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Buserelin a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist

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Buserelin.svgBuserelin

57982-77-1  cas no

D-Ser(Tbu)6EA10LHRH

(2S)-N-[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2R)-1-[[(2S)-1-[[(2S)-5-(diaminomethylideneamino)-1-[(2S)-2-(ethylcarbamoyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl]-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-4-methyl-1-oxopentan-2-yl]amino]-3-[(2-methylpropan-2-yl)oxy]-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-hydroxy-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-indol-3-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]amino]-3-(1H-imidazol-5-yl)-1-oxopropan-2-yl]-5-oxopyrrolidine-2-carboxamide

6-[O-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-D-serine]-9-(N-ethyl-L-prolinamide)-10-deglycinamideluteinizing hormone-releasing factor (pig)

Profact, 57982-77-1, Buserelin (INN), Tiloryth (TN), AC1Q5OOQ, AC1L18ON, D-Ser(Tbu)6EA10LHRH,
Molecular Formula: C60H86N16O13
Molecular Weight: 1239.42424
Therap-Cat: Antineoplastic (hormonal). Gonad-stimulating principle.
Therap-Cat-Vet: Gonad-stimulating principle.
Keywords: Antineoplastic (Hormonal); LH-RH Analogs; Gonad-Stimulating Principle; LH-RH Agonist.

Buserelin is a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist, a synthetic hormone which stimulates the pituitary gland’s gonadotrophin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR). It is used in prostate cancer treatment.

Buserelin stimulates the pituitary gland’s gonadotrophin-releasing hormone receptor (GnRHR). Buserelin desensitizes the GnRH receptor, reducing the amount of LH and testosterone. However, there is a concomitant surge in LH and testosterone levels with the decrease in androgens, so antiandrogens must administered.

buserelin

Properties: [a]D20 -40.4° (c = 1 in dimethylacetamide).
Optical Rotation: [a]D20 -40.4° (c = 1 in dimethylacetamide)
Derivative Type: Monoacetate
CAS : 68630-75-1
 Codes: HOE-766
Trademarks: Receptal (Intervet); Suprecur (Sanofi-Aventis); Suprefact (Sanofi-Aventis)
MF: C60H86N16O13.C2H4O2
MW: 1299.48
Percent Composition: C 57.30%, H 6.98%, N 17.25%, O 18.47%

 

 

Buserelin is a Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH agonist). The drug’s effects are dependent on the frequency and time course of administration. GnRH is released in a pulsatile fashion in the postpubertal adult. Initial interaction of any GnRH agonist, such as buserelin, with the GnRH receptor induces release of FSH and LH by gonadotrophes. Long-term exposure to constant levels of buserelin, rather than endogenous pulses, leads to downregulation of the GnRH receptors and subsequent suppression of the pituitary release of LH and FSH.

Like other GnRH agonists, buserelin may be used in the treatment of hormone-responsive cancers such as prostate cancer or breast cancer, estrogen-dependent conditions (such as endometriosis or uterine fibroids), and in assisted reproduction.

It is normally delivered via a nasal spray, but is also available as an injection.

Buserelin acetate is marketed by Sanofi-Aventis under the brand name Suprefact and a generic form of Buserelin is now produced by CinnaGen under the brand name CinnaFact.

Buserelin is also marketed under the brand name MetrelefMetrelef is approved to treat patients with endometriosis by suppression of ovarian hormone production. In ovulation induction Metrelef is used as a pituitary blockade as an adjunct togonadotrophin administration.

Buserelin, a synthetic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GRH) agonist, specifically binds to GRH receptor presented at anter iorpituitary and increases or decreases the number of receptors in hypophysis through auto- regulation mechanism (G. Tolis et al., Tumor Growth Inhibition in Patients with Prostatic Carcinoma Treated with Luteinizing Hormone-Feleasing Hormone Agonists, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. , 79, pl658, 1982).

<5> The synthetic methods for preparing peptides are divided into two methods, i.e., liquid phase synthesis and solid phase synthesis. The liquid phase peptide synthesis of which all the reagents reacts together under the solution phase by being dissolved in the solution, has been reported to show rapid reaction rate however it has disadvantages such as the difficulty in separating and purification of the products. In a while, solid phase peptide synthesis which have been developed based on the theory of R. B. Merrifield, has been reported to have various advantages comparing with the former method for example, convenient to isolation and purification, the ‘applicability to automation (Bodanszky et al, In Peptide Synthesis, John Wiley & Sons, 1976). Lots of peptide synthetic resins have been developed to synthesize various peptides after the publication of the theory of R. B. Merrifield till now. For example, chloromethyl polystyrene resin had been developed by Merrifield and Wang resin having 4-alkoxybenzyl alcohol had been developed with modifying the former resin to overcome the disadvantages thereof at the early stage. Various resins to improve the disadvantages of conventional resins have been developed after then and the representative resins among those resins are trityl group introduced 2-chlorotrityl resin and rink amide resin which can provide amide group from the carboxyl terminal of peptide under mild cleavage condition, respectively.

<6> At the early stage, the simple structured type-peptides have been synthesized using by the resins however the complex structured type peptides showing various physiological activities have been synthesized mainly. The peptides comprising unnatural amino acids have been synthesized by chemical synthetic method since the peptides could not be prepared by enzymatic synthesis. Among them, the peptides comprising D-amino acid or aza-amino acid have been reported to have potent physiological activities and further to be developed as a medicine (USP Nos. 6,624,290; 6,069,163; 5,965,538; and 4,634,715). However, the novel method for preparing LH-RH such as goserelin or GnRH peptides using by solid phase synthesis has been still need till now since previously known methods, for example, the methods disclosed in USP No. 5,602,231; EP No. 0518655; USP No. 6,879,289; and USP No. 3,914,412, have been reported to have unsolved problems such as a limit to obtain pure product etc.

 

 

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2008044890A1?cl=en

 

Example 4: Preparation of buserelin

<98> Ig of 2-chlroro trityl chloride resin showing 0.9 mM/g of substitution rate was swollen with 10ml of DMF and the reaction mixture mixed with 768 mg of Fmoc-Arg (N02)-0H (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto to react together. The resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 615 mg of Fmoc-Leu-OH (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto to react together with a similar way to the above-described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 670 mg of Fmoc-D- SeKtBu)-OH (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above-described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 859 mg of Fmoc-Tyr(OBzI)-OH (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above-described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 726 mg of Fmoc-Ser(OBzI)-OH (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above- described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 742 mg of Fmoc-Trp-0H (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above- described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 1.078g of Fmoc-His(Fmoc)-0H (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above-described method. After washing the resin, the resulted resin was treated with 20% piperidine to remove the Fmoc residue and the reaction mixture mixed with 244 mg of Pyr-OH (1.74 mM) and 271 microliter of DIC (1.74 mM) was added thereto again to react together with a similar way to the above-described method.

<99> The resin was washed again and 2ml of 1% TFA (Trifluoroacetic acid)/DCM (dichloromethane) per 70mg of peptide resin was added to the resin, eluted to release the peptide from the resin and the elute was collected with 200 microliter of pyridine. The above-described step was repeated five times. The resin was washed with DCM (dichloromethane) and methanol and the elute was collected with the former elute. The elute was concentrated with evaporation and ether was added thereto to obtain the precipitated peptide. The precipitated peptide was performed to coupling reaction with 305 mg of Pro- NH-CH2CH3 (2.4mM) and 303mg of DIC (2.4 niM) in the presence of DCM

(dichloromethane) solvent. The solution was subjected to concentration with evaporator. The resulting concentrate was dissolved in EtOAc, washed with saturated NaHCOs solution, distilled water, 5% citrate solution and dried with anhydrous MgS(V The remaining MgS04 was discarded with filtration and the filtrate was concentrated with evaporation. The benzyl group and Cbz group among the side chain protecting group in the peptide were removed through catalytic hydrogen transfer reaction using by Pd/C and ammonium formate in the presence of methanol. The resulting peptide was purified with reverse phase column chromatography (Shimadzu H-kit, acetonitrile^water= 22:78 → 32:68, 1% increase/min) to isolate pure buserelin (Yield: 40%).

 

new patent

WO-2014047822

Solid state method for the preparation of buserelin, an LHRH analog useful for the treatment of sexual dysfunction, ovulation, puberty retardation and cancer. Method is under basic conditions and increases yield and purity. This appears to be the first PCT application from Hybio with this target, however several Chinese national filings have been published. Pan, Ma and Yuan are named on several previous solid phase synthesis PCT applications, most recently WO2013117135.

 References:
Synthetic nonapeptide agonist analog of LH-RH, q.v. Synthesis: W. Konig et al., DE 2438350eidem, US4024248 (1976, 1977 both to Hoechst);
A. S. Dutta et al., J. Med. Chem. 21, 1018 (1978).
Clinical pharmacology: A. Lemay et al.,Fertil. Steril. 37, 193 (1982).
Radioimmunoassay in plasma and urine: S. Saito et al., J. Immunol. Methods 79, 173 (1985).
Veterinary use to increase conception rate: K. Moller, E. D. Fielden, N. Z. Vet. J. 29, 214 (1981).
Clinical evaluation in prostatic carcinoma: J. H. Waxman, Br. J. Urol. 55, 737 (1983); as ovulatory stimulant for in vitro fertilization: V. MacLachlan et al., N. Engl. J. Med. 320, 1233 (1989).
Review of pharmacokinetics and clinical profile: R. N. Brogden et al., Drugs 39, 399-437 (1990); of efficacy in prostatic carcinoma: H. J. de Voogt et al., Scand. J. Urol. Nephrol. Suppl 138, 131-136 (1991).
US5212288 * Feb 8, 1991 May 18, 1993 Syntex (U.S.A.) Inc. Temporary minimal protection synthesis of serine-containing polypeptides
US5510460 * May 26, 1995 Apr 23, 1996 Zeneca Limited Peptide process
US5602231 * May 26, 1995 Feb 11, 1997 Zeneca Limited Process for making peptides
US6028172 * Feb 10, 1998 Feb 22, 2000 Mallinckrodt Inc. Reactor and method for solid phase peptide synthesis
US6897289 * May 5, 2000 May 24, 2005 Lipotec, S.A. Peptide synthesis procedure in solid phase
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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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