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Telmapitant……Tachykinin NK1 Antagonists

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Chemical structure for Telmapitant (USAN)

Telmapitant

TELMAPITANT; Telmapitant (USAN); Telmapitant [USAN]; 552292-58-7; HJ5FE4153B; D10391

(5R,8S)-8-[[(1R)-1-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl]ethoxy]methyl]-8-phenyl-1,3,9-triazaspiro[4.5]decane-2,4-dione

1,​3,​7-​Triazaspiro[4.5]​decane-​2,​4-​dione, 8-​[[(1R)​-​1-​[3,​5-​bis(trifluoromethyl)​phenyl]​ethoxy]​methyl]​-​8-​phenyl-​, (5R,​8S)​-

(5R,8S)-8-(((1R)-1-(3,5-Bis(Trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ethoxy)methyl)-8-phenyl-1,3,7- triazaspiro(4.5)decane-2,4-dione
1,3,7-Triazaspiro(4.5)decane-2,4-dione,

8-(((1R)-1-(3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)phenyl)ethoxy)methyl)-8-phenyl-, (5R,8S)-

Molecular Formula: C24H23F6N3O3

Molecular Weight: 515.448139

cas 552292-58-7

Merck & Co. (innovator)

Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting,

SYNTHESIS

……………………………………….

US7902366

http://www.google.com/patents/US7902366

Example 43a Example 43b

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00120

Step 1:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00121

To a suspension of lactol Compound 3 (60 g, 93.0 mmol, 1 equiv.) and Wittig Reagent (93.5 g, 200.0 mmol, 2.15 equiv.) in toluene (800 ml) stirred at −78° C. under N2, a solution of KHMDS (0.5M in toluene, 558 ml, 280.0 mmol, 3 equiv.) was added dropwise at −78° C. The cooling bath was removed and the yellow mixture was warmed to RT to form a red solution. The mixture was allowed to stir at 23° C. for further 1 h before being quenched with saturated NH4Cl solution. EtOAc was added and layers were separated. The separated aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2×500 ml). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [5% EtOAc-hexane to 10% EtOAc-hexane] gave alkene Compound 42 as white solid (40.5 g, 68%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 638.1. Continuous elution gave an impure cyclized product Compound 43.

Step 2:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00122

A suspension of alkene Compound 42 (40.5 g, 64 mmol, 1 equiv.) and PtO2 (1.44 g, 6.4 mmol, 0.1 equiv.) in EtOH (400 ml) were stirred under a H2 balloon at 23° C. for 24 h. Another batch of PtO2 (1.44 g, 6.4 mmol, 0.1 equiv) was added and the mixture was stirred for another 24 h at 23° C. The catalyst was filtered via a pad of Celite. This solution of alkane Compound 44 was used in the next step without further purification.

Step 3:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00123

p-TsOH.H2O (2.42 g, 13.0 mmol) was added to the ethanolic solution of alkane Compound 44 from above and the solution was heated to reflux for 4 h. The solution was cooled to RT and neutralized with Et3N. Solvents were removed in vacuum and EtOAc was added. Saturated NaHCO3 solution was added and layers were separated. The separated aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (300 ml×2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [10% ether-hexane] gave enamide Compound 45 (first batch) as yellow oil. Some intermediate and starting material were recovered as yellow oil by continuous elution with [50% EtOAc-hexane]. The yellow oil was dissolved in toluene and 10 mol % p-TsOH was added. The mixture was heated to reflux for 2 h and cooled to RT. Work up was as above and the combined enamide Compound 45 (25 g, 70%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 564.1, was obtained as yellow oil.

Step 4:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00124

BH3.Me2S (13.6 ml, 133 mmo, 3.02 equiv) was added to a solution of enamide Compound 45 (25 g, 44.0 mmol,1 equiv.) in THF at 23° C. under N2. The mixture was stirred at 23° C. for 18 h and then cooled over an ice-water bath. A solution of NaOH (500 ml, 2N) was added slowly followed by a solution of H202 (500 ml, 30% aqueous). The mixture was allowed to stir from 0° C. to 23° C. for 18 h. Layers were separated and the separated aqueous layer was extracted with Et2O (500 ml×2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [hexane-EtOAc, 3:1 (v/v)] gave alcohol Compound 46 as colorless oil (19 g, 74%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 582.1.

Step 5:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00125

Oxalyl chloride (5.7 ml, 65.3 mmol, 2 equiv.) was added to a solution of DMSO (9.3 ml, 131.0 mmol, 4 equiv.) in CH2Cl2 (300 ml) at −78° C. under N2. The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for 15 min before a solution of alcohol Compound 46 (19 g, 32.7 mmol. 1 equiv.) in CH2Cl2 (50 ml) was added. The mixture was stirred at −78° C. for a further 1 h and Et3N (32 ml, 228.9 mmol, 7 equiv.) was added. The cooling bath was removed and the mixture was warmed to RT before it was quenched with saturated NaHCO3 solution. Layers were separated and the aqueous was extracted with CH2Cl2 (300 ml×2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [hexane-ether, 4:1 (v/v)] gave ketone Compound 47 as colorless oil (15 g, 80%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 580.1.

Step 6:

 

Figure US07902366-20110308-C00126

EtOH (150 ml) was added to Cbz-ketone Compound 47 (15 g, 25.88 mmol, 1 equiv.), followed by NH4(CO3)2 (9.95 g, 103.5 mmol, 4 equiv.) and a solution of KCN (3.4 g, 51.77 mmol, 2 equiv.). The resulting mixture was heated at 58° C. under N2 for 72 h. TLC (1:1 EtOAc:hexane) revealed complete consumption of the starting material. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT and poured into sat. aq. NaHCO3 (200 ml) and extracted with EtOAc (3×200 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo to afford crude Cbz-hydantoin Compound 48 (16.5 g, 98%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+650.1. The crude material was used in the next reaction without further purification.

Step 7:

The crude Cbz-hydantoin Compound 48 (16.5 g, 25.4 mmol, 1 equiv.) was dissolved in MeOH (220 ml) and 20% Pd(OH)2—C (3.6 g) was added. The reaction mixture was shaken in a parr shaker under H2 atmosphere at 40 psi for 18 h. TLC (1:1 EtOAc:hexane) revealed complete consumption of the starting material. The reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite and the celite was washed with MeOH. The resulting solution was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on a Biotage (3:2, EtOAc:hex). Two major spots were collected. The less-polar spot corresponds to the isomer Example 43a (3 g, overall 20% over two steps), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 516.1. The more polar spot corresponds to the isomer Example 43b (4.5 g, overall 30% over two steps), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 516.1.

………………………………..

WO 2003051840

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2003051840A1?cl=en

Example 43a Example 43b

 

Figure imgf000063_0003

Step 1 :

Compound 3

 

Figure imgf000064_0001

To a suspension of lactol Compound 3 (60g, 93.0mmol, lequiv.) and Wittig Reagent (93. δg, 200.0mmol, 2.1 δequiv.) in toluene (800ml) stirred at -78°C under δ N2, a solution of KHMDS (O.δM in toluene, δδδml, 280.0mmol, 3equiv.) was added dropwise at -78°C. The cooling bath was removed and the yellow mixture was warmed to RT to form a red solution. The mixture was allowed to stir at 23°C for further 1 h before being quenched with saturated NH CI solution. EtOAc was added and layers were separated. The separated aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc 0 (2 x δOOml). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO ) and filtered.

Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [δ% EtOAc-hexane to 10% EtOAc-hexane] gave alkene Compound 42 as white solid (40. δg, 68%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 638.1. Continuous elution gave an impure cyclized product Compound 43. δ Step 2:

Compound 42

 

Figure imgf000064_0002

A suspension of alkene Compound 42 (40. δg, 64mmol, lequiv.) and PtO2 (1.44g, 6.4mmol, 0.1 equiv.) in EtOH (400ml) were stirred under a H2 balloon at 23°C for 24 h. Another batch of PtO2 (1.44g, 6.4mmol, 0.1 equiv) was added and the 0 mixture was stirred for another 24 h at 23°C. The catalyst was filtered via a pad of Celite. This solution of alkane Compound 44 was used in the next step without further purification. Step 3:

Compound 44

 

Figure imgf000064_0003

p-TsOH.H2O (2.42g, 13.0mmol) was added to the ethanolic solution of alkane

Compound 44 from above and the solution was heated to reflux for 4 h. The solution was cooled to RT and neutralized with Et3N. Solvents were removed in vacuum and EtOAc was added. Saturated NaHCO3 solution was added and layers

5 were separated. The separated aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (300ml x

2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [10% ether- hexane] gave enamide Compound 45 (first batch) as yellow oil. Some intermediate and starting material were recovered as yellow oil by continuous elution with 0 [50%EtOAc-hexane]. The yellow oil was dissolved in toluene and 10mol% p-TsOH was added. The mixture was heated to reflux for 2 h and cooled to RT. Work up was as above and the combined enamide Compound 45 (2δg, 70%), Electrospray

MS [M+1]+ 664.1 , was obtained as yellow oil.

Step 4:

 

Figure imgf000065_0001

BH3.Me2S (13.6ml, 133mmo, 3.02 equiv) was added to a solution of enamide Compound 45T25g, 44.0mmol, lequiv.) in THF at 23°C under N2. The mixture was stirred at 23°C for 18 h and then cooled over an ice-water bath. A solution of NaOH (600ml, 2N) was added slowly followed by a solution of H O2 (600ml, 30% 0 aqueous). The mixture was allowed to stir from 0°C to 23°C for 18 h. Layers were separated and the separated aqueous layer was extracted with Et.20 (600ml x 2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [hexane-EtOAc, 3:1 (v/v)] gave alcohol Compound 46 as colorless oil (19g, 74%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ δ 582.1. Step 5:

Compound 46

 

Figure imgf000065_0002

Oxalyl chloride (δ.7ml, 6δ.3mmol, 2equiv.) was added to a solution of DMSO (9.3ml, 131.0mmol, 4equiv.) in CH2CI2 (300ml) at -78°C under N2. The mixture was 0 stirred at -78°C for 1 δ min before a solution of alcohol Compound 46 (19g, 32.7mmol. lequiv.) in CH2CI2 (50ml) was added. The mixture was stirred at -78°C for a further 1 h and Et3N (32ml, 228.9mmol, 7equiv.) was added. The cooling bath was removed and the mixture was warmed to RT before it was quenched with saturated NaHCO3 solution. Layers were separated and the aqueous was extracted with CH2CI2 (300ml x 2). The combined organic layers were dried (MgSO4) and filtered. Removal of solvents in vacuum followed by Biotage column chromatography [hexane-ether, 4:1 (v/v)] gave ketone Compound 47 as colorless oil (1δg, 80%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 680.1.

 

Figure imgf000066_0001

EtOH (150ml) was added to Cbz-ketone Compound 47 (15g, 2δ.88mmol, lequiv.), followed by NH (CO )2 (9.9δg, 103.5mmol, 4equiv.) and a solution of KCN (3.4g, 61.77mmoI, 2equiv.). The resulting mixture was heated at 68°C under N2 for 72 h. TLC (1 :1 EtOAc:hexane) revealed complete consumption of the starting

1δ material. The reaction mixture was cooled to RT and poured into sat. aq. NaHCO3 (200 ml) and extracted with EtOAc (3 x 200ml). The combined organic layers were dried over MgSO4 and concentrated in vacuo to afford crude Cbz-hydantoin Compound 48 (16.δg, 98%), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 650.1. The crude material was used in the next reaction without further purification.

20 Step 7:

The crude Cbz-hydantoin Compound 48 (16.5g, 2δ.4mmol, lequiv.) was dissolved in MeOH (220ml) and 20% Pd(OH)2-C (3.6g) was added. The reaction mixture was shaken in a parr shaker under H2 atmosphere at 40 psi for 18 h. TLC (1 :1 EtOAc:hexane) revealed complete consumption of the starting material. The

26 reaction mixture was filtered through a pad of celite and the celite was washed with MeOH. The resulting solution was concentrated in vacuo. The crude product was purified by column chromatography on a Biotage (3:2, EtOAc:hex). Two major spots were collected. The less-polar spot corresponds to the isomer Example 43a (3 g, overall 20% over two steps), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 616.1. The more polar spot

30 corresponds to the isomer Example 43b (4.6 g, overall 30% over two steps), Electrospray MS [M+1]+ 616.1.

 

 

4-29-2011
NK1 ANTAGONISTS
3-9-2011
NK1 antagonists

 

English translation of Knabe, J., et al., “Racemates and Enantiomers of . . . ,” Pharmazie 52(12):912-919 (1997).
2 English translation of Schult, Karl E., et al., “Hydantoin-Derivate as Potential . . . ,” Eur. J. Med. Chem.-Chimica Therapeutics 13(1):25-31 (1978).
3 English translation of Schult, Karl E., et al., “Hydantoin-Derivate as Potential . . . ,” Eur. J. Med. Chem.—Chimica Therapeutics 13(1):25-31 (1978).
4 Knabe, J., et al., “Racemates and Enantiomers of Basic Substituted 5-Phenylhydantoins . . . ,” Pharmazie 52(12): 912-919 (1997).
5 Oh, Chang-Hyun et al., “Synthesis of New Hydantoin-3-Acetic Acid Derivatives . . . ,” Bull. Korean Chem. Soc. 9(4):231-235 (1988).
6 Shulte, Karl E., et al., “Hydantoin-Derivate als . . . ,” Eur. J. Med. Chem.-Chimica Therapeutica 13(1):25-31 (1978).
7 Shulte, Karl E., et al., “Hydantoin-Derivate als . . . ,” Eur. J. Med. Chem.—Chimica Therapeutica 13(1):25-31 (1978).
8 Wu, X. et al., “Generation of Cyclopenta [c] piperidines and Pyrrolo [3,4-c]piperidines- . . . ,” Tetrahedron 56(34): 6279-6290 (2000).
9 * Xiujuan Wu et al 2000. , Stereoselective transformation of 2H-1,4-Oxazin-2-ones into 2,(2),5,5-tri- and tetrasubstituted Analogues. . .

 

US6436928 * Dec 14, 2000 Aug 20, 2002 Schering Corporation Selective neurokinin antagonists
US6635639 * Feb 13, 2002 Oct 21, 2003 Nps Allelix Corp. Use of N-alkylamino-heterocylic compounds for the treatment of migraine
US7041682 * Jul 2, 2003 May 9, 2006 Schering Corporation Antiemetics, antidepressants, anxiolytic agents, antitussive agents
US7122677 * Nov 12, 2002 Oct 17, 2006 Scherig Corporation NK1 antagonists
US20060094720 * Dec 15, 2005 May 4, 2006 Neng-Yang Shih NK1 antagonists
US20060223804 * Jun 30, 2005 Oct 5, 2006 Schering Corporation NK1 antagonists
EP0790248A1 Jan 20, 1997 Aug 20, 1997 Pfizer Limited 3-Aza-piperidone- (tetrahydropyrimidin-2-one) and 3-oxa-piperidone (1,3 oxazin-2-one) derivatives, their preparation and their use as tachykinin/neurokinin antagonists

key

Telmapitant, Merck, Tachykinin NK1 Antagonists

 

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Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

 


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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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