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Skeletal formula of linezolidLINEZOLID

N- [[(5S) – 3 – [3 -Fluoro-4- (4-morpholinyl)phenyl] -2-oxo- 5 -oxazolidinyl] methyl] acetamide and marketed by Pfizer in US under brand name Zyvox. Linezolid is a synthetic antibacterial agent of the oxazolidinone class. It is used for the treatment of infections caused by multi-resistant bacteria including streptococci and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.


(S)-N-[[3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholinylphenyl)-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl] acetamide.

N-[[(5s)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-ylphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl]acetamide
PRODUCT PATENTUS5688792 (1997 to Pharmacia & Upjohn)
CAS No.: 165800-03-3
Synonyms:
View More

Formula: C16H20FN3O4
Exact Mass: 337.14400

13C

1H NMR AND 13C PREDICT

1H NMR PREDICT

N-[[(5S)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-ylphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl]acetamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 165800-03-3 NMR spectral analysis, N-[[(5S)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-ylphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl]acetamide H-NMR spectrum

13C NMR PREDICT

N-[[(5S)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-ylphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl]acetamide NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 165800-03-3 NMR spectral analysis, N-[[(5S)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-ylphenyl)-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl]methyl]acetamide C-NMR spectrum

COSY
PREDICT

HMBC

ORIGINAL 1H NMR…………...http://www.selleckchem.com/products/Linezolid(Zyvox).html

INTERMEDIATES USED

Arkivoc, , vol. 2012, # 6 p. 45 – 56

WO2011/137222 A1, ;


Union Quimico Farmaceutica, S.A. (UQUIFA) Patent: EP2163547 A1, 2010 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 11 ;

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA; GARG, Neil K.; RAMGREN, Stephen D.; SILBERSTEIN, Amanda L.; QUASDORF, Kyle W. Patent: WO2012/94622 A2, 2012 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 31-32 ;

Lianhe Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. Patent: EP2388251 A1, 2011 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 11 ;

Tammana, Rajesh; Vemula, Kiran Kumar; Guruvindapalli, Ramadasu; Yanamandr, Ramesh; Gutta, Madhusudhan Arkivoc, 2012 , vol. 2012, # 6 p. 45 – 56

Union Quimico Farmaceutica, S.A. (UQUIFA) Patent: EP2163547 A1, 2010 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 10 ;


Song, Lirong; Chen, Xiaobei; Zhang, Shilei; Zhang, Haoyi; Li, Ping; Luo, Guangshun; Liu, Wenjing; Duan, Wenhu; Wang, Wei Organic Letters, 2008 , vol. 10, # 23 p. 5489 – 5492

Union Quimico Farmaceutica, S.A. (UQUIFA) Patent: EP2163547 A1, 2010 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 10 ;

JUBILANT LIFE SCIENCES LIMITED; BISWAS, Sujay; PANDA, Atulya, Kumar; GUPTA, Ashish, Kumar; SINGH, Shishupal; TIWARI, Praveen; VIR, Dharam; THOMAS, Saji Patent: WO2013/111048 A1, 2013 ; Location in patent: Page/Page column 24; 25 ;


Perrault, William R.; Pearlman, Bruce A.; Godrej, Delara B.; Jeganathan, Azhwarsamy; Yamagata, Koji; Chen, Jiong J.; Lu, Cuong V.; Herrinton, Paul M.; Gadwood, Robert C.; Chan, Lai; Lyster, Mark A.; Maloney, Mark T.; Moeslein, Jeffery A.; Greene, Meredith L.; Barbachyn, Michael R. Organic Process Research and Development, 2003 , vol. 7, # 4 p. 533 – 546


US6362334 B1, ; Example 13 ;

NMR OF INTERMEDTIATES

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  • Linezolid is a pharmaceutically active compound useful as an antibacterial agent, e.g. for the treatment of diabetic food infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria. It is represented by the formula (I),

    Figure imgb0001
  • [0003]
    The marketed pharmaceutical compositions are a sterile isotonic solution for an i.v. infusion, a tablet for oral administration and an aqueous suspension for oral administration. They are marketed, i.e., under brand name ZYVOX by Pfizer.
  • [0004]
    The molecule of linezolid has one asymmetric carbon in the molecule allowing for 2 enantiomers; the marketed compound is the (S)-enantiomer. In the above-marketed compositions, linezolid is present as a free base.
  • [0005]
    Hereinunder, the name linezolid will be used as the generic name for N-(3-(3-fluoro-4-(morpholin-4-yl)phenyl)-2-oxooxazolidin-5(S)-ylmethyl)acetamide, unless indicated to the contrary.
  • [0006]
    Linezolid was first disclosed in WO 95/07271 ( EP 0717738 US 5,688,792 ) of the Upjohn Company.
  • [0007]
    Various processes for making linezolid are known in the art. In particular, the important ones are these, the final step of which comprises acetylation of an amine precursor of the formula (II) with an acetylhalide or acetic anhydride (see, e.g., WO 2005 099353 ),

    Figure imgb0002
  • [0008]
    This amine precursor (II) may be made from various starting materials, e.g.:

    1. a) By a reduction of an azide compound of formula (III) by a suitable reductant ( WO2006/091731 , WO 95/07271 , US 5837870 , WO2009/063505 US 7291614 ),
      Figure imgb0003

      The starting compound (III) may be made from the corresponding tosylate or chloride of general formula (VII) below ( WO 2005/099353 ).

    2. b) By a decomposition of a phthalimide compound of formula (IV), e.g. by methylamine ( WO95/07271 ) or by hydrazine ( US 5837870 ),
      Figure imgb0004

      The starting compound (IV) may be made from the same tosylate or chloride as sub a) ( WO2005/099353 ) or by a cyclization of the oxazolidine ring ( WO 99/24393 , WO2006/008754 ).

    3. c) From a sulfonate compound of formula (V),
      Figure imgb0005

      by treatment with ammonium hydroxide in isopropanol or THF ( WO 95/07271 ) or by treatment with ammonia under enhanced pressure ( WO 97/37980 ).

    4. d) By a reduction of an imine (VI),
      Figure imgb0006

      wherein R2 is a chlorophenyl, bromophenyl or 2,4,-dichlorophenyl moiety ( WO 2007/116284 ).

  • [0009]
    Except of the imine (VI), each of the preceded synthetic approaches is based on a step of converting a starting material of the general formula (VII),

    Figure imgb0007

    wherein L is a suitable leaving group, for instance a halogen or an alkyl-or aryl sulfonyloxy group,
    by a reaction with a nitrogen nucleophile (an azide salt, phthalimide salt, ammonia or ammonium hydroxide), followed, if necessary, by a next step of conversion of the formed reaction intermediate (e.g., compound (III) or compound (IV)) into the amino/compound (II). Apparently, making the starting amine-compound (II) in a good yield and purity is the key aspect of commercial success of any of the above synthetic routes yielding linezolid. However, the known approaches have various drawbacks, for instance serious toxicity and explosion hazard of the azide salts, long reaction times and hazardous agents (hydrazine, methyl amine) in using the phthalimide intermediate, low yields and many side products at the ammonium hydroxide approach, or harsh reaction conditions in reaction with ammonia.

Linezolid [(S)-N-[[3-(3-Fluoro-4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]acetamide] is an antimicrobial agent. Linezolid is an oxazolidinone, having the empirical formula C16H20FN3Oand the following structure (1):
Figure US20060252932A1-20061109-C00001
Linezolid (1) is described in The Merck Index (13th edition, Monograph number: 05526, CAS Registry Number: 165800-03-3) as white crystals, with a melting point of 181.5-182.5°. Linezolid (1), as well as a process for its preparation, is disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792 (Example 5), European Patent No. 717738, Israeli Patent No. 110,802, Canadian Patent No. 2,168,560, and International Patent Publication WO 95/07271.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792 discloses the antibacterial agent linezolid as well as a process for its preparation. EXAMPLE 5 reports the linezolid produced had a mp of 181.5-182.5°.
There are many other disclosures of processes to prepare linezolid. J. Med. Chem., 39(3), 673-9 (1996) reports the linezolid was, “recrystallized from ethyl acetate and hexanes . . . white crystals, m.p. 181.5-182.5C.” It also sets forth the IR spectrum as “3284, 3092, 1753, 1728, 1649, 1565, 1519, 1447, 1435”.
Tetrahedron Lett., 40(26), 4855 (1999) discloses linezolid and a process to prepare linezolid. However, this document does not set forth the melting point or IR spectrum of the linezolid prepared.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,837,870 (International Publication WO97/37980 of PCT/US97/03458) discloses a process to prepare linezolid. Linezolid is described in EXAMPLE 18, which does not set forth the melting point or IR spectrum of the linezolid prepared.
International Publication WO99/24393 of PCT/US98/20934 discloses a process to prepare linezolid. Linezolid is described in EXAMPLES 8, 9 and 12 which do no set forth the melting point or IR spectrum of the linezolid prepared.
The form of linezolid being used in the clinical trials to support the filing of the NDA is Form II.
Linezolid (1) is marketed in the United States by Pfizer, Inc. as an injection, tablets, and oral suspension under the name ZYVOX®. Its main indications are nosocomial pneumonia, skin and skin-structure infections, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium infections.
U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792 claims linezolid (1) and its use for the treatment of microbial infections. This patent also discloses, but does not claim, the following method of preparation:
Figure US20060252932A1-20061109-C00002
This method of preparation was also disclosed in Bricker, et al., J. Med. Chem., 39 673 -679 (1996), where it was stated that the above route avoids the use of phosgene to make the carbamate precursor of the oxazolidinone ring. The authors also disclose that the use of NaNcan be avoided by using potassium phthalimide, followed by deblocking of the phthalimide with aqueous methyl amine.
In the above-described synthesis, the intermediate amine, S-N-(4-morpholinyl-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl-methyl amine (2)
Figure US20060252932A1-20061109-C00003

is reacted without isolation with acetic anhydride as an oily product, or in solution, to produce the acetamide, linezolid (1). This is followed by procedures for isolating the linezolid (1) such as those described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792, at col. 15, 11. 22-28 (chromatography and separation of the desired fraction, followed by evaporation and trituration of the product to obtain pure linezolid (1)).

In the above-described syntheses, the intermediate azide R-N-(4-morpholinyl-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl-methyl azide (3)
Figure US20060252932A1-20061109-C00004

is reduced to its corresponding amine, S-N-(4-morpholinyl-3-fluorophenyl)-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl-methyl amine (2) in the solvent ethyl acetate by hydrogenation using hydrogen gas and a palladium/carbon catalyst. These reaction conditions lead to the production of an undesirable level of reaction by-products, and, following the acetylation of the intermediate amine (2) to linezolid (1), to undesirably high levels of bis-linezolid (4)

Figure US20060252932A1-20061109-C00005

http://www.google.com/patents/US20060252932

FIG. 1 shows the 1H-NMR spectrum of bis-linezolid (4)
FIG. 2 shows the 13C-NMR spectrum of bis-linezolid (4)
FIG. 3 shows the IR spectrum of bis-linezolid (4)

A Novel Synthesis of Oxazolidinone Derivatives (A Key Intermediate of Linezolid)

Pingili Krishna Reddy1,2, K. Mukkanti2 and Dodda Mohan Rao1*
1Symed Research Centre, Plot No. 89/A, Phase-I, Shapoornagar, IDA Jeedimetla, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
2Center for Pharmaceutical sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Kukatpally, Hyderabad, India

http://www.orientjchem.org/vol29no3/a-novel-synthesis-of-oxazolidinone-derivatives-a-key-intermediate-of-linezolid/

Reddy P. K, Mukkanti K, Rao D. M. A Novel Synthesis of Oxazolidinone Derivatives (A Key Intermediate of Linezolid). Orient J Chem 2013;29(3). doi : http://dx.doi.org/10.13005/ojc/290322

N-[[(5S)-3-[3-fluoro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]acetamide (7a):

IR (KBr, cm-1): 3338 (N-H stretching), 3117, 3066 (aromatic C-H stretching), 2971, 2863, 2818 (aliphatic C-H stretching), 1738, 1662 (C=O stretching), 1545, 1516,1453 (aromatic C=C stretching), 1425 (C-N stretching), 1381 (aliphatic C-H bending), 1334 (C-F stretching), 1274 (C-O stretching), 1198, 1177 (C-N bending), 1117, 1081 (aromatic C-H bending).

1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 7.44 (m, 1H), 7.26 (m, 1H), 6.99 (m, 1H), 6.01 (t,1H), 4.76 (m, 1H), 4.02 (m, 2H), 3.80 (m, 4H), 3.61(m, 2H), 3.05 (m, 4H), 2.02 (t, 3H):

C13NMR(CDCl3) δppm: 171.33, 156.87, 154.44, 136.40, 132.84, 118.67, 113.81, 107.52, 71.96, 66.76, 50.79, 47.46, 41.68, 22.81. MS: 338 (M++H);

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ARKIVOC 2012 (vi) 45-56 Page 45 ©ARKAT-USA, Inc.

An expeditious construction of 3-aryl-5-(substituted methyl)-2- oxazolidinones: a short and efficient synthesis of Linezolid

Rajesh Tammana,a,b Kiran Kumar Vemula,a Ramadasu Guruvindapalli,a Ramesh Yanamandra,c and Madhusudhan Gutta* a
aDepartment of Research & Development, Inogent Laboratories Pvt. Ltd.,

A GVK BIO Company, 28A, IDA, Nacharam, Hyderabad 500 076, Andhra Pradesh, India

bCentre for Pharmaceutical Sciences, Institute of Science and Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad 500 072, Andhra Pradesh, India

cDepartment of Analytical Research & Development, GVK Biosciences Pvt. Ltd., 28A, IDA, Nacharam, Hyderabad 500 076, Andhra Pradesh, India

E-mail: madhusudhan.gutta@inogent.com

http://www.arkat-usa.org/get-file/42622/
N-(((S)-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholinophenyl)-2-oxooxazolidin-5-yl)methyl)acetamide 1 (Linezolid) 1 was prepared according to the method described in literature.12,15

Mp 182-183 °C, (lit.12a 181.5- 182.5 °C); enantiomeric purity 99.9% (by chiral HPLC);

IR (KBr): ν 3343 (NH), 3075 (Ar-H), 2967 (CH), 1741 (C═O), 1660 (C═O) cm-1 ;

1H NMR (CDCl3): δ 2.03 (s, 3H), 3.04-3.07 (t, 4H), 3.56-3.77 (m, 3H), 3.86-3.89 (t, 4H), 4.00-4.06 (t, 1H), 4.74-4.79 (m, 1H), 5.96 (s, 1H), 6.90- 6.96 (t, 1H), 7.06-7.10 (d, 1H), 7.43-7.48 (d, 1H).

13C NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 22.4, 41.4, 47.3, 50.6, 66.1, 71.5, 106.4, 114.0, 119.1, 133.3, 135.5, 154.0, 156.2, 170.0;

ESI-MS (C16H20FN3O4): m/z (%) 338.18 (100, M+ +1).

12. (a) Brickner, S. J.; Hutchinson, D. K.; Barbachyn, M. R.; Manninen, P. R.; Ulanowicz, D. A.;
Garmon, S. A.; Grega, K. C.; Hendges, S. K.; Toops, D. S.; Ford, C. W.; Zurenko, G. E. J.
Med. Chem. 1996, 39, 673. (b) Barbachyn, M. R.; Brickner, S. J.; Hutchinson, D. K. U.S.
patent 5688792; 1997; Chem. Abstr. 1995, 123, 256742. (c) Dhananjay, G. S.; Nandu, B. B.;
Avinash, V. N.; Kamlesh, D. S.; Anindya, S. B.; Tushar, A. N. PCT Int. Appl. 063505, 2009;
Chem. Abstr. 2009, 150, 515152.
13. (a) Imbordino, R. J.; Perrault, W. R.; Reeder, M. R. PCT Int. Appl. 116284, 2007; Chem.
Abstr. 2007, 147, 469356. (b) Pearlman, B. A.; Perrault, W. R.; Barbachyn, M. R.;
Manninen, P. R.; Toops, D. S.; Houser, D. J.; Fleck, T. J. U.S. Patent 5837870, 1998; Chem.
Abstr. 1998, 130, 25061. (c) Perrault, W. R.; Pearlman, B. A.; Godrej, D. B.; Jeganathan, A.;
Yamagata, K.; Chen, J. J.; Lu, C. V.; Herrinton, P. M.; Gadwood, R. C.; Chan, L.; Lyster, M.
A.; Maloney, M. T.; Moeslein, J. A.; Greene, M. L.; Barbachyn, M. R. Org. Proc. Res. Dev.
2003, 7, 533.
14. (a) Yu, D. S.; Huang, L.; Liang, H.; Gong, P. Chin. Chem. Lett. 2005, 16, 875. (b) Pearlman,
B. A. PCT Int. Appl. 9924393, 1999; Chem. Abstr. 1999, 130, 338099. (c) Weigert, F. J. J.
Org. Chem. 1973, 38, 1316.
15. (a) Wang, M.; Tong, H. CN patent 101220001, 2008. (b) Mohan Rao, D.; Krishna Reddy, P.
PCT Int. Appl. 099353, 2005; Chem. Abstr. 2005, 143, 440395. (c) Mohan Rao, D.; Krishna
Reddy, P. PCT Int. Appl. 008754, 2006; Chem. Abstr. 2006, 144, 170978.

……………………………………

Org. Proc. Res. Dev.20037 (4), pp 533–546
DOI: 10.1021/op034028h

Organic Process Research and Development, 2003 , vol. 7, # 4 p. 533 – 546

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/op034028h

Abstract Image
Since 1993, a significant process research and development effort directed towards the large-scale synthesis of oxazolidinone antibacterial agents has been ongoing in both Early Chemical Process Research and Development, and Chemical Process Research and Development at Pharmacia. This work has led to the successful development of the current commercial process to produce Zyvox (linezolid), recently approved by the FDA as an antibacterial. While this synthesis is appropriate for the preparation of linezolid in particular, a more convergent and versatile synthesis was developed for the rapid preparation of numerous other oxazolidinone analogues. Toward this end, economical methods for the large-scale preparation of N-[(2S)-2-(acetyloxy)-3-chloropropyl]acetamide and tert-butyl [(2S)-3-chloro-2-hydroxypropyl]carbamate 27 from commercially available (S)-epichlorohydrin via the common intermediate (2S)-1-amino-3-chloro-2-propanol hydrochloride 2a were developed. Also, general methods for coupling these reagents with N-aryl carbamates to giveN-aryl-5(S)-aminomethyl-2-oxazolidinone derivatives in one step were developed. These reagents and procedures have proven widely applicable in the preparation of a diverse array of oxazolidinone analogues such as 23 and 28 in both process and medicinal chemistry research.

(S)-N-[[3-[3-Fluoro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo- 5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]acetamide: Linezolid: Zyvox

HPLC analyses showed the first and second crops to be 98.9 and 94.6 wt % linezolid, respectively, with <0.2% enantiomer in each; also, an additional 9.7% yield of linezolid was detected in the filtrate by external standard HPLC (total ) 80.6%). Analysis data for 1st crop material: mp ) 73-76 °C;

1 H NMR (CDCl3, 400 MHz)
δ 7.43 (dd, J ) 14.4, 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.07 (dd, J ) 8.8, 2.0 Hz, 1H), 6.91 (t, J ) 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.43 (br t, 1H), 4.77 (m, 1H), 4.02 (t, J ) 9.2 Hz, 1H), 3.86 (t, J ) 4.4 Hz, 4H), 3.76 (dd, J ) 8.8, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 3.66 (m, 2H), 3.05 (t, J ) 4.8 Hz, 4H), 2.02 (s, 3H);

13C NMR (CDCl3, 100 MHz)
δ 23.07 (q), 41.93 (t), 47.66 (t), 51.00 (t), 66.95 (t), 71.99 (d), 107.56 (dd, JC-F ) 26.16 Hz), 113.97 (dd, JC-F ) 3.02 Hz), 118.85 (dd, JC-F ) 4.03 Hz), 132.90 (sd, JC-F ) 4.03 Hz), 136.58 (sd, JC-F ) 9.06 Hz), 154.42 (s), 155.50(sd, JC-F ) 246.53 Hz), 171.19 (s)

MS (EI) m/z (relative intensity) 337 (90), 293 (81), 209 (100);

[R]25D ) -16 (c ) 1.05, ethanol).

Anal. Calcd for C16H20FN3O4: C, 56.97; H, 5.97; N, 12.46; found: C, 56.86; H, 6.05; N, 12.44

HPLC (99.0 wt %, 98.9 area % linezolid, tR 1.60 min) conditions: InertsilODS-2 5.0 µm 150 mm × 4.6 mm, flow rate ) 2.0 mL/ min, gradient elution from 40:60 A:B to 80:20 A:B over 10 min; A ) acetonitrile; B ) water. External standard HPLC analysis of the filtrate showed
d 12.9% and 7.6% yield of linezolid and 8, respectively.
SEE HPLC AT   http://file.selleckchem.com/downloads/hplc/S140801-Linezolid-Zyvox-HPLC-Selleck.pdf
………………………….
http://www.google.com/patents/WO2007064818A1?cl=en

Linezolid [(S)-N-[[3-(3-Fluoro-4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5- oxazolidinyljmethyl] acetamide} is an antimicrobial agent. Linezolid is an oxazolidinone, having the empirical formula C16H20FN3O4 and the following structure:
Figure imgf000002_0001

Linezolid

Linezolid is described in The Merck Index (13th edition, Monograph number: 05526, CAS Registry Number: 165800-03-3) as white crystals, with a melting point of 181.5-182.50C. Linezolid, as well as a process for its preparation, is described in U.S. Patent No. 5,688,792 (Example 5), European Patent No. 717738, Israeli Patent No. 110,802, Canadian Patent No. 2,168,560, and International Patent Publication WO 95/07271. Linezolid is marketed in the United States by Pfizer, Inc. as an injection, as tablets, and as an oral suspension under the name ZYVOX®. Its main indications are nosocomial pneumonia, skin and skin-structure infections, and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium infections.
U.S. Patent No. 5,688,792 describes linezolid and its use for the treatment of microbial infections. This patent also describes the following method for the preparation of linezolid:
Figure imgf000003_0001
This method of preparation was also described in Bricker, et al., J. Med. Chem., 39, 673 — 679 (1996), where it was stated that the above route avoids the use of phosgene to make the carbamate precursor of the oxazolidinone ring. The authors also disclose that the use OfNaN3 can be avoided by using potassium phthalimide, followed by deblocking of the phthalimide with aqueous methyl amine.
An analysis of the commercial tablet ZYVOX® shows the presence of desfluoro linezolid as an impurity of linezolid. An HPLC chromatogram of ZYVOX® is depicted in Figure 1. The desfluoro linezolid haviong a relative retention time (RRT) of 0.69 compared to the retention time of linezolid.
desfluoro linezolid of the following structure:
Figure imgf000008_0001
Desfluoro linezolid
As illustrated in Figure 1, this impurity is ideal for use as a reference standard since it is detectable by HPLC, and yet it is present in much less amounts than linezolid, having a RRT of 0.69 compared to the retention time of linezolid.
The isolated desfluoro linezolid is pure. Preferably it has about 95% purity by weight with respect to other compounds, including linezolid. Preferably, the desfluoro linezolid is isolated in about 99.3% purity by weight. Thus, the isolated desfluoro linezolid contains less than about 5%, preferably less than about 2%, and even more preferably less than about 1%, by weight, linezolid.
The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention can be characterized by data selected from: 1H NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ (ppm): 1.8a (s), 3.04 (brt), 3.40 (t), 3.68 (m), 3.72 (brt), 4.04 (t), 4.67 (m), 6.95 (d), 6.95 (d), 737 (d), 7.37 (d) and 8.21 (t); 13C NMR (lOOMHz, DMSO-d6) δ (ppm): 22.8, 41.9, 48.0, 49.2, 66.5, 71.7, 115.9, 115.9, 119.9, 119.9, 130.9, 148.0, 154.7, 170.0; EI+m/z (MH+): 319; and IR spectra on KBr at 1523, 1555, 1656, 1731, 2830, 2926, 2968 and 3311 cm‘1.
The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention may be characterized by a 1H NMR, substantially as depicted in figure 2. The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention may be characterized by 13C NMR, substantially as depicted in figure 3. The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention may be characterized by an IR spectrum substantially as depicted in figure 4. The isolated, desfluoro linezolid of the present invention may be characterized by an Mass spectrum substantially as depicted in figure 5. The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention may be prepared by performing the process described in U.S. Patent No. 5,688,792, with l-fluoro-4- nitrobenzene instead of 3,4-difluoronitrobenzene, according to the following scheme:
Figure imgf000009_0001

Desfluoro Linezolid

The desfluoro linezolid of the present invention is isolated by a process comprising the following steps; a) combining (5R)-[[3-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2- oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]azide with an organic solvent, preferably a C1-C4 alkyl ester or a C6 to C12 aromatic hydrocarbon, more preferably toluene or ethylacetate, most preferably toluene, and hydrogen gas in the presence of a catalyst to obtain a reaction mixture containing (5S)-[[3-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5- oxazolidinyl]methyl] amine; b) filtering the reaction mixture to obtain a solution containing (5S)-[[3-[4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl}methyl]amine; c) adding acetic anhydride to the solution to obtain a precipitate; and d) recovering and drying the precipitate to obtain isolated desfluoro linezolid. Preferably, recovering of the precipitate in step d) is carried out by filtering or decanting. Preferably, the catalyst in step a) is selected from the group consisting of Pd/C, Raney Nickel, and noble metal catalysts, more preferably the catalyst is Pd/C. The isolated desfluoro linezolid of the present invention is useful as a reference marker for linezolid. As such, it may be used in order to detect the desfluoro linezolid impurity in a linezolid sample.
Step 7. Preparation of N-rr(5S)-3-r4-(4-moφholinyl)phenyl1-2-oxo-5- oxazolidinyl]methyl1acetamide (des-fluoro-linezolid). In a IL reactor, 6 g (5R)-[[ 3-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5- oxazolidinyl]methyl]azide were charged with 0.7L toluene followed by 0.6 g Pd/C (10% Pd/C containing 52% water). The system was bubbled with ammonia (gas) during 2 h, and then flushed three times with nitrogen and 3 times with hydrogen. The pressure of hydrogen was set to 1.5 arm. The reaction mixture was stirred at RT and the reaction followed up until completion. The reaction mixture was filtered and the solution was treated with 60 ml acetic anhydride at RT. The precipitate was filtered and dried to obtain 3.3 g of desfluoro linezolid (purity: 99.3%). Desfluorolϊnezolid 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR identification
Figure imgf000015_0001
Figure imgf000015_0002
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HTTP://WWW.GOOGLE.COM/PATENTS/US6559305

 
Example 1 Preparation of Crystal Form II of Linezolid
Linezolid with better than 99.8% enantiomeric purity, less than 0.2% of the R enantiomer, (1.99 grams) is mixed with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The flask is stoppered and heated to 65° with constant stirring in a temperature controlled oil bath. The linezolid is completely dissolved and the mixture is stirred for an additional 10 minutes. The temperature is maintained at 55° in the flask and one neck of the flask is unstoppered to allow slow evaporation of the solvent. A gentle stream of nitrogen is blown across the open neck to aid in evaporation. Solids spontaneously precipitated from solution and the volume is reduced by about 25% of the initial volume. The flask is sealed and mixed for 90 minutes while maintaining the mixture at 55°. The mixture was then cooled to about 23° while being stirred. The solids are isolated by vacuum filtration using a sintered glass funnel to give linezolid in crystal form. Analysis by powder X-ray diffraction indicates that the solids are linezolid crystal Form II.
 
 
 
 
 
 
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HTTP://WWW.GOOGLE.COM/PATENTS/US7989618

 
Example 1 Linezolid Dihydrochloride
20 g of linezolid are dissolved in 750 ml of acetone at about 30° C. The solution is kept at about 30° C. and 8 ml of concentrated hydrochloric acid (37% w/w aqueous solution) are added, thus immediately causing linezolid dihydrochloride to precipitate as a white solid. The mixture is kept under stirring at about 30° C. for approximately 30 minutes, then refluxed under stirring for about 2 hours. The mixture is left to cool to room temperature, then cooled on ice-water bath, under stirring, for about 2 hours. A white solid precipitates which is filtered with suction, washed with 30 ml of acetone and dried under vacuum at about 50° C.
A solid water-soluble crystalline product is obtained, characterized by an XRPD spectrum substantially as reported in FIG. 3, wherein the most intense diffraction peaks fall at 13.9; 18.2; 19.1; 19.7; 22.2; 22.9; 23.6; 25.3; 27.1; 28.4±0.2° in 2θ; and by a DSC thermogram substantially as reported in FIG. 4, characterized by an exothermic peak around 178±2° C. The acid-base potentiometric titre is double while the argentimetric one is 17.71% (theor. dihydrochloride 17.77%). Purity 99.8% as determined by HPLC.
1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6), ppm: 8.37 (bt, 1H), 7.50 (dd, 1H, J=15.3 Hz, J=2.7 Hz), 7.10 (m, 2H), 4.68 (m, 1H), 4.05 (t, 1H, J=9.0 Hz), 3.70 (m, 5H), 3.36 (t, 2H, J=5.1 Hz), 3.07 (t, 4H, J=4.5 Hz), 1.80 (s, 3H).

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http://www.google.com/patents/EP2690100A1?cl=en

Example 3

  • [0034]
    To a 25 ml, round-bottomed flask equipped with a magnetic stirring bar was charged “amine” (0.49 g) followed by water (8.30 ml). A heterogeneous mixture was stirred and hydrochloric acid (0.12 mL, 35 %) was added. A homogenous solution was obtained. The solution was cooled down in an ice-water bath to 0°C. Acetic anhydride (0.31 mL) was added followed by sodium bicarbonate (0.45 g). Carbon dioxide was immediately released and a formation of white precipitate was observed. The precipitate was filtered off and the filter cake was washed with water (10 ml). The filter cake was collected and dried (100 mbar) at 70°C overnight. An off-white solid linezolid (0.26 g) was isolated.

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PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2007116284A1?cl=en

Example 3 Preparation of (S)~N-[3-(3-fiuoro~4~morpholin-4-yI-ρhenyI)~2-oxo- oxazolidin-5~ylmethyl]-acetarnide (Linezo!id)
Figure imgf000011_0001
Method A
To (S)-5-{[(4-chloro-benzylidene)-amino]-methyl}-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-yl- phenyl)-oxazolidin-2-one (129.5g, 31 mmol, 1.0 eq.) is added ethyl acetate (935 mL) and water (935 mL). To the heterogeneous mixture is added 12M aq. HCl (51.58 mL, 620 mmol, 2.0 eq.). Within minutes, the solid went into solution and the reaction mixture is biphasic. After stirring the emulsion at ambient temperature for 2 hours, HPLC assay showed the hydrolysis reaction to be complete (HPLC conditions: YMC 5μ ODS-AM 150 nm X 4.6 nm column, eluting with CH3CN /water + 0.1% TFA from 20% CH3CN to 80% CH3CN in 8 min at 0.5 mL/min, detecting at 254nm, Retention time of (S)-N-[3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-yl- phenyl)-2-oxo-oxazolidin-5-ylmethyl]-amine is 3.2 min). The phases are separated, the organic layer is discarded, and the aqueous layer is washed with ethyl acetate (500 mL). CH2Cl2 (900 mL) is added and the pH is adjusted to 6.7 with ~ 25 mL aq. 50% aq. NaOH. With constant stirring, Ac2O (58.49 mL, 620 mmol, 2.0 eq.) is added in one portion and the pH dropped to 2. The pH is then readjusted to 6 using 50% aq. NaOH. The pH is adjusted to ca. 7.1 with 50% aq. NaOH and the phases separated. The aqueous phase is extracted with CHiCl2 (800 mL) and the organics are combined and concentrated to ~1L in volume. Ethyl acetate (IL) is added and the volume is reduced to 1.5 L under vacuum. Another IL of ethyl acetate is added and volume is reduced again to IL under vacuum. The resultant slurry is cooled to 00C and the precipitate collected by vacuum filtration. The resulting solid is washed with ethyl acetate (250 mL). The crude product is dried under vacuum at 500C for 2 hours to give the title compound as Hnezolid crystalline Form I.
Figure imgf000012_0001
Following the general procedure of method A and making non-critical variations, but substituting (S)-5- { [2,4-dichloro-benzylidene)-amino]-methyl } -3-(3-fluoro-4-morphoIin-4-yl- phenyl)-oxazolidin-2-one (example 11) for (S)-5-{[(4-chloro-benzylidene)-amino]- methyl}-3-(3-fluoro-4-morρholin-4-yl-phenyl)-oxazolidin-2-one, the title compound is obtained.
Figure imgf000012_0002
Following the general procedure of method B and making non-critical variations, but substituting (S)-5-{ [4-bromo-benzylidene)-amino] -methyl }-3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholin-4-yl~ phenyl)-oxazolidin-2-one (example 9) for (S)-5-{[(4-chloro-benzylidene)-amino]- methyl}-3-(3-fluoro-4-morph.olin-4-yl-phenyl)-oxazoIidin-2-one, the title compound is obtained.

Example 4 Trituration (convert linezolid crystalline Form I to linezolid crystalline Form E) The product from Example (89.18 g) is transferred to a 3L round bottom flask equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermocouple and heating mantel. Ethyl acetate (2.23 L, 15 mL/g) is added and seeded with Linezolid form II crystals and the slurry is heated to ca. 500C. A slight exotherm of 30C is observed. After 30 minutes of heating the form change is observable as the solid is changing to long needles. Stirring is continued for 2 hours at 500C, at which time the contents are cooled to ambient temperature and stirred for an additional 30 minutes. The contents are then cooled to 30C for 1.5 hours, filtered and washed with cold ethyl acetate (300 mL total). The resultant solids are dried under vacuum at 50°C for 18 hours to give Linezolid (78.12 g) Form II by XRD, 99.8 wt%, 99.9% ee. HPLC conditions: YMC 5μ ODS-AM 150 nm X 4.6 nm column, etuting with CH3CN /water + 0.1% TFA from 20% CH3CN to 80% CH3CN in 8 min at 0.5 mL/min, detecting at 254nm. TR (Linezolid) = 4.4 min; HPLC conditions: Chiralcel OJ-H 250 nm X 4.6 nm column, eluting with 90% CO2/ 10%MeOH at 3.0 mL/min, detecting at 255 nm. TR [title compound] = 3.6 min; TR (enantiomer of title compound) = 4.1 rain
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http://www.google.com/patents/EP2516408A1?cl=en

The polymorphic form obtained by following process disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792 is designated as Form I. Figure- 1 depicts the PXRD graph of Form I obtained by following prior art process. [15] Disadvantage of the process disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792 is that it involves use of n-butyl lithium. Due to its explosive nature it is difficult to handle at plant scale. Also, the said reaction is carried out at temperature of -78°C, which is difficult to attain during commercial production. Further the intermediate obtained requires purification by column chromatography. Column chromatography is a cumbersome technique and difficult to practice during commercial scale production.
The process for the preparation of Linezolid is also disclosed in Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (1996), 39(3), 673-9, U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,492,555, 5,837,870, 6,887,995, 7,307,163, 7,429,661, etc.

Linezolid was first disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,688,792. The process for synthesis is as disclosed in Scheme-I

The synthetic reaction scheme of the present invention is as shown below.
Figure imgf000013_0001
Scheme-ll
Example 6: Synthesis of Linezolid Crude.
[140] Ethyl acetate (3500ml) and 10% palladium on carbon catalyst (6.0g) are added in autoclave having (R)- [N- 3 – (3 -Fluoro-4-morpholinylphenyl) -2-oxo- 5 -oxazolidinyl] methyl azide (lOOg) at 20-30°C. Cool the reaction mass & maintain 2-3kg hydrogen pressure at 15-20°C for 6-7 hrs. Filter it & wash the hyflo bed by Ethyl acetate
(100mlx2). Then add the Triethyl amine (35. lg) & Acetic anhydride (29.9g) slowly at 25-30°C under stirring. Cool the mix, filter it and wash the solid with chilled (0-5°C) Ethyl acetate (100 ml) followed by water (100mlx2). Finally product is dried at 55-60° C. Yield: 0.85.: Percentage 81%w/w.
[141]
[142] Example 7: Synthesis of Linezolid Pure
[143] Reflux the Acetone (1020ml) and Linezolid crude (lOOg) at 55-60°C for the 30
minutes. Filter the hot turbid solution & wash it with hot (55-60°C) acetone (50ml). Cool the reaction mixture at -5 to 0°C for 1 hour, wash the solid with chilled (-5 to 0°C) acetone (50ml). After drying the Linezolid semi pure (77g) add n-Propanol (308ml) reflux it at 95-100°C for 30 min & filter it by hot solution through hyflo bed. Cool the mix to 0-5°C for 1 hour and wash the solid with chilled (0-5°C) n-Propanol (77ml). Dry the material at 55-60°C. Yield: 0.73.: Percentage 73%w/w.
[144]
[145] Example 8: Synthesis of Linezolid
[146] Ethyl acetate (3500ml) and 10% palladium on carbon catalyst (6.0g) are added in autoclave having (R)- [N- 3 – (3 -Fluoro-4-morpholinylphenyl) -2-oxo- 5 -oxazolidinyl] methyl azide (lOOg) at 20-30°C. Cool the reaction mass & maintain 2-3kg hydrogen pressure at 15-20°C for 6-7 hrs. Filter it & wash the hyflo bed by Ethyl acetate. Distill out ethyl acetate at 75-90°C and then cool the reaction mass to 0-5°C. Add acetone (1000ml) & acetic anhydride (29.9g) at 0-5°C. Further, add Triethyl amine (37.8g) slowly at 0-5°C under stirring. Maintain the reaction mass at 0-5°C for 1-2 hrs. Heat the reaction mass to reflux at 65-75°C for 1 hr. Again cool the reaction mass to 0-5°C fori hr. Filter the solid wash it with acetone and water and dry it at 55-60C. Yield: 0.80.: Percentage 80 w/w.
 Example 9: Synthesis of Linezolid Form I
[149] Reflux n-propanol (400ml) and Linezolid (lOOg) at 95-100°C till all solid gets
dissolved. Add activated charcoal (2.0g) and heat for 30 mins. Filter thro hyflo bed. Heat the filtrate and concentrate the solution by partially removing n-propanol. Cool to 0-5°C and filter the solid and dry it at 55-60°C under vacuum. Yield: 0.9. : Percentage 90 w/w.

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https://acs.confex.com/acs/green08/techprogram/P52019.HTM

Wednesday, June 25, 2008 – 2:00 PM
New York (Capital Hilton)
128

Convergent Green Synthesis of Linezolid (Zyvox)

William R. Perrault, James B. Keeler, William C. Snyder, Christian L. Clark, Michael R. Reeder, Richard J. Imbordino, Rebecca M. Anderson, Nabil Ghazal, Stephen L. Seacrest, and Bruce A. Pearlman. Pfizer, Kalamazoo, MI
Pfizer has developed a novel, convergent, green, second generation synthesis of Linezolid (the active ingredient in ZyvoxTM). The second generation process will replace the launch process after approval by appropriate regulatory agencies and has numerous green chemistry benefits: overall yield is increased by 8%; total waste is reduced by 56%; non-recycled w is eliminated. At current volumes, total waste will be reduced 1.9 million kilograms per year and 1.7 million kg per year non-recyclable waste will be eliminated. The improved process utilizes a highly efficient low dilution convergent synthesis to replace the more dilute linear synthesis utilized in the launch process. The key chlorohydrin imine reagent 1 contains both the chiral center and the key 5-S-aminomethyl moiety of linezolid. In the launch process, S-1-chloro-2,3-propanediol was utilized to install the oxazolidinone functionality. However, this yielded a 5-S-hydroxymethyl group which required activation as the 3-nitrobenzenesulfonate and displacement with excess ammonia to generate the corresponding aminomethyl group of linezolid. The second generation process affords the oxazolidinone imine 3 in the convergent step. The penultimate 5-S-aminomethyl oxazolidinone 4 is then easily formed via hydrolysis with stoichiometric hydrochloric acid. Acylation of this amine with acetic anhydride, utilizing an improved Schotten Baumann reaction, affords high purity linezolid.

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http://www.google.com/patents/EP2072505A2?cl=en

    • WO 95/07271 , which specifically describes the synthesis of linezolid, namely [(S)-N-[[3-(3-fluoro-4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]acetamide], according to the following scheme:

      Figure imgb0001
    • [0003]
      Other synthetic routes for the preparation of linezolid are reported for example in US 6107519 and in Tetrahedron Letters, Vol 37, N° 44, pages 7937-7940, wherein the chiral compound shown below is used instead of glycidyl butyrate as a synthon containing the molecule stereocenter.

      Figure imgb0002
    • [0004]
      It should be appreciated that all of the known approaches to the preparation of linezolid make use of chiral synthons for the construction of the stereocenter. These are small molecules characterized by a high cost, therefore they are not suitable for the production of the compound on an industrial scale.
    • [0005]
      There is therefore the need for an alternative synthesis which provides oxazolidinone derivatives, linezolid included, from inexpensive starting materials, and which does not require a chiral synthon for the construction of the molecule, so that it can be used for the industrial preparation of such derivatives.

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http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2010/md/c0md00015a/unauth

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RSC Adv., 2013,3, 24946-24951

DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45186K



http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2013/ra/c3ra45186k#!divAbstract

Graphical abstract: Concise asymmetric synthesis of Linezolid through catalyzed Henry reaction
A new asymmetric synthesis of the antibiotic Linezolid was performed through a copper-catalyzed Henry reaction as the key step. The use of camphor-derived aminopyridine ligands helped to improve the yields of the chiral precursor and to obtain Linezolid in good overall yield and enantiomeric excess.

Linezolid 1. Mp: 181–182 C [lit. 181.5–182.5 C];
1 H-NMR (300 MHz; CDCl3) d 2.02 (s, 3H), 3.06 (t, J ¼ 4.7 Hz, 4H), 3.61– 3.78 (m, 3H), 3.87 (t, J ¼ 4.7 Hz, 4H), 4.03 (t, J ¼ 9.0 Hz, 1H), 4.72–4.82 (m, 1H), 6.17 (bt, 1H, exch. with D2O), 6.93 (t, J ¼ 9.0 Hz, 1H), 7.08 (dd, J1 ¼ 9.0 Hz, J2 ¼ 2.5 Hz, 1H), 7.44 (dd, J1 ¼ 14.4 Hz, J2 ¼ 2.5 Hz, 1H); ee ¼ 71%;

HPLC (Daicel CHIRALPAK-IA, hexane/i-PrOH ¼ 70 : 30, ow rate 0.8 mL min 1 , l ¼ 254 nm); tR (major) ¼ 14.1 min; tR (minor) ¼ 16.4 min. A true sample of (S)-Linezolid (ee > 98%) under the same HPLC conditions gave a tR ¼ 14.1 min.

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http://www.slideshare.net/vishwajeeta/introduction-new-ppt

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http://www.slideshare.net/pushechnikov/linezolid-case-study

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http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2011/cc/c1cc15503b#!divAbstract

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http://www.mdpi.com/1424-8247/3/7/1988/htm

Pharmaceuticals 03 01988 g001 1024

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Numbered structure of linezolid, showing the pharmacophore required for good activity (in blue) and desirable structural features (in orange).

Title: Linezolid
CAS Registry Number: 165800-03-3
CAS Name:N-[[(5S)-3-[3-Fluoro-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl]-2-oxo-5-oxazolidinyl]methyl]acetamide
Manufacturers’ Codes: PNU-100766; U-100766
Trademarks: Zyvox (Pharmacia & Upjohn); Zyvoxid (Pharmacia & Upjohn)
Molecular Formula: C16H20FN3O4
Molecular Weight: 337.35
Percent Composition: C 56.96%, H 5.98%, F 5.63%, N 12.46%, O 18.97%
Literature References: Prototype of the oxazolidinone antimicrobials; inhibits bacterial mRNA translation. Prepn: M. R. Barbachyn et al.,WO9507271 (1995 to Upjohn); eidem,US5688792 (1997 to Pharmacia & Upjohn); S. J. Brickner et al.,J. Med. Chem.39, 673 (1996).
Antibacterial spectrum: C. W. Ford et al.,Antimicrob. Agents Chemother.40, 1508 (1996). Mechanism of action study: D. L. Shinabarger et al.,ibid.41, 2132 (1997).
 HPLC determn in plasma: C. Buerger et al.,J. Chromatogr. B796, 155 (2003). Clinical comparison with vancomycin, q.v., for MRSA infections: D. L. Stevens et al., Clin. Infect. Dis.34, 1481 (2002).
Review of pharmacology: L. D. Dresser, M. J. Rybak, Pharmacotherapy18, 456-462 (1998); and clinical experience: R. Norrby, Expert Opin. Pharmacother.2, 293-302 (2001).
Properties: White crystals from ethyl acetate and hexanes, mp 181.5-182.5°. [a]D20 -9° (c = 0.919 in chloroform).
Melting point: mp 181.5-182.5°
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 -9° (c = 0.919 in chloroform)
Therap-Cat: Antibacterial.
Keywords: Antibacterial (Synthetic); Oxazolidinones.
Linezolid
Skeletal formula of linezolid
Linezolid-from-xtal-2008-3D-balls.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(S)-N-({3-[3-fluoro-4-(morpholin-4-yl)phenyl]-2-oxo-1,3-oxazolidin-5-yl}methyl)acetamide
Clinical data
Trade names Zyvox, Zyvoxam, Zyvoxid
AHFS/Drugs.com monograph
MedlinePlus a602004
Licence data US FDA:link
  • AU: C
  • US: C
Intravenous infusion, oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability ~100% (oral)
Protein binding Low (31%)
Metabolism Hepatic (50–70%, CYPnot involved)
Half-life 4.2–5.4 hours (shorter in children)
Excretion Nonrenal, renal, and fecal
Identifiers
165800-03-3 Yes
J01XX08
PubChem CID 441401
DrugBank DB00601 
ChemSpider 390139 Yes
UNII ISQ9I6J12J Yes
KEGG D00947 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL126 Yes
NIAID ChemDB 070944
Chemical data
Formula C16H20FN3O4
337.346 g/mol
Cited Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
WO1995007271A1 * Aug 16, 1994 Mar 16, 1995 Michael R Barbachyn Substituted oxazine and thiazine oxazolidinone antimicrobials
AU2001100437A4 * Title not available
EP0963980A2 * Mar 10, 1999 Dec 15, 1999 The Wellcome Foundation Limited 1,2,4-Triazine derivative, its preparation and its use as reference marker for testing purity and stability of “lamotrigine”
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1 * [Online] August 2002 (2002-08), XP002388488 Retrieved from the Internet: URL:www.emea.eu.int/pdfs/human/ich/273799e n.pdf> [retrieved on 2006-07-03]
2 * [Online] June 1995 (1995-06), XP002388489 Retrieved from the Internet: URL:www.emea.eu.int/pdfs/human/ich/38195en .pdf> [retrieved on 2006-07-03]
3 * DATABASE CA [Online] CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS SERVICE, COLUMBUS, OHIO, US; LIU, JUN ET AL: “Preparation of oxazolidone derivatives as antibacterial agents” XP002429969 retrieved from STN Database accession no. 2003:576097 -& CN 1 355 165 A (INSTITUTE OF MEDICAL AND BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY, CHINESE ACADEMY OF MED) 26 June 2002 (2002-06-26)
4 * GLEAVE D M ET AL: “Synthesis and antibacterial activity of [6,5,5] and [6,6,5] tricyclic fused oxazolidinones” BIOORGANIC & MEDICINAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS, OXFORD, GB, vol. 8, no. 10, 19 May 1998 (1998-05-19), pages 1231-1236, XP004137053 ISSN: 0960-894X
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……………

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.

S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.



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COCK SAYS MOM CAN TEACH YOU NMR

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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