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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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TAK-981


LXRZVMYMQHNYJB-UNXOBOICSA-N.png

TAK-981

C25 H28 Cl N5 O5 S2, 578.103

[(1R,2S,4R)-4-[(5-[4-[(1R)-7-Chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-1-yl]-5-methylthiophene-2-carbonyl]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]-2-hydroxycyclopentyl]methyl sulfamate

[(1R,2S,4R)-4-[[5-[4-[(1R)-7-Chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-1-yl]-5-methyl-thiophene-2-carbonyl]pyrimidin-4-yl]amino]-2-hydroxy-cyclopentyl]methyl sulfamate

Sulfamic acid, [(1R,2S,4R)-4-[[5-[[4-[(1R)-7-chloro-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-1-isoquinolinyl]-5-methyl-2-thienyl]carbonyl]-4-pyrimidinyl]amino]-2-hydroxycyclopentyl]methyl ester

CAS 1858276-04-6 FREE

CAS 1858279-63-6 HYDRATE

 MW 578.103
  • Originator Takeda Oncology
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action Small ubiquitin-related modifier protein inhibitors
  • Phase I Lymphoma; Solid tumours
  • 01 Oct 2018 Phase-I clinical trials in Solid tumours (Late-stage disease, Metastatic disease) and and Lymphoma (Refractory metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (IV) (NCT03648372)
  • 03 Sep 2018 Takeda Oncology plans a phase I trial for Solid tumours (Late-stage disease, Metastatic disease) and Lymphoma (Refractory metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in September 2018 (IV) (NCT03648372)
  • 03 Sep 2018 Preclinical trials in Lymphoma in USA (IV) prior to September 2018 (NCT03648372)

Takeda is evaluating TAK-981, a SUMO-Activating Enzyme (SAE) inhibitor, in early clinical trials for the treatment of adult patients with advanced or metastatic solid tumors or with relapsed or refractory lymphomas.

str1

Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) is a member of the ubiquitin-like protein (Ubl) family that is covalently conjugated to cellular proteins in a manner similar to Ub-conjugation (Kerscher, O., Felberbaum, R., and Hochstrasser, M. 2006. Modification of proteins by ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like proteins. Annu Rev Cell Dev Biol. 22: 159-80). Mammalian cells express three major isoforms: SUMO l , SUM02 and SUM03. SUM02 and SUM03 share -95% amino acid sequence homology but have -45% sequence homology with SUMO l (Kamitani, T., Kito, K., Nguyen, H. P., Fukuda-Kamitani, T., and Yeh, E. T. 1998. Characterization of a second member of the sentrin family of ubiquitin-like proteins. J Biol Chem. 273( 18): 1 1349-53). SUMO proteins can be conjugated to a single lysine residue of a protein (monosumoylation) or to a second SUMO protein that is already conjugated to a protein forming a SUMO chain (polysumoylation). Only SUM02/3 can form such chains because they possess internal consensus SUMO modification sites (Tatham, M. H., Jaffray, E., Vaughan, O. A., Desterro, J. M., Botting, C. H., Naismith, J. H., Hay, R. T. 2001. Polymeric chains of SUMO-2 and SUM 0-3 are conjugated to protein substrates by SAE1/SAE2 and Ubc9. J Biol Chem. 276(38):35368-74). An additional isoform, SUM04, is found in kidney, lymph node and spleen cells, but it is not known whether SUM04 can be conjugated to cellular proteins.

[0003] SUMO l , SUM02 and SUM03 are activated in an ATP-dependent manner by the SUMO-activating enzyme (SAE). SAE is a heterodimer that consists of SAE 1 (SUMO-activating enzyme subunit 1) and SAE2 (UBA2). SAE, like other El activating enzymes, uses ATP to adenylate the C-terminal glycine residue of SUMO. In a second step, a thioester intermediate is then formed between the C-terminal glycine of SUMO and a cysteine residue in SAE2. Next, SUMO is transferred from the El to the cysteine residue of the SUMO conjugating enzyme (E2), UBC9. Unlike the Ub pathway that contains many E2 enzymes, Ubc9 is currently the only known conjugating enzyme for SUMO and functions with SUMOl , SUM02 and SUM03 proteins. SUMO proteins are then conjugated to the target protein, either directly or in conjunction with an E3 ligase, through isopeptide bond formation with the epsilon amino group of a lysine side chain on a target protein. Several SUMO E3 ligases, including PIAS (protein inhibitor of activated signal transducer and activator of transcription protein) proteins and Ran-binding protein 2 (RanBP2), and polycomb 2 (Pc2), have been identified (Johnson, E. S., and Gupta, A. A. 2001. An E3-like factor that promotes SUMO conjugation to the yeast septins. Cell. 106(6):735-44; Pichler, A., Gast, A., Seeler, J. S., Dejean, A.; Melchior, F. 2002. The nucleoporin RanBP2 has SUMOl E3 ligase activity. Cell. 108(1): 109-20; Kagey, M. H., Melhuish, T. A., and Wotton, D. 2003. The polycomb protein Pc2 is a SUMO E3. Cell. 1 13(1): 127- 37). Once attached to cellular targets, SUMO modulates the function, subcellular localization, complex formation and/or stability of substrate proteins (Miiller, S., Hoege, C, Pyrowolakis, G., and Jentsch, S. 2001. SUMO, ubiquitin’s mysterious cousin. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2(3):202-10). SUMO- conjugation is reversible through the action of de-sumoylating enzymes called SENPs (Hay, R. T. 2007. SUMO-specific proteases: a twist in the tail. Trends Cell Biol. 17(8):370-6) and the SUMO proteins can then participate in additional conjugation cycles.

[0004] SAE-initiated SUMO-conjugation plays a major role in regulating diverse cellular processes, including cell cycle regulation, transcriptional regulation, cellular protein targeting, maintenance of genome integrity, chromosome segregation, and protein stability (Hay, R. T. 2005. SUMO: a history of modification. Mol Cell. 18( 1): 1 -12; Gill, G. 2004. SUMO and ubiquitin in the nucleus: different functions, similar mechanisms? Genes Dev. 18(17):2046-59). For example, SUMO- conjugation causes changes in the subcellular localization of RanGAPl by targeting it to the nuclear pore complex (Mahajan, R., Delphin, C., Guan, T., Gerace, L., and Melchior, F. 1997. A small ubiquitin-related polypeptide involved in targeting RanGAPl to nuclear pore complex protein RanBP2. Cell. 88(1):97- 1070). Sumoylation counteracts ubiquitination and subsequently blocks the degradation of Ι Β, thereby negatively regulating NF-κΒ activation (Desterro, J. M., Rodriguez, M. S., Hay, R. T. 1998. SUMO- 1 modification of IkappaB alpha inhibits NF-kappaB activation. Mol Cell. 2(2):233-9). Sumoylation has been reported to play an important role in transcription exhibiting both repressive and stimulatory effects. Many of the transcriptional nodes that are modulated play important roles in cancer. For example, sumoylation stimulates the transcriptional activities of transcription factors such as p53 and HSF2 (Rodriguez, M. S., Desterro, J. M., Lain, S., Midgley, C. A., Lane, D. P., and Hay, R. T. 1999. SUMO- 1 modification activates the transcriptional response of p53. EMBO J. 18(22):6455-61 ; Goodson, M. L., Hong, Y., Rogers, R., Matunis, M. J., Park-Sarge, O. K., Sarge, K. D. 2001. Sumo- 1 modification regulates the DNA binding activity of heat shock transcription factor 2, a promyelocytic leukemia nuclear body associated transcription factor. J Biol Chem. 276(21 ): 18513-8). In contrast, SUMO-conjugation represses the transcriptional activities of transcription factors such as LEF (Sachdev, S., Bruhn, L., Sieber, H., Pichler, A., Melchior, F., Grosschedl, R. 2001. PIASy, a nuclear matrix-associated SUMO E3 ligase, represses LEF1 activity by sequestration into nuclear bodies. Genes Dev. 15(23):3088- 103) and c-Myb (Bies, J., Markus, J., and Wolff, L. 2002. Covalent attachment of the SUMO- 1 protein to the negative regulatory domain of the c-Myb transcription factor modifies its stability and transactivation capacity. / Biol Chem. 277( 1 1):8999-9009). Thus, SUMO-conjugation controls gene expression and growth control pathways that are important for cancer cell survival.

[0005] Altered expression of SAE pathway components have been noted in a variety of cancer types: (Moschos, S. J., Jukic, D. M., Athanassiou, C., Bhargava, R., Dacic, S., Wang, X., Kuan, S. F., Fayewicz, S. L., Galambos, C., Acquafondata, M., Dhir, R., and Becker, D. 2010. Expression analysis of Ubc9, the single small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) E2 conjugating enzyme, in normal and malignant tissues. Hum Pathol. 41(9): 1286-980); including multiple myeloma (Driscoll, J. J., Pelluru, D., Lefkimmiatis, K., Fulciniti, M., Prabhala, R. H., Greipp, P. R., Barlogie, B., Tai, Y. T., Anderson, K. C, Shaughnessy, J. D. Jr., Annunziata, C. M., and Munshi, N. C. 2010. The sumoylation pathway is dysregulated in multiple myeloma and is associated with adverse patient outcome. Blood. 1 15(14):2827-34); and breast cancer (Chen, S. F., Gong, C, Luo, M., Yao, H. R., Zeng, Y. J., and Su, F. X. 201 1. Ubc9 expression predicts chemoresistance in breast cancer. Chin J Cancer. 30(9):638-44), In addition, preclinical studies indicate that Myc-driven cancers may be especially sensitive to SAE inhibition (Kessler, J. D., Kahle, K. T., Sun, T., Meerbrey, K. L., Schlabach, M. R., Schmitt, E. M., Skinner, S. O., Xu, Q., Li, M. Z., Hartman, Z. C, Rao, M., Yu, P., Dominguez-Vidana, R., Liang, A. C, Solimini, N. L., Bernardi, R. J., Yu, B., Hsu, T., Golding, I., Luo, J., Osborne, C. K., Creighton, C. J., Hilsenbeck, S. G., Schiff, R., Shaw, C. A., Elledge, S. J., and Westbrook, T. F. 2012. A SUMOylation-dependent transcriptional subprogram is required for Myc-driven tumorigenesis. Science. 335(6066):348-53; Hoellein, A., Fallahi, M., Schoeffmann, S., Steidle, S., Schaub, F. X., Rudelius, M., Laitinen, I., Nilsson, L., Goga, A., Peschel, C, Nilsson, J. A., Cleveland, J. L., and Keller, U. 2014. Myc-induced SUMOylation is a therapeutic vulnerability for B-cell lymphoma. Blood. 124( 13):2081 -90). Since SUMO-conjugation regulates essential cellular functions that contribute to the growth and survival of tumor cells, targeting SAE could represent an approach to treat proliferative disorders such as cancer.

[0006] SAE inhibitors may also be applicable for the treatment of other diseases and conditions outside of oncology. For example, SUMO modifies proteins that play important roles in neurodegenerative diseases (Steffan, J. S., Agrawal, N., Pallos, J., Rockabrand, E., Trotman, L. C, Slepko, N., Hies, K., Lukacsovich, T., Zhu, Y. Z., Cattaneo, E., Pandolfi, P. P., Thompson, L. M., Marsh, J. L. 2004. SUMO modification of Huntington and Huntington’s disease pathology. Science. 304(5667): 100-4); Dorval, V., and Fraser, P. E. 2006. Small ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) modification of natively unfolded proteins tau and alpha-synuclein. J Biol Chem. 281 ( 15):9919-24; Ballatore, C, Lee, V. M., and Trojanowski, J. Q. 2007. Tau-mediated neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease and related disorders. Nat Rev Neurosci. 8(9):663-72). Sumoylation also has been reported to play important role in pathogenic viral infection, inflammation and cardiac function (Lee, H. R., Kim, D. J., Lee, J. M., Choi, C. Y., Ahn, B. Y., Hayward, G. S., and Ahn, J. H. 2004. Ability of the human cytomegalovirus ΓΕ1 protein to modulate sumoylation of PML correlates with its functional activities in transcriptional regulation and infectivity in cultured fibroblast cells. / Virol. 78(12):6527-42; Liu, B., and Shuai, K. 2009. Summon SUMO to wrestle with inflammation. Mol Cell. 35(6):731-2; Wang, J., and Schwartz, R. J. 2010. Sumoylation and regulation of cardiac gene expression. Circ Rei. l07( l): 19-29). [0007] It would be beneficial therefore to provide new SAE inhibitors that possess good therapeutic properties, especially for the treatment of proliferative, inflammatory, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative disorders.

PATENT

WO 2016004136

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2016004136A1/en

Example 133: [(lR,2S,4R)-4-[[5-[4-[(lR)-7-Chloro-l,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-l-yl]-5-methyl- thiophene-2-carbonyl]pyrimidin-4-yl]amino]-2-hydroxy-cyclopentyl]methyl sulfamate I-263a

Figure imgf000367_0001

Step 1: 7-Chloro-l-[5-(l,3-dioxolan-2-yl)-2-methyl-3-thienyl]-l,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline

[00714] An oven-dried 2-neck 250 mL round bottom flask under nitrogen was charged with THF (40 mL) and cooled to -74 °C . Added 2.50 M ra-BuLi in hexane (6.92 mL, 17.3 mmol). Added a solution of Int-1 (4.00 g, 16.0 mmol) in THF (60 mL) slowly keeping the internal temperature less than -70 °C . Stirred with cooling 5 min. A second oven-dried 250 mL round bottom flask under nitrogen was charged with THF (60 mL) and Int-50 (2.04 g, 12.4 mmol) and the resulting solution was cooled to 0 °C . Added boron trifluoride diethyl ether complex ( 1.71 mL, 13.6 mmol) slowly and cooled to -30 °C . The contents of the first flask were transferred via cannula to the second flask. Reaction was quenched with saturated aqueous NaHC03 and warmed to rt. Water was added, and the mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc. Combined organic portions were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. Residue was purified via flash column chromatography eluting with a hexane / EtOAc gradient (0 to 100% EtOAc) to afford the title compound as a white solid ( 1.88g, 45%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ 7.17 – 7.01 (m, 2H), 6.83 – 6.61 (m, 2H), 5.92 (s, 1H), 5.09 (s, 1H), 4.17 – 4.04 (m, 2H), 4.03 – 3.92 (m, 2H), 3.37 – 3.25 (m, 1H), 3.13 – 2.91 (m, 2H), 2.82 – 2.69 (m, 1H), 2.46 (s, 3H). LCMS: (AA) M+l 336.1

Step 2: ieri-Butyl 7-chIoro-l-[5-(l,3-dioxolan-2-yl)-2-methyl-3-thienyl]-3,4-dihydroisoquinoIine -2(lH)-carboxyIate [00715] A 50 mL round bottom flask under nitrogen was charged with 7-chloro-l -[5-(l ,3-dioxolan-2- yl)-2-methyl-3-thienyl]- l ,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline (5.67 g, 16.9 mmol) and DCM ( 100 mL), to which was added triethylamine (4.71 mL, 33.8 mmol), di-ieri-butyldicarbonate (4.61 g, 21.1 mmol), and N,N-dimethylaminopyridine (23 mg, 0.18 mmol). Reaction was stirred for 1 h at rt and then poured into saturated NaHC03 solution. Mixture was extracted three times with DCM, and the combined organic portions were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a hexane / EtOAc gradient to afford 6.96g (95%) of the title compound. LCMS: (AA) M+ l 436.1

Step 3: tert-Butyl 7-chloro-l-(5-formyl-2-methyl-3-thienyl)-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline -2(1H)- carboxylate

[00716] A 1 L round bottom flask was charged with ferf-butyl 7-chloro-

1 -[5-( 1 ,3-dioxolan-2-yl)-2-methyl-3-thienyl]-3 ,4-dihydroisoquinoline-2( 1 H)-carboxylate (7.30 g, 16.7 mmol), methanol (200 mL), and water (20 mL), to which was added a solution of 12M HC1 (4.00 mL, 130 mmol) in methanol (200 mL), and the reaction was stirred at rt for 1 h. Reaction was quenched via addition of 50mL of saturated NaHC03 and stirred for 5 min. Methanol was removed in vacuo, and the resulting aqueous mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, and then the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a hexane / EtOAc gradient to afford the title compound (4.55g, 70%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ 9.67 (s, 1 H), 7.27 – 7.15 (m, 2H), 7.12 (s, 1 H), 6.98 – 6.94 (m, 1 H), 6.34 (m, l H), 4.15 (s, 1 H), 3.18 – 3.06 (m, 1 H), 3.05 – 2.93 (m, 1H), 2.82 – 2.73 (m, 1 H), 2.69 (s, 3H), 1.50 (s, 9H). LCMS: (AA) M+Na 414.2

Step 4: tert-Butyl 7-chIoro-l-{5-[(4-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)(hydroxy)methyI]-2-methyl-3-thienyl}- 3,4-dihydroisoquinoline-2(lH)-carboxylate

[00717] An oven-dried 500 mL 3-neck round bottom flask under nitrogen was charged with 4-chloro- 5-iodopyrimidine (4.08 g, 17.0 mmol) and 2-methyltetrahydrofuran ( 150 mL). An addition funnel containing a solution of rert-butyl 7-chloro- l -(5-formyl-2-methyl-3-thienyl)-3,4- dihydroisoquinoline-2(l H)-carboxylate (4.75 g, 12.1 mmol) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (50 mL) was attached, and the contents of the reaction flask were cooled to -75 °C . 2.50 M n-BuLi in hexane ( 14.1 mL, 35.2 mmol) was added in small portions keeping the internal temperature less than -70 °C , at which point the contents of addtion funnel were added in a single portion. Upon completion of addition, the reaction was quenched by adding 20 mL of saturated NaHC03 in small portions and warmed to rt. The aqueous mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, and then the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a hexane / EtOAc gradient to afford the title compound (4.85g, 79%). LCMS: (AA) M+Na 528.1

Step 5: tert-Butyl 7-chloro-l-{5-[(4-chloropyrimidin-5-yl)(hydroxy)methyl]-2-methyl-3-thienyl}- 3,4- dihydroisoquinoline-2(lH)-carboxylate

[00718] A 1 L round bottom flask was charged with fe/Y-butyl 7-chloro- l – { 5-[(4-chloropyrimidin-5- yl)(hydroxy)methyl]-2-methyl-3-thienyl}-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline-2(l H)-carboxylate (4.85 g, 9.58 mmol) and DCM (300 mL). Manganese (IV) oxide (14.2 g, 163 mmol) was added and the reaction was stirred at rt for 18 h. Mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filter cake was rinsed with hot EtOAc. Filtrate was concentrated in vacuo to afford the title compound (4.47g , 93%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, Chloroform-d) δ 9.09 (s, 1 H), 8.70 (s, 1 H), 7.24 – 7.16 (m, 1 H), 7.16

– 7.07 (m, 1 H), 7.00 – 6.90 (m, 2H), 6.32 (s, 1 H), 4.28 – 3.97 (m, 1H), 3.14 – 2.89 (m, 2H), 2.78

– 2.65 (m, 4H), 1 .53 – 1.43 (m, 9H).

Step 6: tert-Butyl (lR)-7-chloro-l-[5-[4-[[(lR,3R,4S)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4-triisopropylsiIyloxy- cyclopentyl]amino]pyrimidine-5-carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-thienyl]-3,4-dihydro-lH-isoquinoline-2- carboxylate

[00719] A 1 L round bottom flask under nitrogen was charged with iert-butyl 7-chloro- l – { 5-[(4- chloropyrimidin-5-yl)carbonyI]-2-methyl-3-thienyl }-3,4-dihydroisoquinoline-2( l H)-carboxylate (4.47 g, 8.86 mmol), DMF (20.0 mL, 258 mmol), Int-259 (3.06 g, 10.6 mmol), and triethylamine (3.09 mL, 22.2 mmol) and the mixture was stirred at rt for 18 h. Reaction mixture was poured into water and saturated NaHC03, and then extracted three times with EtOAc, and then the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a 70/30 to 60/40 hexane/EtOAc gradient to afford 0.56g of first-eluting diastereomer 1 (not pictured), 4.3 l g of a mixture of diastereomers, and 1.1 lg ( 17%) of second-eluting diastereomer 2 (the title compound). The mixture of diastereomers thus obtained was resubjected to the described chromatography conditions two additional times to afford a total of 2.62 g of the desired diastereomer. Ή NMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 8.54 – 8.46 (m, 2H), 7.27 – 7.19 (m, 2H), 7.09 – 6.99 (m, 2H), 6.37 (s, 1H), 4.87 – 4.75 (m, 1H), 4.38 – 4.29 (m, 1H), 4.20 – 4.09 (m, 1H), 3.66 – 3.52 (m, 2H), 3.28- 3.14 (m, 2H), 3.02 – 2.89 (m, 1 H), 2.89 – 2.78 (m, 1 H), 2.68 (s, 3H), 2.54 – 2.41 (m, 1 H), 2.22 – 2.09 (m, 2H), 1.86 – 1.73 (m, 1H), 1.50 (s, 8H), 1.39 – 1.23 (m, 2H), 1.15 – 1.04 (m, 20H).

LCMS: (AA) M+ 1 755.3

Step 7: tert-Butyl (lR)-7-chloro-l-[2-methyl-5-[4-[[(lR,3R,4S)-3-(sulfamoyloxymethyl)-4- triisopropylsilyloxy-cyclopentyl]amino]pyrimidine-5-carbonyl]-3-thienyl]-3,4-dihydro-lH- isoquinoline-2-carboxylate [00720] A solution of ie/t-butyl (lR)-7-chloro-l-[5-[4-[[( lR,3R,4S)-3-(hydroxymethyl)-4- triisopropylsilyloxy-cyclopentyl]amino]pyrimidine-5-carbonyl]-2-methyl-3-thienyl]-3,4-dih lH-isoquinoline-2-carboxylate (2.46 g, 3.26 mmol) in 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (25 mL), and DMF (25 mL) was cooled to 0 °C. Triethylamine ( 1.82 mL, 13.0 mmol) and chlorosulfonamide (1.50 g, 13.0 mmol) were added and the reaction was stirred for 10 min. Added methanol (0.53 mL, 13.0 mmol) and stirred for 15 min. Reaction mixture was poured into saturated NaHC03, extracted three times with EtOAc, and then the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a hexane / EtOAc gradient to afford the title compound (2.41g, 89%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 8.58 – 8.45 (m, 2H), 7.29 – 7.17 (m, 2H), 7.1 1 – 6.98 (m, 2H), 6.36 (s, 1 H), 4.84 – 4.73 (m, 1H), 4.44 – 4.33 (m, 1H), 4.21 – 4.08 (m, 4H), 3.27- 3.17 (m, 1 H),3.02 – 2.89 (m, 1 H), 2.88 – 2.78 (m, 1 H), 2.67 (s, 3H), 2.57 – 2.47 (m, 1 H), 2.41 – 2.30 (m, 1 H), 2.23 – 2.13 (m, 1 H), 1.87- 1.78 (m, 1 H), 1.50 (s, 9H), 1.43 – 1 .33 (m, 1 H), 1 .17 – 1.04 (m, 20H). LCMS: (AA) M+l 834.3

Step 8: [(lR,2S,4R)-4-[[5-[4-[(lR)-7-Chloro-l,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinolin-l-yl]-5-methyl- thiophene-2-carbonyl]pyrimidin-4-yI]aniino]-2-hydroxy-cyclopentyl]methyl sulfamate

[00721] A solution of f«?r/-butyl ( l R)-7-chloro- l -[2-methyl-5-[4-[[( l R,3R,4S)-3-

(sulfamoyloxymethyl)-4-triisopropylsilyloxy-cyclopentyl]amino]pyrimidine-5-carbonyl]-3- thienyl]-3,4-dihydro- l H-isoquinoline-2-carboxylate (2.41 g, 2.89 mmol) in CH3CN ( 10 mL) was cooled in an ice bath to + 1 °C . Phosphoric acid ( 10 mL, 200 mmol) was added dropwise and the reaction was stirred with ice bath cooling for 60 min. The mixture was warmed to rt and stirred for an additional 3 h. Reaction was poured into a stirring mixture of 50 mL water and 50 mL EtOAc, and the the pH was adjusted to ~9 by slowly adding 200 mL of saturated NaHC03 with stirring. Resulting aqueous mixture was extracted three times with EtOAc, and then the combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The residue was subjected to flash column chromatography eluting with a gradient that began with 100% DCM and increased in polarity to 80% DCM / 20% methanol / 2% ammonium hydroxide gradient to afford the title compound (1.50 g, 90%). Ή NMR (400 MHz, Methanol-d4) δ 8.61 (s, 1H), 8.52 (s, 1 H), 7.27 (s, 1 H), 7.18 – 7.13 (m, 2H), 6.73 – 6.68 (m, 1 H), 5.23 (s, 1H), 4.81 – 4.70 (m, 1 H), 4.26 – 4.10 (m, 3H), 3.29 – 3.23 (m, 2H), 3.1 1 – 2.96 (m, 2H), 2.87 – 2.76 (m, 1H), 2.60 (s, 3H), 2.55 – 2.42 (m, 1 H), 2.33 – 2.19 (m, 1H), 2.18 – 2.07 (m, 1H), 1.95 – 1.81 (m, 1H), 1.47 – 1.35 (m, 1 H). LCMS: (AA) M+l 580.0

CLIP

Candidate: TAK-981

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20190404lnp1-tak981.jpg

Credit: Tien Nguyen/C&EN

Presenter: Steven Paul Langston, associate director at Takeda Pharmaceuticals International

Target: Sumo activating enzyme

Disease: Solid tumors

Reporter’s notes: Langston gave the last talk of the morning session, placing him in the “precarious position of being between you and lunch,” he said. Takeda acquired this drug development program, falling under the umbrella of immuno-oncology, along with Millenium Pharmaceuticals in 2008. The team targeted a pathway known as SUMOylation, a protein post translation modification that is implicated in a number of cellular processes including immune response. In SUMOylation, enzymes attach a small protein to another protein. They found that inhibiting this pathway activates a type I interferon response in immune cells. How the molecule, TAK-981, inhibits this pathway is quite complicated, Langston said. TAK-981 forms an adduct with a small ubiquitin like modifier (SUMO) to inhibit a SUMO activating enzyme that catalyzes SUMOylation. While the synthesis of TAK-981 is fairly short, it requires a nonideal chiral chromatography separation after the first step. TAK-981 is in Phase I clinical trials as an intravenous infusion for patients with metastatic solid tumors or lymphomas.

Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2018311239 HETEROARYL COMPOUNDS USEFUL AS INHIBITORS OF SUMO ACTIVATING ENZYME 2018-03-16
US9962386 HETEROARYL COMPOUNDS USEFUL AS INHIBITORS OF SUMO ACTIVATING ENZYME 2017-04-17
US9683003 HETEROARYL COMPOUNDS USEFUL AS INHIBITORS OF SUMO ACTIVATING ENZYME 2015-06-30 2016-01-14

//////////TAK-981, TAK 981, Phase I,  Lymphoma, Solid tumours, TAKEDA, 

Cc3sc(cc3[C@@H]1NCCc2ccc(Cl)cc12)C(=O)c5cncnc5N[C@@H]4C[C@H](COS(N)(=O)=O)[C@@H](O)C4

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VNRX-7145


str1

str1

CAS 1842399-68-1

MF C19 H26 B N O7

MW 391.22

2H-1,2-Benzoxaborin-8-carboxylic acid, 3,4-dihydro-2-hydroxy-3-[(1-oxopropyl)amino]-, (2-ethyl-1-oxobutoxy)methyl ester, (3R)-

The VNRX-7145 combination is now in Phase I studies to treat resistant urinary tract infections.

str1

VNRX-7145

PATENT

WO 2015191907

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2015191907

ntibiotics are the most effective drugs for curing bacteria-infectious diseases clinically. They have a wide market due to their advantages of good antibacterial effect with limited side effects. Among them, the beta-lactam class of antibiotics (for example, penicillins, cephalosporins, and carbapenems) is widely used because they have a strong bactericidal effect and low toxicity.

[0005] To counter the efficacy of the various beta-lactams, bacteria have evolved to produce variants of beta-lactam deactivating enzymes called beta-lactamases, and in the ability to share this tool inter- and intra-species. These beta-lactamases are categorized as“serine” or“metallo” based, respectively, on presence of a key serine or zinc in the enzyme active site. The rapid spread of this mechanism of bacterial resistance can severely limit beta-lactam treatment options in the hospital and in the community.

SCHEME 1

SCHEME 2

SCHEME 3

[00390] Alternatively, (II) can be obtained by treatment of (I) with hydrochloric acid (around 3-5 Molar in dioxane) in an alcohol solvent such as methanol, ethanol, or n-butanol at a temperature between room temperature and 120 ºC (SCHEME 4).

SCHEME 4

SCHEME 5

EXAMPLE 62: (R)-2-Hydroxy-3-propionylamino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[e][1,2]oxaborinine-8-carboxylic acid

Step 1. Synthesis of 2-Methoxy-3-[2-propionylamino-2-(2,9,9-trimethyl-3,5-dioxa-4-bora-tricyclo[6.1.1.02,6]dec-4-yl)-ethyl]-benzoic acid tert-butyl ester.

[00540] Prepared from [(1S)-2-(3-tert-butoxycarbonyl-2-methoxy-phenyl)-1-chloro-ethyl]boronic acid (+) pinanediol ester and propionic acid following the procedure in Step 2 of Example 1. The crude product was purified by flash chromatography on silica gel (25-100% EtOAc/Hexane). ESI-MS m/z 486 (MH)+.

Step 2. Synthesis of (R)-2-Hydroxy-3-propionylamino-3,4-dihydro-2H-benzo[e][1,2]oxaborinine-8-carboxylic acid.

[00541] Prepared from 2-Methoxy-3-[2-propionylamino-2-(2,9,9-trimethyl-3,5-dioxa-4-bora-tricyclo[6.1.1.02,6]dec-4-yl)-ethyl]-benzoic acid tert-butyl ester following the procedure described in Step 3 of Example 1. The crude product was purified by reverse phase preparative HPLC and dried using lyophilization. ESI-MS m/z 264 (MH)+

CLIP

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Candidate: VNRX-7145

20190404lnp1-vnrx7145.jpg

Credit: Tien Nguyen/C&EN

Presenter: Christopher John Burns, president and chief executive officer of VenatoRx Pharmaceuticals

Target: β-lactamases

Disease: Resistant urinary tract infections

Reporter’s notes: Having unveiled an antibacterial candidate at last spring’s first time disclosures session, Burns was back with another, this time the molecule can be taken orally. Both VenatoRx (pronounced Ven-a-tor-ix) compounds resuscitate the activity of β-lactam drugs, which make up more than 60% of all antibiotics prescribed. Unfortunately, many bacteria have grown resistant to these antibiotics. The new compounds rescue the old antibacterials by inhibiting β-lactamases, enzymes that chew up the antibiotics. To test the activity of new β-lactamase-targeting compounds, the researchers settled on several “sentinel” bacteria strains. Then to find a candidate with oral bioavailability, the team focused on molecules with low polarity and low molecular weight. They found VNRX-7145, developed as a prodrug in which esterases in the liver clip off the tips of the molecule to reveal the active drug. VNRX-5133, disclosed at last year’s meeting, had to be delivered intravenously along with another IV-antibiotic Cefepime, and targeted serine and metallo β-lactamases. The new oral candidate VNRX-7145 inhibits serine β-lactamases with Ceftibuten as its partner. The VNRX-7145 combination is now in Phase I studies to treat resistant urinary tract infections.

////////////VNRX-7145, VNRX7145, VNRX 7145, Phase I, VenatoRx

CCC(CC)C(=O)OCOC(=O)c1cccc2C[C@H](NC(=O)CC)B(O)Oc12

CCC(CC)C(=O)OCOC(=O)c1cccc2C[C@H](NC(=O)CC)B(O)Oc12

LHC 165


SDLWKRZBLTZSEL-UHFFFAOYSA-N.png

str1

LHC165

3-[5-amino-2-[2-[4-[2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphonopropoxy)ethoxy]-2-methylphenyl]ethyl]benzo[f][1,7]naphthyridin-8-yl]propanoic acid

C29H32F2N3O7P, 603.56 g/mol

CAS  1258595-14-0

5-Amino-2-[2-[4-[2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphonopropoxy)ethoxy]-2-methylphenyl]ethyl]benzo[f][1,7]naphthyridine-8-propanoic acid

Benzo[f][1,7]naphthyridine-8-propanoic acid, 5-amino-2-[2-[4-[2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphonopropoxy)ethoxy]-2-methylphenyl]ethyl]-

  • Originator Novartis
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action
  • Undefined mechanism
  • Phase I Solid tumours
  • 31 Jan 2018 Phase-I clinical trials in Solid tumours (Combination therapy, Inoperable/Unresectable, Late-stage disease, Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA, Belgium, Italy, Japan (Intratumoural) (NCT03301896)
  • 31 Jan 2018 Phase-I clinical trials in Solid tumours (Inoperable/Unresectable, Late-stage disease, Metastatic disease, Monotherapy, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA, Japan, Italy, Belgium (Intratumoural) (NCT03301896)
  • 10 Oct 2017 Novartis plans a phase I trial for Solid tumours (Monotherapy, Combination therapy, Inoperable/Unresectable, Late-stage disease, Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA, Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, South Korea and Spain in November 2017 (Intratumoural) (NCT03301896)

PATENT

WO 2010144734

PATENT

US 20110053893

PATENT

WO 2011130379

PATENT

WO 2011027222

 

Scheme (III)

Scheme (IV)

Scheme (V)

Example 19 (Table 1: Compound 19): Synthesis of 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphonopropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[f][ 1, 7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoic acid (19)

Scheme 6

Step 1: (E)-ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)acrylate (6-3)

[517] To a solution of tert-butyl 5-bromo-2-chlorophenylcarbamate (6-1) (1.0 equiv.) in acetonitrile (0.3 M) and EtOH (0.5 M) was added K2C03 (2.0 equiv.). The reaction was degassed and flushed with N , then added (E)-ethyl 3-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)acrylate (6-2) (1.2 equiv.) and Pd(PPh3)4 (0.1 equiv.). The reaction was flushed again with N2 and stirred at 100 °C overnight. After cooling to room temperature, hexane was added, and the mixture was filtered through a pad of silica, eluting with EA/Hex (1 : 1) until the product was completely eluted. The filtrate was concentrated and purified on Combiflash, eluting with 0-15% EA in Hex to give (E)-ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)acrylate (6-3) as a white solid.

Step 2: ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)propanoate (6-4)

[518] To a solution of (E)-ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)acrylate (6-3) (1.0 equiv.) in ethyl acetate/ethanol (1 : 1 , 0.3 M) was added Wilkinson’s catalyst (0.10 equiv.).

Hydrogen gas was introduced via a ballon, and the reaction was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The mixture was filtered through a pad of celite, washing with dichloromethane. The filtrate was concentrated in vacuo and purified by Combiflash using 0-10% ethyl acetate in hexane to give ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)propanoate (6-4) as a solid.

Step 3: ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenyl)propanoate (6-5)

[519] A solution of ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-chlorophenyl)propanoate (6-4) (1 .0 equiv.), 4,4,4,,4′,5,5,5′,5′-octamethyl-2,2′-bi(l ,3,2-dioxaborolane) (2.0 equiv.), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (0.05 equiv.), 2-dicyclohexylphosphino-2′,4′,6′-triisopropylbiphenyl (0.20 equiv.), and potassium acetate (2.0 equiv.) in 1 ,4-dioxane (0.2 M) was degassed and stirred at 100 °C overnight. After cooling to ambient temperature, the reaction content was concentrated in vacuo. The crude material was purified by Combiflash using 0-50% ethyl acetate in hexane to afford ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl- 1 ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenyl)propanoate (6-5) as a brown oil. The product was stored at -20°C and used within a month of synthesis.

Step 4: l-bromo-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (6-7)

[520] To a solution of 4-bromo-3-methylphenol (6-6) (1.0 equiv.) in DMF (0.5 M) at 0 °C was added portionwise 60% wt NaH (1.5 equiv.). The addition was controlled such that internal reaction temperature never went above 10 °C. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 45 minutes, then a solution of chloro(methoxy)methane (1.2 equiv.) in DMF (3 M) was added dropwise via additional funnel. The reaction was stirred at room temperature for 3.5 hours, and then quenched by pouring into ice. The resulting mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. Ether was added, and the two layers were separated. The aqueous layer was extracted (lx) with ether. The combined organic layers were washed with water (2x), brine, dried over MgS04, and concentrated to give 1 -bromo-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (6-7) as a colorless oil. The crude material was used in the next step without further purification.

Step 5: triethylf (4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)silane

[521] A solution of l -bromo-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (1.0 equiv.), triethylamine (5.0 equiv.) in DMF (0.5 M) was degassed and flushed with nitrogen. To the reaction was added TES-acetylene (1.05 equiv.), Cul (0.098 equiv.), and Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (0.098 equiv.). The reaction was heated to 60 °C and stirred overnight. After cooling to room temperature, water and ether were added. The layers were separated, and the organic layer was washed with water (2x). The organic layer was separated and passed through a pad of silica (packed with hexane). The silica was eluted with 10% EA in Hex. The fractions were combined and concentrated to give triethyl((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)silane as a black oil. The crude material was used in the next step without further purification.

Step 6: l-ethynyl-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (6-8)

[522] To a solution of triethyl((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)silane (1.0 equiv.) at

0 °C was slowly added tetrabutylammonium fluoride (1M solution in THF, 0.20 equiv.). At this

point, the ice-bath was removed and the reaction mixture was allowed to stir at room temperature for 45 minutes. The reaction mixture was then passed through a pad of silica (packed with hexane) and eluted with 20% EtOAc in Hexanes to remove insoluble salts. The crude product was then purified by Combiflash using 0-10% EtOAc in Hexanes to give 1 -ethynyl-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (6-8) as a slightly brown liquid.

Step 7: 3-chloro-5-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)picolinonitrile (6-10)

[523] A solution of l -ethynyl-4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylbenzene (6-8) (1 .0 equiv.), 3,5-dichloropicolinonitrile (6-9) (0.90 equiv.), Cul (0.10 equiv.), and Pd(PPh3)2CI2 (0.10 equiv.), and triethylamine (5.0 equiv.) in DMF (0.25 M) was degassed and flushed with nitrogen. The reaction mixture was then heated to 60 °C and stirred overnight. After cooling to room temperature, water was added. The mixture was extracted with EA (2x). The combined organic layers were washed with 10% aq NH4OH (2x), brine, and concentrated. The crude material was filtered through a pad of silica (wetted with hexane). The silica was eluted with 10% EA in Hex. The fractions were combined and concentrated. The resulting solids were washed in hot ether and filtered to give a yellow solid, which was used in the next step without further purification. The filtrate was concentrated and purified by Combiflash using 0- 10% EtOAc in Hexanes to give 3-chloro-5-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)picolinonitrile (6-10) as a yellow solid.

Step 8: ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)-ben∑o fJfl, 7J

naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-11)

[524] A solution of 3-chloro-5-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)picolinonitrile (6-10) (1 .0 equiv.), ethyl 3-(3-(tert-butoxycarbonylamino)-4-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l ,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)phenyl)propanoate (6-5) (1.25 equiv.), tris(dibenzylideneacetone)dipalladium(0) (0.10 equiv.), dicyclohexyl(2′,6′-dimethoxybiphenyl-2-yl)phosphine (0.20 equiv.), and sodium bicarbonate (3.0 equiv.) in «-butanol /H20 (5: 1 , 0.2 M) was degassed and stirred at 100 °C overnight. After cooling to ambient temperature, the reaction content was diluted with ethyl acetate and water. The two phases were separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted twice with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layers were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous MgS04, and concentrated in vacuo. The crude material was purified by flash chromatography on a COMBIFLASH® system (1SCO) using 0-40% ethyl acetate in DCM first to remove the impurity, then 0-4% MeOH in DCM to give ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)-benzo[f][l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl) propanoate (6-11). Further purification was accomplished by precipitating and washing in hot ether.

Step 9: ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fl[l ]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-12)

[525] A solution of ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-((4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenyl)ethynyl)-benzo[f][l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-11) (1.0 equiv.) in EtOH/THF (3: 1 , 0.16 M) was flushed with nitrogen. Then, 10% wt Pd/C (0.20 equiv. by weight) was added. The reaction was flushed with hydrogen (2x) and stirred under a hydrogen balloon. After 24 hours, the reaction was filtered through a pad of celite, washing with 5%MeOH in DCM. The filtrate was checked for the presence of starting material using LCMS. The hydrogenation reaction was repeated until no more

of the alkyne starting material or alkene intermediate was detected. The crude product was purified by Combiflash using 0-4% eOH in DCM to give ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[f][l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-12) as a white solid.

Step 10: ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fl[l ]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-13)

[526] Ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(methoxymethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fJ[l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-12) (1 .0 equiv.) was dissolved in EtOH (0.2 M), then added a solution of 4M HC1 in dioxane (0.2 M). The product precipitated out as a yellow salt. After stirring for 3 hours, the reaction was poured into a stirring solution of ether. The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, then filtered and washed with ether. Ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fJ[l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-13) was obtained as a yellow solid which was dried on vacuum overnight (bis-HCl salt). Alternatively, the crude product was purified by Combiflash using 0-5% MeOH in DCM to give the free base.

Step 11: ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-3,3-difluoropropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[f] [1 , 7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate ( 6-15)

[527] To a solution of ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-hydroxy-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fJ [ l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-13) (1.0 equiv.) dissolved in DMF (0.14 M) was added a solution of diethyl 3-(2-bromoethoxy)-l ,l -difluoropropylphosphonate (6-14: described in Example 7 – Step 1) (1 .3 equiv.) in DMF (0.7 M) and cesium carbonate (4 equiv.). The reaction was stirred at 60 °C. After 1.5 hours (or until reaction is complete by LCMS), DCM (2 volume equivalent) was added to the reaction. The solids (inorganic) were filtered, and the filtrate was concentration. The crude product was purified by Combiflash using 0-5%MeOH in DCM to give ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-3,3-difluoropropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[fJ

[1 ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-15) as an oil which upon standing became a white solid.

Step 12: 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphompropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)be o[f]

[1, 7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoic acid (19)

[528] To a solution of ethyl 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3-(diethoxyphosphoryl)-3,3-difluoropropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo[f][l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoate (6-15) (1.0 equiv.) in DCM (0.16 M) at 0 °C was added slowly TMSBr (10 equiv.). The reaction was stirred at room temperature overnight. Additional TMSBr (5.0 equiv.) was added at 0 °C, and the reaction was again stirred at room temperature overnight. The solvent was removed by evaporation and the crude orange solids dried on hi-vac briefly. The solids were suspended in EtOH (0.5 M) and added 2.5 N

NaOH (10.0 equiv.). The reaction was stirred at 80 °C for 3 hours. After cooling to room temperature, the mixture was adjusted to pH 9 to 10 and directly purified on RP-HPLC using a CI 8 column, eluting with 10-40% 95:5 (MeCN/5mM NH4OAc) in l OmM NH4OAc (pH 9) gradient. The fractions containing the product were combined and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting white gel was dissolved in refluxing 1 :1 EtOH/water (0.04 M) with the addition of a few drops of ammonium hydroxide. While hot, the mixture was slowly poured into a stirring hot solution of acetone (0.009

M) preheated at 50 °C. The acetone suspension was slowly cooled to room temperature for 15 minutes with continued stirring, and then sat in an ice bath for 10 minutes. The solids were filtered and washed successively with acetone (2x) and ether (2x). The solids were dried on hi-vac overnight to give the 3-(5-amino-2-(4-(2-(3,3-difluoro-3-phosphonopropoxy)ethoxy)-2-methylphenethyl)benzo [fj[l ,7]naphthyridin-8-yl)propanoic acid (19) as a solid. Ή NMR (Dimethylsulfoxide-d6): δ 9.02 (s, 1 H), 8.82 (s, 1H), 8.55 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.58 (s, 1H), 7.48 (d, 1 H, J = 8.4 Hz), 7.07 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 6.75 (s, 1 H), 6.68 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.03-4.00 (m, 2H), 3.72-3.68 (m, 4H), 3.16-3.12 (m, 2H), 3.03-2.96 (m, 4H), 2.67-2.64 (m, 2H), 2.33-2.32 (m, 2H), 2.26 (s, 3H). LRMS [M+H] = 604.2

PATENT

US 20120237546

PATENT

WO 2012031140

PATENT

WO 2018211453

Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are pattern recognition receptors which play an essential role in the innate immunity, by recognizing invasion of microbial pathogens and initiating intracellular signal transduction pathways to trigger expression of genes, the products of which can control innate immune responses. Specifically, Toll like receptor (TLR) agonists activate innate immune cells through the TLR-MyD88-NFk and IRF3/7 pathways. TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9 belong to a subfamily of TLRs based on their genomic structure, sequence similarities, and homology. TLR7, TLR8, and TLR9 are located in intracellular endolysosomal compartments and show a unique pattern of cell type-specific expression that is thought to be responsible for different pathogen response profiles.

Small molecule agonists of TLR7 and/or TLR8 have been reported and shown to activate innate immune responses by inducing selected cytokine biosynthesis, the induction of co-stimulatory molecules, and by increased antigen-presenting capacity. Such compounds include imidazoquinoline amine derivatives (U.S. Patent No. 4689338), imidazopyridine amine derivative (U.S. Patent No. 5446153), imidazonaphthyridine derivative (U.S. Patent No.

6194425), oxazoloquinoline amine derivatives (U.S. Patent No. 61 10929); thiazoloquinoline amine derivatives (U.S. Patent No. 61 10929), selenazoloquinoline amine derivatives (U.S. Patent No. 61 10929), pyrazolopyridine derivatives (U.S. Patent No. 9145410), and

benzonaphthyridine amine derivatives (U.S. Patent Nos. 8466167 and 9045470).

The synthetic TLR7 agonist, Imiquimod (1 -(2-methylpropyl)-1 H-imidazo[ 4,5-c]quinolin-4-amine) is FDA-approved in a cream formulation for the topical treatment of cutaneous basal cell carcinoma, actinic keratosis and genital warts, and has limited activity against cutaneous melanoma and breast tumors (J. Immunol. 2014, 193(9) : 4722^1-731 ). Systemic administration of Imiquimod, and structurally similar Resiquimod, is limited by cytokine- mediated adverse effects including severe flu-like symptoms (Expert Opin. Emerging Drugs (2010), 15:544-555). Consequently, Imiquimod is used exclusively in topical applications and is not used to treat deep, non-cutaneous tumors such as melanoma or solid tumors.

An injectable lipid modified imidazoquinoline (TLR7/8 dual agonist) that forms a tissue depot with gradual, sustained release which allows for local TLR triggering activity without systemic cytokine release has been reported (J. Immunol. 2014, 193(9): 4722^731 ). However, this compound was shown to be ineffective for large tumors and in addition the serum concentration of this compound 24 hours post subcutaneous administration decreased by approximately 50% (Journal for ImmunoTherapy of Cancer, 2014, 2:12). Therefore, there remains a need for intratumor administration of a TLR7 agonist with prolonged sustained release, which may benefit the treatment of large tumors.

clip

https://cen.acs.org/pharmaceuticals/drug-discovery/Drug-structures-displayed-first-time-in-Orlando/97/web/2019/04?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Social&utm_campaign=CEN

Candidate: LHC165

20190404lnp1-lhc165.jpg

Credit: Tien Nguyen/C&EN

Presenter: Alex Cortez, senior Investigator I at the Genomics Institute of the Novartis Research Foundation

Target: Toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7)

Disease: Solid tumors

Reporter’s notes: Cortez shared another story in the realm of immuno-oncology, although the program that yielded this compound actually started in the world of vaccines. Cortez’s team had been focusing on vaccine adjuvants, small molecules that turn on the immune system to enhance a vaccine’s effect. They developed one such class of compound that activates toll-like receptor 7 (TLR7), a protein in the immune system that recognizes dangerous-looking molecules and can trigger the release of infection-clearing proteins. After observing TLR7 agonists’ ability to induce an immune response with vaccines, the researchers wondered whether the molecules could also be effective in immuno-oncology.

They found that LHC165 adsorbed to aluminum hydroxide reduced tumor growth in mice and, intriguingly, showed signs of an abscopal effect, in which untreated tumors shrink concurrently with treated tumors. The implication is that if the immune system recognizes one tumor site, it can recognize others. As with several of the candidates presented throughout the day, LHC165 bears a phosphate group and is injected into the tumor. It’s currently in Phase I trials in patients with advanced malignancies, which means they’ve already tried second and third line therapies, as a single agent and in combination with the checkpoint inhibitor PDR001.

US9618508FLOW CYTOMETRY ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS ADSORBED TO METAL SALTS2011-12-142013-12-12
US2014112950COMBINATION VACCINES WITH LOWER DOSES OF ANTIGEN AND/OR ADJUVANT2012-03-022014-04-24
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US9597326 BENZONAPTHYRIDINE COMPOSITIONS AND USES THEREOF 2011-04-13 2013-05-16
US9950062 COMPOUNDS AND COMPOSITIONS AS TLR ACTIVITY MODULATORS 2010-09-01 2012-09-20
US9517263 BENZONAPHTHYRIDINE-CONTAINING VACCINES 2010-06-10 2012-10-18
US2015225432 COMPOUNDS AND COMPOSITIONS AS TLR ACTIVITY MODULATORS 2015-04-24 2015-08-13
US9315530 ADSORPTION OF IMMUNOPOTENTIATORS TO INSOLUBLE METAL SALTS 2011-09-01
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2016213776 ADSORPTION OF IMMUNOPOTENTIATORS TO INSOLUBLE METAL SALTS 2016-04-07 2016-07-28
US2012177681 Formulation of immunopotentiators 2011-09-01 2012-07-12
US9045470 COMPOUNDS AND COMPOSITIONS AS TLR ACTIVITY MODULATORS 2011-03-03
US2018169204 COMBINATION VACCINES WITH LOWER DOSES OF ANTIGEN AND/OR ADJUVANT 2018-02-02
US9375471 ADJUVANTED FORMULATIONS OF BOOSTER VACCINES 2013-03-08 2013-09-12

//////LHC165, LHC 165, LHC -165, Phase I,  Solid tumours, novartis

O=P(O)(O)C(F)(F)CCOCCOc4ccc(CCc1cc2c3ccc(CCC(=O)O)cc3nc(N)c2nc1)c(C)c4

CC1=C(C=CC(=C1)OCCOCCC(F)(F)P(=O)(O)O)CCC2=CN=C3C(=C2)C4=C(C=C(C=C4)CCC(=O)O)N=C3N

https://cen.acs.org/pharmaceuticals/drug-discovery/Drug-structures-displayed-first-time-in-Orlando/97/web/2019/04?utm_source=Facebook&utm_medium=Social&utm_campaign=CEN

THELIATINIB


img str1

THELIATINIB

CAS: 1353644-70-8
Chemical Formula: C25H26N6O2

Molecular Weight: 442.523

HMPL-309; HMPL 309; HMPL309; Theliatinib.

  • Originator Hutchison MediPharma
  • Class Antineoplastics; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Epidermal growth factor receptor antagonists

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase I Oesophageal cancer; Solid tumours

Most Recent Events

  • 29 Sep 2017 Efficacy and adverse events data from a phase I trial in Oesophageal cancer released by Hutchison Pharma
  • 13 Mar 2017 Phase-I clinical trials in Oesophageal cancer (First-line therapy) in China (PO) before March 2017 (Hutchison MediPharma pipeline, July 2017)
  • 02 Aug 2016 Hutchison MediPharma plans a phase Ib proof-of-concept trial for Oesophageal cancer, and Head and Neck cancer in China

Theliatinib, also known as HMPL-309, is a novel small molecule, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potential antineoplastic and anti-angiogenesis activities. In vitro studies suggest that Theliatinib is a potent EGFR kinase inhibitor with good kinase selectivity and in vivo data demonstrated broad spectrum anti-tumor activity via oral dosing in multiple xerographs such as A-431, Bcap-37 and Fadu.

PRODUCT PATENT

  • By Zhang, Weihan; Su, Wei-Guo; Yang, Haibin; Cui, Yumin; Ren, Yongxin; Yan, Xiaoqiang

WO2012000356 , covering quinazoline compounds as EGFR inhibitors

https://encrypted.google.com/patents/WO2012000356A1?cl=pt-PT&hl=en&output=html_text

Example 3:

(3aR,6aR)-N-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-l-methyl-hexahydropyrrolo [3,4-b]pyrrole-5(lH)-carboxamide

[060] To a solution of Compound 3-a (40 g, 0.138 mol, prepared according to procedures disclosed in WO2010002845), pyridine (40 mL, 0.495 mol) and DMF (anhydrous, 22 mL) in anhydrous THF (500 mL), was added phenyl carbonochloridate 3-b (22 mL, 0.175 mol) dropwise at -10°C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The precipitates were filtered and then suspended in saturated NaHC03 solution (500 mL). The solid was filtered, washed with H20 and EtOAc, and dried in vacuum to give compound 3-c (46 g).

A mixture of compound 3-c (1 g, 2.44 mmol) and compound 3-d (369 mg, 2.92 mmol) in dioxane (30mL) was stirred at 70°C for 5 hours, and then cooled to the ambient temperature. The precipitates were filtered, washed with EtOAc, and dried in vacuum to give compound 3 (0.8 g). MS (m/e): 443.4 (M+l)+.

PATENT

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2010002845A2/en

PATENT

US 9168253

https://patents.google.com/patent/US9168253

Example 3 (3aR,6aR)—N-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-1-methyl-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxamide

Figure US09168253-20151027-C00004

To a solution of Compound 3-a (40 g, 0.138 mol, prepared according to procedures disclosed in WO2010002845), pyridine (40 mL, 0.495 mol) and DMF (anhydrous, 22 mL) in anhydrous THF (500 mL), was added phenyl carbonochloridate 3-b (22 mL, 0.175 mol) dropwise at −10° C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12 hours. The precipitates were filtered and then suspended in saturated NaHCO3solution (500 mL). The solid was filtered, washed with H2O and EtOAc, and dried in vacuum to give compound 3-c (46 g). A mixture of compound 3-c (1 g, 2.44 mmol) and compound 3-d (369 mg, 2.92 mmol) in dioxane (30 mL) was stirred at 70° C. for 5 hours, and then cooled to the ambient temperature. The precipitates were filtered, washed with EtOAc, and dried in vacuum to give compound 3 (0.8 g). MS (m/e): 443.4 (M+1)+.

PATENT

THELIATINIB BY HUTCHISON

WO-2018099451

The present invention belongs to the field of pharmacy and provides a crystal form of a compound (3aR,6aR)-N-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-1-methyl-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxamide, a pharmaceutical composition thereof, and a preparation method therefor and the use thereof.
(FR)La présente invention concerne le domaine de la pharmacie et fournit une forme cristalline d’un composé (3aR,6aR)-N-(4-(3-éthynylphénylamino)-7-méthoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-1-méthyl-hexahydropyrrolo[3,4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxamide, une composition pharmaceutique de celui-ci, et son procédé de préparation et son utilisation.

Novel crystalline forms of the compound presumed to be theliatinib , processes for their preparation and compositions comprising them are claimed. Also claimed is their use for treating lung cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, ovary cancer, prostate cancer, stomach cancer, kidney cancer, liver cancer, brain cancer, esophageal cancer, bone cancer and leukemia.

Hutchison Medipharma is developing theliatinib, a small molecule EGFR tyrosine kinase and AKT cell proliferation pathway inhibitor, for treating cancer, including brain tumor, esophageal tumor and NSCLC; in September 2017, positive preliminary data were presented. Hutchison is also developing epitinib succinate , for treating cancer including glioblastoma.

Binding of epidermal growth factor (EGF) to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activates tyrosine kinase activity and triggers a response that leads to cell proliferation. Overexpression and/or overactivation of EGFR can lead to uncontrolled cell division, and uncontrolled cell division can be a cause of cancer. Therefore, compounds that inhibit the over-expression and/or over-activation of EGFR are candidates for treating tumors.
Relevant compounds of the present invention (3aR, 6aR)-N-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-1-methyl-hexahydropyrrolo [3, 4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxamide, whose chemical structure is shown in Formula A, has the effect of effectively inhibiting overexpression and/or overactivation of EGFR. Therefore, it can be used for the treatment of diseases associated with overexpression and/or overactivation of EGFR, such as the treatment of cancer.
Before discovering the crystal form of a compound, it is difficult to predict (1) whether a particular compound exists in crystalline form; (2) how an unknown crystal form is made; (3) what the properties of the crystal form would be, such as stability , bioavailability and so on.
Since the properties of the solid depend on the structure and the nature of the compound itself, different solid forms of the compound often exhibit different physical and chemical properties. Differences in chemical properties can be measured, analyzed, and compared using a variety of analytical techniques that ultimately can be used to distinguish these different solid forms. Differences in physical properties, such as solubility and bioavailability, are also important in describing the solid form of the drug compound. Likewise, in the development of pharmaceutical compounds, such as compounds of Formula A, the new crystalline and amorphous forms of the pharmaceutical compounds are also important.

Patent CN102906086A discloses compound (3aR,6aR)-N-(4-(3-ethynylphenylamino)-7-methoxyquinazolin-6-yl)-1-methyl-hexahydropyrrolo[3 4-b]pyrrole-5(1H)-carboxamide and its preparation method.

Experimental part
 
The starting material of the compound of formula A used in the examples was prepared according to CN102906086A
PATENT

Example 3: (3aR, 6aR) -N- (4- (3- ethynyl-phenylamino) -7-methoxy-quinazolin-6-yl) -1-methyl-hexahydro-pyrrolo [3,4-b] pyrrol -5 (IH) – carboxamide

[0102]

Figure CN102906086AD00131

[0103] at -10 ° C, to (40g, 0. 138mol, was prepared in accordance with the operation disclosed in W02010002845) Compound 3-a, pyridine (40mL, O. 495mol) and DMF (anhydrous, 22mL) in dry solution (500 mL) in THF dropwise phenyl chloroformate 3-b (22mL, O. 175mol). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 12h. The precipitate was filtered off, and then it was suspended in saturated NaHCO3 solution (500mL). The solid was filtered off, washed with H2O and EtOAc, and dried in vacuo to give compound 3_c (46g). Compound 3-c (lg, 2. 44mmol) and the compound 3_d (369mg, 2. 92mmol) in a mixture of two anger dioxane (30mL) was stirred at 70 ° C 5 h, then cooled to ambient temperature. The precipitate was filtered off, washed with EtOAc, and dried in vacuo to give compound 3 (O. 8g). MS (m / e): 443. 4 (M + 1) +.

Theliatinib (HMPL-309)

Theliatinib (HMPL-309) is a novel small molecule, epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor with potential antineoplastic and anti-angiogenesis activities. Theliatinib is being developed as an oral formulation for the treatment of solid tumors like non-small cell lung cancer.

Theliatinib pre-clinical studies were conducted in China. In vitro studies suggest that Theliatinib is a potent EGFR kinase inhibitor with good kinase selectivity and in vivo data demonstrated broad spectrum anti-tumor activity via oral dosing in multiple xerographs such as A-431, Bcap-37 and Fadu. Non-clinical safety studies have indicated that Theliatinib is generally well tolerated in animals.

In November 2012, HMP initiated the first-in-human clinical trials of theliatinib.

Patent Citations (4)

Publication number Priority date Publication date  AssigneeTitle
CN101094840A *2004-12-292007-12-26韩美药品株式会社Quinazoline derivatives for inhibiting cancer cell growth and method for the preparation thereof
CN101619043A *2008-06-302010-01-06和记黄埔医药(上海)有限公司Quinazoline derivant and medical application thereof
WO2010002845A2 *2008-06-302010-01-07Hutchison Medipharma Enterprises LimitedQuinazoline derivatives
CN102311438A *2010-06-302012-01-11和记黄埔医药(上海)有限公司Quinazoline compound
CN106117182A *2016-06-202016-11-16中国药科大学Quinazoline-N-phenethyl tetrahydroisoquinoline compound and preparation method and application thereof

REFERENCES

1: Ren Y, Zheng J, Fan S, Wang L, Cheng M, Shi D, Zhang W, Tang R, Yu Y, Jiao L,
Ni J, Yang H, Cai H, Yin F, Chen Y, Zhou F, Zhang W, Qing W, Su W. Anti-tumor
efficacy of theliatinib in esophageal cancer patient-derived xenografts models
with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) overexpression and gene
amplification. Oncotarget. 2017 Apr 19. doi: 10.18632/oncotarget.17243. [Epub
ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28472779.

//////THELIATINIB, HMPL-309, HMPL 309, HMPL309, Phase I,  Oesophageal cancer,  Solid tumours

 O=C(N1C[C@]2([H])N(C)CC[C@]2([H])C1)NC3=CC4=C(NC5=CC=CC(C#C)=C5)N=CN=C4C=C3OC

BMS-986195


img
BMS-986195
  • Molecular FormulaC20H23FN4O2
  • Average mass370.421 Da
  • CAS: 1912445-55-6
1H-Indole-7-carboxamide, 5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-4-[(3S)-3-[(1-oxo-2-butyn-1-yl)amino]-1-piperidinyl]-
4-[(3S)-3-(2-Butynoylamino)-1-piperidinyl]-5-fluor-2,3-dimethyl-1H-indol-7-carboxamid
(S)-4-(3-(2-Butynoylamino)piperidin-1-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-1H-indole-7-carboxamide
(S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimeth -lH-indole-7-carboxamide
  • Originator Bristol-Myers Squibb
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Antirheumatics
  • Mechanism of Action Agammaglobulinaemia tyrosine kinase inhibitors

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase I Rheumatoid arthritis

Most Recent Events

  • 30 Jan 2018 Bristol-Myers Squibb completes a phase I trial in Rheumatoid arthritis (In volunteers, In adults, Combination therapy) in USA (PO) (NCT03262740)
  • 10 Nov 2017 Bristol-Myers Squibb completes a phase I drug-drug interaction trial in Healthy volunteers (NCT03131973)
  • 03 Nov 2017 Safety, pharmacokinetic, and pharmacodynamic data from a pharmacokinetic trial in healthy volunteers presented at the 81st American College of Rheumatology and the 52nd Association of Rheumatology Health Professionals Annual Scientific Meeting (ACR/ARHP-2017)
  • Image result for BMS-986195

BMS-986195 is a potent, covalent, irreversible inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK), a member of the Tec family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases essential in antigen-dependent B-cell signaling and function. BMS-986195 is more than 5000-fold selective for BTK over all kinases outside of the Tec family, and selectivity ranges from 9- to 1010-fold within the Tec family. BMS-986195 inactivated BTK in human whole blood with a rapid rate of inactivation (3.5×10-4 nM-1·min-1) and potently inhibited antigen-dependent interleukin-6 production, CD86 expression and proliferation in B cells (IC50 <1 nM) without effect on antigen-independent measures in the same cells.

Bristol-Myers Squibb is developing BMS-986195, an oral candidate for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. A phase I clinical trial in healthy adult volunteers is ongoing.

Image result

Structure of BMS986195.
Credit: Tien Nguyen/C&EN

Presented by: Scott H. Watterson, principal scientist at Bristol-Myers Squibb

Target: Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK)

Disease: Autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis

Reporter’s notes: Completing another set of back-to-back presentations on the same target, Watterson revealed another BTK inhibitor also in Phase II clinical trials. Chemists made BMS-986195 in seven steps, and the molecule showed high levels of BTK inactivation in mice. The team aimed to develop an effective compound that required low doses and that had low metabolic degradation.

Patent

WO 2016065226

Inventor Saleem AhmadJoseph A. TinoJohn E. MacorAndrew J. TebbenHua GongQingjie LiuDouglas G. BattKhehyong NguScott Hunter WattersonWeiwei GuoBertrand Myra Beaudoin

Original Assignee Bristol-Myers Squibb Company

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2016065226A1/en

PATENT

WO 2018045157

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=E81EF2BDB127473D100AAA55455FC42B.wapp1nA?docId=WO2018045157&recNum=1&maxRec=&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

otein kinases, the largest family of human enzymes, encompass well over 500 proteins. Btk is a member of the Tec family of tyrosine kinases, and is a regulator of early B-cell development, as well as mature B-cell activation, signaling, and survival.

B-cell signaling through the B-cell receptor (BCR) leads to a wide range of biological outputs, which in turn depend on the developmental stage of the B-cell. The magnitude and duration of BCR signals must be precisely regulated. Aberrant BCR-mediated signaling can cause dysregulated B-cell activation and/or the formation of pathogenic auto-antibodies leading to multiple autoimmune and/or inflammatory diseases. Mutation of Btk in humans results in X-linked agammaglobulinaemia (XLA). This disease is associated with the impaired maturation of B-cells, diminished immunoglobulin production, compromised T-cell-independent immune responses and marked attenuation of the sustained calcium signal upon BCR stimulation.

Evidence for the role of Btk in allergic disorders and/or autoimmune disease and/or inflammatory disease has been established in Btk-deficient mouse models. For example, in standard murine preclinical models of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), Btk deficiency has been shown to result in a marked amelioration of disease progression. Moreover, Btk deficient mice are also resistant to developing collagen-induced arthritis and are less susceptible to Staphylococcus-induced arthritis.

A large body of evidence supports the role of B-cells and the humoral immune system in the pathogenesis of autoimmune and/or inflammatory diseases. Protein-based therapeutics (such as Rituxan) developed to deplete B-cells, represent an important approach to the treatment of a number of autoimmune and/or inflammatory diseases.

Because of Btk’s role in B-cell activation, inhibitors of Btk can be useful as inhibitors of B-cell mediated pathogenic activity (such as autoantibody production).

Btk is also expressed in mast cells and monocytes and has been shown to be important for the function of these cells. For example, Btk deficiency in mice is associated with impaired IgE -mediated mast cell activation (marked diminution of T F-alpha and other inflammatory cytokine release), and Btk deficiency in humans is associated with greatly reduced TNF-alpha production by activated monocytes.

Thus, inhibition of Btk activity can be useful for the treatment of allergic disorders and/or autoimmune and/or inflammatory diseases including, but not limited to: SLE, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple vasculitides, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), myasthenia gravis, allergic rhinitis, multiple sclerosis (MS), transplant rejection, type I diabetes, membranous nephritis, inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, autoimmune thyroiditis, cold and warm agglutinin diseases, Evan’s syndrome, hemolytic uremic syndrome/thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (HUS/TTP), sarcoidosis, Sjogren’s syndrome, peripheral neuropathies (e.g., Guillain-Barre syndrome), pemphigus vulgaris, and asthma.

In addition, Btk has been reported to play a role in controlling B-cell survival in certain B-cell cancers. For example, Btk has been shown to be important for the survival of BCR-Abl-positive B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia cells. Thus inhibition of Btk activity can be useful for the treatment of B-cell lymphoma and leukemia.

In view of the numerous conditions that are contemplated to benefit by treatment involving modulation of protein kinases, it is immediately apparent that new compounds capable of modulating protein kinases such as Btk and methods of using these compounds should provide substantial therapeutic benefits to a wide variety of patients.

WO 2016/065226 discloses indole carboxamide compounds useful as Btk inhibitors, including (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide (Example 223), which has the structure:

Also disclosed is multistep synthesis process for preparing (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido) piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide.

There are difficulties associated with the adaptation of the multistep synthesis disclosed in WO 2016/065226 to larger scale synthesis, such as production in a pilot plant or a manufacturing plant for commercial production. Further, there is a continuing need to find a process that has few synthesis steps, provides higher yields, and/or generates less waste.

Applicants have discovered a new synthesis process for the preparation of (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide that has fewer synthesis steps and/or provides higher yields than the process disclosed in WO 2016/065226. Furthermore, this process contains no metal-catalyzed steps, no genotoxic intermediates, and is adaptable to large scale manufacturing.

EXAMPLE 1

(S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide

Step 1 : Preparation of Methyl (S)-2-amino-4-(3-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluorobenz

To a 250 mL ChemGlass reactor were charged methyl 2-amino-4,5-difluoro-benzoate (11.21 g, 59.90 mmol), tert-butyl N-[(3S)-3-piperidyl]carbamate (10 g, 49.930 mmol), potassium phosphate, dibasic (10.44 g, 59.94 mmol), and dimethyl sulfoxide (100 mL, 1400 mmol). The resulting thin slurry was heated to 95 to 100 °C and agitated at this temperature for 25 hours. The mixture was cooled to 50 °C. Methanol (100 mL) was added and followed by slow addition of water (50 mL). The mixture was aged at 50 °C for 30 minutes to result in a thick white slurry. Additional water (150 mL) was slowly charged to the above mixture and agitated at 50 °C for 1 hour. The slurry was cooled to 20 °C in 1 hour and aged at this temperature for 4 hours. The slurry was filtrated. The wet cake washed with 25% MeOH in water (30 mL), water (100 mL) and dried under vacuum at 60 °C for 24 h. Methyl (S)-2-amino-4-(3-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino) piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluorobenzoate was obtained as a white solid (7 g, yield: 72.5%). ¾ MR (400MHz, METHANOLS) δ 7.34 (d, J=14.6 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (d, J=7.3 Hz, 1H), 3.83-3.71 (s, 3H), 3.68-3.57 (m., 1H), 3.50 -3.40 (m 1H), 3.39 -3.31 (m, 1H), 3.31-3.26 (m, 1H), 2.86-2.70 (m, 1H), 2.64 (t, J=10.0 Hz, 1H), 1.97-1.84 (m, 1H), 1.84-1.74 (m, 1H), 1.73-1.61 (m, 1H), 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.38 (m, 1H). LC-MS [M+H] 368.

Step 2: Preparation of Methyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate

To a reactor were charged methyl (S)-2-amino-4-(3-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino) piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluorobenzoate (5.0 g), DPPOH (diphenyl phosphate, 6.81 g, 2 eq) and 3-hydroxybutanone (1.2 eq, 1.44 g), followed by addition of isopropyl acetate (100 mL, 20 mL/g). The mixture was allowed to warm up to 70 to 75 °C, resulting in a yellow solution. The solution was stirred at 70 to 75 °C for 30 h to complete the cyclization.

Water (2 mL) was added and the mixture was aged at 70 °C over 24 h to remove the Boc group. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. Next, aqueous 20% K3PO4 solution (50 mL) was added and the mixture was stirred for 15 min. The organic layer was separated and washed with water (50 mL). The organic layer was then concentrated under vacuum (200 Torr) to -50 mL. The resulting slurry was stirred at 50 °C for 2 h and then heptane (100 mL) was added over 1 h. The mixture was cooled to room

temperature, stirred for 20 h, and then filtered. The cake was washed with heptane (50 mL). Methyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate, DPPOH salt was obtained as a light yellow solid. The wet-cake was added to a reactor. Isopropyl acetate (100 mL) was added, followed by addition of aqueous K3PO4 solution (4 g in water 50 mL). The mixture was stirred at room temperature for -half-hour, resulting in a two phase clear solution (pH >10 for aqueous). The organic layer was separated and washed with water (50 mL), and then concentrated under vacuum to a volume of 15 mL. The resulting slurry was stirred at room temperature for 4 h, then heptane (75 mL) was added over 1 h. The mixture was aged at room temperature for 24 h, then concentrated to a volume to -50 mL. The slurry was filtered. The cake was washed with heptane 20 mL and dried under vacuum at 50 °C for 24 h. Methyl (S)-4-(3- aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate was obtained as a light yellow solid (2.76 g, yield: 69%). ¾ NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.64 (s, 1H), 7.33 (d, J=13.7 Hz, 1H), 3.89 (s, 3H), 3.14 (br. m., 1H), 3.07-2.90 (m, 2H), 2.84 (br. m., 1H), 2.70 (br. m., 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.33 (s, 3H), 1.87 (br. m., 1H), 1.67 (br. m., 3H). LC-MS: M+H= 320.

Alternative Preparation

Step 2: Preparation of ethyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate trifluoroacetic acid salt

To a reactor were charged ethyl (S)-2-amino-4-(3-((tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino) piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluorobenzoate (1.0 g, limiting reagent), DPPOH (diphenyl phosphate, 1.97 g, 3.0 eq) and 3-hydroxybutanone (1.4 eq, 0.32 g), followed by addition of toluene (20 mL, 20 mL/g). The mixture was allowed to warm up to 80-90 °C, resulting in a yellow solution. The solution was stirred at 80-90 °C for 10 h to complete the

cyclization. Water (0.4 mL, 0.4 ml/g) was added and the mixture was aged at 80-90 °C for 8 hours. The mixture was cooled to room temperature. Next, aqueous 20% K3PO4 solution (15 mL, 15 mL/g) was added and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was washed with toluene (7.5 mL, 7.5 mL/g). To combined organic layers water (10 mL, 10 mL/g) was added and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The organic layer was separated. To the organic layer water (10 mL, 10 mL/g) was added and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The organic layer was separated. The organic layer was concentrated under vacuum (100 Torr) to 8 mL (8 ml/g). Following concentration the reaction mixture was cooled to 20-25 °C and MTBE (20 mL, 20 mL/g) was added. Trifluoroacetic acid (1.2 eq., 0.36 g) was slowly added to make the salt maintaining temperature at 20-25 °C. The resulting slurry was aged for 4 hours and then filtered. The filtered solids are washed with MTBE (8 mL, 8 mL/g) and the cake

was dried under vacuum at 50 °C. (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate trifluoroacetic acid salt was obtained as a white to tan crystalline material (85% yield, 1.0 g). ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.74 (s, 1H), 8.16-7.88 (m, 2H), 7.37 (d, 7=13.6 Hz, 1H), 4.38 (q, 7=7.1 Hz, 2H), 3.18-3.01 (m, 3H), 2.96 (br s, 1H), 2.35 (s, 6H), 2.30 (s, 1H), 2.12 (br d, 7=9.3 Hz, 1H), 1.78 (br s, 2H), 1.45-1.31 (m, 4H), 1.10 (s, 1H). 13C NMR (101 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 165.1, 165.1, 158.4, 158.1, 135.4, 134.7, 134.6, 132.2, 128.8, 128.2, 126.9, 126.8, 118.7, 115.7, 110.6, 110.3,108.7, 108.6, 106.6, 106.5, 83.5, 79.8, 60.5, 54.9, 51.7, 48.7, 47.2, 28.4, 26.8, 23.6, 14.2, 11.1, 10.2

Step 3A: Preparation of (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide

A 40 mL vial was charged with methyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate (1.5 g, 4.70 mmol), followed by the addition of N,N-dimethylformamide (12.0 mL, 8.0 mL/g). The vial was purged with N2. Formamide (1.49 mL, 37.6 mmol) was added followed by sodium methoxide solution in methanol (35 wt%, 1.29 mL, 3.76 mmol). The resulting solution was heated at 50 °C over 8 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled down to room temperature and the reaction was quenched with water (12.0 mL, 8.0 mL/g). 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (30 mL, 20 mL/g) was added to the mixture. The mixture was shaken vigorously. The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (15 mL, 10 mL/g) two more times. Organic extracts were then washed with brine and water (15 mL each, 10 mL/g). The organic layer was evaporated. Solids were dried in vacuo at 60 °C to afford (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide as a yellow solid (1.04 g, 69% yield). ¾ NMR (500MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.60 (br. s.,

1H), 7.91 (br. s., 1H), 7.40 (d, 7=14.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (br. s., 1H), 3.10 (br. s., 1H), 2.98 (br. s., 2H), 2.82 (br. s., 1H), 2.68 (br. s., 1H), 2.34 (br. s., 3H), 2.30 (br. s., 3H), 1.88 (br. s., 1H), 1.67 (br. s., 2H), 1.45 (br. s., 2H), 1.05 (br. s., 1H). LCMS [M+H] 305.24.

Step 3B: Alternative Preparation of (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide

A 100 mL Hastelloy high pressure EasyMax reactor was charged with methyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate (1.5 g, 4.70 mmol), followed by addition of 7 N ammonia solution in methanol (45.0 mL, 30.0 mL/g) followed by addition of l,3,4,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-pyrimido[l,2-a]pyrimidine (1.33 g, 9.39 mmol). The reactor was sealed and purged with N2 three times. The reactor was then heated to 80 °C for 24 hrs. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and the vessel contents were purged with N2 three times. Volatiles were concentrated to ~6 mL (4 mL/g) and water (24 mL, 16 mL/g) was added. The yellow precipitate was collected and filtered. The precipitate was washed with methanol/water mixture (20:80 v/v, 6 mL, 4 mL/g), and then water (18 mL, 12 mL/g). The solids were dried in vacuo at 60 °C to afford (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide as a yellow crystalline material (0.93 g, 62% yield). ¾ MR (500MHz, DMSO-de) δ 10.60 (br. s., 1H), 7.91 (br. s., 1H), 7.40 (d, J=14.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (br. s., 1H), 3.10 (br. s., 1H), 2.98 (br. s., 2H), 2.82 (br. s., 1H), 2.68 (br. s., 1H), 2.34 (br. s., 3H), 2.30 (br. s., 3H), 1.88 (br. s., 1H), 1.67 (br. s., 2H), 1.45 (br. s., 2H), 1.05 (br. s., 1H). LCMS [M+H] 305.24.

Alternative Preparation:

Step 3C: Preparation of (,S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide 2-butynoic acid salt

Ethyl (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxylate trifluoroacetic acid salt (1.0 g, limiting reagent) and formamide (5 mL, 5 mL/g) were added to a nitrogen inerted reactor. The temperature was maintained at 20-25 °C. To the reactor was added a solution of 20 wt% potassium t-butoxide in THF. The reaction mixture was allowed to sit for 6 hours. To reaction mixture was added Me-THF (15 mL, 15 mL/g) and 12.5 wt % aqueous NaCl (5 mL, 5 mL/g). The reaction mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The organic layer was separated, 5 wt% aqueous NaCl (1 mL, 1 mL/g) and 0.25 N aqueous NaOH (4 mL, 4 mL/g) were added, and then stirred for 0.5 hour. The organic layer was separated and 5 wt% aqueous NaCl (5 mL, 5 mL/g) was added, the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour, and organic phase was separated. The rich organic phase was dried distillation at a pressure of 100 mtorr with Me-THF to obtain KF in 1.5-4wt% range at 5 mL Me-THF volume. The volume was adjusted to 15 mL Me-THF by adding Me-THF (10 mL, 10 mL/g) and EtOH (4 mL, 4 mL/g). Next, 2-butynoic acid (1.0 eq., 0.19 g) was added and the mixture was agitated for 10 hrs. The resulting slurry was filtered. The cake was washed with Me-THF (10 mL, 10 mL/g) and dried under vacuum at 75 °C to afford (,S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide 2-butynoic acid salt (0.7 g, 80% yield) as white crystalline powder. ¾ NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 10.68 (s, 1H), 7.98 (br s, 1H), 7.50-7.32 (m, 2H), 3.32 (br d, J=8.6 Hz, 2H), 3.21 (br t, J=10.5 Hz, 1H), 3.13-2.89 (m, 3H), 2.32 (d, J=5.1 Hz, 5H), 2.11 (br d, J=10.9 Hz, 1H), 1.81-1.67 (m, 4H), 1.55-1.28 (m, 1H).

Step 4A: Preparation of (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide

To Reactor-1 was charged N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF, 12.77 kg, 13.5 L). Reactor-1 was purged with N2 to inert. (S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide (3.0 kg, 1.0 equiv) was charged followed by 2-butynoic acid (0.854 kg, 1.04 equiv). Reactor-1 was rinsed with DMF (1.42 kg, 1.5 L). The mixture was sparged with N2 for 20 min. Triethylamine (2.99 kg, 3.0 equiv) was charged followed by a DMF rinse (1.42 kg, 1.5 L). TBTU (O-(Benzotriazol-l-yl)-N,N,N’,N’-tetramethyluronium tetrafluorob orate, 3.256 kg, 1.04 equiv) was charged followed by a DMF rinse (1.42 kg, 1.5 L). The reaction mixture was agitated for 1.5 h at 20 °C. MeTHF (46.44 kg, 60 L) was charged to the batch. The reaction was quenched with LiCl (20 wt%, 26.76 kg, 24 L) at 20 °C. The bottom aqueous layer was discharged as waste. The organic layer was washed with 2N HCl solution (24.48 kg, 24 L), 10 wt% sodium bicarbonate solution (25.44 kg, 24 L) and deionized water (24.0 kg, 24 L). THF (26.61 kg, 30 L) was charged into Reactor-1. The rich organic stream in MeTHF/TFIF was polish filtered. The stream was distilled down to 15 L at 75-100 Torn Constant volume distillation was carried out at 15 L with THF feed (39.92 kg, 45 L). The stream was heated to 60 °C for 1 hr and cooled to 50 °C. MTBE (33.30 kg, 45 L) was charged slowly over 2 h. The slurry was aged at 50 °C for 4 h and cooled to 20 °C over 2 h, and aged at 20 °C for >2 h. The 1st drop slurry was filtered and was rinsed with MTBE (8.88 kg, 12 L) twice. Wet cake was dried under vacuum 60 to 70 °C at 25 mbar overnight (>15 h). Reactor-1 was thoroughly cleaned with IPA. The dry cake was charged into Reactor-1 followed by the charge of IPA (47.10 kg, 60 L). The batch was heated to 60 °C to achieve full dissolution and cooled to 40 °C. Rich organic (24 L) was transferred to Reactor-2 for crystallization. The stream was distilled at 24 L constant volume and 100 mbar using remaining rich organic from reactor-1 as distillation feed. Following distillation completion, the batch was heated to 60 °C, aged at 60 °C for 2 h, cooled to 20 °C over 2 h, and aged at 20 °C over 2 h. The slurry was filtered. IPA (1.18 kg) was used to rinse the reactor and washed the cake. The wet cake was dried under vacuum at 70 °C and 25 mbar for >15 h. The dry cake (2.196 kg, 63.2% yield) was discharged as an off-white crystalline solid. ¾ NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.62 (s, 1H), 8.48 (d, J= 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.39 (d, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 3.88 (m, 1H), 3.11 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.0 (m, 1H), 2.96 (m, 1H), 2.78 (t, J= 10.0 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 1.92 (s, 3H), 1.86 (m, 1H), 1.31 (m, 1H), 1.70 (m, 2H); 13C NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 168.2, 153.2, 151.9, 134.4, 133.2, 132.1, 126.5, 112.3, 108.4, 106.0, 82.3, 75.7, 56.9, 51.9, 46.3, 29.7, 24.4, 11.1, 10.2, 3.0; LC-MS: M+H= 371.2.

Step 4B: Alternative preparation of (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimeth -lH-indole-7-carboxamide

To Reactor-1 was charged N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF 4.5 mL, 4.5 mL/g). Reactor-1 was purged with N2 to inert. (,S)-4-(3-aminopiperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide 2-butynoic acid salt (1.0 g, limiting reagent) was charged followed by 2-butynoic acid (0.065g, 0.3 equiv.). The mixture was inerted with N2 for 20 min. N-methylmorpholine (0.78 g, 3.0 equiv) was charged. Next,

diphenylphosphinic chloride (0.79 g, 1.3 equiv) was charged over 0.5 h while maintaining the reaction temperature at 20-25 °C. The reaction mixture was agitated for 1.5 hour at 20 °C. Me-THF (14 mL, 14 mL/g) was charged to the reaction mixture. The reaction was quenched with the addition of aqueous NaCl (12.5 wt%, 6 mL, 6 mL/g) at 20 °C. The bottom aqueous layer was discharged as waste. Aqueous NaCl (12.5 wt%, 6 mL, 6 mL/g) at 20 °C was added to the organic layer, stirred for 0.5 hour and the bottom aqueous layer was discharged to waste. Deionized water (6 mL, 6 mL/g) was charged to the organic layer, stirred for 0.5 hour and the bottom aqueous layer was discharged to waste. THF (8 mL, 8 mL/g) was charged into Reactor-1 and the mixture was

concentrated under vacuum to remove Me-THF and water, and reconstituted in 4 L/kg of THF. The mixture was heated to 60 °C and stirred for 1 hour; the temperature was reduced to 50 °C and MTBE (12 mL, 12 mL/g) was added. The mixture was aged for 4 hours while maintaining the temperature of 50 °C and then cooled to room temperature. The solids were filtered and washed with MTBE (6.5 mL, 6.5 mL/g). The solids of crude were dried at 70 °C under vacuum for 12 hours.

Crude (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide was charged to Reactor-2, followed by THF (12 mL, 12 mL/g). The mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The solution was polish filtered. The solution was concentrated under vaccuum to remove THF and reconstituted in EtOH (7 mL, 7 mL/g). (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide seeds (0.01 g, 0.01 g/g) were added, the mixture was heated to 60 °C and aged for 2 hours, n-heptane (21 mL, 21 mL/g) was added slowly over 4 hours. The mixture was aged for additional 2 hours at 60 °C, followed by cooldown to room temperature. The slurry was filtered, washed with n-heptane (6 mL, 6 mL/g), and dried under vacuum at 70 °C for 12 hours. The dry cake (0.68 g, 71% yield) was discharged as an off-white crystalline solid. ¾ NMR (400MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 10.62 (s, 1H), 8.48 (d, J= 7.1 Hz, 1H), 7.91 (s, 1H), 7.39 (d, J=7.4 Hz, 1H), 7.33 (s, 1H), 3.88 (m, 1H), 3.11 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 3.0 (m, 1H), 2.96 (m, 1H), 2.78 (t, J= 10.0 Hz, 1H), 2.35 (s, 3H), 2.30 (s, 3H), 1.92 (s, 3H), 1.86 (m, 1H), 1.31 (m, 1H), 1.70 (m, 2H); 13C MR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 168.2, 153.2, 151.9, 134.4, 133.2, 132.1, 126.5, 112.3, 108.4, 106.0, 82.3, 75.7, 56.9, 51.9, 46.3, 29.7, 24.4, 11.1, 10.2, 3.0; LC-MS: M+H= 371.2.

Applicants have discovered a new synthesis process for the preparation of (S)-4- (3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide which offers significant advantages.

The new synthesis process utilizes fewer synthesis steps (4 vs 8) than the process disclosed in WO 2016/065226.

Additionally, the process of the present invention provided (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide at an overall

yield of 22% (step 1 : 73.%, step 2: 69%, step 3 : 69%, step 4: 63%). In comparison, (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide was prepared according to the process of WO 2016/065226, which provided (S)-4-(3-(but-2-ynamido)piperidin-l-yl)-5-fluoro-2,3-dimethyl-lH-indole-7-carboxamide at an overall yield of 2.9% yield (step 1 : 91%, step 2: 71%, step 3 : 35%, step 4: 88%, step 5: 80%, step 6: 29%, step 7: 99%, step 8: 63%).

Furthermore, the process of the present invention does not include any transition metal-catalyzed steps, no genotoxic intermediates, and is adaptable to large scale manufacturing. In comparison, the process disclosed in WO 2016/065226 employed lead (Pb) in process step (8) and included a potentially genotoxic hydrazine intermediate in process step 8.

The process of the present invention has an estimated manufacturing cycle time of approximately 6 months versus a estimated manufacturing cycle time of approximately 12 months for the process disclosed in WO 2016/065226.

REFERENCE

http://acrabstracts.org/abstract/bms-986195-is-a-highly-selective-and-rapidly-acting-covalent-inhibitor-of-brutons-tyrosine-kinase-with-robust-efficacy-at-low-doses-in-preclinical-models-of-ra-and-lupus-nephritis/

/////////////////BMS-986195, Phase I,  Rheumatoid arthritis, BMS

NC(=O)c2cc(F)c(c1c(C)c(C)nc12)N3CCC[C@@H](C3)NC(=O)C#CC

PRN 1371


ChemSpider 2D Image | PRN 1371 | C26H30Cl2N6O4

str1SCHEMBL16993012.png

PRN 1371

  • Molecular Formula C26H30Cl2N6O4
  • Average mass 561.460

cas 1802929-43-6

8-[3-(4-Acryloyl-1-piperazinyl)propyl]-6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one

6-(2,6-Dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-8-[3-[4-(1-oxo-2-propen-1-yl)-1-piperazinyl]propyl]pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one

Phase I Solid tumours

  • Originator Principia Biopharma
  • Class Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Fibroblast growth factor receptor antagonists
  • 06 Jun 2016 Adverse events data from a phase I trial in Solid tumours presented at the 52nd Annual Meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO- 2016)
  • 01 Nov 2015 Phase-I clinical trials in Solid tumours in USA (PO) (NCT02608125)
  • 12 Jan 2015 Preclinical trials in Cancer in USA (PO)
Inventors Erik Verner, Kenneth Albert Brameld
Applicant Principia Biopharma, Inc.

Image result for principia biopharma

Erik Verner

Erik Verner

Ken Brameld

Kenneth Albert Brameld

CONTD………………..

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) and their receptors (FGFRs) play important roles in physiological processes relating to tissue repair, hematopoiesis, bone growth, angiogenesis and other aspects of embryonic development. Alterations in the FGF signaling pathway have also emerged as important drivers in human disease. FGF signaling can be deregulated through multiple mechanisms, including gene amplification, activating mutations and translocations, overexpression, altered FGFR gene splicing, and autocrine or paracrine overproduction of the ligands of FGFR. Deregulated FGF signaling has been documented in human tumors, including breast (see Ray, M. E., et. al., 2004. Genomic and expression analysis of the 8pl 1-12 amplicon in human breast cancer cell lines. Cancer Res 64:40-47), multiple myeloma (see Keats, J.J., et. al., 2006. Ten years and counting: so what do we know about t(4;14)(pl6;q32) multiple myeloma. Leuk Lymphoma 47:2289-2300), non-invasive bladder (see Billerey, C, et al. 2001. Frequent

FGFR3 mutations in papillary non-invasive bladder (pTa) tumors. Am J Pathol 158: 1955-1959), endometrial (see Pollock, P.M., et al. 2007. Frequent activating FGFR2 mutations in endometrial carcinomas parallel germline mutations associated with craniosynostosis and skeletal dysplasia syndromes. Oncogene 26:7158-7162), gastric (see Jang, J.H., et. al, 2001. Mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 and fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 genes associated with human gastric and colorectal cancers. Cancer Res 61 :3541-3543), prostate cancers (see Sahadevan, K., D et. al., 2007. Selective over-expression of fibroblast growth factor receptors 1 and 4 in clinical prostate cancer. J Pathol 213:82-90), lung (see Hammerman P, et al. Genomic characterization and targeted therapeutics in squamous cell lung cancer [abstract]; Proceedings of the 14th World Conference on Lung Cancer; 2011 3-7 July; Aurora (CO); and International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer; 2011), esophageal (see Hanada K, et al, Identification of fibroblast growth factor-5 as an overexpressed anti-gen in multiple human adenocarcinomas. Cancer Res 2001; 61 : 5511-6), cholangiocarcinoma (see Arai, Y., et al. 2014. Fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 tyrosine kinase fusions define a unique molecular subtype of cholangiocarcinoma. Hepatology 59, 1427-1434 and Borad, M. J., et al. 2014). Integrated genomic characterization reveals novel, therapeutically relevant drug targets in FGFR and EGFR pathways in sporadic intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. PLoS genetics 10, el004135), glioblastoma (see Rand V., et. al. Sequence survey of receptor tyrosine kinases reveals mutations in glioblastomas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2005; 102: 14344 – 9 and Parker, et. al. 2014. Emergence of FGFR family gene fusions as therapeutic targets in a wide spectrum of solid tumours. The Journal of pathology 232, 4-15). FGFR1 translocations and FGFR1 fusions are frequently observed in 8pl 1 myeloproliferative syndromes (Jackson, C. C, Medeiros, L. J., and Miranda, R. N. (2010). 8pl 1 myeloproliferative syndrome: a review. Human pathology 41, 461-476). Activating mutations in FGFR3 have been shown to cause a number of dwarf syndromes (see Harada, D., et. al, 2009. FGFR3-related dwarfism and cell signaling. J Bone Miner Metab 27:9-15) including achondroplasia (see Bellus, G.A., et. al., 1995. Achondroplasia is defined by recurrent G380R mutations of FGFR3. Am J Hum Genet 56:368-373; Bellus, G.A., et. al., 1995. A recurrent mutation in the tyrosine kinase domain of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 causes hypochondroplasia. Nat Genet 10:357-359; and Rousseau, F., et. al, 1994. Mutations in the gene encoding fibroblast growth factor receptor-3 in achondroplasia. Nature 371 :252-254), Crouzon dermoskeletal syndromes (see Robin, N.H., et. al, 1993. FGFR-Related Craniosynostosis Syndromes), hyopochondroplasia (see Prinos, P., et. al., 1995. A common FGFR3 gene mutation in hypochondroplasia. Hum Mol Genet 4:2097-2101), Muenke syndrome (see Muenke, M., et al. 1997. A unique point mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene (FGFR3) defines a new craniosynostosis syndrome. Am J Hum Genet 60:555-564), SADDAN (severe achondroplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans) (see Bellus, G.A., et al. 1999. Severe achondroplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans (SADDAN): phenotypic analysis of a new skeletal dysplasia caused by a Lys650Met mutation in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3. Am J Med Genet 85:53-65;

Tavormina, P.L., et al. 1999. A novel skeletal dysplasia with developmental delay and acanthosis nigricans is caused by a Lys650Met mutation in the fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 gene. Am J Hum Genet 64:722-731), thanatophoric dysplasia ( see dAvis, P.Y., et. al, 1998. Constitutive activation of fibroblast growth factor receptor 3 by mutations responsible for the lethal skeletal dysplasia thanatophoric dysplasia type I. Cell Growth Differ 9:71-78; Kitoh, H., et. al, 1998. Lys650Met substitution in the tyrosine kinase domain of the fibroblast growth factor receptor gene causes thanatophoric dysplasia Type I. Mutations in brief no. 199. Online. Hum Mutat 12:362- 363; and Tavormina, P.L., et. al, 1995. Thanatophoric dysplasia (types I and II) caused by distinct mutations in fibroblast growth factor receptor 3. Nat Genet 9:321-328), platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia (see Brodie, S.G., et. al, 1999. Platyspondylic lethal skeletal dysplasia, San Diego type, is caused by FGFR3 mutations. Am J Med Genet 84:476-480), and cervical cancer (see Cappellen, D., et. al., 1999. Frequent activating mutations of FGFR3 in human bladder and cervix carcinomas. Nat Genet 23: 18-20). Activating mutations in FGFR4 have been identified in rhabdomyosarcoma (see Shukla, N., et. al, Oncogene mutation profiling of pediatric solid tumors reveals significant subsets of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma and neuroblastoma with mutated genes in growth signaling pathways. Clin Cancer Res 18:748-757 and Marshall, A.D., et. al, PAX3-FOX01 and FGFR4 in alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma. Mol Carcinog 51 :807-815). For these reasons, FGFRs are attractive therapeutic target for the treatment of diseases.

Patent

WO 2015120049

Example 6

Synthesis of 8-(3-(4-acryloylpiperazin-l-yl)propyl)-6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2- (methylamino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one

Step 1

To a solution of 3-(piperazin-l-yl)propan-l-ol (1 g, 6.93 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in THF (50 mL) and TEA (2 g) was added di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (2.26 g, 10.36 mmol, 1.49 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at room temperature and then concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography (DCM/MeOH (15: 1)) to provide 1.48 g (87%) of tert-butyl 4-(3-hydroxypropyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as a light yellow liquid.

Step 2

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-(3-hydroxypropyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1.48 g, 6.06 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in DCM (60 mL), imidazole (620 mg) and TPP (2.38 g, 9.07 mmol, 1.50 equiv) was added I2 (2.31 g, 9.10 mmol, 1.50 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at room temperature and then concentrated. The residue was purified by chromatography

(DCM/MeOH (50: 1)) to provide 1.65 g (77%) of tert-butyl 4-(3-iodopropyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate as yellow oil.

Step 3

To a solution of 6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylsulfanyl)-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one (600 mg, 1.51 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in acetone (50 mL) and K2C03 (630 mg) was added tert-butyl 4-(3-iodopropyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (640 mg, 1.81 mmol, 1.20 equiv). The resulting solution was heated to reflux for 3 h and then the solids were filtered out. The residue was purified by chromatography (DCM/EtOAc (2:1)) to provide 720 mg (77%) of tert-butyl 4-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylsulfanyl)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate as a yellow solid.

Step 4

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methyl-sulfanyl)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (720 mg, 1.15 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in CHC13 (50 mL) was added mCPBA (600 mg). The resulting solution was stirred overnight at room temperature and then quenched with sat. Na2C03. The resulting solution was extracted DCM/MeOH(10: l) and the organic layer was concentrated. This provided 750 mg (97%)) of 4-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-l-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-

methanesulfonyl-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazin- 1 -ium- 1 -olate as a yellow solid.

Step 5

To a solution of 4-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-l-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-methanesulfonyl-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazin- 1 -ium- 1 -olate (750 mg, 1.12 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in tert-BuOH (50 mL), was added MeNH2/THF(2N) (1 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at 60° C and then concentrated. This provided 680 mg (98%) of 4-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-l-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazin-l-ium-l-olate as a yellow solid.

Step 6

To a solution of 4-[(tert-butoxy)carbonyl]-l-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazin-l-ium-l-olate (680 mg, 1.09 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in MeOH (100 mL) was added Zn (1 g) and sat. NH4C1 (4 mL). The resulting reaction mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature and then solids were filtered out. The residue was purified by chromatography (DCM/MeOH (35: 1)) to provide 650 mg (98%) of tert-butyl 4-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate as a yellow solid.

Step 7

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-[3-[6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxo-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8-yl]propyl]piperazine-l-carboxylate (650 mg, 1.07 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in dioxane (12 mL), was added cone. HC1 (3 mL). The resulting solution was stirred for 3 h at room temperature and then concentrated. This provided 550 mg (95%) of 6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-8-(3-(piperazin-l-yl)propyl)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one hydrochloride as an off-white solid.

Step 8

To a solution of 6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-8-[3-(piperazin-l-yl)propyl]-7H,8H-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7-one hydrochloride (250 mg, 0.49 mmol, 1.00 equiv) in DCM (20 mL) was added TEA (120 mg, 1.19 mmol, 2.41 equiv) and prop-2-enoyl chloride (54 mg, 0.60 mmol, 1.21 equiv). The resulting solution was stirred for 2 h at room temperature and then quenched with H20 (30 mL). The resulting solution was extracted with DCM/MeOH(10:l) and the organic layers combined and concentrated. The crude product was purified by Prep-HPLC (Column, SunFire Prep CI 8 OBD Column, 150mm 5um lOnm; mobile phase, Water with lOmmol NH4HC03and MeCN (30.0% MeCN up to 80.0% in 10 min);

Detector, nm). This provided 112.1 mg (41%>) of 6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-

(methylamino)-8-[3-[4-(prop-2-enoyl)piperazm^

one as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 561.1 (M+l).

PATENT

Example 1

Synthesis of Compound (I)

Step 1

2-(3,5-Dimethoxyphenyl)acetic acid (1000 g) was charged into appropriately sized three-neck RBF equipped with a condenser and dissolved with methanol (10 L). Concentrated sulfuric acid (20 g) was added and a solution was brought to gentle boiling. Reaction progress was monitored by HPLC. The reaction mixture was transferred to appropriately sized RBF and

concentrated to ca. 3 L. and then co-evaporated with DMSO (3 L) to about 4 L and the residue containing methyl 2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)acetate (1071 g) was telescoped to Step 2.

Step 2

To an appropriate reactor equipped with mechanical stirrer methyl 2-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)acetate (1071 g) in DMSO (3.2 L), 4-amino-2-(methylthio)-pyrimidine-5-carbaldehyde (819 g, 0.95 eq.), potassium carbonate (1057 g, 1.5 eq.) and cesium carbonate (249 g, 0.15 eq.) was charged and the mixture was stirred at 50 °C. After 15 h, the mixture containing 6-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one was cooled to RT. Potassium carbonate (854g, 1.2 eq.) and tert-butyl 4-(3 -((methyl sulfonyl)oxy )propyl)piperazine-1-carboxylate HC1 (2112 g, 1.1 eq.) was charged. Upon completion of ther eaction, ethyl acetate and water were added.

Organic layer was separated and aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate.

Combined organic layers were washed with 25% aqueous solution of sodium chloride. Organic phase was dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate. Drying agent was filtered off and washed with ethyl acetate. The filtrate was concentrated to ca. 9.6 L. and cooled to 0-5°C. A solution of ^-toluenesulfonic acid (970 g, 1.0 eq.) in ethyl acetate (4.28 L) was added dropwise. The resulted suspension was slowly warmed to RT and stirred for 5 h. Solids were filtered off, washed with ethyl acetate and dried give tert-butyl-4-(3-(6-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylthio)-7-oxopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine- 1-carboxylate 4-methylbenzenesulfonate. Step 3

To an appropriate reactor equipped with mechanical stirrer was charged acetic acid (12 L), 6-(3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylthio)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one (2000 g) and triethylamine (639 g, 2.3 eq.). Internal temperature was adjusted to approximately 20°C and N-chlorosuccinimide (1651 g, 4.5 eq.) was added at 20-30°C. Reaction was stirred for 2 hours. Ethyl acetate (30 L) was added. 5% aqueous NaCl solution (20 L) was added. The organic layer was separated and the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic layers were washed with 30 % aqueous potassium carbonate solution (14 L). The organic layer was concentrated to ~ 12 L and used for next step directly.

Step 4

To tert-butyl-4-(3-(6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylsulfonyl)-7-oxopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine- 1-carboxylate (1804 g) in ethyl acetate extract (12 L)from Step 3, was added 2M methylamine solution in THF (3435 mL) was slowly added maintaining temperature below 30°C. After reaction was complete, the suspension concentrated to 3.3 L and ethyl acetate (6 L) was added. The mixture was heated at 50°C for 2h, and then cooled to RT. Solids were filtered off and washed with ethyl acetate, water and dried to give tert-butyl-4-(3-(6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (1845 g).

Step 5

tert-Butyl-4-(3-(6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxo-pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (125 g) was charged into appropriately sized three-neck RBF equipped with a condenser and suspended in acetone (1000 mL). Concentrated (36%) aqueous hydrochloric acid (100 mL) was slowly added and the mixture was heated to 45°C for 1 h. the reaction mixture was gradually cooled to RT over 4 h and filtered, washed with acetone and dried to give tert-butyl-4-(3-(6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate»3HCl (125 g) in 98% yield.

Step 6

To an appropriate reactor tert-butyl-4-(3-(6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)-7-oxopyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-8(7H)-yl)propyl)piperazine-l-carboxylate (50 g) and DMF (500 mL) was charged while stirring at RT. The suspension was cooled to 0-5°C and saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (375 mL) was slowly added maintaining temperature below 15°C with emission of C02. The mixture was cooled again to 0-5°C and acryloyl chloride (8.6 mL, 1.3 eq.) was slowly added at temperature below 10°C. Once acryloyl chloride addition was finished the reaction mixture was gradually warmed to RT over 1 h.

Saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (75 mL) was slowly added and the resulted mixture was heated at 45-55°C for 0.5-1.5 h. It was then gradually cooled to RT and stirred for another 0.5-1.5 h. Solids were filtered off, washed with water and dried.

Crude product was dissolved in dichloromethane (750 mL) at reflux and the solution was cooled to ambient temperature. Silica gel (7.5 g) was added while stirring. After 30 min. the mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtering bed was washed with dichloromethane.

Ethyl acetate (250 mL) was added and the solution was concentrated under reduced to about 250 mL at 40 – 50 °C. Ethyl acetate (450 mL) was slowly added at 50°C. After 30 min. the suspension was slowly cooled to 40°C and solids were filtered off, washed with ethyl acetate and dried to give 36 g of 8-(3-(4-acryloylpiperazin-l-yl)propyl)-6-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxyphenyl)-2-(methylamino)pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidin-7(8H)-one in 82%. XRPD analysis of the product showed an XRPD pattern for a highly crystalline compound, which was assigned as Form 1 (discussed in further detail below).

Patent ID Patent Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2016229849 QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES AS FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR INHIBITORS 2015-02-04 2016-08-11
US2016200725 QUINOLONE DERIVATIVES AS FIBROBLAST GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR INHIBITORS 2016-03-22 2016-07-14

///////////PRN 1371, Phase I,  Solid tumours,  Principia Biopharma

Clc1c(OC)cc(OC)c(Cl)c1C4=Cc2cnc(NC)nc2N(CCCN3CCN(CC3)C(=O)C=C)C4=O

str0

Now in 1st time disclosures Principia Biopharma’s Kenneth Brameld on another FGFR inhibitor for solid tumors

RG 6080, Nacubactam


STR1

RG-6080

Sulfuric acid, mono[(1R,2S,5R)-2-[[(2-aminoethoxy)amino]carbonyl]-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-6-yl] ester

Phase I

A β-lactamase inhibitor potentially for the treatment of bacterial infections.

RG-6080; FPI-1459; OP-0595

CAS No. 1452458-86-4

Molecular Formula C9 H16 N4 O7 S
Formula Weight 324.31
  • Originator Fedora Pharmaceuticals
  • Developer Meiji Seika Pharma
  • Class Antibacterials; Azabicyclo compounds
  • Mechanism of Action Beta lactamase inhibitors
  • Phase IBacterial infections

Most Recent Events

  • 13 Jan 2015 OP 0595 licensed to Roche worldwide, except Japan ,
  • 30 Nov 2014 Meiji Seika Pharma completes a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in Australia (NCT02134834)
  • 01 May 2014 Phase-I clinical trials in Bacterial infections (in volunteers) in Australia (IV)

SYNTHESIS

WO 2015046207,

STR1

CONTD…………………..

STR1

CONTD………………………………..

STR1

Patent

WO 2015053297

The novel heterocyclic compound in Japanese Patent 4515704 (Patent Document 1), preparation and shown for their pharmaceutical use, sodium trans-7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) as a representative compound 1,6-diazabicyclo [3 .2.1] discloses an octane-2-carboxamide (NXL104). Preparation in regard to certain piperidine derivatives which are intermediates Patent 2010-138206 (Patent Document 2) and JP-T 2010-539147 (Patent Document 3) are shown at further WO2011 / 042560 (Patent Document 4) NXL104 to disclose a method for producing the crystals.
 In Patent 5038509 (Patent Document 5) (2S, 5R) -7- oxo -N- (piperidin-4-yl) -6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane – 2- carboxamide (MK7655) is shown, discloses the preparation of certain piperidine derivatives with MK7655 at Patent 2011-207900 (Patent Document 6) and WO2010 / 126820 (Patent Document 7).
 The present inventors also disclose the novel diazabicyclooctane derivative represented by the following formula (VII) in Japanese Patent Application 2012-122603 (Patent Document 8).
Patent Document 1: Japanese Patent No. 4515704 Pat
Patent Document 2: Japanese Patent Publication 2010-138206 Pat
Patent Document 3: Japanese patent publication 2010-539147 Pat
Patent Document 4: International Publication No. WO2011 / 042560 Patent
Patent Document 5: Japanese Patent No. 5038509 Pat
Patent Document 6: Japanese Patent Publication 2011-207900 Pat
Patent Document 7: International Publication No. WO2010 / 126820 Patent
Patent Document 8: Japanese Patent application 2012-122603 Pat.
[Chemical formula 1] (In the formula, R 3 are the same as those described below)

Reference Example
5 of 5 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VII-1)
Formula 43]
step 1 tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl } amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate  (IV-1)(2S, 5R)-6-(benzyloxy) -7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxylic acid (4 .30g, dehydrated ethyl acetate (47mL) solution of 15.56mmol) was cooled to -30 ℃, isobutyl chloroformate (2.17g, washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1mL), triethylamine (1.61g, washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1 mL), successively added dropwise, and the mixture was stirred 1 hour at -30 ° C.. To the reaction solution tert- butyl 2-dehydration of ethyl acetate (amino-oxy) ethyl carbamate (3.21g) (4mL) was added (washing included dehydration ethyl acetate 1mL), raising the temperature over a period of 1.5 hours to 0 ℃, It was further stirred overnight. The mixture of 8% aqueous citric acid (56 mL), saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution (40 mL), sequentially washed with saturated brine (40 mL), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, filtered, concentrated to 5 mL, up to 6mL further with ethanol (10 mL) It was replaced concentrated. Ethanol to the resulting solution (3mL), hexane the (8mL) in addition to ice-cooling, and the mixture was stirred inoculated for 15 minutes. The mixture was stirred overnight dropwise over 2 hours hexane (75 mL) to. Collected by filtration the precipitated crystals, washing with hexane to give the title compound 5.49g and dried in vacuo (net 4.98 g, 74% yield). HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6 × 150 mm, 33.3 mM phosphate buffer / MeCN = 50/50, 1.0 mL / min, UV 210 nm, Retweeted 4.4 min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 ) [delta] 1.44 (s, 9H), 1.56-1.70 (m, 1H), 1.90-2.09 (m, 2H), 2.25-2.38 (m, 1H), 2.76 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (br.d., J = 11.6 Hz , 1H), 3.24-3.47 (m, 3H), 3.84-4.01 (m, 3H), 4.90 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.05 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 5.44 (br. . s, 1H), 7.34-7.48 (yd, 5H), 9.37 (Br.S., 1H); MS yd / z 435 [M + H] + .
Step 2
tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate
(V-1) tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl ] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (3.91 g, to a methanol solution (80 mL) of 9.01mmol), 10% palladium on carbon catalyst (50% water, 803 mg) was added, under hydrogen atmosphere and stirred for 45 minutes . The reaction mixture was filtered through Celite, after concentrated under reduced pressure to give 3.11g of the title compound (quantitative).
HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6 × 150 mm, 33.3 mM phosphate buffer / MeCN = 75/25, 1.0 mL / min, UV 210 nm, Retweeted 3.9 from min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CD 3 OD) [delta] 1.44 (s, 9H) , 1.73-1.83 (m, 1H), 1.86-1.99 (m, 1H), 2.01-2.12 (m, 1H), 2.22 (br.dd., J = 15.0, 7.0 Hz, 1H), 3.03 (d, J= 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.12 (br.d., J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.25-3.35 (m, 2H), 3.68-3.71 (m, 1H), 3.82-3.91 (m, 3H); MS M / Z 345 [M Tasu H] Tasu .
Step 3
Tetrabutylammonium tert- butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -7- oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl } amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate
(VI-1) tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct 2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (3.09g, in dichloromethane (80mL) solution of 8.97mmol), 2,6- lutidine (3.20mL), sulfur trioxide – pyridine complex (3 .58g) was added, and the mixture was stirred overnight at room temperature. The reaction mixture was poured into half-saturated aqueous sodium bicarbonate solution, washed the aqueous layer with chloroform, tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate to the aqueous layer and (3.47 g) chloroform (30 mL) was added and stirred for 10 minutes. The aqueous layer was extracted with chloroform, drying the obtained organic layer with anhydrous sodium sulfate, filtered, and concentrated in vacuo to give the title compound 5.46g (91% yield).
HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6X150mm, 33.3MM Phosphate Buffer / MeCN = 80/20, 1.0ML / Min, UV210nm, RT 2.0 Min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, CDCl 3 ) Deruta 1.01 (T, J = 7.4 Hz, 12H), 1.37-1.54 (m , 8H), 1.45 (s, 9H), 1.57-1.80 (m, 9H), 1.85-1.98 (m, 1H), 2.14-2.24 (m, 1H), 2.30- 2.39 (m, 1H), 2.83 (d, J = 11.6 Hz, 1H), 3.20-3.50 (m, 11H), 3.85-3.99 (m, 3H), 4.33-4.38 (m, 1H), 5.51 (br s , 1H), 9.44 (Br.S., 1H); MS yd / z 425 [M-Bu 4 N + 2H] + .
Step 4 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VII-1)
tetra butylammonium tert- butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -7- oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (5.20g, 7.82mmol) in dichloromethane (25mL) solution of ice-cold under trifluoroacetic acid (25mL), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour at 0 ℃. The reaction mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, washed the resulting residue with diethyl ether, adjusted to pH7 with aqueous sodium bicarbonate, subjected to an octadecyl silica gel column chromatography (water), after freeze drying, 1.44 g of the title compound obtained (57% yield).
HPLC: COSMOSIL 5C18 MS-II 4.6X150mm, 33.3MM Phosphate Buffer / MeCN = 99/1, 1.0ML / Min, UV210nm, RT 3.1 Min; 1 H NMR (400 MHz, D 2O) Deruta 1.66-1.76 (M, 1H), 1.76-1.88 (m, 1H ), 1.91-2.00 (m, 1H), 2.00-2.08 (m, 1H), 3.02 (d, J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.15 (t, J = 5.0 Hz , 2H), 3.18 (br d , J = 12.0 Hz, 1H), 3.95 (dd, J = 7.8, 2.2 Hz, 1H), 4.04 (t, J = 5.0 Hz, 2H), 4.07 (dd, J = 6.4 3.2 Hz &, 1H); MS yd / z 325 [M + H] + .

PATENT

WO 2015046207

Example
64 tert-butyl {2 – [({[( 2S, 5R) -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy ] ethyl} carbamate (V-1)
[of 124]

tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -6- benzyloxy-7-oxo-1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl } carbamate (example 63q, net 156.42g, 360mmol) in methanol solution (2.4L) of 10% palladium carbon catalyst (50% water, 15.64g) was added, under an atmosphere of hydrogen, stirred for 1.5 hours did. The catalyst was filtered through celite, filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure until 450mL, concentrated to 450mL by adding acetonitrile (1.5 L), the mixture was stirred ice-cooled for 30 minutes, collected by filtration the precipitated crystals, washing with acetonitrile, and vacuum dried to obtain 118.26g of the title compound (net 117.90g, 95% yield). Equipment data of the crystals were the same as those of the step 2 of Reference Example 3.

Example
65 (2S, 5R)-N- (2-aminoethoxy) -7-oxo-6- (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] octane-2-carboxamide (VI-1)
[of 125]
 tert- butyl {2 – [({[(2S, 5R) -1,6- -6- hydroxy-7-oxo-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate (example 64,537.61g, 1.561mol) in acetonitrile (7.8L) solution of 2,6-lutidine (512.08g), sulfur trioxide – pyridine complex (810.3g) was added, at room temperature in the mixture was stirred overnight. Remove insolubles and the mixture was filtered, the filtrate concentrated to 2.5 L, diluted with ethyl acetate (15.1L). The mixture was extracted with 20% phosphoric acid 2 hydrogencarbonate aqueous solution (7.8L), the resulting aqueous layer into ethyl acetate (15.1L), added tetrabutylammonium hydrogen sulfate (567.87g), was stirred for 20 min. The organic layer was separated layers, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate (425 g), after filtration, concentration under reduced pressure, substituted concentrated tetrabutylammonium tert- butyl with dichloromethane (3.1L) {2 – [({[(2S, 5R ) -7-oxo-6 (sulfooxy) 1,6-diazabicyclo [3.2.1] oct-2-yl] carbonyl} amino) oxy] ethyl} carbamate was obtained 758g (net 586.27g, Osamu rate 84%).
 The tetra-butyl ammonium salt 719g (net 437.1g, 0.656mol) in dichloromethane (874mL) solution was cooled to -20 ℃, dropping trifluoroacetic acid (874mL) at 15 minutes, 1 the temperature was raised to 0 ℃ It was stirred time. The reaction was cooled to -20 ° C. was added dropwise diisopropyl ether (3.25L), and the mixture was stirred for 1 hour the temperature was raised to 0 ° C.. The precipitate is filtered, washed with diisopropyl ether to give the title compound 335.36g of crude and vacuum dried (net 222.35g, 99% yield).
 The title compound of crude were obtained (212.99g, net 133.33g) and ice-cold 0.2M phosphate buffer solution of pH5.3 mix a little at a time, alternating between the (pH6.5,4.8L). The solution was concentrated under reduced pressure to 3.6L, it was adjusted to pH5.5 at again 0.2M phosphate buffer (pH6.5,910mL). The solution resin purification (Mitsubishi Kasei, SP207, water ~ 10% IPA solution) is subjected to, and concentrated to collect active fractions, after lyophilization, to give the title compound 128.3 g (96% yield). Equipment data of the crystals were the same as those of step 3 of Reference Example 3.

PATENT

US 20140288051

WO 2014091268

WO 2013180197

US 20130225554

///////////RG-6080, 1452458-86-4, FPI-1459,  OP-0595, Phase I ,  β-lactamase inhibitor, bacterial infections, Fedora parmaceuticals, Meiji Seika Pharma

MK 8876


STR1

MK 8876
CAS 1426960-33-9

2-(4-Fluorophenyl)-5-(11-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][1,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indol-2-yl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethanesulfonamido)-1-benzofuran-3-carboxamide

2-(4-Fluorophenyl)-5-(11-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][1,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indol-2-yl)-N-methyl-6-[methyl(methylsulfonyl)amino]-3-benzofurancarboxamide
Molecular Formula C32H24F2N4O5S
Molecular Weight 614.62
  • Originator Merck & Co
  • Class Antivirals
  • Phase I Hepatitis C

Most Recent Events

  • 11 Oct 2013 Phase-I clinical trials in Hepatitis C in Germany (PO)
  • 11 Oct 2013 Phase-I clinical trials in Hepatitis C in Moldova (PO)
  • 23 Aug 2013 Preclinical trials in Hepatitis C in USA (PO)

DATA

2-(4-Fluorophenyl)-5-(11-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][1,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indol-2-yl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethanesulfonamido)-1-benzofuran-3-carboxamide

MK-8876 off-white solid

1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 8.56 (q, J = 4.7 Hz, 1H), 8.06–8.01 (m, 2H), 8.05 (s, 1H), 7.86 (s, 1H), 7.71 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.62 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, 1H), 7.52 (d, J = 8.3 Hz, 1H), 7.46–7.40 (m, 2H), 7.29–7.22 (m, 1H), 7.11 (s, 1H), 6.94 (dd, J = 10.6, 7.9 Hz, 1H), 6.27 (s, 2H), 3.31 (s, 3H), 2.96 (s, 3H), 2.85 (d, J = 4.7 Hz, 3H);

13C NMR (125.7 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ 162.86, 162.82 (d, JC–F = 248.5 Hz), 155.74 (d, JC–F = 246.1 Hz), 153.80, 152.43, 152.28, 147.20, 137.08, 137.00 (d, JC–F = 10.8 Hz), 136.36, 136.20, 132.37, 129.50 (d, JC–F = 8.6 Hz), 127.17, 125.45 (d, JC–F = 3.1 Hz), 125.08, 125.02, 123.70 (d, JC–F = 7.7 Hz), 122.28, 117.23 (d, JC–F = 22.4 Hz), 116.01 (d, JC–F = 21.9 Hz), 113.65, 111.76, 106.90 (d,JC–F = 3.5 Hz), 105.32 (d, JC–F = 18.5 Hz), 94.16, 73.57, 39.39, 37.24, 26.16;

HR-ESI-MS m/zcalcd for C32H25N4O5SF2+ [M + H]+ 615.1514, found 615.1500.

. HPLC Method and Retention Time Data
HPLC Method
column Ascentis Express C18 2.7 μm (fused core), 100 mm × 4.6 mm
detection UV at 210 nm
column temperature 40 °C
flow rate 1.8 mL/min
injection volume 5.0 μL
gradient 90% A to 5% A over 11 min, hold at 5% A for 2 min, 5% A back to 90% A over the next 0.1 min, and then hold at 90% A for 2.9 min
run time 16 min
data collection acquisition for the first 13 min
mobile phases solvent A: water with 0.1% H3PO4
solvent B: acetonitrile
Retention Time Data
identity tR (min)
boronic acid 27 4.24
desbromoarene 28 5.33
MK-8876 (1) 7.89
chloropyridine starting material 2 8.03
BHT 10.22

SYNTHESIS 

Figure imgf000211_0002

Figure imgf000212_0002

Figure imgf000213_0001

STR1

CONTD……………

STR1

STR1

MK 8876

Figure imgf000207_0002

Figure imgf000211_0001

Figure imgf000211_0002

Figure imgf000212_0002

Figure imgf000213_0001

Figure imgf000213_0002

Figure imgf000214_0001

Figure imgf000207_0001

MK 8876

Patent

WO 2013033900

Scheme 1

Figure imgf000024_0001

Scheme 2

Figure imgf000025_0001

Scheme 3

Figure imgf000026_0001

Q

Scheme 4

Figure imgf000027_0001

EXAMPLES

Example 1

Preparation of Compound 1

Figure imgf000028_0001THIS COMPD HAS ONE FLUORO MISSING, APPLY TO YOUR MK  8876

Step 1 – Synthesis of 2,6-dichloropyridin-3-ol

Figure imgf000028_0002

Η202 (1.60 g, 47.12 mmol) was added slowly to the solution of compound 2,6- dichloropyridin-3-ylboronic acid (3 g, 15.71 mmol) in CH2CI2 (30 mL) at 0 °C. After stirred at room temperature for about 15 hours, the mixture was quenched with sat. Na2S203 aqueous (50 mL) and adjusted to pH < 7 with IN HC1. The mixture was extracted with EtOAc (40 mL x 3). The organic layer was washed with brine (100 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated to provide2,6-dichloropyridin-3-ol (2.34 g, yield: 91.4%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.30 (d, / = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.19 (d, / = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 5.70 (br, 1H).

– Synthesis of 2,6-dichloro- -methoxypyridine

Figure imgf000028_0003

To a solution of 2,6-dichloropyridin-3-ol (16.3 g, 0.1 mol) and K2C03 (41.4 g, 0.3 mol) in DMF (200 mL) were added Mel (21.3 g, 0.15 mol). The mixture was allowed to stir at 80 °C for 2 hours. The mixture was then diluted with water (200 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (200 mL x 3). The organic layer was washed with brine (200 mL x 3), dried over Na2S04, filtered and the solvent was evaporated to provide 2,6-dichloro-3-methoxypyridine (17.0 g, yield: 96.0%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.12-7.18 (m, 2H), 3.86 (s, 3H). Step 3 – Synthesis of2-(6-chloro-3-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-lH-indole

Figure imgf000029_0001

To a degassed solution of compound 2,6-dichloro-3-methoxypyridine (8.9 g, 0.05 mol), (l-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-lH-indol-2-yl)boronic acid (13 g, 0.05 mol) and K3PO4 (31.8 g, 3.0 mol) in DMF (100 mL) was added Pd(dppf)Cl2 (3.65 g, 0.005 mol) under N2. The mixture was heated at 60 °C for about 15 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc and filtered. The filtrate was washed with H20, brine, dried over Na2S04. After being concentrated in vacuo, the resulting residue was purified using prep-HPLC to provide the desired product of 2-(6-chloro-3-methoxypyridin-2-yl)-lH-indole (9.0 g, yield:

69.8%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 9.52 (s, 1H), 7.65 (d, / = 7.6 Hz, 1H), 7.38-7.43 (m, 2H), 7.07-7.26 (m, 4H), 4.03 (s, 3H).

Step 4 – Synthesis of6-chlor -2-(lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol

Figure imgf000029_0002

BBr3 (0.4 mL, 0.39 mmol) was added to the solution of 2-(6-chloro-3- methoxypyridin-2-yl)-lH-indole (50 mg, 0.194 mmol) in CH2C12 (0.5 mL) at -78 °C under N2. The mixture was allowed to stir at room temperature for 3 hours. The mixture was then quenched with CH3OH (10 mL) at -78 °C. After being concentrated in vacuo, the resulting residue was purified using prep-TLC (PE : EtOAc = 2.5 : 1) to afford the desired product of 6- chloro-2-(lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol (40 mg, yield: 85.1%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 10.09 (s, 1H), 9.72 (s, 1H), 7.50 (d, / = 7.9 Hz, 1H), 7.17-7.32 (m, 3H), 7.08-7.14 (m, 1H), 6.87-6.96 (m, 2H).

Step 5 – Synthesis of 2-chlo -6H-pyrido[2′ ,3′ : 5 ,6] [ 1 ,3]oxazino[3 ,4-a]indole

Figure imgf000029_0003

To a solution of chloroiodomethane (3.51 g, 20.0 mmol) and K2CO3 (1.38 g, 10.0 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was allowed to stir at 100 °C, 6-chloro-2-(lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol (480 mg, 2.0 mmol) in DMF (50 mL) was added dropwise. After addition, the mixture was allowed to stir for another 0.5 hours. The mixture was then diluted with water (100 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (100 mL x 3). The organic layer was washed with brine (100 mL x 3), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated. The residue was purified using prep-TLC (PE : EtOAc = 3 1) to afford the desired product of 2-chloro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][l,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indole (260 mg, yield: 50.7%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.63 (d, / = 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.22-7.27 (m, 3H), 7.19 (d, / = 2.4 Hz, 1H), 7.08-7.12 (m, 2H), 5.86 (s, 2H).

Step 6 – Synthesis of2-(4-fluowphenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethylsulfonamido)-5-(6H- pyridol 2 ‘,3’:5,6][ l, mpound 1 )

To a degassed solution of 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N- methylmethylsulfonamido)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzofuran-3- carboxamide (502 mg, 1.0 mmol), 2-chloro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][l,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indole (256 mg, 1.0 mmol) and K3PO4 (636 mg, 3.0 mmol) in dioxane : H20 (1.5 mL : 0.4 mL) was added Pd2(dba)3 (91 mg, 0.1 mmol) and X-phos (91 mg, 0.2 mmol) under N2. The mixture was heated to 110 °C for 3 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc and filtered. The filtrate was washed with H20, brine, dried over Na2S04. After being concentrated in vacuo, the resulting residue was purified using prep-HPLC to provide the desired product of Compound 1 (275 mg, yield: 46.1%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.88-7.94 (m, 3H), 7.61-7.63 (m, 2H), 7.40 (s, 2H), 7.09-7.28 (m, 6H), 5.94 (s, 2H), 5.86 (d, / = 4.4 Hz, 1H), 3.29 (s, 3H), 2.92 (d, / = 5.2 Hz, 3H), 2.65 (s, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 596.

Compounds 2-15, depicted in the table below, were prepared using the method described above.

COMPD 2 IS MK 8876

Figure imgf000031_0001

PATENT

WO 2013033971

Example 81

Preparation of Compound 2

Figure imgf000207_0001

Synthesis of ethyl 3- 4-fluorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate

Figure imgf000207_0002

Diethyl carbonate (130 g, 1.1 mol) was dissolved in a suspension ofNaH (60% in oil, 50.2 g, 1.3 mol) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (1.5 L), and then l-(4-fluorophenyl)ethanone (150 g, 1.09 mol) was added dropwise at 70 °C. The resulting mixture was stirred at 70 °C for 3 hours. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature and poured into HCl (1 N). The mixture was extracted with EtOAc, the organic phase was dried with anhydrous NaS04 and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (eluted with petroleum ether / EtOAc = 50 / 1) to provide ethyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate (217 g, yield: 95%). 1H-NMR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.92-7.97 (m, 2H), 7.07-7.13 (m, 2H), 4.14-4.20 (m, 2H), 3.93 (s, 2H), 1.22 (d, J= 7.2 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 211. Step 2 – Synthesis of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)benzofuran-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000207_0003

A solution of ethyl 3-(4-fluorophenyl)-3-oxopropanoate (130 g, 0.6 mol), 4- bromophenol (311 g, 1.8 mol) and FeCl3-6H20 (19.5 g, 0.09 mol) in DCE (700 mL) was heated to reflux, and then 2-(tert-butylperoxy)-2-methylpropane (193 g, 1.32 mol) was added dropwise under nitrogen. After 6 hours of refluxing, the mixture was cooled to RT, quenched with saturated NaHS03 and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic phases were washed with water, brine and dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (petroleum ether / dichloromethane = 15 / 1) to provide the crude product, which was crystallized from cold MeOH to provde ethyl 5-bromo-2- (4-fluorophenyl)benzofuran-3-carboxylate (37 g, yield: 14.3%) as solid. 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.12 (s, 1H), 7.97-8.01 (m, 2H), 7.37 (d, J= 4.0 Hz, 1H), 7.32 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 7.11 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H), 4.32-4.38 (m, 2H), 1.36 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 363 / 365.

Step 3 – Synthesis of eth l 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophen -6-nitrobenzofuran-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000208_0001

To a solution of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)benzofuran-3-carboxylate (50 g,

137.6 mmol) in CHC13 (500 mL), fuming HN03 (50 mL) was added dropwise at -15 °C and the mixture was stirred for 0.5 hour. The reaction mixture was poured into ice water and extracted with CH2C12. The organic layer was washed with a.q. sat. NaHC03 and brine, after removed the most of solvent, the resulting residue was crystallized with petroleum ether / dichloromethane = 20 / 1 to provide product of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-6-nitrobenzofuran-3-carboxylate (35 g, yield: 66%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.36 (s, 1H), 8.02-8.04 (m, 3H), 7.13-7.18 (m, 2H), 4.36-4.41 (m, 2H), 1.37 (t, J= 4.0 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 408 / 410.

Step 4 – Synthesis of ethyl 6-amino-5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)benzofuran-3-carboxylate

Figure imgf000208_0002

A mixture of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-6-nitrobenzofuran-3-carboxylate (52 g, 127 mmol), iron filings (21.3 g, 382.2 mmol) and H4C1 (41 g, 764.4 mmol) in MeOH / THF / H20 (2 / 2 / 1, 500 mL) was stirred at reflux for 3 hour. After filtered and concentrated, the resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (petroleum ether / EtOAc / dichloromethane = 20 : 1 : 20) to provide ethyl 6-amino-5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl) benzofuran-3-carboxylate (40 g, yield: 82%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.01 (s, 1H), 7.94-7.98 (m, 2H), 7.08 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 2H), 6.83 (s, 1H), 4.32-4.36 (m, 2H), 4.18 (s, 2H), 1.35 (t, J= 8.0 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 378 / 380.

Step 5 – Synthesis of 5-Bromo-2-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-6-methanesulfonylamino-benzofuran-3- carboxylic acid eth l ester

Figure imgf000209_0001

MsCI (31.7 g, 277.5 mmol) was added to a solution of ethyl 6-amino-5-bromo-2- (4-fluorophenyl)benzofuran-3-carboxylate (35 g, 92.5 mmol) and pyridine (60 mL) in

dichloromethane (300 mL) at 0 °C. After stirred overnight at room temperature, the mixture was diluted with water and extracted with dichloromethane. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo, the resulting residue was purified using crystallized with EtOAc to provde the pure product of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-6- (methylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxylate (35 g, yield: 82%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 8.27 (s, 1H), 8.01-8.05 (m, 2H), 7.87 (s, 1H), 7.15-7.19 (m, 2H), 6.87 (s, 1H), 4.38-4.43 (m, 2H), 3.00 (s, 3H), 1.40 (t, J= 40 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 456 / 458.

Step 6 – Synthesis of 5-Bromo-2-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-6-methanesulfonylamino-benzofuran-3- carboxylic acid

Figure imgf000209_0002

To a solution of ethyl 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-6-(methylsulfonamido) benzofuran-3-carboxylate (53 g, 0.23 mol) in dioxane / H20 (5 / 1, 600 mL) was added

LiOH-H20 (25 g, 1.17 mol), and the mixture was stirred at 100 °C for 3 hours. After

concentrated, the resulting residue was dissolved in H20, 1 N HCl was added until pH reached 3, and the mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and filtered. The solvent was removed to provide the product of 5-bromo-2-(4- fluorophenyl)-6-(methylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxylic acid (48 g, yield: 96%).1H- MR (DMSO- e, 400 MHz) δ 13.49 (s, 1H), 9.67 (s, 1H), 8.30 (s, 1H), 8.12-8.17 (m, 2H), 7.87 (s, 1H), 7.45-7.50 (m, 2H), 3.16 (s, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 428 / 430. Step 7 – Synthesis of 5-Bromo-2-(4-fluoro-phenyl)-6-methanesulfonylamino-benzofuran-3- carboxylic acid methylamide

Figure imgf000210_0001

A solution of 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-6-(methylsulfonamido) benzofuran-3- carboxylic acid (33 g, 77 mmol), HOBT (15.6 g, 115.5 mmol) and EDCI (22.2 g, 115.5 mmol) in DMF (250 mL) was stirred at room temperature. After 2 hours, Et3N (50 mL) and CH3 H2 (HC1 salt, 17.7 g, 231 mmol) was added to the mixture, and the mixture was stirred overnight. After the solvent was removed, H20 was added and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate. The combined organic layer was washed with H20, brine and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was washed with EtOAc to provide the product of 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N- methyl-6-(methylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxamide (32 g, yield: 94%). 1H- MR (DMSO- ck, 400 MHz) δ 9.55 (br s, 1H), 8.46-8.48 (m, 1H), 8.12-8.17 (m, 2H), 7.96 (s, 1H), 7.87 (s, 1H), 7.45-7.50 (m, 2H), 3.16 (s, 3H), 2.93 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 441 / 443.

Step 8 – Synthesis of 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N- methylmethylsulfonamido benzofuran-3-carboxamide

Figure imgf000210_0002

CH3I (31.6 g, 223 mmol) was added to a mixture of 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)- N-methyl-6-(methylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxamide (32 g, 74 mmol), K2C03 (25.6 g, 186 mmol) and KI (246 mg, 1.5 mmol) in DMF (150 mL) under N2 protection. The mixture was stirred at 80-90 °C overnight. After concentrated in vacuo, the resulting residue was washed with water (200 mL) and EtOAc (200 mL) to provide the product of 5-bromo-2-(4- fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxamide (31.5 g, 94%). 1H- MR (CDCI3, 400 MHz) δ 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.88-7.92 (m, 2H), 7.70 (s, 1H), 7.18-7.23 (m, 2H), 5.78 (br s, 1H), 3.34 (s, 3H), 3.09 (s, 3H), 3.00 (d, J= 4.8 Hz, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 455 / 457. Step 9 – Synthesis of 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethylsulfonamido)-5-(4, 4, 5, 5- tetramethyl-1 -dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzofuran-3-carboxamide

Figure imgf000211_0001

a degassed solution of 5-bromo-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N- methylmethylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxamide (1.0 g, 2.2 mmol) and pinacol diborane (2.79 g, 11.0 mmol) in 1,4-Dioxane (25 mL) was added KOAc (647 mg, 6.6 mmol) under N2 and stirred for 4 hours at room temperature. Then Pd(dppf)Cl2 (60 mg) was added, and the mixture was stirred for another 30 minutes. Then the mixture was put into a pre-heated oil-bath at 130 °C and stirred for another 1 hour under N2. The reaction mixture was cooled to room

temperatureand concentrated and extracted with EtOAc. The organic layers were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04. After concentrated, the crude product of the boronic ester was purified using column chromatography (petroleum ether / EtOAc = 5 / 1 to 2 / 1) to obtain 2-(4- fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethylsulfonamido)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2- dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzofuran-3-carboxamide as white solid (700 mg, yield: 64%). 1H- MR (CDCI3, 400 ΜΗζ) δ 8.17 (s, 1H), 7.87-7.91 (m, 2H), 7.52 (s, 1H), 7.11 (t, 7= 7.6 Hz, 2H), 5.81 (d, 7= 2.8 Hz, 1H), 3.30 (s, 3H), 2.97 (d, 7= 5.2 Hz, 3H), 2.90 (s, 3H), 1.31 (s, 12H). MS (M+H)+: 503.

Step 10 – Synthesis of tert-butyl 4-fluoro-lH-indole-l -car boxy late

Figure imgf000211_0002

To a solution of 4-fluoro-lH-indole (5 g, 0.11 mol) and DMAP (150 mg, 3%Wt) in THF (50 mL) was added (Boc)20 (8.5 g, 0.04 mol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The organic solvent was removed in vacuo, and the resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (pure petroleum ether) to provide tert-butyl 4-fluoro- lH-indole-l-carboxylate (8.3 g, yield: 96%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.92 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.55 (d, J= 3.6 Hz, 1H), 7.23 (m, 1H), 6.90 (m, 1H), 6.66 (d, J= 3.6 Hz, 1H), 1.67 (s, 9H). MS (M+H)+: 236.

Step 11 – Synthesis of (l-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)boronic acid

Figure imgf000212_0001

To a solution of diisopropylamine (7.5 mL, 0.11 mol) in THF (35 mL) at 0 °C was added «-BuLi (21 mL, 0.055 mol) dropwise. The mixture was stirred at 0 °C for 40 minutes. Then the mixture was cooled to -78 °C. Tert-butyl 4-fluoro-lH-indole-l-carboxylate (5 g, 0.02 mol) in THF (13 mL) was added dropwise slowly. After addition, the mixture was stirred at -78 °C for 2 hours. Then triisopropyl borate (3.29 g, 0.03 mol) was added. The mixture was stirred at -78 °C for another 40 minutes. The reaction was monitored using TLC. When the reaction was completed, the mixture was adjusted to pH = 6 with 1 N HC1. After extracted with EtOAc (25 mL x 3), the combined organic layers were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The obtained solid was recrystallized with EtOAc and petroleum ether to provide (l-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)boronic acid (4.5 g, yield: 76.7%, which might be unstable at high temp, work up, store in fridge). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.77 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.57 (s, 1H), 7.44 (s, 2H), 7.24 (m, 1H), 6.90 (m, 1H), 1.66 (s, 9H). MS (M+H)+: 280.

Step 12 – Synthesis of 6-chloro-2-iodopyridin-3-ol

Figure imgf000212_0002

6-chloropyridin-3-ol (5.0 g, 38.6 mmol) was dissolved in water (50 mL) and placed under an N2 atmosphere. Na2C03 (8.2 g, 77.4 mmol) was added followed by iodine (9.8 g, 38.8 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The mixture was poured into 1M Na2S203 and extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic phases were washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated to provide the product of 6-chloro-2- iodopyridin-3-ol (7.0 g, yield: 70.9%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ 7.17 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.06 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, 1H). MS (M+H)+: 256 / 258.

Step 13 – Synthesis of 6-chloro-2-(4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol

Figure imgf000213_0001

A mixture of (l-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)boronic acid (5 g, 18.0 mmol), 6-chloro-2-iodopyridin-3-ol (3.82 g, 15.0 mol) and NaHC03 (3.78 g, 45.0 mol) in 1, 4-dioxane (76 mL) and water (7 mL) was stirred at room temperature for 15 minutes. Then Pd(PPh3)2Cl2 (527 mg, 0.75 mmol) was added under nitrogen atmosphere, and the mixture was heated at 100 °C under N2 for 16 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, diluted with EtOAc (50 mL), filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was diluted with H20 (60 mL) and EtOAc (30 mL), and the layer was separated, the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (3*30 mL). The combined organic layers were washed with brine (50 mL), dried over Na2S04, filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (petroleum ether / EtOAc = 20 / 1 ~ 3 / 1) to provide 6-chloro-2- (4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol (3 g, yield: 76.5%). 1H- MR (MeOD, 400 MHz) δ 7.36 (s, 1H), 7.23-7.27 (m, 2H), 7.03-7.11 (m, 2H), 6.63-6.68 (m, 1H). MS (M+H)+: 263 / 265.

Ste 14 – Synthesis of 2-chloro-ll-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5, 6][l,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indole

Figure imgf000213_0002

A solution of 6-chloro-2-(4-fluoro-lH-indol-2-yl)pyridin-3-ol (2 g, 7.6 mmol) and Cs2C03 (7.46 g, 22.89 mmol) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at 100 °C (internal temperature) for 15 min, and then chloroiodomethane (2.85 g, 15.3 mmol) in DMF (2 mL) was added dropwise. After the reaction was completed, the mixture was filtered and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was diluted with water (50 mL) and extracted with ethyl acetate (30 mL x 3). The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified using column chromatography (petroleum ether:EA=10: l) to provde 2-chloro-l l-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][l,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indole (1.8 g, yield: 86.1%). 1H- MR (DMSO-i¾, 400 MHz) δ 7.64 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 1H), 7.39-7.46 (m, 2H), 7.21-7.25 (m, 1H), 7.06 (s, 1H), 6.88-6.92 (m, 1H), 6.18 (s, 2H). MS (M+H)+: 275 / 277. Step 15 – Synthesis of5-(ll-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2 3′:5, 6][l,3]oxazino[3,4-a]indol-2-yl)-2-(4- fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N-methylmethylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxam

Figure imgf000214_0001

To a degassed solution of 2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N- methylmethylsulfonamido)-5-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-l,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)benzofuran-3- carboxamide (100 mg, 0.199 mmol), 2-chloro-l l-fluoro-6H-pyrido[2′,3′:5,6][l,3]oxazino[3,4- a]indole (56 mg, 0.199 mmol) and Κ3Ρ04·3Η20 (159 mg, 0.597 mmol) in dioxane / H20 (0.8 mL / 0.2 mL) was added Pd2(dba)3 (9 mg, 0.01 mmol) and X-Phos (9 mg, 0.02 mmol) under N2. The mixture was heated at 80 °C for 1 hour. The mixture was then diluted with water (30 mL) and extracted with EtOAc (15 mL x 3). The organic layer was washed with brine (20 mL), dried over Na2S04 and concentrated in vacuo. The resulting residue was purified using prep-TLC (petroleum ether / EtOAc = 1 : 1.5) to provde the pure product of 5-(l l-fluoro-6H- pyrido [2′, 3 ‘ : 5 , 6] [ 1 , 3 ]oxazino [3 ,4-a]indol-2-yl)-2-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-6-(N- methylmethylsulfonamido)benzofuran-3-carboxamide (60 mg, 48.8%). 1H- MR (CDC13, 400 MHz) δ: 7.99 (s, 1H), 7.93-7.96 (m, 2H), 7.65 (s, 1H), 7.45-7.50 (m, 2H), 7.17-7.21 (m, 4H), 7.10 (d, J= 8.0 Hz, 1H), 6.81-6.85 (m, 1H), 5.98 (s, 3H), 3.35 (s, 3H), 2.98 (d, J= 4.8 Hz, 3H), 2.72 (s, 3H). MS (M+H)+: 615.

Paper

Abstract Image

We describe the route development and multikilogram-scale synthesis of an HCV NS5B site D inhibitor, MK-8876. The key topics covered are (1) process improvement of the two main fragments; (2) optimization of the initially troublesome penultimate step, a key bis(boronic acid) (BBA)-based borylation; (3) process development of the final Suzuki–Miyaura coupling; and (4) control of the drug substance form. These efforts culminated in a 28 kg delivery of the desired active pharmaceutical ingredient.

Process Development of the HCV NS5B Site D Inhibitor MK-8876

Department of Process Research and Development, Merck Research Laboratories, Rahway, New Jersey 07065, United States
Department of Process Chemistry, Merck Sharp & Dohme Ltd., Hertford Road, Hoddesdon, Hertfordshire EN11 9BU, United Kingdom
§ Werthenstein BioPharma GmbH (MSD Switzerland), Industrie Nord 1, CH-6105 Schachen, Switzerland
WuXi AppTec Co., Ltd., No. 1 Building, #288 FuTe ZhongLu, WaiGaoQiao Free Trade Zone, Shanghai 200131, China
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00405

*E-mail: qinghao.chen@merck.com

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00405

PAPER

Abstract Image

Using the Teasdale method, purge factor estimates for six impurities identified as mutagenic alerts in the synthesis of MK-8876 are compared to actual measured amounts of these impurities determined via appropriate analytical methods. The results from this comparison illustrate the conservative nature of purge factor estimates, meaning that overprediction of mutagenic impurity purging is unlikely when using this method. Industry and regulatory acceptance of the purge factor estimation method may help minimize analytical burden in pharmaceutical development projects.

Evaluation and Control of Mutagenic Impurities in a Development Compound: Purge Factor Estimates vs Measured Amounts

Merck and Co., Rahway, New Jersey 07065, United States
Advanced Polymer Technology, The Dow Chemical Company, 400 Arcola Road, Collegeville, Pennsylvania 19426, United States
Org. Process Res. Dev., 2015, 19 (11), pp 1531–1535
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00263

*E-mail: mark_mclaughlin@merck.com.

This article is part of the Genotoxic Impurities 2015 special issue.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.oprd.5b00263?journalCode=oprdfk

WO2004041201A2 * Oct 31, 2003 May 21, 2004 Viropharma Incorporated Benzofuran compounds, compositions and methods for treatment and prophylaxis of hepatitis c viral infections and associated diseases
WO2011106992A1 * Mar 2, 2011 Sep 9, 2011 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Inhibitors of hepatitis c virus ns5b polymerase
WO2004041201A2 * Oct 31, 2003 May 21, 2004 Viropharma Incorporated Benzofuran compounds, compositions and methods for treatment and prophylaxis of hepatitis c viral infections and associated diseases
WO2010030592A1 * Sep 8, 2009 Mar 18, 2010 Bristol-Myers Squibb Company Compounds for the treatment of hepatitis c
WO2011106992A1 * Mar 2, 2011 Sep 9, 2011 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Inhibitors of hepatitis c virus ns5b polymerase
Citing Patent Filing date Publication date Applicant Title
WO2014123794A1 * Feb 3, 2014 Aug 14, 2014 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Tetracyclic heterocycle compounds and methods of use thereof for the treatment of hepatitis c
WO2014123795A2 * Feb 3, 2014 Aug 14, 2014 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Tetracyclic heterocycle compounds and methods of use thereof for the treatment of hepatitis c
WO2014123795A3 * Feb 3, 2014 Oct 30, 2014 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Tetracyclic heterocycle compounds and methods of use thereof for the treatment of hepatitis c
US9242998 Feb 3, 2014 Jan 26, 2016 Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp. Tetracyclic heterocycle compounds and methods of use thereof for the treatment of hepatitis C

//////MK-8876, 1426960-33-9, Merck & Co, Antivirals, Phase I,  Hepatitis C

Fc7cccc6c7cc2n6COc1ccc(nc12)c3cc4c(cc3N(C)S(C)(=O)=O)oc(c4C(=O)NC)c5ccc(F)cc5

Recilisib Sodium, EX-RAD


Recilisib Sodium

Phase I

C16H12ClNaO4S
Molecular Weight: 358.771849 g/mol

Recilisib sodium.png

A protein kinase inhibitor potentially for the treatment of acute radiation syndrome.

sodium;4-[(E)-2-[(4-chlorophenyl)methylsulfonyl]ethenyl]benzoate

Onc-01210; ON-01210.Na, Ex-RAD; ON 01210.Na; ON-01210; ON-01210-Na; Recilisib

CAS No. 334969-03-8(free)

CAS 922139-31-9(Recilisib sodium)

Benzoic acid, 4-[(1E)-2-[[(4-chlorophenyl)methyl]sulfonyl]ethenyl]-, sodium salt (1:1)

Onconova Therapeutics Inc, Univ Temple INNOVATOR

Stephen C Cosenza, Lawrence Helson,Premkumar E Reddy, Ramana M V Reddy  INVENTORS

Company Onconova Therapeutics Inc.
Description Synthetic, low molecular weight radioprotectant that modulates DNA repair pathways
Molecular Target DNA
Mechanism of Action Radioprotectant
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Phase I
Standard Indication Poisoning
Indication Details Prevent radiation poisoning; Provide radation protection; Treat and prevent acute radiation syndrome (ARS)
  • Originator Onconova Therapeutics
  • Class Radioprotectives; Small molecules; Sulfonamides
  • Mechanism of Action Apoptosis inhibitors; Protein kinase inhibitors
  • Orphan Drug Status Yes – Acute radiation syndrome
  • Phase I Acute radiation syndrome

Most Recent Events

  • 22 Apr 2016 Phase I development is ongoing in the US (PO & SC)
  • 20 Mar 2014 Recilisib receives Orphan Drug status for Acute radiation syndrome in USA
  • 03 Oct 2012 Phase-I clinical trials in Acute radiation syndrome in USA (PO)

Ex-Rad (or Ex-RAD), also known by the code name ON 01210.Na, or recilisib sodium (INN, USAN) is a drug developed by Onconova Therapeutics and the U.S. Department of Defense.[1][2] This newly developed compound is said to be a potent radiation protection agent.  Chemically, it is the sodium salt of 4-carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone.[3]

Clinical trials

The results of two Phase I clinical studies in healthy human volunteers indicate that subcutaneously injected Ex-Rad is safe and well tolerated, with “no evidence of systemic side effects”.[4] A study in mice demonstrated the efficacy of Ex-Rad by increasing the survival rate of mice exposed to typically lethal whole-body irradiation. The study tested oral and parenteral administration of Ex-Rad for both pre- and post-exposure radiomitigation.[1]

Research on Ex-Rad has involved collaboration with the Armed Forces Radiobiology Research Institute (AFRRI), the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular & Cellular Biology at Georgetown University, Long Island University‘s Arnold & Marie Schwartz College of Pharmacy, and the Department of Oncological Sciences at the Mt. Sinai School of Medicine.[1]

Mechanism of action

Onconova suggests that Ex-Rad protects cells exposed to radiation against DNA damage, and that the drug’s mechanism of action does not involve scavenging free radicals or arresting the cell cycle. Instead, they claim it employs a “novel mechanism” involving “intracellular signaling, damage sensing, and DNA repair pathways”.[4] Ex-RAD is a chlorobenzylsulfone derivative that works after free radicals have damaged DNA. Onconova CEO Ramesh Kumar believes this is a better approach than trying to scavenge free radicals. “Free radicals are very short-lived, and so the window of opportunity to give a drug is very narrow,” he says. In cell and animal models, Ex-RAD protects hematopoieticand gastrointestinal tissues from radiation injury when given either before or after exposure.[5]

While anti-radiation suits or other protective gear may be effective at reducing radiation exposure, such gear is expensive, unwieldy, and generally not available to public. Moreover, radioprotective gear will not protect normal tissue adjacent to a tumor from stray radiation exposure during radiotherapy. Pharmaceutical radioprotectants offer a cost-efficient, effective and easily available alternative to radioprotective gear. However, previous attempts at radioprotection of normal cells with pharmaceutical compositions have not been entirely successful. For example, cytokines directed at mobilizing the peripheral blood progenitor cells confer a myeloprotective effect when given prior to radiation (Neta et al., Semin. Radiat. Oncol. 6:306-320, 1996), but do not confer systemic protection. Other chemical radioprotectors administered alone or in combination with biologic response modifiers have shown minor protective effects in mice, but application of these compounds to large mammals was less successful, and it was questioned whether chemical radioprotection was of any value (Maisin, J. R., Bacq and Alexander Award Lecture. “Chemical radioprotection: past, present, and future prospects”, Int J. Radiat Biol. 73:443-50, 1998). Pharmaceutical radiation sensitizers, which are known to preferentially enhance the effects of radiation in cancerous tissues, are clearly unsuited for the general systemic protection of normal tissues from exposure to ionizing radiation.

The major biological effects of radiation exposure are the destruction of bone marrow cells, gastrointestinal (GI) damage, lung pneumonitis, and central nervous system (CNS) damage. The long-term effects of radiation exposure include an increase in cancer rates. It has been estimated that the exposure of 100 rems (roentgen equivalent man: a measurement used to quantify the amount of radiation that would produce harmful biological effects) would produce ARS symptoms. Exposure levels above 300 rems would result in the death of approximately 50% of the exposed population.

The α,β-unsaturated aryl sulfones, in particular benzyl styryl sulfones, provide significant and selective systemic protection of normal cells from radiation-induced damage in animals. When used in radiotherapy techniques, these compounds also exhibit independent toxicity to cancer cells. These α,β-unsaturated aryl sulfones, in particular benzyl styryl sulfones, are described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,656,973 and 6,667,346, which are particularly incorporated herein by reference in their entirety. Although these compounds are stable in solid state their aqueous formulations for parenteral administration are pH sensitive and pose challenging hurdles to overcome physical stability. The most likely causative factor may be attributed to the reactive styryl sulfone conjugated double bond, which is prone to Michael addition by nucleophiles and eventual fallout of the conjugated addition product.

U.S. Patent No. 6,656,973, describes in vitro pharmacological effects of DMSO solubilization of a benzyl styryl sulfone (e.g. ON 01210.NA) but fails to disclose a composition comprising ON 01210. NA formulation and specifically, a shelf stable formulation which is suitable for administration to humans.

PCT Application WO 2007/016201 describes pharmaceutical solution compositions for parenteral administration for reducing toxic effects of ionizing radiation in a subject, comprising an effective amount of at least one radioprotective α,β-Unsaturated aryl sulfone, and at least one component selected from the group consisting of a) a water soluble polymer in an amount between about 0.5% and about 90% w/v, b) at least one chemically modified cyclodextrin in an amount between about 20% and about 60% w/v, and c) DMA in an amount between 10% and about 50% w/v.

U.S. Patent Application 20090247624, and corresponding PCT Application WO 2008/105808, are directed to aqueous solutions, which comprise between about 20 mg/ml to about 100 mg/ml of at least one α,β-unsaturated aryl sulfone (e.g., the compound ON 01210. Na ((E)-4-Carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone sodium salt, a cosolvent in an amount between about 25% and about 90% w/v (e.g., about 50% PEG 400), wherein the composition is buffered and exists within the range of about pH 7.0 to about pHIO (e.g., 0.2M Tris-EDTA, pH about 8.5). The aforementioned solution formulations have exhibited a sub-optimal shelf life and lack a preferred degree of solubility and/or stability. These formulations evolved progressively as a result of addressing the most challenging aspects in the formulation and drug development field, namely, solubility and stability parameters that defined the long term viability of these formulations. There seems to be a delicate balance between pH, solubility and stability of the active moiety in aqueous milieu, wherein achieving such balance and development of a shelf stable aqueous formulation has presented a formidable challenge. Therefore, a shelf stable effective solution formulation that prevents the breakdown of the therapeutically active entity and keeps the drug in the solution at the desired pH was most desired and significant effort was directed towards this goal.

What is needed therefore, is a shelf stable effective solution formulation of radioprotective α,β-unsaturated aryl sulfones that prevents the breakdown of the therapeutically active entity and keeps the drug in the solution at the desired pH. This invention solves these and other long felt needs by providing improved solution formulation of radioprotective α,β- unsaturated aryl sulfones having improved physical and chemical stability and enhanced shelf life.

SYNTHESIS BY WORLDDRUGTRACKER

STR1

PATENT

WO 2011119863

An exemplary species of a radioprotective α,β-unsaturated aryl sulfone is ON 01210.Na. ON 01210.Na is a derivative of chlorobenzylsulfone. This compound is described in U.S. Pat. Nos. 6,656,973 and 6,667,346 as exhibiting valuable prophylactic properties which mitigate the effects of accidental and intentional exposure to life-threatening levels of irradiation. Hence, a systematic development of this compound is described with the objective of developing a shelf stable formulation.

Table 1 describes the general physical properties of ON. 1210. Na. The exemplary compound is a sodium salt of (E)-4-Carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone.

TABLE 1

Physical Properties of ON.1210.Na

Chemical Structure

Figure imgf000018_0001

Chemical Name (E)-4-Carboxystyryl-4-chlorobenzylsulfone,

Sodium Salt

Empirical Formula C16H12ClNa04S

Molecular Weight 358.79

Physical Nature White crystalline flakes

Melting Point 354-356° C.

Solubility Soluble in water at 8-10 mg/ml

The compound ON 01210. Na appears to form at least one polymorph. X-ray diffraction pattern, for example, of precipitated ON 01210. Na is different from that of the originally synthesized compound. Polymorphs of ON 01210.Na are intended to be within the scope of the claims appended hereto.

EXAMPLE 1

Preparation of ON 01210. Na

4-Chlorobenzyl-4-carboxystyryl sulfone (ON 01210) (49 g; 0.145 mol) was taken in a one-liter conical flask and 500 ml of distilled water was added. Sodium hydroxide solution (16 ml: 10 M stock) (0.150 mol.) was added to the conical flask. The contents of the flask were then boiled with stirring till ON 01210 was completely dissolved. The solution was then cooled to room temperature and shining crystals separated were filtered through a fluted filter paper. The crystalline material was dried under vacuum to yield (48 g) (92% yield) of pure ON 1210. Na.

EXAMPLE II

Preparation of ON 01210. Na Formulation A (Without Vitamin E TPGS)

TRIS (968.0 mg), EDTA (233.8 mg), and deionized (DI) water (24 ml) were combined in a beaker equipped with a Teflon coated stirring bar. The mixture was stirred until complete dissolution occurred, and the resulting solution was covered with aluminum foil and allowed to stir gently overnight at room temperature. The following morning, PEG 400 NF (40.0 ml) was added to the TRIS/EDTA aqueous solution with continued stirring. The vessel containing PEG 400 NF was rinsed with DI water (2 x 3.2 ml), and the rinsate added to the formulation mixture. After stirring the mixture to homogeneity (approx. 10 minutes), the pH was measured to be 9.46 using a calibrated electronic pH meter. The pH was adjusted to 8.37 (target pH = 8.40) by the careful addition of 98 pipet drops of 1.0 M HCl (aq) with stirring and allowed to fully equilibrate over a 10-15 minute period. Once the pH steadied at 8.37, ON 01210. Na (4.0 g) was added to the stirring formulation mixture. Complete dissolution required vigorous stirring and brief periodic sonication to break up ON 01210.Na clumps over a two hour period. After complete dissolution of ON 01210. Na, DI water (approx. 5 ml) was added to bring the final volume to approximately 80 milliliters. The pH of the resulting solution was determined to be 8.31, and thus 20 pipet drops of 1.0N NaOH(aq) were added to adjust the final formulation batch (defined as ON 01210.Na Formulation A) pH to 8.41-8.42. Formulation A was 0.22 micron filtered using a 100 ml Gastight Syringe equipped with a Millex®GP filter unit (Millipore Express® PES Membrane; Lot No R8KN13888).

PATENT

WO 2008105808

PATENT

WO 2007016201 

PATENT

WO 2002069892

The α,β unsaturated aryl sulfones are characterized by cis-trans isomerism resulting from the presence of one or more double bonds. The compounds are named according to the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog system, the IUPAC 1974 Recommendations, Section E: Stereochemistry, in Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, NY, 4th ed., 1992, p.

127-138. Stearic relations around a double bond are designated as “Z” or “E”.

(E)-α,β unsaturated aryl sulfones may be prepared by Knoevenagel condensation of aromatic aldehydes with benzylsulfonyl acetic acids or arylsulfonyl acetic acids. The procedure is described by Reddy et al, Ada. Chim. Hung. 115:269-71 (1984); Reddy et al, Sulfur Letters 13:83-90 (1991); Reddy et al, Synthesis No. 4, 322-23 (1984); and Reddy et al, Sulfur Letters 7:43-48 (1987), the entire disclosures of which are incorporated herein by reference.
According to the Scheme 1 below, Ra and Rb each represent from zero to five substituents on the depicted aromatic nucleus. For purposes of illustration, and not limitation, the aryl groups are represented as phenyl groups, that is, the synthesis is exemplified by the preparation of styryl benzylsulfones. Accordingly, the benzyl thioacetic acid B is formed by the reaction of sodium thioglycollate and a benzyl chloride A. The benzyl thioacetic acid B is then oxidized with 30% hydrogen peroxide to give a corresponding benzylsulfonyl acetic acid C. Condensation of the benzylsulfonyl acetic acid C with an aromatic aldehyde D via a Knoevenagel reaction in the presence of benzylamine and glacial acetic acid yields the desired (E)-styryl benzylsulfone E.

Scheme 1

The following is a more detailed two-part synthesis procedure for preparing (E)-styryl benzylsulfones according to the above scheme.

General Procedure 1: Synthesis (E)-Styryl Benzylsulfones
Part A. To a solution of (8g, 0.2 mol) sodium hydroxide in methanol (200 ml), thioglycollic acid (0.1 mol) is added slowly and the precipitate formed is dissolved by stirring the contents of the flask. Then an appropriately substituted benzyl chloride (0.1 mol) is added stepwise and the reaction mixture is refluxed for 2-3 hours. The cooled contents are poured onto crushed ice and neutralized with dilute hydrochloric acid (200 ml). The resulting corresponding benzylthioacetic acid (0.1 mol) is subjected to oxidation with 30% hydrogen peroxide (0.12 mol) in glacial acetic acid (125 ml) by refluxing for 1 hour. The contents are cooled and poured onto crushed ice. The separated solid is recrystalized from hot water to give the corresponding pure benzylsulfonylacetic acid.
Part B. A mixture of the benzylsulfonyl acetic acid (10 mmol), an appropriately substituted aromatic aldehyde (10 mmol), and benzylamine (0.2 ml) in glacial acetic acid (12 ml) is refluxed for 2-3 hours. The contents are cooled and treated with cold ether (50 ml). Any product precipitated out is separated by filtration. The filtrate is diluted with more ether and washed successively with a saturated solution of sodium bicarbonate (20 ml), sodium bisulfite (20 ml), dilute hydrochloric acid (20 ml) and finally with water (35 ml). Evaporation of the dried ethereal layer yields styryl benzylsulfones as a solid material.

According to an alternative to Part A, the appropriate benzylsulfonylacetic acids may be generated by substituting a thioglycollate

HSCH2COOR for thioglycollic acid, where R is an alkyl group, typically C1-C6 alkyl. This leads to the formation of the alkylbenzylthioacetate intermediate (F),

which is then converted to the corresponding benzyl thioacetic acid B by alkaline or acid hydrolysis.

(E)-styryl phenyl sulfones (formula I: n=zero; Qls Q2 = substituted or unsubstituted phenyl) are prepared according to the method of General Procedure 1, replacing the benzylsulfonyl acetic acid in Part B with the appropriate substituted or unsubstituted phenylsulfonyl acetic acid.

(Z)-Styryl benzylsulfones are prepared by the nucleophilic addition of the appropriate thiols to substituted phenylacetylene with subsequent oxidation of the resulting sulfide by hydrogen peroxide to yield the (Z)-styryl benzylsulfone. The procedure is generally described by Reddy et al., Sulfur Letters 13:83-90 (1991), the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein as a reference.
In the first step of the (Z)-styryl benzylsulfones synthesis, the sodium salt of benzyl mercaptan or the appropriate substituted benzyl mercaptan is allowed to react with phenylacetylene or the appropriate substituted phenylacetylene forming the pure (Z)-isomer of the corresponding styryl benzylsulfide in good yield.
In the second step of the synthesis, the (Z)-styryl benzylsulfide intermediate is oxidized to the corresponding sulfone in the pure (Z)-isomeric form by treatment with hydrogen peroxide.
The following is a more detailed two-part synthesis procedure for preparing (Z)-styryl benzylsulfones:

Procedure 2: Synthesis of (Z)-Styryl Benzylsulfones
Part A. To a refluxing methanolic solution of substituted or unsubstituted sodium benzylthiolate prepared from 460 mg (0.02g atom) of (i) sodium, (ii) substituted or unsubstituted benzyl mercaptan (0.02 mol) and (iii) 80 ml of absolute methanol, is added freshly distilled substituted or unsubstituted phenylacetylene. The mixture is refluxed for 20 hours, cooled and then poured on crushed ice. The crude product is filtered, dried and recrystalized from methanol or aqueous methanol to yield a pure (Z)- styryl benzylsulfide.
Part B. An ice cold solution of the (Z)- styryl benzylsulfide (3.0g) in 30 ml of glacial acetic acid is treated with 7.5 ml of 30% hydrogen peroxide. The reaction mixture is refluxed for 1 hour and then poured on crushed ice. The separated solid is filtered, dried, and recrystalized from 2-propanol to yield the pure (Z)-styryl benzylsulfone. The purity of the compounds is ascertained by thin layer chromatography and geometrical configuration is assigned by analysis of infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectral data.

The bis(styryl) sulfones of formula IN are prepared according to Procedure 3:
Procedure 3
Synthesis of (E)(E)- and (E)(Z)-bis(Styryl) Sulfones
To freshly distilled phenyl acetylene (51.07 g, 0.5 mol) is added sodium thioglycollate prepared from thioglycollic acid (46 g, 0.5 mol) and sodium hydroxide (40 g, 1 mol) in methanol (250 ml). The mixture is refluxed for 24 hours and poured onto crushed ice (500 ml) after cooling. The styrylthioacetic acid, formed after neutralization with dilute hydrochloric acid (250 ml), is filtered and dried; yield 88 g (90%); m.p. 84-86°C.
The styrylthioacetic acid is then oxidized to styrylsulfonylacetic acid as follows. A mixture of styrylthioacetic acid (5 g, 25 mmol) in glacial acetic acid (35 ml) and 30% hydrogen peroxide (15 ml) is heated under reflux for 60 minutes and the mixture is poured onto crushed ice (200 ml) after cooling. The compound separated is filtered and recrystalized from hot water to give white crystalline flakes of (Z)-styrylsulfonylacetic acid; yield 2.4 g (41%); m.p. 150-51°C.
A solution of (Z)-styrylsulfonylacetic acid (2.263 g, 10 m mol) in glacial acetic acid (6 ml) is mixed with an aromatic aldehyde (10 mmol) and benzylamine (0.2 ml) and refluxed for 3 hours. The reaction mixture is cooled, treated with dry ether (50 ml), and any product separated is collected by filtration. The filtrate is diluted with more ether and washed successively with a saturated solution of sodium hydrogen carbonate (15 ml), sodium bisulfite (15 ml), dilute hydrochloric acid (20 ml) and finally with water (30 ml). Evaporation of the dried ethereal layer yields (E)(Z)-bis(styryl)sulfones.
(E),(E)-bis(styryl)sulfones are prepared following the same procedure as described above with exception that sulfonyldiacetic acid is used in place of (Z)-styrylsulfonylacetic acid, and twice the amount of aromatic aldehyde (20 mmol) is used.

The styryl sulfones of formula N, which are systematically identified as 2-(phenylsulfonyl)-l-phenyl-3-phenyl-2-propen-l-ones, may be prepared according to either Method A or Method B of Procedure 4:

Procedure 4
Synthesis of 2-(Phenylsulfonyl)-l-phenyl-3-phenyl-2-propen-l-ones
These compounds are synthesized by two methods which employ different reaction conditions, solvents and catalysts.
Method A: Phenacyl aryl sulfones are made by refluxing α-bromoacetophenones (0.05 mol) and sodium arylsulfinates (0.05 mol) in absolute ethanol (200 ml) for 6-8 hours. The product which separates on cooling is filtered and washed several times with water to remove sodium bromide. The product is then recrystalized from ethanol: phenacyl-phenyl sulfone, m.p. 90-91°C; phenacyl-p-fluorophenyl sulfone, m.p. 148-149°C; phenacyl-p-bromophenyl sulfone, m.p. 121-122°C; phenacyl-p-methoxyphenyl sulfone, m.p. 104-105°C; p-nitrophenacyl-phenyl sulfone, m.p. 136-137°C.
A solution of phenacyl aryl sulfone (0.01 mol) in acetic acid (10 ml) is mixed with an araldehyde (0.01 mol) and benzylamine (0.02 ml) and refluxed for 3 hours. The solution is cooled and dry ether (50 ml) is added. The ethereal solution is washed successively with dilute hydrochloric acid, aqueous 10% NaOH, saturated NaHSO3 solution and water. Evaporation of the dried ethereal layer gives a solid product which is purified by recrystallization.

Method B: Dry tetrahydrofuran (200 ml) is taken in a 500 ml conical flask flushed with nitrogen. To this, a solution of titanium (IN) chloride (11 ml, 0.01 mol) in absolute carbon tetrachloride is added dropwise with continuous stirring. The contents of the flask are maintained at -20°C throughout the course of the addition. A mixture of phenacyl aryl sulfone (0.01 mol) and aromatic aldehyde (0.01 mol) is added to the reaction mixture and pyridine (4 ml, 0.04 mol) in tetrahydrofuran (8 ml) is added slowly over a period of 1 hour. The contents are stirred for 10-12 hours, treated with water (50 ml) and then ether (50 ml) is added. The ethereal layer is separated and washed with 15 ml of saturated solutions of 10% sodium hydroxide, sodium bisulfite and brine. The evaporation of the dried ethereal layer yields 2-(phenylsulfonyl)-l-phenyl-3-phenyl-2 propen-l-ones.

PATENT

https://www.google.com/patents/CN104817488A?cl=en

The structure of this medicine formula (I) shown below,

Figure CN104817488AD00031

Wherein, R1 is absent or is halogen, C1-3 alkyl, alkoxy and -CF3; R2 is absent or is halogen, C1-3 alkyl, alkoxy and -cf3; structural formula (I) The method for the preparation of compounds as follows:

Figure CN104817488AD00041
WO2007016201A2 Jul 28, 2006 Feb 8, 2007 Onconova Therapeutics, Inc. FORMULATION OF RADIOPROTECTIVE α, β UNSATURATED ARYL SULFONES
WO2008105808A2 Jul 27, 2007 Sep 4, 2008 Onconova Therapeutics, Inc. FORMULATIONS OF RADIOPROTECTIVE α, β UNSATURATED ARYL SULFONES
US6656973 Nov 27, 2002 Dec 2, 2003 Temple University – Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education (E)-4-carboxystyrl-4-chlorobenzyl sulfone and pharmaceutical compositions thereof
US6667346 Feb 28, 2002 Dec 23, 2003 Temple University – Of The Commonwealth System Of Higher Education Method for protecting cells and tissues from ionizing radiation toxicity with α, β unsaturated aryl sulfones
US6982282 * May 17, 2002 Jan 3, 2006 Sonus Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Emulsion vehicle for poorly soluble drugs
US20090247624 Jul 27, 2007 Oct 1, 2009 Onconova Therapeutics Inc. Formulations of radioprotective alpha beta unsaturated aryl sulfones

References

  1. “Onconova Therapeutics presents new data demonstrating radioprotection by Ex-RAD at RRS annual meeting” (Press release). EurekAlert. 2010-09-27. Archived from the originalon 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  2.  Hipp, Van (2011-03-16). “Ex-Rad, the U.S. Military’s Radiation Wonder Drug”. FoxNews.com (FOX News Network). Archived from the original on 2011-03-26. Retrieved 2011-03-26.
  3.  Ghosh, Sanchita P.; Perkins, Michael W.; Hieber, Kevin; Kulkarni, Shilpa; Kao, Tzu-Cheg; Reddy, E. Premkumar; Reddy, M. V Ramana; Maniar, Manoj; Seed, Thomas; Kumar, K. Sree (2009). “Radiation Protection by a New Chemical Entity, Ex-Rad™: Efficacy and Mechanisms”. Radiation Research 171 (2): 173–9. doi:10.1667/RR1367.1. PMID 19267542.
  4.  “Ex-RAD® for Protection from Radiation Injury”. Onconova Therapeutics. 2009. Archived from the original on 2011-03-22. Retrieved 2011-03-22.
  5.  http://cen.acs.org/articles/90/i26/Drugs-Never-Used.html[full citation needed]
  6.  Kouvaris, J. R.; Kouloulias, V. E.; Vlahos, L. J. (2007). “Amifostine: The First Selective-Target and Broad-Spectrum Radioprotector”. The Oncologist 12 (6): 738–47.doi:10.1634/theoncologist.12-6-738. PMID 17602063.
  7.  http://www.news-medical.net/news/20110323/Cellerant-commences-CLT-008-Phase-III-trial-in-patients-with-leukemia.aspx
  8.  Reliene, Ramune; Pollard, Julianne M.; Sobol, Zhanna; Trouiller, Benedicte; Gatti, Richard A.; Schiestl, Robert H. (2009). “N-acetyl cysteine protects against ionizing radiation-induced DNA damage but not against cell killing in yeast and mammals”. Mutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis 665: 37. doi:10.1016/j.mrfmmm.2009.02.016.
  9. Mansour, Heba H.; Hafez, Hafez F.; Fahmy, Nadia M.; Hanafi, Nemat (2008). “Protective effect of N-acetylcysteine against radiation induced DNA damage and hepatic toxicity in rats”.Biochemical Pharmacology 75 (3): 773–80. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2007.09.018. PMID 18028880.
  10.  Demirel, C; Kilçiksiz, S; Ay, OI; Gürgül, S; Ay, ME; Erdal, N (2009). “Effect of N-acetylcysteine on radiation-induced genotoxicity and cytotoxicity in rat bone marrow”. Journal of radiation research 50 (1): 43–50. doi:10.1269/jrr.08066. PMID 19218780.
  11.  Demirel, C; Kilciksiz, S; Evirgen-Ayhan, S; Gurgul, S; Erdal, N (2010). “The preventive effect of N-acetylcysteine on radiation-induced dermatitis in a rat model”. Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology 15 (3): 577–82. PMID 20941831.
  12. Geiger, Hartmut; Pawar, Snehalata A; Kerschen, Edward J; Nattamai, Kalpana J; Hernandez, Irene; Liang, Hai Po H; Fernández, Jose Á; Cancelas, Jose A; Ryan, Marnie A; Kustikova, Olga; Schambach, Axel; Fu, Qiang; Wang, Junru; Fink, Louis M; Petersen, Karl-Uwe; Zhou, Daohong; Griffin, John H; Baum, Christopher; Weiler, Hartmut; Hauer-Jensen, Martin (2012).“Pharmacological targeting of the thrombomodulin–activated protein C pathway mitigates radiation toxicity”. Nature Medicine 18 (7): 1123–9. doi:10.1038/nm.2813. PMC 3491776.PMID 22729286.

External links

Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015265549 2015-09-24 STABLE AQUEOUS FORMULATION OF (E)-4-CARBOXYSTYRYL-4-CHLOROBENZYL SULFONE
US2015238448 2015-08-27 FORMULATION OF RADIOPROTECTIVE ALPHA, BETA UNSATURATED ARYL SULFONES
US2013012588 2013-01-10 COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PREVENTION AND TREATEMENT OF WOUNDS
US2013012589 2013-01-10 STABLE AQUEOUS FORMULATION OF (E)-4-CARBOXYSTYRYL-4-CHLOROBENZYL SULFONE
US2011250184 2011-10-13 METHODS FOR DETERMINING EFFICACY OF A THERAPEUTIC REGIMEN AGAINST DELETERIOUS EFFECTS OF CYTOTOXIC AGENTS IN HUMAN
US2011028504 2011-02-03 Formulation of radioprotective alpha beta unsaturated aryl sulfones
US2009247624 2009-10-01 FORMULATIONS OF RADIOPROTECTIVE ALPHA BETA UNSATURATED ARYL SULFONES
Ex-Rad
Ex-rad.png
Identifiers
922139-31-9 Yes
PubChem 23668369
Properties
C16H12ClNaO4S
Molar mass 358.77 g·mol−1

//////////Onc-01210,  ON-01210.Na, 334969-03-8,  922139-31-9, Recilisib Sodium, Phase I , A protein kinase inhibitor,   treatment of acute radiation syndrome, Orphan Drug Status, Ex-RAD

C1=CC(=CC=C1CS(=O)(=O)C=CC2=CC=C(C=C2)C(=O)[O-])Cl.[Na+]

TAK-058 (ENV-8058)


 

TAK-058 , ENV-8058

5-HT 3 receptor antagonist

Envoy Therapeutics, Inc.

1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide

l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide

1-(1-methyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)-N- ((1R,5S,7S)- 9-methyl-3- oxa-9-azabicyclo [3.3.1]nonan-7- yl)-1H-indole-3- carboxamide, 2,2,2- trifluoroacetic acid salt

N-(9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1-(1-methylpyrazol-4-yl)indole-3-carboxamide

Molecular Formula: C21H25N5O2
Molecular Weight: 379.4555 g/mol

https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02153099

Phase I Schizophrenia

Company Takeda Pharmaceutical Co. Ltd.
Description Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist
Molecular Target Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor
Mechanism of Action Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist
Therapeutic Modality Small molecule
Latest Stage of Development Phase I
Standard Indication Schizophrenia
Indication Details Treat schizophrenia
  • 01 Dec 2015 Phase-I clinical trials in Schizophrenia (Combination therapy) in USA (PO)
  • 01 Dec 2015 Takeda completes a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (NCT02389881)
  • 28 Nov 2015 Takeda plans a phase I trial in Schizophrenia (Combination therapy) in USA (NCT02614586)

SCHEMBL15440852.png

1 -( 1 -methyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, free base, which is an antagonist of the 5-HT3 receptor. 1 -(1 -Methyl- 1 H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt, is disclosed in PCT Publication No. WO

2014/014951, published January 23, 2014.

 

1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, useful for treating anxiety, depression, eating disorder, schizophrenia, cognitive dysfunction, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s Chorea, presenile dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and atherosclerosis.

This compound was originally claimed in WO2014014951,  Takeda, following its acquisition of Envoy Therapeutics, is developing TAK-058 (ENV-8058), a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, as an oral solution for treating schizophrenia, especially cognitive impairment associated with schizophrenia.

In July 2015, the drug was listed as being in phase I development. TAK-058 may have emerged from a schizophrenia therapy program which used Envoy’s bacTRAP translational profiling technology to identify a protein target in the brain.

PATENT

WO2014014951

Example 5

Synthesis of l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide. 2.2.2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

Step 1 : methyl 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylate. TFA

To a sealed tube was added copper(I) iodide (65.2 mg, 0.342 mmol), methyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate (200 mg, 1.142 mmol) and potassium phosphate (509 mg, 2.397 mmol), then the reaction vessel was evacuated and purged with nitrogen (3x). Next, 4-bromo-l-methyl-lH-pyrazole (184 mg, 1.142 mmol) and (lR,2R)- ,N2-dimethylcyclohexane-l,2-diamine (109 μΐ, 0.685 mmol) were added, followed by toluene (1 142 μΐ). The reaction tube was evacuated and purged with nitrogen, then sealed and heated at 1 10 °C for 24 h. HPLC purification provided the title compound as a colorless oil.

Step 2: 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride

To a solution of methyl 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA

(3.5 mg, 9.48 μιηοΐ) in MeOH (95 μΐ) was added a solution of aq. KOH (33.2 μΐ, 0.066 mmol, 2 M). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight, then acidified with IN HC1.

The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was dried under vacuum overnight. The title compound was used without further purification.

Step 3 : l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5 .7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclor3.3.11nonan-7-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

To a mixture of 1-(1 -methyl- lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (2.6 mg, 9.36 μιηοΐ) in DMF (187 μΐ) was added HATU (4.27 mg, 0.01 1 mmol) and DIPEA (8.18 μΐ, 0.047 mmol). After the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 15 min, (lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine, TFA (3.04 mg, 0.01 1 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 h. HPLC purification afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 380.30 (M+l).

 

PATENT

WO-2016053947

EXAMPLE 1 : l-(l-methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((lR,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1 ]nonan-7-yl)- lH-indole-3-carboxamide

l-(l-Methyl-lH-pyrazol-4-yl)-lH-indole-3-carboxylic acid (128.7 g, 0.53 mol,) and anhydrous THF (645 mL) was heated to about 43°C. Oxalyl chloride (137.7 g, 92 mL, 1.08 mol) was added dropwise between 40 and 50°C. Gas evolution ceased in approximately 30 minutes. The resulting suspension was stirred for 2 hours at 50°C, allowed to cool to room temperature, and then stirred overnight. The suspension was diluted with heptane (1.5 L), stirred for 10 minutes, and allowed to settle. The supernatant was removed. The addition of heptane (1.5 L), followed by stirring, settling, and decanting was repeated two more times.

The resulting suspension was diluted with anhydrous THF (645 mL) and the ratio between THF and heptane was determined by NMR to be 3:2. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5°C and to the mixture was added DIPEA base (138 g, 1.07 mol) at such a rate that the temperature did not exceed 20°C. Next (li?,55*,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine (101.4 g, 0.63 mol) in 500 mL of anhydrous THF was added. The reaction mixture was warmed to ambient temperature and stirred at 20 to 23°C overnight to give a suspension.

The suspension was filtered and the cake was dissolved in IN HC1 (2.6 L). The aqueous layer was washed with EtOAc (3 x 2.6 L). The aqueous layer was cooled to 5°C and was basified to pH 12 with aqueous potassium hydroxide (230 g) solution in water (500 mL). The mixture was stirred at 5 to 10°C overnight to give a solid. The product was filtered, washed with water (2 x 1.2 L), followed by MTBE (2 x 1.2 L), and then dried to give 128 g (64%) of the (crude) title compound.

Patent

https://www.google.co.in/patents/US20140024644

1-(1-methyl-1H- pyrazol-4-yl)-N- ((1R,5S,7S)- 9-methyl-3- oxa-9-azabicyclo [3.3.1]nonan-7- yl)-1H-indole-3- carboxamide, 2,2,2- trifluoroacetic acid salt

Synthetic Procedures Reference 1 Synthesis of (1R,5S,7S)-tert-butyl 7-hydroxy-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-9-carboxylate

  • Sodium borohydride (259 mg, 6.84 mmol) was added portion-wise to a solution of (1R,5S)-tert-butyl 7-oxo-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonane-9-carboxylate (550 mg, 2.279 mmol) in MeOH (4559 μl) at 0° C. After 5 min, the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to RT then stirred for 30 min. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, dissolved in EtOAc and washed with brine. The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated under reduced pressure to afford the title compound as a white solid, which was used without further purification.

 

Example 4 Synthesis of N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1-(1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

  • A mixture of 1-((1-benzyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide 2,2,2-trifluoroacetate (85 mg, 0.149 mmol) and 10% Pd—C (120 mg) in MeOH (1.0 ml) was stirred at RT under H2 for 2 days. Filtration and concentration afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 366.20 (M+1).

Example 5 Synthesis of 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

Step 1: methyl 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA

  • To a sealed tube was added copper(I) iodide (65.2 mg, 0.342 mmol), methyl 1H-indole-3-carboxylate (200 mg, 1.142 mmol) and potassium phosphate (509 mg, 2.397 mmol), then the reaction vessel was evacuated and purged with nitrogen (3×). Next, 4-bromo-1-methyl-1H-pyrazole (184 mg, 1.142 mmol) and (1R,2R)—N1,N2-dimethylcyclohexane-1,2-diamine (109 μl, 0.685 mmol) were added, followed by toluene (1142 μl). The reaction tube was evacuated and purged with nitrogen, then sealed and heated at 110° C. for 24 h. HPLC purification provided the title compound as a colorless oil.

Step 2: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride

  • To a solution of methyl 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylate, TFA (3.5 mg, 9.48 μmol) in MeOH (95 μl) was added a solution of aq. KOH (33.2 μl, 0.066 mmol, 2 M). The reaction mixture was stirred at RT overnight, then acidified with 1N HCl. The solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure and the residue was dried under vacuum overnight. The title compound was used without further purification.

Step 3: 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-N-((1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxamide, 2,2,2-trifluoroacetic acid salt

  • To a mixture of 1-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-1H-indole-3-carboxylic acid hydrochloride (2.6 mg, 9.36 μmol) in DMF (187 μl) was added HATU (4.27 mg, 0.011 mmol) and DIPEA (8.18 μl, 0.047 mmol). After the reaction mixture was stirred at RT for 15 min, (1R,5S,7S)-9-methyl-3-oxa-9-azabicyclo[3.3.1]nonan-7-amine, TFA (3.04 mg, 0.011 mmol) was added and stirring was continued for 2 h. HPLC purification afforded the title compound as a white solid. MS (ESI, pos. ion) m/z: 380.30 (M+1).

 

 

 

15 TFA

 

379.456 MW 380.30  MS +1

 

Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015182533 2015-07-02 5-HT3 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
US2014024644 2014-01-23 5-HT3 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS

/////////TAK-058 , ENV-8058, phase I, takeda, 5-HT 3 receptor antagonist, Envoy Therapeutics, Inc., Phase I,  Schizophrenia

C12CC(CC(N1C)COC2)NC(c4c3ccccc3n(c4)c5cnn(c5)C)=O

CN1C=C(C=N1)N2C=C(C3=CC=CC=C32)C(=O)NC4CC5COCC(C4)N5C

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