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Sarecycline , サレサイクリン



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ChemSpider 2D Image | Sarecycline | C24H29N3O8



MW 487.5024, MF C24H29N3O8 FREE FORM


FDA 2018/10/1 APPROVED SEYSARA, ALMIRALL, for the oral treatment of inflammatory lesions of non-nodular moderate to severe acne vulgaris in patients 9 years of age and older

1035654-66-0 [RN] FREE FORM
2-Naphthacenecarboxamide, 4-(dimethylamino)-1,4,4a,5,5a,6,11,12a-octahydro-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxymethylamino)methyl]-1,11-dioxo-, (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-


  • P 005672

Sarecycline hydrochloride.png

CAS 1035979-44-2 HCl

Molecular Formula C24 H29 N3 O8 . Cl H
 Molecular Weight 523.963


Sarecycline (trade name Seysara; development code WC-3035) is a tetracycline-derived antibiotic. In the United States, it was approved by the FDA in October 2018 for the treatment of moderate to severe acne vulgaris.[1]

Paratek Pharmaceuticals, Inc. licensed the US rights to sarecycline for the treatment of acne in the United States to Actavis, a subsidiary of Allergan, while retaining rights in the rest of the world.[2]

Allergan initiated a Phase 3 study in December 2014 evaluating the efficacy and safety of sarecycline tablets 1.5 mg/kg per day taken orally for 12 weeks versus placebo in the treatment of acne vulgaris.[3] Two phase 3 randomized, multi-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of sarecycline in moderate to severe acne reported positive results on 27 March 2017.[4]


US 2016/0200671


WO 2008079363


WO 2008079339


WO 2012155146


[00104] The following examples illustrate the synthesis of the compounds described herein.

Synthesis of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide (“the free base”).

[00105] A solution of 7-formylsancycline TFA salt (2.23 g) and N,0-dimethylhydroxylamine hydrochloride (780 mg) in N,N-dimethylacetamide (15 mL) was stirred for 10 minutes at room temperature under argon atmosphere. To this solution was added sodium cyanoborohydride (302 mg). The solution was stirred for 5 minutes and monitored by LC-MS. The reaction mixture was poured into diethyl ether, and the resulting precipitates were collected by filtration under vacuum. The crude product was purified by prep-HPLC using a C18 column (linear gradient 10-40% acetonitrile in 20 mM aqueous triethanolamine, pH 7.4). The prep-HPLC fractions were collected, and the organic solvent (acetonitrile) was evaporated under reduced pressure. The resulting aqueous solution was loaded onto a clean PDVB SPE column, washed with distilled water, then with a 0.1 M sodium acetate solution followed by distilled water. The product was eluted with

acetonitrile. The eluent was concentrated under reduced pressure, 385 mg was obtained as free base.

Synthesis of crystalline mono hydrochloride salt of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide (the “Crystalline Mono Hydrochloride Salt”).

[00106] Crude (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3, 10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l ,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l ,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide (lOOg, app. 35% assay) was purified on preparative column chromatography. The desired fractions (8-10 liters) were combined and the pH was adjusted to 7.0-7.5 using ammonium hydroxide. This aqueous solution was extracted 3 times with dichloromethane (4 liters each time). The dichloromethane layers were combined and concentrated under reduced pressure. The residue was suspended in ethanol (800 ml) and 20 ml water was added. The pH was gradually adjusted to pH 1.6-1.3 using 1.25M hydrochloric acid in methanol and the mixture was stirred for 20-60 minutes at which point the free base was completely dissolved. The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure to 200-250 ml and was seeded with (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10, 12, 12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]- 1, 11-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide mono HQ crystals (100-200 mg). The stirring was continued for 2-18 hours while the slurry was kept at <5°C. The resulting crystals were filtered, washed with ethanol (50 mL) and dried under reduced pressure to a constant weight. 20g crystalline (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10, 12, 12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]- 1, 11-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide mono hydrochloride was isolated in > 90% purity and > 90% assay.

Synthesis of crystalline mono mesylate salt of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid (the “Crystalline Mesylate Salt”).

[00107] (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3, 10,12, 12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide free base (74mg) was suspended in ethanol (740μ1) and heated with stirring to 60°C (bath temperature). Methane sulfonic acid (1.1 eq, 167μ1 as 1M solution in THF) was added and most of the solid dissolved. After five minutes, the suspension was cooled to ambient temperature over approximately 1.75 hours (uncontrolled in oil bath). By 53 °C, solid had precipitated which was filtered at ambient temperature under reduced pressure. A further portion of ethanol (200μ1) was added to aid filtration, as the suspension was viscous. The cake was washed with n-hexane (400μ1) and air dried on filter for approximately 30 minutes to yield 59 mg (67% yield) of yellow solid.

Synthesis of crystalline mono sulfate salt of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid (the “Crystalline Sulfate Salt”).

[00108] (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3, 10,12, 12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,l l-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide free base (86mg) was suspended in ethanol (500μ1) and heated with stirring to 63 °C (bath temperature) at which temperature most of the free base had dissolved. Sulfuric acid (1.1 eq, 194μ1 as 1M solution in water) was added and all of the solid dissolved. The solution was cooled to ambient temperature over approximately 1.75 hours (uncontrolled in oil bath) at which temperature no solid had precipitated. Methyl t-butyl ether (MtBE) was added as an antisolvent (4 x 50μ1). Each addition caused a cloud point, but the solid re-dissolved on stirring. The solution was stirred with a stopper for approximately 3 hours after which time solid precipitated. The solid was filtered under reduced pressure and washed with MtBE (3 x 200μ1) and air dried on filter for

approximately 45 minutes to yield 93 mg (90% yield) of yellow solid.


Synthesis of amorphous bis hydrochloride salt of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide.

[00109] (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4-dimethylamino-3, 10,12, 12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,l l-dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,l l,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide free base (1 g) was suspended in methanol (50 mL). The freebase was converted to the hydrochloride salt by adding an excess of methanolic HCl followed by under reduced pressure evaporation to give 1.1 g yellow solid: MS (Mz+1 = 488). 1H NMR (300 MHz, CD30D) δ 7.46 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 6.81 (d, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 4.09 (d, 1H, J = 1.0 Hz), 3.79 (d, 1H, J = 13.1 Hz), 3.73 (d, 1H, J = 13.1 Hz), 3.36 (m, 1H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 3.08-2.95 (8H), 2.61 (s, 3H), 2.38 (t, 1H, J = 14.8), 2.22 (m, 1H), 1.64 (m, 1H). An XRPD pattern is shown in Figure 10 and a TGA and DSC curve overlaid are shown in Figure 11.


Synthesis of amorphous mono hydrochloride salt of (4S,4aS,5aR,12aS)-4- dimethylamino-3,10,12,12a-tetrahydroxy-7-[(methoxy(methyl)amino)-methyl]-l,ll- dioxo-l,4,4a,5,5a,6,ll,12a-octahydro-naphthacene-2-carboxylic acid amide.

[00110] A sample of Crystalline Mono Hydrochloride Salt (2.09 g) was dissolved in water (250 ml, 120 vols), filtered and frozen in a -78°C bath. Water was removed from the solidified sample using a lyophilizer for 110 hours to yield the amorphous mono hydrochloride salt as a fluffy yellow solid, that was confirmed to be amorphous by XRPD analysis .


US 20130302442


WO 2015153864


WO 2018051102


External links

Clinical data
Trade names Seysara
CAS Number
PubChem CID
Chemical and physical data
Formula C24H29N3O8
Molar mass 487.51 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

////////////Sarecycline, Seysara, WC-3035 FDA 2018, サレサイクリン , P-005672 , PTK-AR-01 , SC-1401, WC-3035,

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with AFRICURE PHARMA, ROW2TECH, NIPER-G, Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India as ADVISOR, earlier assignment was with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, as CONSUlTANT, Retired from GLENMARK in Jan2022 Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 32 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 32 PLUS year tenure till date Feb 2023, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 100 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 100 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 227 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 38 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 227 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc He has total of 32 International and Indian awards

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