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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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Delgocitinib


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Delgocitinib.png

2D chemical structure of 1263774-59-9

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Delgocitinib

デルゴシチニブ

3-[(3S,4R)-3-methyl-7-(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,7-diazaspiro[3.4]octan-1-yl]-3-oxopropanenitrile

1,6-Diazaspiro(3.4)octane-1-propanenitrile, 3-methyl-beta-oxo-6-(7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)-, (3S,4R)-

3-((3S,4R)-3-methyl-6-(7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,6-diazaspiro(3.4)octan-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile

Formula
C16H18N6O
CAS
1263774-59-9
Mol weight
310.3537

Approved, Japan 2020, Corectim, 2020/1/23, atopic dermatitis, Japan Tobacco (JT)
Torii

UNII-9L0Q8KK220, JTE-052, LP-0133, ROH-201, 9L0Q8KK220, LEO 124249ALEO 124249HY-109053

CS-0031558D11046GTPL9619JTE-052AJTE052

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Delgocitinib, also known as LEO-124249 and JTE052, is a potent and selective JAK inhibitor. JTE-052 reduces skin inflammation and ameliorates chronic dermatitis in rodent models: Comparison with conventional therapeutic agents. JTE-052 regulates contact hypersensitivity by downmodulating T cell activation and differentiation.

Delgocitinib is a JAK inhibitor first approved in Japan for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in patients 16 years of age or older. Japan Tobacco is conducting phase III clinical trials for the treatment of atopic dermatitis in pediatric patients. Leo is developing the drug in phase II clinical trials for the treatment of inflammatory skin diseases, such as atopic dermatitis, and chronic hand eczema and for the treatment of discoid lupus erythematosus. Rohto is evaluating the product in early clinical development for ophthalmologic indications.

In 2014, the drug was licensed to Leo by Japan Tobacco for the development, registration and marketing worldwide excluding Japan for treatment of inflammatory skin conditions. In 2016, Japan Tobacco licensed the rights of co-development and commercialization in Japan to Torii. In 2018, Japan Tobacco licensed the Japanese rights of development and commercialization to Rohto for the treatment of ophthalmologic diseases.

PATENTS

WO 2018117151
IN 201917029002

IN 201917029003

IN 201917029000

PATENTS

WO 2011013785

https://patents.google.com/patent/WO2011013785A1/en

[Production Example 6]: Synthesis of Compound 6

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000103

(1) Optically active substance of 2-benzylaminopropan-1-ol

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000104

To a solution of (S)-(+)-2-aminopropan-1-ol (50.0 g) and benzaldehyde (74 ml) in ethanol (500 ml) was added 5% palladium carbon (5.0 g) at room temperature and normal pressure. Hydrogenated for 8 hours. The reaction mixture was filtered through celite and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (111.2 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.27 (4H, m), 7.23-7.18 (1H, m), 4.53-4.47 (1H, m), 3.76 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz) , 3.66 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz), 3.29-3.24 (2H, m), 2.65-2.55 (1H, m), 1.99 (1H, br s), 0.93 (3H, d, J = 6.4 Hz) .

(2) Optically active substance of [benzyl- (2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000105

To a mixture of optically active 2-benzylaminopropan-1-ol (111.2 g), potassium carbonate (111.6 g) and N, N-dimethylformamide (556 ml) cooled to 0 ° C., tert-butyl bromoacetate was added. Ester (109 ml) was added dropwise over 20 minutes and stirred at room temperature for 19.5 hours. The mixture was acidified to pH 2 by adding 2M aqueous hydrochloric acid and 6M aqueous hydrochloric acid, and washed with toluene (1000 ml). The separated organic layer was extracted with 0.1 M aqueous hydrochloric acid (300 ml). The combined aqueous layer was adjusted to pH 10 with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with ethyl acetate (700 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (900 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml). The separated aqueous layer was extracted again with ethyl acetate (400 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (160.0 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.37-7.26 (4H, m), 7.24-7.19 (1H, m), 4.26 (1H, dd, J = 6.9, 3.9 Hz), 3.76 (1H, d, J = 14.1 Hz), 3.68 (1H, d, J = 13.9 Hz), 3.45-3.39 (1H, m), 3.29-3.20 (1H, m), 3.24 (1H, d, J = 17.2 Hz), 3.13 ( 1H, d, J = 17.0 Hz), 2.84-2.74 (1H, m), 1.37 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 6.8 Hz).

(3) Optically active substance of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000106

(3)-(1) Optically active form of [benzyl- (2-chloro-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000107

To a solution of [benzyl- (2-hydroxy-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (160.0 g) cooled to 0 ° C. in chloroform (640 ml) was added thionyl chloride (50.0 ml). Was added dropwise and stirred at 60 ° C. for 2 hours. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (1000 ml) and chloroform (100 ml) were added and stirred. The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml), and the aqueous layer was extracted again with chloroform (450 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (172.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.40-7.22 (5H, m), 4.05-3.97 (0.4H, m), 3.93-3.81 (2H, m), 3.70-3.65 (0.6H, m), 3.44- 3.38 (0.6H, m), 3.29 (0.8H, s), 3.27 (1.2H, d, J = 2.4 Hz), 3.24-3.15 (0.6H, m), 3.05-2.99 (0.4H, m), 2.94 -2.88 (0.4H, m), 1.50 (1.2H, d, J = 6.4 Hz), 1.48 (3.6H, s), 1.45 (5.4H, s), 1.23 (1.8H, d, J = 6.8 Hz) .

(3)-(2) Optically active form of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000108

[Benzyl- (2-chloro-1-methylethyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (172.9 g) was dissolved in N, N-dimethylformamide (520 ml) and stirred at 80 ° C. for 140 minutes. did. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., water (1200 ml) was added, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (2/1, 1000 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (700 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (400 ml), and the separated aqueous layer was extracted again with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (2/1, 600 ml). The combined organic layers were concentrated under reduced pressure, and the obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 40/1) to give the title compound (127.0 g ) 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.37-7.29 (4H, m), 7.28-7.23 (1H, m), 4.05-3.97 (1H, m), 3.91 (1H, d, J = 13.5 Hz), 3.86 (1H, d, J = 13.7 Hz), 3.29 (2H, s), 3.03 (1H, dd, J = 13.9, 6.6 Hz), 2.91 (1H, dd, J = 13.9, 6.8 Hz), 1.50 (3H, d, J = 6.4 Hz), 1.48 (9H, s).

(4) Optically active substance of 1-benzyl-3-methylazetidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000109

To a solution of [benzyl- (2-chloropropyl) -amino] acetic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (60.0 g) cooled to −72 ° C. and hexamethylphosphoramide (36.0 ml) in tetrahydrofuran (360 ml), Lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution, 242 ml) was added dropwise over 18 minutes, and the temperature was raised to 0 ° C. over 80 minutes. A saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (300 ml) and water (400 ml) were sequentially added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with ethyl acetate (500 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water (700 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (500 ml), and the separated aqueous layer was extracted again with ethyl acetate (300 ml). The combined organic layers were dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate, concentrated under reduced pressure, and the resulting residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 50/1 to 4/1). To give the title compound (50.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 7.34-7.21 (5H, m), 3.75 (1H, d, J = 12.6 Hz), 3.70-3.67 (1H, m), 3.58 (1H, d, J = 12.6 Hz ), 3.05-3.01 (1H, m), 2.99-2.95 (1H, m), 2.70-2.59 (1H, m), 1.41 (9H, s), 1.24 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(5) Optically active substance of 3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000110

1-Benzyl-3-methylazetidine-2-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester optically active substance (43.5 g) and di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (38.2 g) in tetrahydrofuran / methanol (130 ml / 130 ml) solution 20% Palladium hydroxide carbon (3.5 g) was added thereto, and hydrogenated at 4 atm for 2 hours. The mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (48.0 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 4.44 (1H, d, J = 8.8 Hz), 3.99-3.77 (1H, m), 3.45-3.37 (1H, m), 3.00-2.88 (1H, m) , 1.45 (9H, s), 1.40-1.30 (9H, m), 1.02 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(6) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-2- (3-methyl-but-2-enyl) -azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000111

Optically active substance (48.0 g) of 3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester cooled to -69 ° C. and 1-bromo-3-methyl-2-butene (25.4 ml) Lithium hexamethyldisilazide (1.0 M tetrahydrofuran solution, 200 ml) was added to a tetrahydrofuran solution (380 ml). The reaction mixture was warmed to −20 ° C. in 40 minutes and further stirred at the same temperature for 20 minutes. A saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (200 ml) and water (300 ml) were successively added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1 / 1,500 ml). The separated organic layer was washed successively with water (200 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: n-hexane / ethyl acetate = 15/1 to 8/1) to give the titled compound (44.5 g). 
1 H-NMR (CDCl 3 ) δ: 5.29-5.21 (1H, m), 3.77-3.72 (1H, m), 3.49-3.44 (1H, m), 2.73-2.52 (3H, m), 1.76-1.74 ( 3H, m), 1.66-1.65 (3H, m), 1.51 (9H, s), 1.43 (9H, s), 1.05 (3H, d, J = 7.3 Hz).

(7) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-2- (2-oxoethyl) azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000112

3-methyl-2- (3-methyl-but-2-enyl) -azetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester optically active substance (44.5 g) in chloroform / cooled to −70 ° C. An ozone stream was passed through the methanol solution (310 ml / 310 ml) for 1 hour. To this reaction mixture, a solution of triphenylphosphine (44.7 g) in chloroform (45 ml) was added little by little, and then the mixture was warmed to room temperature. To this mixture were added saturated aqueous sodium thiosulfate solution (200 ml) and water (300 ml), and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (500 ml). The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (95.0 g). This product was subjected to the next step without further purification. 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 9.65 (1H, t, J = 2.6 Hz), 3.79-3.74 (1H, m), 3.45-3.40 (1H, m), 2.99-2.80 (3H, m) , 1.46 (9H, s), 1.34 (9H, s), 1.06 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(8) Optically active substance of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000113

To a solution of the residue (95.0 g) obtained in (7) in tetrahydrofuran (300 ml) was added benzylamine (34 ml) at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred for 2 hours. The mixture was cooled to 0 ° C., sodium triacetoxyborohydride (83.3 g) was added, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1.5 hours. Water (300 ml) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was extracted with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1/3, 600 ml). The separated organic layer was washed with water (300 ml) and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), and then extracted twice with 5% aqueous citric acid solution (300 ml, 200 ml) and three times with 10% aqueous citric acid solution (250 ml × 3). . The combined aqueous layers were basified to pH 10 with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with chloroform (300 ml). The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure to obtain the title compound (46.9 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.26 (4H, m), 7.22-7.17 (1H, m), 3.74-3.65 (2H, m), 3.61 (1H, t, J = 7.8 Hz) , 3.28 (1H, t, J = 7.5 Hz), 2.76-2.66 (2H, m), 2.57-2.45 (1H, m), 2.15 (1H, br s), 2.05-1.89 (2H, m), 1.42 ( 9H, s), 1.27 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(9) Optically active substance of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-2-dicarboxylic acid dihydrochloride

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000114

2- (2-Benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-1,2-dicarboxylic acid di-tert-butyl ester optically active substance (46.5 g), 4M hydrochloric acid 1,4-dioxane (230 ml) and water (4.1 ml) was mixed and stirred at 80 ° C. for 2 hours. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure, azeotroped with toluene, and then slurry washed with n-hexane / ethyl acetate (1/1, 440 ml) to give the title compound (30.1 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 10.24 (1H, br s), 9.64 (2H, br s), 8.90 (1H, br s), 7.58-7.53 (2H, m), 7.47-7.41 (3H , m), 4.21-4.10 (2H, m), 4.02-3.94 (1H, m), 3.46-3.37 (1H, m), 3.20-3.10 (1H, m), 2.99-2.85 (2H, m), 2.69 -2.54 (2H, m), 1.10 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz).

(10) Optically active substance of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octan-5-one

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000115

To a solution of 2- (2-benzylaminoethyl) -3-methylazetidine-2-dicarboxylic acid dihydrochloride optically active substance (29.1 g) and N, N-diisopropylethylamine (65 ml) in chloroform (290 ml), At room temperature, O- (7-azabenzotriazol-1-yl) -N, N, N ′, N′-tetramethyluronium hexafluorophosphate (41.3 g) was added and stirred for 4 hours. To this reaction mixture were added saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution (200 ml) and water (100 ml), and the mixture was extracted with chloroform (200 ml). The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / methanol = 20/1 to 10/1) to give the titled compound (21.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.38-7.31 (2H, m), 7.30-7.22 (3H, m), 4.52 (1H, d, J = 14.8 Hz), 4.29 (1H, d, J = 14.8 Hz), 3.35-3.27 (2H, m), 3.22-3.17 (1H, m), 3.05 (2H, dd, J = 9.5, 4.0 Hz), 2.77-2.66 (1H, m), 2.16-2.10 (1H , m), 1.96-1.87 (1H, m), 0.94 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz).

(11) Optically active substance of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000116

Concentrated sulfuric acid (4.8 ml) was slowly added dropwise to a suspension of lithium aluminum hydride (6.8 g) in tetrahydrofuran (300 ml) under ice cooling, and the mixture was stirred for 30 minutes. To this mixture was added dropwise a solution of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octan-5-one optically active substance (21.3 g) in tetrahydrofuran (100 ml) at the same temperature. Stir for 45 minutes. Water (7.0 ml), 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (7.0 ml) and water (14.0 ml) were sequentially added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred as it was for 30 minutes. To this mixture was added anhydrous magnesium sulfate and ethyl acetate (100 ml), and the mixture was stirred and filtered through celite. Di-tert-butyl dicarbonate (23.4 g) was added to the filtrate at room temperature and stirred for 3 hours. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure to a half volume and washed twice with a saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution (200 ml × 2). N-Hexane (200 ml) was added to the separated organic layer, and the mixture was extracted 5 times with a 10% aqueous citric acid solution. The separated aqueous layer was basified with 4M aqueous sodium hydroxide solution and extracted with chloroform. The organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution (200 ml), dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (eluent: chloroform / methanol = 40/1 to 20/1) to give the titled compound (15.6 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 7.34-7.27 (4H, m), 7.26-7.21 (1H, m), 3.84-3.69 (1H, m), 3.62-3.47 (2H, m), 3.19- 3.05 (1H, m), 3.02-2.92 (1H, m), 2.76-2.69 (1H, m), 2.47-2.24 (4H, m), 1.95-1.77 (1H, m), 1.36 (9H, s), 1.03 (3H, d, J = 7.0 Hz).

(12) Optically active substance of 3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000117

20% of optically active form of 6-benzyl-3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (10.0 g) in tetrahydrofuran / methanol (50 ml / 50 ml) solution Palladium hydroxide on carbon (2.0 g) was added and hydrogenated at 4 atm for 24 hours. The mixture was filtered through Celite, and the filtrate was concentrated under reduced pressure to give the title compound (7.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 3.88-3.71 (1H, m), 3.44-3.06 (2H, m), 3.02-2.64 (4H, m), 2.55-2.38 (1H, m), 2.31- 2.15 (1H, m), 1.81-1.72 (1H, m), 1.37 (9H, s), 1.07 (3H, d, J = 7.0 Hz).

(13) Optical activity of 3-methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester body

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000118

The optically active substance (6.9 g) of 3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester was converted into 4-chloro-7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine ( 4.3 g), potassium carbonate (7.7 g) and water (65 ml) and stirred for 4 hours at reflux. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, water (60 ml) was added, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform / methanol (10/1, 120 ml). The organic layer was washed successively with water, saturated aqueous ammonium chloride solution and saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. To this mixture, silica gel (4 g) was added, stirred for 10 minutes, filtered through celite, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / ethyl acetate = 1/1, then chloroform / methanol = 50/1 to 20/1) to give the title compound (10.0 g). Obtained. 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 11.59 (1H, br s), 8.09 (1H, s), 7.12-7.09 (1H, m), 6.64-6.59 (1H, m), 4.09-3.66 (5H , m), 3.39-3.21 (1H, m), 2.64-2.44 (2H, m), 2.27-2.06 (1H, m), 1.36 (3H, s), 1.21 (6H, s), 1.11 (3H, d , J = 6.5 Hz).

(14) Optically active form of 4- (3-methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-6-yl) -7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine dihydrochloride

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000119

Optically active form of 3-methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] octane-1-carboxylic acid tert-butyl ester (9 0.5 g), 4M hydrochloric acid 1,4-dioxane (50 ml), chloroform (50 ml) and methanol (100 ml) were mixed and stirred at 60 ° C. for 30 minutes. The mixture was concentrated under reduced pressure and azeotroped with toluene to give the title compound (9.3 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 12.91 (1H, br s), 9.97-9.64 (2H, m), 8.45-8.35 (1H, m), 7.58-7.47 (1H, m), 7.04-6.92 (1H, m), 4.99-4.65 (1H, m), 4.32-3.21 (7H, m), 3.04-2.90 (1H, m), 2.46-2.31 (1H, m), 1.27 (3H, d, J = 6.0 Hz).

(15) 3- [3-Methyl-6- (7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidin-4-yl) -1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-1-yl] -3-oxo Optically active form of propionitrile

Figure JPOXMLDOC01-appb-C000120

4- (3-Methyl-1,6-diazaspiro [3.4] oct-6-yl) -7H-pyrrolo [2,3-d] pyrimidine dihydrochloride optically active substance (8.8 g) was converted to 1- The mixture was mixed with cyanoacetyl-3,5-dimethylpyrazole (6.8 g), N, N-diisopropylethylamine (20 ml) and 1,4-dioxane (100 ml) and stirred at 100 ° C. for 1 hour. The mixture was cooled to room temperature, saturated aqueous sodium hydrogen carbonate solution was added, and the mixture was extracted with chloroform / methanol (10/1). The separated organic layer was washed with a saturated aqueous sodium chloride solution, dried over anhydrous magnesium sulfate, and concentrated under reduced pressure. The obtained residue was purified by silica gel column chromatography (developing solvent: chloroform / methanol = 30/1 to 9/1). The residue obtained by concentration under reduced pressure was slurry washed with n-heptane / ethanol (2/1, 90 ml) to obtain a solid (7.3 g). The solid was slurried again with n-heptane / ethanol (5/1, 90 ml) to give the title compound as crystals 1 (6.1 g). 
1 H-NMR (DMSO-D 6 ) δ: 11.60 (1H, br s), 8.08 (1H, s), 7.11 (1H, dd, J = 3.5, 2.4 Hz), 6.58 (1H, dd, J = 3.4 , 1.9 Hz), 4.18-4.14 (1H, m), 4.09-3.93 (3H, m), 3.84-3.73 (1H, m), 3.71 (1H, d, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.66 (1H, d, J = 18.7 Hz), 3.58 (1H, dd, J = 8.2, 6.0 Hz), 2.70-2.58 (2H, m), 2.24-2.12 (1H, m), 1.12 (3H, d, J = 7.1 Hz). 
[Α] D = + 47.09 ° (25 ° C., c = 0.55, methanol)

1-Butanol (39 ml) was added to the obtained crystal 1 (2.6 g), and the mixture was heated and stirred at 100 ° C. After complete dissolution, the solution was cooled to room temperature by 10 ° C. every 30 minutes and further stirred at room temperature overnight. The produced crystals were collected by filtration, washed with 1-butanol (6.2 ml), and dried under reduced pressure to give crystals 2 (2.1 g) of the title compound.

PATENTS

WO 2017006968

WO 2018117152

WO 2018117151

PATENT

WO 2018117153

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/zh/detail.jsf?docId=WO2018117153&tab=FULLTEXT

Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors are of current interest for the treatment of various diseases including autoimmune diseases, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. To date, two JAK inhibitors have been approved by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Ruxolitinib has been approved for the treatment of primary myelofibrosis and polycythemia vera (PV), and tofacitinib has been approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Other JAK inhibitors are in the literature. The compound 3-((3S,4R)-3-methyl-6-(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)-1,6-diazaspiro[3.4]octan-1-yl)-3-oxopropanenitrile (Compound A) (see structure below) is an example of a spirocyclic JAK inhibitor reported in U.S. Pat. Pub. Nos. 2011/0136778 and International Pat. Pub. No. PCT/JP2016/070046.
[Chem. 1]

Step A. Preparation of S-MABB-HC (Compound [5])
[Chem. 2]

Step 1
[Chem. 3]
S-BAPO [1] (35.0 g, 212 mmol) was added to water (175 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the resulting suspension were added toluene (53 mL) and potassium carbonate (32.2 g, 233 mmol) at room temperature. To the resulting solution was added dropwise TBBA (434.4 g, 223 mmol) at room temperature, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (17 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 65°C for 21 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After toluene (105 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with water (175 mL), aqueous layer was removed, and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (105 mL) was added to the residue and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give a toluene solution of S-BBMO [2] (74.0 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of S-BBMO was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-BBMO which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.36-7.13 (5H, m), 4.26 (1H, dd, J = 6.8, 3.9 Hz), 3.72 (2H, dd, J = 14.2, 6.8 Hz), 3.47-3.38 (1H, m), 3.30-3.08 (3H, m), 2.79 (1H, sext, J = 6.8 Hz), 1.35 (9H, s), 0.96 (3H, d, J = 6.8 Hz).
MS: m/z = 280 [M+H] +

[0134]
Step 2
[Chem. 4]
To the toluene solution of S-BBMO [2] (74.0 g, 212 mmol) were added toluene (200 mL), tetrahydrofuran (35 mL), and then triethylamine (25.7 g, 254 mmol) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the mixture was added dropwise methanesulfonyl chloride (26.7 g, 233 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (10 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours and further at 65°C for 22 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After sodium bicarbonate water (105 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with water (105 mL), aqueous layer was removed, and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (105 mL) was added to the residue, and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give a toluene solution of R-BCAB [3] (75.3 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of R-BCAB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of R-BCAB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.28-7.11 (5H, m), 4.24-4.11 (1H, m), 3.80 (2H, d, J = 3.6 Hz), 3.24 (2H, d, J = 3.6 Hz), 2.98-2.78 (2H, m), 1.46-1.37 (12H, m).
MS: m/z = 298 [M+H] +

[0135]
Step 3
[Chem. 5]
To the toluene solution of R-BCAB [3] (75.3 g, 212 mmol) were added tetrahydrofuran (88.0 mL) and 1,3-dimethyl-3,4,5,6-tetrahydro-2(1H)-pyrimidinone (42.0 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. To the resulting solution was added dropwise a solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide /tetrahydrofuran (195 mL, 233 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (17.0 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, and then warmed to room temperature. After water (175 mL) and toluene (175 mL) were added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with aqueous ammonium chloride (175 mL) and then water (175 mL), and the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Ethyl acetate (175 mL) was added to the residue and the ethyl acetate solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times to give an ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB [4] (66.5 g, 212 mmol in theory). The given ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-MABB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.28-7.25 (10H, m), 3.75 (1H, d, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.68 (1H, d, J = 1.4 Hz), 3.66 (1H, d, J = 6.7 Hz), 3.46 (2H, d, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.30-3.17 (2H, m), 2.95 (1H, dd, J = 6.2, 1.2 Hz), 2.77 (1H, dd, J = 6.1, 2.2 Hz), 2.65-2.55 (1H, m), 2.48-2.40 (2H, m), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.12 (3H, d, J = 7.2 Hz), 1.09 (3H, d, J = 6.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 262 [M+H] +

[0136]
Step 4
[Chem. 6]
To the ethyl acetate solution of S-MABB [4] (66.5 g, 212 mmol in theory) were added ethyl acetate (175 mL) and active carbon (3.5 g) under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The active carbon was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with ethyl acetate (175 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate. To the solution was added S-MABB-HC crystal (17.5 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein at 0°C, and then 4 M hydrogen chloride/ethyl acetate (53.0 mL, 212 mmol) was dropped thereto at 0°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 17 hours, and then the precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with ethyl acetate (70 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give S-MABB-HC [5] (48.3 g, 162 mmol, yield: 76.4 %).
S-MABB-HC which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, and Cl-content.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.08 (1H, br s), 10.94 (1H, br s), 7.52-7.42 (10H, m), 5.34 (1H, t, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.90 (1H, br s), 4.45-4.10 (5H, m), 3.92-3.49 (3H, br m), 3.10-2.73 (2H, br m), 1.35 (9H, s), 1.29 (9H, s), 1.24 (3H, d, J = 6.7 Hz), 1.17 (3H, d, J = 7.4 Hz).
MS: m/z = 262 [M+H-HCl] +
Cl content (ion chromatography): 11.9 % (in theory: 11.9 %).

[0137]
Step B. Preparation of S-MACB-HC (Compound [6])
[Chem. 7]
To a solution of S-MABB-HC [5] (5.0 g, 16.8 mmol) in methanol (15.0 mL) was added 5 % palladium carbon (made by Kawaken Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., PH type, 54.1 % water-content 1.0 g) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction vessel was filled with hydrogen, the reaction mixture was stirred at hydrogen pressure of 0.4 MPa at room temperature for 12 hours, the hydrogen in the reaction vessel was replaced with nitrogen, and then the 5 % palladium carbon was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the 5 % palladium carbon were washed with methanol (10 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate to give a methanol solution of S-MACB-HC [6] (24.8 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given methanol solution of S-MACB-HC was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-MACB-HC which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 9.60 (br s, 1H), 4.97 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 4.61 (d, 1H, J = 8.4 Hz), 4.01 (dd, 1H, J = 10.0, 8.4 Hz), 3.78-3.74 (m, 1H), 3.54 (dd, 1H, J = 9.6, 8.4 Hz), 3.35 (dd, 1H, J = 10.0, 6.0 Hz), 3.15-3.03 (m, 1H), 3.00-2.88 (m, 1H), 1.49 (s, 9H), 1.47 (s, 9H), 1.22 (d, 3H, J = 6.8 Hz), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 172 [M+H] + (free form)

[0138]
Step C. Preparation of S-ZMAB (Compound [7])
[Chem. 8]
To the methanol solution of S-MACB-HC [6] (24.8 g, 16.8 mmol in theory) was added dropwise N,N-diisopropylethylamine (4.8 g, 36.9 mmol) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the resulting reaction mixture was added dropwise benzyl chloroformate (3.0 g, 17.6 mmol) at 0°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C for 1 hour, and then the solvent was removed in vacuo. After toluene (25.0 mL) and an aqueous solution of citric acid (25.0 mL) was added to the residue and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with sodium bicarbonate water (25.0 mL) and then water (25.0 mL), and the solvent in the organic layer was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Toluene (15.0 mL) was added to the residue and the toluene solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated one more time to give a toluene solution of S-ZMAB [7] (6.9 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given toluene solution of S-ZMAB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of S-ZMAB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.38-7.28 (m, 10H), 5.16-5.04 (m, 4H), 4.60 (d, 1H, J = 9.2 Hz), 4.18-4.12 (m, 2H), 4.04 (t, 1H, J = 8.6 Hz), 3.66 (dd, 1H, J = 7.6, 7.2 Hz), 3.50 (dd, 1H, J = 8.0, 5.2 Hz), 3.05-2.94 (m, 1H), 2.60-2.50 (m, 1H), 1.43 (br s, 18H), 1.33 (d, 3H, J = 6.5 Hz), 1.15 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 328 [M+Na] +.

[0139]
Step D. Preparation of RS-ZMBB (Compound [8])
[Chem. 9]
To the toluene solution of S-ZMAB [7] (6.9 g, 16.8 mmol) was added tetrahydrofuran (15.0 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. A solution of lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide/tetrahydrofuran (14.7 mL, 17.6 mmol) was added dropwise to the toluene solution at -70°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at -70°C for 6 hours, and then a solution of TBBA (3.4 g, 17.6 mmol) in tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture at -70°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (2.5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at -70°C for 1 hour, and then warmed to room temperature. To the reaction mixture were added an aqueous ammonium chloride (25 mL) and toluene (25 mL) and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with an aqueous solution of citric acid (25 mL, x 2), sodium bicarbonate water (25 mL), and then water (25 mL), and then the solvent was removed out of the organic layer in vacuo. Acetonitrile (15 mL) was added to the residue and the acetonitrile solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. Acetonitrile (15 mL) and active carbon (0.25 g) were added to the residue, the mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours. The active carbon was removed by filtration, and the reaction vessel and the residue on the filter was washed with acetonitrile (10 mL). The washings were added to the filtration, and then the filtration was concentrated in vacuo to give an acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB [8] (13.2 g, 16.8 mmol in theory). The given acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
A crude product of RS-ZMBB which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.38-7.29 (m, 5H), 5.09-4.96 (m, 2H), 3.91 (t, 0.4H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.79 (t, 0.6H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.55 (t, 0.4H, J = 7.2 Hz), 3.46 (t, 0.6H, J = 7.5 Hz), 3.14-3.04 (m, 1H), 2.83-2.72 (m, 2H), 1.38 (br s, 9H), 1.37 (br s, 3.6H), 1.34 (br s, 5.4H), 1.12-1.09 (m, 3H).
MS: m/z = 420 [M+H] +.

[0140]
Step E. Preparation of RS-ZMAA-DN . 2H 2 O (Compound [9])
[Chem. 10]
To the acetonitrile solution of RS-ZMBB [8] (13.2 g, 16.8 mmol in theory) was added acetonitrile (15 mL) at room temperature under nitrogen atmosphere. p-Toluenesulfonic acid mono-hydrate (6.4 g, 33.6 mmol) was added to the solution at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 12 hours, and then cooled to room temperature, and water (7.5 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was cooled to 0°C, and then 4 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide (17.6 mL, 70.5 mmol) was added dropwise thereto. After stirring the reaction mixture at room temperature for 1 hour, acetonitrile (75 mL) was added dropwise thereto at room temperature, and the reaction mixture was stirred for 3 hours. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with a mixture of acetonitrile : water = 4 : 1 (10 mL) and then acetonitrile (10 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O [9] (5.2 g, 13.4 mmol, yield: 85.4 %).
RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, Na-content, and water-content.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 7.32-7.22 (m, 5H), 4.97 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 4.84 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.79 (t, 1H, J = 8.0 Hz), 3.29 (d, 1H, J = 14.8 Hz), 3.16-3.12 (m, 1H), 2.17-2.09 (m, 2H), 1.07 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 352 [M+H] + (anhydrate)
Na content (ion chromatography): 13.3 % (after correction of water content)(13.1 % in theory)
Water content (Karl Fischer’s method): 9.8 % (9.3 % in theory)

[0141]
Step F. Preparation of RS-ZMAA (Compound [10])
[Chem. 11]
To 1 mol/L hydrochloric acid (180 mL) were added RS-ZMAA-DN .2H 2O [9] (30 g, 77.5 mmol) and acetonitrile (60 mL), and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 15 minutes. After ethyl acetate (240 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The organic layer was washed with 10 % brine (60 mL x 2). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (6 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with ethyl acetate (60 mL). The filtrate and the washings are combined, and the solvent was removed out in vacuo. Tetrahydrofuran (240 mL) was added to the residue and the tetrahydrofuran solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. Tetrahydrofuran (60 mL) was added to the residue to give a tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA [10]. The given tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMAA which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.35-7.28 (m, 5H), 5.06-4.94 (m, 2H), 3.86 (dt, 1H, J = 48.4, 7.9 Hz), 3.50 (dt, 1H, J = 37.9, 7.4 Hz), 3.16-3.02 (br m, 1H), 2.91-2.77 (br m, 2H), 1.08 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 308 [M+H] +.

[0142]
Step G. Preparation of RS-ZMOO (Compound [11])
[Chem. 12]
To the tetrahydrofuran solution of RS-ZMAA [10] (25.8 mmol in theory) was added tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. Boron trifluoride etherate complex (4.40 g) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 5°C. The used dropping funnel was washed with tetrahydrofuran (5 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise 1.2 mol/L borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (43.0 mL) at 0°C to 5°C, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 5°C for about 30 minutes, and then further stirred at room temperature overnight. To the reaction mixture was added dropwise 1.2 mol/L borane-tetrahydrofuran complex (21.1 mL) at 0°C to 5°C, and then the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature overnight. After stirring, water (40 mL) was added dropwise to the reaction mixture at 0°C to 15°C. To the reaction mixture was added sodium bicarbonate (5.42 g) at 0°C to 15°C. The sodium bicarbonate left in the vessel was washed with water (10 mL), and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours, and then toluene (50 mL) was added thereto and the reaction mixture was further stirred. The organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 10 % brine (20 mL x 1), a mixture (x 3) of 5 % sodium bicarbonate water (20 mL) and 10 % brine (20 mL), a mixture (x 1) of 5 % aqueous potassium hydrogensulfate (10 mL) and 10 % brine (10 mL), and then 10 % brine (20 mL x 2). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (8.9 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with toluene (20 mL). The washings were added to the filtration, and then the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (80 mL). The solution was concentrated in vacuo, and toluene (15 mL) was added thereto to give a toluene solution of RS-ZMOO [11]. The given toluene solution of RS-ZMOO was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMOO which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.39-7.30 (m, 5H), 5.10 (s, 2H), 4.15-4.01 (br m, 2H), 3.83-3.73 (br m, 3H), 3.48 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 6.4 Hz), 2.59-2.50 (br m, 1H), 2.46-2.40 (br m, 1H), 2.07-1.99 (m, 1H), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz)
MS: m/z = 280 [M+H]+.

[0143]
Step H. Preparation of RS-ZMSS (Compound [12])
[Chem. 13]
To the toluene solution of RS-ZMOO [11] (23.7 mmol in theory) was added toluene (55 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. And, triethylamine (5.27 g) was added dropwise thereto at -10°C to 10°C, and the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (1.8 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To this reaction mixture was added dropwise methanesulfonyl chloride (5.69 g) at -10°C to 10°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (1.8 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 10°C for about 2 hours, and then water (28 mL) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 20°C. The reaction mixture was stirred at 0°C to 20°C for about 30 minutes, and then, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed twice with 10 % brine (18 mL). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration, and the residue on the filter was washed with toluene (18 mL). The washings were added to the filtrate, and then the solvent was removed from the filtrate in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene up to 18 mL to give a toluene solution of RS-ZMSS [12]. The given toluene solution of RS-ZMSS was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
RS-ZMSS which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.37-7.27 (br m, 5H), 5.10-4.98 (m, 2H), 4.58-4.22 (br m, 4H), 3.84 (dt, 1H, J = 45.6, 8.1 Hz), 3.48-3.33 (br m, 1H), 3.17-3.10 (m, 6H), 2.81-2.74 (br m, 1H), 2.22-2.12 (m, 2H)
MS: m/z = 436 [M+H] +.

[0144]
Step I. Preparation of SR-ZMDB (Compound [13])
[Chem. 14]
To a toluene solution of RS-ZMSS [12] (23.7 mmol in theory) was added toluene (55 mL) under nitrogen atmosphere. And, benzylamine (17.8 g) was added dropwise thereto at room temperature, and the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (9.2 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 1 hour, at 55°C to 65°C for about 3 hours, and then at 70°C to 80°C for 6 hours. After the reaction mixture was cooled to room temperature, 10 % NaCl (28 mL) was added dropwise thereto, and the reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 30 minutes. After toluene (37 mL) was added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with a mixture (x 2) of 10 % brine (18 mL) and acetic acid (2.84 g), and then 10 % brine (11 mL, x 1). The solvent of the organic layer was removed in vacuo to a half volume, and acetic anhydride (1.45 g) was added to the concentrated residue at room temperature. The mixture was stirred for about 3 hours. To the reaction mixture were added dropwise a solution of potassium hydrogensulfate (3.87 g) and water (92 mL) at room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred, and then the aqueous layer was separated out. The resulting aqueous layer was washed with toluene (18 mL), and toluene (73 mL) and then sodium bicarbonate (6.56 g) were added to the aqueous layer at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred. The organic layer was separated out, and washed with 10 % brine (11 mL). The organic layer was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with toluene (18 mL), and the washings were added to the filtrate, and then the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. Toluene (44 mL) was added to the concentrated residue to give a toluene solution of SR-ZMDB [13]. The given toluene solution of SR-ZMDB was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.35-7.20 (m, 10H), 5.08 (d, 2H, J = 23.6 Hz), 3.94 (q, 1H, J = 7.9 Hz), 3.73-3.42 (br m, 2H), 3.30-3.23 (m, 1H), 3.05 (dd, 1H, J = 19.7, 9.5 Hz), 2.79 (dt, 1H, J = 69.6, 6.1 Hz), 2.57-2.32 (br m, 4H), 1.96-1.89 (m, 1H), 1.09 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 351 [M+H] +.

[0145]
Step J. Preparation of SR-MDOZ (Compound [14])
[Chem. 15]
To a solution of 1-chloroethyl chloroformate (3.72 g) in toluene (28 mL) was added dropwise the toluene solution of SR-ZMDB [13] (23.7 mmol in theory) at 0°C to 10°C under nitrogen atmosphere, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with toluene (4.6 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. To the reaction mixture was added triethylamine (718 mg) at 0°C to 10°C, and the reaction mixture was stirred at 15°C to 25°C for about 2 hours. Then, methyl alcohol (46 mL) was added to the reaction mixture, and the mixture was stirred at 50°C to 60°C for additional about 2 hours. The solvent of the reaction mixture was removed in vacuo to a volume of about less than 37 mL. To the concentrated residue was added dropwise 2 mol/L hydrochloric acid (46 mL) at 15°C to 20°C, and the mixture was stirred, and the aqueous layer was separated out. The resulting aqueous layer was washed with toluene (28 mL, x 2). To the aqueous layer were added 20 % brine (46 mL) and tetrahydrofuran (92 mL), and then 8 mol/L aqueous sodium hydroxide (18 mL) was added dropwise thereto at 0°C to 10°C. The organic layer was separated out from the reaction mixture, washed with 20 % brine (18 mL, x 2), and then the solvent of the organic layer was removed in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added tetrahydrofuran (92 mL), and the solution was concentrated in vacuo. The operation was repeated one more time. The concentrated residue was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (92 mL). The solution was stirred with magnesium sulfate (2.75 g), and the magnesium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with tetrahydrofuran (28 mL), the washings were added to the filtrate, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. The volume of the concentrated residue was adjusted to about 20 mL with tetrahydrofuran to give a tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ [14] (net weight: 4.01 g, 15.4 mol, yield: 65.0 %).
SR-MDOZ which was prepared by the same process was evaporated to dryness and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (CDCl 3) δ: 7.37-7.28 (m, 5H), 5.08 (dd, 2H, J = 16.8, 12.8 Hz), 4.00 (dd, 1H, J = 17.1, 8.3 Hz), 3.40-3.31 (m, 1H), 3.24 (d, 1H, J = 12.7 Hz), 3.00 (dd, 1H, J = 54.9, 12.4 Hz), 2.87-2.57 (m, 3H), 2.47-2.27 (m, 1H), 1.91-1.80 (m, 1H), 1.14 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz)
MS: m/z = 261 [M+H] +.

[0146]
Step K. Preparation of SR-MDOZ-OX (Compound [15])
[Chem. 16]
Under nitrogen atmosphere, oxalic acid (761 mg) was dissolved in tetrahydrofuran (40 mL), and the tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ [14] (3.84 mmol in theory) was added dropwise to the solution of oxalic acid at room temperature. To the solution was added SR-MDOZ-OX crystal (1 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 3.5 hours to precipitate the crystal. To the slurry solution was added dropwise the tetrahydrofuran solution of SR-MDOZ (3.84 mmol) at room temperature, and the mixture was stirred at room temperature for about 1 hour. The slurry solution was heated, and stirred at 50°C to 60°C for about 2 hours, and then stirred at room temperature overnight. The slurry solution was filtrated, and the wet crystal on the filter was washed with tetrahydrofuran (10 mL), dried in vacuo to give SR-MDOZ-OX [15] (2.32 g, 6.62 mol, yield: 86.2 %).
SR-MDOZ-OX which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR, MS, and elementary analysis.
1H-NMR (DMSO-D 6) δ: 7.37-7.30 (m, 5H), 5.15-5.01 (m, 2H), 3.92 (dt, 1H, J = 43.5, 8.4 Hz), 3.48-3.12 (br m, 5H), 2.67-2.56 (m, 1H), 2.46-2.35 (m, 1H), 2.12-2.05 (m, 1H), 1.13 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz)
MS: m/z = 261 [M+H] +
elementary analysis: C 58.4wt % , H 6.4wt % , N 7.9 % wt % (theoretically, C 58.3wt % , H 6.3wt % , N 8.0wt % )

[0147]
Step L. Preparation of SR-MDPZ (Compound [16])
[Chem. 17]
To SR-MDOZ-OX [15] (12.0 g, 34.2 mmol) were added ethanol (36 mL), water (72 mL), CPPY [20] (5.36 g, 34.9 mmol), and then K 3PO 4 (21.8 g, 103 mmol) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was stirred at 80°C for 5 hours, and then cooled to 40°C. Toluene (120 mL) was added thereto at 40°C, and the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 20 % aqueous potassium carbonate (48 mL), followed by washing twice with water (48 mL). The solvent of the organic layer was then removed in vacuo. tert-butanol (60 mL) was added to the residue and the tert-butanol solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated two more times. tert-Butanol (36 mL) was added to the concentrated residue to give a solution of SR-MDPZ [16] in tert-butanol (61.1 g, 34.2 mmol in theory). The given tert-butanol solution of SR-MDPZ was used in the next step, assuming that the yield was 100 %.
SR-MDPZ which was prepared by the same process was isolated as a solid from a mixture of ethyl acetate and n-heptane, and then measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.41-7.26 (br m, 3H), 7.22-7.08 (br m, 3H), 6.64-6.51 (br m, 1H), 5.07-4.91 (br m, 2H), 4.09-3.67 (br m, 5H), 3.47-3.32 (br m, 1H), 2.67-2.55 (br m, 2H), 2.21-2.15 (br m, 1H), 1.11 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 378 [M+H] +

[0148]
Step M. Preparation of SR-MDOP (Compound [17])
[Chem. 18]
To the solution of SR-MDPZ [16] in tert-butanol (34.2 mmol in theory) were added ammonium formate (10.8 g, 171 mmol), water (60 mL), and 10 % palladium carbon (made by Kawaken Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd., M type, 52.6 % water-content, 1.20 g) under nitrogen atmosphere. The reaction mixture was stirred at 40°C for 13 hours, and then cooled to room temperature, and the resulting precipitate was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the residue on the filter were washed with tert-butanol (24 mL), the washings was added to the filtrate, and 8 M aqueous sodium hydroxide (25.7 mL, 205 mmol) and sodium chloride (13.2 g) were added to the filtrate. The reaction mixture was stirred at 50°C for 2 hours, and then toluene (84 mL) was added thereto at room temperature, and the organic layer was separated out. The resulting organic layer was washed with 20 % brine (60 mL), stirred with anhydrous sodium sulfate, and then the sodium sulfate was removed by filtration. The residue on the filter was washed with a mixture of toluene : tert-butanol = 1 : 1 (48 mL), the washings was added to the filtrate, and the filtrate was concentrated in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (60 mL), and the solution was stirred at 50°C for 2 hours, and then the solvent was removed in vacuo. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (60 mL) again, and the solution was concentrated. To the concentrated residue was added toluene (48 mL), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and then at ice temperature for 1 hour. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with toluene (24 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give SR-MDOP [17] (7.07 g, 29.1 mmol, yield: 84.8 %).
SR-MDOP which was prepared by the same process was measured about NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.57 (br s, 1H), 8.07 (s, 1H), 7.10 (d, 1H, J = 3.2 Hz), 6.58 (d, 1H, J = 3.2 Hz), 3.92-3.59 (br m, 4H), 3.49 (dd, 1H, J = 8.3, 7.2 Hz), 2.93 (dd, 1H, J = 7.2, 6.1 Hz), 2.61-2.53 (m, 2H), 2.12-2.01 (br m, 2H), 1.10 (d, 3H, J = 6.9 Hz).
MS: m/z = 244 [M+H] +.

[0149]
Step N. Preparation of Compound A mono-ethanolate (Compound [18])
[Chem. 19]
Under nitrogen atmosphere, acetonitrile (60 mL) and triethylamine (416 mg, 4.11 mmol) were added to SR-MDOP [17] (5.00 g, 20.5 mmol), and to the solution was added dropwise a solution of DPCN [21] (3.69 g, 22.6 mmol) in acetonitrile (35 mL) at 45°C, and then the used dropping funnel was washed with acetonitrile (5.0 mL) and the washings were added to the reaction mixture. The reaction mixture was stirred at 45°C for 3 hours, and then cooled to room temperature. After 5 % sodium bicarbonate water (25 mL), 10 % brine (25 mL), and ethyl acetate (50 mL) were added to the reaction mixture and then the mixture was stirred, the organic layer was separated out. The solvent of the organic layer was removed out in vacuo. Tetrahydrofuran (50 mL) was added to the residue and the tetrahydrofuran solution was concentrated. The operation was repeated three more times. To the concentrated residue was added tetrahydrofuran (50 mL), and water was added the solution to adjust the water content to 5.5 %. The resulting precipitate was removed by filtration. The reaction vessel and the residue on the filter were washed with tetrahydrofuran (15 mL), the washings were added to the filtrate, and the solvent was removed out of the filtrate in vacuo. To the concentrated residue were added ethanol (50 mL) and Compound A crystal (5.1 mg) that was prepared according to the method described in the following Example 15. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour, and concentrated in vacuo. To the residue was ethanol (50 mL), and the solution was concentrated again. To the concentrated residue was added ethanol (15 mL), and the solution was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour. The precipitated solid was collected on the filter, and washed with ethanol (20 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give Compound A mono-ethanolate [18] (6.26 g, 17.6 mmol, yield: 85.5 %).
Compound A mono-ethanolate which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.11 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 2.3 Hz), 6.58 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 1.8 Hz), 4.34 (t, 1H, J = 5.1 Hz), 4.16 (t, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 4.09-3.92 (m, 3H), 3.84-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.71 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.65 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.58 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 5.9 Hz), 3.44 (dq, 2H, J = 6.7, 5.1 Hz), 2.69-2.60 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.13 (br m, 1H), 1.12 (d, 3H, J = 7.1 Hz), 1.06 (t, 3H, J = 6.7 Hz).
MS: m/z = 311 [M+H] +

[0150]
Step O. Purification of Compound A (Compound [19])
[Chem. 20]
Compound A mono-ethanolate [18] (4.00 g, 11.2 mmol) and n-butanol (32 mL) were mixed under nitrogen atmosphere, and the mixture was dissolved at 110°C. The mixture was cooled to 85°C, and Compound A crystal (4.0 mg) that was prepared according to the method described herein was added thereto, and the mixture was stirred at 85°C for 2 hours, at 75°C for 1 hour, and then at room temperature for 16 hours. The precipitated solid was collected on a filter, and washed with n-butanol (8.0 mL) and then ethyl acetate (8.0 mL). The resulting wet solid was dried in vacuo to give Compound A [19] (3.18 g, 10.2 mmol, yield: 91.3 %).
Compound A which was prepared by the same process was measured by NMR and MS.
1H-NMR (DMSO-d 6) δ: 11.59 (br s, 1H), 8.08 (s, 1H), 7.11 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 2.5 Hz), 6.58 (dd, 1H, J = 3.5, 1.8 Hz), 4.16 (t, 1H, J = 8.3 Hz), 4.09-3.93 (m, 3H), 3.84-3.73 (m, 1H), 3.71 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.65 (d, 1H, J = 19.0 Hz), 3.58 (dd, 1H, J = 8.2, 5.9 Hz), 2.69-2.59 (m, 2H), 2.23-2.13 (m, 1H), 1.12 (d, 3H, J = 7.2 Hz).
MS: m/z = 311 [M+H] +

[0151]
Using Compound A, which was prepared by the same method, the single crystal X-ray analysis was carried out.
(1) Preparation of Single crystal
To 10 mg of Compound A in a LaPha ROBO Vial(R) 2.0 mL wide-mouthed vial was added 0.5 mL of chloroform. The vial was covered with a cap, in which Compound A was completely dissolved. In order to evaporate the solvent slowly, a hole was made on the septum attached in the cap with a needle of a TERUMO(R) syringe, and the vial was still stood at room temperature. The resulting single crystal was used in the structural analysis.
(2) Measuring instrument
Beam line: SPring-8 BL32B2
Detector: Rigaku R-AXIS V diffractometer
(3) Measuring method
The radiant light of 0.71068Å was irradiated to the single crystal to measure X-ray diffraction data.
(4) Assay method
Using the X-ray anomalous scattering effect of the chlorine atom in the resulting Compound A chloroform-solvate, the absolute configuration of Compound A was identified as (3S,4R). Based on the obtained absolute configuration of Compound A, the absolute configurations of each process intermediate were identified.

REFERENCES

1: Nakagawa H, Nemoto O, Yamada H, Nagata T, Ninomiya N. Phase 1 studies to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of JTE-052 (a novel Janus kinase inhibitor) ointment in Japanese healthy volunteers and patients with atopic dermatitis. J Dermatol. 2018 Jun;45(6):701-709. doi: 10.1111/1346-8138.14322. Epub 2018 Apr 17. PubMed PMID: 29665062; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6001687.

2: Nakagawa H, Nemoto O, Igarashi A, Nagata T. Efficacy and safety of topical JTE-052, a Janus kinase inhibitor, in Japanese adult patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis: a phase II, multicentre, randomized, vehicle-controlled clinical study. Br J Dermatol. 2018 Feb;178(2):424-432. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16014. Epub 2018 Jan 15. PubMed PMID: 28960254.

3: Tanimoto A, Shinozaki Y, Yamamoto Y, Katsuda Y, Taniai-Riya E, Toyoda K, Kakimoto K, Kimoto Y, Amano W, Konishi N, Hayashi M. A novel JAK inhibitor JTE-052 reduces skin inflammation and ameliorates chronic dermatitis in rodent models: Comparison with conventional therapeutic agents. Exp Dermatol. 2018 Jan;27(1):22-29. doi: 10.1111/exd.13370. Epub 2017 Jul 3. PubMed PMID: 28423239.

4: Nomura T, Kabashima K. Advances in atopic dermatitis in 2015. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2016 Dec;138(6):1548-1555. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2016.10.004. Review. PubMed PMID: 27931536.

5: Amano W, Nakajima S, Yamamoto Y, Tanimoto A, Matsushita M, Miyachi Y, Kabashima K. JAK inhibitor JTE-052 regulates contact hypersensitivity by downmodulating T cell activation and differentiation. J Dermatol Sci. 2016 Dec;84(3):258-265. doi: 10.1016/j.jdermsci.2016.09.007. Epub 2016 Sep 13. PubMed PMID: 27665390.

6: Tanimoto A, Shinozaki Y, Nozawa K, Kimoto Y, Amano W, Matsuo A, Yamaguchi T, Matsushita M. Improvement of spontaneous locomotor activity with JAK inhibition by JTE-052 in rat adjuvant-induced arthritis. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2015 Nov 6;16:339. doi: 10.1186/s12891-015-0802-0. PubMed PMID: 26546348; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4636776.

7: Amano W, Nakajima S, Kunugi H, Numata Y, Kitoh A, Egawa G, Dainichi T, Honda T, Otsuka A, Kimoto Y, Yamamoto Y, Tanimoto A, Matsushita M, Miyachi Y, Kabashima K. The Janus kinase inhibitor JTE-052 improves skin barrier function through suppressing signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 signaling. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2015 Sep;136(3):667-677.e7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.03.051. Epub 2015 Jun 24. PubMed PMID: 26115905.

8: Tanimoto A, Ogawa Y, Oki C, Kimoto Y, Nozawa K, Amano W, Noji S, Shiozaki M, Matsuo A, Shinozaki Y, Matsushita M. Pharmacological properties of JTE-052: a novel potent JAK inhibitor that suppresses various inflammatory responses in vitro and in vivo. Inflamm Res. 2015 Jan;64(1):41-51. doi: 10.1007/s00011-014-0782-9. Epub 2014 Nov 12. PubMed PMID: 25387665; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4286029.

/////////Delgocitinib, デルゴシチニブ   , JAPAN 2020, 2020 APPROVALS, Corectim, UNII-9L0Q8KK220, JTE-052, 9L0Q8KK220, LEO 124249ALEO 124249HY-109053CS-0031558D11046GTPL9619JTE-052AJTE052, LP-0133 , ROH-201, atopic dermatitis

CC1CN(C12CCN(C2)C3=NC=NC4=C3C=CN4)C(=O)CC#N

delgo

PF 04965842, Abrocitinib


PF-04965842, >=98% (HPLC).png

img

2D chemical structure of 1622902-68-4

PF-04965842

PF 04965842, Abrocitinib

UNII: 73SM5SF3OR

CAS Number 1622902-68-4, Empirical Formula  C14H21N5O2S, Molecular Weight 323.41

N-[cis-3-(Methyl-7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-ylamino)cyclobutyl]-1-propanesulfonamide,

N-((1s,3s)-3-(methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino)cyclobutyl)propane-1-sulfonamide

1-Propanesulfonamide, N-(cis-3-(methyl-7H-pyrrolo(2,3-d)pyrimidin-4-ylamino)cyclobutyl)-

N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane-1-sulfonamide

PHASE 3, for the potential oral treatment of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD)

Jak1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor

THE US

In February 2018, the FDA granted Breakthrough Therapy designation for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe AD

PHASEIII

In December 2017, a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, phase III trial (NCT03349060; JADE Mono-1; JADE; B7451012; 2017-003651-29) of PF-04965842 began in patients aged 12 years and older (expected n = 375) with moderate-to-severe AD

PRODUCT PATENT

Pub. No.: WO/2014/128591 International Application No.: PCT/IB2014/058889
Publication Date: 28.08.2014 International Filing Date: 11.02.2014

EXPIRY  Roughly 2034

form powder
color white to beige
solubility DMSO: 10 mg/mL, clear
storage temp. room temp
    Biochem/physiol Actions
    • PF-04965842 is a Janus Kinase (JAK) inhibitor selective for JAK1 with an IC50value of 29 nM for JAK1 compared to 803 nM for JAK2, >10000 nM for JAK3 and 1250 nM for Tyk2. JAKs mediate cytokine signaling, and are involved in cell proliferation and differentiation. PF-04965842 has been investigated as a possible treatment for psoriasis.
  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Skin disorder therapies; Small molecules
  • Mechanism of Action Janus kinase 1 inhibitors

Highest Development Phases

  • Phase IIIAtopic dermatitis
  • DiscontinuedLupus vulgaris; Plaque psoriasis

Most Recent Events

  • 08 Mar 2018Phase-III clinical trials in Atopic dermatitis (In children, In adults, In adolescents) in USA (PO) (NCT03422822)
  • 14 Feb 2018PF 4965842 receives Breakthrough Therapy status for Atopic dermatitis in USA
  • 06 Feb 2018Pfizer plans the phase III JADE EXTEND trial for Atopic Dermatitis (In children, In adults, In adolescents) in March 2018 (PO) (NCT03422822)

This compound was developed by Pfizer for Kinase Phosphatase Biology research. To learn more about Sigma′s partnership with Pfizer and view other authentic, high-quality Pfizer compounds,

Image result for PF-04965842

PF-04965842 is an oral Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor being investigated for treatment of plaque psoriasis.

Protein kinases are families of enzymes that catalyze the phosphorylation of specific residues in proteins, broadly classified into tyrosine and serine/threonine kinases. Inappropriate kinase activity, arising from mutation, over-expression, or inappropriate regulation, dys-regulation or de-regulation, as well as over- or under-production of growth factors or cytokines has been i mplicated in many diseases, including but not limited to cancer, cardiovascular diseases, allergies, asthma and other respiratory diseases, autoimmune d iseases, inflammatory diseases, bone diseases, metabolic disorders, and neurological and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. Inappropriate kinase activity triggers a variety of biological cellular responses relating to cell growth, cell differentiation , survival, apoptosis, mitogenesis, cell cycle control, and cel l mobility implicated in the aforementioned and related diseases.

Thus, protein kinases have emerged as an important class of enzymes as targets for therapeutic intervention. In particular, the JAK family of cellular protein tyrosine kinases (JAK1, JAK2, JAK3, and Tyk2) play a central role in cytoki ne signaling (Kisseleva et al., Gene, 2002, 285 , 1; Yamaoka et al. Genome Biology 2004, 5, 253)). Upon binding to their receptors, cytokines activate JAK which then phosphorylate the cytokine receptor, thereby creating docking sites for signaling molecules, notably, members of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) family that ultimately lead to gene expression. Numerous cytokines are known to activate the JAK family. These cytokines include, the IFN family (IFN-alpha, IFN-beta, IFN-omega, Limitin, IFN-gamma, IL- 10, IL- 19, IL-20, IL-22), the gp 130 family (IL-6, IL- 11, OSM, LIF, CNTF, NNT- 1//SF-3, G-CSF, CT- 1, Leptin, IL- 12 , I L-23), gamma C family (IL-2 , I L-7, TSLP, IL-9, IL- 15 , IL-21, IL-4, I L- 13), IL-3 family (IL-3 , IL-5 , GM-CSF), single chain family (EPO, GH, PRL, TPO), receptor tyrosine kinases (EGF, PDGF, CSF- 1, HGF), and G-protein coupled receptors (ATI).

There remains a need for new compounds that effectively and selectively inhibit specific JAK enzymes, and JAK1 in particular, vs. JAK2. JAK1 is a member of the Janus family of protein kinases composed of JAK1, JAK2, JAK3 and TYK2. JAK1 is expressed to various levels in all tissues. Many cytokine receptors signal through pairs of JAK kinases in the following combinations: JAK1/JAK2, JAK1/JAK3, JAK1/TYK2 , JAK2/TYK2 or JAK2/JAK2. JAK1 is the most broadly

paired JAK kinase in this context and is required for signaling by γ-common (IL-2Rγ) cytokine receptors, IL—6 receptor family, Type I, II and III receptor families and IL- 10 receptor family. Animal studies have shown that JAK1 is required for the development, function and homeostasis of the immune system. Modulation of immune activity through inhibition of JAK1 kinase activity can prove useful in the treatment of various immune disorders (Murray, P.J.

J. Immunol., 178, 2623-2629 (2007); Kisseleva, T., et al., Gene, 285 , 1-24 (2002); O’Shea, J . J., et al., Ceil , 109, (suppl .) S121-S131 (2002)) while avoiding JAK2 dependent erythropoietin (EPO) and thrombopoietin (TPO) signaling (Neubauer H., et al., Cell, 93(3), 397-409 (1998);

Parganas E., et al., Cell, 93(3), 385-95 (1998)).

Figure

Tofacitinib (1), baricitinib (2), and ruxolitinib (3)

SYNTHESIS 5+1 =6 steps

Main synthesis

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 61(3), 1130-1152; 2018

INTERMEDIATE

CN 105732637

ONE STEP

CAS 479633-63-1,  7H-Pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidine, 4-chloro-7-[(4- methylphenyl)sulfonyl]-

Image result for PF-04965842

Pfizer Receives Breakthrough Therapy Designation from FDA for PF-04965842, an oral JAK1 Inhibitor, for the Treatment of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Wednesday, February 14, 2018 8:30 am EST

Dateline:

NEW YORK

Public Company Information:

NYSE:
PFE
US7170811035
“We look forward to working closely with the FDA throughout our ongoing Phase 3 development program with the hope of ultimately bringing this important new treatment option to these patients.”

NEW YORK–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Pfizer Inc. (NYSE:PFE) today announced its once-daily oral Janus kinase 1 (JAK1) inhibitor PF-04965842 received Breakthrough Therapy designation from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the treatment of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD). The Phase 3 program for PF-04965842 initiated in December and is the first trial in the J AK1 A topic D ermatitis E fficacy and Safety (JADE) global development program.

“Achieving Breakthrough Therapy Designation is an important milestone not only for Pfizer but also for patients living with the often devastating impact of moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis, their providers and caregivers,” said Michael Corbo, Chief Development Officer, Inflammation & Immunology, Pfizer Global Product Development. “We look forward to working closely with the FDA throughout our ongoing Phase 3 development program with the hope of ultimately bringing this important new treatment option to these patients.”

Breakthrough Therapy Designation was initiated as part of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA) signed in 2012. As defined by the FDA, a breakthrough therapy is a drug intended to be used alone or in combination with one or more other drugs to treat a serious or life-threatening disease or condition and preliminary clinical evidence indicates that the drug may demonstrate substantial improvement over existing therapies on one or more clinically significant endpoints, such as substantial treatment effects observed early in clinical development. If a drug is designated as a breakthrough therapy, the FDA will expedite the development and review of such drug.1

About PF-04965842 and Pfizer’s Kinase Inhibitor Leadership

PF-04965842 is an oral small molecule that selectively inhibits Janus kinase (JAK) 1. Inhibition of JAK1 is thought to modulate multiple cytokines involved in pathophysiology of AD including interleukin (IL)-4, IL-13, IL-31 and interferon gamma.

Pfizer has established a leading kinase research capability with multiple unique kinase inhibitor therapies in development. As a pioneer in JAK science, the Company is advancing several investigational programs with novel selectivity profiles, which, if successful, could potentially deliver transformative therapies for patients. Pfizer has three additional kinase inhibitors in Phase 2 development across multiple indications:

  • PF-06651600: A JAK3 inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis and alopecia areata
  • PF-06700841: A tyrosine kinase 2 (TYK2)/JAK1 inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of psoriasis, ulcerative colitis and alopecia areata
  • PF-06650833: An interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 4 (IRAK4) inhibitor under investigation for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis

Working together for a healthier world®

At Pfizer, we apply science and our global resources to bring therapies to people that extend and significantly improve their lives. We strive to set the standard for quality, safety and value in the discovery, development and manufacture of health care products. Our global portfolio includes medicines and vaccines as well as many of the world’s best-known consumer health care products. Every day, Pfizer colleagues work across developed and emerging markets to advance wellness, prevention, treatments and cures that challenge the most feared diseases of our time. Consistent with our responsibility as one of the world’s premier innovative biopharmaceutical companies, we collaborate with health care providers, governments and local communities to support and expand access to reliable, affordable health care around the world. For more than 150 years, we have worked to make a difference for all who rely on us. We routinely post information that may be important to investors on our website at www.pfizer.com. In addition, to learn more, please visit us on www.pfizer.com and follow us on Twitter at @Pfizer and @Pfizer_NewsLinkedInYouTube and like us on Facebook at Facebook.com/Pfizer.

DISCLOSURE NOTICE: The information contained in this release is as of February 14, 2018. Pfizer assumes no obligation to update forward-looking statements contained in this release as the result of new information or future events or developments.

This release contains forward-looking information about PF-04965842 and Pfizer’s ongoing investigational programs in kinase inhibitor therapies, including their potential benefits, that involves substantial risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such statements. Risks and uncertainties include, among other things, the uncertainties inherent in research and development, including the ability to meet anticipated clinical trial commencement and completion dates and regulatory submission dates, as well as the possibility of unfavorable clinical trial results, including unfavorable new clinical data and additional analyses of existing data; risks associated with preliminary data; the risk that clinical trial data are subject to differing interpretations, and, even when we view data as sufficient to support the safety and/or effectiveness of a product candidate, regulatory authorities may not share our views and may require additional data or may deny approval altogether; whether regulatory authorities will be satisfied with the design of and results from our clinical studies; whether and when drug applications may be filed in any jurisdictions for any potential indication for PF-04965842 or any other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies; whether and when any such applications may be approved by regulatory authorities, which will depend on the assessment by such regulatory authorities of the benefit-risk profile suggested by the totality of the efficacy and safety information submitted, and, if approved, whether PF-04965842 or any such other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies will be commercially successful; decisions by regulatory authorities regarding labeling, safety and other matters that could affect the availability or commercial potential of PF-04965842 or any other investigational kinase inhibitor therapies; and competitive developments.

A further description of risks and uncertainties can be found in Pfizer’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2016 and in its subsequent reports on Form 10-Q, including in the sections thereof captioned “Risk Factors” and “Forward-Looking Information and Factors That May Affect Future Results”, as well as in its subsequent reports on Form 8-K, all of which are filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and available at www.sec.gov  and www.pfizer.com .

Image result for PF-04965842

# # # # #

1 Food and Drug Administration Fact Sheet Breakthrough Therapies at https://www.fda.gov/RegulatoryInformation/LawsEnforcedbyFDA/SignificantAmendmentstotheFDCAct/FDASIA/ucm329491.htmaccessed on January 25, 2018

PATENT

CA 2899888

PATENT

WO 2014128591

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=6767BBB5964A985E88C9251B6DF3182B.wapp2nB?docId=WO2014128591&recNum=233&maxRec=8235&office=&prevFilter=&sortOption=&queryString=EN_ALL%3Anmr+AND+PA%3Apfizer&tab=PCTDescription

PFIZER INC. [US/US]; 235 East 42nd Street New York, New York 10017 (US)

BROWN, Matthew Frank; (US).
FENWICK, Ashley Edward; (US).
FLANAGAN, Mark Edward; (US).
GONZALES, Andrea; (US).
JOHNSON, Timothy Allan; (US).
KAILA, Neelu; (US).
MITTON-FRY, Mark J.; (US).
STROHBACH, Joseph Walter; (US).
TENBRINK, Ruth E.; (US).
TRZUPEK, John David; (US).
UNWALLA, Rayomand Jal; (US).
VAZQUEZ, Michael L.; (US).
PARIKH, Mihir, D.; (US)

COMPD 2

str1

Example 2 : N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane- l -sulƒonamide

This compound was prepared using 1-propanesulfonyl chloride. The crude compound was purified by chromatography on silica gel eluting with a mixture of dichloromethane and methanol (93 : 7) to afford the title compound as a tan sol id (78% yield). 1NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 11.60 (br s, 1 H), 8.08 (s, 1 H), 7.46 (d, 1 H), 7.12 (d, 1 H), 6.61 (d, 1 H), 4.81-4.94 (m, 1 H), 3.47-3.62 (m, 1 H), 3.23 (s, 3 H), 2.87-2.96 (m, 2 H), 2.52-2.63 (m, 2 H), 2.14-2.27 (m, 2 H) 1.60- 1.73 (m, 2 H) 0.96 (t, 3 H). LC/MS (exact mass) calculated for C14H21N5O2S;

323.142, found (M + H+); 324.1.

PAPER

 Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2018), 61(3), 1130-1152.

Abstract Image

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jmedchem.7b01598

N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}propane-1-sulfonamide (25)

Compound 48a·2HBr …………..was collected by filtration, washed with 2:1 EtOH/H2O (100 mL), and again dried overnight in a vacuum oven at 40 °C.
1H NMR (400 MHz, DMSO-d6): 11.64 (br s, 1H), 8.12 (s, 1 H), 7.50 (d, J = 9.4 Hz, 1H), 7.10–7.22 (m, 1H), 6.65 (dd, J= 1.8, 3.3 Hz, 1H), 4.87–4.96 (m, 1H), 3.53–3.64 (m, 1H), 3.27 (s, 3H), 2.93–2.97 (m, 2H), 2.57–2.64 (m, 2H), 2.20–2.28 (m, 2H), 1.65–1.74 (m, 2H), 0.99 (t, J = 7.4 Hz, 3H).
LC/MS m/z (M + H+) calcd for C14H22N5O2S: 324. Found: 324. Anal. Calcd for C14H21N5O2S: C, 51.99; H, 6.54; N, 21.65; O, 9.89; S, 9.91. Found: C, 52.06; H, 6.60; N, 21.48; O, 10.08; S, 9.97.

SchmiederG.DraelosZ.PariserD.BanfieldC.CoxL.HodgeM.KierasE.Parsons-RichD.MenonS.SalganikM.PageK.PeevaE. Efficacy and safety of the Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor PF-04965842 in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis: phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study Br. J. Dermatol. 2017DOI: 10.1111/bjd.16004

Compound 25N-{cis-3-[Methyl(7H-pyrrolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-yl)amino]cyclobutyl}-propane-1-sulfonamide is available through MilliporeSigma (cat. no. PZ0304).

REFERENCES

1: Schmieder GJ, Draelos ZD, Pariser DM, Banfield C, Cox L, Hodge M, Kieras E, Parsons-Rich D, Menon S, Salganik M, Page K, Peeva E. Efficacy and safety of the Janus Kinase 1 inhibitor PF-04965842 in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis: phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Br J Dermatol. 2017 Sep 26. doi: 10.1111/bjd.16004. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 28949012

 2 Journal of Medicinal Chemistry (2018), 61(3), 1130-1152.

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Antipsoriatics; Pyrimidines; Pyrroles; Skin disorder therapies; Small molecules; Sulfonamides
  • Mechanism of Action Janus kinase 1 inhibitors
  • Phase III Atopic dermatitis
  • Discontinued Lupus vulgaris; Plaque psoriasis
  • 21 May 2019Pfizer initiates enrolment in a phase I trial in Healthy volunteers in USA (PO) (NCT03937258)
  • 09 May 2019 Pfizer plans a phase I pharmacokinetic and drug-drug interaction trial in healthy volunteers in May 2019 (NCT03937258)
  • 30 Apr 2019 Pfizer completes a phase I trial (In volunteers) in USA (PO) (NCT03626415)

/////////PF 04965842, Abrocitinib, Phase III,  Atopic dermatitis, pfizer

CCCS(=O)(N[C@H]1C[C@@H](N(C)C2=C3C(NC=C3)=NC=N2)C1)=O

CCCS(=O)(=O)N[C@@H]1C[C@@H](C1)N(C)c2ncnc3[nH]ccc23

PF 06650833


img

PF-06650833

1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide

CAS 1817626-54-2
Chemical Formula: C18H20FN3O4
Molecular Weight: 361.3734

  • Originator Pfizer
  • Class Anti-inflammatories; Antirheumatics
  • Mechanism of Action Interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase inhibitors
  • Phase II Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Phase I Lupus vulgaris
  • 01 Aug 2018 Pfizer completes a phase II trial in Rheumatoid arthritis (Treatment-experienced) in USA, Ukraine, Taiwan, Serbia, Russia, Romania, Poland, Mexico, South Korea, Georgia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Australia, Croatia, Spain, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria (PO) (NCT02996500)
  • 28 Jul 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Lupus(In volunteers) in USA (PO, Controlled release)
  • 28 Jul 2018 No recent reports of development identified for phase-I development in Lupus(In volunteers) in USA (PO, Immediate release)
  • PF-06650833 is an inhibitor of Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK4). RAK4 is located proximal to TLR/IL-1 receptors, and in preclinical studies, inhibits downstream signaling from these receptors. The development of novel small molecule inhibitors of this kinase has the potential to lead to new therapeutics to treat diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, and lymphomas.

Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK-4) is a serine threonine kinases that plays a key role in innate immune signaling. IRAK-4 is activated by the interleukin (IL-1) family receptors (IL-1R, IL-18R, and IL-33R), as well as the Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Inhibition of IRAK-4 blocks the production of inflammatory cytokines such as type I interferons, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), IL-1, IL-6, and IL-12 that are key drivers of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. IRAK-4 is an attractive therapeutic target for diseases associated with dysregulated inflammation, such as systemic lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis.

Figure

Figure

First Discovery Synthesis of 1

Conditions: (a) LDA (1.2 equiv), TMSCl (1.3 equiv), THF, −60 °C, 30 min; (b) allyl methyl carbonate (1.1 equiv), Pd(OAc)2 (0.05 equiv), THF, 65 °C, 2 h, 73% (2 steps); (c) LiThCN (1.5 equiv), EtMgCl (1.5 equiv), TMSCl (2.0 equiv), THF, −78 °C, 6 h, 90%; (d) LDA (1.8 equiv), NFSI (1.25 equiv), THF, −78 °C, 1 h, 23% (8), 45% (9); (e) pTsOH (0.05 equiv), MeCN, H2O, 90 °C, 2 h, 97%; (f) 3 (0.9 equiv), KHMDS (2.0 equiv), DMF, THF, −10 °C, 30 min, 84%; (g) H2O2 (10 equiv), K2CO3 (4.0 equiv), DMSO, 20 °C, 2 h, 97%.

CLIP

Image result for PF-06650833

Target: Interleukin-1 receptor associated kinase 4 (IRAK4): This kinase is important in innate immunity, and its inhibition is predicted to be beneficial in treating inflammatory diseases.

Disease: Rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disorder

Notes: PF06650833 came from a screening assay that used nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to determine binding between molecular fragments and IRAK4. The initial hit, which bound weakly to IRAK4, was optimized with structure- and property-based medicinal chemistry to generate a series of potent inhibitors, said Katherine Lee, an associate research fellow at Pfizer.

Paper

Improvements to Enable the Large Scale Synthesis of 1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-Ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide (PF-06650833)

§ Medicine DesignPfizer Worldwide Research and Development445 Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340, United States
 Chemical Research and DevelopmentPfizer Worldwide Research and Development445 Eastern Point Road, Groton, Connecticut 06340, United States
Org. Process Res. Dev., Article ASAP
DOI: 10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00386
Stephen Wright
Senior Principal Scientist at Pfizer Inc.
New London/Norwich, Connecticut Area
Robert Singer
Robert Singer
Process Chemist -Assoc Research Fellow at Pfizer
New London/Norwich, Connecticut Area

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/suppl/10.1021/acs.oprd.8b00386/suppl_file/op8b00386_si_001.pdf

Abstract Image

An improved process for the large scale synthesis of 1-{[(2S,3S,4S)-3-ethyl-4-fluoro-5-oxopyrrolidin-2-yl]methoxy}-7-methoxyisoquinoline-6-carboxamide (1), a candidate currently in clinical development, was developed. Key objectives were to eliminate chromatographic purifications, to maximize the reproducibility of each step, and to improve the yield and efficiency of each step relative to the previous discovery syntheses of 1. This work was focused on improvements to the synthesis of the stereochemically complex lactam 2. Steps of particular concern were the preparation of the unsaturated lactam 6, the cuprate conjugate addition reaction to produce 7, and the conversion of 7 to 8 with a high degree of diastereoselection. The solutions to these challenges have permitted the synthesis of 2 in excess of 100 kg, which in turn has permitted 1 to be prepared in sufficient amounts to support further development.

1 (31.3 kg, 91%, 82% overall) as a white, free-flowing powder.

 1H NMR (500 MHz, DMSO): δ 8.86 (s, 1H), 8.16 (s, 1H), 7.90 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 1H), 7.84 (br. s., 1H), 7.74 (s, 1H), 7.70 (br. s., 1H), 7.42 (d, J = 5.9 Hz, 1H), 4.90 (dd, J = 5.9, 53.8 Hz, 1H), 4.54 (dd, J = 3.5, 11.1 Hz, 1H), 4.26 (dd, J = 6.4, 11.0 Hz, 1H), 4.13–4.05 (m, 1H), 3.97 (s, 3H), 2.69–2.54 (m, 1H), 1.68–1.53 (m, 2H), 1.02 (t, J = 7.3 Hz, 3H).

13C NMR{1H} (126 MHz, DMSO): δ 171.0 (d, J = 19.4 Hz), 166.4, 158.4, 155.1, 137.7, 131.8, 130.3, 128.4, 120.3, 115.2, 103.2 (d, J = 4.2 Hz), 90.0 (d, J = 179.2 Hz), 66.3, 56.0, 54.1, 42.2 (d, J = 19.4 Hz), 16.4 (d, J = 8.4 Hz), 12.1.

19F NMR (H decoupled, 376 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ −199.26.

LCMS: 362 (MH+).

capture

//////////////PF-06650833, PF 06650833, PF06650833, PF-6650833, PF 6650833, PF6650833.

O=C(C1=CC2=C(C(OC[C@H]([C@H](CC)[C@@H]3F)NC3=O)=NC=C2)C=C1OC)N

/////////////////PF-06650833, PF 06650833, Phase 3, Atopic dermatitis, PFIZER, Breakthrough Therapy Designation

крисаборол , كريسابورول , Crisaborole, AN 2728


 

Crisaborole

Treatment for Inflammatory Skin Diseases, including Atopic Dermatitis and Psoriasis

C14H10BNO3, Average mass251.045 Da

4-[(1-Hydroxy-1,3-dihydro-2,1-benzoxaborol-5-yl)oxy]benzonitrile ,

4-((1-Hydroxy-1,3-dihydrobenzo(c)(1,2)oxaborol-6-yl)oxy)benzonitrile

 CAS 906673-24-3, AN-2728

Benzonitrile, 4-[(1,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborol-5-yl)oxy]-

1,3-Dihydro-1-hydroxy-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,1-benzoxaborole

5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-l, 3-dihydro-l-hydroxy-2, 1-benzoxaborole

crisaborol, crisaborole, Crisaborole, crisaborolum

UNII-Q2R47HGR7P

крисаборол

كريسابورول

In phase 3  for treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis……Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Psoriasis is a chronic skin disorder caused by inflammatory cell infiltration into the dermis and epidermis, and is accompanied by keratinocyte hyperproliferation. Once triggered, a strong T-cell response is mounted, and a cascade of cytokine and chemokine production is induced.

Down-regulation of certain cytokines and chemokines is considered to be a good approach to treatment, and indeed, the biologics targeting TNF-α demonstrate the effectiveness of this approach.However, biologics have intrinsic challenges, such as limited administration route, side effects, quality control and production cost.

Small molecule approaches to treat psoriasis include systemic or topical steroids, cyclosporine, psoralen plus UVA (PUVA), retinoids, methotrexete, and vitamin D3 analogs.Atopic dermatitis is an allergic skin disorder, which is typically treated with topical steroids, antihistamines, and calcineurin inhibitors.

However, there is still a need for new treatment with improved safety profile. Recently phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitors have been in development for such skin diseases. CC-10004 is in development as an oral treatment for psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. AWD-12-281 was, until recently, in development for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis. In addition, roflumilast is under Phase 1 development for both diseases.

PDE4 inhibitors aiming at skin inflammatory diseases.

Figure 1.

PDE4 inhibitors aiming at skin inflammatory diseases.

 

Anacor’s lead product candidate is crisaborole, an investigational non-steroidal topical PDE-4 inhibitor in development for the potential treatment of mild-to-moderate atopic dermatitis and psoriasis

crisaborole is an investigational topical antiinflammatory drug in phase III clinical development by Anacor Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of mild to moderate atopic dermatitis and in phase II clinical trials in mild to moderate psoriasis

A novel boron-containing small molecule, Crisaborole inhibits the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines including TNF-alpha, IL-12, and IL-23, known mediators of the inflammation associated with psoriasis.

Synthesis

AN3

CKICK ON IMAGE FOR CLEAR VIEW

 

 

 

Originator
Therapeutic Claim
Class
Mechanism of action
WHO ATC code(s)
EPhMRA code(s)
Clinical trial(s)
Conditions Phases Interventions Status
Dermatitis, Atopic Phase 3 AN-2728 Active, not recruiting
Psoriasis Phase 2 AN-2728 Completed
Plaque-Type Psoriasis Phase 1 AN-2728 Completed

PAPER

Discovery and structure-activity study of a novel benzoxaborole anti-inflammatory agent (AN2728) for the potential topical treatment of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis
Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2009, 19(8): 2129

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960894X09002996

 

  • Anacor Pharmaceuticals, Inc., 1020 E. Meadow Circle, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA

A series of phenoxy benzoxaboroles were synthesized and screened for their inhibitory activity against PDE4 and cytokine release. 5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-2,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborole (AN2728) showed potent activity both in vitro and in vivo. This compound is now in clinical development for the topical treatment of psoriasis and being pursued for the topical treatment of atopic dermatitis

Image for unlabelled figure

Reagents and conditions: (a) ethylene glycol, p-TsOH, toluene, reflux, 6h ...

Scheme 1.

Reagents and conditions: (a) ethylene glycol, p-TsOH, toluene, reflux, 6 h (quant.); (b) K2CO3, DMF, 100 °C, overnight (82–96%); (c) 3 M HCl, THF, reflux, 2 h (80–100%); (d) NaBH4, MeOH, rt, 1 h (quant.); (e) 3,4-dihydro-2H-pyran, camphorsulfonic acid, CH2Cl2, rt, 2 h (quant.); (f) (i-PrO)3B, n-BuLi, THF, −78 °C to rt, 3 h; (g) 6 M HCl, THF, rt, 3 h (37–44%); (h) 6 M NaOH, MeOH, 1,4-dioxane, reflux, 6 days (79%); (i) diethylamine (for 5f) or morpholine (for 5g), EDCI, HOBt, DMAP, DMF, rt, overnight (41–70%).

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2006089067A2?cl=en

4.2. q 5-(4-Cyanophenoxy)-l, 3-dihydro-l-hydroxy-2, 1-benzoxaborole (C17) [0264] 1H-NMR (300 MHz,

Figure imgf000077_0001

δ ppm 4.95 (s, 2H), 7.08 (dd, J= 7.9, 2.1 Hz, IH), 7.14 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.15 (d, J= 2.1 Hz, IH), 7.78 (d, J= 7.9 Hz, IH), 7.85 (d, J= 9.1 Hz, 2H), 9.22 (s, IH).

 

PATENT

 

EXAMPLE 15

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2007095638A2?cl=en

4-(4-Cvanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid (C97)

Figure imgf000097_0002

(a) (4-cyanophenyl) (4-bromophenyl) ether. Under nitrogen, the mixture of 4-fluorobenzonitrile (7.35 g, 60.68 mmol), 4-bromophenol (10 g, 57.8 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12 g, 1.5 eq) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at 1000C for 16 h and then filtered. After rotary evaporation, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with IN NaOH solution to remove unreacted phenol. The organic solution was dried and passed through a short silica gel column to remove the color and minor phenol impurity. Evaporation of the solution gave (4-cyanophenyl)(4- bromophenyl)ether (13.82 g, yield 87.2%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-de): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.63 (d, 2H), 7.13 (d, 2H) and 7.10 (d, 2H) ppm.

(b) 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid. The procedure described in Example 2d was used for the synthesis of 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid using (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether as starting material. The title compound was obtained as a white solid. M.p.l94-198°C. MS: m/z = 239 (M+), 240 (M+ 1) (ESI+) and m/z = 238 (M-I) (ESI-). HPLC: 95.3% purity at 254 nm and 92.1% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6 + D2O): δ 7.83-7.76 (m, 4H), 7.07 (d, 2H) and 7.04 (d, 2H) ppm.

FURTHER METHOD

Figure imgf000048_0003

 

2-Bromo-5-(4-cvanophenoxy)benzyl Alcohol

1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 2.00 (br s, IH), 4.75 (s, 2H), 6.88 (dd, J= 8.5, 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.02 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J= 2.6 Hz, IH), 7.56 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.62 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H).

 

 

PATENT

http://www.google.im/patents/EP1976536A2?cl=en

2.2.a 2-Bromo-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl Alcohol

1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 2.00 (br s, IH), 4.75 (s, 2H), 6.88 (dd, J= 8.5, 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.02 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH), 7.26 (d, J- 2.6 Hz, IH), 7.56 (d, J = 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.62 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, 2H).

2.2.b 2-Bromo-4-(4-cyanophenoxγ)benzyl Alcohol

1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.58 (d, IH), 7.39 (d, IH), 7.18 (dd, IH), 7.11- (d, 2H), 5.48 (t, IH) and 4.50 (d, 2H) ppm.

2.2.c 5- (4-Cyanophenoxy) -1 -Indanol

M.p.50-53°C. MS (ESI+): m/z = 252 (M+l). HPLC: 99.7% purity at 254 nm and 99.0% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSOd6): δ 7.80 (d, 2H), 7.37 (d, IH), 7.04 (d, 2H), 6.98-6.93 (m, 2H), 5.27 (d, IH)5 5.03 (q, IH), 2.95-2.85 (m, IH), 2.75-2.64 (m, IH), 2.39-2.29 (m, IH) and 1.85-1.74 (m, IH) ppm.

2.2. d 2-Bromo-5-(tert-butyldimethylsiloxy)benzyl Alcohol [0429] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 0.20 (s, 6H), 0.98 (s, 9H), 4.67 (br s,lH), 6.65 (dd, J= 8.2, 2.6 Hz, IH), 6.98 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.36 (d, J= 8.8 Hz, IH).

3.2.k 2-Bromo-5-(2-cyanophenoχy)-l-(methoxymethoxymethyl)benzene [0443] 1H-NMR (300 MHz, CDCl3) δ (ppm) 3.41 (s, 3H), 4.64 (s, 2H), 4.76 (s, 2H), 6.8-6.9 (m, 2H), 7.16 (td, J= 7.6, 0.9 Hz, IH), 7.28 (d, J= 2.9 Hz, IH), 7.49 (ddd, J= 8.8, 7.6, 1.8 Hz, IH)5 7.56 (d, J= 8.5 Hz, IH), 7.67 (dd, J= 7.9, 1.8 Hz, IH).

EXAMPLE 32

Alternative Preparation of C17 -Intermediate

Figure imgf000223_0001

The procedure described in Example II I was followed for 1H NMR characterization of the current alcohol-borate intermediate. 1H NMR determination indicated there were 72.7 mol% of the desired alcohol-borate intermediate [2-bromo- 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl] diisopropyl borate, 20.7 mol% of an unknown intermediate and 6.5 mol% of unreacted alcohol. 1H NMR (CDCl3, 300 MHz) of [2- bromo-5-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzyl] diisopropyl borate: δ= 7.61 (d, J= 9.0 Hz, 2H), 7.52 (d, J= 8.4 Hz, IH), 7.15 (d, J= 3.0 Hz, IH), 7.03 (d, J= 8.7 Hz, 2H), 6.84 (dd, J= 8.7 Hz, J= 3.0 Hz, IH), 4.85 (s, 2H), 4.35 (septet, J= 6.1 Hz, 2H), 1.11 (d, J= 6.1 Hz, 12H) ppm.

PATENT

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090291917

    Example 154-(4-Cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid (C97)

  • Figure US20090291917A1-20091126-C00195
  • (a) (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether. Under nitrogen, the mixture of 4-fluorobenzonitrile (7.35 g, 60.68 mmol), 4-bromophenol (10 g, 57.8 mmol) and potassium carbonate (12 g, 1.5 eq) in DMF (100 mL) was stirred at 100° C. for 16 h and then filtered. After rotary evaporation, the residue was dissolved in ethyl acetate and washed with 1N NaOH solution to remove unreacted phenol. The organic solution was dried and passed through a short silica gel column to remove the color and minor phenol impurity. Evaporation of the solution gave (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether (13.82 g, yield 87.2%) as a white solid. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6): δ 7.83 (d, 2H), 7.63 (d, 2H), 7.13 (d, 2H) and 7.10 (d, 2H) ppm.
  • (b) 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid. The procedure described in Example 2d was used for the synthesis of 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)phenylboronic acid using (4-cyanophenyl)(4-bromophenyl)ether as starting material. The title compound was obtained as a white solid. M.p. 194-198° C. MS: m/z=239 (M+), 240 (M+1) (ESI+) and m/z=238 (M−1) (ESI−). HPLC: 95.3% purity at 254 nm and 92.1% at 220 nm. 1H NMR (300 MHz, DMSO-d6+D2O): δ 7.83-7.76 (m, 4H), 7.07 (d, 2H) and 7.04 (d, 2H) ppm.

see

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2006089067A2?cl=en

see

http://www.google.com/patents/US20090291917

US5688928 * Jun 7, 1995 Nov 18, 1997 Prolinx, Inc. Phenylboronic acid complexing reagents derived from aminosalicylic acid
US5880188 * May 26, 1995 Mar 9, 1999 Zeneca Limited Oxaboroles and salts thereof, and their use as biocides
US5962498 * Dec 2, 1994 Oct 5, 1999 Procyon Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Protein kinase C modulators. C. indolactam structural-types with anti-inflammatory activity
US6369098 * Oct 4, 2000 Apr 9, 2002 Bethesda Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Dithiolane derivatives
US20030032673 * Jul 19, 2002 Feb 13, 2003 Isis Innovation Limited Therapeutic strategies for prevention and treatment of alzheimer’s disease
US20050239170 * Jul 16, 2001 Oct 27, 2005 Hedley Mary L Alpha-MSH related compounds and methods of use
US20060009386 * May 12, 2005 Jan 12, 2006 The Brigham And Women’s Hospital, Inc. Use of gelsolin to treat infections
Methods of treating anti-inflammatory conditions through the use of boron- containing small molecules are disclosed.
… Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 6, “AN2728 … Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 7 , “AN2728 … Kyoto, Japan, May 14-18, 2008. 10, “AN2728 …
AN2728, 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,3- dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1- …. UK-500,001, AN2728, DE-103, Tofisopam, Dextofisopam, Levotofisopam (USAN).
… Dermatology Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA Mar. 6-10, 2009. 6, “AN2728 … 7, “AN2728 … Francisco, CA May 6-10, 2009. 10, “AN2728 …
… from the group consisting of AN-2728, AN-2898, CBS- 3595, apremilast, ELB- 353, KF-66490, K-34, LAS-37779, IBFB-211913, AWD-12-281, …
AN2728” is the compound 4-(l-hydroxy-l,3-dihydro-2 … GSK256066, oglemilast, tetomilast, apremilast, AN2728, Compound A, Compound B, …
AN2728, 5-(4-cyanophenoxy)-2,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1- …. UK-500,001, AN2728, DE-103, Tofisopam, Dextofisopam, Levotofisopam (USAN).
85.用于治疗疼痛的UK-500,001。 85. for the treatment of pain UK-500,001. 86.用 于治疗疼痛的AN2728。 86. for the treatment of pain AN2728.

 

 

see full series on boroles

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

http://apisynthesisint.blogspot.in/p/borole-compds.html

do not miss out

 

 

 

 

 

 

///////////crisaborole, AN 2728, PHASE 3, Anti-inflammatory, Phosphodiesterase, Oxaborole, Psoriasis, Atopic dermatitis, borole

Regeneron and Sanofi’s dupilumab gets FDA breakthrough therapy status for atopic dermatitis


// // //

Regeneron

Regeneron Pharmaceuticals and Sanofi’s dupilumab has received breakthrough therapy designation from US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to treat adults with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD).

http://www.pharmaceutical-technology.com/news/newsdupilumab-fda-breakthrough-therapy-4446953?WT.mc_id=DN_News

Sanofi And Regeneron Report Positive Proof-of-Concept Data For Dupilumab, An IL-4R Alpha Antibody, In Atopic Dermatitis


Monoclonal antibody
Source Human
Target IL4 receptor alpha

 

Treatment of atopic diseases

Immunoglobulin, anti-(human interleukin 4 receptor α) (human REGN668 heavy chain),
disulfide with human REGN668 κ-chain, dimer

Immunoglobulin G4, anti-(human interleukin-4 receptor subunit alpha (IL-4R-alpha,
CD124)); human monoclonal REGN668 des-452-lysine{CH3107K>-}-[233-
proline{H10S>P}]γ4 heavy chain (139-219′)-disulfide with human monoclonal REGN668
κ light chain, dimer (231-231”:234-234”)-bisdisulfide

1190264-60-8 cas no

REGN668, SAR231893

MOLECULAR FORMULA- C6512H10066N1730O2052S46

Dupilumab is a monoclonal antibody designed for the treatment of atopic diseases.[1]

This drug was developed by Regeneron Pharmaceuticals.

  1. Statement On A Nonproprietary Name Adopted By The USAN Council – Dupilumab,American Medical Association.

Phase 1b Data Presented at Late Breaking Session of 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology

PARIS and TARRYTOWN, N.Y., March 2, 2013  – Sanofi and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.  today announced that pooled data from two Phase 1b trials with dupilumab (REGN668/SAR231893), an investigational, high-affinity, subcutaneously administered, fully-human antibody targeting the alpha subunit of the interleukin 4 receptor (IL-4R alpha), were presented at the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD) in Miami.

The primary objective of the Phase 1b studies was to assess the safety profile of dupilumab.  Other exploratory endpoints included pharmacokinetic, biomarker, and efficacy parameters.  The efficacy data showed that treatment with four weekly subcutaneous injections of dupilumab at either 150 milligrams (mg) or 300mg per week, significantly improved the signs and symptoms of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis (AD) whose disease was not adequately controlled with topical medications.  Specifically, patients treated with dupilumab had significant improvements in body surface area (BSA) score, Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) score, and Eczema Area Severity Index (EASI) from baseline to week 4 compared to placebo (p<0.05 vs. placebo for all measures and doses).  The significant improvements in BSA, IGA, and EASI scores were maintained at week 8 in the 300mg dose group (p<0.05 vs. placebo).  A responder analysis demonstrated that at week 4, 54.5% of patients treated with the 150mg dose and 71.4% of patients treated with the 300mg dose achieved a reduction in EASI score of 50% or greater compared to 18.8% with placebo (p<0.05).  The most common adverse events (AEs) were nasopharyngitis (19.6% vs 12.5% for placebo) and headache (11.8% vs 6.3% for placebo).

“Despite existing therapies, a significant proportion of patients with moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis continue to suffer from inflamed skin and intractable itch, which significantly impacts their quality of life,” said Dr. Eric Simpson, Associate Professor, Director of Clinical Studies, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, Oregon, USA, and Principal Investigator of the study.  ”The early phase results with this biologic therapy, which has a novel mechanism of action, are encouraging to those of us who treat these patients and warrant further clinical investigation.”

“Through blockade of IL-4R alpha, dupilumab modulates signaling of both the IL-4 and IL-13 pathway, which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of allergic disease,” said George D. Yancopoulos, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Scientific Officer of Regeneron and President of Regeneron Laboratories.  ”We look forward to presenting additional data from a 12-week, Phase 2a trial in atopic dermatitis, as well as starting a larger Phase 2b trial with dupilumab in patients with atopic dermatitis, later this year.”

Presented today in a late-breaking clinical trials session at the AAD meeting, the Phase 1b trials included 67 patients randomized to three different doses of dupilumab (75mg, n=8; 150mg, n=22; 300mg, n=21) and placebo (n=16).  The primary objective of the Phase 1b studies was to assess the safety profile of dupilumab.  Other endpoints included pharmacokinetic, biomarker, and efficacy parameters.  Following the 4-week treatment period, patients in the studies were followed for an additional 4 weeks for a total of 8 weeks.

About IL-4R and the IL-4/IL-13 Pathway
Atopic dermatitis and some types of asthma are characterized by the induction of a specific type of an immune response that is driven by a subset of immune cells called Type 2 helper T cells, or Th2 cells.  IL-4 and IL-13 are key cytokines that are required for the initiation and maintenance of this Th2 immune response.  Both IL-4 and IL-13 signaling occurs through two different IL-4 receptors (Type I and II), which both contain a common IL-4R alpha subunit.

About Dupilumab (SAR231893/REGN668)
Dupilumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody directed against IL-4R alpha and is administered via subcutaneous injection.  By blocking IL-4R alpha dupilumab modulates signaling of both IL-4 and IL-13, drivers of a Th2 immune response.  Dupilumab was created using Regeneron’s pioneering VelocImmune® technology and is being co-developed with Sanofi.  Dupilumab is currently being studied in both atopic dermatitis and asthma.

About Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, immune-mediated, inflammation of the skin that is characterized by poorly defined erythema (redness) with edema (swelling), weeping in the acute stage, and skin thickening (lichenification) in the chronic stage.  Chronic and/or relapsing lesions, along with pruritus (itching) and scratching are the hallmarks of the disease.  The prevalence of AD is estimated to be between 1% and 3% of adults.  For many patients, topical therapies are not effective for keeping the disease under control and the only approved systemic therapies to treat AD are prednisone and cyclosporine (in Europe).  Moderate-to-severe atopic dermatitis can negatively impact patients’ lives and is associated with a high burden to society both in terms of direct costs of medical care and prescription drugs, as well as loss of productivity.

About Sanofi
Sanofi, a global and diversified healthcare leader, discovers, develops and distributes therapeutic solutions focused on patients’ needs. Sanofi has core strengths in the field of healthcare with seven growth platforms: diabetes solutions, human vaccines, innovative drugs, consumer healthcare, emerging markets, animal health and the new Genzyme.  Sanofi is listed in Paris (EURONEXT: SAN) and in New York (NYSE:SNY).

About Regeneron Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
Regeneron is a leading science-based biopharmaceutical company based in Tarrytown, New York that discovers, invents, develops, manufactures, and commercializes medicines for the treatment of serious medical conditions.  Regeneron markets medicines for eye diseases, colorectal cancer, and a rare inflammatory condition and has product candidates in development in other areas of high unmet medical need, including hypercholesterolemia, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, and atopic dermatitis.  For additional information about the company, please visitwww.regeneron.com.

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