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Zydus Cadila, New Patent,US 20160039759, PERAMPANEL

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PERAMPANEL

 

Zydus Cadila, New Patent,US 20160039759, PERAMPANEL

(US20160039759) PROCESS FOR THE PREPARATION OF PERAMPANEL

CADILA HEALTHCARE LIMITED

Sanjay Jagdish DESAI
Jayprakash Ajitsingh Parihar
Kuldeep Natwarlal Jain
Sachin Ashokrao Patil

 

Perampanel, a non-competitive AMPA receptor antagonist, is the active ingredient of FYCOMPA® tablets (U.S) which is approved as an adjunctive therapy for the treatment of partial on-set seizures with or without secondarily generalized seizures in patients with aged 12 years and older. Chemically, Perampanel is 5′-(2-cyanophenyl)-1′-phenyl-2,3′-bipyridinyl-6′(1′H)-one, with an empirical formula C23H15N30 and molecular weight 349.384 g/mol which is represented by Formula (I).

 

U.S. Pat. No. 6,949,571 B2 discloses perampanel and its various processes for preparation thereof.

U.S. Pat. No. 7,759,367 B2 discloses the pharmaceutical composition of perampanel and an immunoregulatory agent and their uses.

U.S. Pat. No. 8,304,548 B2 discloses the reaction of 5′-bromo-1′-phenyl-[2,3′-bipyridin]-6′(1′H)-one with 2-(1,3,2-dioxaborinan-yl)benzonitrile in the presence of palladium compound, a copper compound, a phosphorus compound and a base to form perampanel of Formula (I). Also discloses the crystalline hydrate, anhydrous crystal Form I, anhydrous crystal Form III, & anhydrous crystal Form V of perampanel of Formula (I).

U.S. Pat. No. 7,803,818 B2 discloses an amorphous form of perampanel. U.S. Pat. No. 7,718,807 B2 discloses salts of perampanel. International (PCT) publication No. WO 2013/102897 A1 discloses anhydrous crystalline Form III, V & VII of perampanel.

U.S. PG-Pub. No. 2013/109862 A1 discloses the method for preparing 2-alkoxy-5-(pyridin-2-yl)pyridine, which is an intermediate for preparing perampanel key starting material 5-(2′-pyridyl)-2-pyridone.

U.S. Pat. No. 7,524,967 B2 discloses the preparation of 5-(2′-pyridyl)-2-pyridone, an intermediate in the preparation perampanel.

International (PCT) publication No. WO 2014/023576 A1 discloses the preparation of cyanophenyl boronic acid, an intermediate in the preparation perampanel.

The prior-art processes suffer with problems of poor yield and requirement of chromatographic purification or series of crystallizations which further reduces the overall yield of the final product, which is overcome by the process of the present invention.

 

 

 

Pankaj Patel, chairman, Zydus Cadila

EXAMPLES

The present invention is further illustrated by the following examples which is provided merely to be exemplary of the invention and do not limit the scope of the invention. Certain modification and equivalents will be apparent to those skilled in the art and are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Example-A: Preparation of 5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one In a 500 mL round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, a solution of 188.80 g 5-bromo-2-methoxypyridine in 190 mL tetrahydrofuran and 12.92 g pyridine-2-yl boronic acid were added and refluxed. The reaction mixture was cooled to 25-30° C. and aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid was added and stirred for 1 hour. The reaction mixture was neutralized with aqueous sodium hydroxide and extracted with tetrahydrofuran.

The organic layer was washed with saline water, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and then evaporated to obtain the titled compound.

Example-1

Preparation of 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one

In a 2 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, 201.5 g 5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one, 208.3 g N-bromosuccinimide and 1300 mL N,N-dimethylforamide were stirred at 25-30° C. for 2-3 hours. After completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured into water and stirred for 30 min. The precipitate was filtered, washed with N,N-dimethylforamide and dried at 50° C. to obtain 230 g title compound.

Example-2

Preparation of 3-bromo-5-2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one

In a 500 mL round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, a solution of 18.75 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one in 300 mL methylene dichloride, 18.36 g 1-phenyl boronic acid, 3.47 g palladium triphenylphosphine and 10 mL triethyl amine were added and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 25-35° C. The reaction mixture was filtered and the filtrate was evaporated to dryness. The residue was crystallised from ethyl acetate to obtain the title compound.

Example-3

Preparation of Perampanel

In a 1 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, a suspension of 188 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one, 161.2 g 2-(1,3,2-dioxaborinan-2-yl)benzonitrile, 3.0 g tetrakis(triphenylphosphine)-palladium(0), 10 mL triethylamine (10 mL) in 300 mL methylene dichloride were stirred at 25-30° C. for 12 hours. To the reaction mixture was added 5 mL conc. aqueous ammonia, 10 mL water and 40 mL ethyl acetate. The separated organic layer was washed with water and saturated saline solution and dried over magnesium sulfate. The solvent was removed under vacuum. Ethyl acetate was added to the residue and heated obtain clear solution. n-hexane was added to this solution and cooled to 25-30° C. The obtained solid was filtered and washed with ethyl acetate and dried to obtain perampanel.

Example-4

Preparation of 3-Bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one

In a 2 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, 100 g 5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one, 108.5 g N-bromosuccinimide and 500 mL N,N-dimethylforamide were stirred at 30-35° C. for 3 hours. 100 mL water was added to the reaction mixture at 5-15° C. and stirred at 30-35° C. for 1 hour. The solid obtained was filtered, washed with water and dried to obtain 129 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one.

Example-5

Preparation of 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one

In a 2 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, 100 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1,2-dihydropyridin-2-one, 72.8 g phenylboronic acid and 500 mL N,N-dimethylformamide were added at 30-35° C. and stirred. 11.9 g copper acetate and 15.7 g pyridine were added and air was purged into the reaction mixture and stirred for 16 hours at 30-35° C. After the completion of the reaction, the reaction mixture was poured into 1200 mL aqueous ammonia at 10-15° C. and stirred for 2 hours at 30-35° C. The obtained solid was filtered, washed with water and dried to obtain 120 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one.

Example-6

Purification of 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one

In a 1 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, 100 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one and 500 mL isopropyl alcohol were stirred at 60-65° C. for 30 min. The reaction mixture was cooled to 20-25° C. and stirred for 30 min. The reaction mixture was filtered, washed with isopropanol and dried to obtain 96 g pure 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one.

Example-7

Preparation of Perampanel

In a 1 L round bottom flask, equipped with a mechanical stirrer, thermometer and an addition funnel, 100 g 3-bromo-5-(2-pyridyl)-1-phenyl-1,2-dihydropyridine-2-one and 125 g 2-(1,3,2-dioxaborinan-2-yl)benzonitrile and 1500 mL N,N-dimethylformamide were added under inert atmosphere. 44 g potassium carbonate and 4.2 g palladium tetrakis were added and stirred at 115-125° C. for 3 hours. The solvent was removed under vacuum. Ethyl acetate was added to the residue and the organic layer was distilled off to obtain perampanel (78 g).

////////Zydus Cadila, New Patent,US 20160039759, PERAMPANEL


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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