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VENLAFAXINE PART 1/3

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Venlafaxine structure.svg

 
 
Venlafaxine
CAS : 93413-69-5
CAS Name: 1-[2-(Dimethylamino)-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethyl]cyclohexanol
Additional Names: (±)-1-[a-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-p-methoxybenzyl]cyclohexanol; N,N-dimethyl-2-(1-hydroxycyclohexyl)-2-(4-methoxyphenyl)ethylamine; venlafexine
Molecular Formula: C17H27NO2
Molecular Weight: 277.40
Percent Composition: C 73.61%, H 9.81%, N 5.05%, O 11.54%
SEE
Venlafaxine (brand namesEffexorEffexor XR and Trevilor) is an antidepressant of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor (SNRI) class.[3][4][5] This means it increases the concentrations of the neurotransmitters serotonin and norepinephrine in the body and the brain. First introduced by Wyeth in 1993, now marketed by Pfizer, it is licensed for the treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalised anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder and social phobia.[6][7]
Comparative efficacy and acceptability of 12 new-generation antidepressants: a multiple-treatments meta-analysis have shown venlafaxine, alongside mirtazapineescitalopram and sertraline were significantly more efficacious.[8] Remission rates (defined as a HAM-D score of 7 or less) were 58% for venlafaxine plus mirtazapine.[9]
The rate of life-threatening or lethal outcomes for suicidal overdoses of venlafaxine is lower than for the TCAsMAOIs and bupropionand comparable to several of the SSRIs.[10] It is metabolised in the body into another antidepressant drug called desvenlafaxine (O-desmethylvenlafaxine) which is also sold as an antidepressant, under the brand name Pristiq.[11]
Both venlafaxine and paroxetine have been linked to the most severe discontinuation symptomes.
In 2007, venlafaxine was the sixth most commonly prescribed antidepressant on the U.S. retail market, with 17.2 million prescriptions.[12]

Chemistry

The chemical structure of venlafaxine is designated (R/S)-1-[2-(dimethylamino)-1-(4 methoxyphenyl)ethyl] cyclohexanol hydrochloride or (±)-1-[a [a- (dimethylamino)methyl] p-methoxybenzyl] cyclohexanol hydrochloride, and it has the empirical formula of C17H27NO2. It is a white to off-white crystalline solid. Venlafaxine is structurally and pharmacologically related to the atypical opioid analgesictramadol, and more distantly to the newly released opioid tapentadol, but not to any of the conventional antidepressant drugs, including tricyclic antidepressants, SSRIs, MAOIs, or RIMAs.[66]
Venlafaxine
Venlafaxine structure.svg
Venlafaxine-3D-balls.png
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(RS)-1-[2-dimethylamino-1-(4-methoxyphenyl)-ethyl]cyclohexanol
Clinical data
Trade names Effexor XR, Effexor, Trevilor
AHFS/Drugs.com monograph
Licence data US Daily Med:link
  • AU: B2
  • US: C
Oral
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability 42±15%[1]
Protein binding 27±2% (parent compound), 30±12% (active metabolite,desvenlafaxine)[2]
Metabolism Hepatic (~50% of the parent compound is metabolised on first pass through the liver)[1][2]
Half-life 5±2 h (parent compound for immediate release preparations), 15±6 h (parent compound for extended release preparations), 11±2 h (active metabolite)[1][2]
Excretion Renal (87%; 5% as unchanged drug; 29% asdesvenlafaxine and 53% as other metabolites)[1][2]
Identifiers
93413-69-5 Yes
N06AX16
PubChem CID 5656
DrugBank DB00285 Yes
ChemSpider 5454 Yes
UNII GRZ5RCB1QG Yes
ChEBI CHEBI:9943 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL637 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C17H27NO2
277.402 g/mol
Derivative Type: Hydrochloride
CAS : 99300-78-4
Manufacturers’ Codes: Wy-45030
Trademarks: Effexor (Wyeth)
Molecular Formula: C17H27NO2.HCl
Molecular Weight: 313.86
Percent Composition: C 65.06%, H 8.99%, N 4.46%, O 10.20%, Cl 11.30%
Properties: White to off-white crystalline solid from methanol/ethyl acetate, mp 215-217°. Soly (mg/ml): 572 water. Partition coefficient (octanol/water): 0.43.
Melting point: mp 215-217°
Log P: Partition coefficient (octanol/water): 0.43
Derivative Type: (+)-Form
Properties: Crystals from ethyl acetate, mp 102-104°. [a]D25 +27.6° (c = 1.07 in 95% ethanol).
Melting point: mp 102-104°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 +27.6° (c = 1.07 in 95% ethanol)
Derivative Type: (+)-Form hydrochloride
Manufacturers’ Codes: Wy-45655
Properties: Crystals from methanol/ether, mp 240-240.5°. [a]D25 -4.7° (c = 0.945 in ethanol).
Melting point: mp 240-240.5°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 -4.7° (c = 0.945 in ethanol)
Derivative Type: (-)-Form
Properties: Crystals from ethyl acetate, mp 102-104°. [a]D25 -27.1° (c = 1.04 in 95% ethanol).
Melting point: mp 102-104°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 -27.1° (c = 1.04 in 95% ethanol)
Derivative Type: (-)-Form hydrochloride
Manufacturers’ Codes: Wy-45651
Properties: Crystals from methanol/ether, mp 240-240.5°. [a]D25 +4.6° (c = 1.0 in ethanol).
Melting point: mp 240-240.5°
Optical Rotation: [a]D25 +4.6° (c = 1.0 in ethanol)
Therap-Cat: Antidepressant.
Keywords: Antidepressant; Serotonin Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitor (SNRI).
 
 
 
 
1H NMR
 
 
Image
 
 
 

HSQC

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1H NMR PREDICT OF HCL

Venlafaxine hydrochloride NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 99300-78-4 NMR spectral analysis, Venlafaxine hydrochloride H-NMR spectrum

13C NMR PREDICT OF HCL

Venlafaxine hydrochloride NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 99300-78-4 NMR spectral analysis, Venlafaxine hydrochloride C-NMR spectrum

Venlafaxine

BASE

Venlafaxine NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 93413-69-5 NMR spectral analysis, Venlafaxine H-NMR spectrum
Venlafaxine NMR spectra analysis, Chemical CAS NO. 93413-69-5 NMR spectral analysis, Venlafaxine C-NMR spectrum

Literature References: 
 
Serotonin noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI). Prepn: G. E. M. Husbands et al., EP 112669US4535186 (1984, 1985 both to Am. Home Prods.); 
 
and resolution of isomers: J. P. Yardley et al., J. Med. Chem. 33, 2899 (1990). Receptor binding studies: E. A. Muth et al., Biochem. Pharmacol. 35, 4493 (1986). 
 
HPLC determn in biological fluids: D. R. Hickset al., Ther. Drug Monit. 16, 100 (1994).
 
Clinical pharmacokinetics: K. J. Klamerus et al., J. Clin. Pharmacol. 32, 716 (1992). 
 
Clinical trial in major depression: E. Schweizer et al., J. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 11, 233 (1991). 
 
Review of pharmacology and clinical efficacy in depression: S. A. Montgomery, J. Clin. Psychiatry 54, 119-126 (1993). 
 
Clinical trial in generalized anxiety disorder: A. J. Gelenberg et al., J. Am. Med. Assoc. 283, 3082 (2000).
P.S.
: The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views
of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S.
: The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views
of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S.
: The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views
of the professional body or the company that I represent.




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  1. […] VENLAFAXINE PART 1/2 April 9, 2015 […]

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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