STATUS AS ON 10 MARCH 2012
Lurasidone (trade name Latuda) is an atypical antipsychotic developed by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma. It was approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for treatment of schizophrenia on October 28, 2010 after a review that found that two of the four Phase III clinical trials supported efficacy, while one showed only marginal efficacy and one was not interpretable because of high drop-out rates. It is currently pending approval for the treatment of bipolar disorder in the United States.
In clinical studies, lurasidone alleviates positive symptoms (e.g., hallucinations, delusions) without inducing extrapyramidal side effects except for akathisia, despite its potent D2 antagonistic actions. Effectiveness against negative symptoms of schizophrenia has yet to be established.
Lurasidone may be useful for treating the cognitive and memory deficits seen in schizophrenia. In animal studies, it reversed dizocilpine-induced learning and memory impairment and was found to be superior in doing this to all of the other antipsychotics examined, including risperidone, olanzapine, quetiapine, clozapine, aripiprazole, and haloperidol. Lurasidone has activity at several serotonin receptors that are involved in learning and memory, and unlike most other antipsychotics, lacks any anticholinergic effects (which are known to impair cognitive processes and memory). These properties may underlie its improved effectiveness in treating these symptoms relative to older agents.
- Meyer JM, Loebel AD, Schweizer E (September 2009). “Lurasidone: a new drug in development for schizophrenia”. Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs 18 (11): 1715–26. doi:10.1517/13543780903286388. PMID 19780705.
- “FDA approves Latuda to treat schizophrenia in adults” (Press release). USFDA. 2010-10-28. Retrieved October 29, 2010.
- FDA Clinical Review of lurasidone for the treatment of schizophrenia Nakamura M, Ogasa M, Guarino J, et al. (June 2009).
- “Lurasidone in the treatment of acute schizophrenia: a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial”. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 70 (6): 829–36. doi:10.4088/JCP.08m04905. PMID 19497249.
- Ishiyama T, Tokuda K, Ishibashi T, Ito A, Toma S, Ohno Y (October 2007). “Lurasidone (SM-13496), a novel atypical antipsychotic drug, reverses MK-801-induced impairment of learning and memory in the rat passive-avoidance test”. European Journal of Pharmacology 572 (2-3): 160–70. doi:10.1016/j.ejphar.2007.06.058. PMID 17662268.
- Enomoto T, Ishibashi T, Tokuda K, Ishiyama T, Toma S, Ito A (January 2008). “Lurasidone reverses MK-801-induced impairment of learning and memory in the Morris water maze and radial-arm maze tests in rats”. Behavioural Brain Research 186 (2): 197–207. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2007.08.012. PMID 17881065.
- Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma (August 26, 2009). “Lurasidone Demonstrated Efficacy in Treating Patients with Schizophrenia in Pivotal Phase III Study”.
- “Latuda: Prescribing Information”. Psychotherapeutic Drugs. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- “Latuda”. Drugs.com. Retrieved 2010-12-17.
- “Atypical antipsychotics and risk of cerebrovascular accidents”. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
LATUDA® (lurasidone hydrochloride) Schizophrenia，Bipolar disorder
- Developed in-house
- LATUDA® (lurasidone hydrochloride) is an atypical antipsychotic agent which is believed to have an affinity for dopamine D2, serotonin 5-HT2A and serotonin 5-HT7 receptors where it has antagonist effects. In addition, LATUDA is a partial agonist at the serotonin 5-HT1A receptor and has no appreciable affinity for histamine or muscarinic receptors. In the clinical trials supporting the U.S. FDA approval, the efficacy of LATUDA for the treatment of schizophrenia was established in four, short-term (6-week), placebo-controlled clinical studies in adult patients who met DSM-IV criteria for schizophrenia. In these studies, LATUDA demonstrated significantly greater improvement versus placebo on the primary efficacy measures [the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score and the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale-derived from PANSS (BPRSd)] at study endpoint. A total of five short-term placebo controlled clinical trials contributed to the understanding of the tolerability and safety profile of LATUDA. LATUDA was approved for the treatment of schizophrenia by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in October 2010, and launched by Sunovion in February 2011 in the U.S. Launched in Canada for the treatment of schizophrenia in September 2012.
- Development stage:
Schizophrenia: Submitted MAA (Europe: Co-development with Takeda Pharmaceutical)
Phase III in Japan
In addition, Phase III study is ongoing in the U.S., Europe, etc. to test the hypothesis that LATUDA is effective in the long term maintenance treatment of schizophrenia.
Bipolar I Depression: Submitted in the U.S. and Canada.
In addition, plans to submit an MAA in Europe through Co-development with Takeda Pharmaceutical. (Phase III in Europe).
Bipolar Maintenance: Phase III in the U.S. and Europe, etc. MDD with mixed features: Phase III in the U.S
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The company said that an application for the additional indications was submitted in August 2012 for review by the Health Canada.
The new indication is supported by two double-blind, placebo-controlled, six-week Phase III clinical trials (PREVAIL 1 and PREVAIL 2).