C20 H16 Cl N3 O4 S
C20H16ClN3O4 S, M = 429.87
Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research
Deep vein thrombosis; Lung embolism
Factor Xa antagonist
TY-602; zhifeishaban; zifaxaban
Chinese J Struc Chem. 2014, 33 (7), 1091-1095.
(S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo _3_ (4_ (2_ oxo _2H_-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin-5 -1,3_ yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide
The title compound(zifaxaban 2, C20H16ClN3O4 S, Mr = 429.87) was synthesized and its crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Zifaxaban crystallizes in monoclinic, space group P21 with a = 5.7900(12), b = 13.086(3), c = 12.889(3) A, β = 100.86(3)°, V = 959.1(3) A3, Z = 2, Dc = 1.489 g/cm3, F(000) = 444, μ = 0.342 mm-1, the final R = 0.0320 and wR = 0.0640 for 2717 observed reflections(I > 2σ(I)).
The absolute configuration of the stereogenic center in the title compound was confirmed to be S by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Four existing intermolecular hydrogen bonds help to stabilize the lattice and the molecule in the lattice to adopt an L-shape conformation.
Zifaxaban was slightly more active than rivaroxaban 1 in in vitro assay against human FXa and therefore is promising as a drug candidate.
zifaxaban (first disclosed in CN102464658), useful for treating thromboembolic disorders. Zifaxaban, a factor Xa antagonist, is being developed by Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, for treating deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (preclinical, as of November 2014). In May 2014, an IND was filed in China. In June 2014, the institute was seeking to outlicense this product.
In vivo within the cardiovascular, blood coagulation or blood analysis some have formed out of the process of forming a solid mass with the aggregation, called thrombosis, the formation of a solid mass called a thrombus blocks. Thrombosis is an abnormal flow of blood coagulation status due to platelet activation and coagulation factors are activated in accordance therewith.
The blood coagulation was originally a protective mechanism of the organism, there is a mutual antagonism in blood coagulation system and the anti-clotting system. Under physiological conditions, blood clotting factors continue to be activated to produce thrombin, fibrin formation trace, calm on the vascular endothelium, but these traces of fibrin and constantly being activated fibrinolytic system dissolution, while being activated coagulation factors are constantly mononuclear phagocyte system swallowed. The dynamics of the coagulation system and fibrinolysis system, which ensures the blood coagulation potential can also always ensure that the fluid state of the blood.
Sometimes, however, in certain factors can promote the coagulation process, breaking the above dynamic balance triggered the coagulation process, the blood can form a thrombosis or embolism, such as leading to myocardial infarction, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and other thromboembolic disease.
Thromboembolic disease is cardiovascular disease against the most serious diseases, is the first killer of human health. In China, with the improvement and increased aging of the population’s living standards, the incidence of such diseases, mortality, morbidity is increasing every year.
The existing anti-thromboembolic diseases into anti-platelet drugs, anticoagulants and fibrinolytic drugs. Among them, the anti-clotting drugs are the main contents of antithrombotic therapy, mainly thrombin inhibitors and vitamin K antagonists. Heparin and low molecular weight heparin, represented by the presence of oral thrombin inhibitor invalid, non-selective inhibition and high risk of bleeding and other shortcomings. Although warfarin is representative of vitamin K antagonists can be administered orally, but there are narrow therapeutic index, high risk of bleeding and other shortcomings.
Studies have shown that the coagulation process is usually divided into intrinsic coagulation pathway and the extrinsic coagulation pathway. Coagulation process involves a lot of coagulation factors, coagulation factor activated are each the next inactive clotting factor precursor is converted into the activated form. Endogenous, exogenous pathway final summary, the blood coagulation factor X is converted to Xa.
Therefore, theoretically, the direct inhibition of ¾ factor activity should produce effective anti-clotting effect, without the side effects of thrombin inhibitors with. As direct inhibition) (a factor activity on normal hemostasis reaction / adjustment process produces minimal impact. For example, platelets remain low catalytic activity of thrombin on the ability to respond to, and thus does not affect the formation of platelet thrombi, so bleeding integrated minimize the risk of the levy.
research also proved this point. Recently reported a variety of compounds can selectively inhibit efficient Xa, which play a preventive and / or treatment of thromboembolic disease effect (W003000256A1; CN00818966; US2007259913A1; US2007259913A1). Among them, rivaroxaban (Rivaroxaban) was listed in 2008 for hip or knee replacement surgery prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis, with oral, fixed dose and other advantages.
rivaroxaban drawback is the high price of raw materials, low yield preparation, purification of the product is difficult, high production costs. Patent CN00818966 8 reported rivaroxaban synthetic routes as follows:
where the first reaction (Preparation of 4- (4-morpholino-3-yl) nitrobenzene) yield of only 17.6%, and rivaroxaban difficult purification.
(S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2_ oxo -2H- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) -1, 3_ oxazolidine -5 – yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide.
 Meanwhile, patent CN201110337461.4 described formula (I) Preparation of the compound:
 (S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo-3- (4_ (2_ Batch oxo _2H_ piperidinyl) phenyl) _1,3_ oxazolidin-5-yl) methyl ) thiophene-2-carboxamide (II)
 A, 1- (4- amino-phenyl) -IH- pyridin _2_ -one (Compound VII) is
 The reaction flask was charged with 104g of pyridine -2 (IH) – one (Compound IX), 200g of iodoaniline (compound VIII), 26gCuI, 151g of potassium carbonate, 18g8- hydroxyquinoline, 500mlDMF, nitrogen, heated to reflux, Insulation reaction was stirred 10h. Filtered hot, the filtrate evaporated under reduced pressure to make the solvent, the residue was added ethyl acetate, IL, 0 ° C incubated with stirring lh, filtered and the solid dried, 2L acetonitrile and purified to give 98g dark red solid. Refined liquor was concentrated to 500ml, the ice bath was stirred lh, filtered to give a dark red solid 19g. Total product were 117g, yield 68.9%.
 1H-NMR (DMSO-Cl6), δ (ppm):… 5 306 (s, 2H), 6 236 (d, 1H), 6 406 (d, 1H), 6 601 (d,. 2H), 6. 977 (d, 2H), 7. 459 (m, 2H).
 B, (R) -2- (2- hydroxy-3- ((2-oxo–2H- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) amino) propyl) isoindoline-1,3- -dione (Compound V) is
 The reaction flask was added 40gl_ (4- aminophenyl) -IH- pyridin-2-one (Compound VII), 45g (S) _N_ glycidyl phthalimide (Compound VI), 300ml95% ethanol, heating to reflux, the gradual emergence of solid insulation mixing IOh, cooled to room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake washed with ethanol (150ml X 2), and dried to give an off-white solid 38g.
 The mother liquor was taken, evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, was added 15g (Q-N_ glycidyl phthalimide (Compound VII), 150ml95% ethanol, heated to reflux, stirred incubated 10h, concentrated under reduced pressure, cooled to room temperature , stirred at room temperature for 2h, washed with ethanol and dried to give an off-white solid 33g.
 A total of an off-white solid 71g, yield of 84.8%, without purification, was used directly in the next step.
 1H-NMR (DMS0_d6), δ (ppm):… 3 053 (m, 1H), 3 194 (m, 1H), 4 644 (m, 2H), 4 020 (m, 1H). , 5. 168 (d, 1H), 5. 851 (t, 1H), 6. 230 (m, 1H), 6. 404 (d, 1H), 6. 665 (d, 2H), 7. 041 ( d, 2H), 7. 435 (m, 1H), 7. 537 (m, 1H), 7. 855 (m, 4H).
 C, ⑶-2- ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2_ oxo _2H_ pyridyl) phenyl) oxazolidin _5_ -1,3_ yl) methyl ) Preparation of isoindoline-1,3-dione (Compound IV) of the
 The reaction flask was charged 50g Compound V, 27gN, N’- carbonyldiimidazole (⑶I), 4_ catalytic amount of dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), 150mlN, N- dimethylformamide (DMF), stirred for 90 temperature ° C, the reaction was kept for 8 hours to make the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, added to IL of water, stirred and dispersed, filtered, washed with water (150mlX “, washed with ethanol (100ml X 1), dried to give a white solid 48g, yield of 90%.
 1H-NMR (DMSo-CI6), δ (ppm):…. 3 984 (m, 3H), 4 251 (t, 1H), 4 968 (m, 1H), 6 301 (m, 1H), 6. 459 (d, 1H), 7. 423 (d, 2H), 7. 514 (m, 1H), 7. 615 (m, 3H), 7. 892 (m, 4H).
 D, (S) -5- (aminomethyl) -3- (4- (2_ oxo _2H_-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin _2_ -1,3_ one hydrochloride (compound III) Synthesis of
 The reaction flask was charged 50g compound IV, 200ml of ethanol, 60ml aqueous methylamine (40%), heated to reflux, stirred incubated 2h, cooled, evaporated under reduced pressure to make the solvent to give a sticky solid.
 added to 300ml of ethanol, 20ml of hydrochloric acid, heated to reflux, stirred incubated lh, cooled to room temperature, incubated with stirring 2h, filtered, washed with ethanol, and dried to obtain;. 34 5g of white solid, yield 88.7%.
1H-NMR (DMS0_d6), δ (ppm):…. 3 240 (m, 2H), 3 980 (m, 1H), 4 255 (m, 1H), 5 028 (m, 1H) , 6. 321 (m, 1H), 6. 475 (d, 1H), 7. 504 (m, 3H), 7. 634 (m, 3H), 8. 561 (s, 1H).
Ε, (S) -5- chloro -N – ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2-oxo–2Η- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin _1,3_ 5-yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide Preparation of thiophene (II) of
The reaction flask was charged 15g Compound III, 200ml of tetrahydrofuran, 40ml of water was added with stirring 6. 2g of sodium carbonate was added dropwise 10g5- chloro-thiophene-2-carbonyl chloride (Compound II-1) in tetrahydrofuran IOOml, 30~35 ° C insulation stirred 5h, point board to control the reaction was complete.
to make the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, 50ml of water was added, stirring was filtered, the filter cake washed with water and dried to give 18. 5g of white solid.
200ml of acetic acid and purified room temperature overnight, filtered, and the filter cake washed with ethanol and dried to give a white solid 16g, 80% yield.
Melting point: 204 8 ~205 8 ° C;
1H-NMR (DMSo-CI6), δ (ppm):…. 3 623 (t, 2H), 3 893 (m, 1H), 4 230 (t, 1H), 4 871 (m, 1H), 6. 308 (t, 1H), 6. 468 (d, 1H), 7. 193 (d, 1H), 7. 426 (m, 2H), 7. 500 (m, 1H), 7. 637 (m, 4H), 8. 967 (t, 1H);
MS (ESI): m / z = 430 (M + H);
HPLC: rt (%) = 14. 38 (99. 62);
[a] 20d = -37 6 ° (c 0. 3004, DMS0);
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