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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Glenmark Launches First and Only Generic Version of Zetia® (Ezetimibe) in the United States


Glenmark launches generic version of Zetia in US

Illustration Image Courtesy…..link

“We have launched ezetimibe, the first and only generic version of Zetia (Merck) in the United States for the treatment of high cholesterol,”……….http://health.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/pharma/glenmark-launches-generic-version-of-zetia-in-us-market/55951453

see……..http://us-glenmarkpharma.com/wp-content/uploads/Glenmark-launches-first-and-only-generic-version-of-Zetia%C2%AE-in-the-United-States.pdf

SEE…..http://www.zeebiz.com/companies/news-glenmark-launches-generic-version-of-cholesterol-drug-zetia-in-us-market-9092

 

http://www.glenmarkpharma.com/

Glenmark Launches First and Only Generic Version of Zetia® in the United States 

Mumbai, India; December 12, 2016: Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Inc., USA today announced the availability of ezetimibe, the first and only generic version of ZETIA® (Merck) in the United States for the treatment of high cholesterol. The availability of ezetimibe is the result of a licensing partnership with Par Pharmaceutical, an Endo International plc operating company, with whom Glenmark will share profits. Glenmark and its partner, Endo will be entitled to 180 days of generic drug exclusivity for ezetimibe as provided for under section 505(j)(5)(B)(iv) of the FD&C Act.

Ezetimibe is indicated as adjunctive therapy to diet for the reduction of elevated total cholesterol (total-
C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and apolipoprotein B (Apo B) in patients with primary
(heterozygous familial and non-familial) hyperlipidemia.
According to IMS Health data for the 12-month period ending October 2016, annual U.S. sales of Zetia®
10 mg were approximately $2.3 billion.
“Glenmark has a deep heritage of bringing safe, effective and affordable medicines to patients around
the world,” said Robert Matsuk, President of North America and Global API at Glenmark
Pharmaceuticals Ltd. “Our partnership with Par to bring the first generic version of ZETIA® to market
only underscores our joint commitment to bridging the gap between patients and the medicines they
need most.”
“We, along with our partners at Glenmark, are proud to be able to offer patients managing their
cholesterol levels the first generic version of ZETIA®,” said Tony Pera, President of Par Pharmaceutical.
“Par remains committed to providing patients access to high quality and affordable medicines.”
Glenmark’s current portfolio consists of 111 products authorized for distribution in the U.S. marketplace
and 64 ANDA’s pending approval with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. In addition to these
internal filings, Glenmark continues to identify and explore external development partnerships to
supplement and accelerate the growth of its existing pipeline and portfolio.

About Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd.:
Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (GPL) is a research-driven, global, integrated pharmaceutical organization headquartered at Mumbai, India. It is ranked among the top 80 Pharma & Biotech companies of the world in terms of revenue (SCRIP 100 Rankings published in the year 2016). Glenmark is a leading player in the discovery of new molecules both NCEs (new chemical entity) and NBEs (new biological entity). Glenmark has several molecules in various stages of clinical development and is primarily focused in the areas of Inflammation [asthma/COPD, rheumatoid arthritis etc.] and Pain [neuropathic pain and inflammatory pain]. The company has a significant presence in the branded generics markets across emerging economies including India. GPL along with its subsidiaries operate 17 manufacturing facilities across four countries and has five R&D centers. The Generics business of Glenmark services the requirements of the US and Western European markets. The API business sells its products in over 80 countries including the US, EU, South America and India………http://www.glenmarkpharma.com/

str0
About Endo International plc:
Endo International plc (NASDAQ / TSX: ENDP) is a global specialty pharmaceutical company focused on improving patients’ lives while creating shareholder value. Endo develops, manufactures, markets and distributes quality branded and generic pharmaceutical products as well as over-the-counter medications though its operating companies. Endo has global headquarters in Dublin, Ireland, and U.S. headquarters in Malvern, PA. Learn more at http://www.endo.com

OLD CLIP

Dec 08, 2016, 08.16 PM | Source: CNBC-TV18 Glenmark to launch cholesterol drug Zetia in US on Dec 12 Glenmark was the first to file for the generic version of Zetia and it means that after the launch on December 12, only Glenmark and Merck will sell generic Zetia in the US market for the next 6 months. Glenmark   is launching cholesterol drug Zetia with 6 months exclusivity in the US on December 12. The company has partnered with Par Pharma on the drug and has a 50:50 profit sharing agreement with Par on Zetia. Glenmark was the first to file for the generic version of Zetia and it means that after the launch on December 12, only Glenmark and Merck will sell generic Zetia in the US market for the next 6 months. Total revenue estimated to be generated is around USD 400-500 million and post profit sharing with Par, Glenmark should make around USD 200-250 million.

Read more at: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/business/glenmark-to-launch-cholesterol-drug-zetiausdec-12_8087701.html?utm_source=ref_article

////////////Glenmark,  Launches,  First,  Only,  Generic Version,  Zetia®,  United States, ezetimibe, par pharmaceutical, cholesterol, Endo International plc

Novel, isoform-selective inhibitor of histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8)


str1

CAS 1620779-53-4
MF C22H20N4O2, MW 372.4

(S)-2-(5-(cyclopropylethynyl)-4-phenyl-1H-1,2,3-triazol-1-yl)-N-hydroxy-3-phenylpropanamide

1H-1,2,3-Triazole-1-acetamide, 5-(2-cyclopropylethynyl)-N-hydroxy-4-phenyl-α-(phenylmethyl)-, (αS)-

Applicants: TRUSTEES OF BOSTON UNIVERSITY
DANA-FARBER CANCER INSTITUTE, INC.
Inventors: Aaron Beaty BEELER
John A. PORCO, JR.
Oscar J. INGHAM
James E. BRADNER
As histone proteins bind DNA prior to transcription, their biochemical action plays a critical role in the regulation of gene expression and cellular differentiation. Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are an important family of proteins predominantly responsible for specific posttranslational modifications of histone proteins, the chief organizational component of chromatin. HDACs catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from histones and other cellular proteins. HDAC-mediated deacetylation of chromatin-bound histones regulates the expression of a variety of genes throughout the genome. Importantly, HDACs have been linked to cancer, as well as other health conditions. To date, eleven major HDAC isoforms have been described (HDACs 1-11). HDACs are categorized into two classes. Class I HDACs include HDAC1, HDAC2, HDAC3, HDAC8 and HDAC11. Class II HDACs include HDAC4, HDAC5, HDAC6, HDAC7, HDAC9 and HDAC10. HDAC’s are validated targets for a number of disease states, including cancer, neurodegenerative diseases, sickle-cell anemia, muscular dystrophy, and HIV. There are currently two HDAC inhibitors on the market, Vorniostat and Romidepsin. Both are approved for treatment of T-cell lymphoma. However, they are both pan active inhibitors showing very little specificity of binding to HDAC subclasses. Because of this lack of specificity they have a number of side effects.
      Non-selective HDAC inhibitors effect deacetylase activity of most, if not all, of the HDACs. The mechanisms of the anticancer effects of SAHA, a non-selective HDAC inhibitor, are not completely understood, and likely result from both altered gene expression and altered function of proteins regulating cell proliferation and cell death pathways. Non-selective HDAC inhibitors, such as SAHA, induce the accumulation of acetylated histone proteins and non histone proteins.
    Small molecule HDAC inhibitors that are isoform-selective are useful as therapeutic agents with reduced toxicity and as tools for probing the biology of the HDAC isoforms. The present disclosure is related, in part to small molecules that are selective HDAC inhibitors.

1H NMR (500 MHz, d4-MeOD) 0.80 (2H, m), 0.98 (2H, m), 1.47 (1H, m), 3.51 (1H, dd, J = 11.2, 14.2 Hz), 3.71 (1H, dd, J = 3.9, 14.2 Hz), 5.49 (1H, dd, J = 3.9, 11.2 Hz), 6.96 (2H, m), 7.17-7.20 (3H, m), 7.37 (1H, t, J = 7.3 Hz), 7.43 (2H, t, J = 7.3 Hz), 7.99 (2H, d, J = 8.8 Hz);

13C NMR (100 MHz, d4-MeOD) 0.02, 8.55, 37.07, 60.83, 62.59, 109.09, 118.98, 125.9, 127.16, 128.55, 128.65, 128.71, 129.16, 130.07, 136.09, 147.10, 165.20;

HRMS calculated for C22H21N4O2 + (M+H): 373.1659, found: 373.1665.

PATENT

WO2014116962

https://www.google.com/patents/WO2014116962A1?cl=en

SAR. libraries were synthesized to investigate substitution about the triazole core. In some examples, compounds were synthesized using the synthetic routes shown in Fig. 2.

In one study, compound
was synthesized as outline in Scheme I.

Scheme I

PATENT

US153441899

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=US153441899&recNum=1&office=&queryString=FP%3A%28Aaron+Beeler%29&prevFilter=&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&maxRec=8

SAR libraries were synthesized to investigate substitution about the triazole core. In some examples, compounds were synthesized using the synthetic routes shown in FIG. 2. In one study, compound

 was synthesized as outline in Scheme I.

The HDAC assays were carried out as described in Bowers A, West N, Taunton J, Schreiber S L, Bradner J E, Williams R M Total Synthesis and Biological Mode of Action of Largazole: A Potent Class I Histone Deacetylase Inhibitor. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 11219-11222. Assay results revealed that among the analogues tested a cyclopropane analog was the most active at 0.4 nM (>1000 fold selectivity). These results demonstrated that a small aliphatic group in the 5-position on the triazole can increase potency. Also, compounds with an L-phenylalanine moiety at the 3-position showed significant potency. To expand our understanding of how the molecule interacts with the binding pocket of HDAC 8 and to understand our preliminary SAR, molecular modeling was carried out. The phenyl group from the original amino methyl ester fits snuggly into the Zn binding site and the alkynyl phenyl group sits flat in a hydrophobic groove. In summary, the inventors have developed a potent and highly selective small molecule which inhibits HDAC-8 at approximately 500 pM with over 1000-fold selectivity over HDAC-6 and significantly greater selectivity for all other HDACs. To inventors’ knowledge, to date there are no compounds with this level of potency and selectivity.
All patents and other publications identified in the specification and examples are expressly incorporated herein by reference for all purposes. These publications are provided solely for their disclosure prior to the filing date of the present application. Nothing in this regard should be construed as an admission that the inventors are not entitled to antedate such disclosure by virtue of prior invention or for any other reason. All statements as to the date or representation as to the contents of these documents is based on the information available to the applicants and does not constitute any admission as to the correctness of the dates or contents of these documents.
Although preferred embodiments have been depicted and described in detail herein, it will be apparent to those skilled in the relevant art that various modifications, additions, substitutions, and the like can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention and these are therefore considered to be within the scope of the invention as defined in the claims which follow. Further, to the extent not already indicated, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that any one of the various embodiments herein described and illustrated can be further modified to incorporate features shown in any of the other embodiments disclosed herein.

Paper

Abstract Image

A novel, isoform-selective inhibitor of histone deacetylase 8 (HDAC8) has been discovered by the repurposing of a diverse compound collection. Medicinal chemistry optimization led to the identification of a highly potent (0.8 nM) and selective inhibitor of HDAC8.

Development of a Potent and Selective HDAC8 Inhibitor

Department of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Discovery (BU-CMD), Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States
Department of Medical Oncology, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States
§ Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02115, United States
ACS Med. Chem. Lett., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.6b00239
*Tel: 617-358-3487. E-mail: beelera@bu.edu.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acsmedchemlett.6b00239

file:///C:/Users/Inspiron/Downloads/ml6b00239_si_001.pdf

 

Department of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Discovery (BU-CMD), Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States

Image result for Department of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Discovery (BY-CMD),

 

Image result for Department of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Discovery (BY-CMD),Center for Molecular Discovery (CMD) Director John Porco and members of the CMD lab team.

 

 

Image result for Aaron B. Beeler

Aaron Beeler

prof-beeler

Aaron Beeler received his Ph.D. in 2002 from Professor John Rimoldi’s laboratory in the Department of Medicinal Chemistry at the University of Mississippi. He then joined the Porco group as a postodoctoral fellow and subsequently the Center for Chemical Methodology and Library Development at Boston University, now the Center for Molecular Discovery. He was promoted to Assistant Director of the CMLD-BU in January 2005. In 2012 Aaron joined the Department of Chemistry as a tenure-track professor in medicinal chemistry.

Degrees and Positions

  • B.S. Belmont University, Biology,
  • Ph.D. University of Mississippi, Medicinal Chemistry

Research

The Beeler Research Group is truly multidisciplinary, combining organic chemistry, engineering, and biology to solve problems in medicinal chemistry. All of these elements are combined and directed toward significant problems in human health. The Beeler Group is addressing focused disease areas (e.g., schizophrenia, Parkinson’s, cystic fibrosis), as well as project areas with broader impact potential (e.g., new methods for discovery of small molecules with anti-cancer properties).

  • Medicinal Chemistry: The goals of medicinal chemistry projects are to optimize small molecules in order to: a) develop a probe that may be utilized as a tool in biological studies; b) develop a lead molecule to facilitate future therapeutics; and c) utilize small molecules to enhance understanding of biological targets that are important for human health. These projects provide students with training in organic chemistry, medicinal chemistry, and focused biology. Projects are selected based on their chemistry and/or biology significance and potential for addressing challenging questions.
  • Technology: One of the core components of the research in the Beeler Group is development of technologies and paradigms that facilitate rapid modification of complex scaffolds. These technologies enable optimization of biologically active lead compounds and identification of small molecule leads in biological systems. The projects focus on utilizing automation, miniaturization, and microfluidics to carry out chemical transformations. These projects are highly interdisciplinary with both chemistry and engineering components.
  • Photochemistry: This area focuses on photochemical transformations toward the synthesis of natural products, natural product scaffolds, and other complex chemotypes of interest to medicinal chemistry and chemical biology. The foundation of these projects is utilizing microfluidics to enable photochemical reaction development.

Techniques & Resources

Students in the Beeler Research Group will have opportunities to learn a number of exciting research disciplines. Organic synthesis will be at the heart of every project. This will include targeted synthesis, methodology development, and medicinal chemistry. Through collaborations with biological researchers and/or research projects carried out within the Beeler Group, students will learn methods for biological assays, pharmacology, and target identification. Many projects will also include aspects of engineering that will provide opportunities for learning techniques such as microfabrication and microfluidics.

Opportunities

It is becoming evident that successful and impactful science is realized in collaborative interdisciplinary environments. The Beeler Research Group’s multidisciplinary nature and collaborative projects provides opportunities to learn areas of research outside of traditional chemistry.

What’s Next for Graduates of the Beeler Group?

Members of the Beeler Research Group will be positioned for a wide range of future endeavors.

  • Undergraduates will be prepared to enter into graduate school for organic chemistry, chemical biology, or chemical engineering or to start careers in industry;
  • Graduate students will have the foundation required for postdoctoral studies in organic synthesis or chemical biology as well as an industrial career in biotech or pharma;
  • Postdoctoral associates will gain training and experience critical for both academic and industrial careers.

Assistant Professor
Office: SCI 484C
Laboratory: SCI 484A
Phone: 617.358.3487
Fax: 617-358-2847
beelera@bu.edu
Office Hours: by Appointment
Beeler Group Homepage
Google Scholar Page

Oscar J. Ingham below

Image result for Oscar J. Ingham

John A. PORCO, JR  below

Image result for John A. PORCO, JRImage result for James E. BRADNER

JAMES E. BRADNER, MD  above

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

Image result for Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

 

Image result for Dana-Farber Cancer Institute

 

Ron ParanalRon Paranal

 

 

Image result for Randolph A. EscobarRandolph A. Escobar

 

Han YuehHan Yueh

 

US20090181943 * Apr 9, 2008 Jul 16, 2009 Methylgene Inc. Inhibitors of Histone Deacetylase
Reference
1 * GERARD, B ET AL.: ‘Synthesis of 1,4,5-trisubstituted-1,2,3-triazoles by copper-catalyzed cycloaddition-coupling of azides and terminal alkynes‘ TETRAHEDRON vol. 62, 12 May 2006, pages 6405 – 6411
2 * VANNINI, A ET AL.: ‘Crystal structure of a eukaryotic zinc-dependent histone deacetylase, human HDAC8, complexed with a hydroxamic acid inhibitor.‘ PNAS, [Online] vol. 101, no. 42, 19 October 2004, pages 15064 – 15069 Retrieved from the Internet: <URL:http://www.pnas.org/content/101/42/15064&gt;

///////////epigenetic,  HDACHDAC8,  Histone deacetylase,  histone deacetylase 8,  triazole, PRECLINICAL, Department of Chemistry and Center for Molecular Discovery (BU-CMD), Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States, Oscar J. InghamAaron Beeler

n1n(c(c(n1)c2ccccc2)C#CC3CC3)C(C(=O)NO)Cc4ccccc4

4′-((5-(2,3-Dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxin-6-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl-thio)-methyl)-4-fluorobiphenyl-2-carboxamide


str11

 

Cas 1820758-44-8

C24 H18 F N3 O4 S

4′-((5-(2,3-Dihydrobenzo[b][1,4]dioxin-6-yl)-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl-thio)-methyl)-4-fluorobiphenyl-2-carboxamide

NMR 1000

 

NMR 1001

Glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) is a constitutively active, ubiquitous serine/threonine kinase that takes part in a number of physiological processes ranging from glycogen metabolism to apoptosis. GSK-3 is a key mediator of various signaling pathways, such as the Wnt and the insulin/AKT signaling pathways.

Therefore, dysregulation of GSK-3 has been linked to various human diseases, such as cancer, diabetes, and neurodegenerative diseases.Two related isoforms of GSK-3 exist in mammals, GSK-3α and -β, which share a sequence identity within their catalytic domains of 98%.

Beyond the catalytic domains they show significant differences. Although these isoforms are structurally related, they are not functionally equivalent, and one cannot compensate for loss of the other.

The debate on the respective contributions of the isoforms GSK-3α and GSK-3β on the pathogenesis of different diseases is ongoing.

Various studies indicate that the therapies of certain diseases benefit from specific targeting of GSK-3α and GSK-3β. GSK-3α was recently identified as a differentiation target in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML is a hematopoietic malignancy defined by uncontrolled proliferation and disrupted myeloid differentiation. AML is the second most common form of leukemia in adults.

The current treatment of AML with conventional chemotherapy is very aggressive yet ineffective for the majority of patients with the disease.Thus, alternative targeted treatment approaches for AML are highly desirable. GSK-3α recently emerged as a potential target in this disease.

 

PAPER

 

Abstract Image

The challenge for glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3) inhibitor design lies in achieving high selectivity for one isoform over the other. The therapy of certain diseases, such as acute myeloid leukemia (AML), may require α-isoform specific targeting. The scorpion shaped GSK-3 inhibitors developed by our group achieved the highest GSK-3α selectivity reported so far but suffered from insufficient aqueous solubility. This work presents the solubility-driven optimization of our isoform-selective inhibitors using a scorpion shaped lead. Among 15 novel compounds, compound 27 showed high activity against GSK-3α/β with the highest GSK-3α selectivity reported to date. Compound 27 was profiled for bioavailability and toxicity in a zebrafish embryo phenotype assay. Selective GSK-3α targeting in AML cell lines was achieved with compound 27, resulting in a strong differentiation phenotype and colony formation impairment, confirming the potential of GSK-3α inhibition in AML therapy

Evaluation of Improved Glycogen Synthase Kinase-3α Inhibitors in Models of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Clemens Schöpf Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany
Department of Pediatric Oncology, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02215, United States
J. Med. Chem., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01200
Publication Date (Web): October 23, 2015
Copyright © 2015 American Chemical Society
*Phone: +49 6151 163075. Fax: +49 6151 163278. E-mail: Schmidt_boris@t-online.de.

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01200

http://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b01200/suppl_file/jm5b01200_si_001.pdf

compound 27 as a colorless solid. HPLC: 96%, tR = 6.93 min.

1H NMR (DMSO-d6, 500 MHz, 300 K): δ (ppm) = 4.32 (td, J = 5.2 Hz, J = 3.7 Hz, 4H), 4.60 (s, 2H), 7.05 (d, J = 8.4 Hz, 1H), 7.25 (dd, J = 9.1 Hz, J = 2.7 Hz, 1H), 7.31 (td, J = 8.6 Hz, J = 2.8 Hz, 1H), 7.38 (m, 3H), 7.41 (d, J = 2.0 Hz, 1H), 7.45 (dd, J = 8.4 Hz, J = 2.1 Hz, 1H), 7.49 (d, J = 8.2 Hz, 2H), 7.73 (s, 1H).

13C NMR (DMSO, 125 MHz, 300 K): δ (ppm) = 35.6, 64.1, 64.4, 114.3 (d, JC–F = 21 Hz), 115.0, 115.9 (d, JC–F = 21 Hz), 115.9, 118.1, 120.0, 128.6 (2C), 128.8 (2C), 132.0 (d, JC–F = 8 Hz), 134.8, 135.5, 138.9, 139.0 (d, JC–F = 7 Hz), 143.8, 146.7, 160.9 (d, JC–F = 247 Hz), 162.7, 164.9, 169.5.

EI-MS: m/z = 463 (100, [M+]), 464 (26, [M+ + H]), 465 (7, [M+ + 2H].

ABOUT  Boris Schmidt

Boris Schmidt

Prof. Dr.

RESEARCH EXPERIENCE

  • Mar 2002–present
    Technische Universität Darmstadt · Clemens Schöpf Institut für Organische Chemie und Biochemie
    Germany · Darmstadt
  • May 1999–Feb 2002, Novartis, Novartis Pharma AG
    Switzerland · Basel
  • May 1994–Apr 1999
    Leibniz Universität Hannover · Institute of Organic Chemistry
    Germany · Hannover

AWARDS & ACHIEVEMENTS

  • Nov 2012

    Award: Hans AND Ilse Breuer Award Alzheimer Research

………………………………………….

ABOUT Theresa Neumann

 

 

////////FC(C=C1C(N)=O)=CC=C1C(C=C2)=CC=C2CSC3=NN=C(O3)C4=CC5=C(OCCO5)C=C4

Indian pharma’s struggle to tighten standards paves way for M&A deals


Indian pharma's struggle to tighten standards paves way for M&A deals
People walk past a chemist shop at a market in Mumbai. Photo: Reuters

MUMBAI – India’s smaller generic drugmakers, struggling to cope with a bruised reputation and tougher regulation in the United States, are under pressure to consider branching out to new, less-profitable markets or sell out to larger rivals.

Two years after its most high-profile regulatory setback to date in the United States – Ranbaxy’s $500 million U.S. fine for drug safety violations – India’s $15 billion a year generic drug industry is still rebuilding its image in its biggest market.

Many of its top firms are facing sanctions at some of their factories, as the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tightens checks and its approvals process.

Combined with government-mandated price controls on drugs at home, that is piling pressure on smaller players.

“If they want to have a presence globally, they have to make investments. If they can’t, then they’ll have to focus on other markets or scale back their ambition outside of India, and that’s probably what will happen,” said Subhanu Saxena, CEO of Cipla , India’s fourth-largest drugmaker by revenue.

Ashok Anand, president of Hikal Ltd , a Mumbai-based drugmaker with a market value of $167 million, said some peers were putting themselves on the block.

“If they cannot deal with the stricter regulations, they might just prefer to sell out,” he said.

Pressure on U.S. sales has been felt across the Indian industry, with all drugmakers hit by delays in FDA approvals as the U.S. safety body overhauls its review process. Growth in U.S. revenue for drugmakers slowed to 14 percent in the year to March 2015, less than half what it was in the year to March 2012, according to brokerage Edelweiss.

Flexible exit, limited cost mooted for financial products to curb mis-selling - Economic Times

But for larger players who want to plug gaps or, for the likes of Glenmark and Aurobindo who aim to grow in the United States, this pressure has lowered prices and could pave the way for attractive deals, bankers said.

“Now that some of the smaller companies are reeling under intensive regulatory scrutiny and want to cash out on their investments, valuations would be much more realistic,” said the head of India M&A at a large European bank in Mumbai.

SPENDING SPREE

Indian manufacturers say they have spent millions in high-end testing equipment, improved training and have hired larger teams in quality control since Ranbaxy was fined for manipulating clinical data.

Some consultants estimate spending on compliance has more than doubled to reach about 6 to 7 percent of sales for the larger companies.

But while the number of U.S. export bans issued to Indian companies fell to eight in 2014 from 21 in 2013, according to FDA data, the agency continues to find manufacturing violations at the plants of some of the biggest drugmakers in the country, an indication of the pervasiveness of the problem.

Sun Pharmaceutical Industries , Wockhardt , Dr Reddy’s Laboratories and Cadila Healthcarehave all faced FDA rebukes over the past year.

Smaller firms Ipca and Aarti Drugs faced FDA bans on their plants this year.

These failures – which executives blame on India’s “quick fix” culture and consultants blame on a failure to prioritize compliance – have clouded short-term growth prospects and added to pressure on smaller players, pushing some to look elsewhere.

“They can choose to be in lesser-regulated markets, such as Latin America, where there is a lot of demand. But they will have to live with much thinner margins,” said the finance director of a small Indian drugmaker, who did not want to be named. “It’s survival of the fittest.” REUTERS

 

http://m.todayonline.com/business/indian-pharmas-struggle-tighten-standards-paves-way-ma-deals

 

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Celltrion files Remsima in the United States


Celltrion files Remsima in the United States:

Celltrion announced that the company, on August 8, 2014, completed the filing procedure to obtain US FDA approval for its infliximab biosimilar. This marks the first 351(k) biosimilar mAb application to be filed in the U.S.A. and the second application for a biosimilar to be filed through the US BPCIA.

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Glenmark Pharmaceuticals to set up a new manufacturing facility in the US


 

Glenmark Pharmaceuticals to set up a new manufacturing facility in the US

 

 

http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/business/india-business/Glenmark-joins-pharma-companies-setting-up-US-plants/articleshow/38398901.cms

• The facility will be situated in Monroe, North Carolina, USA
• The facility will manufacture oral solids, injectables and topicals over a five year period
Mumbai, India; July 17, 2014: Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd; a research-driven, global, integrated pharmaceutical company plans to set up a new manufacturing facility in the US. The company plans to set up this manufacturing facility at Monroe Corporate Center, North Carolina, USA. The facility will be spread over 100,000 sq. feet (around 15 acre plot) and the company will first begin work on an oral solid unit and thereafter set up manufacturing units for injectables and topicals.

GLEN SALDANHA

CEO GLENMARK

 

 

NEW DELHI: Glenmark Pharmaceuticals plans to set up its first manufacturing facility in the US at an estimated investment of over Rs 500 crore to cater to the North American market.

The proposed facility would house three units to produce oral solids, injectables and topicals and begin production by the end of the current fiscal.

 

Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd has informed BSE regarding a Press Release dated July 17, 2014, titled ‘Glenmark Pharmaceuticals to set up a new manufacturing facility in the US”. Glenmark Pharmaceuticals plans to set up a new manufacturing facility in the US. The company plans to set up this manufacturing facility at Monroe Corporate Center, North Carolina, USA.Source : BSE Read all announcements in Glenmark To read the full report click hereRead more at: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/announcements/glenmark-pharmaceuticals-to-setnew-manufacturing-facilityus_1129890.html?utm_source=ref_article

“The US is a key strategic market for Glenmark and it is important for us to have a manufacturing base here to serve our growing business in the country,” Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Chairman and MD Glenn Saldanha said in a statement.

The plan to set up a manufacturing facility in the US underlines the fast paced growth the company has witnessed in a short span of eight years in the US market, he added.

The company will first begin work on an oral solid unit and thereafter set up manufacturing units for injectables and topicals, the Mumbai-based firm said.

“Over the next five years, we will make significant investments in this proposed facility and set up three units which will produce oral solids, injectables and topicals,” Saldanha said.

According to industry sources, the company plans to invest over Rs 500 crore on the facility.

With the setting up of a new facility in the US the company would further enhance its manufacturing footprint making it truly global in every sense of the term, he added.

The proposed facility at Monroe, North Carolina, will cater only to the US market and is the company’s first manufacturing facility in North America adding to its list of 14 plants in four countries – India, Brazil, Argentina and Czech Republic.

The company, which operates in North America through its subsidiary Glenmark Generics Inc, has a fast growing business with a robust portfolio of over 90 products authorised for distribution in the US in niche segments like dermatology, hormones, controlled substances and oncology.

Glenmark has nearly 70 abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) pending for approval with the US Food and Drug Administration.

http://articles.economictimes.indiatimes.com/2014-07-17/news/51656807_1_glenmark-pharmaceuticals-manufacturing-facility-md-glenn-saldanha

 

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