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Bayer seeks EMA approval for marketing of regorafenib to treat GIST
Bayer HealthCare has submitted an application to the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for marketing authorisation regarding the oral multi-kinase inhibitor, regorafenib.
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The rate of cancer rise is dramatic, doubling in the last 30 years. Furthermore, of the estimated 560,000 cancer victims who would die in 1997, most of them could have prevented their illness had they paid attention to some simple lifestyle factors.
Although the number of cancer deaths continues to rise each year in the U.S., the per capita cancer mortality rate has just recently started to decline. This celebrated small decline was first announced by the National Cancer Institute in late 1996, but a careful retrospective review of the data indicated that the per capita cancer death rate peaked in 1991 and has ever so slowly declined thereafter.
What was the reason for this decline? Not improved cancer treatments, but cancer prevention itself emerges as the cause for this good news. A national commitment to the prevention of cancer, largely replacing reliance on hopes for universal cures.
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Cempra Provides Guidance on the Clinical Program Required for Regulatory Approval for Solithromycin for Community-Acquired Bacterial Pneumonia (CABP)
|Legal status||Phase III clinical trials, North America, South America, Europe|
Cempra Provides Guidance on the Clinical Program Required for Regulatory …
The Herald | HeraldOnline.com
The Phase 3 solithromycin clinical program in CABP will be planned to consist of an oral trial and an intravenous (IV)-to-oral clinical trial. Cempra followed the CABP guidance that the FDA proposed in a November, 2011, meeting of the Anti-Infective …
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Solithromycin (formerly known as CEM-101 and OP-1068) is a novel ketolide antibiotic undergoing clinical development for the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) and other infections.It is expected to be the first macrolide antibiotic available in intravenous, oral, and pediatric suspension formulations in over 20 years.
Solithromycin exhibits excellent in vitro activity against a broad spectrum of Gram-positive respiratory tract pathogens, including macrolide-resistant strains. Solithromycin has activity against a wide variety of pathogens, and further research is being conducted for other infections.
- May 2011: Solithromycin is in a Phase 2 clinical trial for serious community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) and in a Phase 1 clinical trial with an intravenous formulation.
- September 2011 : Encouraging results from the phase 2 clinical trial versus levofloxacin were reported.
Apricus Biosciences Inc. said that its impotence drug Vitaros has been approved in 10 European countries. The company said Vitaros is now approved in the Netherlands, Germany, France, Italy, and the U.K., among other countries, for the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
The active ingredient in Vitaros, alprostadil, is an ingredient in other approved impotence treatments and Apricus is also studying it as a treatment for female sexual arousal disorder.
Patent ductus arteriosus
Alprostadil is also used in maintaining a patent ductus arteriosus in newborns. This is primarily useful when there is threat of premature closure of the ductus arteriosus in an infant with ductal-dependent congenital heart disease, including cyanotic lesions (e.g., pulmonary atresia/stenosis, tricuspid atresia/stenosis, transposition of the great arteries) and acyanotic lesions (e.g., coarctation of the aorta, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, critical aortic stenosis, interrupted aortic arch).
Alprostadil is sold in the United States as urethral suppositories and in injectable form. The suppositories are sold under the brand name MUSE. The injectable forms are Edex and Caverject. Muse delivers alprostadil as a penile suppository, inserted into the urethra, at least ten minutes before the erection will be needed. Caverject and Edex are similarly fast-acting, but instead are injected by syringe directly into the corpus cavernosum of the penis.
Apricus Biosciences is developing proprietary drugs; Vitaros for men with erectile dysfunction, Femprox for female sexual arousal disorder and RayVa for Raynaud’s phenomenon. Two Phase III studies have been completed for Vitaros, and approval has been granted in Canada. Apricus Biosciences is seeking regulatory approval in Europe, South America, and other territories. Apricus Biosciences sold the rights for Vitaros in the US to Warner Chilcott.
Alprostadil is also available as a generic. The major cost is that it must be mixed by a compounding pharmacy and supplies of alprostadil may be difficult to obtain. There are different formulations, including Bimix and Trimix, which may include papaverine and/or phentolamine. A typical mix might be 30 mg of papaverine, 2 mg of phentolamine, and 20 mcg alprostadil. As a generic, it is much less expensive than the pre-packaged injectables. It is premixed and must be kept refrigerated and the user must load a syringe with the quantity needed.
Critical limb ischemia
Alprostadil is also used for critical limb ischemia. It increases blood flow by peripheral vasodilation within 5 minutes and induces angiogenesis. It is most effective when the ankle pressure is at least 30 mmHg and at least one tibial artery is patent.
- Cawello W, Leonhardt A, Schweer H, Seyberth HW, Bonn R, Lomeli AL (September 1995). “Dose proportional pharmacokinetics of alprostadil (prostaglandin E1) in healthy volunteers following intravenous infusion”. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 40 (3): 273–6. PMC 1365109. PMID 8527291.
- Harding LM, Adeniyi A, Everson R, Barker S, Ralph DJ, Baranowski AP (December 2002). “Comparison of a needle-free high-pressure injection system with needle-tipped injection of intracavernosal alprostadil for erectile dysfunction”. International Journal of Impotence Research 14 (6): 498–501. doi:10.1038/sj.ijir.3900916. PMID 12494285.
- “Muse Suppository – Facts and Comparisons”. Drugs.com. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
- Edex – Facts and Comparisons Drugs.com
- Caverject – Facts and Comparisons Drugs.com
- Fain Hughes (2007-10-29). “NEXM: Dutton Sees Strong Speculative Buy and 12-Month Price Double”. Retrieved 2007-11-01.
Prostaglandin E1 (alprostadil, PGE1) erectile dysfunction drug, molecular model. PGE1 is a prostaglandin used in the treatment of erectile dysfunction.
Idenix Pharmaceuticals Announces Samatasvir (IDX719) Poster Presentations at the Asian Pacific Association for the Study of the Liver (APASL) Conference
New Hepititis C Virus Therapy
Idenix Pharmaceuticals Announces Samatasvir (IDX719) Poster Presentations at …
Wall Street Journal JUNE 6, 2013
… Inc. (Nasdaq:IDIX), a biopharmaceutical company engaged in the discovery and development of drugs for the treatment of human viral diseases, today announced three poster presentations featuring clinical and preclinical data for samatasvir (IDX719), …
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Idenix Pharmaceuticals, the Cambridge-based biotechnology company, announced that their drug, IDX719, was granted a Fast Track designation by the FDA. IDX719, an NS5A inhibitor, is designed to treat chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in patients. The Fast Track designation will enable Idenix Pharmaceuticals to shave precious time off their predicted timeline for a new drug application (NDA), and even increase interaction with the FDA to guarantee a quicker review and a shorter time to market.
Avanir said the FDA agreed to a faster development process for its experimental drug AVP-786 and will allow the company to use some data from studies of Nuedexta in its applications for AVP-786
Avanir Pharmaceuticals Inc. announced that the Food and Drug Administration will allow it to speed research on a newer version of its drug Nuedexta.
Avanir said the FDA agreed to a faster development process for its experimental drug AVP-786 and will allow the company to use some data from studies of Nuedexta in its applications for AVP-786.
Avanir plans to start human clinical trials of the drug after it completes some limited preclinical testing. The company said the FDA’s decision could reduce the cost of developing the drug and allow it to win marketing approval sooner.
Nuedexta is a treatment for pseudobulbar affect, a condition that involves involuntary emotional outbursts like laughing or crying. It is associated with brain disease or injury. Net revenue from the drug more than doubled to $31.4 million over the first six months of the company’s current fiscal year. That was almost all of the Aliso Viejo, Calif., company’s revenue.
Nuedexta was approved in February 2011. The drug combines two ingredients: dextromethorphan, a common ingredient in cough and cold medicines that can suppress coughing, and quinidine, which is used to treat abnormal heart rhythms.
Avanir is also studying Nuedexta as a treatment for diabetic nerve pain, agitation in patients with Alzheimer’s disease, central nerve pain in multiple sclerosis, and levodopa-induced dyskinesia in Parkinson’s disease. Dyskinesias are involuntary movements tied to most treatments used to manage Parkinson’s.
Canaccord Genuity analyst Ritu Baral said Avanir considers AVP-786 to be a safer version of Nuedexta because it contains less quinidine. The drug also has stronger patent protection and is patent protected until 2030, a few years longer than Nuedexta.
In a telephone interview, Baral said the FDA’s decision could speed approval of AVP-786 by two to four years. She said Avanir may start late-stage testing of the drug in the second half of 2014 depending on the results of current studies of Nuedexta.
Leuven, March 15, 2013
ThromboGenics NV an integrated biopharmaceutical company focused on developing and commercializing innovative ophthalmic medicines, today announces that the European Commission has approved JETREA® (ocriplasmin) in the European Union. JETREA® is approved for the treatment of vitreomacular traction (VMT), including when associated with macular hole of diameter less than or equal to 400 microns. The EU approval triggers a €45 million milestone payment to ThromboGenics from its partner Alcon. The first sale of JETREA® in the EU by Alcon will trigger a further €45 million milestone payment to ThromboGenics.
Alcon, a division of Novartis, acquired the rights to commercialize JETREA® outside the United States in March 2012. ThromboGenics retains the right to commercialize the drug in the US. ThromboGenics launched JETREA® in the US in mid-January 2013 where it is approved for the treatment of patients with symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion (VMA).
Ocriplasmin (trade name Jetrea) is a recombinant protease with activity against fibronectin and laminin, components of the vitreoretinal interface. It is used for treatment of symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion, for which it received FDA approval on 17 October 2012. It works by dissolving the proteins that link the vitreous to the macula, resulting in posterior detachment of the vitreous from the retina.