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Vedroprevir

GS 9451, GS-9451, 1098189-15-1 USAN ZZ-81

VEDROPREVIR THERAPEUTIC CLAIM Treatment of hepatitis C

CHEMICAL NAMES 1. Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid, N-[[(1α,3β,5α)-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex-3- yloxy]carbonyl]-3-methyl-L-valyl-(4R)-4-[[8-chloro-2-[2-[(1-methylethyl)amino]- 4-thiazolyl]-7-[2-(4-morpholinyl)ethoxy]-4-quinolinyl]oxy]-L-prolyl-1-amino-2- ethyl-, (1R,2R)-

2. N-{[(1R,3r,5S)-bicyclo[3.1.0]hex-3-yloxy]carbonyl}-3-methyl-L-valyl-(4R)-4-[(8- chloro-2-{2-[(1-methylethyl)amino]thiazol-4-yl}-7-[2-(morpholin-4- yl)ethoxy]quinolin-4-yl)oxy]-L-prolyl-(1R,2R)-1-amino-2- ethylcyclopropanecarboxylic acid

MOLECULAR FORMULA C45H60ClN7O9S

MOLECULAR WEIGHT 910.5 daltons

SPONSOR Gilead Sciences, Inc.

CODE DESIGNATION GS-9451

CAS REGISTRY NUMBER1098189-15-1

WHO NUMBER9745

GS-9451 is a NS3 protease inhibitor in phase II clinical trials at Gilead for the oral treatment of hepatitis C.

…………………………………………………………………………

Discovery of GS-9451: An acid inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus NS3/4A protease Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2012, 22(7): 2629   ……………………………………………………………

PATENTS WO 2012087596 WO 2009005676 WO 2013106631 WO2013101550 ……………………….

WO2012087596A1 Compound 3 can be prepared using synthetic methods and intermediates like those described in USSN 12/215,605 (US 20090257978 A1). Compound 3 can also be prepared described in the following Example. Example 3: Preparation of Compound 3

Figure imgf000060_0001

Compound 315 (12 g, 13 mmol) was dissolved in THF (200 ml), LiOH (11g, 260 mmol) in H20 (200 ml) was added, followed by MeOH (200 ml). The mixture was kept stirring at room temperature for 20 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, 4 N HCI in H20 was added to adjust pH to 7 at 0 °C. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (2 x 400 ml). The combined organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo to give compound 3 as a yellow solid (11 g, 93%). LC/MS = 911.52(M++1 ). 1H NMR (300MHz, CD3OD)57.95 (d, 1H), 7.90 (s, 1H), 7.48 (s, 1H), 7.31 (d, 1H), 5.42 (s, 1H), 4.37 (dd, 1H), 4.20 (m, 2H), 3.83-3.56 (m, 7H), 3.50 (m, 2H), 3.39 (m, 2H), 2.45 (m, 1H), 2.27(m, 1H), 1.62 (m, 2H), 1.50 (m, 1H), 1.33 (m, 2H), 1.18 (m, 1H), 1.05 (m, 8H), 0.90 (m, 3H), 0.76 (m, 11H), 0.14-0.04 (m, 2H) The intermediate compound 315 was prepared as follows.

Figure imgf000060_0002

301 302 a. Preparation of compound 301. To a dry, argon purged three-neck round bottom flask (1000 mL) were added anhydrous dichloromethane (100 mL) and Et2Zn (28 mL, 273 mmol) at 0 °C. (CAUTION: Source of argon can not be from needle. Use appropriate glass adapter only. A second bubbler can also be attached to the flask to prevent excessive pressure build up.) Cyclopenten-3-ol (10.0 mL, 119 mmol) was then added dropwise (large quantity of ethane gas was produced) to the flask and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir until the evolution of gas had ceased. Diiodomethane (22 mL, 242 mmol) was then added dropwise over a period of 30 minutes. The reaction was allowed to warm to room temperature and continued to stir overnight under a positive flow of argon, at which point TLC analysis had indicated complete disappearance of the starting alcohol. The reaction was then diluted with CH2CI2 and quenched with 2M HCI (white precipitate should be completely dissolved). The biphasic mixture was poured into a separatory funnel and the organic layer was collected. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure until 100 mL of material containing compound 301 remained. b. Preparation of compound 302. Anhydrous dichloromethane (525 mL) was added to the flask followed by the dropwise addition of triethylamine (34 mL, 245 mmol). The reaction continued to stir at room temperature under a positive flow of nitrogen at which point, disuccinimidylcarbonate (40.7 g, 159 mmol) was added to the flask portion wise. The reaction was allowed to stir until TLC analysis indicated complete disappearance of the starting material (2-3 days). Upon completion, the reaction mixture was quenched with 1 M HCI (200 mL x 2) and washed with H20 (200 mL x 2). The desired material was extracted using CH2CI2and the combined organic layers were dried using anhydrous MgS0 and passed through a silica plug. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the crude material was purified using flash chromatography (Rf = 0.33, 1 :1 Hex/EtOAc) to provide compound 302 (22 g, 75%): 1H NMR (300 MHz, CDCI3): δ 5. 24 (t, 1 H), 3.82 (s, 4H), 2.24 (m, 2H), 2.03 (d, 2H), 1.38 (m, 2H), 0.48 (m, 1 H), 0.40 (m, 1 H).

Figure imgf000061_0001
Figure imgf000062_0001

c. Preparation of compound 304. N-i-Boc-cis-4-Hydroxy-L-Proline methyl ester 303 (100.0 g, 407.7 mmol) and DABCO (1.5eq, 68.6g, 61 1.6 mmol) were dissolved in anhydrous toluene (200 mL) in a 2 L three necked round bottom flask with a mechanical stirrer and an addition funnel. After cooling the solution to 0 °C under N2, A solution of 4-Bromo-benzenesulfonyl chloride (1.3eq, 135.6g, 530.0 mmol) in 300 mL of toluene was added through addition funnel over 60 minutes. The reaction mixture was stirred and warmed to room temperature overnight (16 hours). The mixture was slowly poured into 2L 1 M Na2C03 (aq.), and the product was extracted with EtOAc (2L). After the organic phase was washed by 0.5 N HCI (2L), H20 (1 L), and brine (1 L), it was dried (MgS04), concentrated to give 195.45 g of a yellow oily brosylate product. To a solution of the above brosylate (407.7 mmol) in dichloromethane (300 mL) was slowly added 4.0 M HCI in dioxane (500 mL, 5eq) and the resulting solution was allowed to stir at room temperature for 2 hours. After ether (500mL) was added to the reaction mixture, the mixture was stirred for 15 minutes and the white precipitate was collected by filtration. The solid was washed with ether and hexane and then dried under vacuum overnight to obtain 153.0 g of the HCI amine salt of compound 304, 381.8 mmol, in 94% yield for two steps. d. Preparation of compound 305. To a solution of Boc-fert-butyl-glycine (97.0g, 420.0 mmol) in DMF (200mL) and DCM (200mL) were added HATU (217.76g, 572.7 mmol) and Hunig’s base (126 mL, 1 145.4 mmol) at room temperature. After the mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at room temperature, a solution of the previous HCI salt (153.0 g, 381.8 mmol) and Hunig’s base (126 mL, 1 145.4 mmol) in DMF (200mL) and dichloromethane (200mL) was added to the above acid mixture in one portion. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3h, with monitoring by LCMS. The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove dichloromethane under reduced pressure and the white solid that formed was filtered off. The remaining DMF solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (1 L), washed successively with 3% LiCI (aq) (3x650mL), sat’d NH4CI (2x500mL), 0.5N HCI (aq) (2x600ml_), brine (500ml_), sat’d NaHC03 (3x500mL), and brine (500mL). The resulting organic fraction was dried (MgS04) and concentrated to afford compound 305 (111g). e. Preparation of compound 306. To a solution of the methyl ester 305 (120 g, 207.8 mmol) in THF (300 ml_), MeOH (75 mL) was added a solution of LiOH (26.18 g, 623.4 mmol) in H20 (150 ml_). The solution was allowed to stir at room temperature for 4 hours. The mixture was cooled in an ice-bath while acidifying with 3N HCI to pH about 5.5, stirred for 10minut.es, and the resulting white solids were collected by filtration. The solids were washed with more water, ether and hexane. The solids were dried under vacuum at 40°C overnight to give 95.78g (82%) of the acid 306. f. Preparation of compound 307. To a solution of the carboxylic acid 306 (81.4 g, 144.27 mmol) in DMF (200ml_) and dichloromethane (200mL) was added HATU (82.3g, 216.4 mmol) and Hunig’s base (47.5 mL, 432.8 mmol) at room temperature. After the mixture was stirred for 20 minutes at room temperature, a solution of amine (158.7 mmol) and Hunig’s base (47.5 mL, 1145.4 mmol) in DMF (200mL) and dichloromethane (200mL) was added to the above acid mixture in one portion. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 hours and monitored by LCMS. After the mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to remove dichloromethane, the white solids that formed were filtered off. The remaining DMF solution was diluted with ethyl acetate (600mL) and successively washed with 3% LiCI (aq) (2x550mL), sat’d NH4CI (500mL), 1 N HCI (aq) (500mL), sat’d NaHC03(500mL), and brine (300mL). The resulting organic fraction was dried (Na2S04) and concentrated to afford compound 307 (111 g). g. Preparation of compound 308. Compound 307 was dissolved in 4N HCI in dioxane (300 mL) at room temperature and stirred for 2 hours. It was then concentrated under vacuum, and co-evaporated with dichloromethane (2 x 200mL) to dryness. The residue was dissolved in EtOAc (600mL) and sat’d aq. NaHC03 (1 L). It was stirred vigorously. After 10 minutes, carbonic acid bicyclo[3.1.0]hex-3-yl ester 2,5-dioxo-pyrrolidin-1-yl ester 302 (41.4 g, 173.1 mmol) was added in one portion. After the resulting mixture was stirred for another 30 minutes, the organic layer was collected and washed with brine (500mL), dried (Na2S04), and concentrated. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel with ethyl acetate/hexane to afford 94.44 g (92%) of compound 308.

Figure imgf000064_0001
Figure imgf000064_0002
Figure imgf000064_0003

h. Preparation of compound 310.1-(2-Amino-3-chloro-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethanone 309 (70.7 g, 354 mmol) was stirred in 48% aq. HBr (500 mL) at 110 °C for 72 hours. After the mixture was cooled to 0 °C with stirring, the solids were filtered and washed with water. The resulting solids were triturated with a saturated NaHC03 solution (-350 mL), filtered, washed with water, and dried under vacuum to give – 40 g (61%) of crude 310 as a dark brown solid. LC/MS = 186 (M++1). i. Preparation of compound 311. 1-(2-Amino-3-chloro-4-hydroxy-phenyl)-ethanone 310 (40 g, 215 mmol) was dissolved in DMF (360 ml). Cesium carbonate (140 g, 430 mmol) was added, followed by bromoacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal (54.5 g, 323 mmol). The mixture was then vigorously stirred at 65 °C for 24 hours. Upon cooling to room temperature, EtOAc (1 L) and H20 (1 L) were added to the mixture. The organic layer was extracted with EtOAc (1 x 400 ml). The combined organic layer was washed with aqueous 3% LiCI solution (2 x 1 L), brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to give compound 311 as a white solid (39 g, 67%). j. Preparation of compound 312. To a mixture of 1-[2-Amino-3-chloro-4-(2,2-dimethoxy-ethoxy)-phenyl]-ethanone 311 ( 13 g, 47.5 mmol) and isopropylaminothiazole-4-carboxylic acid hydrobromide (12.64 g, 47.5 mmol) in pyridine (150 ml) was slowly added phosphorus oxychloride (9.47 g, 61.8 mmol) at -40 °C. The mixture was then stirred at 0 °C for 4 hours. Upon completion of the reaction, H20 (30 ml) was added dropwise to the mixture. The mixture was then stirred at 0 °C for another 15 minutes. The mixture was concentrated in vacuo. The residue was diluted with EtOAc, washed with a sat. NaHC03 aqueous solution. The organic layer was dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in CH2CI2, hexanes were added slowly to the solution, and a yellow solid started to crash out. More hexanes were added until not much product was left in the mother liquid to provide compound 312 (18 g, 85%). k. Preparation of compound 313. 2-lsopropylamino-thiazole-4-carboxylic acid [6-acetyl-2-chloro-3-(2,2-dimethoxy-ethoxy)- phenyl]-amide 312 (18 g, 40.7 mmol) was suspended in toluene (400 ml). NaH (2.4 g, 61 mmol) was added to the vigorously stirred mixture while monitoring H2evolution. The mixture became a clear solution during heating to reflux. The reaction was complete after refluxing for 3 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. A solution of AcOH (69.2 mmol) in H20 (3 vol) was added to the mixture. After vigorous agitation for 1 hour at 0 °C, the solids were collected by filtration, rinsed forward with H20. The wet cake was dried under high vacuum to a constant weight to provide compound 313 ( 5 g, 86%). I. Preparation of compound 314. To a mixture of brosylate intermediate 303 (15 g, 35 mmol) and compound 313 (27.5 g, 38.5 mmol) in NMP (200 ml) was added cesium carbonate (25.1 g, 77 mmol). The mixture was stirred at 65 °C for 5 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature and EtOAc (600 ml) and an aqueous solution of 3% LiCI (600 ml) were added to the mixture. The organic layer was washed with aqueous 3% LiCI (1 x 600 ml), brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to give the desired methyl ester as a yellow solid (23.6 g, 75%). LC/MS = 900. 1 3(M++ 1 ) . m. Preparation of compound 315. Methyl ester 314 (23.6 g, 26 mmol) was dissolved in glacial acetic acid (200 ml), 1.4 N HCI in H20 (75 ml) was added to the solution. The mixture was stirred at 60 °C for 1 hour. Upon completion of the reaction, the mixture was concentrated to remove the solvents, coevaporated with toluene (x 2) to remove residual acetic acid. The residue was then dissolved in EtOAc (500 ml) and sat. NaHC03 aqueous solution (enough to neutralize the mixture) while monitoring C02 evolution. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was further dried under high vacuum for 1 h and used as is for the next step. The crude was dissolved in CH2CI2 (360 ml), morpholine (3.4 g, 39 mmol) and sodium triacetoxyborohydride (7.2 g, 34 mmol) were added to the mixture at 0 °C. Then glacial acetic acid (0.47 g, 7.8 mmol) was added dropwise to the mixture. The reaction was complete in 10 minutes at 0 °C. Sat. NaHC03 aqueous solution was added to quench the reaction. After stirring for another 20 minutes, the organic layer was washed with brine, dried (Na2S04) and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was purified by silica gel chromatography to give the desired amine product 315 as a yellow solid (12 g, 50%). LC/MS = 924.63(M++ 1 )

Preparation of 8-chloro-4-hydroxy-7-methoxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acid 215. To a solution of methyl 8-chloro-4-hydroxy-7-methoxyquinoline-2-carboxylate 214 (36.5g, 0.145 mol) in a mixture of 1 :1 of MeOH: THF (160 mL total) was added a solution of LiOH (30.5 g, 0.725 mol) in H20 (80 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for an hour when LCMS analysis showed complete conversion to the carboxylic acid. The reaction was worked up by removal of the volatiles and adjusting the pH of the solution to 6 using aqueous 6N HCI. The resulted gummy residue was filtered and dried on the lyophilizer for 2 days to provide 34.4 g (99.6 %) of compound 215 as a white solid. El MS (mlz) 253.9 [M+H]. j. Preparation of 2-(2-diazo-l-oxo)-8-chloro-7-methoxyquinolin-4-yl isobutyl carbonate 216. To a solution of 8-chloro-4-hydroxy-7-methoxyquinoline-2-carboxylic acid 215 (10.2 g, 0.04 mol) in THF (400 mL) was added triethyl amine (12.3 mL, 0.088 mol) and /-Butylchloroformate (11.6 mL, 0.088 mol) at 0°C under an argon atmosphere. The mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour when LCMS analysis demonstrated completion of the reaction to provide the desired mixed anhydride. El MS (mlz) 454.0 [M+H]. To the reaction mixture of the anhydride was added a 1 M solution of diazomethane (121 mL, 0.121 mol) in diethyl ether via a plastic funnel at 0°C. This mixture was allowed to stir while warming up to room temperature for additional 2 hours. Analysis of the mixture by LCMS demonstrated completion of the reaction. The septum was removed and the reaction was stirred for additional 20 minutes before removal of the solvent. The residue was dried further under high vacuum to provide compound 216, which was carried on to the next step. El MS (m/z) 377.9 [M+H]. k. Preparation of 8-chloro-2-(2-(isopropylamino)thiazol-4-yl)-7-methoxyquinoiin-4-ol 207. To a cooled solution of 2-(2-diazo-l-oxo)-8-chloro-7-methoxyquinolin-4-yl isobutyl carbonate 216 (15.2 g, 0.040 mol) at 0°C in THF (268 mL) was added 48% HBr (23 mL, 0.201 mol) slowly over 15 minutes. The solution was stirred at 0°C for an additional 40 minutes when LCMS analysis demonstrated complete reaction. The reaction was worked up by addition of aqueous 1 N NaOH (180 mL) at 0° C to adjust the pH of the aqueous layer to 9. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was washed with EtOAc (2 x 200 mL). Combined organic extracts were washed with brine and dried over MgS04. The solvent was removed in vacuo to provide 17.7 g of a yellow solid. El MS (m/z) 431.9 [M+H]. The solution of the bromoketone obtained from the previous reaction was suspended in i-propanol (270 mL) and isopropylisourea (9.4 g, 0.080 mol). The reaction mixture was heated at 72 °C for 32 hours. LCMS analysis of the reaction demonstrated complete conversion to the desired- product. The reaction was allowed to cool to room temperature to allow for the product to precipitate out of the solution. The reaction was further cooled to 0°C for 12 hours before filtration. The filtrate was washed with ether and dried on lyopholizer to provide 8.03 g of compound 207 as an orange solid. 1H NMR (500 MHz, CDCI3): δ 8.21 (d, J= 9 Hz, 1 H), 7.74 (s, 1 H), 7.44 (d, J= 10Hz), 1 H), 7.07 (s, 1 H), 4.05 (s, 3H), 3.92 (pentet, J=6 Hz, 1 H), 1.25 (d, J= 7 Hz, 6H): El MS (m/z) 350.0 [M+H].

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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