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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Cymipristone


ChemSpider 2D Image | Cymipristone | C34H43NO2

Cymipristone

(8S,11R,13S,14S,17S)-11-{4-[Cyclohexyl(méthyl)amino]phényl}-17-hydroxy-13-méthyl-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)-1,2,6,7,8,11,12,13,14,15,16,17-dodécahydro-3H-cyclopenta[a]phénanthrén-3-one
Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)-, (11β,17β)-
11 β – [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Estra-4,9-dien-3-one, 11-[4-(cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propynyl)-, (11β,17β)- (9CI)
  • (11β,17β)-11-[4-(Cyclohexylmethylamino)phenyl]-17-hydroxy-17-(1-propyn-1-yl)estra-4,9-dien-3-one
  • Saimisitong

NDA Filed china

Shanghai Siniwest Pharmaceutical Chemical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Xianju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,

A progesterone receptor antagonist potentially for termination of intrauterine pregnancy.

CAS No.329971-40-6

  • Molecular FormulaC34H43NO2
  • Average mass497.711 Da
  • Steroid Compounds, a Method for Preparation thereof, Pharmaceutical Compositions Containing the Same and Use thereof
  • This invention relates to steroid compounds and pharmaceutical acceptable salts thereof, a method for preparation thereof, pharmaceutical compositions containing the same as active component, and their use in the preparation of medicines for treating diseases associated with progestogen dependence and for fertility control, abortion or contraception and for anticancer use.
  • Mifepristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in French Patent No. 2,497,807 to Rousell-Uclaf, published May 31, 1983. It is the first progesterone receptor antagonist put into clinical application and is a new type of anti-progestin. It binds to progesterone receptor and glucocorticoid receptor, having an affinity with progesterone receptor in rabbit endometrium five-fold higher than that of progesterone and thereby having strong anti-progesterone effect. It causes degeneration of pregnant villus tissue and decidual tissue, endogenous prostaglandin (PG) release, luteinizing hormone decrease, corpus luteum dissolution, and necrosis of embryo sac whose development depends on corpus luteum, leading to abortion. Therefore, it can be used as a non-surgical medicine for stopping early pregnancy. It can also be used, inter alia, in contraception and as an antineoplastic. (The Antiprogestin Steroid Ru486 and Human Fertility Control, 1985, New York: Plenum Press) .
  • Onapristone (11β-[4-(N,N-diemthylamino)phenyl]-17α-hydroxy-17β-(3-hydroxypropyl)-13α-4,9-estradiene-3-one), is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,321,826 to Schering AG, published Dec. 20, 1984. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), anticancer (Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, 1989, 14:275-288), etc. It was reported that onapristone had toxicity to human liver (European Journal of Cancer, 1999, 35(2):214-218).
  • Lilopristone (11β-[4-(N,N-dimethylamino) phenyl]-17α-[3-hydroxy-1(Z)-propenyl]-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is a steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,347,126 to Schering AG, published July 11, 1985. It has a strong antiprogestin activity and can be used in abortion, contraception (American Journal of Obstetrics and Gyencology, 1987, 157:1065-1074), etc. It was reported that the clinical effect of lilopristone in stopping early pregnancy was only equivalent to that of mifepristone (Human Reproduction, 1994, 9(1):57-63).
  • ZK112993 (11β-(4-acetylphenyl)-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one) is as steroid compound which is disclosed in German Patent No. 3,504,421 to Schering AG, published Aug. 7, 1986. It has a potent antiprogestin activity and can be used in, inter alia, anticancer (Anticancer Res., 1990, 10:683-688).
  • In European Patent No. 321,010 to Akzo NV, The Netherland published June 21, 1989 are disclosed “11-arylsteroid compounds” having a strong antiprogestin activity.

STR1

PATENT

WO 2001018026

http://www.google.com/patents/EP1219632A1?cl=en

Figure 80000001

The preparation method of the present invention includes the following single- or multi-step procedures:

1. Method for the preparation of 11β-[4-(N-methyl-N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (IV) which includes the following steps:

(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent (III)

Figure 00050001

4-bromo-N-methyl-N-cyclohexylaniline (II) is reacted with magnesium in tetrahydrofuran (THF) to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (III).

(2) C11 additive reaction

Figure 00050002

Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (III) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (V).

(3) Hydrolytic reaction

Figure 00050003

The compound of formula (V) prepared in step (2) is subjected to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of form (VI).

2. Method for preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI) which includes the following steps:

(1) Preparation of Grignard reagent of formula (IX)

Figure 00060001

4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) is first protected by trimethylchlorosilane, then reacted with magnesium in THF to obtain Grignard reagent of formula (IX).

(2) C11 additive reaction

Figure 00060002

Compound of formula (IV) and the Grignard reagent of formula (IX) prepared in step (1) are brought to an additive reaction to obtain compound of formula (X).

(3) Hydrolytic reaction

Figure 00060003

The compound of formula (X) prepared in step (2) is subjects to a hydrolytic reaction to obtain compound of formula (XI).

Example 2:

        Preparation of 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI)(1) Preparation of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX)

      • Figure 00170001
      • 9g 4-bromo-N-cyclohexylaniline (VII) (CA registration number [113388-04-8], see Synthetic Communications, 1986, 16(13): 1641-1645 for its preparation) was placed into a four-necked flask and 15 ml (1.5 mol/L) n-BuLi solution in n-hexane. The mixture was stirred for 30 min at room temperature. Then 8 g trimethylsilyl chloride (Me3SiCl) was added and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour. Solvent and excessive Me3SiCl was evaporated under reduced pressure to yield 4-bromo-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylaniline) (VIII) which was formulated into a solution with 7.5 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran for further use.
      • 1.3 g magnesium was placed into a four-necked flask and a small amount of the above solution was added dropwise and slowly at 40°C. After completion of addition, the temperature was kept for 1 hour to yield a solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenylmagnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran for further use.

(2) Preparation of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cylohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).

Figure 00180001

      5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-9(11)-estrene (IV) was placed into a four-necked flask and 10 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran and a catalytic amount of cuprous chloride (Cu2Cl2) added. Then solution of 4-(N-cyclohexyl-N-trimethylsilylamino)phenyl magnesium bromide (IX) in tetrahydrofuran was added dropwise and slowly while controlling the temperature below 5°C. After completion of addition, the mixture was allowed to react for 2 hours at room temperature and to stand overnight. Saturated ammonium chloride aqueous solution was added and the tetrahydrofuran layer separated which was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution. The solution in tetrahydrofuran was washed with saturated saline and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of tetrahydrofuran under reduced pressure yielded a residual which was chromatographed on silica gel column using cyclohexane: acetone (5:1) as developing agent to yield 3 g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5α,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene(X).
    • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3420 (C5, C17-OH), 1610, 1510 (benzene backbone), 840, 808 (ArH).
      1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.52(3H, S, C13-CH3), 2.72(3H, S, N-CH3), 3.92(4H, m, -O-CH2CH2-O-), 4.24(1H, m, C11-H), 6.65-7.00 (4H, ArH).

(3) Preparation of 11β- [4- (N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl] -17α- (1-propinyl) -17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).

Figure 00190001

    1.5g 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,17β-dihydroxy-11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-9(10)-estrene (X) and 0.75 g para-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) were dissolved in 15 ml 90 % ethanol (v/v). The mixture was stirred for 2 hours while controlling the temperature at 40°C-50°C. After completion of the reaction, the reactant was poured into diluted sodium hydroxide aqueous solution, extracted with dichloroethane, washed with water to neutrality, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. Evaporation of the solvent and chromatography on silica gel column using cyclohexane: ethyl acetate (5:1) as developing agent yielded 0.9 g 11β-[4-(N-cyclohexylamino)phenyl]-17α-(1-propinyl)-17β-hydroxy-4,9-estradiene-3-one (XI).
  • IR (KBr) cm-1: 3400 (C17-OH), 1658 (unsaturated ketone), 1613, 1514 (benzene backbone), 865, 810 (ArH).
    1H NMR (CDCl3) δ ppm: 0.50 (3H, S, C13-CH3), 1.76 (3H, S, C≡C-CH3), 4.32(1H, S, C11-H), 5.75(1H, S, C4-H), 6.9-7.10 (4H, ArH).

PATENT

WO 2006063526

PATENT

WO 2007009397

Example 1

Race meters mifepristone synthetic routes:

Epoxy adduct match rice mifepristone

(N- hexylamino methylcyclohexyl) phenyl magnesium bromide (1) 4-

In the four-necked flask, 1.4 g of magnesium into pieces (Mg) and 10 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF), no iodine or add a little change, at about 50 ° C, a solution of 10.86 g of 4-bromo-methyl -N- cyclohexyl aniline (dissolved in 24 ml of anhydrous tetrahydrofuran) dropwise Bi, incubation was continued for 1 hour with stirring to give 4- (N- methyl-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran solution (to be used in the next step an addition reaction ).

(2) 3,3-ethylenedioxy -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (Ν- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propyl block-yl) -9 (10) – Preparation of estra-ene (adduct) of

In the four-necked flask, into 5 g of 3,3-ethylenedioxy-5,10-epoxy -17 α – (1- propynyl) – 17 (3 – hydroxy – 9 (11) – estra-ene (epoxy), 29.1 ml anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (THF) and 0.1 g cuprous chloride (of Cu 2 of Cl 2 ), a solution of 4- (N- methyl -N-cyclohexylamino) phenyl magnesium bromide tetrahydrofuran

Nan solution, temperature control 5. C, the drop was completed, the incubation was continued for 5 hours, the reaction was completed, the reaction solution was poured into saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution, points to the water layer, the organic layer was washed with saturated ammonium chloride solution, the aqueous layer extracted with ethyl acetate number times, the organic layers combined, washed with saturated aqueous sodium chloride, dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure, a silica gel column, eluent cyclohexane: acetone = (5: 1) to give 3,3-ethylene dioxo -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (- methyl -Ν- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -9 (10) – female steroidal women (adduct) solid 6 grams.

IR. ‘KBi cm- ^ SlS OI ^ ^ -OH lS jSlS benzene backbone), 819 (aromatic hydrogen). NMR Ή: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.47 (3H, the S, the C IR CH 3 ), 1.88 (3H, the S, the C ≡ the C-CH 3 ), 2.72 (3H, the S, the N-CH 3 ), 6.65- 7.03 (4H, ArH) O

(3) 11 β – [4- (N- methyl -N- cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy-estra-4,9-diene – Preparation of 3-one (match rice mifepristone) of

‘2.5 g of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTS) and 5 grams of 3,3-ethylenedioxythiophene -5 α, 17 β – dihydroxy -11 β – [4- (Ν- methyl cyclohexylamino) phenyl] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -9 (10) – estra-ene (adduct) was dissolved in 50 ml of ethanol 90% (V / V), and at 5 ° C – 40 ° C the reaction was stirred 3 hours, the reaction solution was poured into dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide solution, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, washed with water until neutral, the filter cake was dissolved in 50 ml of ethyl acetate, then with saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution to the water layer was evaporated part of the solvent, the precipitated solid was suction filtered, and dried to give a pale yellow solid 11 β – [4- (Ν- -N- methyl-cyclohexylamino)] -17 α – (1- propynyl) -17 β – hydroxy estra-4,9-dien-3-one (match rice mifepristone) 3 grams.

^ Cm & lt IRCKB 1 : 3447 (the C . 17 -OH), among 1655 (unsaturated ketone), 1607,1513 (benzene backbone), 865,819 (aromatic hydrogen).

NMR ¾: (CDC1 3 ) ppm by [delta]: 0.56 (3H, the S 5 the C 13 -CH 3 ), 1.89 (3H, the S 5 -C ≡ the C-the CH3), 2.74 (3H, the S, the N-the CH3), 4.34 ( lH, the S, the C N -H), 5.75 (lH, the S, the C 4 -H), 6.68-6.99 (4H, ArH).

PATENT

CN 102107007

PATENT

CN 102106805

PAPER

Volume 878, Issues 7–8, 1 March 2010, Pages 719–723

Determination of cymipristone in human plasma by liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry

doi:10.1016/j.jchromb.2010.01.027

Abstract

A rapid, specific and sensitive liquid chromatography–electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for determination of cymipristone in human plasma. Mifepristone was used as the internal standard (IS). Plasma samples were deproteinized using methanol. The compounds were separated on a ZORBAX SB C18 column (50 mm × 2.1 mm i.d., dp 1.8 μm) with gradient elution at a flow-rate of 0.3 ml/min. The mobile phase consisted of 10 mM ammonium acetate and acetonitrile. The detection was performed on a triple-quadruple tandem mass spectrometer by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) mode via electrospray ionization. Target ions were monitored at [M+H]+m/z 498 → 416 and 430 → 372 in positive electrospray ionization (ESI) mode for cymipristone and IS, respectively. Linearity was established for the range of concentrations 0.5–100 ng/ml with a coefficient correlation (r) of 0.9996. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) was identifiable and reproducible at 0.5 ng/ml. The validated method was successfully applied to study the pharmacokinetics of cymipristone in healthy Chinese female subjects.

CHEMICAL ABSTRACTS, vol. 115, no. 25, 23 December 1991 (1991-12-23) Columbus, Ohio, US; abstract no. 270851g, X. ZHAO ET AL.: “Synthesis and terminating early pregnancy effect of mifepristone derivatives” page 117; XP002219009 & ZHONGGUO YAOKE DAXUE XUEBAO, vol. 22, no. 3, 1991, pages 133-136,

//////////Cymipristone, Saimisitong, NDA Filed , china, Shanghai Siniwest Pharmaceutical Chemical Technology Co., Ltd., Shanghai Zhongxi Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd., Xianju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,

Lefucoxib (乐福昔布)


CID 16730197.pngC3

 

Lefucoxib (乐福昔布)

5-(3,4-dimethyl-phenyl)-1-methanesulfonyl-3-trifluoromethol-pyrazole

1 [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole

CAS 849048-84-6

Molecular Formula: C19H17F3N2O2S
Molecular Weight: 394.41069 g/mol

IND FILED

Prostaglandin G/H Synthase 2 (PTGS2; COX-2) Inhibitors

A COX-2 inhibitor potentially for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.

cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor

National Center of Biomedical Analysis

Example 1

1 [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole (I1)

1- (3,4- two toluene-yl) -4,4,4-trifluoro-methyl – D-1,3-dione (IV1) of sodium metal was weighed 2.3g (0.1mol) was added 50ml of anhydrous toluene to prepare a sodium sand. After cooling, ethanol was added dropwise 12ml, and then heated at 60 ℃, complete reaction of sodium metal. After cooling to room temperature, was added 3,4-dimethylphenyl ethanone 23.8g (0.1mol) and trifluoroacetic ethyl acetate 20ml (0.2mol), reacted at 100 ℃ 5 hours. Toluene was distilled off under reduced pressure, a 10% aqueous hydrochloric acid was added, the pH was adjusted to 2-3, extracted with ethyl acetate, washed with water, dried over anhydrous MgSO4, ethyl acetate was distilled off under reduced pressure. Then under reduced pressure, distillation, collecting fractions 105-107 ℃ / 0.7mmHg, was 14.6g, 60% yield.

1- [4- (methylsulfonyl) phenyl] -3-trifluoromethyl-5- (3,4-dimethylphenyl) – pyrazole (I1) take the above-prepared substituted (IV1) 2.38g (0.01mol ), 15ml of ethanol, then added p-methanesulfonyl phenyl hydrazine salt alkoxide 2.3g (0.01ml). Was refluxed for 15 hours. Place the refrigerator overnight, the crystals were collected by filtration, recrystallized from ethanol, mp 129-31 ℃, to give 3.1 g.

Elemental analysis: C19H17F3N2O2S Calculated: C, 57.86; H, 4.34; N, 7.10 Found: C, 57.97; H, 4.29; N, 7.20MS (m / z): 395 (M + 1)

C4

 

CN101497585B Jan 31, 2008 Jan 12, 2011 中国科学院理化技术研究所 Method for photocatalytic synthesis of 1,3,5-trisubstituted-2-pyrazole derivative

China Generic Drugmakers Poaching Indian Execs


China Generic Drugmakers Poaching Indian Execs

Written by Richard Daverman, PhD, Executive Editor, Greg B. Scott.

In the competition between China and India pharmas, China’s generic drug industry leads in the supply of APIs to global drugmakers, but India supplies more finished generic drugs to the world’s marketplace. That may be changing. According to press reports,

China drugmakers have begun hiring experienced Indian pharma execs, offering them two to three times their present salaries.

The China companies are willing to pay at these levels because the Indian professionals have two skills the Chinese want: drug formulation experience and English.

China’s drugmakers want help as they target the western world’s lucrative generic drug market.

More details…. http://www.chinabiotoday.com/articles/20150903

 

///////////

Harbin Gloria to Commercialize Constipation Drug in China


Harbin Gloria to Commercialize Constipation Drug in China

Harbin Gloria Pharma in-licensed China rights to Amitiza, a novel anti-constipation drug from Sucampo Pharma of the US. Amitiza is a chloride channel activator, approved for US use in 2006, which acts in the small intestine. Gloria will be responsible for obtaining CFDA approval of the drug and then commercializing it in China. Gloria paid $1 million upfront and will be liable for additional milestone payments. More details….

– See more at: http://www.chinabiotoday.com/articles/20150512_1#sthash.YbauZ6qM.dpuf

http://www.chinabiotoday.com/articles/20150512_1

AMITIZA (lubiprostone)

 

 

Harbin Gloria Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd. engages in the research, development, production, and sale of pharmaceutical products primarily in the People’s Republic of China. The company offers orthopedic medicines, antineoplastic products, medical-nutrition products, rheumatology drugs, digestive and respiratory system medicines, cardiovascular medicines, liver disease medications, gynecology medications, and antibiotics. It also provides circulatory system, pediatrics, uropoiesis and reproduction, immune regulation, and other products. Harbin Gloria Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd. was founded in 2000 and is based in Harbin, the People’s Republic of China.

No. 29, Beijing Road

Limin Economic & Technological Development Zone

Harbin,  150025

China

Founded in 2000

Phone:

86 451 5735 1368

Fax:

86 451 5735 1992

www.gloria.cc

Harbin

Map of harbin china

 

 

 

 

 

Allisartan isoproxil


 

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00007

 

Allisartan isoproxil

CAS: 947331-05-7

553.01, C27 H29 Cl N6 O5

An angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat mild to moderate essential hypertension.

Approved china, cfda July 1 2012

Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical, Inc.

Allist Shanghai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester,

2-Butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid isopropoxycarbonyloxymethyl ester

2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester

Allisartan is an orally-available angiotensin AT1 antagonist in phase II clinical trials at Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension.

Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical PHASE 2 for Hypertension

 

The prior art discloses Arleigh medoxomil illiquid, low bulk density, electrostatic phenomena evident. Chinese patent discloses a CN200710094131.0 Alicante medoxomil polymorph and method of preparation. Allie medoxomil based crystal prepared by the method has high stability characteristics, but relatively small bulk density of the crystal clear after the electrostatic phenomenon and poor liquidity dried, crushed and used for easy dispensing generate dust, operating the site clean and labor protection inconvenience, on the other hand also for accurate weighing and packaging products inconvenience.

CN200710094021.4 and CN201110289695.6 disclose the preparation of Alicante medoxomil, the inventor repeated, the proceeds of crystal and Chinese patent CN200710094131.0 consistent disclosed.

 

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00002

Allisartan isoproxil

Angiotensin II AT-1 receptor antagonist

Essential hypertension

Amorphous form of allisartan isoproxil is claimed in WO 2015062498. Useful for treating hypertension. Shenzhen Salubris Pharmaceuticals, in collaboration with Allist, has developed and launched allisartan isoproxil. In October 2012, Shenzhen Salubris signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with Allist Pharmaceutical for the production and marketing of allisartan isoproxil. Family members of the product case of allisartanWO2007095789, expire in the EU and in the US in 2026. For a prior filing see WO2009049495 (assigned to Allist Pharmaceuticals), claiming the crystalline form of allisartan and its method of preparation.

The compound of formula (I) is an Ang II receptor antagonist. Its chemical name is 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carb-oxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester. Chinese Patent CN101024643A describes the structure, and its use as antihypertensive drugs.

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00001

As regards to the solid physical properties of the compound of formula (I), the patent document of CN101024643A discloses that it is a white solid, and its melting point is 134.5-136° C. However, CN101024643A dose not disclose the crystalline structure of the compound of formula (I).

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00003

CHINA

 

 

 

NEW PATENT

WO-2015062498

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015062498

2-butyl-4-chloro -1- [2 ‘- (1H- tetrazol-5-yl) -1,1’-biphenyl- – methyl] – imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) – oxy] -, methyl ester, is a novel angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonist. China Patent CN200680000397.8 disclosed structural formula Alicante medoxomil compound. Allie medoxomil toxicity, blood pressure better than the same type of products (such as losartan), which by generating active metabolite (EXP3174) in vivo metabolism, and thus play its antihypertensive effect.

 

The prior art discloses Arleigh medoxomil illiquid, low bulk density, electrostatic phenomena evident. Chinese patent discloses a CN200710094131.0 Alicante medoxomil polymorph and method of preparation. Allie medoxomil based crystal prepared by the method has high stability characteristics, but relatively small bulk density of the crystal clear after the electrostatic phenomenon and poor liquidity dried, crushed and used for easy dispensing generate dust, operating the site clean and labor protection inconvenience, on the other hand also for accurate weighing and packaging products inconvenience.
CN200710094021.4 and CN201110289695.6 disclose the preparation of Alicante medoxomil, the inventor repeated, the proceeds of crystal and Chinese patent CN200710094131.0 consistent disclosed.

……………………..

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/CN103965171A?cl=en

Hypertension is a major disease threat to human health, looking for efficiency, low toxicity anti-hypertensive drugs can help relieve social pressures and family responsibilities, with good social and economic benefits.

 Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the renin – angiotensin – aldosterone system (RAAS) main vasoconstrictor hormone, which plays an important role in the pathobiology of many chronic diseases, particularly its the role of blood pressure regulation is particularly prominent, and therefore Ang II receptor is believed to be a good target for the development of anti-hypertensive drugs.

EP0253310 discloses a series of imidazole derivatives, DuPont declared and obtained by the study of losartan potassium-listed in 1994, was the first non-peptide Ang II receptor antagonist anti-hypertensive drugs. Thereafter, he listed a series of losartan antihypertensive drugs: candesartan cilexetil, valsartan, irbesartan, telmisartan and olmesartan medoxomil, etc. (EP0253310, W02005049587, GB2419592, EP1719766, US5196444) .

The losartan potassium in the body, the active metabolite EXP3174 has a stronger antihypertensive effect than losartan potassium, but EXP3174 polar molecular structure, is difficult to form passive absorption by diffusion through the cell membrane. US5298915 discloses five carboxyl ester group transformation EXP3174 is a series of derivatives, focusing on the compound HN-65021, and discloses hypotensive test results HN-65021 administered by the oral route, its hypotensive activity with chlorine Similar losartan potassium (BritishJouurnal ofClinical Pharmacology, 40,1995,591).

CN200680000397.8 _5_ discloses a class of imidazole carboxylic acid derivatives, namely Alicante medoxomil compound 8 has a good blood pressure lowering effect, the structure of formula I, the preparation method disclosed in this patent document follows the route A, losartan potassium by oxidation, the protecting group into an ester, deprotected to give a compound of formula I, the route step oxidation process of hydroxyl to carboxyl groups, will be reduced to very fine granular potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide, filtration This manganese mud time-consuming, inefficient, polluting; the second step conversion was about 70%, and post-processing cumbersome; byproducts and produced the first two steps more. This makes the high cost of the entire route, not suitable for the production of amplification.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00061

CN200710094021.4 discloses another method for preparing the compounds of formula I, the following route B, the starting material by nucleophilic substitution, oxidation, an ester, a tetrazole ring to obtain a compound of formula I, the first step of the method nucleophilic substitution easy to generate an imidazole ring -3 para isomer impurities difficult to remove; the last step into the ring to use sodium azide, operating dangerous.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00071

CN201210020174.5 disclosed a series of anti-hypertensive compound and preparation method, the following line C, the temperature control in the first step of its preparation O ~ 5 ° C, a mixed solution of acetone and water, with a 5% aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite oxidation, yield 70%, the second step use of potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide will produce the same, and a yield of only 40%, the first two steps total yield of 28%, is very low, and the post-treatment methods are by column separation, the first two steps are used are organic and inorganic mixed solvent is not conducive to recovery, not suitable for scale-up.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00081

 

Figure CN103965171AC00021

 

Figure CN103965171AC00022

 

Figure CN103965171AC00023

 

Figure CN103965171AC00031

 

Figure CN103965171AC00032

Example 8 2-Butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole

5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil crude)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00162

To a 20L reactor 9800ml of methanol, stirring was started, the rotational speed is added at 200r / min 1225.3g solid compound of formula II, and heated to reflux. The reaction 8-10h evacuation HPLC detection, the formula II compound residue <1.0% seen as a response endpoint. After reaching the end of the reaction the heating was stopped, continued stirring speed of 180r / min. About 3_4h fell 20_25 ° C, colorless transparent crystalline solid precipitated. The reaction mixture was cooled to continue to 15-20 ° C, to maintain 15-20 ° C with stirring 3h, the reaction mixture was filtered to give a pale yellow clear filtrate. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to move 20L flask, vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40_45 ° C methanol distilled off under until no distillate. 800ml of absolute ethanol was added, a vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40-45 ° C under distillation until no distillate.

900ml of absolute ethanol was added, heated to reflux. N-heptane was added slowly 1100ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° c / h speed cooled to 15 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration lh, was Allie medoxomil crude (800.lg, yield 93.8%).Purification was used directly in the next step without drying.

 Example 9 2-butyl-4-chloro-_1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropylamino oxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00171

850ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 3L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (800.lg, 1.45mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1300ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration, the purified Alicante medoxomil (780.9g, 97.6% yield).

Example 10 2-butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole

5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00172

950ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 5L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (549.9g, 1.72mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1200ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = cake was washed with a mixture of 1/3, and dried under reduced pressure after filtration to obtain a purified Alicante medoxomil (540.0g, 98.2% yield).

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PATENT

Example 122-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester (compound 8)

Figure US20090036505A1-20090205-C00031

To a 100 ml of one-necked flask, 0.523 g of material, 0.124 g of potassium carbonate, 5 ml of N,N-dimethylacetamide were added in turn. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes. Then 0.562 g of 1-chloromethyl isopropyl carbonate was added and the mixture was reacted at 45-50° C. for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, the mixture solution was filtered, and 30 ml of water was added into the filtrate. The resulting mixture was extracted with 30 ml of ethyl acetate twice. The organic phase was dried and concentrated to give 1.724 g of oil, which was directly used in the next reaction without purification.

10 ml of dioxane and 5 ml of 4 mol/L HCl were added, and the resulting mixture was reacted at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction was stopped and the solution was adjusted to pH 6-7 using aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. The solution went turbid, and was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with saturated brine, dried, concentrated to give 0.436 g of 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester.

In addition, the following reaction condition can be used to deprotect the protecting group. To 1.7 g of oily product, 5 ml absolute methanol was added and the mixture was heated slowly to reflux and stirred for 8 hours. When the insoluble solid disappeared totally, the mixture was discontinued to heating and cooled to 5° C. The white solid precipitated, and was separated by filtration, and the filter cake was washed with a small quantity of methanol. The combined filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester with the yield of 70%.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ H (ppm): 0.89 (t, 3H, J=14.6), 1.24 (d, 6H, J=6.3), 0.37 (m, 2H, J=22.1), 1.69 (m, 2H, J=30.5), 2.64 (t, 2H, J=15.5), 4.81 (m, 1H, J=12.4), 5.54 (s, 2H), 5.86 (s, 2H), 6.95-7.64 (8H), 8.08 (d, 1H, J=7.42)

ESI(+) m/z: 552.7

Mp: 134.5-136° C.

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WO2005011646A2 * 20 Jul 2004 10 Feb 2005 Nicoletta Almirante Nitrooxy derivatives of losartan, valsatan, candesartan, telmisartan, eprosartan and olmesartan as angiotensin-ii receptor blockers for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
US8455526 * 6 Jun 2008 4 Jun 2013 Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives
US20100168193 * 6 Jun 2008 1 Jul 2010 Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives
USRE44873 31 Jul 2006 29 Apr 2014 Salubris Asset Management Co., Ltd. Imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, the preparation method therefor and the uses thereof
CN101024643A 20 Feb 2006 29 Aug 2007 上海艾力斯医药科技有限公司 Imidazo-5-carboxylic-acid derivatives, its preparing method and use
US5298519 * 24 Sep 1992 29 Mar 1994 Chemish Pharmazeutische Forschungsgesellschaft M.B.H. Acylals of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, and their use as angiotensin (II) inhibitors

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update……………..

WO 2015192722

Example 1

Weigh 25g 2- butyl-4-chloro-1- [2 ‘- (1-trityl–1H- tetrazol-5-yl) -1,1’-biphenyl – methyl] – imidazole 5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) – carbonyloxy] -, methyl ester, was added to a 500ml three-necked flask, methanol was added 200ml, refluxed for 9h, methanol was distilled off under reduced pressure to give crude Alicante medoxomil .


To the residue (i.e., medoxomil crude Alicante) were added 33ml of isopropanol and 66ml of n-heptane, heated to 76 ℃ stirred for 2h. After cooling to 60 ℃ stirring for 1h, and then the system was slowly cooled to 0 ℃, stirring was continued for 3h. Filtered, the filter cake was washed with n-heptane. At 40 ℃ 8 hours and dried in vacuo to give 15.3g Alicante medoxomil (purity 99.3%) as a XRD spectrum as shown in Figure, the main peak of the diffraction peaks as shown in the following table, the DSC spectrum shown in figure II . Compared with the published crystal, the crystal obtained by the absence of significant electrostatic phenomena.

 

 

 

Shanghai , CHINA

 

 

What is SMU-B?


Figure CN101851237BD00291

cas 1253286-89-3

Spiro[3H-​indole-​3,​4′-​piperidin]​-​2(1H)​-​one, 5-​[6-​amino-​5-​[(1R)​-​1-​(2,​6-​dichloro-​3-​fluorophenyl)​ethoxy]​-​3-​pyridinyl]​-​1′-​methyl-

SMU-B

or is it

china 1

1253286-90-6

Spiro[3H-​indole-​3,​4′-​piperidin]​-​2(1H)​-​one, 6-​[6-​amino-​5-​[(1R)​-​1-​(2,​6-​dichloro-​3-​fluorophenyl)​ethoxy]​-​3-​pyridinyl]​-​1′-​methyl-

SMU-B

Abstract Image

A series of novel aminopyridyl/pyrazinyl-substituted spiro[indoline-3,4′-piperidine]-2-ones were designed, synthesized, and tested in various in vitro/in vivo pharmacological and antitumor assays. 6-[6-Amino-5-[(1R)-1-(2,6-dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-3-pyridyl]-1′-methylspiro[indoline-3,4′-piperidine]-2-one (compound 5b or SMU-B) was identified as a potent, highly selective, well-tolerated, and orally efficacious c-Met/ALK dual inhibitor, which showed pharmacodynamics effect by inhibiting c-Met phosphorylation in vivo and significant tumor growth inhibitions (>50%) in GTL-16 human gastric carcinoma xenograft models.

see..http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ml400203d

ACS Med. Chem. Lett., 2013, 4 (8), pp 806–810
DOI: 10.1021/ml400203d

cas 1253286-90-6

6-[6-Amino-5-[(1R)-1-(2,6-dichloro-3-fluorophenyl)ethoxy]-3-pyridyl]-1′-methylspiro[indoline-3,4′-piperidine]-2-one (compound 5b or SMU-B)

SEE

CN 101851237

南方医科大学

Figure CN101851237BD00142

1_4,3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] -2-nitro-approved P set

 

Figure CN101851237BD00251

  obtained in Step 1-3 (IS) -I- (2,6- dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) ethanol (2. 09g, IOmmol) was dissolved in dry THF (80 ml). Then, at room temperature under a nitrogen atmosphere, a solution of 3-hydroxy-2-nitro-pyridine (1.54g, llmmol) and triphenylphosphine (3. 409g, 13mmol), and so is completely dissolved, cooled to 0 ° C, was added Diisopropyl azodicarboxylate (DIAD, 2.63g, 13mmol), After the addition, the mixture was stirred at 0 ° C for 16 hours, the solvent was removed by rotary evaporation and the oily residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (petroleum ether / ethyl acetate : 4/1) to give the desired product as a white solid (3. 046g, yield: 92%) o 1H-NMR (CDClySOOMHz): 8 (ppm) I. 86 (d, J = 6. 4Hz, 3H), 6 . 10 (q, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 09 (dd, J = 7. 6,8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 21 (dd, J = 8. 4, I. 2Hz, 1H ), 7. 31 (dd, J = 4. 8,8. 8Hz, 1H),

7. 37 (dd, J = 4. 8,8. OHz, 1H), 8. 04 (dd, J = L 6,4. 4Hz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 330 94 [M + H, 35C1,35Cl], 332. 92 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

  1_5,3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas -3- gas phenyl) ethoxy] -2_ atmosphere based grant given P

 

Figure CN101851237BD00252

to take steps 1-4 to get the 3 – [(lR) _l- (2,6_ dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) ethoxy] -2_ nitro than Li Jie (2. 649g, 8mmol) was dissolved in ethanol (15mL) was added iron powder (3. 575g, 64mmol) were mixed under nitrogen with vigorous stirring at 90 ° C oil bath, was added via syringe 0.8mL IM HCl (aq), after 10 minutes, was added 0. 8mL IMHCl (aq). Stirring was continued for 30 minutes, TLC showed the reaction. Cooled to room temperature, filtered through Celite, the filter residue washed with ethanol (3X IOmL). The combined organic phase was removed by rotary evaporation of the solvent gave the desired product as a light brown solid (2. 41g, yield: 100%) o 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz): 8 (ppm) I. 81 (d, J = 6. 8Hz, 3H ), 5. 03 (s, br, 2H), 6. 01 (q, J = 6. 8Hz, 1H), 6. 47 (dd, J = 4. 8,7. 6Hz, 1H), 6. 70 (d, J = 8. OHz, 1H), 7. 05 (t, J = 8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 28 (dd, J = 4. 0,8. 0Hz, 1H), 7. 57 ( d, J = 5.2Hz, lH). Mass spectrum m / z:. 301 00 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 302. 77 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

  l-6,5_ desert _3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas -3- gas phenyl) ethoxy] -2_ atmosphere base than Li Jie

 

Figure CN101851237BD00261

The steps 1-5 obtained 3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] -2-yl atmosphere than Li Jie (1.506g, 5mmol) dissolved in acetonitrile (20mL) in. Then, at 0 ° C and the degree of stirring in added portionwise N- bromosuccinimide (0.908g, 5. Lmmol), After the addition, stirring was continued for 30 minutes. The solvent was removed by rotary evaporation, the crude product was obtained as a white solid was the desired product (1.045g, yield: 55%) was purified by column chromatography on silica gel. 1H-NMR (⑶Cl3,500MHz): 8 (ppm) I. 81 (d, J = 6. 8Hz, 3H), 4 85 (s, br, 2H), 6 98 (q, J = 6. 8Hz.. , 1H), 6. 82 (d, J =

2. 0Hz, 1H), 7. 08 (t, J = 8. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 31 (dd, J = 4. 8,8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 65 (d, J = 2 . OHz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:… 378 84 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl, 79Br], 380 82 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl, 81Br or 35Cl, 37Cl, 79Br], 382 80 [M + H, 35Cl , 37Cl, 81Bror 37Cl, 37Cl, 79Br].

Step 2, I ‘- methyl-5- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl -I, 3,2- dioxolane boron-2-yl) spiro [indoline Spray – 3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00262

  2-1,5- bromo -I ‘- methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4’ – piperidin] _2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00263

[0300] 5-bromo – indol-2-one (I. 272g, 6mmol) was suspended THF (15mL) at, and cooled to -78 ° C, added dropwise with stirring IM NaN (SiMe3) THF solution of 2 (30mL, 30mmol). After the addition was stirred at _78 ° C 30 min, then 2-chloro -N- (2- chloro-ethyl) -N- methyl-ethylamine hydrochloride solid (I. 155g, 6mmol). After the addition stirring was continued for 30 minutes, then warmed to room temperature and stirred for two days. TLC showed the reaction was completed, to the pink suspension was carefully added aqueous 4M hydrochloric acid (IOmL), and then adjusted with concentrated aqueous ammonia to pH ^ 9, and extracted with DCM (3 X 80mL). The organic phases were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated to give the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (7M NH3 in methanol solution / DCM: 5/95) to give the desired product (I. 38g, yield: 78%) was purified. 1H-NMR (CD3ODjOOMHz):. 8 (ppm) I. 86-1 92 (m, 2H), I 94-1 98 (m, 2H), 2 44 (s, 3H), 2 62-…. 2. 68 (m, 2H), 2. 86-2. 91 (m, 2H), 6. 76 (d, J = 7. 6Hz, 1H), 7. 33 (dd, J = I. 2,7 . 6Hz, 1H), 7. 44 (d, J = I. 6Hz, 1H), 7. 81 (s, br, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 294 99 [M + H, 79Br], 296 82 [M + H, 81Br]..

2-2, V – methyl-5- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl–1,3,2_ dioxolane Borane _2_ yl) spiro [indoline – 3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00271

Under nitrogen, obtained in Step 2-1 to 5-bromo -I ‘- methyl-spiro [indoline-_3,4’ – piperidin] _2_ one (147. 6mg, 0. 5mmol) , the United pinacols drop acid unitary purpose (140mg, 0. 55mmol) and acetic acid Bell (147mg, I. 5mmol) in DMSO (0. 2ml) was added in PdCl2 (dppf) • CH2Cl2 (20. 4mg, 0. 025mmol ), to the resulting solution was bubbled with nitrogen for 2 minutes, and then stirred at 80 ° C of 16 hours. LC-MS showed completion of the reaction, after cooling to room temperature, water (2mL), extracted with DCM (3X5mL). The organic phases were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated to give the desired product (170mg, yield: 100%) o MS m / z:. 342 07 [M + H], 343. 08 [M + H, 100%], 344. 11 [M + H].

  Step 3,5_ [6_ atmosphere base _5_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas -3- gas phenyl) ethoxy] -3_ batch P fixed base] -I ‘- A group spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

The steps 1-6 5_ desert obtained _3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] -2-yl batch atmosphere pyridine (75. 8mg , 0. 2mmol), I’- step 2_2 obtained methyl 5- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l, 3,2-dioxolane Borane 2-yl) spiro [ indoline-3,4′-piperidin] -2-one (82mg, 0. 24mmol) and potassium carbonate (82. 9mg, 0. 6mmol) was dissolved in DME / water mixture solution (4 / 1,2. Oml ). Then, under nitrogen, was added Pd (PPh3) 4 (II. 6mg, 0. Olmmol), to the resulting mixture was bubbled with nitrogen for 2 minutes, and then stirred at 80 ° C of 18 hours. LC-MS showed completion of the reaction, after cooling to room temperature, water (5mL), extracted (3 X IOmL) with DCM. The organic phases were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated to give the crude product was purified by silica gel column chromatography (7M NH3 in methanol solution / DCM: 5/95) to give the desired product (88. 6mg, yield: 86%) was purified. 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz): 8 (ppm) I. 86 (d, J = 6. 4Hz, 3H), I 93-2 02 (m, 4H), 2 44 (s, 3H),…

2. 66-2. 72 (m, 2H), 2. 89-2. 93 (m, 2H), 4. 87 (s, br, 2H), 6. ll (q, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H ), 6. 88 (d, J =

8. OHz, 1H), 6. 94 (d, J = I. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 06 (t, J = 8. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 19 (dd, J = I. 2,8 . OHz, 1H),

7. 31 (m, 1H), 7. 36 (s, 1H), 7. 66 (s, br, 1H), 7. 80 (d, J = 2. OHz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:.. 515 05 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 517 03 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

  Example 2: 6_ [6_ atmosphere base _5_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas -3- gas phenyl) ethoxy] -3_ than Li Jie base] -I ‘ – methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00281

Step I, I ‘- methyl-6- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl–I, 3,2- dioxolane boron-2-yl) spiro [indoline Spray – 3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

  1-1,6- bromo -I ‘- methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4’ – piperidin] -2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00282

  As described in Example I steps 2-1 of the method from the commercially available 6-bromo – indol-2-one was prepared, Yield: 82%. Analysis of the data obtained the desired product are = 1H-Nmr (Cd3OdJOOmHz): 8 (ppm) 1.90-1.98 (m, 4H),

2. 44 (s, 3H), 2. 64-2. 68 (m, 2H), 2. 86-2. 92 (m, 2H), 7. 05 (d, J = 2. 0Hz, 1H), 7. 16-7. 21 (m, 2H), 7. 91 (s, br, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z: 295 00 [M + H, 79Br], 296 78 [M + H, 81Br]… [0312] 1-2, 1 ‘- methyl-6- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-_1,3,2_ dioxolane Borane _2_ yl) spiro [indoline – 3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00283

In the step 1-1 of the obtained 6-bromo -I ‘- methyl-spiro [indoline-_3,4’ – piperidin] -2_ ketone and commercially available linking pinacol boronic ester material, the method of Example I was prepared in accordance with steps 2-2, Yield: 95%. Analysis of the data obtained of the target product are as follows: Mass spectrum m / z:. 342 06 [M + H], 343 04 [M + H, 100%], 344. 12 [M + H]..

  Step 2,6_ [6_ atmosphere base _5_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas -3- gas phenyl) ethoxy] -3 ratio Li Jie base] -I ‘- methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2_ one

  Example I steps 1-6 to obtain 5-bromo -3 – [(IR) -I- (2,6- dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) ethoxy] -2-amino- pyridine, I obtained in Example 1-2 of the present embodiment in step ‘- methyl-6- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l, 3,2-dioxolane-2-yl borane) spiro [indoline-_3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one, prepared as in Example I Step 3. Yield: 82%. 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz): 8 (ppm) I. 86 (d, J = 6. 4Hz, 3H), I. 91-1 95 (m, 2H), I 97-2 03 (m, 2H… ), 2. 45 (s, 3H), 2. 65-2. 72 (m, 2H), 2. 89-2. 95 (m, 2H), 5. 12 (s, hr, 2H),

6. 12 (q, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H), 6. 94-7. 00 (m, 3H), 7. 06 (t, J = 8. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 31 (m, 1H ), 7. 35 (d, J = 7. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 90 (d, J = 2. 0Hz, 1H), 9. 28 (s, br, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:.. 515 05 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 517 03 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

5- [6-amino-5 – [(2,6-dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) methoxy] _3_ pyridinyl] -I’–methyl-spiro [indole: 3 [0317] Example morpholine-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

 

H2N N

 

Figure CN101851237BD00291
Figure CN101851237BD00292
Figure CN101851237BD00293

Step I, 5_ desert _3_ (2,6_ two gas -3- integrity oxy) _2_ atmosphere based grant given P

  1-1,2,6_ two gas acid gas _3_

 

Cl OF

Sodium hydroxide (13g, 325mmol) in water (IlOmL) was cooled to _5 ° C was added dropwise under vigorous stirring of liquid bromine (12. 5g, 78. 2mmol), added after the addition of pre-cooled to 10 ° C dioxane (75mL). The above mixture under vigorous stirring was added dropwise a pre-cooled to 5 ° C of I- (2,6- dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) ethanone (5g, 21. 2mmol) in dioxane (330mL) and water (90mL) was added. After the addition, at room temperature for 2 hours Lan Xiang, Xiang Lan then 90 C for 30 minutes. TLC was not shown with the S starting material disappeared, and was acidified with concentrated hydrochloric acid to PH~9. The resulting mixture was rotary evaporated to dryness, added water (20mL), and extracted with diethyl ether (2X80mL), the organic phases were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated to give an oily product solidified after cooling to a transparent, slightly yellow solid (3. 4g, Yield: 67%). 1H-Nmr (Cdci3AOOmHz):. 8 (ppm) 7. 21 (. Dd, J = 8. 0,8 8Hz, 1H), 7 35 (. Dd, J = 4. 4,9 2Hz, 1H), 9 . 79 (s, br, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z (ES “:. 207 11 [M_H, 35Clj35Cl], 209 10 [MH, 35Cl, 37Cl]..

  1-2,2,6–dichloro-3-fluoro-benzyl alcohol

 

^ Coh

F

[0325] To be filled with 2,6-dichloro-3-fluoro benzoic acid (3g, 14. 35mmol) added dropwise to the flask IM BH3. THF (43mL, 43mmol), added after the mixture was stirred under reflux for 24 hours. TLC showed the reaction was complete, methanol (50mL) to destroy excess borane, and the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure and the resulting trimethyl borate, the process is repeated twice more to give a viscous product 2. I g, yield: 75% . 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz): 8 (ppm) 2. 09 (t, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H), 4. 97 (d, J = 6. 4Hz, 2H), 7 09 (t, J = 8. . 8Hz, 1H), 7. 32 (dd, J = 4. 8,9. 1Hz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z (ES-):.. 193 08 [M_H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 195 12 [MH, 35Cl, 37Cl].

  1-3,3_ (2,6-gas _3_ integrity oxy) _2_ nitro grant given P

 

Figure CN101851237BD00301

Following the procedure of steps 1-4 of Example I, was prepared from 2,6-dichloro-3-fluoro-benzyl alcohol and 3-hydroxy-2-nitropyridine prepared in yield (in this example embodiment steps 1_2) : 90%. 1H-Nmr (Cdci3AOOmHz): 8 (ppm) 5. 45 (s, 2H), 7 20, 7 37 (dd, J = 4. 8. (Dd, J = 8. 0,9 2Hz, 1H.). , 9. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 59 (dd, J = 4. 4,8. 4Hz, 1H),

7. 74 (dd, J = L 2,8. 4Hz, 1H), 8. 17 (dd, J = L 6,4. 4Hz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 316 89 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 318. 89 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

  1_4,3_ (2,6-gas _3_ integrity oxy) _2_ atmosphere based grant given P

 

Figure CN101851237BD00302

The method according to Example I step 1_5 from 3- (2,6-gas -3- integrity oxy) _2_ nitro Jie ratio 唳 preparation (in this case, steps 1-3), that Yield: 95% o 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz):. 8 (ppm) 4 65 (s, br, 2H), 5 31 (s, 2H), 6 66 (dd, J = 5. 2,8.. . 0Hz, 1H), 7. 14 (dd, J = I. 2,8. 0Hz, 1H), 7. 18 (dd, J =

8. 4,9. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 37 (dd, J = 4. 8,8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 73 (dd, J = I. 6,5. 6Hz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 286 95 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 288 85 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl]..

  1-5,5_ desert -3- (2,6-gas -3_ integrity oxy) ~ 2 ~ atmosphere based grant given P

 

Figure CN101851237BD00303

Following the procedure of Example I step 1_6 embodiment, starting from 3- (2,6-gas _3_ integrity yloxy) _2_ atmosphere group given the preparation of the batch P (in the example of the present embodiment in step 1-4), Yield: 60% o 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz):. 8 (ppm) 4 68 (s, br, 2H), 5 28 (s, 2H), 7 21 (dd, J = 8. 0,8.. . 8Hz, lH), 7. 24 (dd, J = 2. OHz, 1H), 7. 39 (dd, J = 4. 8,

9. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 78 (d, J = 2. OHz, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 364 83 [M + H, 35Cl, 36Cl, 79Br], 366 77 [M + H], 368 69 [M + H]…

  Step 2,5_ [6_ atmosphere base _5_ [(2,6_ two gas -3- gas) methoxy] -3_ than Li Jie base] -I-methyl-spiro [indoline _ 3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

The present embodiment 5_ desert steps 1_5 obtained _3_ (2,6_ two gas _3_ integrity yloxy) pyridine ~ 2 ~ atmosphere, Examples 2-2 obtained in step I I ‘- methyl-5- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-borane _1,3,2- dioxolane-2-yl) spiro [indoline-_3,4’ – piperidine ] -2-one, prepared as in Example I Step 3. Yield: 85 V0o 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz):.. 8 (ppm) I. 92-2 02 (m, 4H), 2. 43 (s, 3H), 2. 65-2 71 (m, 2H) , 2. 90-2. 91 (m, 2H), 4. 92 (s, br, 2H), 5. 52 (s, 2H), 6. 89 (d, J = 8. 4Hz, 1H), 6 . 90 (d, J = L 2Hz, 1H), 7. 06 (t, J = 8. OHz, 1H), 7. 21 (dd, J = L 2,8. OHz, 1H), 7. 31 ( m, 1H),

7. 37 (s, 1H), 7. 79 (s, br, 1H), 7. 80 (d, J = 2.0Hz, lH). MS m / z:. 501 06 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 503 04 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl]..

6- [6-amino-5 – [(2,6-dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) methoxy] _3_ pyridinyl] -I’- methyl-spiro [indole: 4 [0337] Example morpholine _3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00311
Figure CN101851237BD00312
Figure CN101851237BD00313

H2N N

  Following the procedure in Example I step of Example 3, the procedure of Example 3 to give 5-bromo-1-5 _3_ (2,6-dichloro-3-fluoro-benzyloxy) -2-amino-pyridine and Step 2 in Example I to give the embodiment 1-2 ‘- methyl-6- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxolane Borane 2-yl) spiro [ indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidine] _2_ ester -one, yield:. 78 V0o 1H-Nmr (Cdci3JOOmHz): 8 (ppm) I. 96-2 00 (m, 2H), 2. 01 -2. 12 (m, 2H), 2. 46 (s, 3H), 2. 66-2. 73 (m, 2H), 2. 90-2. 96 (m, 2H), 5. 30 (s , hr, 2H), 6. 94-7. 01 (m, 3H), 7. 07 (t, J =

8. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 30 (m, 1H), 7. 34 (d, J = 7. 2Hz, 1H), 7. 89 (d, J = 2. OHz, 1H), 8. 56 ( s, br, 1H). MS m / z:. 501 06 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 503 04 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl]..

  Example 5: 5_ [5_ atmosphere base -6- [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] Batch-2-yl] -I ‘ – methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

 

J0A = o

. | J: too

[0342] Step 1,5_ desert _2_ atmosphere base _3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] Jie than exposure

 

Cl 6, / ISL / Br

xy

H2N N

  In at 0 ° C, NaH (80mg of NaH in mineral oil, 2mmol) force the mouth (1R) -1_ (2,6- dichloro-3-fluorophenyl) ethanol (418mg, 2mmol. See example Example I Step 1_3) in anhydrous THF (6mL) and stirred for half an hour, a solution of 2-amino-3,5-dibromo-pyrazine (506mg, 2mmol) in THF (6mL) was added. The resulting mixture was warmed to room temperature, heated under reflux for 20 hours. TLC showed the reaction was substantially complete. After cooling to room temperature, water was added (IOmL), the mixture was extracted three times with ethyl acetate (3x20mL), the organic phases were combined, dried, concentrated, and the residue to give 594mg product was purified by column chromatography (l-3Me0H inhexanes), yield: 78%. 1H-NMR (O) Cl3, 500MHz):. 8 (ppm) I. 83 (d, J = 7. 2Hz, 3H), 5. 12 (s, br, 2H), 6 73 (q, J = 6 . 8Hz, 1H), 7. 05 (t, J = 8. OHz, 1H), 7. 28 (dd, J = 4. 8,

8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 58 (s, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 379 83 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl, 79Br], 381. 81 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl, 81Br], 383 79 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl, 81Br]..

Step 2,5_ [5_ atmosphere base _6_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ two gas _3_ gas phenyl) ethoxy] Batch-2-yl] -I ‘- A group spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

  5_ bromide present embodiment obtained in step I _2_ amino _3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ dichloro _3_ fluorophenyl) ethoxy] pyrazine, implemented I’- methyl step 2-2 obtained in Example I-5 (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl -I, 3,2- dioxolane boron

2-yl) spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one, prepared as in Example I Step 3. Yield: 54%. 1H-NMR (CD3ODjOOMHz): 8 (ppm) I. 85 (d, J = 6. 8Hz, 3H), I 85-1 88 (m, 2H), I 97-2 04 (m, 2H…. ), 2. 46 (s, 3H), 2. 76-2. 82 (m, 2H), 2. 97-3. 02 (m, 2H), 6. 74 (q, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H ), 6. 85 (d, J = 8. OHz, 1H), 7. 15 (t, J = 8. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 41 (dd, J = 4. 8,9. 2Hz, lH) , 7. 54 (dd, J = I. 6,

8. OHz, 1H), 7. 69 (d, J = I. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 81 (dt, J = 2. 0,8. 0Hz, 1H), 7. 87 (s, 1H). Mass spectrum m / z:. 515 92 [M + H, 35Cl, 35Cl], 517. 90 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl].

Example 6: 6- [5-amino -6 – [(lR) -l_ (2,6- dichloro _3_ fluorophenyl) ethoxy] pyrazin-2-yl] -I ‘ – methyl-spiro [indoline-3,4 ‘- piperidin] -2-one

 

Figure CN101851237BD00321

The embodiment of Example 5, 5_ bromo obtained in step I _2_ amino _3_ [(IR) -I- (2,6_ dichloro _3_ fluorophenyl) ethoxy] pyrazine, Example I’- methyl-2 obtained in steps 1-2 6- (4,4,5,5-tetramethyl–I, 3,2- dioxolane boron-2-yl) spiro [indole morpholine -3,4’_ piperidin] -2-one, prepared as in Example I Step 3. Yield: 67% 0

1H-NMR (CD3ODjOOMHz): 8 (ppm) I. 85 (d, J = 6. 8Hz, 3H), I 88-1 96 (m, 4H), 2 48 (s… , 3H), 2. 76-2. 82 (m, 2H), 2. 98-3. 05 (m, 2H), 6. 75 (q, J = 6. 4Hz, 1H), 7. 16 (t , J = 8. 8Hz, 1H), 7. 31 (d, J = 2. OHz, 1H), 7. 36-7. 43 (m, 3H), 7. 88 (s, 1H).

Mass spectrum m / z:. 515 99 [M + H, 35Clj35Cl], 517 90 [M + H, 35Cl, 37Cl]..

SEE

Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters (2014), 24(16), 3673-3682.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University,

P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.
P.S. : The views expressed are my personal and in no-way suggest the views of the professional body or the company that I represent.




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Zifaxaban, TY-602, Zhifeishaban 知非沙班……Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research China


 

zifa

 

Zifaxaban

Figure CN102464658AD00081

Zifaxaban

cas 1378266-98-8

rotation (-)

C20 H16 Cl N3 O4 S

C20H16ClN3O4 S, M = 429.87

Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research

Deep vein thrombosis; Lung embolism

Factor Xa antagonist

TY-602; zhifeishaban; zifaxaban

天津药物研究院

Chinese J Struc Chem. 2014, 33 (7), 1091-1095.

(S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo _3_ (4_ (2_ oxo _2H_-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin-5 -1,3_ yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide

5-Chloro-N-(5S)-2-oxo-3-[4-(2-oxopyridin-1(2H)-yl)phenyl]oxazolidin-5-ylimethyllthiophene-2-carboxamide]

 

The title compound(zifaxaban 2, C20H16ClN3O4 S, Mr = 429.87) was synthesized and its crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Zifaxaban crystallizes in monoclinic, space group P21 with a = 5.7900(12), b = 13.086(3), c = 12.889(3) A, β = 100.86(3)°, V = 959.1(3) A3, Z = 2, Dc = 1.489 g/cm3, F(000) = 444, μ = 0.342 mm-1, the final R = 0.0320 and wR = 0.0640 for 2717 observed reflections(I > 2σ(I)).

The absolute configuration of the stereogenic center in the title compound was confirmed to be S by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Four existing intermolecular hydrogen bonds help to stabilize the lattice and the molecule in the lattice to adopt an L-shape conformation.

Zifaxaban was slightly more active than rivaroxaban 1 in in vitro assay against human FXa and therefore is promising as a drug candidate.

zifaxaban (first disclosed in CN102464658), useful for treating thromboembolic disorders. Zifaxaban, a factor Xa antagonist, is being developed by Tianjin Institute of Pharmaceutical Research, for treating deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (preclinical, as of November 2014). In May 2014, an IND was filed in China. In June 2014, the institute was seeking to outlicense this product.

In vivo within the cardiovascular, blood coagulation or blood analysis some have formed out of the process of forming a solid mass with the aggregation, called thrombosis, the formation of a solid mass called a thrombus blocks. Thrombosis is an abnormal flow of blood coagulation status due to platelet activation and coagulation factors are activated in accordance therewith.

The blood coagulation was originally a protective mechanism of the organism, there is a mutual antagonism in blood coagulation system and the anti-clotting system. Under physiological conditions, blood clotting factors continue to be activated to produce thrombin, fibrin formation trace, calm on the vascular endothelium, but these traces of fibrin and constantly being activated fibrinolytic system dissolution, while being activated coagulation factors are constantly mononuclear phagocyte system swallowed. The dynamics of the coagulation system and fibrinolysis system, which ensures the blood coagulation potential can also always ensure that the fluid state of the blood.

 Sometimes, however, in certain factors can promote the coagulation process, breaking the above dynamic balance triggered the coagulation process, the blood can form a thrombosis or embolism, such as leading to myocardial infarction, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism and other thromboembolic disease.

Thromboembolic disease is cardiovascular disease against the most serious diseases, is the first killer of human health. In China, with the improvement and increased aging of the population’s living standards, the incidence of such diseases, mortality, morbidity is increasing every year.

The existing anti-thromboembolic diseases into anti-platelet drugs, anticoagulants and fibrinolytic drugs. Among them, the anti-clotting drugs are the main contents of antithrombotic therapy, mainly thrombin inhibitors and vitamin K antagonists. Heparin and low molecular weight heparin, represented by the presence of oral thrombin inhibitor invalid, non-selective inhibition and high risk of bleeding and other shortcomings. Although warfarin is representative of vitamin K antagonists can be administered orally, but there are narrow therapeutic index, high risk of bleeding and other shortcomings.

Studies have shown that the coagulation process is usually divided into intrinsic coagulation pathway and the extrinsic coagulation pathway. Coagulation process involves a lot of coagulation factors, coagulation factor activated are each the next inactive clotting factor precursor is converted into the activated form. Endogenous, exogenous pathway final summary, the blood coagulation factor X is converted to Xa.

Therefore, theoretically, the direct inhibition of ¾ factor activity should produce effective anti-clotting effect, without the side effects of thrombin inhibitors with. As direct inhibition) (a factor activity on normal hemostasis reaction / adjustment process produces minimal impact. For example, platelets remain low catalytic activity of thrombin on the ability to respond to, and thus does not affect the formation of platelet thrombi, so bleeding integrated minimize the risk of the levy.

  research also proved this point. Recently reported a variety of compounds can selectively inhibit efficient Xa, which play a preventive and / or treatment of thromboembolic disease effect (W003000256A1; CN00818966; US2007259913A1; US2007259913A1). Among them, rivaroxaban (Rivaroxaban) was listed in 2008 for hip or knee replacement surgery prophylaxis and treatment of venous thrombosis, with oral, fixed dose and other advantages.

  rivaroxaban drawback is the high price of raw materials, low yield preparation, purification of the product is difficult, high production costs. Patent CN00818966 8 reported rivaroxaban synthetic routes as follows:

4

Figure CN102464658AD00051

where the first reaction (Preparation of 4- (4-morpholino-3-yl) nitrobenzene) yield of only 17.6%, and rivaroxaban difficult purification.

 

Figure CN102464658AD00061

 

………………………………

Patent

http://www.google.com/patents/CN103232446A?cl=en

(S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2_ oxo -2H- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) -1, 3_ oxazolidine -5 – yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide.

[0011] Meanwhile, patent CN201110337461.4 described formula (I) Preparation of the compound:

[0012]

Figure CN103232446AD00041

 

……………………………………..

Patent

CN102464658

http://www.google.com/patents/CN102464658B?cl=en

Example 1

[0046] (S) -5- chloro -N- ((2- oxo-3- (4_ (2_ Batch oxo _2H_ piperidinyl) phenyl) _1,3_ oxazolidin-5-yl) methyl ) thiophene-2-carboxamide (II)

 

Figure CN102464658AD00081

[0048] A, 1- (4- amino-phenyl) -IH- pyridin _2_ -one (Compound VII) is

[0049] The reaction flask was charged with 104g of pyridine -2 (IH) – one (Compound IX), 200g of iodoaniline (compound VIII), 26gCuI, 151g of potassium carbonate, 18g8- hydroxyquinoline, 500mlDMF, nitrogen, heated to reflux, Insulation reaction was stirred 10h. Filtered hot, the filtrate evaporated under reduced pressure to make the solvent, the residue was added ethyl acetate, IL, 0 ° C incubated with stirring lh, filtered and the solid dried, 2L acetonitrile and purified to give 98g dark red solid. Refined liquor was concentrated to 500ml, the ice bath was stirred lh, filtered to give a dark red solid 19g. Total product were 117g, yield 68.9%.

[0050] 1H-NMR (DMSO-Cl6), δ (ppm):… 5 306 (s, 2H), 6 236 (d, 1H), 6 406 (d, 1H), 6 601 (d,. 2H), 6. 977 (d, 2H), 7. 459 (m, 2H).

[0051] B, (R) -2- (2- hydroxy-3- ((2-oxo–2H- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) amino) propyl) isoindoline-1,3- -dione (Compound V) is

[0052] The reaction flask was added 40gl_ (4- aminophenyl) -IH- pyridin-2-one (Compound VII), 45g (S) _N_ glycidyl phthalimide (Compound VI), 300ml95% ethanol, heating to reflux, the gradual emergence of solid insulation mixing IOh, cooled to room temperature, filtered, and the filter cake washed with ethanol (150ml X 2), and dried to give an off-white solid 38g.

[0053] The mother liquor was taken, evaporated to dryness under reduced pressure, was added 15g (Q-N_ glycidyl phthalimide (Compound VII), 150ml95% ethanol, heated to reflux, stirred incubated 10h, concentrated under reduced pressure, cooled to room temperature , stirred at room temperature for 2h, washed with ethanol and dried to give an off-white solid 33g.

[0054] A total of an off-white solid 71g, yield of 84.8%, without purification, was used directly in the next step.

[0055] 1H-NMR (DMS0_d6), δ (ppm):… 3 053 (m, 1H), 3 194 (m, 1H), 4 644 (m, 2H), 4 020 (m, 1H). , 5. 168 (d, 1H), 5. 851 (t, 1H), 6. 230 (m, 1H), 6. 404 (d, 1H), 6. 665 (d, 2H), 7. 041 ( d, 2H), 7. 435 (m, 1H), 7. 537 (m, 1H), 7. 855 (m, 4H).

[0056] C, ⑶-2- ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2_ oxo _2H_ pyridyl) phenyl) oxazolidin _5_ -1,3_ yl) methyl ) Preparation of isoindoline-1,3-dione (Compound IV) of the

[0057] The reaction flask was charged 50g Compound V, 27gN, N’- carbonyldiimidazole (⑶I), 4_ catalytic amount of dimethylaminopyridine (DMAP), 150mlN, N- dimethylformamide (DMF), stirred for 90 temperature ° C, the reaction was kept for 8 hours to make the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure, added to IL of water, stirred and dispersed, filtered, washed with water (150mlX “, washed with ethanol (100ml X 1), dried to give a white solid 48g, yield of 90%.

[0058] 1H-NMR (DMSo-CI6), δ (ppm):…. 3 984 (m, 3H), 4 251 (t, 1H), 4 968 (m, 1H), 6 301 (m, 1H), 6. 459 (d, 1H), 7. 423 (d, 2H), 7. 514 (m, 1H), 7. 615 (m, 3H), 7. 892 (m, 4H).

[0059] D, (S) -5- (aminomethyl) -3- (4- (2_ oxo _2H_-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin _2_ -1,3_ one hydrochloride (compound III) Synthesis of

[0060] The reaction flask was charged 50g compound IV, 200ml of ethanol, 60ml aqueous methylamine (40%), heated to reflux, stirred incubated 2h, cooled, evaporated under reduced pressure to make the solvent to give a sticky solid.

[0061] added to 300ml of ethanol, 20ml of hydrochloric acid, heated to reflux, stirred incubated lh, cooled to room temperature, incubated with stirring 2h, filtered, washed with ethanol, and dried to obtain;. 34 5g of white solid, yield 88.7%.

 1H-NMR (DMS0_d6), δ (ppm):…. 3 240 (m, 2H), 3 980 (m, 1H), 4 255 (m, 1H), 5 028 (m, 1H) , 6. 321 (m, 1H), 6. 475 (d, 1H), 7. 504 (m, 3H), 7. 634 (m, 3H), 8. 561 (s, 1H).

 Ε, (S) -5- chloro -N – ((2- oxo-3- (4- (2-oxo–2Η- pyridin-1-yl) phenyl) oxazolidin _1,3_ 5-yl) methyl) thiophene-2-carboxamide Preparation of thiophene (II) of

The reaction flask was charged 15g Compound III, 200ml of tetrahydrofuran, 40ml of water was added with stirring 6. 2g of sodium carbonate was added dropwise 10g5- chloro-thiophene-2-carbonyl chloride (Compound II-1) in tetrahydrofuran IOOml, 30~35 ° C insulation stirred 5h, point board to control the reaction was complete.

 to make the solvent was distilled off under reduced pressure, 50ml of water was added, stirring was filtered, the filter cake washed with water and dried to give 18. 5g of white solid.

 200ml of acetic acid and purified room temperature overnight, filtered, and the filter cake washed with ethanol and dried to give a white solid 16g, 80% yield.

Melting point: 204 8 ~205 8 ° C;

 1H-NMR (DMSo-CI6), δ (ppm):…. 3 623 (t, 2H), 3 893 (m, 1H), 4 230 (t, 1H), 4 871 (m, 1H), 6. 308 (t, 1H), 6. 468 (d, 1H), 7. 193 (d, 1H), 7. 426 (m, 2H), 7. 500 (m, 1H), 7. 637 (m, 4H), 8. 967 (t, 1H);

 MS (ESI): m / z = 430 (M + H);

 HPLC: rt (%) = 14. 38 (99. 62);

 [a] 20d = -37 6 ° (c 0. 3004, DMS0);

 

WO-2014183667Acetic acid solvate of oxazolidinone derivative, preparation method for the solvate, and application thereof

 

WO-2014183665Oxazolidinone derivative crystal form I and preparation method and use thereof

 

WO-2014183666Oxazolidinone derivate crystal form II, preparation method therefor, and application thereo

 

SEE ABAN SERIES AT…………http://organicsynthesisinternational.blogspot.in/p/aban-series.html

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The US FDA has issued a Warning Letter to Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. in Tianjin, China.


 

FDA issues Warning Letter for API Facility

http://www.gmp-compliance.org/enews_4367_FDA%20issues%20Warning%20Letter%20for%20API%20Facility_8509,S-WKS_n.html
The US FDA has issued a Warning Letter to Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. in Tianjin, China. The company produces APIs and failed to establish adequate GMP procedures at the facility. Read more about the FDA Warning Letter.


FDA issues Warning Letter for API Facility
The US FDA has issued a Warning Letter to Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd. in Tianjin, China. The company produces APIs and failed to establish adequate GMP procedures at the facility.

For quite some time India was in the center of attention and very little was heard about GMP problems in China (see also RAPS article). This is a bit surprising because a number of non-compliant facilities have been detected in the past. Also the facilities which caused the Heparin Scandal were located in China. The last enforcement action from FDA which became public referred to Import Alerts for the manufacturer Zhejiang Jiuzhou Pharmaceutical and for Zhejiang Zonebanne in China.

The new Warning Letter for Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical lists a number of different non compliance findings. These findings refer to equipment cleaning (risk of cross contamination), not adequate Change Control procedures and failure to adequately review and investigate product deviations. However, in difference to the Warning Letters sent to Indian manufacturers recently data integrity issues have not been detected.

Interestingly the API manufacturer Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical is not listed in EudraGMDP the inspection database in the EU. No entry for GMP Certificates or GMP Non-Compliance Report are available.

Source: FDA Warning Letter to Tianjin Zhongan Pharmaceutical

Tianjin Zhong’an Pharmaceutical Company Ltd. locates in the southwest of Tianjin. Set up in 1988, the company underwent operation mechanism reform in 2002 and acquired the present name.

The company covers an area of 82,000 square meters, with a construction area of 31,600 square meters and an afforested area of 13,300 square meters. It has over 600 staff members, more than 50 of whom have been conferred intermediate or advanced titles of technical post. The company produces 10 major chemical bulk pharmaceuticals, including Caffeine, Theophylline, Aminophylline, Metronidazole, Metronidazole Benzoate, Nifedipine, Secnidazole and Xanthinol Nicotinate. Its annual production capacity amounts to 4000 ton, with a sales volume of approximately RMB 250 million. Two leading products in the company are Caffeine and Metronidazole.

Zhong’an Pharmaceutical enjoys a self-management power over import and export., 90% of its products are aimed at international market, with 60% of which sold directly to world-renowned pharmaceutical and beverage enterprises. It has established a sales network which covers more than 30 countries and regions, including some European and American countries, Hong Kong, Taiwan and Macao, countries in Southeast and Midwest Asia, and Russia.

Zhong’an Pharmaceutical has set up a full set of quality assurance system, and owns a central laboratory with advanced analyse instruments that has got the title of Export Enterprise Lab and approved by Tianjin entry-exit inspection and quarantine bureau. All workshops of the company are dedicated to avoid the issue of cross pollution. Every stage of production strict complies with the cGMP, which led to the products has been enjoying a high reputation both domestic and overseas market.

Since 2000, the company has obtained GMP and ISO9001certificates, and conferred the title of Tianjin High-new Tech Enterprise and Municipal-level Key Technical Center. Both of leading products Metronidazole and Caffeine have got COS issued by EDQM and DMF register number from US FDA. Also Caffeine has got “Foreign Manufacturer Validation Certificate” from Japan Health Ministry and KOF-K and Halal certificates.

 

Sihuan Pharma’s clinical study application for oncology drug Pirotinib accepted by CFDA


The China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) has accepted Sihuan Pharmaceutical’s application for clinical trial approval for its Pirotinib, a Category 1.1 innovative oncology drug developed by the company’s drug R&D team.

By developing Pirotinib, Sihuan Pharma has demonstrated its capability for the oncology products market. The company holds the largest cardio-cerebral vascular (CCV) drug franchise in China’s prescription market.

The new drug is a second generation (pan-HER) inhibitor intended to treat patients with lung and breast cancer.http://www.pharmaceutical-technology.com/news/newssihuan-pharmas-clinical-study-application-oncology-drug-pirotinib-accepted-cfda?WT.mc_id=DN_News

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