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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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RG 7604,Taselisib


Taselisib skeletal.svgChemSpider 2D Image | Taselisib | C24H28N8O2  Taselisib.png

  • Molecular FormulaC24H28N8O2
  • Average mass460.531 Da

RG7604,Taselisib

GDC-0032, GDC0032;GDC 0032, RO5537381

1282512-48-4 [RN]
1H-Pyrazole-1-acetamide, 4-[5,6-dihydro-2-[3-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]benzoxazepin-9-yl]-α,α-dimethyl-
UNII:L08J2O299M
10.1021/jm4003632
2-(4-(2-(1-isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-methylpropanamide
2-{3-[2-(1-Isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2–4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-2-methylpropanamide
POLYMORPHS almost A to Z, US9266903
Taselisib (GDC-0032) is an experimental cancer drug in development by Roche. Molecule is a complex heterocycle with no chiral centres, hazardous materials are used in synthesis, preparation of impurities is a challenge. Taselisib is in phase III with Roche , clinical trials for treatment of metastatic breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer

Taselisib (GDC-0032) is an experimental cancer drug in development by Roche. It is a small molecule inhibitor targeting phosphoinositide 3-kinase subtype PIK3CA.[1]

Taselisib is in phase III with Roche , clinical trials for treatment of metastatic breast cancer and non-small cell lung cancer.[2]

Taselisib is a phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3Kalpha) inhibitor in phase III clinical studies at Roche for the treatment of postmenopausal women with histologically or cytologically confirmed locally advanced or metastatic estrogen-receptor positive (ER+) breast cancer.

Taselisib is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the class I phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) alpha isoform (PIK3CA), with potential antineoplastic activity. Taselisib selectively inhibits PIK3CA and its mutant forms in the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway, which may result in tumor cell apoptosis and growth inhibition in PIK3CA-expressing tumor cells. By specifically targeting class I PI3K alpha, this agent may be more efficacious and less toxic than pan PI3K inhibitors. Dysregulation of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway is frequently found in solid tumors and causes increased tumor cell growth, survival, and resistance to both chemotherapy and radiotherapy. PIK3CA, which encodes the p110-alpha catalytic subunit of the class I PI3K, is mutated in a variety of cancer cell types and plays a key role in cancer cell growth and invasion.

str1

PRODUCT PATENT

WO 2011036280

Inventors Nicole BlaquiereSteven DoDanette DudleyAdrian J. FolkesRobert HealdTimothy HeffronMark JonesAleksandr KolesnikovChudi NdubakuAlan G. OliveroStephen PriceSteven StabenLan WangLess «
Applicant F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ag

https://encrypted.google.com/patents/WO2011036280A1?cl=en

Discovery of 2-(3-(2-(1-Isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2-4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo(f)imidazo(1,2-d)(1,4)oxazepin-9-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-methylpropanamide (GDC-0032): A -sparing phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor with high unbound exposure and robust in vivo antitumor activity
J Med Chem 2013, 56(11): 4597

Condensation of 4-bromo-2-hydroxybenzaldehyde  with glyoxal  in the presence of NH3 in MeOH gives 5-bromo-2-(1H-imidazol-2-yl)phenol

Which upon annulation with 1,2-dibromoethane  in the presence of Cs2CO3 in DMF at 90 °C yields 9-bromo-5,6-dihydroimidazo[1,2-d][1,4]benzoxazepine .

Iodination of oxazepine  with NIS in DMF provides 9-bromo-2,3-diiodo-5,6-dihydroimidazo[1,2-d][1,4]benzoxazepine,

Which upon mono-deiodination by means of EtMgBr in THF at -15 °C affords 9-bromo-2-iodo-5,6-dihydroimidazo[1,2-d][1,4]benzoxazepine .

Amidation of iodide  with CO in the presence of PdCl2(PPh3)2 and HMDS in DMF at 70 °C produces the intermediate,

Which upon reaction with N,N-dimethylacetamide dimethyl acetal  in the presence of DME at 65 °C furnishes intermediate . Intramolecular cyclization of this compound with isopropylamine hydrochloride  in AcOH generates triazole derivative,

Which upon Suzuki coupling with dioxaborolane derivative in the presence of Pd(PPh3)4 and KOAc in CH3CN/H2O at 120 °C yields the target compound Taselisib.

Genentech BioOncology® logo

Taselisib has been used in trials studying the treatment and basic science of LYMPHOMA, Breast Cancer, Ovarian Cancer, Solid Neoplasm, and HER2/Neu Negative, among others.

Solubility (25°C)

In vitro DMSO 70 mg/mL warmed (151.99 mM)
Water Insoluble
Ethanol Insoluble warmed

Biological Activity

Description Taselisib (GDC 0032) is a potent, next-generation β isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor targeting PI3Kα/δ/γ with Ki of 0.29 nM/0.12 nM/0.97nM, >10 fold selective over PI3Kβ.
Features A beta isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor.
Targets
PI3Kδ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kα [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kγ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
PI3Kβ [1]
(Cell-free assay)
C2β [1]
(Cell-free assay)
View More
0.12 nM(Ki) 0.29 nM(Ki) 0.97 nM(Ki) 9.1 nM(Ki) 292 nM
In vitro GDC-0032 is an orally bioavailable, potent, and selective inhibitor of Class I PI3Kα, δ, and γ isoforms, with 30 fold less inhibition of the PI3K β isoform relative to the PI3Kα isoform. Preclinical data show that GDC-0032 has increased activity against PI3Kα isoform (PIK3CA) mutant and HER2-amplified cancer cell lines. GDC-0032 inhibits MCF7-neo/HER2 cells proliferation with IC50 of 2.5 nM. [1]
Cell Data
Cell Lines Assay Type Concentration Incubation Time Formulation Activity Description PMID
human MOLM16 cells Proliferation assay 72 h Antiproliferative activity against human MOLM16 cells after 72 hrs by Cell Titer-Blue assay 22727640
In vivo GDC-0032 pharmacokinetics is approximately dose proportional and time independent with a mean t1/2 of 40 hours. The combination of GDC-0032 enhances activity of fulvestrant resulting in tumor regressions and tumor growth delay (91% tumor growth inhibition (TGI)). In addition, the combination of GDC-0032 with tamoxifen enhances the efficacy of tamoxifen in vivo (102%TGI for GDC-0032). [1]

PATENT

WO 2014140073

The invention relates to methods of making the PI3K inhibitor I (GDC-0032), named as 2-(4-(2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2- d][l,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, having the structure:

Figure imgf000003_0001

and stereoisomers, geometric isomers, tautomers, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Another aspect of the invention includes novel intermediates useful for preparing GDC- 0032 and having the structures:

Figure imgf000003_0002
Figure imgf000004_0001
Figure imgf000005_0001

The following Schemes 1-15 illustrate the chemical reactions, processes, methodology for the synthesis of GDC-0032, Formula I, and certain intermediates and reagents. Scheme 1:

Figure imgf000010_0001
Figure imgf000010_0002

Scheme 1 shows the synthesis of intermediate isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4 from Boc-hydrazine 1. Condensation of 1 with acetone and magnesium sulfate gave Boc-hydrazone, tert-butyl 2-(propan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarboxylate 2 (Example 1). Palladium-catalyzed hydrogenation of 2 in acetic acid and methanol gave Boc-isopropyl-hydrazine 3 (Example 2) which was treated in situ with hydrogen chloride gas to give 4 (Example 3).

Alternatively, the double bond of 2 can be reduced with a hydride reagent such as sodium cyanoborohydride (Example 2).

Scheme 2:

Figure imgf000010_0003

Scheme 2 shows the synthesis of l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazole 7 from methyl acetimidate hydrochloride 5 and isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4. Reaction of 5 and 4 in triethylamine and methanol followed by cyclization of condensation product, N’- isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 (Example 4) with triethyl orthoformate (triethoxymethane) gave 7 (Example 5). Alternatively, 4 and acetamidine can be reacted to give 6.

Or, 4 can be reacted with acetonitrile and an acid to form the corresponding salt of 6. Scheme 3:

Figure imgf000011_0001

0 K2C03, H20, MTBE w

Scheme 3 shows the synthesis of intermediate, 2-chloro-N-methoxy-N-methylacetamide 10. Reaction of 2-chloroacetyl chloride 8 and Ν,Ο-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride 9 in aqueous potassium carbonate and methyl, tert-butyl ether (MTBE) gave 10 (Example 6).

Scheme 4:

Figure imgf000011_0002

Scheme 4 shows the synthesis of intermediate 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12 formed by reaction of 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 with lithium hexamethyldisilazide (LiHMDS) in tetrahydrofuran (Example 7). Alternatively, 11 is treated with hydrogen chloride in an alcohol, such as ethanol, to form the imidate, ethyl 4-bromo-2- fluorobenzimidate hydrochloride, followed by ammonia in an alcohol, such as ethanol, to form 12 (Example 7).

Scheme 5:

Figure imgf000012_0001

Scheme 5 shows the synthesis of 5-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l- isopropyl-3 -methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole V from l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazole 7.

Deprotonation of 7 with n-butyllithium and acylation with 2-chloro-N-methoxy-N- methylacetamide 10 gave intermediate 2-chloro-l-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5- yl)ethanone 13 (Example 8). Cyclization of 13 with 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12 and potassium hydrogen carbonate in water and THF (tetrahydrofuran) formed the imidazole V (Example 9).

Scheme 6:

Figure imgf000012_0002

Scheme 6 shows the synthesis of 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5- yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III from V. Alkylation of the imidazole nitrogen of V with a 2-hydroxyethylation reagent such as, l,3-dioxolan-2-one, gave 2-(2-(4- bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-4-( 1 -isopropyl-3-methyl- 1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5 -yl)- 1 H-imidazol- 1 – yl)ethanol 14 (Example 10). Cyclization of 14 with an aqueous basic reagent, such as methyltributylammonium chloride in aqueous potassium hydroxide, gave III, which can be cystallized from ethanol and water (Example 11). Scheme 7:

Figure imgf000013_0001

IV

Scheme 7 shows the synthesis of ethyl 2-(4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate IV starting from 2-bromo-2-methylpropanoic acid 15. Alkylation of pyrazole with 15 gave 2- methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoic acid 16 (Example 12). Esterification of 16 with sulfuric acid in ethanol gave ethyl 2-methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 17 (Example 13).

Regiospecific bromination of 17 with N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) gave IV (Example 14). Alternatively, 16 was treated in situ with a brominating reagent such as l,3-dibromo-5,5- dimethylhydantoin (DBDMH) to give 2-(4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid which was esterified to give IV, where R is ethyl. Other esters can also be prepared, such as methyl, iso-propyl, or any alkyl, benzyl or aryl ester.

Scheme 8:

Figure imgf000014_0001

Scheme 8 shows an alternative synthesis of ethyl 2-(4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2- methylpropanoate IV starting from ethyl 2-bromo-2-methylpropanoate 18. Alkylation of pyrazole with 18 in the presence of a base such as sodium tert-butyloxide or cesium carbonate gave a mixture of ethyl 2-methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 17 and ethyl 2-methyl-3-(lH- pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 19. Bromination of the mixture with l,3-dibromo-5,5- dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione (DBDMH) gave a mixture containing IV, ethyl 3-(4-bromo- lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate 20, and 4-bromo-lH-pyrazole 21 which was treated with a strong base under anhydrous conditions, such as lithium hexamethyldisilazide in tetrahydrofuran. Acidification with hydrochloric acid gave IV.

Scheme 9:

Pd(O) catalyst

Figure imgf000015_0001

KOAc, EtOH

Figure imgf000015_0002

Scheme 9 shows the synthesis of 2-(4-(2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)- 5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, GDC-0032, 1 from ethyl 2-(4-bromo- 1 H-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanoate IV (CAS Registry Number: 1040377-17-0, WO 2008/088881) and 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH- 1,2,4- triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III (CAS Registry Number: 1282514-63-9, US 2012/0245144, US 8242104). Other esters besides ethyl can also be used which can be hydrolyzed with aqueous base, such as methyl, iso-propyl, or any alkyl, benzyl or aryl ester. In a one-pot Miyaura Borylation /Suzuki, Buchwald system, ethyl 2-(4-bromo-lH- pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate IV is reacted with 4,4,4′,4′,5,5,5′,5′-octamethyl-2,2′-bi(l,3,2- dioxaborolane), CAS Reg. No. 73183-34-3, also referred to as B2Pin2, and a palladium catalyst such as XPhos (2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl, CAS Reg. No. 564483- 18-7), with a salt such as potassium acetate, in a solvent such as ethanol, at about 75 °C to form the intermediate ethyl 2-methyl-2-(4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol- l-yl)propanoate 22 (Example 15, CAS Registry Number: 1201657-32-0, US 8242104, US 8263633, WO 2009/150240).

Figure imgf000016_0001

XPhos ligandIntermediate 22 can be isolated or reacted in situ (one pot) with III to form 23.

A variety of low valent, Pd(II) and Pd(0) palladium catalysts can be used during the Suzuki coupling step to form 23 (Example 16) from 22 and III, including PdCl2(PPh3)2, Pd(t- Bu)3, PdCl2 dppf CH2C12, Pd(PPh3)4, Pd(OAc)/PPh3, Cl2Pd[(Pet3)]2, Pd(DIPHOS)2, Cl2Pd(Bipy), [PdCl(Ph2PCH2PPh2)]2, Cl2Pd[P(o-tol)3]2, Pd2(dba)3/P(o-tol)3, Pd2(dba)/P(furyl)3,

Cl2Pd[P(furyl)3]2, Cl2Pd(PMePh2)2, Cl2Pd[P(4-F-Ph)3]2, Cl2Pd[P(C6F6)3]2, Cl2Pd[P(2-COOH- Ph)(Ph)2]2, Cl2Pd[P(4-COOH-Ph)(Ph)2]2, and encapsulated catalysts Pd EnCat™ 30, Pd EnCat™ TPP30, and Pd(II)EnCat™ BINAP30 (US 2004/0254066).

The ester group of 23 is saponified with an aqueous basic reagent such as lithium hydroxide, to give 2-(4-(2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepin-9-yl)- IH-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid II (Example 17). Intermediate 23 can be isolated or further reacted in situ with the aqueous basic reagent to form II. The carboxylic acid group of II is activated with an acyl activating reagent such as di(lH-imidazol-l-yl)methanone (carbonyl diimidazole, CDI) or Ν,Ν,Ν’,Ν’-tetramethyl- 0-(7-azabenzotriazol-l-yl)uronium hexafluorophosphate (HATU), and then reacted with an alcoholic ammonia reagent, such as ammonia dissolved in methanol, ethanol, or isopropanol, aqueous ammonium hydroxide, aqueous ammonium chloride, or ammonia dissolved in THF, to give I (Example 18).

A variety of solid adsorbent palladium scavengers can be used to remove palladium after the Suzuki coupling step to form compound I. Exemplary embodiments of palladium scavengers include FLORISIL®, SILIABOND®Thiol, and SILIABOND® Thiourea. Other palladium scavengers include silica gel, controlled-pore glass (TosoHaas), and derivatized low crosslinked polystyrene QUADRAPURE™ AEA, QUADRAPURE™ IMDAZ, QUADRAPURE™ MPA, QUADRAPURE™ TU (Reaxa Ltd., Sigma-Aldrich Chemical Co.).

Figure imgf000017_0001
Figure imgf000017_0002
Figure imgf000017_0003

Scheme 10 shows the synthesis of 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5- yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III from 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11. Addition of hydroxylamine to the nitrile of 11 gave 4-bromo-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 24. Michael addition of 24 to ethyl propiolate gave ethyl 3-(4-bromo-2- fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 25. Heating 25 in a high-boiling solvent such as toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, or diphenyl oxide gave cyclized imidazole, ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2- fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 26, along with by-product pyrimidine, 2-(4-bromo-2- fluorophenyl)pyrimidin-4-ol. Alternatively, 25 can be cyclized to 26 with catalytic Lewis acids such as Cu(I) or Cu(II) salts. Alkylation of 26 with a 2-hydroxyethylation reagent, such as 1,3- dioxolan-2-one, in a base, such as N-methylimidazole or cesium carbonate, gave ethyl 2-(4- bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-l-(2-hydroxyethyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 27. Ring-cyclization of 27 with an aqueous basic reagent, such as potassium hydroxide, lithium hydroxide, and methyl tributylammonium hydrochloride, gave 9-bromo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2- d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxylic acid 28. Addition of acetamidine to 28 with triphenylphosphine gave 9-bromo-N-(l-iminoethyl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2- carboxamide 29. Ring-cyclization of 29 with isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4 in acetic acid gave 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2- d][l,4]oxazepine III.

Alternatively, 28 can be reacted with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 to give III (Scheme 12).

Scheme 11 :

Figure imgf000018_0001

Scheme 11 shows the synthesis of 5-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l- isopropyl-3 -methyl- lH-l ,2,4-triazole V from 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12. 3-Chloro-2-oxopropanoic acid and 12 are reacted with base to give 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)- lH-imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 30. Alternatively, 3-bromo-2-oxopropanoic acid can be reacted with 12 to give 30. Reaction of 30 with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 and coupling reagent HBTU (N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyl-0-(lH-benzotriazol-l-yl)uronium hexafluorophosphate, O- (Benzotriazol-l-yl)-N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate, CAS Ref. No. 94790- 37-1) in DMF gives intermediate, 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-N-(l-(2- isopropylhydrazinyl)ethylidene)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxamide 31 which need not be isolated and cyclizes upon heating to give V.

Alternatively, 5-(2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l-isopropyl-3-methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole 44, the chloro version of V, can be prepared from 4-chloro-2-fluorobenzonitrile 38 (Scheme 15) Scheme 12:

Figure imgf000019_0001

Scheme 12 shows an alternative synthesis of 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4- triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III from 4-bromo-2- fluorobenzonitrile 11. Alkylation of 11 with tert-butyl 2-hydroxyethylcarbamate gives tert-butyl 2-(5-bromo-2-cyanophenoxy)ethylcarbamate 32. Cyclization of 32 under acidic conditions, such as hydrochloric acid in ethanol, gives 8-bromo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33. It will be noted that 33 has an alternative tautomeric form where the double bond is inside the oxazepine ring. Formation of the imidazole ring occurs by reaction of 3-bromo-2- oxopropanoic acid (X = Br, R = OH), or other 3-halo-2-oxopropanoic acid or ester (R = alkyl), and 33 to give 9-bromo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxylic acid 28. Coupling of 28 with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 and a coupling reagent such as HBTU, HATU or CDI in DMF gives intermediate, 9-bromo-N-(l-(2-isopropylhydrazinyl)ethylidene)- 5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxamide 34, which need not be isolated and forms 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III upon heating.

Alternatively, N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 is used as monohydrochloride salt, which has to be set free under the reaction conditions with an appropriate base, such as K2CO3. Scheme 13:

Figure imgf000020_0001

Scheme 13 shows an alternative synthesis of 8-bromo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin- 5(2H)-imine 33 from 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11. Reaction of 11 with sodium methoxide in methanol gives methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidate 35. Alkylation of 35 with 2- aminoethanol gives 4-bromo-2-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)benzimidamide 36, followed by cyclization to 33.

Scheme 14:

Figure imgf000020_0002

37

11

Scheme 14 shows another alternative synthesis of 8-bromo-3,4- dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33 from 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11. Reaction of 11 with 2-aminoethanol and potassium tert-butoxide displaces fluorine to give 2-(2- aminoethoxy)-4-bromobenzonitrile hydrochloride 37. Ring closure of 37 with

trimethylaluminum gave 33. Alternatively, other trialkylaluminum reagents can be used, or magnesium alkoxide reagents such as magnesium ethoxide (magnesium bisethoxide, CAS Reg. No. 2414-98-4) to cyclize 37 to 33.

Figure imgf000021_0001
Figure imgf000021_0002

Scheme 15 shows the synthesis of 5-(2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l- isopropyl-3 -methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole 44 from 4-chloro-2-fluorobenzonitrile 38. Addition of hydroxylamine to the nitrile of 38 gave 4-chloro-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 39.

Michael addition of 39 to ethyl propiolate gave ethyl 3-(4-chloro-2- fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 40. Heating 40 in diphenyl oxide gave cyclized imidazole, ethyl 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 41. Saponification of the ester of 41 with aqueous sodium hydroxide in tetrahydrofuran gave 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH- imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 42. Reaction of 42 with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 and coupling reagent HBTU in DMF gives intermediate, 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-N-(l-(2- isopropylhydrazinyl)ethylidene)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxamide 43 which cyclizes upon heating to give 44.

EXAMPLES

Example 1 tert-butyl 2-(propan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarboxylate 2

To a solution of tert-butyl hydrazinecarboxylate 1 (CAS Reg. No. 870-46-2) (25.1 g, 0.190 mol) in acetone (185 mL) was added the magnesium sulfate (6 g) and 12 drops acetic acid (Wu et al (2012) Jour. Med. Chem. 55(6):2724-2736; WO 2007/056170; Zawadzki et al (2003) Polish Jour. Chem. 77(3):315-319). The mixture was heated to reflux for 2.5 h and cooled to rt and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated to give tert-butyl 2-(propan-2- ylidene)hydrazinecarboxylate 2 (CAS Reg. No. 16689-34-2) as an off-white solid (32 g, 98%) (used in the next step without further purification). LC-MS [M+H]+ = 172.9, RT = 2.11 min. 1H NMR 300 MHz (CDC13) d 7.35 (br s, 1H, NH), 2.04 (s, 3H), 1.82 (s, 3H), 1.54 (s, 9H); 13C NMR 300 MHz (CDC13) d 152.9, 149.7, 80.7, 28.1, 25.3, 15.9. Example 2 tert-butyl 2-isopropylhydrazinecarboxylate 3

tert-Butyl 2-(propan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarboxylate 2 was reduced with palladium catalyst on carbon with hydrogen gas in acetic acid and methanol to give tert-butyl 2- isopropylhydrazinecarboxylate 3 (CAS Reg. No. 16689-35-3).

Alternatively, tert-Butyl 2-(propan-2-ylidene)hydrazinecarboxylate 2 (0.51 g, 3.0 mmol) was dissolved in 20 mL of THF, treated with NaB¾CN (0.19 g, 3.0 mmol) and a few mg of bromocresol green, followed by a solution of p-toluenesulfonic acid (0.57 g, 3.0 mmol) in 1.5 mL of THF which was added dropwise over approximately 1 h to maintain the reaction pH between 3.5-5.0. After stirring at room temperature for an additional hour, the solvent was removed by rotary evaporation, and the residue was partitioned between EtOAc (30 mL) and brine. The organic phase was extracted with sat. NaHCC>3, 20 mL and brine, evaporated to a residue and dissolved in 10 mL of ethanol. The ethanolic solution was treated with 3.6 mL of 1M NaOH solution (3.6 mmol) and left to stir at rt for 30 min. The solvent was removed by rotary evaporation and the residue was taken up into ethyl acetate and extracted with water. The organic layer was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was purified by column chromatography using 5 % MeOH in DCM as eluent to collect tert-butyl 2- isopropylhydrazinecarboxylate 3 (0.4 g, 77 % yield): mp = 47-49 °C; Rf = 0.44 (5 % MeOH in DCM); IH NMR 300 MHz (CDC13) d 6.03 (s, N-H, IH), 3.92 (s, N-H, IH), 3.14 (m, IH), 1.46 (s, 9H), 1.02 (d, 6H, J = 6 Hz); 13C NMR 300 MHz (CDC13) d 157.2, 80.8, 51.2, 28.7, 21.0.

Example 3 isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4

tert-butyl 2-isopropylhydrazinecarboxylate 3 was treated with hydrochloric acid to remove the Boc protecting group and give 4 (CAS Reg. No. 16726-41-3).

Example 4 N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6

Methyl acetimidate hydrochloride 5 (CAS Reg. No. 14777-27-6), isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4, and triethylamine were reacted in methanol to give 6 (CAS Reg. No. 73479-06- 8).

Example 5 l-isopropyl-3 -methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole 7

N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 was treated with triethylorthoformate in ethanol, followed by triethylamine and tetrahydrofuran to give 7 (CAS Reg. No. 1401305-30-3). Example 6 2-chloro-N-methoxy-N-methylacetamide 10

To a solution of 21.2 kg potassium carbonate K2CO3 (153.7 mol, 3.0 eq) in 30 L H20 was added, Ν,Ο-dimethylhydroxylamine 9 (CAS Reg. No. 1117-97-1) (5.0 kg, 51.3 mol, 1.0 eq) at 15-20 °C. The reaction was stirred at rt for 30min and 30 L methyl tert-butyl ether (TBME) was added. After stirred for 30min, the mixture was cooled to 5°C, and 11.6 kg of 2-Chloroacetyl chloride 8 (CAS Reg. No. 79-04-9 (102.7 mol, 2.0 eq) were added slowly. The reaction was stirred at rt overnight. Organics were separated from aqueous, and aqueous was extracted with TBME (30 L). The combined organics were washed with H20 (50 L), brine (50 L) and dried over Na2S04. Filtered and concentrated under vacuum afforded 5.1 kg of 2-chloro-N-methoxy- N-methylacetamide 10 (CAS Reg. No. 67442-07-3) as a white solid.

Example 7 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12

To 35.0 L of lithium hexamethyldisilazide LiHMDS (35.0 mol, 1.4 eq, 1.0 M in THF) under N2 was added a THF solution of 4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 (CAS Reg. No. 105942- 08-3) (5.0 kg in 10 L THF) at 10 °C, the mixture was stirred at rt for 3h. Cooled to -20°C and 8.3 L of HCl-EtOH (6.6 M) were added. The mixture was stirred at -10 °C for additional lh, filtered. The wet cake was washed with EA (10 L) and H20 (6 L). Drying in vacuo yielded 5.8 kg 4- bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12 (CAS Reg. No. 1187927-25-8) as an off-white solid.

Alternatively, to a 200-L vessel was charged 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 (10 kg, 50.00 mol, 1.00 equiv) and ethanol (100 L) followed by purging 40 kg Hydrogen chloride (g) at – 10 °C with stirring (Scheme 4). The resulting solution was allowed to react for an additional 36 h at 10 °C. The reaction progress was monitored by TLC until 11 was consumed completely. The resulting mixture was concentrated under vacuum while maintaining the temperature below 60 °C. The volume was concentrated to 10-15 L before 60 L MTBE was added to precipitate the product. The precipitates were collected by filtration to afford in 12 k g of ethyl 4-bromo-2- fluorobenzimidate hydrochloride 12 as a white solid. (Yield: 85%). 1H NMR δ 7.88-7.67 (m), 4.89 (br s), 4.68 (q), 3.33 (m), 1.61 (t). MS M+l: 245.9, 248.0.

To a 200L vessel, was charged ethyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidate hydrochloride (12.5 k g, 44mol, 1.00 equiv, 99%) and ethanol (125 L) followed by purging NH3 (g) at -5 °C for 12 h. The resulting solution was stirred at 30 °C for an additional 24 h. The reaction progress was monitored by TLC until SM was consumed completely. The precipitates were filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum. The product was precipitated and collected by filtration to afford 6.1 kg (54.5%) of 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzamidine hydrochloride 12 as a white solid. 1H NMR δ 9.60 (br), 7.91-7.64 (m), 3.40 (s), 2.50 (m). MS M+l: 216.9, 219.9.

Example 8 2-chloro-l-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)ethanone 13

To a 10L four necked flask was charged l-Isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazole 7 (400 g) in THF (2.5 L). The resulting solution was cooled to -40 °C and 2.5 M n-butyllithium BuLi in n- hexanes (1.41 L) was added while keeping the internal temp, below -20°C. The resulting yellow suspension was stirred at -40°C for 1 hour before being transferred. To a 20L flask was charged 2-chloro-N-methoxy-N-methylacetamide 10 (485 g) in THF (4 L). The resulting solution was cooled to -40 °C at which point a white suspension was obtained, and to this was added the solution of lithiated triazole 7 keeping the internal temp, below -20°C. At this point a yellow orange solution was obtained which was stirred at – 30°C for lhour. Propionic acid (520 mL) was added keeping the internal temp, below -20°C. The resulting off-white to yellowish suspension was warmed to -5 °C over 30 minutes. Citric acid (200 g) in water (0.8 L) was added and after stirring for 5 minutes a clear biphasic mixture was obtained. At this point stirring was stopped and the bottom aqueous layer was removed. The organic phase was washed with 20w% K3PO4 solution (1 L), 20w% K2HP04 solution (2 L), and 20w% NaCl solution (1 L). The organics was reduced to ca 4L via distillation under vacuum to afford 2-chloro-l-(l-isopropyl-3- methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)ethanone 13 as a dark amber liquid which was used “as is” in the next step.

Example 9 5-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)- lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l -isopropyl-3-methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole V

To a 10 L four- neck flask were charged with THF (5.6 L), 4-bromo-2- fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12 (567 g), KHCO3 (567 g) and water (1.15 L). The resulting white suspension was heated to 60°C over 2 hours. At this point a hazy solution was obtained to which was added a solution of 2-Chloro-l-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5- yl)ethanone 13 in THF (2 L). This solution was stirred at 60-65 °C for 24 hours. Then the aqueous bottom layer was removed. The organic layer was concentrated under vacuum. The residue was slurried in a mixture of MIBK (1.25 L) and toluene (0.7 L), and the precipitated product was filtered giving 552 g of 5-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l- isopropyl-3 -methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole V (98.0% purity, 254 nm) as a brown solid Example 10 2-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol- 5-yl)- 1 H-imidazol- 1 -yl)ethanol 14

5-(2-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH- 1,2,4- triazole V (2.75 kg, 7.55 mol) was added to a solution of 3-dioxolan-2-one (ethylene carbonate, 3.99 kg, 45.3 mol) inN-methylimidazole (12 L) at 50 °C. The suspension was heated at 80°C for 7 h until the reaction was judged complete by HPLC. The solution of 14 was cooled to 35 °C and used directly in the subsequent cyclization.

Example 11 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepine III

To a solution of 2-(2-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4- triazol-5-yl)-l H-imidazol- l-yl)ethanol (7.55 mmol) 14 inN-methylimidazole(12 L) at 35 °C was added methyl tributylammonium chloride (115 g, 0.453 mol), toluene (27.5 L) and 35% potassium hydroxide solution (10.6 kg, 25 mol in 22 L of water). The biphasic solution was stirred vigorously at 65 °C for 18 h when it was judged complete by HPLC. Stirring was stopped but heating was continued and the bottom aqueous layer was removed. Added isopropyl acetate (13.8 L) and the organic phase was washed twice with water (13.8 L and 27.5 L). The solvent was removed via vacuum distillation and after 30 L had been removed, isopropanol (67.6 L) was added. Vacuum distillation was resumed until an additional 30 L of solvent had been removed. Added additional isopropanol (28.8 L) and continued vacuum distillation until the volume was reduced by 42 L. Added isopropanol (4L) and the temperature was increased to >50 °C. Added water (28 L) such that the internal temperature was maintained above 50 °C, then heated to 75 °C to obtain a clear solution. The mixture was allowed to cool slowly and the product crystallized out of solution. The resulting suspension was cooled to 0 °C, held for 1 h then filtered and the cake was washed with water (5.5 L). The cake was dried at 45 °C under a nitrogen sweep to give III as a tan solid (3.30 kg, 71.6 wt %, 80.6% yield).

Example 12 2-methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoic acid 16

2-Bromo-2-methylpropanoic acid 15 and pyrazole were reacted in triethylamine and 2- methyltetrahydrofuran to give 16.

Example 13 ethyl 2-methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 17

2-Methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoic acid 16 was treated with sulfuric acid in ethanol to give 17. Alternatively, pyrazole (10 g, 147 mmol, 1.0 eq.) was dissolved in DMF (500 ml) at room temperature (Scheme 8). 2-Bromoisobutyrate 18 (22 ml, 147 mmol, 1.0 eq.), cesium carbonate CS2CO3 (53 g, 162 mmol, 1.1 eq) and catalytic sodium iodide Nal (2.2 g, 15 mmol, 0.1, eq) were added to the mixture that was then heated to 60 °C for 24 hr. Reaction was followed by 1H NMR and pyrazole was not detected after 24 hr. The reaction mixture was quenched with a saturated solution of NaHCC>3 (200 ml) and ethyl acetate EtOAc (150 ml) was added and organics were separated from aqueous. Organics were dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated under vacuum to afford an oil which was purified by flash chromatography to give 17.

Example 14 Ethyl 2-(4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate IV

Method A: Ethyl 2-methyl-2-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 17 was reacted with N- bromosuccinimide (NBS) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran to give IV (CAS Reg. No. 1040377-17-0).

Method B: Ethyl 2-bromo-2-methylpropanoate 18 and pyrazole were reacted with sodium tert-butoxide in dimethylformamide (DMF) to give a mixture of ethyl 2-methyl-2-(lH- pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 17 and ethyl 2-methyl-3-(lH-pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 19 which was treated with l,3-dibromo-5,5-dimethylimidazolidine-2,4-dione to give a mixture of IV, ethyl 3- (4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate 20, and 4-bromo-lH-pyrazole 21. The mixture was treated with a catalytic amount of lithium hexamethyldisilazide in tetrahydrofuran followed by acidification with hydrochloric acid to give IV.

Example 15 ethyl 2-methyl-2-(4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-l-yl)propanoate 22

To a 50 L glass reactor was charged ethyl 2-(4-bromo-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2- methylpropanoate IV (1.00 kg, 3.85 mol, 1.00 equiv), potassium acetate, KOAc (0.47 kg, 4.79 mol 1.25 equiv), 4,4,4′,4′,5,5,5′,5′-octamethyl-2,2′-bi(l,3,2-dioxaborolane),

bis(pinacolato)diboron, B2Pin2 (1.22 kg, 4.79 mol, 1.25 equiv) and ethanol (10 L, 10 vol) and the mixture was stirred until a clear solution was obtained. The solution was vacuum/degassed 3x with nitrogen. To this mixture was charged XPhos ligand (0.023 kg, 0.048 mol, 1.0 mol ) and the Pd precatalyst (0.018 kg, 0.022 mol, 0.5 mol ) resulting in a homogeneous orange solution. The solution was vacuum/degassed once with nitrogen. The internal temperature of the reaction was set to 75 °C and the reaction was sampled every 30 min once the set temperature was reached and was monitored by LC (IPC method: XTerra MS Boronic). After 5 h, conversion to 22 (CAS Reg. No. 1201657-32-0) was almost complete, with 1.3% IV remaining. Example 16 ethyl 2-(4-(2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepin-9-yl)- IH-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanoate 23

Ethyl 2-methyl-2-(4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-l- yl)propanoate 22 and 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III were reacted under Suzuki conditions with palladium catalyst, in isopropanol and aqueous phosphate buffer to give 23.

A 1M solution of K3PO4 (1.60 kg in 7.6 L of water, 7.54 mol, 2.00 equiv) was charged to the above reaction mixture from Example 15, followed by the addition of a solution of III in THF (1.33 kg in 5.0 L, 3.43 mol, 0.90 equiv) over 2 min. The reaction mixture was warmed to 75 °C (internal temperature) over 45 min and stirred for 13 h at 75 °C, then analyzed by HPLC (III not detected) showing the formation of 23.

Example 17 2-(4-(2-( 1 -isopropyl-3-methyl- 1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5 ,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepin-9-yl)- IH-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid II

Ethyl 2-(4-(2-(l -isopropyl-3 -methyl- 1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5 ,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoate 23 was treated with aqueous lithium hydroxide to give II.

The ester saponification reaction was initiated with the addition of 3.5 M aqueous LiOH (0.74 kg in 5.0 L, 17.64 mol, 5 equiv) to the reaction mixture from Example 16 and allowed to warm to 75 °C. The mixture was sampled every 30 min (IPC method: XTerra MS Boronic) and the saponification was complete after 4.5 h (with less than 0.3% 23 remaining). The reaction mixture was concentrated via distillation to approximately half volume (starting vol = 37 L; final vol = 19 L) to remove EtOH and THF, resulting in tan-brown slurry. Water (5 L, 5 vol) was charged to the mixture and then distilled (starting vol = 25 L; final vol = 21 L). The temperature was set at 60 °C (jacket control) and then charged with isopropyl acetate, IP Ac (4 L, 4 vol). The biphasic mixture was stirred a minimum of 5 min and then the layers allowed to separate for a minimum of 5 min. The bottom aqueous layer was removed into a clean carboy and the organics were collected into a second carboy. The extraction process was repeated a total of four times, until the organic layer was visibly clear. The aqueous mixture was transferred back to the reactor and then cooled to 15 °C. A 6 M solution of HC1 (6.4 L, 38.40 mol, 10 equiv) was charged slowly until a final pH = 1 was obtained. The heterogeneous mixture was then filtered. The resulting solids were washed twice with 5 L (2 x 5 vol) of water. The filter was then heated to 80 °C and the vacuum set to -10 Psi (with nitrogen bleed) and the solids were dried for 24 h (KF = 2.0 % H20) to give 1.54 kg (95% corrected yield) of II as a white solid; 98% wt, 97.3 % pure.

Example 18 2-(4-(2-( 1 -isopropyl-3-methyl- 1 H- 1 ,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5 ,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepin-9-yl)- lH-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanamide I (GDC-0032)

2-(4-(2-(l-Isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2- d][l,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-lH-pyrazol-l-yl)-2-methylpropanoic acid II was treated with di(lH- imidazol-l-yl)methanone (carbonyldiimidazole, CDI) in tetrahydrofuran followed by methanolic ammonia to give crude I.

Solid II (1.44 kg, 3.12 mol, 1.00 equiv) was transferred into a 20 L bottle and then THF

(10 L, 7 vol) was charged. The slurry was transferred under reduced pressure into a second 50 L reactor and additional THF (5 L, 3 vol) was added for the rinse. The internal temperature of the slurry was set to 22 °C and Γ1 -carbonyldiimidazole, CDI (0.76 Kg, 5.12 mol, 1.50 equiv) was charged to the mixture and a clear solution was observed after 5 min. The reaction mixture was sampled every 30 min and analyzed by HPLC (IPC: XTerra MS Boronic method) which showed almost complete conversion to the acyl-imidazole intermediate and 1.2% remaining II after 30 min. An additional portion of CDI (0.07 kg, 0.15 mol, 0.14 equiv) was added, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h and then analyzed by HPLC (IPC: XTerra MS Boronic method) which showed 0.8% remaining II.

Into a second 50-L reactor, was added NH3/MeOH (1.5 L, 10.5 mol, 3.37 equiv) and THF

(5 L, 3 vol). The acyl-imidazole intermediate was transferred to a second reactor under reduced pressure (transfer time -10 min). The internal temperature was then set to 45 °C and the volume of solvent was distilled down from 35 L to 12 L. Water (6 L, 4 vol) was then added to the mixture that was further distilled from 18 L to 11 L. Finally, another portion of water (6 L, 4 vol) was added and the solvents were distilled one last time from 17 L to 14 L, until no more THF was coming out. The reaction was then cooled down to 10 °C (internal temperature). The white slurry was filtered and the filter cake was washed with water (2 x 6 L, 2 x 4 vol). The solids were then dried at 80 °C (jacket temp) in the Aurora filter for 24 h (KF = 1.5 % H20) under vacuum to give 1.25 kg crude I, GDC-0032 (84% corrected yield, 96% wt, 97.3 % pure by HPLC) as a white solid.

A slurry of crude I (1.15 kg, 2.50 moles) in MeOH (6 L, 5 vol) was prepared and then charged to a 50 L glass reactor. Additional MeOH (24 L, 21 vol) was added to the mixture, which was then heated to 65 °C. A homogenous mixture was obtained. Si-thiol (Silicycle, Inc., 0.23 kg, 20% wt) was added to the solution via the addition port and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours. It was then filtered warm via the Aurora filter (jacket temperature = 60 °C, polish filtered and transferred directly into a second 50 L reactor with reduced pressure. The solution was then heated back to 65 °C internal temperature (IT). The homogeneous solution was cooled down to 54 °C and I seeds (12 g, 1 % wt) in MeOH (50 mL) were added with reduced pressure applied to the reactor. The mixture was then cooled down to 20 °C over 16 hours. The solids were then filtered via the Aurora filter and dried at 80 °C for 72 hours to give 921 g, 80% yield of I as a methanoate solvate (form A by XRPD,) and transferred to a pre-weighed charge-point bag.

In an isolator, the solids were slurred in IP Ac (8 L, 7 vol) and transferred to a clean 10 L reactor. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at 60 °C (IT). The solids were then filtered via the Aurora system and dried at 80 °C (jacket) for 96 h. A sample of I was removed and analyzed by GC (IP Ac = 1 %). To attempt more efficient drying, the API was transferred to two glass trays in an isolator and sealed with a drying bag before being dried in a vacuum oven set at 100 °C for 16 h. GC (IPC: Q12690V2) showed 1 % solvent was still present. The process afforded 760 g (68% corrected yield, 68% wt, 99.9 % purity by LC) of a white solid (form B by XRPD).

Crude I (340.7 g) was charged to a 2-1 . 1 1 DPI · bottle and slurried with 0.81 ,

isoamylalcohol (I A A). The slurry was transferred to a 20 L reactor and diluted with 6.7 L round- bottom flask (22 vol total). The white slurry was heated until a solution was observed (internal temperature rose to 118 °C and then cooled to 109 °C). The solution was polish filtered (0.2 μ .Μ filter). A flask was equipped with overhead stirring and the filtrate was slurried in isoamyl alcohol (344 ml ., 21 vol). The mixture was warmed to 95 °C (internal) until the solids dissolved. A slurry of charcoal (10 wt%, 0.16g) and silicycle thiol (10 wt%, 0.16g) in isoamyl alcohol (1 vol, 1 6 ml . ) was charged and the mixture was stirred at 90-95 °C for 1 h and then filtered (over Celite® pad). The clear amber colored solution was cooled to 73 °C (seeding temp range = 70 ±5 °C) and a GDC-0032 I seed (10 wt%, 0.16g) was added. The temperature of the heating mantle was turned off and the mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature overnight with stirrin (200 rpni). After 17 hr, the white solids were filtered starting with slow gravity filtration and then vacuum was applied. The solids were suction dried for 20 min with mixing until a free flowing powder was obtained. ( rude weight prior to oven drying = 16 g. The solids were oven- dried at 100 °C for 24 h and then sampled for testing. Drying continued at 100 °C for another 24 hr. I l l NMR (DMSO d6) δ 8.38 (t), 8.01 (s), 7.87 (s), 7.44, 7.46 (d), 7.36 (s), 7.18 (br s), 6.81

(br s), 5.82 (m), 3.99 (s), 2.50 (s), 2.26 (s), 1.75 (s), 1.48, 1.46 (d).

Purified 2-(4-(2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepin-9-yl)- lH-pyrazol- 1 -yl)-2-methylpropanamide I (GDC-0032) was dry granulation formulated in tablet form by the roller compaction method (He et al (2007) Jour, of Pharm. Sci., 96(5):1342-1355) with excipients including lactose, microcrystalline cellulose (AVICEL® PH 01, FMC BioPolymer, 50 μΜ particle),

croscarmellose sodium (Ac-Di-Sol®, FMC BioPolymer), and magnesium stearate.

Example 19 4-bromo-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 24

To a solution of 4-Bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 (800 g, 4 mol, 1 eq), hydroxylamine hydrochloride (695 g, 10 mol, 2.5 eq) in MeOH (2 L, 2.5 vol) was added Et3N (485 g, 4.8 mol, 1.2 eq), then the mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 40 min and checked by HPLC (no nitrile remaining). Reaction was then quenched by H20 (30 L), and lots of off-white solid was separated out, and then filtered, the filter cake was washed with water (10 L x 2) and 1350 g wet 4-bromo-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 24 was obtained with 96% purity.

Example 20 ethyl 3-(4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 25

To a solution of 4-Bromo-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 24 (800 g, 3.43 mol, 1 eq) and Amberlyst® A21 (20 wt%, 160 g) in PhMe (12 L, 15 vol) was added ethyl propiolate (471 g, 4.8 mol, 1.4 eq) at 10 °C. The reaction was stirred at 50 °C overnight and checked by LC-MS (ca 14A% of starting material 24 was left). Reaction was then filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum, and 1015 g ethyl 3-(4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 25 was obtained as a yellow oil with 84.9% LC purity (yield: 89%).

Example 21 ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 26

A solution of ethyl 3-(4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 25 (300 g, 0.91 mol, 1 eq) in diphenyl oxide (900 mL, 3 vol) was stirred at 190 °C under N2 for 1 h and checked by LC-MS (no 25 remaining). Cooled the mixture to rt and TBME (600 mL, 2 vol of 25) was added, and then PE (1.8 L, 6 vol of 25) was dropwise added to separate out solids. The mixture was stirred at rt for 20 min, and filtered to give 160 g wet cake. The wet cake was washed with PE (1 L) and dried to afford 120 g ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 26 with 92% LC purity as brown solids. Example 22 ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)- 1 -(2-hydroxyethyl)- 1 H-imidazole-4- carboxylate 27

Ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 26 and l,3-dioxolan-2- one and N-methylimidazole were reacted to give 27.

Example 23 9-bromo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxylic acid 28

Ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-l -(2-hydroxyethyl)- lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 27, potassium hydroxide and methyl tributylammonium hydrochloride were reacted at 65 °C, cooled, and concentrated. The mixture was dissolved in ethanol and water to crystallize 28.

Example 24 9-bromo-N-(l-iminoethyl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2- d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepine-2-carboxamide 29

9-Bromo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxylic acid 28, triphenylphosphine, and acetamidine were reacted to give 29.

Example 25 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine III

9-Bromo-N-( 1 -iminoethyl)-5 ,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepine-2- carboxamide 29 was reacted with isopropylhydrazine hydrochloride 4 in acetic acid to give III.

Example 26 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 30

3-Chloro-2-oxopropanoic acid and 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidamide hydrochloride 12 are reacted with base to give 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 30.

Alternatively, to a solution of ethyl 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4- carboxylate 26 (1350 g, 4.3 mol) in THF (8.1 L, 6 vol) and H20 (4 L, 3 vol) was added NaOH (520 g, 13 mol, 3 eq), and the reaction was stirred at 65 °C for 48 h till it completed (checked by LC-MS). Adjust the mixture with 2 M HC1 to pH = 5, and product was separated out as a yellow solid, filtered to give 2.2 kg wet cake, the wet cake was washed with H20 (1.5 L), DCM (1.5 L x 3), PE (1 L), and dried to afford 970 g pure 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4- carboxylic acid 30 (Scheme 10). Example 27 5-(2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazol-4-yl)-l-isopropyl-3-methyl- lH-l,2,4-triazole V

Reaction of 30 with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 and coupling reagent HBTU in DMF gives intermediate, 2-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)-N-(l-(2-isopropylhydrazinyl)ethylidene)- lH-imidazole-4-carboxamide 31 which cyclizes upon heating to give V.

Example 28 tert-butyl 2-hydroxyethylcarbamate gives tert-butyl 2-(5-bromo-2- cyanophenoxy)ethylcarbamate 32

Alkylation of 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 with tert-butyl 2-hydroxyethylcarbamate gives 32.

Example 29 8-bromo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33

Cyclization of tert-butyl 2-hydroxyethylcarbamate gives tert-butyl 2-(5-bromo-2- cyanophenoxy)ethylcarbamate 32 under acidic conditions, such as hydrochloric acid in ethanol, gives 33.

Example 30 9-bromo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxylic acid 28

Reaction of 3-bromo-2-oxopropanoic acid and 8-bromo-3,4- dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33 gives 28 (CAS Reg. No. 1282516-74-8).

Example 31 9-bromo-2-(l-isopropyl-3-methyl-lH-l,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[ 1 ,2-d] [ 1 ,4]oxazepine III

Coupling of 28 with N’-isopropylacetohydrazonamide 6 and coupling reagent HBTU in

DMF gives intermediate, 9-bromo-N-(l-(2-isopropylhydrazinyl)ethylidene)-5,6- dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[l,2-d][l,4]oxazepine-2-carboxamide 34, which forms III upon heating.

Example 32 methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidate 35

Reaction of 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzonitrile 11 with sodium methoxide in methanol gives 35.

Example 33 8-bromo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33

Alkylation of methyl 4-bromo-2-fluorobenzimidate 35 with 2-aminoethanol gives 4- bromo-2-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)benzimidamide 36, followed by cyclization to 33 (Scheme 13). Alternatively, reaction of 11 with 2- aminoethanol and potassium tert-butoxide displaces fluorine to give 2-(2-aminoethoxy)-4-bromobenzonitrile hydrochloride 37. Ring closure of 37 with trimethylaluminum gave 33 (Scheme 14). A solution of 11 (10 g, 50 mmol) and 2- aminoethanol (3.1 mL, 50.8 mmol) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (80 mL) was cooled to 0 °C and a solution of 1M potassium tert-butoxide in tetrahydrofuran (55 mL, 55 mmol) was slowly added while maintaining the solution temperature below 5 °C. The reaction was stirred at 0 °C for 30 min until judged complete by HPLC at which point it was warmed to 25 °C. A solution of 0.5M HC1 in isopropanol (100 mL, 50 mmol) was added and the desired HC1 salt 3 crystallized directly from the solution. The solid was collected by filtration and dried under vacuum with a nitrogen bleed to give 2-(2-aminoethoxy)-4-bromobenzonitrile hydrochloride 37 as a white solid. (12.1 g, 87 % yield).

To a flask was charged 37 (9.00 g, 32.4 mmol) and toluene (90.0 ml). The suspension was cooled to 0 °C and was added trimethylaluminum (1.8 equiv., 58.4 mmol, 2M in toluene) drop-wise over 30 minutes. The suspension was then stirred at room temperature for 1 h and then warmed to 100 °C. After 5 h, the solution was cooled to 0 °C and quenched with aqueous NaOH (2N, 90.0 ml). The suspension was extracted with EtOAc (4 x 90 ml) and the combined extracts were dried over then filtered through Celite®. The solution was concentrated and the residue triturated with EtOAc to afford 8-bromo-3,4-dihydrobenzo[f][l,4]oxazepin-5(2H)-imine 33 (6.26 g, 26.0 mmol, 80% yield) as white crystalline solid.

Example 34 4-chloro-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 39

To a solution of 4-chloro-2-fluorobenzonitrile 38 (400 g, 2.58 mol, 1.0 eq),

hydroxylamine hydrochloride (448 g, 6.45 mol, 2.5 eq) in MeOH (1 L, 2.5 vol) was added Et3N (313 g, 3.1 mol, 1.2 eq), then the mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 40 min and checked by HPLC (no nitrile remaining). Reaction was then quenched by H20 (10 L), and lots of off-white solid was separated out, and then filtered, the filter cake was washed with water (10 L x 2) and 378 g 4-chloro-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 39 was obtained with 93% purity (Scheme 15).

Example 35 ethyl 3-(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 40

To a solution of 4-chloro-2-fluoro-N-hydroxybenzimidamide 39 (378 g, 2 mol, 1.0 eq) and Amberlyst® A21 (20 wt%, 75.6 g) in toluene PhMe (5.6 L, 15 vol) was added ethyl propiolate (275 g, 2.8 mol, 1.4 eq) at 30 °C. The reaction was stirred at 30 °C overnight and checked by LC-MS. Reaction was then filtered and the filtrate was concentrated under vacuum, and 550 g ethyl 3-(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 40 was obtained as a yellow oil with 83% LC purity (Scheme 15).

Example 36 ethyl 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 41

A solution of ethyl 3-(4-chloro-2-fluorobenzimidamidooxy)acrylate 40 (550 g, 1.9 mol, 1.0 eq, 83% LC purity) in diphenyl oxide (1.65 L, 3 vol) was stirred at 190 °C under N2 for 1 h and checked by LC-MS (no 40 remaining). Cooled the mixture to rt and PE (10 L) was added dropwise. The mixture was stirred at rt for 20 min, and filtered to give 400 g wet cake, after purified by chromatography on silica gel (PE / EA=1 / 5) to get 175 g pure ethyl 2-(4-chloro-2- fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 41 with 98% LC purity (Scheme 15).

Example 37 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 42

To a solution of ethyl 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylate 41 (175 g, 4.3 mol) in THF (1 L, 6 vol) and H20 (500 mL, 3 vol) was added NaOH (78 g, 1.95 mol, 3.0 eq), and the reaction was stirred at 65 °C for 48 h till it completed (checked by LC-MS). Adjust the mixture with 2 N HC1 to pH = 5, and product was separated out as a yellow solid, filtered to give 210 g wet cake, the wet cake was washed with H20 (300 mL), DCM (3 x 300 mL), PE (500 mL), and dried to afford 110 g pure 2-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-lH-imidazole-4-carboxylic acid 42 (CAS Reg. No. 1260649-87-3) (Scheme 15 ). I l l NMR (DMSO d6) δ: 12.8 (br s), 8.0, 7.9 (br s), 7.46, 7.4 (m).

PATENT

US 2014275523

SYNTHESIS

Taselisib_药物数据_原料药API_CCIS-CHEM化学平台科研物资一站式采购平台 …

化学试剂

参考文献:

Image result for taselisib

CLIP

http://www.ccis-chem.com/goods.php?id=194272

商品规格

Taselisib

Taselisib是罗氏集团及其下属公司Genentech和Chugai研发,目前治疗绝经后妇女雌激素受体阳性(ER +)乳腺癌和非小细胞肺癌(NSCLC)的三期临床研究均在进行中。

基本信息更新时间:2016-02-01

药品名称:
Taselisib
研发代码:
GDC-0032; RG-7604
商品名称:
作用机制:
PI3K inhibitor; Cytochrome P450 CYP3A4 Inhibitors
适应症:
乳腺癌,非小细胞肺癌
研发阶段:
临床三期 (进行中)
研发公司:
罗氏 (原研)

化学信息更新时间:2015-08-27

分子量 460.53
分子式 C24H28N8O2
CAS号 1282512-48-4 (Taselisib);
化学名称 1H-Pyrazole-1-acetamide, 4-[5,6-dihydro-2-[3-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]benzoxazepin-9-yl]-a,a-dimethyl-
Fudosteine药品(游离态)参数:
MW HD HA FRB* PSA* cLogP*
460.53 2 10 5 119 2.548±1.034

化学合成路线及相关杂质更新时间:2015-12-15

参考文献:J. Med. Chem. 2013, 56, 4597−4610

参考文献:WO2014140073A1

PAPER

J Med Chem 2013, 56(11): 4597

Discovery of 2-{3-[2-(1-Isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2–4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-2-methylpropanamide (GDC-0032): A β-Sparing Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Inhibitor with High Unbound Exposure and Robust in Vivo Antitumor Activity

Departments of Discovery Chemistry, Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics, §Translational Oncology, and Biochemical Pharmacology, Genentech, Inc., 1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, United States
 Argenta Discovery, 8-9 Spire Green Centre, Flex Meadow, Harlow, Essex, CM19 5TR, United Kingdom
J. Med. Chem.201356 (11), pp 4597–4610
DOI: 10.1021/jm4003632
*Phone: 650-225-2923 (C.O.N.); +1-(650)-467-3214 (T.P.H.). E-mail: chudin@gene.com (C.O.N.); theffron@gene.com (T.P.H.).
Abstract Image

Dysfunctional signaling through the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT/mTOR pathway leads to uncontrolled tumor proliferation. In the course of the discovery of novel benzoxepin PI3K inhibitors, we observed a strong dependency of in vivo antitumor activity on the free-drug exposure. By lowering the intrinsic clearance, we derived a set of imidazobenzoxazepin compounds that showed improved unbound drug exposure and effectively suppressed growth of tumors in a mouse xenograft model at low drug dose levels. One of these compounds, GDC-0032 (11l), was progressed to clinical trials and is currently under phase I evaluation as a potential treatment for human malignancies.

2-{3-[2-(1-Isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2–4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-2-methylpropanamide (11l)

1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO) δ 8.42 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.89 (s, 1H), 7.46 (dd, J = 8.3, 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 1.8 Hz, 1H), 7.22 (s, 1H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 5.90–5.73 (m, 1H), 4.62–4.42 (m, 4H), 2.50 (dt, J = 3.6, 1.7 Hz, 5H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 1.74 (s, 6H), 1.47 (d, J = 6.5 Hz, 6H). 13C NMR (126 MHz, DMSO) δ 173.78, 158.24, 155.88, 147.31, 143.94, 136.64, 134.60, 130.26, 129.88, 126.42, 123.62, 120.32, 119.31, 116.17, 115.26, 68.31, 64.48, 49.89, 49.70, 40.06, 39.97, 39.89, 39.80, 39.72, 39.63, 39.56, 39.47, 39.30, 39.13, 38.96, 25.47, 22.34, 13.82. HRMS (ESI+): m/z (M + H+) calcd: 461.2413, found: 461.2427. Melting point: 259 °C.
POLYMORPHS almost A to Z
GDC-0032, also known as taselisib, RG7604, or the IUPAC name: 2-(4-(2-(1-isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, has potent PI3K activity (Ndubaku et al (2013) J. Med. Chem. 56(11):4597-4610; WO 2013/182668; WO 2011/036280; U.S. Pat. No. 8,242,104; U.S. Pat. No. 8,343,955) and is being studied in patients with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors (Juric et al “GDC-0032, a beta isoform-sparing PI3K inhibitor: Results of a first-in-human phase Ia dose escalation study”, 2013 (Apr. 7) Abs LB-64 American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting).

the invention relates to polymorph forms of the PI3K inhibitor I (taselisib, GDC-0032, RG7604, CAS Reg. No. 1282512-48-4, Genentech, Inc.), named as 2-(4-(2-(1-isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, having the structure:

Figure US09266903-20160223-C00001

and stereoisomers, geometric isomers, tautomers, and pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof.

Publication numberPriority datePublication dateAssigneeTitle
WO2011036280A12009-09-282011-03-31F. Hoffmann-La Roche AgBenzoxazepin pi3k inhibitor compounds and methods of use
WO2014140073A12013-03-132014-09-18F. Hoffmann-La Roche AgProcess for making benzoxazepin compounds

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US2016375033 METHODS OF TREATMENT WITH TASELISIB
2016-06-28
US2016045515 MUTANT SELECTIVITY AND COMBINATIONS OF A PHOSPHOINOSITIDE 3-KINASE INHIBITOR COMPOUND AND CHEMOTHERAPEUTIC AGENTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF CANCER
2015-07-06
2016-02-18
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2016-08-19
US9481690 Polymorphs of 2-(4-(2-(1-(isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1, 2, 4, triazol-5-yl)-5, 6-dihydrobenzo[f] imidazo[1, 2-d][1, 4]oxazepin-9-yl)-1H-pyrazol-1-yl)-2-methylpropanamide, methods of production, and pharmaceutical uses thereof
2016-01-08
2016-11-01
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US2016220537 COMPOSITIONS TO IMPROVE THE THERAPEUTIC BENEFIT OF BISANTRENE AND ANALOGS AND DERIVATIVES THEREOF
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Taselisib
Taselisib skeletal.svg
Clinical data
ATC code
  • None
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEMBL
Chemical and physical data
Formula C24H28N8O2
Molar mass 460.54 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Taselisib

(GDC-0032, RG7604)

BREAST
  • PHASE II,
  • III

This compound and its uses are investigational and have not been approved by the US Food and Drug Administration. Efficacy and safety have not been established. The information presented should not be construed as a recommendation for use. The relevance of findings in preclinical studies to humans is currently being evaluated.

Taselisib, a PI3K inhibitor

Taselisib, an investigational PI3K inhibitor, is currently in clinical development based on its potential selectivity for the PI3Kα isoform.1,2 Preclinical data have shown that taselisib induced growth inhibition in PI3Kα-mutant cell lines.Taselisib continues to be investigated in ongoing clinical studies.

1Taselisib is an investigational PI3K inhibitor currently being studied for its potential to selectively inhibit the PI3Kα isoform.1,2

2Taselisib is designed to bind to the ATP-binding pocket of PI3Kα to potentially prevent subsequent downstream signaling.1

3In preclinical studies, taselisib induced growth inhibition in PI3Kα-mutant xenograft mouse models.1 Taselisib continues to be investigated in ongoing clinical studies.

References

  1. Lopez S, Schwab CL, Cocco E, et al. Taselisib, a selective inhibitor of PIK3CA, is highly effective on PIK3CA-mutated and HER2/neu amplified uterine serous carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Gynecol Oncol.2014;135:312-317. PMID: 25172762
  2. Ndubaku CO, Heffron TP, Staben ST, et al. Discovery of 2-{3-[2-(1-isopropyl-3-methyl-1H-1,2-4-triazol-5-yl)-5,6-dihydrobenzo[f]imidazo[1,2-d][1,4]oxazepin-9-yl]-1H-pyrazol-1-yl}-2-methylpropanamide (GDC-0032): a β-sparing phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitor with high unbound exposure and robust in vivo antitumor activity. J Med Chem. 2013;56:4597-4610. PMID: 23662903

//////////////////RG7604, Taselisib, PHASE 3,  metastatic breast cancer,  non-small cell lung cancer, RO5537381, Roche

CC1=NN(C(=N1)C2=CN3CCOC4=C(C3=N2)C=CC(=C4)C5=CN(N=C5)C(C)(C)C(=O)N)C(C)C

 

CLIP

Manufacture of the PI3K β-Sparing Inhibitor Taselisib. Part 2: Development of a Highly Efficient and Regioselective Late-Stage Process

 Department of Small Molecule Process ChemistryGenentech Inc.1 DNA Way, South San Francisco, California 94080, United States
 Small Molecules Technical Development PTDC-CF. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd.Grenzacherstrasse 124, 4070 Basel, Switzerland
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.9b00050
*E-mail: stjean.frederic@gene.com. (F.St.-J.), *E-mail: angelaud.remy@gene.com. (R.A.)
Abstract Image

A highly efficient and regioselective manufacturing route for the phosphoinositide 3-kinase β-sparing inhibitor taselisib was developed. Highlights of the synthesis include: (1) magnesium-mediated formation of a challenging cyclic amidine; (2) regioselective imidazole construction via alkylation/condensation with bromopyruvic acid; and (3) triazole formation with 2-isopropyl acetamidrazone to generate the key bromobenzoxazepine core intermediate. Subsequent highly efficient one-pot palladium-catalyzed Miyaura borylation/Suzuki cross-coupling/saponification, followed by a 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole-mediated coupling with ammonia, led to the pentacyclic taselisib. This new synthetic approach provides a more efficient route to taselisib with a significant decrease in process mass intensity compared to the previous early development routes to the bromobenzoxazepine core. Finally, implementation of a controlled crystallization provided the active pharmaceutical ingredient with the desired polymorphic form.

Taselisib was obtained in 90% yield (16.2 kg) as a white to off-white solid (>99.9 wt %; >99.9 A%) as Form B crystal.

mp (DSC): 257–258 °C.

HRMS (ESI-CID) m/z Calcd for [M + H]+ C24H29N8O2: 461.2408; found: 461.2409.

 1H NMR (600 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.41 (s, 1H), 8.37 (d, J = 8.4, 1H), 8.02 (s, 1H), 7.88 (m, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J = 8.4, 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.36 (d, J = 1.7 Hz, 1H), 7.20 (br s, 1H), 6.84 (br s, 1 H), 5.83 (sept, J = 6.6 Hz, 1H), 4.53–4.51 (m, 2H), 4.52 (m, 2H), 2.26 (s, 3H), 1.75 (s, 6H), 1.47 (d, J = 6.7 Hz, 6H).

 13C NMR (DMSO-d6, 151 MHz) δ = 173.8, 158.3, 155.9, 147.3, 144.0, 136.6, 134.6, 130.3, 129.9, 126.4, 123.6, 120.4, 119.3, 116.2, 115.3, 68.3, 64.5, 49.9, 49.7, 25.5, 25.5, 22.3, 22.3, 13.8.

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.oprd.9b00050

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.oprd.9b00050/suppl_file/op9b00050_si_001.pdf

Ultraviolet/Visible Spectroscopy

Apparatus: Perkin Elmer, UV-6190, Lambda 25

Solvent: Acetonitrile/Water 1:1 (v/v)

str1 str2 str3

////////////////

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Baloxavir marboxil, バロキサビルマルボキシル , балоксавир марбоксил , بالوكسافير ماربوكسيل , 玛巴洛沙韦 ,


Image result for japan animated flag

str1

1985606-14-1.pngBaloxavir marboxil.png

Image result for XofluzaChemSpider 2D Image | baloxavir marboxil | C27H23F2N3O7S

Baloxavir marboxil

バロキサビルマルボキシル

балоксавир марбоксил [Russian] [INN]

بالوكسافير ماربوكسيل [Arabic] [INN]
玛巴洛沙韦 [Chinese] [INN]

Carbonic acid, [[(12aR)-12-[(11S)-7,8-difluoro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin-11-yl]-3,4,6,8,12,12a-hexahydro-6,8-dioxo-1H-[1,4]oxazino[3,4-c]pyrido[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-7-yl]oxy]methyl methyl ester

({(12aR)-12-[(11S)-7,8-Difluoro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,e]thiepin-11-yl]-6,8-dioxo-3,4,6,8,12,12a-hexahydro-1H-[1,4]oxazino[3,4-c]pyrido[2,1-f][1,2,4]triazin-7-yl}oxy)methyl methyl carbonate

  1. (((12aR)-12-((11S)-7,8-Difluoro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo(b,E)thiepin-11-yl)-6,8-dioxo-3,4,6,8,12,12ahexahydro-1H-(1,4)oxazino(3,4-C)pyrido(2,1-F)(1,2,4)triazin-7-yl)oxy)methyl methyl carbonate
  2. Carbonic acid, (((12aR)-12-((11S)-7,8-difluoro-6,11-dihydrodibenzo(b,E)thiepin-11-yl)-3,4,6,8,12,12a-hexahydro-6,8-dioxo-1H-(1,4)oxazino(3,4-C)pyrido(2,1-F)(1,2,4)triazin-7-yl)oxy)methyl methyl ester

Antiviral

In Japan the product is indicated for treatment influenza types A and B in adults and children

RG-6152

UNII-505CXM6OHG

  • Originator Shionogi
  • Developer Roche; Shionogi
  • Class Antivirals; Dibenzothiepins; Esters; Pyridines; Small molecules; Triazines
  • Mechanism of Action Endonuclease inhibitors

Highest Development Phases

  • Marketed Influenza A virus infections; Influenza B virus infections
  • Phase III Influenza virus infections
  • Preclinical Influenza A virus H5N1 subtype
Xofluza (TN)
Antiviral
Formula
C27H23F2N3O7S
Cas
1985606-14-1
Mol weight
571.5492
2018/2/23 PMDA JAPAN APPROVED Baloxavir marboxil Xofluza Shionogi

Image result for japan animated flag

バロキサビル マルボキシル
Baloxavir Marboxil

C27H23F2N3O7S : 571.55
[1985606-14-1]

Image result for ShionogiImage result for Xofluza

2D chemical structure of 1985606-14-1

https://chem.nlm.nih.gov/chemidplus/sid/1985606141

Baloxavir marboxil (trade name Xofluza, compound code S-033188/S-033447) is a medication being developed by Shionogi Co., a Japanese pharmaceutical company, for treatment of influenza A and influenza B. The drug was in late-stage trials in Japan and the United States as of early 2018, with collaboration from Roche AG.[1].

It was approved for sale in Japan on February 23, 2018.[2]

Baloxavir marboxil is a medication developed by Shionogi Co., a Japanese pharmaceutical company, for treatment of influenza A and influenza B. The drug was approved for use in Japan in February 2018 and is in late phase trials in the United States as of early 2018. Roche, which makes Tamiflu, has acquired the license to sell Xofluza internationally, but it may not be until 2019 that it could be available in the United States [7]. Interestingly, a study has determined that administering Baloxavir marboxil with neuraminidase inhibitors leads to a synergistic effect in influenza treatment

Image result for Xofluza

It is an influenza therapeutic agent (cap-dependent endonuclease inhibitor), characterized by only taking one dose. Unlike neuraminidase inhibitors such as oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza) that inhibit the action of neuraminidase, which liberates viruses from the infected cells surface, baloxavir marboxil may prevent replication by inhibiting the cap-dependent endonuclease activity of the viral polymerase.[3]

In October 2015, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare granted Sakigake status to Shionogi’s baloxavir marboxil for A type or B -type influenza virus infection . In October 2015, the drug was designated for Priority Review by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare, presumably for the treatment of A type or B -type influenza virus infection .

This drug is a CAP endonuclease inhibitor [1]. The influenza endonuclease is an essential subdomain of the viral RNA polymerase enzyme. CAP endonuclease processes host pre-mRNAs to serve as primers for viral mRNA and therefore has been a common target for studies of anti-influenza drugs.

Viral gene transcription is primed by short-capped oligonucleotides that are cleaved from host cell pre mRNA by endonuclease activity. Translation of viral mRNAs by the host ribosome requires that they are capped at the 5′ end, and this is achieved in cells infected with influenza virus by a “cap-snatching” mechanism, whereby the endonuclease cleaves 5′ caps from host mRNA which then act as primers for transcription.The N-terminal domain of PA subunit (PAN) has been confirmed to accommodate the endonuclease activity residues, which is highly preserved among subtypes of influenza A virus and is able to fold functionally [4]. Translation of viral mRNAs by the host ribosome requires that they are capped at the 5′ end, and this is achieved in cells infected with influenza virus by a “cap-snatching” mechanism, whereby the endonuclease cleaves 5′ caps from host mRNA which then act as primers for transcription. The endonuclease domain binds the N-terminal half of PA (PAN) and contains a two-metal (Mn2+) active site that selectively cleaves the pre-mRNA substrate at the 3′ end of a guanine [3].

The administration of a CAP endonuclease inhibitor, such as Baloxavir marboxil, prevents the above process from occurring, exhibiting its action at the beginning of the pathway before CAP endonuclease may exert its action

Image result for Xofluza

It achieves this by inhibiting the process known as cap snatching[4], which is a mechanism exploited by viruses to hijack the host mRNA transcription system to allow synthesis of viral RNAs.

Image result for Xofluza

Shionogi, in collaboration with licensee Roche (worldwide except Japan and Taiwan), have developed and launched baloxavir marboxil

In March 2018, Shionogi launched baloxavir marboxil for the treatment of influenza types A and B in Japan . In September 2017, Shionogi was planning to file an NDA in the US; in February 2018, the submission remained in preparation

By September 2016, baloxavir marboxil had been awarded Qualified Infectious Disease Product (QIDP) designation in the US

In March 2017, a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group, phase III study (NCT02954354; 1601T0831; CAPSTONE-1) was initiated in the US, Canada and Japan to compare a single dose of baloxavir marboxil versus placebo or oseltamivir bid for 5 days in influenza patients aged from 12 to 64 years of age (n = 1494). The primary endpoint was the time to alleviation of symptoms (TTAS).

PATENTS

JP 5971830

Kawai, Makoto; Tomita, Kenji; Akiyama, Toshiyuki; Okano, Azusa; Miyagawa, Masayoshi

PATENTS

WO 2017104691

Shishido, Takao; Noshi, Takeshi; Yamamoto, Atsuko; Kitano, Mitsutaka

In Japanese Patent Application No. 2015-090909 (Patent No. 5971830, issued on Aug. 17, 2016, Registered Publication), a compound having a CEN inhibitory action and represented by the formula:
[Chemical Formula 2]

is described. Anti-influenza agents of six mechanisms are enumerated as drugs that can be used together with the above compounds. However, no specific combinations are described, nor is it disclosed nor suggested about the combined effect.

Synthesis Example 2
[formula 39]

Compound III-1 (1.00g, 2.07mmol) to a suspension of DMA (5 ml) of chloromethyl methyl carbonate (0.483 g, 3.10 mmol) and potassium carbonate (0 .572 g, 4.14 mmol) and potassium iodide (0.343 g, 2.07 mmol) were added, the temperature was raised to 50 ° C. and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours. Further, DMA (1 ml) was added to the reaction solution, and the mixture was stirred for 6 hours. The reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, DMA (6 ml) was added, and the mixture was stirred at 50 ° C. for 5 minutes and then filtered. 1 mol / L hydrochloric acid water (10 ml) and water (4 ml) were added dropwise to the obtained filtrate under ice cooling, and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. The precipitated solid was collected by filtration and dried under reduced pressure at 60 ° C. for 3 hours to obtain compound II-4 (1.10 g, 1.93 mmol, yield 93%).
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 2.91-2.98 (1 H, m), 3.24-3.31 (1 H, m), 3.44 (1 H, t, J = 10.4 Hz) J = 10.8, 2.9 Hz), 4.06 (1 H, d, J = 14.3 Hz), 4.40 (1 H, dd, J = 11.5, 2.8 Hz), 3.73 (3 H, s), 4.00 , 5.67 (1 H, d, J = 6.5 Hz), 5.72 (1 H, d, J = 11.8 Hz), 4.45 (1H, dd, J = 9.9, 2.9 Hz), 5.42 J = 8.0, 1.1 Hz), 7.14 – 7.18 (1 H, m ), 7.23 (1 H, d, J = 7.8 Hz), 7.37 – 7.44 (2 H, m)

PATENTS

JP 6212678

PATENTS

JP 6249434

JP 5971830

SYNTHESIS OF KEY INTERMEDIATE

SYNTHESIS OF KEY INTERMEDIATE

SYNTHESIS OF FINAL PRODUCT

Japan’s New Drug: One Pill May Stop The Flu in Just One Day

 Opinions expressed by Forbes Contributors are their own.

Isao Teshirogi, president and chief executive officer of Shionogi & Co., speaks during an interview in Tokyo, Japan. Photographer: Kiyoshi Ota/Bloomberg

One day, you may be able to stop flu viruses in your body in just one day with just one pill. Based on an announcement yesterday, that day may be someday very soon in May in Japan.

On Friday, Japanese pharmaceutical company Shionogi announced that the flu medication that they have developed, Xofluza, otherwise known as baloxavir marboxil (which sounds a bit like a Klingon General), has been approved to be manufactured and sold in Japan. Beginning in October 2015, the medication underwent priority review by Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labor, and Welfare. Shionogi filed for approval in the autumn of 2017. Compared to Tamiflu, which requires two doses each day for five days, apparently only a single dose of Xofluza will be needed to treat the flu. Even though Xofluza has received approval, people will have to wait until the Japanese national insurance sets a price for the medication, which according to Preetika Rana writing for the Wall Street Journal, may not occur until May.

Xofluza works via a different mechanism from neuroaminidase inhibitors like Tamiflu (oseltamivir) and Relenza (zanamivir). Flu viruses are like squatters in your home that then use the furniture and equipment in your home to reproduce. Yes, I know, that makes for a lovely picture. A flu infection begins when flu viruses reach your lungs. Each flu virus will enter a cell in your lungs and then use your cell’s genetic material and protein production machinery to make many, many copies of itself. In order to do this, the flu virus uses “cap-snatching”, which has nothing to do with bottle caps or Snapchat. The virus employs an endonuclease enzyme to clip off and steal the caps or ends of your messenger RNA and then re-purposes these caps to reproduce its own genetic material. After the virus has made multiple copies of itself, the resulting viruses implement another enzyme called a neuroaminidase to separate themselves from parts of the host cell and subsequently spread throughout the rest of your body to cause havoc. While Tamiflu, Relenza, and other neuroaminidase inhibitors try to prevent the neuroaminidase enzyme from working, Xofluza acts at an earlier step, stopping the “cap-snatching” by blocking the endonuclease enzyme.

In a clinical trial, Xofluza stopped an infected person from shedding flu virus sooner than Tamiflu. (Photo Illustration by Ute Grabowsky/Photothek via Getty Images)

By acting at an earlier step before the virus has managed to replicate, Xofluza could stop a flu virus infection sooner than neuroaminidase inhibitors. The results from Shionogi’s Phase III CAPSTONE-1 clinical trial compared Xofluza (then called Cap-dependent Endonuclease Inhibitor S-033188, which doesn’t quite roll off the tongue) with oseltamivir and placebo, with results being published in Open Forum Infectious Diseases. The study found that baloxavir marboxil (or Xofluza) stopped an infected person from shedding flu virus earlier (median 24 hours) than oseltamivir (median 72 hours). Those taking baloxavir marboxil also had lower measured amounts of viruses than those taking oseltamivir throughout the first 3 days of the infection. Baloxavir marboxil also seemed to shorten the duration of flu symptoms (median 53.7 hours compared to a median of 80.2 hours for those taking placebo). Since symptoms are largely your body’s reaction to the flu virus, you can begin shedding virus before you develop symptoms, and symptoms can persist even when you are no longer shedding the virus.

The key with any of these flu medications is early treatment, especially within the first 24 to 48 hours of infection, which may be before you notice any symptoms. Once the virus has replicated and is all over your body, your options are limited. The vaccine still remains the best way to prevent an infection.

In the words of Alphaville, this new drug could be big in Japan. While Xofluza won’t be available in time to help with the current flu season, this year’s particularly harsh flu season has highlighted the need for better ways to treat the flu. But will the United States see Xofluza anytime soon? Similar to Pokemon, Xofluza may need a year or two to reach the U.S. market. But one day, one pill and one day may be a reality in the U.S.

http://www.shionogi.co.jp/en/company/news/2018/pmrltj0000003nx1-att/e180223.pdf

XOFLUZA TM (Baloxavir Marboxil) Tablets 10mg/20mg Approved for the Treatment of Influenza Types A and B in Japan Osaka, Japan, February 23, 2018 – Shionogi & Co., Ltd. (Head Office: Osaka; President & CEO: Isao Teshirogi, Ph.D.; hereafter “Shionogi”) announced that XOFLUZATM (generic name: baloxavir marboxil) tablets 10mg/20mg was approved today by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare for the treatment of Influenza Types A and B. As the cap-dependent endonuclease inhibitor XOFLUZATM suppresses the replication of influenza viruses by a mechanism different from existing anti-flu drugs, XOFLUZATM was designated for Sakigake procedure with priority review by the Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare of Japan in October 2015. Shionogi filed for approval to manufacture and sell XOFLUZATM in October 25, 2017. As the treatment with XOFLUZATM requires only a single oral dose regardless of age, it is very convenient, and is expected to improve adherence. XOFLUZATM is expected to be a new treatment option that can improve the quality of life in influenza patients. Shionogi will launch the product immediately after the National Health Insurance (NHI) price listing. Shionogi’s research and development targets infectious disease as one of its priority areas, and Shionogi have positioned “protecting people from the threat of infectious diseases” as one of its social mission targets. Shionogi strives constantly to bring forth innovative drugs for the treatment of infectious diseases, to protect the health of patients we serve.

References

  1. Jump up^ Rana, Preetika (10 February 2018). “Experimental Drug Promises to Kill the Flu Virus in a Day”. Wall Street Journal.
  2. Jump up^ “XOFLUZA (Baloxavir Marboxil) Tablets 10mg/20mg Approved For The Treatment Of Influenza Types A And B In Japan”. 23 February 2018 – via http://www.publicnow.com.
  3. Jump up^ Dias, Alexandre; Bouvier, Denis; Crépin, Thibaut; McCarthy, Andrew A.; Hart, Darren J.; Baudin, Florence; Cusack, Stephen; Ruigrok, Rob W. H. (2009). “The cap-snatching endonuclease of influenza virus polymerase resides in the PA subunit”. Nature458(7240): 914–918. doi:10.1038/nature07745ISSN 0028-0836.
  4. Jump up^ “Cap snatching”.
Baloxavir marboxil
Baloxavir marboxil.svg
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
UNII
KEGG
Chemical and physical data
Formula C27H23F2N3O7S
Molar mass 571.55 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Shionogi & Company, Limited(塩野義製薬株式会社 Shionogi Seiyaku Kabushiki Kaisha) is a Japanesepharmaceutical company best known for developing Crestor. Medical supply and brand name also uses Shionogi (“シオノギ”).

Shionogi has business roots that date back to 1878, and was incorporated in 1919. Among the medicines produced are for hyperlipidaemiaantibiotics, and cancer medicines.

In Japan it is particularly known as a producer of antimicrobial and antibiotics. Because of antibiotic resistance and slow growth of the antibiotic market, it has teamed up with US based Schering-Plough to become a sole marketing agent for its products in Japan.

Shionogi had supported the initial formation of Ranbaxy Pharmaceuticals, a generic manufacturer based in India. In 2012 the company became a partial owner of ViiV Healthcare, a pharmaceutical company specialising in the development of therapies for HIV.[3]

The company is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and Osaka Securities Exchange and is constituent of the Nikkei 225 stock index.[4]

Medicines
Media
  • Shionogi has a close relationship with Fuji Television Network, Inc., because Shionogi is the sponsor of “Music Fair” (as of 2018, aired on 17 TV stations including TV Oita System Co.) started in 1964.
  • Shionogi was a main sponsor of Team Lotus during the age 1991/1994.[5]
References
  1. “Shionogi Company Profile”. Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  2. “Shionogi Annual Report 2013” (PDF). Retrieved March 18, 2014.
  3. “Shionogi and ViiV Healthcare announce new agreement to commercialise and develop integrase inhibitor portfolio”. viivhealthcare.com. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  4. “Components:Nikkei Stock Average”Nikkei Inc. Retrieved March 11,2014.
  5. Perry, Alan. “Sponsor Company Profiles”. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
External links

/////////Baloxavir marboxil, バロキサビルマルボキシル, JAPAN 2018,  Xofluza,  S-033188, S-033447, RG-6152, Qualified Infectious Disease Product, Priority Review, SAKIGAKE, балоксавир марбоксил بالوكسافير ماربوكسيل 玛巴洛沙韦 Shionogi, roche

COC(=O)OCOC1=C2C(=O)N3CCOCC3N(N2C=CC1=O)C4C5=C(CSC6=CC=CC=C46)C(=C(C=C5)F)F

Nacubactam, A diazabicyclooctane beta-lactamase inhibitor, for treating bacterial infection


 

Nacubactam

RG-6080,  FPI-1459,  OP-0595, WK ?, WK-?, WK?

 CAS 1452458-86-4,  MF C9 H16 N4 O7 S, MW 324.31
Sulfuric acid, mono[(1R,2S,5R)-2-[[(2-aminoethoxy)amino]carbonyl]-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-yl] ester,

(2S,5R)-N-(2-amino ethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide

Beta lactamase inhibitor

Roche, under license from Meiji Seika Pharma and Fedora Pharmaceuticals is developing nacubactam hydrate

Meiji Seika Pharma Co., Ltd., Meiji Seikaファルマ株式会社

A diazabicyclooctane beta-lactamase inhibitor, for treating bacterial infection. In July 2016, nacubactam was reported to be in phase 1 clinical development

PATENTS , IN2015MU287, WO2016116878WO 2016120752, INDICATE INTEREST FROM WOCKHARDT

 

Sulfuric acid, mono[(1R,2S,5R)-2-[[(2-aminoethoxy)amino]carbonyl]-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-yl] ester

A β-lactamase inhibitor potentially for the treatment of bacterial infections.

RG-6080; FPI-1459; OP-0595

CAS No. 1452458-86-4

Molecular Formula C9 H16 N4 O7 S
Formula Weight 324.31
  • Originator Fedora Pharmaceuticals
  • Developer Meiji Seika Pharma
  • Class Antibacterials; Azabicyclo compounds
  • Mechanism of Action Beta lactamase inhibitors
  • Phase I Bacterial infections

Most Recent Events

  • 13 Jan 2015  OP 0595 licensed to Roche worldwide, except Japan ,
  • 30 Nov 2014 Meiji Seika Pharma completes a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in Australia (NCT02134834)
  • 01 May 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Bacterial infections (in volunteers) in Australia (IV)

In September 2014, preclinical data were presented at the 54th ICAAC Meeting in Washington, DC. Nacubactam hydratedemonstrated Ki values of 0.24, 3 and 0.79 microM against AmpC P99 derived from Enterobacter cloacae, KPC-3, and CTX-M-15 enzymes, respectively; the Ki values were lower than that of cefepime

Bacterial infections continue to remain one of the major causes contributing towards human diseases. One of the key challenges in treatment of bacterial infections is the ability of bacteria to develop resistance to one or more antibacterial agents over time. Examples of such bacteria that have developed resistance to typical antibacterial agents include: Penicillin-resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci, and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. The problem of emerging drug-resistance in bacteria is often tackled by switching to newer antibacterial agents, which can be more expensive and sometimes more toxic. Additionally, this may not be a permanent solution as the bacteria often develop resistance to the newer antibacterial agents as well in due course. In general, bacteria are particularly efficient in developing resistance, because of their ability to multiply very rapidly and pass on the resistance genes as they replicate.

The persistent exposure of bacterial strains to a multitude of beta- lactam antibacterial agents has led to overproduction and mutation of beta-lactamases. These new extended spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) are capable of hydrolyzing penicillins, cephalosporins, monobactams and even carbapenems. Such a wide spread resistance to many of the existing beta-lactam antibacterial agents, either used alone or in combination with other agents, is posing challenges in treating serious bacterial infections.

Due to various reasons, the oral therapeutic options for treating bacterial infections (including those caused by ESBL strains) are limited. For example, a combination of amoxicillin and clavulanic acid is effective against Class A ESBLs producing bacteria. However, the usefulness of this combination is compromised against bacteria producing multiple or mixed beta-lactamase enzymes (such as, for example, bacteria producing Class A and Class C ESBLs concurrently), and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases (KPCs). Therefore, oral antibacterial agents or combinations with activity against a range of bacterial strains (including those producing multiple ESBLs and KPCs) are urgently desired.

Cephalosporin antibacterial agents are known for treatment for various bacterial infections. Surprisingly, it has been found that pharmaceutical compositions comprising a cephalosporin antibacterial agent and certain nitrogen containing bicyclic compound (disclosed in PCT/IB2013/053092, PCT/JP2013/064971 and PCT/IB 2012/002675) exhibit unexpectedly synergistic antibacterial activity, even against highly resistant bacterial strains.

SYNTHESIS

WO 2015046207,

STR1

CONTD…………………..

STR1

CONTD………………………………..

STR1

Patent

The novel heterocyclic compound in Japanese Patent 4515704 (Patent Document 1), preparation and shown for their pharmaceutical use, sodium trans-7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) as a representative compound 1,6-diazabicyclo [3 .2.1] discloses an octane-2-carboxamide (NXL104). Preparation in regard to certain piperidine derivatives which are intermediates Patent 2010-138206 (Patent Document 2) and JP-T 2010-539147 (Patent Document 3) are shown at further WO2011 / 042560 (Patent Document 4) NXL104 to disclose a method for producing the crystals.

 In Patent 5038509 (Patent Document 5) (2S, 5R) -7- oxo -N- (piperidin-4-yl) -6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane – 2- carboxamide (MK7655) is shown, discloses the preparation of certain piperidine derivatives with MK7655 at Patent 2011-207900 (Patent Document 6) and WO2010 / 126820 (Patent Document 7).

 The present inventors also disclose the novel diazabicyclooctane derivative represented by the following formula (VII) in Japanese Patent Application 2012-122603 (Patent Document 8).

Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent No. 4515704 Pat

Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Publication 2010-138206 Pat

Patent Document 3: Japanese patent publication 2010-539147 Pat

Patent Document 4: International Publication No. WO2011 / 042560 Patent

Patent Document 5: Japanese Patent No. 5038509 Pat

Patent Document 6: Japanese Patent Publication 2011-207900 Pat

Patent Document 7: International Publication No. WO2010 / 126820 Patent

Patent Document 8: Japanese Patent application 2012-122603 Pat.

[Chemical formula 1] (In the formula, R 3 are the same as those described below)

Reference Example

5 of 5 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VII-1)

Formula 43]

step 1 tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl } amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate  (IV-1)(2S, 5R)-6-(benzyloxy) -7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxylic acid (4 .30g, dehydrated ethyl acetate (47mL) solution of 15.56mmol) was cooled to -30 ℃, isobutyl chloroformate (2.17g, washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1mL), triethylamine (1.61g, washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1 mL), successively added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred 1 hour at -30 ° C.. To the reaction solution tert- butyl 2-dehydration of ethyl acetate (amino-oxy) ethyl carbamate (3.21g) (4mL) was added (washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1mL), raising the temperature over a period of 1.5 hours to 0 ℃, It was further stirred overnight. The mixture of 8% aqueous citric acid (56 mL), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (40 mL), sequentially washed with saturated brine (40 mL), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, concentrated to 5 mL, up to 6mL further with ethanol (10 mL) It was replaced concentrated. Ethanol to the resulting solution (3mL), hexane the (8mL) in addition to ice-cooling, and the mixture was stirred inoculated for 15 minutes. The mixture was stirred overnight dropwise over 2 hours hexane (75 mL) to. Collected by filtration the precipitated crystals, washing with hexane to give the title compound 5.49g and dried in vacuo (net 4.98 g, 74% yield). HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6 × 150 mm, 33.3 mM phosphate buffer / MeCN = 50/50, 1.0 mL / min, UV 210 nm, Retweeted 4.4 min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.56-1.70 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.38 (m, 1H), 2.76 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (br.d., J = 11.6 Hz , 1H), 3.24-3.47 (m, 3H), 3.84-4.01 (m, 3H), 4.90 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.05 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.44 (br. . s, 1H), 7.34-7.48 (yd, 5H), 9.37 (Br.S., 1H); MS yd / z 435 [M + H] + .

Step 2

tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate

(V-1) tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl ] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (3.91 g, to a methanol solution (80 mL) of 9.01mmol), 10% palladium on carbon catalyst (50% water, 803 mg) was added, under hydrogen atmosphere and stirred for 45 minutes . The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, after concentrated under reduced pressure to give 3.11g of the title compound (quantitative).

HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6 × 150 mm, 33.3 mM phosphate buffer / MeCN = 75/25, 1.0 mL / min, UV 210 nm, Retweeted 3.9 from min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) [delta] 1.44 (s, 9H) , 1.73-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.86-1.99 (m, 1H), 2.01-2.12 (m, 1H), 2.22 (br.dd., J = 15.0, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (d, J= 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.12 (br.d., J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.25-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.82-3.91 (m, 3H); MS M / Z 345 [M Tasu H] Tasu .

Step 3

Tetrabutylammonium tert- butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -7- oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl } amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate

(VI-1) tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct 2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (3.09g, in dichloromethane (80mL) solution of 8.97mmol), 2,6- lutidine (3.20mL), sulfur trioxide – pyridine complex (3 .58g) was added, and the mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was poured into half-saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, washed the aqueous layer with chloroform, tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate to the aqueous layer and (3.47 g) chloroform (30 mL) was added and stirred for 10 minutes. The aqueous layer was extracted with chloroform, drying the obtained organic layer with anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give the title compound 5.46g (91% yield).

HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6X150mm, 33.3MM Phosphate Buffer / MeCN = 80/20, 1.0ML / Min, UV210nm, RT 2.0 Min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 ) Deruta 1.01 (T, J = 7.4 Hz, 12H), 1.37-1.54 (m , 8H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.80 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.98 (m, 1H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 1H), 2.30- 2.39 (m, 1H), 2.83 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.20-3.50 (m, 11H), 3.85-3.99 (m, 3H), 4.33-4.38 (m, 1H), 5.51 (br s , 1H), 9.44 (Br.S., 1H); MS yd / z 425 [M-Bu 4 N + 2H] + .

Step 4 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VII-1)

tetra butylammonium tert- butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -7- oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (5.20g, 7.82mmol) in dichloromethane (25mL) solution of ice-cold under trifluoroacetic acid (25mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 0 ℃. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, washed the resulting residue with diethyl ether, adjusted to pH7 with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, subjected to an octadecyl silica gel column chromatography (water), after freeze drying, 1.44 g of the title compound obtained (57% yield).

HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6X150mm, 33.3MM Phosphate Buffer / MeCN = 99/1, 1.0ML / Min, UV210nm, RT 3.1 Min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, D 2O) Deruta 1.66-1.76 (M, 1H), 1.76-1.88 (m, 1H ), 1.91-2.00 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.08 (m, 1H), 3.02 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.15 (t, J = 5.0 Hz , 2H), 3.18 (br d , J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (dd, J = 7.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 4.04 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (dd, J = 6.4 3.2 Hz &, 1H); MS yd / z 325 [M + H] + .

PATENT

Example 

64 tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy ] ethyl} carbamate (V-1) 

[of 124] 

tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl } carbamate (example 63q, net 156.42g, 360mmol) in methanol solution (2.4L) of 10% palladium carbon catalyst (50% water, 15.64g) was added, under an atmosphere of hydrogen, stirred for 1.5 hours did. The catalyst was filtered through celite, filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure until 450mL, concentrated to 450mL by adding acetonitrile (1.5 L), the mixture was stirred ice-cooled for 30 minutes, collected by filtration the precipitated crystals, washing with acetonitrile, and vacuum dried to obtain 118.26g of the title compound (net 117.90g, 95% yield). Equipment data of the crystals were the same as those of the step 2 of Reference Example 3.

Example

65 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VI-1)

 

 tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -1,6- -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (example 64,537.61g, 1.561mol) in acetonitrile (7.8L) solution of 2,6-lutidine (512.08g), sulfur trioxide – pyridine complex (810.3g) was added, at room temperature in the mixture was stirred overnight. Remove insolubles and the mixture was filtered, the filtrate concentrated to 2.5 L, diluted with ethyl acetate (15.1L). The mixture was extracted with 20% phosphoric acid 2 hydrogencarbonate aqueous solution (7.8L), the resulting aqueous layer into ethyl acetate (15.1L), added tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate (567.87g), was stirred for 20 min. The organic layer was separated layers, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate (425 g), after filtration, concentration under reduced pressure, substituted concentrated tetrabutylammonium tert- butyl with dichloromethane (3.1L) {2 – [({[(2S, 5R ) -7-oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate was obtained 758g (net 586.27g, Osamu rate 84%).

 The tetra-butyl ammonium salt 719g (net 437.1g, 0.656mol) in dichloromethane (874mL) solution was cooled to -20 ℃, dropping trifluoroacetic acid (874mL) at 15 minutes, 1 the temperature was raised to 0 ℃ It was stirred time. The reaction was cooled to -20 ° C. was added dropwise diisopropyl ether (3.25L), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour the temperature was raised to 0 ° C.. The precipitate is filtered, washed with diisopropyl ether to give the title compound 335.36g of crude and vacuum dried (net 222.35g, 99% yield).

 The title compound of crude were obtained (212.99g, net 133.33g) and ice-cold 0.2M phosphate buffer solution of pH5.3 mix a little at a time, alternating between the (pH6.5,4.8L). The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure to 3.6L, it was adjusted to pH5.5 at again 0.2M phosphate buffer (pH6.5,910mL). The solution resin purification (Mitsubishi Kasei, SP207, water ~ 10% IPA solution) is subjected to, and concentrated to collect active fractions, after lyophilization, to give the title compound 128.3 g (96% yield). Equipment data of the crystals were the same as those of step 3 of Reference Example 3.

PATENT

US 20140288051

WO 2014091268

WO 2013180197

US 20130225554

PATENT

IN2015MU287

PATENT

WO2013180197

Example 59
(2S, 5R) -N- (2- aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (II-059)

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000130

Step 1
tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -6- Benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl } carbamate

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000131

Acid of Example 9 or 16 (6b, 1.34g, 4.87mmol) in methylene chloride (35mL) solution of triethylamine (2.71mL), N- ethyl -N ‘- (3- dimethylaminopropyl) carbodiimide hydrochloride (1.41g), 1- hydroxybenzotriazole monohydrate (1.15g), were added tert- butyl of Reference Example 9, wherein 2- (amino-oxy) ethyl carbamate (1.12g), room temperature It was stirred overnight Te.Water was added to the reaction solution to a residue obtained by concentration under reduced pressure, and extracted with ethyl acetate. The resulting organic layer with 0.1M hydrochloric acid, saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, washed with saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated.The resulting residue was purified by silica gel column and purified by chromatography (hexane / ethyl acetate = 8 / 2-0 / 10) to give the title compound 1.77g (84% yield).
[Α] D 20 -0.08 ° (c 0.29, CHCl 3); 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3), δ: 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.56-1.70 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.09 (m , 2H), 2.25-2.38 (m, 1H), 2.76 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (br d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.24-3.47 (m, 3H), 3.84-4.01 (m, 3H), 4.90 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.05 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.44 (br s, 1H), 7.34-7.48 (m, 5H), 9.37 (br s, 1H); MS m / z 435 [M + H] +; enantiomeric excess of 99.9% or higher ee (CHIRALPAK AD-H, 4.6x150mm, hexane / ethanol = 2/1, UV210nm, flow rate 1mL / min, retention time 4.95min (2R, 5S), 6.70min (2S, 5R).

Step 2
tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -1,6- -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000132

Compound of the above Step 1 (3.91g, 9.01mmol) in methanol (80mL), 10% palladium on carbon catalyst (50% water, 803mg) was added, under hydrogen atmosphere and stirred for 45 minutes. The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, then concentrated under reduced pressure, to give 3.11g of the title compound (quantitative).
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD), δ: 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.73-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.86-1.99 (m, 1H), 2.01-2.12 (m, 1H), 2.22 ( br dd, J = 15.0, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.12 (br d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.25-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.82-3.91 (m, 3H); MS m / z 345 [M + H] +.

Step 3
(2S, 5R) -N- (2- aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide The above step 2 compound (3. 09g, in methylene chloride (80mL) solution of 8.97mmol), 2,6- lutidine (3.20mL), sulfur trioxide – was added pyridine complex (3.58g), and stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was poured into half-saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, and washed the aqueous layer with chloroform, and tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate (3.47g) and chloroform (30mL) was added to the aqueous layer and stirred for 10 minutes. After extracting the aqueous layer with chloroform, drying the resulting organic layer over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, concentrated under reduced pressure tetrabutylammonium tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -7- oxo – 6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate was obtained 5.46g (91% yield).
1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3), δ: 1.01 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 12H), 1.37-1.54 (m, 8H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.80 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.98 (m, 1H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 1H), 2.30-2.39 (m, 1H), 2.83 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.20-3.50 (m, 11H), 3.85- 3.99 (m, 3H), 4.33-4.38 (m, 1H), 5.51 (br s, 1H), 9.44 (br s, 1H); MS m / z 425 [M-Bu 4 N + 2H] +.

The tetrabutyl ammonium salt (5.20g, 7.82mmol) in methylene chloride (25mL) solution of under ice-cooling trifluoroacetic acid (25mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 0 ℃. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, washed resulting residue with diethyl ether, at aqueous sodium bicarbonate was adjusted to pH7, it performs an octadecyl silica gel column chromatography (water), after freeze-drying, 1.44g of the title compound The obtained (57% yield).
[Α] D 24 -63.5 ° (c 0.83, H 2 O); 1 H NMR (400 MHz, D 2 O), δ: 1.66-1.76 (m, 1H), 1.76-1.88 (m, 1H), 1.91 -2.00 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.08 (m, 1H), 3.02 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.15 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 2H), 3.18 (br d, J = 12.0 Hz , 1H), 3.95 (dd, J = 7.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 4.04 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (dd, J = 6.4, 3.2 Hz, 1H); MS m / z 325 [ M + H] +.

PATENT

WO2016116878

ANTIBACTERIAL COMPOSITIONS OF A BETA-LACTAMASE INHIBITOR WITH A CEPHALOSPORINAbstract:

Pharmaceutical compositions comprising: (a) at least one cephalosporin antibacterial agent and (b) a compound of Formula (I) or a stereoisomer or a pharmaceutically acceptable derivative thereof are disclosed. Formula (I)

PATENT

WO 2016120752, WOCKHARDT, NEW PATENT, Nacubactam

Formula (I), chemically known as (25, 5i?)-N-(2-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide has antibacterial properties and is disclosed in PCT International Patent Application No. PCT/IB2013/053092, PCT/JP2013/064971 and PCT/IB2012/002675. The present invention discloses a process for preparation of a compound of Formula (I).

Formula (I)

 

(VII) (VIII) (IX)

Scheme 2

Example 1

Synthesis of fert-butyl-r2-(aminooxy) ethyllcarbamate (III)

Preparation of fert-butyl-2-hydroxy ethylcarbamate (VIII):

Formula (VIII)

To a stirred solution of ethanolamine (50.0 g, 0.8186 mol) in dichloromethane (1000 ml), was added triethylamine (124 g, 1.228 mol) at 0°C. After 10 minutes, di-teri-butyl dicarbonate (VII, 214.15 g, 0.9823 mol) was added drop wise at 0°C under continuous stirring. Then reaction mass was allowed to warm to 25°C and stirred further for 3 hours. After completion of reaction, the resulting reaction mixture was poured into water (250 ml) and the organic layer was separated and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The dried organic layer was concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain 130 g of the titled product as colorless oil in 98% yield.

Analysis:

Mass: 162 (M+l); for Molecular Weight of 161.2 and Molecular Formula of C7H15NO3.

1H NMR (400MHz, CDC13): δ 4.92(br s,lH), 3.72-3.68(q,2H), 3.30-3.26(q,2H), 2.33(br s,lH), 1.44(s,9H).

Preparation of A7-Boc-2-(2-aminoethoxy)isoindoline-l,3-dione (IX):

To a stirred solution of teri;butyl-2-hydroxy-ethylcarbamate (VIII, 50 g, 0.3106 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (500 ml), was added triphenylphosphine (89.5 g, 0.3416 mol) at 25°C. After stirring for 10 minutes, a solution of N-hydroxyphthalimide (50.66 g, 0.3106 mol) in dichloromethane (250 ml) was added to the reaction mass at 25 °C over a period of 10 minutes. After stirring for further 10 minutes, diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (69.1 g, 0.3416 mol) was added to the reaction mass in small portions (exothermic reaction was observed up to 34°C). The resulting reaction mass was stirred further at 25°C. After 16 hours, the reaction mass was concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain colorless oily material. The oily residue was diluted with diisopropyl ether (200 ml) and stirred for 30 minutes. The separated solid was filtered under suction. The filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue subjected to di-isopropyl ether treatment (200 ml). This procedure was repeated once again. The filtrate was concentrated to obtain a solid product. The obtained solid was washed with diisopropyl ether (50 ml) and dried under reduced pressure. This solid contains small amount of triphenylphosphine oxide, along with the product. This was used as such for the next reaction without further purification.

Analysis:

Mass: 307.2 (M+l); for Molecular Weight of 306.3 and Molecular Formula of Ci5Hi8N205; 1H NMR of purified material (400MHz, CDC13): 7.85-7.25 (m,4H), 5.62(br s,lH), 4.26-4.23(t,2H), 3.46-3.42(q,2H), 1.46(s,9H).

Step 3: Preparation of fert-butyl-[ -(aminooxy) ethyl]carbamate (III):

Formula (III)

To a stirred solution of N-Boc-2-(2-aminoethoxy)isoindoline-l ,3-dione (IX, 97 g, 0.3167 mol) in dichloromethane (970 ml) was added hydrazine hydrate (31.7 g, 0.6334 mol) , at 0°C, drop wise, over a period of 45 minutes and the stirring continued further. After 2 hours, the reaction mass was filtered under suction. Filtrate was washed with water (485 ml), and the organic layer was diluted with an aq. solution of 10% potassium hydrogen sulfate (485 ml) and stirred for 15 minutes. The aqueous layer was separated, neutralized with solid sodium hydrogen carbonate and extracted with dichloromethane (2 x 485 ml). The organic layer was separated, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain colorless oil, this was used as such for further reaction immediately (28g, overall yield of step II and step III was 60%)

Analysis:

Mass: 177.2 (M+l) for Molecular Weight of 176.2 and Molecular Formula of C7H16N2O3.

Example 2

Synthesis of (25,5R)-jV-(2-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diaza-bicvclor3.2.11octane-2- carboxamide (I)

Step 1: Preparation of (25,5R)-iV-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(benzyloxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide (IV):

To a clear solution of sodium (25,5i?)-6-(benzyloxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylate (II, 42.67 g, 0.143 mol; prepared according to the procedure disclosed in Indian Patent Application No. 699/MUM/2013) in water (426 ml) was added EDC.HC1 (67.1 g, 0.349 mol) at 15°C

under stirring. After 10 minutes, a solution of teri-butyl-[2-(aminooxy) ethyl]carbamate (III, 28.0g, 0.159 mol; prepared as per the literature procedure depicted in Scheme 2) in dimethylformamide (56 ml) was added drop wise at 10°C under continuous stirring. The temperature of the reaction mass was allowed to warm to 25°C and then HOBt (21.5g, 0.159 mol) was added in small portions over a period of 15 minutes and the resulting mixture was further stirred at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction was continuously monitored using thin layer chromatography using mixture of acetone and hexane (35 :65) as solvent system. After completion of reaction, the resulting mixture was filtered and the residue was washed with water (130 ml). The obtained white residue was suspended in water (130 ml) and the mixture stirred at 50°C for 3 hours. The resulting suspension was filtered, the residue dried under reduced pressure to obtain 51 g of (2S,5R)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(benzyloxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide (IV) as off white solid in 73% yield.

Analysis:

Mass: 433.4 (M-l ); for Molecular Weight of 434.5 and Molecular Formula of C21H30N4O6;

1H-NMR (400MHz, CDC13): δ 9.32 (br s, 1H), 7.41 -7.26(m,5H), 5.41(br s, 1H), 5.06-4.88(dd, 2H), 3.98-3.96(d,lH), 3.91-3.90(m,2H), 3.39(m, 1H), 3.31-3.26(m, 2H), 3.04-3.01(d,lH), 2.77-2.74(d, 1H), 2.33-2.28(m, 1H), 2.03-1.93(m, 2H), 1.67-1.64(m, 1H), 1.44(s, 9H);

Purity as determined by HPLC: 99.4%.

Step 2: Preparation of (2S,5R)-iV-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(hydroxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide (V):

A solution of (25,5i?)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(benzyloxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (IV, 38 g, 0.0875 mol) in a mixture of dimethylformamide and dichloromethane (2: 8, 76 ml: 304 ml), containing 10% Pd/C (7.6 g, 50% wet) was hydrogenated at 50 psi hydrogen atmosphere at 25°C for 3 hours. The resulting mixture was filtered through a celite pad. The residue was washed with dichloromethane (75 ml). The solvent from the combined filtrate was evaporated

under reduced pressure to obtain 30 g (25,5i?)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(hydroxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide (V) as an oil, which was used as such for the next reaction without further purification.

Analysis:

Mass: 343.3 (M-l ) for Molecular Weight of 344.3 and Molecular Formula of C14H24N4O6.

Step 3: Preparation of (25,5R)-iV-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide,tetrabutyl ammonium salt (VI):

To a stirred solution of (25,5i?)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(hydroxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide (V, 30.0 g, 0.0875 mol) in dimethylformamide (150 ml) was added sulphur trioxide dimethylformamide complex (16.06 g, 0.105 mol) in one portion, at 10°C. The reaction mass was stirred at the same temperature for 30 minutes and then allowed to warm to room temperature. After 2 hours, a solution of tetrabutylammonium acetate (31.6 g, 0.105 mol) in water (95 ml) was slowly added to the reaction mixture and stirred for another 2 hours. The solvent from the reaction mixture was evaporated under reduced pressure to obtain an oily residue. The oily mass was co-evaporated with xylene (2 x 60 ml) to obtain thick mass. This mass was partitioned between 1 : 1 mixture of dichloromethane (300 ml) and water (300 ml). The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer re-extracted with dichloromethane (150 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with water (3 x 150 ml) and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the resulting oily mass was triturated with ether (3 x 60 ml). Each time the ether layer was decanted and the residue was finally concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the sticky mass. The so obtained material was purified by column chromatography over silica gel using mixture of methanol and dichloromethane as elution solvent. The solvent from the combined fractions was evaporated to obtain 47.5 g of (25,5i?)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide,tetrabutyl ammonium salt as white foam in 70% yield.

Analysis:

Mass: 423.4 (M-l) as free sulphonic acid; for Molecular Weight of 665.9 and Molecular Formula of C30H59N5O9 S;

1H- NMR (400MHz, CDC13): δ 9.52(br s, 1H), 5.53(br s, 1H), 4.33(s, 1H), 3.95-3.92(m,3H), 3.37-3.27(m, 1 1H), 2.87-2.84(d, 1H), 2.35-2.30(m, 1H), 2.17(m, 1H), 1.96-1.88(m, 2H), 1.74-1.60(m,8 H), 1.47-1.40(m, 17H), 1.02-0.98(m, 12H).

Step 4: Preparation of (2S R)-iV-(2-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxamide (I):

Formula (I)

To a stirred solution of (2S,5i?)-N-(2-Boc-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide, tetrabutyl ammonium salt (VI, 17 g, 0.0225 mol) in dichloromethane (85 ml) was added trifluoroacetic acid (85 ml) drop wise at -10°C over a period of 45 minutes. The resulting mass was further stirred at same temperature for 1 hour. The resulting reaction mixture was poured into cyclohexane (850 ml), stirred well for 30 minutes and the separated oily layer was collected. This procedure was repeated one more time and finally the separated oily layer was added to tert-butyl methyl ether (170 ml) under vigorous stirring at 25°C. The ether layer was removed by decantation from the precipitated solid. This procedure was repeated twice again with tert-butyl methyl ether (2 x 170 ml). The solid thus obtained was stirred with fresh dichloromethane (170 ml) for 30 minutes and filtered. The residual solid was dried at 45°C under reduced pressure to yield 7.3g of the titled compound in crude form. The obtained solid was further dissolved in water, (7.3 ml) and to this solution was added basic resin (Amberlyst A-26 -OH ion exchange resin, 4.4 g) under stirring. After 0.5 hour, the resin was filtered and to the filtrate isopropanol (51 ml) was added slowly at 25°C. The solution was further stirred for 12 hours. The separated solid was filtered and washed with additional isopropanol (7.5 ml) and dried under reduced pressure to obtain 4.3 g of (2S ,5R)-N-(2-aminoethoxy)-6-(sulfooxy)-7-oxo-l ,6-diaza-bicyclo[3.2.1 ]octane-2-carboxamide as off-white solid in 52 % yield.

Analysis:

Mass: 323.1 (M-l); for Molecular Weight of 324.31 and Molecular Formula of C9H16N4O7S; 1H-NMR (400MHz, D20): δ 4.07-4.06(d, 1H), 4.05-4.03(t, 2H), 3.96-3.94(d, 1H), 3.20(br s, 1H), 3.16-3.13(t, 2H), 3.02-2.99(d, 1H), 2.04-1.68(m, 4H);

Purity as determined by HPLC: 94.88%.

REF

http://www.pewtrusts.org/~/media/assets/2015/02/antibioticsinnovationproject_datatable_201502_v3.pdf?la=en

WO2015110969A3 * Jan 21, 2015 Nov 26, 2015 Wockhardt Limited Nitrogen containing compounds and their use as antibacterial agents
WO2015150941A1 * Mar 12, 2015 Oct 8, 2015 Wockhardt Limited A process for preparation of sodium (2s, 5r)-6-(benzyloxy)-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]octane-2-carboxylate
WO2016088863A1 * Dec 4, 2015 Jun 9, 2016 Meiji Seikaファルマ株式会社 Method for producing crystals of diazabicyclooctane derivative and stable lyophilized preparation
EP2931723A4 * Dec 11, 2012 Jun 1, 2016 Fedora Pharmaceuticals Inc New bicyclic compounds and their use as antibacterial agents and -lactamase inhibitors
US8933232 Mar 29, 2013 Jan 13, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole beta-lactamase inhibitors
US8933233 Mar 29, 2013 Jan 13, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole β-lactamase inhibitors
US8940897 Mar 29, 2013 Jan 27, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole β-lactamase inhibitors
US8962843 Mar 29, 2013 Feb 24, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole beta-lactamase inhibitors
US8962844 Mar 29, 2013 Feb 24, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. 1,3,4-oxadiazole and 1,3,4-thiadiazole β-lactamase inhibitors
US9120795 Mar 14, 2014 Sep 1, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Crystalline form of a β-lactamase inhibitor
US9120796 Oct 2, 2014 Sep 1, 2015 Cubist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. B-lactamase inhibitor picoline salt
US9309245 Apr 2, 2013 Apr 12, 2016 Entasis Therapeutics Limited Beta-lactamase inhibitor compounds
US9393239 Apr 15, 2014 Jul 19, 2016 Fedora Pharmaceuticals Inc. Bicyclic compounds and their use as antibacterial agents and betalactamase inhibitors

/////////////IN2015MU287, WO-2016120752, nacubactam, WOCKHARDT, NEW PATENT, WK ?, WK-?, WK?,  CAS 1452458-86-4C9 H16 N4 O7 S, 324.31, Beta lactamase inhibitor, Roche, Meiji Seika Pharma,  Fedora Pharmaceuticals, nacubactam hydrate , PHASE 1, A diazabicyclooctane beta-lactamase inhibitor, bacterial infection, July 2016,  phase 1 clinical development, RG-6080, 1452458-86-4, FPI-1459,  OP-0595, Phase I ,  β-lactamase inhibitor, bacterial infections, Fedora parmaceuticals, Meiji Seika Pharma

NCCONC(=O)[C@@H]2CC[C@@H]1C[N@]2C(=O)N1OS(=O)(=O)O

CRD 1152, CURADEV PHARMA PRIVATE LTD


Several candidates….one is…….CRD1152

ONE OF THEM IS CRD 1152

Kynurenine pathway regulators (solid tumors)

Compound 2

CAS1638121-21-7

US159738837

N3-(3-Chloro-4- fluorophenyl) furo[2,3- c]pyridine-2,3- diamine

COMPD 190

CAS 1638118-99-6

US159738837

COMPD248

US159738837

7-Chloro-N3- (3-chloro-4- fluorophenyl) furo[2,3- c]pyridine-2,3- diamine,  166

DMSO-d6: δ 7.87 (d, J = 5.1 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (s, 2H), 7.16-7.10 (m, 2H), 6.88 (d, J = 5.1 Hz, 1H), 6.59 (dd, J′ = 6.2 Hz, J″ = 2.6 Hz, 1H), 6.48 (dt, J′ = 8.8 Hz, J″ = 6.7 Hz, J′′′ = 3.4 Hz, 1H) M + H] 312

US159738837

OR

N3-(3,4- difluorophenyl)- 7-(pyridin-4- yl)furo[2,3- c]pyridine-2,3- diamine, 184

CD3CN: δ 8.72 (s, 2H), 8.26 (s, 3H), 7.07-7.03 (m, 2H), 6.47-6.40 (m, 2H), 5.74 (s, 1H), 5.55 (s, 2H) M + H] 339

US159738837

OR

COMPD73

CAS 1638117-85-7

US159738837

Several candidates………..CRD1152

67

66

Company Curadev Pharma Pvt. Ltd.
Description Small molecule dual indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase 1 (IDO1) and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO1; IDO) inhibitor
Molecular Target Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (INDO) (IDO) ; Tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO2) (TDO)
Mechanism of Action Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (INDO) inhibitor
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Preclinical
Standard Indication Cancer (unspecified)
Indication Details Treat cancer
Regulatory Designation
Partner Roche

Hoffmann-La Roche partners with Curadev Pharma Ltd. for IDO1 and TDO inhibitors (April 20, 2015)

Curadev Pharma Pvt Ltd., founded in 2010 and headquartered in New Delhi, announced that it has entered into a research collaboration and exclusive license agreement with Roche for the development and commercialization of IDO1 and TDO inhibitors to treat cancer. The agreement covers the development of CRD1152, the lead preclinical immune tolerance inhibitor and a research collaboration with Roche’s research and early development organization to further explore the IDO and TDO pathways.

IDO1 (indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase-1) and TDO (tryptophan-2,3-dioxygenase) are enzymes that mediate cancer-induced immune suppression. This mechanism is exploited by tumor cells as well as certain type of immune cells, limiting the anti-tumor immune response. Dual inhibition of the IDO1 and TDO pathways promises to maintain the immune response, prevent local tumor immune escape and potentially avoid resistance to other immunotherapies when used in combination, and could lead to new treatment options for cancer patients. Curadev’s preclinical lead-compound, a small-molecule that shows potent inhibition of the two rate-limiting enzymes in the tryptophan to kynurenine metabolic pathways, has the potential for mono therapy as well as combination with Roche’s broad oncology pipeline and portfolio.

Under the terms of agreement, which includes a research collaboration with Roche’s research and early development organization, Curadev will receive an upfront payment of $25 million and will be eligible to receive up to $530 million in milestone payments, as well as escalating royalties potentially reaching double digits for the first product from the collaboration developed and commercialized by Roche. Curadev is also eligible for milestones and royalties on any additional products resulting from the research collaboration.

Curadev Announces Research Collaboration and Licensing Agreement to Develop Cancer Immunotherapeutic

Curadev’s dual IDO and TDO immune tolerance inhibitor – a novel approach in cancer immunotherapy

Apr 20, 2015, 06:30 ET from Curadev

NEW DELHI, India, April 20, 2015 /PRNewswire/ —

Curadev Pharma Private Ltd. today announced that it has entered into a research collaboration and exclusive license agreement with Roche for the development and commercialization of IDO1 and TDO inhibitors. The agreement covers the development of the lead preclinical immune tolerance inhibitor and a research collaboration with Roche’s research and early development organization to further explore the IDO and TDO pathways.

IDO1 (indoleamine-2, 3-dioxygenase-1) and TDO (tryptophan-2, 3-dioxygenase) are enzymes that mediate cancer-induced immune suppression. This mechanism is exploited by tumor cells as well as certain type of immune cells, limiting the anti-tumor immune response.

Dual inhibition of the IDO1 and TDO pathways promises to maintain the immune response, prevent local tumor immune escape and potentially avoid resistance to other immunotherapies when used in combination, and could lead to new treatment options for cancer patients. Curadev’s preclinical lead-compound, a small-molecule that shows potent inhibition of the two rate-limiting enzymes in the tryptophan – to kynurenine metabolic pathways, has the potential for mono therapy as well as combination with Roche’s broad oncology pipeline and portfolio.

“We are very excited to be working with the global leader in oncology with their unrivalled expertise in clinical development,” said Arjun Surya, PhD, Chief Scientific Officer, Curadev. “The collaboration acknowledges our focused research efforts on patient-critical drug targets that have yielded a drug candidate that could make a significant difference in the development of novel treatments for patients suffering from cancer.”

Under the terms of agreement, which includes a research collaboration with Roche’s research and early development organization to further extend Curadev’s findings, Curadev will receive an upfront payment of $25 million and will be eligible to receive up to $530 million in milestone payments based on achievement of certain predetermined events and sales levels as well as escalating royalties potentially reaching double digits for the first product from the collaboration developed and commercialized by Roche. Curadev would also be eligible for milestones and royalties on any additional products resulting from the research collaboration. Roche will fund future research, development, manufacturing and commercialization costs and will also provide additional research funding to Curadev for support of the research collaboration.

About Curadev

Headquartered in New Delhi, India, Curadev Pharma Private Limited was founded in 2010 by a team of professionals from the pharmaceutical and biotech sectors with the mission to improve human health and enhance the quality of human life by accelerating the discovery and delivery of new drugs. Curadev focuses on the creation and out-licensing of pre-IND assets and IND packages for drug development.

For further information:

Curadev Partnering

Manish Tandon – VP and Chief Financial Officer, manish@curadev.in

PATENT

US20160046596) INHIBITORS OF THE KYNURENINE PATHWAY

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=US159738837&recNum=2&maxRec=17&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&queryString=FP%3A%28curadev%29&tab=PCTDescription

Monali Banerjee
Sandip Middya
Ritesh Shrivastava
Sushil Raina
Arjun Surya
Dharmendra B. Yadav
Veejendra K. Yadav
Kamal Kishore Kapoor
Aranapakam Venkatesan
Roger A. Smith
Scott K. Thompson

ONE ………….Example 2

Synthesis of N3-(3-Chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-furo[2,3-c]pyridine-2,3-diamine (Compound 2)


Step 1: 3-Methoxymethoxy-pyridine


      To a stirred solution of 3-hydroxypyridine (60 g, 662.9 mmol) in THF:DMF (120:280 mL) at 0° C. was added t-BuOK (81.8 gm, 729.28 mmol) portion-wise. After stirring the reaction mixture for 15 min, methoxymethyl chloride (52 mL, 696.13 mmol) was added to it at 0° C. and the resulting mixture was stirred for 1 hr at 25° C. Reaction mixture was diluted with water and extracted with ethyl acetate (4×500 mL). The organic layer was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 100 g crude which was purified by column chromatography using silica (100-200 mesh) and 10% EtOAc-hexane as eluent to afford 3-methoxymethoxy-pyridine (54 g) as pale brown liquid. LCMS: 140 (M+H).

Step 2: 3-Methoxymethoxy-pyridine-4-carbaldehyde


      To a stirred solution of 3-methoxymethoxypyridine (2 g, 14.3885 mmol) in anhydrous THF (40 mL) was added TMEDA (1.83 g, 15.82 mmol) at 25° C. The reaction mixture was cooled to −78° C., n-BuLi (7.3 mL, 15.82 mmol, 2.17 M in hexane) was added dropwise manner maintaining the temperature −78° C. After stirring for 2 hr at −78° C., DMF (1.52 g, 20.86 mmol) was added to it and stirred for 2 hr at 25° C. Reaction mixture was cooled to −40° C. and saturated ammonium chloride solution was added drop wise. The reaction mass was extracted with ethyl acetate (250 mL×2), EtOAc part was washed with water followed by brine, dried over sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 3 g of crude product which was passed through a pad of silica (100-200 mesh) using 10% EtOAc-hexane as eluent to afford 1.6 g of 3-methoxymethoxy-pyridine-4-carbaldehyde as pale yellow liquid. GC-MS: 167 (m/z).

Step 3: 3-Hydroxy-pyridine-4-carbaldehyde


      To a stirred solution of 3-methoxymethoxypyridine-4-carbaldehyde (11 g, 65.83 mmol) in THF (50 mL) was added 3N HCl (100 mL) and stirred at 60° C. for 1 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled under ice bath and pH was adjusted to 7 with solid K2CO3. Resulting mixture was extracted with EtOAc (250 mL×5). The organic layer was dried over sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure to afford 15 g of crude which was purified by column chromatography using silica gel (100-200 mesh) and 23% EtOAc/hexane as eluent to afford 4 g of 3-hydroxy-pyridine-4-carbaldehyde as pale yellow solid. GC-MS: 123 (m/z), 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz): δ 11.04 (bs, 1H), 10.37 (s, 1H), 8.46 (s, 1H), 8.20 (d, 1H, J=4.88 Hz), 7.46 (d, 1H, J=4.88 Hz). GC-FID: 99.51%.

Step 4: 4-{[3-Chloro-4-fluoro-phenylimino]-methyl}-pyridin-3-ol


      3-Hydroxypyridine-4-carbaldehyde (3 g, 24.39 mmol) was taken in mixed solvent (TFE (20 mL):MeCN (20 mL)) and 4-fluoro-3-chloroaniline (3.55 g, 24.39 mmol) was added to it at 25° C. The resulting mixture was stirred at this temperature for 1 hr. The reaction mass was concentrated and purified by triturating with n-pentane to afford 6 g of 4-{[3-chloro-4-fluoro-phenylimino]-methyl}-pyridin-3-ol). LCMS: 251.2 (M+H).

Step 5: N3-(3-Chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-furo[2,3-c]pyridine-2,3-diamine


      To a stirred solution of 4-{[3-chloro-4-fluoro-phenylimino]-methyl}-pyridin-3-ol (6 g, 24 mmol) in mixed solvent [DCM (10 mL):TFE (10 mL)] was added TMSCN (10.5 mL, 84 mmol) at 25° C. The reaction mixture was stirred 3 hr at 25° C., concentrated, and the crude material was triturated with n-pentane to provide 4.9 g (73% yield) of N3-(3-chloro-4-fluoro-phenyl)-furo[2,3-c]pyridine-2,3-diamine as pale pink solid. LCMS: 278 (M+H), HPLC: 98.65%, 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz): δ 8.41 (s, 1H), 8.06 (d, 1H, J=5.08 Hz), 7.14-7.10 (m, 2H), 6.91 (s, 2H), 6.86 (d, 1H, J=5.08 Hz), 6.56-6.54 (m, 1H), 6.48-6.45 (m, 1H).

Monali Banerjee – Director, R&D

Ms. Banerjee has more than 10 years of research experience, during which she has held positions of increasing responsibility. Her past organizations include TCG Lifesciences (Chembiotek) and Sphaera Pharma. Ms. Banerjee is a versatile scientist with a deep understanding of the fundamental issues that underlie various aspects of drug discovery. At Curadev, she has been responsible for target selection, patent analysis, pharmacophore design, assay development, ADME/PK and in vivo and in vitro pharmacology. Ms. Banerjee holds a Masters in Biochemistry and a Bachelors in Chemistry both from Kolkata University.

writeup

The essential amino acid Tryptophan (Trp) is catabolized through the kynurenine (KYN) pathway. The initial rate-limiting step in the kynurenine pathway is performed by heme-containing oxidoreductase enzymes, including tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase (TDO), indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1), and indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-2 (IDO2). IDO1 and IDO2 share very limited homology with TDO at the amino acid level and, despite having different molecular structures, each enzyme has the same biochemical activity in that they each catalyze tryptophan to form N-formylkynurenine. IDO1, IDO2, and/or TDO activity alter local tryptophan concentrations, and the build-up of kynurenine pathway metabolites due to the activity of these enzymes can lead to numerous conditions associated with immune suppression.
      IDO1 and TDO are implicated in the maintenance of immunosuppressive conditions associated with the persistence of tumor resistance, chronic infection, HIV infection, malaria, schizophrenia, depression as well as in the normal phenomenon of increased immunological tolerance to prevent fetal rejection in utero. Therapeutic agents that inhibit IDO1, IDO2, and TDO activity can be used to modulate regulatory T cells and activate cytotoxic T cells in immunosuppressive conditions associated with cancer and viral infection (e.g. HIV-AIDS, HCV). The local immunosuppressive properties of the kynurenine pathway and specifically IDO1 and TDO have been implicated in cancer. A large proportion of primary cancer cells have been shown to overexpress IDO1. In addition, TDO has recently been implicated in human brain tumors.
      The earliest experiments had proposed an anti-microbial role for IDO1, and suggested that localized depletion of tryptophan by IDO1 led to microbial death (Yoshida et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 1978, 75(8):3998-4000). Subsequent research led to the discovery of a more complex role for IDO1 in immune suppression, best exemplified in the case of maternal tolerance towards the allogeneic fetus where IDO1 plays an immunosuppressive role in preventing fetal rejection from the uterus. Pregnant mice dosed with a specific IDO1 inhibitor rapidly reject allogeneic fetuses through induction of T cells (Munn et al., Science, 1998, 281(5380): 1191-3). Studies since then have established IDO1 as a regulator of certain disorders of the immune system and have discovered that it plays a role in the ability of transplanted tissues to survive in new hosts (Radu et al., Plast. Reconstr. Surg., 2007 June, 119(7):2023-8). It is believed that increased IDO1 activity resulting in elevated kynurenine pathway metabolites causes peripheral and ultimately, systemic immune tolerance. In-vitro studies suggest that the proliferation and function of lymphocytes are exquisitely sensitive to kynurenines (Fallarino et al., Cell Death and Differentiation, 2002, 9(10):1069-1077). The expression of IDO1 by activated dendritic cells suppresses immune response by mechanisms that include inducing cell cycle arrest in T lymphocytes, down regulation of the T lymphocyte cell receptor (TCR) and activation of regulatory T cells (T-regs) (Terness et al., J. Exp. Med., 2002, 196(4):447-457; Fallarino et al., J. Immunol., 2006, 176(11):6752-6761).
      IDO1 is induced chronically by HIV infection and in turn increases regulatory T cells leading to immunosuppression in patients (Sci. Transl. Med., 2010; 2). It has been recently shown that IDO1 inhibition can enhance the level of virus specific T cells and concomitantly reduce the number of virus infected macrophages in a mouse model of HIV (Potula et al., 2005, Blood, 106(7):2382-2390). IDO1 activity has also been implicated in other parasitic infections. Elevated activity of IDO1 in mouse malaria models has also been shown to be abolished by in vivo IDO1 inhibition (Tetsutani K., et al., Parasitology. 2007 7:923-30.
      More recently, numerous reports published by a number of different groups have focused on the ability of tumors to create a tolerogenic environment suitable for survival, growth and metastasis by activating IDO1 (Prendergast, Nature, 2011, 478(7368):192-4). Studies of tumor resistance have shown that cells expressing IDO1 can increase the number of regulatory T cells and suppress cytotoxic T cell responses thus allowing immune escape and promoting tumor tolerance.
      Kynurenine pathway and IDO1 are also believed to play a role in maternal tolerance and immunosuppressive process to prevent fetal rejection in utero (Munn et al., Science, 1998, 281(5380):1191-1193). Pregnant mice dosed with a specific IDO1 inhibitor rapidly reject allogeneic fetuses through suppression of T cells activity (Munn et al., Science, 1998, 281(5380):1191-1193). Studies since then have established IDO1 as a regulator of immune-mediated disorders and suggest that it plays a role in the ability of transplanted tissues to survive in new hosts (Radu et al., Plast. Reconstr. Surg., 2007 June, 119(7):2023-8).
      The local immunosuppressive properties of the kynurenine pathway and specifically IDO1 and TDO have been implicated in cancer. A large proportion of primary cancer cells overexpress IDO1 and/or TDO (Pilotte et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2012, Vol. 109(7):2497-2502). Several studies have focused on the ability of tumors to create a tolerogenic environment suitable for survival, growth and metastasis by activating IDO1 (Prendergast, Nature, 2011, 478:192-4). Increase in the number of T-regs and suppression of cytotoxic T cell responses associated with dysregulation of the Kynurenine pathway by overexpression of IDO1 and/or TDO appears to result in tumor resistance and promote tumor tolerance.
      Data from both clinical and animal studies suggest that inhibiting IDO1 and/or TDO activity could be beneficial for cancer patients and may slow or prevent tumor metastases (Muller et al., Nature Medicine, 2005, 11(3):312-319; Brody et al., Cell Cycle, 2009, 8(12):1930-1934; Witkiewicz et al., Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 2008, 206:849-854; Pilotte et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2012, Vol. 109(7):2497-2502). Genetic ablation of the IDO1 gene in mice (IDO1−/−) resulted in decreased incidence of DMBA-induced premalignant skin papillomas (Muller et al., PNAS, 2008, 105(44):17073-17078). Silencing of IDO1 expression by siRNA or a pharmacological IDO1 inhibitor 1-methyl tryptophan enhanced tumor-specific killing (Clin. Cancer Res., 2009, 15(2). In addition, inhibiting IDO1 in tumor-bearing hosts improved the outcome of conventional chemotherapy at reduced doses (Clin. Cancer Res., 2009, 15(2)). Clinically, the pronounced expression of IDO1 found in several human tumor types has been correlated with negative prognosis and poor survival rate (Zou, Nature Rev. Cancer, 2005, 5:263-274; Zamanakou et al., Immunol. Lett. 2007, 111(2):69-75). Serum from cancer patients has higher kynurenine/tryptophan ratio, a higher number of circulating T-regs, and increased effector T cell apoptosis when compared to serum from healthy volunteers (Suzuki et al., Lung Cancer, 2010, 67:361-365). Reversal of tumoral immune resistance by inhibition of tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase has been studied by Pilotte et al. (Pilotte et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 2012, Vol. 109(7):2497-2502). Thus, decreasing the rate of kynurenine production by inhibiting IDO1 and/or TDO may be beneficial to cancer patients.
      IDO1 and IDO2 are implicated in inflammatory diseases. IDO1 knock-out mice don’t manifest spontaneous disorders of classical inflammation and existing known small molecule inhibitors of IDO do not elicit generalized inflammatory reactions (Prendergast et al. Curr Med Chem. 2011; 18(15):2257-62). Rather, IDO impairment alleviates disease severity in models of skin cancers promoted by chronic inflammation, inflammation-associated arthritis and allergic airway disease. Moreover, IDO2 is a critical mediator of autoantibody production and inflammatory pathogenesis in autoimmune arthritis. IDO2 knock-out mice have reduced joint inflammation compared to wild-type mice due to decreased pathogenic autoantibodies and Ab-secreting cells (Merlo et al. J. Immunol. (2014) vol. 192(5) 2082-2090). Thus, inhibitors of IDO1 and IDO2 are useful in the treatment of arthritis and other inflammatory diseases.
      Kynurenine pathway dysregulation and IDO1 and TDO play an important role in the brain tumors and are implicated in inflammatory response in several neurodegenerative disorders including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, amyotrophic lateral schlerosis, dementia (Kim et al., J. Clin. Invest, 2012, 122(8):2940-2954; Gold et al., J. Neuroinflammation, 2011, 8:17; Parkinson’s Disease, 2011, Volume 2011). Immunosuppression induced by IDO1 activity and the Kynurenine metabolites in the brain may be treated with inhibitors of IDO1 and/or TDO. For example, circulating T-reg levels were found to be decreased in patient with glioblastoma treated with anti-viral agent inhibitors of IDO1 (Soderlund, et al., J. Neuroinflammation, 2010, 7:44).
      Several studies have found Kynurenine pathway metabolites to be neuroactive and neurotoxic. Neurotoxic kynurenine metabolites are known to increase in the spinal cord of rats with experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (Chiarugi et al., Neuroscience, 2001, 102(3):687-95). The neurotoxic effects of Kynurenine metabolities is exacerbated by increased plasma glucose levels. Additionally, changes in the relative or absolute concentrations of the kynurenines have been found in several neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer’s disease, Huntington’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, stroke and epilepsy (Németh et al., Central Nervous System Agents in Medicinal Chemistry, 2007, 7:45-56; Wu et al. 2013; PLoS One; 8(4)).
      Neuropsychiatric diseases and mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia are also said to have IDO1 and Kynurenine dysregulation. Tryptophan depletion and deficiency of neurotransmitter 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) leads to depression and anxiety. Increased IDO1 activity decreases the synthesis of 5-HT by reducing the amount of Tryptophan availability for 5-HT synthesis by increasing Tryp catabolism via the kynurenine pathway (Plangar et al. (2012) Neuropsychopharmacol Hung 2012; 14(4): 239-244). Increased IDO1 activity and levels of both kynurenine and kynurenic acid have been found in the brains of deceased schizophrenics (Linderholm et al., Schizophrenia Bulletin (2012) 38: 426-432)). Thus, inhibition of IDO1, IDO1, and TDO may also be an important treatment strategy for patients with neurological or neuropsychiatric disease or disorders such as depression and schizophrenia as well as insomnia.
      Kynurenine pathway dysregulation and IDO1 and/or TDO activity also correlate with cardiovascular risk factors, and kynurenines and IDO1 are markers for Atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular heart diseases such as coronary artery disease (Platten et al., Science, 2005, 310(5749):850-5, Wirlietner et al. Eur J Clin Invest. 2003 July; 33(7):550-4) in addition to kidney disease. The kynurenines are associated with oxidative stress, inflammation and the prevalence of cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (Pawlak et al., Atherosclerosis, 2009, (204)1:309-314). Studies show that kynurenine pathway metabolites are associated with endothelial dysfunction markers in the patients with chronic kidney disease (Pawlak et al., Advances in Medical Sciences, 2010, 55(2):196-203).

///////CRD1152, CRD-1152, CRD 1152, CURADEV PHARMA PRIVATE LTD, ROCHE, IDO1 and TDO inhibitors, COLLABORATION, CANCER, indoleamine-2,3-dioxygenase-1, Hoffmann-La Roche, kynurenine pathway regulators, solid tumors

RO-28-1675 for Type 2 Diabetes


RO-28-1675

  • (2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-[4-(methanesulfonyl)phenyl]-N-(thiazol-2-yl)propionamide
  • Ro 028-1675
  • Ro 0281675
  • Ro 28-1675

3-Cyclopentyl-2(R)-[4-(methylsulfonyl)phenyl]-N-(2-thiazolyl)propionamide

MW 378.51 .-70.4 °

Conc 0.027 g/100mL; chloroform, 589 nm;  23 °C

 

Formula C18H22N2O3S2
CAS No 300353-13-3

Glucokinase Activators

Ro 28-1675 (Ro 0281675) is a potent allosteric GK activator with a SC1.5 value of 0.24± 0.0019 uM.

Roche (Innovator)

Hoffmann La Roche

PHASE 1    Type 2  DIABETES,
IC50 value: 0.24± 0.0019 uM (SC1.5) [1]
Target: Glucokinase activator
The R stereoisomer Ro 28-1675 activated GK with a SC1.5 of 0.24 uM, while the S isomer did not activated GK up to 10 uM. Oral administration of Ro 28-1675 (50 mg/Kg) to male C57B1/6J mice caused a statistically significant reduction in fasting glucose levels and improvement in glucose tolerance relative to the vehicle treated animals [1].
Comparison of rat PK parameters indicated that Ro 28-1675 displayed lower clearance and higher oral bioavailability compared to 9a.

Following a single oral dose, Ro 28-1675 reduced fasting and postprandial glucose levels following an OGTT, was well tolerated, and displayed no adverse effects related to drug administration other than hypoglycemia at the maximum dose (400 mg).

 

 

.

RO-28-1675 as glucokinase activator.

Joseph Grimsby et al., of Roche have recently discovered activators of glucokinase that increase kcat and decrease the S0.5 for glucose, and these may offer a treatment for type II diabetes. Glucokinase (GK) plays a key role in whole-body glucose homeostasis by catalyzing the phosphorylation of glucose in cells that express this enzyme, such as pancreatic β cells and hepatocytes.

By screening of a library of 120,000 structurally diverse synthetic compounds, they found one small molecule that increased the enzymatic activity of GK. Chemical optimization of this initial molecule led to the synthesis of RO-28-0450 as a lead GK activator which is a class of antidiabetic agents that act as nonessential, mixed-type GK activators (GKAs) that increase the glucose affinity and maximum velocity (Vmax) of GK. RO-28-0450 is a racemic compound.

Activation of GK was exquisitely sensitive to the chirality of the molecule: The R enantiomer, RO-28-1675, was found to be a potent GKA, whereas the S enantiomer, RO-28-1674, was inactive. RO-28-1675 also reversed the inhibitory action of the human glucokinase regulatory protein (GKRP). The activators binding in a glucokinase regulatory site originally was discovered in patients with persistent hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemi.

The result of RO-28-1675 as a potent small molecule GKA may shed light to the chemical biologists to devise strategy for developing activators. Thus for a success to this end we must focus on highly regulated enzymes, or cooperative enzymes such as glucokinase, where nature has provided binding sites that are designed to modulate catalysis.

.SYNTHESIS

 

 

 

Paper

J. Med. Chem., 2010, 53 (9), pp 3618–3625
DOI: 10.1021/jm100039a
Abstract Image

Glucokinase (GK) is a glucose sensor that couples glucose metabolism to insulin release. The important role of GK in maintaining glucose homeostasis is illustrated in patients with GK mutations. In this publication, identification of the hit molecule 1 and its SAR development, which led to the discovery of potent allosteric GK activators 9a and 21a, is described. Compound 21a (RO0281675) was used to validate the clinical relevance of targeting GK to treat type 2 diabetes.

Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 9/1, 3/1, and then 11/9 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-N-thiazol-2-yl-propionamide (2.10 g, 74%) as a white foam.

[α] 23 589 = –70.4° (c=0.027, chloroform).

EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C18H22N2O3S2 (M+ ) 378.1072, found 378.1081.

1 H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ ppm 10.48 (br. s., 1 H), 7.88 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 2 H), 7.53 (d, J=8.6 Hz, 2 H), 7.50 (d, J=3.5 Hz, 1 H), 7.06 (d, J=3.5 Hz, 1 H), 3.76 (t, J=7.7 Hz, 1 H), 3.03 (s, 3 H), 2.28 (dt, J=13.6, 7.7 Hz, 1 H), 1.88 – 1.98 (m, 1 H), 1.42 – 1.84 (m, 7 H), 1.07 – 1.19 (m, 2 H).

Anal. Calcd for C18H22N2O3S2: C, 56.94; H, 5.59; N, 7.28. Found: C, 57.12; H, 5.86; N, 7.40.

PATENT

WO 2000058293

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2000058293A2?cl=en

Example 3 (A) 3-CyclopentyI-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyI)-N-thiazol-2-yI-propionamide

Figure imgf000047_0001

A solution of dπsopropylamine (3.3 mL, 23.5 mmol) in dry tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) and 1.3-dιmethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(lH)-pyπmιdιnone (10 mL) was cooled to -78°C under nitrogen and then treated with a 10M solution of n-butyllithium m hexanes (2.35 mL, 23 5 mmol) The yellow reaction mixture was stiπed at -78°C for 30 mm and then treated dropwise with a solution of 4-methylsulfonylphenylacetιc acid (2.40 g, 11.2 mmol) in a small amount of dry tetrahydrofuran. After approximately one-half of the 4- methylsulfonylphenylacetic acid m dry tetrahydrofuran was added, a precipitate formed Upon further addition of the remaining 4-methylsulfonylphenylacetιc acid in dry tetrahydrofuran, the reaction mixture became thick in nature After complete addition of the 4-methylsulfonylphenylacetιc acid in dry tetrahydrofuran, the reaction mixture was very thick and became difficult to stir An additional amount of dry tetrahydrofuran (20 mL) was added to the thick reaction mixture, and the reaction mixture was stirred at –

78 C for 45 mm, at which time, a solution of lodomethylcyclopentane (2.35 g, 11.2 mmol) in a small amount of dry tetrahydrofuran was added dropwise The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 25°C where it was stiπed for 15 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (100 mL), and the resulting yellow reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove tetrahydrofuran. The aqueous residue was acidified to pH = 2 using concentrated hydrochloπc acid The aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate The organic phase was dπed over magnesium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 230-400 mesh, 1/3 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)propιonιc acid (1.80 g, 52%) as a white solid: mp 152-154°C; EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C15H20O4S (Nf) 296.1082, found 296.1080

A solution of 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)propιonιc acid (4.91 g, 16.56 mmol) and tnphenylphosphine (6.52 g, 24.85 mmol) m methylene chloπde (41 mL) was cooled to 0°C and then treated with N-bromosuccinimide (5.01 g, 28.16 mmol) m small portions The reaction mixture color changed from light yellow to a darker yellow then to brown After the complete addition of N-bromosuccinimide, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to 25°C over 30 min. The brown reaction mixture was then treated with 2-aminothiazole (4.98 g, 49.69 mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stiπed at 25°C for 19 h. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to remove methylene chloride. The remaining black residue was diluted with a 10% aqueous hydrochloric acid solution (400 mL) and then extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 200 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (1 x 200 mL), dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 3/1 hexanes/ethyl acetate then 1/1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonyl-phenyl)-N-thiazol-2- yl-propionamide (4.49 g, 72%) as a white solid: mp 216-217°C; EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C18H22N2O3S2 (M+) 378.1072, found 378.1071.

Example 13

(2R)-3-Cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesuIfonylphenyl)-N-thiazol-2-yl-propionamide

Figure imgf000068_0001

A solution of ^-( ethanesulfonyl)phenyl acetic acid (43 63 g, 0.204 mol) in methanol (509 mL) was treated slowly with concentrated sulfunc acid (2 mL) The resulting reaction mixture was heated under reflux for 19 h The reaction mixture was allowed to cool to 25°C and then concentrated in vacuo to remove methanol The residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (800 mL) The organic phase was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (1 x 200 mL), washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chlonde solution (1 x 200 mL), dned over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 1/1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded 4-(methanesulfonyl)phenyl acetic acid methyl ester (45.42 g, 98%) as a yellow oil which solidified to a cream colored solid upon sitting over time at 25°C mp 78-80°C, EI-HRMS m/e calcd for Cι0H12O4S (M+) 228 0456, found 228 0451.

A mechanical stiπer was used for this reaction A solution of dnsopropylamme (29.2 mL, 0.21 mol) in dry tetrahydrofuran (186 mL) and l,3-dιmethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro- 2(lH)-pyπmιdιnone (62 mL) was cooled to -78°C and then treated with a 2.5M solution of n-butylhthium in hexanes (83 4 mL, 0.21 mol) The yellow-orange reaction mixture was stiπed at -78°C for 35 min and then slowly treated with a solution of 4- (methanesulfonyl)phenyl acetic acid methyl ester (45.35 g, 0.20 mol) in dry tetrahydrofuran (186 mL) and l,3-dιmethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(lH)-pyπmιdmone (62 mL) The reaction mixture turned dark in color. The reaction mixture was then stiπed at -78°C for 50 mm, at which time, a solution of lodomethylcyclopentane (50.08 g, 0.24 mol) in a small amount of dry tetrahydrofuran was added slowly. The reaction mixture was then stiπed at -78°C for 50 mm, and then allowed to warm to 25°C, where it was stirred for 36 h. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (100 mL), and the resulting reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove tetrahydrofuran The remaining residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (1.5 L). The organic phase was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloπde solution (1 x 500 mL), dned over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 3/1 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4- methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonιc acid methyl ester (41.79 g, 68%) as a yellow viscous oil EI-HRMS m/e calcd for Cι6H22O4S (M+) 310.1239. found 310.1230.

A solution of 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonιc acid methyl ester (50 96 g, 0.16 mol) in methanol (410 mL) was treated with a IN aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (345 mL, 0.35 mol). The reaction mixture was stirred at 25°C for 24 h. The reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo to remove methanol. The resulting aqueous residue was acidified to pH = 2 with concentrated hydrochlonc acid and then extracted with ethyl acetate (5 x 200 mL) The combined organic layers were dned over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to afford pure 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4- methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonιc acid (43 61 g, 90%) as a white solid which was used without further puπfication. mp 152-154°C, EI-HRMS m e calcd for C15H20O4S (M+) 296.1082, found 296.1080.

Two separate reactions were setup in parallel: (1) A solution of (R)-(+)-4-benzyl-2- oxazohdmone (3.67 g, 20.73 mmol) m dry tetrahydrofuran (35 mL) was cooled to -78°C and then treated with a 2.5M solution of n-butylhthium in hexanes (7.9 mL, 19.86 mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stiπed at -78°C for 30 mm and then allowed to warm to 25°C, where it was stirred for 1.5 h (2) A solution of racemic 3-cyclopentyl-2-(4- methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonιc acid (5.12 g, 17.27 mmol) in dry tetrahydrofuran (35 mL) was cooled to 0°C and then treated with tnethylamme (2.8 mL, 19.86 mmol). The reaction mixture was stiπed at 0°C for 10 nun and then treated dropwise with tπmethylacetyl chlonde (2.6 mL, 20.73 mmol). The resulting reaction mixture was stiπed at 0°C for 2 h and then cooled to -78°C for the addition of the freshly prepared chiral oxazolidmone. The reaction mixture containing the oxazolidmone was then added to the cooled (-78°C) mixed anhydπde solution The resulting reaction mixture was stiπed as -78°C for 1 h and allowed to gradually warm to 25°C. The reaction mixture was then stiπed at 25°C for 3 d. The resulting reaction mixture was quenched with water (100 mL) and then concentrated in vacuo to remove tetrahydrofuran. The resulting aqueous residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (600 mL). The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloπde solution (1 x 300 mL), dπed over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo Thin layer chromatography using 13/7 hexanes/ethyl acetate as the developing solvent indicated the presence of two products The higher moving product had a Rf =0.32 and the lower moving product had a Rf = 0.19. Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 230-400 mesh, 9/1 then 13/7 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded two products: (1) The higher Rf product (4R, 2’S)-4-benzyl-3-[3- cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonyl]-oxazohdm-2-one (2.12 g, 54%) as a white foam- mp 62-64°C; [c.]23 589 = +6.3° (c=0.24, chloroform); EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C25H29NO5S (M+) 455.1766, found 455.1757. (2) The lower Rf product (4R, 2R)-4- benzyl-3-[3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonyl]-oxazolιdm-2-one (3.88 g, 99%) as a white foam: mp 59-61°C; [α]23 589 = -98.3° (c=0.35, chloroform); EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C25H29NO5S (M +) 455.1766, found 455.1753. The combined mass recovery from the two products was 6.00 g, providing a 76% conversion yield for the reaction

An aqueous solution of lithium hydroperoxide was freshly prepared from mixing a solution of anhydrous lithium hydroxide powder (707.3 mg, 16.86 mmol) m 5.27 mL of water with a 30% aqueous hydrogen peroxide solution (3.44 mL, 33.71 mmol). This freshly prepared aqueous lithium hydroperoxide solution was cooled to 0°C and then slowly added to a cooled (0°C) solution of (4R, 2’R)-4-benzyl-3-[3-cyclopentyl-2-(4- methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonyl]-oxazolιdm-2-one (3.84 g, 8.43 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (33 mL) and water (11 mL). The reaction mixture was stiπed 0°C for 1.5 h The reaction mixture was then quenched with a 1.5N aqueous sodium sulfite solution (25 mL) The reaction mixture was further diluted with water (300 mL) The resulting aqueous layer was continuously extracted with diethyl ether until thm layer chromatography indicated the absence of the recovered chiral oxazolidmone in the aqueous layer The aqueous layer was then acidified to pH = 2 with a 10% aqueous hydrochlonc acid solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (300 mL) The organic extract was dned over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to afford (2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιomc acid as a white solid (2.23 g, 89%) which was used without further puπfication Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 30/1 methylene chlonde/methanol then 10/1 methylene chlonde/methanol) was used to obtain a punfied sample for analytical data and afforded pure (2R)-3- cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιomc acid as a white foam- mp 62-64°C (foam to gel), [α]23 589 = -50.0° (c=0.02, chloroform), EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C15H20O4S (M+) 296 1082, found 296 1080

A solution of tnphenylphosphme (3.35 g, 12.79 mmol) m methylene chloπde (19 mL) was cooled to 0°C and then slowly treated with N-bromosuccmimide (2.28 g, 12.79 mmol) in small portions. The reaction mixture was stiπed at 0°C for 30 mm, and dunng this time penod, the color of the reaction mixture changed from light yellow to a darker yellow then to a purple color. The cooled purple reaction mixture was then treated with the (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)propιonιc acid (2.23 g, 7.52 mmol) The resulting reaction mixture was then allowed to warm to 25°C over 45 mm, at which time, the reaction mixture was then treated with 2-amιnothιazole (1.88 g, 18.81 mmol) The resulting reaction mixture was stiπed at 25°C for 12 h. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo to remove methylene chloπde The remaining black residue was diluted with ethyl acetate (300 mL) and then washed well with a 10% aqueous hydrochlonc acid solution (2 x 100 mL), a 5% aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (3 x 100 mL), and a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (1 x 200 mL). The organic layer was then dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Flash chromatography (Merck Silica gel 60, 70-230 mesh, 9/1, 3/1, and then 11/9 hexanes/ethyl acetate) afforded (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-N-thiazol-2-yl- propionamide (2.10 g, 74%) as a white foam: mp 78-80°C (foam to gel); [α]23 589 = -70.4° (c=0.027, chloroform); EI-HRMS m/e calcd for C18H22N2O3S2 (M+) 378.1072, found 378.1081.

REFERENCES

[1]. Haynes NE, et al. Discovery, structure-activity relationships, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of glucokinase activator (2R)-3-cyclopentyl-2-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-N-thiazol-2-yl-propionamide (RO0281675).

Glucokinase (GK) is a glucose sensor that couples glucose metabolism to insulin release. The important role of GK in maintaining glucose homeostasis is illustrated in patients with GK mutations. In this publication, identification of the hit molecule 1 and its SAR development, which led to the discovery of potent allosteric GK activators 9a and 21a, is described. Compound 21a (RO0281675) was used to validate the clinical relevance of targeting GK to treat type 2 diabetes.

http://www.nature.com/nrd/journal/v8/n5/fig_tab/nrd2850_T2.html

NMR…..http://www.medchemexpress.com/product_pdf/HY-10595/Ro%2028-1675-NMR-HY-10595-13569-2014.pdf

http://www.medchemexpress.com/product_pdf/HY-10595/Ro%2028-1675-Lcms_Ms-HY-10595-13569-2014.pdf

J Grimsby et al. Allosteric Activators of Glucokinase: Potential Role in Diabetes Therapy. Science Signaling 2003, 301(5631), 370-373.
T Kietzmann and GK Ganjam. Glucokinase: old enzyme, new target. Exp. Opin. Ther. Patents. 2005, 15(6), 705-713.

 

 

///////////RO-28-1675, Ro 0281675

O=C(Nc1nccs1)[C@H](CC2CCCC2)c3ccc(cc3)S(C)(=O)=O

Chemical structures of Roche’s glucokinase activators (GKAs) RO-28-1675 and piragliatin, as well as the related GKA 1.

CARMEGLIPTIN………….a DPP-4 inhibitor


Figure

(2S,3S,11βS)-1-(2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11β-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-(4S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one Dihydrochloride

(2S,3S,11bS)-1-(2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4(S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

813452-14-1 (di-HCl)
916069-91-5 (mono-HCl)

Roche…….innovator

 

CARMEGLIPTIN, 813452-18-5, 结构式

 

CARMEGLIPTIN

813452-18-5

(2S,3S,11βS)-1-(2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11β-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-(4S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

(S)-1-((2S,3S,11bS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-2,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-1H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-(fluoromethyl)pyrrolidin-2-one

(S)-1-((2S,3S,11bS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-2,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-1H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-(fluoromethyl)pyrrolidin-2-one
(S)-1-((2S,3S,11bS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-2,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-1H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-(fluoromethyl)pyrrolidin-2-one
分子式: C20H28FN3O3
分子量: 377

813452-18-5, Carmegliptin, R-1579;carmegliptin, Carmegliptin (USAN/INN), SureCN419289, UNII-9Z723VGH7J, CHEMBL591118, CHEBI:699093, Ro-4876904, D08631, R-1579, B1Q

 

Type 2 diabetes is a chronic, progressive metabolic disease, affecting about 4% of the world population. The main goal of the management of type 2 diabetes is to achieve glycemic control as close to the nondiabetic range as practicable, in order to reduce the risk of late-stage complications.However, the therapeutic effect provided by existing medications is often not sustainable, since the multi-organ defects responsible for the disease are only insufficiently addressed.

Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors have emerged as a new therapeutic option to treat type 2 diabetes.

Their rapid rise in popularity is due to the favourable safety profile (no hypoglycemia, no weight gain, no gastrointestinal problems—typical side effects associated with established anti-diabetic agents). DPP-IV is a ubiquitous serine protease, the inhibition of which prevents the degradation of glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1). The resulting higher levels of GLP-1 have a beneficial impact on major players involved in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes: β-cells, liver, α-cells, gut, and brain.

Long-term studies with DPP-IV inhibitors in patients are underway in order to confirm the safety and sustainability of these effects, and, in particular, their ability to prevent the progressive loss of β-cell function.

 

SYNTHESIS

 

Figure

 

aReagents and conditions: a) HCO2Me, Δ; b) POCl3, MeCN; c) HO2CCH2CO2Et, neat, 120 °C; d) ethyl acrylate, neat; e) t-BuOK, neat (5 steps); f) NH4OAc, MeOH; g) NaBH4, TFA, THF; h) Boc2O, CH2Cl2; i) KOH, aq THF; j) DPPA, Et3N, TMSCH2CH2OH, PhMe, 80 °C; k) Et4NF, MeCN; l) chiral HPLC; m) Et3N, CH2Cl2; n) NaH, DMF; o) HCl, dioxane; p) HCl, 2-PrOH.

 

Full-size image (22 K)

Scheme 2.

Reagents and conditions: (a) NH4OAc, MeOH, rt, 95%; (b) NaBH4, TFA, THF, 0 °C; (c) Boc2O, CH2Cl2, 83% over 2 steps; (d) KOH, aq THF, rt; (e) DPPA, Et3N, 2-(trimethylsilyl)ethanol, toluene, 80 °C; (f) Et4NF, CH3CN, 50 °C, 56% over 3 steps; (g) Et3N, CH2Cl2, (h) NaH, cat. NaI, DMF; (i) HCl, 1,4-dioxane.

 

 

Carmegliptin (2.70) is an anti-diabetes drug which is currently in late stage clinical trials. It represents a further structural advancement from the other existing marketed drugs in this class, sitagliptin (2.71, Januvia) and vildagliptin (2.72, Zomelis, Figure 7). These compounds are all members of the dipeptidyl peptidase 4 class (DPP-4), a transmembrane protein that is responsible for the degradation of incretins; hormones which up-regulate the concentration of insulin excreted in a cell. As DPP-4 specifically cleaves at proline residues, it is unsurprising that the members of this drug class exhibit an embedded pyrrolidine ring (or mimic) and additional decoration (a nitrile or fluorinated alkyl substituent is present in order to reach into a local lipophilic pocket). One specific structural liability of the 2-cyano-N-acylpyrrolidinyl motif (2.73) is its inherent susceptibility towards diketopiperazine formation (2.74, Scheme 29) [80], however, one way to inhibit this transformation is to position a bulky substituent on the secondary amine nucleophile as is the case in vildagliptine (2.72).

[1860-5397-9-265-7]
Figure 7: Structures of DPP-4 inhibitors of the gliptin-type.
[1860-5397-9-265-i29]
Scheme 29: Formation of inactive diketopiperazines from cis-rotameric precursors.

A single crystal X-ray structure of carmegliptin bound in the human DPP-4 active site has been published indicating how the fluoromethylpyrrolidone moiety extends into an adjacent lipophilic pocket [81]. Additional binding is provided by π–π interaction between the aromatic substructure and an adjacent phenylalanine residue as well as through several H-bonds facilitated by the adjacent polar substituents (Figure 8).

 

[1860-5397-9-265-8]
Figure 8: Co-crystal structure of carmegliptin bound in the human DPP-4 active site (PDB 3kwf).

The reported synthesis of carmegliptin enlists a Bischler-Napieralski reaction utilising the primary amine 2.76 and methyl formate to yield the initial dihydroquinoline 2.77 as its HCl salt (Scheme 30) [82]. This compound was next treated with 3-oxoglutaric acid mono ethyl ester (2.78) in the presence of sodium acetate. Decarboxylation then yields the resulting aminoester 2.79 which was progressed through an intramolecular Mannich-type transformation using aqueous formaldehyde to allow isolation of enaminoester 2.80 after treatment of the intermediate with ammonium acetate in methanol.

The next step involves a very efficient crystallisation-induced dynamic resolution of the racemic material using the non-natural (S,S)-dibenzoyl-D-tartaric acid ((+)-DBTA). It is described that the desired (S)-enantiomer of compound 2.81 can be isolated in greater than 99% ee and 93% overall yield. This approach is certainly superior to the original separation of the two enantiomers (at the stage of the final product) by preparative chiral HPLC that was used in the discovery route (albeit it should be noted that both enantiomers were required for physiological profiling at the discovery stage).

Next, a 1,2-syndiastereoselective reduction of enaminoester 2.81 occurs with high diastereocontrol imposed by the convexed presentation of the substrate for the formal conjugate addition and subsequent protonation steps. This is followed by Boc-protection and interconversion of the ethyl ester to its amide derivative 2.82 in 80% overall yield for this telescoped process. The primary amide in 2.82 was then oxidised via a modern variant of the classical Hoffmann rearrangement using phenyliodine diacetate (PIDA).

Following extensive investigation it was found that slowly adding this reagent in a mixture of acetonitrile/water to a suspension of amide 2.82 and KOH gave clean conversion to the amine product in high yield. This new procedure was also readily scalable offering a cleaner, safer and more reliable transformation when compared to other related rearrangement reactions. During a further telescoped procedure amine 2.83 was treated with lactone 2.84 to regenerate the corresponding lactam after mesylate formation. Finally, removal of the Boc-group with aqueous hydrochloric acid furnished carmegliptin as its HCl salt.

 

[1860-5397-9-265-i30]
Scheme 30: Improved route to carmegliptin.
  1. Peters, J.-U. Curr. Top. Med. Chem. 2007, 7, 579–595……………..80
  2. Mattei, P.; Boehringer, M.; Di Gorgio, P.; Fischer, H.; Hennig, M.; Huwyler, J.; Koçer, B.; Kuhn, B.; Loeffler, B. M.; MacDonald, A.; Narquizian, R.; Rauber, E.; Sebokova, E.; Sprecher, U.Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2010, 20, 1109–1113. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2009.12.024………..81
  3. Albrecht, S.; Adam, J.-M.; Bromberger, U.; Diodone, R.; Fettes, A.; Fischer, R.; Goeckel, V.; Hildbrand, S.; Moine, G.; Weber, M. Org. Process Res. Dev. 2011, 15, 503–514. doi:10.1021/op2000207……….82

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

Org. Process Res. Dev. 2011, 15, 503–514. doi:10.1021/op2000207

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/full/10.1021/op2000207

 

Abstract Image

A short and high-yielding synthesis of carmegliptin (1) suitable for large-scale production is reported. The tricyclic core was assembled efficiently by a decarboxylative Mannich addition−Mannich cyclization sequence. Subsequent crystallization-induced dynamic resolution of enamine 7 using (S,S)-dibenzoyltartaric acid was followed by diastereoselective enamine reduction to give the fully functionalized tricyclic core with its three stereogenic centers. The C-3 nitrogen was introduced by Hofmann rearrangement of amide 28, and the resulting amine 10was coupled with (S)-fluoromethyl lactone 31. Following cyclization to lactam 13 and amine deprotection, 1 was obtained in 27−31% overall yield with six isolated intermediates.

Preparation of (2S,3S,11βS)-1-(2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11β-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-(4S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one Dihydrochloride (1)   CARMEGLIPTIN

A suspension of carbamate 13 (136 kg, 285 mol) in a mixture of H2O (112 kg) and acetone (122 kg) was treated at 50 °C within 60 min with 37% aq HCl (98.0 kg). After 90 min at 47−52 °C the solution was polish filtered through a 5 μm filter. The first reactor and the transfer lines were washed with a hot (47−52 °C) mixture of H2O (13.0 kg) and acetone (116 kg). The filtrate was cooled to 25 °C and treated at this temperature within 80 min with acetone (1600 kg) whereupon the product crystallized out. The resulting suspension was stirred for 1 h at 25 °C and subsequently centrifuged. The crystals were washed in two portions with acetone (391 kg) and dried at 50 °C and <30 mbar until constant weight to afford 122.4 kg (95%) of the title compound as colorless crystals with an assay (HPLC) of 98.8% (w/w).
1H NMR (400 MHz, D2O) δ 2.11−2.22 (m, 1H); 2.45 (dd, J = 17.6 Hz, 6.7 Hz; 1H); 2.76 (dd, J = 17.6 Hz, 9.55 Hz, 1H); 2.90−3.05 (m, 1H); 3.08−3.19 (m, 2H); 3.24−3.36 (m, 1H); 3.43 (dd, J = 9.8 Hz, 5.75 Hz, 1H); 3.49−3.58 (m, 1H); 3.70−3.84 (m, 4H); 3.87 (s, 3H); 3.88 (s, 3H); 4.12 (td, J = 11.6 Hz, 4.5 Hz, 1H); 4.45−4.55 (m, 1H); 4.56−4.68 (m, 3H); 6.91 (s, 1H), 6.95 (s, 1H).
 
 
IR (cm−1): 3237, 2925, 1682, 496, 478.
 
MS (ESI): m/z 378.3 ([M + H]+ (free amine)).
 
Anal. Calcd for C20H30Cl2FN3O3: C, 53.34; H, 6.71; N, 9.33; Cl, 15.74; F 4.22; O, 10.66. Found: C, 53.04; H, 6.43; N, 9.45; Cl, 15.66; F, 4.29; O, 11.09.
REF FOR ABOVE
Mattei, P.; Böhringer, M.; Di Giorgio, P.; Fischer, H.; Hennig, M.; Huwyler, J.; Kocer, B.; Kuhn, B.; Löffler, B. M.; MacDonald, A.; Narquizian, R.; Rauber, E.; Sebokova, E.; Sprecher, U. Bioorg. Med. Chem. Lett. 2010, 20, 1109

Böhringer, M.; Kuhn, B.; Lübbers, T.; Mattei, P.; Narquizian, R.; Wessel,H. P. (F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG). U.S. Pat. Appl. 2004/0259902, 2004.
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Discovery of carmegliptin: A potent and long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2010, 20(3): 1109
 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09017296

  • Discovery of carmegliptin: A potent and long-acting dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor for the treatment of type 2 diabetes

  • Pages 1109-1113
  • Patrizio Mattei, Markus Boehringer, Patrick Di Giorgio, Holger Fischer, Michael Hennig, Joerg Huwyler, Buelent Koçer, Bernd Kuhn, Bernd M. Loeffler, Alexander MacDonald, Robert Narquizian, Etienne Rauber, Elena Sebokova, Urs Sprecher
  • image
    Full-size image (16 K)

    Scheme 3.

    Reagents and conditions: (a) preparative HPLC (Chiralpak® AD column), heptane/2-propanol 85:15, 37% (b) BH3.Me2S, THF, 0 °C; (c) (MeOCH2CH2)2NSF3, CH2Cl2, 67% (2 steps); (d), SOCl2, ZnCl2, 80 °C, 72 h, 61%; (e) Et3N, CH2Cl2; (f) NaH, DMF, 56% (2 steps); (g) HCl, 1,4-dioxane, 91%; (h) HCl, 2-propanol, 86%.

 The synthesis of 8p is outlined ABOVE and required the enantiopure building blocks (S,S,S)-5 and 12. (S,S,S)-5 was obtained from the racemate by preparative chiral HPLC. Acid chloride 12 was prepared starting from (S)-paraconic acid (9).  Reduction of 9 with borane–dimethyl sulfide complex afforded hydroxymethyl lactone 10. Since 10 is known to racemise rather readily,  it was immediately treated with bis(2-methoxyethyl)aminosulfur trifluoride,  thereby affording fluoromethyl lactone 11. This was converted to 12 by reaction with thionyl chloride in the presence of zinc chloride.  The (S)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidinone 8p was isolated as the dihydrochloride salt, a highly water soluble white crystalline solid, mp >275 °C.
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US 2013109859

The most preferred product is (2S,3S,11bS)-2-tert.-Butoxycarbonylamino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline-3-carboxylic acid amide having the following structure:

It has been found that during the amidation of the ester epimerization takes place at position 3 and thus the 3R-epimer of the formula IVb is transformed to a larger extent in the 3S-epimer of formula V.

 

e) Preparation of (2S,3S,11bS)-1-(2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4(S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one Dihydrochloride

A 2.5 L reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, a Pt-100 thermometer, a dropping funnel and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 619 g (1.30 mol) of (2S,3S,11bS)-3-((4S)-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester, 4.2 L isopropanol and 62 mL water and the suspension was heated to 40-45° C. In a second vessel, 1.98 L isopropanol was cooled to 0° C. and 461 mL (6.50 mol) acetyl chloride was added during 35 min, maintaining the temperature at 0-7° C. After completed addition, the mixture was allowed to reach ca. 15° C. and was then slowly added to the first vessel during 1.5 h. After completed addition the mixture was stirred for 18 h at 40-45° C., whereas crystallization started after 1 h. The white suspension was cooled to 20° C. during 2 h, stirred at that temperature for 1.5 h and filtered. The crystals were washed portionwise with 1.1 L isopropanol and dried for 72 h at 45° C./20 mbar, to give 583 g of the product as white crystals (100% yield; assay: 99.0%).

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US 2008071087
Figure US20080071087A1-20080320-C00035
(2S,3S,11bS)-(3-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (8)
Example 8
Transformation of (2S,3S,11bS)-(3-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl) ]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester into (S)-1-((2S,3S,11bS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl) -4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one.a)
Preparation of 4-fluoromethyl-5H-furan-2-oneA 6 L reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, a Pt-100 thermometer, a dropping funnel and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 500 g (4.38 mmol) 4-hydroxymethyl-5H-furan-2-one and 2.0 L dichloromethane. The solution was cooled to −10° C. and 1.12 kg (4.82 mol) bis-(2-methoxyethyl)aminosulfur trifluoride (Deoxo-Fluor) was added during 50 min, maintaining the temperature at −5 to −10° C. with a cooling bath. During the addition a yellowish emulsion formed, which dissolved to an orange-red solution after completed addition. This solution was stirred for 1.5 h at 15-20° C., then cooled to −10° C. A solution of 250 ml water in 1.00 L ethanol was added during 30 min, maintaining the temperature between −5 and −10° C., before the mixture was allowed to reach 15-20° C. It was then concentrated in a rotatory evaporator to a volume of ca. 1.6 L at 40° C./600-120 mbar. The residue was dissolved in 2.0 L dichloromethane and washed three times with 4.0 L 1N hydrochloric acid. The combined aqueous layers were extracted three times with 1.4 L dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were evaporated in a rotatory evaporator to give 681 g crude product as a dark brown liquid. This material was distilled over a Vigreux column at 0.1 mbar, the product fractions being collected between 71 and 75° C. (312 g). This material was re-distilled under the same conditions, the fractions being collected between 65 and 73° C., to give 299 g 4-fluoromethyl-5H-furan-2-one (58% yield; assay: 99%).MS: m/e 118 M+, 74,59,41.b) Preparation of (S)-4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-oneA 2 L autoclave equipped with a mechanical stirrer was charged with a solution of 96.0 g 4-fluoromethyl-5H-furan-2-one (8.27×10−1 mol) in 284 mL methanol. The autoclave was sealed and pressurized several times with argon (7 bar) in order to remove any traces of oxygen. At ˜1 bar argon, a solution of 82.74 mg Ru(OAc)2((R)-3,5-tBu-MeOBlPHEP) (6.62×10−5 mol) (S/C 12500) in 100 mL methanol was added under stirring from a catalyst addition device previously charged in a glove box (O2 content <2 ppm) and pressurized with argon (7 bar). The argon atmosphere in the autoclave was replaced by hydrogen (5 bar). At this pressure, the reaction mixture was stirred (˜800 rpm) for 20 h at 30° C. and then removed from the autoclave and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was distilled to afford 91.8 g (94%) (S)-4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one. The chemical purity of the product was 99.7% by GC-area.c) Preparation of (2S,3S,11bS)-3-(3-Fluoromethyl-4-hydroxy-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl esterA 1.5 L reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, a Pt-100 thermometer, a dropping funnel and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 50 g (128 mmol) (2S,3S,11bS)-3-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester, 500 mL toluene and 2.51 g (25.6 mmol) 2-hydroxypyridine. To this slightly brownish suspension, 22.7 g (192 mmol) of (S)-4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one was added dropwise at RT. No exothermy was observed during the addition. The dropping funnel was rinsed portionwise with totally 100 mL toluene. The suspension was heated to reflux, whereas it turned into a dear solution starting from 60° C., after 40 min under reflux a suspension formed again. After totally 23 h under reflux, the thick suspension was cooled to RT, diluted with 100 mL dichloromethane and stirred for 30 min at RT. After filtration, the filter cake was washed portionwise with totally 200 mL toluene, then portionwise with totally 100 mL dichloromethane. The filter cake was dried at 50° C./10 mbar for 20 h, to give 60.0 g product (94% yield; assay: 100%).

MS: m/e 496 (M+H)+, 437.

d) Preparation of (2S,3S,11bS)-3-((4S)-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl esterA 1.5 L reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, a Pt-100 thermometer, a dropping funnel, a cooling bath and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 28 g (56.5 mmol) of (2S,3S,11bS)-3-(3-fluoromethyl-4-hydroxy-butyrylamino) -9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester and 750 mL THF. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and a solution of 6.17 mL (79 mmol) methanesulfonic acid in 42 mL THF was added during 10 min, maintaining the temperature at 0-5° C. At 0° C. a solution of 12.6 mL (90.2 mmol) triethylamine in 42 mL THF was added during 15 min. The resulting suspension was stirred for 80 min at 0-5° C., whereas it became gradually thicker. Then 141 mL (141 mmol) 1 M lithium-bis(trimethylsilyl)amide were added to the mixture during 15 min, whereas the suspension dissolved. The solution was allowed to reach RT during 60 min under stirring. 500 mL water was added without cooling, the mixture was extracted and the aqueous phase was subsequently extracted with 500 mL and 250 mL dichloromethane. The organic layers were each washed with 300 mL half saturated brine, combined and evaporated on a rotatory evaporator. The resulting foam was dissolved in 155 mL dichloromethane, filtered and again evaporated to give 30.5 g crude product as a slightly brownish foam. This material was dissolved in 122 mL methanol, resulting in a thick suspension, which dissolved on heating to reflux. After 20 min of reflux the solution was allowed to gradually cool to RT during 2 h, whereas crystallization started after 10 min. After 2 h the suspension was cooled to 0° C. for 1 h, followed by −25° C. for 1 h. The crystals were filtered off via a pre-cooled glass sinter funnel, washed portionwise with 78 mL TBME and dried for 18 h at 45° C./20 mbar, to give 21.0 g of the title product as white crystals (77% yield; assay: 99.5%).

MS: m/e 478 (M+H)+, 437, 422.

e) Preparation of (2S,3S,11bS)-1-(2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4(S)-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one dihydrochlorideA 2.5 L reactor equipped with a mechanical stirrer, a Pt-100 thermometer, a dropping funnel and a nitrogen inlet was charged with 619 g (1.30 mol) of (2S,3S,11bS)-3-((4S)-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester, 4.2 L isopropanol and 62 mL water and the suspension was heated to 40-45° C. In a second vessel, 1.98 L isopropanol was cooled to 0° C. and 461 mL (6.50 mol) acetyl chloride was added during 35 min, maintaining the temperature at 0-7° C. After completed addition, the mixture was allowed to reach ca. 15° C. and was then slowly added to the first vessel during 1.5 h. After completed addition the mixture was stirred for 18 h at 40-45° C., whereas crystallization started after 1 h. The white suspension was cooled to 20° C. during 2 h, stirred at that temperature for 1.5 h and filtered. The crystals were washed portionwise with 1.1 L isopropanol and dried for 72 h at 45° C./20 mbar, to give 583 g of the product as white crystals (100% yield; assay: 99.0%).

These compounds are useful intermediates for the preparation of DPP-IV inhibitors as disclosed in PCT International Patent Appl. WO 2005/000848. More preferably, the invention relates to a process for the preparation of (2S,3S,11bS)-(3-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester.

 

XXXXXXX

According to still another embodiment (Scheme 2, below) the (S)-4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one (VII) is directly coupled with the amino-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivative (VI) to form the hydroxymethyl derivative of the pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline (VIII), which is then subsequently cyclized to the fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one derivative (IX). The latter can be deprotected to yield the desired pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinoline derivative (I).

In a further preferable embodiment, the process for the preparation of (S)-1-((2S,3S,11bS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one or of a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof comprises the subsequent steps:

  • e) coupling of the (2S,3S,11bS)-3-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (amine of formula VI, wherein R2 and R3 are methoxy, R4 is hydrogen and Prot is Boc) with the (S)-4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one of formula
  • f) cyclization of the obtained (2S,3S,11bS)-3-(3-fluoromethyl-4-hydroxy-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester in the presence of a base, and
  • g) deprotecting the obtained (2S,3S,11bS)-3-((4S)-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester.

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PATENT

 

http://www.google.com.ar/patents/US7122555?cl=pt-PT

 

Example 23

RACEMIC

1-((RS,RS,RS)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

a) 4-Fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one

A solution of 4-hydroxymethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one (Tetrahedron 1994, 50, 6839; 1.02 g, 8.78 mmol) and bis(2-methoxyethyl)aminosulfur trifluoride (3.88 g, 17.6 mmol) in chloroform (4.4 mL) was stirred at 40° C. for 1 h, then poured onto ice and partitioned between sat. aq. sodium hydrogencarbonate solution and dichloromethane. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), and evaporated. Chromatography (SiO2, heptane-ethyl acetate gradient) afforded the title compound (576 mg, 56%). Colourless liquid, MS (EI) 118.9 (M+H)+.

b) 3-Chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyryl chloride

A mixture of 4-fluoromethyl-dihydro-furan-2-one (871 mg, 7.37 mmol), thionyl chloride (4.39 g, 36.9 mmol), and zinc chloride (60 mg, 0.44 mmol) was stirred 72 h at 80° C., then excess thionyl chloride was removed by distillation. Kugelrohr distillation of the residue (85° C., 0.2 mbar) afforded the title compound (450 mg, 35%). Colourless liquid, 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3): 4.65–4.55 (m, 1H), 4.50–4.40 (m, 1H), 3.70–3.60 (m, 2H), 3.25–3.05 (m, 2H), 2.80–2.60 (m, 1H).

c) (RS,RS,RS)-[3-(3-Chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

The title compound was produced in accordance with the general method of Example 5c from (RS,RS,RS)-(3-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Example 5b) and 3-chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyryl chloride. White solid, MS (ISP) 514.5 (M+H)+.

d) (RS,RS,RS)-[3-(4-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

The title compound was produced in accordance with the general method of Example 5d from (RS,RS,RS)-[3-(3-chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester. Off-white foam, MS (ISP) 478.5 (M+H)+.

e) 1-((RS,RS,RS)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

The title compound was produced in accordance with the general method of Example 1e from (RS,RS,RS)-[3-(4-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester. Light yellow oil, MS (ISP) 378.5 (M+H)+.
Examples 28 and 29

(SR)-1-((RS,RS,RS)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

Figure US07122555-20061017-C00040 UNDESIRED

and

 

(RS,RS,RS,RS)-1-(2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one

The title compounds were produced from 1-((RS,RS,RS)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one (Example 23) by chromatographic separation (SiO2, CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH4OH 80:1:0.2, then 95:5:0.25).

(SR)-1-((RS,RS,RS)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one: Yellow oil, Rf=0.45 (CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH4OH 90:10:0.25).

(RS,RS,RS,RS)-1-(2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one: Light yellow solid, Rf=0.40 (CH2Cl2/MeOH/NH4OH 90:10:0.25).

Example 30

(S)-1-((S,S,S)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one Dihydrochloride

Figure US07122555-20061017-C00042 DESIRED

a) [(S,S,S)-3-(3-Chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

The title compound was produced in accordance with the general method of Example 5c from (S,S,S)-(3-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Example 16b) and 3-chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyryl chloride (Example 23b). Off-white solid.

b) [(S,S,S)-3-((S)-4-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester and [(S,S,S)-3-((R)-4-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

Sodium hydride (55–65% dispersion in oil, 1.14 g, 28.5 mmol) was added to a suspension of [(S,S,S)-3-(3-chloromethyl-4-fluoro-butyrylamino)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (6.72 g, 13.1 mmol) in N,N-dimethylformamide (95 mL) at r.t., then after 1 h the reaction mixture was poured onto ice and partitioned between ethyl acetate and water. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (MgSO4), and evaporated. Chromatography (SiO2, cyclohexane/2-propanol 4:1) afforded [(S,S,S)-3-((S)-4-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (2.40 g, 38%) and the epimer, [(S,S,S)-3-((R)-4-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (2.73 g, 44%).

[(S,S,S)-3-((S)-4-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester: Light yellow foam, Rf=0.6 (SiO2, cyclohexane/2-propanol 1:1).

[(S,S,S)-3-((R)-4-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester: Light yellow foam, Rf=0.4 (SiO2, cyclohexane/2-propanol 1:1).

    • c) (S)-1-((S,S,S)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido[2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one dihydrochloride

[(S,S,S)-3-((S)-4-Fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (2.40 g, 5.02 mmol) was converted to (S)-1-((S,S,S)-2-amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one in accordance with the general method of Example 1e. The product was dissolved in 2-propanol (10 mL) and treated with hydrogen chloride (5–6 M in 2-propanol, 37 mL). The suspension formed was stirred for 64 h at r.t., then the precipitate was collected by filtration and dried, to afford the title compound (2.04 g, 91%). White solid, m.p. >300° C.

Example 31(R)-1-((S,S,S)-2-Amino-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-3-yl)-4-fluoromethyl-pyrrolidin-2-one dihydrochloride

Figure US07122555-20061017-C00043 UNDESIRED

The title compound was produced in accordance with the general method of Example 30c from [(S,S,S)-3-((R)-4-fluoromethyl-2-oxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl)-9,10-dimethoxy-1,3,4,6,7,11b-hexahydro-2H-pyrido [2,1-a]isoquinolin-2-yl]-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (Example 30b). White solid, m.p. >300° C.

 

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO

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Japan First to Approve Alectinib アレクチニブ 塩酸塩 (AF 802) for ALK+ NSCLC


 

Alectinib (AF802, CH5424802, RG7853, RO5424802)

CAS 1256580-46-7 FREE

1256589-74-8 (Alectinib Hydrochloride)

9-Ethyl-6,11-dihydro-6,6-dimethyl-8-[4-(4-morpholinyl)-1-piperidinyl]-11-oxo-5H-benzo[b]carbazole-3-carbonitrile

Formula: C30H34N4O2
M.Wt: 482.62

Mechanism of Action:ALK inhibitor
Indication:Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Current Status:Phase II (US,EU,UK), NDA(Japan)
Company:中外製薬株式会社 (Chugai), Roche

Japan First to Approve Alectinib for ALK+ NSCLC

http://www.dddmag.com/news/2014/07/japan-first-approve-alectinib-alk-nsclc?et_cid=4034150&et_rid=523035093&type=headline

Roche announced that the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) has approved alectinib for the treatment of people living with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that is anaplastic lymphoma kinase fusion gene-positive (ALK+). The approval was based on results from a Japanese Phase 1/2 clinical study (AF-001JP) for people whose tumors were advanced, recurrent or could not be removed completely through surgery (unresectable).

 

Company Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
Description Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor
Molecular Target Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)
Mechanism of Action Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Ki-1) (ALK) inhibitor
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Registration
Standard Indication Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Indication Details Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Treat non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); Treat unresectable progressive or recurrent ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
Regulatory Designation

U.S. – Breakthrough Therapy (Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC));
Japan – Orphan Drug (Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC));
Japan – Orphan Drug (Treat unresectable progressive or recurrent ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC));
Japan – Standard Review (Treat advanced ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC))

Partner

Roche

 

Alectinib (also known as CH5424802,RO5424802), a second generation oral inhibitor of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), is being developed by Chugai and Roche for the treatment of patients with ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has progressed on Xalkori (Crizotinib).

Alectinib was discovered by Chugai Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. Chugai became a subsidiary of Roche in 2002 and the Swiss group currently owns 59.9 percent of the company.

On October 8, 2013, Chugai Pharmaceutical announced that it has filed a new drug application to Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW) for alectinib hydrochloride for the treatment of ALK fusion gene positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

IT  is a potent and selective ALK inhibitor with IC50 of 1.9 nM.Alterations in the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene have been implicated in human cancers. Among these findings, the fusion gene comprising EML4 and ALK has been identified in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and fusion of ALK to NPM1 has been observed in anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL). The possibility of targeting ALK in human cancer was advanced with the launch of crizotinib for NSCLC in the U.S. in 2011. The development of resistance to crizotinib in tumors, however, has led to the need for second-generation ALK inhibitors. One of these, alectinib hydrochloride, has been found to be an orally active, potent and highly selective ALK inhibitor with activity in ALK-driven tumor models. Alectinib has shown preclinical activity against cancers with ALK gene alterations, including NSCLC cells expressing the EML4-ALK fusion and ALCL cells expressing the NPM-ALK fusion. Alectinib was well tolerated and active in a phase I/II study conducted in Japan in patients with ALK-rearranged advanced NSCLC and in patients with ALK-positive NSCLC who had progressed on crizotinib. Alectinib has been submitted for approval in Japan for the treatment of ALK fusion gene-positive NSCLC and is in phase I/II development for ALK-rearranged NSCLC in the U.S.


……………..

………………….

WO2012023597

http://www.google.fm/patents/WO2012023597A1?cl=en

(Preparation 30)
Compound F6-20
9 – ethyl-6, 6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3 – carbonitrile

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000043

Under the same conditions as the synthesis of the compound B3-13-1, and the title compound was synthesized from compound F5-49.
1 H-NMR (400MHz, DMSO-D 6) δ: 12.70 (1H, s), 8.32 (1H, d, J = 7.9 Hz), 8.04 (1H, s), 8.00 (1H, s), 7.61 (1H , d, J = 8.5 Hz), 7.34 (1H, s), 3.64-3.57 (4H, m), 3.27-3.18 (2H, m), 2.82-2.66 (4H, m), 2.39-2.28 (1H, m ), 1.96-1.87 (2H, m), 1.76 (6H, s), 1.69-1.53 ​​(2H, m), 1.29 (3H, t, J = 7.3 Hz)
LCMS: m / z 483 [M + H] +
HPLC retention time: 1.98 minutes (analysis conditions U)

Hydrochloride 9 of compound F6-20 – ethyl-6, 6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b I was dissolved at 60 ℃ in a mixture of 10 volumes of methyl ethyl ketone, 3 volumes of water and acetic acid volume 4-carbonitrile -] carbazol-3. I was dropped hydrochloric acid (2N) 1 volume of solution. After stirring for 30 minutes at 60 ℃, and the precipitated solid was filtered and added dropwise to 25 volume ethanol, 9 – Dry ethyl -6,6 – dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) I got a one-carbonitrile hydrochloride – 11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3. Ethyl-6, 6 – 9 – obtained dimethyl-8 – (4 – morpholin-4 – yl – piperidin-1 – yl) -11 – oxo-6 ,11 – dihydro-5H-benzo [b] carbazol-3 – I was pulverized with a jet mill carbonitrile monohydrochloride.
1 H-NMR (400MHz, DMSO-D 6) δ: 12.78 (1H, s), 10.57 (1H, br.s), 8.30 (1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 8.05 (1H, s), 7.99 (1H , s), 7.59 (1H, d, J = 7.9 Hz), 7.36 (1H, s) ,4.02-3 .99 (2H, m) ,3.84-3 .78 (2H, m) ,3.51-3 .48 (2H, m), 3.15-3.13 (1H, s) ,2.83-2 .73 (2H, s) ,2.71-2 .67 (2H, s) ,2.23-2 .20 (2H, m) ,1.94-1 .83 (2H, m), 1.75 (6H, s ), 1.27 (3H, t, J = 7.5 Hz)
FABMS: m / z 483 [M + H] +

I was dissolved at 90 ℃ to 33 volume dimethylacetamide F6-20 F6-20 mesylate. Was added to 168 volumes mesylate solution (2 N) 1.2 volume, ethyl acetate solution was stirred for 4 hours. The filtered crystals were precipitated, and dried to obtain a F6-20 one mesylate. I was milled in a jet mill F6-20 one mesylate salt was obtained.

……………………

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 54(18), 6286-6294; 2011

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jm200652u

 

 

WO2002043704A1 * 30 Nov 2001 6 Jun 2002 Yasuki Kato Composition improved in solubility or oral absorbability
WO2008051547A1 * 23 Oct 2007 2 May 2008 Cephalon Inc Fused bicyclic derivatives of 2,4-diaminopyrimidine as alk and c-met inhibitors
WO2009073620A2 * 1 Dec 2008 11 Jun 2009 Newlink Genetics Ido inhibitors
WO2010143664A1 * 9 Jun 2010 16 Dec 2010 Chugai Seiyaku Kabushiki Kaisha Tetracyclic compound
JP2008280352A Title not available
JP2009100783A Title not available
JPH0892090A * Title not available

 

 

References

1: Ignatius Ou SH, Azada M, Hsiang DJ, Herman JM, Kain TS, Siwak-Tapp C, Casey C, He J, Ali SM, Klempner SJ, Miller VA. Next-generation sequencing reveals a Novel NSCLC ALK F1174V mutation and confirms ALK G1202R mutation confers high-level resistance to alectinib (CH5424802/RO5424802) in ALK-rearranged NSCLC patients who progressed on crizotinib. J Thorac Oncol. 2014 Apr;9(4):549-53. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000094. PubMed PMID: 24736079.

2: Gouji T, Takashi S, Mitsuhiro T, Yukito I. Crizotinib can overcome acquired resistance to CH5424802: is amplification of the MET gene a key factor? J Thorac Oncol. 2014 Mar;9(3):e27-8. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0000000000000113. PubMed PMID: 24518097.

3: Latif M, Saeed A, Kim SH. Journey of the ALK-inhibitor CH5424802 to phase II clinical trial. Arch Pharm Res. 2013 Sep;36(9):1051-4. doi: 10.1007/s12272-013-0157-8. Epub 2013 May 23. Review. PubMed PMID: 23700294.

4: Seto T, Kiura K, Nishio M, Nakagawa K, Maemondo M, Inoue A, Hida T, Yamamoto N, Yoshioka H, Harada M, Ohe Y, Nogami N, Takeuchi K, Shimada T, Tanaka T, Tamura T. CH5424802 (RO5424802) for patients with ALK-rearranged advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (AF-001JP study): a single-arm, open-label, phase 1-2 study. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jun;14(7):590-8. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70142-6. Epub 2013 Apr 30. PubMed PMID: 23639470.

5: Kinoshita K, Asoh K, Furuichi N, Ito T, Kawada H, Hara S, Ohwada J, Miyagi T, Kobayashi T, Takanashi K, Tsukaguchi T, Sakamoto H, Tsukuda T, Oikawa N. Design and synthesis of a highly selective, orally active and potent anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor (CH5424802). Bioorg Med Chem. 2012 Feb 1;20(3):1271-80. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2011.12.021. Epub 2011 Dec 22. PubMed PMID: 22225917.

6: Sakamoto H, Tsukaguchi T, Hiroshima S, Kodama T, Kobayashi T, Fukami TA, Oikawa N, Tsukuda T, Ishii N, Aoki Y. CH5424802, a selective ALK inhibitor capable of blocking the resistant gatekeeper mutant. Cancer Cell. 2011 May 17;19(5):679-90. doi: 10.1016/j.ccr.2011.04.004. PubMed PMID: 21575866.

Gadgeel S, Ou SH, Chiappori A, et al: A phase I dose escalation study of a new ALK inhibitor, CH542480202, in ALK+ non-small cell lung cancer patients who have failed crizotinib. Abstract O16.06. Presented at the 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer, Sydney, Australia, October 29, 2013.

Ou SH, Gadgeel S, Chiappori AA, et al: Consistent therapeutic efficacy of CH5424802/RO5424802 in brain metastases among crizotinib-refractory ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer patients in an ongoing phase I/II study. Abstract O16.07. Presented at the 15th World Conference on Lung Cancer, Sydney, Australia, October 29, 2013.

Kinoshita, Kazuhiro et al,Preparation of tetracyclic compounds such as 11-oxo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[b]carbazole-3-carbonitrile derivatives as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors,Jpn. Kokai Tokkyo Koho, 2012126711, 05 Jul 2012

Furumoto, Kentaro et al, Composition containing tetracyclic compound and dissolution aid (4環性化合物を含む組成物), PCT Int. Appl., WO2012023597, 23 Feb 2012, Also published as CA2808210A1, CN103052386A, EP2606886A1, EP2606886A4, US20130143877

Kinoshita, Kazutomo et al,Design and synthesis of a highly selective, orally active and potent anaplastic lymphoma kinase inhibitor (CH5424802), Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry, 20(3), 1271-1280; 2012

Kinoshita, Kazutomo et al,9-Substituted 6,6-Dimethyl-11-oxo-6,11-dihydro-5H-benzo[b]carbazoles as Highly Selective and Potent Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase Inhibitors, Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 54(18), 6286-6294; 2011

Kinoshita, Kazuhiro et al, Preparation of tetracyclic compounds such as 11-oxo-5,6-dihydrobenzo[b]carbazole-3-carbonitrile derivatives as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitors,Jpn. Tokkyo Koho, 4588121, 24 Nov 2010

Indian Biosimilars Market


Indian Biosimilars Market

 

Indian flag Indian Biosimilars Market

India is one of the biggest sources of generic industry and is one of the emerging markets with its high population and investment in technology. Although India does not have stringent regulations, the country has a big potential for biosimilars… 

If we have a look at the sales figures of Indian biosimilars, 200 million US dollars of sales was recorded in 2008. But according to the analysts, the market will grow to 580 mUSD in 2012, which means a CAGR +30%.

http://www.biosimilarnews.com/indian-biosimilars-market

 

Tie up with Emcure…..Roche to launch cheaper cancer drugs in India


Reuters | Updated On: June 06, 2012 12:36 (IST)

Mumbai:

Swiss drugmaker Roche Holding AG plans to offer cut-price versions of two blockbuster cancer drugs for the Indian market soon, a company spokesman said on Friday, days after New Delhi moved to slash the price of a rival cancer treatment.

 

India stripped German’s Bayer AG of its exclusive rights to Nexavar earlier this month and licensed a local drugs company to produce a cheap, generic version, on the grounds that poor Indians could not otherwise afford the life-saving drug.

 

Roche, the world’s biggest maker of cancer drugs, said it would offer “significantly” cheaper, locally branded versions of its two cancer drugs, Herceptin and MabThera, by early next year, under an alliance with India’s Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd.

 

http://profit.ndtv.com/news/corporates/article-roche-to-launch-cheaper-cancer-drugs-in-india-300344

(4aS,7aR)-1-[5-[(3-Fluorophenyl)ethynyl]pyridin-2-yl]hexahydrocyclopenta[d][1,3]oxazin-2(1H)-one


(4aS,7aR)-1-[5-[(3-Fluorophenyl)ethynyl]pyridin-2-yl]hexahydrocyclopenta[d][1,3]oxazin-2(1H)-one

(4aS,7aR)-l-(5-Phenylethynyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-cyclopenta[d] [l,3]oxazin-2-one

336.35

C20 H17 F N2 O2

F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ag, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc.

mgluR5 Positive Allosteric Modulators

Signal Transduction Modulators

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2014056710A1?cl=en

Example 1

(4aS,7aR)-l-(5-Phenylethynyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-cyclopenta[d] [l,3]oxazin-2-one

 

Ste 1 : ((lR,2S)-2-Hydroxymethyl-cyclopentyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester

To a well stirred suspension of 0.94 g (24.7 mmol, 2 equiv.) of L1AIH4 in 30ml of THF at 0°C was added dropwise at 0°C a solution of (lS,2R)-methyl 2-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)- cyclopentanecarboxylate (CAS: 592503-55-4) (3.0 g, 12.3 mmol) (gas evolution, lightly exo therm). After 15 minutes at 0°C the reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to room temperature and was stirred for 2h. The mixture was cooled to 0°C and water was added dropwise. The precipitated inorganic salts were filtered through Celite and were washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was evaporated and the residue was purified by column

chromatography on silica gel eluting with a 0% to 50% ethyl acetate in heptane gradient to yield 1.99 g (75%) of the title compound as a crystalline white solid which was directly used in the next step. Ste 2: (4aS,7aR)-Hexahydro-cyclopenta[d][l,3]oxazin-2-one

To a solution of ((lR,2S)-2-hydroxymethyl-cyclopentyl)-carbamic acid tert-butyl ester (1.6 g, 7.43 mmol) in THF (40 ml) was added potassium tert-butoxide (3.34 g, 29.7 mmol, 4.0 equiv.) at room temperature. After stirring for lh at 60°C the reaction was allowed to warm up to room temperature and after workup with Ethyl acetate/water, drying and concentration in vaccuo, the crude material mixture was adsorbed on silica and chromatographed over a prepacked silica column (50g, 50% to 100% EtOAc in Heptane gradient) to yield 950 mg (91%) of the title compound as a white solid, which was directly used in the next step. -Fluoro-5-phenylethynyl-pyridine

In an 100ml 2-necked round bottomed flask under Argon were dissolved 2-fluoro-5-iodopyridine (5.0 g, 22.4 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in THF (30 ml). After 5 minutes at room temperature were added bis(triphenylphosphin)palladium(II)chloride (944 mg, 1.35 mmol, 0.06 equiv.), triethylamine (6.81 g, 9.32 ml, 67.3 mmol, 3.0 equiv.), phenyl acetylene (2.75 g, 2.95 ml, 26.9 mmol, 1.2 equiv.) and copper(I)iodide (128 mg, 0.67 mmol, 0.03 equiv.). The brown suspension was cooled with water (exothermic) to room temperature and stirred overnight. Then 200ml of diethylether were added, the mixture was filtered, washed with ether and concentrated in vacuum to yield 5.7g of a brown solid which was adsorbed on silica and was chromatographed in 2 portions over a lOOg prepacked silica column eluting with a 0-10% ethyl acetate in heptane gradient to yield 3.99g (91%) of the title compound as a light brown solid, MS: m/e = 198.1 (M+H+). Step 4: (4aS aR)-l-(5-Phenylethynyl-pyridin-2-yl)-hexahydro-cyclopenta[d][l,3]oxazin-2-one In a 10ml Round bottomed flask were dissolved (4aS,7aR)-hexahydro-cyclopenta[d]- [l,3]oxazin-2-one (80 mg, 0.57 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) and 2-fluoro-5-(phenylethynyl)pyridine (112 mg, 0.57 mmol, 1.0 equiv.) in 2ml of DMF. Sodium hydride (60%> suspension) (29.5 mg, 0.74 mmol, 1.3 equiv.) were added and the brown suspension was stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction mixture was quenched with water and extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic phases were dried, filtered and concentrated. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography over a prepacked silica column eluting with 0-50% ethyl acetae in heptane gradient to yield 42.5mg of the title compound as colorless amorphous solid, MS: m/e = 319.1 (M+H+).

Example 2

(4aS,7aR)- 1- [5-(3-Fluorophenylethynyl)-py ridin-2-yl] -hexahydro- cyclopenta[d] [l,3]oxazin-2-one

 

Step 1 : 2-Fluoro-5-(3-fluoro-phenylethynyl)-pyridine

The title compound was prepared in accordance with the general method of Example 1, step 3 using 3-flurorophenylacetylene instead of phenylacetylene to yield the title compound as a crystalline white solid, MS: m/e = 216.2 (M+H+).

Step 2 : (4aS ,7aR)- 1 – [5 -(3 -Fluorophenylethynyl)-pyridin-2-yl] -hexahydro- cyclopenta[d] [ 1 ,3]oxazin-2-one

The title compound was prepared in accordance with the general method of Example 1, step 4 using (4aS,7aR)-hexahydro-cyclopenta[d]-[l,3]oxazin-2-one (66 mg, 0.47 mmol) (Example 1, step 2) and 2-fluoro-5-((3-fluorophenyl)ethynyl)pyridine (100 mg, 0.47 mmol) to yield 48 mg (31%) of the title compound as a light yellow amorphous solid; MS: m/e = 337.3 (M+H+).

 

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