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Home » Phase2 drugs » BC-3781, LEFAMULIN……A Pleuromutilin by Nabriva (Austria) in phase 2

BC-3781, LEFAMULIN……A Pleuromutilin by Nabriva (Austria) in phase 2



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Antibiotics 02 00500 i025


Topical pleuromutilin antibiotic agent

Gram-positive, including MRSA, PHASE 2 COMPLETED

Nabriva (Austria)


The pleuromutilin BC-3781 belongs to the first generation of pleuromutilins to combine excellent oral
bioavailability with substantial activity against Gram-positive pathogens and atypicals as well as some
Gram-negative pathogens. In particular, BC-3781 is highly active against multi-drug resistant (MDR)
pathogens including methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), MDR Streptococcus pneumonia
(i.e. macrolide and quinolone resistance), and vancomycin resistant Enterococcus faecium. It is
characterized by excellent in vivo activities (e.g. pneumonia model), outstanding PK/PD parameters,
allowing once a day dosing, and a novel mode of action. BC-3781 is being developed for both oral and IV
administration and is intended for the treatment of serious multi-drug resistant skin & skin structure
infections (CSSI) and moderate to severe pneumonia (CAP, HAP etc).

Pleuromutilins have been known since 1951, but only entered the market in 2007 with the approval of retapamulin for topical use. Until today, there are no pleuromutilins for systemic use approved in human clinical practice.

Nabriva is currently working on the development of new compounds is this class. The lead compound, BC-3781, if approved, will be the first pleuromutilin for systemic use in humans.

The compound shows potent in vitro activity against a large collection of staphylococcistreptococci, andE. faecium. When compared to linezolid and vancomycin, the compound shows greater overall potency againstS. aureus [121]. BC-3781 shows improved activity against most bacteria commonly associated with community-acquired respiratory tract infections, the compound is especially potent against S. pneumoniaincluding penicillin resistant strains. It also shows improved activity against H. influenzaM. catarrhalisM. pneumoniae and C. pneumoniae.

BC-3781 is undergoing Phase I clinical trials for CAP and in March of 2011 has completed a Phase II clinical study comparing it to vancomycin for treatment of aBSSSI [119,120,121,122,123]. Nabriva Therapeutics AG announced that the cooperation with Forest Laboratories to develop the compound had elapsed, and that Nabriva retained all rights in BC-3781. The company informed that the product was Phase III ready and that it was seeking partners to continue further development [203].

Nabriva is also developing BC-7013 for topical use against Gram-positive infections and working on the discovery of new pleuromutilins [119,124].

Dr William Prince, CMO Nabriva Therapeutics commented:
“This is the first patient study with a systemic pleuromutilin. It will be an important proof of concept
for an exciting new class of antibiotics. The phase II study builds on our extensive preclinical and
phase I data which have demonstrated that BC-3781 can achieve therapeutically relevant blood and
tissue levels in man with excellent tolerability when administered by either oral or intravenous

Dr. David Chiswell, CEO Nabriva Therapeutics commented:
“With a worldwide problem due to antibiotic resistant bacteria, there is a very significant need for
new classes of antibiotics with unique modes of action such as the pleuromutilins. The commercial
prospects for BC-3781 as the leading compound of an exciting new class are excellent, especially as it
has an ideal anti-bacterial spectrum for both skin and respiratory infections and is being developed
with both oral and intravenous formulations”

BC-3781 is highly active against key pathogens, including MRSA, associated with skin infections and
community and hospital acquired pneumonia and is more potent than Linezolid and vancomycin. The
compound’s novel mode of action ensures that it overcomes resistance mechanisms affecting all
approved classes of antibiotics. BC-378


About Nabriva Therapeutics
Nabriva Therapeutics is a biotechnology company focused on developing a new class of antibiotics for
the treatment of serious infections caused by resistant pathogens. Nabriva’s lead systemic product,
BC-3781, is being developed for the treatment of serious skin infections and bacterial pneumonia
caused by S. aureus, , S. pneumoniae, H. influenza, Mycoplasma, Legionella and other bacteria,
including drug resistant strains such as MRSA and vancomycin resistant E. faecium. In addition,
Nabriva Therapeutics’ topical pleuromutilin product candidate, BC-7013, is in clinical phase I. Nabriva
Therapeutics has a proven track record in world-class medicinal chemistry, clinical expertise, a
seasoned management team and solid IP. Nabriva Therapeutics is located in Vienna, Austria.

For more information on Nabriva please visit




Nabriva. Pleuromutilins. Available online: (accessed on 7 December 2012).

Forest Laboratories. Our pipeline: Solid, and set for further growth. Available online: (accessed on 13 April 2013).

Sader, H.S.; Biedenbach, D.J.; Paukner, S.; Ivezic-Schoenfeld, Z.; Jones, R.N. Antimicrobial activity of the investigational pleuromutilin compound BC-3781 tested against Gram-positive organisms commonly associated with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections. Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 2012,56, 1619–1623, doi:10.1128/AAC.05789-11.

Sader, H.S.; Paukner, S.; Ivezic-Schoenfeld, Z.; Biedenbach, D.J.; Schmitz, F.J.; Jones, R.N. Antimicrobial activity of the novel pleuromutilin antibiotic BC-3781 against organisms responsible for community-acquired respiratory tract infections (CARTIs). J. Antimicrob. Chemother. 201267, 1170–1175, doi:10.1093/jac/dks001.

Nabriva Therapeutics AG. Study comparing the safety and efficacy of two doses of BC-3781 vs. vancomycin in patients with acute bacterial skin and skin structure infection (ABSSSI). Available online: (accessed on 13 April 2013).

Novak, R. Are pleuromutilin antibiotics finally fit for human use? Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 20111241, 71–81, doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2011.06219.x.







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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with AFRICURE PHARMA, ROW2TECH, NIPER-G, Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India as ADVISOR, earlier assignment was with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, as CONSUlTANT, Retired from GLENMARK in Jan2022 Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 32 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 32 PLUS year tenure till date Feb 2023, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 100 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 100 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 227 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 38 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 227 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc He has total of 32 International and Indian awards

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