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BENAZEPRIL SYNTHESIS

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BENAZEPRIL

CAS NO AS HCl SALT

86541-75-5
Benazepril, brand name Lotensin (Novartis), is a medication used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), congestive heart failure, and chronic renal failure. Upon cleavage of its ester group by the liver, benazepril is converted into its active form benazeprilat, a non-sulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.
Benazepril, brand name Lotensin, is a medication used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension), congestive heart failure, and chronic renal failure. Upon cleavage of its ester group by the liver, benazepril is converted into its active form benazeprilat, a non-sulfhydryl angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor.
The reaction of 2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (I) with PCl5 in hot xylene gives 3,3-dichloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (II), which is treated with sodium acetate and reduced with H2 over Pd/C in acetic acid yielding 3-chloro-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (III). The reaction of (III) with sodium azide in DMSO affords 3-azido-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (IV), which is condensed with benzyl bromoacetate (V) by means of NaH in DMF giving 3-azido-1-(benzyloxycarbonylmethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (VI). The treatment of (VI) with Raney-Ni in ethanol-water yields 3-amino-1-(benzyloxycarbonylmethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (VII), which is debenzylated by hydrogenation with H2 over Pd/C in ethanol affording 3-amino-1-(carboxymethyl)-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (VIII). Finally, this compound is condensed with ethyl 3-benzylpyruvate (IX) by means of sodium cyanoborohydride in methanol acetic acid.
REFERENCE
Casta馿r, J.; Serradell, M.N.; CGS-14824 A. Drugs Fut 1984, 9, 5, 317
Ciba-Geigy Corp. (USA). References 1. Watthey, J.W.H. (Ciba-Geigy AG); EP 72.352, GB 2.103.614, JP 83.38.260.

The reaction of 3-bromo-1-phenylpropane (I) with KCN gives 4-phenylbutyronitrile (II), which is hydrolyzed to the corresponding butyric acid (III). The cyclization of (III) with polyphosphoric acid affords 1-tetralone (IV), which is brominated to 2-bromo-1-tetralone (V) and treated with hydroxylamine to give the oxime (VI). The Beckman rearrangement of (VI) yields 3-bromo-2,3,4,5-tetrahydro-1H-(1)benzazepin-2-one (VII), which is treated with sodium azide to afford the azide derivative (VIII). The N-alkylation of (VIII) with ethyl bromoacetate (IX) by means of KOH and tetrabutylammonium bromide in THF gives the N-alkylated azide (X), which is reduced by catalytic hydrogenation to the corresponding amine (XI). The hydrolysis of the ester group of (XI) with NaOH yields the free acetic acid derivative (XII), which is finally reductocondensed with ethyl 2-oxo-4-phenylbutyrate (XIII) by means of sodium cyanoborohydride

WO 2003092698 A1


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4 Comments

  1. medchemnintabelle says:

    Reblogged this on MedCheminAustralia.

  2. ashokkumar says:

    Reblogged on openaccess-chemistry.com

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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