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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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PF 04965842, Abrocitinib


PF-04965842, >=98% (HPLC).png

img

2D chemical structure of 1622902-68-4

PF-04965842

PF 04965842, Abrocitinib

UNII: 73SM5SF3OR

CAS Number 1622902-68-4, Empirical Formula  C14H21N5O2S, Molecular Weight 323.41

N-[cis-3-(Methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino)cyclobutyl]-1-propanesulfonamide,

N-((1s,3s)-3-(methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)cyclobutyl)propane-1-sulfonamide

1-Propanesulfonamide, N-(cis-3-(methyl-7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)cyclobutyl)-

N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane-1-sulfonamide

PHASE 3, for the potential oral treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD)

Jak1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor

THE US

In February 2018, the FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe AD

PHASEIII

In December 2017, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase III trial (NCT03349060; JADE Mono-1; JADE; B7451012; 2017-003651-29) of PF-04965842 began in patients aged 12 years and older (expected n = 375) with moderate-to-severe AD

PRODUCT PATENT

Pub. No.: WO/2014/128591 International Application No.: PCT/IB2014/058889
Publication Date: 28.08.2014 International Filing Date: 11.02.2014

EXPIRY  Roughly 2034

form powder
color white to beige
solubility DMSO: 10 mg/mL, clear
storage temp. room temp
    Biochem/physiol Actions
    • PF-04965842 is a Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitor selective for JAK1 with an IC50value of 29 nM for JAK1 compared to 803 nM for JAK2, >10000 nM for JAK3 and 1250 nM for Tyk2. JAKs mediate cytokine signaling, and are involved in cell proliferation and differentiation. PF-04965842 has been investigated as a possible treatment for psoriasis.
  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Skin disorder therapies; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Janus kinase 1 inhibitors

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase IIIAtopic dermatitis
  • DiscontinuedLupus vulgaris; Plaque psoriasis

Most Recent Events

  • 08 Mar 2018Phase-III clinical trials in Atopic dermatitis (In children, In adults, In adolescents) in USA (PO) (NCT03422822)
  • 14 Feb 2018PF 4965842 receives Breakthrough Therapy status for Atopic dermatitis in USA
  • 06 Feb 2018Pfizer plans the phase III JADE EXTEND trial for Atopic Dermatitis (In children, In adults, In adolescents) in March 2018 (PO) (NCT03422822)

This compound was developed by Pfizer for Kinase Phosphatase Biology research. To learn more about Sigma′s partnership with Pfizer and view other authentic, high-quality Pfizer compounds,

Image result for PF-04965842

PF-04965842 is an oral Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor being investigated for treatment of plaque psoriasis.

Protein kinases are families of enzymes that catalyze the phosphorylation of specific residues in proteins, broadly classified into tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Inappropriate kinase activity, arising from mutation, over-expression, or inappropriate regulation, dys-regulation or de-regulation, as well as over- or under-production of growth factors or cytokines has been i mplicated in many diseases, including but not limited to cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergies, asthma and other respiratory diseases, autoimmune d iseases, inflammatory diseases, bone diseases, metabolic disorders, and neurological and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Inappropriate kinase activity triggers a variety of biological cellular responses relating to cell growth, cell differentiation , survival, apoptosis, mitogenesis, cell cycle control, and cel l mobility implicated in the aforementioned and related diseases.

Thus, protein kinases have emerged as an important class of enzymes as targets for therapeutic intervention. In particular, the JAK family of cellular protein tyrosine kinases (JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, and Tyk2) play a central role in cytoki ne signaling (Kisseleva et al., Gene, 2002, 285 , 1; Yamaoka et al. Genome Biology 2004, 5, 253)). Upon binding to their receptors, cytokines activate JAK which then phosphorylate the cytokine receptor, thereby creating docking sites for signaling molecules, notably, members of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family that ultimately lead to gene expression. Numerous cytokines are known to activate the JAK family. These cytokines include, the IFN family (IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, IFN-omega, Limitin, IFN-gamma, IL- 10, IL- 19, IL-20, IL-22), the gp 130 family (IL-6, IL- 11, OSM, LIF, CNTF, NNT- 1//SF-3, G-CSF, CT- 1, Leptin, IL- 12 , I L-23), gamma C family (IL-2 , I L-7, TSLP, IL-9, IL- 15 , IL-21, IL-4, I L- 13), IL-3 family (IL-3 , IL-5 , GM-CSF), single chain family (EPO, GH, PRL, TPO), receptor tyrosine kinases (EGF, PDGF, CSF- 1, HGF), and G-protein coupled receptors (ATI).

There remains a need for new compounds that effectively and selectively inhibit specific JAK enzymes, and JAK1 in particular, vs. JAK2. JAK1 is a member of the Janus family of protein kinases composed of JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2. JAK1 is expressed to various levels in all tissues. Many cytokine receptors signal through pairs of JAK kinases in the following combinations: JAK1/JAK2, JAK1/JAK3, JAK1/TYK2 , JAK2/TYK2 or JAK2/JAK2. JAK1 is the most broadly

paired JAK kinase in this context and is required for signaling by γ-common (IL-2Rγ) cytokine receptors, IL—6 receptor family, Type I, II and III receptor families and IL- 10 receptor family. Animal studies have shown that JAK1 is required for the development, function and homeostasis of the immune system. Modulation of immune activity through inhibition of JAK1 kinase activity can prove useful in the treatment of various immune disorders (Murray, P.J.

J. Immunol., 178, 2623-2629 (2007); Kisseleva, T., et al., Gene, 285 , 1-24 (2002); O’Shea, J . J., et al., Ceil , 109, (suppl .) S121-S131 (2002)) while avoiding JAK2 dependent erythropoietin (EPO) and thrombopoietin (TPO) signaling (Neubauer H., et al., Cell, 93(3), 397-409 (1998);

Parganas E., et al., Cell, 93(3), 385-95 (1998)).

Figure

Tofacitinib (1), baricitinib (2), and ruxolitinib (3)

SYNTHESIS 5+1 =6 steps

Main synthesis

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 61(3), 1130-1152; 2018

INTERMEDIATE

CN 105732637

ONE STEP

CAS 479633-63-1,  7H-Pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine, 4-chloro-7-[(4- methylphenyl)sulfonyl]-

Image result for PF-04965842

Pfizer Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation from FDA for PF-04965842, an oral JAK1 Inhibitor, for the Treatment of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Wednesday, February 14, 2018 8:30 am EST

Dateline:

NEW YORK

Public Company Information:

NYSE:
PFE
US7170811035
“We look forward to working closely with the FDA throughout our ongoing Phase 3 development program with the hope of ultimately bringing this important new treatment option to these patients.”

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced its once-daily oral Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor PF-04965842 received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD). The Phase 3 program for PF-04965842 initiated in December and is the first trial in the J AK1 A topic D ermatitis E fficacy and Safety (JADE) global development program.

“Achieving Breakthrough Therapy Designation is an important milestone not only for Pfizer but also for patients living with the often devastating impact of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, their providers and caregivers,” said Michael Corbo, Chief Development Officer, Inflammation & Immunology, Pfizer Global Product Development. “We look forward to working closely with the FDA throughout our ongoing Phase 3 development program with the hope of ultimately bringing this important new treatment option to these patients.”

Breakthrough Therapy Designation was initiated as part of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) signed in 2012. As defined by the FDA, a breakthrough therapy is a drug intended to be used alone or in combination with one or more other drugs to treat a serious or life-threatening disease or condition and preliminary clinical evidence indicates that the drug may demonstrate substantial improvement over existing therapies on one or more clinically significant endpoints, such as substantial treatment effects observed early in clinical development. If a drug is designated as a breakthrough therapy, the FDA will expedite the development and review of such drug.1

About PF-04965842 and Pfizer’s Kinase Inhibitor Leadership

PF-04965842 is an oral small molecule that selectively inhibits Janus kinase (JAK) 1. Inhibition of JAK1 is thought to modulate multiple cytokines involved in pathophysiology of AD including interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-31 and interferon gamma.

Pfizer has established a leading kinase research capability with multiple unique kinase inhibitor therapies in development. As a pioneer in JAK science, the Company is advancing several investigational programs with novel selectivity profiles, which, if successful, could potentially deliver transformative therapies for patients. Pfizer has three additional kinase inhibitors in Phase 2 development across multiple indications:

  • PF-06651600: A JAK3 inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis and alopecia areata
  • PF-06700841: A tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2)/JAK1 inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of psoriasis, ulcerative colitis and alopecia areata
  • PF-06650833: An interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Working together for a healthier world®

At Pfizer, we apply science and our global resources to bring therapies to people that extend and significantly improve their lives. We strive to set the standard for quality, safety and value in the discovery, development and manufacture of health care products. Our global portfolio includes medicines and vaccines as well as many of the world’s best-known consumer health care products. Every day, Pfizer colleagues work across developed and emerging markets to advance wellness, prevention, treatments and cures that challenge the most feared diseases of our time. Consistent with our responsibility as one of the world’s premier innovative biopharmaceutical companies, we collaborate with health care providers, governments and local communities to support and expand access to reliable, affordable health care around the world. For more than 150 years, we have worked to make a difference for all who rely on us. We routinely post information that may be important to investors on our website at www.pfizer.com. In addition, to learn more, please visit us on www.pfizer.com and follow us on Twitter at @Pfizer and @Pfizer_NewsLinkedInYouTube and like us on Facebook at Facebook.com/Pfizer.

DISCLOSURE NOTICE: The information contained in this release is as of February 14, 2018. Pfizer assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements contained in this release as the result of new information or future events or developments.

This release contains forward-looking information about PF-04965842 and Pfizer’s ongoing investigational programs in kinase inhibitor therapies, including their potential benefits, that involves substantial risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements. Risks and uncertainties include, among other things, the uncertainties inherent in research and development, including the ability to meet anticipated clinical trial commencement and completion dates and regulatory submission dates, as well as the possibility of unfavorable clinical trial results, including unfavorable new clinical data and additional analyses of existing data; risks associated with preliminary data; the risk that clinical trial data are subject to differing interpretations, and, even when we view data as sufficient to support the safety and/or effectiveness of a product candidate, regulatory authorities may not share our views and may require additional data or may deny approval altogether; whether regulatory authorities will be satisfied with the design of and results from our clinical studies; whether and when drug applications may be filed in any jurisdictions for any potential indication for PF-04965842 or any other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies; whether and when any such applications may be approved by regulatory authorities, which will depend on the assessment by such regulatory authorities of the benefit-risk profile suggested by the totality of the efficacy and safety information submitted, and, if approved, whether PF-04965842 or any such other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies will be commercially successful; decisions by regulatory authorities regarding labeling, safety and other matters that could affect the availability or commercial potential of PF-04965842 or any other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies; and competitive developments.

A further description of risks and uncertainties can be found in Pfizer’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 and in its subsequent reports on Form 10-Q, including in the sections thereof captioned “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Information and Factors That May Affect Future Results”, as well as in its subsequent reports on Form 8-K, all of which are filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and available at www.sec.gov  and www.pfizer.com .

Image result for PF-04965842

# # # # #

1 Food and Drug Administration Fact Sheet Breakthrough Therapies at https://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/LawsEnforcedbyFDA/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/FDASIA/ucm329491.htmaccessed on January 25, 2018

PATENT

CA 2899888

PATENT

WO 2014128591

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=6767BBB5964A985E88C9251B6DF3182B.wapp2nB?docId=WO2014128591&recNum=233&maxRec=8235&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=EN_ALL%3Anmr+AND+PA%3Apfizer&tab=PCTDescription

PFIZER INC. [US/US]; 235 East 42nd Street New York, New York 10017 (US)

BROWN, Matthew Frank; (US).
FENWICK, Ashley Edward; (US).
FLANAGAN, Mark Edward; (US).
GONZALES, Andrea; (US).
JOHNSON, Timothy Allan; (US).
KAILA, Neelu; (US).
MITTON-FRY, Mark J.; (US).
STROHBACH, Joseph Walter; (US).
TENBRINK, Ruth E.; (US).
TRZUPEK, John David; (US).
UNWALLA, Rayomand Jal; (US).
VAZQUEZ, Michael L.; (US).
PARIKH, Mihir, D.; (US)

COMPD 2

str1

Example 2 : N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane- l -sulƒonamide

This compound was prepared using 1-propanesulfonyl chloride. The crude compound was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with a mixture of dichloromethane and methanol (93 : 7) to afford the title compound as a tan sol id (78% yield). 1NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.60 (br s, 1 H), 8.08 (s, 1 H), 7.46 (d, 1 H), 7.12 (d, 1 H), 6.61 (d, 1 H), 4.81-4.94 (m, 1 H), 3.47-3.62 (m, 1 H), 3.23 (s, 3 H), 2.87-2.96 (m, 2 H), 2.52-2.63 (m, 2 H), 2.14-2.27 (m, 2 H) 1.60- 1.73 (m, 2 H) 0.96 (t, 3 H). LC/MS (exact mass) calculated for C14H21N5O2S;

323.142, found (M + H+); 324.1.

PAPER

 Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2018), 61(3), 1130-1152.

Abstract Image

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01598

N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}propane-1-sulfonamide (25)

Compound 48a·2HBr …………..was collected by filtration, washed with 2:1 EtOH/H2O (100 mL), and again dried overnight in a vacuum oven at 40 °C.
1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.64 (br s, 1H), 8.12 (s, 1 H), 7.50 (d, J = 9.4 Hz, 1H), 7.10–7.22 (m, 1H), 6.65 (dd, J= 1.8, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.87–4.96 (m, 1H), 3.53–3.64 (m, 1H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 2.93–2.97 (m, 2H), 2.57–2.64 (m, 2H), 2.20–2.28 (m, 2H), 1.65–1.74 (m, 2H), 0.99 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H).
LC/MS m/z (M + H+) calcd for C14H22N5O2S: 324. Found: 324. Anal. Calcd for C14H21N5O2S: C, 51.99; H, 6.54; N, 21.65; O, 9.89; S, 9.91. Found: C, 52.06; H, 6.60; N, 21.48; O, 10.08; S, 9.97.

SchmiederG.DraelosZ.PariserD.BanfieldC.CoxL.HodgeM.KierasE.Parsons-RichD.MenonS.SalganikM.PageK.PeevaE. Efficacy and safety of the Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor PF-04965842 in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis: phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study Br. J. Dermatol. 2017DOI: 10.1111/bjd.16004

Compound 25N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane-1-sulfonamide is available through MilliporeSigma (cat. no. PZ0304).

REFERENCES

1: Schmieder GJ, Draelos ZD, Pariser DM, Banfield C, Cox L, Hodge M, Kieras E, Parsons-Rich D, Menon S, Salganik M, Page K, Peeva E. Efficacy and safety of the Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor PF-04965842 in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis: phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Dermatol. 2017 Sep 26. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16004. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28949012

 2 Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2018), 61(3), 1130-1152.

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Antipsoriatics; Pyrimidines; Pyrroles; Skin disorder therapies; Small molecules; Sulfonamides
  • Mechanism of Action Janus kinase 1 inhibitors
  • Phase III Atopic dermatitis
  • Discontinued Lupus vulgaris; Plaque psoriasis
  • 21 May 2019Pfizer initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT03937258)
  • 09 May 2019 Pfizer plans a phase I pharmacokinetic and drug-drug interaction trial in healthy volunteers in May 2019 (NCT03937258)
  • 30 Apr 2019 Pfizer completes a phase I trial (In volunteers) in USA (PO) (NCT03626415)

/////////PF 04965842, Abrocitinib, Phase III,  Atopic dermatitis, pfizer

CCCS(=O)(N[C@H]1C[C@@H](N(C)C2=C3C(NC=C3)=NC=N2)C1)=O

CCCS(=O)(=O)N[C@@H]1C[C@@H](C1)N(C)c2ncnc3[nH]ccc23

PF 06650833


img

PF-06650833

1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide

CAS 1817626-54-2
Chemical Formula: C18H20FN3O4
Molecular Weight: 361.3734

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Antirheumatics
  • Mechanism of Action Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase inhibitors
  • Phase II Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Phase I Lupus vulgaris
  • 01 Aug 2018 Pfizer completes a phase II trial in Rheumatoid arthritis (Treatment-experienced) in USA, Ukraine, Taiwan, Serbia, Russia, Romania, Poland, Mexico, South Korea, Georgia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Australia, Croatia, Spain, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria (PO) (NCT02996500)
  • 28 Jul 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Lupus(In volunteers) in USA (PO, Controlled release)
  • 28 Jul 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Lupus(In volunteers) in USA (PO, Immediate release)
  • PF-06650833 is an inhibitor of Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK4). RAK4 is located proximal to TLR/IL-1 receptors, and in preclinical studies, inhibits downstream signaling from these receptors. The development of novel small molecule inhibitors of this kinase has the potential to lead to new therapeutics to treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and lymphomas.

Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4) is a serine threonine kinases that plays a key role in innate immune signaling. IRAK-4 is activated by the interleukin (IL-1) family receptors (IL-1R, IL-18R, and IL-33R), as well as the Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Inhibition of IRAK-4 blocks the production of inflammatory cytokines such as type I interferons, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL-1, IL-6, and IL-12 that are key drivers of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. IRAK-4 is an attractive therapeutic target for diseases associated with dysregulated inflammation, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Figure

Figure

First Discovery Synthesis of 1

Conditions: (a) LDA (1.2 equiv), TMSCl (1.3 equiv), THF, −60 °C, 30 min; (b) allyl methyl carbonate (1.1 equiv), Pd(OAc)2 (0.05 equiv), THF, 65 °C, 2 h, 73% (2 steps); (c) LiThCN (1.5 equiv), EtMgCl (1.5 equiv), TMSCl (2.0 equiv), THF, −78 °C, 6 h, 90%; (d) LDA (1.8 equiv), NFSI (1.25 equiv), THF, −78 °C, 1 h, 23% (8), 45% (9); (e) pTsOH (0.05 equiv), MeCN, H2O, 90 °C, 2 h, 97%; (f) 3 (0.9 equiv), KHMDS (2.0 equiv), DMF, THF, −10 °C, 30 min, 84%; (g) H2O2 (10 equiv), K2CO3 (4.0 equiv), DMSO, 20 °C, 2 h, 97%.

CLIP

Image result for PF-06650833

Target: Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK4): This kinase is important in innate immunity, and its inhibition is predicted to be beneficial in treating inflammatory diseases.

Disease: Rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disorder

Notes: PF06650833 came from a screening assay that used nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine binding between molecular fragments and IRAK4. The initial hit, which bound weakly to IRAK4, was optimized with structure- and property-based medicinal chemistry to generate a series of potent inhibitors, said Katherine Lee, an associate research fellow at Pfizer.

Paper

Improvements to Enable the Large Scale Synthesis of 1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-Ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide (PF-06650833)

§ Medicine DesignPfizer Worldwide Research and Development445 Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340, United States
 Chemical Research and DevelopmentPfizer Worldwide Research and Development445 Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340, United States
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00386
Stephen Wright
Senior Principal Scientist at Pfizer Inc.
New London/Norwich, Connecticut Area
Robert Singer
Robert Singer
Process Chemist -Assoc Research Fellow at Pfizer
New London/Norwich, Connecticut Area

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00386/suppl_file/op8b00386_si_001.pdf

Abstract Image

An improved process for the large scale synthesis of 1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide (1), a candidate currently in clinical development, was developed. Key objectives were to eliminate chromatographic purifications, to maximize the reproducibility of each step, and to improve the yield and efficiency of each step relative to the previous discovery syntheses of 1. This work was focused on improvements to the synthesis of the stereochemically complex lactam 2. Steps of particular concern were the preparation of the unsaturated lactam 6, the cuprate conjugate addition reaction to produce 7, and the conversion of 7 to 8 with a high degree of diastereoselection. The solutions to these challenges have permitted the synthesis of 2 in excess of 100 kg, which in turn has permitted 1 to be prepared in sufficient amounts to support further development.

1 (31.3 kg, 91%, 82% overall) as a white, free-flowing powder.

 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO): δ 8.86 (s, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (br. s., 1H), 7.74 (s, 1H), 7.70 (br. s., 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (dd, J = 5.9, 53.8 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (dd, J = 3.5, 11.1 Hz, 1H), 4.26 (dd, J = 6.4, 11.0 Hz, 1H), 4.13–4.05 (m, 1H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 2.69–2.54 (m, 1H), 1.68–1.53 (m, 2H), 1.02 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H).

13C NMR{1H} (126 MHz, DMSO): δ 171.0 (d, J = 19.4 Hz), 166.4, 158.4, 155.1, 137.7, 131.8, 130.3, 128.4, 120.3, 115.2, 103.2 (d, J = 4.2 Hz), 90.0 (d, J = 179.2 Hz), 66.3, 56.0, 54.1, 42.2 (d, J = 19.4 Hz), 16.4 (d, J = 8.4 Hz), 12.1.

19F NMR (H decoupled, 376 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ −199.26.

LCMS: 362 (MH+).

capture

//////////////PF-06650833, PF 06650833, PF06650833, PF-6650833, PF 6650833, PF6650833.

O=C(C1=CC2=C(C(OC[C@H]([C@H](CC)[C@@H]3F)NC3=O)=NC=C2)C=C1OC)N

/////////////////PF-06650833, PF 06650833, Phase 3, Atopic dermatitis, PFIZER, Breakthrough Therapy Designation

крисаборол , كريسابورول , Crisaborole, AN 2728


 

Crisaborole

Treatment for Inflammatory Skin Diseases, including Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis

C14H10BNO3, Average mass251.045 Da

4-[(1-Hydroxy-1,3-dihydro-2,1-benzoxaborol-5-yl)oxy]benzonitrile ,

4-((1-Hydroxy-1,3-dihydrobenzo(c)(1,2)oxaborol-6-yl)oxy)benzonitrile

 CAS 906673-24-3, AN-2728

Benzonitrile, 4-[(1,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborol-5-yl)oxy]-

1,3-Dihydro-1-hydroxy-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,1-benzoxaborole

5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-l, 3-dihydro-l-hydroxy-2, 1-benzoxaborole

crisaborol, crisaborole, Crisaborole, crisaborolum

UNII-Q2R47HGR7P

крисаборол

كريسابورول

In phase 3  for treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis……Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder caused by inflammatory cell infiltration into the dermis and epidermis, and is accompanied by keratinocyte hyperproliferation. Once triggered, a strong T-cell response is mounted, and a cascade of cytokine and chemokine production is induced.

Down-regulation of certain cytokines and chemokines is considered to be a good approach to treatment, and indeed, the biologics targeting TNF-α demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach.However, biologics have intrinsic challenges, such as limited administration route, side effects, quality control and production cost.

Small molecule approaches to treat psoriasis include systemic or topical steroids, cyclosporine, psoralen plus UVA (PUVA), retinoids, methotrexete, and vitamin D3 analogs.Atopic dermatitis is an allergic skin disorder, which is typically treated with topical steroids, antihistamines, and calcineurin inhibitors.

However, there is still a need for new treatment with improved safety profile. Recently phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors have been in development for such skin diseases. CC-10004 is in development as an oral treatment for psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. AWD-12-281 was, until recently, in development for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis. In addition, roflumilast is under Phase 1 development for both diseases.

PDE4 inhibitors aiming at skin inflammatory diseases.

Figure 1.

PDE4 inhibitors aiming at skin inflammatory diseases.

 

Anacor’s lead product candidate is crisaborole, an investigational non-steroidal topical PDE-4 inhibitor in development for the potential treatment of mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis and psoriasis

crisaborole is an investigational topical antiinflammatory drug in phase III clinical development by Anacor Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis and in phase II clinical trials in mild to moderate psoriasis

A novel boron-containing small molecule, Crisaborole inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-alpha, IL-12, and IL-23, known mediators of the inflammation associated with psoriasis.

Synthesis

AN3

CKICK ON IMAGE FOR CLEAR VIEW

 

 

 

Originator
Therapeutic Claim
Class
Mechanism of action
WHO ATC code(s)
EPhMRA code(s)
Clinical trial(s)
Conditions Phases Interventions Status
Dermatitis, Atopic Phase 3 AN-2728 Active, not recruiting
Psoriasis Phase 2 AN-2728 Completed
Plaque-Type Psoriasis Phase 1 AN-2728 Completed

PAPER

Discovery and structure-activity study of a novel benzoxaborole anti-inflammatory agent (AN2728) for the potential topical treatment of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009, 19(8): 2129

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09002996

 

  • Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 1020 E. Meadow Circle, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA

A series of phenoxy benzoxaboroles were synthesized and screened for their inhibitory activity against PDE4 and cytokine release. 5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-2,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborole (AN2728) showed potent activity both in vitro and in vivo. This compound is now in clinical development for the topical treatment of psoriasis and being pursued for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis

Image for unlabelled figure

Reagents and conditions: (a) ethylene glycol, p-TsOH, toluene, reflux, 6h ...

Scheme 1.

Reagents and conditions: (a) ethylene glycol, p-TsOH, toluene, reflux, 6 h (quant.); (b) K2CO3, DMF, 100 °C, overnight (82–96%); (c) 3 M HCl, THF, reflux, 2 h (80–100%); (d) NaBH4, MeOH, rt, 1 h (quant.); (e) 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran, camphorsulfonic acid, CH2Cl2, rt, 2 h (quant.); (f) (i-PrO)3B, n-BuLi, THF, −78 °C to rt, 3 h; (g) 6 M HCl, THF, rt, 3 h (37–44%); (h) 6 M NaOH, MeOH, 1,4-dioxane, reflux, 6 days (79%); (i) diethylamine (for 5f) or morpholine (for 5g), EDCI, HOBt, DMAP, DMF, rt, overnight (41–70%).

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2006089067A2?cl=en

4.2. q 5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-l, 3-dihydro-l-hydroxy-2, 1-benzoxaborole (C17) [0264] 1H-NMR (300 MHz,

Figure imgf000077_0001

δ ppm 4.95 (s, 2H), 7.08 (dd, J= 7.9, 2.1 Hz, IH), 7.14 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.15 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, IH), 7.78 (d, J= 7.9 Hz, IH), 7.85 (d, J= 9.1 Hz, 2H), 9.22 (s, IH).

 

PATENT

 

EXAMPLE 15

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2007095638A2?cl=en

4-(4-Cvanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid (C97)

Figure imgf000097_0002

(a) (4-cyanophenyl) (4-bromophenyl) ether. Under nitrogen, the mixture of 4-fluorobenzonitrile (7.35 g, 60.68 mmol), 4-bromophenol (10 g, 57.8 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12 g, 1.5 eq) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at 1000C for 16 h and then filtered. After rotary evaporation, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with IN NaOH solution to remove unreacted phenol. The organic solution was dried and passed through a short silica gel column to remove the color and minor phenol impurity. Evaporation of the solution gave (4-cyanophenyl)(4- bromophenyl)ether (13.82 g, yield 87.2%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.63 (d, 2H), 7.13 (d, 2H) and 7.10 (d, 2H) ppm.

(b) 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid. The procedure described in Example 2d was used for the synthesis of 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid using (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether as starting material. The title compound was obtained as a white solid. M.p.l94-198°C. MS: m/z = 239 (M+), 240 (M+ 1) (ESI+) and m/z = 238 (M-I) (ESI-). HPLC: 95.3% purity at 254 nm and 92.1% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6 + D2O): δ 7.83-7.76 (m, 4H), 7.07 (d, 2H) and 7.04 (d, 2H) ppm.

FURTHER METHOD

Figure imgf000048_0003

 

2-Bromo-5-(4-cvanophenoxy)benzyl Alcohol

1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 2.00 (br s, IH), 4.75 (s, 2H), 6.88 (dd, J= 8.5, 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.02 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, IH), 7.56 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.62 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H).

 

 

PATENT

http://www.google.im/patents/EP1976536A2?cl=en

2.2.a 2-Bromo-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl Alcohol

1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 2.00 (br s, IH), 4.75 (s, 2H), 6.88 (dd, J= 8.5, 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.02 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J- 2.6 Hz, IH), 7.56 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.62 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H).

2.2.b 2-Bromo-4-(4-cyanophenoxγ)benzyl Alcohol

1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.58 (d, IH), 7.39 (d, IH), 7.18 (dd, IH), 7.11- (d, 2H), 5.48 (t, IH) and 4.50 (d, 2H) ppm.

2.2.c 5- (4-Cyanophenoxy) -1 -Indanol

M.p.50-53°C. MS (ESI+): m/z = 252 (M+l). HPLC: 99.7% purity at 254 nm and 99.0% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSOd6): δ 7.80 (d, 2H), 7.37 (d, IH), 7.04 (d, 2H), 6.98-6.93 (m, 2H), 5.27 (d, IH)5 5.03 (q, IH), 2.95-2.85 (m, IH), 2.75-2.64 (m, IH), 2.39-2.29 (m, IH) and 1.85-1.74 (m, IH) ppm.

2.2. d 2-Bromo-5-(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy)benzyl Alcohol [0429] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 0.20 (s, 6H), 0.98 (s, 9H), 4.67 (br s,lH), 6.65 (dd, J= 8.2, 2.6 Hz, IH), 6.98 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.36 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH).

3.2.k 2-Bromo-5-(2-cyanophenoχy)-l-(methoxymethoxymethyl)benzene [0443] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 3.41 (s, 3H), 4.64 (s, 2H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 6.8-6.9 (m, 2H), 7.16 (td, J= 7.6, 0.9 Hz, IH), 7.28 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.49 (ddd, J= 8.8, 7.6, 1.8 Hz, IH)5 7.56 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.67 (dd, J= 7.9, 1.8 Hz, IH).

EXAMPLE 32

Alternative Preparation of C17 -Intermediate

Figure imgf000223_0001

The procedure described in Example II I was followed for 1H NMR characterization of the current alcohol-borate intermediate. 1H NMR determination indicated there were 72.7 mol% of the desired alcohol-borate intermediate [2-bromo- 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl] diisopropyl borate, 20.7 mol% of an unknown intermediate and 6.5 mol% of unreacted alcohol. 1H NMR (CDCl3, 300 MHz) of [2- bromo-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl] diisopropyl borate: δ= 7.61 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, IH), 7.15 (d, J= 3.0 Hz, IH), 7.03 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (dd, J= 8.7 Hz, J= 3.0 Hz, IH), 4.85 (s, 2H), 4.35 (septet, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.11 (d, J= 6.1 Hz, 12H) ppm.

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090291917

    Example 154-(4-Cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid (C97)

  • Figure US20090291917A1-20091126-C00195
  • (a) (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether. Under nitrogen, the mixture of 4-fluorobenzonitrile (7.35 g, 60.68 mmol), 4-bromophenol (10 g, 57.8 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12 g, 1.5 eq) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 16 h and then filtered. After rotary evaporation, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with 1N NaOH solution to remove unreacted phenol. The organic solution was dried and passed through a short silica gel column to remove the color and minor phenol impurity. Evaporation of the solution gave (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether (13.82 g, yield 87.2%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.63 (d, 2H), 7.13 (d, 2H) and 7.10 (d, 2H) ppm.
  • (b) 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid. The procedure described in Example 2d was used for the synthesis of 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid using (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether as starting material. The title compound was obtained as a white solid. M.p. 194-198° C. MS: m/z=239 (M+), 240 (M+1) (ESI+) and m/z=238 (M−1) (ESI−). HPLC: 95.3% purity at 254 nm and 92.1% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6+D2O): δ 7.83-7.76 (m, 4H), 7.07 (d, 2H) and 7.04 (d, 2H) ppm.

see

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2006089067A2?cl=en

see

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090291917

US5688928 * Jun 7, 1995 Nov 18, 1997 Prolinx, Inc. Phenylboronic acid complexing reagents derived from aminosalicylic acid
US5880188 * May 26, 1995 Mar 9, 1999 Zeneca Limited Oxaboroles and salts thereof, and their use as biocides
US5962498 * Dec 2, 1994 Oct 5, 1999 Procyon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Protein kinase C modulators. C. indolactam structural-types with anti-inflammatory activity
US6369098 * Oct 4, 2000 Apr 9, 2002 Bethesda Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Dithiolane derivatives
US20030032673 * Jul 19, 2002 Feb 13, 2003 Isis Innovation Limited Therapeutic strategies for prevention and treatment of alzheimer’s disease
US20050239170 * Jul 16, 2001 Oct 27, 2005 Hedley Mary L Alpha-MSH related compounds and methods of use
US20060009386 * May 12, 2005 Jan 12, 2006 The Brigham And Women’s Hospital, Inc. Use of gelsolin to treat infections
Methods of treating anti-inflammatory conditions through the use of boron- containing small molecules are disclosed.
… Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 6, “AN2728 … Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 7 , “AN2728 … Kyoto, Japan, May 14-18, 2008. 10, “AN2728 …
AN2728, 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,3- dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1- …. UK-500,001, AN2728, DE-103, Tofisopam, Dextofisopam, Levotofisopam (USAN).
… Dermatology Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 6, “AN2728 … 7, “AN2728 … Francisco, CA May 6-10, 2009. 10, “AN2728 …
… from the group consisting of AN-2728, AN-2898, CBS- 3595, apremilast, ELB- 353, KF-66490, K-34, LAS-37779, IBFB-211913, AWD-12-281, …
AN2728” is the compound 4-(l-hydroxy-l,3-dihydro-2 … GSK256066, oglemilast, tetomilast, apremilast, AN2728, Compound A, Compound B, …
AN2728, 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1- …. UK-500,001, AN2728, DE-103, Tofisopam, Dextofisopam, Levotofisopam (USAN).
85.用于治疗疼痛的UK-500,001。 85. for the treatment of pain UK-500,001. 86.用 于治疗疼痛的AN2728。 86. for the treatment of pain AN2728.

 

 

see full series on boroles

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

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///////////crisaborole, AN 2728, PHASE 3, Anti-inflammatory, Phosphodiesterase, Oxaborole, Psoriasis, Atopic dermatitis, borole

Regeneron and Sanofi’s dupilumab gets FDA breakthrough therapy status for atopic dermatitis


// // //

Regeneron

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and Sanofi’s dupilumab has received breakthrough therapy designation from US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD).

http://www.pharmaceutical-technology.com/news/newsdupilumab-fda-breakthrough-therapy-4446953?WT.mc_id=DN_News

Sanofi And Regeneron Report Positive Proof-of-Concept Data For Dupilumab, An IL-4R Alpha Antibody, In Atopic Dermatitis


Monoclonal antibody
Source Human
Target IL4 receptor alpha

 

Treatment of atopic diseases

Immunoglobulin, anti-(human interleukin 4 receptor α) (human REGN668 heavy chain),
disulfide with human REGN668 κ-chain, dimer

Immunoglobulin G4, anti-(human interleukin-4 receptor subunit alpha (IL-4R-alpha,
CD124)); human monoclonal REGN668 des-452-lysine{CH3107K>-}-[233-
proline{H10S>P}]γ4 heavy chain (139-219′)-disulfide with human monoclonal REGN668
κ light chain, dimer (231-231”:234-234”)-bisdisulfide

1190264-60-8 cas no

REGN668, SAR231893

MOLECULAR FORMULA- C6512H10066N1730O2052S46

Dupilumab is a monoclonal antibody designed for the treatment of atopic diseases.[1]

This drug was developed by Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.

  1. Statement On A Nonproprietary Name Adopted By The USAN Council – Dupilumab,American Medical Association.

Phase 1b Data Presented at Late Breaking Session of 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology

PARIS and TARRYTOWN, N.Y., March 2, 2013  – Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.  today announced that pooled data from two Phase 1b trials with dupilumab (REGN668/SAR231893), an investigational, high-affinity, subcutaneously administered, fully-human antibody targeting the alpha subunit of the interleukin 4 receptor (IL-4R alpha), were presented at the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) in Miami.

The primary objective of the Phase 1b studies was to assess the safety profile of dupilumab.  Other exploratory endpoints included pharmacokinetic, biomarker, and efficacy parameters.  The efficacy data showed that treatment with four weekly subcutaneous injections of dupilumab at either 150 milligrams (mg) or 300mg per week, significantly improved the signs and symptoms of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) whose disease was not adequately controlled with topical medications.  Specifically, patients treated with dupilumab had significant improvements in body surface area (BSA) score, Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) score, and Eczema Area Severity Index (EASI) from baseline to week 4 compared to placebo (p<0.05 vs. placebo for all measures and doses).  The significant improvements in BSA, IGA, and EASI scores were maintained at week 8 in the 300mg dose group (p<0.05 vs. placebo).  A responder analysis demonstrated that at week 4, 54.5% of patients treated with the 150mg dose and 71.4% of patients treated with the 300mg dose achieved a reduction in EASI score of 50% or greater compared to 18.8% with placebo (p<0.05).  The most common adverse events (AEs) were nasopharyngitis (19.6% vs 12.5% for placebo) and headache (11.8% vs 6.3% for placebo).

“Despite existing therapies, a significant proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis continue to suffer from inflamed skin and intractable itch, which significantly impacts their quality of life,” said Dr. Eric Simpson, Associate Professor, Director of Clinical Studies, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA, and Principal Investigator of the study.  ”The early phase results with this biologic therapy, which has a novel mechanism of action, are encouraging to those of us who treat these patients and warrant further clinical investigation.”

“Through blockade of IL-4R alpha, dupilumab modulates signaling of both the IL-4 and IL-13 pathway, which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of allergic disease,” said George D. Yancopoulos, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer of Regeneron and President of Regeneron Laboratories.  ”We look forward to presenting additional data from a 12-week, Phase 2a trial in atopic dermatitis, as well as starting a larger Phase 2b trial with dupilumab in patients with atopic dermatitis, later this year.”

Presented today in a late-breaking clinical trials session at the AAD meeting, the Phase 1b trials included 67 patients randomized to three different doses of dupilumab (75mg, n=8; 150mg, n=22; 300mg, n=21) and placebo (n=16).  The primary objective of the Phase 1b studies was to assess the safety profile of dupilumab.  Other endpoints included pharmacokinetic, biomarker, and efficacy parameters.  Following the 4-week treatment period, patients in the studies were followed for an additional 4 weeks for a total of 8 weeks.

About IL-4R and the IL-4/IL-13 Pathway
Atopic dermatitis and some types of asthma are characterized by the induction of a specific type of an immune response that is driven by a subset of immune cells called Type 2 helper T cells, or Th2 cells.  IL-4 and IL-13 are key cytokines that are required for the initiation and maintenance of this Th2 immune response.  Both IL-4 and IL-13 signaling occurs through two different IL-4 receptors (Type I and II), which both contain a common IL-4R alpha subunit.

About Dupilumab (SAR231893/REGN668)
Dupilumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against IL-4R alpha and is administered via subcutaneous injection.  By blocking IL-4R alpha dupilumab modulates signaling of both IL-4 and IL-13, drivers of a Th2 immune response.  Dupilumab was created using Regeneron’s pioneering VelocImmune® technology and is being co-developed with Sanofi.  Dupilumab is currently being studied in both atopic dermatitis and asthma.

About Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammation of the skin that is characterized by poorly defined erythema (redness) with edema (swelling), weeping in the acute stage, and skin thickening (lichenification) in the chronic stage.  Chronic and/or relapsing lesions, along with pruritus (itching) and scratching are the hallmarks of the disease.  The prevalence of AD is estimated to be between 1% and 3% of adults.  For many patients, topical therapies are not effective for keeping the disease under control and the only approved systemic therapies to treat AD are prednisone and cyclosporine (in Europe).  Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis can negatively impact patients’ lives and is associated with a high burden to society both in terms of direct costs of medical care and prescription drugs, as well as loss of productivity.

About Sanofi
Sanofi, a global and diversified healthcare leader, discovers, develops and distributes therapeutic solutions focused on patients’ needs. Sanofi has core strengths in the field of healthcare with seven growth platforms: diabetes solutions, human vaccines, innovative drugs, consumer healthcare, emerging markets, animal health and the new Genzyme.  Sanofi is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE:SNY).

About Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Regeneron is a leading science-based biopharmaceutical company based in Tarrytown, New York that discovers, invents, develops, manufactures, and commercializes medicines for the treatment of serious medical conditions.  Regeneron markets medicines for eye diseases, colorectal cancer, and a rare inflammatory condition and has product candidates in development in other areas of high unmet medical need, including hypercholesterolemia, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis.  For additional information about the company, please visitwww.regeneron.com.

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