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Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, Advance Article
DOI: 10.1039/C7MD00656J, Research Article
Angela F. Ku, Gregory D. Cuny
Potent beta-1 and beta-2 adrenergic receptor antagonism via a conformationally restricted aporphine scaffold with defined stereochemistry has been developed.

Discovery of 7-hydroxyaporphines as conformationally restricted ligands for beta-1 and beta-2 adrenergic receptors

 Author affiliations


A series of (−)-nornuciferidine derivatives was synthesized and the non-natural enantiomer of the aporphine alkaloid was discovered to be a potent β1– and β2-adrenergic receptor ligand that antagonized isoproterenol and procaterol induced cyclic AMP increases from adenylyl cyclase, respectively. Progressive deconstruction of the tetracyclic scaffold to less complex cyclic and acyclic analogues revealed that the conformationally restricted (6a-R,7-R)-7-hydroxyaporphine 2 (AK-2-202) was necessary for efficient receptor binding and antagonism.


(6aR,7R)-1,2-Dimethoxy-5,6,6a,7-tetrahydro-4H-dibenzo[de,g]quinolin-7-ol (2) To a solution of S2 (10 mg, 0.031 mmol) in THF (2 mL) was added 2 N NaOH(aq) (1 mL), and the mixture was stirred at 70 oC for 2 days. After being quenched with H2O (10 mL), the aqueous layer was extracted with EtOAc (2 × 20 mL). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine, dried over anhydrous Na2SO4, filtered and concentrated. The residue was purified by column chromatography on silica gel (CH3OH/CH2Cl2, 5:95 to 10:90) to afford 2 (7.6 mg, 82%) as a pale yellow solid; mp 89−91 oC; [] 24 D +78 (c 0.58, CHCl3); 1H NMR (CDCl3, 500 MHz) 8.37−8.35 (1 H, m), 7.73−7.72 (1 H, m), 7.38−7.33 (2 H, m), 6.65 (1 H, s), 4.55 (1 H, d, J = 11.5 Hz), 3.88 (3 H, s), 3.67 (1 H, d, J = 11.5 Hz), 3.64 (3 H, s), 3.40−3.37 (1 H, m), 3.10−3.03 (1 H, m), 2.98 (1 H, td, J = 11.5, 3.5 Hz), 2.73 (1 H, d, J = 16.0 Hz); 13C NMR (CDCl3, 125 MHz) 152.5, 145.1, 139.0, 130.2, 129.4, 128.1, 127.8, 127.4, 125.9, 124.3, 123.1, 111.8, 72.0, 60.3, 59.0, 55.9, 42.0, 28.9; HRMS (ESI/Q-TOF) m/z [M + H]+ calculated for C18H20NO3 298.1438; found 298.1440!divAbstract


  • (-)-Nornuciferidine
  •  112494-69-6
    Molecular Weight297.35, C18 H19 N O3
    4H-​Dibenzo[de,​g]​quinolin-​7-​ol, 5,​6,​6a,​7-​tetrahydro-​1,​2-​dimethoxy-​, (6aS-​cis)​-

    Synthetic Studies of 7-Oxygenated Aporphine Alkaloids: Preparation of (−)-Oliveroline, (−)-Nornuciferidine, and Derivatives

    Department of Chemistry and Department of Pharmacological and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Houston, Science and Research Building 2, Rm 549A, Houston, Texas 77204, United States
    Org. Lett.201517 (5), pp 1134–1137
    DOI: 10.1021/acs.orglett.5b00007


    Abstract Image

    7-Oxygenated aporphines 16 possessing anti-configurations have previously been reported. In order to explore their bioactivities, a synthesis was established by utilizing a diastereoselective reductive acid-mediated cyclization followed by palladium-catalyzed ortho-arylations. Moderate XPhos precatalyst loading (10 mol %) and short reaction times (30 min) were sufficient to mediate the arylations. Alkaloids 15 were successfully prepared, while (−)-artabonatine A was revised to syn-isomer 30. Consequently, (−)-artabonatine E likely also has a syn-configuration (31).


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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with AFRICURE PHARMA, ROW2TECH, NIPER-G, Department of Pharmaceuticals, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, Govt. of India as ADVISOR, earlier assignment was with GLENMARK LIFE SCIENCES LTD, as CONSUlTANT, Retired from GLENMARK in Jan2022 Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 32 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 32 PLUS year tenure till date Feb 2023, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 100 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 100 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, 227 countries, 7 continents, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 38 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 227 countries...... , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc He has total of 32 International and Indian awards

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