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Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00007

 

Allisartan isoproxil

CAS: 947331-05-7

553.01, C27 H29 Cl N6 O5

An angiotensin II receptor antagonist used to treat mild to moderate essential hypertension.

Approved china, cfda July 1 2012

Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical, Inc.

Allist Shanghai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.

2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester,

2-Butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-ylmethyl]-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid isopropoxycarbonyloxymethyl ester

2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester

Allisartan is an orally-available angiotensin AT1 antagonist in phase II clinical trials at Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical for the treatment of mild to moderate essential hypertension.

Shanghai Allist Pharmaceutical PHASE 2 for Hypertension

 

The prior art discloses Arleigh medoxomil illiquid, low bulk density, electrostatic phenomena evident. Chinese patent discloses a CN200710094131.0 Alicante medoxomil polymorph and method of preparation. Allie medoxomil based crystal prepared by the method has high stability characteristics, but relatively small bulk density of the crystal clear after the electrostatic phenomenon and poor liquidity dried, crushed and used for easy dispensing generate dust, operating the site clean and labor protection inconvenience, on the other hand also for accurate weighing and packaging products inconvenience.

CN200710094021.4 and CN201110289695.6 disclose the preparation of Alicante medoxomil, the inventor repeated, the proceeds of crystal and Chinese patent CN200710094131.0 consistent disclosed.

 

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00002

Allisartan isoproxil

Angiotensin II AT-1 receptor antagonist

Essential hypertension

Amorphous form of allisartan isoproxil is claimed in WO 2015062498. Useful for treating hypertension. Shenzhen Salubris Pharmaceuticals, in collaboration with Allist, has developed and launched allisartan isoproxil. In October 2012, Shenzhen Salubris signed a strategic cooperation framework agreement with Allist Pharmaceutical for the production and marketing of allisartan isoproxil. Family members of the product case of allisartanWO2007095789, expire in the EU and in the US in 2026. For a prior filing see WO2009049495 (assigned to Allist Pharmaceuticals), claiming the crystalline form of allisartan and its method of preparation.

The compound of formula (I) is an Ang II receptor antagonist. Its chemical name is 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)-1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]-imidazole-5-carb-oxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxy)-carbonyloxy] methyl ester. Chinese Patent CN101024643A describes the structure, and its use as antihypertensive drugs.

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00001

As regards to the solid physical properties of the compound of formula (I), the patent document of CN101024643A discloses that it is a white solid, and its melting point is 134.5-136° C. However, CN101024643A dose not disclose the crystalline structure of the compound of formula (I).

Figure US20100292286A1-20101118-C00003

CHINA

 

 

 

NEW PATENT

WO-2015062498

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015062498

2-butyl-4-chloro -1- [2 ‘- (1H- tetrazol-5-yl) -1,1’-biphenyl- – methyl] – imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) – oxy] -, methyl ester, is a novel angiotensin Ⅱ receptor antagonist. China Patent CN200680000397.8 disclosed structural formula Alicante medoxomil compound. Allie medoxomil toxicity, blood pressure better than the same type of products (such as losartan), which by generating active metabolite (EXP3174) in vivo metabolism, and thus play its antihypertensive effect.

 

The prior art discloses Arleigh medoxomil illiquid, low bulk density, electrostatic phenomena evident. Chinese patent discloses a CN200710094131.0 Alicante medoxomil polymorph and method of preparation. Allie medoxomil based crystal prepared by the method has high stability characteristics, but relatively small bulk density of the crystal clear after the electrostatic phenomenon and poor liquidity dried, crushed and used for easy dispensing generate dust, operating the site clean and labor protection inconvenience, on the other hand also for accurate weighing and packaging products inconvenience.
CN200710094021.4 and CN201110289695.6 disclose the preparation of Alicante medoxomil, the inventor repeated, the proceeds of crystal and Chinese patent CN200710094131.0 consistent disclosed.

……………………..

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/CN103965171A?cl=en

Hypertension is a major disease threat to human health, looking for efficiency, low toxicity anti-hypertensive drugs can help relieve social pressures and family responsibilities, with good social and economic benefits.

 Angiotensin II (Ang II) is the renin – angiotensin – aldosterone system (RAAS) main vasoconstrictor hormone, which plays an important role in the pathobiology of many chronic diseases, particularly its the role of blood pressure regulation is particularly prominent, and therefore Ang II receptor is believed to be a good target for the development of anti-hypertensive drugs.

EP0253310 discloses a series of imidazole derivatives, DuPont declared and obtained by the study of losartan potassium-listed in 1994, was the first non-peptide Ang II receptor antagonist anti-hypertensive drugs. Thereafter, he listed a series of losartan antihypertensive drugs: candesartan cilexetil, valsartan, irbesartan, telmisartan and olmesartan medoxomil, etc. (EP0253310, W02005049587, GB2419592, EP1719766, US5196444) .

The losartan potassium in the body, the active metabolite EXP3174 has a stronger antihypertensive effect than losartan potassium, but EXP3174 polar molecular structure, is difficult to form passive absorption by diffusion through the cell membrane. US5298915 discloses five carboxyl ester group transformation EXP3174 is a series of derivatives, focusing on the compound HN-65021, and discloses hypotensive test results HN-65021 administered by the oral route, its hypotensive activity with chlorine Similar losartan potassium (BritishJouurnal ofClinical Pharmacology, 40,1995,591).

CN200680000397.8 _5_ discloses a class of imidazole carboxylic acid derivatives, namely Alicante medoxomil compound 8 has a good blood pressure lowering effect, the structure of formula I, the preparation method disclosed in this patent document follows the route A, losartan potassium by oxidation, the protecting group into an ester, deprotected to give a compound of formula I, the route step oxidation process of hydroxyl to carboxyl groups, will be reduced to very fine granular potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide, filtration This manganese mud time-consuming, inefficient, polluting; the second step conversion was about 70%, and post-processing cumbersome; byproducts and produced the first two steps more. This makes the high cost of the entire route, not suitable for the production of amplification.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00061

CN200710094021.4 discloses another method for preparing the compounds of formula I, the following route B, the starting material by nucleophilic substitution, oxidation, an ester, a tetrazole ring to obtain a compound of formula I, the first step of the method nucleophilic substitution easy to generate an imidazole ring -3 para isomer impurities difficult to remove; the last step into the ring to use sodium azide, operating dangerous.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00071

CN201210020174.5 disclosed a series of anti-hypertensive compound and preparation method, the following line C, the temperature control in the first step of its preparation O ~ 5 ° C, a mixed solution of acetone and water, with a 5% aqueous solution of sodium hypochlorite oxidation, yield 70%, the second step use of potassium permanganate, manganese dioxide will produce the same, and a yield of only 40%, the first two steps total yield of 28%, is very low, and the post-treatment methods are by column separation, the first two steps are used are organic and inorganic mixed solvent is not conducive to recovery, not suitable for scale-up.

 

Figure CN103965171AD00081

 

Figure CN103965171AC00021

 

Figure CN103965171AC00022

 

Figure CN103965171AC00023

 

Figure CN103965171AC00031

 

Figure CN103965171AC00032

Example 8 2-Butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole

5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil crude)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00162

To a 20L reactor 9800ml of methanol, stirring was started, the rotational speed is added at 200r / min 1225.3g solid compound of formula II, and heated to reflux. The reaction 8-10h evacuation HPLC detection, the formula II compound residue <1.0% seen as a response endpoint. After reaching the end of the reaction the heating was stopped, continued stirring speed of 180r / min. About 3_4h fell 20_25 ° C, colorless transparent crystalline solid precipitated. The reaction mixture was cooled to continue to 15-20 ° C, to maintain 15-20 ° C with stirring 3h, the reaction mixture was filtered to give a pale yellow clear filtrate. The filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to move 20L flask, vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40_45 ° C methanol distilled off under until no distillate. 800ml of absolute ethanol was added, a vacuum degree of 0.075MPa, 40-45 ° C under distillation until no distillate.

900ml of absolute ethanol was added, heated to reflux. N-heptane was added slowly 1100ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° c / h speed cooled to 15 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration lh, was Allie medoxomil crude (800.lg, yield 93.8%).Purification was used directly in the next step without drying.

 Example 9 2-butyl-4-chloro-_1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropylamino oxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00171

850ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 3L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (800.lg, 1.45mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1300ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = 1 mixture of filter cake was washed / 3, the back pressure dry vacuum filtration, the purified Alicante medoxomil (780.9g, 97.6% yield).

Example 10 2-butyl-4-chloro _1- [2 ‘- (1-tetrazol-5-yl biphenyl – methyl] imidazole

5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) carbonyl] -L-methoxy ester (Alicante medoxomil)

 

Figure CN103965171AD00172

950ml of absolute ethanol was added to the 5L reaction vessel was charged with crude Alicante medoxomil (549.9g, 1.72mol), heated to reflux. After completely dissolved clear, slow addition of n-heptane 1200ml, reflux 15min, to -10 ° C / h speed cooled to 10 ± 2 ° C, keep stirring 3h. Filtered under reduced pressure, ethanol / n-heptane = cake was washed with a mixture of 1/3, and dried under reduced pressure after filtration to obtain a purified Alicante medoxomil (540.0g, 98.2% yield).

……………….
PATENT

Example 122-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester (compound 8)

Figure US20090036505A1-20090205-C00031

To a 100 ml of one-necked flask, 0.523 g of material, 0.124 g of potassium carbonate, 5 ml of N,N-dimethylacetamide were added in turn. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 20 minutes. Then 0.562 g of 1-chloromethyl isopropyl carbonate was added and the mixture was reacted at 45-50° C. for 16 hours. After the reaction was completed, the mixture solution was filtered, and 30 ml of water was added into the filtrate. The resulting mixture was extracted with 30 ml of ethyl acetate twice. The organic phase was dried and concentrated to give 1.724 g of oil, which was directly used in the next reaction without purification.

10 ml of dioxane and 5 ml of 4 mol/L HCl were added, and the resulting mixture was reacted at room temperature for 16 hours. The reaction was stopped and the solution was adjusted to pH 6-7 using aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution. The solution went turbid, and was extracted with ethyl acetate. The organic phase was washed with saturated brine, dried, concentrated to give 0.436 g of 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester.

In addition, the following reaction condition can be used to deprotect the protecting group. To 1.7 g of oily product, 5 ml absolute methanol was added and the mixture was heated slowly to reflux and stirred for 8 hours. When the insoluble solid disappeared totally, the mixture was discontinued to heating and cooled to 5° C. The white solid precipitated, and was separated by filtration, and the filter cake was washed with a small quantity of methanol. The combined filtrate was concentrated to dryness to give 2-butyl-4-chloro-1-[2′-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)1,1′-biphenyl-methyl]imidazole-5-carboxylic acid, 1-[(isopropoxycarbonyl)oxy]methyl ester with the yield of 70%.

1H-NMR (CDCl3) δ H (ppm): 0.89 (t, 3H, J=14.6), 1.24 (d, 6H, J=6.3), 0.37 (m, 2H, J=22.1), 1.69 (m, 2H, J=30.5), 2.64 (t, 2H, J=15.5), 4.81 (m, 1H, J=12.4), 5.54 (s, 2H), 5.86 (s, 2H), 6.95-7.64 (8H), 8.08 (d, 1H, J=7.42)

ESI(+) m/z: 552.7

Mp: 134.5-136° C.

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WO2005011646A2 * 20 Jul 2004 10 Feb 2005 Nicoletta Almirante Nitrooxy derivatives of losartan, valsatan, candesartan, telmisartan, eprosartan and olmesartan as angiotensin-ii receptor blockers for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
US8455526 * 6 Jun 2008 4 Jun 2013 Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives
US20100168193 * 6 Jun 2008 1 Jul 2010 Shanghai Allist Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Therapeutic use of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives
USRE44873 31 Jul 2006 29 Apr 2014 Salubris Asset Management Co., Ltd. Imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, the preparation method therefor and the uses thereof
CN101024643A 20 Feb 2006 29 Aug 2007 上海艾力斯医药科技有限公司 Imidazo-5-carboxylic-acid derivatives, its preparing method and use
US5298519 * 24 Sep 1992 29 Mar 1994 Chemish Pharmazeutische Forschungsgesellschaft M.B.H. Acylals of imidazole-5-carboxylic acid derivatives, and their use as angiotensin (II) inhibitors

……………….

 

update……………..

WO 2015192722

Example 1

Weigh 25g 2- butyl-4-chloro-1- [2 ‘- (1-trityl–1H- tetrazol-5-yl) -1,1’-biphenyl – methyl] – imidazole 5-carboxylic acid, 1 – [(isopropoxy) – carbonyloxy] -, methyl ester, was added to a 500ml three-necked flask, methanol was added 200ml, refluxed for 9h, methanol was distilled off under reduced pressure to give crude Alicante medoxomil .


To the residue (i.e., medoxomil crude Alicante) were added 33ml of isopropanol and 66ml of n-heptane, heated to 76 ℃ stirred for 2h. After cooling to 60 ℃ stirring for 1h, and then the system was slowly cooled to 0 ℃, stirring was continued for 3h. Filtered, the filter cake was washed with n-heptane. At 40 ℃ 8 hours and dried in vacuo to give 15.3g Alicante medoxomil (purity 99.3%) as a XRD spectrum as shown in Figure, the main peak of the diffraction peaks as shown in the following table, the DSC spectrum shown in figure II . Compared with the published crystal, the crystal obtained by the absence of significant electrostatic phenomena.

 

 

 

Shanghai , CHINA

 

 


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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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