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RG 7388 is a MDM2 inhibitor with superior potency and selectivity in phase 1 trials

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RG7388 structure

RG-7388
Hoffmann-La Roche, Inc. , INNOVATOR
4-((2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-neopentylpyrrolidine-2-carboxamido)-3-methoxybenzoic acid
 4-{[(2R,3S,4R,5S)-4-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]-amino}-3-methoxy-benzoic acid
4-[[(3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-Chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethylpropyl)-D-prolyl]amino]-3-methoxybenzoic acid
CAS Number:1229705-06-9
Mol. Formula:C31H29Cl2F2N3O4
MW:616.5
Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00700
RG-7388 is an MDM2 (hdm2) inhibitor in early clinical trials at Roche for the oral treatment of solid tumors and hematologic cancer.
Physical properties
INTRO
 RG7388 is a MDM2 inhibitor with superior potency and selectivity
RG7388 is an oral, selective, small molecule MDM2 antagonist that inhibits binding of MDM2 to p53.

RG7388 is the second generation inhibitor of P53-MDM2 interaction. It is orally active, potently and selectively antagonizing the P53-MDM2 interaction with Ki at low nM. It is designed to selectively target MDM2, a key negative regulator of the p53 tumor suppressor protein. Blocking this essential interaction may lead to apoptosis via activation of p53 in tumor cells with functional p53 signaling. It is currently in clinical evaluation.

Description: 
Value IC50: 30 nM (IC50 Average of three wt-p53 SJSA1 Cancer cell lines, RKO, HCT116) 
. RG7388 is an Oral, Selective, small molecule antagonist that inhibits binding of MDM2 to p53 MDM2 Blocking the MDM2-p53 Interaction stabilizes p53 and activates p53-mediated cell death and inhibition of cell Growth. 
RG7388 Showed all the Characteristics expected of an MDM2 inhibitor in terms of speci? c binding to the target, mechanistic outcomes Resulting from Activation of the p53 pathway, and in vivo ?. Although e cacy Mechanism of Action of the cellular is identical to that of RG7388 RG7112, it is much More potent and Selective. 

Tumor suppressor p53 is a powerful growth suppressive and pro-apoptotic protein that plays a central role in protection from tumor development.A potent transcription factor, p53 is activated following cellular stress and regulates multiple downstream genes implicated in cell cycle control, apoptosis, DNA repair, and senescence.While p53 is inactivated in about 50% of human cancers by mutation or deletion, it remains wild-type in the remaining cases but its function is impaired by other mechanisms. One such mechanism is the overproduction of MDM2, the primary negative regulator of p53, which effectively disables p53 function.An E3 ligase, MDM2 binds p53 and regulates p53 protein levels through an autoregulatory feedback loop. Stabilization and activation of wild-type p53 by inhibition of MDM2 binding has been explored as a novel approach for cancer therapy.

Ding Q, Zhang Z, Liu JJ, et al Discovery of RG7388, a Potent and Selective Inhibitor p53-MDM2 in Clinical Development J Med Chem 2013 Jun 28 DOI:. 10.1021/jm400487c

Physical properties

 

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J. Med. Chem.201356 (14), pp 5979–5983
DOI: 10.1021/jm400487c

Abstract Image

Restoration of p53 activity by inhibition of the p53–MDM2 interaction has been considered an attractive approach for cancer treatment. However, the hydrophobic protein–protein interaction surface represents a significant challenge for the development of small-molecule inhibitors with desirable pharmacological profiles. RG7112 was the first small-molecule p53–MDM2 inhibitor in clinical development. Here, we report the discovery and characterization of a second generation clinical MDM2 inhibitor, RG7388, with superior potency and selectivity.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/jm400487c/suppl_file/jm400487c_si_001.pdf         …………..for exptal section

 

Physical properties

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US20100152190

http://www.google.com/patents/US20100152190

(Scheme 4).

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00010
Example 447 Preparation of 4-{[(2R,3S,4R,5S)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]-amino}-3-methoxy-benzoic acid methyl ester
Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00699

 

In a 25 mL round-bottomed flask, (2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-neopentylpyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid (250 mg, 535 μmol), was combined with CH2Cl(5 ml). DIPEA (277 mg, 374 μl, 2.14 mmol) and dipenylphospenic chloride (380 mg, 306 μl, 1.6 mmol) were added and the reaction was stirred at RT for 20 minutes. Methyl 4-amino-3-methoxybenzoate (100 mg, 552 μumol) was added and the reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight.

The crude reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuum. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography (silica gel, 40 g, 5% to 25% EtOAc/Hexanes) to give the desired product as a white solid (275 mg, 81% yield).

Example 448 Preparation of 4-{[(2R,3S,4R,5S)-4-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carbonyl]-amino}-3-methoxy-benzoic acid

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00700

 

In a 25 mL round-bottomed flask, methyl 4-((2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-neopentylpyrrolidine-2-carboxamido)-3-methoxybenzoate (150 mg, 238 μmol, Eq: 1.00) was combined with CH2Cl(2 ml) to give a colorless solution. Aluminum bromide (Aldrich, 254 mg, 952 μmol, Eq: 4) and dimethyl sulfide (1.69 g, 2 mL, 27.2 mmol, Eq: 114) were added. The reaction mixture was stirred for overnight.

The reaction mixture was diluted with CH3CN (6 ml), EtOAc (10 ml) and water (10 ml), stirred and layers separated. The aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2×10 mL). The organic layers were combined, washed with saturated NaCl (1×15 mL), dried over MgSOand concentrated in vacuum.

The crude material was dissolved in DMSO (4 ml) and was purified by preparative HPLC (70-100% ACETONITRILE/water). The fractions were combined, concentrated and freeze dried to give a white powder as desired product (75 mg, 51% yield). (ES+) m/z Calcd: [(M+H)+]: 616, found: 616.

Alternatively, the title compound could be prepared by the following method.

In a 500 mL round-bottomed flask, methyl 4-((2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl)-4-cyano-5-neopentylpyrrolidine-2-carboxamido)-3-methoxybenzoate (3.74 g, 5.93 mmol, Eq: 1.00) was combined with THF (140 ml) and MeOH (160 ml) at 50° C. to give a colorless solution. 1 N NaOH (23.7 ml, 23.7 mmol, Eq: 4) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40° C. for 18 hrs.

The reaction mixture was concentrated to remove about ½ of the solvent, filtered to removed the insoluble, acidified with 1N HCl to PH=4-5 and the resulting solid was collected by filtration and was washed with water, small amount of MeOH and diethyl ether. It was then dried in vacuum oven (60° C.) overnight. Obtained was a white solid as the desired product (2.96 g, 80.5% yield). H1NMR and LC/MASS data were the same as that in the above procedure.

Example 52a Preparation of intermediate (Z)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-2-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-acrylonitrile

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00114

 

In a manner similar to the method described in Example 1b, 4-chloro-2-fluorophenylacetonitrile (5 g, 30 mmol) was reacted with 3-chloro-2-fluorobenzaldehyde (5 g, 32 mmol), methanolic solution (25 wt %) of sodium methoxide (21 mL, 92 mmol) in methanol (200 mL) at 45° C. for 5 h to give (Z)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-2-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-acrylonitrile as a white powder (9 g, 97%).

Example 52b Preparation of intermediate rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00115

 

In a manner similar to the method described in Example 1c, [3-methyl-but-(E)-ylideneamino]-acetic acid tert-butyl ester prepared in Example 1a (2.3 g, 11 mmol) was reacted with (Z)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-2-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-acrylonitrile (2.5 g, 8 mmol) prepared in Example 52a, AgF (0.7 g, 5.5 mmol), and triethylamine (2.9 g, 29 mmol) in dichloromethane (200 mL) at room temperature for 18 h to give rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-Chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester as a white foam (3 g, 64%).

Example 52c Preparation of intermediate rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid trifluoroacetic acid

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00116

 

In a manner similar to the method described in Example 25a, rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester prepared in Example 52b (0.4 g, 0.8 mmol) was reacted with trifluoroacetic acid in dichloromethane at room temperature to give rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid trifluoroacetic acid as a white solid (0.5 g, 100%).

HRMS (ES+) m/z Calcd for C23H22Cl2F2N2O2+H [(M+H)+]: 467.1099, found: 467.1098.

Example 137 Preparation of rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid amide

Figure US20100152190A1-20100617-C00384

 

In a manner similar to the method described in Examples 1e, rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid trifluoroacetic acid prepared in Example 52c (0.5 g, 0.86 mmol) was reacted with a dioxane solution (0.5 M) of ammonia (2 mL, 1 mmol), HATU (0.38 g, 1 mmol) and iPr2NEt (0.6 g, 4.6 mmol) in CH2Clat room temperature for 20 h to give rac-(2R,3S,4R,5S)-3-(3-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-phenyl)-4-cyano-5-(2,2-dimethyl-propyl)-pyrrolidine-2-carboxylic acid amide as a white solid (0.3 g, 75%).

HRMS (ES+) m/z Calcd for C23H23Cl2F2N3O+H [(M+H)+]: 466.1259, found: 466.1259.

Physical properties

REFERENCES

1 Discovery of RG7388, a Potent and Selective p53-MDM2 Inhibitor in Clinical Development. By Ding, Qingjie; Zhang, Zhuming; Liu, Jin-Jun; Jiang, Nan; Zhang, Jing; Ross, Tina M.; Chu, Xin-Jie; Bartkovitz, David; Podlaski, Frank; Janson, Cheryl; et al  From Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2013), 56(14), 5979-5983.

2. Pyrrolo[1,2-c]imidazolone derivatives as inhibitors of MDM2-p53 interactions and their preparation and use for the treatment of cancer. By Chu, Xin-Jie; Ding, Qingjie; Jiang, Nan; Liu, Jin-Jun; Ross, Tina Morgan; Zhang, Zhuming From U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2012), US 20120065210 A1 20120315.

3. Pyrrolidine-2-carboxamide derivatives and their preparation and use as anticancer agents. By Chu, Xin-Jie; Ding, Qingjie; Jiang, Nan; Liu, Jin-Jun; Ross, Tina Morgan; Zhang, Zhuming. From U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2012), US 20120010235 A1 20120112.

4. Preparation of substituted pyrrolidine-2-carboxamides as anticancer agents. By Bartkovitz, David Joseph; Chu, Xin-Jie; Ding, Qingjie; Jiang, Nan; Liu, Jin-Jun; Ross, Tina Morgan; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Zhuming
From PCT Int. Appl. (2011), WO 2011098398 A1 20110818.

5. Preparation of substituted pyrrolidine-2-carboxamides as anticancer agents. By Bartkovitz, David Joseph; Chu, Xin-Jie; Ding, Qingjie; Jiang, Nan; Liu, Jin-Jun; Ross, Tina Morgan; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Zhuming
From U.S. Pat. Appl. Publ. (2010), US 20100152190 A1 20100617.

6  B. Higgins, et al, Antitumor Activity of the MDM2 Antagonist RG7388, Mol Cancer Ther 2013;12(11 Suppl):B55

 

Discovery of RG7388, a potent and selective p53-MDM2 inhibitor in clinical development
J Med Chem 2013, 46(14): 5979

Physical properties


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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 PLUS year tenure till date June 2021, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 90 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 233 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 33 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 233 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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