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TRELAGLIPTIN

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1  TRELAGLIPTIN

 

 

 

Trelagliptin succinate (SYR-472)

2-[[6-[(3R)-3-aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2, 4-dioxopyrimidin-1-yl]methyl]-4-fluorobenzonitrile; butanedioic acid

2-[6-[3(R)-Aminopiperidin-1-yl]-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluorobenzonitrile

2- [ [6- [ (3R) -3-amino-l-piperidinyl] -3, 4-dihydro-3- methyl-2, 4-dioxo-l (2H) -pyrimidinyl]methyl] -4-fluorobenzonitrile

succinic acid salt of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Mechanism of action: DPP-4 inhibitor

865759-25-7 cas FREE BASE

1029877-94-8  succinate

  • SYR 111472 succinate
  • SYR 472
  • Syr-472
  • Syr111472 succinate
  • Trelagliptin succinate
  • UNII-4118932Z90

Trelagliptin-succinate M. Wt: 475.47

Trelagliptin-succinate Formula: C22H26FN5O6

SYR-472 is an oral dipeptidyl peptidase IV inhibitor originated by Takeda. It is in phase III clinical trials for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

  • Diabetes affects 25.8 million people of all ages, or roughly 8.3 percent of the U.S. population.
  • The World Health Organization predicts that there will be 366 million people worldwide affected by diabetes by the year 2030.
  • The advent of trelagliptin succinate, a unique once weekly medication for patients with type 2 Diabetes is now the focus of clinical trials and exciting research and development.
  • Phase III clinical trials of trelagliptin succinate commenced in September 2011, and are estimated to be complete by the second half of 2013.

TRELAGLIPTIN (SYR-472)

Trelagliptin is a novel DPP-4 inhibitor that is being developed by Takeda. In contrast to alogliplitin, which is once a day, trelagliptin is a once-weekly oral agent which should provide patients with a convenient therapeutic alternative and has the potential to improve compliance. Takeda has commenced Phase III trials of trelagliptin in Japan for the treatment of Type 2 diabetes.

Indication (Phase): Japan—Once-weekly oral treatment for type 2 diabetes (Phase III; study expected to be completed in second half of 2013)

trelagliptin succinate

Compound I, A, TRELAGLIPTIN which has the formula:

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00002

is a DPP-IV inhibitor that is described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/080,992 filed Mar. 15, 2005 (see Compound 34). Its dosing, administration and biological activities are described in U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/531,671 filed Sep. 13, 2006. U.S. patent application Ser. No. 11/080,992 and Ser. No. 11/531,671 are incorporated herein by reference in their entirety.

Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (IUBMB Enzyme Nomenclature EC.3.4.14.5) (referred herein as “DPP-IV”) is a type II membrane protein and a non-classical serine aminodipeptidase that removes Xaa-Pro dipeptides from the amino terminus (N-terminus) of polypeptides and proteins. DPP-IV is constitutively expressed on epithelial and endothelial cells of a variety of different tissues (e.g., intestine, liver, lung, kidney and placenta), and is also found in body fluids. DPP-IV is also expressed on circulating T-lymphocytes and has been shown to be synonymous with the cell-surface antigen, CD-26. DPP-IV has been implicated in a number of human disease states, including, but are not limit to, diabetes, particularly type II diabetes mellitus, diabetic dislipidemia, conditions of impaired glucose tolerance (IGT), conditions of impaired fasting plasma glucose (IFG), metabolic acidosis, ketosis, appetite regulation and obesity; autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease, multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis; AIDS; and cancers.

DPP-IV inhibitors are believed to be useful agents for the prevention, delay of progression, and/or treatment of conditions mediated by DPP-IV.

Compound (A) or a salt thereof has been reported as an inhibitor of dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP-IV) , which is an enzyme that decomposes glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) , a hormone increasing insulin secretion (patent document 1) .

In addition, a method including administering 1 – 250 mg of compound (A) or a salt thereof to a patient once per week (patent documents 2, 3), crystal polymorphs of compound (A) (patent documents 4, 5) , and a preparation of compound (A)

(patent documents 6, 7) have also been reported. Compound (A) and a salt thereof are recommended for oral administration in view of the easiness of self-administration, and a tablet, particularly a tablet in the dosage form for administration once per week, is desired. [0006]

The dosage form of once per week is expected to improve drug compliance of patients, whereas it requires supply of compound (A) or a salt thereof to patients in a high dose as compared to, for example, the dosage form of once per day. Since a solid preparation containing compound (A) or a salt thereof in a high dose increases its size, it may conversely degrade the drug compliance for patients, particularly infants and elderly patients having difficulty in swallowing

……………………..

SYNTHESIS

Compound 34 IS TRELAGLIPTIN

Figure US20090275750A1-20091105-C00078

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (31).

A mixture of 2-bromo-5-fluorotoluene (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was refluxed for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSOand the solvent removed to give product 31 (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

2-Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (32).

A mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (2 g, 14.8 mmol), NBS (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and AIBN (100 mg) in CClwas refluxed under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give crude product as an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J=5.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (dd, J=2.4, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 4.6 (s, 2H).

Alternatively, 32 was made as follows.

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (1 kg) in DCE (2 L) was treated with AIBN (122 g) and heated to 75° C. A suspension of DBH (353 g) in DCE (500 mL) was added at 75° C. portionwise over 20 minutes. This operation was repeated 5 more times over 2.5 hours. The mixture was then stirred for one additional hour and optionally monitored for completion by, for example, measuring the amount of residual benzonitrile using HPLC. Additional AIBN (e.g., 12.5 g) was optionally added to move the reaction toward completion. Heating was stopped and the mixture was allowed to cool overnight. N,N-diisopropylethylamine (1.3 L) was added (at <10° C. over 1.5 hours) and then diethyl phosphite (1.9 L) was added (at <20° C. over 30 min). The mixture was then stirred for 30 minutes or until completion. The mixture was then washed with 1% sodium metabisulfite solution (5 L) and purified with water (5 L). The organic phase was concentrated under vacuum to afford 32 as a dark brown oil (3328 g), which was used without further purification (purity was 97% (AUC)).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (33).

A mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO(0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) was stirred at 60° C. for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSOand the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, J=7.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.11-7.17 (m, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C13H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

Alternatively, 33 was made as follows.

To a solution of 6-chloro-3-methyluracil (750 g) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (998 mL) in NMP (3 L) was added (at <30° C. over 25 min) a solution of 32 (2963 g crude material containing 1300 g of 32 in 3 L of toluene). The mixture was then heated at 60° C. for 2 hours or until completion (as determined, for example, by HPLC). Heating was then stopped and the mixture was allowed to cool overnight. Purified water (3.8 L) was added, and the resultant slurry was stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hour and at <5° C. for one hour. The mixture was then filtered under vacuum and the wet cake was washed with IPA (2×2.25 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 40±5° C. for 16 or more hours to afford 33 as a tan solid (>85% yield; purity was >99% (AUC)).

TFAsalt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (34).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) were stirred in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100° C. for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as TFA salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, 1H), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J 35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.92 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

FREE BASE OF TRELAGLIPTIN

Alternatively, the free base of 34 was prepared as follows. A mixture of 33 (1212 g), IPA (10.8 L), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (785 g), purified water (78 mL) and potassium carbonate (2.5 kg, powder, 325 mesh) was heated at 60° C. until completion (e.g., for >20 hours) as determined, for example, by HPLC. Acetonitrile (3.6 L) was then added at 60° C. and the mixture was allowed to cool to <25° C. The resultant slurry was filtered under vacuum and the filter cake was washed with acetonitrile (2×3.6 L). The filtrate was concentrated at 45° C. under vacuum (for >3 hours) to afford 2.6 kg of the free base of 34.

HCL salt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

The HCl salt of 34 was prepared from the TFA salt as follows. The TFA salt (34) was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in acetonitrile and HCl in dioxane (1.5 eq.) was added at 0° C. The HCl salt was obtained after removing the solvent. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, 1H), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J=32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

Alternatively, the HCl salt was prepared from the free base as follows. To a solution of free base in CH2Cl(12 L) was added (at <35° C. over 18 minutes) 2 M hydrochloric acid (3.1 L). The slurry was stirred for 1 hour and then filtered. The wet cake was washed with CH2Cl(3.6 L) and then THF (4.8 L). The wet cake was then slurried in THF (4.8 L) for one hour and then filtered. The filter cake was again washed with THF (4.8 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 50° C. (with a nitrogen bleed) until a constant weight (e.g., >26 hours) to afford 34 as the HCl salt as a white solid (1423 g, >85% yield).

Succinate salt OF TRELAGLIPTIN

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00001

The succinate salt of 34 was prepared from the HCl salt as follows. To a mixture of the HCl salt of 34 (1414 g), CH2Cl(7 L) and purified water (14 L) was added 50% NaOH solution (212 mL) until the pH of the mixture was >12. The biphasic mixture was stirred for 30 min and the organic layer was separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with CH2Cl(5.7 L) and the combined organic layers were washed with purified water (6 L). The organic layer was then passed through an in-line filter and concentrated under vacuum at 30° C. over three hours to afford the free base as an off-white solid. The free base was slurried in prefiltered THF (15 L) and prefiltered IPA (5.5 L). The mixture was then heated at 60° C. until complete dissolution of the free base was observed. A prefiltered solution of succinic acid (446 g) in THF (7 L) was added (over 23 min) while maintaining the mixture temperature at >57° C. After stirring at 60° C. for 15 min, the heat was turned off, the material was allowed to cool, and the slurry was stirred for 12 hours at 25±5° C. The material was filtered under vacuum and the wet cake was washed with prefiltered IPA (2×4.2 L). The material was then dried in a vacuum oven at 70±5° C. (with a nitrogen bleed) for >80 hours to afford the succinate salt of 34 as a white solid (1546 g, >90% yield).

The product was also converted to a variety of corresponding acid addition salts. Specifically, the benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) in a solution of MeOH (1 mL) was treated with various acids (1.05 equivalents). The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the mixture was filtered and the salt dried. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue isolated. In this way, salts of 34 were prepared from the following acids: benzoic, p-toluenesulfonic, succinic, R-(−)-Mandelic and benzenesulfonic. The succinate was found to be crystalline as determined by x-ray powder diffraction analysis.

 Methanesulfonate salt 

In addition, the methanesulfonate salt was prepared as follows. A 10.5 g aliquot of the benzonitrile product was mixed with 400 mL of isopropylacetate. The slurry was heated to 75° C. and filtered through #3 Whatman filter paper. The solution was heated back to 75° C. and a 1M solution of methanesulfonic acid (30.84 mL) was added slowly over 10 minutes while stirring. The suspension was cooled to room temperature at a rate of about 20° C./hr. After 1 hr at room temperature, the solid was filtered and dried in an oven overnight to obtain the methanesulfonate salt.

…………………………

FORMULATION

COMPD A IS TRELAGLIPTIN

Examples (Comparative Example IA)

Succinate of compound (A) (26.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example IA. (Comparative Example 2A)

The succinate of compound (A) and microcrystalline cellulose were uniformly mixed in a mortar at a ratio of 1:10, and the mixture (226.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example 2A. (Comparative Example 3A)

The succinate of compound (A) and corn starch were uniformly mixed in a mortar at a ratio of 1:5, and the mixture (126.6 mg) was weighed in a glass bottle and used as Comparative Example 3A. (Example IA) Succinate of compound (A) , mannitol and corn starch according to the formulation of Table IA were uniformly mixed in a fluid bed granulator (LAB-I, POWREX CORPORATION) , and the mixture was granulated by spraying an aqueous solution of dissolved hypromellose 2910, and dried therein. The obtained granules were passed through a sieve -(16M) to give milled granules. To the milled granules were added croscarmellose sodium, microcrystalline cellulose and magnesium stearate, and they were mixed in a bag to give granules for tableting. The granules were punched by a rotary tableting machine (Correct 19K, Kikusui Seisakusho, Ltd.) with a 6.5 mmφ punch to give a plain tablet weighting 121 mg. On the other hand, titanium oxide, yellow ferric oxide and talc were dispersed in a hypromellose 2910 aqueous solution to prepare a film coating liquid. The aforementioned coating liquid was sprayed onto the above-mentioned plain tablet in a film coating machine (Hicoater HCP-75, Freund Corporation), to give 2500 film- coated tablets containing 3.125 mg of compound (A) (free form) per tablet. Table IA

Figure imgf000028_0001

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POLYMORPHS AND SYNTHESIS

FORM A

Form A may be prepared by crystallization from the various solvents and under the various crystallization conditions used during the polymorph screen (e.g., fast and slow evaporation, cooling of saturated solutions, slurries, and solvent/antisolvent additions). Tables B and C of Example 3 summarize the procedures by which Form A was prepared. For example, Form A was obtained by room temperature slurry of an excess amount of Compound I in acetone, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, 1,4-dioxane, diethyl ether, hexane, methanol, isopropanol, water, ethylacetate, tetrahydrofuran, toluene, or other like solvents on a rotating wheel for approximately 5 or 7 days. The solids were collected by vacuum filtration, and air dried in the hood. Also, Form A was precipitated from a methanol solution of Compound I by slow evaporation (SE).

[0091] Form A was characterized by XRPD, TGA, hot stage microscopy, IR, Raman spectroscopy, solution 1H-NMR, and solid state 13C-NMR.

[0092] Figure 1 shows a characteristic XRPD spectrum (CuKa, λ=1.5418A) of Form A. The XRPD pattern confirmed that Form A was crystalline. Major X-Ray diffraction lines expressed in °2Θ and their relative intensities are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1. Characteristic XRPD Peaks (CuKa) of Form A

Figure imgf000018_0001

Figure imgf000019_0001

Characterization Data of Form A of Compound I

Figure imgf000064_0001

8. Amorphous Form

[0137] The Amorphous Form of Compound I was prepared by lyophilization of an aqueous solution of Compound I (Example 10). The residue material was characterized by XRPD and the resulting XRPD spectrum displayed in Figure 26. The XRPD spectrum shows a broad halo with no specific peaks present, which confirms that the material is amorphous. The material was further characterized by TGA, DSC, hot stage microscopy, and moisture sorption analysis.

Table A. Approximate Solubilities of Compound I

 Compound I having the formula

Figure imgf000076_0002

Figure imgf000052_0001

Figure imgf000053_0001

POLYMORPH SCREEN

Crystallization Experiments of Compound I from Solvents

Figure imgf000059_0001

Figure imgf000060_0001

Figure imgf000061_0001

Figure imgf000062_0001

a) FE = fast evaporation; SE = slow evaporation; RT = room temperature; SC = slow cool;CC = crash cool, MB = moisture sorption/desorption analysis b) qty = quantity; PO = preferred orientation

…………………………

SYNTHESIS

EXAMPLES

1. Preparation of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro- 2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile and pharmaceutically acceptable salts

Figure imgf000039_0001

Figure imgf000039_0002

4-Fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (3)

[0166] A mixture of 2-bromo-5fluorotoluene ( 2) (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was re fluxed for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed to give product 3 (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, IH), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H). 2-Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (4)

[0167] A mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (3) (2 g, 14.8 mmol), NBS (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and AIBN (100 mg) in CCl4 was refluxed under nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give crude product as an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification.1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J= 5.2, 8.4 Hz, IH), 7.28 (dd, J= 2.4, 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.12 (m, IH), 4.6 (s, 2H).

2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro- benzonitrile (6)

[0168] A mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil (5) (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2- Bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO3 (0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO

(10 mL) was stirred at 60 C for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSO4 and the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, 1=12, 8.4Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J- 4.0Hz, IH), 7.11-7.17 (m, IH), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, IH), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci3H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l- ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile, TFA salt (1) (TFA salt of Compound I)

Figure imgf000040_0001

[0169] 2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l-ylmethyl)-4- fluoro-benzonitrile (5) (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (i?)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) were stirred in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100 0C for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as a TFA salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, IH), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, IH), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J = 35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, IH), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, IH), 1.82-1.92 (m, IH), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci8H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-l-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-l- ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile, HCl salt

Figure imgf000041_0001

[0170] The TFA salt of Compound I was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The residue was dissolved in acetonitrile and HCl in dioxane (1.5 eq.) was added at 0 C. The HCl salt was obtained after removing the solvent. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, IH), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, IH), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J = 32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, IH), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, IH), 1.83-1.93 (m, IH), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for Ci8H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

General procedure for the preparation of salts of Compound I.

[0171] The benzonitrile product may be isolated as the free base if desired, but preferably, the product may be further converted to a corresponding acid addition salt. Specifically, the benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) in a solution of MeOH (1 mL) was treated with various acids (1.05 equivalents). The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the mixture was filtered and the salt dried. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo and the residue isolated. In this way, salts of Compound I were prepared from the following acids: benzoic, p-toluenesulfonic, succinic, R-(-)-Mandelic and benzenesulfonic. [0172] The isolation and/or purification steps of the intermediate compounds in the above described process may optionally be avoided if the intermediates from the reaction mixture are obtained as relatively pure compounds and the by-products or impurities of the reaction mixture do not interfere with the subsequent reaction steps. Where feasible, one or more isolation steps may be eliminated to provide shorter processing times, and the elimination of further processing may also afford higher overall reaction yields.

…………………..

TABLET

2. Exemplary formulations comprising succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Provided are examples of tablet formulations that may be used to administer succinate salt of 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Succinate salt of Compound I) according to the present invention. It is noted that the formulations provided herein may be varied as is known in the art.

The exemplary tablet formulations are as follows:

12.5 mg of Compound I (weight of free base form) per tablet
Core Tablet Formulation
(1) 2-[6-(3-Amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4- 17.0 mg
dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-
ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (succinate salt)
(2) Lactose Monohydrate, NF, Ph, Eur 224.6 mg
(FOREMOST 316 FAST FLO)
(3) Microcrystalline Cellulose, NF, Ph, Eur 120.1 mg
(AVICEL PH 102)
(4) Croscarmellose Sodium, NF, Ph, Eur 32.0 mg
(AC-DO-SOL)
(5) Colloidal Silicon Dioxide, NF, Ph, Eur 3.2 mg
(CAB-O-SIL M-5P)
(6) Magnesium Stearate, NF, Ph, Eur 3.2 mg
(MALLINCKRODT, Non-bovine Hyqual)
TOTAL 400.0 mg
(per tablet)

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POLYMORPHS AND SYNTHESIS

EXAMPLES Example 1 Preparation of 2-[6-(3-amino-piperidin-1-yl)-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl]-4-fluoro-benzonitrile succinate (Compound I)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00004

Compound I may be prepared by the follow synthetic route (Scheme 1)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00005

A. Preparation of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (Compound B)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00006

Compound B was prepared by refluxing a mixture of 2-bromo-5-fluoro-toluene (Compound A) (3.5 g, 18.5 mmol) and CuCN (2 g, 22 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) for 24 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with hexane. The organics were dried over MgSOand the solvent removed to give product B (yield 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.60 (dd, J=5.6, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 6.93-7.06 (m, 2H), 2.55 (s, 3H).

B. Preparation of 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (Compound C)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00007

Compound C was prepared by refluxing a mixture of 4-fluoro-2-methylbenzonitrile (Compound B) (2 g, 14.8 mmol), N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) (2.64 g, 15 mmol) and azo-bis-isobutyronitrile (AIBN) (100 mg) in CClunder nitrogen for 2 hours. The reaction was cooled to room temperature. The solid was removed by filtration. The organic solution was concentrated to give the crude product the form of an oil, which was used in the next step without further purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.68 (dd, J=5.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.28 (dd, J=2.4, 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.12 (m, 1H), 4.6 (s, 2H).

C. Preparation of 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound D)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00008

Compound E was prepared by stirring a mixture of crude 3-methyl-6-chlorouracil D (0.6 g, 3.8 mmol), 2-bromomethyl-4-fluorobenzonitrile (0.86 g, 4 mmol) and K2CO(0.5 g, 4 mmol) in DMSO (10 mL) at 60° C. for 2 hours. The reaction was diluted with water and extracted with EtOAc. The organics were dried over MgSOand the solvent removed. The residue was purified by column chromatography. 0.66 g of the product was obtained (yield: 60%). 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CDCl3): δ 7.73 (dd, J=7.2, 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.26 (d, J=4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.11-7.17 (m, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J=2.0, 9.0 Hz, 1H), 6.034 (s, 2H), 3.39 (s, 3H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C13H9ClFN3O2, 293.68; found 293.68.

D. Preparation of 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound F)

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00009

Compound F was prepared by mixing and stirring 2-(6-chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile (Compound E) (300 mg, 1.0 mmol), (R)-3-amino-piperidine dihydrochloride (266 mg, 1.5 mmol) and sodium bicarbonate (500 mg, 5.4 mmol) in a sealed tube in EtOH (3 mL) at 100° C. for 2 hrs. The final compound was obtained as trifluoroacetate (TFA) salt after HPLC purification. 1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.16-7.27 (m, 2H), 5.46 (s, 1H), 5.17-5.34 (ABq, 2H, J=35.2, 15.6 Hz), 3.33-3.47 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 2.98-3.08 (m, 1H), 2.67-2.92 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.82-1.92 (m, 1H), 1.51-1.79 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

E. Preparation of Compound I: the succinic acid salt of 2-(6-Chloro-3-methyl-2,4-dioxo-3,4-dihydro-2H-pyrimidin-1-ylmethyl)-4-fluoro-benzonitrile

Figure US20080227798A1-20080918-C00010

The TFA salt prepared in the above step (Example 1, Step D) was suspended in DCM, and then washed with saturated Na2CO3. The organic layer was dried and removed in vacuo. The benzonitrile product (approximately 10 mg) was dissolved in MeOH (1 mL) and to which succinic acid in THF (1.05 equivalents) was added. The solutions were allowed to stand for three days open to the air. If a precipitate formed, the solid was collected by filtration. If no solid formed, the mixture was concentrated in vacuo, and the succinate salt was obtained after removing the solvent.

SUCCINATE SALT OF TRELAGLIPTIN

1H-NMR (400 MHz, CD3OD): δ. 7.77-7.84 (m, 1H), 7.12-7.26 (m, 2H), 5.47 (s, 1H), 5.21-5.32 (ABq, 2H, J=32.0, 16.0 Hz), 3.35-3.5 (m, 2H), 3.22 (s, 3H), 3.01-3.1 (m, 1H), 2.69-2.93 (m, 2H), 2.07-2.17 (m, 1H), 1.83-1.93 (m, 1H), 1.55-1.80 (m, 2H). MS (ES) [m+H] calc’d for C18H20FN5O2, 357.38; found, 357.38.

Compound I such prepared was found to be crystalline as determined by x-ray powder diffraction analysis (FIG. 1). The crystal material was designated Form A.

……………

patents

1. US 2013172377

2. WO 2011013639

3. WO 2009099172

4.WO 2009099171

5. WO 2008114807

6.WO 2008114800

7. WO 2008033851

8. WO 2007074884

9WO 2007035629

patent document 1: US2005/0261271

patent document 2: US2007/0060530

patent document 3: US2008/0287476

patent document 4: US2008/0227798

patent document 5: US2008/0280931

patent document 6: WO2008/114800

patent document 7: WO2011/013639

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 29 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 29 year tenure till date Aug 2016, Around 30 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 25 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 13 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 212 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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