New Drug Approvals

Home » Posts tagged 'china'

Tag Archives: china

Advertisements
DRUG APPROVALS BY DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO .....FOR BLOG HOME CLICK HERE

Blog Stats

  • 2,596,226 hits

Flag and hits

Flag Counter

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,400 other followers

Follow New Drug Approvals on WordPress.com

Categories

Flag Counter

ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.

Join 2,400 other followers

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

Personal Links

Verified Services

View Full Profile →

Categories

Flag Counter
Advertisements

CK-101


N-[3-[2-[2,3-Difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]anilino]quinazolin-8-yl]phenyl]prop-2-enamide.png

CK-101, RX-518

CAS 1660963-42-7

MF C29 H28 F2 N6 O2
MW 530.57
2-Propenamide, N-[3-[2-[[2,3-difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1-piperazinyl]phenyl]amino]-8-quinazolinyl]phenyl]-

N-[3-[2-[[2,3-Difluoro-4-[4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl]phenyl]amino]quinazolin-8-yl]phenyl]acrylamide

N-(3-(2-((2,3-Difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-1-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide

EGFR-IN-3

UNII-708TLB8J3Y

708TLB8J3Y

AK543910

Suzhou NeuPharma (Originator)
Checkpoint Therapeutics

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Therapy
Solid Tumors Therapy

PHASE 2 Checkpoint Therapeutics, Cancer, lung (non-small cell) (NSCLC), solid tumour

RX518(CK-101) is an orally available third-generation and selective inhibitor of certain epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activating mutations, including the resistance mutation T790M, and the L858R and exon 19 deletion (del 19) mutations, with potential antineoplastic activity.

In August 2019, Suzhou Neupharma and its licensee Checkpoint Therapeutics are developing CK-101 (phase II clinical trial), a novel third-generation, covalent, EGFR inhibitor, as a capsule formulation, for the treatment of cancers including NSCLC and other advanced solid tumors. In September 2017, the FDA granted Orphan Drug designation to this compound, for the treatment of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC; in January 2018, the capsule was being developed as a class 1 chemical drug in China.

CK-101 (RX-518), a small-molecule inhibitor of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), is in early clinical development at Checkpoint Therapeutics and Suzhou NeuPharma for the potential treatment of EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and other advanced solid malignancies.

In 2015, Suzhou NeuPharma granted a global development and commercialization license to its EGFR inhibitor program, excluding certain Asian countries, to Coronado Biosciences (now Fortress Biotech). Subsequently, Coronado assigned the newly acquired program to its subsidiary Checkpoint Therapeutics.

In 2017, the product was granted orphan drug designation in the U.S. for the treatment of EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC.

There are at least 400 enzymes identified as protein kinases. These enzymes catalyze the phosphorylation of target protein substrates. The phosphorylation is usually a transfer reaction of a phosphate group from ATP to the protein substrate. The specific structure in the target substrate to which the phosphate is transferred is a tyrosine, serine or threonine residue. Since these amino acid residues are the target structures for the phosphoryl transfer, these protein kinase enzymes are commonly referred to as tyrosine kinases or serine/threonine kinases.

[0003] The phosphorylation reactions, and counteracting phosphatase reactions, at the tyrosine, serine and threonine residues are involved in countless cellular processes that underlie responses to diverse intracellular signals (typically mediated through cellular receptors), regulation of cellular functions, and activation or deactivation of cellular processes. A cascade of protein kinases often participate in intracellular signal transduction and are necessary for the realization of these cellular processes. Because of their ubiquity in these processes, the protein kinases can be found as an integral part of the plasma membrane or as cytoplasmic enzymes or localized in the nucleus, often as components of enzyme complexes. In many instances, these protein kinases are an essential element of enzyme and structural protein complexes that determine where and when a cellular process occurs within a cell.

[0004] The identification of effective small compounds which specifically inhibit signal transduction and cellular proliferation by modulating the activity of tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases to regulate and modulate abnormal or inappropriate cell proliferation, differentiation, or metabolism is therefore desirable. In particular, the identification of compounds that specifically inhibit the function of a kinase which is essential for processes leading to cancer would be beneficial.

[0005] While such compounds are often initially evaluated for their activity when dissolved in solution, solid state characteristics such as polymorphism are also important. Polymorphic forms of a drug substance, such as a kinase inhibitor, can have different physical properties, including melting point, apparent solubility, dissolution rate, optical and mechanical properties, vapor pressure, and density. These properties can have a direct effect on the ability to process or manufacture a drug substance and the drug product. Moreover, differences in these properties

can and often lead to different pharmacokinetics profiles for different polymorphic forms of a drug. Therefore, polymorphism is often an important factor under regulatory review of the ‘sameness’ of drug products from various manufacturers. For example, polymorphism has been evaluated in many multi-million dollar and even multi-billion dollar drugs, such as warfarin sodium, famotidine, and ranitidine. Polymorphism can affect the quality, safety, and/or efficacy of a drug product, such as a kinase inhibitor. Thus, there still remains a need for polymorphs of kinase inhibitors. The present disclosure addresses this need and provides related advantages as well.

PATENT

WO2015027222

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015027222

PATENT

WO-2019157225

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019157225&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&_cid=P10-JZNKMN-12945-1

Crystalline form II-VIII of the compound presumed to be CK-101 (first disclosed in WO2015027222 ), for treating a disorder mediated by epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) eg cancer.

SCHEME A

Scheme B

General Procedures

Example 1: Preparation of the compound of Formula I (N-(3-(2-((2,3-difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-l-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide)

[0253] To a solution of l,2,3-trifluoro-4-nitrobenzene (2.5 g, 14 mmol, 1.0 eq.) in DMF (20 mL) was added K2C03 (3.8 g, 28 mmol, 2.0 eq.) followed by 2-(piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (1.8 g, 14 mmol, 1.0 eq.) at 0 °C and the mixture was stirred at r.t. overnight. The mixture was poured into ice-water (200 mL), filtered and dried in vacuo to afford 2-(4-(2,3-difluoro-4-nitrophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.7 g, 67.5%).

[0254] To a solution of 2-(4-(2,3-difluoro-4-nitrophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.7 g, 9.0 mmol) in MeOH (30 mL) was added Pd/C (270 mg) and the resulting mixture was stirred at r.t.

overnight. The Pd/C was removed by filtration and the filtrate was concentrated to afford 2-(4-(4-amino-2,3-difluorophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (2.39 g, 99% yield) as off-white solid.

[0255] To a solution of 8-bromo-2-chloroquinazoline (15.4 g, 63.6 mmol, 1 eq. ) and (3-aminophenyl)boronic acid (8.7 g, 63.6 mmol, 1 eq.) in dioxane/H20 (200 mL/20 mL) was added Na2C03 (13.5 g, 127.2 mmol, 2 eq.), followed by Pd(dppf)Cl2 (2.6 g, 3.2 mmol, 0.05 eq.) under N2, then the mixture was stirred at 80 °C for 12 h. Then the solution was cooled to r.t.,

concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (PE/EA=3 :2, v/v) to afford 3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)aniline as yellow solid (8.7 g, 53.7% yield).

[0256] To a solution of 3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)aniline (8.7 g, 34 mmol, 1 eq.) in DCM ( 200 mL ) cooled in ice-bath was added TEA (9.5 mL, 68 mmol, 2 eq. ), followed by acryloyl chloride (4.1 mL, 51 mmol, 1.5 eq.) dropwise. The resulting mixture was stirred at r.t. for 1 h, then washed with brine, dried over anhydrous N2S04 concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (PE/EA=l : 1, v:v) to afford N-(3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acryl amide as yellow solid(6.6 g, 65% yield).

[0257] To a suspension of 2-(4-(4-amino-2,3-difluorophenyl)piperazin-l-yl)ethanol (83 mg,

0.32 mmol, 1 eq.) and N-(3-(2-chloroquinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide (100 mg, 0.32 mmol, 1 eq.) in n-BuOH (5 mL) was added TFA (68 mg, 0.64 mmol, 2 eq.) and the resulting mixture was stirred at 90 °C overnight. The mixture was concentrated, diluted with DCM (20 mL) , washed with Na2C03 solution (20 mL), dried over anhydrous Na2S04, concentrated and the residue was purified via column chromatography (MeOH/DCM=l/30, v:v) to afford N-(3-(2-((2,3-difluoro-4-(4-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazin-l-yl)phenyl)amino)quinazolin-8-yl)phenyl)acrylamide as a yellow solid(l6.3 mg, 9.5% yield). LRMS (M+H+) m/z calculated 531.2, found 531.2. 1H NMR

(CD3OD, 400 MHz) d 9.21 (s, 1 H), 7.19-8.01 (m, 10 H), 8.90 (s, 1 H), 6.41-6.49 (m, 3 H), 5.86 (m, 1 H), 3.98-4.01 (m, 3 H), 3.70-3.76 (m, 3 H), 3.40-3.49 (m, 2 H), 3.37-3.39 (m, 4 H), 3.18 (m, 2H).

Example 2. Preparation of Form I of the compound of Formula I

[0258] Crude compound of Formula I (~30 g, 75% of weight based assay) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3 L) at 55-65 °C under nitrogen. The resulting solution was filtered via silica gel pad and washed with ethyl acetate (3 L><2) at 55-65 °C. The filtrate was concentrated via vacuum at 30-40 °C to ~2.4 L. The mixture was heated up to 75-85 °C and maintained about 1 hour.

Then cooled down to 50-60 °C and maintained about 2 hours. The heat-cooling operation was repeated again and the mixture was then cooled down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate (60 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 30-40 °C to get (about 16 g) of the purified Form I of the compound of Formula I.

Example 3. Preparation of Form III of the compound of Formula I

[0259] The compound of Formula I (2 g) was dissolved in EtOH (40 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen. n-Heptane (40 mL) was added dropwise into reaction at 75-85 °C. The mixture was stirred at 75-85 °C for 1 hour. Then cooled down to 50-60 °C and maintained about 2 hours. The heat-cooling operation was repeated again and continued to cool the mixture down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with EtOH/n-Heptane (1/1, 5 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 30-40 °C to get the purified Form III of the compound of Formula I (1.7 g).

Example 4. Preparation of Form IV of the compound of Formula I The crude compound of Formula I (15 g) was dissolved in ethyl acetate (600 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen and treated with anhydrous Na2S04, activated carbon, silica metal scavenger for 1 hour. The resulting mixture was filtered via neutral Al203 and washed with ethyl acetate (300 mL><2) at 75-85 °C. The filtrate was concentrated under vacuum at 30-40 °C and swapped with DCM (150 mL). n-Heptane (75 mL) was added into this DCM solution at 35-45 °C, and then the mixture was cooled down to 20-30 °C slowly. The resulting mixture was filtered and washed with DCM/n-Heptane (2/1, 10 mL><3). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 35-40 °C to get the purified Form IV of the compound of Formula I (9.6 g).

Example 5. Preparation of Form V of the compound of Formula I

[0260] Polymorph Form III of the compound of Formula I was dried in oven at 80 °C for 2 days to obtain the polymorph Form V.

Example 6. Preparation of Form VI of the compound of Formula I

[0261] The compound of Formula I (1 g) was dissolved in IPA (20 mL) at 75-85 °C under nitrogen. n-Heptane (20 mL) was added dropwise into reaction at 75-85 °C. The mixture was stirred at 45-55 °C for 16 hours. Then heated up to 75-85 °C and maintained about 0.5 hour.

Then cooled down to 45-55 °C for 0.5 hour and continued to cool the mixture down to 20-30 °C and stirred for 3 hours. Filtered and washed with IPA/n-Heptane (1/1, 3 mL><2). The wet cake was dried via vacuum at 75-80 °C for 2 hours to get the purified Form VI of the compound of Formula I.

Example 7. Preparation of Form VIII of the compound of Formula I

[0262] The polymorph Form VI of the compound of Formula I was dried in oven at 80 °C for 2 days to obtain the polymorph Form VIII.

Example 8. X-ray powder diffraction (XRD)

[0263] X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) patterns were obtained on a Bruker D8 Advance. A CuK source (=1.54056 angstrom) operating minimally at 40 kV and 40 mA scans each sample between 4 and 40 degrees 2-theta. The step size is 0.05°C and scan speed is 0.5 second per step.

Example 9. Thermogravimetric Analyses (TGA)

[0264] Thermogravimetric analyses were carried out on a TA Instrument TGA unit (Model TGA 500). Samples were heated in platinum pans from ambient to 300 °C at 10 °C/min with a nitrogen purge of 60mL/min (sample purge) and 40mL/min (balance purge). The TGA temperature was calibrated with nickel standard, MP=354.4 °C. The weight calibration was performed with manufacturer-supplied standards and verified against sodium citrate dihydrate desolvation.

Example 10. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC)

[0265] Differential scanning calorimetry analyses were carried out on a TA Instrument DSC unit (Model DSC 1000 or 2000). Samples were heated in non-hermetic aluminum pans from ambient to 300 °C at 10 °C/min with a nitrogen purge of 50mL/min. The DSC temperature was calibrated with indium standard, onset of l56-l58°C, enthalpy of 25-29J/g.

Example 11. Hygroscopicity (DVS)

[0266] The moisture sorption profile was generated at 25°C using a DVS Moisture Balance Flow System (Model Advantage) with the following conditions: sample size approximately 5 to 10 mg, drying 25°C for 60 minutes, adsorption range 0% to 95% RH, desorption range 95% to 0% RH, and step interval 5%. The equilibrium criterion was <0.01% weight change in 5 minutes for a maximum of 120 minutes.

Example 12: Microscopy

[0267] Microscopy was performed using a Leica DMLP polarized light microscope equipped with 2.5X, 10X and 20X objectives and a digital camera to capture images showing particle shape, size, and crystallinity. Crossed polars were used to show birefringence and crystal habit for the samples dispersed in immersion oil.

Example 13: HPLC

[0256] HPLCs were preformed using the following instrument and/or conditions.

///////////////CK-101 , CK 101 , CK101 , phase II , Suzhou Neupharma, Checkpoint Therapeutics ,  Orphan Drug designation, EGFR mutation-positive NSCLC, NSCLC, CANCER, SOLID TUMOUR,  China, RX-518, AK543910

OCCN1CCN(CC1)c5ccc(Nc2nc3c(cccc3cn2)c4cccc(NC(=O)C=C)c4)c(F)c5F

Advertisements

SY-008


Acetic acid;(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[[4-[[4-[(E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecan-2-yl)but-1-enyl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-propan-2-yl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxy]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol.png

SY-008

CAS 1878218-66-6

FREE FORM 1480443-32-0

SGLT1 inhibitor (type 2 diabetes),

β-D-Glucopyranoside, 4-[[4-[(1E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)-1-buten-1-yl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-(1-methylethyl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl, acetate (1:1)

acetic acid;(2S,3R,4S,5S,6R)-2-[[4-[[4-[(E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecan-2-yl)but-1-enyl]-2-methylphenyl]methyl]-5-propan-2-yl-1H-pyrazol-3-yl]oxy]-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxane-3,4,5-triol

4-{4-[(1E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-1-en-1-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate

MF H50 N4 O6 . C2 H4 O2

MW 58.8 g/mol,C35H54N4O8

Originator Eli Lilly

  • Developer Eli Lilly; Yabao Pharmaceutical Group
  • Class Antihyperglycaemics; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Sodium-glucose transporter 1 inhibitors
  • Phase I Diabetes mellitus
  • 28 Aug 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Diabetes-mellitus in Singapore (PO)
  • 24 Jun 2018 Biomarkers information updated
  • 12 Mar 2018 Phase-I clinical trials in Diabetes mellitus (In volunteers) in China (PO) (NCT03462589)
  • Eli Lilly is developing SY 008, a sodium glucose transporter 1 (SGLT1) inhibitor, for the treatment of diabetes mellitus. The approach of inhibiting SGLT1 could be promising because it acts independently of the beta cell and could be effective in both early and advanced stages of diabetes. Reducing both glucose and insulin may improve the metabolic state and potentially the health of beta cells, without causing weight gain or hypoglycaemia. Clinical development is underway in Singapore and China.

    As at August 2018, no recent reports of development had been identified for phase-I development in Diabetes-mellitus in Singapore (PO).

Suzhou Yabao , under license from  Eli Lilly , is developing SY-008 , an SGLT1 inhibitor, for the potential oral capsule treatment of type 2 diabetes in China. By April 2019, a phase Ia trial was completed

PATENT

WO 2013169546

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013169546&recNum=43&docAn=US2013039164&queryString=EN_ALL:nmr%20AND%20PA:(ELI%20LILLY%20AND%20COMPANY)%20&maxRec=4416

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and disorders associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases that is characterized by high levels of blood glucose. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States and is also the 7th leading cause of death in U.S. according to the 201 1 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the absorption of carbohydrates, such as glucose. More specifically, SGLTl is responsible for transport of glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLTl may result in reduced absorption of glucose in the small intestine, thus providing a useful approach to treating diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with human SGLTl inhibitory activity which are further disclosed as useful for the prevention or treatment of a disease associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. In addition, WO 201 1/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity which are further disclosed as being useful for treatment of bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

There is a need for alternative drugs and treatment for diabetes. The present invention provides certain novel inhibitors of SGLTl which may be suitable for the treatment of diabetes.

Accordingly, the present invention provides a compound of Formula II:

Preparation 1

Synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol.

Scheme 1, step A: Add borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (0.2 mol, 200 mL, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (39 g, 0.18 mol) in

tetrahydrofuran (200 mL). After 18 hours at room temperature, remove the solvent under the reduced pressure to give a solid. Purify by flash chromatography to yield the title compound as a white solid (32.9 g, 0.16 mol). 1H NMR (CDCI3): δ 1.55 (s, 1H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.18-7.29 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol.

Borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (2M in THF; 1 16 mL, 0.232 mol) is added slowly to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (24.3 g, 0.1 13 mol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF, 146 mL) at 3 °C. After stirring cold for 10 min the cooling bath is removed and the reaction is allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature. After 1 hour, the solution is cooled to 5°C, and water (100 mL) is added slowly. Ethyl acetate (100 mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (200 mL) and dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by filtration through a short pad of silica eluting with 15% ethyl acetate/iso-hexane to give the title compound (20.7 g, 91.2% yield). MS (m/z): 183/185 (M+l-18).

Preparation 2

Synthesis of 4-bromo- l-2-methyl-benzene.

Scheme 1, step B: Add thionyl chloride (14.31 mL, 0.2 mol,) to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (32.9 g, 0.16 mol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) and

-Cl-

dimethylformamide (0.025 mol, 2.0 mL) at 0°C. After 1 hour at room temperature pour the mixture into ice-water (100 g), extract with dichloromethane (300 mL), wash extract with 5% aq. sodium bicarbonate (30 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over sodium sulfate, and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as a white solid (35.0 g, 0.16 mol). The material is used for the next step of reaction without further purification. XH NMR (CDC13): δ 2.38 (s, 3H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.35 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of 4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene. Methanesulfonyl chloride (6.83 mL, 88.3 mmol) is added slowly to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (16.14 g, 80.27 mmol) and triethylamine (16.78 mL; 120.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (80.7 mL) cooled in ice/water. The mixture is allowed to slowly warm to ambient temperature and is stirred for 16 hours. Further

methanesulfonyl chloride (1.24 mL; 16.1 mmol) is added and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours. Water (80mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with hydrochloric acid (IN; 80 mL) then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (80 mL), then water (80 mL), and is dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with hexane) to give the title compound (14.2 g; 80.5% yield). XH NMR (300.1 1 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.36-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.18 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Preparation 3

Synthesis of 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol.

Scheme 1, step C: Add sodium hydride (8.29 g, 0.21 mol, 60% dispersion in oil) to a solution of methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (27.1 mL, 0.19 mol) in tetrahydrofuran at 0°C. After 30 min at room temperature, add a solution of 4-bromo- l-chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (35.0 g, 0.16 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL). Heat the resulting mixture at 70 °C overnight (18 hours). Add 1.0 M HC1 (20 mL) to quench the reaction.

Extract with ethyl acetate (200 mL), wash extract with water (200 rnL) and brine (200 mL), dry over a2S04, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Dissolve the resulting residue in toluene (200 mL) and add hydrazine monohydrate (23.3 mL, 0.48 mol). Heat the mixture at 120 °C for 2 hours with a Dean-Stark apparatus to remove water. Cool and remove the solvent under the reduced pressure, dissolve the residue with dichloromethane (50 mL) and methanol (50 mL). Pour this solution slowly to a beaker with water (250 mL). Collect the resulting precipitated product by vacuum filtration. Dry in vacuo in an oven overnight at 40 °C to yield the title compound as a solid (48.0 g, 0.16 mol). MS (m/z): 311.0 (M+l), 309.0 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-r(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl1-5-isopropyl- !H-pyrazol- 3-oL

A solution of 4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (13.16 g, 59.95 mmoles) in acetonitrile (65.8 mL) is prepared. Potassium carbonate (24.86 g, 179.9 mmol), potassium iodide (1 1.94 g, 71.94 mmol) and methyl 4-methyl-3-oxo valerate (8.96 mL; 62.95 mmol) are added. The resulting mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. Hydrochloric acid (2N) is added to give pH 3. The solution is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 ml), the organic phase is washed with brine (100 ml) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is dissolved in toluene (65.8 mL) and hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL, 0.180 mol) is added. The resulting mixture is heated to reflux and water is removed using a Dean and Stark apparatus. After 3 hours the mixture is cooled to 90 °C and additional hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL; 0.180 mol) is added and the mixture is heated to reflux for 1 hour. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid is triturated with water (200 mL), filtered and dried in a vacuum oven over P2O5 at 60°C. The solid is triturated in iso-hexane (200 mL) and filtered to give the title compound (14.3 g; 77.1% yield). MS (m/z): 309/31 1 (M+l).

Preparation 4

Synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra- O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step D: To a 1L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (20 g, 64.7 mmol), alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide tetrabenzoate (50 g, 76 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (6 g, 19.4 mmol), dichloromethane (500 mL), potassium carbonate (44.7 g, 323 mmol) and water (100 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (500mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (37 g, 64 mmol). MS (ml 2): 889.2 (M+l), 887.2 (M-l).

Preparation 5

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1H- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step E: Add 3-buten-l-ol (0.58 mL, 6.8 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3 g, 3.4 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) and triethylamine (20 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (205 mg, 0.67 mmol) and palladium acetate (76 mg, 0.34 mmol). Reflux at 90 °C for 2 hours. Cool to room temperature and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (2.1 g, 2.4 mmol). MS (m/z): 878.4 (M+l).

Preparation 6

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step F: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (134 mg, 0.96 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (280 mg, 0.32 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (133.8 mg, 1.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (270 mg, 0.31 mmol). MS (m/z): 876.5 (M+l), 874.5 (M-l).

Preparation 7

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2- {(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 1, step G: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (98 mg, 0.46 mmol) to a solution of 4- {4-[(lis)-4-oxybut- 1 -en-1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (270 mg, 0.31 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (179 mg, 0.62 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (5 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL), dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (275 mg, 0.25 mmol).

MS (m/z): 1115.6 (M+1).

Preparation 8

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside dihydrochloride.

Scheme 1, step H: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 0.6 mL, 2.4 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3is)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (275 mg, 0.25 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL). After overnight (18 hours) at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (258 mg, 0.24 mmol). MS (m/z): 1015.6 (M+l).

Example 1

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 1, step I: Add sodium hydroxide (0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (258 mg, 0.24 mmol) in methanol (2 mL). After 2 hours at 40 °C, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to give a residue, which is purified by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 um C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – 1¾0 w NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound as a solid (46 mg, 0.08 mmol). MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l).

 Preparation 9

Synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra- O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step A: To a 1 L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammomum chloride (5 g, 15.5 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL), potassium carbonate (32 g, 323 mmol) and water (120 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (450 mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (36.5 g, 57 mmol). MS (m/z): 638.5 (M+l), 636.5 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Reagents 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24.0 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (4.94 g, 15.52 mmol), potassium carbonate

(32.18 g, 232.9 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (120 mL) are combined and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The mixture is partitioned between dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (250 mL). The organic phase is washed with brine (250 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with 10% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane to 70% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane) to give the title compound (36.5 g, 74% yield). MS (m/z): 639/641 (M+l).

Preparation 10

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1H- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step B: Add 3-buten-l-ol (6.1 mL, 70 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (15 g, 23.5 mmol) in acetonitrile (200 mL) and triethylamine (50 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (1.43 g, 4.7 mmol) and palladium acetate (526 mg, 2.35 mmol). After refluxing at 90 °C for 2 hours, cool, and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (7.5 g, 11.9 mmol). MS (m/z): 631.2 (M+l), 629.2 (M-l).

Preparation 11

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step C: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (2.1g, 4.76 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside ( 1.5 g, 2.38 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (2 g, 23.8 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL), wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (0.95 g, 1.51 mmol). MS (m/z): 628.8(M+1), 626.8 (M-l).

Preparation 12

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0- acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 2, Step D: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (303 mg, 1.4 mmol) to a solution of 4- {4-[(lis)-4-oxybut- 1 -en-1 -yl]-2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (600 mg, 0.95 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (333 mg, 1.2 mmol) in 1,2-dichloroethane (30 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (15 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (60 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (60 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (500 mg, 0.58 mmol).

MS (m/z): 866.8, 867.8 (M+l), 864.8, 865.8 (M-l).

Preparation 13

Synthesis oftert-butyl 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,8- diazaspiro[4.5]decane-8-carboxylate.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 12. S (m/z): 852.8, 853.6 (M+l), 850.8, 851.6 (M-l).

Preparation 14

Synthesis oftert-butyl 9-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-3,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-3-carboxylate.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 12. S (m/z): 866.8, 867.6 (M+l), 864.8, 865.6 (M-l).

Preparation 15

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2- methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside dihydrochloride.

Scheme 2, step E: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 1.5 mL, 5.8 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.58 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL). After 2 hours at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (480 mg, 0.57 mmol).

MS (m/z): 767.4 (M+l).

Preparation 16

Synthesis of 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5- (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

dihydrochloride.

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of Preparation 15. MS (m/z): 752.8, 753.8 (M+1), 750.8 (M-1).

First alternative synthesis of Example 1

First alternative synthesis of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en- 2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 2, step F: Add methanol (5 mL), triethylamine (3 mL), and water (3 mL) to 4-{4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (480 mg, 0.24 mmol). After 18 hours (overnight) at room temperature, concentrate to dryness under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 urn C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H20 w NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound as a solid (50 mg, 0.08 mmol).

MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+1), 596.8 (M-1). 1H MR (400.31 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.11 (d, J=1.3

Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J=1.3,8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 15.8 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (dt, J= 15.8, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.02 (m, 1H), 3.81 (d, J= 11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H) , 3.64 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.79 (m, 1H), 2.72 (t, J= 5.8 Hz, 4H), 2.44-2.33 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26 ( broad s, 2H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.36 (m, 2H), 1.1 1 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.10 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H).

Example 2

Synthesis of 4- {4-[(lE)-4-(2,8-diazaspiro[4.5]dec-2-yl)but-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbi

(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

O H

The title compound is prepared essentially by the method of the first alternative synthesis of Example 1. MS (m/z): 584.7 (M+l), 582.8 (M-l).

Example 3

Synthesis of 4- {4-[( 1 E)-4-(3 ,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-3 -yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

The title compound is prepared essentially by first treating the compound of Prearation 14 with HC1 as discussed in Preparation 15 then treating the resulting hydrochloride salt with triethyl amine as discussed in the first alternative synthesis of Example 1. MS (m/z): 598.8, 599.8 (M+l), 596.8, 597.8 (M-l).

Example 1 Preparation 17

Synthesis of tert-butyl 4-but-3- nyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step A: Cesium carbonate (46.66 g, 143.21 mmol) is added to a suspension of tert-butyl 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (16.66 g, 57.28 mmoles) in acetonitrile (167 mL). The mixture is stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature then 4-bromobutyne (6.45 mL, 68.74 mmol) is added. The reaction is heated to reflux and stirred for 18 hours. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is partitioned between water (200 mL) and ethyl acetate (150 mL). The phases are separated and the aqueous layer is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The combined organic layers are washed with water (200 mL), then brine (150 mL), dried over MgSC^, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (17.2 g, 98% yield). iH MR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 3.43-3.31 (m, 4H),

2.53-2.48 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 2H), 1.94 (t, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (s, 17H).

Preparation 18

Synthesis of tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]- 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step B: Triethylamine (5.62 mmoles; 0.783 mL), 4,4,5, 5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolane (8.56 mL, 59.0 mmol) and zirconocene chloride (1.45 g, 5.62 mmoles) are added to tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (17.21 g, 56.16 mmoles). The resulting mixture is heated to 65 °C for 3.5 hours. The mixture is cooled and dissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL). The resulting solution is passed through a ~4cm thick pad of silica gel, eluting with dichloromethane (2 x 200 mL). The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (21.2 g, 87% yield), !H NMR (300.1 1 MHz, CDC13): δ 6.65-6.55 (m, 1H), 5.49-5.43 (m, 1H),

3.42-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.25-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.70 – 1.13 (m, 29H).

Preparation 19

Synthesis of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]- lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Scheme 3, step C: A solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (20 g, 31.3 mmol), tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (16.3 g, 37.5 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.97 g, 93.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (200 mL) and water (40 mL) is degassed for 15 min by bubbling nitrogen gas through it. Pd(OAc)2 (140 mg, 625 μιηοΐ) and 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-tri-i-propyl-l, r-biphenyl (0.596 g, 1.25 mmol) are added and the reaction is heated to reflux for 16 h. The solution is cooled to ambient temperature and methanol (200 mL) is added. After 30 minutes the solvent is removed under reduced pressure. The mixture is partitioned between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and brine (500 ml) adding aqueous MgS04 (1M; 500 ml) to aid the phase separation. The layers are separated and the organic layer is dried over MgS04 and filtered through a 10 cm pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate (-1.5 L). The filtrate is discarded and the silica pad is flushed with 5% MeOH in THF (2 L). The methanolic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (20. lg, 92%).

MS (m/z): 699 (M+l).

Second alternative Synthesis of Example 1

Second alternative synthesis of 4- {4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 3, step D: Trifluoroacetic acid (32.2 mL; 0.426 mol) is added to a solution of tert-butyl 2- {(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (14.87 g; 21.28 mmol) in dichloromethane (149 mL) cooled in iced water. The solution is allowed to warm to room temperature. After 30 minutes, the mixture is slowly added to ammonia in MeOH (2M; 300 mL), applying cooling as necessary to maintain a constant temperature. The solution is stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is purified using SCX-2 resin. The basic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is triturated/sonicated in ethyl acetate, filtered and dried. The resulting solid is dissolved in MeOH (200ml) and concentrated in vacuo. This is repeated several times give the title compound (12.22 g, yield 96%). MS (m/z): 599 (M+l). [a]D20 = -12 ° (C=0.2, MeOH).

PATENT

WO 2015069541

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2015069541A1

4-{4-[(1 E)-4-(2,9-DIAZASPIRO[5.5]UNDEC-2-YL)BUT-1 -EN-1

-YL]-2-METHYLBENZYL}-5-(PROPAN-2-YL)-1 H-PYRAZOL-3-YL

BETA-D- GLUCOPYRANOSIDE ACETATE

The present invention relates to a novel SGLT1 inhibitor which is an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound, to pharmaceutical compositions comprising the compound, to methods of using the compound to treat physiological disorders, and to intermediates and processes useful in the synthesis of the compound.

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and disorders associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases that is characterized by high levels of blood glucose. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States and is also the 7th leading cause of death in U.S. according to the 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheet (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the absorption of carbohydrates, such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transport of glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 may result in reduced absorption of glucose in the small intestine, thus providing a useful approach to treating diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with human SGLT1 inhibitory activity which are further disclosed as useful for the prevention or treatment of a disease associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. In addition, WO 2011/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives with SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity which are further disclosed as being useful for treatment of bone diseases, such as osteoporosis.

There is a need for alternative drugs and treatment for diabetes. The present invention provides an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound, which is an SGLT1 inhibitor, and as such, may be suitable for the treatment of certain disorders, such as diabetes. Accordingly, the present invention provides a compound of Formula I:

Figure imgf000003_0001

or hydrate thereof.

Figure imgf000008_0001

Preparation 1

(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol

Figure imgf000009_0001

Scheme 1, step A: Add borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (0.2 mol, 200 mL, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (39 g, 0.18 mol) in

tetrahydrofuran (200 mL). After 18 hours at room temperature, remove the solvent under the reduced pressure to give a solid. Purify by flash chromatography to yield the title compound as a white solid (32.9 g, 0.16 mol). !H NMR (CDCI3): δ 1.55 (s, 1H), 2.28 (s, 3H), 4.61 (s, 2H), 7.18-7.29 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)mefhanol.

Borane-dimethyl sulfide complex (2M in THF; 116 mL, 0.232 mol) is added slowly to a solution of 4-bromo-2-methylbenzoic acid (24.3 g, 0.113 mol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF, 146 mL) at 3 °C. After stirring cold for 10 min the cooling bath is removed and the reaction is allowed to warm slowly to ambient temperature. After 1 hour, the solution is cooled to 5°C, and water (100 mL) is added slowly. Ethyl acetate (100 mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with saturated aqueous NaHC03 solution (200 mL) and dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by filtration through a short pad of silica eluting with 15% ethyl acetate/iso-hexane to give the title compound (20.7 g, 91.2% yield). MS (m/z): 183/185 (M+l-18).

Preparation 2

4-bromo- 1 -chloromethyl -2 -methyl -benzene

Figure imgf000009_0002

Scheme 1, step B: Add thionyl chloride (14.31 mL, 0.2 mol,) to a solution of (4- bromo-2 -methyl -phenyl)methanol (32.9 g, 0.16 mol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) and dimethylformamide (0.025 mol, 2.0 mL) at 0°C. After 1 hour at room temperature pour the mixture into ice-water (100 g), extract with dichloromethane (300 mL), wash extract with 5% aq. sodium bicarbonate (30 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over sodium sulfate, and concentrate under reduced pressure to give the crude title compound as a white solid (35.0 g, 0.16 mol). The material is used for the next step of reaction without further purification. !H NMR (CDC13): δ 2.38 (s, 3H), 4.52 (s, 2H), 7.13-7.35 (m, 3H).

Alternative synthesis of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2-methyl -benzene. Methanesulfonyl chloride (6.83 mL, 88.3 mmol) is added slowly to a solution of (4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methanol (16.14 g, 80.27 mmol) and triethylamine (16.78 mL; 120.4 mmol) in dichloromethane (80.7 mL) cooled in ice/water. The mixture is allowed to slowly warm to ambient temperature and is stirred for 16 hours. Further

methanesulfonyl chloride (1.24 mL; 16.1 mmol) is added and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 2 hours. Water (80mL) is added and the phases are separated. The organic layer is washed with hydrochloric acid (IN; 80 mL) then saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (80 mL), then water (80 mL), and is dried over Na2S04. Filtration and concentration under reduced pressure gives a residue which is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with hexane) to give the title compound (14.2 g; 80.5% yield). !H NMR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.36-7.30 (m, 2H), 7.18 (d, J= 8.1 Hz, 1H), 4.55 (s, 2H), 2.41 (s, 3H).

Preparation 3

4- [(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl] -5 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-3 -ol

Figure imgf000010_0001

Scheme 1, step C: Add sodium hydride (8.29 g, 0.21 mol, 60% dispersion in oil) to a solution of methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (27.1 mL, 0.19 mol) in tetrahydrofuran at 0°C. After 30 min at room temperature, add a solution of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2- methyl-benzene (35.0 g, 0.16 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (50 mL). Heat the resulting mixture at 70 °C overnight (18 hours). Add 1.0 M HC1 (20 mL) to quench the reaction. Extract with ethyl acetate (200 mL), wash extract with water (200 mL) and brine (200 mL), dry over Na2S04, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Dissolve the resulting residue in toluene (200 mL) and add hydrazine monohydrate (23.3 mL, 0.48 mol). Heat the mixture at 120 °C for 2 hours with a Dean-Stark apparatus to remove water. Cool and remove the solvent under the reduced pressure, dissolve the residue with dichloromethane (50 mL) and methanol (50 mL). Pour this solution slowly to a beaker with water (250 mL). Collect the resulting precipitated product by vacuum filtration. Dry in vacuo in an oven overnight at 40 °C to yield the title compound as a solid (48.0 g, 0.16 mol). MS (m/z): 311.0 (M+l), 309.0 (M-l). Alternative synthesis of 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl] -5 -isopropyl- lH-pyrazol-

3-ol.

A solution of 4-bromo-l-chloromethyl-2-methyl-benzene (13.16 g, 59.95 mmoles) in acetonitrile (65.8 mL) is prepared. Potassium carbonate (24.86 g, 179.9 mmol), potassium iodide (11.94 g, 71.94 mmol) and methyl 4-methyl-3-oxovalerate (8.96 mL; 62.95 mmol) are added. The resulting mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 20 hours. Hydrochloric acid (2N) is added to give pH 3. The solution is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 ml), the organic phase is washed with brine (100 ml) and dried over Na2S04. The mixture is filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is dissolved in toluene (65.8 mL) and hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL, 0.180 mol) is added. The resulting mixture is heated to reflux and water is removed using a Dean and Stark apparatus. After 3 hours the mixture is cooled to 90 °C and additional hydrazine monohydrate (13.7 mL; 0.180 mol) is added and the mixture is heated to reflux for 1 hour. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting solid is triturated with water (200 mL), filtered and dried in a vacuum oven over P2Os at 60°C. The solid is triturated in iso-hexane (200 mL) and filtered to give the title compound (14.3 g; 77.1% yield). MS (m/z): 309/311 (M+l).

Preparation 4

4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl- beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000012_0001

Scheme 1, step D: To a 1L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (20 g, 64.7 mmol), alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide tetrabenzoate (50 g, 76 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (6 g, 19.4 mmol), dichloromethane (500 mL), potassium carbonate (44.7 g, 323 mmol) and water (100 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (500mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (37 g, 64 mmol). MS (m/z): 889.2 (M+l), 887.2 (M-l).

Preparation 5

4- {4- [(lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000012_0002

Scheme 1, step E: Add 3-buten-l-ol (0.58 mL, 6.8 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4- bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3 -yl 2,3 ,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside (3 g, 3.4 mmol) in acetonitrile (30 mL) and triethylamine (20 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (205 mg, 0.67 mmol) and palladium acetate (76 mg, 0.34 mmol). Reflux at 90 °C for 2 hours. Cool to room temperature and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (2.1 g, 2.4 mmol). MS (m/z): 878.4 (M+l).

Preparation 6

4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000013_0001

Scheme 1, step F: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (134 mg, 0.96 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (280 mg, 0.32 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (133.8 mg, 1.6 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (270 mg, 0.31 mmol). MS (m/z): 876.5 (M+l), 874.5 (M-l).

Preparation 7

tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000014_0001

Scheme 1, step G: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (98 mg, 0.46 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol- 3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (270 mg, 0.31 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (179 mg, 0.62 mmol) in 1,2- dichloroethane (5 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL), dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (275 mg, 0.25 mmol).

MS (m/z): 1115.6 (M+l).

Preparation 8

4- {4- [( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan- 2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000014_0002

Scheme 1, step H: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 0.6 mL, 2.4 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3- [(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4- yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (275 mg, 0.25 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL). After overnight (18 hours) at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (258 mg, 0.24 mmol). MS (m/z): 1015.6 (M+l).

Figure imgf000016_0001

Preparation 9

4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl- beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Figure imgf000017_0001

Scheme 2, step A: To a 1 L flask, add 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)mefhyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D- glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (5 g, 15.5 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL), potassium carbonate (32 g, 323 mmol) and water (120 mL). Stir the reaction mixture overnight at room temperature. Extract with dichloromethane (450 mL). Wash extract with water (300 mL) and brine (500 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (36.5 g, 57 mmol). MS (m/z): 638.5 (M+l), 636.5 (M-l).

Alternative synthesis of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Reagents 4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5-isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (24.0 g, 77.6 mmol), 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha-D-glucopyranosyl bromide (50.4 g, 116 mmol), benzyltributylammonium chloride (4.94 g, 15.52 mmol), potassium carbonate (32.18 g, 232.9 mmol), dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (120 mL) are combined and the mixture is stirred at ambient temperature for 18 hours. The mixture is partitioned between dichloromethane (250 mL) and water (250 mL). The organic phase is washed with brine (250 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The resulting residue is purified by flash chromatography (eluting with 10% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane to 70% ethyl acetate in dichloromethane) to give the title compound (36.5 g, 74% yield). MS (m/z): 639/641 (M+l). Preparation 10

4- {4- [(lis)-4-hydroxybut- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000018_0001

Scheme 2, step B: Add 3-buten-l-ol (6.1 mL, 70 mmol) to a solution of 4-(4- bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5 -(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3 -yl 2,3 ,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranoside (15 g, 23.5 mmol) in acetonitrile (200 mL) and triethylamine (50 mL). Degas the solution with nitrogen over 10 minutes. Add tri-o-tolylphosphine (1.43 g, 4.7 mmol) and palladium acetate (526 mg, 2.35 mmol). After refluxing at 90 °C for 2 hours, cool, and concentrate to remove the solvent under the reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (7.5 g, 11.9 mmol) MS (m/z): 631.2 (M+l), 629.2 (M-l).

Preparation 11

4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl

2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside

Figure imgf000018_0002

Scheme 2, step C: Add 3,3,3-triacetoxy-3-iodophthalide (2.1g, 4.76 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-hydroxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH- pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside ( 1.5 g, 2.38 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (2 g, 23.8 mmol) in dichloromethane (50 mL) at 0 °C. After 15 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate (10 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (30 mL), wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (40 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (0.95 g, 1.51 mmol). MS (m/z): 628.8(M+1), 626.8 (M-l).

Preparation 12a

tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy] -lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en- 1 -yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000019_0001

Scheme 2, Step D: Add sodium triacetoxyborohydride (303 mg, 1.4 mmol) to a solution of 4-{4-[(l£)-4-oxybut-l-en-l-yl]-2-methylbenzyl}-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol- 3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (600 mg, 0.95 mmol) and tert-butyl 2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (333 mg, 1.2 mmol) in 1,2- dichloroethane (30 mL). After 30 minutes at room temperature, quench the reaction with saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate (15 mL). Extract with dichloromethane (60 mL). Wash extract with water (30 mL) and brine (60 mL). Dry organic phase over sodium sulfate, filter, and concentrate under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by flash chromatography to yield the title compound (500 mg, 0.58 mmol).

MS (m/z): 866.8, 867.8 (M+l), 864.8, 865.8 (M-l).

Preparation 13

4- {4- [( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan- 2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride

Figure imgf000020_0001

Scheme 2, step E: Add hydrogen chloride (4.0 M solution in 1,4-dioxane, 1.5 mL, 5.8 mmol) to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6- tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy] – lH-pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 – yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (500 mg, 0.58 mmol) in dichloromethane (20 mL). After 2 hours at room temperature, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to yield the title compound as a solid (480 mg, 0.57 mmol).

MS (m/z): 767.4 (M+l).

Scheme 3

Figure imgf000021_0001

Preparation 14

tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazas iro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000021_0002

Scheme 3, step A: Cesium carbonate (46.66 g, 143.21 mmol) is added to a suspension of tert-butyl 4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate hydrochloride (16.66 g, 57.28 mmoles) in acetonitrile (167 mL). The mixture is stirred for 10 minutes at ambient temperature then 4-bromobutyne (6.45 mL, 68.74 mmol) is added. The reaction is heated to reflux and stirred for 18 hours. The mixture is cooled and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue is partitioned between water (200 mL) and ethyl acetate (150 mL). The phases are separated and the aqueous layer is extracted with ethyl acetate (100 mL). The combined organic layers are washed with water (200 mL), then brine (150 mL), dried over MgS04, filtered, and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (17.2 g, 98% yield). lH NMR (300.11 MHz, CDC13): δ 3.43-3.31 (m, 4H), 2.53-2.48 (m, 2H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 4H), 2.20 (s, 2H), 1.94 (t, J= 2.6 Hz, 1H), 1.44 (s, 17H).

Preparation 15

tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000022_0001

Scheme 3, step B: Triethylamine (5.62 mmoles; 0.783 mL), 4,4,5,5-tetramethyl- 1,3,2-dioxaborolane (8.56 mL, 59.0 mmol) and zirconocene chloride (1.45 g, 5.62 mmoles) are added to tert-butyl 4-but-3-ynyl-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (17.21 g, 56.16 mmoles). The resulting mixture is heated to 65 °C for 3.5 hours. The mixture is cooled and dissolved in dichloromethane (150 mL). The resulting solution is passed through a ~4cm thick pad of silica gel, eluting with dichloromethane (2 x 200 mL). The filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (21.2 g, 87% yield). 1H NMR (300.11 MHz, CDCI3): δ 6.65-6.55 (m, 1H), 5.49-5.43 (m, 1H), 3.42-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.40-2.27 (m, 6H), 2.25-2.08 (m, 2H), 1.70 – 1.13 (m, 29H).

Preparation 16

tert-butyl 2-{(3£’)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH- pyrazol-4-yl} methyl)phenyl]but-3 -en- 1 -yl} -2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000023_0001

Scheme 3, step C: A solution of 4-(4-bromo-2-methylbenzyl)-5-(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (20 g, 31.3 mmol), tert- butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5 ,5 -tetramethyl- 1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3 -enyl] -4,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (16.3 g, 37.5 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12.97 g, 93.82 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (200 mL) and water (40 mL) is degassed for 15 min by bubbling nitrogen gas through it. Pd(OAc)2 (140 mg, 625 μιηοΐ) and 2- dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-tri-i -propyl- Ι, -biphenyl (0.596 g, 1.25 mmol) are added and the reaction is heated to reflux for 16 h. The solution is cooled to ambient temperature and methanol (200 mL) is added. After 30 minutes the solvent is removed under reduced pressure. The mixture is partitioned between ethyl acetate (500 mL) and brine (500 ml) adding aqueous MgS04 (1M; 500 ml) to aid the phase separation. The layers are separated and the organic layer is dried over MgS04 and filtered through a 10 cm pad of silica gel, eluting with ethyl acetate (-1.5 L). The filtrate is discarded and the silica pad is flushed with 5% MeOH in THF (2 L). The methanolic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (20. lg, 92%).

MS (m/z): 699 (M+l).

Figure imgf000024_0001
Figure imgf000024_0002

Preparation 17

tert-butyl 4- [(E)-4- [4- [(3 -hydroxy-5-isopropyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)methyl] -3 -methyl- phenyl]but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate

Figure imgf000024_0003

Scheme 4, step A: Add tert-butyl 4-[(£)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2- dioxaborolan-2-yl)but-3-enyl]-4,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (35.8 kg, 82.4 mol) in methanol (130 L) to a solution of (4-[(4-bromo-2-methyl-phenyl)methyl]-5- isopropyl-lH-pyrazol-3-ol (23.9 kg, 77.3 mol) in methanol (440 L) at room temperature. Add water (590 L) and tripotassium phosphate (100 kg, 471.7 mol) and place the reaction under nitrogen atmosphere. To the stirring solution, add a suspension of

tris(dibenzylideneacetone) dipalladium (1.42 kg, 1.55 mol) and di-tert- butylmethylphosphonium tetrafluoroborate (775 g, 3.12 mol) in methanol (15 L). The resulting mixture is heated at 75 °C for 2 hours. Cool the mixture and filter over diatomaceous earth. Rinse the the filter cake with methanol (60 L), and concentrate the filtrate under reduced pressure. Add ethyl acetate (300 L), separate the layers, and wash the organic layer with 15% brine (3 x 120 L). Concentrate the organic layer under reduced pressure, add ethyl acetate (300 L), and stir the mixture for 18 to 20 hours. Add heptane (300 L), cool the mixture to 10 °C, and stir the mixture for an additional 18 to 20 hours. Collect the resulting solids by filtration, rinse the cake with ethyl acetate/heptane (2:3, 2 x 90 L), and dry under vacuum at 40°C to give the title compound (29.3 kg, 70.6% yield) as a white solid. lH NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.14 (s, 1H), 7.07 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.92 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J= 16.0 Hz, 1H), 6.25-6.12 (m, 1H), 3.63 (s, 2H), 3.45-3.38 (bs, 3H), 3.34 (s, 3 H), 3.33 (s, 3H), 2.85-2.75 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.40 (m, 5 H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 1.68-1.62 (m, 2H), 1.60-1.36 (m, 15H), 1.11 (s, 3H), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Preparation 12b

Alterternative preparation of tert-butyl 2-{(3£)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3- [(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but- 3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate.

Figure imgf000025_0001

Scheme 4, step B: Combine tert-butyl 4-[(E)-4-[4-[(3-hydroxy-5-isopropyl-lH- pyrazol-4-yl)methyl] -3-methyl-phenyl]but-3 -enyl] -4,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undecane-9- carboxylate (17.83 kg, 33.2 moles), acetonitrile (180 L), and benzyltributylammonium chloride (1.52 kg, 4.87 moles) at room temperature. Slowly add potassium carbonate (27.6 kg, 199.7 moles) and stir the mixture for 2 hours. Add 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-alpha- D-glucopyranosyl bromide (24.9 kg, 60.55 mol), warm the reaction mixture to 30°C and stir for 18 hours. Concentrate the mixture under reduced pressure and add ethyl acetate (180 L), followed by water (90 L). Separate the layers, wash the organic phase with 15% brine (3 x 90 L), concentrate the mixture, and purify using column chromatography over silica gel (63 kg, ethyl acetate/heptanes as eluent (1 :2→1 :0)) to provide the title compound (19.8 kg, 94% purity, 68.8% yield) as a yellow foam, !H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.13 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.78 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 16.0,

1H), 6.25-6.13 (m, 1H), 5.64 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 5.45-5.25 (m, 2H), 5.13-4.95 (m, 2H), 4.84-4.76 (m, 1H), 4.25-4.13 (m, 2H), 4.10-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.90-3.86 (m, 1H), 3.58-3.50 (m, 2H), 3.40-3.22 (m, 4H), 2.89-2.79 (m, 1H), 2.10-1.90 (m, 18 H), 1.82 (s, 3H), 1.62- 0.82 (m, 22H).

Preparation 18

2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl} -2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane

Figure imgf000026_0001

Scheme 4, step C: Combine tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)- 3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-0-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4- yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (19.6 kg, 22.6 moles) with dichloromethane (120 L) and cool to 0°C. Slowly add trifluoroacetic acid (34.6 L, 51.6 kg, 452 moles) and stir for 9 hours. Quench the reaction with ice water (80 L), and add ammonium hydroxide (85-90 L) to adjust the reaction mixture to pH (8- 9). Add dichloromethane (120 L), warm the reaction mixture to room temperature, and separate the layers. Wash the organic layer with water (75 L), brine, and concentrate under reduced pressure to provide the title compound (16.2 kg, 95.0% purity, 93% yield) as a yellow solid. lH NMR (400 MHz, CDC13): δ 7.08 (s, IH), 6.99 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, IH),

6.76 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, IH), 6.38 (d, J=15.6 Hz, IH), 6.00-5.83 (m, IH), 5.31 (d, J= 7.6 Hz, IH), 5.25-5.13 (m, 4H), 4.32 (dd, J= 12.8, 9.2 Hz, IH), 4.14 (d, J= 11.2 Hz, IH), 3.90 (d, J= 10.0 Hz, IH), 3.75-3.50 (m, 3H), 3.30-3.00 (m, 5 H), 2.85-2.75 (m, IH), 2.70-2.48 (m, 3H), 2.25 (s, IH), 2.13-1.63 (m, 19H), 1.32-1.21 (m, IH), 1.14 (s, 3H), 1.13 (s, 3H), 1.12 (s, 3H), 1.10 (s, 3H).

Example 1

Hydrated crystalline 4- {4-[(l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl]-2- methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate

First alternative preparation of 4-{4-[(l£’)-4-(2.9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yl]-2-methylbenzyl| -5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (free base).

Figure imgf000027_0001

Scheme 1, step I: Add sodium hydroxide (0.5 mL, 0.5 mmol, 1.0 M solution) to a solution of 4- {4-[( l£)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} – 5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-benzoyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (258 mg, 0.24 mmol) in methanol (2 mL). After 2 hours at 40°C, concentrate to remove the solvent under reduced pressure to give a residue, which is purified by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 μιη C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H.0 with NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound (free base) as a solid (46 mg, 0.08 mmol). MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l).

Second alternative preparation of 4-{4-r(l-£’)-4-(2.9-diazaspiror5.51undec-2-yl)but-l-en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5 -(propan-2-yl)- lH-pyrazol-3 -yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (free base).

Figure imgf000028_0001

Scheme 2, step F: Add methanol (5 mL), triethylamine (3 mL), and water (3 mL) to 4- {4-[( lJE)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 – (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside dihydrochloride (480 mg, 0.24 mmol). After 18 hours (overnight) at room temperature, concentrate to dryness under reduced pressure. Purify the resulting residue by preparative HPLC method: high pH, 25% B for 4 min, 25-40 B % for 4 min @ 85 mL/min using a 30 x 75 mm, 5 μιη C18XBridge ODB column, solvent A – H20 with NH4HCO3 @ pH 10, solvent B – MeCN to yield the title compound (free base) as a solid (50 mg, 0.08 mmol).

MS (m/z): 598.8 (M+l), 596.8 (M-l). 1H NMR (400.31 MHz, CD3OD): δ 7.11 (d, J=1.3

Hz, 1H), 7.04 (dd, J=l .3,8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.87 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.36 (d, J= 15.8 Hz, 1H), 6.16 (dt, J= 15.8, 6.3 Hz, 1H), 5.02 (m, 1H), 3.81 (d, J= 11.7 Hz, 1H), 3.72 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H), 3.68 (d, J= 16.8 Hz, 1H) , 3.64 (m, 1H), 3.37-3.29 (m, 4H), 2.79 (m, 1H), 2.72 (t, J= 5.8 Hz, 4H), 2.44-2.33 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26 ( broad s, 2H), 1.59 (m, 2H), 1.50 (m, 2H), 1.43 (m, 2H), 1.36 (m, 2H), 1.11 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H), 1.10 (d, J= 7.0 Hz, 3H).

Third alternative preparation of 4-{4-[(l£,)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.51undec-2-yl)but-l-en-l- yll-2-methylbenzyl|-5-(propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside.

Scheme 3, step D: Trifluoroacetic acid (32.2 mL; 0.426 mol) is added to a solution of tert-butyl 2-{(3JE)-4-[3-methyl-4-({5-(propan-2-yl)-3-beta-D- glucopyranosyl)oxy]-lH-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3-en-l-yl}-2,9- diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (14.87 g; 21.28 mmol) in dichloromethane (149 mL) cooled in iced water. The solution is allowed to warm to room temperature. After 30 minutes, the mixture is slowly added to ammonia in MeOH (2M; 300 mL), applying cooling as necessary to maintain a constant temperature. The solution is stirred at room temperature for 15 min. The mixture is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is purified using SCX-2 resin. The basic filtrate is concentrated under reduced pressure and the residue is triturated/sonicated in ethyl acetate, filtered and dried. The resulting solid is dissolved in MeOH (200mL) and concentrated in vacuo. This is repeated several times to give the title compound (free base) (12.22 g, yield 96%). MS (m/z): 599 (M+l); [a]D 20 = -12 ° (C=0.2, MeOH).

Preparation of final title compound, hydrated crystalline 4-{4-|YlE)-4-(2.9- diazaspiro [5.5|undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5-(propan-2-vD- 1 H-pyrazol-3 – yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate.

Figure imgf000029_0001

4- {4- [(1 E)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl } -5 – (propan-2-yl)-lH-pyrazol-3-yl beta-D-glucopyranoside (902 mg) is placed in a round bottom flask (100 mL) and treated with wet ethyl acetate (18 mL). [Note – wet ethyl acetate is prepared by mixing ethyl acetate (100 mL) and dionized water (100 mL). After mixing, the layers are allowed to separate, and the top wet ethyl acetate layer is removed for use. Acetic acid is a hydrolysis product of ethyl acetate and is present in wet ethyl acetate.] The compound dissolves, although not completely as wet ethyl acetate is added. After several minutes, a white precipitate forms. An additional amount of wet ethyl acetate (2 mL) is added to dissolve remaining compound. The solution is allowed to stir uncovered overnight at room temperature during which time the solvent partially evaporates. The remaining solvent from the product slurry is removed under vacuum, and the resulting solid is dried under a stream of nitrogen to provide the final title compound as a crystalline solid. A small amount of amorphous material is identified in the product by solid-state NMR. This crystalline final title compound may be used as seed crystals to prepare additional crystalline final title compound.

Alternative preparation of final title compound, hvdrated crystalline 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2.,9- diazaspiro [5.5]undec-2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl I -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3 – yl beta-D-glucopyranoside acetate.

Under a nitrogen atmosphere combine of 4-{4-[(lE)-4-(2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undec- 2-yl)but- 1 -en- 1 -yl] -2-methylbenzyl} -5-(propan-2-yl)- 1 H-pyrazol-3-yl 2,3,4,6-tetra-O- acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside (2.1 kg, 2.74 mol), methanol (4.4 L), tetrahydrofuran (4.2 L), and water (210 mL). Add potassium carbonate (460 g, 3.33 moles) and stir for four to six hours, then filter the reaction mixture to remove the solids. Concentrate the filtrate under reduced pressure, then add ethanol (9.0 L) followed by acetic acid (237 mL, 4.13 mol) and stir at room temperature for one hour. To the stirring solution add wet ethyl acetate (10 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) slowly over five hours, followed by water (500 mL). Stir the suspension for twelve hours and add wet ethyl acetate (4.95 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) over a period of eight hours. Stir the suspension for twelve hours and add additional wet ethyl acetate (11.5 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water) slowly over sixteen hours. Stir the suspension for twelve hours, collect the solids by filtration and rinse the solids with wet ethyl acetate (3.3 L, containing approx. 3 w/w% water). Dry in an oven under reduced pressure below 30°C to give the title compound as an off-white crystalline solid (1.55 kg, 2.35 mol, 96.7% purity, 72.4 w/w% potency, 68.0% yield based on potency). HRMS (m/z): 599.3798 (M+l).

PATENT

CN105705509

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=CN175101669&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION

The present invention is in the field of treatment of diabetes and other diseases and conditions associated with hyperglycemia. Diabetes is a group of diseases characterized by high blood sugar levels. It affects approximately 25 million people in the United States, and according to the 2011 National Diabetes Bulletin, it is also the seventh leading cause of death in the United States (US Department of Health and Human Resources Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Sodium-coupled glucose cotransporters (SGLT’s) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the uptake of carbohydrates such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transporting glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 can result in a decrease in glucose absorption in the small intestine, thus providing a useful method of treating diabetes.

Alternative medicines and treatments for diabetes are needed. The present invention provides an acetate salt of a pyrazole compound which is an SGLT1 inhibitor, and thus it is suitable for treating certain conditions such as diabetes.

U.S. Patent No. 7,655,632 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives having human SGLT1 inhibitory activity, which are also disclosed for use in the prevention or treatment of diseases associated with hyperglycemia, such as diabetes. Moreover, WO 2011/039338 discloses certain pyrazole derivatives having SGLT1/SGLT2 inhibitor activity, which are also disclosed for use in the treatment of bone diseases such as osteoporosis.


PATENT

WO-2019141209

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019141209&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P10-JYNZF2-05384-1

Diabetes is a group of lifelong metabolic diseases characterized by multiple causes of chronic hyperglycemia. Long-term increase in blood glucose can cause damage to large blood vessels and microvessels and endanger the heart, brain, kidney, peripheral nerves, eyes, feet and so on. According to the statistics of the World Health Organization, there are more than 100 complications of diabetes, which is the most common complication, and the incidence rate is also on the rise. The kidney plays a very important role in the body’s sugar metabolism. Glucose does not pass through the lipid bilayer of the cell membrane in the body, and must rely on the glucose transporter on the cell membrane. Sodium-coupled glucose co-transporters (SGLTs) are one of the transporters known to be responsible for the uptake of carbohydrates such as glucose. More specifically, SGLT1 is responsible for transporting glucose across the brush border membrane of the small intestine. Inhibition of SGLT1 results in a decrease in glucose absorption in the small intestine and can therefore be used in the treatment of diabetes.
Ellerelli has developed a novel SGLTs inhibitor for alternative drugs and treatments for diabetes. CN105705509 discloses the SGLTs inhibitor-pyrazole compound, which has the structure shown in the following formula (1):
str1
It is well known for drug production process has strict requirements, the purity of pharmaceutical active ingredients will directly affect the safety and effectiveness of drug quality. Simplified synthetic route optimization, and strictly control the purity of the intermediates has a very important role in improving drug production, quality control and optimization of the dosage form development.
CN105705509 discloses a method for synthesizing a compound of the formula (1), wherein the intermediate compound 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl4-({5-(propyl-2-yl)) is obtained by the step B in Scheme 4. -3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy]-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl)phenyl]but-3- Tert-butyl-1-enyl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane-9-carboxylate (Compound obtained in Preparation Example 12b) was obtained as a yellow foam, yield 68.6%, purity 94 %, this step involves silica gel column purification, low production efficiency, high cost, and poor quality controllability; the intermediate 2-{(3E)-4-[3-methyl 4-({5- (prop-2-yl)-3-[(2,3,4,6-tetra-acetyl-β-D-glucopyranosyl)oxy)-1H-pyrazol-4-yl}methyl) Phenyl]but-3-en-1-yl}-2,9-diazaspiro[5.5]undecane (Compound obtained in Preparation Example 18) as a yellow solid with a purity of 95.0%; The resulting intermediate compounds were all of low purity. Moreover, CN105705509 produces a compound of formula (1) having a purity of 96.7% as described in the publications of the publications 0141 and 0142. The resulting final compound is not of high purity and is not conducive to subsequent drug preparation.

Process for preparing pyranoglucose-substituted pyrazole compound, used as a pharmaceutical intermediate in SGLT inhibitor for treating diabetes.

Example 1
626 g of the compound of the formula (16), 6 L of acetonitrile, 840 g of cesium carbonate and 1770 g of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-pivaloyl-α-D-glucosyl bromide (formula (17) The compound is sequentially added to the reaction vessel, heated to 40 ° C to 45 ° C, and reacted for 4 to 5 hours, then cooled to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the obtained solid is rinsed once with acetonitrile; the filter cake is dissolved with 8 L of ethyl acetate and 10 L of water. After the liquid separation, the organic phase was concentrated to about 3 L, 10 L of acetonitrile was added, and the mixture was stirred for 12 h to precipitate a solid, which was filtered. The filter cake was rinsed with acetonitrile and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to give white crystals, 652 g of compound of formula (9c). The yield was 61%, the HPLC purity was 98.52%, and the melting point was 180.0-182.1 °C. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 1): δ 7.10 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=15.6,1H), 6.19-6.12 (m,1H), 5.59 (d, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 5.40-5.35 (t, J=9.6 Hz, 1H), 5.17-5.06 (m, 2H) , 4.18-4.14 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 4.4 Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.06 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 1.6 Hz, 1H), 3.92-3.89 (dd, J = 10 Hz, 2.4 Hz, 1H) , 3.64-3.54 (dd, J=20 Hz, 16.8 Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.30 (m, 4H), 2.86-2.79 (m, 1H), 2.37-2.29 (m, 11H), 1.63-1.38 (m, 17H), 1.15-1.05 (m, 42H). MS (m/z): 1035.7 (M+H).
640 g of the compound of the formula (9c) and 6.4 L of ethyl acetate were successively added to the reaction vessel, and the temperature was lowered to 15 ° C to 20 ° C. 1176 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate was added in portions for 2 to 3 hours; after the reaction was over, 3.5 L of a 9% potassium hydroxide aqueous solution was added, and the mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, and the aqueous phase was discarded. The organic phase was washed successively with 3.5 L of 9% and 3.5 L of 3% aqueous potassium hydroxide and concentrated to 2.5 L. 21L of n-heptane was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred for 12 hours; filtered, and the filter cake was rinsed with n-heptane; the filter cake was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to obtain white crystals, p-toluene of the compound of formula (10c). The sulfonate salt was 550 g, the yield was 80%, the purity was 97.59%, and the melting point was 168.0-169.2 °C. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 2): δ 7.72 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 2H), 7.24 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 2H), 7.10 (s, 1H), 7.03 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.86 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J = 15.6, 1H), 6.19-6.12 (m, 1H), 5.60 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H) ), 5.41-5.37 (t, J = 9.6 Hz, 1H), 5.17-5.06 (m, 2H), 4.18-4.14 (dd, J = 12.4 Hz, 4.0 Hz, 1H), 4.10-4.07 (d, J = 11.6Hz, 1H), 3.94-3.91 (dd, J=7.2Hz, 2.8Hz, 1H), 3.64-3.54 (dd, J=20.0Hz, 16.8Hz, 2H), 3.31-3.30 (m, 4H), 2.86 -2.79 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.29 (m, 14H), 1.78-1.44 (m, 8H), 1.15-1.05 (m, 42H). MS (m/z): 935.7 (M+H).
82.6 g of potassium hydroxide, 5.5 L of absolute ethanol and 550 g of the p-toluenesulfonate of the compound of the formula (10c) were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and stirred at 45 to 50 ° C for about 4 hours. The temperature was lowered to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the solid was rinsed with ethanol. The filtrate and the eluent were combined, and 65 g of acetic acid was added thereto, followed by stirring for 15 min. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure to about 1.5 L, and then 52 g of acetic acid was added. After stirring for 20 min, 4.5 L of ethyl acetate containing 3% water and 160 mL of purified water were added dropwise. After the dropwise addition, continue stirring for 3 to 4 hours. Filter and filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate containing 3% water. The solid was transferred to a reaction kettle, 500 mL of water was added and stirred for 18 h. After filtration, the filter cake was washed successively with water and an ethanol/ethyl acetate mixed solvent. The filter cake was dried under vacuum at 35 to 40 ° C for 4 hours to obtain a white solid, 245 g of compound of formula (1), yield 75%, purity 99.55%. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, MeOD) (see Figure 3): δ 7.11 (s, 1H), 7.05 (d, J = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 6.89 (d, J = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.39 (d, J=16.0,1H), 6.20-6.13 (dt, J=15.6 Hz, 6.8 Hz, 1H), 5.03-5.01 (m, 1H), 3.83 (d, J=11.2, 1H), 3.71-3.59 (m, 3H), 3.35-3.30 (m, 4H), 3.09-3.06 (t, J = 6 Hz, 4H), 2.87-2.77 (m, 1H), 2.49-2.31 (m, 6H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 2.26(s, 2H), 1.90 (s, 3H), 1.78 (m, 2H), 1.68 (m, 2H), 1.65 (m, 2H), 1.44-1.43 (m, 2H), 1.13 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.11 (d, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), MS (m/z): 599.5 (M+H).
Example 2
5.00 kg of the maleate salt of the compound of the formula (16), 40 L of tetrahydrofuran, 5.47 kg of potassium phosphate and 11.67 kg of 2,3,4,6-tetra-O-pivaloyl-α-D-glucosyl bromide The compound (formula (17)) is sequentially added to the reaction vessel, heated to 40 to 45 ° C, and reacted for 4 to 5 hours, then cooled to 15 to 25 ° C, filtered, and the solid was rinsed once with tetrahydrofuran. The filter cake was dissolved in 36 L of ethyl acetate and 20 L of water and then separated. The organic phase was concentrated to ca. 18 L, 64 L acetonitrile was added and stirred for 15 h. Filtration, the filter cake was rinsed with acetonitrile, and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to give white crystals of the compound of formula (9c), 4.50 kg, yield 57%, HPLC purity 99.19%.
4.45 kg of the compound of the formula (9c) and 45 L of butyl acetate were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and the temperature was lowered to 15 ° C to 20 ° C. 4.13 kg of methanesulfonic acid was added in portions and the reaction was carried out for 2 to 3 hours. 22 L of a 9% aqueous potassium hydroxide solution was added, stirred for 10 min, and the liquid phase was discarded. The organic phase was washed successively with 10 L of 9%, 4.5 L of 10% and 2 L of 2.5% aqueous potassium hydroxide and concentrated to 15 L. 68 L of n-heptane was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred for further 12 h. Filtered and the filter cake was rinsed once with n-heptane. The solid was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C for 24 h to obtain white crystals. The methanesulfonic acid salt of the compound of formula (10c) was 4.37 kg, yield 99%, purity 97.94%.
0.73 kg of potassium hydroxide, 43 L of methanol and 4.30 kg of the compound of the formula (10c) were sequentially added to the reaction vessel, and stirred at 45 to 50 ° C for 4 hours. The temperature was lowered to 20 to 25 ° C, filtered, and 0.56 kg of acetic acid was added to the filtrate, and the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes. The reaction solution was concentrated to about 15 L under reduced pressure, and 0.40 g of acetic acid was added. After stirring for 10 min, 39 L of 3% water in ethyl acetate and 1.3 L of purified water were added dropwise. After the dropwise addition, stirring was continued for about 2 hours. Filter and filter cake was rinsed once with ethyl acetate containing 3% water. The solid was transferred to a reaction kettle, and 3.5 L of water was added and stirred for 18 h. After filtration, the filter cake was washed successively with water and an ethanol/ethyl acetate mixed solvent. The cake was vacuum dried at 35 to 40 ° C to give a white solid. Compound (1) (1), 1.84 g, yield 67%, purity 99.65%.
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9573970 4–5-(PROPAN-2-YL)-1H-PYRAZOL-3-YL BETA-D GLUCOPYRANOSIDE ACETATE 2014-10-30 2016-07-28

/////////////SY-008 , SY 008 , SY008, ELI LILY, PHASE 1, GLT1 inhibitor, type 2 diabetes, Yabao Pharmaceutical, CHINA, DIABETES

CC(=O)O.Cc5cc(\C=C\CCN2CCCC1(CCNCC1)C2)ccc5Cc3c(nnc3C(C)C)O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4O

Cc5cc(\C=C\CCN2CCCC1(CCNCC1)C2)ccc5Cc3c(nnc3C(C)C)O[C@@H]4O[C@H](CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)[C@H]4
O

Fluazolepali, 氟唑帕利 , Fluzoparib


Fluazolepali

CAS  2170504-09-1

Fluzoparib; SHR-3162, (HS10160)

  • HS 10160
  • SHR 3162

An orally available inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 and 2 (PARP-1/2) for treatment of solid tumors (Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co. Ltd., Lianyungang, China)

Fluazolepali, developed by Hengrui and Howson, is intended for the treatment of recurrent ovarian cancer, triple-negative breast cancer, advanced gastric cancer and other advanced solid tumors. Currently, the drug has been introduced into China for recurrent ovarian cancer. Clinical stage.

In February 2019, a randomized, double-blind, controlled, multicenter, phase III clinical study (CTR20190294) of flazopril capsule versus placebo for maintenance of recurrent ovarian cancer was initiated in China and was sponsored by Hengrui Medicine.

Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical , in collaboration with  Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine , is developing an oral capsule formulation of fluazolepali (fluzoparib; SHR-3162), a small molecule inhibitor to PARP-1 and PARP-2, for the treatment of solid tumors including epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube or primary peritoneal, breast and gastric cancer.

  • Originator Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine Co.
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 inhibitors; Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 2 inhibitors
  • Phase II Ovarian cancer
  • Phase I Breast cancer; Fallopian tube cancer; Gastric cancer; Peritoneal cancer; Solid tumours
  • 09 Jul 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine initiates a phase I trial in Solid tumors in China (NCT04013048) [14C]-Fluzoparib
  • 01 Jul 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine plans a phase I drug-drug interaction trial (In volunteers) in China (PO) (NCT04011124)
  • 12 Jun 2019 Jiangsu HengRui Medicine completes a phase I trial in Gastric cancer (Combination therapy, Recurrent, Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater, Late-stage disease) in China (PO) (NCT03026881)

Fluzoparib (SHR 3162) is a selective poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 1 (PARP1) and poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase 2 inhibitor (PARP2), being developed by Jiangsu HengRui Medicine, for the treatment of cancer. PARP enzymes play a vital role in repair of DNA damage and maintaining genomic stability. Fluzoparib inhibits PARP enzymes and induces DNA-double strands breaks, G2/M arrest and apoptosis in homologous recombination repair (HR)-deficient cells. Clinical development for ovarian cancer, breast cancer, fallopian tube cancer, peritoneal cancer, gastric cancer and solid tumours is underway in China and Australia.

An orally available inhibitor of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) types 1 and 2, with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon oral administration, fluzoparib inhibits PARP 1 and 2 activity, which inhibits PARP-mediated repair of damaged DNA via the base excision repair (BER) pathway, enhances the accumulation of DNA strand breaks, promotes genomic instability, and leads to an induction of apoptosis. The PARP family of proteins catalyze post-translational ADP-ribosylation of nuclear proteins, which then transduce signals to recruit other proteins to repair damaged DNA. PARP inhibition may enhance the cytotoxicity of DNA-damaging agents and may reverse tumor cell chemoresistance and radioresistance. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

PATENT

WO-2019137358

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019137358&tab=FULLTEXT&_cid=P20-JYI5A2-54836-1

Process for preparing heterocyclic compounds (presumed to be fluazolepali ) and its intermediates as PARP inhibitors useful for treating cancer.

Example 1

The compound and 5.0kg of 10% palladium on carbon 250g, 80L of methanol was added to the kettle at 0.4MPa, 24h 25 ℃ hydrogenation reaction. The palladium carbon was removed by filtration, the filter cake was washed with methanol, and the filtrate was collected, evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, and ethyl acetate (20 L) was added to the concentrate, and the mixture was stirred and evaporated, and then cooled to 0° C. ~3, stirring, filtration, filter cake and then adding 20 L of ethyl acetate, pulping at room temperature for 3 to 4 h, filtration, vacuum drying at 45 ° C for 6-8 h to obtain 5.5 kg of compound 3 solid, yield 91.7%, HPLC purity 99.69%.
Example 2
According to the method of Example 19 of CN102686591A, 2 g of the compound 3 and 2.79 g of the compound 4 were charged to obtain 3.6 g of the compound of the formula I in a yield of 87.8%.
Example 3
At room temperature, 2.0 g of compound 2 (prepared according to the method disclosed in WO2009025784) was dissolved in 30 mL of isopropanol, and concentrated sulfuric acid was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, and stirred at room temperature without solid precipitation; the reaction solution was poured into 150 mL of n-hexane. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the sulfate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 4
1. At room temperature, 1.11 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol, and 15% phosphoric acid/isopropanol solution was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, stirred at room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake was washed with isopropyl alcohol and dried under vacuum. Compound 2 phosphate solid 1.46 g, yield 87.1%, HPLC purity 99.72%.
Example 5
At room temperature, 1.28 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol, and 20% acetic acid/isopropanol solution was added dropwise with stirring to adjust the pH to 3, and stirred at room temperature without solid precipitation; the reaction solution was poured into 100 mL of n-hexane, and continued. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the acetate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 6
1.05g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10mL of isopropanol at room temperature, and the pH was adjusted to 3 by adding 15% citric acid/isopropanol solution while stirring. At room temperature, no solid precipitated; the reaction solution was poured into 100 mL of n-hexane. After stirring at room temperature, no solid precipitated, and the citrate solid of Compound 2 could not be obtained.
Example 7
1.12 g of compound 2 was dissolved in 10 mL of isopropanol at room temperature, and 0.74 g of maleic acid was added thereto with stirring. The mixture was stirred at room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake was washed with isopropyl alcohol and dried in vacuo to obtain the maleate salt of compound 2. 1.51 g, yield 84.6%.

PATENT

WO2019109938

claiming synergistic combination comprising PARP inhibitor fluazolepali and apatinib mesylate .

PATENT

WO 2018005818

WO 2018129553

WO 2018129559

WO 2018208968

WO 2018213732

WO 2018191277

WO 2018201096

WO 2018085469

WO 2018085468

WO 2019090227

WO 2019133697

WO 2019067978

WO 2019071123

WO 2019090141

///////////Fluazolepali, Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical,  Jiangsu Hengrui Medicine, fluzoparib,  SHR-3162, 氟唑帕利 , Phase II,  Ovarian cancer, HS10160, CHINA, HS 10160

https://med.sina.com/article_detail_103_2_64751.html

HS 10340


HS-10340

CAS 2156639-66-4

MF C26 H31 N7 O5
MW 521.57
1,8-Naphthyridine-1(2H)-carboxamide, N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methylethyl]amino]-2-pyridinyl]-7-formyl-3,4-dihydro-6-[(tetrahydro-2-oxo-1,3-oxazepin-3(2H)-yl)methyl]-
(R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl)-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

CAS 2307670-65-9

Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd

Being investigated by Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical and Changzhou Hengbang Pharmaceutical ; in June 2018, the product was being developed as a class 1 chemical drug in China.

Useful for treating liver cancer, gastric cancer and prostate cancer.

Use for treating cancers, liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma and rhabdomyosarcoma

The fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor and includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.
FGFR4, a member of the FGFR receptor family, forms dimers on the cell membrane by binding to its ligand, fibroblast growth factor 19 (FGF19), and the formation of these dimers can cause critical tyrosine in FGFR4’s own cells. The phosphorylation of the amino acid residue activates multiple downstream signaling pathways in the cell, and these intracellular signaling pathways play an important role in cell proliferation, survival, and anti-apoptosis. FGFR4 is overexpressed in many cancers and is a predictor of malignant invasion of tumors. Decreasing and reducing FGFR4 expression can reduce cell proliferation and promote apoptosis. Recently, more and more studies have shown that about one-third of liver cancer patients with continuous activation of FGF19/FGFR4 signaling pathway are the main carcinogenic factors leading to liver cancer in this part of patients. At the same time, FGFR4 expression or high expression is also closely related to many other tumors, such as gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and the like.
The incidence of liver cancer ranks first in the world in China, with new and dead patients accounting for about half of the total number of liver cancers worldwide each year. At present, the incidence of liver cancer in China is about 28.7/100,000. In 2012, there were 394,770 new cases, which became the third most serious malignant tumor after gastric cancer and lung cancer. The onset of primary liver cancer is a multi-factor, multi-step complex process with strong invasiveness and poor prognosis. Surgical treatments such as hepatectomy and liver transplantation can improve the survival rate of some patients, but only limited patients can undergo surgery, and most patients have a poor prognosis due to recurrence and metastasis after surgery. Sorafenib is the only liver cancer treatment drug approved on the market. It can only prolong the overall survival period of about 3 months, and the treatment effect is not satisfactory. Therefore, it is urgent to develop a liver cancer system treatment drug targeting new molecules. FGFR4 is a major carcinogenic factor in liver cancer, and its development of small molecule inhibitors has great clinical application potential.
At present, some FGFR inhibitors have entered the clinical research stage as anti-tumor drugs, but these are mainly inhibitors of FGFR1, 2 and 3, and the inhibition of FGFR4 activity is weak, and the inhibition of FGFR1-3 has hyperphosphatemia. Such as target related side effects. Highly selective inhibitor of FGFR4 can effectively treat cancer diseases caused by abnormal FGFR4 signaling pathway, and can avoid the side effects of hyperphosphatemia caused by FGFR1-3 inhibition. Highly selective small molecule inhibitors against FGFR4 in tumor targeted therapy The field has significant application prospects.
SYN

PATENT

WO2017198149

where it is claimed to be an FGFR-4 inhibitor for treating liver and prostate cancers, assigned to Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Co Ltd and Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical Co Ltd .

PATENT

WO2019085860

Compound (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-) 1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (shown as Formula I). The compound of formula (I) is disclosed in Hausen Patent PCT/CN2017/084564, the compound of formula I is a fibroblast growth factor receptor inhibitor, and the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) belongs to the receptor tyrosine kinase transmembrane receptor. The body includes four receptor subtypes, namely FGFR1, FGFR2, FGFR3 and FGFR4. FGFR regulates various functions such as cell proliferation, survival, differentiation and migration, and plays an important role in human development and adult body functions. FGFR is abnormal in a variety of human tumors, including gene amplification, mutation and overexpression, and is an important target for tumor-targeted therapeutic research.

[0003]
Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)

[0048]
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol

[0049]

[0050]
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .

[0051]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);

[0052]
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .

[0053]
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone

[0054]

[0055]
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).

[0056]
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .

[0057]
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate

[0058]

[0059]
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .

[0060]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);

[0061]
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .

[0062]
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis

[0063]

[0064]
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).

[0065]
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);

[0066]
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .

[0067]
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide

[0068]

[0069]
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).

[0070]
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);

[0071]
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

PATENT

WO-2019085927

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019085927&tab=FULLTEXT

Novel crystalline salt (such as hydrochloride, sulfate, methane sulfonate, mesylate, besylate, ethanesulfonate, oxalate, maleate, p-toluenesulfonate) forms of FGFR4 inhibitor, particularly N-[5-cyano-4-[[(1R)-2-methoxy-1-methyl-ethyl]amino]-2-pyridyl]-7-formyl-6-[(2-oxo-1,3-oxazepan-3-yl)methyl]-3,4-dihydro-2H-1,8-naphthyridine-1-carboxamide (designated as Forms I- IX), compositions comprising them and their use as an FGFR4 inhibitor for the treatment of cancer such as liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer and glioma or rhabdomyosarcoma are claimed.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
First step 4-(((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butane Preparation of 1-propanol
2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-carbaldehyde (1.0 g, 4.2 mmol), 4-aminobutyl at room temperature l-ol (0.45g, 5.1mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15mL), stirred for 2 hours, followed by addition of NaBH (OAc) . 3 (1.35 g of, 6.4 mmol), stirred at room temperature overnight. The reaction was treated with CH 2 CI 2 was diluted (100 mL), the organic phase was washed with water (10mL) and saturated brine (15mL), and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give compound 4 – (((2- ( Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino)butan-1-ol (0.9 g, 69%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.13 (S, IH), 5.17 (S, IH), 4.84 (S, IH), 3.73 (S, 2H), 3.66-3.49 (m, 2H), 3.42 ( s, 6H), 3.40-3.36 (m, 2H), 2.71 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.68-2.56 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.81 (m, 2H), 1.74-1.55 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 310.2 [M+H] + .
The second step is 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3- Preparation of oxazepine-2 ketone
4-(((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)amino) in an ice water bath Butan-1-ol (0.6 g, 1.94 mmol) was dissolved in DCE (15 mL), then bis(trichloromethyl) carbonate (0.22 g, 0.76 mmol) was added and triethylamine (0.78 g, 7.76) was slowly added dropwise. Methyl) and then stirred at room temperature for 3 hours. The reaction temperature was raised to 80 ° C, and the reaction was carried out at 80 ° C for 6 hours. After the reaction was cooled to room temperature, it was diluted with CH 2 Cl 2 (100 mL), and the organic phase was washed sequentially with water (10 mL) and brine (15 mL) Drying with sodium sulfate, concentration and column chromatography to give the compound 3-((2-(dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl) )methyl)-1,3-oxazepin-2-one (0.37 g, 57%).
MS m/z (ESI): 336.2 [M+H] + .
The third step is phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1, Preparation of 8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate
3-((2-(Dimethoxymethyl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1,8-naphthyridin-3-yl)methyl)-1,3-oxan -2-one (670mg, 2mmol), diphenyl carbonate (643mg, 3mmol) mixing in of THF (15 mL), N 2 in an atmosphere, cooled to -78 deg.] C, was added dropwise LiHMDS in THF (4mL, 4mmol) was Naturally, it was allowed to react to room temperature overnight. After adding saturated aqueous NH 4 Cl (100 mL), ethyl acetate (100 mL×2), EtOAc. Methyl)-6-((3-carbonylmorpholino)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (432 mg, 47%) .
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 7.56 (S, IH), 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.21 (m, 3H), 5.22 (S, IH), 4.77 (S, 2H), 4.16 (m, 2H), 3.95 (m, 2H), 3.39 (s, 6H), 3.25 (m, 2H), 2.84 (t, J = 6.5 Hz, 2H), 1.87 (m, 2H), 1.64 (m, 4H);
MS m/z (ESI): 456.2 [M+H] + .
The fourth step: (R)-N-(5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl) -6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide synthesis
(R)-6-Amino-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino) nicotinenitrile (30 mg, 0.14 mmol), phenyl 7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6- ( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxylate (60 mg, 0.13 Methyl acetate was dissolved in THF (5 mL), cooled to -78 ° C under N 2atmosphere, and a solution of THF (0.3 mL, 0.3 mmol) of LiHMDS was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. After adding a saturated aqueous solution of NH 4 Cl (50 mL), EtOAc (EtOAc) (5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-((2-carbonyl-1) 3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 86%).
1H NMR (400MHz, CDCl3) δ 13.70 (s, 1H), 8.18 (s, 1H), 7.60 (s, 2H), 5.41 (s, 1H), 5.12 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1H), 4.73 (s, 2H), 4.20-4.11 (m, 2H), 4.06-3.99 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 1H), 3.52-3.48 (m, 7H), 3.46-3.42 (m, 1H), 3.39 (s, 3H), 3.26-3.21 (m, 2H), 2.83 (t, J = 6.2 Hz, 2H), 2.03-1.95 (m, 2H), 1.91-1.83 (m, 2H), 1.67-1.62 (m , 2H), 1.31 (d, J = 6.6 Hz, 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 568.3 [M+H] + .
Step 5: (R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2) Synthesis of -carbonyl-1,3-oxoheptyl-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide
(R)-N-(5-Cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-(dimethoxymethyl)-6-( (2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine-3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1(2H)-carboxamide (65 mg, 0.12 mmol) Dissolved in THF/water (volume ratio: 11/4, 4.5 mL), concentrated HCl (0.45 mL, 5.4 mmol), and allowed to react at room temperature for 2 h. Saturated NaHC03 . 3 solution (50mL), (50mL × 2 ) and extracted with ethyl acetate, the organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated by column chromatography to give the title compound (R) -N- ( 5-cyano-4-((1-methoxypropan-2-yl)amino)pyridin-2-yl)-7-formyl-6-((2-carbonyl-1,3-oxazepine) 3-yl)methyl)-3,4-dihydro-1,8-naphthyridin-1 (2H)-carboxamide (30 mg, 51%).
. 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta] 13.57 (S, IH), 10.26 (S, IH), 8.17 (S, IH), 7.71 (S, IH), 7.63 (S, IH), 5.27 (S, 1H), 4.95 (s, 2H), 4.19-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.11-4.04 (m, 2H), 3.94 (s, 1H), 3.52 (m, 1H), 3.48-3.37 (m, 4H) , 3.33 – 3.28 (m, 2H), 2.93 (t, J = 6.3 Hz, 2H), 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.85 (m, 2H), 1.73 (m, 2H), 1.39-1.28 (m , 3H);
MS m/z (ESI): 522.2 [M+H] + .

///////////HS-10340 , HS 10340 , HS10340, CANCER, Jiangsu Hansoh, Shanghai Hansoh Biomedical,  Changzhou Hengbang, CHINA,  liver cancer, gastric cancer, prostate cancer, skin cancer, ovary cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, glioma,  rhabdomyosarcoma

C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CCS(=O)(=O)O.C[C@H](COC)Nc1cc(ncc1C#N)NC(=O)N4CCCc3cc(CN2CCCCOC2=O)c(C=O)nc34

CS 3001


str1

CS-3001

BB 7, VX 033

CAS 2159116-56-8
Propanoic acid, 2-[[5-bromo-4-(3-cyclopropyl-5,5-difluoro-4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzo[c]thien-1-yl)-4H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl]thio]-2-methyl-
Molecular Weight, 478.37

C17 H18 Br F2 N3 O2 S2

CStone Pharmaceuticals Co Ltd, JUNE 2018 IND FILED CHINA

URAT1 inhibitor – useful for treating hyperuricemia and gout.

The compound was originally claimed in WO2017202291 , covering thiophene derivative URAT1 inhibitors, useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, assigned to Medshine Discovery Inc , but naming the inventors.and has been reported in some instances to be a URAT1 modulator. In June 2018, an IND application was filed in

Uric acid is a product of the metabolism of terpenoids in animals. For humans, due to the lack of uric acid enzymes that continue to oxidatively degrade uric acid, uric acid is excreted in the human body as the final product of sputum metabolism through the intestines and kidneys. Renal excretion is the main pathway for uric acid excretion in humans. The upper limit of the normal range of uric acid concentration in the human body is: male 400 μmol/L (6.8 mg/dL) and female 360 μmol/L (6 mg/dL). Abnormal uric acid levels in the human body are often due to an increase in uric acid production or a decrease in uric acid excretion. Conditions associated with abnormal levels of uric acid include hyperuricemia, gout, and the like.
Hyperuricemia refers to a disorder in which the metabolism of substances in the human body is disordered, resulting in an increase or decrease in the synthesis of uric acid in the human body, and an abnormally high level of uric acid in the blood. Gouty arthritis refers to the fact that when uric acid is more than 7 mg/dL in human blood, uric acid is deposited as a monosodium salt in the joints, cartilage and kidneys, causing excessive reaction (sensitivity) to the body’s immune system and causing painful inflammation. The general site of attack is the big toe joint, ankle joint, knee joint and so on. Red, swollen, hot, and severe pain in the site of acute gout attacks, usually in the midnight episode, can make people wake up from sleep. In the early stages of gout, the attack is more common in the joints of the lower extremities. Hyperuricemia is the pathological basis of gouty arthritis. The use of drugs to lower blood uric acid concentration is one of the commonly used methods to prevent gouty arthritis.
In Europe and the United States, the onset of hyperuricemia and gout disease is on the rise. Epidemiological studies have shown that the incidence of gouty arthritis accounts for 1-2% of the total population and is the most important type of arthritis in adult males. Bloomberg estimates that there will be 17.7 million gout patients in 2021. In China, the survey showed that among the population aged 20 to 74, 25.3% of the population had a high blood uric acid content and 0.36% had gout disease. At present, clinical treatment drugs mainly include 1) inhibition of uric acid-producing drugs, such as xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol and febuxostat; 2) uric acid excretion drugs, such as probenecid and benzbromarone; 3) Inflammation inhibitors, such as colchicine. These drugs have certain defects in treatment, poor efficacy, large side effects, and high cost are some of the main bottlenecks in their clinical application. It has been reported that 40%-70% of patients with serum uric acid levels do not meet the expected therapeutic goals (<6mg/dL) after receiving standard treatment.
As a uric acid excretion agent, its mechanism of action is to reduce the reabsorption of uric acid by inhibiting the URAT1 transporter on the brush-like edge membrane of the proximal convoluted tubule. Uric acid is a metabolite of sputum in the body. It is mainly filtered by glomerulus in the original form, reabsorbed and re-secreted by the renal tubules, and finally excreted through the urine. Very few parts can be secreted into the intestinal lumen by mesenteric cells. The S1 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is a site of uric acid reabsorption, and 98% to 100% of the filtered uric acid enters the epithelial cells through the uric acid transporter URAT1 and the organic anion transporter OAT4 on the brush epithelial cell border of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells is reabsorbed into the capillaries around the tubules via the renal tubular basement membrane. The S2 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule is the site of re-secretion of uric acid, and the amount secreted is about 50% of the excess of the small filter. The uric acid in the renal interstitial enters the epithelial cells first through the anion transporters OAT1 and OAT3 on the basal membrane of the tubular epithelial cells. The uric acid entering the epithelial cells passes through another anion transporter MRP4 on the brush border membrane and is discharged into the small lumen. The S3 segment of the proximal convoluted tubule may be a reabsorption site after uric acid secretion, and the amount of reabsorption is about 40% of the excess of the microsphere filtration, and similar to the first step of reabsorption, URAT1 may be a key reabsorption transporter. Therefore, if the urate transporter URAT1 can be significantly inhibited, it will enhance the excretion of uric acid in the body, thereby lowering blood uric acid level and reducing the possibility of gout attack.
In December 2015, the US FDA approved the first URAT1 inhibitor, Zurampic (Leinurad). The 200 mg dose was approved in combination with xanthine oxidase inhibitor XOI (such as Febuxostat, etc.) for the treatment of hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis, but the combination was compared with the xanthine oxidase inhibitor alone. The effect is not very significant. The Zurampic 400 mg dose was not approved due to significant toxic side effects at high doses (the incidence of renal-related adverse events, especially the incidence of kidney stones). Therefore, the FDA requires the Zurampic label to be filled with a black box warning to warn medical staff Zulampic of the risk of acute kidney failure, especially if it is not used in conjunction with XOI. If the over-approved dose uses Zurampic, the risk of kidney failure is even greater. high. At the same time, after the FDA asked for the listing of Zurampic, AstraZeneca continued its investigation of kidney and cardiovascular safety. Therefore, the development of a new type of safe blood-supplemented uric acid drug has become a strong demand in this field.
WO2009070740 discloses Leinurad, which has the following structure:
SYN
PATENT

WO-2019101058

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019101058&tab=FULLTEXT&maxRec=1000

Novel crystalline forms of URAT1 inhibitor (designated as Forms A and B) are claimed. The compounds are disclosed to be useful for treating hyperuricemia and gouty arthritis.

Novel crystalline forms of a URAT1 inhibitor, designated as Forms A and B, and their preparation.

Example 1: Preparation of a compound of formula (I)
synthetic route:
Step 1: Synthesis of Compound 2
In a three-necked flask (10 L), 4.5 L of dimethyl sulfoxide was added, and potassium t-butoxide (836.66 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added with stirring, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes until the dissolution was clear, and then cooled to an ice water bath. The internal temperature of the reaction solution was 20-25 °C. To the above solution, a solution of Compound 1 (500.05 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) in dimethyl sulfoxide (500 mL) was added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes, and then carbon disulfide (283.86 g, 3.73 mol, 1 eq) was added dropwise thereto. ), after the completion of the dropwise addition, the reaction was stirred for 30 minutes. Further, ethyl bromoacetate (1250 g, 7.46 mol, 2 eq) was added dropwise thereto, and the mixture was stirred for further 2 hours. Finally, potassium carbonate (515.52 g, 7.46 mol, 1 eq) was added, and the temperature was raised to an internal temperature of 65 ° C, and the reaction was further stirred for 8 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. The reaction solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (10 L), and then 1M hydrochloric acid (2 L) and water (2 L) were added and stirred for 10 minutes, and the mixture was allowed to stand. The aqueous layer was separated and the organic phase was washed with water (2L×3). The combined aqueous layers were extracted with ethyl acetate (3L). All organic phases were combined and washed with saturated brine (2 L×2). The organic phase was dried over an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then filtered, and then evaporated. On the same scale, 6 batches were fed in parallel, and the combined black and red oily products were obtained. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 72 hours, a large amount of solid was precipitated, ethanol (2 L) was added thereto, stirred for 30 minutes, filtered, and the cake was collected and dried in vacuo to give Compound 2. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.32 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 4.19 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (S, 2H), 3.25 (T, J = 6.8Hz , 2H), 3.19 (t, J = 14.4 Hz, 2H), 2.26-2.17 (m, 2H), 1.37 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H), 1.27 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 364.8 [M+H] + .
Step 2: Synthesis of Compound 3
Compound 2 (241.00 g, 0.66 mol) was dissolved in ethanol (1 L) and placed in an autoclave (5 L), and Raney nickel (120 g) was added under argon atmosphere, followed by the addition of ethanol (2 L). The autoclave was charged and replaced with argon three times, then replaced with hydrogen three times, hydrogen was charged to a pressure of 2.0 MP in the autoclave, stirred and heated to an internal temperature of 85 ° C for 28 hours. The reaction was stopped, the reaction system was cooled to room temperature, the reaction solution was filtered, and the filter cake was washed three times with ethanol, 0.5 L each time. The filtrates were combined and then dried to give compound 3. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.09 (S, IH), 4.26 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 3.12 (T, J = 14.4Hz , 2H), 2.20-2.10 (m, 2H), 1.30 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H); MS m/z = 247.0 [M+H] + .
Step 3: Synthesis of Compound 4
Compound 3 (406.2 g, 1.65 mol, 1 eq) was dissolved in acetonitrile (6 L), then N-bromosuccinimide (1484.2 g, 6.60 mol, 4 eq) was slowly added, and the obtained reaction mixture was at 23 to 25 ° C. The reaction was stirred for 12 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction liquid was concentrated to about 1.0 L. The solid was removed by filtration, and a saturated solution of sodium hydrogensulfite (1 L) was added to the filtrate and stirred for 10 min. Add acid ethyl ester and extract three times, 2L each time. The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure. Petroleum ether (3 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred at 30 ° C for 30 minutes. After filtration, the filter cake was washed 5 times with petroleum ether, 200 mL each time, until no product remained in the filter cake. Combine all the organic phases and spin dry to obtain a crude product. Petroleum ether (100 mL) was added to the crude product, stirred well, filtered, and filtered, and then dried in vacuo. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3) [delta]: 4.24 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.19 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.95 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.17-2.07 (m, 2H), 1.29 (t, J = 7.2 Hz, 3H).
Step 4: Synthesis of Compound 5
Compound 4 (340.21 g, 1.05 mol), cyclopropylboronic acid (108.12 g, 1.26 mol), anhydrous potassium phosphate (444.98 g, 2.10 mol), palladium acetate (12.03 g, 53.58 mmol) and 2-dicyclohexyl Phospho-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (23.86 g, 50.05 mmol) was added to a mixed solvent of toluene and water (10:1, 3.4 L/340 mL), and the reaction flask was replaced with nitrogen. After that, place it in an oil bath. The reaction solution was heated at an internal temperature of 80 ° C, and the reaction was stirred at this temperature for 16 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature, and tris-thiocyanic acid (6.51 g, suspended in ethanol (34 mL)) was added to the reaction mixture and stirred for 0.5 hour. On a similar scale (300.00 g of compound 4), 5 batches were fed in parallel and combined. After filtration, the organic phase was separated and the aqueous phase was extracted with ethyl acetate (250mL). The organic phases were combined and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to yield crude crude oil. After the crude product was allowed to stand for 20 hours, a yellow solid was precipitated, and petroleum ether (3 L) was added thereto and stirred for 1 hour. Filtration and drying of the filter cake in vacuo gave compound 5. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 4.29 (Q, J = 7.2 Hz, 2H), 3.23 (T, J = 6.4Hz, 2H), 3.16 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.18 (m, 2H), 1.95-1.85 (m, 1H), 1.35 (t, J = 6.8 Hz, 3H), 1.09-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.77-0.75 (m, 2H).
Step 5: Synthesis of Compound 6
Compound 5 (619.27 g, 2.16 mol) was added to a mixed solution of ethanol and water (3 L/3 L) of sodium hydroxide (173.55 g, 4.33 mol), and the reaction liquid was heated to an internal temperature of 60 ° C to stir the reaction 3 hour. After the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (750.17 g of compound 5), 1 batch was fed in parallel and combined. The combined reaction solution was extracted with petroleum ether (4 L). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was backwashed twice with water (1.5L x 2). The aqueous phases were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove ethanol. Water was added to the aqueous phase to dilute to 13 L, and then slowly added with dilute hydrochloric acid (3 M) to adjust to pH = 2, and a large amount of pale yellow solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake with water (3.0L x 2). After draining, the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give Compound 6. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 12.79 (brs, IH), 3.23 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 3.07 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.27-2.20 (m, 2H), 2.19-2.02 (m, 1H), 1.09-1.04 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.66 (m, 2H).
Step 6: Synthesis of Compound 7
Compound 6 (641.27 g, 2.48 mol), triethylamine (754.07 g, 7.45 mol) and diphenyl azide (1025.34 g, 3.73 mol) were added to t-butanol (6.5 L) with stirring. The reaction solution was heated in a 100 ° C oil bath for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, it was cooled to room temperature. On a similar scale (650.00 g of compound 6), 4 batches were fed in parallel and combined. The reaction mixture was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove t-butyl alcohol. The remaining black residue was dissolved with ethyl acetate (10L). Dry with an appropriate amount of anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give a crude brown solid. Petroleum ether (8 L) was added to the crude product and stirred for 2 hours. After filtration, the filter cake was rinsed with petroleum ether (1 L) in portions, and the filter cake was vacuum dried in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to obtain Compound 7. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 6.31 (brs, IH), 3.11 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.66 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.23-2.15 (m, 2H) , 1.82-1.75 (m, 1H), 1.51 (s, 9H), 0.94-0.90 (m, 2H), 0.68-0.65 (m, 2H).
Step 7: Synthesis of Compound 8
Compound 7 (1199.17 g, 3.64 mol) was added to ethyl acetate (2 L), and then stirred and then ethyl acetate (4L, 16. The reaction solution was reacted at 15 ° C for 2.5 hours, and then placed in a 40 ° C warm water bath to continue the reaction for 2 hours. After the reaction was completed, a large amount of dark red solid precipitated. Filter and filter cake was rinsed with ethyl acetate (2.0 L). The filter cake was dried under vacuum in a vacuum oven at 60 ° C to give compound 8. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-D . 6 ) [delta]: 3.17 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.82 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.25-2.15 (m, 2H), 2.00-1.94 ( m, 1H), 0.99-0.95 (m, 2H), 0.58-0.54 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 229.8 [M+H-HCl] + .
Step 8: Synthesis of Compound 9
In a 3 L three-necked flask, Compound 8 (301.25 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (600 mL), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Diisopropylethylamine (635.72 g) was added dropwise, and after completion of the dropwise addition, the ice water bath was removed, and the mixture was stirred at an internal temperature of 10 to 15 ° C for about 10 minutes. Filter and filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (100 mL x 2). The filtrates were combined to give a solution A for use.
Tetrahydrofuran (2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask containing thiophosgene (257.48 g). The mixture was stirred and cooled to an internal temperature of 0 to 10 ° C in an ice water bath, and the solution A was slowly added dropwise thereto, and the dropwise addition was completed within about 5.5 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, it was filtered, and the filter cake was washed with tetrahydrofuran (150 mL × 2). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to remove solvent. Tetrahydrofuran (400 mL) was added to the residue, which was dissolved to give a solution B.
The hydrazine hydrate (112.94 g) was added to tetrahydrofuran (2.5 L), and the mixture was cooled to an internal temperature of 5 to 10 ° C under ice-cooling. Solution B was added dropwise, and the addition was completed for about 2 hours, and stirring was continued for 10 minutes. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The ice water bath was removed, N,N-dimethylformamide dimethyl acetal (333.45 g) was added, and the mixture was heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was stopped after the heat retention reaction for 3 hours.
The reaction solution was dried to dryness, and ethyl acetate (2 L) and purified water (1L) were added to the residue, and the mixture was stirred. The pH was adjusted to 5-6 with 10% hydrobromic acid, stirring was continued for 5 minutes, and allowed to stand for 10 minutes. Dispense and separate the aqueous phase. The organic phase was washed with pure water (500 mL x 2). The combined aqueous phases were extracted with EtOAc (1 mL). The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to dryness. n-Heptane (2.0 L) and tert-butyl methyl ether (150 mL) were added to the crude product, and the mixture was stirred ( stirring speed 550 rpm) for 18 hours. Filter and filter cake was washed with n-heptane (150 mL). The filter cake was collected and the filter cake was dried under vacuum at 60 ° C to give compound 9. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 7.82 (S, IH), 3.20 (T, J = 14.8 Hz, 2H), 2.74 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.28-2.10 (m, 2H) , 1.98-1.82 (m, 1H), 1.06-1.02 (m, 2H), 0.75-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 313.9 [M+H] + .
Step 9: Synthesis of Compound 10
Acetonitrile (3 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Compound 9 (303.25 g) and potassium carbonate (261.83 g) were added first with stirring. Further, methyl 2-bromoisobutyrate (203.85 g) was added, and the reaction system was replaced with nitrogen, and then heated to an internal temperature of 60 to 65 ° C, and the reaction was kept for about 2 hours. After the completion of the reaction, the heating was stopped, and the mixture was naturally cooled to 15 to 20 ° C under stirring. Filter and filter cake was washed with ethyl acetate (100 mL x 3). The filtrate was combined and concentrated under reduced pressure to dryness. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (mobile phase: ethyl acetate / n-heptane = 1:5 to 2:1). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 8.20 (S, IH), 3.68 (S, 3H), 3.19 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.57 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.22 -2.12 (m, 2H), 1.93-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.67 (s, 6H), 1.08-1.03 (m, 2H), 0.73-0.69 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 414.0 [M +H] + .
Step 10: Synthesis of Compound 11
Acetonitrile (3.17 L) was placed in a 5 L three-necked flask. Under stirring, compound 10 (317.22 g) and thiocarbonyldiimidazole (26.94 g) were added, and the mixture was stirred at 16 to 20 ° C for 5 minutes. N-bromosuccinimide (158.60 g) was added and stirred for about 30 minutes with heat. After the reaction was over, the reaction was stopped. Filtration and concentration of the filtrate under reduced pressure afforded crude crude. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (EtOAc:EtOAc:EtOAc This crude product was dissolved in ethyl acetate (3.50 L) and washed with purified water (700 mL×4). The organic phase was separated and the organic phase was dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The desiccant was removed by filtration, and the filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give Compound 11. . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3 . 3 ) [delta]: 3.73 (S, 3H), 3.22 (T, J = 14.4Hz, 2H), 2.53 (T, J = 6.8Hz, 2H), 2.24-2.14 (m, 2H) , 1.95-1.91 (m, 1H), 1.71 (d, J = 4.4 Hz, 6H), 1.11-1.07 (m, 2H), 0.78-0.74 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 491.7 [M+H ] + ,493.7[M+H+2] + .
Step 11: Synthesis of a compound of formula (I)
Tetrahydrofuran (1.2 L) was added to a 5 L reaction flask, and Compound 11 (243.03 g) was added with stirring. After the solution was dissolved, pure water (1.2 L) was added, and then lithium hydroxide monohydrate (125.46 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at 20 to 25 ° C for about 2.5 hours. After the reaction was completed, the reaction was stopped. The reaction solution was concentrated under reduced pressure at 40 ° C to remove organic solvent. Pure water (1 L) was added to the residue, and the mixture was extracted with t-butyl methyl ether (300 mL). The aqueous phase was placed in a 10 L three-necked flask and cooled to 5 to 10 ° C in an ice bath. The pH was adjusted to 2 to 3 with a 40% hydrobromic acid solution, and a large amount of a pale yellow solid precipitated. Stirring was continued for 30 minutes, and the pH was again measured to be 2-3. Stirring was continued for 20 minutes and filtered. The filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL x 3). The filter cake was collected, pure water (1500 mL) was added, and the mixture was beaten at room temperature for 1 hour. After filtration, the filter cake was washed with pure water (150 mL × 2), and the filter cake was collected and dried under vacuum at 40 ° C for 3 hours to obtain a compound of the formula (I). . 1 H NMR (400 MHz, the CD . 3 the OD) [delta]: 3.27 (T, J = 15.6Hz, 2H), 2.60-2.47 (m, 2H), 2.27-2.17 (m, 2H), 2.10-2.03 (m, IH) , 1.68 (d, J = 1.2 Hz, 6H), 1.15.10.10 (m, 2H), 0.80-0.71 (m, 2H); MS m/z = 477.99 [M+H] + , 480.1 [M+H+ 2] + .
Example 2: Preparation of Form A of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and methanol (0.4 mL) was added thereto, followed by stirring to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, and ethyl acetate (0.4 mL) was added and stirred to a suspension or a solution. The suspension sample was placed in a thermomixer (40 ° C), shaken at 40 ° C for 60 hours, and then centrifuged to collect a sample. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The above sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystal form of the final product having a crystalline form of the compound of the formula (I).
Example 3: Preparation of Form B of Compound of Formula (I)
The compound of the formula (I) (50 mg) was added to a glass bottle, tetrahydrofuran (0.4 mL) was added, and the mixture was stirred to dissolve. The above-mentioned lysed sample was volatilized at room temperature, centrifuged, and the sample was collected. The collected sample was dried in a vacuum oven (40 ° C) overnight, and its crystalline form was examined by XRPD to obtain a crystalline form of the final product in the form of Form B of the compound of formula (I).
Example 4: Solubility test of Form A of the compound of formula (I)
1. Preparation of diluent and mobile phase
Diluent: Accurately measure 300mL of pure water and 100mL of pure acetonitrile, mix in a 1L glass bottle, ultrasonic degassing for 10 minutes and then set aside.
Mobile phase A: 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution

For example, remove 2.0 mL of phosphoric acid into 2000 mL of water, sonicate for 10 minutes, mix, and let cool to room temperature as mobile phase A.

Mobile phase B: acetonitrile.
2. Preparation of the reference solution (using the A crystal form itself as a control sample)
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-1.
Accurately weigh 5 mg of Form A, place it in a sample vial, add 10 mL of diluent, sonicate for 5 minutes, then cool to room temperature and mix well, and mark it as working reference solution STD-2.
3. Preparation of linear solution
The above working reference solution STD-1 was diluted 1 time, 10 times, 100 times, 1000 times and 2000 times, and recorded as linear solutions L1, L2, L3, L4 and L5.
4. Solubility test
Accurately weigh 6mg of A crystal form into 8mL glass bottle, then accurately add 3mL different solvent (0.1N hydrochloric acid solution, 0.01N hydrochloric acid solution, purified water, pH3.8 buffer solution, pH4.5 buffer solution, pH5 .5 buffer solution, pH 6.0 buffer solution, pH 7.4 buffer solution, pH 6.8 buffer solution), made into a suspension. A stir bar was added to the above suspension, and the mixture was thoroughly stirred at 37 ° C in the dark. After stirring, the solids in the pH 7.4 buffer solution and the pH 6.8 buffer solution were all dissolved, and 6 mg of the A crystal form was accurately weighed, added to the buffer solution, and thoroughly stirred again to prepare a suspension. After stirring for 4 hours and 24 hours, the sample was centrifuged, and the solution was filtered through a filter and the concentration thereof was measured by HPLC. The HPLC analysis method is shown in Table 3.
Table 3: HPLC analysis methods

////////////CS-3001, BB 7, VX 033, CHINA, PRECLINICAL, CStone Pharmaceuticals, URAT1 inhibitor,  hyperuricemia, gout

O=C(O)C(C)(C)Sc4nnc(Br)n4c2sc(c1CC(F)(F)CCc12)C3CC3

TL 487


str1

TL-487

CAS  1469746-55-1
2-Butenamide, N-[3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-, (2E)-
Molecular Weight, 507.58, MF C30 H29 N5 O3

Teligene Inc(2E)-N-[3-Cyano-7-ethoxy-4-[(4-phenoxyphenyl)amino]-6-quinolinyl]-4-(dimethylamino)-2-butenamide

(E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide

Maleate in anhydrous or monohydrate CAS, 2326561-36-6, AND 2326561-38-8 form are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer

Useful for treating breast cancer, ovary cancer and colon cancer. are BTK and HER-2 kinase inhibitor useful for treating cancer.

Anticancer protein kinase inhibitor

The compound was originally claimed in WO2013152135 , and may provide the structure of TL-487 , a small molecule inhibitor to HERs, being investigated by Teligene for the treatment of breast cancer; in July 2016, the company intended to develop the product as a class 1.1 chemical drug in China.

PATENT

US 20150057312

PATENT

WO2013152135

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2013152135&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION&queryString=%28ET%2Fkinase%29+&recNum=8&maxRec=4574

PATENT

WO-2019096327

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019096327&redirectedID=true

Novel crystalline maleate salt of (E)-N-(3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4-((4-phenoxyphenyl)amino)quinolin-6-yl)-4-(dimethylamino)but-2-enamide (first disclosed in WO2013152135) and its hydrates (monohydrate) and anhydrates, process for its preparation, composition comprising it and its use for treating cancers such as breast cancer, ovary cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, kidney cancer, bladder cancer, stomach cancer, lung cancer, mantle cell lymphoma and multiple myeloma are claimed. The compound is disclosed to be an irreversible inhibitor to BTK and Her-2 (also known as Erb-2 or neu).

(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide is mentioned in WO2013152135 and corresponds to the compound of the Formula I:
Formula I
Compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline have been shown to have anti-tumor activity, which may make them useful as chemotherapeutic agents in treating various cancers, including but not limited to, pancreatic cancer, melanoma, lymphatic cancer, parotid tumors, Barrett’s esophagus, esophageal carcinomas, head and neck tumors, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, epidermoid tumors, cancers of major organs, such as kidney, bladder, larynx, stomach, and lung, colonic polyps and colorectal cancer and prostate cancer. Examples of compounds derived from 3-cyanoquinoline are disclosed and shown to possess anti-tumor activity in many literatures. One limitation of certain 3-cyanoquinoline compounds is that they are not water soluble in a free base form.
The crystalline form of a particular drug as a salt, a hydrate and/or any polymorph thereof is often one important determinant of the drug’s ease of preparation, stability, water solubility, storage stability, ease of formulation and in-vivo pharmacology. It is possible that one crystalline form is preferable over another where certain aspects such as ease of preparation, stability, water solubility and/or superior pharmacokinetics are deemed to be critical. Crystalline forms of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide salts that possess a higher degree of water solubility than the free base but are stable fulfill an unmet need for stable, crystalline, water-solubl
Example 1. (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide sulfate
95%ethanol (4.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed sulfuric acid (101.9 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. Then an amount of precipitate was founded. Another 95% (60 ml) was added to the reaction mixture and the reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was heated to 70℃ again. Then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and The reaction mixture was crystallized at -10℃ for 41.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (260 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound as FIG. 9.
Example 2. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide hydrochloride
95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , followed hydrochloric acid (38.0 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) in 95%ethanol (1.0 ml) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 44.5h. Filtered the precipitated solid and dried at 40℃ under vacuum for 1 hour to get the title compound (96 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 6.
Example 3. Synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide malate
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , L-malic acid (139.4 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) was added to a 50 ml round-bottom flask. The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45.5h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target (370 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an amorphous structure to the compound in FIG. 8
Example 4: synthesis of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide citrate
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (500 mg, 0.99 mmol, 1.0 eq) , citric acid (198.8 mg, 1.04 mmol, 1.05 eq) and 95%ethanol (5.0 ml) . The reaction mixture was heated to 70℃. Filtered and the filtrate was crystallized under -10℃ for 45h. A little of precipitate was founded and then the reaction mixture was evaporated under vacuum at 40℃ to give the target compound (610 mg) as a yellow solid.
X-ray detection shows an crystalline structure to the compound in FIG. 7.
Example 5: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
(E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide free base (0.091 kg) is rinsed with a 10%solution of USP purified water in n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) followed by the addition of water: n-propanol solution (0.74 kg, 0.90 L) . Maleic acid is added (1.01 equiv) and the mixture is rinsed with 10%water: n-propanol (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The mixture is quickly heated to 50-60 ℃ and held for a minimum of 15 min. until a solution is obtained. The hot solution is clarified through a pre-heated 50-60 ℃, 0.2 Mm filter cartridge and the filtrates are collected in a preheated 45-55℃, 2 L multi-neck flask. The filter cartridge is rinsed through with 10%water: n-propanol pre-heated to 45-55 ℃ (0.082 kg, 0.10 L) . The solution is cooled over at least one hour to 40 ℃ and held at that temperature for 12 hours then cooled to room temperature (25 ℃) over a minimum of four hours and held at that temperature for at least two hours. The mixture is filtered on a 12.5 cm diameter Buchner funnel for 5 min., then rinsed and washed with prefiltered10%water: n-propanol solution (2 x 0.12 kg, 2 x 0.15 L) . The cake is dammed and suction maintained until dripping essentially stops, about 1 h.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 1.
Example 6: The product from Example 1 is dried (50 ℃, 10 mm Hg, 24 h) to give crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
PXRD is shown in FIG. 3.
Example 7: Preparation of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate monohydrate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (38.0 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) and n-propanol/H 2O (380 ml, V: V=9: 1) . maleic acid (8.7 g, 75.0 mmol, 1.0 eq) in n-propanol/H 2O (76 ml, V: V=9: 1) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixturewas heated to 65 ℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20 hours. Filtered and filtrate was evaporated under vacuum to get the crude product.
The crude product (14.0 g) was recrystallized in n-propanol/H 2O (240 ml, V: V=9: 1) at 70℃. The solid was dissolved completely, then the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and stand for 20.5 hours. Filtered and wash the cake with n-propanol/H 2O (20 ml, V: V=9: 1) to get target product (12.9 g, wet) .
PXRD as FIG. 1.
Example 8: crystalline, anhydrous (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide maleate.
To a solution of (E) -N- (3-cyano-7-ethoxy-4- ( (4-phenoxyphenyl) amino) quinolin-6-yl) -4- (dimethylamino) but-2-enamide (21.5 g, 42.4 mmol, 1.0 eq) and ethanol (300 ml) . maleic acid (5.2 g, 44.8 mmol, 1.05 eq) was added to the reaction mixture. An amount of precipitate was founded, then the reaction mixture was heated to 70 ℃. Another ethanol (1980 ml) was added to the reaction mixture in several times and the reaction temperature was keep at 70 ℃. Filtered and filtrate was cooled to room temperature, stop stirring and stand for 16-20 hours. Filtered and the solid was dried at room temperature for 24 hours to get the title compound.

///////////////TL-487, PRECLINICAL, CHINA, breast cancer, ovary cancer, olon cancer,  BTK, HER-2 kinase inhibitor,

CN(C)C\C=C\C(=O)Nc3cc4c(Nc2ccc(Oc1ccccc1)cc2)c(cnc4cc3OCC)C#N

Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate, ナルメフェン塩酸塩水和物 ,


1228646-70-5.png

Nalmefene sceletal.svg

str1

Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate, ナルメフェン塩酸塩水和物

2019/1/8, PMDA, JAPAN, Selincro,

In January 2019, Otsuka received regulatory approval in Japan

Antialcohol dependence, Narcotic antagonist, Opioid receptor partial agonist/antagonist

Morphinan-3,14-diol, 17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5-epoxy-6-methylene-, hydrochloride, hydrate (1:1:2), (5α)-

Formula
C21H25NO3. HCl. 2H2O
CAS
1228646-70-5
5096-26-9 free form
58895-64-0 (Nalmefene HCl)
Mol weight
411.9196

JF-1; NIH-10365; ORF-11676; SRD-174, Lu-AA36143

APPROVED 1995 USA

Trade Name:Revex®   MOA:Opioid receptor antagonist     Indication:Respiratory depression

Company:Baxter (Originator)

17- (cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5-alpha-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol

(5α)-17-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol;

(-)-Nalmefene;

6-Deoxo-6-methylenenaltrexone; 6-Desoxy-6-methylenenaltrexone;

JF 1; Nalmetrene; ORF 11676;

CHINA 2013

Approval Date Approval Type Trade Name Indication Dosage Form Strength Company Review Classification
2013-11-13 Marketing approval Respiratory depression Injection 1 ml:0.1 mg 灵宝市豫西药业 3.1类
2013-09-22 Marketing approval 抒纳 Respiratory depression Injection 1 ml:0.1 mg(以纳美芬计) 辽宁海思科制药 3.1类
2013-08-02 Marketing approval 乐萌 Respiratory depression Injection 1 ml:0.1 mg 成都天台山制药 3.1类
2012-12-31 Marketing approval Respiratory depression Injection 1 ml:0.1 mg (以C21H25NO3计) 北京四环制药
2012-05-15 Marketing approval Respiratory depression Injection 1 ml:0.1 mg 西安利君制药

EMA  LINK

In February 2013, EC approval in all EU member states was granted for the reduction of alcohol consumption in adults with alcohol dependence

str1

Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate is a white or almost white crystalline powder. The chemical name is 17-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5-α-epoxy-6-methylene-morphinan-3,14-diol hydrochloride dihydrate, has the following molecular formula C21H25NO3 ⋅ HCl ⋅ 2 H2O

Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate is very soluble in water and is not hygroscopic. Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate is a chiral compound, containing 4 asymmetric carbon atoms. Only one crystal form of Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate has been identified. Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate does not melt, but becomes amorphous after dehydration.

The structure of nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate was demonstrated by elemental analysis, IR, UV/Vis, 1 H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectroscopy as well as MS spectrometry. Its crystal structure was analysed by X-ray diffraction and specific optical rotation was determined. It has been shown that no polymorphic forms were observed.

PATENTS AND GENERICS

The original product patent was based on US 03814768 which expired in 1991. However, a number of patents cover formulations and use. Lundbeck and Biotie have a family based on WO 2010063292 which claims novel crystal forms and hydrate salts, in particular Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate, and their use in alcohol dependence.  There are European and US patents granted on this EP 02300479 will expire December 2029 and US-08530495 will expire August 2030.

Nalmefene hydrochloride was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on Apr 17, 1995. It was developed and marketed asRevex® by Baxterin in the US.
Nalmefene  is an opioid receptor antagonist. It acts as a silent antagonist of the μ-opioid receptor and as a partial agonist of the κ-opioid receptor, it also possesses affinity for the δ-opioid receptor. Revex® is indicated for the complete or partial reversal of opioid drug effects, including respiratory depression, induced by either natural or synthetic opioids. It is also indicated in the management of known or suspected opioid overdose.

Revex® is available as a sterile solution for intravenous, intramuscular and subcutaneous administration in two concentrations, containing 100 μg or 1.0 mg of nalmefene free base per mL. The recommended dose is initiating at 0.25 μg/kg followed by 0.25 μg/kg incremental doses at 2-5 minute intervals for reversal of postoperative opioid depression, stopping as soon as the desired degree of opioid reversal is obtained.

Nalmefene (trade name Selincro), originally known as nalmetrene, is an opioid antagonist used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence. It has also been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such as pathological gambling.[1]

Nalmefene is an opiate derivative similar in both structure and activity to the opioid antagonist naltrexone. Advantages of nalmefene relative to naltrexone include longer half-life, greater oral bioavailability and no observed dose-dependent liver toxicity.[2]

As with other drugs of this type, nalmefene may precipitate acute withdrawal symptoms in patients who are dependent on opioid drugs, or more rarely when used post-operatively, to counteract the effects of strong opioids used in surgery.

Medical uses

Opioid overdose

Intravenous doses of nalmefene have been shown effective at counteracting the respiratory depression produced by opioid overdose.[3]

This is not the usual application for this drug, for two reasons:

  • The half-life of nalmefene is longer than that of naloxone. One might have thought this would make it useful for treating overdose involving long-acting opioids: it would require less frequent dosing, and hence reduce the likelihood of renarcotization as the antagonist wears off. But, in fact, the use of nalmefene is not recommended in such situations. Unfortunately, opioid-dependent patients may go home and use excessive doses of opioids in order to overcome nalmefene’s opioid blockade and to relieve the discomfort of opioid withdrawal. Such large doses of opioids may be fatal. This is why naloxone (a shorter-acting drug) is normally a better choice for overdose reversal.[4]
  • In addition, injectable nalmefene is no longer available on the market.

When nalmefene is used to treat an opioid overdose, doses of nalmefene greater than 1.5 mg do not appear to give any greater benefit than doses of only 1.5 mg.

Alcohol dependence

Nalmefene is used in Europe to reduce alcohol dependence[5] and NICE recommends the use of nalmefene to reduce alcohol consumption in combination with psychological support for people who drink heavily.[6]

Based on a meta analysis, the usefulness of nalmefene for alcohol dependence is unclear.[7] Nalmefene, in combination with psychosocial management, may decrease the amount of alcohol drunk by people who are alcohol dependent.[7][8] The medication may also be taken “as needed”, when a person feels the urge to consume alcohol.[8]

Side effects

The following adverse effects have been reported with nalmefene:

Very Common (≥1⁄10)[edit]

  • Insomnia
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Nausea

Common (≥1⁄100 to <1/10)[edit]

  • Decreased appetite
  • Sleep disorder
  • Confusional state
  • Restlessness
  • Libido decreased (including loss of libido)
  • Somnolence
  • Tremor
  • Disturbance in attention
  • Paraesthesia
  • Hypoaesthesia
  • Tachycardia
  • Palpitations
  • Vomiting
  • Dry mouth
  • Diarrhoea
  • Hyperhidrosis
  • Muscle spasms
  • Fatigue
  • Asthenia
  • Malaise
  • Feeling abnormal
  • Weight decreased

The majority of these reactions were mild or moderate, associated with treatment initiation, and of short duration.[9]

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics

Nalmefene acts as a silent antagonist of the μ-opioid receptor (MOR) (Ki = 0.24 nM) and as a weak partial agonist (Ki = 0.083 nM; Emax = 20–30%) of the κ-opioid receptor (KOR), with similar affinity for these two receptors but a several-fold preference for the KOR.[10]

[11][12] In vivo evidence indicative of KOR activation, such as elevation of serum prolactin levels due to dopamine suppression and increased hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axisactivation via enhanced adrenocorticotropic hormone and cortisol secretion, has been observed in humans and animals.[10][13] Side effects typical of KOR activation such as hallucinations and dissociation have also been observed with nalmefene in human studies.[14] It is thought that the KOR activation of nalmefene might produce dysphoria and anxiety.[15] In addition to MOR and KOR binding, nalmefene also possesses some, albeit far lower affinity for the δ-opioid receptor (DOR) (Ki = 16 nM), where it behaves as an antagonist.[10][12][16]

Nalmefene is structurally related to naltrexone and differs from it by substitution of the ketone group at the 6-position of naltrexone with a methylene group (CH2). It binds to the MOR with similar affinity relative to naltrexone, but binds “somewhat more avidly” to the KOR and DOR in comparison.[10][13]

Pharmacokinetics

Nalmefene is extensively metabolized in the liver, mainly by conjugation with glucuronic acid and also by N-dealkylation. Less than 5% of the dose is excreted unchanged. The glucuronide metabolite is entirely inactive, while the N-dealkylated metabolite has minimal pharmacological activity.[citation needed]

Chemistry

Nalmefene is a derivative of naltrexone and was first reported in 1975.[17]

Society and culture

United States

In the US, immediate-release injectable nalmefene was approved in 1995 as an antidote for opioid overdose. It was sold under the trade name Revex. The product was discontinued by its manufacturer around 2008.[18][19] Perhaps, due to its price, it never sold well. (See § Opioid overdose, above.)

Nalmefene in pill form, which is used to treat alcohol dependence and other addictive behaviors, has never been sold in the United States.[2]

Europe

Lundbeck has licensed nalmefene from Biotie Therapies and performed clinical trials with nalmefene for treatment of alcohol dependence.[20] In 2011 they submitted an application for their drug termed Selincro to the European Medicines Agency.[21] The drug was approved for use in the EU in March 2013.[22] and in October 2013 Scotland became the first country in the EU to prescribe the drug for alcohol dependence.[23] England followed Scotland by offering the substance as a treatment for problem drinking in October 2014.[24] In November 2014 nalmefene was appraised and approved as a treatment supplied by Britain’s National Health Service (NHS) for reducing alcohol consumption in people with alcohol dependence.[25]

Research

Nalmefene is a partial agonist of the κ-opioid receptor and may be useful to treat cocaine addiction.[26]

SYN

Nalmefene (CAS NO.: 55096-26-9), with its systematic name of Morphinan-3,14-diol, 17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5-epoxy-6-methylene-, (5alpha)-, could be produced through many synthetic methods.

Following is one of the synthesis routes:
By a Wittig reaction at naltrexone (I) with triphenylmethylphosphonium bromide (II) in DMSO in the presence of NaH as base.

Image result for nalmefene synthesis

PAPER

JMed. Chem197518, 259-262

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/jm00237a008

PATENT

WO 2010136039

PATENT

US 3814768

Mol. Formula:   C21H25NO3
Appearance:   Off-White to Pale Yellow Solid
Melting Point:   182-185˚C
Mol. Weight:   339.43

Nalmefene (trade name Selincro), originally known as nalmetrene, is an opioid receptor antagonist developed in the early 1970s,[1] and used primarily in the management of alcohol dependence, and also has been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such as pathological gambling and addiction to shopping.

Nalmefene is an opiate derivative similar in both structure and activity to the opiate antagonist naltrexone. Advantages of nalmefene relative to naltrexone include longer half-life, greater oral bioavailability and no observed dose-dependent liver toxicity. As with other drugs of this type, nalmefene can precipitate acute withdrawal symptoms in patients who are dependent on opioid drugs, or more rarely when used post-operatively to counteract the effects of strong opioids used in surgery.

Nalmefene differs from naltrexone by substitution of the ketone group at the 6-position of naltrexone with a methylene group (CH2), which considerably increases binding affinity to the μ-opioid receptor. Nalmefene also has high affinity for the other opioid receptors, and is known as a “universal antagonist” for its ability to block all three.

In clinical trials using this drug, doses used for treating alcoholism were in the range of 20–80 mg per day, orally.[2] The doses tested for treating pathological gambling were between 25–100 mg per day.[3] In both trials, there was little difference in efficacy between the lower and higher dosage regimes, and the lower dose (20 and 25 mg, respectively) was the best tolerated, with similar therapeutic efficacy to the higher doses and less side effects. Nalmefene is thus around twice as potent as naltrexone when used for the treatment of addictions.

Intravenous doses of nalmefene at between 0.5 to 1 milligram have been shown effective at counteracting the respiratory depression produced by opiate overdose,[4] although this is not the usual application for this drug as naloxone is less expensive.

Doses of nalmefene greater than 1.5 mg do not appear to give any greater benefit in this application. Nalmefene’s longer half-life might however make it useful for treating overdose involving longer acting opioids such as methadone, as it would require less frequent dosing and hence reduce the likelihood of renarcotization as the antagonist wears off.

Nalmefene is extensively metabolised in the liver, mainly by conjugation with glucuronic acid and also by N-dealkylation. Less than 5% of the dose is excreted unchanged. The glucuronide metabolite is entirely inactive, while the N-dealkylated metabolite has minimal pharmacological activity.

Lundbeck has licensed the drug from Biotie Therapies and performed clinical trials with nalmefene for treatment of alcohol dependence.[5] In 2011 they submitted an application for their drug termed Selincro to the European Medicines Agency.[6] It has not been available on the US market since at least August 2008.[citation needed]

Side effects

Properties

  • Soluble in water up to 130 mg/mL, soluble in chloroform up to 0.13 mg/mL
  • pKa 7.6
  • Distribution half-life: 41 minutes

Nalmefene is a known opioid receptor antagonist which can inhibit pharmacological effects of both administered opioid agonists and endogenous agonists deriving from the opioid system. The clinical usefulness of nalmefene as antagonist comes from its ability to promptly (and selectively) reverse the effects of these opioid agonists, including the frequently observed depressions in the central nervous system and the respiratory system.

Nalmefene has primarily been developed as the hydrochloride salt for use in the management of alcohol dependency, where it has shown good effect in doses of 10 to 40 mg taken when the patient experiences a craving for alcohol (Karhuvaara et al, Alcohol. Clin. Exp. Res., (2007), Vol. 31 No. 7. pp 1179-1187). Additionally, nalmefene has also been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such as pathological gambling and addiction to shopping. In testing the drug in these developmental programs, nalmefene has been used, for example, in the form of parental solution (Revex™).

Nalmefene is an opiate derivative quite similar in structure to the opiate antagonist naltrexone. Advantages of nalmefene compared to naltrexone include longer half- life, greater oral bioavailability and no observed dose-dependent liver toxicity. Nalmefene differs structurally from naltrexone in that the ketone group at the 6- position of naltrexone is replaced by a methylene (CH2) group, which considerably increases binding affinity to the μ-opioid receptor. Nalmefene also has high affinity for the other opioid receptors (K and δ receptors) and is known as a “universal antagonist” as a result of its ability to block all three receptor types.

Nalmefene can be produced from naltrexone by the Wittig reaction. The Wittig reaction is a well known method within the art for the synthetic preparation of olefins (Georg Wittig, Ulrich Schόllkopf (1954). “Uber Triphenyl-phosphin- methylene ah olefinbildende Reagenzien I”. Chemische Berichte 87: 1318), and has been widely used in organic synthesis.

The procedure in the Wittig reaction can be divided into two steps. In the first step, a phosphorus ylide is prepared by treating a suitable phosphonium salt with a base. In the second step the ylide is reacted with a substrate containing a carbonyl group to give the desired alkene.

The preparation of nalmefene by the Wittig reaction has previously been disclosed by Hahn and Fishman (J. Med. Chem. 1975, 18, 259-262). In their method, naltrexone is reacted with the ylide methylene triphenylphosphorane, which is prepared by treating methyl triphenylphosphonium bromide with sodium hydride (NaH) in DMSO. An excess of about 60 equivalents of the ylide is employed in the preparation of nalmefene by this procedure.

For industrial application purposes, the method disclosed by Hahn and Fishman has the disadvantage of using a large excess of ylide, such that very large amounts phosphorus by-products have to be removed before nalmefene can be obtained in pure form. Furthermore, the NaH used to prepare the ylide is difficult to handle on an industrial scale as it is highly flammable. The use of NaH in DMSO is also well known by the skilled person to give rise to unwanted runaway reactions. The Wittig reaction procedure described by Hahn and Fishman gives nalmefene in the form of the free base. The free base is finally isolated by chromatography, which may be not ideal for industrial applications.

US 4,535,157 also describes the preparation of nalmefene by use of the Wittig reaction. In the method disclosed therein the preparation of the ylide methylene triphenylphosphorane is carried out by using tetrahydrofuran (THF) as solvent and potassium tert-butoxidc (KO-t-Bu) as base. About 3 equivalents of the ylide are employed in the described procedure.

Although the procedure disclosed in US 4,535,157 avoids the use of NaH and a large amount of ylide, the method still has some drawbacks which limit its applicability on an industrial scale. In particular, the use of THF as solvent in a Wittig reaction is disadvantageous because of the water miscibility of THF. During the aqueous work-up much of the end product (nalmefene) may be lost in the aqueous phases unless multiple re-extractions are performed with a solvent which is not miscible with water.

Furthermore, in the method described in US 4,535,157, multiple purification steps are carried out in order to remove phosphine oxide by-products of the Wittig reaction. These purification steps require huge amounts of solvents, which is both uneconomical and labor extensive requiring when running the reaction on an industrial scale. As in the case of the Wittig reaction procedure described by Hahn and Fishman (see above) the Wittig reaction procedure disclosed in US 4,535,157 also yields nalmefene as the free base, such that an additional step is required to prepare the final pharmaceutical salt form, i.e. the hydrochloride, from the isolated nalmefene base.

US 4,751,307 also describes the preparation of nalmefene by use of the Wittig reaction. Disclosed is a method wherein the synthesis is performed using anisole (methoxybenzene) as solvent and KO-t-Bu as base. About 4 equivalents of the ylide methylene triphenylphosphorane were employed in this reaction. The product was isolated by extraction in water at acidic pHs and then precipitating at basic pHs giving nalmefene as base.

Even though the isolation procedure for nalmefene as free base is simplified, it still has some disadvantages. The inventors of the present invention repeated the method disclosed in US 4,751,307 and found that the removal of phosphine oxide by-products was not efficient. These impurities co-precipitate with the nalmefene during basifϊcation, yielding a product still contaminated with phosphorus byproducts and having, as a consequence, a low chemical purity, as illustrated in example 2 herein.

There is therefore a need within the field to improve the method of producing nalmefene by the Wittig reaction. In particular, there is a need for a method that is readily applicable on a large industrial scale and which avoids the use of water- miscible solvents, such as THF, in the Wittig reaction, and permits easy isolation of nalmefene in a pure form suitable for its transformation to the final pharmaceutical salt form.

………………………………..

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2435439A1?cl=en

present invention the Wittig reaction may be performed by mixing a methyltriphenylphosphonium salt with 2- methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF) and a suitable base to afford the ylide methylene triphenylphosphorane :

Figure imgf000007_0001

Methyltriphenylphosphonium salt Methylene triphenylphosphorane Yhde

The preformed ylide is subsequently reacted ‘in situ’ with naltrexone to give nalmefene and triphenylphosphine oxide (TPPO):

Figure imgf000007_0002

Naltrexone Yhde    Nalmefene TPPO

Example 1 Methyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (MTPPB, 25.8 Kg) was suspended in 2- methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF, 56 litres). Keeping the temperature in the range 20-250C, KO-t-Bu (8.8 kg) was charged in portions under inert atmosphere in one hour. The suspension turned yellow and was stirred further for two hours. An anhydrous solution of naltrexone (8.0 Kg) in MTHF (32 litres) was then added over a period of one hour at 20-250C. The suspension was maintained under stirring for a few hours to complete the reaction. The mixture was then treated with a solution of ammonium chloride (4.2 Kg) in water (30.4 litres) and then further diluted with water (30.4 litres). The phases were separated, the lower aqueous phase was discarded and the organic phase was washed twice with water (16 litres). The organic phase was concentrated to residue under vacuum and then diluted with dichloromethane (40 litres) to give a clear solution. Concentrated aqueous hydrochloric acid (HCl 37%, 2 litres) was added over one hour at 20- 250C. The suspension was stirred for at least three hours at the same temperature, and then filtered and washed with dichloromethane (8 litres) and then with acetone (16 litres). The solid was then re-suspended in dichloromethane (32 litres) at 20-250C for a few hours and then filtered and washed with dichloromethane (16 litres), affording 9.20 Kg of nalmefene hydrochloride, corresponding to 7.76 kg of nalmefene hydrochloride (99.7% pure by HPLC). Molar yield 89%.

HPLC Chromatographic conditions

Column: Zorbax Eclipse XDB C-18, 5 μm, 150 x 4.6 mm or equivalent Mobile Phase A: Acetonitrile / Buffer pH = 2.3 10 / 90

Mobile Phase B: Acetonitrile / Buffer pH = 2.3 45 / 55

Buffer: Dissolve 1.1 g of Sodium Octansulfonate in 1 L of water. Adjust the pH to 2.3 with diluted

H3PO4. Column Temperature: 35°C

Detector: UV at 230 nm

Flow: 1.2 ml/min

Injection volume: 10 μl

Time of Analysis: 55 minutes

Figure imgf000019_0001

Example 2

The procedure described in US 4,751,307 was repeated, starting from 1Og of naltrexone and yielding 8.5g of nalmefene. The isolated product showed the presence of phosphine oxides by-products above 15% molar as judged by 1HNMR.

Example 3.

Methyltriphenylphosphonium bromide (MTPPB, 112.9g) was suspended in 2- methyltetrahydrofuran (MTHF, 245 ml). Keeping the temperature in the range 20- 25°C, KO-t-Bu (38.7 g) was charged in portions under inert atmosphere in one hour. The suspension was stirred for two hours. An anhydrous solution of naltrexone (35 g) in MTHF (144 ml) was then added over a period of one hour at 20-250C. The suspension was maintained under stirring overnight. The mixture was then treated with a solution of glacial acetic acid (17.7 g) in MTHF. Water was then added and the pH was adjusted to 9-10. The phases were separated, the lower aqueous phase was discarded and the organic phase was washed twice with water. The organic phase was concentrated to residue under vacuum and then diluted with dichloromethane (175 ml) to give a clear solution. Concentrated aqueous hydrochloric acid (HCl 37%, 10. Ig) was added over one hour at 20- 25°C. The suspension was stirred and then filtered and washed with dichloromethane and acetone. The product was dried affording 38.1g of Nalmefene HCl. Example 4

Example 3 was repeated but the Wittig reaction mixture after olefmation completeness was treated with acetone and then with an aqueous solution of ammonium chloride. After phase separation, washings, distillation and dilution with dichloromethane, the product was precipitated as hydrochloride salt using HCl 37%. The solid was filtered and dried affording 37.6 g of Nalmefene HCl.

Example 5 Preparation of Nalmefene HCl dihydrate from Nalmefene HCl Nalmefene HCl (7.67 Kg, purity 99.37%, assay 93.9%) and water (8.6 litres) were charged into a suitable reactor. The suspension was heated up to 800C until the substrate completely dissolved. Vacuum was then applied to remove organic solvents. The resulting solution was filtered through a 0.65 μm cartridge and then diluted with water (2.1 litres) that has been used to rinse the reactor and pipelines. The solution was cooled down to 500C and 7 g of Nalmefene HCl dihydrate seeding material was added. The mixture was cooled to 0-50C over one hour with vigorous stirring and then maintained under stirring for one additional hour. The solid was filtered of and washed with acetone. The wet product was dried at 25°C under vacuum to provide 5.4 Kg of Nalmefene HCl dihydrate (purity 99.89%, KF 8.3% , yield 69%).

………………….

http://www.google.com/patents/EP2316456A1?cl=en

……………………

http://www.google.com/patents/US8598352

Figure US08598352-20131203-C00003

Lundbeck’s novel alcohol dependency drug has been endorsed by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) for use in Britain’s state health service.

read at

http://www.clinicalleader.com/doc/nice-endorses-lundbeck-s-alcohol-dependency-drug-for-use-in-uk-0001

A structural analog of Naltrexone (N285780) with opiate antagonist activity used in pharmaceutical treatment of alcoholism. Other pharmacological applications of this compound aim to reduce food cravings, drug abuse and pulmonary disease in affected individuals. Used as an opioid-induced tranquilizer on large animals in the veterinary industry. Narcotic antagonist.

NALMEFENE
Nalmefene sceletal.svg

References

  1. ^ NCT00132119 ClinicalTrials.gov
  2. Jump up to:a b See: “Drug Record: Nalmefene”LiverToxNational Library of Medicine. 24 March 2016.
  3. ^ Label information. U.S. Food and Drug Administration“Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original on October 13, 2006. Retrieved 2014-11-07.
  4. ^ Based on: Stephens, Everett. “Opioid Toxicity Medication » Medication Summary”Medscape. WebMD LLC.
  5. ^ “Selincro 18mg film-coated tablets”. UK Electronic Medicines Compendium. September 2016.
  6. ^ “Technology appraisal guidance [TA325]: Nalmefene for reducing alcohol consumption in people with alcohol dependence”. NICE. 26 November 2014.
  7. Jump up to:a b Palpacuer, C; Laviolle, B; Boussageon, R; Reymann, JM; Bellissant, E; Naudet, F (December 2015). “Risks and benefits of nalmefene in the treatment of adult alcohol dependence: a systematic literature review and meta-analysis of published and unpublished double-blind randomized controlled trials”PLOS Medicine12 (12): e1001924. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001924PMC 4687857PMID 26694529.
  8. Jump up to:a b Paille, François; Martini, Hervé (2014). “Nalmefene: a new approach to the treatment of alcohol dependence”Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation5 (5): 87–94. doi:10.2147/sar.s45666PMC 4133028PMID 25187751.
  9. ^ “Selincro”European Medicines Agency. Retrieved 3 November 2015.
  10. Jump up to:a b c d Bart, G; Schluger, JH; Borg, L; Ho, A; Bidlack, JM; Kreek, MJ (December 2005). “Nalmefene induced elevation in serum prolactin in normal human volunteers: partial kappa opioid agonist activity?” (PDF)Neuropsychopharmacology30 (12): 2254–62. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300811PMID 15988468.
  11. ^ Bart G, Schluger JH, Borg L, Ho A, Bidlack JM, Kreek MJ (2005). “Nalmefene induced elevation in serum prolactin in normal human volunteers: partial kappa opioid agonist activity?”Neuropsychopharmacology30 (12): 2254–62. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1300811PMID 15988468.
  12. Jump up to:a b Linda P. Dwoskin (29 January 2014). Emerging Targets & Therapeutics in the Treatment of Psychostimulant Abuse. Elsevier Science. pp. 398–. ISBN 978-0-12-420177-4.
  13. Jump up to:a b Niciu, Mark J.; Arias, Albert J. (2013). “Targeted opioid receptor antagonists in the treatment of alcohol use disorders”CNS Drugs27 (10): 777–787. doi:10.1007/s40263-013-0096-4ISSN 1172-7047PMC 4600601PMID 23881605.
  14. ^ “Nalmefene (new drug) Alcohol dependence: no advance”Prescrire International23(150): 150–152. 2014. PMID 25121147. (subscription required)
  15. ^ Stephen M. Stahl (15 May 2014). Prescriber’s guide: Stahl’s essential psychopharmacology. Cambridge University Press. pp. 465–. ISBN 978-1-139-95300-9.
  16. ^ Grosshans M, Mutschler J, Kiefer F (2015). “Treatment of cocaine craving with as-needed nalmefene, a partial κ opioid receptor agonist: first clinical experience”. International Clinical Psychopharmacology30 (4): 237–8. doi:10.1097/YIC.0000000000000069PMID 25647453.
  17. ^ Fulton, Brian S. (2014). Drug Discovery for the Treatment of Addiction: Medicinal Chemistry Strategies. John Wiley & Sons. p. 341. ISBN 9781118889572.
  18. ^ See: “Baxter discontinues Revex injection”Monthly Prescribing Reference website. Haymarket Media, Inc. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 10 October 2016.
  19. ^ “Drug Shortages”. FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Archived from the original on 26 December 2008.
  20. ^ “Efficacy of nalmefene in patients with alcohol dependence (ESENSE1)”.
  21. ^ “Lundbeck submits Selincro in EU; Novo Nordisk files Degludec in Japan”. The Pharma Letter. 22 December 2011.
  22. ^ “Selincro”European Medicines Agency. 13 March 2013.
  23. ^ “Alcohol cravings drug nalmefene granted approval in Scotland”. BBC News. 7 October 2013.
  24. ^ “Nalmefene granted approval in England”The Independent. 3 October 2014.
  25. ^ “Alcohol dependence treatment accepted for NHS use”. MIMS. 26 November 2014.
  26. ^ Bidlack, Jean M (2014). “Mixed κ/μ partial opioid agonists as potential treatments for cocaine dependence”. Adv. Pharmacol69: 387–418. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-420118-7.00010-XPMID 24484983.
Nalmefene
Nalmefene sceletal.svg
Clinical data
Trade names Selincro
AHFS/Drugs.com Monograph
MedlinePlus a605043
License data
Routes of
administration
By mouth, intravenous
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • UK: POM (Prescription only)
Pharmacokinetic data
Protein binding 45%
Metabolism hepatic
Elimination half-life 10.8 ± 5.2 hours
Excretion renal
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
IUPHAR/BPS
ChemSpider
UNII
ChEMBL
ECHA InfoCard 100.164.948 Edit this at Wikidata
Chemical and physical data
Formula C21H25NO3
Molar mass 339.43 g/mol
3D model (JSmol)

Nalmefene

17-cyclopropylmethyl-4,5α-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol

march 1 2013

Lundbeck will be celebrating news that European regulators have issued a green light for Selincro, making it the first therapy approved for the reduction of alcohol consumption in dependent adults.

Selincro (nalmefene) is a unique dual-acting opioid system modulator that acts on the brain’s motivational system, which is dysregulated in patients with alcohol dependence.

The once daily pill has been developed to be taken on days when an alcoholic feels at greater risk of having a drink, in a strategy that aims to reduce – rather than stop – alcohol consumption, which some experts believe is a more realistic goal.

Clinical trials of the drug have shown that it can reduce alcohol consumption by approximately 60% after six months treatment, equating to an average reduction of nearly one bottle of wine per day.

In March last year, data was published from two Phase III trials, ESENSE 1 and ESENSE 2, showing that the mean number of heavy drinking days decreased from 19 to 7 days/month and 20 to 7 days/month, while TAC fell from 85 to 43g/day and from 93 to 30g/day at month six. However, the placebo effect was also strong in the studies.

According to Anders Gersel Pedersen, Executive Vice President and Head of Research & Development at Lundbeck, Selincro “represents the first major innovation in the treatment of alcohol dependence in many years,” and he added that its approval “is exciting news for the many patients with alcohol dependence who otherwise may not seek treatment”.

Alcohol dependence is considered a major public health concern, and yet it is both underdiagnosed and undertreated, highlighting the urgent need for better management of the condition.

In Europe, more than 90% of the 14 million patients with alcohol dependence are not receiving treatment, but research suggests that treating just 40% of these would save 11,700 lives each year.

The Danish firm said it expects to launch Selincro in its first markets in mid-2013, and that it will provide the drug as part of “a new treatment concept that includes continuous psychosocial support focused on the reduction of alcohol consumption and treatment adherence”.

Nalmefene (Revex), originally known as nalmetrene, is an opioid receptor antagonistdeveloped in the early 1970s, and used primarily in the management of alcoholdependence, and also has been investigated for the treatment of other addictions such aspathological gambling and addiction to shopping.

Nalmefene is an opiate derivative similar in both structure and activity to the opiate antagonist naltrexone. Advantages of nalmefene relative to naltrexone include longer half-life, greater oral bioavailability and no observed dose-dependent liver toxicity. As with other drugs of this type, nalmefene can precipitate acute withdrawal symptoms in patients who are dependent on opioid drugs, or more rarely when used post-operatively to counteract the effects of strong opioids used in surgery.

Nalmefene differs from naltrexone by substitution of the ketone group at the 6-position of naltrexone with a methylene group (CH2), which considerably increases binding affinity to the μ-opioid receptor. Nalmefene also has high affinity for the other opioid receptors, and is known as a “universal antagonist” for its ability to block all three.

  1. US patent 3814768, Jack Fishman et al, “6-METHYLENE-6-DESOXY DIHYDRO MORPHINE AND CODEINE DERIVATIVES AND PHARMACEUTICALLY ACCEPTABLE SALTS”, published 1971-11-26, issued 1974-06-04
  2.  Barbara J. Mason, Fernando R. Salvato, Lauren D. Williams, Eva C. Ritvo, Robert B. Cutler (August 1999). “A Double-blind, Placebo-Controlled Study of Oral Nalmefene for Alcohol Dependence”Arch Gen Psychiatry 56 (8): 719.
  3.  Clinical Trial Of Nalmefene In The Treatment Of Pathological Gambling
  4.  http://www.fda.gov/cder/foi/label/2000/20459S2lbl.pdf
  5. “Efficacy of Nalmefene in Patients With Alcohol Dependence (ESENSE1)”“Lundbeck submits Selincro in EU; Novo Nordisk files Degludec in Japan”. thepharmaletter. 22 December 2011.
  6. Nalmefene Hydrochloride Drug Information, Professional
NALMEFENE
17-cyclopropylmethyl-4,5α-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol
Sihuan Pharmaceutical Holdings Group Ltd a leading pharmaceutical company with the largest cardio-cerebral vascular drug franchise in China’s prescription market, announced that the new Category 3.1 drug, the Nalmefene Hydrochloride Injection received a new drug certificate (H20120078) and approval for production (2012S00818) from the State Food and Drug Administration. Nalmefene Hydrochloride is yet another generic drug for which the Company has received approval for production following the Roxatidine Acetate Hydrochloridefor Injection. It will be manufactured by Beijing Sihuan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., a wholly-owned manufacturing subsidiary of the Company.
Nalmefene hydrochloride is a next generation opioid (opium) receptor inhibitor following Naloxone and Naltrexone. The injection formulation of Naloxone hydrochloride was invented by Ohmeda Pharmaceuticals and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1995. The clinical uses of Nalmefene hydrochloride include anti-shock, neuroprotection, treatment for acute morphine poisoning, drug relapse prevention, recovery from the after-effects of anesthesia such as respiratory and nerve center depression and the treatment of unconsciousness persons.
The drug is also effective for treating heart failure and spinal cord injuries, for cerebral protection, etc. Multi-centre, randomized, blind, and positive-controlled clinical research of Nalmefene hydrochloride of Sihuan Pharmaceutical were performed by the Peking University First Hospital, the First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Xijing Hospital (The First Affiliated Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical College) and Qingdao Municipal Hospital.

Compared to Naloxone, Nalmefene demonstrates longer curative effects and fewer adverse reactions. With its high bioavailability, biological activities and biofilm penetration ability, it helps to regulate respiration, circulation, digestion, and the endocrine and nervous systems. It is becoming a substitute for Naloxone, and has been included in Part B of the National Medicine Catalogue. At present, the size of the Nalmefene hydrochloride market in China is approximately RMB1 billion. As a substitution for Naloxone hydrochloride, Nalmefene hydrochloride has enormous market potential.
Diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) are common in China, which has an immense patient base. Due to the rapid pace of modern life, accelerated urbanisation and mental stress, the demand for CNS medicines has seen rapid growth in recent years given the rising number of patients. According to IMS, the size of the CNS drug market now exceeds RMB 23 billion. With the CNS drug market expected to reach RMB 100 billion in 2020, the Group sees great potential and strong growth prospects in the market.Dr. Che Fengsheng, Chairman and CEO of Sihuan Pharmaceutical, said, “Nalmefene Hydrochloride has shown better characteristics for treatment and higher clinical value than Naloxone. Its market demonstrates great potential to expand. Leveraging Sihuan Pharmaceutical’s strong marketing capabilities and extensive sales and distribution network, we believe that our market share for Nalmefene Hydrochloride will see rapid growth, which will strengthen our position in drugs for the treatment of major diseases of the central nervous system. Together with other new products, this will in turn enhance the continuous development and growth of Sihuan Pharmaceutical in China’s prescription drug market and create value for the shareholders and the Company.”

REVEX (nalmefene hydrochloride injection), an opioid antagonist, is a 6-methylene analogue of naltrexone. The chemical structure is shown below:

REVEX (nalmefene hydrochloride) Structural Formula Illustration

Molecular Formula: C21H25NO3•HCl

Molecular Weight: 375.9, CAS # 58895-64-0

Chemical Name: 17-(Cyclopropylmethyl)-4,5a-epoxy-6-methylenemorphinan-3,14-diol, hydrochloride salt.

Nalmefene hydrochloride is a white to off-white crystalline powder which is freely soluble in water up to 130 mg/mL and slightly soluble in chloroform up to 0.13 mg/mL, with a pKa of 7.6.

REVEX is available as a sterile solution for intravenous, intramuscular, and subcutaneous administration in two concentrations, containing 100 µg or 1.0 mg of nalmefene free base per mL. The 100 µg/mL concentration contains 110.8 µg of nalmefene hydrochloride and the 1.0 mg/mL concentration contains 1.108 mg of nalmefene hydrochloride per mL. Both concentrations contain 9.0 mg of sodium chloride per mL and the pH is adjusted to 3.9 with hydrochloric acid.

Concentrations and dosages of REVEX are expressed as the free base equivalent of nalmefene

////////////////////JF-1, NIH-10365, ORF-11676, SRD-174, JAPAN 2019, FDA 1995, Nalmefene hydrochloride dihydrate, ナルメフェン塩酸塩水和物 , Nalmefene, ema 2013, china, 2013, Lu-AA36143

YINLITINIB


Image result for china flag animated gif

Figure CN104119350BD00752

REGOTSLWVKSZRG-GYQWKJCYSA-N.png

SCHEMBL16219901.png

Figure US09556191-20170131-C00087

str1

str1

YINLITINIB

error EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

(E)-4-[(4aR,7aS)-2,3,4a,5,7,7a-hexahydro-[1,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrol-6-yl]-N-[4-(3-chloro-4-fluoroanilino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl]but-2-enamide

(E)-N-(4-((3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-4-((4aR,7aS)-tetrahydro-2H-[1,4]dioxin[2,3-c]pyrrol-6(3H)-yl)but-2-enamide

CAS 1637253-79-2
2-Butenamide, N-[4-[(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino]-7-methoxy-6-quinazolinyl]-4-[(4aR,7aS)-hexahydro-6H-1,4-dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrol-6-yl]-, (2E)-rel
C25 H25 Cl F N5 O4, 513.95

DNT-04110 ; yinlitinib maleate , Guangdong Hec Pharmaceutical

Use for treating proliferative diseases, atherosclerosis and pulmonary fibrosis

Phase I CHINA

NOTE AND USE YOUR JUDGMENT ON DRUG SUBSTANCE, EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

str1

REGOTSLWVKSZRG-ICCQKZDASA-N.png

Molecular Formula: C25H25ClFN5O4
Molecular Weight: 516.973 g/mol

Yinlitinib methoxy-d3

CAS 1637254-71-7

C25 H22 Cl D3 F N5 O4
2-Butenamide, N-[4-[(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino]-7-(methoxy-d3)-6-quinazolinyl]-4-[(4aR,7aS)-hexahydro-6H-1,4-dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrol-6-yl]-, (2E)-rel
CN 104119350
YINLITINIB MALEATE methoxy-d3
CAS ?
EMAIL ME amcrasto@gmail.com

MAY BE DRUG COMD

Patent ID

Patent Title

Submitted Date

Granted Date

US9556191 AMINOQUINAZOLINE DERIVATIVES AND THEIR SALTS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF
2014-04-28
2016-02-11

In March 2015, an IND was filed in China ; in February 2016, approval to conduct a clinical trial was obtained

Guangdong Hec Pharmaceutical is investigating an oral capsule formulation of yinlitinib maleate (DNT-04110), an irreversible pan-ErbB inhibitor, for the potential treatment of solid tumors . In March 2015, an IND was filed in China ; in February 2016, approval to conduct a clinical trial was obtained . In December 2016, a phase I trial was planned in China

Protein kinases (PKs) represent a large family of proteins, which play an important role in the regulation of a wide variety of cellular processes and maintaining control over cellular functions. There are two classes of protein kinases (PKs): the protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs) and the serine-threonine kinases (STKs). The protein tyrosine kinase is an enzyme that catalytically transfers the phosphate group from ATP to the tyrosine residue located at the protein substrate, and has a play in the normal cell growth. Many growth factor receptor proteins operate via the tyrosine kinase, and influence the conduction of signal passage and further regulate the cell growth by this process. However, in some circumstances, these receptors become abnormal due to either mutation or overexpression, which cause the uncontrolled cell multiplication, cause the tumor growth, and finally initiate the well-known disease, i.e., cancer. The growth factor receptor protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, via the inhibition of the above phosphorylation process, may treat cancers and other diseases characterized by the uncontrolled or abnormal cell growth.

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), a kind of receptor tyrosine kinases, is a multifunction glycoprotein that is widely distributed on the cell membranes of the tissues of the human body, and is an oncogene analog of avian erythroblastic leukemia viral (v-erb-b). Human EGFR/HER1/ErbB-1 and HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor-2)/ErbB-2/Teu/p185, HER3/ErbB-3, HER4/ErbB-4 and the like are grouped into the HER/ErbB family, and belong to protein tyrosine kinases (PTKs). They are single polypeptide chains, and each is encoded respectively by genes located on different chromosomes. EGFR and the like are expressed in the epithelia-derived tumors such as squamous cell carcinoma of head and neck, mammary cancer, rectal cancer, ovarian cancer, prostate carcinoma, non-small cell lung cancer, and the like, which are associated with cell proliferation, metastasis, and the like. Pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor, via the competitive binding to the kinase catalytic sites in the intracellular region against ATP, blocks the autophosphorylation of intramolecular tyrosine, blocks the tyrosine kinase activation, inhibits HER-2 family activation, and therefore inhibits cell cycle progression, accelerates cell apoptosis, and exerts the therapeutic action.

EGFR, after binding to the ligand, forms a dimer with a subgroup of HER family, and then combines with ATP to activate the tyrosine kinase activity of the EGFR itself. Therefore, the autophosphorylation occurs in several tyrosine sites of the intracellular kinase region. Pan-HER tyrosine kinase inhibitor, via simultaneity acting on EGFR and HER2/4, inhibits the activation of HER family, and plays a good role in the tumor growth inhibition.

It is indicated in the study that Pan-HER tyrosine kinase irreversible inhibitor has an inhibition effect on HER2/4, besides it effectively inhibits EGFR. The pharmaceutical drugs of this kind, having an irreversible inhibition to both of HER/ErbB families, not only increase the drug activity, but also reduce the drug resistance, and have a substantial inhibition effect on H1975 cell lines which are resistant to erlotinib.

The pharmaceutical drugs that are now commercially available include selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinb (IRESSA®, ZD1839), erlotinib (TARCEVA®, OSI-774), double EGFR/HER2 inhibitor Lapatinib (TYKERB®, GW572016), and the like. These three drugs are all reversible EGF receptor tyrosine phosphorylation kinase inhibitor. It has been found in the study that they have good therapeutic response to some tumors initially. However, several months after the treatment, the disease progression appears again and therefore a natural or secondary drug resistance forms. For example, about half of the patients administered with gefitinib or erlotinib develop resistance to gefitinib or erlotinib, which can not lead to the desired therapeutic effect. And it has been indicated by study that the development of drug resistance to selective EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor relates to mutations in EGFR.

The mutations of EGFR gene mostly located in the tyrosing kinase coding domain (TK, exons 18-21) are mainly deletion mutation in exon 19 and point mutation in exon 21, both of which are drug-sensitive, and few are point mutation in exon 18 and insertion mutation in exon 20. T790M mutation recognized as one of the mechanism of drug resistance is a point mutation in exon 20 of EGFR. The presence of a second-site EGFR mutation leads to the substitution of methionine for threonine at position 790 (T790M) and changes in the structure of EGFR, which hinder the binding of EGFR inhibitors to EGFR or greatly increase the affinity between EGFR and ATP, so that ATP affinity back to the level of wild-type EGFR, thus resulting in drug resistance. Further studies shows that the pre-treatment tumor samples with mutations of EGFR contain T790M mutation, which indicates that T790M mutation is not just associated with drug resistance and it may have the carcinogenic potential itself.

Irreversible inhibitor can bind to EGFR tyrosine kinase by covalent bond. Thus, the drugs can act on the entire link of epidermal growth factor signal transduction pathway, and improve efficiency of drug blocking. Many clinical studies show that some irreversible inhibitors in current development can against T790M mutation, and overcome the drug resistance caused by T790M. Meanwhile, listed drug Afatinib (BIBW 2992) and some irreversible inhibitors in clinical development (e.g., Dacomitinib, PF00299804, etc.), can inhibit multiple members of EGFR receptor family, especially to the role of EGFR and HER-2, possibly by blocking collaborative signal pathway activated by homodimer and heterodimer to enhance inhibitory effect (Oncologist, 2009, 14 (11): 1116-1130).

Upon developing the drug having an excellent antineoplastic effect, being able to reduce the drug resistance and having a good tolerance, the present inventors discover a quinazoline derivatives as tyrosine kinase inhibitors having a Pan-HER irreversible inhibition function.

PATENT

https://patents.google.com/patent/US9556191

EXAMPLES Example 1 (E)-N-(4-((3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-4-((4aR,7aS)-tetrahydro-2H-[1,4]dioxin[2,3-c]pyrrol-6(3H)-yl)but-2-enamide

Figure US09556191-20170131-C00087

Step 1) N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine

A solution of N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-fluoro-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine (10.00 g, 29.8 mmol) and sodium methanolate (2.80 g, 51.8 mmol) in methanol (150 mL) was heated to 70° C. and stirred for 4.0 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 25° C. The resulting mixture was poured into ice water (500 mL), and a yellow solid precipitated out. The mixture was filtered and the filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a yellow solid (9.00 g, 86.9%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z: 349.1 [M+1]+; and 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: 11.60 (s, 1H), 9.55 (s, 1H), 8.08 (dd, J1=6.6 Hz, J2=2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (s, 1H), 7.76-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J=9.4 Hz, 1H), 4.10 (s, 3H).

Step 2) N4-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxyquinazoline-4,6-diamine

To a solution of N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine (9.00 g, 25.9 mmol) in ethanol (100 mL) were added iron powder (14.50 g, 259.0 mmol) and concentrated hydrochloric acid (3.0 mL) at 25° C. The reaction mixture was heated to 90° C. and stirred for 3.0 hours. Then heating was stopped, and the resulting mixture was adjusted to pH 11 with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (1 M) while the mixture was still at a temperature of about 60±10° C. The pH-adjusted resulting mixture was then immediately filtered hot to remove iron mud. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated with ethanol (50 mL) and filtered. The filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a yellow solid (6.00 g, 73.0%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z: 319.1 [M+1]+.

Step 3) (E)-4-bromobut-2-enoyl chloride

To a solution of 4-bromocrotonic acid (2.47 g, 15.0 mmol) and DMF (0.05 mL) in DCM (60 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (4.19 g, 33.0 mmol) dropwise at 0° C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0° C. for 3.0 hours, and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was stored in a refrigerator for the next step.

Step 4) (E)-4-bromo-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)but-2-enamide

To a solution of N4-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxyquinazoline-4,6-diamine (4.00 g, 12.6 mmol) and TEA (6.0 mL, 37.8 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (80 mL) was added (E)-4-bromobut-2-enoyl chloride (2.74 g, 15.1 mmol) slowly at 0° C. The reaction mixture was then heated to 25° C. and stirred for 2.0 hours. The resulting mixture was poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (50 mL×3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated with DCM (30 mL) and filtered. The filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a brownish yellow solid (2.00 g, 34.5%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z: 465.1 [M+1]+.

Step 5) (E)-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-4-((4aR,7aS)-tetrahydro-2H-[1,4]dioxin[2,3-c]pyrrol-6(3H)-yl)but-2-enamide

To a solution of (E)-4-bromo-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)but-2-enamide (0.50 g, 1.1 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (0.6 mL, 3.2 mmol) in N,N-dimethylacetamide (10 mL) was added (4aR,7aS)-hexahydro-2H-[1,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrole (0.42 g, 3.2 mmol) at 25° C., and the reaction mixture was then stirred at 25° C. for 5.0 hours. The resulting mixture was poured into water (70 mL) and extracted with DCM (40 mL×3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (CH2Cl2/MeOH (v/v)=20/1) to give the title compound as a brownish yellow solid (0.30 g, 54.5%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z: 514.1 [M+1]+; and 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ: 10.60 (s, 1H), 9.35 (s, 1H), 8.90 (s, 1H), 8.08 (dd, J1=6.6 Hz, J2=2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.76-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J=8.4 Hz, 1H), 6.75-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.63 (d, J=16.2 Hz, 1H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 3.78 (t, J=6.2 Hz, 4H), 3.26 (t, J=4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (dd, J1=7.8 Hz, J2=2.6 Hz, 2H), 2.20 (d, J=4.6 Hz, 4H).

PATENT

WO2017067447

DIFFERENT COMPD

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017067447

claiming novel crystalline polymorphic forms of a similar EGFR, useful for treating cancer. One of these two compounds is probably yinlitinib maleate , an irreversible pan-ErbB inhibitor, being developed by Guangdong Hec Pharmaceutical , another subsidiary of HEC Pharm , for treating solid tumors; in April 2017, yinlitinib maleate was reported to be in preclinical development

Chinese patent CN 103102344 A (publication number) have disclosed the structure of 4- [ (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino] -7-methoxy-6- [3- [ (1R, 6S) -2, 5-dioxa-8-azabicyclo [4.3.0] nonan-8-yl] propoxy] quinazoline in example 6 of specification, page 57, and the structure is shown as Formula (II) . The compound of Formula (II) has a high inhibition activity against EGFR, and can be used for treating proliferative disorders.

PATENT

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2014177038A1/en

InventorYingjun ZhangBing LiuJinlei LiuJiancun ZhangChangchun Zheng

Original AssigneeSunshine Lake Pharma Co., Ltd.

PATENT

CN104119350B

Inventor张英俊刘兵刘金雷张健存郑常春 Original Assignee广东东阳光药业有限公司

https://patents.google.com/patent/CN104119350B/en

Figure CN104119350BD00731

Figure CN104119350BD00741

Figure CN104119350BD00742

Figure CN104119350BD00751

Example 1

[0442] (E) -N- (4- ((3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-6-yl) -4- ((4aR, 7aS) – tetrahydro _2H_ [1,4] dioxin burning and [2,3_c] R ratio slightly -6 (3H) – yl) butyric acid amide dilute _2_

[0443]

Figure CN104119350BD00752

[0444] Synthesis Step Shu: N- (3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) -7-methoxy-6-nitro quinazolin-4-amine

[0445] The N- (3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) -7-fluoro-6-nitro-quinazolin-4-amine (10 • 0g, 29 • 8mmol) and sodium methoxide (2.80g, 51.8 mmol) was dissolved in methanol (150 mL), the reaction was warmed to 70 ° C 4. Oh. Was cooled to 25 ° C, the reaction mixture was poured into ice-water (500 mL), the precipitated yellow solid was filtered, the filter cake was dried in vacuo to give a yellow solid 9.00g, yield 86.9%.

[0446] MS (. ESI, pos ion) m / z: 349.1 [M + l] +;

[0447] bandit R (400MHz, DMS〇-d6) S: 11 • 60 (s, 1H), 9 • 55 (s, 1H), 8 • 08 (dd, Ji = 6 • 6Hz, J2 = 2.4Hz, lH), 7.90 (s, lH), 7.76-7.71 (m, lH), 7.58 (s, lH), 7.55 (t, J = 9.4Hz, 1H), 4.10 (s, 3H) square

[0448] Synthesis Step 2: n4- (3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-4,6-diamine

[0449] The N- (3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) -7-methoxy-6-nitro quinazolin-4-amine (9.00g, 25.9mmol) was dissolved in ethanol (100 mL), the was added reduced iron powder (14.5g, 259. Ommol) and concentrated hydrochloric acid (3mL) at 25 ° C, the reaction was warmed to 90 ° C 3.Oh. With 1M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution adjusted to pH 11, filtered hot to remove iron sludge, the mother liquor was concentrated and the residue was purified slurried with ethanol (50 mL), filtered, and the filter cake was dried in vacuo to a yellow solid 6.00g, yield 73.0%.

[0450] MS (ESI, pos ion.) M / z: 319.1 [M + l] + square

[0451] Synthesis Step 3: (E) -4- bromo-but-2-enoyl chloride

The [0452] square ° C Oxalyl chloride (4.19g, 33. Ommol) was slowly added dropwise to a solution containing 4-bromo crotonic acid (2.47g, 15. Ommol) and DMF (0.05mL) in dichloromethane (60 mL) solution of in 3. Oh reaction was stirred at 0 ° C. The reaction solution was concentrated, the residue was stored in a refrigerator until use.

[0453] Synthesis Step 4: (E) -4- bromo–N- (4- ((3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-6-yl) butan – 2_ dilute amide

[0454] The N4- (3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-4,6-diamine (4.00g, 12.6mmol) and triethylamine (6.0mL, 37.8mmol ) was dissolved in anhydrous tetrahydro-furan in Misaki (80 mL), cooled to 0 ° C, was slowly added (E) -4- bromo-2-dilute acid chloride (2.748,15.12 dirty 〇1), warmed to 25 ° ( : 2.011 reaction the reaction mixture was poured into water (1001 ^) and extracted with methylene chloride (50mL X 3), the organic phases were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate filtered, concentrated and the residue with dichloromethane (30 mL). beating purified filtered, the filter cake was dried in vacuo 2.00g tan solid, yield 34.5%.

[0455] MS (ESI, pos ion.) M / z: 465.1 [M + l] + square

[0456] Synthesis Step 5: (E) -N- (4 _ ((3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7_ methoxy-quinazolin-6-yl) _4_ ((4aR, 7aS) – tetrahydro -2H- [1,4] dioxin burning and [2,3_c] P ratio slightly -6 (3H) – yl) butyric acid amide dilute _2_

[0457] The (E) -4- bromo–N- (4- ((3- chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-6-yl) but-2-ene amide (0.50g, 1.08mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (0.6mL, 3.24mmol) was dissolved in dimethylacetamide (10 mL) was added at 25 ° C (4aR, 7aS) – hexahydro–2H- [1,4] dioxane, and [2,3-c] pyrrole (0 • 42g, 3 • 24mmol) 5. Oh reaction was continued under stirring, 25 ° C. The reaction mixture was poured into water (70 mL) and extracted with methylene chloride (40mL X 3), the organic phases were combined, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Filtered, concentrated and the residue purified by column chromatography (CH2Cl2 / MeOH (V / v) = 20/1), to give 0.30g tan solid, yield 54.5%.

[0458] MS (. ESI, pos ion) m / z: 514.1 [M + l] +;

[0459] XH NMR (400MHz, DMS0-d6) 8: 10.60 (s, lH), 9.35 (s, lH), 8.90 (s, lH), 8.08 (dd, Ji = 6.6Hz, J2 = 2.4Hz, 1H ), 7.76-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J = 8.4Hz, 1H), 6.75-6.65 (m, lH), 6.63 (d, J = 16.2Hz, lH) , 4.10 (s, 3H), 3.78 (t, J = 6.2Hz, 4H), 3.26 (t, J = 4.4Hz, 2H), 3.20 (dd, Ji = 7.8Hz, J2 = 2.6Hz, 2H), 2.20 (d, J = 4.6Hz, 4H)

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018095353&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=FullText

Patent applications WO 2014/177038 and CN 104119350 discloses aminoquinazoline tyrosine kinase inhibitors with irreversible inhibition effect on Pan-HER, wherein the compound (E) -N- (4- (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7- (methyloxy-D3) -quinazolin-6-yl) -4- ( (4aR, 7aS) -tetra hydro-2H- [l, 4] dioxino [2, 3-c] pyrrole-6 (3H) -yl) butyl-2-enamide (i.e. compound (I) ) has an excellent antitumor effect. It can reduce the generation of drug resistance and also have good tolerance.

[0011]
EXPERIMENTAL PART
[0184]
The specific synthetic method for compound (I) (E) -N- (4- (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7- (methyloxy-D3) -quinazolin-6-yl) -4- ( (4aR, 7aS) -tetra hydro-2H- [l, 4] dioxino [2, 3-c] pyrrole-6 (3H) -yl) butyl-2-enamide refers to Example 20 of Patent CN 104119350 A (Application Publication No. ) .
[0185]
EXAMPLES
[0186]
Example 1
[0187]
(E) -N- (4- (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7- (methyloxy-D3) -quinazolin-6-yl) -4- ( (4aR, 7aS) -t etrahydro-2H- [l, 4] dioxino [2, 3-c] pyrrole-6 (3H) -yl) butyl-2-enamide dimesylate having crystalline form A
[0188]
1. Preparation of dimesylatesulfonate having crystalline form A
[0189]
(E) -N- (4- (3-Chloro-4-fluorophenyl) amino) -7- (methyloxy-D3) -quinazolin-6-yl) -4- ( (4a R, 7aS) -tetrahydro-2H- [l, 4] dioxino [2, 3-c] pyrrole-6 (3H) -yl) butyl-2-enamide (1.032 g, 2.0 mmol) was added to acetone (80 mL) , the mixture was heated to reflux for 30 minutes and filtered. The filtrate was refluxed, and mesylate (0.481 g, 5.0 mmol) was added. The resulting mixture was refluxed overnight. A part of solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, then the temperature of the residue was gradually cooled to room temperature and maintained at this temperature overnight. The resulting mixture was filtered with suction. The filter cake was washed with acetone and dried at 50 ℃ for 8 hours in vacuo to give a white solid (1.15 g, 81.3%) .
PATENT

Example 6

[00221] N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-(3-(tetrahvdro-2H-n,41dioxinor2,3-clpyrrol-6(3H -vn propoxy quinazolin-4-amine

Figure imgf000074_0001

[00222] Step Ubenzyl 3,4-dihvdroxypyrrolidine-l -carboxylate

Figure imgf000074_0002

To a solution of N- carbobenzoxy-3-pyrroline ( 1.00 g, 4.92 mmol, 1.0 eq) in acetone (20 mL) was added NMO ( 1.0 g, 7.38 mmol, 1.5 eq) followed by Os04 (cat. 10 mg in 1 mL ‘PrOH). The mixture was stirred for 3 h. To this, saturated NaHS03aqueous solution (5 mL) was added, and the mixture was stirred for another 0.5 h. The organic phase was separated from the mixture, and the water phase was extracted with EtOAc (20 mL x 3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified by a silica gel column chromatography (EtOAc) to give the compound as colorless oil (1.16 g, 100 %).

[00223] Step 2) benzyl tetrahvdro-2H-n.41dioxino[2.3-c1pyrrole-6(3H)- carboxylate

Figure imgf000074_0003

A mixture of NaOH aqueous solution (35 w/w %, 21 mL, aq.), C1CH2CH2C1 (21 mL), benzyl 3,4-dihydroxypyrrolidine-l -carboxylate (1.16 g, 4.9 mmol, 1.0 eq) and TBAB (0.31 g, 0.98 mmol, 0.2 eq) was heated at 55 °C for 48h in a round-bottom flask. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into water (50 mL), extracted with EtOAc (50 mL). The organic phase was separated from the mixture, and the water phase was extracted with EtOAc (20 mLx3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and the residue was purified with a silica gel column chromatography ( 1 : 1 (v/v) PE/EtOAc) to give the product as colorless oil (0.50 g, 39 %).

[00224] Step 3) hexahvdro-2H-n.41dioxinor2.3-clpyrrole

Figure imgf000074_0004

To a solution of benzyl tetrahydro-2H-[l ,4]dioxino[2,3-c] pyrrole-6(3H)-carboxylate (0.46 g, 1 .94 mmol) in MeOH (20 mL) was added two drops of HC02H followed by 20 % Pd(OH)2 (50mg). The reaction mixture was stirred under H2 for 4h at rt and was filtered. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to give the crude product, which was used for the next step without further purification.

[00225] Step 4) N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-(3-(tetrahvdro-2H-n,41 dioxinor2,3-clpyrrol-6(3H) -yl)propoxy)quinazolin-4-amine

Figure imgf000075_0001

A mixture of hexahydro-2H-[ l ,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrole (1.0 eq), N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyI)-6- (3-chloropropoxy)-7-methoxyquinazolin-4-amine (710 mg, 1.8 mmol, 0.95 eq), 2C03 (524 mg, 3.8 mmol, 2.0 eq) and KI (16 mg, 0.095 mmol, 0.05 eq) in DMF (12 mL) was heated at 60 °C for 3 h and cooled to room temperature. The reaction mixture was quenched with water (10 mL) and diluted with EtOAc (20 mL). The organic phase was separated from the mixture, and the water phase was extracted with EtOAc (20 mLx3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by a silica gel column chromatography (20: 1 (v/v) CH2Cl2/CH3OH) to give the crude product, which was recrystallized from CH2C12/PE to afford the title compound as a grayish-white solid (230 mg, 25.00 %), HPLC:99.1 1 % . The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 489.9 (M+1 );’H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ: 2.09 (2H, m), 2.74 (4H, m), 2.99 (2H, dd, = 3.3, 10.4 Hz), 3.56 (2H, m), 3.80 (2H, m), 3.99 (3H, s), 4.12 (2H, t, J = 3.5 Hz), 4.22 (2H, t, J = 6.8 Hz), 7.14 (1 H, t, J = 8.8 Hz), 7.23 (1 H, s), 7.29 ( 1 H, d, J = 15.8 Hz), 7.60 (1 H, m), 7.89 (1 H, dd, J = 2.5, 6.5 Hz), 8.63 (1 H, s) ppm.

PATENT

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2014177038&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

Example 1

[00192] (^-N 4 (3-Chloro -fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-4 (4aR,7a5)-tetrahydro-2H-[ l,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrol-6(3H)

[00193] Step 1) N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine

A solution of N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-fluoro-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine (10.00 g, 29.8 mmol) and sodium methanolate (2.80 g, 51.8 mmol) in methanol (150 mL) was heated to 70 °C and stirred for 4.0 hours. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 25 °C. The resulting mixture was poured into ice water (500 mL), and a yellow solid precipitated out. The mixture was filtered and the filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a yellow solid (9.00 g, 86.9%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z : 349.1 [M+l]+; and ‘H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-<&) δ: 11.60 (s, 1H), 9.55 (s, 1H), 8.08 (dd, Jx = 6.6 Hz, J2 = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.90 (s, 1H), 7.76-7.71 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J = 9.4 Hz, lH ), 4.10 (s, 3H).

[00194] Step 2) N4-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxyquinazoline-4,6-diamine

To a solution of N-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxy-6-nitroquinazolin-4-amine (9.00 g, 25.9 mmol) in ethanol (100 mL) were added iron powder (14.50 g, 259.0 mmol) and concentrated hydrochloric acid (3.0 mL) at 25 °C. The reaction mixture was heated to 90 °C and stirred for 3.0 hours. Then heating was stopped, and the resulting mixture was adjusted to pH 11 with aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (1 M) while the mixture was still at a temperature of about 60 ± 10 °C. The pH-adjusted resulting mixture was then immediately filtered hot to remove iron mud. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated with ethanol (50 mL) and filtered. The filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a yellow solid (6.00 g, 73.0%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z : 319.1 [M+l]+.

[00195] Step 3) (£)-4-bromobut-2-enoyl chloride

To a solution of 4-bromocrotonic acid (2.47 g, 15.0 mmol) and DMF (0.05 mL) in DCM (60 mL) was added oxalyl chloride (4.19 g, 33.0 mmol) dropwise at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 3.0 hours, and then concentrated in vacuo. The residue was stored in a refrigerator for the next step.

[00196] Step 4) (ii)-4-bromo-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)but-2-enamide

To a solution of N4-(3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)-7-methoxyquinazoline-4,6-diamine (4.00 g, 12.6 mmol) and TEA (6.0 mL, 37.8 mmol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (80 mL) was added (E)-4-bromobut-2-enoyl chloride (2.74 g, 15.1 mmol) slowly at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was then heated to 25 °C and stirred for 2.0 hours. The resulting mixture was poured into water (100 mL) and extracted with DCM (50 mL x 3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous NaaSOzi, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was triturated with DCM (30 mL) and filtered. The filter cake was dried under vacuum to give the title compound as a brownish yellow solid (2.00 g, 34.5%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z : 465.1 [M+l]+.

[00197] Step 5) (^-N 4 (3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl) (4aR,7aS)-tetrahydro-2H-[l,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrol-6(3H)-yl)but-2-enamide

To a solution of (iT)-4-bromo-N-(4-((3-chloro-4-fluorophenyl)amino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)but-2-enamide (0.50 g, 1.1 mmol) and diisopropylethylamine (0.6 mL, 3.2 mmol) in N^V-dimethylacetamide (10 mL) was added (4aR,7aS)-hexahydro-2H-[l,4]dioxino[2,3-c]pyrrole (0.42 g, 3.2 mmol) at 25 °C, and the reaction mixture was then stirred at 25 °C for 5.0 hours. The resulting mixture was poured into water (70 mL) and extracted with DCM (40 mL x 3). The combined organic phases were dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (CH2Cl2 MeOH (v/v) = 20/1) to give the title compound as a brownish yellow solid (0.30 g, 54.5%). The compound was characterized by the following spectroscopic data: MS (ESI, pos.ion) m/z : 514.1 [M+l]+; and lH NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-t/tf) δ: 10.60 (s, 1H), 9.35 (s, 1H) , 8.90 (s, 1H), 8.08 (dd, Jx = 6.6 Hz, J2 = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.76-7.70 (m, 1H), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.55 (t, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H ), 6.75-6.65 (m, 1H), 6.63(d, J = 16.2 Hz, 1H), 4.10 (s, 3H), 3.78 (t, J= 6.2 Hz, 4H), 3.26 (t, J = 4.4 Hz, 2H), 3.20 (dd, Jx = 7.8 Hz, J2 = 2.6 Hz, 2H), 2.20 (d, J= 4.6 Hz, 4H).

////////////DNT-04110,  yinlitinib maleate , Guangdong Hec Pharmaceutical, PHASE 1, CHINA, yinlitinib

Fc1ccc(cc1Cl)Nc2ncnc3cc(OC)c(cc23)NC(=O)/C=C/CN4C[C@H]5OCCO[C@H]5C4

Fc1ccc(cc1Cl)Nc2ncnc3cc(OC([2H])([2H])[2H])c(cc23)NC(=O)/C=C/CN4C[C@H]5OCCO[C@H]5C4

SIMILAR COMPDS

1
Canertinib [INN:BAN]
267243-28-7
2D chemical structure of 267243-28-7
MW: 485.9445  –
2
Canertinib dihydrochloride [USAN]
289499-45-2
2D chemical structure of 289499-45-2
MW: 558.8663
3
Dacomitinib [USAN:INN]
1110813-31-4
2D chemical structure of 1110813-31-4
MW: 469.9455
4
439081-18-2
2D chemical structure of 439081-18-2
MW: 485.9445
5
Afatinib [USAN:INN]
850140-72-6
2D chemical structure of 850140-72-6
MW: 485.9445

Chidamide (Epidaza), A New Cancer Drug, Made in China


STR1

Figure CN103833626AD00031

Chidamide (Epidaza)

CS055; HBI-8000

CAS   743438-44-0  CORRECT

C22 H19 F N4 O2, Benzamide, N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]-
Molecular Weight, 390.41
  • Benzamide, N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propenyl]amino]methyl]-
  • N-(2-Amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]benzamide
  • CS 055
  • Chidamide
  • Epidaza
Activity: HDAC Inhibitor; Cancer Drug; Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor; HDAC-1, 2,3,10 Inhibitor; Treatment for Peripheral T-cell Lymphomas; Treatment for PTCL
Status: Launched 2014 (China)
Originator: Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd
SHENZHEN CHIPSCREEN BIOSCIENCES LTD. [CN/CN]; Research Institute of Tsinghua University, Suite C301, P.O. Box 28, High-Tech Industrial Park Nanshan District, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518057
 
 

ERROR IN STRUCTURE

FLUORO IN WRONG POSITION

Chidamide.svg

CAS Registry Number: 743420-02-2

As described for Example 2 according to the patent ZL03139760.3 obtained chidamide poor purity (about 95%). LC / MS analysis results shown in Figure 1, show that the product contains N- (2- amino-5-fluorophenyl) -4- (N- (3- pyridin-acryloyl group of 4.7% of the structure shown in formula II) aminomethyl) benzamide. 1H NMR analysis of the results shown in Figure 2, show that the product contains 1.80% of tetrahydrofuran, far beyond the technical requirements for people with drug registration International Conference on Harmonization (ICH, International Conference of Harmonizition) provided 0.072% residual solvent limits. Therefore, the solid

Body not for pharmaceutical manufacturing.

Figure CN103833626AD00041

Chidamide (Epidaza) is an HDAC inhibitor (HDI) developed wholly in China.[1] It was originally known as HBI-8000.[2]

It is a benzamide HDI) and inhibits Class I HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, as well as Class IIb HDAC10.[3]

It is approved by the Chinese FDA for relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL), and having orphan drug status in Japan.[2]

As of April 2015 it is only approved in China.[1]

It shows potential in treating pancreatic cancer.[4][5][6]

Is NOT approved for the treatment of pancreatic cancer.

Chidamide drug administration and clinical milestone

November 2005: China declared IND

November 2006: eligible for Phase I clinical documents of approval

November 2006: completion of the International Patent Licensing, China entered the international fray original new drug development

May 2008: completed Phase I clinical, showing international mechanism similar drugs have the potential to become the best

February 2009: eligible lymphoma indications II / III of this document

March 2009: Start of the Phase II clinical trial for the NDA to ①CTCL goal of clinical trials and ②PTCL

March 2009: IND by the FDA application is eligible to start Phase I clinical in the United States

July 2009: eligible for non-small cell lung cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer clinical documents of approval

December 2010: of PTCL by a conventional phase II directly into Phase II clinical trial registered drug trial center and by recognition

March 2011: combination chemotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer clinical trials enter phase Ib

September 2012: of PTCL indication test deadline

December 2012: of PTCL clinical summary will be held

January 2013: Chidamide declare China NDA

December 2014: the State Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) approved the listing

STR1

Chidamide overview, location and clinical significance

Chidamide (Chidamide, love spectrum sand ® / Epidaza®) Shenzhen microchip biotechnology limited liability company developed a new subtype selective histone having a chemical structure and is eligible for a global patent licensing deacetylase inhibitor, belong to the new mechanisms of epigenetic regulation new class of targeted anticancer drugs, has now completed with relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma clinical trial study registered indications, was in March 2013 to the SFDA reporting new drug certificate (NDA) and the marketing authorization (MAA). While a number of Chinese Cancer clinical trials undertaken Chidamide is also China’s first approved by the US FDA clinical studies in the United States of Chinese chemical original new drug trials in the United States Phase I has been completed. Chidamide has won the national “Eleventh Five-Year” 863 major projects (project number: 2006AA020603) and the national “Eleventh Five-Year”, “significant Drug Discovery” science and technology and other major projects funded project (project number: 2009ZX09401-003), was chosen the Ministry of Science and one of the “Eleventh five-Year” major national scientific and technological achievements.

Relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) is Chidamide first approvedclinical indications, PTCL belongs to the category of rare diseases, the lack of standard drug currently recommended clinical treatment, conventional chemotherapy response rate is low, recur, 5-year overall survival rate was about 25%. The world’s first PTCL treatment Folotyn (intravenous drug use) is eligible for FDA clearance to market in 2009, the second drugs Istodax (intravenous drug use) approved by the FDA in 2011. Add a new drug information for these drugs is very expensive, and were listed in China. Chidamide album clinical trial results showed that the primary endpoint of objective response rate was 28%, reaching the intended target research and development; sustained remission rate of 24% three months; drug safety was significantly better than the international similar drugs, and oral medication.
Chidamide is a completely independent intellectual property rights China originator of innovative medicines, has been multi-national patent. In China, for patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL to carry out effective drug treatment is urgent clinical need, Chidamide expected to bring new treatment options for patients with PTCL, prolong survival and improve quality of life of patients.

In China, for the effective treatment of patients with relapsed or refractory PTCL has undertaken urgent clinical need

Chidamide is a completely independent intellectual property rights China originator of innovative medicines

Chidamide (Chidamide) has been multi-national invention patents

In October 2006, the US HUYA biological microchip company formally signed the International Patent Chidamide licensing and international clinical cooperative development agreement; the United States in the ongoing Phase I clinical

Chidamide (Epidaza), a class I HDAC inhibitor, was discovered and developed by ChipScreen and approved by the CFDA in December 2014 for the treatment of recurrent of refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Chidamide, also known as CS055 and HBI- 8000, is an orally bioavailable benzamide type inhibitor of HDAC isoenzymes class I , as well as class IIb 10, with potential antineoplastic activity. It selectively binds to and inhibits HDAC, leading to an increase in acetylation levels of histone protein H3.

Chidamide, the English called Chidamide, by the Shenzhen-core biotechnology limited liability company independent design and synthesis of a novel anti-cancer drugs with new chemical structures and global intellectual property, and its chemical name N- (2-amino-_4_ fluorophenyl) -4_ (N- (3- topiramate Li acryloyl) aminomethyl) benzamide, its chemical structure of the structural formula I

Figure CN103833626AD00031

The patent ZL03139760.3 and said US7,244,751, Chidamide have histone deacetylase inhibitory activity can be used to treat the differentiation and proliferation-related diseases such as cancer and psoriasis, especially for leukemia and solid tumors with excellent results.

 Patent No. ZL03139760.3 and US7,244,751 discloses a method for preparing chidamide, but did not specify whether the resulting product is a crystalline material, nor did the presence or absence of the compound polymorphism. In the above patent, the activity of the compound for evaluation is not conducted in a solid state and, therefore, does not disclose any description about characteristics of the crystal.

Chipscreen grabs CFDA approval for chidamide

Chipscreen BioSciences announced that the CFDA had approved chidamide for the treatment of relapsed or refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) in December 2014. The drug and Hengrui’s apatinib were the only two NCEs launched by domestic drug makers last year.

Chidamide (CS055/HBI-8000) is a HDAC1/2/3/10 inhibitor derived from entinostat (MS-27-275)[1] which was first discoved by Mitsui Pharmaceuticals in 1999. Chipscreen holds worldwide IP rights to chidamide (patents: WO2004071400, WO2014082354).

Syndax Pharmaceuticals (NASDAQ: SNDX) is testing entinostat in breast cancer and NSCLC in pivotal trials. The FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation to entinostat for advanced breast cancer in 2013. Eddingpharm in-licensed China rights to entinostat from Syndax in September 2013.

Chipscreen disclosed positive results from Phase II study of chidamide in relapsed or refractory PTCL at 2013 ASCO Annual Meeting[2]. Out of 79 evaluable patients in the trial, 23 patients (29.1%) had confirmed responses (8 CR, 3 CRu, and 12 PR). The most common grade 3/4 AEs were thrombocytopenia (24%), leucocytopenia (13%), neutropenia(10%).

The FDA has approved three HDAC inhibitors, known as Zolinza (vorinostat), Istodax (romidepsin) and Beleodaq (belinostat), for the treatment of PTCL. Celgene priced Istodax at $12000-18000/month and reported annual sales of $54 million in 2013. The efficacy and safety profile of chidamide compares favorably with romidepsin.

Although a dozen of companies are developing generic vorinostat and romidepsin, no chemical 3.1 NDA has been submitted to the CFDA so far. Chipscreen will be the only domestic maker of HDAC inhibitor in the coming two years. Moreover, the company is testing chidamide in NSCLC and breast cancer in early clinical studies.

CLIP

Chiamide synthesis: US7244751B2

Procedure:

Step a: To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of 3-pyridineacrylic acid at 0 °C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 5. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid (0.46 g, 82%). HRMS calcd for C16H14N2O3: 282.2988. Found: 282.2990. MA calcd for: C16H14N2O3: C, 68.07%; H, 5.00%; N, 9.92%. Found: C, 68.21%; H, 5.03%; N, 9.90%.

Step b: To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45 °C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofiman (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): dppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (1H, t), 6.80 (2H, m),696 (1H, t), 7.18 (1H, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (1H, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (1H, d), 8.56 (1H, d), 8.72 (1H, br. t), 8.78 (1H, s), 9.60 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C22H19N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C22H19N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35%. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.

http://www.google.co.in/patents/US7244751

EXAMPLE 1

Preparation of 4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00005

To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of 3-pyridineacrylic acid at 0° C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 5. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give the title compound (0.46 g, 82%). HRMS calcd for C16H14N2O3: 282.2988. Found: 282.2990. MA calcd for: C16H14N2O3: C, 68.07%; H, 5.00%; N, 9.92%. Found: C, 68.21%; H, 5.03%; N, 9.90%.EXAMPLE 2

Preparation of N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00006

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45° C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofiman (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (1H, t), 6.80 (2H, m),696 (1H, t), 7.18 (1H, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (1H, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (1H, d), 8.56 (1H, d), 8.72 (1H, br. t), 8.78 (1H, s), 9.60 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C22H19N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C22H19N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35%. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.EXAMPLE 3

Preparation of 4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzoic acid

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00007

To a suspension of 0.33 g (2.01 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) is added drop-wise a solution of 0.30 g (2.01 mmol) of cinnamic acid at 0° C. Then, the mixture is stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and added drop-wise to a separately prepared 2.0 ml (2.00 mmol) of 1N aqueous sodium hydroxide solution including 0.30 g (2.00 mmol) of 4-aminomethylbenzoic acid, followed by stirring at room temperature for 8 hours. The reaction mixture is evaporated under vacuum. To the residue is added a saturated solution of sodium chloride (2 ml), then the mixture is neutralized with concentrated hydrochloric acid to pH 7. The deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with ice-water, and then dried to give the title compound (0.51 g, 91%). HRMS calcd for C17H15NO3: 281.3242. Found: 281.3240. MA calcd for C17H15NO3: C, 72.58%; H, 5.38%; N, 4.98. Found: C, 72.42%; H, 5.37%; N, 4.98%.

EXAMPLE 4

Preparation of N-(2-amino-4-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzamide

Figure US07244751-20070717-C00008

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N,N′-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-cinnamoylaminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45° C. for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 16 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.45 g, 64%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.42 (2H, d), 4.92 (2H, br.s), 6.62 (1H, t), 6.78 (2H, m), 7.01 (1H, t), 7.32 (5H, m), 7.54 (5H, m), 8.76 (1H, br.t), 9.58 (1H, br.s). IR (KBr) cm−1: 3306, 1618, 1517, 1308, 745. HRMS calcd for C23H20N3O2F: 389.4292. Found: 389.4294. MA calcd for C23H20N3O2F: C, 70.94%; H, 5.18%; N, 10.79%. Found: C, 70.72%; H, 5.18%; N, 10.88%.

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/US20150299126

STR1

  • FIG. 2 is the 1H NMR spectrum of the solid prepared according to Example 2 of patent ZL 03139760.3;

NMR, MS ETC CLICK TO VIEW

C-NMR

CLIP

Chidamide (Epidaza), a class I HDAC inhibitor, was discovered and developed by ChipScreen and approved by the CFDA in December 2014 for the treatment of recurrent of refractory peripheral T-cell lymphoma. Chidamide, also known as CS055 and HBI- 8000, is an orally bioavailable benzamide type inhibitor of HDAC isoenzymes class I 1–3, as well as class IIb 10, with potential antineoplastic activity. It selectively binds to and inhibits HDAC, leading to an increase in acetylation levels of histone protein H3.74

This agent also inhibits the expression of signaling kinases in the PI3K/ Akt and MAPK/Ras pathways and may result in cell cycle arrest and the induction of tumor cell apoptosis.75

Currently, phases I and II clinical trials are underway for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer and for the treatment of breast cancer, respectively.76 The scalable synthetic approach to chidamide very closely follows the discovery route,77–79 and is described in Scheme 10. The sequence began with the condensation of commercial nicotinaldehyde (52) and malonic acid (53) in a mixture of pyridine and piperidine. Next, activation of acid 54 with N,N0-carbonyldiimidazole (CDI) and subsequent reaction with 4-aminomethyl benzoic acid (55) under basic conditions afforded amide 56 in 82% yield.

Finally, activation of 56 with CDI prior to treatment with 4-fluorobenzene- 1,2-diamine (57) and subsequent treatment with TFA and THF yielded chidamide (VIII) in 38% overall yield from 52. However, no publication reported that mono-N-Boc-protected bis-aniline was used to approach Chidamide.

STR1

74. Ning, Z. Q.; Li, Z. B.; Newman, M. J.; Shan, S.; Wang, X. H.; Pan, D. S.; Zhang, J.;
Dong, M.; Du, X.; Lu, X. P. Cancer Chemother. Pharmacol. 2012, 69, 901.
75. Liu, L.; Chen, B.; Qin, S.; Li, S.; He, X.; Qiu, S.; Zhao, W.; Zhao, H. Biochem.
Biophys. Res. Commun. 2010, 392, 190.
76. Gong, K.; Xie, J.; Yi, H.; Li, W. Bio. Chem. J. 2012, 443, 735.
77. Lu, X. P.; Li, Z. B.; Xie, A. H.; Shi, L. M.; Li, B. Y.; Ning, Z. Q.; Shan, S.; Deng, T.;
Hu, W. M. US Patent 2004224991A1, 2004.
78. Lu, X. P.; Li, Z. B.; Xie, A. H.; Shi, L. M.; Li, B. Y.; Ning, Z. Q.; Shan, S.; Deng, T.;
Hu, W. M. CN Patent 1513839A, 2003.
79. Yin, Z. H.; Wu, Z. W.; Lan, Y. K.; Liao, C. Z.; Shan, S.; Li, Z. L.; Ning, Z. Q.; Lu, X.
P.; Li, Z. B. Chin. J. New Drugs 2004, 13, 536.

see  CN 105457038

CN 1513839

WRONG COMPD

WO2004071400

Example 2. Preparation of
N-(2-amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzamide

To a suspension of 0.29 g (1.78 mmol) of N, N’-carbonyldiimidazole in tetrahydrofunan (15 ml) is added 0.50 g (1.78 mmol) of 4-[N-(Pyridn-3-ylacryloyl)aminomethyl]benzoic acid, followed by stirring at 45°C for 1 hour. After cooling, the reaction mixture is added to a separately prepared tetrahydrofunan (10 ml) solution including 0.28 g (2.22 mmol) of 4-fluoro-1,2-phenylenediamine and 0.20 g (1.78 mmol) of trifluoroacetic acid at room temperature. After reaction at room temperature for 24 hours, the deposited white solid is collected by filtration, washed with tetrahydrofunan, and then dried to give the title compound (0.40 g, 57%). 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δppm: 4.49 (2H, d), 4.84 (2H, br.s), 6.60 (IH, t), 6.80 (2H, m), 6.96 (IH, t), 7.18 (IH, d), 7.42 (2H, d), 7.52 (IH, d), 7.95 (2H, d), 8.02 (IH, d), 8.56 (IH, d), 8.72 (IH, br. t), 8.78 (IH, s), 9.60 (IH, br.s). IR (KBr) cm“1: 3310, 1655, 1631, 1524, 1305, 750. HRMS calcd for C229N4O2F: 390.4170. Found: 390.4172. MA calcd for C229N4O2F: C, 67.68%; H, 4.40%; N, 14.35. Found: C, 67.52%; H, 4.38%; N, 14.42%.

Photo taken on May 22, 2015 shows a box of Chidamide in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province. Chidamide is the world’s first oral HDAC inhibitor …

A New Cancer Drug, Made in China

After 14 years, Shenzhen biotech’s medicine is one of the few locally developed from start to finish

Xian-Ping Lu left his research job at a drug maker in the U.S. to co-found a biotech company in his native China.
Xian-Ping Lu left his research job at a drug maker in the U.S. to co-found a biotech company in his native China. PHOTO: SHENZHEN CHIPSCREEN BIOSCIENCES

HONG KONG— Xian-Ping Lu left his job as director of research at drug maker Galderma R&D in Princeton, N.J., to co-found a biotech company to develop new medicines in his native China.

It took more than 14 years but the bet could be paying off. In February, Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences’ first therapy, a medication for a rare type of lymph-node cancer, hit the market in China.

The willingness of veterans like Dr. Lu and others to leave multinational drug companies for Chinese startups reflects a growing optimism in the industry here. The goal, encouraged by the government, is to move the Chinese drug industry beyond generic medicines and drugs based on ones developed in the West.

Chipscreen’s drug, called chidamide, or Epidaza, was developed from start to finish in China. The medicine is the first of its kind approved for sale in China, and just the fourth in a new class globally. Dr. Lu estimates the research cost of chidamide was about $70 million, or about one-tenth what it would have cost to develop in the U.S.

“They are a good example of the potential for innovation in China,” said Angus Cole, director at Monitor Deloitte and pharmaceuticals and biotechnology lead in China.

China’s spending on pharmaceuticals is expected to top $107 billion in 2015, up from $26 billion in 2007, according to Deloitte China. It will become the world’s second-largest drug market, after the U.S., by 2020, according to an analysis published last year in the Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice.

China has on-the-ground infrastructure labs, a critical mass of leading scientists and interested investors, according to Franck Le Deu, head of consultancy McKinsey & Co.’s pharmaceuticals and medical-products practice in China. “There’re all the elements for the recipe for potential in China,” he said.

But there are obstacles to an industry where companies want big payoffs for a decade or more of work and tremendous costs it takes to develop a drug.

While the protection of intellectual property has improved, China’s cumbersome rules for drug approval and a government effort to cut health-care costs, particularly spending on drugs, could hurt the Chinese drug companies’ efforts, said Mr. Cole of Deloitte.

“Will you start to see success? Of course you will,” said Mr. Cole. However, “I’ve yet to see convincing or compelling evidence that it’s imminent.”

To date, many of the Chinese companies that are flourishing in the life sciences are contract research organizations that help carry out clinical trials, as well as providers of related services.

Some companies, like Shanghai-based Hua Medicine, are buying the rights to develop new compounds in China from multinational drug companies, what some experts consider more akin to an intermediate step to innovation.

Late last year, Hua Medicine completed an early-stage human clinical trial of a diabetes drug in China and in March filed an application to the Food and Drug Administration to develop it in the U.S. as well. The company has raised $45 million in venture funding to date.

Li Chen, who left an 18-year career at Roche Holding AG as head of research and development in China to help start Hua Medicine, said the company’s goal is to “create a game-changer of drug discovery.”

At Chipscreen Biosciences, Dr. Lu and his co-founders set up the company in 2001 in Shenzhen, a city that was quickly growing into a technology and research hub, just over the border from Hong Kong. They created a lab of 10 scientists to use a new analytic technique known as “chemical genomics” to examine the relationships between molecular structures of the existing and failed drugs, how they act on different targets in the body and what genes were being activated or repressed. Now they have more than 60 scientists.

By better predicting how chemicals would act on the body before entering human testing, they hoped they would be more likely get a drug to market.

“How can a small company compete with a multinational?” said Dr. Lu. “The only thing we can compete with is the scientific brain.”

The biggest challenges for the company have been financing and the Chinese regulatory system, said Dr. Lu. The company has raised a total of 300 million yuan ($48 million) over five rounds of venture funding, said Dr. Lu. Chipscreen also receives grant money from the Chinese government.

The company filed its application for approval of chidamide to the Chinese Food and Drug Administration, or CFDA, in early 2013. It had to wait nearly two years for approval, receiving the OK only in December.

Chidamide now is on the market in China for 26,500 yuan ($4,275) a month, a price far lower than patients in the U.S. pay for some of the newest cancer medicines but much more than the typical Chinese patient pays for drugs. Dr. Lu said the price reflects a balance between affordability for patients and return for shareholders. Some investors wanted to price the drug higher.

PAPER

Discovery of an orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, chidamide, as an epigenetic modulator for cancer treatment

Corresponding authors
aShenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd., BIO-Incubator, Suit 2-601, Shenzhen Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Shenzhen, P. R. China
E-mail: xplu@chipscreen.com
Med. Chem. Commun., 2014,5, 1789-1796

DOI: 10.1039/C4MD00350K, http://pubs.rsc.org/en/content/articlelanding/2014/md/c4md00350k#!divAbstract

Tumorigenesis is maintained through a complex interplay of multiple cellular biological processes and is regulated to some extent by epigenetic control of gene expression. Targeting one signaling pathway or biological function in cancer treatment often results in compensatory modulation of others, such as off-target drivers of cell survival. As a result, overall survival of cancer patients is still far from satisfactory. Epigenetic-modulating agents can concurrently target multiple aberrant or compensatory signaling pathways found in cancer cells. However, existing epigenetic-modulating agents in cancer treatment have not yet fully translated into survival benefits beyond hematological tumors. In this article, we present a historical rationale for use of chidamide (CS055/Epidaza), an orally active and subtype-selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor of the benzamide chemical class. This compound was discovered and successfully developed as mono-therapy for relapsed and refractory peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) in China. We discuss the evidence supporting chidamide as a durable epigenetic modulator that allows cellular reprogramming with little cytotoxicity in cancer treatments.

Graphical abstract: Discovery of an orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, chidamide, as an epigenetic modulator for cancer treatment
CLIPS
Chinese scientists develop world’s 1st oral HDAC inhibitor

Lu Xianping works in a lab at Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd. in Shenzhen, south China’s Guangdong Province, May 20, 2015. Lu Xianping, together with other four returned overseas scientists, spent 14 years to develop Chidamide, the world’s first oral HDAC inhibitor, which was given regulatory approval in January. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation Licenses Novel Cancer Molecule from Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

PR Newswire

SHENZHEN, China, Oct. 10, 2013 /PRNewswire/ — GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation announces the grant of an exclusive license from Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.for the development and commercialization of Chidamide in Taiwan. Chidamide, an oral, selective histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, is currently being evaluated in Phase II trials by Chipscreen Biosciences in Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL), Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) and Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer patients (NSCLC). GNTbm will develop and commercialize Chidamide primarily in PTCL, NSCLC and will also retain the rights to develop and commercialize Chidamide in other oncology indications in Taiwan.

About Chidamide

Chidamide is a selective HDAC inhibitor against subtype 1, 2, 3 and 10, and being studied in multiple clinical trials as a single agent or in combination with chemotherapeutic agents for the treatment of various hematological and solid cancers. Its anticancer effects are thought to be mediated through epigenetic modulation via multiple mechanisms of action, including the inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis in blood derived cells, inhibition of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT, a process that is highly relevant to tumor cell metastasis and drug resistance), induction of tumor specific antigen and antigen-specific T cell cytotoxicity, enhancement of NK cell anti-tumor activity, induction of cancer stem cell differentiation, and resensitization of tumor cells that have become resistant to anticancer agents such as platinums, taxanes and topoisomerase II inhibitors. Chidamide has demonstrated clinical efficacy in pivotal phase II trials on Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma (CTCL) and Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma (PTCL) conducted in China, and is currently undergoing phase II trial in NSCLC together with first line PC therapeutic treatment. Due to its superior pharmacokinetic properties and selectivity, Chidamide may offer better clinical profile over the other HDAC inhibitors currently under development or being marketed.

About GNTbm

GNTbm is a subsidiary of GNT Inc, a Taiwanese company focused on the manufacture of nano-scale metallic particles for food and medical purposes. Founded in 1992 by a team of electronic professionals, GNT has successfully developed the innovative technology of physical metal miniaturization based on the patent of MBE (Molecular Beam Epitaxy). Further information about GNT Inc is available at www.gnt.com.tw.

GNTbm was established in August 2013, and housed in the Nankang Biotech Incubation Center, (NBIC), in Nankang, Taipei. Lead by Dr. Chia-Nan Chenalong with an experienced team of scientists, GNTbm will explore development and commercialization of novel drug delivery systems, Innovative biomedical and diagnostic tools based on gold nanoparticles.

About Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

Chipscreen is a leading integrated biotech company in China specialized in discovery and development of novel small molecule pharmaceuticals. The company has utilized its proprietary chemical genomics-based discovery platform to successfully develop a portfolio of clinical and preclinical stage programs in a number of therapeutic areas. Chipscreen’s business strategy is to generate differentiated drug candidates across multiple therapeutic areas. Drug candidates are either developed by Chipscreen or co-developed and commercialized in a partnership at the research, preclinical and clinical stages. The company was established as Sino-foreign joint venture in 2001. Further details about Chipscreen Bioscience is available atwww.chipscreen.com.

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

Ekambaranellore Prakash, PhD

Director of International Department

GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

TEL: +886-2-7722-0388 #303

E-mail: prakash@gntbm.com.tw

Web site: www.gnt.com.tw

Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

Rebecca Hai

Investor Relations

Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences Ltd.

TEL: +86-755-26957317

E-mail: rebeccai_hai@chipscreen.com

Web site: www.chipscreen.com

SOURCE GNT Biotech and Medicals Corporation

CN101397295B Nov 12, 2008 Apr 25, 2012 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 2-dihydroindolemanone derivates as histone deacetylase inhibitor, preparation method and use thereof
CN101648920B Aug 20, 2009 Feb 8, 2012 苏州东南药物研发有限责任公司 用作组蛋白去乙酰酶抑制剂的三氟甲基酮类化合物及其用途
CN101648921B Aug 20, 2009 Nov 2, 2011 苏州东南药物研发有限责任公司 Benzamide compound used as histone deacetylase inhibitor and application thereof
CN103833626A * Nov 27, 2012 Jun 4, 2014 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 Crystal form of chidamide and preparation method and application thereof
CN103833626B * Nov 27, 2012 Nov 25, 2015 深圳微芯生物科技有限责任公司 西达本胺的晶型及其制备方法与应用
CN104876857A * May 12, 2015 Sep 2, 2015 亿腾药业(泰州)有限公司 Preparation of benzamide histone deacetylase inhibitor with differentiation and anti-proliferation activity
EP2205563A2 * Oct 8, 2008 Jul 14, 2010 Orchid Research Laboratories Limited Novel histone deacetylase inhibitors
WO2009152735A1 * Jun 9, 2009 Dec 23, 2009 Jiangsu Goworth Investment Co. Ltd Histone deacetylase inhibitors and uses thereof
WO2010135908A1 * May 20, 2010 Dec 2, 2010 Jiangsu Goworth Investment Co. Ltd. N-(2-amino-4-pyridyl) benzamide derivatives and uses thereof
WO2014082354A1 * Dec 18, 2012 Jun 5, 2014 Shenzhen Chipscreen Biosciences, Ltd. Crystal form of chidamide, preparation method and use thereof
Chidamide
Chidamide.svg
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-(2-Amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[[[1-oxo-3-(3-pyridinyl)-2-propen-1-yl]amino]methyl]-benzamide
Clinical data
Trade names Epidaza
Identifiers
CAS Number 743420-02-2
PubChem CID 9800555
ChemSpider 7976319
UNII 87CIC980Y0 Yes
Chemical data
Formula C22H19FN4O2
Molar mass 390.4 g/mol
Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015299126 2015-10-22 CRYSTAL FORM OF CHIDAMIDE, PREPARATION METHOD AND USE THEREOF
US2010222379 2010-09-02 NOVEL HISTONE DEACETYLASE INHIBITORS
US7244751 2007-07-17 Histone deacetylase inhibitors of novel benzamide derivatives with potent differentiation and anti-proliferation activity

References

  1.  “China’s First Homegrown Pharma.”. April 2015.
  2. ^ Jump up to:a b [1]
  3.  HUYA Bioscience International Grants An Exclusive License For HBI-8000 In Japan And Other Asian Countries To Eisai. Feb 2016
  4.  Qiao, Z (2013-04-26). “Chidamide, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, synergistically enhances gemcitabine cytotoxicity in pancreatic cancer cells.”. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 434 (1): 95–101. doi:10.1016/j.bbrc.2013.03.059. PMID 23541946.
  5.  Guha, Malini (2015-04-01). “HDAC inhibitors still need a home run, despite recent approval”. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 14: 225–226. doi:10.1038/nrd4583.
  6.  Wang, Shirley S. (2015-04-02). “A New Cancer Drug, Made in China”. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
  7. References:
    1. Ning, Z. Q.; et. al. Chidamide (CS055/HBI-8000): a new histone deacetylase inhibitor of the benzamide class with antitumor activity and the ability to enhance immune cell-mediated tumor cell cytotoxicity. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol2012, 69(4), 901-909. (activity)
    2. Gong, K.; et. al. CS055 (Chidamide/HBI-8000), a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, induces G1 arrest, ROS-dependent apoptosis and differentiation in human leukaemia cells. Biochem J 2012, 443(3), 735-746. (activity)

    3. Hu, W.; et. al. N-(2-amino-5-fluorophenyl)-4-[N-(Pyridin-3-ylacryloyl) aminomethyl ]benzamide or other derivatives for treating cancer and psoriasis. US7244751B2
    4. Lu, X.; et. al. Crystal form of chidamide, preparation method and use thereof. WO2014082354A1
    5. Yin, Z.-H.; et. al. Synthesis of chidamide,a new histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor. Chin J New Drugs 2004, 13(6), 536-538. (starts with basic raw materials)
  8. Zhongguo Xinyao Zazhi (2004), 13(6), 536-538.

/////////Chidamide, Epidaza, CS055,  HBI-8000, orally active subtype-selective HDAC inhibitor, epigenetic modulator,  cancer treatment, CFDA, CHINA, CANCER

Fc3ccc(NC(=O)c1ccc(cc1)CNC(=O)/C=C/c2cccnc2)c(N)c3

Cymipristone


ChemSpider 2D Image | Cymipristone | C34H43NO2

Cymipristone

(8S,11R,13S,14S,17S)-11-{4-[Cyclohexyl(méthyl)amino]phényl}-17-hydroxy-13-méthyl-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)-1,2,6,7,8,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodécahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phénanthrén-3-one
Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)-, (11β,17β)-
11 β – [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propynyl)-, (11β,17β)- (9CI)
  • (11β,17β)-11-[4-(Cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Saimisitong

NDA Filed china

Shanghai Siniwest Pharmaceutical Chemical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Xianju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,

A progesterone receptor antagonist potentially for termination of intrauterine pregnancy.

CAS No.329971-40-6

  • Molecular FormulaC34H43NO2
  • Average mass497.711 Da
  • Steroid Compounds, a Method for Preparation thereof, Pharmaceutical Compositions Containing the Same and Use thereof
  • This invention relates to steroid compounds and pharmaceutical acceptable salts thereof, a method for preparation thereof, pharmaceutical compositions containing the same as active component, and their use in the preparation of medicines for treating diseases associated with progestogen dependence and for fertility control, abortion or contraception and for anticancer use.
  • Mifepristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in French Patent No. 2,497,807 to Rousell-Uclaf, published May 31, 1983. It is the first progesterone receptor antagonist put into clinical application and is a new type of anti-progestin. It binds to progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor, having an affinity with progesterone receptor in rabbit endometrium five-fold higher than that of progesterone and thereby having strong anti-progesterone effect. It causes degeneration of pregnant villus tissue and decidual tissue, endogenous prostaglandin (PG) release, luteinizing hormone decrease, corpus luteum dissolution, and necrosis of embryo sac whose development depends on corpus luteum, leading to abortion. Therefore, it can be used as a non-surgical medicine for stopping early pregnancy. It can also be used, inter alia, in contraception and as an antineoplastic. (The Antiprogestin Steroid Ru486 and Human Fertility Control, 1985, New York: Plenum Press) .
  • Onapristone (11β-[4-(N,N-diemthylamino)phenyl]-17α-hydroxy-17β-(3-hydroxypropyl)-13α-4,9-estradiene-3-one), is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,321,826 to Schering AG, published Dec. 20, 1984. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), anticancer (Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 1989, 14:275-288), etc. It was reported that onapristone had toxicity to human liver (European Journal of Cancer, 1999, 35(2):214-218).
  • Lilopristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino) phenyl]-17α-[3-hydroxy-1(Z)-propenyl]-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,347,126 to Schering AG, published July 11, 1985. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion, contraception (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), etc. It was reported that the clinical effect of lilopristone in stopping early pregnancy was only equivalent to that of mifepristone (Human Reproduction, 1994, 9(1):57-63).
  • ZK112993 (11β-(4-acetylphenyl)-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is as steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,504,421 to Schering AG, published Aug. 7, 1986. It has a potent antiprogestin activity and can be used in, inter alia, anticancer (Anticancer Res., 1990, 10:683-688).
  • In European Patent No. 321,010 to Akzo NV, The Netherland published June 21, 1989 are disclosed “11-arylsteroid compounds” having a strong antiprogestin activity.

STR1

PATENT

WO 2001018026

http://www.google.com/patents/EP1219632A1?cl=en

Figure 80000001

The preparation method of the present invention includes the following single- or multi-step procedures:

1. Method for the preparation of 11β-[4-(N-methyl-N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (IV) which includes the following steps:

(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent (III)

Figure 00050001

4-bromo-N-methyl-N-cyclohexylaniline (II) is reacted with magnesium in tetrahydrofuran (THF) to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (III).

(2) C11 additive reaction

Figure 00050002

Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (III) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (V).

(3) Hydrolytic reaction

Figure 00050003

The compound of formula (V) prepared in step (2) is subjected to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of form (VI).

2. Method for preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI) which includes the following steps:

(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent of formula (IX)

Figure 00060001

4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) is first protected by trimethylchlorosilane, then reacted with magnesium in THF to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (IX).

(2) C11 additive reaction

Figure 00060002

Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (IX) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (X).

(3) Hydrolytic reaction

Figure 00060003

The compound of formula (X) prepared in step (2) is subjects to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of formula (XI).

Example 2:

        Preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI)(1) Preparation of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX)

      • Figure 00170001
      • 9g 4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) (CA registration number [113388-04-8], see Synthetic Communications, 1986, 16(13): 1641-1645 for its preparation) was placed into a four-necked flask and 15 ml (1.5 mol/L) n-BuLi solution in n-hexane. The mixture was stirred for 30 min at room temperature. Then 8 g trimethylsilyl chloride (Me3SiCl) was added and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Solvent and excessive Me3SiCl was evaporated under reduced pressure to yield 4-bromo-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylaniline) (VIII) which was formulated into a solution with 7.5 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran for further use.
      • 1.3 g magnesium was placed into a four-necked flask and a small amount of the above solution was added dropwise and slowly at 40°C. After completion of addition, the temperature was kept for 1 hour to yield a solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenylmagnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran for further use.

(2) Preparation of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cylohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).

Figure 00180001

      5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-9(11)-estrene (IV) was placed into a four-necked flask and 10 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran and a catalytic amount of cuprous chloride (Cu2Cl2) added. Then solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran was added dropwise and slowly while controlling the temperature below 5°C. After completion of addition, the mixture was allowed to react for 2 hours at room temperature and to stand overnight. Saturated ammonium chloride aqueous solution was added and the tetrahydrofuran layer separated which was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution. The solution in tetrahydrofuran was washed with saturated saline and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of tetrahydrofuran under reduced pressure yielded a residual which was chromatographed on silica gel column using cyclohexane: acetone (5:1) as developing agent to yield 3 g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).
    • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3420 (C5, C17-OH), 1610, 1510 (benzene backbone), 840, 808 (ArH).
      1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.52(3H, S, C13-CH3), 2.72(3H, S, N-CH3), 3.92(4H, m, -O-CH2CH2-O-), 4.24(1H, m, C11-H), 6.65-7.00 (4H, ArH).

(3) Preparation of 11β- [4- (N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl] -17α- (1-propinyl) -17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).

Figure 00190001

    1.5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene (X) and 0.75 g para-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) were dissolved in 15 ml 90 % ethanol (v/v). The mixture was stirred for 2 hours while controlling the temperature at 40°C-50°C. After completion of the reaction, the reactant was poured into diluted sodium hydroxide aqueous solution, extracted with dichloroethane, washed with water to neutrality, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel column using cyclohexane: ethyl acetate (5:1) as developing agent yielded 0.9 g 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).
  • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3400 (C17-OH), 1658 (unsaturated ketone), 1613, 1514 (benzene backbone), 865, 810 (ArH).
    1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.50 (3H, S, C13-CH3), 1.76 (3H, S, C≡C-CH3), 4.32(1H, S, C11-H), 5.75(1H, S, C4-H), 6.9-7.10 (4H, ArH).

PATENT

WO 2006063526

PATENT

WO 2007009397

Example 1

Race meters mifepristone synthetic routes:

Epoxy adduct match rice mifepristone

(N- hexylamino methylcyclohexyl) phenyl magnesium bromide (1) 4-

In the four-necked flask, 1.4 g of magnesium into pieces (Mg) and 10 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF), no iodine or add a little change, at about 50 ° C, a solution of 10.86 g of 4-bromo-methyl -N- cyclohexyl aniline (dissolved in 24 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran) dropwise Bi, incubation was continued for 1 hour with stirring to give 4- (N- methyl-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran solution (to be used in the next step an addition reaction ).

(2) 3,3-ethylenedioxy -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (Ν- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propyl block-yl) -9 (10) – Preparation of estra-ene (adduct) of

In the four-necked flask, into 5 g of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy -17 α – (1- propynyl) – 17 (3 – hydroxy – 9 (11) – estra-ene (epoxy), 29.1 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 0.1 g cuprous chloride (of Cu 2 of Cl 2 ), a solution of 4- (N- methyl -N-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran

Nan solution, temperature control 5. C, the drop was completed, the incubation was continued for 5 hours, the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was poured into saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, points to the water layer, the organic layer was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution, the aqueous layer extracted with ethyl acetate number times, the organic layers combined, washed with saturated aqueous sodium chloride, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, a silica gel column, eluent cyclohexane: acetone = (5: 1) to give 3,3-ethylene dioxo -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -9 (10) – female steroidal women (adduct) solid 6 grams.

IR. ‘KBi cm- ^ SlS OI ^ ^ -OH lS jSlS benzene backbone), 819 (aromatic hydrogen). NMR Ή: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.47 (3H, the S, the C IR CH 3 ), 1.88 (3H, the S, the C ≡ the C-CH 3 ), 2.72 (3H, the S, the N-CH 3 ), 6.65- 7.03 (4H, ArH) O

(3) 11 β – [4- (N- methyl -N- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy-estra-4,9-diene – Preparation of 3-one (match rice mifepristone) of

‘2.5 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) and 5 grams of 3,3-ethylenedioxythiophene -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (Ν- methyl cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -9 (10) – estra-ene (adduct) was dissolved in 50 ml of ethanol 90% (V / V), and at 5 ° C – 40 ° C the reaction was stirred 3 hours, the reaction solution was poured into dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, washed with water until neutral, the filter cake was dissolved in 50 ml of ethyl acetate, then with saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution to the water layer was evaporated part of the solvent, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, and dried to give a pale yellow solid 11 β – [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one (match rice mifepristone) 3 grams.

^ Cm & lt IRCKB 1 : 3447 (the C . 17 -OH), among 1655 (unsaturated ketone), 1607,1513 (benzene backbone), 865,819 (aromatic hydrogen).

NMR ¾: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.56 (3H, the S 5 the C 13 -CH 3 ), 1.89 (3H, the S 5 -C ≡ the C-the CH3), 2.74 (3H, the S, the N-the CH3), 4.34 ( lH, the S, the C N -H), 5.75 (lH, the S, the C 4 -H), 6.68-6.99 (4H, ArH).

PATENT

CN 102107007

PATENT

CN 102106805

PAPER

Volume 878, Issues 7–8, 1 March 2010, Pages 719–723

Determination of cymipristone in human plasma by liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry

doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.027

Abstract

A rapid, specific and sensitive liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for determination of cymipristone in human plasma. Mifepristone was used as the internal standard (IS). Plasma samples were deproteinized using methanol. The compounds were separated on a ZORBAX SB C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., dp 1.8 μm) with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 0.3 ml/min. The mobile phase consisted of 10 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile. The detection was performed on a triple-quadruple tandem mass spectrometer by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) mode via electrospray ionization. Target ions were monitored at [M+H]+m/z 498 → 416 and 430 → 372 in positive electrospray ionization (ESI) mode for cymipristone and IS, respectively. Linearity was established for the range of concentrations 0.5–100 ng/ml with a coefficient correlation (r) of 0.9996. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was identifiable and reproducible at 0.5 ng/ml. The validated method was successfully applied to study the pharmacokinetics of cymipristone in healthy Chinese female subjects.

CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS, vol. 115, no. 25, 23 December 1991 (1991-12-23) Columbus, Ohio, US; abstract no. 270851g, X. ZHAO ET AL.: “Synthesis and terminating early pregnancy effect of mifepristone derivatives” page 117; XP002219009 & ZHONGGUO YAOKE DAXUE XUEBAO, vol. 22, no. 3, 1991, pages 133-136,

//////////Cymipristone, Saimisitong, NDA Filed , china, Shanghai Siniwest Pharmaceutical Chemical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Xianju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,

%d bloggers like this: