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DNDI-VL-2098

CAS 681492-17-1

(R)-2-Methyl-6-nitro-2-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenoxymethyl)-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b]oxazole

Watch this post, will be updated………..

MF C14 H12 F3 N3 O5,
MW 359.26
Imidazo[2,1-b]oxazole, 2,3-dihydro-2-methyl-6-nitro-2-[[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy]methyl]-, (2R)-
Image result for OTSUKA
Medicinal Chemistry Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 463-10 Kagasuno, Kawauchi-cho, Tokushima 771-0192, Japan, and Microbiological Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 463-10 Kagasuno, Kawauchi-cho, Tokushima 771-0192, Japan
Image result for OTSUKA Hidetsugu Tsubouchi
(left to right) Hidetsugu Tsubouchi, Ph.D., Compliance & Ethics Department, manager; Hirofumi Sasaki, Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories, associate head and project OPC; Makoto Matsumoto, Ph.D, Pharmaceutical Business Division, senior director; Hiroyuki Hashizume, Pharmaceutical Marketing Headquarters, Product Planning and Management Group, product management manager; Masanori Kawasaki, TB Projects, associate director
Melting Point: 176-178 °C , Condition: Solvent ethyl acetate; isopropanol

(2R)-2-Methyl-6-nitro-2-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenoxymethyl)-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b]oxazole

Mp: 169–171 °C; Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP, DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00331

HPLC (area %): 99.52%; HPLC (chiral): 99.8% (a/a);

1H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.57 (s, 1H), 7.14–7.16 (d, 2H, J = 10.0 Hz), 6.83–6.86 (d, 2H, J = 7.2 Hz), 4.48–4.50 (d, 1H, J = 10.0 Hz), 4.22–4.24 (d, 1H, J = 10.0 Hz), 4.05–4.10 (t, 2H, J = 9.6 and 10.4 Hz), 1.79 (s, 3H);

13C NMR (100 MHz, CDCl3): δ 156.0, 155.8, 147.1, 143.5, 122.6, 115.5, 112.6, 122.6, 121.7, and 119.1 (JC–F = 255.1 Hz), 116.6, 92.9, 71.8, 51.3, 23.0;

19F NMR (CDCl3, 376 MHz): δ −58.4;

IR (KBr, cm–1): 3155, 2996, 1607, 1456, 1281, 1106, 978, 921, 834,783, 708;

mass (m/z): 360.3 (M + 1)+;

[α]25589 = (+)8.445 (c 1.00 g/100 mL, CHCl3).

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), infamously known as kala-azar (black fever) in the Indian subcontinent, is the most lethal form of leishmaniasis and is caused by protozoan parasites. This deadly disease is the second largest parasitic killer in the world, surpassed only by malaria, with a worldwide distribution in Asia, East Africa, South America, and the Mediterranean region. In the search for effective treatments for visceral leishmaniasis, the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi) recently evaluated fexinidazole a nitroimidazole being developed as a treatment for Human African Trypanosomiasis. Fexinidazole  showed potential as a safe and effective oral drug for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis and is now in clinical trials.

Figure

fexinidazole (1) and DNDI-VL-2098 (2).

Earlier, through an agreement with TB Alliance and in association with the ACSRC at the University of Auckland (NZ), DNDi screened about 70 other nitroimidazole analogues belonging to four chemical subclasses and investigated them for antileishmanial activity

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Paper

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01699

Repositioning Antitubercular 6-Nitro-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazoles for Neglected Tropical Diseases: Structure–Activity Studies on a Preclinical Candidate for Visceral Leishmaniasis

Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Faculty of Infectious & Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London WC1E 7HT, United Kingdom
§ Laboratory for Microbiology, Parasitology and Hygiene, Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium
Division of Parasitology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India
Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative, 15 Chemin Louis Dunant, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
# Institute for Tuberculosis Research, College of Pharmacy, University of Illinois at Chicago, 833 South Wood Street, Chicago, Illinois 60612, United States
Global Alliance for TB Drug Development, 40 Wall Street, New York 10005, United States
J. Med. Chem., 2016, 59 (6), pp 2530–2550
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01699
*Phone: (+649) 923-6145. Fax: (+649) 373-7502. E-mail: am.thompson@auckland.ac.nz.

Abstract

Abstract Image

6-Nitro-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazole derivatives were initially studied for tuberculosis within a backup program for the clinical trial agent pretomanid (PA-824). Phenotypic screening of representative examples against kinetoplastid diseases unexpectedly led to the identification of DNDI-VL-2098 as a potential first-in-class drug candidate for visceral leishmaniasis (VL). Additional work was then conducted to delineate its essential structural features, aiming to improve solubility and safety without compromising activity against VL. While the 4-nitroimidazole portion was specifically required, several modifications to the aryloxy side chain were well-tolerated e.g., exchange of the linking oxygen for nitrogen (or piperazine), biaryl extension, and replacement of phenyl rings by pyridine. Several less lipophilic analogues displayed improved aqueous solubility, particularly at low pH, although stability toward liver microsomes was highly variable. Upon evaluation in a mouse model of acute Leishmania donovani infection, one phenylpyridine derivative (37) stood out, providing efficacy surpassing that of the original preclinical lead.

Figure

Structures of various antileishmanial or antitubercular agents.

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2-Methyl-6-nitro-2-{[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy]methyl}-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1- b][1,3]oxazole (7).

Method A (Scheme 1B): Reaction of alcohol 88 with NaH, using procedure C, followed by chromatography of the product on silica gel, eluting with CH2Cl2, gave 71 (87%) as a pale yellow solid: mp (CH2Cl2/hexane) 122-124 C (lit.1 mp 126.8-127.9 C); 1 H NMR (CDCl3)  7.56 (s, 1 H), 7.16 (br d, J = 9.1 Hz, 2 H), 6.85 (br d, J = 9.2 Hz, 2 H), 4.48 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.23 (d, J = 10.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.09 (d, J = 10.1 Hz, 1 H), 4.05 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 1.79 (s, 3 H); 13C NMR (CDCl3)  156.3 (C-1’), 156.1 (C-7a), 147.4 (C- 6), 143.9 (q, JC-F = 2.1 Hz, C-4’), 122.8 (2 C, C-3’,5’), 120.7 (q, JC-F = 256.5 Hz, 4’-OCF3), 115.8 (2 C, C-2’,6’), 112.8 (C-5), 93.1 (C-2), 72.2 (2-CH2O), 51.6 (C-3), 23.3 (2-CH3). Anal. (C14H12F3N3O5) C, H, N.

Method B (Scheme 2B): Reaction of 2-bromo-1-[(2-methyloxiran-2-yl)methyl]-4-nitro-1Himidazole2 (98) with 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenol (0.95 equiv) and NaH (1.2 equiv), using procedure I, followed by chromatography of the product on silica gel, eluting with 2:1 and 3:1 CH2Cl2/petroleum ether (foreruns) and then with 3:1 CH2Cl2/petroleum ether and CH2Cl2, S8 gave a crude product, which was crystallized from CH2Cl2/hexane (and the mother liquors further purified by chromatography on silica gel, eluting as before), to give 71 (55%) as a pale yellow solid (see data above). Method C (Scheme 2D): Reaction of 2-chloro-1-[(2-methyloxiran-2-yl)methyl]-4-nitro-1Himidazole1 (109) with 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenol (1.0 equiv) and NaH, using procedure I, followed by chromatography of the product on silica gel, eluting with 1:1 and 3:2 CH2Cl2/petroleum ether (foreruns) and then with 3:1 CH2Cl2/petroleum ether and CH2Cl2, gave a crude product, which was crystallized from CH2Cl2/hexane (and the mother liquors further purified by chromatography on silica gel, eluting with 1:1 and 3:1 Et2O/petroleum ether and then with Et2O and CH2Cl2), to give 71 (51%) as a pale yellow solid (see data above).

Synthesis of 9 (Scheme 2A): (2R)-2-Methyl-6-nitro-2-{[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy]methyl}-2,3-dihydroimidazo- [2,1-b][1,3]oxazole (9). Reaction of 2-chloro-1-{[(2R)-2-methyloxiran-2-yl]methyl}-4-nitro- 1H-imidazole3 (96) with 4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenol and NaH, using procedure H, gave 91,3 (36%) as a pale brown solid: mp 170-171 C (lit.1 mp 176.5-178 C); 1 H NMR (CDCl3)  7.56 (s, 1 H), 7.16 (br d, J = 8.8 Hz, 2 H), 6.85 (br d, J = 9.0 Hz, 2 H), 4.48 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.23 (d, J = 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 4.09 (d, J = 10.2 Hz, 1 H), 4.05 (d, J = 10.3 Hz, 1 H), 1.79 (s, 3 H); [α] 25 D 9.0 (c 1.002, CHCl3) [lit.1 [α] 28 D 7.67 (c 1.030, CHCl3)]. Anal. (C14H12F3N3O5) C, H, N. HPLC purity: 100%. Chiral HPLC (using a CHIRALPAK AD-H analytical column and eluting with 15% EtOH/hexane at 1 mL/min) determined that the ee of 9 was 98.7%.

Paper

Sasaki, Hirofumi; Journal of Medicinal Chemistry 2006, VOL 49(26), Pg 7854-7860

Synthesis and Antituberculosis Activity of a Novel Series of Optically Active 6-Nitro-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b]oxazoles

Medicinal Chemistry Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 463-10 Kagasuno, Kawauchi-cho, Tokushima 771-0192, Japan, and Microbiological Research Institute, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., 463-10 Kagasuno, Kawauchi-cho, Tokushima 771-0192, Japan
J. Med. Chem., 2006, 49 (26), pp 7854–7860
DOI: 10.1021/jm060957y

Abstract

Abstract Image

In an effort to develop potent new antituberculosis agents that would be effective against both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, we prepared a novel series of optically active 6-nitro-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b]oxazoles substituted at the 2-position with various phenoxymethyl groups and a methyl group and investigated the in vitro and in vivo activity of these compounds. Several of these derivatives showed potent in vitro and in vivo activity, and compound 19 (OPC-67683) in particular displayed excellent in vitro activity against both drug-susceptible and drug-resistant strains of M. tuberculosis H37Rv (MIC = 0.006 μg/mL) and dose-dependent and significant in vivo efficacy at lower oral doses than rifampicin in mouse models infected with M. tuberculosis Kurono. The synthesis and structure−activity relationships of these new compounds are presented.

(R)-2-Methyl-6-nitro-2-(4-trifluoromethoxyphenoxymethyl)-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b]oxazole (8). Mp 176−178 °C.

1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.79 (3H, s), 4.06 (1H, d, J = 6.8 Hz), 4.10 (1H, d, J = 6.8 Hz), 4.23 (1H, d, J = 10.1 Hz), 4.49 (1H, d, J = 10.1 Hz), 6.84 (2H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.13 (2H, d, J = 9.0 Hz), 7.56 (1H, s).

MS (DI) m/z 359 (M+). Anal. (C14H12F3N3O5) C, H, N.

PAPER

Abstract Image

A process suitable for kilogram-scale synthesis of (2R)-2-methyl-6-nitro-2-{[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenoxy]methyl}-2,3-dihydroimidazo[2,1-b][1,3]oxazole (DNDI-VL-2098, 2), a preclinical drug candidate for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, is described. The four-step synthesis of the target compound involves the Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation of 2-methyl-2-propen-1-ol, 8. Identification of a suitable synthetic route using retrosynthetic analysis and development of a scalable process to access several kilograms of 2 are illustrated. The process was simplified by employing in situ synthesis of some intermediates, reducing safety hazards, and eliminating the need for column chromatography. The improved reactions were carried out on the kilogram scale to produce 2 in good yield, high optical purity, and high quality.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00331

Development of a Scalable Process for the Synthesis of DNDI-VL-2098: A Potential Preclinical Drug Candidate for the Treatment of Visceral Leishmaniasis

Process Chemistry Division, Advinus Therapeutics Ltd., 21 & 22, Phase II, Peenya Industrial Area, Bangalore 560058, Karnataka, India
Auckland Cancer Society Research Centre, School of Medical Sciences, The University of Auckland, Private Bag 92019, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative (DNDi), 15 Chemin Louis Dunant, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.6b00331
*Process Chemistry Division, Advinus Therapeutics Ltd., 21 & 22, Phase II, Peenya Industrial Area, Bangalore -560058, Karnataka, India. E-mail: hari.pati@advinus.com. Tel. No.: (+91)9900212096.
 
Hiroyuki Fujiki, Ph.D, New Drug Research Division, Biology and Translational Research Unit, senior research scientist; Yoshitaka Yamamura, Pharmaceutical Business Division, senior director; Youichi Yabuuchi, Ph.D, Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory, Inc., corporate adviser; Hidenori Ogawa, Ph.D, Medicinal Chemistry Research Laboratories
/////////////preclinical, DNDI-VL-2098, 681492-17-1, Visceral Leishmaniasis
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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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