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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

Read all about Organic Spectroscopy on ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY INTERNATIONAL 

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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FDA approves new treatment for HIV


11/05/2015 12:53 PM EST
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Genvoya (a fixed-dose combination tablet containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) as a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients 12 years of age and older

http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm471300.htm?source=govdelivery&utm_medium=email&utm_source=govdelivery

November 5, 2015

Release

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved Genvoya (a fixed-dose combination tablet containing elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide) as a complete regimen for the treatment of HIV-1 infection in adults and pediatric patients 12 years of age and older.

The CDC estimates that 1.2 million persons ages 13 years and older are living with HIV infection, and that more than another 150,000 persons in this age range have HIV but are unaware of their infection. Over the past decade, the number of people living with HIV has increased, while the annual number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable.

“Today’s approval of a fixed dose combination containing a new form of tenofovir provides another effective, once daily complete regimen for patients with HIV-1 infection,” said Edward Cox, M.D., director of the Office of Antimicrobial Products in the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research.

Genvoya is approved for use in HIV-infected adults and children ages 12 years and older weighing at least 35 kilograms (77 pounds) who have never taken HIV therapy (treatment-naïve) and HIV-infected adults whose HIV-1 virus is currently suppressed. While Genvoya is not recommended for patients with severe renal impairment, those with moderate renal impairment can take Genvoya.

Genvoya’s safety and efficacy in adults were evaluated in 3,171 participants enrolled in four clinical trials. Depending on the trial, participants were randomly assigned to receive Genvoya or another FDA approved HIV treatment. Results showed Genvoya was effective in reducing viral loads and comparable to the other treatment regimens.

Genvoya contains a new form of tenofovir that has not been previously approved. This new form of tenofovir provides lower levels of drug in the bloodstream, but higher levels within the cells where HIV-1 replicates. It was developed to help reduce some drug side effects. Genvoya appears to be associated with less kidney toxicity and decreases in bone density than previously approved tenofovir containing regimens based on laboratory measures. Patients receiving Genvoya experienced greater increases in serum lipids (total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein) than patients receiving other treatment regimens in the studies.

Genvoya carries a Boxed Warning alerting patients and health care providers that the drug can cause a buildup of lactic acid in the blood and severe liver problems, both of which can be fatal. The Boxed Warning also states that Genvoya is not approved to treat chronic hepatitis B virus infection. The most common side effect associated with Genvoya is nausea. Serious side effects include new or worsening kidney problems, decreased bone mineral density, fat redistribution and changes in the immune system (immune reconstitution syndrome). Health care providers are advised to monitor patients for kidney and bone side effects. Genvoya should not be given with other antiretroviral products and may have drug interactions with a number of other commonly used medications.

Genvoya is marketed by Gilead Sciences Inc. based in Foster City, California.

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FDA has granted tentative approval to India-based Strides Arcolab’s HIV drug emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets, 200 mg/300 mg.


http://www.stridesarco.com/

chief executive and vice chairman Arun Kumar –Strides arcolab

deepak

Deepak Vaidya, chaiman

Headquartered in India, Strides Arcolab is a pharmaceutical company with a key focus on the development and manufacture of IP-led niche products, particularly sterile injectables. It is among the world’s largest manufacturers of soft gelatin capsules. With 14 world-class manufacturing facilities, an innovative R&D hub and a marketing network in 70 countries, Strides is well positioned to meet the demands of the global pharmaceutical industry and has partnered with several of the world’s leading pharmaceutical companies.

2 August 2013

Strides Arcolab’s HIV drug, which is generic version of Gilead Sciences’ Truvada, gets tentative approval from the US FDA.

Tentative approval implies that the drug has met all standards but cannot be marketed in the US due to existing patent protections Good news for HIV AIDS patients

FDA has granted tentative approval to India-based Strides Arcolab’s HIV drug emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate tablets, 200 mg/300 mg. The drug is a generic version of Truvada, 200 mg/300 mg tablets, which is manufactured by Gilead Sciences.

The product is indicated for use in combination with other antiretroviral agents for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1

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EMTRICITABINE

credit-chemdrug

The selective tosylation of L-gulose with tosyl chloride in pyridine, followed by complete acetylation with acetic anhydride gives tetraacetyl-6-O-tosyl-L-gulose (II), which is treated with HBr in AcOH to yield the bromo derivative (III ). The reaction of (III) with potassium O-ethylxanthate in refluxing acetone, followed by deacetylation with NH4OH in methanol affords 1,6-thioanhydro-L-gulopyranose (IV). The selective oxidative cleavage of (IV) by means of NaIO4 , followed by reduction with NaBH4 and protection of the resulting diol with acetone and TsOH provides the acetonide (V), which is silylated at the primary OH group with TBDMS-Cl giving the silyl ether (VI). Elimination of the acetonide group with TsOH in methanol yields the diol (VII), which is cleaved with Pb (OAc) 4 and oxidized with PDC in DMF to afford the carboxylic acid (VIII). The treatment of (VII) with Pb (OAc) 4/pyridine in THF furnishes the diacetate (IX), which is condensed with N4-acetyl-5-fluoro-O-(trimethylsilyl) cytosine (X) by means of TBDMS-OTf in dichloromethane yielding a mixture of the desired (-) (2R, 5S) – isomer (XI) along with its (+) – (2R, 5R)-isomer that is separated by column chromatography. Finally, deacetylation of (XI) with ammonia in methanol, followed by desilylation with TBAF in THF afforded the target compound.
Jeong, LS; et al.; Asymmetric synthesis and biological evaluation of beta-L-(2R, 5S) – and alpha-L-(2R, 5R) -1, 3-oxathiolane-pyrimidine and-purine nucleosides as potential anti- HIV agents. J Med Chem 1993, 36, 2, 181
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TENOFOVIR
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