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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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PF-06747775 (Pfizer) Third generation covalent EGFR inhibitors


Full-size image (4 K)

img.

PF-06747775 ≥98% (HPLC)

PF-06747775 (Pfizer)

PF06747775; PF06747775; PF 06747775; PF6747775; PF 6747775; PF6747775.  PFE-X775

N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

CAS 1776112-90-3
Chemical Formula: C18H22FN9O2
Exact Mass: 415.188

Recruiting, Phase I/II (NTC02349633)

Epidermal growth factor receptor antagonists

Antineoplastics

Non-small cell lung cancer

Dose escalation study to evaluate safety, PK, PD and efficacy in advanced EGFRm+ NSCLC

  • 02 May 2015Phase-I clinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer (Metastatic disease, Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (PO) (NCT02349633)
  • 05 Feb 2015Pfizer plans a phase I trial for Non-small cell lung cancer (Second-line therapy or greater) in USA (NCT02349633)
  • 05 Jan 2015Preclinical trials in Non-small cell lung cancer in USA (PO)

PF-06747775 is an orally available inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutant form T790M, with potential antineoplastic activity. EGFR T790M inhibitor PF-06747775 specifically binds to and inhibits EGFR T790M, a secondarily acquired resistance mutation, which prevents EGFR-mediated signaling and leads to cell death in EGFR T790M-expressing tumor cells. Compared to some other EGFR inhibitors, PF-06747775 may have therapeutic benefits in tumors with T790M-mediated drug resistance.

for the oral treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic EGFR mutant (del19 or L858R) non-small cell lung cancer

Kinetic mechanism for two-step covalent inhibition of EGFR.

Kinetic mechanism for two-step covalent inhibition of EGFR

 

 

 

PATENT

US 20150141402

Example 7

(Scheme F): Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

Step 1: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin -6-amine

      A suspension of 6-chloro-2-fluoro-9H-purine (5.49 g, 31.8 mmol, 1.00 eq), 3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-amine hydrochloride (6.60 g, 40.34 mmol, 1.26 eq), and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (16.6 mL, 95.5 mmol, 3.00 eq) in DMSO (31.8 mL) was stirred at ambient temperature for 19 hr. The reaction mixture was then concentrated in vacuo at 50° C., poured into water (250 mL), and stirred vigorously at 0° C. for 1 hr. The resulting solids were filtered off, washed with ice cold water (20 mL), and dried for 16 hr at 50° C. to give the title compound (7.26 g, 87% yield, 96% purity) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 13.03 (br. s., 1 H) 9.21 (br. s., 1 H) 8.18 (br. s., 1 H) 7.74 (br. s., 1 H) 3.81 (br. s., 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3H). m/z (APCI+) for C10H11FN7O 264.2 (M+H)+.

Step 2: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl -9H-purin-6-amine

      To a vigorously stirred suspension of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine (7.25 g, 27.5 mmol, 1.00 eq) and potassium carbonate (7.61 g, 55.1 mmol, 2.00 eq) in 1,4-dioxane (92.0 mL), was added dimethyl sulfate (2.90 mL, 30.3 mmol, 1.10 eq) in a dropwise manner over 3 min. After 4 hr, additional portions of 1,4-dioxane (50.0 mL), potassium carbonate (3.80 g, 27.5 mmol, 1.00 eq), and dimethyl sulfate (1.00 mL, 10.4 mmol, 0.30 eq) were added to the reaction mixture. After a further 16 hr, the reaction mixture was concentrated in vacuo, diluted with water (120 mL), and stirred at ambient temperature for 1 hr. The resulting solids were filtered, washed with water (20 mL), and dried for 16 hr at 60° C. to give the title compound (6.42 g, 84% yield, >95% purity) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.23 (br. s., 1 H) 8.13 (br. s., 1 H) 7.67 (s, 1 H) 3.78 (s, 3 H) 3.70 (s, 3 H) 3.69 (br. s., 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C11H13FN7O 278.2 (M+H)+.

Step 3: Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol -4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

      To a stirred suspension of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine (554 mg, 2.00 mmol, 1.00 eq) and N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (500 mg, 2.10 mmol, 1.05 eq) in DMSO (4.2 mL) was added N,N-diisopropylethylamine (0.83 mL, 5.00 mmol, 2.50 eq). The reaction mixture was then heated at 100° C. for 16 hr, cooled to ambient temperature, diluted with THF (4 mL), and treated with potassium tert-butoxide (4.00 mL, 1 M in THF, 2.00 eq). After 1 hr, an additional portion of potassium tert-butoxide (0.50 mL, 1 M in THF, 0.25 eq) was added to the reaction mixture. After a further 1 hr, the reaction mixture was poured into phosphate buffer (50 mL, pH=7) and water (50 mL), and extracted with ethyl acetate (5×40 mL). The combined organic layers were combined, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. This crude product was then dissolved in ethyl acetate (40 mL) at 60° C. and then treated with heptanes (20 mL), at which point the solution became cloudy and was allowed to cool to ambient temperature and then to 0° C. After 16 hr at 0° C., the resulting solids were filtered and dried at ambient temperature to give the title compound (620.5 mg, 75% yield) as a white powder. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.44 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1 H) 7.97 (s, 1 H) 7.82 (s, 1 H) 7.78 (s, 1 H) 6.23 (dd, J=10.0, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 6.14 (dd, J=2.8, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.62 (dd, J=2.8, 10.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.12 (d, J=51.0 Hz, 1 H) 4.46 (td, J=6.0, 11.9 Hz, 1 H) 3.88-3.6 (m, 4 H) 3.82 (s, 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H) 3.62 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C18H23FN9O2 416.3 (M+H)+.

Example 7A

(Scheme F): Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

Preparation Step 1A: Preparation of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-3,4-dihydroxypyrrolidine-2,5-dione

      A mixture of xylene, (1.2 L), benzylamine (120 g, 1.10 mol, 1.0 eq) and L-(+)-tartaric acid (173 g, 1.15 mol, 1.05 eq) were heated at 135° C. for 12 hr (flask jacket temperature). Upon reaction completion, the mixture was cooled to 65° C. and MeOH (120 mL, 1 vol) was added. The resulting mixture was stirred for 1 hr and the resulting suspension was cooled to 20° C. followed by the addition of EtOAc (480 mL). Stirring was continued at 10° C. for 2 hr. The crude product was isolated by filtration and washed with EtOAc (120 mL) and dried on the filter. The crude product was then taken up in MeOH (480 mL) and heated at a gentle reflux for 1 hr, then cooled to 20° C. and granulated for 1 hr. The suspension was filtered and the precipitate washed with MeOH (240 mL) and dried to give the title compound (191 g, 864 mmol, 79%) as a white granular solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.38-7.30 (m, 2H) 7.30-7.22 (m, 3 H) 6.32 (br. s., 1 H) 4.59 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.53 (d, J=14.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.40 (br. D., J=4.3 Hz, 2 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H11NO4 221.0 (M)+.

Preparation Step 2A: Preparation of (3S,4S)-1-benzylpyrrolidine-3,4-diol

      To a mixture of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-3,4-dihydroxypyrrolidine-2,5-dione (44 g, 199 mmol, 1.0 eq) and THF (176 mL) at 20° C. (vessel jacket temperature) was added borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (1.0 mol/L) in THF (800 mL, 800 mmol, 1.0 mol/L, 4.0 eq) at a rate to maintain the temperature between 20° C. and 25° C. Over 1 hr, the jacket temperature was ramped to 60° C. and then held for 1 hr. Upon completion, the reaction was cooled to 30° C. and quenched by the slow dropwise addition of MeOH (97 mL, 12 eq) to the mixture at a rate to control off gassing. The reaction mixture was then heated to reflux and concentrated to a low stir volume. The reaction solvent THF was then replaced by a constant volume displacement with MeOH (total of 1.5 L). Once the THF content had been reduced to less than 1 wt %, MeOH was replaced by a constant volume displacement with EtOAc (total of 1.5 L) to reduce the MeOH content to less than 1 wt %. The total volume of EtOAc was then readjusted to about 250 mL (6 vol) and then cooled to 5° C. to crystallize the product. The desired product was isolated by filtration, washed with cold EtOAc (88 mL) and dried to give title compound (27.0 g, 140 mmol, 70%). A second crop of product was isolated by concentration of the combined filtrate and cake wash to half volume, which was then cooled to 5° C., filtered and washed with cold EtOAc (50 mL) to afford additional title compound (4.5 g, 23 mmol, 12%). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.33-7.26 (m, 4 H) 7.25-7.20 (m, 1 H) 4.48 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2 H) 3.38-3.31 (m, 2 H), 3.57 (d, J=13.0 Hz, 1 H) 3.46 (d, J=13.0 Hz, 1 H) 2.74 (dd, J=9.4, 5.9 Hz, 2 H) 2.30 (dd, J=9.4, 4.4 Hz, 2 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H15NO2 194.2 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 3A: Preparation of (3aR,6aS)-5-benzyl-2,2-dioxo-tetrahydro-1-oxa-2λ6-thia-3-5-diaza-pentalene-3-carboxylic acid t-butyl ester

      To a 5 L jacketed reactor (Reactor 1) was added 1,4-dioxane (1.8 L), (3S,4S)-1-benzylpyrrolidine-3,4-diol (180 g, 0.932 mol, 1.0 eq) and TEA (792 mL, 5.68 mol, 6.1 eq) and the resulting mixture stirred at 10° C.
      To a 2 L jacketed reactor (Reactor 2) was added 1,4-dioxane (1.6 L) and chlorosulfonyl isocyanate (596 g, 2.80 mol, 3.0 eq) and the resulting solution was cooled to 10° C. A solution of tert-butanol (211 g, 2.85 mol, 3.05 eq) in 1,4-dioxane (180 mL) was added over 45 min while maintaining the temperature between 10° C. and 20° C., and the resulting solution was then stirred for 15 min at 10° C.
      The solution in Reactor 2 was transferred to Reactor 1 over 50 min while controlling the internal temperature of Reactor 1 from 10° C. to 20° C. Once the addition was complete, the jacket temperature was warmed at 20° C. and the resulting mixture was stirred for 16 hr. When UPLC analysis confirmed that the bis-alkylated intermediate was fully formed (target <3% mono-alkylated intermediate), the entire batch was filtered and the filtrate was sent into a clean reactor. The residual TEA-HCl cake was washed with dioxane (300 mL) and the wash was combined with the filtrate. The resulting dioxane solution was then heated to 80° C. and held for 3 hr. After sampling for reaction completion (<1% intermediate remaining), the batch was distilled (pot temp=80° C.) under partial vacuum (400 mbar) to less than half volume. The reaction mixture was diluted with EtOAc (2 L) and washed twice with water (2×2 L). The mixture was then washed with 0.5 N sodium bicarbonate (2 L) and then dried over sodium sulfate (360 g, 2 wt eq) and filtered into a clean dry reactor. The EtOAc solution was concentrated under partial vacuum to about 400 mL total volume resulting in the formation of a thick slurry. The mixture was cooled to 0° C. and stirred for 1 hr and then filtered and washed with cold EtOAc (200 mL) and then dried in a vacuum oven at 40° C. to give 173 g of the title compound. A second crop of product was isolated by concentrating the filtrate and then cooling, granulating and filtering to give an additional 28.4 g of the desired product. In total, the title compound was isolated in 61% yield (201 g, 568 mmol). 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 7.37-7.29 (m, 4 H) 7.29-7.23 (m, 1 H) 5.36 (dd, J=7.3, 3.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.79-4.73 (m, 1 H) 4.48 (d, J=4.8 Hz, 2 H) 3.38-3.31 (m, 2 H), 3.70 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.62 (d, J=13.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.13-2.99 (m, 2 H) 2.48-2.40 (m, 2 H) 1.46 (s, 9 H). m/z (EI+) for C16H22N2O5S 355.2 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 4A: Preparation of (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-amine bis-tosylate

      A solution of 1M tetrabutylammonium fluoride in THF (1.27 L, 1.27 mol, 2.5 eq) and (3aR,6aS)-5-benzyl-2,2-dioxo-tetrahydro-1-oxa-2λ6-thia-3-5-diaza-pentalene-3-carboxylic acid t-butyl ester (180 g, 0.508 mol, 1.0 eq) were heated at 60° C. (jacket temperature) for 2 hr. Upon reaction completion, the mixture was partially distilled under vacuum to remove the THF. After concentration to a low stir volume, THF was displaced with EtOAc (2×500 mL). After again reducing to a low stir volume, EtOAc (3.6 L) and p-toluenesulfonic acid monohydrate (396 g, 2.10 mol, 4.1 eq) were charged and heated at 80° C. for 2 hr. The mixture was cooled to 10° C. over 1.5 hr and then granulated at 10° C. for 2 hr. The solid product was filtered and washed with EtOAc (2×900 mL) and dried at 50° C. in a vacuum oven for 12 hr. The title compound was isolated as an air stable crystalline solid in 83% yield (231 g, 419 mmol). 1H NMR (400 MHz, D2O) δ ppm 7.69-7.61 (m, 4 H) 7.56-7.42 (m, 5 H) 7.36-7.29 (m, 4 H) 5.65-5.49 (m, 1 H) 4.47 (br. s., 2H) 4.37-4.23 (m, H) 4.15 (ddd, J=12.8, 8.2, 1.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.88 (dd, J=19.1, 1.2 Hz, 1 H), 3.74 (ddd, J=33.2, 14.0, 5.5 Hz, 1 H) 3.44 (dd, J=12.8, 8.2 Hz, 1 H) 2.34 (s, 6 H). m/z (EI+) for C11H15FN2 194.8 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 5A: N-((3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide

      A suspension of 1,1′-carbonyldiimidazole (73.0 g, 441 mmol, 1.1 eq) in acetonitrile (3.3 L) was stirred at 20° C. until a clear solution was obtained. 3-(methylsulfonyl)propanoic acid (67.0 g, 440 mmol, 1.1 eq) was then added and the mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 3 hr. (3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-amine bis-tosylate (220 g, 400 mmol, 1.0 eq) was added and the mixture was stirred at 25° C. for 16 hr resulting in a fine white slurry. The solids were filtered off and the byproduct cake washed with acetonitrile (600 mL). The acetonitrile solution was then concentrated to a low stir volume and then taken up in EtOAc (2.0 L) and washed with 1 N aqueous sodium bicarbonate (1.3 L). The aqueous layer was back extracted with EtOAc (500 mL) and the combined EtOAc layers were washed with water (1.0 L). The resulting EtOAc solution was distilled to remove about 2.0 L of distillate and then displaced with 2-propanol under atmospheric conditions until the internal temperature rose to 78° C. while maintaining a total volume of 2 L. The batch was then cooled to 20° C. and granulated at 20° C. for 12 hr resulting in product crystallization. The desired product was isolated by filtration and the cake washed with 2-propanol (600 mL), then dried in an oven at 40° C. under reduced pressure for 12 hr. The title compound (108 g, 308 mmol) was isolated in 77% yield. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.36 (br. d., J=7.0 Hz, 1 H) 7.37-7.29 (m, 4 H) 7.29-7.23 (m, 1 H) 4.90 (ddt, J=53.4, 5.3, 2×1.7 Hz, 1 H) 4.25 (dddd, J=26.4, 13.9, 7.0, 1.4 Hz, 1 H) 3.61 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1 H) 3.57 (d, J=13.2 Hz, 1 H) 3.36-3.28 (m, 2 H) 3.03 (dd, J=9.3, 7.5 Hz, 1 H) 2.97 (s, 3 H) 2.80 (dd, J=24.0, 11.6 Hz, 1 H) 2.66 (ddd, J=30.6, 11.6, 5.3 Hz, 1 H) 2.57 (td, 2×7.7, 1.4 Hz, 2 H) 2.18 (dd, J=9.4, 6.7 Hz, 1 H). m/z (EI+) for C15H21FN2O3S 329.7 (M+H)+.

Preparation Step 6A: N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide

      To a Parr reactor was added N-((3R,4R)-1-benzyl-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (86.5 g, 263 mmol, 1.0 eq), palladium hydroxide (20% on carbon, 2.59 g, 3.69 mmol, 3 wt/wt %) and MeOH (430 mL). The reactor was purged three times with nitrogen (50 psi) and then purged three times with hydrogen (20 psi). The reactor was heated at 50° C. and then pressurized to 50 psi while stirring at 1200 rpm. The material was hydrogenated for 7 hr and then cooled to 20° C. and purged with nitrogen. The mixture was filtered to remove the catalyst and the cake was washed with MeOH (173 mL). The combined filtrate and wash were concentrated to about 200 mL followed by addition of MTBE (200 mL) and then concentrated to a low stir volume. Additional MTBE (200 mL) was added and the resulting slurry granulated at 20° C. for 16 hr. The desired product was isolated by filtration, washed with MTBE (300 mL) and then dried in an oven at 40° C. for 12 hr. The title compound was isolated in 90% yield (53.3 g, 224 mmol) as a white crystalline solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.15 (br. d., J=6.8 Hz, 1 H) 4.96-4.78 (m, 1 H) 4.14-4.01 (m, 1 H) 3.32 (dd, J=8.0, 7.3 Hz, 2 H) 3.13 (dd, J=11.8, 6.8 Hz, 1 H) 3.01-2.93 (m, 1 H) 2.98 (s, 3 H) 2.88 (d, J=3.0 Hz, 1 H) 2.60 (br. s., 1 H) 2.5 7-2.52 (m, 3 H). m/z (EI+) for C8H15FN2O3S 239.1 (M+H)+.

Step 1: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine

      A suspension of 6-chloro-2-fluoro-9H-purine (88% potency, 5.90 kg, 30.20 mol, 1.00 eq), 3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-amine hydrochloride (98% potency, 5.55 kg, 33.22 mol, 1.10 eq), and sodium bicarbonate (10.1 kg, 120.81 mol, 4.00 eq) in EtOAc (106 L) was stirred at 50° C. for 12 hr. The reaction mixture was then cooled to 20° C., granulated for 1 hr, filtered, and the solids were washed with EtOAc (18 L) and dried on the filter. The crude product was charged back into the reactor and suspended in water (106 L) and stirred at 35° C. for 2 hr. The resulting slurry was cooled to 20° C. and the desired product was isolated by filtration and the cake was washed with water (30 L) and then with EtOAc (30 L) and dried for 16 hr at 50° C. to give the title compound (6.26 kg, 23.8 mol, 79% yield) as a light yellow solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 13.03 (br. s., 1 H) 9.21 (br. s., 1 H) 8.18 (br. s., 1 H) 7.74 (br. s., 1 H) 3.81 (br. s., 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C10H11FN7O 264.2 (M+H)+.

Step 2: Preparation of 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine

      To a 100 L reactor fitted with a caustic scrubber was added 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (44.0 L), 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9H-purin-6-amine (2.20 kg, 8.36 mol, 1.00 eq) and potassium phosphate tribasic (7.10 kg, 33.43 mol mmol, 4.00 eq). The resulting mixture was stirred at 5° C. and dimethyl sulfate (1.42 kg, 11.28 mol, 1.35 eq) was added and the resulting mixture was stirred at 5° C. for 1 hr. The reaction was warmed from 5° C. to 15° C. over 2 hr and then held at 15° C. for 20 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to 5° C. and quenched with water (44.0 L) while maintaining the internal temperature below 10° C. The mixture was then heated at 50° C. for 2 hr and then cooled to 10° C. and granulated for 2 hr. The product was isolated by filtration and washed with water (11.0 L) and then with 2-methyltetrahydrofuran (11.0 L). The cake was dried under vacuum at 40° C. for 8 hr to give the title compound (1.99 kg, 7.18 mol, 86% yield) as an off white solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 9.23 (br. s., 1 H) 8.13 (br. s., 1 H) 7.67 (s, 1 H) 3.78 (s, 3 H)3.70 (s, 3 H) 3.69 (br. s., 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C11H13FN7O 278.2 (M+H)+.

Step 3: Preparation of N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoro-1-(6-((3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)amino)-9-methyl-9H-purin-2-yl)pyrrolidin-3-yl)acrylamide

      To a 200 L Hastelloy reactor heated to 40° C. was added sulfolane (22.4 L) and N-((3R,4R)-4-fluoropyrrolidin-3-yl)-3-(methylsulfonyl)propanamide (4.03 kg, 16.9 mol, 1.05 eq) and stirred the resulting mixture until all solids were dissolved. To this solution was added 2-fluoro-N-(3-methoxy-1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)-9-methyl-9H-purin-6-amine (4.47 kg, 16.1 mol, 1.00 eq) and N,N-diisopropylethylamine (8.50 L, 48.7 mol, 3.0 eq) and the mixture heated at 115° C. for 16 hr. The reaction mixture was cooled to 30° C., and a solution of potassium hydroxide (2.26 kg, 40.3 mol, 2.5 eq) in water (44.7 L) was added. After stirring for 4 hr, the reaction mixture was cooled to 20° C., water (44.7 L) was added and the resulting mixture granulated for 12 hr. The crude product was isolated on a Nutsche filter and washed with water (27 L) and then dried under nitrogen on the filter. The reactor was cleaned and then charged with water (35.8 L) and acetone (53.6 L). The crude product cake was charged back into the reactor and heated to 60° C. until all of the solids had dissolved. The batch was then cooled to 40° C. and then transferred into a speck free 100 L reactor via an in-line 10 μm filter. The 200 L reactor, line and filter were rinsed with acetone (5 L) and sent into the 100 L reactor. The batch was concentrated with the jacket temperature set at 70° C. under partial vacuum until the acetone content reduced to 5 wt %, as determined by gas chromatography head space. The batch was then cooled to 20° C. and granulated for 4 hr. The product was filtered, washed with water (18 L) and dried in a vacuum oven at 55° C. for 8 hr. The title compound (3.942 kg, 9.49 mol, 59%) was isolated as a white crystalline solid. 1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6) δ ppm 8.44 (d, J=6.5 Hz, 1 H) 7.97 (s, 1 H) 7.82 (s, 1 H) 7.78 (s, 1 H) 6.23 (dd, J=10.0, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 6.14 (dd, J=2.8, 17.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.62 (dd, J=2.8, 10.0 Hz, 1 H) 5.12 (d, J=51.0 Hz, 1 H) 4.46 (td, J=6.0, 11.9 Hz, 1 H) 3.88-3.6 (m, 4 H) 3.82 (s, 3 H) 3.71 (s, 3 H) 3.62 (s, 3 H). m/z (APCI+) for C18H23FN9O2 416.3 (M+H)+.

 

Summary of 1st generation and 2nd generation EGFR inhibitors.

Summary of 1st generation and 2nd generation EGFR inhibitors

Image for unlabelled figure

REFERENCES

Planken, S.; Murray, B. W.; Lafontaine, J.; Weinrich, S.; Hemkens, M.; Kath, J. C.; Nair, S. K.; Johnson, T. O.; Cheng, H.; Sutton, S. C.; Zientek, M.; Yin, M. -J.; Solowiej, J.; Nagata, A.; Gajiwala, K. Abstracts of Papers, 249th ACS National Meeting & Exposition, Denver, CO, United States, March 22–26, 2015; MEDI-248

//////Third generation,  covalent EGFR inhibitors, PF-06747775, Pfizer,  PFE-X775

Compound name  AND  SMILES string
Rociletinib COC(C=C(N1CCN(C(C)=O)CC1)C=C2)=C2NC3=NC=C(C(F)(F)F)C(NC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4)=N3
Osimertinib CN(CCN(C)C)C(C(NC(C=C)=O)=C1)=CC(OC)=C1NC2=NC=CC(C3=CN(C)C4=C3C=CC=C4)=N2
EGF816 ClC1=C2C(N=C(NC(C3=CC(C)=NC=C3)=O)N2[C@H]4CN(C(/C=C/CN(C)C)=O)CCCC4)=CC=C1
PF-06747775 CN1C2=NC(N3C[C@@H](NC(C=C)=O)[C@H](F)C3)=NC(NC4=CN(C)N=C4OC)=C2N=C1
PF-06459988 CN(N=C1)C=C1NC2=NC3=C(C(Cl)=CN3)C(OC[C@H]4CN(C(C=C)=O)C[C@@H]4OC)=N2
WZ4002 ClC1=CN=C(NC2=C(OC)C=C(N3CCN(C)CC3)C=C2)N=C1OC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4

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罗西替尼 роцилетиниб روسيليتينيب Rociletinib, CO-1686. Third generation covalent EGFR inhibitors


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Rociletinib (CO-1686)

AVL-301,CNX-419

Celgene (Originator) , Clovis Oncology

N-(3-{[2-{[4-(4-acetylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-methoxyphenyl]amino}-5- (trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]amino}phenyl)prop-2-enamide
1374640-70-6  CAS
1446700-26-0 (Rociletinib Hydrobromide)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitor; EGFR inhibitorIndication:Non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC)
N-[3-[[2-[4-(4-acetylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-methoxyanilino]-5-(trifluoromethyl)pyrimidin-4-yl]amino]phenyl]prop-2-enamide
FREE FORM
  • Molecular FormulaC27H28F3N7O3
  • Average mass555.552
  • HYDROBROMIDE 1446700-26-0
    Molecular Weight 636.46
    Formula C27H28F3N7O3 ● HBr

Cellular proliferation IC507–32 nM against EGFRm+ NSCLC cells
547 nM against A431 cell with WT EGFR

Ongoing, not currently recruiting
Phase I/II (NCT01526928)

Recruiting
Phase III (NCT02322281, TIGER-3)

Evaluate safety, PK and efficacy of previously treated NSCLC patients, Compare the efficacy of oral single agent versus single agent cytotoxic chemotherapy in patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC after failure of at least 1 previous EGFR-directed TKI and at least 1 line of platinum-containing doublet therapy. Compare the safety and efficacy of CO-1686 versus erlotinib as first line treatment of patients with EGFRm+ NSCLC

Rociletinib (CO-1686): Rociletinib is an orally administered irreversible inhibitor currently in several clinical trials targeting both the activating EGFR mutations and the acquired T790M resistance mutation while sparing WT EGFR. It is a potent inhibitor of EGFR T790M/L858R double mutant with a kinact/Ki of 2.41 × 105 M−1 s−1. It has a 22-fold selectivity over WT EGFR (kinact/Ki of 1.12 × 104 M−1 s−1). In NSCLC cell lines containing EGFR mutations, rociletinib demonstrates the following cellular pEGFR IC50: 62 nM in NCI-1975 (L858R/T790M), 187 nM in HCC827 (exon 19 deletion), 211 nM in PC9 (exon 19 deletion). In cell lines expressing WT EGFR, cellular pEGFR IC50 are: >4331 nM in A431, >2000 nM in NCI-H1299, and >2000 nM in NCI-H358.

Rociletinib displayed good oral bioavailability (65%) and long half-life when dosed at 20 mg/kg in female Nu/Nu mice. In tumor bearing mice when rociletinib was dosed orally once daily as a single agent, the compound showed dose-dependent tumor growth inhibition in various EGFR-mutant models. In NCI-H1975 as well as in patient-derived LUM 1868 lines expressing the EGFR T790M/L858R double mutation that are erlotinib-resistant models, rociletinib caused tumor regressions at 100 mg/kg/d. In the HCC827 xenograft model that expresses the del-19 activating EGFR mutation, rociletinib showed antitumor activity that was comparable with erlotinib and the second-generation EGFR TKI, afatinib. The wild-type sparing feature of rociletinib was further demonstrated through its minimal inhibition (36%) of tumor growth in the A431 xenograft model that is dependent on WT EGFR for proliferation.

In a Phase I/II study (TIGER-X), rociletinib was administered to patients with EGFR mutated NSCLC who had disease progression during treatment with a previous line of EGFR TKI therapy.The Phase I trial was a dose escalation study to assess safety, side-effect profile and pharmacokinetic properties of rociletinib, and the Phase II trial was an expansion arm to evaluate efficacy. T790M positivity was confirmed before enrollment in the Phase II portion. At the dose of 500 mg BID, the objective response rate in 243 centrally confirmed tissues from T790M positive patients was 60% and the disease control rate was 90%. The estimated overall median PFS at the time of the publication (May 2015) was 8.0 months among all centrally confirmed T790M positive patients. Rociletinib also showed activity in centrally confirmed T790M negative patients with the overall response rate being 37%. The common dose-limiting adverse event was grade 3 hyperglycemia occurring in 17% of patients at a dose of 500 mg BID. Grade 3 QTc prolongation was observed in 2.5% of the patients at the same dose. Treatment-related adverse events leading to drug discontinuation was seen in only 2.5% of patients at 500 mg BID.

Patent

 WO2012061299A1

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2012061299A1?cl=en

EXAMPLE 1

Intermediate 1

Scheme 1

Figure imgf000035_0001

Step 1 :

In a 25 mL 3-neck RBF previously equipped with a magnetic stirrer, Thermo pocket and CaCl2 guard tube, N-Boc-l,3-diaminobenzene (0.96 g) and n-butanol (9.00 mL) were charged. Reaction mixture was cooled to 0 °C. 2,4-Dichloro-5-trifluoromethylpyrimidine (1.0 g) was added dropwise to the above reaction mixture at 0 °C. The DIPEA (0.96 mL) was dropwise added to the above reaction mixture at 0 °C and the reaction mixture was stirred for 1 hr at 0 °C to 5 °C. Finally the reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. Reaction mixture was stirred for another 4 hrs at room temperature. Completion of reaction was monitored by TLC using hexane: ethyl acetate (7: 3). The solid precipitated out was filtered off and washed with 1-butanol (2 mL). Solid was dried under reduced pressure at 40 °C for 1 hr. ^-NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ 1.48 (S, 9 H), 7.02 (m, 1 H), 7.26 (m, 2 H), 7.58 (S, 1 H), 8.57 (S, 1 H), 9.48 (S, 1 H), 9.55 (S, 1 H).

Step 2:

To the above crude (3.1 g) in DCM (25 mL) was added TFA (12.4 mL) slowly at 0 °C. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature. Reaction mixture was stirred for another 10 min at room temperature. The crude was concentrated under reduced pressure.

Step 3:

The concentrated crude was dissolved in DIPEA (2.0 mL) and DCM (25 mL), and then cooled to -30 °C. To the reaction mixture was slowly added acryloyl chloride (0.76 g) at -30 °C. The reaction mass was warmed to room temperature stirred at room temperature for 1.0 hr. The reaction was monitored on TLC using hexane: ethyl acetate (7:3) as mobile phase. Reaction got completed after 1 hr. 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ 5.76 (dd, J = 2.0, 10.0 Hz, 1 H), 6.24 (dd, J = 2.0, 17.2 Hz, 1 H), 6.48 (m, 1 H), 7.14 (d, J = 8.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.37 (t, J = 8.0 Hz, 1 H), 7.94 (S, 1 H), 8.59 (S, 1 H), 9.60 (S, 1 H), 10.26 (S, 1 H).

EXAMPLE 3

Compound 1-4 N- henylamino)-5-

(trifluor mide)

Figure imgf000036_0002

 Using 2-methoxy-4-(4-acteylpiperazinyl)aniline and intermediate 1 in Example 1, the title compound 1-4 was prepared as described in Example 2. 1H-NMR (DMSO-d6, 400 MHz) δ 10.2 (S, 1 H), 8.2 (br, 1 H), 8.30 (S, 1 H), 7.73 (br, 1 H), 7.52 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.45 (d, J = 7.8 Hz, 1 H), 7.26 (J = 8.2 Hz, 1 H), 7.14 (be, 1 H), 6.60 (S, 1 H), 6.42 (dd, J = 11.4, 16.9 Hz, 1 H), 6.24 (d, J = 16.9 Hz, 1 H), 5.75 (d, J = 11.4 Hz, 1 H), 3.76 (S, 3 H), 3.04 (br, 4 H), 2.04 (S, 3 H); calculated mass for C27H28F3N7O3 : 555.2, found: 556.2 (M+H+).

Patent ID Date Patent Title
US2015344441 2015-12-03 SALTS OF AN EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR KINASE INHIBITOR
US2015246040 2015-09-03 HETEROCYCLIC COMPOUNDS AND USES THEREOF
US2015225422 2015-08-13 HETEROARYLS AND USES THEREOF
US8975249 2015-03-10 Heterocyclic compounds and uses thereof
US2013267531 2013-10-10 SALTS OF AN EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR KINASE INHIBITOR
US2013267530 2013-10-10 SOLID FORMS OF AN EPIDERMAL GROWTH FACTOR RECEPTOR KINASE INHIBITOR

References

  • A.O. Walter, R.T.T. Sjin, H.J. Haringsma, K. Ohashi, J. Sun, K. Lee, A. Dubrovskiy, M. Labenski, Z. Zhu, Z. Wang, M. Sheets, T. St. Martin, R. Karp, D. van Kalken, P. Chaturvedi, D. Niu, M. Nacht, R.C. Petter, W. Westlin, K. Lin, S. Jaw-Tsai, M. Raponi, T. Van Dyke, J. Etter, Z. Weaver, W. Pao, J. Singh, A.D. Simmons, T.C. Harding, A. Allen, Cancer Disc., 3 (2013), p. 1404

////Rociletinib, CO-1686, Clovis, Third generation,  covalent EGFR inhibitors, AVL-301, CNX-419

CC(=O)N1CCN(CC1)C2=CC(=C(C=C2)NC3=NC=C(C(=N3)NC4=CC(=CC=C4)NC(=O)C=C)C(F)(F)F)OC

//////

Compound name  AND  SMILES string
Rociletinib COC(C=C(N1CCN(C(C)=O)CC1)C=C2)=C2NC3=NC=C(C(F)(F)F)C(NC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4)=N3
Osimertinib CN(CCN(C)C)C(C(NC(C=C)=O)=C1)=CC(OC)=C1NC2=NC=CC(C3=CN(C)C4=C3C=CC=C4)=N2
EGF816 ClC1=C2C(N=C(NC(C3=CC(C)=NC=C3)=O)N2[C@H]4CN(C(/C=C/CN(C)C)=O)CCCC4)=CC=C1
PF-06747775 CN1C2=NC(N3C[C@@H](NC(C=C)=O)[C@H](F)C3)=NC(NC4=CN(C)N=C4OC)=C2N=C1
PF-06459988 CN(N=C1)C=C1NC2=NC3=C(C(Cl)=CN3)C(OC[C@H]4CN(C(C=C)=O)C[C@@H]4OC)=N2
WZ4002 ClC1=CN=C(NC2=C(OC)C=C(N3CCN(C)CC3)C=C2)N=C1OC4=CC=CC(NC(C=C)=O)=C4

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