FDA Approves Trulicity (dulaglutide) for Type 2 Diabetes
PRONUNCIATION doo” la gloo’ tide
THERAPEUTIC CLAIM Treatment of type II diabetes
1. 7-37-Glucagon-like peptide I [8-glycine,22-glutamic acid,36-glycine] (synthetic
human) fusion protein with peptide (synthetic 16-amino acid linker) fusion protein with immunoglobulin G4 (synthetic human Fc fragment), dimer
2. [Gly8,Glu22,Gly36]human glucagon-like peptide 1-(7-37)-peptidyltetraglycyl-Lseryltetraglycyl-L-seryltetraglycyl-L-seryl-L-alanyldes-Lys229-[Pro10,Ala16,Ala17]human immunoglobulin heavy constant γ4 chain H-CH2-CH3 fragment, (55-55′:58-58′)-bisdisulfide dimer
- LY 2189265
|GLP-1 immunoglobulin G (IgG4) Fc fusion protein with extended activity; a hypoglycemic agent.|
7-37-Glucagon-like peptide I (8-glycine,22-glutamic acid,36-glycine) (synthetic human) fusion proteinwith peptide (synthetic 16-amino acid linker) fusion protein with immunoglobulin G4 (synthetic human Fc fragment), dimer
sept 18 2014
The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved dulaglutide (Trulicity, Eli Lilly & Co), as a once-weekly injection for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.
A member of the glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist class, dulaglutide joins liraglutide (Victoza, Novo Nordisk), exenatide (Byetta, AstraZeneca/Bristol-Myers Squibb), and albiglutide (Tanzeum, GlaxoSmithKline), on the US market.
Once-weekly dulaglutide was approved based on 6 clinical trials involving a total of 3342 patients who received the drug. It was studied as a stand-alone therapy and in combination withmetformin, sulfonylurea, thiazolidinedione, and prandial insulin.
In one trial the once-weekly dulaglutide was non-inferior to daily liraglutide and in another it topped the oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor sitagliptin (Januvia, Merck).
The most common side effects observed in patients treated with dulaglutide were nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, and decreased appetite.
Dulaglutide should not be used to treat people with type 1 diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, or severe abdominal or intestinal problems, or as first-line therapy for patients who cannot be managed with diet and exercise.
As with others in its class, dulaglutide’s label will include a boxed warning that thyroid C-cell tumors have been observed in rodents but the risk in humans is unknown. The drug should not be used in patients with a personal or family history of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) or multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2.
The FDA is requiring Lilly to conduct the following postmarketing studies for dulaglutide:
• A clinical trial to evaluate dosing, efficacy, and safety in children
• A study to assess potential effects on sexual maturation, reproduction, and central nervous system development and function in immature rats
• An MTC case registry of at least 15 years duration to identify any increase in MTC incidence with the drug
• A clinical trial comparing dulaglutide with insulin glargine on glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes and moderate or severe renal impairment
• A cardiovascular outcomes trial to evaluate the drug’s cardiovascular risk profile in patients with high baseline risk for cardiovascular disease.
The FDA approval also comes with a Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy, including a communication plan to inform healthcare professionals about the serious risks associated with the drug.
HGEGTFTSDV SSYLEEQAAK EFIAWLVKGG GGGGGSGGGG SGGGGSAESK 50
YGPPCPPCPA PEAAGGPSVF LFPPKPKDTL MISRTPEVTC VVVDVSQEDP 100
EVQFNWYVDG VEVHNAKTKP REEQFNSTYR VVSVLTVLHQ DWLNGKEYKC 150
KVSNKGLPSS IEKTISKAKG QPREPQVYTL PPSQEEMTKN QVSLTCLVKG 200
FYPSDIAVEW ESNGQPENNY KTTPPVLDSD GSFFLYSRLT VDKSRWQEGN 250
VFSCSVMHEA LHNHYTQKSL SLSLG 275
Disulfide bridges location
55-55′ 58-58′ 90-150 90′-150′ 196-254 196′-254′
MOLECULAR FORMULA C2646H4044N704O836S18
MOLECULAR WEIGHT 59.67 kDa
MANUFACTURER Eli Lilly and Company
CODE DESIGNATION LY2189265
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER 923950-08-7
LY2189265 (dulaglutide), a glucagon-like peptide-1 analog, is a biologic entity being studied as a once-weekly treatment for type 2 diabetes.
Dulaglatuide works by stimulating cells to release insulin only when blood sugar levels are high.
Gwen Krivi, Ph.D., vice president, product development, Lilly Diabetes, said of the drug, “We believe dulaglutide, if approved, can bring significant benefits to people with type 2 diabetes.”
In fact, it might help to control both diabetics’ blood sugar and their high blood pressure.
Eli Lilly CEO John Lechleiter believes the drug has the potential to be a blockbuster. Lilly could be ready to seek approval by 2013.
For more information on dulaglutide clinical studies, click here.
Lilly Announces Positive Results of Phase III Trials of Dulaglutide in Type 2 Diabetes – April 16, 2013
Lilly Diabetes Announces Positive Results of Phase III Trials of Dulaglutide in Type 2 Diabetes – October 22, 2012
Lilly Diabetes Presents Phase II Blood Pressure and Heart Rate Data on Investigational GLP-1 Analog Candidate, Dulaglutide, in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes at the 27th American Society of Hypertension Scientific Meeting – May 22, 2012