Dronapushpi is Sanskrit name of plant Leucas cephalotes. It is a medicinal herb that grows as a weed in India and many South East Asian countries. The folk use of this herb is for treating scorpion stings, snake bite, cough, fever etc. The whole plant has fever educing and insecticidal properties. The leaves are applied externally on snake bites and scorpion stings. To know more about this medicinal herb,
‘Leucas aspera ‘
According to Abhidhana ratnamala
- Two varieties
According to Raja narahari
- Drona – Lucas aspera
- Mahadrona – L. Cephalotus
- Another species – L. indica
- Plihari vati
- Gorocanadi vati
- Sahacharadi taila
Rasa: katu, lavana, Madhura.
Guna: Guru, Ruksha, Theekshna
- Its Panchanga contains B-sisstesterol, flavinol, Glycoside.
- Flowers contain an essential oil, A bitter principle seeds a contain a fixed oil , caryophyllene, oxide, 26.56% Gama- Fenchene 12.02%, Alpha- cordional 2.13% , 1-hepten 3-01, 6.53%, menthol 6.30%, deca hydro naphthalene 5.15%, and trans –caryophyllene 4.05%.
- Labdane, Noraladane, laballenic acid lauric acid, glutaric acid, Adipic acid , tridecanoic acid.
- Vata prashamana
- Udara shoola
- Shira shoola
Vishamajvara– Fresh juice of dronapuspi and tulasi are useful. [Sharangadhara Samhita madhyamakhanda]
Kaamala: Anjana with the juice of dronapuspi useful. [Gadanigraha].
Netrarogani: dronapuspi juice is mixed with rice water and used orally as well as topically. [G.N]
Pittajavikara : Hima prepared by sariva, rasani, guduchi, rakthachandana and dronapuspi. [Siddhayogasangraha]
Paandu : Hima prepared by dronapuspi and padmaka, sariva drugs are useful. [Siddhayogasangraha]
PHARMACO THERAPEUTIC ACTION AND USES
Lecus cephalotes has been reported to exert hepatoprotective action in carbon tetra chloride induced hepatotoxicity in animals.
Juice of it has been reported to act as an antibilious in herbal therapy for jaundice
It has shown positive test in filariesis
The whole plant powder in the proportion of 70% in the herbal composition is patented to cure epileptic convulsions and cerebral function disorders.
It is also having the properties of antipyretic, stimulant , expectorant, aperients , diaphoretic, insecticidal, emmenagogue, and antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti diabetic.
They are useful in colic, dyspepsia arthralgia.
- Plant decoction is used in the treatment of malarial fever .
- The leaves juice is used topically in psoriasis, skin eruption , and scabies and internally for the treatment of urinary complaints.
- The flowers are administered in the form of syrup or with honey for cough and cold.
- The dried inflorescences are smoked and the smoke exhaled through the nose to treat nose bleeds.
- Dried leaves along with tobacco (1:3) are smoked to treat bleeding as well as itching piles and fresh leaves eaten as a potent herb.
Cultivated fields as a weed , especially after a period of rain . It is collected for use as a leafy vegetable in rural areas . it is cultivated itself for its medicinal uses . And really available in market.
Leucas cephalotes a common ethanomedicinal plant’s used by folklore of tirupathi andrapradesh for fever and urinary tract infection. Organic extracts hexane and methanolic extracts showed prominent antibacterial activity .
IN VITRO ANTHELMINTIC ACTIVITY
It is mild stimulant diaphoretic and used for fever
The overall study showed that dronapushpi decoction was beneficial to naveen (new) amavata.
The claim of folk ore amavata probably more beneficial if used with suitable vedanasthapana (analgesic) drugs
Traditional medicinal uses
Dronapushpi is a weed that grows on wastelands. Medicinally, it has antimicrobial, insecticidal, fever reducing, larvicidal and inflammation reducing properties. It is useful in skin diseases. In malarial fever, the leaves juice is given. In some part of country, the decoction of whole plant is used for curing fever. The juice removes toxins from body. The leaves juice is applied externally for skin diseases and swelling. In cod and cough, the leaves juice is recommended.
In scorpion sting the plant is used internally as well externally. The leaves juice (few drops) is mixed with honey and taken orally.
Topically, the leaves juice is applied on place of sting.
The folk remedy is to put few drops of whole plant in nostrils.
Skin diseases, removing blood toxins
Skin diseases mainly occur due to toxins in blood. Dronapushpi plant has ability to flush the toxins from body.
In skin diseases, whole plant of Dronapushpi is used. The plant is dried. Five grams of dried powder is taken with three grams Neem/Margosa leaves in 2 glass water. This is boiled till volume reduce to one fourth. Then it filtered and taken two times a day.
Abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation
The leaves of plant are taken a handful. These are washed and then ground to make fine paste. This paste is mixed with lemon juice and sesame oil/til oil (edible). The preparation is eaten empty stomach every morning for a week.
Asthma, cold, cough
The leaves juice of plant is taken in dose of 1-3 teaspoons.
The flowers (2 tablespoon) are boiled in water (150 ml) till volume reduces to half. This is filtered and taken thrice a day.
The leaves of plant are cooked and eaten with rice.
Skin diseases (itching, patchy skin, psoriasis, scabies etc.)
The paste of leaves is applied externally at the affected body areas.
Cough, congestion, blockage of nose, headache due to cough, Sinusitis, Migraine, Phlegm
The juice of leaves is put in nostrils as drops. For this purpose, the leaves juice is extracted and mixed with two times water. Then the diluted juice is put in nostrils (4 dops) for 3-4 days.
The flowers are heated in til/sesame oil and applied on head.
Fever (acute, chronic), Allergy
The decoction of plant (2-3 grams in boiled in two glass water till water reduces to one fourth) is used
This medicinal herb should be used in recommended doses only. It is hot in potency and heats up body. Avoid its use in excess. The leaves juice can be diluted for putting in nose of oral use.
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