553.01, C27 H29 Cl N6 O5
An angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat mild to moderate essential hypertension.
Approved china, cfda July 1 2012
2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester,
2-Butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid isopropoxycarbonyloxymethyl ester
2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester
Allisartan is an orally-available angiotensin AT1 antagonist in phase II clinical trials at Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension.
Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical PHASE 2 for Hypertension
CN200710094021.4 and CN201110289695.6 disclose the preparation of Alicante medoxomil, the inventor repeated, the proceeds of crystal and Chinese patent CN200710094131.0 consistent disclosed.
Angiotensin II AT-1 receptor antagonist
Amorphous form of allisartan isoproxil is claimed in WO 2015062498. Useful for treating hypertension. Shenzhen Salubris Pharmaceuticals, in collaboration with Allist, has developed and launched allisartan isoproxil. In October 2012, Shenzhen Salubris signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with Allist Pharmaceutical for the production and marketing of allisartan isoproxil. Family members of the product case of allisartanWO2007095789, expire in the EU and in the US in 2026. For a prior filing see WO2009049495 (assigned to Allist Pharmaceuticals), claiming the crystalline form of allisartan and its method of preparation.
The compound of formula (I) is an Ang II receptor antagonist. Its chemical name is 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carb-oxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester. Chinese Patent CN101024643A describes the structure, and its use as antihypertensive drugs.
As regards to the solid physical properties of the compound of formula (I), the patent document of CN101024643A discloses that it is a white solid, and its melting point is 134.5-136° C. However, CN101024643A dose not disclose the crystalline structure of the compound of formula (I).
Hypertension is a major disease threat to human health, looking for efficiency, low toxicity anti-hypertensive drugs can help relieve social pressures and family responsibilities, with good social and economic benefits.
Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the renin – angiotensin – aldosterone system (RAAS) main vasoconstrictor hormone, which plays an important role in the pathobiology of many chronic diseases, particularly its the role of blood pressure regulation is particularly prominent, and therefore Ang II receptor is believed to be a good target for the development of anti-hypertensive drugs.
EP0253310 discloses a series of imidazole derivatives, DuPont declared and obtained by the study of losartan potassium-listed in 1994, was the first non-peptide Ang II receptor antagonist anti-hypertensive drugs. Thereafter, he listed a series of losartan antihypertensive drugs: candesartan cilexetil, valsartan, irbesartan, telmisartan and olmesartan medoxomil, etc. (EP0253310, W02005049587, GB2419592, EP1719766, US5196444) .
The losartan potassium in the body, the active metabolite EXP3174 has a stronger antihypertensive effect than losartan potassium, but EXP3174 polar molecular structure, is difficult to form passive absorption by diffusion through the cell membrane. US5298915 discloses five carboxyl ester group transformation EXP3174 is a series of derivatives, focusing on the compound HN-65021, and discloses hypotensive test results HN-65021 administered by the oral route, its hypotensive activity with chlorine Similar losartan potassium (BritishJouurnal ofClinical Pharmacology, 40,1995,591).
CN200680000397.8 _5_ discloses a class of imidazole carboxylic acid derivatives, namely Alicante medoxomil compound 8 has a good blood pressure lowering effect, the structure of formula I, the preparation method disclosed in this patent document follows the route A, losartan potassium by oxidation, the protecting group into an ester, deprotected to give a compound of formula I, the route step oxidation process of hydroxyl to carboxyl groups, will be reduced to very fine granular potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide, filtration This manganese mud time-consuming, inefficient, polluting; the second step conversion was about 70%, and post-processing cumbersome; byproducts and produced the first two steps more. This makes the high cost of the entire route, not suitable for the production of amplification.
CN200710094021.4 discloses another method for preparing the compounds of formula I, the following route B, the starting material by nucleophilic substitution, oxidation, an ester, a tetrazole ring to obtain a compound of formula I, the first step of the method nucleophilic substitution easy to generate an imidazole ring -3 para isomer impurities difficult to remove; the last step into the ring to use sodium azide, operating dangerous.
CN201210020174.5 disclosed a series of anti-hypertensive compound and preparation method, the following line C, the temperature control in the first step of its preparation O ~ 5 ° C, a mixed solution of acetone and water, with a 5% aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite oxidation, yield 70%, the second step use of potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide will produce the same, and a yield of only 40%, the first two steps total yield of 28%, is very low, and the post-treatment methods are by column separation, the first two steps are used are organic and inorganic mixed solvent is not conducive to recovery, not suitable for scale-up.
Example 8 2-Butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole
5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil crude)
To a 20L reactor 9800ml of methanol, stirring was started, the rotational speed is added at 200r / min 1225.3g solid compound of formula II, and heated to reflux. The reaction 8-10h evacuation HPLC detection, the formula II compound residue <1.0% seen as a response endpoint. After reaching the end of the reaction the heating was stopped, continued stirring speed of 180r / min. About 3_4h fell 20_25 ° C, colorless transparent crystalline solid precipitated. The reaction mixture was cooled to continue to 15-20 ° C, to maintain 15-20 ° C with stirring 3h, the reaction mixture was filtered to give a pale yellow clear filtrate. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to move 20L flask, vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40_45 ° C methanol distilled off under until no distillate. 800ml of absolute ethanol was added, a vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40-45 ° C under distillation until no distillate.
900ml of absolute ethanol was added, heated to reflux. N-heptane was added slowly 1100ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° c / h speed cooled to 15 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration lh, was Allie medoxomil crude (800.lg, yield 93.8%).Purification was used directly in the next step without drying.
Example 9 2-butyl-4-chloro-_1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropylamino oxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)
850ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 3L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (800.lg, 1.45mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1300ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration, the purified Alicante medoxomil (780.9g, 97.6% yield).
Example 10 2-butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole
5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)
950ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 5L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (549.9g, 1.72mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1200ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = cake was washed with a mixture of 1/3, and dried under reduced pressure after filtration to obtain a purified Alicante medoxomil (540.0g, 98.2% yield).
Example 122-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester (compound 8)
To a 100 ml of one-necked flask, 0.523 g of material, 0.124 g of potassium carbonate, 5 ml of N,N-dimethylacetamide were added in turn. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes. Then 0.562 g of 1-chloromethyl isopropyl carbonate was added and the mixture was reacted at 45-50° C. for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, the mixture solution was filtered, and 30 ml of water was added into the filtrate. The resulting mixture was extracted with 30 ml of ethyl acetate twice. The organic phase was dried and concentrated to give 1.724 g of oil, which was directly used in the next reaction without purification.
10 ml of dioxane and 5 ml of 4 mol/L HCl were added, and the resulting mixture was reacted at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction was stopped and the solution was adjusted to pH 6-7 using aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. The solution went turbid, and was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with saturated brine, dried, concentrated to give 0.436 g of 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester.
In addition, the following reaction condition can be used to deprotect the protecting group. To 1.7 g of oily product, 5 ml absolute methanol was added and the mixture was heated slowly to reflux and stirred for 8 hours. When the insoluble solid disappeared totally, the mixture was discontinued to heating and cooled to 5° C. The white solid precipitated, and was separated by filtration, and the filter cake was washed with a small quantity of methanol. The combined filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester with the yield of 70%.
1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ H (ppm): 0.89 (t, 3H, J=14.6), 1.24 (d, 6H, J=6.3), 0.37 (m, 2H, J=22.1), 1.69 (m, 2H, J=30.5), 2.64 (t, 2H, J=15.5), 4.81 (m, 1H, J=12.4), 5.54 (s, 2H), 5.86 (s, 2H), 6.95-7.64 (8H), 8.08 (d, 1H, J=7.42)
ESI(+) m/z: 552.7
Mp: 134.5-136° C.
|WO2005011646A2 *||20 Jul 2004||10 Feb 2005||Nicoletta Almirante||Nitrooxy derivatives of losartan, valsatan, candesartan, telmisartan, eprosartan and olmesartan as angiotensin-ii receptor blockers for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US8455526 *||6 Jun 2008||4 Jun 2013||Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives|
|US20100168193 *||6 Jun 2008||1 Jul 2010||Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc.||Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives|
|USRE44873||31 Jul 2006||29 Apr 2014||Salubris Asset Management Co., Ltd.||Imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, the preparation method therefor and the uses thereof|
|CN101024643A||20 Feb 2006||29 Aug 2007||上海艾力斯医药科技有限公司||Imidazo-5-carboxylic-acid derivatives, its preparing method and use|
|US5298519 *||24 Sep 1992||29 Mar 1994||Chemish Pharmazeutische Forschungsgesellschaft M.B.H.||Acylals of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, and their use as angiotensin (II) inhibitors|
Weigh 25g 2- butyl-4-chloro-1- [2 ‘- (1-trityl–1H- tetrazol-5-yl) -1,1’-biphenyl – methyl] – imidazole 5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) – carbonyloxy] -, methyl ester, was added to a 500ml three-necked flask, methanol was added 200ml, refluxed for 9h, methanol was distilled off under reduced pressure to give crude Alicante medoxomil .
To the residue (i.e., medoxomil crude Alicante) were added 33ml of isopropanol and 66ml of n-heptane, heated to 76 ℃ stirred for 2h. After cooling to 60 ℃ stirring for 1h, and then the system was slowly cooled to 0 ℃, stirring was continued for 3h. Filtered, the filter cake was washed with n-heptane. At 40 ℃ 8 hours and dried in vacuo to give 15.3g Alicante medoxomil (purity 99.3%) as a XRD spectrum as shown in Figure, the main peak of the diffraction peaks as shown in the following table, the DSC spectrum shown in figure II . Compared with the published crystal, the crystal obtained by the absence of significant electrostatic phenomena.
Shanghai , CHINA