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Idarucizumab

(Praxbind®) Approved

An antidote for rapid reversal of dabigatran-induced anticoagulation indicated for emergency surgery (urgent procedures) and life-threatening or uncontrolled bleeding in patients treated with dabigatran.

BI-655075

CAS No.1362509-93-0

1- 225-Immunoglobulin G1, anti-(dabigatran) (human-Mus musculus γ1-chain) (225→219′)-disulfide with immunoglobulin G1, anti-(dabigatran) (human-Mus musculus κ-chain)

Other Names

  • BI 655075
  • Idarucizumab
  • Praxbind

Protein Sequence

Sequence Length: 444, 225, 219multichain; modified (modifications unspecified)

Idarucizumab, sold under the brand name Praxbind, is a monoclonal antibody designed for the reversal of anticoagulant effects ofdabigatran.[1][2]

This drug was developed by Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals. A large study sponsored by the manufacturer found that idarucizumab effectively reversed anticoagulation by dabigatran within minutes.[3] It was FDA approved in October 2015.[4] In the United States the wholesale cost is $3500 US.[5]

On October 16, 2015, the U. S. Food and Drug Administration granted accelerated approval to idarucizumab (Praxbind  Injection, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.) for the treatment of patients treated with dabigatran (Pradaxa) when reversal of the anticoagulant effects of dabigatran is needed for emergency surgery/urgent procedures, or in life-threatening or uncontrolled bleeding.
The approval was based on three randomized, placebo-controlled trials enrolling a total of 283 healthy volunteers who received either dabigatran and idarucizumab or dabigatran and placebo.  The primary endpoint in healthy volunteer trials was the reduction of unbound dabigatran to undetectable levels after the administration of 5 g idarucizumab.  This reduction of dabigatran plasma concentration was observed over the entire 24 hour observation period.
These trials are supported by an ongoing open-label trial in which data from 123 patients receiving dabigatran who had life-threatening or uncontrolled bleeding, or who required emergency surgery/urgent procedures was available for evaluation.  This open-label trial continues to enroll and follow patients. The primary endpoint is the reversal of dabigatran’s anticoagulant effect (measured by ecarin clotting time or dilute thrombin time) in the first four hours after administration of 5 g idarucizumab. In these 123 patients, the anticoagulant effect of dabigatran was completely reversed in more than 89% of patients within four hours of receiving idarucizumab.  Between 12 and 24 hours after idarucizumab administration, elevated coagulation parameters have been observed in a limited number of patients.
Safety data were evaluated in 224 healthy volunteers who received at least one dose of idarucizumab and 123 patients who received idarucizumab. Headache was the most common adverse event reported in more than 5% of healthy volunteers.  Among the 123 patients treated with idarucizumab in the ongoing open-label trial, adverse events reported in more than 5% of patients were hypokalemia, delirium, constipation, pyrexia and pneumonia.
Praxbind is the first approved reversal agent. It is specific for dabigatran.
Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon the results of completion of the ongoing open-label trial.
The recommended dose for idarucizumab is 5 g (2.5g per vial) administered intravenously as two consecutive 2.5 g infusions or bolus injection by injecting both vials consecutively one after another via syringe.

References

  1.  Statement On A Nonproprietary Name Adopted By The USAN Council – Idarucizumab, American Medical Association.
  2.  World Health Organization (2013). “International Nonproprietary Names for Pharmaceutical Substances (INN). Proposed INN: List 109” (PDF). WHO Drug Information 27 (2).
  3.  Pollack, Charles V.; Reilly, Paul A.; Eikelboom, John; Glund, Stephan; Verhamme, Peter; Bernstein, Richard A.; Dubiel, Robert; Huisman, Menno V.; Hylek, Elaine M. (2015-08-06).“Idarucizumab for Dabigatran Reversal”. The New England Journal of Medicine 373 (6): 511–520. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1502000. ISSN 1533-4406. PMID 26095746.
  4.  “Press Announcements – FDA approves Praxbind, the first reversal agent for the anticoagulant Pradaxa”. http://www.fda.gov. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
  5.  Elia, Joe. “Dabigatran-Reversal Agent Price Set”. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
Idarucizumab
Monoclonal antibody
Type Fab fragment
Source Humanized (from mouse)
Target Dabigatran
Clinical data
Trade names Praxbind
Identifiers
CAS Number 1362509-93-0
ATC code V03AB37 (WHO)
IUPHAR/BPS 8298
ChemSpider none
Chemical data
Formula C2131H3299N555O671S11
Molar mass 47.8 kg/mol

/////Idarucizumab


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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