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NEW PATENT, WOCKHARDT LIMITED, WO 2016055918, ISAVUCONAZOLE

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WO2016055918) NOVEL STABLE POLYMORPHS OF ISAVUCONAZOLE OR ITS SALT THEREOF

WOCKHARDT LIMITED [IN/IN]; D-4, MIDC Area, Chikalthana, Aurangabad 431006 (IN)

KHUNT, Rupesh Chhaganbhai; (IN).
RAFEEQ, Mohammad; (IN).
MERWADE, Arvind Yekanathsa; (IN).
DEO, Keshav; (IN)

The present invention relates to novel stable novel stable polymorphs of Isavuconazole or its salt thereof, having purity more than 90 % when measured by HPLC. In particular the present invention directs process for the preparation of solid amorphous and crystalline form of Isavuconazole base. In a further embodiment present invention directs to crystalline form Isavuconazole Hydrobromide salt and oxalate salt of 2-(2,5-difluoro- phenyl)-1-[1,2,4]triazol-1-yl-butane-2,3-diol.

Isavuconazole, Isavuconazonium, Voriconazole, and Ravuconazole are azole derivatives and known as antifungal drugs for treatment of systemic mycoses as reported in US 5,648,372, US 5,792,781, US 6,300,353 and US 6,812,238.

The US patent No. 6,300,353 discloses Isavuconazole and its process. It has chemical name [(2R,3R)-3-[4-(4-cyanophenyl)thiazol-2-yl)]-l -(lH-l,2,4-triazol-l-yl)-2-(2,5-difluorophenyl)43utan-2-ol; and has the structural formula I:

Formula I

The ‘353 described the process for the preparation Isavuconazole, involve the use of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l-[l ,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol (referred herein after “diol base”) in an oil form, which is difficult to isolate and purify. The use of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l-[l ,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol base, without purification, reflects the purity of Isavuconazole and Isavuconazonium sulfate. However, the reported process not feasible industrially.

Thus, an object of the present invention is to provide simple, cost effective and industrially feasible processes for preparation of Isavuconazole or its salt thereof in enhanced yield as well as purity. In a particular present invention directs to novel stable polymorphs of Isavuconazole or its salt thereof.

Examples

Example-1: Preparation of Amorphous Isavuconazole

In a round bottomed flask charged ethanol (250 ml), thioamide compound (25.0 gm) and 4-cyano phenacyl bromide (18.4 gm) under stirring. The reaction mixture were heated to 70 °C. After completion of reaction the solvent was removed under vacuum distillation and water (250 ml) and Ethyl acetate (350 ml) were added to reaction mass. The reaction mixture was stirred and its pH was adjusted between 7 to 7.5 by 10 % solution of sodium bicarbonate. The layer aqueous layer was discarded and organic layer was washed with saturated sodium chloride solution (100 ml) and concentrated under vacuum to get residue. The residue was suspended in methyl tert-butyl ether (250 ml) and the reaction mixture was heated to at 40°C to make crystals uniform and finally reaction mass is cooled to room temperature filtered and washed with the methyl tert-butyl ether. The product was isolated dried to get pale yellowish solid product.

Yield: 26.5 gm

HPLC purity: 92.7%

Example-2: Preparation of crystalline Isavuconazole Base

Charged methylene dichloride (250 ml) and 25.0 gm Isavuconazole Hydrobromide compound of formula-II into 1.0 L flask and stirred. Added aqueous solution of sodium bi carbonate in to the reaction mass to obtained clear solution. The layers were separated and organic layer was washed with dilute hydrochloric acid solution followed by saturated solution of sodium chloride. Finally, Organic layer was concentrated under vacuum to get titled product.

Yield: 18.5 gm

HPLC Purity: 97%

Example-3: Preparation of crystalline Isavuconazole Hydrobromide

Charged isopropanol alcohol (250 ml) followed by thioamide compound (25.0 gm) and 4-cyano phenacyl bromide (18.4 gm) into 1.0 L flask. The reaction mixture was stirred and heated to 50 C, after completion of reaction the precipitated material was filtered and washed with isopropanol alcohol (25 ml). The wet cake is dried under vacuum for 4-5 hrs at 40 C to obtain off-white solid product.

Yield: 26.5 gm

HPLC Purity: 97.3%

Exaniple-4: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate

Dissolved crude 50 gm 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l-[l ,2,4]triazol-l -yl-butane-2,3-diol base compound in 150 ml of ethyl acetate. Oxalic acid dihydrate 25 gm was added into the reaction mixture and stirred. Heat the reaction mixture for 1 hour at 50-55 °C. The reaction mixture was cooled to 25°C to 35°C. Toluene 300 ml was added into the reaction mixture to precipitate the solid. The precipitate was washed with toluene and dried under vacuum to obtain the solid crystalline form of titled compound.

Yield: 58 g

HPLC Purity: 76%

Exaniple-5: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate salt

Exemplified procedure in example 1 with the replacement ethyl acetate solvent with tetrahydrofuran and antisolvent toluene with petroleum ether were used to get the title compound.

Exaniple-6: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate

Exemplified procedure in example 1 with the replacement ethyl acetate solvent with isopropyl acetate and antisolvent toluene with diisopropyl ether were used to get the title compound.

Exaniple-7: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate

Exemplified procedure in example 1 wherein diethyl ether is used in place of ethyl acetate and toluene or heptane was used as antisolvent to get the title compound.

Example-8: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate

Exemplified procedure in example 1 wherein diethyl ether is used in place of ethyl acetate and isolation of the product were done by means of partial removal of the solvent under vacuum.

Example-9: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l -[l,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate

Exemplified procedure in example 1 wherein ethyl acetate is replaced with isopropyl acetate and further, the reaction mass was stirred at lower temperatures to about 10°C to about 15°C for 3-5 hours and subsequently precipitated product was isolated and dried.

Example-10: Synthesis of 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l-[l ,2,4]triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol base

Stirring the suspension of 260 ml water and 65 gm 2-(2,5-difluoro-phenyl)-l-[l,2,4] triazol-l-yl-butane-2,3-diol oxalate salt were added. The reaction mixture pH was adjusted by addition of 10 % aqueous sodium carbonate solution. The pH was maintained to about pH 7 to about 8, 300 ml dichloro methane was added into the reaction mixture with stirring. The layers were separated and dichloromethane layer was collected. Aqueous layer was extracted with 150 ml dichloromethane. Dichloromethane layer was combined and washed with water. Dichloromethane was distilled out to get titled compound.

Yield: 35 gm

Purity: 87%

Wockhardt Ltd chairman Habil Khorakiwala.

/////////NEW PATENT, WOCKHARDT LIMITED, WO 2016055918, ISAVUCONAZOLE


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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