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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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LEXANOPADOL, For Treatment of acute and chronic pain requiring opioid analgesia


LEXANOPADOL

trans-6′-Fluoro-N-methyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3’H-spiro(cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano(3,4-b)indol)-4-amine

Spiro(cyclohexane-1,1′(3’H)-pyrano(3,4-b)indol)-4-amine, 6′-fluoro-4′,9′-dihydro-N-methyl-4-phenyl-, trans-

Gruenenthal Gmbh

PRONUNCIATION lex” an oh’ pa dol
THERAPEUTIC CLAIM Treatment of acute and chronic pain requiring opioid analgesia
CHEMICAL NAMES
1. Spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′(3’H)-pyrano[3,4-b]indol]-4-amine, 6′-fluoro-4′,9′-dihydro-N-methyl-4-phenyl-, trans-
2. Trans-6′-fluoro-N-methyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3’H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4-b]indol]-4-amine
3. Trans -6’-fluoro-4’,9’-dihydro-N-methyl-4-phenyl-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1’(3’H)-pyrano[3,4-b]indol]-4-amine

MOLECULAR FORMULA C23H25FN2O

MOLECULAR WEIGHT 364.5

SPONSOR Grűnenthal GmbH
CODE DESIGNATIONS GRT6006, GRT13106G
CAS REGISTRY NUMBER 1357348-09-4
UNIIDZ4NDW1LZX
WHO NUMBER 9765
gbk

Chemical structure for Lexanopadol

The heptadecapeptide nociceptin is an endogenous ligand of the ORL1 (opioid receptor-like) receptor (Meunier et al., Nature 377, 1995, p. 532-535), which belongs to the family of opioid receptors and is to be found in many regions of the brain and spinal cord, and has a high affinity for the ORL1 receptor. The ORL1 receptor is homologous to the μ, κ and δ opioid receptors and the amino acid sequence of the nociceptin peptide has a marked similarity to those of the known opioid peptides. The receptor activation induced by nociceptin leads, via coupling with Gi/o proteins, to an inhibition of adenylate cyclase (Meunier et al., Nature 377, 1995, p. 532-535).

The nociceptin peptide shows a pronociceptive and hyperalgesic activity after intercerebroventicular administration in various animal models (Reinscheid et al., Science 270, 1995, p. 792-794). These findings can be explained as an inhibition of stress-induced analgesia (Mogil et al., Neuroscience 75, 1996, p. 333-337). In this connection, it has also been possible to demonstrate an anxiolytic activity of nociceptin (Jenck et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 94, 1997, 14854-14858).

On the other hand, it has also been possible to demonstrate an antinociceptive effect of nociceptin in various animal models, in particular after intrathecal administration. Nociceptin has an antinociceptive action in various pain models, for example in the tail flick test in the mouse (King et al., Neurosci. Lett., 223, 1997, 113-116. It has likewise been possible to demonstrate an antinociceptive action of nociceptin in models for neuropathic pain, which is of particular interest inasmuch as the activity of nociceptin increases after axotomy of spinal nerves. This is in contrast to conventional opioids, the activity of which decreases under these conditions (Abdulla and Smith, J. Neurosci., 18, 1998, p. 9685-9694).

The ORL1 receptor is moreover also involved in regulation of further physiological and pathophysiological processes. These include, inter alia, learning and memory development (Manabe et al., Nature, 394, 1997, p. 577-581), audition (Nishi et al., EMBO J., 16, 1997, p. 1858-1864) and numerous further processes. A review article by Cabo et al. (Br. J. Pharmacol., 129, 2000, 1261-1283) gives an overview of the indications or biological processes in which the ORL1 receptor plays a role or with high probability could play a role. This mentions, inter alia: analgesia, stimulation and regulation of food intake, influence on μ-agonists, such as morphine, treatment of withdrawal symptoms, reduction in the addiction potential of opioids, anxiolysis, modulation of motor activity, impaired memory, epilepsy; modulation of neurotransmitter secretion, in particular glutamate, serotonin and dopamine, and therefore neurodegenerative diseases; influencing of the cardiovascular system, initiation of an erection, diuresis, anti-natriuresis, electrolyte balance, arterial blood pressure, water retention diseases, intestinal motility (diarrhea), relaxing effects on the respiratory tract, micturation reflex (urinary incontinence). The use of agonists and antagonists as anoretics, analgesics (also in co-administration with opioids) or nootropics is furthermore discussed.

The possible uses of compounds which bind to the ORL1 receptor and activate or inhibit this are correspondingly diverse. Alongside this, however, opioid receptors, such as the μ-receptor, but also the other sub-types of these opioid receptors, namely δ and κ, play a large role precisely in the area of pain therapy, but also in that of other indications of those mentioned. Accordingly, it is favourable if the compound also show an action on these opioid receptors.

SYN

http://www.google.com/patents/US20110319440

Figure US20110319440A1-20111229-C00007

SYNTHESIS ……………..ON THE WAY ….. WATCH OUT

The dimethyl analogue is

Cebranopadol
(GRT-6005; GRT 6005; GRT6005)
CAS: 863513-91-1

https://newdrugapprovals.org/2014/07/04/cebranopadol-grt-6005-%E3%82%BB%E3%83%96%E3%83%A9%E3%83%8E%E3%83%91%E3%83%89%E3%83%BC%E3%83%AB-a-potent-analgesic-nop-and-opioid-receptor-agonist/

Jirkovsky et al., J. Heterocycl. Chem., 12, 1975, 937-940;

Campaigne et al., J. Heterocycl. Chem., 2, 1965, 231-235;

Efange et al., J. Med. Chem., 41, 1998, 4486-4491;

Ellingboe et al., J. Med. Chem., 35, 1992, 1176-1183;

Pearson et al., Aust. J. Chem., 44, 1991, 907-917;

Yokohama et al., Chem. Pharm. Bull., 40, 1992, 2391-2398;

Beck et al., J. Chem. Soc. Perkin 1, 1992, 813-822;

Shinada et al., Tetrahedron Lett., 39, 1996, 7099-7102;

Garden et al., Tetrahedron, 58, 2002, 8399-8412;

Lednicer et al., J. Med. Chem., 23, 1980, 424-430.

2-10-2012
Pharmaceutical dosage forms comprising 6′-fluoro-(N-methyl- or N,N-dimethyl-)-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3’H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4,b]indol]-4-amine
11-9-2011
Compositions containing spirocyclic cyclohexane compounds
10-12-2011
Spirocyclic Cyclohexane Compounds Useful To Treat Substance Dependency
5-32-2011
Spirocyclic Cyclohexane Compounds
1-21-2011
MIXED ORL1/MU-AGONISTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF PAIN
9-22-2010
SPIROCYCLIC CYCLOHEXANE COMPOUNDS
6-17-2009
Spirocyclic cyclohexane compounds
9-12-2008
Spirocyclic Cyclohexane Compounds Useful To Treat Substance Dependency
5-30-2008
Mixed ORL1/mu-agonists for the treatment of pain
US8614245 Jan 8, 2013 Dec 24, 2013 Gruenenthal Gmbh Crystalline (1r,4r)-6′-fluoro-N,N-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3′H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4,b]indol]-4-amine
US8618156 * Jul 6, 2012 Dec 31, 2013 Gruenenthal Gmbh Crystalline (1r,4r)-6′-fluoro-N,N-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3’H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4,b]indol]-4-amine
US8765800 Mar 15, 2013 Jul 1, 2014 Gruenenthal Gmbh Crystalline (1r,4r)-6′-fluoro-N,N-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3′H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4,b]indol]-4-amine
US20130231381 * Mar 15, 2013 Sep 5, 2013 Gruenenthal Gmbh Crystalline (1r,4r)-6′-fluoro-N,N-dimethyl-4-phenyl-4′,9′-dihydro-3’H-spiro[cyclohexane-1,1′-pyrano[3,4,b]indol]-4-amine
US5356896 * Dec 22, 1992 Oct 18, 1994 Sandoz Ltd. Alkaline stabiling medium
US20060004034 * May 11, 2005 Jan 5, 2006 Gruenenthal Gmbh Treating conditions associated with the nociceptin/ORL1 receptor system, e.g. pain, drug withdrawal, anxiety, muscle relaxants, anxiolytic agents; e.g. 1,1-[3-dimethylamino-3-(pyridin-2-yl)pentamethylene]-3,4-dihydro-1H-2,9-diazafluorene

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Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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keep watching for synthesis update on this drug

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