase II, Crohn’s disease, Multiple sclerosis, Plaque psoriasis,  MT-1303,  MT1303,  MT 1303, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Mitsubishi , JAPAN, PHASE 2

CCCCCCCOC1=C(C=C(C=C1)CCC(CO)(CO)N)C(F)(F)F

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Cetilistat, セチリスタット


Cetilistat.svg

ChemSpider 2D Image | Cetilistat | C25H39NO3

Cetilistat, セチリスタット

  • Molecular FormulaC25H39NO3
  • Average mass401.582 Da
CAS 282526-98-1
2-(Hexadecyloxy)-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one
282526-98-1 [RN]
2-Hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one
2-hexadecyl-oxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one
4H-3,1-Benzoxazin-4-one, 2-(hexadecyloxy)-6-methyl
[282526-98-1]
2-(Hexadecycloxy)-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one
ATL-962; ATL962;ATL 962
Trade Name:Oblean®
MOA:Pancreatic lipase inhibitor
Indication:Obesity
Status:Approved, 2013-09-20 JAPAN,  Japan PMDA.
Company:Norgine (Originator) , Takeda
Image result for Cetilistat

Cetilistat was approved by Pharmaceuticals Medical Devices Agency of Japan (PMDA) on September 20, 2013. It was developed by Norgine and Takeda, then marketed as Oblean® by Takeda in Japan.

Cetilistat is a pancreatic lipase inhibitor, and it acts in the same way as the older drug orlistat (Xenical) by inhibiting pancreatic lipase, an enzyme that breaks down triglycerides in the intestine. Without this enzyme, triglycerides from the diet are prevented from being hydrolyzed into absorbable free fatty acids and are excreted undigested. It is usually used for the treatment of obesity (limited to patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and dyslipidemia, and with a BMI≥25 kg/m2 in spite of dietary treatment and/or exercise therapy).

Oblean® is available as tablet for oral use, containing 120 mg of free Cetilistat. The recommended dose is 120 mg three times a day immediately after each meal.

Cetilistat is a drug designed to treat obesity. It acts in the same way as the older drug orlistat (Xenical) by inhibitingpancreatic lipase, an enzyme that breaks down triglycerides in the intestine. Without this enzyme, triglycerides from the diet are prevented from being hydrolyzed into absorbable free fatty acids and are excreted undigested.[1]

In human trials, cetilistat was shown to produce similar weight loss to orlistat, but also produced similar side effects such as oily, loose stools, fecal incontinence, frequent bowel movements, and flatulence.[2][3] It is likely that the same precautions would apply in that absorption of fat-soluble vitamins and other fat-soluble nutrients may be inhibited, requiring vitamin supplements to be used to avoid deficiencies.

Central obesity have an important impact on the development of risk factors for coronary heart disease, including dislipidemia, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and hypertension. These factors contribute to building cardiovascular (CV) disease as a major cause of death. The approach to obesity therapy should be designed to reduce CV risk and mortality. Diet and lifestyle changes remain the cornerstones of therapy for obesity, but the resultant weight loss is often small and long-term success is uncommon and disappointing. Drug therapy is considered for individuals with a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 or ranging from 25 to 30 kg/m2 if they have comorbid conditions. Antiobesity agents can be helpful to some patients in achieving and maintaining meaningful weight loss, but yet our pharmaceutical tools are of limited effectiveness considering the magnitude of the problem. At the present, only two drugs, orlistat and sibutramine, are approved for long-term treatment of obesity and promote no more than 5 to 10% of weight loss.

Rimonabant, a cannabinoid-1 receptor antagonist, was withdrawn from the market because of concerns about its safety, including risk of suicidal and seizures, although very effective in promoting clinically meaningful weight loss, reduction in waist circumference, and improvements in several metabolic risk factors, rimonabant, a cannabinoid-1 receptor antagonist was withdrawn from the market because it concerns about its safety, including risk of suicidal and seizures. Fortunately, recent fundamental insights into the neuroendocrine mechanisms regulating body weight provide an expanding list of molecular targets for novel, rationally designed antiobesity drugs. In this review, the therapeutic potential of some antiobesity molecules in the development will be analyzed based on an understanding of energy homeostasis.

Image result for CetilistatImage result for Cetilistat

Cetilistat has completed Phase 1 and 2 trials in the West and is currently in Phase 3 trials in Japan where it is partnered with Takeda.[4] Norgina BV has now acquired the full global rights to cetilistat from Alizyme after the latter went into administration.[5]

A published phase 2 trial found cetilistat significantly reduced weight with and was better tolerated than orlistat.[6

Image result for Cetilistat

Image result for Cetilistat

CLIP

Cetilistat (Oblean®)
Cetilistat is a selective pancreatic lipase inhibitor which was approved in Japan in September 2013
for the treatment of obesity. The drug was discovered by Alizyme PLC and later co-developed with
Takeda. Cetilistat demonstrated a lower incidence of adverse gastrointestinal events during a 12 week clinical trial, and the degree of weight loss associated with cetilistat is comparable to that of other approved antiobesity therapies.30 The most likely process-scale preparation of cetilistat is described below in Scheme. 4.31
Commercially available hexadecanol (21) was treated with phosgene in THF/toluene to give the
corresponding chloroformate (22), which was immediately subjected to commercial 2-amino-5-
methylbenzoic acid (23) in pyridine. Subsequent slow addition of methyl chloroformate at room
temperature resulted in the formation of cetilistat (IV), which was produced in 31% overall yield from
hexadecanol.31

REF FOR ABOVE ONLY

30  Kopelman, P.; Groot, G. d. H.; Rissanen, A.; Rossner, S.; Toubro, S.; Palmer, R.; Hallam, R.;
Bryson, A.; Hickling, R. I. Obesity 2010, 18, 108.
31. Hodson, H. F.; Downham, R.; Mitchell, T. J.; Carr, B. J.; Dunk, C. R.; Palmer, R. M. J. US
Patent 20030027821A1, 2003.

SYNTHESIS

Route 1

WO2000040569

AND

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US6624161

WO0040569A1 / US6656934B2.2. WO0040247A1 / US6624161B2.

Route 2

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US7396952

Carbamic ester derivatives of the general formula (1) and especially (2-carboxy-4-methylphenyl)carbamic esters of the general formula (1′)

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00004

are suitable intermediates for active pharmaceutical ingredients.

Thus, for example, hexadecyl (2-carboxy-4-methylphenyl)carbamate as compound of the formula (1′) with R═C16H33 is disclosed as an intermediate in the preparation of 2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one of the formula (3)

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00005

from the originally published version of WO-A 00/40569.

2-Hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one of the formula (3) is described therein as potential active ingredient for the treatment of obesity and type II diabetes.

In this originally published version of WO-A 00/40569, two synthetic routes 1 and 2 are described for preparing 2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one (3), each of which starts from the 5-methyl-substituted anthranilic acid (4).

In the two-stage synthetic route 1, the 5-methyl-substituted anthranilic acid (4) is reacted with hexadecyl chloroformate (5) and subsequently with methyl chloroformate to give 2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one (3), although the overall yield obtained is only 31%.

The one-stage synthetic route 2 with an excess of pyridine affords 2-hexadecyl-oxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one (3) in an even lower yield of 15%.

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00006

The starting compound which is required for both the synthetic routes 1 and 2, the 5-methyl-substituted anthranilic acid (4), is not easily obtainable, however.

It is prepared by the method described in J. Org. Chem. 1952, 17, 141. This starts from p-toluidine, which is reacted with chloral hydrate and hydroxylamine hydrochloride. The resulting oxime is cyclized with acid catalysis, and subsequently the ring is cleaved again by oxidation under basic conditions.

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00007

The disadvantages of this synthesis are the low yields and the fact that only very low concentrations can be used. For this reason, this synthetic route is unattractive for an industrial reaction.

Further alternative routes known in principle for obtaining anthranilic acids are as follows:

J. Org. Chem. 1978, 43, 220 and Chem. Ber. 1909, 42, 430 disclose initial nitration of 3-cyanotoluene, then reduction of the nitro group and subsequent hydrolysis of the nitrile to the carboxylic acid.

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00008
A disadvantage of this synthesis is that the nitration of 3-cyanotoluene does not proceed selectively and therefore a further purification step is necessary. This requires additional effort and reduces the yield.
The synthesis which is described in J. Chem. Soc. Perkin I, 1973, 2940 and which starts from 3-toluic acid with subsequent nitration and reduction of the nitro group also has the same disadvantage.
The synthesis which is disclosed in Monatsh. Chem. 1920, 41, 155 and starts from 2,4-dimethyl-1-nitrobenzene is likewise unsuitable because oxidation of the methyl group next to the nitro group does not proceed selectively and therefore an elaborate separation of isomers is necessary.
Figure US07396952-20080708-C00009
EP-A 0 034 292 discloses a process for preparing optionally substituted anthranilic acids which includes a transition metal-catalysed carbonylation reaction with carbon monoxide to give an anthranilic acid derivative. This carbonylation reaction takes place in an aqueous reaction medium containing a trialkylamine and a catalyst formed from palladium and a tertiary phosphine. The anthranilic acid derivatives can be obtained by eliminating the protective group. The precursors employed for the carbonylation are obtained starting from optionally substituted anilines as shown in principle in the reaction scheme below:
Figure US07396952-20080708-C00010
EP-A 0 034 292 describes this reaction sequence of acetylation (a), halogenation (b), carbonylation (c) and subsequent elimination of the acetyl group (d) as affording the optionally substituted anthranilic acids in good yields (>80%). However, the introduction of the acetyl group is a disadvantage. This is necessary because the free anilines give only poor yields in transition metal-catalysed carbonylation reactions because of pronounced complexation [J. Org. Chem. 1981, 46, 4614-4617].
WO-A 97/28118 discloses a comparable process.

Because of the diverse difficulties, described above, associated with the known processes for preparing optionally substituted anthranilic acids and the yields, which are only unsatisfactory and thus limiting for the overall process, of the subsequent synthetic routes 1 and 2, the object of the present invention was to provide an improved process for preparing carbamic ester derivatives of the general formula (1).

US7396952B2.

EXAMPLES Example 1 Synthesis of hexadecyl 4-methylphenylcarbamate

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00027

91 g (375 mmol) of 1-hexadecanol were added to a solution of 50 g (375 mmol) of p-tolyl isocyanate in 50 ml of toluene, and the resulting solution was heated under reflux for 8 h. After cooling to room temperature and stirring at this temperature for 12 h, the precipitated solid was filtered off. The colourless solid was washed twice with 10 ml of toluene each time and then dried in vacuo. 80 g (213 mmol, 57%) of the desired carbamate were obtained in the form of a colourless solid with a melting point of 75° C. The melting point agreed with literature data (75-76° C., Microchem J. 1962, 6, 179).

1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ=0.88 ppm (t, J=7.3 Hz, 3H), 1.25-1.40 (m, 26 H), 1.66 (sext, J=6.9 Hz, 2H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 4.14 (t, J=6.9 Hz, 2H), 6.53 (br, 1 H), 7.10 (d, J=7.8 Hz, 2H), 7.25 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 2H). Elemental Analysis Showed: Calculated: C 76.8%, H 11.0%, N 3.7% Found: C 76.9%, H 11.2%, N 3.7%.

Example 2 Synthesis of hexadecyl (2-bromo-4-methylphenyl)carbamate

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00028

19 g (119 mmol) of bromine were added dropwise to a solution of 45 g (119 mmol) of the carbamate in 225 ml (235 g) of glacial acetic acid at room temperature over the course of 1 h, and then the resulting solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 h. After addition of a further 25 ml (26 g, 437 mmol) of glacial acetic acid, the reaction mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 5 h and then cooled to room temperature. The precipitated solid was filtered off and washed with 20 ml of glacial acetic acid. Drying in vacuo resulted in 40 g (88 mmol, 74%) of the desired bromo compound in the form of a colourless solid with a melting point of 57° C.

1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ=0.93 ppm (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 1.25-1.43 (m, 26 H), 1.73 (sext, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 4.21 (t, J=6.7 Hz, 2H), 7.04 (br, 1H), 7.14 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.37 (s, 1H), 8.02 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H). 13C-NMR (CDCl3, 100 MHz): δ=14.2 ppm, 20.4, 22.7. 25.9, 29.0, 29.3, 29.4, 29.6 (2C), 29.7 (2C), 29.8 (4C), 32.0, 65.7, 112.5, 120.3, 129.0, 132.5, 133.5, 134.1, 153.5. Elemental Analysis Showed: Calculated: C 63.4%, H 8.9%, N 3.1% Found: C 63.6%, H 8.9%, N 3.1%.

Example 3 Synthesis of 2-hexadecyloxycarbonylamino-5-methylbenzoic acid

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00029

217.5 g (478.5 mmol) of hexadecyl (2-bromo-4-methylphenyl)carbamate, 0.5 g (0.7 mmol) of bis(triphenylphosphine)palladium dichloride and 2.5 g (9.3 mmol) of triphenylphosphine were introduced into an autoclave. The autoclave was closed, flushed with nitrogen and an oxygen-free solution of 78.1 g (565.3 mmol) of potassium carbonate in 400 ml of water is added. The autoclave is evacuated and then 2 bar of carbon monoxide are injected and heated to 115° C. The pressure is subsequently adjusted to 8 bar. After CO uptake ceases, the mixture is cooled to RT and 200 ml of toluene are added. The pH is adjusted to 2 with 2M aqueous HCl solution, and the organic phase is separated off. The aqueous phase is extracted anew with 100 ml of toluene, the organic phase is separated off, and the two toluene extracts are combined. Removal of the solvent in vacuo results in 154.9 g (369.2 mmol, 77%) of 2-hexadecyloxycarbonylamino-5-methylbenzoic acid in the form of a pale yellow-coloured solid.

1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ=0.88 ppm (t, J=6.7 Hz, 3H), 1.24-1.40 (m, 26 H), 1.70 (sext, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 4.17 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.38 (d, J=8.7 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (s, 1H), 8.35 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 1H). Signal of the NH proton not identifiable.13C-NMR (CDCl3, 100 MHz): δ=14.1 ppm, 20.5, 22.7. 25.9, 29.0, 29.3, 29.4, 29.6 (2 C), 29.7 (6 C), 32.0, 65.5, 113.6, 119.0, 131.1, 131.8, 136.3, 140.1, 153.9, 172.5.

Example 4 Synthesis of 2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one

Figure US07396952-20080708-C00030

4.0 g (10.0 mmol) of 2-hexadecyloxycarbonylamino-5-methylbenzoic acid are introduced into 20 ml of pyridine at 0° C. under a nitrogen atmosphere, and 4.93 g (45.4 mmol) of ethyl chloroformate are added dropwise to the resulting solution at 0° C. over the course of 20 min. After the reaction mixture has been stirred at 0° C. for 1 h and at room temperature for 2 h it is added to 30 ml of ice-water. The solid is filtered off and dried in vacuo. 3.3 g (8.2 mmol, 82%) of 2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one are obtained in the form of a pale yellow coloured solid with a melting point of 67° C. (literature: 72-73° C., WO 00/40569).

1H-NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz): δ=0.86 ppm (t, J=6.6 Hz, 3H), 1.24-1.42 (m, 26 H), 1.75-1.82 (m, 2H), 2.40 (s, 3H), 4.41 (t, J=6.8 Hz, 2H), 7.30 (d, J=8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.51 (dd, J=8.2, 1.9 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (d, J=0.9 Hz, 1H).

The 1H-NMR data agree with the literature data from WO-A 00/40569.

Patent

https://www.google.com/patents/CN104341370A?cl=en

cetirizine orlistat (2-methyl-6-firing sixteen -4H-3, 1- benzo ah winded -4- Korea, cetilistat) is a long-acting Alizyme developed and potent specific gastrointestinal lipase inhibitor, with the active serine site of the gastric and intestinal lumen gastric lipase and lipase membrane forms a covalent bond to inactivate the enzyme, and to reduce calorie intake, weight control therapeutic effect. The biggest advantage of the drug is not acting on the nervous system, does not affect other activity in the gastrointestinal tract, it is more secure than existing similar drugs orlistat. Its structural formula is as follows:

Figure CN104341370AD00061

West Division for the benefit of his synthesis and intermediates have been described in U.S. Patent US2007232825 and US2003027821, domestic literature orlistat no cetirizine synthesis of relevant reports.

U.S. Patent US2007232825 2-amino-5-methyl-benzoic acid starting material, direct and vilify chloroformate cetyl alcohol vinegar into the ring, get cetirizine orlistat. The reaction byproducts and more difficult W purification needs over baby gel column, resulting in a low yield, suitable for mass industrialization. Directions are as follows:

Figure CN104341370AD00062

Patent US2003027821 W toluene different acid vinegar as raw material to produce amino acid vinegar intermediate chloroformate, cetyl alcohol and vinegar reaction, after the desert generation essays glycosylation chloroformate caprolactone ring closure to give cetirizine orlistat. This method requires a great deal of glacial acetic acid, the presence of H waste discharge more harsh reaction conditions, equipment requirements, is not conducive to industrial production and other defects.

Figure CN104341370AD00063

The present invention is a W under the technical program realization:

Figure CN104341370AD00064
Figure CN104341370AD00065
Figure CN104341370AD00066
Figure CN104341370AD00071

Figure CN104341370AD00072

Figure CN104341370AD00091

Figure CN104341370AD00116

The following combination of embodiments of the present invention will be further described below.

(Sixteen essays firing oxygen-amino) -5- Preparation of 2-methyl benzoate desert vinegar; [0041] Example 1

Figure CN104341370AD00101

4. 9g H phosgene will be added to 50 blood dichloromethane firing, the temperature was lowered to OC, a solution of 2-amino-5 Desert benzoic acid methyl ester (5g) and H hexylamine (13.8 blood) dichloro A firing (20 blood) solution, the addition was complete OC to maintain 15min, warmed to room temperature the reaction mix of football.

Figure CN104341370AD00102

[0042] The 5. 26g cetyl alcohol was added to the reaction solution at room temperature the reaction of. After completion of the reaction, filtered and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo spin dry, dry methanol residue fight starched coating, filtration, the filter cake is dried to constant weight. To give a white solid powder 9. Ig, namely 2- (sixteen essays firing oxygen-ylamino) -5-benzoic acid methyl ester desert; Yield; 85%.

2- (grilled oxygen sixteen essays) -5-methyl-benzoic acid methyl ester prepared; [0043] Example 2

Figure CN104341370AD00111

Under nitrogen blanket IOg 2- (sixteen grilled oxygen essays) -5- desert benzoic acid methyl ester was dissolved in 1,4-dioxane (50mL) and water Qiao blood), and Ilg anhydrous carbonate Bell, 1.44g methacrylic acid test, 0. 731g Pd (dppf) 2Cl2, the mixture at 105C for 3 hours. Completion of the reaction, cool down, filtered and the filtrate spin dry, the residue of anhydrous methanol wash coating, the filter cake dried to give a gray solid 6. 5g, is 2- (xvi grilled oxygen essays) -5-methyl benzoic acid methyl ester in 75% yield.

2- (grilled oxygen sixteen essays) -5-methyl-benzoic acid; [0044] Example 3

Figure CN104341370AD00112

The 7g 2- (sixteen grilled oxygen essays) -5-methyl-benzoic acid methyl ester was added to 35mL tetraammine clever furans and 7mL water mixture, adding ammonia oxidation in 20. Ig, 6 (TC reaction of the reaction is completed, the reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was added 70mL of ice water, 6M hydrochloric suppression of 7, the filter cake was dried to constant weight to give a gray solid 6. 2g, namely 2- (sixteen firing oxygen-ylamino essays ) -5-methyl-benzoic acid, yield 92%.

Preparation of 2-methyl-6-firing sixteen -4H-3, 1- benzo Lai ah winded -4- (cetirizine Division him); 4 [0045] Example

Figure CN104341370AD00113

The 66g 2- (XVI essays firing oxo-ylamino) -5-methylbenzoic acid in 330mL of information coincidence floating in an ice bath, was slowly added dropwise 45mL chloroformate caprolactone, after the addition was complete, naturally rise to room temperature The reaction of. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was poured into 700mL ice water, filtered, and the filter cake was dried to constant weight to give a gray solid 56g, that is, sixteen firing-6-methyl-2- -4H-3, 1- benzo Lai ah winded -4- (cetirizine orlistat), a yield of 85%. Mass spectrum shown in Figure 2, ESI-MS〇b / z): 402 [M + Tin +; X- ray diffraction as shown in (3 consistent with the data reported in FIG patent US2012101090), analyzed as shown in Table 1, Figure 1 FIG. 2 W and W Table 1 confirm that the product was obtained as cetirizine orlistat.

[0046] Table 1

Figure CN104341370AD00114
Figure CN104341370AD00115
Figure CN104341370AD00116
Figure CN104341370AD00117
Figure CN104341370AD00118
Figure CN104341370AD00121
CLIP
CJPH  2015, Vol. 46 Issue (09): 946-947    DOI: 10.16522/j.cnki.cjph.2015.09.003
Synthesis of Cetilistat
1. Institute of Materia Medica, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100050; 2. Beijing Union Pharmaceutical Factory, Beijing 102600
Cetilistat was synthesized from 2-amino-5-methylbenzoic acid and cetyl chloroformate via acylation to give 2-[[(hexadecyloxy)carbonyl]amino]-5-methylbenzoic acid, which was subjected to intramolecular dehydrationcyclization in the presence of POCl3 with an overall yield of 90% and purity over 99%. This one-pot method was simple and suitable for large-scale application.

CLIP

http://amogsobgy.com/downloads/AkumentisChechwt/CurrOpinInvestigDrugs.pdf

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Cetilistat, a new lipase inhibitor for the treatment of obesity – AMOGS

amogsobgy.com/downloads/AkumentisChechwt/CurrOpinInvestigDrugs.pdf

by R Padwal – ‎Cited by 26 – ‎Related articles

clinical trials, and the above-mentioned lipase inhibitor cetilistat, which is the focus of this review.Synthesis and SAR. Cetilistat (2-hexadecyloxy-6-methyl-4H-3 …

PATENT

SEE

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO1999016758A1?cl=en

CLIP

Taken from Ayurajan

str1

https://ayurajan.blogspot.in/2016_01_01_archive.html

Cetilistat | Inhibitor of Gastrointestinal Lipases | Inhibitor of Pancreatic Lipases | Anti-Obesity Drug

Cetilistat [2-(Hexadecyloxy)-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one] is a novel highly lipophilic benzoxazinone that inhibits gastrointestinal (GI) and pancreatic lipases, and is chemically distinct from Orlistat [1].

 
Cetilistat: 2D and 3D Structure

Pancreatic lipase is the enzyme that breaks down triglycerides in the intestine. Inhibition of this enzyme ensures that triglycerides from the diet are prevented from being hydrolyzed into absorbable free fatty acids and are excreted undigested.

In Phase I clinical trials in healthy volunteers, Cetilistat increased faecal fat excretion and was well tolerated. Cetilistat produced a clinically and statistically significant weight loss in obese patients in this short-term 12-week study. This was accompanied by significant improvements in other obesity-related parameters. Cetilistat treatment was well tolerated. The risk-benefit demonstrated in this study in terms of weight loss vs intolerable GI adverse effects shows that Cetilistat merits further evaluation for the pharmacotherapy of obesity and related disorders.

The NDA submission is based on the results of three Phase 3 clinical trials in obese patients with type 2 diabetes and dyslipidemia: a 52-week placebo-controlled, double-blind study to evaluate the efficacy and safety, and two open-label studies to evaluate safety, 24-week and 52-week respectively. The results of the 52-week placebo-controlled, double-blind study demonstrate that Cetilistat 120mg three times daily is superior to placebo in the primary endpoint, with a mean reduction in body weight from baseline of -2.776% with Cetilistat versus -1.103% with placebo (p=0.0020). Greater reduction in HbA1c and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were also observed in patients treated with Cetilistat, compared to placebo. In all these three studies, Cetilistat showed a good safety profile and was well tolerated.

Cetilistat was approved in Japan in September 2013 for the treatment of obesity. Cetilistat (Tradename: Oblean) is approved for a dosage of 120 mg three times a day for the treatment of obesity with complications.

The drug was discovered by UK based Alizyme PLC and in 2003 Takeda acquired the rights for development and commercialisation for Japan. Norgine acquired all rights to the product from Alizyme in October 2009 [3].

Cetilistat Synthesis

US20030027821A1: It appears to be the industrial process. The yields are in the range of 30-35%.

Identification:

 
1H NMR (Estimated) for Cetilistat

Experimental: 1H-NMR δH (400 MHz, CDCl3) 0.87 (3H, t, J 6.8, CH2CH3), 1.24-1.45 (26H, m, 13×CH2), 1.75-1.83 (2H, m, OCH2CH2), 2.41 (3H, s, ArCH3), 4.41 (2H, t, J 6.7, OCH2), 7.3 (1H, d, J 8.3, ArH), 7.51 (1H, dd, J 8.5, 2.0, ArH), 7.90 (1H, d, J 1.1, ArH); m/z (ES+) 402 (MH+); M Pt. 72-73° C.

Sideeffects: The most frequently experienced adverse events were those involving the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The proportion of patients and the total number of GI adverse events reported in each of the active treatment groups were higher compared to the placebo group. However, GI adverse events were predominantly mild to moderate in intensity, with no evidence of a dose relationship.

The most frequently reported GI-related adverse events included increased defecation, soft stools, abdominal pain, flatulence and fatty/oily stool, which were all reported more frequently in the treatment arms compared to the placebo arm.

Faecal incontinence, flatus with discharge, oily evacuation and oily spotting occurred in only 1.8-2.8% of subjects in the active treatment arms and was not dose-related. Adverse events generally occurred on only one occasion and resolved rapidly.

Serum vitamin D, vitamin E and β-carotene levels were decreased significantly in the Cetilistat treatment arms. Generally, these reductions in vitamin levels did not take the levels outside the normal range and none required the use of vitamin supplements.

References FOR ABOVE ONLY

  1. Kopelman, P.; et. al. Cetilistat (ATL-962), a novel lipase inhibitor: a 12-week randomized, placebo-controlled study of weight reduction in obese patients. Int J Obes (Lond) 2007, 31(3), 494-499.
  2. Hodson, H.; et. al. 2-Oxy-benzoxazinone derivatives for the treatment of obesity.US20030027821A1
  3. Cetilistat Approval (here).

Image result for Cetilistat

CN1359378A * Jan 6, 2000 Jul 17, 2002 阿利茨默治疗学有限公司 2-oxy-benzoxazine derivatives for the treatment of obesity
CN1785967A * Dec 12, 2005 Jun 14, 2006 兰爱克谢斯德国有限责任公司 Process for the preparation of carbamic acid derivatives
CN103936687A * Mar 24, 2014 Jul 23, 2014 重庆东得医药科技有限公司 Method for preparing cetilistat
WO2013166037A1 * Apr 30, 2013 Nov 7, 2013 The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York Non-retinoid antagonists for treatment of eye disorders
PATENT 
Cited Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
US20030013707 6 Jul 2001 16 Jan 2003 Hodson Harold Francis 2-amino-benzoxazinone derivatives for the treatment of obesity
EP0034292A2 31 Jan 1981 26 Aug 1981 F. HOFFMANN-LA ROCHE & CO. Aktiengesellschaft Process for the preparation of anthranilic acid derivatives
WO1997028118A1 30 Jan 1997 7 Aug 1997 Hoechst Celanese Corporation Process for preparing anthranilic acids
Reference
1 Chem. Ber. 1909, 42, 430.
2 J. Chem. Soc. Perkin I, 1973, 2940; Peter H. Gore et al. Friedel-Crafts Reactions, Part XXV.<SUP>1 </SUP>Acetylation and Benzoylation of Iodobenzene and of o-, m-, and p- Iodotoluenes.
3 J. Org. Chem. 1952, 17, 141 B. R. Baker et al.; “An Antimalarial Alkaloid From Hydrangea, XIV, Synthesis of 5- ,6-,7-, and 8-Monosubstituted Derivatives“.
4 J. Org. Chem. 1978, vol. 43, No. 2, 220 T.H. Fisher et al.; “Kinetic Study of the N-Bromosuccin-imide Bromination of Some 4-Substituted 3-Cyanotoluenes“.
5 J. Org. Chem. 1981, 46, 4614-4617 Donald Valentine, Jr. et al; “Practical, Catalytic Synthesis of Anthranilic Acids“.
6 Monatsch. Chem. 1920, 41, 155.
7 Thomas G. Back et al.: “Conjugate Additions of o-Iodoanilines and Methyl Anthranilates to Acetylenic Sulfones. A New Route to Quinolones Including First Syntheses of Two Alkaloids from the Medical Herb Ruta chalepensis” Journal of Organic Chemistry., Bd. 68, 2003, Seiten 2223-2233, XP002371555 USAmerican Chemical Society, Easton. Seite 2227, Spalte 1, Reaktionsschema 4 und Spalte 2, Zeile 8-Zeile 9; Seite 2231, Spalte 2, Zeile 43-Zeile 54.
8 * Yadav et al., New Journal of Chemistry (2000), 24(8), 571-573.
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
US8883780 22 Apr 2010 11 Nov 2014 Norgine B.V. Crystal of a benzoxazinone compound

References

  1.  Yamada Y, Kato T, Ogino H, Ashina S, Kato K (2008). “Cetilistat (ATL-962), a novel pancreatic lipase inhibitor, ameliorates body weight gain and improves lipid profiles in rats”. Hormone and Metabolic Research. 40 (8): 539–43. doi:10.1055/s-2008-1076699. PMID 18500680.
  2.  Kopelman, P; Bryson, A; Hickling, R; Rissanen, A; Rossner, S; Toubro, S; Valensi, P (2007). “Cetilistat (ATL-962), a novel lipase inhibitor: A 12-week randomized, placebo-controlled study of weight reduction in obese patients”. International journal of obesity (2005). 31 (3): 494–9. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0803446. PMID 16953261.
  3.  Padwal, R (2008). “Cetilistat, a new lipase inhibitor for the treatment of obesity”. Current opinion in investigational drugs (London, England : 2000). 9 (4): 414–21. PMID 18393108.
  4.  http://www.alizyme.com/alizyme/products/cetilistat/ Archived January 7, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  5.  Norgine acquires cetilistat
  6.  “Weight loss, HbA1c reduction, and tolerability of cetilistat in a randomized, placebo-controlled phase 2 trial in obese diabetics: comparison with orlistat (Xenical).”. Obesity. 18: 108–15. Jan 2010. doi:10.1038/oby.2009.155. PMID 19461584.
  7. Japan PMDA.

セチリスタット
Cetilistat

C25H39NO3 : 401.58
[282526-98-1]

Cetilistat
Cetilistat.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
2-(Hexadecyloxy)-6-methyl-4H-3,1-benzoxazin-4-one
Identifiers
CAS Number 282526-98-1 Yes
ATC code none
PubChem CID 9952916
ChemSpider 8128526 
UNII LC5G1JUA39 Yes
KEGG D09208 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL2103825 
Chemical data
Formula C25H39NO3
Molar mass 401.582 g/mol

///////////////Cetilistat, ATL-962, ATL962, ATL 962, 2013-09-20, JAPAN, APPROVED,  Japan PMDA, 282526-98-1, セチリスタット

str1 SEE

Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry

2014 – ‎Science

… versus vehicle-treated mice.34Noteworthy in the multistep synthesis of canagliflozin is …CETILISTAT (ANTIOBESITY)43–52 Class: Pancreatic lipase inhibitor …

TOFOGLIFLOZIN 托格列净


TOFOGLIFLOZIN

托格列净

CSG-452, R-7201, RG-7201

CAS..1201913-82-7 monohydrate

903565-83-3 (anhydrous)

(1S,3′R,4′S,5′S,6′R)-6-(4-Ethylbenzyl)-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,2′-pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol hydrate (1:1)

PMDA Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, Japan Approved mar24, 2014

 

THERAPEUTIC CLAIM Treatment of diabetes mellitus
CHEMICAL NAMES
1. Spiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),2′-[2H]pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol, 6-[(4-ethylphenyl)methyl]-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-, hydrate (1:1), (1S,3’R,4’S,5’S,6’R)-
2. (1S,3’R,4’S,5’S,6’R)-6-[(4-ethylphenyl)methyl]-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,2′-pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol monohydrate
3. (1S,3’R,4’S,5’S,6’R)-6-[(4-ethylphenyl)methyl]-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-
spiro[isobenzofuran-1(3H),2′-[2H]pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol monohydrate

(3S,3’R,4’S,5’S,6’R)-5-[(4-ethylphenyl)methyl]-6′-(hydroxymethyl)spiro[1H-2-benzofuran-3,2′-oxane]-3′,4′,5′-triol;hydrate

MW404.5, MF C22H26O6

INNOVATOR  Chugai Pharmaceuticals

Sanofi, kowa

Deberza®………..KOWA/Apleway®……………SANOFI

CODE DESIGNATION CSG 452

Tofogliflozin (USAN, codenamed CSG452) is an experimental drug for the treatment of diabetes mellitus and is being developed byChugai Pharma in collaboration with Kowa and Sanofi.[1] It is an inhibitor of subtype 2 sodium-glucose transport protein (SGLT2), which is responsible for at least 90% of the glucose reabsorption in the kidney. As of September 2012, the drug is in Phase III clinical trials.[2][3]

Tofogliflozin is an SGLT-2 inhibitor first launched in 2014 in Japan by Sanofi and Kowa for the oral treatment of type II diabetes.

The product was discovered by Chugai and was licensed to Roche in 2007. In 2011, this license agreement was terminated. In 2012, the product was licensed to Kowa and Sanofi by Chugai Pharmaceutical in Japan for the treatment of diabetes type 2. In 2015, the license between Kowa and Chugai was expanded for developments and marketing of the agent in the U.S. and the E.U.

Chemistry

The active moiety or anhydrous form (ChemSpider ID: 28530778, CHEMBL2110731) has the chemical formula C22H26O6 and amolecular mass of 386.44 g/mol.

The United States Adopted Name tofogliflozin applies to the monohydrate, which is the form used as a drug.[4] The International Nonproprietary Name tofogliflozin applies to the anhydrous compound[5] and the drug form is referred to as tofogliflozin hydrate.

Several drugs are available for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), but few patients achieve and maintain glycaemic control without weight gain and hypoglycaemias. Sodium glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors are an emerging class of drugs with an original mechanism of action involving inhibition of renal glucose reabsorption. Two agents of this class, dapagliflozin and canagliflozin, have already been approved, although we need more data on cardiovascular outcomes along with bladder and breast cancer. Tofogliflozin is a further SGLT-2 inhibitor, which exhibits the highest selectivity for SGLT-2, the most potent antidiabetic action and a reduced risk of hypoglycaemia. Recently, a 52-week, multicentre, open-label, randomised controlled trial in Japanese T2DM patients has shown that tofogliflozin exhibits adequate safety and efficacy as monotherapy or as add-on treatment in patients suboptimally controlled with oral agents. Despite the very promising characteristics of this new drug, important questions remain to be answered, mainly additional data on safety outcomes and potential beneficial effects of tofogliflozin, for instance in prediabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Moreover, it would be welcome to examine the utility of its therapeutic use in combination with insulin and metformin.

Tofogliflozin has recently demonstrated safety and efficacy as monotherapy or add-on treatment . This is very important, granted our expectations of SGLT-2 inhibitors as useful alternative oral hypoglycaemic agents. Although important questions remain to be answered, the results of the new trial add to the importance of SGLT-2 inhibitors as a useful new class of oral hypoglycaemic agents.

 

CLIP

There are two scalable synthetic routes reported to prepare tofogliflozin.2 An efficient production synthesis of tofogliflozin hydrate from alcohol 2 was first described by Murakata et al. (Scheme 1, route 1).2a In 2016, Ohtake et al. reported an improved synthetic route, which achieved in just 7 linear steps (Scheme 1, route 2).2b They selected the optimal protecting groups for the purpose of chemoselective activation and crystalline purification, and obtained the pure tofogliflozin in a good overall yield. However, these methods suffer from several drawbacks. Firstly, some reagents, such as BH3 (Scheme 1, route 2) and 2-Methoxyproene (3, Scheme 1), are toxic or highly volatile. Meanwhile, the use of Palladium reagents may lead to an excess of residual heavy metal in the final product. Secondly, manufacturing costs in these methods are high due to the application of expensive raw materials and reagents. Last but not least, the key tactical stages that involve Br/Li exchange of aryl bromide followed by addition to gluconolactone 5 need the cryogenic conditions (< -60 oC), and this method is not suitable for industrial production. Herein, we report a newly developed synthetic method for tofogliflozin hydrate starting from readily available raw materials and affording good overall yield.

SCHEME 2 FOR

 

2. (a) Murakata, M.; Ikeda, T.; Kimura, N.; Kawase, A.; Nagase, M.; Yamamoto, K.; Takata, N.; Yoshizaki, S.; Takano, K. Crystal of spiroketal derivative, and process for production thereof. European Appl. EP 2308886 A1, April 13, 2011. (b) Ohtake, Y.; Emura, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Tsuchiya, S.; Yeu, S.; Kito, Y.; Kimura, N.; Takeda, S.; Tsukazaki, M.; Murakata, M.; Sato, T. J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 2148.

 

 

Antidiabetic mechanism of SGLT-2 inhibitors.

CLIP

Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S.-H.; Ahn, K.-H.; Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. J. Med. Chem. 2012, 55, 7828−7840

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.5b02734 J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 2148−2153

STR1

STR1

(1S,3′R,4′S,5′S,6′R)-6-[(4-Ethylphenyl)methyl]-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,2′- pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol (1, tofogliflozin).

To a solution of 17b (89.9 g, 145 mmol) in DME (653 mL) and MeOH (73.0 mL), 2 N NaOH aq. solution (726 mL, 1.45 mol) was added dropwise for 1 h at waterbath temperature. After stirring at rt for 1 h, 2 N H2SO4 aq. solution (436 mL) was added slowly to the mixture. Water (700 mL) was added to the mixture, and the resultant mixture was extracted with AcOEt (500 mL × 2). The resultant organic layer was washed with brine (1.00 L) and then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 (250 g). The mixture was concentrated in vacuo to obtain 1 (57.3 g, quant) as a colorless amorphous solid;

[α]D 26 +24.2° (c 1.02, MeOH);

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 2.58 (2H, q, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.42−3.47 (1H, m), 3.63−3.67 (1H, m), 3.75−3.88 (4H, m), 3.95 (2H, s), 5.06 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 5.12 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 7.07−7.14 (4H, m), 7.17−7.23 (3H, m);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 16.3, 29.4, 42.3, 62.8, 71.9, 73.4, 74.9, 76.2, 76.4, 111.6, 121.8, 123.6, 128.9, 129.9, 131.1, 139.7, 139.9, 140.2, 142.6, 143.2;

MS (ESI) m/z: 387 [M + H]+ ; HRMS (ESI) calcd for C22H27O6 [M + H]+ 387.1802, found 387.1801

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.5b02734 J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 2148−2153

Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S.-H.; Ahn, K.-H.; Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. J. Med. Chem. 2012, 55, 7828−7840

str1

SGLT2 inhibitors inhibitors represent a novel class of agents that are being developed for the treatment or improvement in glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes. Glucopyranosyl-substituted benzene derivative are described in the prior art as SGLT2 inhibitors, for example in

WO 01/27128, WO 03/099836, WO 2005/092877, WO 2006/034489,

WO 2006/064033, WO 2006/117359, WO 2006/117360,

WO 2007/025943, WO 2007/028814, WO 2007/031548,

WO 2007/093610, WO 2007/128749, WO 2008/049923, WO 2008/055870, WO 2008/055940.

PATENTS

WO 2006080421

WO2009154276A1

WO 2011074675

WO 2012115249

Papers

Chinese Chemical Letters, 2013 ,  vol. 24,  2  pg. 131 – 133

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 2012 ,  vol. 55,  17  pg. 7828 – 7840

NMR

STR1

STR1
WO 2011074675

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000048

1 H-NMR (CD 3 OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J = 7.5Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J = 7.5Hz) ,3.42-3 .46 (1H , m), 3.65 (1H, dd, J = 5.5,12.0 Hz) ,3.74-3 .82 (4H, m), 3.96 (2H, s), 5.07 (1H , d, J = 12.8Hz), 5.13 (1H, d, J = 12.8Hz) ,7.08-7 .12 (4H, m) ,7.18-7 .23 (3H, m) .
MS (ESI +): 387 [M +1] +.

Second set

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/jm300884k

J. Med. Chem., 2012, 55 (17), pp 7828–7840

DOI: 10.1021/jm300884k

1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 1.20 (3H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 2.58 (2H, q, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.42–3.47 (1H, m), 3.63–3.67 (1H, m), 3.75–3.88 (4H, m), 3.95 (2H, s), 5.06 (1H, d, J = 12.3 Hz), 5.12 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 7.07–7.14 (4H, m), 7.17–7.23 (3H, m).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 16.3, 29.4, 42.3, 62.8, 71.9, 73.4, 74.9, 76.2, 76.4, 111.6, 121.8, 123.6, 128.9, 129.9, 131.1, 139.7, 139.9, 140.2, 142.6, 143.2.

MS (ESI): 387 [M + H]+. HRMS (ESI), m/z calcd for C22H27O6 [M + H]+ 387.1802, found 387.1801.

THIRD SET

(1S,3′R,4′S,5′S,6′R)-6-[(4-Ethylphenyl)methyl]-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,2′- pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol (1, tofogliflozin).

To a solution of 17b (89.9 g, 145 mmol) in DME (653 mL) and MeOH (73.0 mL), 2 N NaOH aq. solution (726 mL, 1.45 mol) was added dropwise for 1 h at waterbath temperature. After stirring at rt for 1 h, 2 N H2SO4 aq. solution (436 mL) was added slowly to the mixture. Water (700 mL) was added to the mixture, and the resultant mixture was extracted with AcOEt (500 mL × 2). The resultant organic layer was washed with brine (1.00 L) and then dried over anhydrous Na2SO4 (250 g). The mixture was concentrated in vacuo to obtain 1 (57.3 g, quant) as a colorless amorphous solid;

[α]D 26 +24.2° (c 1.02, MeOH);

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J = 7.6 Hz), 2.58 (2H, q, J = 7.6 Hz), 3.42−3.47 (1H, m), 3.63−3.67 (1H, m), 3.75−3.88 (4H, m), 3.95 (2H, s), 5.06 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 5.12 (1H, d, J = 12.5 Hz), 7.07−7.14 (4H, m), 7.17−7.23 (3H, m);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 16.3, 29.4, 42.3, 62.8, 71.9, 73.4, 74.9, 76.2, 76.4, 111.6, 121.8, 123.6, 128.9, 129.9, 131.1, 139.7, 139.9, 140.2, 142.6, 143.2;

MS (ESI) m/z: 387 [M + H]+ ; HRMS (ESI) calcd for C22H27O6 [M + H]+ 387.1802, found 387.1801

DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.5b02734 J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 2148−2153

Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S.-H.; Ahn, K.-H.; Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. J. Med. Chem. 2012, 55, 7828−7840

PATENT

Prepn

WO 2011074675

[Example 1] (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 – [(4 – ethyl-phenyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6′-tetrahydro- -6′-(hydroxymethyl) – spiro [isobenzofuran -1 (3H), 2’-[2H] pyran] -3 ‘, 4′, one of the preparation step [compound of formula (IX)] 5’-triol Preparation of methanol (2 – hydroxymethyl-phenyl – bromo-4)

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000042

To the mixing solution (1mol / L, 78.9kg, 88.4mol) of borane-tetrahydrofuran complex in tetrahydrofuran (6.34kg, 61.0mol) and, trimethoxyborane, two tetrahydrofuran (33.1kg) in – bromoterephthalic was added at below 30 ℃ solution (7.5kg, 30.6mol) of the acid, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 25 ℃. Then cooled to 19 ℃ The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and added a mixed solution of tetrahydrofuran and methanol (3.0kg) of (5.6kg). In addition to methanol (15.0kg) in the mixture was kept for a while.

Again, to the mixing solution (1mol / L, 78.9kg, 88.4mol) of borane-tetrahydrofuran complex in tetrahydrofuran (6.34kg, 61.0mol) and, trimethoxyborane, two tetrahydrofuran (33.0kg) in – was added at below 30 ℃ solution (7.5kg, 30.6mol) of bromo terephthalic acid, and the reaction was carried out for 1 hour at 25 ℃. Then cooled to 18 ℃ The reaction mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and added a mixed solution of tetrahydrofuran and methanol (3.0kg) of (5.6kg). After addition of methanol (15.0kg) in the mixture is combined with the reaction mixture obtained in the previous reaction, and then the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure. After addition of methanol (36kg) residue was obtained, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. Furthermore, (54 ℃ dissolved upon confirmation) which was dissolved by warming was added to methanol (36kg) to the residue. After cooling to room temperature the solution was stirred for 30 minutes added water (60kg). After addition of water (165kg) In addition to this mixture was cooled to 0 ℃, and the mixture was stirred for one hour. Centrifuge the obtained crystals were washed twice with water (45kg), and dried for 2 hours under reduced pressure to give (11.8kg, 54.4mol, 89% yield) of the title compound.

1 H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 4.49 (4H, t, J = 5.8Hz), 5.27 (1H, t, J = 5.8Hz), 5.38 (1H, t, J = 5.8Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J = 7.5Hz), 7.47 (1H, d, J = 7.5Hz), 7.50 (1H, s).

Preparation of benzene (ethoxy methyl – methyl – – methoxy-1 1) – bromo-1 ,4 – 2:2 process bis

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000043

(- Bromo-4 – 2-hydroxyethyl methyl phenyl) in tetrahydrofuran (57kg) in the solution (8.0kg, 36.9mol) of methanol, I added (185.12g, 0.74mol) of pyridinium p-toluenesulfonate. After cooling to -15 ℃ below the mixture, 2 – was added at -15 ℃ or less (7.70kg, 106.8mol) methoxy propene, and the mixture was stirred 1 h at -15 ~ 0 ℃. Was added aqueous potassium carbonate (25 wt%, 40kg) and the reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature and separate the organic layer was added toluene (35kg). After washing with water (40kg) The organic layer was evaporated under reduced pressure. Was dissolved in toluene (28kg) and the residue obtained was obtained as a toluene solution of the title compound.

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 1.42 (6H, s), 1.45 (6H, s), 3.24 (3H, s), 3.25 (3H, s), 4.45 ( 2H, s), 4.53 (2H, s), 7.28 (1H, dd, J = 1.5,8.0 Hz), 7.50 (1H, d, J = 8.0Hz), 7. 54 (1H, d, J = 1.5Hz).
MS (ESI +): 362 [M +2] +.

Preparation of on – (3R, 4S, 5R, 6R) -3,4,5 – tris (trimethylsilyloxy)-6 – trimethylsilyloxy methyl – tetrahydropyran-2: Step 3

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000044

Glucono -1,5 – – D-(+) in tetrahydrofuran (70kg) in the solution (35.8kg, 353.9mol) of N-methylmorpholine (7.88kg, 44.23mol) and lactone, chlorotrimethylsilane ( was added at 40 ℃ less 29.1kg, and 267.9mol), and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours at 30 ~ 40 ℃ resulting mixture. Was cooled to 0 ℃ the reaction mixture was added toluene (34kg) water (39kg), and the organic layer was separated. Twice sodium dihydrogen phosphate aqueous solution (5 wt%, 39.56kg) in, washed once with water (39kg) the organic layer the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. Was dissolved in toluene (34.6kg) and the residue obtained was obtained as a toluene solution of the title compound.

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 0.13 (9H, s), 0.17 (9H, s), 0.18 (9H, s), 0.20 (9H, s), 3.74- 3.83 (3H, m), 3.90 (1H, t, J = 8.0Hz), 3.99 (1H, d, J = 8.0Hz), 4.17 (1H, dt, J = 2 .5,8.0 Hz).

Step 4: (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6′-tetrahydro -6,6′ – bis (hydroxymethyl) – spiro [ (3H), 2’-[2H] pyran] -3 ‘, 4′, 5’-Preparation of triol isobenzofuran-1

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000045

(Methyl – – – methoxy 1-ethoxy-methyl) – bromo-1 ,4 – 2 prepared in step 2 bis cooled to below -10 ℃ toluene solution of benzene, hexane solution to (15 wt% n-butyl lithium , was added at below 0 ℃ 18.2kg, and 42.61mol), and the mixture was stirred 1.5 h at 5 ℃ resulting mixture. (10.5kg, 40.7mol), was added tetrahydrofuran (33.4kg) then magnesium bromide diethyl ether complex in the mixture, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 25 ℃. Was added at below -10 ℃ toluene solution of the on – tris (trimethylsilyloxy) -6 – – 3,4,5 cooled to -15 ℃ below the mixture prepared in step 3 trimethylsilyloxy methyl – tetrahydropyran-2 was. After stirring 0.5 h at -15 ℃ or less, poured into 20% aqueous ammonium chloride solution to (80kg) of this solution, and the organic layer was separated. After washing with water (80kg) and the organic layer obtained, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. I was dissolved in methanol (43kg) residue was obtained. Was stirred for 1 hour at 20 ℃ was added (1.4kg, 7.4mol) and p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate in the mixture. Thereafter, it was stirred for another hour and cooled to 0 ℃, centrifuged crystals obtained was washed with methanol (25kg), and dried for 8 hours at reduced pressure under 40 ℃, (5.47kg, yield the title compound I got 50%) rate.

1 H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ :3.20-3 .25 (1H, m) ,3.41-3 .45 (1H, m) ,3.51-3 .62 (4H, m) , 4.39 (1H, t, J = 6.0Hz) ,4.52-4 .54 (3H, m), 4.86 (1H, d, J = 4.5Hz), 4.93 (1H, d, J = 5.5Hz), 4.99 (1H, d, J = 12.5Hz), 5.03 (1H, d, J = 12.5Hz), 5.23 (1H, t, J = 5 .8 Hz) ,7.24-7 .25 (2H, m), 7.29 (1H, dd, J = 1.5,8.0 Hz).

Step 5: (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 – [(methoxycarbonyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6′-tetrahydro-3’ , 4 ‘, 5′-tris (methoxycarbonyl) oxy-6′-[(methoxycarbonyl) methyl] – Preparation of [(3H), 2’-[2H] pyran isobenzofuran] spiro

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000046

(1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) – tetrahydro -6,6 ‘- bis (hydroxymethyl) – spiro [isobenzofuran -1 (3H), 2’-[2H] pyran ] -3 ‘, 4′, 5’-triol 4 (5.3kg, 17.8mol) and – dissolved in acetonitrile (35kg) (13.7kg, 112.1mol) a chloroformate, in the solution of dimethylaminopyridine I was added at 12 ℃ or less (10.01kg, 105.9mol) methyl. Heated to 20 ℃, After stirring for 1 h, was added ethyl acetate (40kg) and water (45kg), and the organic layer was separated and the mixture. Once (45.4kg) aqueous solution consisting of (9.01kg) sodium chloride and potassium hydrogen sulfate (1.35kg), sodium chloride aqueous solution (weight 10%, 44.5kg), sodium chloride aqueous solution (the organic layer was washed successively 20% by weight, in 45.0kg), and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. Was dissolved in ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (18kg) and the residue obtained was then evaporated under reduced pressure. Was dissolved in ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (13.2kg) again and the residue obtained was obtained as ethylene glycol dimethyl ether solution of the title compound. I was used as it was in the six step.

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 3.54 (3H, s), 3.77 (6H, s), 3.811 (3H, s), 3.812 (3H, s), 4.23 ( 1H, dd, J = 2.8,11.9 Hz), 4.32 (1H, dd, J = 4.0,11.9 Hz) ,4.36-4 .40 (1H, m), 5.11 -5.24 (5H, m), 5.41 (1H, d, J = 9.8Hz), 5.51 (1H, t, J = 9.8Hz), 7.25 (1H, d, J = 7.5Hz), 7.42 (1H, d, J = 7.5Hz), 7.44 (1H, s).
MS (ESI +): 589 [M +1] +, 606 [M +18] +.

Step 6: (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 – [(4 – ethyl-phenyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6’-tetrahydro-3 ‘4’, 5′-tris (methoxycarbonyl) oxy-6′-[(methoxycarbonyl) methyl] – Preparation of [(3H), 2′-[2H] pyran isobenzofuran] spiro

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000047

[(Methoxycarbonyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6’-tetrahydro – (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 which had been prepared in Step 5 – 3 ‘, 4′, 5′-tris (methoxycarbonyl) oxy-6′-[(methoxycarbonyl) methyl] – spiro [isobenzofuran -1 (3H), 2’-[2H] pyran] Ethylene glycol dimethyl ether in solution, 2 – (2.46kg, 17.8mol), 4 butanol (25kg), anhydrous potassium carbonate – – methyl-2 were sequentially added (3.73kg, 24.9mol) ethyl phenyl boronic acid, in the reaction vessel was replaced with argon atmosphere, was bubbled with argon mixture. To the mixture – after the addition (0.72kg, 0.88mol) and palladium (II) chloride dichloromethane adduct [1,1 ‘-bis (diphenylphosphino) ferrocene], it was replaced with argon again inside of the vessel, one at 80 ℃ I was stirring time. After cooling, I added sequentially (0.859kg, 5.3mol) of ethylene glycol dimethyl ether (9.85kg), ethyl acetate (19kg), N-acetyl-L-cysteine in the mixture. After stirring for 2.5 h the mixture was filtered and added Celite (5.22kg), and washed with ethyl acetate (78kg) and the filter residue. The combined washings and filtrate, and the solvent is evaporated off under reduced pressure, and in addition (0.58kg, 3.6mol) and ethanol (74kg), N-acetyl-L-cysteine residue was obtained, which is heated to 70 ℃ or I was dissolved residue is then. After addition of water (9.4kg) in the solution, cooled to 60 ℃, and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. After confirming solid precipitated, cooled to 0 ℃ from 60 ℃ over 2.5 hours or more The mixture was stirred for 1 hour or more at 5 ℃ less. Centrifuge the resulting solid was washed twice with a mixture of water (35kg) and ethanol (55kg). Was dissolved at 70 ℃ ethanol (77kg) again, wet powder was obtained (10.21kg), cooled to 60 ℃ added water (9.7kg), and the mixture was stirred for 1 h. After confirming solid precipitated, cooled to 0 ℃ from 60 ℃ over 2.5 hours or more, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour or more at 5 ℃ less. (9.45kg, dry powder rate 8.47kg, 13.7mol which was centrifuged obtained crystals were washed with a mixture of water (32kg) and ethanol (51kg), was obtained as a moist powder the title compound, 77% overall yield from the previous step).

1 H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 1.20 (3H, t, J = 7.5Hz), 2.60 (2H, q, J = 7.5Hz), 3.50 (3H, s), 3 .76 (3H, s), 3.77 (3H, s), 3.81 (3H, s), 3.96 (2H, s), 4.23 (1H, dd, J = 2.8,11 .9 Hz), 4.33 (1H, dd, J = 4.5,11.9 Hz) ,4.36-4 .40 (1H, m) ,5.11-5 .20 (3H, m), 5 .41 (1H, d, J = 10.0Hz), 5.51 (1H, t, J = 10.0Hz) ,7.07-7 .11 (4H, m), 7.14 (1H, d, J = 7.8Hz), 7.19 (1H, dd, J = 1.5,7.8 Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J = 1.5Hz).
MS (ESI +): 619 [M +1] +, 636 [M +18] +.

Step 7: (1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 – [(4 – ethyl-phenyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6’-tetrahydro-6 , 4 ‘, 5′-Preparation of triol’ – -3 [(3H), 2′-[2H] pyran isobenzofuran] spiro – (hydroxymethyl) ‘

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000048

(1S, 3’R, 4’S, 5’S, 6’R) -6 – [(4 – ethyl-phenyl) methyl] -3 ‘, 4’, 5 ‘, 6′-tetrahydro-3’, 4 ‘, 5′-tris (methoxycarbonyl) oxy-6′-[(methoxycarbonyl) methyl] – wet powder spiro [(3H), 2’-[2H] pyran isobenzofuran -1] (8.92kg, In addition at 20 ℃ (4mol / L, 30.02kg, the 104.2mol) aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide, 1 hour the reaction mixture to a solution of (28kg) ethylene glycol dimethyl ether dry end conversion 8.00kg, of 12.9mol) the mixture was stirred. And the organic layer was separated by addition of water (8.0kg) in the mixture. The ethyl acetate aqueous sodium chloride solution (25 wt%, 40kg) and a (36kg) in the organic layer and the aqueous layer was removed after washing. The washed again aqueous sodium chloride solution (25 wt%, 40kg) in the organic layer was evaporated under reduced pressure. Were added and acetone (32.0kg) water (0.8kg) residue was obtained. After the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, dissolved in acetone (11.7kg) in water (15.8kg) and the residue obtained was cooled to below 5 ℃. Was added below 10 ℃ water (64kg) to the mixture, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at below 10 ℃. Centrifuge the resulting crystals were washed with a mixture of water (8.0kg) and (1.3kg) acetone. For 8 hours through-flow drying 13 ~ 16 ℃ temperature ventilation, under the conditions of 24-33% relative humidity the wet powder, the monohydrate crystal (3.94kg, 9.7mol, 75% yield) of the title compound I was obtained as: (4.502 wt% water content).

Method of measuring the amount of water:
Analysis: coulometric KF titration analyzer: trace moisture measurement device manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation Model KF-100
Anolyte: Aqua micron AX (manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)
Catholyte: Aqua micron CXU (manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)

1 H-NMR (CD 3 OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J = 7.5Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J = 7.5Hz) ,3.42-3 .46 (1H , m), 3.65 (1H, dd, J = 5.5,12.0 Hz) ,3.74-3 .82 (4H, m), 3.96 (2H, s), 5.07 (1H , d, J = 12.8Hz), 5.13 (1H, d, J = 12.8Hz) ,7.08-7 .12 (4H, m) ,7.18-7 .23 (3H, m) .
MS (ESI +): 387 [M +1] +.

PATENT

US20110306778

Example 1 Synthesis of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose Step 1: Synthesis of 3,4,5-tris(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-trimethylsilyloxymethyl-tetrahydropyran-2-one

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00017

To a solution of D-(+)-glucono-1,5-lactone (7.88 kg) and N-methylmorpholine (35.8 kg) in tetrahydrofuran (70 kg) was added trimethylsilyl chloride (29.1 kg) at 40° C. or below, and then the mixture was stirred at a temperature from 30° C. to 40° C. for 2 hours. After the mixture was cooled to 0° C., toluene (34 kg) and water (39 kg) were added thereto. The organic layer was separated and washed with an aqueous solution of 5% sodium dihydrogen phosphate (39.56 kg×2) and water (39 kg×1). The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the titled compound as an oil. The product was used in the next step without further purification.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 0.13 (9H, s), 0.17 (9H, s), 0.18 (9H, s), 0.20 (9H, s), 3.74-3.83 (3H, m), 3.90 (1H, t, J=8.0 Hz), 3.99 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 4.17 (1H, dt, J=2.5, 8.0 Hz).

Step 2: Synthesis of 2,4-dibromo-1-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)benzene

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00018

Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of 2,4-dibromobenzyl alcohol (40 g, 0.15 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (300 ml) was added 2-methoxypropene (144 ml, 1.5 mol) at room temperature, and then the mixture was cooled to 0° C. At the same temperature, pyridinium p-toluenesulfonic acid (75 mg, 0.30 mmol) was added and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was poured into a saturated aqueous solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate cooled to 0° C., and extracted with toluene. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous solution of sodium chloride, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the titled compound as an oil in quantitative yield. The product was used in the next step without further purification.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.44 (6H, s), 3.22 (3H, 4.48 (2H, s), 7.42 (1H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.44 (1H, dd, J=1.5, 8.0 Hz), 7.68 (1H, d, J=1.5 Hz).

Step 3: Synthesis of 2,3,4,5-tetrakis(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-trimethylsilyloxymethyl-2-(5-(4-ethylphenyl)hydroxymethyl-2-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)phenyl)tetrahydropyran

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00019

Under a nitrogen atmosphere, 2,4-dibromo-1-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)benzene (70 g, 207 mmol), which was obtained in the previous step, was dissolved in toluene (700 mL) and t-butylmethyl ether (70 ml), and n-butyllithium in hexane (1.65 M, 138 ml, 227 mmol) was added dropwise at 0° C. over 30 minutes. After the mixture was stirred for 1.5 hours at 0° C., the mixture was added dropwise to a solution of 3,4,5-tris(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-trimethylsilyloxymethyl-tetrahydropyran-2-one (Example 1, 108 g, 217 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (507 ml) at −78° C., and the reaction mixture was stirred for 2 hours at the same temperature. Triethylamine (5.8 ml, 41 mmol) and trimethylsilyl chloride (29.6 ml, 232 mmol) were added thereto, and the mixture was warmed to 0° C. and stirred for 1 hour to give a solution containing 2,3,4,5-tetrakis(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-trimethylsilyloxymethyl-2-(5-bromo-2-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)phenyl)tetrahydropyran.

The resulting solution was cooled to −78° C., and n-butyllithium in hexane (1.65 M, 263 ml, 434 mmol) was added dropwise thereto at the same temperature. After the mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 30 minutes, 4-ethylbenzaldehyde (62 ml, 455 mmol) was added dropwise at −78° C., and the mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours. A saturated aqueous solution of ammonium chloride was added to the reaction mixture, and the organic layer was separated, and washed with water. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a product containing the titled compound as an oil (238 g). The product was used in the next step without further purification.

A portion of the oil was purified by HPLC (column: Inertsil ODS-3, 20 mm I.D.×250 mm; acetonitrile, 30 mL/min) to give four diastereomers of the titled compound (two mixtures each containing two diastereomers).

Mixture of Diastereomers 1 and 2:

1H-NMR (500 MHz, CDCl3) δ: −0.47 (4.8H, s), −0.40 (4.2H, s), −0.003-0.004 (5H, m), 0.07-0.08 (1314, m), 0.15-0.17 (18H, m), 1.200 and 1.202 (3H, each t, J=8.0 Hz), 1.393 and 1.399 (3H, each s), 1.44 (3H, s), 2.61 (2H, q, J=8.0 Hz), 3.221 and 3.223 (3H, each s), 3.43 (1H, t, J=8.5 Hz), 3.54 (1H, dd, J=8.5, 3.0 Hz), 3.61-3.66 (1H, m), 3.80-3.85 (3H, m), 4.56 and 4.58 (1H, each d, J=12.4 Hz), 4.92 and 4.93 (1H, each d, J=12.4 Hz), 5.80 and 5.82 (1H, each d, J=3.0 Hz), 7.14 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.28-7.35 (3H, m), 7.50-7.57 (2H, m).

MS (ESI+): 875 [M+Na]+.

Mixture of Diastereomers 3 and 4:

1H-NMR (500 MHz, toluene-d8, 80° C.) δ: −0.25 (4H, s), −0.22 (5H, s), 0.13 (5H, s), 0.16 (4H, s), 0.211 and 0.214 (9H, each s), 0.25 (9H, s), 0.29 (9H, s), 1.21 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 1.43 (3H, s), 1.45 (3H, s), 2.49 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 3.192 and 3.194 (3H, each s), 3.91-4.04 (4H, m), 4.33-4.39 (2H, m), 4.93 (1H, d, J=14.5 Hz), 5.10-5.17 (1H, m), 5.64 and 5.66 (1H, each s), 7.03 (2H, d, J=8.0 Hz), 7.28-7.35 (3H, m), 7.59-7.64 (1H, m), 7.87-7.89 (1H, m).

MS (ESI+): 875 [M+Na]+.

Step 4: Synthesis of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)hydroxymethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00020

Under a nitrogen atmosphere, the oil containing 2,3,4,5-tetrakis(trimethylsilyloxy)-6-trimethylsilyloxymethyl-2-(5-(4-ethylphenyl)hydroxymethyl-2-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)phenyl)tetrahydropyran (238 g), which was obtained in the previous step, was dissolved in acetonitrile (693 ml). Water (37 ml) and 1N HCl aq (2.0 ml) were added and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5.5 hours. Water (693 ml) and n-heptane (693 ml) were added to the reaction mixture and the aqueous layer was separated. The aqueous layer was washed with n-heptane (693 ml×2), and water was evaporated under reduced pressure to give a product containing water and the titled compound (a diastereomer mixture) as an oil (187 g). The product was used in the next step without further purification.

1H-NMR (500 MHz, CD3OD) δ: 1.200 (3H, t, J=7.7 Hz), 1.201 (3H, t, J=7.7 Hz), 2.61 (2H, q, J=7.7 Hz), 3.44-3.48 (1H, m), 3.63-3.68 (111, m), 3.76-3.84 (4H, m), 5.09 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 5.15 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 5.79 (1H, s), 7.15 (2H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 7.24 and 7.25 (1H, each d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.28 (2H, d, J=7.7 Hz), 7.36 (1H, dd, J=8.4, 1.5 Hz), 7.40-7.42 (114, m).

MS (ESI+): 425 [M+Na]+.

Step 5: Synthesis of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose (crude product)

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00021

To a solution of the oil containing 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)hydroxymethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose (187 g), which was obtained in the previous step, in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (693 ml) was added 5% Pd/C (26 g, 6.2 mmol, water content ratio: 53%), and the mixture was stirred in the atmosphere of hydrogen gas at room temperature for 4 hours. After filtration, the filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure to give an oil containing the titled compound (59 g). The purity of the resulting product was 85.7%, which was calculated based on the area ratio measured by HPLC. The product was used in the next step without further purification.

1H-NMR (CD3OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 3.42-3.46 (1H, m), 3.65 (1H, dd, J=5.5, 12.0 Hz), 3.74-3.82 (4H, m), 3.96 (2H, s), 5.07 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 5.13 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 7.08-7.12 (4H, m), 7.18-7.23 (3H, m).

MS (ESI+): 387 [M+1]+.

Measurement Condition of HPLC:

Column: Cadenza CD-C18 50 mm P/NCD032

Mobile phase: Eluent A: H2O, Eluent B: MeCN

Gradient operation: Eluent B: 5% to 100% (6 min), 100% (2 min)

Flow rate: 1.0 mL/min

Temperature: 35.0° C.

Detection wavelength: 210 nm

Step 6: Synthesis of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-2,3,4,6-tetra-O-methoxycarbonyl-β-D-glucopyranose

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00022

Under a nitrogen atmosphere, to a solution of the oil containing 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose (59 g) and 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (175 g, 1436 mmol) in acetonitrile (1040 ml) was added dropwose methyl chloroformate (95 ml, 1231 mmol) at 0° C. The mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirred for 3 hours. After addition of water, the mixture was extracted with isopropyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with an aqueous solution of 3% potassium hydrogensulfate and 20% sodium chloride (three times) and an aqueous solution of 20% sodium chloride, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue was added ethanol (943 mL) and the mixture was heated to 75° C. to dissolve the residue. The mixture was cooled to 60° C. and a seed crystal of the titled compound was added thereto. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 1 hour. After precipitation of solid was observed, water (472 ml) was added thereto, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The resulting crystal was collected by filtration, washed with a mixture of water and ethanol (1:1), and dried under reduced pressure to give the titled compound (94 g). To the product (91 g) was added ethanol (1092 ml), and the product was dissolved by heating to 75° C. The solution was cooled to 60° C. and a seed crystal of the titled compound was added thereto. The mixture was cooled to room temperature and stirred for 1 hour. After precipitation of solid was observed, water (360 ml) was added thereto, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The resulting crystal was collected by filtration, washed with a mixture of water and ethanol (1:1), and dried under reduced pressure to give the titled compound [83 g, total yield from 2,4-dibromo-1-(1-methoxy-1-methylethoxymethyl)benzene used in Step 3: 68%].

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 1.20 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.60 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 3.50 (3H, s), 3.76 (3H, s), 3.77 (3H, s), 3.81 (3H, s), 3.96 (2H, s), 4.23 (1H, dd, J=2.5, 11.8 Hz), 4.33 (1H, dd, J=4.5, 12.0 Hz), 4.36-4.40 (1H, m), 5.11-5.20 (3H, m), 5.41 (1H, d, J=10.0 Hz), 5.51 (1H, t, J=10.0 Hz), 7.07-7.11 (4H, m), 7.14 (1H, d, J=7.5 Hz), 7.19 (1H, dd, J=1.5, 7.8 Hz), 7.31 (1H, d, J=1.5 Hz).

MS (ESI+): 619 [M+1]+, 636 [M+18]+.

Another preparation was carried out in the same manner as Step 6, except that a seed crystal was not used, to give the titled compound as a crystal.

Step 7: Synthesis of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-β-D-glucopyranose

Figure US20110306778A1-20111215-C00023

To a solution of 1,1-anhydro-1-C-[5-(4-ethylphenyl)methyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)phenyl]-2,3,4,6-tetra-O-methoxycarbonyl-β-D-glucopyranose (8.92 kg as wet powder, corresponding to 8.00 kg of dry powder) in 1,2-dimethoxyethane (28 kg) was added a solution of sodium hydroxide (4 mol/L, 30.02 kg) at 20° C., and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Water (8.0 kg) was added to the mixture and the layers were separated. To the organic layer were added an aqueous solution of 25% sodium chloride (40 kg) and ethyl acetate (36 kg). The organic layer was separated, washed with an aqueous solution of 25% sodium chloride (40 kg), and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The purity of the resulting residue was 98.7%, which was calculated based on the area ratio measured by HPLC. To the resulting residue were added acetone (32.0 kg) and water (0.8 kg), and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. To the resulting residue were added acetone (11.7 kg) and water (15.8 kg), and the solution was cooled to 5° C. or below. Water (64 kg) was added to the solution at 10° C. or below, and the mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 1 hour. The resulting crystal was collected by centrifugation, and washed with a mixture of acetone (1.3 kg) and water (8.0 kg). The resulting wet powder was dried by ventilation drying under a condition at air temperature of 13 to 16° C. and relative humidity of 24% to 33% for 8 hours, to give a monohydrate crystal (water content: 4.502%) of the titled compound (3.94 kg). The purity of the resulting compound was 99.1%, which was calculated based on the area ratio measured by HPLC.

1H-NMR (CD3OD) δ: 1.19 (3H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 2.59 (2H, q, J=7.5 Hz), 3.42-3.46 (1H, m), 3.65 (1H, dd, J=5.5, 12.0 Hz), 3.74-3.82 (4H, m), 3.96 (2H, s), 5.07 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 5.13 (1H, d, J=12.8 Hz), 7.08-7.12 (4H, m), 7.18-7.23 (311, m).

MS (ESI+): 387 [M+1]+.

Measurement Condition of HPLC:

Column: Capcell pack ODS UG-120 (4.6 mm I.D.×150 mm, 3 μm, manufactured by Shiseido Co., Ltd.)

Mobile phase: Eluent A: H2O, Eluent B: MeCN

Mobile phase sending: Concentration gradient was controlled by mixing Eluent A and Eluent B as indicated in the following table.

TABLE 1
Time from
injection (min) Eluent A (%) Eluent B (%)
0 to 15 90→10 10→90
15 to 17.5 10 90
17.5 to 25 90 10

Flow rate: 1.0 mL/min

Temperature: 25.0° C.

Detection wavelength: 220 nm

Method for Measurement of Water Content:

Analysis method: coulometric titration method

KF analysis apparatus: Type KF-100 (trace moisture measuring apparatus manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)

Anode solution: Aquamicron AX (manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)

Cathode solution: Aquamicron CXU (manufactured by Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation)

PATENT

US20090030006

The compound of the present invention can be synthesized as shown in Scheme 1:

Figure US20090030006A1-20090129-C00005
Figure US20090030006A1-20090129-C00006

wherein R11 and R12 have the same meaning as defined above for substituents on Ar1, A is as defined above, and P represents a protecting group for a hydroxyl group.

CLIP

Tofogliflozin hydrate (Deberza)
Tofogliflozin hydrate, which is a sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitor, was approved in Japan for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
at the same time as luseogliflozin hydrate (XIX). The drug was discovered by Chugai Pharmaceutical and jointly developed
with Sanofi-Aventis and Kowa.263

Tofogliflozin hydrate reduces glucose levels by inhibiting the reuptake of glucose by selectively
inhibiting SGLT2, and plays a key role in the reuptake of glucose in the proximal tubule of the kidneys.264–266 The synthetic
approach described in Scheme 48 represents the largest scale reported to date in a patent application.263,266–268

Reduction of commercially available 2-bromoterephtalic acid (268, Scheme 48) through the use of trimethoxyborane and borane-THF proceeded in 89% yield to afford diol 269.

Subjection of this compound to 2-methoxypropene (270) under acidic conditions generated bis-acetonide 271. This bromide then underwent lithium–halogen exchange followed by exposure to magnesium bromide and treatment with lactone 272 (which was prepared by persilylation of commercially available (3R,4S,5S,6R)-3,4,5-trihydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl)tetrahydro-2Hpyran-2-one (277, Scheme 49).

This mixture was worked up with aqueous ammonium chloride and upon treatment with p-TsOH in methanol resulted in spiroacetal 273. Next, global protection of all alcohol functionalities within 273 was affected by reaction with methylchloroformate and DMAP in acetonitrile.

The benzyl carbonate within 274 was selectively exchanged via Suzuki coupling with 4-ethylphenylboronic acid (275) to afford methylene dibenzyl system 276. Subsequent treatment with aqueous sodium hydroxide in methanol followed by crystallization from 1:6 acetone and water furnished the desired product tofogliflozin hydrate (XXXIV) in 75% yield.

STR1

STR1

263 Takamitsu, K.; Tsutomu, S.; Masahiro, N. WO Patent 2006080421A1, 2006.
264. http://www.info.pmda.go.jp/shinyaku/P201400036/index.html.
265. Pafili, K.; Papanas, N. Expert Opin. Pharmacother. 2014, 15, 1197.

266. Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.;Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S. Y.; Ahn, K. H.;Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.;Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. J. Med. Chem. 2012, 55, 7828.
267. Murakata, M.; Ikeda, T.; Kawase, A.; Nagase, M.; Kimura, N.; Takeda, S.;Yamamoto, K.; Takano, K.; Nishimoto, M.; Ohtake, Y.; Emura, T.; Kito, Y. WOPatent 2011074675A1, 2011.
268. Murakata, M.; Takuma, I.; Nobuaki, K.; Masahiro, N.; Kawase, A.; Nagase, M.;Yamamoto, K.; Takata, N.; Yoshizaki, S. WO Patent 2009154276A1, 2009.

Paper

A Scalable Synthesis of Tofogliflozin Hydrate

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Disha Pharmaceutical Group Co., Ltd., Weihai 264205, China
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
Abstract Image

A newly process for the synthesis of tofogliflozin hydrate, a sodium-glucose cotransporter type 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor, was described. Three improvements were achieved, including the development of a regioselective Friedel–Crafts reaction, a high-yield reduction, and a mild metal–halogen exchange. These improvements ultimately resulted in the isolation of tofogliflozin hydrate as a white solid in >99% purity (HPLC area) and 23% overall yield after 12 steps without column chromatography.

 

 Tofogliflozin hydrate white solid with 99.56% purity by HPLC. Water content: 4.47%.

Mp: 71−80 oC. [α]20 D =  +23.9 (c = 1.0, CH3OH).

1H NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ 7.23-7.18 (m, 3H), 7.12-7.08(m, 4H), 5.13 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 1H), 5.07 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 1H), 3.96 (s, 2H), 3.83-3.73 (m, 4H), 3.65 (dd, J = 11.9, 5.5 Hz, 1H), 3.41-3.47 (m, 1H), 2.59 (q, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 1.19 (t, J = 7.6 Hz, 3H).

13C NMR (100 MHz, CD3OD) δ 143.2, 142.6, 140.2, 139.9, 139.7, 131.2, 129.9, 128.9, 123.6, 121.8, 111.6, 76.4, 76.2, 74.9, 73.4, 71.9, 62.8, 42.3, 29.5, 16.3.

HRMS (ESI) m/z: [M+H]+ Calcd for C22H27O6 387.1802; Found 387.1805.

IR (KBr, cm-1) ν: 3362, 2962, 2927, 1637, 1513, 1429, 1095, 1034, 808, 770. Spectroscopic data were identical with those reported.1b, 2

1. (a) Suzuki, M.; Honda, K.; Fukazawa, M.; Ozawa, K.; Hagita, H.; Kawai, T.; Takeda, M.; Yata, T.; Kawai, M.; Fukuzawa, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Sato, T.; Kawabe, Y.; Ikeda, S. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. 2012, 341, 692.

(b) Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S.-H.; Ahn. K.-H.; Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. J. Med. Chem. 2012, 55, 7828.

(c) Ikeda, S.; Takano, Y.; Cynshi, O.; Tanaka, R.; Christ, A. D.; Boerlin, V.; Beyer, U.; Beck, A.; Ciorciaro, C.; Meyer, M.; Kadowaki, T. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 2015, 17, 984.

2. (a) Murakata, M.; Ikeda, T.; Kimura, N.; Kawase, A.; Nagase, M.; Yamamoto, K.; Takata, N.; Yoshizaki, S.; Takano, K. Crystal of spiroketal derivative, and process for production thereof. European Appl. EP 2308886 A1, April 13, 2011.

(b) Ohtake, Y.; Emura, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Tsuchiya, S.; Yeu, S.; Kito, Y.; Kimura, N.; Takeda, S.; Tsukazaki, M.; Murakata, M.; Sato, T. J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 2148.

 

 

References

  1.  Chugai Pharmaceutical: Development Pipeline
  2.  Nagata, T.; Fukazawa, M.; Honda, K.; Yata, T.; Kawai, M.; Yamane, M.; Murao, N.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Mitsui, T.; Suzuki, Y.; Ikeda, S.; Kawabe, Y. (2012). “Selective SGLT2 inhibition by tofogliflozin reduces renal glucose reabsorption under hyperglycemic but not under hypo- or euglycemic conditions in rats”. AJP: Endocrinology and Metabolism 304 (4): E414–E423. doi:10.1152/ajpendo.00545.2012.PMID 23249697.
  3.  Ohtake, Y.; Sato, T.; Kobayashi, T.; Nishimoto, M.; Taka, N.; Takano, K.; Yamamoto, K.; Ohmori, M.; Yamaguchi, M.; Takami, K.; Yeu, S. Y.; Ahn, K. H.; Matsuoka, H.; Morikawa, K.; Suzuki, M.; Hagita, H.; Ozawa, K.; Yamaguchi, K.; Kato, M.; Ikeda, S. (2012). “Discovery of Tofogliflozin, a NovelC-Arylglucoside with anO-Spiroketal Ring System, as a Highly Selective Sodium Glucose Cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) Inhibitor for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes”. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 55 (17): 7828–7840. doi:10.1021/jm300884k.PMID 22889351.
  4.  Statement on a nonproprietary name adopted by the USAN council: Tofogliflozin.
  5.  http://www.who.int/entity/medicines/publications/druginformation/innlists/RL65.pdf
Tofogliflozin monohydrate
Tofogliflozin monohydrate skeletal 3D.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(1S,3′R,4′S,5′S,6′R)-6-(4-Ethylbenzyl)-6′-(hydroxymethyl)-3′,4′,5′,6′-tetrahydro-3H-spiro[2-benzofuran-1,2′-pyran]-3′,4′,5′-triol hydrate (1:1)
Legal status
Legal status
  • Investigational
Identifiers
CAS Number 1201913-82-7
903565-83-3 (anhydrous)
ATC code None
PubChem CID 46908928
ChemSpider 28527871
KEGG D09978
ChEMBL CHEMBL2105711
Synonyms CSG452
Chemical data
Formula C22H28O7
Molar mass 404.45 g/mol

//////////TOFOGLIFLOZIN, 托格列净 , CSG-452, R-7201, RG-7201, 1201913-82-7  , 903565-83-3, oral hypoglycaemic agentsSGLT-2 inhibitorstype 2 diabetes mellitus, Deberza

CCc1ccc(cc1)Cc2ccc3c(c2)[C@]4([C@@H]([C@H]([C@@H]([C@H](O4)CO)O)O)O)OC3.O

The glucopyranosyl-substituted benzene derivatives are proposed as inducers of urinary sugar excretion and as medicaments in the treatment of diabetes.

The term “canagliflozin” as employed herein refers to canagliflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure US20130035281A1-20130207-C00013

The compound and methods of its synthesis are described in WO 2005/012326 and WO 2009/035969 for example. Preferred hydrates, solvates and crystalline forms are described in the patent applications WO 2008/069327 for example.

atigliflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure US20130035281A1-20130207-C00014

The compound and methods of its synthesis are described in WO 2004/007517 for example.

ipragliflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure US20130035281A1-20130207-C00015

The compound and methods of its synthesis are described in WO 2004/080990, WO 2005/012326 and WO 2007/114475 for example.

tofogliflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure US20130035281A1-20130207-C00016

The compound and methods of its synthesis are described in WO 2007/140191 and WO 2008/013280 for example.

remogliflozin and prodrugs of remogliflozin, in particular remogliflozin etabonate, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof. Methods of its synthesis are described in the patent applications EP 1213296 and EP 1354888 for example.

sergliflozin and prodrugs of sergliflozin, in particular sergliflozin etabonate, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof. Methods for its manufacture are described in the patent applications EP 1344780 and EP 1489089 for example.

luseoghflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure imgf000031_0002

ertugliflozin, including hydrates and solvates thereof, and crystalline forms thereof and has the following structure:

Figure imgf000031_0003

and is described for example in WO 2010/023594.

The compound of the formula

Figure imgf000032_0001

is described for example in WO 2008/042688 or WO 2009/014970.

Dapagliflozin

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00001

The compound is described for example in WO 03/099836. Crystalline forms are described for example in WO 2008/002824.

Remogliflozin and Remogliflozin Etabonate

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00002

The compound is described for example in EP 1354888 A1.

Sergliflozin and Sergliflozin Etabonate

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00003

The compounds are described in EP 1 329 456 A1 and a crystalline form ofSergliflozin etabonate is described in EP 1 489 089 A1.

1-Chloro-4-(β-D-glucopyranos-1-yl)-2-(4-ethyl-benzyl)-benzene

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00004

The compound is described in WO 2006/034489.

(1S)-1,5-anhydro-1-[5-(azulen-2-ylmethyl)-2-hydroxyphenyl]-D-glucitol

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00005

The compound (4-(Azulen-2-ylmethyl)-2-(β-D-glucopyranos-1-yl)-1-hydroxy-benzene) is described in WO 2004/013118 and WO 2006/006496. The crystalline choline salt thereof is described in WO 2007/007628.

(1S)-1,5-anhydro-1-[3-(1-benzothien-2-ylmethyl)-4-fluorophenyl]-D-glucitol

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00006

The compound is described in WO 2004/080990 and WO 2005/012326. A cocrystal with L-proline is described in WO 2007/114475.

Thiophen Derivatives of the Formula (7-1)

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00007

wherein R denotes methoxy or trifluoromethoxy. Such compounds and their method of production are described in WO 2004/007517, DE 102004063099 and WO 2006/072334.

1-(β-D-glucopyranosyl)-4-methyl-3-[5-(4-fluorophenyl)-2-thienylmethyl]benzene

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00008

The compound is described in WO 2005/012326. A crystalline hemihydrate is described in WO 2008/069327.

Spiroketal Derivatives of the Formula (9-1)

Figure US20130096076A1-20130418-C00009

wherein R denotes methoxy, trifluoromethoxy, ethoxy, ethyl, isopropyl or tert. butyl. Such compounds are described in WO 2007/140191 and WO 2008/013280.

Eldecalcitol, an active vitamin D3 analog used to treat osteoporosis


Eldecalcitol

(1S,2S,3S,5Z)-5-[(2E)-2-[(1R,3aS,7aR)-1-[(2R)-6-hydroxy-6-methylheptan-2-yl]-7a-methyl-2,3,3a,5,6,7-hexahydro-1H-inden-4-ylidene]ethylidene]-2-(3-hydroxypropoxy)-4-methylidenecyclohexane-1,3-diol

(1R,2R,3R,5Z,7E)-2-(3-Hydroxypropyloxy)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10(19)-triene-1,3,25-triol

AC1O5QQ2;   CAS 104121-92-8;  AN-3697; ED 71, Edirol®
Molecular Formula: C30H50O5
Molecular Weight: 490.715 g/mol

APPROVED JAPAN , 2011-01-21, Chugai (Originator) , Roche,Taisho Toyama

Eldecalcitol was approved by Pharmaceuticals and Medicals Devices Agency of Japan (PMDA) on January 21, 2011. It was developed by Chugai Pharmaceutical (a member of Roche) and marketed as Edirol® by Chugai Pharmaceutical and Taisho.

Eldecalcitol is an orally active vitamin D analogue leading to greater absorption of bind calcium. It is usually used to treat osteoporosis.

Edirol® is available as capsule for oral use, containing 0.5 μg or 0.75 μg of free Eldecalcitol, and the recommended dose is 0.75 μg once daily.

ED-71, a vitamin D analog, is a more potent inhibitor of bone resorption than alfacalcidol in an estrogen-deficient rat model of osteoporosis. ED-71, effectively and safely increased lumbar and hip bone mineral density (BMD) in osteoporotic patients who also received vitamin D3 supplementation.

Eldecalcitol is a drug used in Japan for the treatment of osteoporosis.[1] It is an analog of vitamin D.[2] Osteoporosis is a common bone disease among the older generation, with an estimated prevalence of over 200 million people.[1] This condition often results in bone fractures due to abnormally low bone mass density, and is a leading cause of disability, especially among developed countries with longer average life spans. Osteoporosis is more common in women than with men.

AC1O5QQ2.pngEldecalcitol

Discovery

Chugai Pharmaceutical/Roche are the originators of the medicinal drug eldecalcitol through Taisho Pharmaceutical Holdings and Chugai Pharmaceutical. The trade name of eldecalcitol is Edirol, and its Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) registry number is 104121-92-8. Eldecalcitol was approved for use in Japan on January 2011. The approval came from the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare for the objective of a treatment for osteoporosis.[3]

Effects

Clinical trials have suggested that eldecalcitol, a vitamin D analog, has strong effects to reduce calcium reabsorption into the body from bones, therefore increasing bone mineral density, and to increase calcium absorption in intestines.[4] In animals, eldecalcitol inhibits the activity of osteoclasts for the function to reduce bone degradation for calcium, while still able to maintain osteoblast function so as to not hinder bone formation.[5] Unlike other vitamin D analogs, eldecalcitol does not significantly suppress parathyroid hormone levels, promising a better treatment for osteoporosis in comparison to other medications.[6] Bone mineral density increases with eldecalcitol use, in addition to strengthening bone structure. This occurs due to the function of the eldecalcitol drug, which decreases bone reabsorption as observed through a bone reabsorption marker. Bone geometry assessments show that eldecalcitol increases cortical bone area in patients with osteoporosis more so than other vitamin D analogs, such as alfacalcidol. There was also the maintenance of thickness of cortical bone mass, strongly indicating that eldecalcitol improves the strength and mass of bone, specifically cortical bone structure.[7] Adverse effects of eldecalcitol include an increase in blood and urinary calcium levels. Abnormally high levels of calcium can lead to problems associated with hypercalcemia.

Treatment for Osteoporosis

Eldecalcitol can be used for the treatment of hypocalcaemia or osteoporosis. Calcium absorption increases with the presence of eldecalcitol by the body, occurring in the intestines, which is useful for those who have low calcium levels. Eldecalcitol is more often used due to its effects to treat osteoporosis. In the aging population, the bone matrix becomes weakened through untreated osteoporosis. This leads to an increased risk of severe fractures that include spinal and hip fractures in addition to vertebral and wrist fractures. This creates a burden on the health care system due to a decline in the quality of life for the individuals that suffer from this condition. Some risk factors leading to the predisposition of developing osteoporosis are previous incidents of bone fractures and a reduction in bone mineral density.[1] These factors expectantly increase as age increases. Bone health is reliant on maintaining physiologically needed levels of calcium, where the body constantly maintains this calcium homeostasis through osteoblast and osteoclast activity. Osteoblast activity serves this function of maintaining appropriate calcium levels by depositing calcium in bones when blood calcium levels are above normal. In contrast, osteoclasts break down bone tissue to increase blood calcium levels if they are low.[8] This activity is performed after absorption of calcium by the body, which requires the actions of vitamin D. The active metabolite of vitamin D, calcitriol, performs its function through interactions with the calcitriol receptor. This nuclear hormone receptor is responsible for calcium absorption which, in turn, is involving in bone depletion and formation. The new analogs of vitamin D, such as eldecalcitol, are observed to have stronger effects in preventing bone loss, fractures, and falls in comparison to calcitriol.[9] Eldecalcitol is even more effective than its counterpart alfacalcidol, another vitamin D analog. Studies have shown eldecalcitol is more effective than alfacalcidol in preventing vertebral and wrist fractures, and even falls, with osteoporotic patients with vitamin D insufficiencies.[10] Eldecalcitol is also more effective at preventing fractures than vitamin D and calcium supplements.[1] Eldecalcitol increases calcium absorption for vitamin D deficient patients, and therefore could be used for osteoporosis treatment for all age groups.

Pharmacology

Analogs of vitamin D are being explored intensely for their regulatory effects on calcium metabolism with the purpose of treating osteoporosis, a skeletal disease associated with low bone mass and deterioration of bone tissue. Vitamin D is imperative for absorption of calcium to maintain bone strength.

Mechanism of Action

Eldecalcitol is an orally administered drug to patients, which binds to vitamin D receptors and binding protein for the goal of achieving greater specificity to bind calcium for its absorption. This greater affinity is 2.7-fold that of the active vitamin D form of calcitriol. Eldecalcitol is readily absorbed into the body, with a long elimination half-life of over eight hours, reaching maximum absorption in 3.4 hours.[1]

Dosage

Eldecalcitol is present in the form of pills for oral administration. In preclinical models with healthy male volunteers, oral doses of eldecalcitol ranged from 0.1 to 1.0 micrograms once daily to show an increase in bone mineral density.[11] Preclinical trials show improvements for doses at 0.5 and 0.75 micrograms, which are the recommended dosage amounts for the Edirol product as approved by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare for treating osteoporosis.[3]

Chemistry

The class of eldecalcitol is a vitamin D3 derivative. This molecule has a molecular weight of 490.71 grams per mole. The eldecalcitol analog of calcitriol, contains a hydroxypropyl group in the lower cyclohexane ring. The synthesis of eldecalcitol incorporates two units assembled together. The IUPAC names include (3S, 4S, 5R)-oct-1-en-7-yne-3,4,5-triol that is fused to a bicyclic system, (R)-6-((1R, 3aR, 7aR, E)-4-(bromomethylene)-7a-methyloctahydro-1H-inden-1-yl)-2-methylheptan-2-ol. The assembly process includes a Diels-Alder reaction to give the fully protected eldecalcitol. In order to get the parent molecule, the hydroxyl groups have to be deprotected. The chemistry of eldecalcitol allows for its binding 2.7-fold more potently than calcitriol. In addition, some vitamin D derivatives have been known to inhibit the serum parathyroid hormone. Eldecalcitol only weakly inhibits the serum parathyroid hormone, making it an even more appealing medicinal drug for its physiological uses in the treatment of osteoporosis.[3] Animal studies of eldecalcitol, in ovariectomized rats, show improvements in bone mass while lowering bone reabsorption to demonstrate its effectiveness in osteoporosis treatment.[5]

PAPER

Heterocycles,  Vol 92, No. 6, 2016, pp.1013-1029
Published online, 22nd March, 2016

DOI: 10.3987/REV-16-840
Diverse and Important Contributions by Medicinal Chemists to the Development of Pharmaceuticals: An Example of Active Vitamin D3 Analog, Eldecalcitol

Noboru Kubodera*

*International Institute of Active Vitamin D Analogs, 35-6, Sankeidai, Mishima, Shizuoka 411-0017, Japan

Abstract

Presented herein are diverse and important contributions by medicinal chemists to different stages of pharmaceutical development. The conceptual elements reviewed, which are intended for young chemists who engage in drug discovery research, draw upon the author’s experience in developing eldecalcitol, an active vitamin D3 analog used to treat osteoporosis. The review covers exploratory research for a lead candidate compound; process development for practical manufacturing; and synthesis of other compounds relevant to the program, such as tritiated compounds, postulated metabolites, and miscellaneous analogs for mode of action studies.

PAPER

Eldecalcitol [1α,25-dihydroxy-2β-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3], an analog of calcitriol (1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3), possesses a hydroxypropoxy substituent at the 2β-position of calcitriol. Eldecalcitol has potent biological effects on bone disease such as osteoporosis. The marketing of eldecalcitol has very recently started in Japan. In consideration of this, we have been investigating practical synthesis of eldecalcitol for industrial-scale production. Eldecalcitol was initially synthesized in a linear manner. The 27-step linear sequence was, however, suboptimal due to its lengthiness and low overall yield (ca. 0.03%). Next, we developed a convergent approach based on the Trost coupling reaction, in which the A-ring fragment (ene-yne part obtained in 10.4% overall yield) and the C/D-ring fragment (bromomethylene part obtained in 27.1% overall yield) are coupled to produce the triene system of eldecalcitol (15.6%). Although the overall yield of the convergent synthesis was better than that of the linear synthesis, significant improvements were still necessary. Therefore, additional biomimetic studies were investigated. Process development for the practical production of eldecalcitol is described herein.

http://ar.iiarjournals.org/content/32/1/303/F3.expansion.html

Convergent synthesis of eldecalcitol (5) by coupling A-ring fragment 37 with C/D-ring fragment 40. Reagents and conditions: a: HO(CH2)3OH/t-BuOK, 120°C. b: t-BuCOCl/pyridine/CH2Cl2, rt. c: H2/Pd(OH)2/MeOH, rt. d: Me2C(OMe)2/TsOH/acetone, rt. e: DMSO/(COCl)2/CH2Cl2, −60°C. f: CH2=CHMgBr/THF, −60°C. g: t-BuCOCl/Et3N/DMAP/CH2Cl2, rt. h: 1 M HCl/MeOH, rt. i: Ph3P/DEAD/benzene, reflux. j: LiC ≡ CTMS/BF3-OEt2, −78°C. k: 10 N NaOH/MeOH, rt. l: TBSOTf/Et3N/CH2Cl2, 0°C. m: TESOTf/Et3N/CH2Cl2, 0°C. n: O3/CH2Cl2/MeOH, −78°C then NaBH4/MeOH, −78°C. o: NMO/TPAP/4Ams/CH2Cl2, rt. p: Ph3P+CH2BrBr/NaHMDS/ THF, −60°C to rt. q: (dba)3Pd2-CHCl3/PPh3/Et3N/toluene, reflux. r: TBAF/THF/toluene, reflux.

Industrial synthesis of alfacalcidol (4) and biomimetic synthesis of eldecalcitol (5) from cholesterol (42). Reagents and conditions: a: [Al(Oi-Pr)3]/cyclohexanone. b: DDQ/AcOEt. c: NaOEt/EtOH. d: NaBH4/MeOH/THF. e: Ac2O/DMPA/pyridine, rt. f: NBS/AIBN/n-hexane, reflux. g: γ-collidine/toluene, reflux. h: KOH/MeOH, rt. i: PTAD/CH2Cl2, rt. j: TBSCl/imidazole. k: MCPBA/CH2Cl2. l: DMI, 140°C. m: TBAF/THF. n: NaBH4/EtOH. o: 400 W high pressure mercury lamp/THF, 0°C then reflux without mercury lamp. p: HO(CH2)3OH/t-BuOK, 110°C. q: Microbial 25-hydroxylation.

 ROUTE1

Route 2

Reference:1. Anticancer. Res. 2012, 32, 303-310.

2. Drugs. Fut. 2005, 30, 450-461.

Route 3
Route 4

Reference:1. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 1997, 7, 2871-2874.

2. Anticance. Res. 2009, 29, 3571-3578.

3. Heterocycles 2009, 77, 323-331.

4. Heterocycles 2006, 70, 295-307.

Route 5

Reference:1. EP0503630A1.

2. Drugs Fut. 2005, 30, 450-461.

Route 6

Reference:1. Bioorg. Med. Chem. 1998, 6, 2517-2523.

References

  1. Sanford, M; McCormack, PL (2011). “Eldecalcitol: A review of its use in the treatment of osteoporosis”. Drugs 71 (13): 1755–70. doi:10.2165/11206790-000000000-00000. PMID 21902297.
  2. Hatakeyama, S; Yoshino, M (2010). “Synthesis and preliminary biological evaluation of 20-epieldecalcitol [20-epi-1α,25-dihydroxy-2β-(3-hydroxypropoxy)vitamin D3: 20-epi-ED-71]”. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 121 (1–2): 25–28.doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.03.041. PMID 20304058.
  3. Robichaud; Stamford; Weinstein; McAlpine; Primeau; Lowe; Bernstein; Bronson; Manoj, Desai (2012). Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry 47 (1st ed.). San Diego: Elsevier Inc. pp. 529–531. ISBN 9780123964922.
  4. Nogachi, Y; Kawate, H; Nomura, M; Takayanagi, R (2013). “Eldecalcitol for the treatment of osteoporosis”. Europe PubMed Central 8: 1313–1321. doi:10.2147/CIA.S49825.
  5. Smith, S; Doyle, N; Boyer, M; Chouinard, L; Saito, H (2013). “Eldecalcitol, a vitamin D analog, reduces bone turnover and increases trabecular an cortical bone mass, density, and strength in ovariectomized cynomolgus monkeys”. Bone 57 (1): 116–122.doi:10.1016/j.bone.2013.06.005. PMID 23774444.
  6. Harada, S; Uno, S; Takahashi, F; Saito, H (2010). “Eldecalcitol is less effective in suppressing parathyroid hormone compared to calcitriol in vivo“. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 121 (1–2): 281–283.doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2010.04.001. PMID 20398764.
  7. Nakamura, T; Takano, T; Fukunaga, M; Shiraki, M; Matsumoto, T (2013). “Eldecalcitol is more effective for the prevention of osteoporotic fractures than alfacalcidol”. Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 31 (4): 417–422. doi:10.1007/s00774-012-0418-5.PMC 3709079. PMID 23575909.
  8. Matsuo, K; Irie, N (2008). “Osteoclast-osteoblast communication”. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 473 (2): 201–209. doi:10.1016/j.abb.2008.03.027.PMID 18406338.
  9. Saito, H; Takeda, S; Amizuka, N (2013). “Eldecalcitol and calcitriol stimulates ‘bone minimodeling,’ focal bone formation without prior bone resorption, in rat trabecular bone”.The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 136 (1): 178–182.doi:10.1016/j.jsbmb.2012.10.004.
  10. Matsumoto, T; Ito, M; Hayashi, Y; Hirota, T; Tanigawara, Y; Sone, T; Fukunaga, M; Shiraki, M; Nakamura, T (2011). “A new active vitamin D3 analog, eldecalcitol, prevents the risk of osteoporotic fractures—A randomized, active comparator, double-blind study”. Bone49 (4): 605–612. doi:10.1016/j.bone.2011.07.011. PMID 21784190.
  11. Harada, S; Mizoguchi, T; Kobayashi, Y; Nakamichi, Y; Takeda, S; Sakai, S; Takahashi, F; Saito, H; Yasuda, H; Udagawa, N; Suda, T; Takahashi, N (2012). “Daily administration of eldecalcitol (ED-71), an active vitamin D analog, increases bone mineral density by suppressing RANKL expression in mouse trabecular bone”. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 27 (1): 461–473. doi:10.1002/jbmr.555.
No. Major Technical Classification Publication No. Patent No. Legal Status Filling Date Estimated Expiry Date
1 Preparation CN85108857A CN1008368B Granted/expired 1985/12/4 2005/12/4
2 Crystal CN1223639A CN1216861C Granted 1997/6/16 2017/6/16
3 Preparation CN1637017A CN1276927C
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US7927613 2011-04-19 Pharmaceutical co-crystal compositions
US7323580 2008-01-29 CRYSTALS OF A VITAMIN D DERIVATIVE AND A METHOD FOR THE PREPARATION THEREOF
US7235679 2007-06-26 Crystals of a vitamin D derivative and a method for the preparation thereof
EP0924199 2006-05-10 CRYSTALS OF VITAMIN D DERIVATIVES AND PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION THEREOF
US2005009794 2005-01-13 Crystals of a vitamin D derivative and a method for the preparation thereof
US6831183 2004-12-14 Crystals of a vitamin D derivative and a method for the preparation thereof
US6448421 2002-09-10 CRYSTALS OF VITAMIN D DERIVATIVES AND PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION THEREOF
Eldecalcitol
Eldecalcitol.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(1S,2S,3S,5Z,7E)-2-(3-Hydroxypropoxy)-9,10-secocholesta-5,7,10-triene-1,3,25-triol
Clinical data
Trade names Edirol
Identifiers
CAS Number 104121-92-8
ATC code None
PubChem CID 6438982
ChemSpider 4943418
Chemical data
Formula C30H50O5
Molar mass 490.715 g/mol

///////////eldecalcitol, active vitamin D3 analog,  treat osteoporosis, AC1O5QQ2, 104121-92-8,   AN-3697, ED 71, ED-71, Edirol®, PMDA, JAPAN

O[C@H]1CC(\C(=C)[C@H](O)[C@H]1OCCCO)=C\C=C2/CCC[C@]3([C@H]2CC[C@@H]3[C@H](C)CCCC(O)(C)C)C

OR

CC(CCCC(C)(C)O)C1CCC2C1(CCCC2=CC=C3CC(C(C(C3=C)O)OCCCO)O)C

Pemafibrate, Пемафибрат , بيرمافيبرات , 佩玛贝特 , ペマフィブラート ,


 

 

img

Pemafibrate

NDA Filing Japan, Phase 2 in EU, US

A PPAR-α agonist potentially for the treatment of dyslipidemia.

K-877, K-13675, (R)-

CAS No. 848259-27-8,

Molecular Formula,C28-H30-N2-O6,Molecular Weight,490.553

(2R)-2-[3-({(1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl)[3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl]amino}methyl)phenoxy]butanoic acid
(R)-2-{3-[N-(benzoxazole-2-yl)-N-(3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl)aminomethyl]phenyloxy}butyric acid
  • Originator Kowa Pharmaceutical
  • Class Antihyperlipidaemics
  • Mechanism of Action Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha agonists
  • Preregistration Dyslipidaemias

Most Recent Events

  • 01 Feb 2016 Kowa Research Institute completes a phase I drug-interaction trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT02719431)
  • 12 Jan 2016 Kowa Research Institute plans the phase III PROMINENT trial for Dyslipidaemia (In patients with diabetes mellitus) in countries worldwide
  • 01 Jan 2016 Kowa Research Institute initiates a phase I drug-interaction trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT02719431)

UPDATE ADDED  ON MARCH 2017

Pemafibrate.svg

ChemSpider 2D Image | pemafibrate | C28H30N2O6

Pemafibrate

  • Molecular FormulaC28H30N2O6
  • Average mass490.548 Da
Пемафибрат [Russian] [INN]
بيرمافيبرات [Arabic] [INN]
佩玛贝特 [Chinese] [INN]
ペマフィブラート
(2R)-2-[3-[[1,3-benzoxazol-2-yl-[3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl]amino]methyl]phenoxy]butyric acid
(R)-2-(3-((benzo[d]oxazol-2-yl(3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl)amino)methyl)phenoxy)butanoic acid
848259-27-8 [RN]
CHEMBL247951
K-13675, (R)-
UNII:17VGG92R23
(2R)-2-[3-({1,3-Benzoxazol-2-yl[3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl]amino}methyl)phenoxy]butanoic acid
Butanoic acid, 2-[3-[[2-benzoxazolyl[3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl]amino]methyl]phenoxy]-, (2R)-
Parmodia (TN)
Antihyperlipidemic, Triglyceride synthesis inhibitor, Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR) alpha agonist

Pemafibrate, marketed as Parmodia, is a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) agonist. It is developed and marketed by Kowa Pharmaceuticals.

In 3 July 2017, Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency approved it in Japan. It is available in 0.1 mg tablets.[1]

References

  1.  Pemafibrate, pharmacodia.com
ペマフィブラート
Pemafibrate

C28H30N2O6 : 490.55
[848259-27-8]
Pemafibrate
Pemafibrate.svg
Clinical data
Trade names Parmodia
Synonyms K-13675
Routes of
administration
Oral
Identifiers
CAS Number
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
Formula C28H30N2O6
Molar mass 490.56 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

////////////Pemafibrate, Пемафибрат بيرمافيبرات 佩玛贝特 ,  ペマフィブラート , 

 

Pemafibrate, also known as K-877 and (R)-K 13675, is a PPAR alpha agonist. (R)-K-13675 decreases the secretion of inflammatory markers without affecting cell proliferation or tube formation. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) is a key regulator of lipid and glucose metabolism and has been implicated in inflammation. (R)-K-13675 was associated with the inhibition of inflammatory responses without affecting cell proliferation or angiogenesis, and subsequently may induce an anti-atherosclerotic effect.

Pemafibrate had been filed NDA by Kowa for the treatment of dyslipidemia in the Japan in 2015.

Pemafibrate is in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of dyslipidemia in the US and EU.

 

 

Route 1
str6

Reference:1. US2009023944A1.

Route 2
str6

Reference:1. US2009076280A1.

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090076280

Example 5 Synthesis of (R)-2-{3-[N-(benzoxazole-2-yl)-N-(3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl)aminomethyl]phenyloxy}butyric acid (Compound (6))

  • Ethyl (R)-2-{3-[N-(benzoxazole-2-yl)-N-(3-(4-methoxyphenoxy)propyl)aminomethyl]phenyloxy}butylate (26.0 g) was dissolved in ethanol (200 mL), and 1.5N NaOH (50 mL) was added to the solution, followed by stirring for 1 hour at room temperature. The reaction mixture was washed with diethyl ether, and the formed aqueous layer was acidified with 4N HCl under ice cooling. The thus-treated aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate, and the extract was washed sequentially with water and saturated brine. The washed extract was dried over sodium sulfate anhydrate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified through silica gel column chromatography (chloroform/methanol=10/1), to thereby yield the target product (21.3 g, 87%, 98% ee).

Optical Purity:

  • Measurement conditions: HPLC
  • Column: CHIRALPAK AD
  • Solvent: n-hexane/IPA/TFA=100/30/0.1
  • Flow rate: 2 mL/min
  • Retention time: 4.19 min (S-form; 3.68 min)
  • 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD) δ ppm: 0.94 (t, J=7 Hz, 3H), 1.81 (m, 2H), 1.99 (quintet, J=6 Hz, 2H), 3.60 (t, J=7 Hz, 2H), 3.61 (s, 3H), 3.85 (t, J=6 Hz, 2H), 4.40 (t, J=6 Hz, 1H), 4.65 (s, 2H), 6.69-6.80 (m, 7H), 6.91 (dt, J=7, 1 Hz, 1H), 7.05 (dt, J=7, 1 Hz, 1H), 7.12-7.18 (m, 4H).

 

Route 3
str6

Reference:1. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 200717, 4689-4693.

 

Landmark Trial Entitled “PROMINENT” To Explore The Prevention Of Heart Disease In Diabetic Patients With High Triglycerides And Low HDL-C

Trial will evaluate if lowering triglycerides and increasing functional HDL with Kowa’s potent selective peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) modulator, K-877 (pemafibrate) can reduce the elevated risk of cardiovascular disease in high-risk diabetic patients who are already taking statins

Jan 12, 2016, 09:00 ET from Kowa Research Institute, Inc.

RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, N.C., Jan. 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ — Kowa Research Institute, Inc., announced plans to conduct an international, multi-center cardiovascular outcomes trial evaluating triglyceride reduction and increasing functional HDL with K-877 (pemafibrate), in high-risk diabetic patients with high triglyceride and low HDL-C levels who are already taking statins.  K-877 is a highly potent and selective peroxisome proliferator activator receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) modulator (SPPARMalpha), a promising category of metabolic therapy.

Paul Ridker, MD, director of the Center for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention (CCVDP) at Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH), a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School, and Aruna Pradhan, MD, a cardiologist at BWH, will be co-Principal Investigators of the planned trial.

“This trial is unprecedented,” said Gary Gordon, MD, President, Kowa Research Institute, Inc. “Statins are effective in lowering cardiovascular risk among patients with high cholesterol, but residual risk remains, particularly in patients with high triglyceride levels and low HDL-C levels.  Kowa will be the first company to run a major, randomized clinical trial investigating whether modulating PPAR-alpha to lower triglycerides and increase functional HDL in diabetic patients can reduce cardiovascular risk when added to statin therapy.”

Evidence supports a role for triglyceride-rich lipoproteins and low HDL-C as important contributors to atherosclerosis.  Kowa specifically set out to create the most potent and selective PPAR-alpha modulator ever developed, and succeeded with K-877, which is at least 1,000 times as potent and selective as other drugs.  Kowa has completed clinical development of K-877 for hyperlipidemia in Japan, and has submitted it to the PMDA for approval as a new drug.  Kowa’s clinical studies have shown K-877 significantly reduces triglycerides, ApoC3, and remnant cholesterol and increases functional HDL and FGF21.

The Pemafibrate to Reduce cardiovascular OutcoMes by reducing triglycerides IN diabetic patiENTs (PROMINENT) Phase 3 K-877 cardiovascular outcomes trial will recruit an estimated 10,000 high-risk diabetic patients worldwide.  All participants will receive aggressive, standard of care management of cardiovascular risk factors including treatment with high-intensity statins.  In addition, patients will receive either K-877 or placebo.  The trial will include diabetic patients with and without established cardiovascular disease and will test whether K-877 reduces the occurrence of heart attacks, hospitalizations for unstable angina requiring unplanned revascularization, stroke, or death from cardiovascular causes.

“Cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of death worldwide,” said Dr. Gordon.  “Reducing residual cardiovascular risk with K-877 would be valuable to physicians managing patients’ cardiovascular disease.”

About Kowa Company, Ltd. and Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
Kowa Company, Ltd. (Kowa) is a privately held multinational company headquartered in Nagoya, Japan. Established in 1894, Kowa is actively engaged in various manufacturing and trading activities in the fields of pharmaceuticals, life science, information technology, textiles, machinery and various consumer products. Kowa’s pharmaceutical division is focused on research and development for cardiovascular therapeutics (dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes and atherosclerosis), ophthalmology and anti-inflammatory agents. The company’s flagship product, LIVALO® (pitavastatin), is approved in 45 countries around the world.

Kowa Research Institute, Inc., headquartered in Research Triangle Park, NC, is the division of Kowa responsible for the clinical development of Kowa’s new drugs in the United States. Kowa Research Institute was established in 1997 in California and began operations at the current location in 2003.  For more information about Kowa Research Institute, visit www.kowaus.com.

1 NCT00610441 Dose Finding Study in Adults With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)(174007/P05805/MK-8777-003) Completed Drug: MK-8777|Drug: Placebo Phase 2 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
2 NCT00610649 Trial to Determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) Based on Safety and Tolerability, of Org 26576 in Participants With Major Depressive Disorder (174001/P05704/MK-8777-001) Completed Drug: MK-8777|Drug: Placebo Phase 2 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
3 NCT02073084 A Thorough Corrected QT Interval Trial Completed Drug: K-877 Low Dose|Drug: Moxifloxacin|Other: Placebo|Drug: K-877 High Dose Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
4 NCT02273986 Drug-Drug Interaction Study in Health Adult Volunteers Completed Drug: Digoxin|Drug: K-877 Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
5 NCT02275962 Drug-Drug Interaction Study in Healthy Adult Volunteers Active, not recruiting Drug: K-877|Drug: Rifampin Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
6 NCT02275975 Drug-Drug Interaction Study in Healthy Adult Volunteers Completed Drug: K-877|Drug: Fluconazole Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
7 NCT02275988 Drug-Drug Interaction Study in Healthy Adult Volunteers Completed Drug: K-877|Drug: Clarithromycin Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.
8 NCT02276001 Drug-Drug Interaction Study in Healthy Adult Volunteers Completed Drug: K-877|Drug: Cyclosporine Phase 1 Kowa Research Institute, Inc.

2D chemical structure of 848259-27-8

US6653334 * Dec 27, 2002 Nov 25, 2003 Kowa Co., Ltd. Benzoxazole compound and pharmaceutical composition containing the same
US7109226 * Sep 3, 2004 Sep 19, 2006 Kowa Co., Ltd. PPAR-activating compound and pharmaceutical composition comprising the compound
US7183295 * Apr 20, 2006 Feb 27, 2007 Kowa Co., Ltd. PPAR-activating compound and pharmaceutical composition comprising the compound

///////Pemafibrate, NDA,  Kowa, dyslipidemia,  Japan, 2015, phase II clinical trials,  US and EU, K-877, K-13675, (R)-

CC[C@H](C(=O)O)Oc1cccc(c1)CN(CCCOc2ccc(cc2)OC)c3nc4ccccc4o3

CC[C@@H](OC1=CC=CC(CN(C2=NC3=CC=CC=C3O2)CCCOC4=CC=C(OC)C=C4)=C1)C(O)=O

 

Biocon’s Insulin Glargine gets approval in Japan


 

 

| TNN | Mar 28, 2016, 02.52 PM IST

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Biocons-Insulin-Glargine-gets-approval-in-Japan/articleshow/51583333.cms

BENGALURU: Biopharmaceutical company Biocon said it got approval from Japan’s health ministry to sell its biosimilar Insulin Glargine in the country.

The product, which is a ready-to-use, prefilled disposable pen with 3 ml of 100IU Insulin Glargine, is expected to be launched in Japan in the first quarter of 2017 with its commercial partner FUJIFILM Pharma Co. Ltd, Biocon said on Monday.

The move will help Biocon capture a significant share of the Japanese Glargine market, which is about $144 million and second largest market outside of North America & Europe.
“The Insulin Glargine approval in the highly regulated market like Japan, marks a huge credibility milestone for Biocon. We see this as a significant achievement in our journey of making global impact in diabetes management through our affordable biosimilar insulins,” chairperson and managing director Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw said.

 

Kiran Mazumdar–Shaw


Biosimilars are biologic products, made inside living cells and has no clinical differences in terms of safety and effectiveness from the main product. They are however not considered duplicates, like generics, by regulators as it is impossible to manufacture exact copies of biotech drugs.

 

 

Biocon Limited
Public company
Traded as BSE532523
NSEBIOCON
Industry Biotechnology
Founded 1978
Founder Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw
Headquarters Bangalore, Karnataka, India
Key people
Kiran Mazumdar-Shaw, (Chairman & MD)
Products Pharmaceuticals
Enzymes
Revenue 22.41 billion (US$330 million) (2014–15)[1]
Increase 3.61 billion (US$54 million) (2014–15)
Number of employees
5,585 (Mar 2011)[1]
Subsidiaries Syngene
Clinigene
Website www.biocon.com

//////Biocon,  Insulin Glargine, approval,  Japan

Fosfluconazole


Fosfluconazole.png

Fosfluconazole

Fosfluconazole; 194798-83-9; UNII-3JIJ299EWH; 3JIJ299EWH; NCGC00182029-01;

2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-di(1h-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-yl dihydrogen phosphate;

2,4-difluoro-α,α-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-ylmethyl) benzyl alcohol, dihydrogen phosphate

Molecular Formula: C13H13F2N6O4P
Molecular Weight: 386.250688 g/mol

Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Research Code:UK-292663, UK 292663, F-FLCZ, F FLCZ

Trade Name:Prodif® PFIZER

MOA:Azole antifungal

Indication:Cryptococcus neoformans; Candidiasis

Status:Approved, Japan PMDA OCT 16 2003

Company:Pfizer (Originator)

Candidiasis,Cryptococcus neoformans, Injection, Solution, Eq. 100 mg/200 mg/400 mg fluconazole per vial

Fosfluconazole (INN) is a water-soluble phosphate prodrug of fluconazole – a triazole antifungal drug used in the treatment and prevention of superficial and systemic fungal infections. The phosphate ester bond is hydrolysed by the action of a phosphatase – an enzyme that removes a phosphate group from its substrate by hydrolysing phosphoric acid monoesters into a phosphate ion and a molecule with a free hydroxyl group (see dephosphorylation).

Fosfluconazole was approved by Pharmaceuticals and Medicals Devices Agency of Japan (PMDA) on Oct 16, 2003. It was developed and marketed as Prodif® by Pfizer in Japan.

Fosfluconazole is a water-soluble phosphate prodrug of fluconazole – a triazole antifungal drug. It is indicated for the treatment of candida and cryptococcus infections.

Prodif® is available as solution for intravenous use, containing 100, 200 or 400 mg of free Fosfluconazole per vial. The recommended dose is 50 to 100 mg administered intravenously once daily for candidiasis. Another dose is 50 to 200 mg fluconazole once daily for cryptococcosis.

 

Route 1

Reference:1. WO9728169A1 / US6977302B2.

2. Org. Process Res. Dev.2002, 6, 109-112.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/op010064%2B

2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)- 2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate (2). A slurry of dibenzyl 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazole-1-yl)-2-propyl phosphate (30.1 kg, 53.13 mol), 5% palladium-on-carbon catalyst (50% wet, type 5R39, 1.5 kg), and sodium hydroxide (4.36 kg, 108.9 mol) in low-endotoxin water (75.7 L) was hydrogenated at ambient temperature and 414 kPa (60 psi) for 12 h. The slurry was filtered, and the catalyst was washed with low-endotoxin water (9.8 L). After separating the toluene by-product, the aqueous phase was slurried with carbon (3.1 kg) for 30 min. After the carbon was removed by filtration, the aqueous phase was acidified to pH 1.45 by that addition of sulfuric acid (6.69 kg) in low-endotoxin water (25 L) over 2 h. The resulting slurry was granulated at ambient temperature for 1 h and then filtered. The product was sequentially washed with filtered low-endotoxin water (103 L) and filtered acetone (103 L). The product was dried under vacuum at 50 °C for 12 h to give the title compound (18.1 kg, 88%) a white powder: mp 223-224 °C.

1H NMR (DMSO) δ 5.07 (2H, d), 5.24 (2H, d), 6.77-6.83 (1H, m), 7.00-7.18 (2H, m), 7.75 (2H, s), 8.53 (2H, s).

Found: C, 40.28; H, 3.39; N, 21.63;

[MH]+ 387.0786. C13H13F2N6O4P requires: C, 40.43; H, 3.39; N, 21.78; [MH]+ 387.0782.

 

US6977302

https://www.google.com/patents/US6977302

EXAMPLE 1 1-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate

(a) Dibenzyl 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl phosphate

Method A

A solution of 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-ol (also known as fluconazole, 10.0 g, 32.6 mmol), 1H-tetrazole (6.85 g, 97.8 mmol), dibenzyl diisopropyl phosphoramidite (22.55 g, 65.2 mmol) in methylene chloride (100 ml) was stirred at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere for 2 hours. The mixture was then cooled to 0° C., and a solution of 3-chloroperoxybenzoic acid (13.5 g, 50-55% w/w, 39.1 mmol) in methylene chloride (50 ml) was added maintaining the temperature at 0° C. The resulting mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature for 1 hour before washing with aqueous sodium metabisulphite and sodium bicarbonate. After drying (MgSO4) the solvent was removed and replaced with methyl isobutyl ketone (37 ml) and tert-butyl methyl ether (74 ml). After granulating at −10° C. for 1 hour the product was filtered and washed with ice cold methyl isobutyl ketone and tert-butyl methyl ether (1:3, 15 ml) and dried at 50° C. under vacuum for 18 hours to give the subtitle compound (16.05 g, 87%), m.p. 93° C.

Found: C, 57.12; H, 4.46; N, 14.85. C27H25F2N6O4P requires C, 57.24; H, 4.46; N, 14.84%. m/z 567 (MH+) 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ=4.90 (d, 2H), 4.95 (d, 2H), 5.05 (d, 2H), 5.19 (d, 2H), 6.58-6.73 (m, 2H), 6.88-6.95 (m, 1H), 7.20-7.30 (m, 4H) 7.32-7.38 (m; 6H), 7.80 (s, 2H), 8.36 (s, 2H).

Method B

To stirred ethyl acetate (1530 ml) was added 2-(2,4-difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-ol (also known as fluconazole, 306 g, 1.00 mol) and pyridine (237.3 g, 3.00 mol) before cooling to 0° C. Phosphorus trichloride (137.4 g, 1.00 mol) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture maintaining the temperature between 0-5° C. before allowing the reaction mixture to warm to 15° C. over 30 minutes. Benzyl alcohol (216 g, 2.00 mol) was then added over 30 minutes at 15-20° C. After a further 30 minutes hydrogen peroxide (27.5% w/w in water, 373 g) was added maintaining the temperature at 15-20° C. After 30 minutes the aqueous phase was removed and the organic phase washed with aqueous sodium metabisulphite, dilute hydrochloric acid and water. The solvent was removed at reduced pressure and replaced with methyl isobutyl ketone (850 ml) and tert-butyl methyl ether (1132 ml). After granulating at 20° C. for 1 hour and at 0° C. for 1 hour, the product was filtered and washed with ice cold tert-butyl methyl ether (2×220 ml) and dried at 50° C. under vacuum for 18 hours to give the subtitle compound (358 g, 63%). The melting point and spectroscopic data was identical to that stated in method A.
(b) 2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl dihydrogen phosphate

A slurry of the compound of step (a) (9.80 g, 17.3 mmol), 5% palladium on carbon catalyst (50% wet, 1.0 g) and sodium hydroxide (1.38 g, 34.6 mmol) in water (26 ml) was hydrogenated at room temperature and 414 kPa (60 p.s.i.) for 20 hours. The solution was filtered through a pad of celite (trade mark) and washed with water (5 ml). The toluene was separated and the aqueous phase cooled to 0° C. whereupon sulphuric acid (1.70 g, 17.3 mmol) was added. The resulting slurry was granulated at 0° C. for 1 hour and then filtered, washed with water (2×5 ml) and dried under vacuum at 50° C. to give the title compound (5.80 g, 87%). m.p. 223-224° C.

Found: C, 40.28; H, 3.39; N, 21.63. C13H13F2N6O4P requires C, 40.43; H, 3.39; N, 21.76%. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO) δ=5.07 (d, 2H) 5.24 (d, 2H), 6.77-6.83 (m, 1H), 7.00-7.18 (m, 2H), 7.75 (s, 2H), 8.53 (s, 2H).

EXAMPLE 2 2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)-2-propyl disodium phosphate

A solution of the compound of Example 1(a) (10.0 g, 17.7 mmol) and sodium acetate (2.90 g, 35.3 mmol) in ethanol (160 ml) and water (20 ml) was hydrogenated over Pearlman’s catalyst (1.00 g) at room temperature and at 345 kPa (50 p.s.i.) for 16 hours. The solution was filtered through a pad of celite (trade mark) and the solvents removed at reduced pressure to leave a thick syrup. This was dissolved in ethanol (100 ml) with the aid of sonication and warmed to reflux. The resulting solution was allowed to cool slowly and granulate for 1 hour at room temperature. The product was filtered, washed with ethanol (10 ml) and dried under vacuum at 50° C. to give the title compound (4.48 g, 59%). m.p. 160-162° C.

1H NMR (300 MHz, D2O) δ=5.01 (d, 2H), 5.40 (d, 2H), 6.60 (m, 1H), 6.79 (m, 1H), 7.11 (m, 1H), 7.63 (s, 2H), 8.68 (s, 2H).

 

Route 2

Reference:1. CN103864844A.

http://www.google.com/patents/CN103864844A?cl=en

TRANSLATED BY MACHINE…….TEXT MAY VARY

forskolin fluconazole (fosf Iuconazole, Formula I) is fluconazole (Formula IV) of monophosphate prodrugs, fluconazole in the tertiary alcohol into a phosphate ester, not only did not introduce a chiral center, also increased water solubility, because a long time to overcome the low water solubility of fluconazole resulting larger infusion volume defects. After intravenous administration in the role of phosphatases in vivo hydrolysis into fluconazole, pharmacological effect. Blessing from the Central Institute of the United States Secretary of fluconazole Fai end developed, launched in Japan in 2004 I May 15, for the treatment of candidiasis and cryptococcal infections caused deep as true bacteremia, respiratory fungal disease, fungal peritoneum

Inflammation, gastrointestinal fungal disease, fungal urinary tract infections, fungal meningitis.

 

Figure CN103864844AD00031

Synthesis gas itraconazole on forskolin in W09728169, Organic Process Research & Development (200 2), 6 (2), 109-112, CN1789270, Art of Drug Synthesis (2007), 71-82, etc. have been reported in the literature . Which Organic Process Research & Development (2002) described in detail in the first blessing Secretary fluconazole and improved synthetic route for the route problems to adapt to industrial mass production of synthetic routes.

  Document Organic Process Research & Development (2002), 6,109-112 discloses the following two synthetic routes.

Route One:

 

Figure CN103864844AD00032

Route two:

 

Figure CN103864844AD00041

  The final step is a route to the removal of benzyl group in a methanol solvent by palladium on carbon catalyzed hydrogenation reaction yield was 65%. Since forskolin fluconazole final product insoluble in methanol, and therefore there is a route following shortcomings: a catalyst poisoning, the final product is easy to form methanol solvate, removing the catalyst in the loss of product, the final product are difficult to separate, low yield not suitable for industrial production.

Two routes still using palladium on carbon hydrogenation debenzylation, except that the solvent was changed to sodium hydroxide solution, the product of soluble and stable in aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, after filtering off the catalyst, forskolin fluoro itraconazole by acidification of sodium sulfate can be easily obtained blessing Secretary of fluconazole, the reaction yield of 85-90%.

  In the prior art, the removal of benzyl preparation blessing Secretary of fluconazole, the use of a pressure hydrogenation, relatively harsh reaction conditions; and blessing Secretary of fluconazole in water and slightly soluble in methanol, for blessing Secretary fluconazole further refined and purified more difficult. The present invention aims to provide a new and suitable for industrial production methods blessing Secretary fluconazole.

Example 1

  2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- two P sat 1-yl) -2-propyl-di-benzyl-pity Cool ( Preparation blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester)

Step  The method according to CN1210540A in Example 1 A or Method B of (a), was prepared to give the title compound, having 1H-NMR shown in Figure 1 (SOi) MHz, DMS0-D6) spectrum.

  Example 2

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas

Itraconazole ammonium salt) Preparation

 

Figure CN103864844AD00071

  Formula III blessing Secretary fluconazole two benzyl ester (566g, lmol), 120g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in methanol (6L), and stirred under reflux for 5h , TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (566ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 415g, yield 98.8%.

] lH-Mffi (500MHz, DMS0-D6) δ: 4.87-4.90, 5.58-5.61,6.56-6.60, 6.94-7.03,7.52-7.61,8.96, having 1H-NMR shown in Figure 2 (500MHz, DMS0 -D6) spectrum.

  Example 3

2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- two 1-yl) -2-propyl-pity acid dioxide Cool (forskolin

Fluconazole) Preparation of

 

Figure CN103864844AD00072

[0052] Formula II forskolin fluconazole salt (420g, Imol), in water (IL) while stirring, filtered, 2mol / L sulfuric acid aqueous solution (500ml), 5 ° C under stirring for lh, filtered, cold water ( 200ml) wash, 50 ° C under dry blessed Division fluconazole 379g, yield 98%.

  1H-Mffi (SOOMHz) DMSO-De) δ:. 5.09-5.12,5.25-5.28,6.80-6.84,7.05-7.16,7.77,8.55,10.32 [0054] Example 4

  2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1Η-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 84g of dry Pd / C (5% containing button) and ammonium formate (189g, 3mol) in anhydrous methanol (5L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 410g, yield 97.5%.

Example 5

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 30g of dry Pd / C (containing 10% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in anhydrous methanol (5L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 405g, yield 96.4%.

  Example 6

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 30g of dry Pd / C (containing 10% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in ethanol (12L) and stirred was refluxed for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 395g, 94% yield.

  Example 7

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 170g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% of palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in ethanol (16L) was stirred under reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g, yield 94.7%.

  Example 8

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 120g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) in isopropanol (12L) in the mixture was stirred at reflux for 5h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 402g, a yield of 95.7%.

Example 9

  2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

[0071] under nitrogen blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester (566g, lmol), 60g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium) and ammonium formate (504g, 8mol) in methanol (8L) in, 50 ° C under stirring reaction 40h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction, was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added ^ OOml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g, yield 94.8%.

Example 10

2_ (2,4_ two gas-phenyl) -1, double 3_ (1H-1, 2,4_ two 1-yl) propyl pity _2_ di press (forskolin gas itraconazole salt) Preparation

  Under nitrogen, forskolin fluconazole dibenzyl ester (5668,111101), 8 (^ dry? (1 / (:( containing palladium 5%) and ammonium formate (315g, 5mol) for n-propyl alcohol (12L) in, 60 ° C the reaction was stirred 20h, TLC monitoring completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, ethanol was added (300ml), stirred for beating, and filtered to give a solid forskolin fluconazole salt 398g 95% yield.

Example 11

2- (2,4-gas-phenyl) -1,3-bis (1H-1, 2,4- sit two P-1-yl) -2-propyl-pity acid dioxide Cool (forskolin fluconazole) Preparation of [0077] under nitrogen blessing Secretary fluconazole dibenzyl ester 566 g (Imol) adding 56g of dry Pd / C (containing 5% palladium), methanol 6L, 315 g of ammonium formate, stirring boil under reflux for 5h, TLC after completion of the reaction was filtered, 50 ° C the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, addition of IL of water and dissolved with stirring, filtered, 2mol / L sulfuric acid 500mL, 5 ° C with stirring to precipitate lh, filtered, 200mL cold water, 50 ° C drying 365 g, 95% yield.

  Example 12 forskolin fluconazole salt and HPLC detection methods blessing Secretary fluconazole:

  High performance liquid chromatography (Chinese Pharmacopoeia 2010 edition two Appendix VD): octadecylsilane bonded silica as a filler, Column: Thermo BDS C18 (4.6 X 150mm, 3.5 μ m); methanol as mobile phase A, phosphate buffer (take potassium dihydrogen phosphate 0.68g, set 1000ml water, triethylamine 6ml, adjusted to pH 5.0 with phosphoric acid) as the mobile phase B, a flow rate of 1.0ml / min; column temperature 35 ° C; detection wavelength was 210nm, linear gradient.

 

Figure CN103864844AD00091

 

  After the examination, according to the peak area calculation, purity prepared in Example 2-11 was the implementation of the target product of 99.5%.

Patent Submitted Granted
Nanoparticulate Anidulafungin Compositions and Methods for Making the Same [US2009238867] 2009-09-24
IMIDAZOPYRIDINE SUBSTITUTED TROPANE DERIVATIVES WITH CCR5 RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST ACTIVITY FOR THE TREATMENT OF HIV AND INFLAMMATION [US7790740] 2008-02-21 2010-09-07
Pharmaceutical formulations of cyclodextrins and antifungal azole compounds [US2007082870] 2007-04-12
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Triazole derivatives useful in therapy [US6790957] 2003-07-31 2004-09-14
Process for controlling the hydrate mix of a compound [US7323572] 2004-01-15 2008-01-29
TOPICAL TERBINAFINE FORMULATIONS AND METHODS OF ADMINISTERING SAME FOR THE TREATMENT OF FUNGAL INFECTIONS [US7820720] 2010-04-29 2010-10-26
PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION COMPRISING PHENYLAMIDINE DERIVATIVE AND METHOD OF USING THE PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITION IN COMBINATION WITH ANTIFUNGAL AGENT [US8173157] 2010-04-22 2012-05-08
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MASKED CARBOXYLATE NEOPENTYL SULFONYL ESTER CYCLIZATION RELEASE PRODRUGS OF ACAMPROSATE, COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, AND METHODS OF USE [US2009069419] 2009-03-12
Patent Submitted Granted
Triazole derivatives useful in therapy [US2005130940] 2005-06-16
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IMIDAZOPYRIDINONES [US2009221631] 2009-09-03

IMPURITIES

1

Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity A C13H12F2N6O306.2786386-73-4
2
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity B C13H13F2N6O4P386.25
3
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity C C13H14FN6O4P368.26
4
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity D C13H14FN6O4P368.26
5
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity E C27H25F2N6O4P566.5
6
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity F C20H19F2N6O4P476.37
7
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity G C13H13F2N6O5P402.25
8
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity H C13H15N6O4P350.27
9
Impurity Name:Molecular Formula:Molecular Weight:CAS No.:
Fosfluconazole Impurity I C13H14FN6O4P368.26
Fosfluconazole
Fosfluconazol.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
{[2-(2,4-Difluorophenyl)-1,3-bis(1H-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl)propan-2-yl]oxy}phosphonic acid
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
Legal status
  • (Prescription only)
Routes of
administration
IV
Identifiers
CAS Number 194798-83-9 Yes
ATC code None
PubChem CID 214356
ChemSpider 185843 Yes
UNII 3JIJ299EWH Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL1908301 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C13H13F2N6O4P
Molar mass 386.25 g/mol

 

CN1210540A * Jan 27, 1997 Mar 10, 1999 辉瑞研究开发公司 Triazole derivatives useful in therapy
CN1789270A * Dec 16, 2005 Jun 21, 2006 西安新安医药科技有限公司 Mycotic ingection-resisting fosfluconazole hydrate and preparation method thereof
CN101890028A * Feb 22, 2007 Nov 24, 2010 卫材R&D管理有限公司 Stabilized pharmaceutical composition
CN102439018A * Mar 3, 2010 May 2, 2012 塞普斯制药有限公司 Fosfluconazole derivatives, synthesis, and use in long acting formulations
US20040007689 * Jun 23, 2003 Jan 15, 2004 Pfizer Inc. Process for controlling the hydrate mix of a compound
1 * ARTHUR BENTLEY等: “The Discovery and Process Development of a Commercial Route to the Water Soluble Prodrug, Fosfluconazole“, 《ORGANIC PROCESS RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT》, vol. 6, no. 2, 18 December 2001 (2001-12-18), XP002491526, DOI: doi:10.1021/op010064+
2 * 国大亮 等: “福司氟康唑“, 《齐鲁药事》, vol. 24, no. 1, 30 January 2005 (2005-01-30), pages 60
3 * 村上尚道: “fosfluconazole“, 《NEW DRUGS OF THE WORLD:2003》, vol. 33, no. 10, 15 September 2004 (2004-09-15), pages 56

//////UK-292663, UK 292663, F-FLCZ, F FLCZ, Fosfluconazole,  194798-83-9, UNII-3JIJ299EWH, 3JIJ299EWH, NCGC00182029-01

Fc1ccc(c(F)c1)C(OP(=O)(O)O)(Cn2ncnc2)Cn3ncnc3

Acotiamide


Acotiamide.png

 

 

img

Acotiamide hydrochloride trihydrate
CAS#: 773092-05-0 (Acotiamide HCl hydrate, 1:1:3); 185104-11-4(Acotiamide HCl, 1:1); 185106-16-5 (Acotiamide free base)
Chemical Formula: C21H37ClN4O8S

Molecular Weight: 541.06
Elemental Analysis: C, 46.62; H, 6.89; Cl, 6.55; N, 10.36; O, 23.66; S, 5.93

Acotiamide, also known as YM-443 and Z-338, is a drug approved in Japan for the treatment of postprandial fullness, upper abdominal bloating, and early satiation due to functional dyspepsia. It acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. Note: The Approved drug API is a cotiamide HCl trihydrate (1:1:3)

N-(2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl)-2-(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzamido)thiazole-4-carboxamide hydrochloride trihydrate.

YM443; YM-443; YM 443; Z338; Z-338; Z 338; Acotiamide; Acotiamide hydrochloride trihydrate; Brand name: Acofide.

A peripheral acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitor used to treat functional dyspepsia.

Acotiamide (YM-443, Z-338) is a drug approved in Japan for the treatment of postprandial fullness, upper abdominal bloating, and early satiation due to functional dyspepsia.[1] It acts as an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor.

Acotiamide hydrochloride (acotiamide; N-[2-[bis(1-methylethyl) amino]ethyl]-2-[(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole-4-carboxamide monohydrochloride trihydrate, Z-338) has been reported to improve meal-related symptoms of functional dyspepsia in clinical studies.

Acotiamide (Acofide(®)), an oral first-in-class prokinetic drug, is under global development by Zeria Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd and Astellas Pharma Inc. for the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia. The drug modulates upper gastrointestinal motility to alleviate abdominal symptoms resulting from hypomotility and delayed gastric emptying. It exerts its activity in the stomach via muscarinic receptor inhibition, resulting in enhanced acetylcholine release and inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity. Unlike other prokinetic drugs that are utilized in the management of functional dyspepsia, acotiamide shows little/no affinity for serotonin or dopamine D2 receptors. Acotiamide is the world’s first approved treatment for functional dyspepsia diagnosed by Rome III criteria, with its first approval occurring in Japan. Phase III trials in this patient population are in preparation in Europe, with phase II trials completed in the USA and Europe.

 

STR1

SYNTHESIS

 

 

EP 0870765; US 5981557; WO 9636619

Acylation of 2-aminothiazole-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester (I) with 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzoyl chloride (II) produced the corresponding amide (III). The 2-methoxy group of (III) was then selectively cleaved by treatment with pyridine hydrochloride, yielding the 2-hydroxybenzamide (IV). Finally, displacement of the ethyl ester group of (IV) by N,N-diisopropyl ethanediamine (V) upon heating at 120 C furnished the target compound, which was isolated as the corresponding hydrochloride salt.

 

 

EP 0994108; WO 9858918

In a closely related procedure, acid chloride (II), prepared by treatment of 2,4,5-trimethoxybenzoic acid (VI) with SOCl2 in hot toluene, was condensed with aminothiazole (I), yielding amide (III). Displacement of the ethyl ester group of (III) by N,N-diisopropyl ethanediamine (V) furnished diamide (VII). Finally, upon formation of the hydrochloride salt of (VII) in isopropanol, the 2-methoxy group was simultaneously cleaved, directly leading to the title compound.

 

CN103709191A

Acotiamide hydrochloride, chemical name: N_ [2_ (diisopropylamino) ethyl] -2- [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino ] thiazole-4-carboxamide hydrochloride, the following structure:

Figure CN103709191AD00041

  A test for the amine hydrochloride Japan Zeria Pharmaceutical Company and Astellas jointly developed acetylcholinesterase inhibitor class of prokinetic drugs, namely the treatment of functional dyspepsia drugs, is the world’s first approved specifically for the treatment of FD drugs, in June 2013 for the first time launched in Japan, under the trade name Acofide. Functional dyspepsia (Functional dyspepsia, FD) is a group of common symptoms include bloating, early satiety, burning sensation, belching, nausea, vomiting and abdominal discomfort and so difficult to describe, and no exact organic disease. Organic diseases because of lack of basic, functional dyspepsia harm to patients focus on the performance of gastrointestinal symptoms caused discomfort and possible impact on the quality of life in. Because some patients with functional dyspepsia symptoms caused by eating less, digestion and absorption efficiency is reduced, resulting in varying degrees of malnutrition (including nutrients are not full). With the people’s demands and improve the quality of life for functional dyspepsia know, the number of visits of the disease gradually increased, to become one of the most common disease of Gastroenterology partner waiting group. Such a high prevalence of functional dyspepsia treatment provides a huge market.

  The present synthesis method has been reported in less divided into four methods are described below:

  1, reference CN1084739C, synthetic route as shown below. Disadvantage of this patent is that: (I) using thionyl chloride and dichloroethane toxic, environmentally damaging substances; (2) demethylation low yield (64.6% to 86 reported in the literature %). Examples reported in this patent first and second step total yield was 84.6% and the total yield of the third-step reaction and recrystallization of 61%, the total yield of 51.6%.

Figure CN103709191AD00051

  The method, reported in the patent CN1063442C preparation A (page 25) reports (without reference to examples I and 6, referring to its general method). Patent CN102030654B (page 3) above: Step demethylation reaction generates a lot of by-products, it is difficult to take off only a selective protection of hydroxy groups, poor selectivity. Specific synthetic examples are shown below:

Figure CN103709191AD00052

  Preparation Method B 3 mentioned patent CN1063442C (prepared unprotected, p. 25), where the yield is very low two-step reaction. A test method for the preparation of amines referenced above example (Example 38) A test for specific preparation yield amine not mentioned in the text, but if you use the above method starting materials primary amino side reactions occur. Synthesis of solid concrete

Following is an example:

Figure CN103709191AD00061

reported that patent CN101006040B in Method 4. The first step demethylation can also use titanium tetrachloride and aluminum chloride; the second reaction can also be used phenol / thionyl chloride. Synthetic route are higher yield and purity (total yield 73%).

Figure CN103709191AD00062

  The method of synthesis of the above methods 3 patent CN1063442C reported, though not suitable for the synthesis of amine A test, but may be modified on this basis.

the above patents, CN1084739 reagents using dichloroethane, toxic, environmentally destructive, and the total yield is low, is not conducive to industrial production; patent CN102030654B mentioned Step demethylation The reaction produces a lot of by-products, it is difficult to take off only selective hydroxy protecting group, the reaction selectivity, more side effects.

Figure CN103709191AD00071

Example 4

[Amino-N- (2- tert-butoxycarbonyl group -4,5_ dimethoxybenzoyl)] _4_ Preparation of 2-methoxycarbonyl-1,3-thiazole: [0062] Step 1

  2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxy-benzoic acid (100 g) was dissolved in dry toluene (400 ml) was added Boc20 (132 g) was stirred at rt for 3 hours at room temperature, was added a 10% aqueous citric acid (100 ml) and washed three times with purified water until neutral, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate was added (20 g) and dried 8 hours, filtered, and the filtrate was added thionyl chloride (64 g) and N, N-dimethyl- carboxamide (0.19 ml), followed by stirring 80 ° C for 4 hours, the compound was added 2-amino-4-methoxycarbonyl-1,3-thiazole (85 g), stirred for 5 hours at 100 ° C, the reaction was completed After cooling to room temperature, the precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, crystals were added to 1.6 liters of water, 400 g of ice was added with stirring, and added a mass ratio of 10% sodium hydroxide aqueous solution adjusted to pH 7.5, followed by stirring for 3 hours at room temperature, filtered The crystals were collected, washed with water, 60 ° C and dried to give the title compound (170 g).

Hl-NMR (DMSO, 400MHz) δ: 1.34 (s, 3H), 1.37 (s, 3H), 1.40 (s, 3H), 3.77 (s, 3H),

3.82 (s, 3H), 3.88 (s, 3H), 7.17 (s, 1H), 7.50 (s, 1H), 7.95 (s, 1H), 11.45 (bs, 1H).

Step 2: 2- [N- (2- hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] -4- [(2_ diisopropylamino ethyl) – aminocarbonyl] -1 , Preparation of 3-thiazole hydrochloride

The 2- [N- (2- tert-butoxycarbonyl group -4,5_ dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] _4_ methoxycarbonyl _1,3_ thiazole prepared (170 g) and N , N- diisopropyl-ethylenediamine (162 ml), N, N- dimethylacetamide (162 ml) was stirred at 135 ° C for 8 hours and cooled, 1-butanol (1.7 liters), with 0.5N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and washed with saturated brine, the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, methanol (1.7 l), hydrogen chloride gas under cooling and stirred for 5 hours, the precipitate was collected by filtration, the crystals were washed with 2-propanol and water do recrystallized from a mixed solvent, to give the title compound. Melting point: 160 ° C.

[0067] Hl- bandit R (DMSO, 400ΜΗζ) δ: 1.33 (d, J = 6.4Hz, 6H); 1.36 (d, J = 6.4,6H), 3.17-3.20 (m, 2H); 3.57-3.69 ( m, 4H), 3.77 (s, 3H), 3.82 (s, 3H), 6.89 (s, 1H), 7.50 (s, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H); 8

• 74 (t, 1H, J = 5.9Hz); 9.70 (s, 1H); 11.80 (s, 1H); 12.05-12.15 (bs, 1H).

 

CN 104045606

http://google.com/patents/CN104045606B?cl=en

Example 1: A test preparation for the amine hydrochloride

  In 500ml reaction flask was added 2,4, 5- trimethoxy benzoic acid (20 g, 94. 3mmol), 200 ml N, N- dimethylformamide. Was added TBTU (30.88 g, 113.2mmol), jealous% was added diisopropylethylamine (14.59g, 113. 2mmol), stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. Was added 2-aminothiazol 4-carboxylic acid methyl ester setback (14. 92 g, 94. 3mmol), DMAP (2. 30g, 18. 9mmol), was heated to 75 ° C, stirred for 24 hours. Added% Jealous diisopropylethylenediamine (27. 16g, 188. 6mmol), and heated to 140 ° C, stirred for 10 hours. After cooling, 400ml of n-butanol was added, stirred, allowed to stand for stratification. Take the upper, washed with saturated brine, 400ml, standing stratification. Take the upper, lower temperatures hydrogen chloride isopropanol solution of 120ml, precipitated solids. Vacuum filter cake into the oven blast 60 ° C and dried for 1 hour. A test was for amine hydrochloride (Compound V) 28. 5g, HPLC purity 99%, yield 62%.

1HNMR (400 MHz, dmso) 8 12.10 (s, 1H), 11.77 (s, 1H), 9.74 (s, 1H), 8.72 (t, / = 5.8 Hz, 1H), 7.88 (s, 1H) , 7.48 (s, 1H), 6.89 (s, 1H), 3.80 (s, 3H), 3.76 (s, 3H), 3.62 (d, / = 6.6 Hz, 4H), 3.16 (d, / = 6.4 Hz, 2H), 1.32 (dd, / = 13. 4,6. 3 Hz, 12H).

2 Example: A test preparation for the amine hydrochloride

added 2, 4, 5- trimethoxy benzoic acid (20g, 94. 3mmol) in 500ml reaction flask, 200ml% Jealous dimethylacetamide. Was added TBTU (30.88g, 113. 2mmol), was added diisopropylethylamine jealous% (14. 59g, 113. 2mmol)), followed by stirring at room temperature for 2 hours. Was added 2-aminothiazol-4-carboxylate (14. 92g, 94. 3mmol), DMAP (2. 3g, 18. 9mmol), was heated to 75 ° C, stirred for 24 hours. Added% Jealous diisopropylethylenediamine (27. 16g, 188. 6mmol), and heated to 140 ° C, stirred for 10 hours. After cooling, 400ml of n-butanol was added, stirred, allowed to stand for stratification. Take the upper, washed with saturated brine, 400ml, standing stratification. Take the upper, lower temperatures hydrogen chloride isopropanol solution of 120ml, precipitate a solid, vacuum filtration, cake into the oven blast 60 ° C and dried for 1 hour. A test was for amine hydrochloride (Compound V) 31. 7 g, HPLC purity 99%, yield 69%.

 

 

CN103387552A

A test for the amine hydrochloride (Z-338) is a new Ml Japan Zeria company’s original research, M2 receptor antagonist, for the treatment of functional dyspepsia clinic.

Chinese patent application describes doxorubicin hydrochloride CN200580028537 test for amines (Z-338) preparation, reaction

Process is as follows.

Figure CN103387552AD00031

A test for the amine hydrochloride (z-338) Compound Patent Application (CN96194002.6) choosing 2,4,5-trimethoxy benzoic acid as a starting material first with 2-aminothiazol-4-carboxylate reacts 2- [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] -1,3-thiazole-4-carboxylate, 2-methyl-benzene and then removed, the yield of this method lower demethylation selectivity bad. So choose the first 2-methyl-removal before subsequent reaction better.

The first patent application CN200580028537 2_ hydroxyl _4,5_ dimethoxy benzoic acid and triphenyl phosphite placed in toluene, was added a few drops of concentrated sulfuric acid as a catalyst under reflux to give the intermediate 2-hydroxy – 4,5-dimethoxy-phenyl benzoate. After the above intermediate with 2-aminothiazol-4-carboxylate in place of toluene, was added triphenyl borate reacted, treated to give 2- [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxy- benzoyl) amino] -1,3-thiazole-4-carboxylate, and finally with N, N- diisopropylethylamine in toluene diamine salt in the system after the reaction.

 Figure CN103387552AD00041

Example 1

  2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole Synthesis _1,3_ _4_ carboxylate

[0030] triphosgene dissolved in 90ml CH2Cl2 19.0g placed in a four-necked flask, under N2 stream, the 2_ hydroxyl _4,5_ dimethoxy benzoic acid (22.2g) was dissolved in 150ml CH2Cl2 and 45ml pyridine, at four-necked flask temperature dropped 0_5 ° C under ice-salt bath. Dropping finished within 45min, kept cold stirred lOmin. After warm to room temperature (20 ° C) was stirred for 50min, the reaction was stopped. Pressure filtration, and the filtrate by rotary evaporation at room temperature to a constant weight, adding 35g 2- aminothiazol-4-carboxylate and 240ml 1,2_ dichloroethane and heated to reflux, the reaction 6h. After stopping the cooling, suction filtration, washed with methanol and the resulting solid was refluxed in 40ml, hot filtration to give a white solid 32.18g, yield 85%. M + Na + 361; 2M + Na + 699. [0031] Example 2

2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole Synthesis _1,3_ _4_ carboxylate

triphosgene dissolved in 15ml CH2Cl2 placed 3.0g four-necked flask, under N2 stream, the 2_ hydroxyl _4,5_ dimethoxy benzoic acid (3.0g) was dissolved in pyridine 30ml CH2Cl2 and 61,111, in four-necked flask temperature dropped 0_5 ° C under ice-salt bath. 20min Upon completion, kept cold stirring lh. After warm to room temperature (20 ° C) and stirred overnight, 24h after stopping the reaction. Rotary evaporation at room temperature to a constant weight is added 3.5g 2- aminothiazol-4-carboxylate and 30ml 1,2- dichloroethane burning, heated to reflux, the reaction 6h. The solvent was evaporated after stopping, add 30ml methanol reflux filtration to give a white solid 4.1g, 20ml methanol was added to the mother liquor evaporated leaching and washing a white solid 0.85g. After the merger was solid 4.95g, yield 97%.

Example 3

  2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole Synthesis _1,3_ _4_ carboxylate

The diphosgene 3.0g was dissolved into 15ml CH2Cl2 four-necked flask, under N2 stream, the 2_ hydroxyl _4,5_ dimethoxy benzoic acid (3.0g) was dissolved in 30ml CH2Cl2 and 61,111 pyridine, Under ice-salt bath temperature dropped a four-necked flask 0_5 ° C. 20min Upon completion, kept cold stirring lh. After warm to room temperature (20 ° C) and stirred overnight, 24h after stopping the reaction. Rotary evaporation at room temperature to a constant weight is added 3.5g 2- aminothiazol-4-carboxylate and 30ml 1,2- dichloroethane burning, heated to reflux, the reaction 6h. After the solvent was evaporated and stopped by adding 30ml of methanol was refluxed for leaching to give a white solid 4.57g, yield 89.6%.

  Example 4

  2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole Synthesis _1,3_ _4_ carboxylate

  triphosgene dissolved in 15ml CH2Cl2 placed 3.0g four-necked flask, under N2 stream, the 2_ hydroxyl _4,5_ dimethoxy benzoic acid (3.0g) `pyridine was dissolved in 30ml CH2Cl2 and 61 111, Under ice-salt bath temperature dropped a four-necked flask 0_5 ° C. 20min Upon completion, kept cold stirring lh. After warm to room temperature (20 ° C) and stirred overnight, 24h after stopping the reaction. Rotary evaporation at room temperature to a constant weight is added 3.7g 2- aminothiazol-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester and 30ml 1,2- dichloroethane burning, heated to reflux, the reaction 6h. The solvent was evaporated after stopping, add 30ml methanol reflux filtration to give a white solid 3.8g, 20ml methanol was added to the mother liquor evaporated leaching and washing a white solid 0.54g. After the merger was solid 4.34g, yield 81.4%. M + Na + 375.

Example 5

  N- [2_ (diisopropylamino) ethyl] -2 – [(hydroxy -4,5_ 2_ dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] -1,3-thiazol-4-carboxamide amide hydrochloride

  2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole _4_ _1,3_ carboxylate and 1.5g IOml 1,4- dioxane placed in a four-necked flask, N2 gas shielded at 75 ° C was added dropwise 1.5ml N, N- diisopropyl-ethylenediamine, rose after reflux, the reaction was stirred for 6 hours. The reaction was stopped, the solvent was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, 30ml CH2Cl2 was added dissolved in 20ml10% NaCl solution was washed twice, and then the organic solvent was evaporated to dryness. IOml methanol was added, concentrated hydrochloric acid was added to adjust Xeon acidic. Evaporated methanol, washed with acetone to give the product 2.08g, yield 96.3%. M + H 451, MH 449.

Example 6

[0044] N- [2- (diisopropylamino) ethyl] -2 – [(hydroxy _4,5_ 2_ dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] -1,3-thiazol-4-carboxamide amide hydrochloride

2 – [(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxybenzoyl) amino] thiazole _4_ _1,3_ carboxylate and 1.5g IOml 1,4- dioxane placed in a four-necked flask, N2 gas shielded at 75 ° C was added dropwise 1.5ml N, N- diisopropyl-ethylenediamine, rose after reflux, the reaction was stirred for 6 hours. The reaction was stopped, the solvent was evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, 30ml CH2Cl2 was added dissolved in 20ml10% NaCl solution was washed twice, and then the organic solvent was evaporated to dryness. IOml methanol was added, concentrated hydrochloric acid was added to adjust Xeon acidic. Evaporated methanol, washed with acetone to give the product 1.76g, yield 84.7%.

PAPER

A Three-Step Synthesis of Acotiamide for the Treatment of Patients with Functional Dyspepsia

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, University of Jinan, Jinan 250022, Shandong P.R. China
Org. Process Res. Dev., 2015, 19 (12), pp 2006–2011
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00256
Publication Date (Web): November 13, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
*E-mail: chm_zhenggx@ujn.edu.cn. Tel.: +8653182765841.

Abstract

Abstract Image

A three-step synthesis of acotiamide is described. The agent is marketed in Japan for treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia. We designed a one-pot method to prepare the key intermediate 5a from 2 via an acyl chloride and amide and then reacted with 6 to obtain 1 under solvent-free condition. With the use of DCC, the unavoidable impurity 5b was also successfully converted into the desired 1. After isolation of 1, we carried forward to the next step of HCl salt formation, which was proved to be a very effective procedure for the removal of practically all major impurities. The process is cost-effective, simple to operate, and easy to scale-up.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00256

see………….http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00256/suppl_file/op5b00256_si_001.pdf

 

 

 

References

Matsueda K, Hongo M, Tack J, Aoki H, Saito Y, Kato H (January 2010). “Clinical trial: dose-dependent therapeutic efficacy of acotiamide hydrochloride (Z-338) in patients with functional dyspepsia – 100 mg t.i.d. is an optimal dosage”. Neurogastroenterology and Motility : the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society 22 (6): 618–e173. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2982.2009.01449.x. PMID 20059698.

: Mayanagi S, Kishino M, Kitagawa Y, Sunamura M. Efficacy of acotiamide in combination with esomeprazole for functional dyspepsia refractory to proton-pump inhibitor monotherapy. Tohoku J Exp Med. 2014;234(3):237-40. PubMed PMID: 25382232.

2: Zai H, Matsueda K, Kusano M, Urita Y, Saito Y, Kato H. Effect of acotiamide on gastric emptying in healthy adult humans. Eur J Clin Invest. 2014 Dec;44(12):1215-21. doi: 10.1111/eci.12367. PubMed PMID: 25370953.

3: Xiao G, Xie X, Fan J, Deng J, Tan S, Zhu Y, Guo Q, Wan C. Efficacy and safety of acotiamide for the treatment of functional dyspepsia: systematic review and meta-analysis. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:541950. doi: 10.1155/2014/541950. Epub 2014 Aug 12. PubMed PMID: 25197703; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4146483.

4: Sun Y, Song G, McCallum RW. Evaluation of acotiamide for the treatment of functional dyspepsia. Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol. 2014 Aug;10(8):1161-8. doi: 10.1517/17425255.2014.920320. Epub 2014 May 31. PubMed PMID: 24881488.

5: Matsunaga Y, Tanaka T, Saito Y, Kato H, Takei M. [Pharmacological and clinical profile of acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate (Acofide(®) Tablets 100 mg), a novel therapeutic agent for functional dyspepsia (FD)]. Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 2014 Feb;143(2):84-94. Review. Japanese. PubMed PMID: 24531902.

6: Nowlan ML, Scott LJ. Acotiamide: first global approval. Drugs. 2013 Aug;73(12):1377-83. doi: 10.1007/s40265-013-0100-9. Erratum in: Drugs. 2014 Jun;74(9):1059. Nolan, Mary L [corrected to Nowlan, Mary L]. PubMed PMID: 23881665.

7: Altan E, Masaoka T, Farré R, Tack J. Acotiamide, a novel gastroprokinetic for the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: postprandial distress syndrome. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Sep;6(5):533-44. doi: 10.1586/egh.12.34. Review. PubMed PMID: 23061703.

8: Nagahama K, Matsunaga Y, Kawachi M, Ito K, Tanaka T, Hori Y, Oka H, Takei M. Acotiamide, a new orally active acetylcholinesterase inhibitor, stimulates gastrointestinal motor activity in conscious dogs. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jun;24(6):566-74, e256. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2012.01912.x. Epub 2012 Mar 19. PubMed PMID: 22429221.

9: Kusunoki H, Haruma K, Manabe N, Imamura H, Kamada T, Shiotani A, Hata J, Sugioka H, Saito Y, Kato H, Tack J. Therapeutic efficacy of acotiamide in patients with functional dyspepsia based on enhanced postprandial gastric accommodation and emptying: randomized controlled study evaluation by real-time ultrasonography. Neurogastroenterol Motil. 2012 Jun;24(6):540-5, e250-1. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2982.2012.01897.x. Epub 2012 Mar 4. PubMed PMID: 22385472.

10: McLarnon A. Dyspepsia: Acotiamide can relieve symptoms of functional dyspepsia. Nat Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2012 Jan 17;9(2):62. doi: 10.1038/nrgastro.2011.262. PubMed PMID: 22249733.

 

CN103665023A * Dec 23, 2013 Mar 26, 2014 华润赛科药业有限责任公司 Synthetic method of acotiamide hydrochloride
CN103980226A * May 10, 2014 Aug 13, 2014 杭州新博思生物医药有限公司 Acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate crystal form and preparation method thereof
CN104031001A * Jun 30, 2014 Sep 10, 2014 山东诚创医药技术开发有限公司 Method for preparing 2-(N-(2,4,5-trimothoxyaniline) amino]-4-carbethoxy-1,3-thiazole by using one-pot process
CN104031001B * Jun 30, 2014 Sep 30, 2015 山东诚创医药技术开发有限公司 一锅烩制备2-[n-(2,4,5-三甲氧基苯甲胺基)氨基]-4-乙氧羰基-1,3-噻唑的方法
CN104045606A * Jul 11, 2014 Sep 17, 2014 杭州新博思生物医药有限公司 One-pot method for preparing acotiamide hydrochloride
CN104045606B * Jul 11, 2014 Sep 30, 2015 杭州新博思生物医药有限公司 一锅法制备阿考替胺盐酸盐的方法
CN103665023A * Dec 23, 2013 Mar 26, 2014 华润赛科药业有限责任公司 Synthetic method of acotiamide hydrochloride
CN104045606A * Jul 11, 2014 Sep 17, 2014 杭州新博思生物医药有限公司 One-pot method for preparing acotiamide hydrochloride
CN104045606B * Jul 11, 2014 Sep 30, 2015 杭州新博思生物医药有限公司 一锅法制备阿考替胺盐酸盐的方法
Acotiamide
Acotiamide.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-{2-[Bis(1-methylethyl)amino]ethyl}-2-{[(2-hydroxy-4,5-dimethoxyphenyl)carbonyl]amino}-1,3-thiazole-4-carboxamide
Clinical data
Legal status
  • Uncontrolled
Routes of
administration
Oral
Identifiers
CAS Number 185106-16-5 
ATC code None
PubChem CID: 5282338
ChemSpider 4445505 Yes
UNII D42OWK5383 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL2107723 
Chemical data
Formula C21H30N4O5S
Molecular mass 450.55 g/mol

Approval in Japan for Treating Functional Dyspepsia with Acofide®

Press Release


Tokyo, March 25, 2013
– Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. (Tokyo: 4559; “Zeria”) and Astellas Pharma Inc. (Tokyo: 4503; “Astellas”) announced today that as of March 25, Zeria has obtained the marketing approval of Acofide® Tablets 100mg (nonproprietary name: acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate; “Acofide”; Zeria’sdevelopment code: “Z-338”; Astellas’s development code: “YM443”) for the treatment of functional dyspepsia(FD) from the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan. Acofide has been co-developed by both companies.

Acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate is a new chemical entity originated by Zeria, and inhibits peripheralacetylcholinesterase activities. Acetylcholine is an important neurotransmitter to regulate gastrointestinalmotility, and through the inhibition of degradation of acetylcholine, Acofide improves the impaired gastricmotility and delayed gastric emptying, and consequently the subjective symptoms of FD such as postprandialfullness, upper abdominal bloating, and early satiation.

Acofide, the world first FD treatment which demonstrated efficacy in the patients with FD diagnosed by the Rome III, will be launched in Japan ahead of the rest of the world.Also, since Acofide will be the first treatment with FD indication, Zeria and Astellas will co-promote Acofide for the sake of the increase of disease awareness of FD, the prompt market penetration, and the maximization of product potential.

In March 2008, Zeria and Astellas concluded the agreement for the co-development and co-marketing of Acofide and, subsequently conducted the co-development. In September 2010, Zeria submitted the application for marketing approval to the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare in Japan.

We believe that Acofide will contribute to alleviate the subjective symptoms and improve QOL of patients with FD.

Summary of Approval

Product name: Acofide® Tablets 100mg

Nonproprietary name: Acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate

Formulation: Tablet

Indication: Postprandial fullness, upper abdominal bloating, and early satiation due to functional dyspepsia

Dosage regimen: Normally in adults, 100mg of acotiamide hydrochloride hydrate is taken orally three times per day before a meal.

About Functional Dyspepsia (FD)

According to the Rome III, FD is a gastrointestinal disease comprised of subjective symptoms including postprandial fullness, early satiation and epigastric pain without any organic abnormality on gastrointestinal tract. The etiology of FD is still unclear, but it has been shown that delayed gastric emptying is closely associated with FD.

For inquiries or additional information

Zeria Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

Public Relations

TEL:+81-3-3661-1039, FAX:+81-3-3663-4203

http://www.zeria.co.jp/english

Astellas Pharma Inc.

Corporate Communications

TEL: +81-3-3244-3201, FAX:+81-3-5201-7473

http://www.astellas.com/en

////////////

COC1=CC(O)=C(C=C1OC)C(=O)NC1=NC(=CS1)C(=O)NCCN(C(C)C)C(C)C

MARIZEV® (Omarigliptin), Merck’s Once-Weekly DPP-4 Inhibitor for Type 2 Diabetes, Approved in Japan


MARIZEV® (Omarigliptin), Merck’s Once-Weekly DPP-4 Inhibitor for Type 2 Diabetes, Approved in Japan

KENILWORTH, N.J.–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced that the Japanese Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) has approved MARIZEV® (omarigliptin) 25 mg and 12.5 mg tablets, an oral, once-weekly DPP-4 inhibitor indicated for the treatment of adults with type 2 diabetes. Japan is the first country to have approved omarigliptin……….http://www.mercknewsroom.com/news-release/prescription-medicine-news/marizev-omarigliptin-mercks-once-weekly-dpp-4-inhibitor-type

syn…….https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/04/18/omarigliptin-mk-3102-in-phase-3-for-type-2-diabetes/

shark
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO …..FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE
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/////////////MARIZEV,  (Omarigliptin), Merck’s,  Once-Weekly,  DPP-4 Inhibitor,   Type 2 Diabetes, Approved, Japan

TAK 272, For Hypertension, Takeda’s Next Sartan


Figure imgf000183_0001

TAK 272

C27 H41 N5 O4 . Cl H, 536.106

CAS.1202269-24-6. MonoHCl

1202265-90-4 DIHCL

Base cas…1202265-63-1
Metanesulfonate…1202266-34-9

Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, INNOVATOR

 

see……….http://www.allfordrugs.com/2015/10/21/tak-272-for-hypertension-takedas-next-sartan/
1-(4-methoxybutyl)-N-(2-methylpropyl)-N-[(3S,5R)-5-(morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)-piperidin-3-yl]-1H-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide

1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide dihydrochloride

N-Isobutyl-1-(4-methoxybutyl)-N-[5(R)-(morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidin-3(S)-yl]-1H-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide hydrochloride

1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2- methylpropyl) -N – [(3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-3 – yl] -1H- benzimidazole-2-carboxamide hydrochloride,

The compound is used as renin inhibitor for treating diabetic nephropathy and hypertension

Takeda’s TAK-272, was reported to be in phase II in October 2015), an oral renin inhibitor, for treating diabetic nephropathy and hypertension

  • 01 Apr 2015Takeda completes a phase I drug-drug interaction trial in Healthy volunteers in Japan (NCT02370615)
  • 18 Feb 2015Takeda plans a phase I drug-drug interaction trial in Healthy volunteers in Japan (NCT02370615)
  • 13 Feb 2015Takeda plans a phase I pharmacokinetics trial in Renal or Hepatic impairment patients in Japan (NCT02367872)
in Patent Document 1, a method for producing a synthetic intermediate of the above heterocyclic compound, the following methods are disclosed.

In the above method, the acid anhydride (BANC) from chiral dicarboxylic acid monoester ((-) – BMPA) were synthesized and then the carboxylic acid after conversion and hydrolysis reaction of the Z amine by the Curtius rearrangement of the carboxylic acid (BAPC) and it was then performs amidation by the condensation reaction with the amine (morpholine), is synthesized heterocyclic amide compound (BMPC). Further, Patent Document 2, the preparation of compounds useful as synthetic intermediates of the above heterocyclic compounds are disclosed.

(Wherein each symbol is as described in Patent Document 2.)

 TABLE In the above method, the acid anhydride of the formula (VI), in the presence of a chiral amine with the formula (VIIa) or (VIIb) is to produce a chiral dicarboxylic acid monoester compound, then reacted with an amine (R1-NH-R2) is subjected to amidation to, to produce a heterocyclic amide compound of the formula (VIII).

Patent literature

Patent Document 1: Patent No. 4,800,445 Patent
Patent Document 2: International Publication No. 2007/077005
 
SYNTHESIS…click on image to get clear view
T1
t2
T3
PATENT

WO2009154300

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2009154300A2?cl=en

INTERMEDIATES FOR CONSTRUCTION

Figure imgf000111_0001

USE THIS ONE

Figure imgf000180_0001Figure imgf000179_0001Figure imgf000165_0001

Figure imgf000182_0001Figure imgf000183_0001

Reference Example 31 tert-butyl (3S,5R)-3-[{ [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate and 1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N-

(2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidin-3-yl]-lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide

Figure imgf000182_0001

tert-Butyl (3S, 5R) -3-{ [ ( {2- [ (4- methoxybutyl) amino] phenyl}amino) (oxo) acetyl] (2- methylpropyl) amino} -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1- carboxylate (9.11 g) was dissolved in acetic acid (50 ml), and the mixture was stirred at 😯0C for 15 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and concentrated under reduced pressure, the residue was diluted with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to basic silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ { [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yl] carbonyl } (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (5.85 g) , and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-methanol (85:15) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2- methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin- 3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide (580 mg) . [0424] tert-butyl (3S,5R)-3-[{ [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl ) piperidine-1-carboxylate 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.63-0.80 (2H, m) , 0.89-1.07 (4H, m) , 1.41- 1.59 (9H, m) , 1.59-1.80 (2H, m) , 1.87-2.23 (4H, m) , 2.30-2.98 (3H, m) , 3.21-3. 46 ( 6H, m) , 3.49-3. 91 (1OH, m) , 3. 95-4 . 47 (5H, m) , 7 . 18-7 . 51 (3H, m) , 7. 56-7 . 84 ( IH, m) .

MS (ESI+, m/e) 600 (M+l )

1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin- 4-ylcarbonyl)piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide  BASE

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.64-0.74 (2H, m) , 0.95-1.07 (4H, m) , 1.43-

1.74 (3H, m) , 1.84-2.41 (4H, m) , 2.48-2.67 (IH, m) , 2.67-3.01

(3H, m), 3.03-3.44 (8H, m) , 3.47-3.78 (9H, m) , 4.06-4.46 (3H, m) , 7.28-7.47 (3H, m) , 7.62-7.81 (IH, m) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 500 (M+l)

Example 10

1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-

4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000183_0001

tert-Butyl (3S,5R)-3-[{ [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -IH- benzimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5-

(morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (5.85 g) was dissolved in methanol (20 ml) , 4M hydrogen chloride-ethyl acetate (20 ml) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was diluted with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to basic silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate- methanol (9:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give 1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin- 4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide (4.40 g) . The obtained 1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) – N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -IH- benzimidazole-2-carboxamide (2.20 g) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (20 ml) , 4M hydrogen chloride-ethyl acetate (5 ml) and methanol (20 ml) were added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 5 min. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (2.52 g).

dihydrochloride

1H-NMR (DMSO-d6) δ 0.63-0.76 (2H, m) , 0.85-1.00 (4H, m) , 1.40-

1.60 (2H, m) , 1.68-1.89 (2H, m) , 1.93-2.17 (2H, m) , 2.20-2.44

(2H, m) , 2.81-3.81 (2OH, m) , 4.19-4.39 (3H, m) , 7.23-7.46 (2H, m) , 7.57-7.81 (2H, m) , 8.38-9.77 (2H, m) .

MS (ESI+, m/e) 500 (M+l)

Example 252

1- ( 4-methoxybutyl ) -N- ( 2-methylpropyl ) -N- [ ( 3S 1. 5R) -5- (morpholin- 4-ylcarbonyl ) piperidin-3-yl ] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide methanesulfonate

Figure imgf000586_0002

l-(4-Methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S,5R)-5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2- carboxamide (208 mg) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (2 ml) , a solution of methanesulfonic acid (40 μl) in ethyl acetate (1 ml) was added at 75°C, hexane (1 ml) was added, and the mixture was heated under reflux and stood at room temperature overnight. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, and dried at 7O0C for 3 hr to give the object product (158 mg) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 500 (M+l) melting point : 144.40C

EXTRAS IF REQD .………….

Example 32

methyl (3R, 5S)-5-[{ [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-3-carboxylate dihydrochloride [0675]

Figure imgf000238_0001

MS (ESI+, m/e) 445 (M+l)

Example 33

(3R, 5S) -5- [ { [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yljcarbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-3-carboxylic acid dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000238_0002

MS (ESI+, m/e) 431 (M+l)

Reference Example 29

{ [ ( 3S , 5R) -1- (tert-butoxycarbonyl ) -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl ) piperidin-3~yl ] ( 2-itιethylpropyl ) amino } (oxo ) acetic acid

Figure imgf000180_0001

To a solution of tert-butyl (3S,5R)~3-{ [ethoxy (oxo) acetyl] (2-methylpropyl) amino}-5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1-carboxylate (10.3 g) in ethanol (40 ml) was added 2M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (22 ml) , and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 6 hr. The reaction mixture was adjusted to pH 7 with IM hydrochloric acid, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the object product (10.3 g) .

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.78-0.99 (6H, m) , 1.37-1.52 (9H, m) , 1.79- 2.16 (3H, m) , 2.38-3.86 (14H, m) , 3.93-4.43 (2H, m) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 442 (M+l)

Reference Example 28

tert-butyl (3S, 5R) -3-{ [ethoxy (oxo) acetyl] (2- methylpropyl ) amino } -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1- carboxylate

Figure imgf000179_0001

To a solution of tert-butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ (2- methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1- carboxylate (9.24 g) and diisopropylethylamine (10.5 ml) in DMA (100 ml) was added dropwise ethyl chloroglyoxylate (3.4 ml) at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 hr, and the reaction mixture was concentrated. An aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution was added to the residue, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (10.3 g) . 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.84-1.00 (6H, m) , 1.37 (3H, q) , 1.42-1.53 (9H, m) , 1.80-2.19 (3H, m) , 2.26-2.42 (IH, m) , 2.59-2.96 (IH, in) , 2.97-3.30 (3H, m) , 3.37-3.92 (9H, m) , 4.01-4.26 (2H, m) , 4.26- 4.40 (2H, m) . MS (ESI4-, m/e) 470 (M+l)

Reference Example 22 tert-butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate

Figure imgf000165_0001

[0369] tert-Butyl (3S,5R)-3-{ [ (benzyloxy) carbonyl] aminoJ-5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (58 g) and palladium (II) hydroxide-carbon (5 g) were suspended in methanol (400 ml) and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen atmosphere (1 atom) at room temperature for 16 hr. The palladium catalyst was filtered off, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue and acetic acid (8.8 ml) were dissolved in methanol (400 ml), 2- methylpropanal (14.0 ml) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr. Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (40.4 g) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, and the concentrate was basified with 3.5M aqueous potassium carbonate solution, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to basic silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (1:5) – ethyl acetate-hexane (1:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (33.3 g) .

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ: 0.90 (6H, d) , 1.46 (9H, s) , 1.54 (IH, d) , 1.69 (IH, dt), 1.96-2.12 (2H, m) , 2.23-2.37 (IH, m) , 2.47 (3H, d) , 2.66 (IH, d) , 3.61 (IH, br s) , 3.55 (2H, d) , 3.69 (5H, ddd) , 4.01-4.46 (2H, m) .

Example 6 1-tert-butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5-aminopiperidine-l, 3- dicarboxylate [0318]

Figure imgf000154_0001

(3S, 5R) -1- (tert-Butoxycarbonyl) -5-(methoxycarbonyl)piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (2.83 g) was suspended in toluene (36 ml), diphenylphosphoryl azide (2.60 ml) and triethylamine (1.70 ml) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 100°C for 1 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, benzyl alcohol (1.53 ml) and triethylamine (7.00 ml) were added and the mixture was stirred at 80°C for 3 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate, and the solution was washed with water, 0.5M hydrochloric acid, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate and saturated brine in this order, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (1:3 – 3:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was dissolved in methanol (60 ml), 10% palladium carbon (50% in water) (150 mg) was added and the mixture was stirred under a hydrogen pressurization (5 atom) at ambient temperature and normal pressure for 5 hr. The catalyst was filtered off, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (1.83 g) as an oil.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.22-1.43 (4H, m) , 1.46 (9H, s), 2.27-2.79 (4H, m) , 3.70 (3H, s) , 4.13 (2H, br s) [0320] In the same manner as in the method shown in Reference Example 6, the following compound (Reference Example 7) was obtained.

Reference Example 8

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5- [ (2- methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-1, 3-dicarboxylate [0325]

Figure imgf000155_0002

1-tert-Butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5-aminopiperidine-l, 3- dicarboxylate (1.83 g) , isobutyraldehyde (0.78 ml) and acetic acid (0.49 ml) were dissolved in methanol (50 ml), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (3.80 g) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 7 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, the concentrate was basified with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with water and saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (1:1) – ethyl acetate 100% – ethyl acetate- methanol (9:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (1.42 g) as an oil.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.90 (6H, d) , 1.22-1.38 (3H, m) , 1.46 (9H, s) , 1.69 (IH, dt), 2.23-2.39 (2H, m) , 2.44-2.59 (IH, m) , 2.47 (2H, d) , 2.74 (IH, br s) , 3.69 (3H, s) , 4.18-4.34 (2H, m)

Reference Example 27

N- (4-methoxybutyl) benzene-1, 2-diamine

Figure imgf000178_0002

To a solution of phenylenediamine (10.8 g) and 4- methoxybutyl methanesulfonate (9.11 g) in acetonitrile (100 ml) was added potassium carbonate (20.7 g) , and the mixture was stirred heated under reflux for 15 hr. Water was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (35:65) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (5.44 g) . 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.67-1.82 (4H, m) , 3.13 (2H, t) , 3.24-3.39 (6H, m) , 3 . 38 -3 . 50 ( 2H, m) , 6 . 62 – 6 . 74 ( 3H, m) , 6 . 81 ( IH, in) . MS ( ESI+ , m/e ) 195 (M+l )

Reference Example 146 tert-butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ { [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -lH-benzimidazol-2- yl]carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate

Figure imgf000290_0001

A solution of tert-butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ (lH-benzimidazol-2- ylcarbonyl) (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (200 mg) , 4-itιethoxybutyl methanesulfonate (107 mg) and cesium carbonate (254 mg) in N,N-dimethylacetamide (5 ml) was stirred at 60°C for 15 hr. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate (10 ml*2) . The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (5:95 – 3:7) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (190 mg) . 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.63-0.80 (2H, m) , 0.89-1.07 (4H, m) , 1.41- 1.59 (9H, m) , 1.59-1.80 (2H, m) , 1.87-2.23 (4H, m) , 2.30-2.98 (3H, m) , 3.21-3.46 (6H, m) , 3.49-3.91 (1OH, m) , 3.95-4.47 (5H, m) , 7.18-7.51 (3H, m) , 7.56-7.84 (IH, m) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 600 (M+l)

ALTERNATE METHOD IN THIS PATENT

Figure imgf000106_0001

Figure imgf000127_0002

Reference Example 61

2- (trichloromethyl) -lH-benzimidazole

Figure imgf000211_0002

O-Phenylenediamine (25 g) was dissolved in acetic acid (750 ml), and methyl 2, 2, 2-trichloroacetimidate (28.5 ml) was added dropwise over 15 min. After stirring at room temperature for 1 hr, the reaction mixture was concentrated to about 150 ml, and poured into water (1500 ml) . The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, washed with water (1000 ml) and suspended in toluene (500 ml) . The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was again suspended in toluene (500 ml) and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was dried under reduced pressure to give the object product (51.8 g) . 1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 7.31-7.45 (2H, m) , 7.49-7.55 (IH, m) , 7.89 (IH, d) , 9 . 74 ( IH, br s )

Reference Example 64

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5- [ (lH-benzimidazol-2- ylcarbonyl) (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-1, 3-dicarboxylate

Figure imgf000212_0003

2- (Trichloromethyl) -lH-benzimidazole (19 g) and 1-tert- butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5- [ (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine- 1,3-dicarboxylate (25 g) were dissolved in THF (1200 ml), sodium hydrogen carbonate (67 g) and water (600 ml) were added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hr and at 5O0C for 1 hr. After evaporation of the solvent, the residue was extracted 3 times with ethyl acetate (700 ml) . The extract was washed successively with 10%-aqueous citric acid solution (500 ml) and brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure.

The residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate (1000 ml), subjected to basic silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (30.6 g) .

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.78-1.09 (6 H, m) , 1.17-1.55 (9 H, m) , 1.77-2.95 (5 H, m) , 3.11-3.79 (6 H, m) , 3.99-4.73 (4 H, m) , 7.24- 7.41 (2 H, m) , 7.45-7.59 (1 H, m) , 7.72-7.88 (1 H, m) , 10.66-10.98 (1 H, m)MS (ESI+, m/e) 459 (M+l)

Reference Example 69

1-tert-butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5- [ { [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -IH- benzimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-1 , 3-dicarboxylate

Figure imgf000215_0003

1-tert-Butyl 3-methyl (3R, 5S) -5- [ (lH-benzimidazol-2- ylcarbonyl) (2-methylpropyl) amino] piperidine-1, 3-dicarboxylate (30 g) and 4-methoxybutyl methanesulfonate (12.5 g) were dissolved in DMA (600 ml), cesium carbonate (32 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at 70°C for 12 hr. The reaction mixture was poured into ice water (1000 ml), and the mixture was extracted twice with ethyl acetate (1000 ml) . The extract was washed with brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate-hexane (1:4 – 1:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (28.7 g) .

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ 0.76 (4H, d) , 1.01 (2H, d) , 1.30-1.52 (9H, m) , 1.58-2.07 (4H, m) , 2.10-2.93 (4H, m) , 3.27-3.75 (12H, m) , 4.06-4.57 (5H, m) , 7.26-7.48 (3H, m) , 7.79 (IH, d) MS (ESI+, m/e) 545 (M+l)

Example 71

1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin- 4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2-carboxamide

Figure imgf000291_0001

tert-Butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [{ [1- (4-methoxybutyl) -IH- benzimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (5.85 g) was dissolved in methanol (20 ml) , 4M hydrogen chloride-ethyl acetate (20 ml) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 15 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated, the residue was diluted with aqueous sodium bicarbonate,…and, the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was subjected to basic silica gel column chromatography, and a fraction eluted with ethyl acetate- methanol (9:1) was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the object product (4.40 g) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 500 (M+l)

Example 101

1- (5-methoxypentyl) -N- (2-methylpropyl) -N- [ (3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -lH-benzimidazole-2- carboxamide dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000345_0001

[1144] tert-Butyl (3S, 5R) -3- [ { [1- (5-methoxypentyl) -IH- benzimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl)piperidine-l-carboxylate (123 mg) was dissolved in 4M hydrogen chloride-ethyl acetate (5 ml) , and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hr. The reaction mixture was concentrated, and the residue was subjected to reversed-phase preparative HPLC and the eluted fraction was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was diluted with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The extract was washed with saturated brine, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. 4M Hydrogen chloride-ethyl acetate (1 ml) was added and the mixture was stirred for 5 min. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the object product (76 mg) . MS (ESI+, m/e) 514 (M+l)

PATENT

WO2013122260

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2013122260A1?cl=en

PATENT

WO 2011158880

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2011158880A1?cl=en

Reference Example 1
1- (4-methoxybutyl) -N- (2- methylpropyl) -N – [(3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -1H- benzimidazole -2 – carboxamide hydrochloride (A-type crystal)
tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [{[1- (4- methoxy-butyl) -1H- benzimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl) was suspended dissolved piperidine-1-carboxylate The (300g) in 3N- hydrochloric acid water (1200mL) and Ethyl acetate (60mL), and stirred over 3 h at 25 ~ 35 ℃. After completion of the reaction, it was added ethyl acetate (2400mL) in the same temperature. After the addition, it was added 25% aqueous ammonia (600mL) with cooling. After the addition stirring and extracted the organic layer of 5% aqueous ammonia (600mL) was added and stirred. After stirring, the resulting organic layer it was concentrated until the solvent no longer distilled off. After concentrated, dissolved with ethyl acetate (1500mL), and transferred to solution to the crystallizer vessel, and washed with ethyl acetate (750mL). After washing, it was raised in stirring under 45 ~ 55 ℃. After raising the temperature, at the same temperature 4N- hydrogen chloride – it was dropped ethyl acetate (131.3mL). After dropping, it was to dissolve the precipitate at the same temperature. After dissolution confirmation, it was added heptane (750mL) at 40 ~ 50 ℃, after the addition, then cooled to 25 ~ 35 ℃. After cooling, the addition of A-type crystals of the seed crystals (300mg) which was obtained according to the method described in Example 265 of WO2009 / 154300, and stirred for 30 minutes or more. After stirring, the temperature was raised to 40 ~ 45 ℃, it was dropped heptane (1500mL). After the completion of the dropping, it was stirred at the same temperature. Then gradually cooled to 5 ℃ below, followed by stirring at the same temperature for 1 hour. After stirring, ethyl acetate and filtered crystals – heptane: washed with (1 1,600mL), to obtain a wet crystal. The obtained wet crystals dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃, 1- (4- methoxybutyl) -N- (2- methylpropyl) -N – [(3S, 5R) -5- (morpholin-4-yl carbonyl) piperidin-3-yl] -1H- obtained a crystalline powder of benzimidazole-2-carboxamide hydrochloride (A-type crystal, 198.82g, 74.1% yield).  FINAL PRODUCT

TERT BUTYL DERIVATIVE, N-1 

Reference Example 4
tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [{[1- (4- methoxy-butyl) -1H- benzoimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4- ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1-carboxylate 1)

o- nitro aniline (50.0g, 0.362mol), tetrabutylammonium bromide (58.3g, 0.181mol), potassium bromide (43.1g, 0.362mol) in toluene (500mL ) and it was added. At a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃ 1- chloro-4-methoxy-butane (66.6g, 0.543mol) and, I was added to 50w / v% sodium hydroxide solution (145mL, 1.81mol). The reaction was heated to a temperature 85 ~ 95 ℃, and stirred for 6 hours. After cooling to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, the reaction mixture water (250mL), 1N- aqueous hydrochloric acid (250mL × 2), 5w / v% aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate (250mL), it was washed successively with water (250mL). After concentration under reduced pressure the organic layer to Contents (250mL), was added toluene (100mL), was obtained

N- (4- methoxy-butyl) -2-nitroaniline in toluene (350mL, 100% yield).
1 H-NMR (300MHz, CDCl 3) δ 1.64-1.89 (m, 4H), 3.25-3.39 (m, 2H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 3.44 (t, J = 6.1 Hz, 2H), 6.63 ( ddd, J = 8.5, 6.9, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (dd, J = 8.5, 1.2 Hz, 1H), 7.43 (ddd, J = 8.5, 6.9, 1.5 Hz, 1H), 8.07 (br s, 1H ), 8.17 (dd, J = 8.5, 1.5 Hz, 1H).

2) N- (4-methoxy-butyl) -2-10 percent in nitroaniline of toluene solution (350mL) Pd / C (K-type, 50% water-containing product) (10.0g) and toluene (100mL) it was added. Hydrogen pressure of 0.1MPa, it was stirred for 3 hours at a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃. A stream of nitrogen, the catalyst was filtered, I was washed with toluene (100mL). After the water in the filtrate was separated off and adding magnesium sulfate (25.0g) at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, and stirred at the same temperature for 30 minutes. Filtered over magnesium sulfate, washed with toluene (100mL), was obtained N- (4- methoxybutyl) -o- toluene solution of phenylenediamine (100% yield).
1 H NMR (500 MHz, CDCl 3) δ1.67-1.78 (m, 4H), 3.12-3.14 (m, 2H), 3.32 (br, 3H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 3.41-3.47 (m, 2H), 6.63-6.69 (m, 2H), 6.69-6.74 (m, 1H), 6.82 (td, J = 7.57, 1.58 Hz, 1H).

3) N- (4- methoxy-butyl) -o- After the toluene solution of phenylenediamine cooled to a temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃, acetic acid (65.2g, 1.09mol) and 2,2,2 trichloroacetimide acid methyl ( 70.3g, 0.398mol) and I were added. After stirring for 30 minutes at a temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃, it was stirred for 3 hours at a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃. The reaction was 5w / v% saline (250mL), 2N- aqueous hydrochloric acid / 5w / v% sodium chloride solution: a mixture of (1 1) (250mL × 2), 5w / v% aqueous solution of sodium bicarbonate (250mL), 5w / v It was washed successively with% saline solution (250mL). A stream of nitrogen, was added magnesium sulfate (25.0g) to the organic layer at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, and stirred at the same temperature for 30 minutes. Filtered magnesium sulfate, and washed with toluene (100mL). The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure and the amount of contents (150mL). Stir the concentrated solution at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, was allowed to precipitate crystals, was added dropwise heptane (750mL). The crystals bleeding is heated to a temperature 40 ~ 50 ℃, after stirring for 30 min, cooled to a temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃, and the mixture was stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours.The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, toluene – heptane: was washed with (1 5,150 mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 40 ℃, it was obtained 1- (4-methoxy-butyl) -2-fine brown crystals of trichloromethyl -1H- benzimidazole (96.5g, 82.9% yield from o- nitroaniline).
1 H-NMR (300MHz, CDCl 3) δ: 1.68-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.99-2.17 (m, 2H), 3.37 (s, 3H), 3.48 (t, J = 6.1 Hz, 2H), 4.50 -4.65 (m, 2H), 7.27-7.49 (m, 4H), 7.82-7.93 (m, 1H).
. Anal Calcd for C 13 H 15 Cl 3 N 2 O:. C, 48.55; H, 4.70; N, 8.71; Cl, 33.07 Found: C, 48.30; H, 4.61; N, 8.74; Cl, 33.30.

4) pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (110g, 0.66mol), it was dropped methanol (660 mL) mixture of concentrated sulfuric acid at a temperature of 50 ℃ or less of (226.0g, 2.30mol). Thereafter, the mixture was stirred and heated to a temperature 55 ~ 65 ℃ 7 hours. The reaction was the temperature 40 ~ 50 ℃, was added water (220mL). And further dropping temperature 40-50 5% aqueous ammonia at ℃ (about 1.10L) was adjusted to pH8.0 ~ 8.5. After stirring at a temperature 40 ~ 50 ℃ 30 minutes and stirred for 1 hour and cooled to a temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃. Was collected by filtration precipitated crystals, methanol – water (1: 3,165mL), and washed successively with water (440mL). To obtain a white crystalline powder pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl and dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ (105.0g, 82.0% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 4.00 (s, 6H), 8.87 (s, 1H), 9.37 (s, 2H).
. Anal Calcd for C 9 H 9 NO 4:. C, 55.39; H, 4.65; N, 7.18; O, 32.79 Found: C, 55.42; H, 4.65; N, 7.16.

5) 1 L autoclave pyridine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid dimethyl (100g, 0.51mol) and was charged with dimethylacetamide (400mL), temperature 30 ℃ below with trifluoroacetic acid (59.2mL, after dropping the 0.77mol), 10% Pd-C (PE-type) the (20.0g) it was added. Hydrogen pressure of 0.5 ~ 0.7MPa, it was stirred for 12 hours at a temperature of 55 ~ 65 ℃. The catalyst was filtered off, it was washed with dimethylacetamide (50mL × 2). Triethylamine and the combined filtrates at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ (77.8g, 0.77mol) was added dropwise, and adjusted to pH9.0 ~ 10.0. Temperature 30 ~ 40 ℃ by di -tert- butyl (134g, 0.614mol) was added dropwise and stirred at the same temperature for 2 hours. After the reaction mixture as a 20 ~ 30 ℃, it was added ethyl acetate (600mL), washed with water (900mL). The aqueous layer it was re-extracted with ethyl acetate (400mL). The combined organic layers 5w / v% citric acid -10w / v% sodium chloride solution (600mL), 3% aqueous sodium bicarbonate (600mL), and washed successively with water (600mL). Contents The organic layer (200mL) until it was concentrated under reduced pressure, methanol (250mL) was added to the concentrated solution, and then concentrated under reduced pressure until Contents (200mL). The addition of methanol (250mL) again concentrate, After concentration under reduced pressure until Contents (200mL), was added methanol (2.40L). The solution in water (18.5g, 1.03mol), cesium carbonate (417g, 1.28mol) was added and stirred for about 24 hours at a temperature 55 ~ 65 ℃. The reaction solution was the temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, concentrated to Contents (700mL), it was added tetrahydrofuran (500mL). The solution temperature at 15 ~ 35 ℃ 2N- hydrochloric acid solution (1.28L, 2.56mol) was added dropwise and adjusted to pH3.0 ~ 3.5, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃. Extracted with ethyl acetate (750mL × 2), and the organic layer was washed with 10w / v% aqueous sodium chloride solution (500mL × 3). Contents The organic layer (300mL) until it was concentrated under reduced pressure, to obtain a weight content by adding ethyl acetate (650mL).Heating the concentrate to a temperature of 55 ~ 65 ℃, it was added dropwise heptane (500mL). It cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ and stirred for 1 hour. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, ethyl acetate – heptane: was washed with (1 1,120mL). Dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ 1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) to give a white crystalline powder of piperidine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (113.3g, 80.9% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6) δ 1.40 (s, 9H), 1.44-1.61 (m, 1H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 1H), 2.31-2.41 (m, 2H), 4.10- 4.12 (m, 2H).
. Anal Calcd for C 12 H 19 NO 6:. C, 52.74; H, 7.01; N, 5.13; O, 35.13 Found: C, 52.96; H, 6.99; N, 5.39.

6) Under a nitrogen stream, 1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) piperidine-3,5-dicarboxylic acid (5.00g, 18.3mmol) was suspended in tetrahydrofuran (10.0mL), trifluoroacetic acid anhydride at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ It was dropping things (3.80mL, 27.5mmol). After the completion of the dropping, it was stirred for 1 hour at a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃. It was added dropwise heptane (20.0mL) at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ the reaction solution, and stirred for 3 hours then cooled to a temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with heptane (3.00mL). Dried under reduced pressure at 40 ℃ 2,4- dioxo-3-oxa-7-azabicyclo [3,3,1] white crystalline powder of nonane-7-carboxylic acid tert- butyl was obtained (4.03g, yield 86.1%).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 1.43 (s, 9H), 1.93-1.99 (m, 1H), 2.40-2.46 (m, 1H), 3.06-3.11 (m, 4H), 4.50-4.54 ( m, 2H).
. Anal Calcd for C 12 H 17 NO 5:. C, 56.46; H, 6.71; N, 5.49; O, 31.34 Found: C, 56.51; H, 6.63; N, 5.69.

7) Under a nitrogen stream, quinidine (69.9g, 0.215mol) and was charged with tetrahydrofuran (200mL), and cooled to a temperature -5 ~ 5 ℃. At the same temperature 2,4-dioxo-3-oxa-7-azabicyclo [3,3,1] nonane-7-carboxylic acid tert- butyl (50.0g, 0.196mol) was added and washed with tetrahydrofuran (50.0mL) crowded. Temperature -5 ~ 5 methanol at ℃ (9.41g, 0.29 4mol) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours at a temperature -5 ~ 5 ℃. Ethyl acetate (350mL) to the reaction mixture, was by adding minute solution 20w / v% citric acid aqueous solution (250mL). The aqueous layer it was re-extracted with ethyl acetate (125mL × 2). The organic layers were combined 20w / v% aqueous solution of citric acid (250mL), I was washed successively with water (250mL × 2). The organic layer it was concentrated under reduced pressure. To the residue ethanol (100mL) was added ethyl acetate (450mL) was heated to a temperature 60 ~ 70 ℃, (R) – was added phenethylamine (23.7g, 0.196mol). Temperature 50-60 for one hour at ℃, 1 hour at a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃, it was stirred for 1 hour at a temperature of -5 ~ 5 ℃. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, ethanol – ethyl acetate: and washed with (2 9,100mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ (3S, 5R) -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) -5- (methoxycarbonyl) piperidin-3 to give a white crystalline powder of the carboxylic acid (1R) -1- phenylethylamine salt It was (55.7g, 69.6% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6) δ 1.42 (s, 9H), 1.43-1.51 (m, 3H), 2.06-2.14 (m, 1H), 2.21-2.26 (m, 1H), 2.39- 2.44 (m, 1H), 2.52-2.53 (m, 1H), 2.57 (br s, 2H), 3.64 (s, 3H), 4.12 (br s, 2H), 4.19-4.26 (m, 1H), 7.30- 7.40 (m, 3H), 7.45-7.48 (m, 2H).
. Anal Calcd for C 21 H 32 N 2 O 6:. C, 61.75; H, 7.90; N, 6.86; O, 23.50 Found: C, 61.54; H, 7.77; N, 6.86.

8) (3S, 5R) -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) -5- (methoxycarbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (1R) -1- phenylethylamine salt (20.0g, 49.0mmol), methanol (20mL) and it was charged with water (80mL). Temperature 20-30 citric acid at ℃ (11.3g, 58.8mmol) was added dropwise a solution prepared by dissolving in water (20.0mL), and the mixture was stirred 1.5 hours at the same temperature. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration and washed with water (60mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ (3S, 5R) -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) -5- give a white crystalline powder (methoxycarbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (13.5g, 96.1% yield ).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 1.40 (s, 9H), 1.46-1.59 (m, 1H), 2.22-2.27 (m, 1H), 2.37-2.45 (m, 2H), 2.63-2.73 ( m, 2H), 3.63 (s, 3H), 4.14 (br s, 2H), 12.51 (br s, 1H).
. Anal Calcd for C 13 H 21 NO 6:. C, 54.35; H, 7.37; N, 4.88; O, 33.41 Found: C, 54.14; H, 7.28; N, 4.85.

9) Under a nitrogen stream, (3S, 5R) -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) -5- (methoxycarbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (30.0g, 104mmol), triethylamine (31.7g, 313mmol) and toluene ( It was charged with 180mL). Diphenylphosphorylazide at a temperature of 15 ~ 35 ℃ (28.7g, 313mmol) I was dropped a toluene (30.0mL) solution. After stirring at a temperature 30 ± 5 ℃ 30 minutes, and the mixture was stirred and heated to a temperature 65 ~ 75 ℃ 30 minutes. Temperature 60 ~ 70 ℃ in the benzyl alcohol (12.4g, 115mmol) it was dropped. To a temperature 80 ~ 90 ℃ was stirred and heated for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, sodium nitrite (7.20g, 104mmol) and after stirring was added a solution prepared by dissolving in water (150mL) 1 hour, the aqueous layer was separated. The organic layer 5w / v% aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (150mL), 20w / v% aqueous citric acid solution (150mL), washed successively with 5w / v% aqueous sodium chloride solution (150mL), the organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue methanol (60.0mL) was added and concentrated under reduced pressure to. The more we went once in the same manner.To the residue was added methanol and the content amount of the (90.0g). Temperature 15 ~ 35 ℃ 2N- aqueous sodium hydroxide (62.6mL, 125mmol) was added and stirred for 1 hour at a temperature 30 ± 5 ℃. Temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ in methanol (120mL), was added to 20w / v% aqueous citric acid solution (300mL), it was a pH3.0 ~ 3.5. After stirring for 30 minutes at a temperature 50 ~ 60 ℃, cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ and stirred for 1 hour. It was stirred for 1 hour at the temperature 0 ~ 10 ℃. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with water (90.0mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ (3R, 5S) -5 – {[(benzyloxy) carbonyl] amino} -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) to yield a white crystalline powder piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (35.0 g, 88.6% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6) δ 1.41 (s, 9H), 2.11 (d, J = 12.4 Hz, 1H), 2.40-2.48 (m, 4H), 2.62 (br s, 1H), 4.08 (t, J = 14.4 Hz, 2H), 5.04 (s, 2H), 7.31-7.41 (m, 5H), 12.53 (br s, 1H).
. Anal Calcd for C 19 H 26 N 2 O 6:. C, 60.30; H, 6.93; N, 7.40; O, 25.37 Found: C, 60.03; H, 6.99; N, 7.41.

10) Under a nitrogen stream, (3R, 5S) -5 – {[(benzyloxy) carbonyl] amino} -1- (tert- butoxycarbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (30.0g, 79.3mmol), morpholine (7.60 g, 87.2mmol), 1- hydroxybenzotriazole monohydrate (2.43g, it was charged with 15.9mmol) and dimethylacetamide (90.0mL). Hydrochloride 1-ethyl at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ -3- (3- dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide (16.7g, 87.1mmol) after addition and stirred for 1 hour at a temperature 45 ~ 55 ℃. Temperature 45 ~ 55 ℃ with tetrahydrofuran (90.0mL), sequentially dropwise addition of water (210mL), and stirred for 1 hour. After stirring for 1 hour and cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, were collected by filtration the precipitated crystals, tetrahydrofuran – water: washing with (1 3,120mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ tert- butyl piperidine -1- (3S, 5R) -3 – a white crystalline powder of {[(benzyloxy) carbonyl] amino} -5 (morpholin-4-yl-carbonyl) carboxylate It was obtained (32.7g, 92.3% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d 6) δ 1.41 (s, 9H), 1.49-1.57 (m, 1H), 1.87 (d, J = 12.3 Hz, 1H), 2.43 (br s, 1H), 2.63-2.71 (m, 1H), 2.79-2.83 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.54 (m, 9H), 3.89 (d, J = 11.5 Hz, 1H), 4.06 (br s, 1H), 5.03 (s , 2H), 7.30-7.38 (m, 5H).
. Anal Calcd for C 23 H 33 N 3 O 6:. C, 61.73; H, 7.43; N, 9.39; O, 21.45 Found: C, 61.59; H, 7.50; N, 9.43.

11) tert- Butyl piperidin -1- (3S, 5R) -3 – {[(benzyloxy) carbonyl] amino} -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) carboxylate (30.0g, 67.0mmol), isobutyraldehyde (7.25g, 101mmol), it was charged with 10% Pd-C (PE type) (1.50g) and methanol (240mL).Hydrogen pressure of 0.2 ~ 0.3MPa, it was stirred for 4 hours at a temperature of 20 ~ 30 ℃. The catalyst is filtered off and washed with methanol (60.0mL). The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure, ethyl acetate was added (60.0mL), and concentrated under reduced pressure again. The residue ethyl acetate was added, followed by the amount of contents (360mL). Temperature 45-55 succinate by heating to ℃ (7.90g, 67.0mmol) was added. After stirring for 1 hour at a temperature 45 ~ 55 ℃, cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, and stirred for 1 hour. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, and washed with ethyl acetate (90.0mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [(2- methyl-propyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4-yl-carbonyl) piperidine – 1-carboxylate white crystals of alert succinate got sex powder (30.2g, 92.5% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, D 2 O) δ 1.02 (s, 3H), 1.04 (s, 3H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.97-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.26-2.30 (m, 1H ), 2.55 (s, 4H), 2.99 (d, J = 7.0 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (br s, 1H), 3.39-3.45 (m, 2H), 3.53-3.80 (m, 10H), 3.82-3.93 (br s, 1H).
. Anal Calcd for C 23 H 41 N 3 O 8:. C, 56.66; H, 8.48; N, 8.62; O, 26.25 Found: C, 56.48; H, 8.46; N, 8.39.

12) tert- Butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [(2- methylpropyl) amino] -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine – 1 – carboxylate succinate (30.3g, 62.2mmol), acetonitrile (60.0mL) and, it was charged with water (40.0mL). Then after stirring was added potassium carbonate (34.4g, 0.249mmol) 10 minutes, 1- (4-methoxybutyl) -2-trichloromethyl -1H- benzimidazole (20.0g, 62.2mmol) was added. After stirring for 2 hours at a temperature of 70 ~ 80 ℃, it was added dimethyl sulfoxide (15.0mL), and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours at a temperature 70 ~ 80 ℃. After cooling the reaction mixture to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃, water (120mL), it was separated and by adding toluene (240mL). The organic layer 10w / v% sodium chloride solution (100mL), 10w / v% aqueous solution of citric acid (100mL), it was washed sequentially with 10w / v% sodium chloride solution (100mL). The organic layer of activated carbon Shirasagi A a (1.0g) was added, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes at a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃. Activated carbon was filtered, washed with toluene (40.0mL), and concentrated under reduced pressure of the filtrate to 110 mL. By heating to a temperature 35 ~ 45 ℃ was added dropwise heptane (280mL). At a temperature 35 ~ 45 ℃ tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [{[1- (4- methoxy-butyl) -1H- benzoimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] -5 – and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1-carboxylate was added to the same temperature the crystals (10mg) of the acrylate. Heptane (140mL) was stirred and added dropwise to 30 minutes at a temperature 35 ~ 45 ℃. It was cooled to a temperature 20 ~ 30 ℃ and stirred for 2 hours. The precipitated crystals were collected by filtration, toluene – heptane: was washed with (1 5,40.0mL). And dried under reduced pressure at 50 ℃ tert- butyl (3S, 5R) -3 – [{[1- (4- methoxy-butyl) -1H- benzoimidazol-2-yl] carbonyl} (2-methylpropyl) amino] – 5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-1-carboxylate was obtained a pale yellowish crystalline powder of alert (27.7g, 74.2% yield).
1 H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl 3) δ 0.68-0.80 (m, 3H), 0.96-1.08 (m, 3H), 1.31 (br s, 5H), 1.49 (s, 4H), 1.61-1.71 (m , 2H), 1.71 (br s, 0.5H), 1.92-2.05 (m, 3H), 2.05-2.24 (m, 2H), 2.45 (br s, 1H), 2.60 (br s, 1H), 2.72-2.96 (m, 2H), 3.26-3.35 (m, 3H), 3.35-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.47-3.73 (m, 10H), 4.02-4.26 (m, 2H), 4.26-4.34 (m, 1H) , 4.34-4.47 (m, 0.5H), 7.25-7.29 (m, 1H), 7.29-7.41 (m, 1H), 7.41-7.53 (m, 1H), 7.64 (br s, 0.5H), 7.79 (d , J = 8.2 Hz, 0.5H).
. Anal Calcd for C 32 H 49 N 5 O 6:. C, 64.08; H, 8.23; N, 11.68; O, 16.01 Found: C, 63.82; H, 8.12; N, 11.64.

PATENT

WO 2015156346

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=AEE60471E3EF3D2BBE2D20033D4D0CD7.wapp2nC?docId=WO2015156346&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=FullText

TAKEDA PHARMACEUTICAL COMPANY LIMITED [JP/JP]; 1-1, Doshomachi 4-chome, Chuo-ku, Osaka-shi, Osaka 5410045 (JP)

Provided is a method for producing a synthetic intermediate of a heterocyclic compound having a renin inhibitory activity and effective as a prophylactic or therapeutic drug against diabetic renal disease, hypertension, and the like. A method for producing a compound represented by formula (III-1a), (III-1b), (III-1c), and/or (III-1d) [where the symbols in the formulas are as defined in the description], or a salt thereof, said method characterized in that a compound represented by formula (Ia) or (Ib) [where the symbols in the formulas are as defined in the description] or a salt thereof is reacted with a compound represented by formula (II) [where the symbols in the formula are as defined in the description] or a salt thereof in the presence of an aluminum compound and a chiral amine compound.

in Patent Document 1, a method for producing a synthetic intermediate of the above heterocyclic compound, the following methods are disclosed.
Formula 2]

In the above method, the acid anhydride (BANC) from chiral dicarboxylic acid monoester ((-) – BMPA) were synthesized and then the carboxylic acid after conversion and hydrolysis reaction of the Z amine by the Curtius rearrangement of the carboxylic acid (BAPC) and it was then performs amidation by the condensation reaction with the amine (morpholine), is synthesized heterocyclic amide compound (BMPC). Further, Patent Document 2, the preparation of compounds useful as synthetic intermediates of the above heterocyclic compounds are disclosed.[Formula 3]

(Wherein each symbol is as described in Patent Document 2.)

 TABLE In the above method, the acid anhydride of the formula (VI), in the presence of a chiral amine with the formula (VIIa) or (VIIb) is to produce a chiral dicarboxylic acid monoester compound, then reacted with an amine (R1-NH-R2) is subjected to amidation to, to produce a heterocyclic amide compound of the formula (VIII).

Prior art documents

Patent literaturePatent Document 1: Patent No. 4,800,445 Patent

Patent Document 2: International Publication No. 2007/077005
Reference Example 1
3-oxabicyclo [3.3.1] nonane-2,4-dione
reaction vessel (1R, 3S) – was added to cyclohexane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (10g) and THF (20mL), 5 It was cooled to ℃. It was added dropwise trifluoroacetic anhydride (8.19mL), and the mixture was stirred for about 1 hour. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature, heptane (20mL) was added, up to 5 ℃ was cooled and stirred for about 30 minutes. The precipitate was filtered off, washed with heptane to give the title compound. Yield (6.7g)
Reference Example 2
(3S, 5R) – tert – butyl 3- (isobutyl-amino) -5- (morpholine-4-carbonyl) piperidine-1-carboxylic acid ester succinate
reactor in THF (240ml), (3S, 5R) -1- (tert – butoxycarbonyl) -5- (morpholine-4-carbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid (20.0g), triethylamine (12.2mL) and diphenylphosphoryl azide (15.1mL) They were charged and allowed to react for 1 hour at 60 ℃, cooled to 25 ℃. After cooling the THF (60ml) and sodium trimethyl silanolate (19.7g) to charged 0 ℃ separately reaction vessel, was added dropwise to this was allowed to react before the reaction solution over about 1 hour, 0 at 0 ℃. 5 hours it was allowed to react. 0 slowly added dropwise acetic acid (40mL) at ℃, After stirring for 10 minutes, was added ethanol (60ml) and isobutyraldehyde (5.3mL) at 25 ℃, and stirred for 10 minutes. Then added sodium borohydride (1.88g), and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and further addition of sodium borohydride (1.88g) at 25 ℃, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. After completion of the reaction, water (100mL) was added and stirred for 10 minutes at room temperature. The organic layer was concentrated, then added dropwise slowly toluene (140ml) and 5N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (120ml), the layers were separated. After washing and addition of aqueous 1N sodium hydroxide (100ml) the organic layer was washed 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide (100ml) was added again organic layer. The aqueous layers were combined and extracted by addition of toluene (100ml). The organic layers were combined, washed with 10w / v% aqueous sodium chloride solution (100ml), and the organic layer was concentrated. It was added ethanol (100ml), after it was concentrated under reduced pressure until about 60ml, warmed to 60 ℃ by the addition of ethyl acetate (40ml). Was added succinic acid (6.9g), After stirring for 30 minutes, it was added dropwise ethyl acetate (200ml) at 60 ℃, and stirred for 30 minutes. After stirring for 1 hour at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 0 ℃. The crystals were collected by filtration and washed with a mixture of ethyl acetate / n-heptane (6/1) (60mL). The obtained crystals at an external temperature of 50 ℃ to constant weight and then dried under reduced pressure to give the title compound as almost white crystals. Yield (22.8g)
Example 1
(3S, 5R) -1- (tert – butoxycarbonyl) -5- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) piperidine-3-carboxylic acid
the reaction vessel in chlorobenzene (7.5mL) and quinine (0.70g ) is added and stirred, it was added dropwise DIBAL1.0M hexane solution (2.16mL). The reaction mixture was cooled to -40 ℃, tert – butyl 2,4-dioxo-3-oxa-7-azabicyclo [3.3.1] was added nonane-7-carboxylic acid ester (0.50g), about 1 hour stirring. Was added chlorobenzene to another reaction vessel (2.5mL) and morpholine (0.17mL), the resulting solution was cooled to -40 ℃ was added dropwise to the previous reaction solution. After completion of the reaction, the mixture was separated with ethyl acetate and 10w / w% aqueous citric acid solution, and the resulting aqueous layer was re-extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined, washed with 10w / w% saline, and concentrated to give the title compound. 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-D 6 ) delta ppm 1.41 (s, 9 H), 1.47 – 1.72 (M, 1 H), 1.89 – 2.10 (M, 1 H), 2.36 – 2.49 (M, 1 H ), 2.55 – 2.83 (m, 3 H), 3.40 – 3.50 (m, 2 H), 3.51 -.. 3.57 (m, 4 H), 3.59 (br s, 2 H), 3.83 – 4.04 (m, 1 H), 4.05 – 4.29 (m, 1 H), 12.52 (s, 1 H) optical purity of 94.3% EE <HPLC analytical conditions> column: CHIRALPAK IC (Co., Ltd. Daicel) column temperature: constant around 15 ℃ Temperature Mobile phase: A solution) 0.02 mol / L KH 2 PO 4 buffer solution (pH3.0): acetonitrile = 70: 30    B solution) 0.02 mol / L KH 2 PO 4 buffer solution (pH3.0): acetonitrile = 50 : 50 gradient program
Example 30 (1R, 3S) -3- (morpholin-4-ylcarbonyl) cyclopentanecarboxylic acid
(anhydride: 3-oxabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2,4-dione; Amine: Morpholine ) 1 H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-D 6 ) delta ppm 1.72 – 1.91 (M, 5 H), 2.04 (dt, J = 12.69, 7.84 Hz, 1 H), 2.65 – 2.74 (M, 1 H), 2.99 – 3.07 (m, 1 H), 3.42 – 3.51 (m, 4 H), 3.51 – 3.58 (m, 4 H), 11.96 – 12.17 (m, 1 H) optical purity of 52.3% EE <HPLC analysis conditions > column: CHIRALPAK IF (Co., Ltd. Daicel) column temperature: 15 ℃ constant temperature in the vicinity ofmobile phase: A solution) 0.02 mol / LKH 2 PO 4 buffer solution (pH3.0): acetonitrile = 70: 30     B solution) 0.02 mol / LKH 2 PO 4 buffer solution (pH3.0): acetonitrile = 50: 50 gradient Program
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