UNII4R7FFA00RX, CAS Number2207-75-2, WeightAverage: 195.175, Monoisotopic: 194.96823705, Chemical FormulaC4H2KN3O4
1,3,5-Triazine-2-carboxylic acid, 1,4,5,6-tetrahydro-4,6-dioxo-, potassium salt (1:1)
4,6-Dihydroxy-1,3,5-triazine-2-carboxylic acid potassium salt
- NSC 28841
- Oxonate, potassium
Gimeracil bulk & Oteracil potassium bulk and Tegafur 15mg/20mg, Gimeracil 4.35mg/5.8mg and Oteracil 11.8mg/15.8mg capsules
indicated in adults for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer when given in combination with cisplatin.
Oteracil Potassium is the potassium salt of oxonate, an enzyme inhibitor that modulates 5- fluorouracil (5-FU) toxicity. Potassium oxonate inhibits orotate phosphoribosyltransferase, which catalyzes the conversion of 5-FU to its active or phosphorylated form, FUMP. Upon oral administration, Oxonate is selectively distributed to the intracellular sites of tissues lining the small intestines, producing localized inhibitory effects within the gastrointestinal tract. As a result, 5-FU associated gastrointestinal toxic effects are reduced and the incidence of diarrhea or mucositis is decreased in 5-FU related therapy.
Oteracil is an adjunct to antineoplastic therapy, used to reduce the toxic side effects associated with chemotherapy. Approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) in March 2011, Oteracil is available in combination with Gimeracil and Tegafur within the commercially available product “Teysuno”. The main active ingredient in Teysuno is Tegafur, a pro-drug of Fluorouracil (5-FU), which is a cytotoxic anti-metabolite drug that acts on rapidly dividing cancer cells. By mimicking a class of compounds called “pyrimidines” that are essential components of RNA and DNA, 5-FU is able to insert itself into strands of DNA and RNA, thereby halting the replication process necessary for continued cancer growth.
Oteracil’s main role within Teysuno is to reduce the activity of 5-FU within normal gastrointestinal mucosa, and therefore reduce’s gastrointestinal toxicity 1. It functions by blocking the enzyme orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT), which is involved in the production of 5-FU.
AS ON DEC2021 3,491,869 VIEWS ON BLOG WORLDREACH AVAILABLEFOR YOUR ADVERTISEMENT
join me on Linkedin
join me on Researchgate
join me on Facebook
Anthony Melvin Crasto Dr. | Facebook
join me on twitter
Anthony Melvin Crasto Dr. | twitter
+919321316780 call whatsaapp
Poje et al. reported a two-step, gram-scale preparation of the TS-1 additive oteracil 21 (Scheme 16).226 Iodine-mediated-oxidation of uric acid 116 produced dehydroallantoin 117 as the major product, and subsequent treatment with potassium hydroxide resulted in the rearranged product oteracil 21.227
Synthesis of Oteracil 21a
aReagents and conditions: (a) LiOH, I2, H2O, 5 °C, 5 min, then AcOH, 75%; (b) aq KOH, 20 min, rt, 82%.
(226) Poje M; Sokolić-Maravić L The mechanism for the conversion of uric acid into allantoin and dehydro-allantoin: A new look at an old problem. Tetrahedron 1986, 42 (2), 747–751. [Google Scholar]
(227) Sugi M; Igi M EP Patent 0957096, 1999.
EP0957096A1 *1998-05-111999-11-17SUMIKA FINE CHEMICALS Co., Ltd.Method for producing potassium oxonate
CN101475539A *2009-02-112009-07-08鲁南制药集团股份有限公司Refining method for preparing high-purity oteracil potassium
CN102250025A *2011-05-182011-11-23深圳万乐药业有限公司Preparation method suitable for industrially producing oteracil potassium
CN102746244A *2012-07-272012-10-24南京正大天晴制药有限公司Refining method of oteracil potassium
//////////OTERACIL POTTASIUM, KOX, NSC 28841, Oxonate, Oxonate potassium, INDIA 2022, APPROVALS 2022, CANCER
NEW DRUG APPROVALS