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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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CC-90009


str1

2-(4-Chlorophenyl)-N-[[2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-1-oxo-3H-isoindol-5-yl]methyl]-2,2-difluoroacetamide.png

CC-90009

CC-90009-AML-001

CAS 1860875-51-9

461.8 g/mol, C22H18ClF2N3O4

2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-1-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide

  • 4-Chloro-N-[[2-(2,6-dioxo-3-piperidinyl)-2,3-dihydro-1-oxo-1H-isoindol-5-yl]methyl]-α,α-difluorobenzeneacetamide
  • Benzeneacetamide, 4-chloro-N-[[2-(2,6-dioxo-3-piperidinyl)-2,3-dihydro-1-oxo-1H-isoindol-5-yl]methyl]-α,α-difluoro-

Phase 1 Clinical, Acute myelogenous leukemia, Protein cereblon modulator

Useful for treating chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia or acute myeloid leukemia.

Celgene is developing CC-90009, a cereblon E3 ligase modulator, for treating AML; in January 2019, data from a phase I trial were expected later that year.

  • 0iginator Celgene Corporation
  • Class Antineoplastics
  • Mechanism of Action CRBN protein modulators; Ubiquitin protein ligase complex modulators
  • Phase I Acute myeloid leukaemia
  • 28 Mar 2019 No recent reports of development identified for clinical-Phase-Unknown development in Acute-myeloid-leukaemia in USA (IV)
  • 01 Sep 2016 Phase-I clinical trials in Acute myeloid leukaemia (Second-line therapy or greater) in Canada (IV) (NCT02848001)
  • 04 Aug 2016 Celgene plans a phase I trial for Acute Myeloid Leukaemia in USA and Canada (NCT02848001)

In September 2016, Celgene initiated a phase I dose-finding trial of CC 90009 in patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukaemia (NCT02848001; CC-90009-AML-001). The open-label study intends to enrol 60 patients in the US and Canada

CC-90009 is a cereblon modulator. CC-90009 specifically binds to CRBN, thereby affecting the activity of the ubiquitin E3 ligase complex. This leads to the ubiquitination of certain substrate proteins and induces the proteasome-mediated degradation of certain transcription factors, including Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3), which are transcriptional repressors in T-cells. This reduces the levels of these transcription factors, and modulates the activity of the immune system, which may include the activation of T-lymphocytes. .

Development Overview

cereblon modulator CC-90009A modulator of cereblon (CRBN), which is part of the cullin 4-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase complex (CRL4-CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase; CUL4-CRBN E3 ubiquitin ligase), with potential immunomodulating and pro-apoptotic activities. Upon administration, CC-90009 specifically binds to CRBN, thereby affecting the activity of the ubiquitin E3 ligase complex. This leads to the ubiquitination of certain substrate proteins and induces the proteasome-mediated degradation of certain transcription factors, including Ikaros (IKZF1) and Aiolos (IKZF3), which are transcriptional repressors in T-cells. This reduces the levels of these transcription factors, and modulates the activity of the immune system, which may include the activation of T-lymphocytes. In addition, this downregulates the expression of other proteins, including interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) and c-myc, which plays a key role in the proliferation of certain cancer cell types. CRBN, the substrate recognition component of the E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, plays a key role in the ubiquitination of certain proteins. Check for active clinical trials using this agent. (NCI Thesaurus)

WO 2017120446,

PATENT

WO2016007848

US 20170348298

WO 2017120415

WO 2017120446

WO 2017120437

PATENT

WO2017214014

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2017214014&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION

Provided herein are methods of treating, preventing, managing, and/or ameliorating a hematologic malignancy with 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide or a stereoisomer or a mixture of

stereoisomers, an isotopologue, pharmaceutically acceptable salt, tautomer, solvate, hydrate, co-crystal, clathrate, or polymorph thereof. Further provided is a compound for use in methods of treating, preventing, managing, and/or ameliorating a hematologic malignancy, wherein the compound is 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide or a stereoisomer or a mixture of stereoisomers, an isotopologue, pharmaceutically acceptable salt, tautomer, solvate, hydrate, co-crystal, clathrate, or polymorph thereof.

The term Compound 1 refers to”2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide” having the structure:

and its stereoisomers or mixture of stereoisomers, isotopologues, pharmaceutically acceptable salts, tautomers, solvates, hydrates, co-crystals, clathrates, or polymorphs thereof. In certain embodiments, Compound 1 refers to 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide and its tautomers. In certain embodiments, Compound 1 refers to a polymorph of 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-

oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide. In certain embodiments, Compound 1 refers to polymorph Form C of 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-N-((2-(2,6-dioxopiperidin-3-yl)-l-oxoisoindolin-5-yl)methyl)-2,2-difluoroacetamide. In one embodiment, the stereoisomer is an enantiomer.

PATENT

WO-2019136016

Novel isotopologs of the compound presumed to be CC-90009 , processes for their preparation and compositions comprising them are claimed.

str2

Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2017199193 METHODS FOR TREATING CANCER AND THE USE OF BIOMARKERS AS A PREDICTOR OF CLINICAL SENSITIVITY TO THERAPIES 2017-01-06
US2018224435 METHODS FOR MEASURING SMALL MOLECULE AFFINITY TO CEREBLON 2018-02-02
US2018353496 FORMULATIONS OF 2-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)-N-((2-(2,6-DIOXOPIPERIDIN-3-YL)-1-OXOISOINDOLIN-5-YL)METHYL)-2,2-DIFLUOROACETAMIDE 2018-07-19
US2017196847 FORMULATIONS OF 2-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)-N-((2-(2,6-DIOXOPIPERIDIN-3-YL)-1-OXOISOINDOLIN-5-YL)METHYL)-2,2-DIFLUOROACETAMIDE 2017-01-06
US2017348298 TREATMENT OF A HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANCY WITH 2-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)-N-((2-(2,6-DIOXOPIPERIDIN-3-YL)-1-OXOISOINDOLIN-5-YL)METHYL)-2,2-DIFLUOROACETAMIDE 2017-06-05
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US2018221361 ANTIPROLIFERATIVE COMPOUNDS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF 2018-04-09
US9968596 Antiproliferative compounds and methods of use thereof 2017-10-02 2018-05-15
US2017197934 SOLID FORMS OF 2-(4-CHLOROPHENYL)-N-((2-(2,6-DIOXOPIPERIDIN-3-YL)-1-OXOISOINDOLIN-5-YL)METHYL)-2,2-DIFLUOROACETAMIDE, AND THEIR PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS AND USES 2017-01-06
US9499514 ANTIPROLIFERATIVE COMPOUNDS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF 2015-07-09 2016-01-14
US9808451 ANTIPROLIFERATIVE COMPOUNDS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF 2016-09-23

////////CC-90009 , CC 90009  , CC90009, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, chronic myelocytic leukemia, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, acute myeloid leukemia, phase I, CANCER, CC-90009-AML-001

Clc1ccc(cc1)C(F)(F)C(=O)NCc2ccc3C(=O)N(Cc3c2)C4CCC(=O)NC4=O

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Enasidenib, Энасидениб , إيناسيدينيب ,伊那尼布 ,


Enasidenib.svg

ChemSpider 2D Image | Enasidenib | C19H17F6N7OEnasidenib.png

AG-221 (Enasidenib), IHD2 Inhibitor

Enasidenib

  • Molecular Formula C19H17F6N7O
  • Average mass 473.375
2-Propanol, 2-methyl-1-[[4-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-6-[[2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl]amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-[ACD/Index Name]
  • 2-Methyl-1-[[4-[6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl]-6-[[2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl]amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]-2-propanol
  • 2-Methyl-1-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-ylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)propan-2-ol
AG-221
CC-90007
1446502-11-9[RN]
enasidenib
Enasidenib
énasidénib
enasidenibum
UNII:3T1SS4E7AG
Энасидениб[Russian]
إيناسيدينيب[Arabic]
伊那尼布[Chinese]
2-methyl-1-[(4-[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]-6-{[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl]amino}-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino]propan-2-ol
2-methyl-1-[[4-[6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl]-6-[[2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-yl]amino]-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl]amino]propan-2-ol
2-methyl-1-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-ylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)propan-2-ol
Originator Agios Pharmaceuticals
Developer Celgene Corporation
Mechanism Of Action Isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 inhibitor
Who Atc Codes L01 (Antineoplastic Agents)
Ephmra Codes L1 (Antineoplastics)
Indication Cancer

2D chemical structure of 1650550-25-6

Enasidenib mesylate [USAN]
RN: 1650550-25-6
UNII: UF6PC17XAV

Molecular Formula, C19-H17-F6-N7-O.C-H4-O3-S

Molecular Weight, 569.4849

2-Propanol, 2-methyl-1-((4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)-2-pyridinyl)-6-((2-(trifluoromethyl)-4-pyridinyl)amino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-yl)amino)-, methanesulfonate (1:1)

Enasidenib (AG-221) is an experimental drug in development for treatment of cancer. It is a small molecule inhibitor of IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2). It was developed by Agios Pharmaceuticals and is licensed to Celgene for further development.

Image result for Enasidenib

LC MS

https://file.medchemexpress.com/batch_PDF/HY-18690/Enasidenib_LCMS_18195_MedChemExpress.pdf

NMR FROM INTERNET SOURCES

SEE http://www.medkoo.com/uploads/product/Enasidenib__AG-221_/qc/QC-Enasidenib-TZC60322Web.pdf

see also

https://file.medchemexpress.com/batch_PDF/HY-18690/Enasidenib_HNMR_18195_MedChemExpress.pdf ……….NMR CD3OD

str1

NMR FROM INTERNET SOURCES

SEE http://www.medkoo.com/uploads/product/Enasidenib__AG-221_/qc/QC-Enasidenib-TZC60322Web.pdf

Patent

http://www.google.com/patents/US20130190287

Compound 409—2-methyl-1-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-4-ylamino)-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)propan-2-ol

Figure US20130190287A1-20130725-C00709

1H NMR (METHANOL-d4) δ 8.62-8.68 (m, 2H), 847-8.50 (m, 1H), 8.18-8.21 (m, 1H), 7.96-7.98 (m, 1H), 7.82-7.84 (m, 1H), 3.56-3.63 (d, J=28 Hz, 2H), 1.30 (s, 6H). LC-MS: m/z 474.3 (M+H)+.

The FDA granted fast track designation and orphan drug status for acute myeloid leukemia in 2014.[1]

An orally available inhibitor of isocitrate dehydrogenase type 2 (IDH2), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, AG-221 specifically inhibits IDH2 in the mitochondria, which inhibits the formation of 2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). This may lead to both an induction of cellular differentiation and an inhibition of cellular proliferation in IDH2-expressing tumor cells. IDH2, an enzyme in the citric acid cycle, is mutated in a variety of cancers; It initiates and drives cancer growth by blocking differentiation and the production of the oncometabolite 2HG.

Isocitrate dehydrogenases (IDHs) catalyze the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to 2-oxoglutarate (i.e., a-ketoglutarate). These enzymes belong to two distinct subclasses, one of which utilizes NAD(+) as the electron acceptor and the other NADP(+). Five isocitrate dehydrogenases have been reported: three NAD(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenases, which localize to the mitochondrial matrix, and two NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenases, one of which is mitochondrial and the other predominantly cytosolic. Each NADP(+)-dependent isozyme is a homodimer.

IDH2 (isocitrate dehydrogenase 2 (NADP+), mitochondrial) is also known as IDH; IDP; IDHM; IDPM; ICD-M; or mNADP-IDH. The protein encoded by this gene is the

NADP(+)-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase found in the mitochondria. It plays a role in intermediary metabolism and energy production. This protein may tightly associate or interact with the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex. Human IDH2 gene encodes a protein of 452 amino acids. The nucleotide and amino acid sequences for IDH2 can be found as GenBank entries NM_002168.2 and NP_002159.2 respectively. The nucleotide and amino acid sequence for human IDH2 are also described in, e.g., Huh et al., Submitted (NOV-1992) to the

EMBL/GenBank/DDBJ databases; and The MGC Project Team, Genome Res.

14:2121-2127(2004).

Non-mutant, e.g., wild type, IDH2 catalyzes the oxidative decarboxylation of isocitrate to a-ketoglutarate (a- KG) thereby reducing NAD+ (NADP+) to NADH (NADPH), e.g., in the forward reaction:

Isocitrate + NAD+ (NADP+)→ a-KG + C02 + NADH (NADPH) + H+.

It has been discovered that mutations of IDH2 present in certain cancer cells result in a new ability of the enzyme to catalyze the NAPH-dependent reduction of α-ketoglutarate to R(-)-2-hydroxyglutarate (2HG). 2HG is not formed by wild- type IDH2. The production of 2HG is believed to contribute to the formation and progression of cancer (Dang, L et al, Nature 2009, 462:739-44).

The inhibition of mutant IDH2 and its neoactivity is therefore a potential therapeutic treatment for cancer. Accordingly, there is an ongoing need for inhibitors of IDH2 mutants having alpha hydroxyl neoactivity.

Mechanism of action

Isocitrate dehydrogenase is a critical enzyme in the citric acid cycle. Mutated forms of IDH produce high levels of 2-hydroxyglutarate and can contribute to the growth of tumors. IDH1 catalyzes this reaction in the cytoplasm, while IDH2 catalyzes this reaction in mitochondria. Enasidenib disrupts this cycle.[1][2]

Development

The drug was discovered in 2009, and an investigational new drug application was filed in 2013. In an SEC filing, Agios announced that they and Celgene were in the process of filing a new drug application with the FDA.[3] The fast track designation allows this drug to be developed in what in markedly less than the average 14 years it takes for a drug to be developed and approved.[4]

PATENT

WO 2013102431

Image result

Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Giovanni Cianchetta
Giovanni Cianchetta
Associate Director/Principal Scientist at Agios Pharmaceuticals
Inventors Giovanni CianchettaByron DelabarreJaneta Popovici-MullerFrancesco G. SalituroJeffrey O. SaundersJeremy TravinsShunqi YanTao GuoLi Zhang
Applicant Agios Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Compound 409 –

2-methyl-l-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)pyri^

ίαζίη-2- lamino ropan-2-ol

Figure imgf000135_0001

1H NMR (METHANOL-d4) δ 8.62-8.68 (m, 2 H), 847-8.50 (m, 1 H), 8.18-8.21 (m, 1 H), 7.96-7.98 (m, 1 H), 7.82-7.84 (m, 1 H), 3.56-3.63 (d, J = 28 Hz, 2 H), 1.30 (s, 6 H). LC-MS: m/z 474.3 (M+H)+.

WO 2017066611

WO 2017024134

WO 2016177347

PATENT

WO 2016126798

Example 1: Synthesis of compound 3

Example 1, Step 1: preparation of 6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid

Diethyl ether (4.32 L) and hexanes (5.40 L) are added to the reaction vessel under N2 atmosphere, and cooled to -75 °C to -65 °C. Dropwise addition of n-Butyl lithium (3.78 L in 1.6 M hexane) under N2 atmosphere at below -65 °C is followed by dropwise addition of dimethyl amino ethanol (327.45 g, 3.67 mol) and after 10 min. dropwise addition of 2-trifluoromethyl pyridine (360 g, 2.45 mol). The reaction is stirred under N2 while maintaining the temperature below -65 °C for about 2.0-2.5 hrs. The reaction mixture is poured over crushed dry ice under N2, then brought to a temperature of 0 to 5 °C while stirring (approx. 1.0 to 1.5 h) followed by the addition of water (1.8 L). The reaction mixture is stirred for 5-10 mins and allowed to warm to 5-10 °C. 6N HC1 (900 mL) is added dropwise until the mixture reached pH 1.0 to 2.0, then the mixture is stirred for 10-20 min. at 5-10 °C. The reaction mixture is diluted with ethyl acetate at 25-35 °C, then washed with brine solution. The reaction is concentrated and rinsed with n-heptane and then dried to yield 6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid.

Example 1, Step 2: preparation of 6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester Methanol is added to the reaction vessel under nitrogen atmosphere. 6-trifluoromethyl- pyridine-2-carboxylic acid (150 g, 0.785 mol) is added and dissolved at ambient temperature. Acetyl chloride (67.78 g, 0.863 mol) is added dropwise at a temperature below 45 °C. The reaction mixture is maintained at 65-70 °C for about 2-2.5 h, and then concentrated at 35-45 °C under vacuum and cooled to 25-35 °C. The mixture is diluted with ethyl acetate and rinsed with saturated NaHC03 solution then rinsed with brine solution. The mixture is concentrated at temp 35-45 °C under vacuum and cooled to 25-35 °C, then rinsed with n-heptane and concentrated at temp 35-45 °C under vacuum, then degassed to obtain brown solid, which is rinsed with n-heptane and stirred for 10-15 minute at 25-35 °C. The suspension is cooled to -40 to -30 °C while stirring, and filtered and dried to provide 6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester.

Example 1, Step 3: preparation of 6-(6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-lH-l,3,5-triazine-2,4-dione

1 L absolute ethanol is charged to the reaction vessel under N2 atmosphere and Sodium Metal (11.2 g, 0.488 mol) is added in portions under N2 atmosphere at below 50 °C. The reaction is stirred for 5-10 minutes, then heated to 50-55 °C. Dried Biuret (12.5 g, 0.122 mol) is added to the reaction vessel under N2 atmosphere at 50-55 °C temperature, and stirred 10-15 minutes. While maintaining 50-55 °C 6-trifluoromethyl-pyridine-2-carboxylic acid methyl ester (50.0 g, 0.244 mol) is added. The reaction mixture is heated to reflux (75-80 °C) and maintained for 1.5-2 hours. Then cooled to 35-40 °C, and concentrated at 45-50 °C under vacuum. Water is added and the mixture is concentrated under vacuum then cooled to 35-40 °C more water is added and the mixture cooled to 0 -5 °C. pH is adjusted to 7-8 by slow addition of 6N HC1, and solid precipitated out and is centrifuged and rinsed with water and centrifuged again. The off white to light brown solid of 6-(6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-lH-l,3,5-triazine-2,4-dione is dried under vacuum for 8 to 10 hrs at 50 °C to 60 °C under 600mm/Hg pressure to provide 6-(6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-lH-l,3,5-triazine-2,4-dione.

Example 1, Step 4: preparation of 2, 4-Dichloro-6-(6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-l, 3, 5-triazine

POCI3 (175.0 mL) is charged into the reaction vessel at 20- 35 °C, and 6-(6-Trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-lH-l,3,5-triazine-2,4-dione (35.0 g, 0.1355 mol) is added in portions at below 50 °C. The reaction mixture is de-gassed 5-20 minutes by purging with N2 gas. Phosphorous pentachloride (112.86 g, 0.542 mol) is added while stirring at below 50 °C and the resulting slurry is heated to reflux (105-110 °C) and maintained for 3-4 h. The reaction mixture is cooled to 50-55 °C, and concentrated at below 55 °C then cooled to 20-30 °C. The reaction mixture is rinsed with ethyl acetate and the ethyl acetate layer is slowly added to cold water (temperature ~5 °C) while stirring and maintaining the temperature below 10 °C. The mixture is stirred 3-5 minutes at a temperature of between 10 to 20 °C and the ethyl acetate layer is collected. The reaction mixture is rinsed with sodium bicarbonate solution and dried over anhydrous sodium sulphate. The material is dried 2-3 h under vacuum at below 45 °C to provide 2, 4-Dichloro-6-(6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-l, 3, 5-triazine. Example 1, Step 5: preparation of 4-chloro-6-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-N-(2-(trifluoro-methyl)- pyridin-4-yl)-l,3,5-triazin-2-amine

A mixture of THF (135 mL) and 2, 4-Dichloro-6-(6-trifluoromethyl-pyridin-2-yl)-l, 3, 5-triazine (27.0 g, 0.0915 mol) are added to the reaction vessel at 20 – 35 °C, then 4-amino-2-(trifluoromethyl)pyridine (16.31 g, 0.1006 mol) and sodium bicarbonate (11.52 g, 0.1372 mol) are added. The resulting slurry is heated to reflux (75-80 °C) for 20-24 h. The reaction is cooled to 30-40 °C and THF evaporated at below 45 °C under reduced pressure. The reaction mixture is cooled to 20-35 °C and rinsed with ethyl acetate and water, and the ethyl acetate layer collected and rinsed with 0.5 N HC1 and brine solution. The organic layer is concentrated under vacuum at below 45 °C then rinsed with dichloromethane and hexanes, filtered and washed with hexanes and dried for 5-6h at 45-50 °C under vacuum to provide 4-chloro-6-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-N-(2-(trifluoro-methyl)- pyridin-4-yl)-l,3,5-triazin-2-amine.

Example 1, Step 6: preparation of 2-methyl-l-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)- pyridin-4-ylamino)-l,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)propan-2-ol

THF (290 mL), 4-chloro-6-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-N-(2-(trifluoro-methyl)-pyridin-4-yl)-l,3,5-triazin-2-amine (29.0 g, 0.06893 mol), sodium bicarbonate (8.68 g, 0.1033 mol), and 1, 1-dimethylaminoethanol (7.37 g, 0.08271 mol) are added to the reaction vessel at 20-35 °C. The resulting slurry is heated to reflux (75-80 °C) for 16-20 h. The reaction is cooled to 30-40 °C and THF evaporated at below 45 °C under reduced pressure. The reaction mixture is cooled to 20-35 °C and rinsed with ethyl acetate and water, and the ethyl acetate layer collected. The organic layer is concentrated under vacuum at below 45 °C then rinsed with dichlorom ethane and hexanes, filtered and washed with hexanes and dried for 8-1 Oh at 45-50 °C under vacuum to provide 2-methyl-l-(4-(6-(trifluoromethyl)pyridin-2-yl)-6-(2-(trifluoromethyl)- pyridin-4-ylamino)-l,3,5-triazin-2-ylamino)propan-2-ol.

PATENT

US 20160089374

PATENT

WO 2015017821


References

  1. Jump up to:a b “Enasidenib”AdisInsight. Retrieved 31 January 2017.
  2. Jump up^ https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/compound/Enasidenib
  3. Jump up^ https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1439222/000119312516758835/d172494d10q.htm
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    Patent ID

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    US2013190287 THERAPEUTICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND THEIR METHODS OF USE 2013-01-07 2013-07-25
    US2016089374 THERAPEUTICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND THEIR METHODS OF USE 2015-09-28 2016-03-31
    US2016194305 THERAPEUTICALLY ACTIVE COMPOUNDS AND THEIR METHODS OF USE 2014-08-01 2016-07-07
 Image result for Enasidenib
08/01/2017
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Idhifa (enasidenib) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation. The drug is approved for use with a companion diagnostic, the RealTime IDH2 Assay, which is used to detect specific mutations in the IDH2 gene in patients with AML.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Idhifa (enasidenib) for the treatment of adult patients with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation. The drug is approved for use with a companion diagnostic, the RealTime IDH2 Assay, which is used to detect specific mutations in the IDH2 gene in patients with AML.

“Idhifa is a targeted therapy that fills an unmet need for patients with relapsed or refractory AML who have an IDH2 mutation,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., director of the FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence and acting director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. “The use of Idhifa was associated with a complete remission in some patients and a reduction in the need for both red cell and platelet transfusions.”

AML is a rapidly progressing cancer that forms in the bone marrow and results in an increased number of abnormal white blood cells in the bloodstream and bone marrow. The National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health estimates that approximately 21,380 people will be diagnosed with AML this year; approximately 10,590 patients with AML will die of the disease in 2017.

Idhifa is an isocitrate dehydrogenase-2 inhibitor that works by blocking several enzymes that promote cell growth. If the IDH2 mutation is detected in blood or bone marrow samples using the RealTime IDH2 Assay, the patient may be eligible for treatment with Idhifa.

The efficacy of Idhifa was studied in a single-arm trial of 199 patients with relapsed or refractory AML who had IDH2 mutations as detected by the RealTime IDH2 Assay. The trial measured the percentage of patients with no evidence of disease and full recovery of blood counts after treatment (complete remission or CR), as well as patients with no evidence of disease and partial recovery of blood counts after treatment (complete remission with partial hematologic recovery or CRh). With a minimum of six months of treatment, 19 percent of patients experienced CR for a median 8.2 months, and 4 percent of patients experienced CRh for a median 9.6 months. Of the 157 patients who required transfusions of blood or platelets due to AML at the start of the study, 34 percent no longer required transfusions after treatment with Idhifa.

Common side effects of Idhifa include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, increased levels of bilirubin (substance found in bile) and decreased appetite. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not take Idhifa because it may cause harm to a developing fetus or a newborn baby.

The prescribing information for Idhifa includes a boxed warning that an adverse reaction known as differentiation syndrome can occur and can be fatal if not treated. Sign and symptoms of differentiation syndrome may include fever, difficulty breathing (dyspnea), acute respiratory distress, inflammation in the lungs (radiographic pulmonary infiltrates), fluid around the lungs or heart (pleural or pericardial effusions), rapid weight gain, swelling (peripheral edema) or liver (hepatic), kidney (renal) or multi-organ dysfunction. At first suspicion of symptoms, doctors should treat patients with corticosteroids and monitor patients closely until symptoms go away.

Idhifa was granted Priority Review designation, under which the FDA’s goal is to take action on an application within six months where the agency determines that the drug, if approved, would significantly improve the safety or effectiveness of treating, diagnosing or preventing a serious condition. Idhifa also received Orphan Drugdesignation, which provides incentives to assist and encourage the development of drugs for rare diseases.

The FDA granted the approval of Idhifa to Celgene Corporation. The FDA granted the approval of the RealTime IDH2 Assay to Abbott Laboratories

 1H AND 13C NMR PREDICT

///////// fda 2017, Idhifa, enasidenib, Энасидениб , إيناسيدينيب ,伊那尼布 , AG 221, fast track designation,  orphan drug status ,  acute myeloid leukemiaCC-90007

CC(C)(CNC1=NC(=NC(=N1)NC2=CC(=NC=C2)C(F)(F)F)C3=NC(=CC=C3)C(F)(F)F)O

Enasidenib

Enasidenib.png

Image result for EnasidenibImage result for Enasidenib

Idhifa FDA

8/1/2017

To treat relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

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LINK……https://newdrugapprovals.org/2017/08/02/enasidenib-%D1%8D%D0%BD%D0%B0%D1%81%D0%B8%D0%B4%D0%B5%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%B1-%D8%A5%D9%8A%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%AF%D9%8A%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A8-%E4%BC%8A%E9%82%A3%E5%B0%BC%E5%B8%83/

Enasidenib
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Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
ChemSpider
Chemical and physical data
Formula C19H17F6N7O
Molar mass 473.38 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

FDA approves new combination treatment for acute myeloid leukemia, Rydapt (midostaurin)


MIDOSTAURIN

04/28/2017
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Rydapt (midostaurin) for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation called FLT3, in combination with chemotherapy. The drug is approved for use with a companion diagnostic, the LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay, which is used to detect the FLT3 mutation in patients with AML.

April 28, 2017

Release

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Rydapt (midostaurin) for the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who have a specific genetic mutation called FLT3, in combination with chemotherapy. The drug is approved for use with a companion diagnostic, the LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay, which is used to detect the FLT3 mutation in patients with AML.

AML is a rapidly progressing cancer that forms in the bone marrow and results in an increased number of white blood cells in the bloodstream. The National Cancer Institute estimated that approximately 19,930 people would be diagnosed with AML in 2016 and 10,430 were projected to die of the disease.

“Rydapt is the first targeted therapy to treat patients with AML, in combination with chemotherapy,” said Richard Pazdur, M.D., acting director of the Office of Hematology and Oncology Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research and director of the FDA’s Oncology Center of Excellence. “The ability to detect the gene mutation with a diagnostic test means doctors can identify specific patients who may benefit from this treatment.”

Rydapt is a kinase inhibitor that works by blocking several enzymes that promote cell growth. If the FLT3 mutation is detected in blood or bone marrow samples using the LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay, the patient may be eligible for treatment with Rydapt in combination with chemotherapy.

The safety and efficacy of Rydapt for patients with AML were studied in a randomized trial of 717 patients who had not been treated previously for AML. In the trial, patients who received Rydapt in combination with chemotherapy lived longer than patients who received chemotherapy alone, although a specific median survival rate could not be reliably estimated. In addition, patients who received Rydapt in combination with chemotherapy in the trial went longer (median 8.2 months) without certain complications (failure to achieve complete remission within 60 days of starting treatment, progression of leukemia or death) than patients who received chemotherapy alone (median three months).

Common side effects of Rydapt in patients with AML include low levels of white blood cells with fever (febrile neutropenia), nausea, inflammation of the mucous membranes (mucositis), vomiting, headache, spots on the skin due to bleeding (petechiae), musculoskeletal pain, nosebleeds (epistaxis), device-related infection, high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and upper respiratory tract infection. Rydapt should not be used in patients with hypersensitivity to midostaurin or other ingredients in Rydapt. Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding should not take Rydapt because it may cause harm to a developing fetus or a newborn baby. Patients who experience signs or symptoms of lung damage (pulmonary toxicity) should stop using Rydapt.

Rydapt was also approved today for adults with certain types of rare blood disorders (aggressive systemic mastocytosis, systemic mastocytosis with associated hematological neoplasm or mast cell leukemia). Common side effects of Rydapt in these patients include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, swelling (edema), musculoskeletal pain, abdominal pain, fatigue, upper respiratory tract infection, constipation, fever, headache and shortness of breath.

The FDA granted this application Priority Review, Fast Track (for the mastocytosis indication) and Breakthrough Therapy (for the AML indication) designations.

The FDA granted the approval of Rydapt to Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation. The FDA granted the approval of the LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay to Invivoscribe Technologies Inc.

MIDOSTAURIN

(9S,10R,11R,13R)-2,3,10,11,12,13-Hexahydro-10-methoxy-9-methyl-11-(methylamino)-9,13-epoxy-1H,9H-diindolo[1,2,3-gh:3′,2′,1′-lm]pyrrolo[3,4-j][1,7]benzodiamzonine-1-one

N-[(9S,10R,11R,13R)-2,3,10,11,12,13-Hexahydro-10-methoxy-9-methyl-1-oxo-9,13-epoxy-1H,9H-diindolo[1,2,3-gh:3′,2′,1′-lm]pyrrolo[3,4-j][1,7]benzodiazonin-11-yl]-N-methylbenzamide

N-((9S,10R,11R,13R)-2,3,9,10,11,12-hexahydro-10-methoxy-9-methyl-1-oxo-9,13-epoxy-1H,9H-diindolo(1,2,3-gh:3′,2′,1′-lm)pyrrolo(3,4-j)(1,7)benzodiazonin-11-yl)-N-methyl-,

N-[(2R,4R,5R,6S)-5-methoxy-6-methyl-18-oxo-29-oxa-1,7,17-triazaoctacyclo[12.12.2.12,6.07,28.08,13.015,19.020,27.021,26]nonacosa-8,10,12,14(28),15(19),20(27),21(26),22,24-nonaen-4-yl]-N-methylbenzamide hydrate

N-benzoyl staurosporine

NOVARTIS ONCOLOGY ORIGINATOR

Chemical Formula: C35H30N4O4

Exact Mass: 570.22671

Molecular Weight: 570.63710

Elemental Analysis: C, 73.67; H, 5.30; N, 9.82; O, 11.22

Tyrosine kinase inhibitors

PKC 412。PKC412A。CGP 41251。Benzoylstaurosporine;4′-N-Benzoylstaurosporine;Cgp 41251;Cgp 41 251.

120685-11-2 CAS

PHASE 3

  • 4′-N-Benzoylstaurosporine
  • Benzoylstaurosporine
  • Cgp 41 251
  • CGP 41251
  • CGP-41251
  • Midostaurin
  • PKC 412
  • PKC412
  • UNII-ID912S5VON

Midostaurin is an inhibitor of tyrosine kinase, protein kinase C, and VEGF. Midostaurin inhibits cell growth and phosphorylation of FLT3, STAT5, and ERK. It is a potent inhibitor of a spectrum of FLT3 activation loop mutations.

it  is prepared by acylation of the alkaloid staurosporine (I) with benzoyl chloride (II) in the presence of diisopropylethylamine in chloroform.Production Route of Midostaurin

Midostaurin is a synthetic indolocarbazole multikinase inhibitor with potential antiangiogenic and antineoplastic activities. Midostaurin inhibits protein kinase C alpha (PKCalpha), vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), c-kit, platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR) and FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) tyrosine kinases, which may result in disruption of the cell cycle, inhibition of proliferation, apoptosis, and inhibition of angiogenesis in susceptible tumors.

MIDOSTAURIN

Derivative of staurosporin, orally active, potent inhibitor of FLT3 tyrosine kinase (fetal liver tyrosine kinase 3). In addition Midostaurin inhibits further molecular targets such as VEGFR-1 (Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor 1), c-kit (stem cell factor receptor), H-and K-RAS (Rat Sarcoma Viral homologue) and MDR (multidrug resistance protein).

Midostaurin inhibits both wild-type FLT3 and FLT3 mutant, wherein the internal tandem duplication mutations (FLT3-ITD), and the point mutation to be inhibited in the tyrosine kinase domain of the molecule at positions 835 and 836.Midostaurin is tested in patients with AML.

Midostaurin, a protein kinase C (PKC) and Flt3 (FLK2/STK1) inhibitor, is in phase III clinical development at originator Novartis for the oral treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML).

Novartis is conducting phase III clinical trials for the treatment of aggressive systemic mastocytosis or mast cell leukemia. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) is conducting phase I/II trials with the drug for the treatment of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS).

Massachusetts General Hospital is conducting phase I clinical trials for the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the rectum in combination with radiation and standard chemotherapy.

MIDOSTAURIN

Midostaurin (PKC412) is a multi-target protein kinase inhibitor being investigated for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). It is a semi-synthetic derivative of staurosporine, an alkaloid from the bacterium Streptomyces staurosporeus, and is active in patients with mutations of CD135 (FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 receptor).[1]

After successful Phase II clinical trials, a Phase III trial for AML has started in 2008. It is testing midostaurin in combination with daunorubicin and cytarabine.[2] In another trial, the substance has proven ineffective in metastatic melanoma.[3]

Midostaurin has also been studied at Johns Hopkins University for the treatment of age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but no recent progress reports for this indication have been made available. Trials in macular edema of diabetic origin were discontinued at Novartis.

In 2004, orphan drug designation was received in the E.U. for the treatment of AML. In 2009 and 2010, orphan drug designation was assigned for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia and for the treatment of mastocytosis, respectively, in the U.S. In 2010, orphan drug designation was assigned in the E.U. for the latter indication.

MIDOSTAURIN

References

  1.  Fischer, T.; Stone, R. M.; Deangelo, D. J.; Galinsky, I.; Estey, E.; Lanza, C.; Fox, E.; Ehninger, G.; Feldman, E. J.; Schiller, G. J.; Klimek, V. M.; Nimer, S. D.; Gilliland, D. G.; Dutreix, C.; Huntsman-Labed, A.; Virkus, J.; Giles, F. J. (2010). “Phase IIB Trial of Oral Midostaurin (PKC412), the FMS-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3 Receptor (FLT3) and Multi-Targeted Kinase Inhibitor, in Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia and High-Risk Myelodysplastic Syndrome with Either Wild-Type or Mutated FLT3”. Journal of Clinical Oncology 28 (28): 4339–4345. doi:10.1200/JCO.2010.28.9678PMID 20733134edit
  2.  ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00651261 Daunorubicin, Cytarabine, and Midostaurin in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  3.  Millward, M. J.; House, C.; Bowtell, D.; Webster, L.; Olver, I. N.; Gore, M.; Copeman, M.; Lynch, K.; Yap, A.; Wang, Y.; Cohen, P. S.; Zalcberg, J. (2006). “The multikinase inhibitor midostaurin (PKC412A) lacks activity in metastatic melanoma: a phase IIA clinical and biologic study”British Journal of Cancer 95 (7): 829–834. doi:10.1038/sj.bjc.6603331PMC 2360547PMID 16969355.
    1. Midostaurin product page, Fermentek
    2.  Wang, Y; Yin, OQ; Graf, P; Kisicki, JC; Schran, H (2008). “Dose- and Time-Dependent Pharmacokinetics of Midostaurin in Patients With Diabetes Mellitus”. J Clin Pharmacol 48 (6): 763–775. doi:10.1177/0091270008318006PMID 18508951.
    3.  Ryan KS (2008). “Structural studies of rebeccamycin, staurosporine, and violacein biosynthetic enzymes”Ph.D. Thesis. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 1994, 4(3): 399

US 5093330

EP 0657164

EP 0711556

EP 0733358

WO 1998007415

WO 2002076432

WO 2003024420

WO 2003037347

WO 2004112794

WO 2005027910

WO 2005040415

WO 2006024494

WO 2006048296

WO 2006061199

WO 2007017497

WO 2013086133

WO 2012016050

WO 2011000811

8-1-2013
Identification of potent Yes1 kinase inhibitors using a library screening approach.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters
 
3-1-2013
Evaluation of potential Myt1 kinase inhibitors by TR-FRET based binding assay.
European journal of medicinal chemistry
2-23-2012
Testing the promiscuity of commercial kinase inhibitors against the AGC kinase group using a split-luciferase screen.
Journal of medicinal chemistry
 
1-26-2012
VX-322: a novel dual receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor for the treatment of acute myelogenous leukemia.
Journal of medicinal chemistry
1-1-2012
H2O2 production downstream of FLT3 is mediated by p22phox in the endoplasmic reticulum and is required for STAT5 signalling.
PloS one
10-27-2011
Discovery of 3-(2,6-dichloro-3,5-dimethoxy-phenyl)-1-{6-[4-(4-ethyl-piperazin-1-yl)-phenylamino]-pyrimidin-4-yl}-1-methyl-urea (NVP-BGJ398), a potent and selective inhibitor of the fibroblast growth factor receptor family of receptor tyrosine kinase.
Journal of medicinal chemistry
 
6-1-2011
Discovery, synthesis, and investigation of the antitumor activity of novel piperazinylpyrimidine derivatives.
European journal of medicinal chemistry
3-1-2010
Colony stimulating factor-1 receptor as a target for small molecule inhibitors.
Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry
7-18-2012
Staurosporine Derivatives as Inhibitors of FLT3 Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Activity
6-13-2012
Crystal form of N-benzoyl-staurosporine
12-14-2011
COMPOSITIONS FOR TREATMENT OF SYSTEMIC MASTOCYTOSIS
7-6-2011
Staurosporine derivatives as inhibitors of flt3 receptor tyrosine kinase activity
7-6-2011
Staurosporine Derivatives for Use in Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma
12-10-2010
Pharmaceutical Compositions for treating wouds and related methods
11-5-2010
COMBINATIONS OF JAK INHIBITORS
7-23-2010
COMBINATIONS COMPRISING STAUROSPORINES
3-5-2010
COMBINATION OF IAP INHIBITORS AND FLT3 INHIBITORS
1-29-2010
ANTI-CANCER PHOSPHONATE ANALOGS
1-13-2010
Therapeutic phosphonate compounds
11-20-2009
Use of Staurosporine Derivatives for the Treatment of Multiple Myeloma
7-17-2009
KINASE INHIBITORY PHOSPHONATE ANALOGS
6-19-2009
Organic Compounds
3-20-2009
Use of Midostaurin for Treating Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
11-21-2008
PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING A POORLY WATER-SOLUBLE ACTIVE INGREDIENT, A SURFACTANT AND A WATER-SOLUBLE POLYMER
11-19-2008
Anti-cancer phosphonate analogs
9-12-2008
Multi-Functional Small Molecules as Anti-Proliferative Agents
9-5-2008
Sensitization of Drug-Resistant Lung Caners to Protein Kinase Inhibitors
8-29-2008
Organic Compounds
8-27-2008
Kinase inhibitory phosphonate analogs
4-25-2008
Treatment Of Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors With Imatinib And Midostaurin
12-28-2007
Pharmaceutical Uses of Staurosporine Derivatives
12-7-2007
Kinase Inhibitor Phosphonate Conjugates
8-17-2007
Combinations comprising staurosporines
10-13-2006
Staurosporine derivatives for hypereosinophilic syndrome
7-15-2005
Phosphonate substituted kinase inhibitors
10-20-2004
Staurosporin derivatives

MIDOSTAURIN HYDRATE

Midostaurin according to the invention is N-[(9S,10R,11R,13R)-2,3,10,11,12,13-hexahydro-10-methoxy-9-methyl-1-oxo-9,13-epoxy-1H,9H-diindolo[1,2,3-gh:3′,2′,1′-lm]pyrrolo[3,4-j][1,7]benzodiazonin-11-yl]-N-methylbenzamide of the formula (II):

Figure US20090075972A1-20090319-C00002

or a salt thereof, hereinafter: “Compound of formula II or midostaurin”.

Compound of formula II or midostaurin [International Nonproprietary Name] is also known as PKC412.

Midostaurin is a derivative of the naturally occurring alkaloid staurosporine, and has been specifically described in the European patent No. 0 296 110 published on Dec. 21, 1988, as well as in U.S. Pat. No.  5093330 published on Mar. 3, 1992, and Japanese Patent No. 2 708 047.

………………….

https://www.google.co.in/patents/EP0296110B1

The nomenclature of the products is, on the complete structure of staurosporine ([storage]-NH-CH ₃derived, and which is designated by N-substituent on the nitrogen of the methylamino group

Figure imgb0028

Example 18:

     N-Benzoyl-staurospor

  • A solution of 116.5 mg (0.25 mmol) of staurosporine and 0.065 ml (0.38 mmol) of N, N-diisopropylethylamine in 2 ml of chloroform is added at room temperature with 0.035 ml (0.3 mmol) of benzoyl chloride and 10 stirred minutes.The reaction mixture is diluted with chloroform, washed with sodium bicarbonate, dried over magnesium sulfate and evaporated. The crude product is chromatographed on silica gel (eluent methylene chloride / ethanol 30:1), mp 235-247 ° with brown coloration.
  • cut paste may not be ok below

Staurosporine the formula [storage]-NH-CH ₃ (II) (for the meaning of the rest of [storage] see above) as the basic material of the novel compounds was already in 1977, from the cultures of Streptomyces staurosporeus AWAYA, and TAKAHASHI

O ¯

Figure imgb0003

MURA, sp. nov. AM 2282, see Omura, S., Iwai, Y., Hirano, A., Nakagawa, A.; awayâ, J., Tsuchiya, H., Takahashi, Y., and Masuma, R. J. Antibiot. 30, 275-281 (1977) isolated and tested for antimicrobial activity. It was also found here that the compound against yeast-like fungi and microorganisms is effective (MIC of about 3-25 mcg / ml), taking as the hydrochloride = having a LD ₅ ₀ 6.6 mg / kg (mouse, intraperitoneal). Stagnated recently it has been shown in extensive screening, see Tamaoki, T., Nomoto, H., Takahashi, I., Kato, Y, Morimoto, M. and Tomita, F.: Biochem. and Biophys. Research Commun. 135 (No. 2), 397-402 (1986) that the compound exerts a potent inhibitory effect on protein kinase C (rat brain)

…………………

https://www.google.co.in/patents/US5093330

EXAMPLE 18 N-benzoyl-staurosporine

0.035 ml (0.3 mmol) of benzoyl chloride is added at room temperature to a solution of 116.5 mg (0.25 mmol) of staurosporine and 0.065 ml (0.38 mmol) of N,N-diisopropylethylamine in 2 ml of chloroform and the whole is stirred for 10 minutes. The reaction mixture is diluted with chloroform, washed with sodium bicarbonate solution, dried over magnesium sulphate and concentrated by evaporation. The crude product is chromatographed on silica gel (eluant:methylene chloride/ethanol 30:1); m.p. 235

…………………….

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 1994, 4(3): 399

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0960894X94800049

Full-size image (2 K)

……………………

http://www.google.com/patents/WO1998007415A2

A variety of PKC inhibitors are available in the art for use in the invention. These include bryostatin (U.S. Patent 4,560,774), safinogel (WO 9617603), fasudil (EP 187371), 7- hydoxystaurosporin (EP 137632B), various diones described in EP 657458, EP 657411 and WO9535294, phenylmethyl hexanamides as described in WO9517888, various indane containing benzamides as described in WO9530640, various pyrrolo [3,4-c]carbazoles as described in EP 695755, LY 333531 (IMSworld R & D Focus 960722, July 22, 1996 and Pharmaprojects Accession No. 24174), SPC-104065 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 22568), P-10050 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 22643), No. 4432 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 23031), No. 4503 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 23252), No. 4721 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 23890), No. 4755 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 24035), balanol (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 20376), K-7259 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 16649), Protein kinase C inhib, Lilly (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 18006), and UCN-01 (Pharmaprojects Accession No. 11915). Also see, for example, Tamaoki and Nakano (1990) Biotechnology 8:732-735; Posada et al. (1989) Cancer Commun. 1:285-292; Sato et al. (1990) Biochem Biophys. Res. Commun. 173:1252-1257; Utz et al. (1994) Int. J. Cancer 57:104-110; Schwartz et al. (1993) J. Na . Cancer lnst. 85:402-407; Meyer et al. (1989) Int. J. Cancer 43:851-856; Akinaga et al. (1991) Cancer Res. 51:4888-4892, which disclosures are herein incorporated by reference. Additionally, antisense molecules can be used as PKC inhibitors. Although such antisense molecules inhibit mRNA translation into the PKC protein, such antisense molecules are considered PKC inhibitors for purposes of this invention. Such antisense molecules against PKC inhibitors include those described in published PCT patent applications WO 93/19203, WO 95/03833 and WO 95/02069, herein incorporated by reference. Such inhibitors can be used in formulations for local delivery to prevent cellular proliferation. Such inhibitors find particular use in local delivery for preventing rumor growth and restenosis.

N-benzoyl staurosporine is a benzoyl derivative of the naturally occurring alkaloid staurosporine. It is chiral compound ([a]D=+148.0+-2.0°) with the formula C35H30R1O4 (molecular weight 570.65). It is a pale yellow amorphous powder which remains unchanged up to 220°C. The compound is very lipophilic (log P>5.48) and almost insoluble in water (0.068 mg/1) but dissolves readily in DMSO.

……………………….

staurosporine

Staurosporine (antibiotic AM-2282 or STS) is a natural product originally isolated in 1977 from the bacterium Streptomyces staurosporeus. It was the first of over 50 alkaloids to be isolated with this type of bis-indole chemical structure. The chemical structure of staurosporine was elucidated by X-ray analysis of a single crystal and the absolute stereochemical configuration by the same method in 1994.

Staurosporine was discovered to have biological activities ranging from anti-fungal to anti-hypertensive. The interest in these activities resulted in a large investigative effort in chemistry and biology and the discovery of the potential for anti-cancer treatment

Synthesis of Staurosporine

Staurosporine is the precursor of the novel protein kinase inhibitor midostaurin(PKC412). Besides midostaurin, staurosporine is also used as a starting material in the commercial synthesis of K252c (also called staurosporine aglycone). In the natural biosynthetic pathway, K252c is a precursor of staurosporine.

Indolocarbazoles belong to the alkaloid sub-class of bisindoles. Of these carbazoles the Indolo(2,3-a)carbazoles are the most frequently isolated; the most common subgroup of the Indolo(2,3-a)carbazoles are the Indolo(2,3-a)pyrrole(3,4-c)carbazoles which can be divided into two major classes – halogenated (chlorinated) with a fully oxidized C-7 carbon with only one indole nitrogen containing a β-glycosidic bond and the second class consists of both indole nitrogen glycosilated, non-halogenated, and a fully reduced C-7 carbon. Staurosporine is part of the second non-halogenated class.

The biosynthesis of staurosporine starts with the amino acid L-tryptophan in its zwitterionic form. Tryptophan is converted to an imineby enzyme StaO which is an L-amino acid oxidase (that may be FAD dependent). The imine is acted upon by StaD to form an uncharacterized intermediate proposed to be the dimerization product between 2 imine molecules. Chromopyrrolic acid is the molecule formed from this intermediate after the loss of VioE (used in the biosynthesis of violacein – a natural product formed from a branch point in this pathway that also diverges to form rebeccamycin. An aryl aryl coupling thought to be catalyzed by a cytochrome P450enzyme to form an aromatic ring system occurs

Staurosporine 2

This is followed by a nucleophilic attack between the indole nitrogens resulting in cyclization and then decarboxylation assisted by StaC exclusively forming staurosporine aglycone or K252c. Glucose is transformed to NTP-L-ristoamine by StaA/B/E/J/I/K which is then added on to the staurosporine aglycone at 1 indole N by StaG. The StaN enzyme reorients the sugar by attaching it to the 2nd indole nitrogen into an unfavored conformation to form intermediated O-demethyl-N-demethyl-staurosporine. Lastly, O-methylation of the 4’amine by StaMA and N-methylation of the 3′-hydroxy by StaMB leads to the formation of staurosporine

US4107297 * 28 Nov 1977 15 Aug 1978 The Kitasato Institute Antibiotic compound
US4735939 * 27 Feb 1987 5 Apr 1988 The Dow Chemical Company Insecticidal activity of staurosporine
ZA884238A * Title not available

MIDOSTAURIN

NOVARTIS

Image result for MIDOSTAURIN

Rydapt FDA

4/28/2017

To treat acute myeloid leukemia
Press Release
Drug Trials Snapshot

STR1 STR2

////////FDA 2017, acute myeloid leukemia, Rydapt, midostaurin, Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation, LeukoStrat CDx FLT3 Mutation Assay,  Invivoscribe Technologies Inc, Priority Review, Fast Track, (for the mastocytosis indication, Breakthrough Therapy

GSK-2879552


GSK-2879552

CAS 1401966-69-5 (ABS),  1401966-63-9(REL)

C23 H28 N2 O2, 364.48

Benzoic acid, 4-[[4-[[[(1R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl]amino]methyl]-1-piperidinyl]methyl]-

4-((4-((((lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoic acid

  • 4-[[4-[[[(1R,2S)-2-Phenylcyclopropyl]amino]methyl]-1-piperidinyl]methyl]benzoic acid
  • 4-[[4-[[((1R,2S)-2-Phenylcyclopropyl)amino]methyl]piperidin-1-yl]methyl]benzoic acid

4-((4-((((1R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-1-yl)methyl)benzoic acid

Phase I

Glaxosmithkline Llc  INNOVATOR

Neil W. Johnson, Jiri Kasparec, William Henry Miller, Meagan B. Rouse, Dominic Suarez, Xinrong Tian,

A LSD1 inhibitor potentially for the treatment of small cell lung cancer and acute myeloid leukemia.

GSK2879552 is an orally available, irreversible, inhibitor of lysine specific demethylase 1 (LSD1), with potential antineoplastic activity. Upon administration, GSK2879552 binds to and inhibits LSD1, a demethylase that suppresses the expression of target genes by converting the dimethylated form of lysine at position 4 of histone H3 (H3K4) to mono- and unmethylated H3K4. LSD1 inhibition enhances H3K4 methylation and increases the expression of tumor-suppressor genes. This may lead to an inhibition of cell growth in LSD1-overexpressing tumor cells. LSD1, overexpressed in certain tumor cells, plays a key role in tumor cell growth and survival. Check for active clinical trials or closed clinical trials using this agent.

GSK-2879552 chemical structure

Formula: C23H29ClN2O2
M.Wt: 400.94

GSK2879552, LSD1 Inhibitor

CAS 1902123-72-1

Molecular Weight: 437.41
Formula: C23H28N2O2.2HCl

Chromatin modification plays an essential role in transcriptional regulation (T. Kouzarides, 2007, Cell 128: 693-705). These modifications, which include DNA methylation, histone acetylation and hsitone methylation, are disregulated in tumors. This epigenetic disregulation plays an important role in the silencing of tumor suppressors and overexpression of oncogenes in cancer (M. Esteller, 2008, N Engl J Med 358: 1148-59. P. Chi et al, 2010, Nat Rev Cane 10:457-469.). The enzymes that regulate histone methylation are the histone methyl transferases and the histone demethylases.

Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSDl; also known as BHC110) is a histone lysine demethylase reported to demethylate H3K4mel/2 (Y. Shi et al, 2004, Cell 119: 941-953) and H3K9mel/2 (R. Schule et al.,2005, Nature 437: 436-439). LSDl is overexpressed in multiple human cancers, including prostate where it is associated with more frequent relapse (P. Kahl et al, 2006, Cane. Res. 66: 11341-11347), breast (J. Kirfel et al, 2010, Carcinogenesis 31: 512-520) neuroblastoma (J. Kirfel et al, 2009, Cane. Res. 69: 2065-2071. G. Sun et al, 2010, Mol. Cell. Biol. 28: 1997-2000). LSDl is essential for transcriptional regulation mediated by a number of nuclear hormone receptors, including androgen receptor in prostate cancer (R. Schuele et al, 2005, Nature 437: 436-439. R. Schuele et al, 2007, Nat. Cell Biol. 9: 347-353. R. Schuele et al, 2010, Nature 464: 792-796), estrogen receptor in breast carcinomas (M.G. Rosenfeld et al, 2007, Cell 128: 505-518), and TLX receptor in neuorblastoma (S. Kato et al, 2008, Mol. Cell. Biol. 28: 3995-4003). These studies have shown that knockdown of LSDl expression results in decreased cancer cell proliferation. Additionally, LSDl is overexpressed in multiple cancer types that are nuclear hormone receptor-independent. Those tumors include ER-negative breast (J. Kirfel et al, 2010, Carcinogenesis 31: 512-520), small-cell lung, bladder, head & neck, colon, serous ovary, and kidney Wilm’s tumor. Therefore, potent selective small molecule inhibitors of LSDl may be useful for treatment of cancers that are nuclear hormone receptor-dependent and/or nuclear hormone receptor-independent.

The compositions and methods provided herein can potentially be useful for the treatment of cancer including tumors such as skin, breast, brain, cervical carcinomas, testicular carcinomas, etc. More particularly, cancers that may be treated by the compositions and methods of the invention include, but are not limited to tumor types such as astrocytic, breast, cervical, colorectal, endometrial, esophageal, gastric, head and neck, hepatocellular, laryngeal, lung, oral, ovarian, prostate and thyroid carcinomas and sarcomas. More specifically, these compounds can potentially be used to treat: Cardiac: sarcoma (angiosarcoma, fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, liposarcoma), myxoma, rhabdomyoma, fibroma, lipoma and teratoma; Lung: bronchogenic carcinoma (squamous cell, undifferentiated small cell, undifferentiated large cell, adenocarcinoma), alveolar (bronchiolar) carcinoma, bronchial adenoma, sarcoma, lymphoma, chondromatous hamartoma, mesothelioma; Gastrointestinal: esophagus (squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, leiomyosarcoma, lymphoma), stomach (carcinoma, lymphoma, leiomyosarcoma), pancreas (ductal adenocarcinoma, insulinoma, glucagonoma, gastrinoma, carcinoid tumors, vipoma), small bowel (adenocarcinoma, lymphoma, carcinoid tumors, Kaposi’s sarcoma, leiomyoma, hemangioma, lipoma, neurofibroma, fibroma), large bowel (adenocarcinoma, tubular adenoma, villous adenoma, hamartoma, leiomyoma); Genitourinary tract: kidney (adenocarcinoma, Wilm’s tumor

(nephroblastoma), lymphoma, leukemia), bladder and urethra (squamous cell carcinoma, transitional cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma), prostate (adenocarcinoma, sarcoma), testis (seminoma, teratoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratocarcinoma, choriocarcinoma, sarcoma, interstitial cell carcinoma, fibroma, fibroadenoma, adenomatoid tumors, lipoma); Liver: hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma), cholangiocarcinoma, hepatoblastoma,angiosarcoma, hepatocellular adenoma, hemangioma; Bone: osteogenic sarcoma(osteosarcoma), fibrosarcoma, malignant fibrous histiocytoma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, malignant lymphoma (reticulum cell sarcoma), multiple myeloma, malignant giant cell tumor chordoma, osteochronfroma (osteocartilaginous exostoses), benign chondroma, chondroblastoma, chondromyxofibroma, osteoid osteoma and giant cell tumors; Nervous system: skull (osteoma, hemangioma, granuloma, xanthoma, osteitis deformans), meninges (meningioma, meningiosarcoma, gliomatosis), brain (astrocytoma, meduUoblastoma, glioma, ependymoma, germinoma (pinealoma), glioblastoma multiform, oligodendroglioma, schwannoma, retinoblastoma, congenital tumors), spinal cord neurofibroma, meningioma, glioma, sarcoma); Gynecological: uterus (endometrial carcinoma), cervix (cervical carcinoma, pre -tumor cervical dysplasia), ovaries (ovarian carcinoma (serous cystadenocarcinoma, mucinous cystadenocarcinoma, unclassified carcinoma), granulosa-thecal cell tumors, Sertoli-Leydig cell tumors, dysgerminoma, malignant teratoma), vulva (squamous cell carcinoma, intraepithelial carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, fibrosarcoma, melanoma), vagina (clear cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, botryoid sarcoma (embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma), fallopian tubes

(carcinoma); Hematologic: blood (myeloid leukemia (acute and chronic), acute lymphoblastic leukemia, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, myeloproliferative diseases, multiple myeloma, myelodysplasia syndrome), Hodgkin’s disease, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (malignant lymphoma); Skin: malignant melanoma, basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, Kaposi’s sarcoma, moles dysplastic nevi, lipoma, angioma, dermatofibroma, keloids, psoriasis; and Adrenal glands: neuroblastoma. Thus, the term “cancerous cell” as provided herein, includes a cell afflicted by any one of or related to the above identified conditions.

SYNTHESIS

GSK-2879552

STR1

PATENT

WO 2012135113

https://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2012135113A2?cl=en

Example 2

1 , 1 -Dimethylethyl 4-( { \( 1 R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl] amino I methyl)- 1 -piperidinecarboxylate

Following a procedure analogous to the procedure described in Example 1 using [(1R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl]amine ((-) isomer) (94 mg, 0.703 mmol) afforded 1,1 -dimethylethyl 4-({[(lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl]amino}methyl)-l-piperidinecarboxylate (92 mg, 0.264 mmol, 56.4 % yield) as white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) δ 7.29 – 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.23 – 7.28 (m, 1H), 7.17 – 7.22 (m, 2H), 4.14 (d, J= 12.63 Hz, 2H), 3.14 (d, J = 7.07 Hz, 2H), 3.01 (dt, J= 4.14, 7.64 Hz, 1H), 2.81 (br. s., 2H), 2.53 (ddd, J= 3.54, 6.63, 10.29 Hz, 1H), 1.97 (ddd, 1H), 1.80 (d, J= 12.13 Hz, 2H), 1.55 (ddd, J= 4.29, 6.63, 10.55 Hz, 1H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.36 – 1.45 (m, 1H), 1.23 (qd, J= 4.29, 12.38 Hz, 2H); LC-MS Rt = 0.78 min; MS (ESI): 331.3 [M+H]+.

Example 6

[(lR,2S)-2-Phenylcyclopropyll(4-piperidinylmethyl)amine

Following a procedure analogous to the procedure described in Example 4 using 1,1-dimethylethyl 4-({[(lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl]amino}methyl)-l-piperidinecarboxylate (Example 2, 60 mg, 0.182 mmol) afforded [(lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl](4-piperidinylmethyl)amine (41 mg, 0.146 mmol, 80 % yield)as white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOLS) δ 7.29 – 7.38 (m, 2H), 7.23 – 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.18 – 7.23 (m, 2H), 3.47 (d, J= 13.39 Hz, 2H), 3.21 (d, 2H), 2.89 – 3.13 (m, 3H), 2.60 (ddd, J= 3.79, 6.57, 10.36 Hz, 1H), 2.13 – 2.28 (m, J= 3.85, 3.85, 7.61, 11.21 Hz, 1H), 1.99 – 2.13 (m, 2H), 1.49 – 1.71 (m, 3H), 1.35 – 1.48 (m, 1H); LC-MS Rt = 0.44 min; MS (ESI): 231.2

Example 26

4-((4-(((trans-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin- 1 -yl)methyl)benzoic acid

To the solution of 2,2,2-trifluoro-N-(trans-2-phenylcyclopropyl)-N-(piperidin-4-ylmethyl)acetamide (200 mg, 0.613 mmol, Example l ib) and 4-(bromomethyl)benzoic acid (198 mg, 0.919 mmol) in acetonitrile (6 mL) was added potasium carbonate (254 mg, 1.838 mmol). The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours at the 90 °C. The reaction mixture was then filtered and evaporated. The crude oil was mixed with 10 mL of 10 % acetic acid and 10 mL of ethyl acetate. Layers were separated, and the organic layer was discharged. Aqueous layer was neutralized with 1 M Na2C03, and the product was extracted into 10 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic layer was washed with brine, dried over MgS04, filtered and evaporated. The oil was dissolved in 6 ml of EtOH and 3 ml of 1 M NaOH. The reaction mixture was stirred for 20 min, and then it was concentrated. The solution was then partioned between 2 ml of water and 5 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic layer was separated and evaporated. The oil was purified on preparatory HPLC (2 to 10 % AcCN: H20 with 0.1 % formic acid modifier). The fractions were collected. To each

fraction was added 1 ml of 1 M HCl, and the fractions were evaporated to dryness. 4-((4-(((trans-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoic acid (50 mg, 0.118 mmol, 19.33 % yield) was isolated as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz,

METHANOLS) δ 8.16 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.70 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.30 – 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.23 – 7.29 (m, 1H), 7.20 (d, J= 7.33 Hz, 2H), 4.44 (br. s., 2H), 3.57 (d, J= 11.62 Hz, 2H), 3.07 – 3.27 (m, 4H), 3.04 (dt, J= 3.95, 7.52 Hz, 1H), 2.59 (ddd, J= 3.54, 6.57, 10.11 Hz, lH), 2.12 (d, J= 13.89 Hz, 3H), 1.54 – 1.81 (m, 3H), 1.42 (q, 1H); LC-MS Rt = 0.47 min; MS (ESI): 365.3 [M+H]+.

[M+H]+.

Example 29

4-((4-((((lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoic acid

Step 1.

tert-Butyl 4-((4-(hydroxymethyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate

tert-Butyl 4-(bromomethyl)benzoate (1 g, 3.13 mmol) and piperidin-4-ylmethanol (0.361 g, 3.13 mmol) were dissolved in acetonitrile (25 mL). K2CO3 (1.300 g, 9.40 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture was heated to reflux for 20 min. The reaction mixture was cooled down to room temperature, filtered and evaporated. The resulting solid was partitioned between ethyl acetate (50mL) and 1 M HC1 (50 mL). The layers were separated and the aqueous layer was washed with ethyl acetate and the organic layers were discarded. The aqueous layer was basified with 8 M NaOH to pH -10 and extracted 2 times with 50 mL of ethyl acetate. The organic layers were combined, washed with brine and dried over MgSC^, filtered and evaporated. tert-Butyl 4-((4- (hydroxymethyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate (0.95 g, 2.99 mmol, 95 % yield) was isolated as yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 7.95 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.39 (d, J = 8.08 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (s, 2H), 3.51 (d, J = 6.57 Hz, 2H), 2.90 (d, J= 11.37 Hz, 2H), 1.94 – 2.04 (m, 2H), 1.73 (d, J= 14.15 Hz, 2H), 1.61 (s, 9H), 1.40 – 1.56 (m, 2H), 1.30 – 1.37 (m, 2H); LC-MS Rt = 0.67 min; MS (ESI): 306.2 [M+H]+.

Step 2.

tert-Butyl 4-((4-formylpiperidin- 1 -yl)methyl)benzoate

To a solution of oxalyl chloride (0.408 mL, 4.67 mmol) in dichloromethane (5 mL) at -60 °C was added a solution of DMSO (0.508 mL, 7.15 mmol) in 15 mL of dichloromethane over 30 minutes. The reaction was stirred for 30 minutes at -60 °C A solution of tert-butyl 4-((4-(hydroxymethyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate (950 mg, 3.11 mmol) in 5 mL of dichloromethane was added over 10 minutes at -60 °C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours at – 60 °C, then triethylamine (2.168 mL, 15.55 mmol) was added and after 10 minutes 10 mL of water was added. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm up to the room temperature. The layers were separated. The pH of the water layer was adjusted to ~7 with 1 M HC1 and then extracted with 20 mL of dichloromethane. The combined organic layers were washed with water and brine, then dried over MgSO, filtered and evaporated. The resulting oil was purified on a silica column eluting with EtOAc to yield tert-butyl 4-((4-formylpiperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate (550 mg, 1.722 mmol, 55.4 % yield) as a yellow oil. 1H NMR (400 MHz, CHLOROFORM-d) δ 9.67 (d, J= 1.26 Hz, 1H), 7.96 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.38 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 3.56 (s, 2H), 2.75 – 2.92 (m, 2H), 2.21 – 2.35 (m, 1H), 2.14 (t, J= 10.48 Hz, 2H), 1.91 (dd, J= 2.78, 13.14 Hz, 2H), 1.65 – 1.81 (m, 2H), 1.58 – 1.64 (m, 9H); LC-MS Rt = 0.69 min; MS (ESI): 304.2

[M+H]+, 322.2 [M+H20]+, 336.6 [M+Na]+

Step 3.

tert-Butyl 4-((4-(((( 1 R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin- 1 -yl)methyl)benzoate

To a solution of tert-butyl 4-((4-formylpiperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate (6.7 g, 22.08 mmol) in methanol (50 mL) was added (lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropanamine (3.53 g, 26.5 mmol). The reaction mixture was refluxed for 5 minutes then cooled down to the room temperature. Sodium cyanotrihydroborate (2.082 g, 33.1 mmol) was added. The reaction mixture was stirred 1 hour at room temperature. Water (50 mL) was added. The reaction was concentrated and 50 mL of dichloromethane was added. The layers were separated. The organics were washed with 10 % acetic acid (50 mL). The layers were separated and 50 mL of brine was added slowly as a solid crashed out. The solid was filtered and suspended in isopropanol. The suspension was sonicated and filtered. tert-Butyl 4-((4-(((( 1 R,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin- 1 -yl)methyl)benzoate (5.8 g, 13.65 mmol, 61.8 % yield) was isolated as a white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz,

METHANOLS) δ 8.07 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.70 (d, J= 8.08 Hz, 2H), 7.28 – 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.10 – 7.28 (m, 3H), 4.43 (br. s., 2H), 3.54 (d, J= 10.86 Hz, 2H), 3.08 – 3.26 (m, 4H), 3.03 (dt, J= 3.76, 7.39 Hz, 1H), 2.54 – 2.71 (m, 1H), 2.03 – 2.29 (m, 3H), 1.67 – 1.84 (m, 2H), 1.58 – 1.67 (m, 10H), 1.40 (q, J = 6.82 Hz, lH); LC-MS Rt = 0.76 min; MS (ESI): 421.4 [M+H]+.

Step 4.

4-((4-((((lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoic acid

A suspension of tert-butyl 4-((4-((((lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoate (5.8 g, 13.79 mmol) in HCL – 1 M (80 ml, 80 mmol) was heated to 89 °C (internal temperature) for 2 hr. The solution was cooled down to the room temperature and held in an ice -bath for 1 hour and then filtered. 4-((4-((((lR,2S)-2-phenylcyclopropyl)amino)methyl)piperidin-l-yl)methyl)benzoic acid (3.8 g, 8.25 mmol, 59.8 % yield) was isolated as white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, METHANOL-d4) 5 8.15 (d, J= 8.34 Hz, 2H), 7.72 (d, J= 8.59 Hz, 2H), 7.29 – 7.37 (m, 2H), 7.14 – 7.28 (m, 3H), 4.45 (br. s., 2H), 3.55 (d, J= 10.36 Hz, 2H), 3.07 – 3.29 (m, 4H), 3.04 (dt, J= 3.98, 7.71 Hz, 1H), 2.61 (ddd, J= 3.66, 6.57, 10.23 Hz, 1H), 1.98 – 2.31 (m, 3H), 1.72 (br. s., 2H), 1.62 (ddd, J= 4.42, 6.51, 10.55 Hz, 1H), 1.41 (q, J= 6.82 Hz, lH); LC-MS Rt = 0.49 min; MS (ESI): 365.3 [M+H]+.

Neil Johnson

Neil Johnson

US Lead of Chemistry Talent Development, External Engagement and Recruitment at GSK

https://www.linkedin.com/in/neil-johnson-6628894

Experience

US Lead of Chemistry Talent Development, External Engagement and Recruitment

GSK

March 2016 – Present (4 months)Greater Philadelphia Area

Manager

GSK

July 1999 – Present (17 years)

Investgator

GlaxoSmithKline

1999 – Present (17 years)

Senior Scientist

Cephalon

September 1994 – June 1999 (4 years 10 months)

Education

The Johns Hopkins University

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD), Organic Chemistry

1988 – 1994

Fort Lewis College

BS, Chemistry

1984 – 1988

///////////GSK-2879552,  1401966-63-9, Phase I , A LSD1 inhibitor,  small cell lung cancer,  acute myeloid leukemia, 1401966-69-5, 1902123-72-1

O=C(O)C1=CC=C(CN2CCC(CN[C@H]3[C@H](C4=CC=CC=C4)C3)CC2)C=C1

O=C(O)c1ccc(cc1)CN2CCC(CC2)CN[C@@H]4C[C@H]4c3ccccc3

Gilteritinib fumarate ギルテリチニブフマル酸塩


1254053-84-3.png

  1. 1254053-84-3

Gilteritinib

ASP-2215

Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia

6-ethyl-3-{3-methoxy-4-[4-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]anilino}-5-[(oxan-4-yl)amino]pyrazine-2-carboxamide

C29H44N8O3, 552.71

Phase III

Xospata pmda 2018/9/21  JAPAN 2018

A FLT3/AXL inhibitor potentially for the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

CAS No. 1254053-43-4  FREE FORM

  1. 1254053-84-3  FUMARATE
Astellas Pharma  INNOVATOR
Mechanism Of Action Axl receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors, Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 inhibitors, Proto oncogene protein c-kit inhibitors
Who Atc Codes L01X-E (Protein kinase inhibitors)
Ephmra Codes L1H (Protein Kinase Inhibitor Antineoplastics)
Indication Cancer, Hepatic impairment

Gilteritinib(ASP-2215) is a potent FLT3/AXL inhibitor with IC50 of 0.29 nM/<1 nM respectively; shows potent antileukemic activity against AML with either or both FLT3-ITD and FLT3-D835 mutations.
IC50 value: 0.29 nM(FLT3); <1 nM(Axl kinase)
Target: FLT3/AXL inhibitor
ASP2215 inhibited the growth of MV4-11 cells, which harbor FLT3-ITD, with an IC50 value of 0.92 nM, accompanied with inhibition of pFLT3, pAKT, pSTAT5, pERK, and pS6. ASP2215 decreased tumor burden in bone marrow and prolonged the survival of mice intravenously transplanted with MV4-11 cells. ASP2215 may have potential use in treating AML.

SYNTHESIS

STR1

Patent

WO 2015119122

Compound A is 6-ethyl-3 – ({3-methoxy-4- [4- (4-methylpiperazin-1-yl) piperidin-1-yl] phenyl} amino) -5- a (tetrahydro -2H- pyran-4-ylamino) pyrazine-2-carboxamide, its chemical structure is shown below.
[Formula 1]

Gilteritinib fumarate

1254053-84-3.png

2D chemical structure of 1254053-84-3

Gilteritinib fumarate [USAN]

RN: 1254053-84-3

UNII: 5RZZ0Z1GJT

2-Pyrazinecarboxamide, 6-ethyl-3-((3-methoxy-4-(4-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-1-piperidinyl)phenyl)amino)-5-((tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)amino)-, (2E)-2-butenedioate (2:1)

  • ASP-2215 hemifumarate
  • Molecular Formula, 2C29-H44-N8-O3.C4-H4-O4, Molecular Weight, 1221.5108

Astellas Inititaties Phase 3 Registration Trial of gilteritinib (ASP2215) in Relapsed or Refractory Acute Myeloid Leukemia Patients

gilteritinib-ASP2215

TOKYO, Japan I October 28, 2015 I Astellas Pharma Inc. (TSE:4503) today announced dosing of the first patient in a randomized Phase 3 registration trial of gilteritinib (ASP2215)versus salvage chemotherapy in patients with relapsed or refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML). The primary endpoint of the trial is overall survival (OS).

Gilteritinibis a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor of FLT3 and AXL, which are involved in the growth of cancer cells. Gilteritinibhas demonstrated inhibitory activity against FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD) as well as tyrosine kinase domain (TKD), two common types of FLT3 mutations that are seen in up to one third of patients with AML.

The gilteritinib Phase 3 trial follows a Phase 1/2 trial, which evaluated doses from 20 to 450 mg once daily. A parallel multi-dose expansion cohort was initiated based on the efficacy seen in the dose escalation phase. Preliminary data from the Phase 1/2 trial presented at the 2015 American Society of Clinical Oncology annual meeting demonstrated a 57.5 percent overall response rate and a 47.2 percent composite Complete Response (CR) rate (CR + CR with incomplete platelet recovery + CR with incomplete hematologic recovery) in 106 patients with FLT3 mutations who received 80 mg and higher doses. Median duration of response was 18 weeks across all doses and median OS was approximately 27 weeks at 80 mg and above in FLT3 mutation positive patients. Common drug-related adverse events (> 10%) observed in the study were diarrhea (13.4%), fatigue (12.4%) and AST increase (11.3%). At the 450 mg dose, two patients reached dose-limiting toxicity (grade 3 diarrhea and ALT/AST elevation) and the maximum tolerated dose was determined to be 300 mg.

On October 27, 2015, the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) announced the selection of gilteritinib as one of the first products designated for SAKIGAKE.

About the Phase 3 Study

The Phase 3 trial is an open-label, multicenter, randomized study of gilteritinib versus salvage chemotherapy in patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML). The study will enroll 369 patients with FLT3 activating mutation in bone marrow or whole blood, as determined by central lab, AML who are refractory to or have relapsed after first-line AML therapy. Subjects will be randomized in a 2:1 ratio to receive gilteritinib (120 mg) or salvage chemotherapy consisting of LoDAC (low-dose cytarabine), azacitidine, MEC (mitoxantrone, etoposide, and intermediate-dose cytarabine), or FLAG-IDA (fludarabine, cytarabine, and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor with idarubicin). The primary endpoint of the trial is OS. For more information about this trial go to http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, trial identifier NCT02421939.

Gilteritinib was discovered through a research collaboration with Kotobuki Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., and Astellas has exclusive global rights to develop, manufacture and potentially commercialize gilteritinib.

About Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Acute myeloid leukemia is a cancer that impacts the blood and bone marrow and most commonly experienced in older adults. According to the//www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@editorial/documents/document/acspc-044552.pdf” target=”_blank” rel=”nofollow”>American Cancer Society, in 2015, there will be an estimated 20,830 new cases of AML diagnosed in the United States, and about 10,460 cases will result in death.

About SAKIGAKE

The SAKIGAKE designation system can shorten the review period in the following three approaches: 1.) Prioritized Consultation 2.) Substantial Pre-application Consultation and 3.) Prioritized Review. Also, the system will promote development with the following two approaches: 4.) Review Partner System (to be conducted by the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency) and 5.) Substantial Post-Marketing Safety Measures.

About Astellas

Astellas Pharma Inc., based in Tokyo, Japan, is a company dedicated to improving the health of people around the world through the provision of innovative and reliable pharmaceutical products. We focus on Urology, Oncology, Immunology, Nephrology and Neuroscience as prioritized therapeutic areas while advancing new therapeutic areas and discovery research leveraging new technologies/modalities. We are also creating new value by combining internal capabilities and external expertise in the medical/healthcare business. Astellas is on the forefront of healthcare change to turn innovative science into value for patients. For more information, please visit our website at http://www.astellas.com/en.

SOURCE: Astellas Pharma

Start of the Euro 2016

////////1254053-43-4, Gilteritinib, ASP-2215, PHASE 3, ASP 2215, Astellas Pharma, Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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