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lumefantrine

2-(dibutylamino)-1-[(9Z)-2,7-dichloro-9-[(4-chlorophenyl)methylidene]-9H-fluoren-4-yl]ethan-1-ol

(±)-2,7-Dichloro-9-((Z)-p-chlorobenzylidene)-α-((dibutylamino)methyl)fluorene-4-methanol
2-Dibutylamino-1-[2,7-dichloro-9-(4-chloro-benzylidene)-9H-fluoren-4-yl]-ethanol
2-Dibutylamino-1-{2,7-dichloro-9-[1-(4-chloro-phenyl)-meth-(Z)-ylidene]-9H-fluoren-4-yl}-ethanol
Benflumetol
dl-Benflumelol

UNII F38R0JR742
CAS number 82186-77-4
Weight Average: 528.94
Monoisotopic: 527.154947772
Chemical Formula C30H32Cl3NO

Lumefantrine (or benflumetol) is an antimalarial drug. It is only used in combination with artemether. The term “co-artemether” is sometimes used to describe this combination.[1] Lumefantrine has a much longer half-life compared to artemether and so is therefore thought to clear any residual parasites that remain after combination treatment.[2]

Lumefantrine, along with pyronaridine and naphtoquine, were synthesized in course of the Project 523 antimalaria drug research initiated in 1967; these compounds are all used in combination antimalaria therapies.[3][4][5]

Image result for lumefantrine synthesis

Lumefantrine is an antimalarial drug chemically known as 2-(dibutylamino)-1-[(9Z)-2, 7-dichloro-9-(4- chlorobenzylidene)-9H-floren-4-yl] ethanol, which is used in the prevention and treatment of Malaria in worm blooded animals. Lumefantrine is using the combination of β-Artemether in the treatment of Malaria

http://derpharmachemica.com/vol8-iss3/DPC-2016-8-3-91-100.pdf

REFERENCES

[1] Ulrich Beutler, C Peter.; Fuenfschilling.; and Andreas, Steinkemper.; Novartis Pharma AG; Chemical and Analytical Development: CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland, Organic Process Research & Development 2007, 11, 341- 345.

[2] Boehm, M. Fuenfschilling.; Krieger, P. C.; Kuesters, E. M.; Struber, F.; Org. Process Res. DeV. 2007, 11, 336- 340.

[3] (a) Rao, D. R.; Kankan, R. N.; Phull, M. S.; Patent Application CN 1009-3724 20060424, 2005. (b) Deng, R.; Zhong, J.; Zhao, D.; Wang, J.; Yaoxue, X. 2000, 35 (1), 22. (c) Allmendinger, Th.; Wernsdorfer, W. H. PCT WO 99/67197.

[4] Perrumattam, J.; Shao, Ch.; Confer, W. L. Synthesis 1994, 1181.

[5] Fuenfschilling, P. C.; Hoehn P.; Mutz J.-P. Organic Process Res. Dev. 2007, 11, 13.

[6] Di Nunno, L.; Scilimati, A. Tetrahedron 1988, 44, 3639.

[7] Pharmacopeial Forum, Vol. 36(2) [Mar.-Apr. 2010]

Preparation of 2-(dibutylamino)-1-[(9Z)-2, 7-dichloro-9-(4-chlorobenzylidene)-9H-floren-4-yl] ethanol (Lumefantrine) 1.

To a stirred solution of NaOH (1.97 g 0.0492 mol) in methanol (100 ml) there was added 1-(2, 7- dichloro-9 H-fluren-4-yl)-2-(dibutyl amino) ethanol (10 g, 0.0246 mol) and para chloro benzaldehyde (5.24 g 0.0372). The suspension obtained was stirred at reflux temperature till the absence of starting material by TLC. After confirming the product formation reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and further stirred at same temperature for overnight. The precipitated solids were filtered and washed with methanol and dried under vacuum at 50°C to get desired compound.  (Purity by HPLC: 99%).

IR (cm-1): 3408, 3092, 2953, 2928, 2870, 2840, 1634, 1589, 1487, 1465, 1443, 1400, 1365, 1308, 1268, 1241, 1207, 1173, 1156, 1085, 1071, 1014, 980, 933, 874, 839, 815, 806, 770;

1H NMR (CDCl3, δ ppm): 7.75 (d, 1H, CH, J 1.5 Hz), 7.68 (d, 1H, CH, J 1.5 Hz), 7.60-7.63 (m, 1H, CH), 7.32-7.35 (dd, 1H, CH, J 1.7,8.3 Hz), 7.45-7.50 (m, 1H, CH), 5.35-5.39 (dd, 1H, CH, J 3.0,9.9 Hz), 2.41-2.74 (m, 1H, CH2Ha), 2.86-2.92 (m, 1H, CH2Hb), 2.41-2.74 (m, 4H, CH2), 1.25-1.56 (m, 8H, CH2), 0.97 (t, 1H, CH, J 7.2 Hz), 7.60-7.63 (m, 1H, CH), 7.45-7.50 (m, 4H, CH), 4.54 (broad, 1H, OH),

13C NMR (CDCl3, δ ppm): 138.2, 141.5, 120.6, 133.2, 126.3, 135.0, 135.0, 136.4, 123.9, 128.3, 132.8, 123.0, 139.8, 65.5, 60.0, 53.5, 29.1, 20.6, 14.0, 127.6, 134.7, 130.5, 129.1, 133.2;

MS: m/z: 528 [M+H]+ ; Analysis calcd. for C30H32Cl3NO: C, 68.12; H, 6.10; N, 2.65% Found: C, 68.38; H, 6.14; N, 2.63 %.

 

CLIP

str0

One-dimensional 1H NMR spectrum of B) a lumefantrine standard,

A CLIP

http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0103-50532012000100010&lng=en&nrm=iso

Image result for lumefantrine synthesis

CLIP

A simple and precise method for quantitative analysis of lumefantrine …

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov › NCBI › Literature › PubMed Central (PMC)
by P Hamrapurkar – ‎2010 – ‎Cited by 2 – ‎Related articles

[2–4] Thus, today lumefantrine is a drug of choice in antimalarial treatment against P. …. The NMRspectra observed triplet at 0.943-0.989 (methyl protons of alkyl …

str0
The spectroscopic techniques were used to confirm the identity of lumefantrine. The IR spectra, showed strong absorption band at 3404.67 cm-1 (OH), 2953.28 cm-1 (aliphatic and aromatic CH), 1757.31 cm-1 (-C=C-), 933 cm-1 (alkanes) and 696.37-373.22 cm-1 (Cl). Thus, IR spectra confirmed the presence of these functional groups in the structure of lumefantrine.
The mass spectrum showed a sharp molecular ion peak at 528.0 m/z in Q1 MS (m/z, parent ion) parameter at negative polarity confirming the molecular weight of lumefantrine.
The NMR spectra observed triplet at 0.943-0.989 (methyl protons of alkyl chain); a multiplet at 1.372-1.498 (methylene protons of alkyl chains); a multiplet at 2.449-2.909 (methylene protons of alkyl chain); broad singlet at 4.573 (OH proton); and multiplet at 7.314-7.733 (aromatic proton), thus confirming identity of lumefantrine.
 IH NMR PREDICT
 str0
str1
13C NMR PREDICT
str0
str1

Image result for lumefantrine synthesis

Image result for lumefantrine synthesis

 

References

  1. Jump up^ Toovey S, Jamieson A, Nettleton G (2003). “Successful co-artemether (artemether-lumefantrine) clearance of falciparum malaria in a patient with severe cholera in Mozambique”. Travel medicine and infectious disease. 1 (3): 177–9. doi:10.1016/j.tmaid.2003.09.002. PMID 17291911.
  2. Jump up^ White, Nicholas J.; van Vugt, Michele; Ezzet, Farkad (1999). “Clinical Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Artemether-Lumefantrine”. Clinical Pharmacokinetics. 37 (2): 105–125. doi:10.2165/00003088-199937020-00002. ISSN 0312-5963.
  3. Jump up^ Cui, Liwang; Su, Xin-zhuan (2009). “Discovery, mechanisms of action and combination therapy of artemisinin”. Expert Review of Anti-infective Therapy. 7 (8): 999–1013. doi:10.1586/eri.09.68. PMC 2778258Freely accessible. PMID 19803708.
  4. Jump up^ http://aac.asm.org/content/56/5/2465.full
  5. Jump up^ Laman, M; Moore, BR; Benjamin, JM; Yadi, G; Bona, C; Warrel, J; Kattenberg, JH; Koleala, T; Manning, L; Kasian, B; Robinson, LJ; Sambale, N; Lorry, L; Karl, S; Davis, WA; Rosanas-Urgell, A; Mueller, I; Siba, PM; Betuela, I; Davis, TM (2014). “Artemisinin-naphthoquine versus artemether-lumefantrine for uncomplicated malaria in Papua New Guinean children: an open-label randomized trial”. PLoS Med. 11: e1001773. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001773. PMC 4280121Freely accessible. PMID 25549086.
Lumefantrine
Lumefantrine.svg
Clinical data
AHFS/Drugs.com International Drug Names
MedlinePlus a609024
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code P01BF01 (WHO) (combination with artemether)
Legal status
Legal status
  • US: C
Identifiers
CAS Number 82186-77-4 
PubChem (CID) 6437380
DrugBank DB06708 Yes
ChemSpider 4941944 Yes
UNII F38R0JR742 Yes
KEGG D03821 Yes
ChEBI CHEBI:156095 Yes
ChEMBL CHEMBL38827 Yes
Chemical and physical data
Formula C30H32Cl3NO
Molar mass 528.939 g/mol
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
Title: Lumefantrine
CAS Registry Number: 82186-77-4
CAS Name: (9Z)-2,7-Dichloro-9-[(4-chlorophenyl)methylene]-a-[(dibutylamino)methyl]-9H-fluorene-4-methanol
Additional Names: 2-dibutylamino-1-[2,7-dichloro-9-(4-chlorobenzylidene)-9,11-fluoren-4-yl]ethanol; dl-benflumelol; benflumetol; BFL
Manufacturers’ Codes: CPG-56695
Molecular Formula: C30H32Cl3NO
Molecular Weight: 528.94
Percent Composition: C 68.12%, H 6.10%, Cl 20.11%, N 2.65%, O 3.02%
Literature References: Racemic aryl alcohol originally synthesized in the 1970’s by the Academy of Military Medical Sciences in Beijing, China. Inhibits hemozoin formation. Prepn: R. Deng et al., CN 1042535 (1990 to Acad. Military Med. Sci., Microbiol. & Epidemic Dis. Instit.); C.A. 114, 6046 (1991). LC determn in plasma: A. Annerberg et al., J. Chromatogr. B 822, 330 (2005). In vitro activity against Plasmodium falciparum: B. Pradines et al., Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 43, 418 (1999).
Properties: Odorless, yellow powder. Poorly sol in water, oil, and most organic solvents. Sol in unsaturated fatty acids.
Derivative Type: Co-artemether
CAS Registry Number: 141204-94-6
Manufacturers’ Codes: CPG-56697
Trademarks: Coartem (Novartis); Riamet (Novartis)
Literature References: Fixed 6:1 mixture with artemether, q.v. Clinical pharmacokinetics and bioavailability: F. Ezzet et al., Br. J. Clin. Pharmacol. 46, 553 (1998). Clinical trial in children against P. falciparum malaria: C. Hatz et al., Trop. Med. Int. Health 3, 498 (1998); in adults: S. Looareesuwan et al., Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg. 60, 238 (1999). Review of comparative clinical trials in malaria: A. A. Omari et al., Trop. Med. Int. Health 9, 192-199 (2004).
Therap-Cat: Antimalarial.
Keywords: Antimalarial.

///////////lumefantrine

CCCCN(CCCC)CC(O)C1=C2C(=CC(Cl)=C1)\C(=C/C1=CC=C(Cl)C=C1)C1=C2C=CC(Cl)=C1

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DR ANTHONY CRASTO

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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