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ORGANIC SPECTROSCOPY

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DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO Ph.D

DR ANTHONY MELVIN CRASTO, Born in Mumbai in 1964 and graduated from Mumbai University, Completed his Ph.D from ICT, 1991,Matunga, Mumbai, India, in Organic Chemistry, The thesis topic was Synthesis of Novel Pyrethroid Analogues, Currently he is working with GLENMARK PHARMACEUTICALS LTD, Research Centre as Principal Scientist, Process Research (bulk actives) at Mahape, Navi Mumbai, India. Total Industry exp 30 plus yrs, Prior to joining Glenmark, he has worked with major multinationals like Hoechst Marion Roussel, now Sanofi, Searle India Ltd, now RPG lifesciences, etc. He has worked with notable scientists like Dr K Nagarajan, Dr Ralph Stapel, Prof S Seshadri, Dr T.V. Radhakrishnan and Dr B. K. Kulkarni, etc, He did custom synthesis for major multinationals in his career like BASF, Novartis, Sanofi, etc., He has worked in Discovery, Natural products, Bulk drugs, Generics, Intermediates, Fine chemicals, Neutraceuticals, GMP, Scaleups, etc, he is now helping millions, has 9 million plus hits on Google on all Organic chemistry websites. His friends call him Open superstar worlddrugtracker. His New Drug Approvals, Green Chemistry International, All about drugs, Eurekamoments, Organic spectroscopy international, etc in organic chemistry are some most read blogs He has hands on experience in initiation and developing novel routes for drug molecules and implementation them on commercial scale over a 30 year tenure till date Dec 2017, Around 35 plus products in his career. He has good knowledge of IPM, GMP, Regulatory aspects, he has several International patents published worldwide . He has good proficiency in Technology transfer, Spectroscopy, Stereochemistry, Synthesis, Polymorphism etc., He suffered a paralytic stroke/ Acute Transverse mylitis in Dec 2007 and is 90 %Paralysed, He is bound to a wheelchair, this seems to have injected feul in him to help chemists all around the world, he is more active than before and is pushing boundaries, He has 9 million plus hits on Google, 2.5 lakh plus connections on all networking sites, 50 Lakh plus views on dozen plus blogs, He makes himself available to all, contact him on +91 9323115463, email amcrasto@gmail.com, Twitter, @amcrasto , He lives and will die for his family, 90% paralysis cannot kill his soul., Notably he has 19 lakh plus views on New Drug Approvals Blog in 216 countries......https://newdrugapprovals.wordpress.com/ , He appreciates the help he gets from one and all, Friends, Family, Glenmark, Readers, Wellwishers, Doctors, Drug authorities, His Contacts, Physiotherapist, etc

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SELPERCATINIB


img

Selpercatinib.png

SELPERCATINIB

LOXO 292

CAS: 2152628-33-4
Chemical Formula: C29H31N7O3
Molecular Weight: 525.613

CEGM9YBNGD

UNII-CEGM9YBNGD

 6-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy)-4-(6-{6-[(6-methoxypyridin- 3-yl)methyl]-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-yl}pyridin-3- yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carbonitrile

Selpercatinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor with antineoplastic properties.

A phase I/II trial is also under way in pediatric patients and young adults with activating RET alterations and advanced solid or primary CNS tumors.

Loxo Oncology (a wholly-owned subsidiary of Eli Lilly ), under license from Array , is developing selpercatinib, a lead from a program of RET kinase inhibitors, for treating cancer, including non-small-cell lung cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, other solid tumors, infantile myofibromatosis, infantile fibrosarcoma and soft tissue sarcoma

In 2018, the compound was granted orphan drug designation in the U.S. for the treatment of pancreatic cancer and in the E.U. for the treatment of medullary thyroid carcinoma.

Trk is a high affinity receptor tyrosine kinase activated by a group of soluble growth factors called neurotrophic factor (NT). The Trk receptor family has three members, namely TrkA, TrkB and TrkC. Among the neurotrophic factors are (1) nerve growth factor (NGF) which activates TrkA, (2) brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and NT4/5 which activate TrkB, and (3) NT3 which activates TrkC. Trk is widely expressed in neuronal tissues and is involved in the maintenance, signaling and survival of neuronal cells.
The literature also shows that Trk overexpression, activation, amplification and/or mutations are associated with many cancers including neuroblastoma, ovarian cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, pancreatic cancer, multiple myeloma, astrocytoma. And medulloblastoma, glioma, melanoma, thyroid cancer, pancreatic cancer, large cell neuroendocrine tumor and colorectal cancer. In addition, inhibitors of the Trk/neurotrophin pathway have been shown to be effective in a variety of preclinical animal models for the treatment of pain and inflammatory diseases.
The neurotrophin/Trk pathway, particularly the BDNF/TrkB pathway, has also been implicated in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including multiple sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease, and Alzheimer’s disease. The modulating neurotrophic factor/Trk pathway can be used to treat these and related diseases.
It is believed that the TrkA receptor is critical for the disease process in the parasitic infection of Trypanosoma cruzi (Chagas disease) in human hosts. Therefore, TrkA inhibitors can be used to treat Chagas disease and related protozoal infections.
Trk inhibitors can also be used to treat diseases associated with imbalances in bone remodeling, such as osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and bone metastasis. Bone metastases are a common complication of cancer, up to 70% in patients with advanced breast or prostate cancer and about 15 in patients with lung, colon, stomach, bladder, uterine, rectal, thyroid or kidney cancer Up to 30%. Osteolytic metastases can cause severe pain, pathological fractures, life-threatening hypercalcemia, spinal cord compression, and other neurostress syndromes. For these reasons, bone metastases are a serious cancer complication that is costly. Therefore, an agent that can induce apoptosis of proliferating bone cells is very advantageous. Expression of the TrkA receptor and TrkC receptor has been observed in the osteogenic region of the fractured mouse model. In addition, almost all osteoblast apoptosis agents are very advantageous. Expression of the TrkA receptor and TrkC receptor has been observed in the osteogenic region of the fractured mouse model. In addition, localization of NGF was observed in almost all osteoblasts. Recently, it was demonstrated that pan-Trk inhibitors in human hFOB osteoblasts inhibit tyrosine signaling activated by neurotrophic factors that bind to all three Trk receptors. This data supports the theory of using Trk inhibitors to treat bone remodeling diseases, such as bone metastases in cancer patients.
Developed by Loxo Oncology, Larotrectinib (LOXO-101) is a broad-spectrum antineoplastic agent for all tumor patients expressing Trk, rather than tumors at an anatomical location. LOXO-101 chemical name is (S)-N-(5-((R)-2-(2,5-difluorophenyl)-pyrrolidin-1-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a] Pyrimidin-3-yl)-3-hydroxypyrrolidine-1-carboxamide, the structural formula is as follows. LOXO-101 began treatment of the first patient in March 2015; on July 13, 2016, the FDA granted a breakthrough drug qualification for the inoperable removal or metastatic solid tumor of adults and children with positive Trk fusion gene mutations; Key entry was completed in February 2017; in November 2018, the FDA approved the listing under the trade name Vitrakvi.
Poor absorption, distribution, metabolism, and/or excretion (ADME) properties are known to be the primary cause of clinical trial failure in many drug candidates. Many of the drugs currently on the market also limit their range of applications due to poor ADME properties. The rapid metabolism of drugs can lead to the inability of many drugs that could be effectively treated to treat diseases because they are too quickly removed from the body. Frequent or high-dose medications may solve the problem of rapid drug clearance, but this approach can lead to problems such as poor patient compliance, side effects caused by high-dose medications, and increased treatment costs. In addition, rapidly metabolizing drugs may also expose patients to undesirable toxic or reactive metabolites.
Although LOXO-101 is effective as a Trk inhibitor in the treatment of a variety of cancers and the like, it has been found that a novel compound having a good oral bioavailability and a drug-forming property for treating a cancer or the like is a challenging task. Thus, there remains a need in the art to develop compounds having selective inhibitory activity or better pharmacodynamics/pharmacokinetics for Trk kinase mediated diseases useful as therapeutic agents, and the present invention provides such compounds.
SYN
WO 2018071447

PATENT

WO2018071447

PATENT

US 20190106438

PATENT

WO 2019075108

https://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf?docId=WO2019075108&tab=PCTDESCRIPTION

Compounds of Formula I-IV, 4-(6-(4-((6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)methyl)piperazin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)-6-(1-methyl-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carbonitrile (Formula I); 6-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy)-4-(6-(6-((6-methoxypyridin-3-yl)methyl)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-yl)pyridin-3-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carbonitrile (Formula II); 6-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy)-4-(6-(6-(6-methoxynicotinoyl)-3,6-diazabicyclo[3.1.1]heptan-3-yl)pyridin-3-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carbonitrile (Formula III); and 6-(2-hydroxy-2-methylpropoxy)-4-(6-(4-hydroxy-4-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)piperidin-1-yl)pyridin-3-yl)pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine-3-carbonitrile (Formula IV) are inhibitors of RET kinase, and are useful for treating diseases such as proliferative diseases, including cancers.

[0007] Accordingly, provided herein is a compound of Formula I-IV:

and pharmaceutically acceptable salts, amorphous, and polymorph forms thereof.

PATENT

WO 2019075114

PATENT

WO-2019120194

Novel deuterated analogs of pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine compounds, particularly selpercatinib , processes for their preparation and compositions comprising them are claimed. Also claims are their use for treating pain, inflammation, cancer and certain infectious diseases.

Example 2(S)-N-(5-((R)-2-(2,5-difluorophenyl)pyrrolidin-1-yl-2,3,3-d 3)-pyrazolo[ 1,5-a] pyrimidin-3-yl) -3-hydroxypyrazole prepared pyrrolidine-1-carboxamide (compound L-2) a.

[0163]

[0164]
Use the following route for synthesis:

[0165]
Patent ID Title Submitted Date Granted Date
US10137124 Substituted pyrazolo[1,5-a]pyridine compounds as RET kinase inhibitors 2018-01-03
US10172851 Substituted pyrazolo[1,5-A]pyridine compounds as RET kinase inhibitors 2018-01-03
US10112942 Substituted pyrazolo[1,5-A]pyridine compounds as RET kinase inhibitors 2017-12-29

/////////////SELPERCATINIB, non-small-cell lung cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, papillary thyroid cancer, other solid tumors, infantile myofibromatosis, infantile fibrosarcoma, soft tissue sarcoma, LOXO, ELI LILY,  ARRAY, LOXO 292, orphan drug designation

N#CC1=C2C(C3=CC=C(N4CC(C5)N(CC6=CC=C(OC)N=C6)C5C4)N=C3)=CC(OCC(C)(O)C)=CN2N=C1

ASLAN Pharmaceuticals Gains Orphan Designation for Rare Cancer Drug ASLAN001 (varlitinib)


 

Figure US20050043334A1-20050224-C00061

 

(R)-N4-[3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyl]-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-oxazol-2-yl)-quinazoline-4,6-diamine

 

ASLAN001 , Varlitinib

C22H19ClN6O2S

Molecular Weight: 466.94

Elemental Analysis: C, 56.59; H, 4.10; Cl, 7.59; N, 18.00; O, 6.85; S, 6.87

CAS: 845272-21-1 (Varlitinib); 1146629-86-8 (Varlitinib tosylate).

ASLAN001; ASLAN-001; ASLAN 001; AR 00334543; ARRY-334543; ARRY334543; ARRY-543; ARRY543; ARRY 543.

(R)-N4-(3-chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl)-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-yl)quinazoline-4,6-diamine.

(R)-4-[[3-Chloro-4-[(thiazol-2-yl)methoxy]phenyl]amino]-6-[(4-methyl-4,5-dihydrooxazol-2-yl)amino]quinazoline

4,​6-​Quinazolinediamine, N4-​[3-​chloro-​4-​(2-​thiazolylmethoxy)​phenyl]​-​N6-​[(4R)​-​4,​5-​dihydro-​4-​methyl-​2-​oxazolyl]​-

ASLAN Pharmaceuticals, a Singapore-based drugmaker, announced The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) gave an orphan drug designation on August 13 to its pan-HER inhibitor ASLAN001 (varlitinib), a drug candidate created to treat a destructive form of bile duct cancer called cholangiocarcinoma that has no known cure.  ………http://www.dddmag.com/news/2015/08/aslan-pharmaceuticals-gains-orphan-designation-rare-cancer-drug

Current developer: Array Biopharma Inc,

Varlitinib, also known as ARRY-543 and ASLAN001, is an orally bioavailable inhibitor of the epidermal growth factor receptor family with potential antineoplastic activity.

Varlitinib (ASLAN-001) is an oncolytic drug in phase II clinical trials at ASLAN Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of gastric cancer and for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer in combination with capecitabine. Clinical development is also ongoing for the treatment of solid tumors in combination with cisplatin/FU and cisplatin/capecitabine. The product had been in phase I/II clinical trials at Array BioPharma for the treatment of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Phase II clinical trials had also been ongoing for the treatment of solid tumors. No recent development has been reported for this research

Varlitinib selectively and reversibly binds to both EGFR (ErbB-1) and Her-2/neu (ErbB-2) and prevents their phosphorylation and activation, which may result in inhibition of the associated signal transduction pathways, inhibition of cellular proliferation and cell death. EGFR and Her-2 play important roles in cell proliferation and differentiation and are upregulated in various human tumor cell types. Due to the dual inhibition of both EGFR and Her-2, this agent may be therapeutically more effective than agents that inhibit EGFR or Her-2 alone.

The drug is a dual inhibitor of the ErB-2 and EGFR receptor kinases, both of which have been shown to stimulate aberrant growth, prolong survival and promote differentiation of many tumor types. The compound behaves as a reversible ATP-competitive inhibitor with nanomolar potency both in vitro and in cell-based proliferation assays.

In 2011, the compound was licensed to Aslan Pharmaceuticals by Array BioPharma worldwide for the treatment of solid tumors, initially targeting patients with gastric cancer through a development program conducted in Asia.

In 2015, orphan drug designation was assigned to the compound in the U.S. for the treatment of cholangiocarcinoma.

SEE NMR ………….http://www.medkoo.com/Product-Data/Varlitinib/Varlitinib-QC-KB20121128web.pdf

……………..

https://www.google.co.in/patents/US20050043334

Example 52

Figure US20050043334A1-20050224-C00061

 

(R)-N4-[3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyl]-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-oxazol-2-yl)-quinazoline-4,6-diamine

Prepared using (R)-2-aminopropan-1-o1. MS APCI (+) m/z 467, 469 (M+1, Cl pattern) detected; 1H NMR (400 mHz, DMSO-D6) δ 9.53 (s, 1H), 8.47 (s, 1H), 8.09 (s, 1H), 7.86 (d, 1H), 7.81 (d, 1H), 7.77 (d, 1H), 7.69 (m, 3H), 7.32 (d, 1H), 7.02 (s, 1H), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.47 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 3.90 (m, 1H), 1.18 (d, 3H).

Example 53

Figure US20050043334A1-20050224-C00062

 

(S)-N4-[3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyl]-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihydro-oxazol-2-yl)-quinazoline-4,6-diamine

Prepared using (S)-2-amino-propan-1-o1. MS APCI (+) m/z 467, 469 (M+1, Cl pattern) detected; 1H NMR (400 mHz, DMSO-D6) δ 9.53 (s, 1H), 8.47 (s, 1H), 8.09 (s, 1H), 7.86 (d, 1H), 7.81 (d, 1H), 7.77 (d, 1H), 7.69 (m, 3H), 7.32 (d, 1H), 7.02 (s, 1H), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.47 (m, 1H), 3.99 (m, 1H), 3.90 (m, 1H), 1.18 (d, 3H).

………………

 

PATENT

http://www.google.co.in/patents/WO2005016346A1?cl=en

Example 52

 

Figure imgf000056_0002

R VN4-r3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-v-metho-xy)-phenyll-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihvdro-oxazol- 2-yl)-quinazoUne-4,6-diamine

[00194] Prepared using (R)-2-aminopropan- 1 -ol. MS APCI (+) m/z 467, 469

(M+l, CI pattern) detected; 1H NMR (400 mHz, DMSO-D6) δ 9.53 (s, IH), 8.47 (s, IH), 8.09 (s, IH), 7.86 (d, IH), 7.81 (d, IH), 7.77 (d, IH), 7.69 (m, 3H), 7.32 (d, IH), 7.02 (s, IH), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.47 (m, IH), 3.99 (m, IH), 3.90 (m, IH), 1.18 (d, 3H). Example 53

 

Figure imgf000057_0001

(S)-N4-|3-Chloro-4- thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)-phenyll-N6-(4-methyl-4,5-dihvdro-oxazol- 2-yl)-quinazoline-4,6-diamine [00195] Prepared using (S)-2-amino-propan- 1 -ol. MS APCI (+) m z 467, 469

(M+l, CI pattern) detected; 1H NMR (400 mHz, DMSO-D6) δ 9.53 (s, IH), 8.47 (s, IH), 8.09 (s, IH), 7.86 (d, IH), 7.81 (d, IH), 7.77 (d, IH), 7.69 (m, 3H), 7.32 (d, IH), 7.02 (s, IH), 5.54 (s, 2H), 4.47 (m, IH), 3.99 (m, IH), 3.90 (m, IH), 1.18 (d, 3H).

 

………

CAUTION a very similar molecule but not same 

C2NOTE……..METHYL NEXT TO OXYGEN ATOM

Design, Synthesis and Bioactivities Evaluation of Novel Quinazoline Analogs Containing Oxazole Units

A novel type of quinazoline derivatives, which were designed by the combination of quinazoline as the backbone and oxazole scaffold as the substituent, have been synthesized and their biological activities were evaluated for anti-proliferative activities and EGFR inhibitory potency. Compound 12b demonstrated the most potent inhibitory activity (IC50=0.95 µmol/L for EGFR), which could be optimized as a potential EGFR inhibitor in the further study. The structures of the synthesized quinazoline analogs and all intermediates were comfirmed by 1H and 13C NMR, 2D NMR spectra, IR spectra and MS spectra.

12c: Employing the same method as above, compound 12c was prepared and the amino alcohol was (S)-2-amino-propan-1-ol. Yellow solid, yield 52 %. m.p. 243-244 °C; [α] 20D =﹢22.5 ° (c 1.0, CH3CN); 1 H NMR (DMSO-D6): δ 9.54 (s, 1 H), 8.46 (s, 1 H), 8.06 (s, 2 H), 7.85 (d, 2 H, J=3.3 Hz), 7.79 (d, 2 H, J=3.3 Hz), 7.75 (d, 1 H, J=8.9 Hz), 7.64 (d, 1 H, J=8.3 Hz), 7.30 (d, 1 H, J=9.0 Hz), 5.54 (s, 2 H), 4.76 (m, 1 H), 3.72 (s, 1 H), 3.19 (s, 1 H), 1.34 (d, 3 H, J=6.15 Hz). 13C NMR (DMSO-D6) δ: 165.8, 156.9, 152.0, 148.8, 145.3, 142.6, 134.3, 128.7, 128.0, 123.5, 121.7, 121.3, 121.0, 115.6, 114.6, 72.5, 67.7, 63.0, 29.8, 29.0, 20.0, 13.9. IR (KBr) ν: 3439, 3278, 3101, 2925, 1660, 1631, 1601, 1557, 1500, 1428, 1404, 1384, 1329, 1291, 1257, 1225, 1052 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C22H19N6O2SCl: C 55.59, H 4.10, N 18.00, O 6.85; found C 55.55, H 4.13, N 18.02, O 6.78; MS (ESI) m/z: 467.2 (M+H).

12d: Employing the same method as above, compound 12d was prepared and the amino alcohol was (R)-2-amino-propan-1-ol. Yellow solid, yield 60%. m.p. 242-243 °C; [α] 20D = ﹣22.3 ° (c 1.0, CH3CN); 1 H NMR (DMSO-D6): δ 9.52 (s, 1 H), 8.80 (s, 1 H), 8.52 (dd, 1 H, J=2.7 Hz, J=8.9 Hz), 8.45 (s, 1 H), 8.30 (s, 1 H), 8.07 (s, 1 H), 7.85 (d, 1 H, J=3.2 Hz), 7.79 (d, 1 H, J=3.2 Hz), 7.75 (s, 1 H), 7.63 (d, 1 H, J=8.2 Hz), 7.31 (d, 1 H, J=9.0 Hz), 5.53 (s, 2 H), 4.76 (m, 1 H), 3.81 (s, 1 H), 3.19 (s, 1 H), 1.34 (d, 3 H, J=6.2 Hz). 13C NMR (DMSO-D6) δ: 165.8, 156.9, 152.0, 148.8, 145.3, 142.6, 134.3, 128.7, 128.0, 123.5, 121.7, 121.3, 121.0, 115.6, 114.6, 72.5, 67.7, 63.0, 29.8, 29.0, 20.0, 13.9. IR (KBr) ν: 3439, 3278, 3101, 2925, 1660, 1631, 1601, 1557, 1500, 1428, 1404, 1384, 1329, 1291, 1257, 1225, 1052 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C22H19N6O2SCl: C 55.59, H 4.10, N 18.00, O 6.85; found C 55.55, H 4.13, N 18.02, O 6.78; MS (ESI) m/z: 467.20 (M+H).

The above paper allows you to synthesize the key amino int 11 ………N4-(3-chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl)quinazoline-4,6-diamine (11)

this can be applied to varlitinib till int  11

C1

 

6-Nitro-4-hydroxyquinazoline (3)

2-amino-5-nitrobenzoic acid (5.46 g, 30 mmol) was added to a 250 mL flask equipped with a reflux condenser. Then 50 mL formamide was added. The mixture was heated with vigorous stirring at 160 °C for 3 h. After cooling the solution was poured in ice-water to give 3 in almost pure form (Yellow solid 4.70 g, yield 82.0%). m.p. 317-318 °C; 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 12.74 (1 H, s, OH, exchangeable), 8.78 (1 H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 8.53 (1 H, dd, J=2.6 Hz, 9.0 Hz), 8.30 (s, 1 H), 7.84 (1 H, d, J=9.0 Hz); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 160.1, 152.9, 148.9, 145.0, 129.1, 128.3, 122.7, 121.9. IR (KBr) ν: 3172, 3046, 2879, 1674, 1615, 1577, 1514, 1491, 1469, 1343, 1289, 1242, 1167, 1112, 928, 920, 901, 803, 753, 630, 574, 531 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C8H5N3O3: C 50.27, H 2.64, N 21.98; found C 50.30, H 2.65, N 21.96; MS (ESI) m/z: 189.97 (M-H).

nmr1

nmr113C NMR OF 3 IN DMSOD6

IR

 

nmr1

4-chloro-6-Nitroquinazoline (4)

In a 100 mL flask equipped with a reflux condenser, 6-nitroquinazolin-4-one (2.86 g, 15 mmol) and thionyl chloride (SOCl2) 25 mL were added. The mixture was heated under reflux with vigorous stirring for 2 h. After the solution was clear, the reaction mixture was heated for another 2 h. Then, 150 mL of ice MeOH was dropped into it carefully, the mixture was extracted with CH2Cl2. The organic layer was S3 dried under MgSO4, filtered and the solvent removed to give 4-chloro-6-nitroquinazoline (4). Yellow solid 2.45 g, yield 78%. m.p. 134-135 °C; 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 8.80 (1 H, d, J=3.0 Hz), 8.54(1 H, dd, J=2.7 Hz, 9.0 Hz), 8.35(s, 1 H), 7.87 (1 H, d, J= 9.0 Hz); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 160.0, 152.5, 149.1, 145.1, 128.7, 128.4, 122.7, 122.0. IR (KBr) ν: 3431, 3082, 3038, 2664, 2613, 2567, 1724, 1685, 1676, 1646, 1617, 1578, 1526, 1468, 1359, 1346, 1269 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C8H4N3O2Cl: C 45.84, H 1.92, N 20.05, O 15.27; found C 45.81, H 1.97, N 20.02, O 15.21; MS (ESI) m/z: 207.96 (M-H).

 

nmr14 nmr dmsod6

 

 

13C NMR OF4 IN DMSOD6

nmr1

IR

nmr1

Thiazol-2-yl-methano1 (6)

Sodium borohydride (16.0 g, 140 mmol) was added to a stirred solution of thiazole-2-carbaldehyde (24.2 g, 214 mmol) in MeOH (400 mL) at 0 °C . The reaction mixture was warmed to room temperature. After 1 hour, the reaction mixture was quenched by the addition of water and the organics were removed by concentration. The resulting aqueous mixture was extracted with EtOAc. The combined organic extracts were dried under Na2SO4 and concentrated to give thiazol-2-yl-methano1 (23.39 g, 95%). bp:75-76 °C (0.2 mmHg) [lit.[19] bp:70-80 °C (0.2 mmHg)]; m. p. 63-64 °C. 1 H NMR (CDCl3) δ 4.91 (s, 2 H), 5.1(br, l H), 7.28(d, 1 H, J=3.2 Hz), 7.68 (d, 1 H, J=2.9 Hz). IR (KBr) ν: 3135, 3099, 3082, 2814, 1509, 1446, 1351, 1189, 1149, 1073, 1050, 977, 775, 745, 613, 603 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C4H5NOS: C 41.72, H 4.38, N 12.16; found C 41.74, H 4.33, N 12.18; MS (ESI) m/z: 116.11 (M+H).

nmr16 in dmsod6 1H NMR

 

nmr1

2-((2-Chloro-4-nitrophenoxy)methyl)thiazole (8)

2-(2-chloro-4-nitro-phenoxymethy1)-thiazole was prepared by adding thiazol-2-yl-methanol (5.48 g, 47.65 mmol) to a slurry of sodium hydride (2.42 g of a 60% dispersion in oil, 60.5 mmol) in THF (50 ml) at 0 °C After several minutes, 2-chloro-1-fluoro- 4-nitro-benzene (7.58 g, 43.60 mmol) was added and the reaction mixture warmed to room temperature. The reaction mixture was stirred at room temperature for 3 h, and 60 °C for 16 h. After cooling to room temperature, the reaction mixture was poured into 300 mL water. The resulting precipitate was collected by filtration, washed with water, and dried in vacuo to give 2-(2- chloro-4-nitrophenoxymethy1)-thiazole (11.06 g, 86%) which was used in next step without further purification. m.p. 170-171 °C; 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 8.35 (1 H, d, J=2.8 Hz), 8.25 (1 H, dd, J=2.8 Hz, 9.15 Hz), 7.87 (1 H, d, J=3.3 Hz), 7.83(1 H, d, J=3.3 Hz), 7.54 (1 H, d, J=9.2 Hz), 5.73(s, 1 H); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 164.2, 158.5, 143.2, 141.7, 125.9, 124.9, 122.4, 122.2, 114.6, 68.4; IR (KBr) ν: 3112, 3009, 1587, 1509, 1500, 1354, 1319, 1284, 1255, 1154, 1125, 1054, 1006, 894, 780, 746, 728 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C10H7N2O3SCl: C 44.37, H 2.61, N 10.35, O 17.73; found C 44.31, H 2.67, N 10.29; MS (ESI) m/z: 268.89 (M-H).

nmr11H NMR 8 DMSOD6

13C NMR OF 8 IN DMSOD6

nmr1

nmr1

3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)aniline (9)

In a flask equipped with a reflux condenser, the compound 8 15.00 g (55.6 mmol), reduced zinc powder 14.44 g (222.0 mmo1, 4 eq), saturated ammonia chloride (5 mL) and methanol (100 mL) were mixed. The mixture was stirred at a temperature of 40 °C for 1.5 h. Then the zinc powder was filtered off, the filtrate was concentrated to obtain yellow solid 13.21 g, yield 99%. m.p. 60-61 °C; 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 7.80 (1 H, d, J=3.3 Hz), 7.75 (1 H, d, J=3.3 Hz), 6.96 (1 H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 6.64(1 H, d, J=2.7 Hz), 6.46 (1 H, dd, J=2.7 Hz, J=8.7 Hz), 5.30 (s, 2 H), 5.04 (s, 2 H, NH2, exchangeable); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 166.8, 145.1, 144.1, 142.80, 123.1, 121.5, 117.7, 115.2, 113.6, 69.1. IR (KBr) ν: 3322, 3192, 3112, 1607, 1499, 1457, 1436, 1291, 1274, 1221, 1191, 1144, 1057, 1027, 857, 797, 767, 733, 584 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C10H9N2OSCl: C 49.90, H 3.77, N 11.64, O 6.65; found C 49.95, H 3.76, N 11.66, O 6.60; MS (ESI) m/z: 239.01 (M-H).

nmr11H NMR DMSOD6 OF 9

 

nmr113C NMR OF 9 IN DMSOD6

 

nmr1

N-(3-chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl)-6-nitro- quinazolin-4-amine(10)

In a flask equipped with a reflux condenser, 6-nitro-4-chloro- quinazoline 8.0 g (38.3 mmol) and 3-Chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)aniline 8.9 g (37.0 mmol) were dissolved into 150 mL of THF, and the solution was refluxed for 3 h.Then a lot of yellow solid was deposited. Then it was filtered affording to yellow solid 12.8 g, yield 81%. m.p. 183-184 °C (decompose); 1 H NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 11.97(s, 1 H, exchangeable), 9.84 (s, 1 H), 9.00 (s, 1 H), 8.76 (1 H, d, J=9.1 Hz), 8.12-8.14 (m, 1 H), 7.94 (1 H, d, J=2.3 Hz), 7.87 (1 H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 7.81 (1 H, d, J=3.2 Hz), 7.44 (1 H, d, J=9.0 Hz), 7.69 (1 H, dd, J=2.5 Hz, J=8.9 Hz), 5.61 (s, 2 H); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 166.8, 145.1, 144.1, 142.8, 123.1, 121.5, 117.7, 115.2, 113.7, 69.1. IR (KBr) ν: 3442, 3100, 1636, 1618, 1570, 1552, 1523, 1492, 1442, 1400, 1377, 1344, 1301, 1267, 1069, 805 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C18H12N5O3SCl: C 52.24, H 2.92, N 16.92, O 11.60; found C 52.26, H 2.93, N 16.96, O 11.58; MS (ESI) m/z: 412.84 (M-H).

nmr11H NMR DMSOD6 OF 10

 

nmr113C NMR OF 10 IN DMSOD6

 

nmr1

N4-(3-chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl)quinazoline-4,6-diamine (11)

In a flask equipped with a reflux condenser, the compound 10 5.00 g (12.1 mmol), reduced zinc powder 3.2 g (48.5 mmo1, 4 eq), saturated ammonia chloride (3 mL) and methanol (60 mL) were mixed. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 30 min. Then the zinc powder was filtered off, the filtrate was concentrated to obtain yellow solid 4.58 g, yield 98%. m.p. 197-198 °C (decompose); 1 H S4 NMR (DMSO-d6): δ 9.33(s, 1 H, exchangeable), 8.31 (s, 1 H), 8.05 (d, 1 H, J=2.6 Hz), 7.85 (d, 1 H, J=3.3 Hz), 7.79 (1 H, d, J=3.3 Hz), 7.73 (1 H, dd, J=2.5 Hz, J=9.0 Hz), 7.51 (1 H, d, J=8.9 Hz), 7.30 (1 H, d, J=2.4 Hz), 7.29 (1 H, d, J=4.7 Hz), 7.23 (1 H, dd, J=2.3 Hz, J=8.9 Hz), 5.57 (s, 2 H, exchangeable), 5.52 (s, 2 H); 13C NMR (DMSO-d6) δ: 165.9, 155.8, 149.7, 148.5, 147.3, 142.6, 142.5, 134.6, 128.7, 123.6, 123.2, 121.4, 121.3, 121.1, 116.5, 114. 7, 100.9, 67.8. IR (KBr) ν: 3443, 3358, 3211, 3100, 1631, 1596, 1577, 1560, 1530, 1494, 1431, 1383, 1217, 910 cm-1. Anal. calcd for C18H14N5OSCl: C 56.32, H 3.68, N 18.24, O 4.17; found C 56.34, H 3.70, N 18.22, O 4.14; MS (ESI) m/z: 382.66 (M-H).

nmr111 1HNMR DMSOD6

 

nmr113C NMR OF 11 IN DMSOD6

nmr1

Construction finally as per patent ……….US20050043334

Treatment of N4-[3-chloro-4-(thiazol-2-ylmethoxy)phenyl]quinazoline-4,6-diamine (11) with 1,1′-thiocarbonyldiimidazole , followed by condensation with 2(R)-amino-1-propanol  in THF/CH2Cl2 affords thiourea derivative , which finally undergoes cyclization in the presence of TsCl and NaOH in THF/H2O to furnish varlitinib .

nmr2

 

  1. ASLAN Pharmaceuticals
  2. Address: 10 Bukit Pasoh Rd, Singapore 089824
    Phone:+65 6222 4235

Map of ASLAN Pharmaceuticals

Image

carl fith

Mr Carl Firth, CEO, Aslan Pharmaceuticals, Singapore (left) and Mr Dan Devine, CEO, Patrys, Australia (right)

///////ASLAN001, varlitinib, ASLAN Pharmaceuticals,  Orphan Designation, ARRY-534, ARRY-334543 , PHASE 2, ORPHAN DRUG DESIGNATION, array

Binimetinib in phase 3 for for the treatment of metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma with NRAS mutations and in combination with LGX-818 in adult patients with BRAF V600


Figure imgf000024_0001

 

 

Binimetinib

5-[(4-bromo-2-fluorophenyl)amino]-4-fluoro-N-(2-hydroxyethoxy)-1-methyl-1H-benzimidazole-6-carboxamide
5-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-4-fluoro-1-methyl-1H-benzimidazole-6-carbohydroxamic acid 2-hydroxyethyl ester
6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxyethyoxy)-amide
606143-89-9  CAS
tyrosine kinase inhibitor, antineoplastic

Array BioPharma Inc;PHASE 3 Cancer, ovary (serous)

Novartis PHASE 3 Melanoma

AGARRY-162
ARRY-438162
MEK-162

 

MEK-1 protein kinase inhibitor; MEK-2 protein kinase inhibitor

Liver injury; Melanoma; Noonan syndrome; Ovary tumor; Solid tumor

Growth factor-mediated proliferative signals are transmitted from the extracellular environment to the nucleus through several pathways, including the RAS/RAF/ MEK pathway. The RAS/RAF/MEK kinase signal transduction pathway is activated through initial extracellular binding and stimulation of tyrosine receptor kinases (RTKs) by their respective cognate ligands. Upon autophosphorylation of specific tyrosine residues in the cytosolic domain of RTKs, the Grb2-Sos complex translocates to the plasma membrane, and converts the inactive RAS’GDP to active RAS’GTP. The interaction between the Grb2 docking protein and the activated kinases or the phosphorylated receptor associated proteins is mediated by the Src Homology (SH2) domain of the signaling protein that recognizes specific phosphotyrosine sequences. RAS undergoes a conformational change upon guanosine 5 ‘-triphosphate (GTP) binding and causes the recruitment of RAF- 1 to the cytoplasmic membrane where it is phosphorylated by several kinases and simultaneous disphosphorylated at key residues by protein phosphatase-2B. Activated RAF phosphorylates the mitogen- activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) on two serine residues in the activation loop, which results in the activation of this protein kinase. MEK then phosphorylates and activates extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), allowing its translocation to the nucleus where it phosphorylates transcriptional factors permitting the expression of a variety of genes.

The RAS/RAF/MEK signal transduction pathway is deregulated, often through mutations that result in ectopic protein activation, in roughly 1/3 of human cancers. This deregulation in turn results in a wide array of cellular changes that are integral to the etiology and maintenance of a cancerous phenotype including, but not limited to, the promotion of proliferation and evasion of apoptosis (Dhillon et al., Oncogene, 2007, 26: 3279-3290).

Accordingly, the development of small molecule inhibitors of key members of the RAS/ RAF/ MEK signal transduction pathway has been the subject of intense effort within the pharmaceutical industry and oncology community.

MEK is a major protein in the RAS/ RAF/ MEK pathway, which signals toward cell proliferation and survival, and frequently activated in tumors that have mutations in the RAS or RAF oncogenes or in growth receptor tyrosine kinases. MEK is a key player in the RAS/RAF/MEK pathway as it is downstream of RAS and RAF. Despite being only rarely mutated in cancer (Murugan et al., Cell Cycle, 2009, 8: 2122-2124; Sasaki et al., J. Thorac. Oncol., 2010, 5: 597-600), inhibitors of the MEK1 and MEK2 proteins have also been targeted for small molecule inhibition owing to their central position within the RAS/ RAF/ MEK signal transduction pathway signaling cascade (Fremin and Meloche, J. Hematol.

Oncol., 2010, 3:8). Recently a potent MEK inhibitor failed to demonstrate efficacy in clinical trials in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (Haura et al., Clin. Cancer Res., 2010, 16: 2450-2457). The reason for failure in this trial is not clear.

6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxyethyoxy)-amide (hereinafter, “Compound A”) is a benzimidazole compound that is a known potent and selective inhibitor of the MEK1 and MEK2 proteins, and useful in the treatment of hyperproliferative diseases, particularly cancer, in mammals. For example, in a recently published Phase I study of 28 patients suffering from unresectable, locally advanced or metastatic biliary cancer and who had received < 1 prior systemic therapy, oral Compound A treatment (60 mg twice daily) resulted in 1 complete regression, 1 partial regression and 11 stable disease diagnoses after at least 6 weeks of treatment (Finn et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 30, 2012 (Supplement 4, 2012 Gastrointestinal Cancers Symposium, Abstract No. 220). Compound A has also been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of patients with either BRAFV600 or NRAS-mutant melanoma (Ascierto et al., J. Clin. Oncol. 30, 2012 (Supplement, 2012 ASCO Annual Meeting, Abstract No. 8511).

The compound, as well as a process for its preparation, is disclosed in PCT Pub. No. WO 03/077914

 

MEK-162, a potent, orally active MEK1/2 inhibitor, is in phase III clinical trials at Array BioPharma and licensee Novartis for the treatment of metastatic or unresectable cutaneous melanoma with NRAS mutations and in combination with LGX-818 in adult patients with BRAF V600. Phase III studies are also under way at Array BioPharma for the treatment of low grade serous carcinomas of the ovary, fallopian tube or primary peritoneum following at least one prior platinum-based chemotherapy regimen and no more than three lines of prior chemotherapy regimens. Novartis and Array BioPharma are also conducting phase II clinical studies for the treatment of locally advanced and unresectable or metastatic malignant cutaneous melanoma, harboring BRAFV600E mutations; in BRAF mutated melanoma in combination with AMG-479 and for the treatment of Noonan’s syndrome, and in non-small cell lung cancer harboring KRAS or EGFR mutation and in combination with erlotinib. MEK-162 is being evaluated in phase I/II as first line treatment of advanced biliary tract carcinoma and for the treatment of adult patients with mutant or wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer. The product is in early clinical trials at Array Biopharma for the treatment of biliary cancer.

According to Array, MEK-162 may also provide broad therapeutic benefits in the treatment of chronic degenerative diseases. However, a phase II trial for the treatment of stable rheumatoid arthritis (RA) did not meet its primary endpoint. Based on these data, the company focused development of MEK-162 solely in oncology.

In 2010, MEK-162 was licensed to Novartis by Array BioPharma for worldwide development. In 2013, orphan drug designation was assigned in Japan for the treatment of malignant melanoma with NRAS or BRAF V600 mutation.

WO-2014063024 DEALS WITH Preparation, crystalline forms, and formulations comprising binimetinib. Binimetinib is a MEK-1/2 inhibitor originally claimed in WO03077914, which Array and Novartis are developing for the treatment of cancer, including melanoma, low-grade serous ovarian cancer, and other solid tumors, as well as Noonan syndrome hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and hepatic impairment. See also WO2014018725 for the most recent filing on the agent

 

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WO 03/077914

http://www.google.com/patents/WO2003077914A1?cl=en

 

Schemes 1-4.

Scheme 1

 

Scheme la

Scheme 2

Scheme 3

 

17 18

Scheme 4

25

Scheme 5

General synthetic methods which may be referred to for preparing some of the compounds of the present invention are provided in PCT published application number WO 00/42022 (published July 20, 2000). The foregoing patent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety.

 similar ie chloro instead of fluoro

Example 52

6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid (2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-amide (lOcc) Step A: 3-Chloro-2,4-difluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid 2a

3-Chloro-2,4-difluoro-benzoic acid la (3.00 g, 15.6 mmol) is added to a stirred solution of concentrated H2SO4 (16 mL) and fuming nitric acid (0.85 mL, 20.3 mmol). After 3 hours a precipitate forms. The yellow slurry is poured onto ice water (100 mL). The aqueous mixture is extracted with diethyl ether (3x). The organic extracts are dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 3.50 g (95%) of clean desired product as a pale yellow solid.

Step B: 4-Amino-3-chloro-2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid 3a

Ammonium hydroxide solution (6.88 g, -30% in water, 58.9 mmol) is added to a solution of 3-chloro-2,4-difluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid 2a (3.5 g, 14.7 mmol) in water (16 mL) at 0 °C with stirring. Upon completion of the ammonium hydroxide addition the reaction mixture is warmed to room temperature. After 5 hours the reaction mixture is cooled to 0 °C and concentrated HCl is carefully added until the pH of the reaction mixture is near zero. The solid is collected by filtration and washed with water and diethyl ether. The solids are transferred to a round bottom flask as a solution in MeOH and EtOAc and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.96 g of a yellow solid. The filtrate is partitioned between diethyl ether and water and the organic layer is washed with brine. The combined organic extracts are dried (Na2SO ) and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.65 g of product. Recovered a total of 3.61 g (104%) of pure desired product, that is carried forward without further purification.

Step C: 4~Amino-3-chloro-2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid methyl ester 4a

To a stirred solution of 4-amino-3-chloro-2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid 3a (3.61 g, 15.4 mmol) in THF (30 mL) and MeOH (10 mL), TMS diazomethane (9.23 mL, 2.0 M solution in hexanes, 18.5 mmol) is added. After completion of reaction, the reaction mixture is concentrated via rotary evaporation with acetic acid in the trap. The recovered oily solid is triturated with diethyl ether to provide 1.51 g of a yellow solid. The filtrate is concentrated and triturated with diethyl ether to give an additional 0.69 g of yellow solid. A total of 2.20 g (57%) of pure desired product is recovered.

Step D: 4-Amino-3-chloro-5-nitro-2-phenylamino-benzoic acid methyl ester 5c

4-Amino-3-chloro-2-fluoro-5-nitro-benzoic acid methyl ester 4a (2.20 g, 8.84 mmol) is suspended in MeOH (9.4 mL) and aniline (3.22 mL, 35.4 mmol) is added. The reaction mixture is heated to reflux with stirring under a nitrogen atmosphere. After 19 hours, the reaction is complete. Distilled water (3.22 mL) is added to the reaction mixture and refluxing is continued for one hour. The reaction mixture is cooled to 0 °C in an ice bath for 20 minutes. The reaction mixture is filtered and washed with 3:10 distilled water/MeOH (65 mL total) and then with MeOH. The solid is dissolved with CH2C12 and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 2.40 g (84%) of pure desired product. MS APCI (-) m/z 320.3 (M-l) detected.

Step E: 4, 5-Diamino-3-chloro-2-phenylamino-benzoic acid methyl ester 6b

4-Amino-3-chloro-5-nitro-2-phenylamino-benzoic acid methyl ester 5c (0.50 g, 1.55 mmol) is dissolved into 2:1 EtOH/MeOH (15.5 mL). Saturated aqueous NH4C1 (15 mL), Zn powder (1.02 g, 15.6 mmol), and THF (10 mL) are added. After stirring for 20 hours, the reaction mixture is diluted with CH C12/THF and water. The organic layer is washed with water (3x). The combined organic extracts are dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The solids are triturated with ether to give 0.32 g (70%) clean desired product. Step F: 7-Chloro-6-phenylamino-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester 7c

4,5-Diamino-3-chloro-2-phenylamino-benzoic acid methyl ester 6b (0.32 g, 1.09 mmol) and formamidine acetate (72 mg, 1.64 mmol) in EtOH (36 mL) are heated, with stirring, to 80 °C. After 44 hours, the reaction mixture is cooled to room temperature and diluted with EtOAc and washed with water (3x), saturated NaHCO3, and brine. The combined organic extracts are dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 0.33 g (99%) clean desired product as a solid. MS APCI (+) m/z 302.3 (M+l) detected.

Step G: 6-(4-Bromo-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester 8g

7-Chloro-6-phenylamino-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester 7c (0.327 g, 1.08 mmol) is dissolved into DMF (16 mL) and NBS (0.193 g, 1.08 mmol) is added. After one hour, the reaction mixture is quenched by the addition of saturated aqueous NaHSO3. The reaction mixture is then partitioned between EtOAc/THF and water. The organic layer is washed with water and brine. The combined organic extracts are dried (Na2SO ) and concentrated under reduced pressure. The recovered solid is triturated with ether to give 0.225 g (54%) pure desired product. MS ESI (+) m/z 382, 384 (M+, Br pattern) detected.

Step H: 6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)- 7 -chloro-3H-benzoimidazole-5 -carboxylic acid methyl ester lOdd 6-(4-Bromo-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester 8g (0.225 g, 0.591 mmol) is dissolved in DMF (2 mL) and NCS (79 mg, 0.591 mmol) is added. After the NCS is in solution concentrated HCl (0.005 mL, 0.059 mmol) is added. After 2 hours, sodium bicarbonate, water and NaHSO3 are added to the reaction mixture. Solids are filtered and washed with water and ether to give 0.141 g (57%) of clean desired product as a tan solid. MS APCI (-) m/z 414, 416 (M-, Br pattern) detected.

Step I: 6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid methyl ester lOee

6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester lOdd (0.141 g, 0.34 mmol), potassium carbonate (0.141 g, 1.02 mmol), and iodomethane (0.063 mL, 1.02 mmol) are dissolved in dimethylformamide (3 mL). After 20 hours, the reaction mixture is diluted with EtOAc and washed with water (3x), potassium carbonate, and brine. The organic layer is dried (Na2SO4) and concentrated to a brown oil. The N3 and Nl alkylated regioisomers are separated by flash chromatography (EtOAc). The recovery of the N3 alkylated regioisomer is 20.4 mg (28%). MS ESI (+) m/z 428, 430 (M+, Br pattern) detected.

Step J: 6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid 10 ff

6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid methyl ester lOee (21 mg, 0.048 mmol) is dissolved into 2:1 THF/water (1.2 mL) and NaOH (0.190 mL, 1.0 M aqueous solution, 0.190 mmol) is added. After stirring for 4 hours the reaction is diluted with water and acidified to pH 2 by addition of 1.0 M HCl. The mixture is then extracted with 3:1 EtOAc/THF (3x), dried (Na2SO ) and concentrated to give quantitative yield of desired prodcut as a white solid. MS APCI (+) m/z 414, 416 (M+, Br pattern) detected.

Step K: 6-(4-Bromo-2’chloro-phenylamino)- 7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid (2-vinyloxy-ethoxy) -amide lOgg

6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid lOff (32 mg, 0.077 mmol), O-(2-vinyloxy-ethyl)-hydroxylamine (0.010 mL, 0.092 mmol), HOBt (13 mg, 0.093 mmol), triethylamine (0.011 mL, 0.077 mmol), and EDCI (19 mg, 0.10 mmol) are dissolved into dimethylformamide (1.0 mL) and allowed to stir under a nitrogen atmosphere at room temperature for 24 hours. The reaction mixture is diluted with EtOAc, washed with water (3x), 10% potassium carbonate (2x), saturated ammonium chloride, brine, dried (Na2SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure to give 39 mg of 85% pure material. MS APCI (-) m/z 497, 501 (M-, Br pattern) detected.

Step L: 6-(4-Bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5- carboxylic acid (2-hydroxy-ethoxy)-amide lOcc

Hydrochloric acid (0.78 mL, 1.0 M aqueous solution, 0.78 mmol) is added to a suspension of 6-(4-bromo-2-chloro-phenylamino)-7-chloro-3-methyl-3H- benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid lOgg (2-vinyloxy-ethoxy)-amide (39 mg, 0.078 mmol) in MeOH (1 mL). After one hour, the reaction mixture is neutralized to pH 7 and concentrated under reduced pressure. The solids are dissolved in EtOAc, washed with brine, dried (Na SO4), and concentrated under reduced pressure. Flash chromatography (20:1 CH2Cl2/MeOH) provides 9 mg (23%) of pure product: MS APCI (+) m/z 473, 475 (M+, Br pattern) detected; 1H NMR (400 MHz, CDC13) δ 8.30 (s, IH), 8.08 (s, IH), 7.57

(d, IH), 7.15 (dd, IH), 6.21 (d, IH), 3.97 (s, 3H) 3.86 (m, 2H), 3.57 (m, 2H).

 

actual is below

Example 18

The following compounds are prepared by methods similar to those described in

Example 10 by using methyl ester 8d and the appropriate alkylating agent (Step A) and

the appropriate hydroxylamine (Step C):

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WO2014063024

http://patentscope.wipo.int/search/en/detail.jsf;jsessionid=E10680BCA177F821C7FEFA1AFC44A438.wapp2nA?docId=WO2014063024&recNum=6&maxRec=53841&office=&prevFilter=%26fq%3DICF_M%3A%22C07D%22&sortOption=Pub+Date+Desc&queryString=&tab=PCTDescription

COMPD A

Example 1. Preparation of 6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-

 

Compound 1 Compound 3

 

In an inertized (N2) reaction vessel at internal temperature 20°C and under exclusion of humidity and air, Compound 1 (1.0 eq.) and Compound 2 (1.2 eq.) are reacted in the presence of cesium carbonate (2.4 eq.), tris(dibenzylidenaceton) dipalladium(O) (0.035 eq.) and Xantphos (0.07 eq.) in a mixture of toluene and 1 ,4-dioxane at internal temperature of 99°C. After 8 hours, the mixture is cooled to internal temperature of 60°C.

Subsequently, dimethylformamide (DMF), filter aid (CEFOK) and activated charcoal (EKNS) are added, and the mixture is stirred and cooled to internal temperature of 35 °C. The solids are filtered off and washed with a mixture of dimethylformamide and toluene. To the filtrate, which contains the product Compound 3, is introduced at internal temperature of

25 °C hydrogen chloride gas (CLC) whereupon the HQ salt of Compound 3 crystallizes. The palladium residue mainly remains in solution. After warming to 60 °C and cooling to 0°C, the solids are filtered using a centrifuge and are washed with a mixture of toluene and dimethylformamide.

The damp Compound 3 HC1 salt is charged to a reactor (equipped with pH probe) together with dimethylformamide and is heated to 60°C. By adding a 4 wt% of aqueous tripotassium phosphate solution, the pH is adjusted to a pH range of 6.8-7.6 (with a target of pH 7.2) while Compound 3 crystallizes as free base. After cooling to 22°C and stirring, the solids are filtered using a centrifuge and are washed with drinking water. The moist solids are dried at 50 °C under vacuum to give dry, crude Compound 3.

In order to remove residual palladium, dry, crude Compound 3 is dissolved in dimethylformamide at internal temperature of 60°C and stirred together with Smopex-234 (commercially available from Johnson Matthey) and activated charcoal for 90 minutes. The solids are filtered off at internal temperature of 60°C and are washed with

dimethylformamide. To the filtrate are added drinking water and Compound 3 seed crystals. More drinking water is added while Compound 3 crystallizes. After cooling to internal temperature of 20 °C, the solids are filtered using a centrifuge and are washed with a mixture of deionized water and dimethylformamide and with deionized water. The moist solids are dried at 50°C under vacuum, providing 6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester (Compound 3).

 

Example 2. Preparation of 6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid-(2-tert-butoxyethoxy)-amide

A. “One-pot” Synthesis

 

Compound 3 Intermediate 1

t-Bu-O. /\ ^ H2

(Compound 4)

 

Compound 5

In an inertized reaction vessel at internal temperature 20-25 °C under nitrogen, 6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid methyl ester (Compound 3, 1.0 eq.) is added to a mixture of DMF and THF. To this slurry, a solution of potassium trimethylsilanolate (1.05 eq.) in THF is added to the mixture at internal temperature of 25 °C over a period of about 40 minutes, and the resulting mixture is stirred for about 1 hour, providing a potassium salt solution of Intermediate 1. A THF/methanol mixture is then sequentially distilled off from the mixture at 85-120°C during about 2 hours.

The potassium salt solution is then added to a suspension of CDI (1.25 eq.) and imidazole hydrochloride (1.40 eq.) in THF at internal temperature of 25 °C over a period of about 1 hour. The resulting mixture is then stirred for approximately 1 hour at 50°C, and the following imidazolide intermediate

 

 

The imidazolide intermediate is not further isolated.

Subsequently, 1.2 eq. of 0-(2-tert-butoxyethyl)hydroxylamine (Compound 4, CAS No. 1023742-13-3, available from suppliers such as Huhu Technology, Inc.®) is added over a period of about 30 minutes at 50°C and stirred for 1.5 hours. Demineralized water is then added at 50°C, producing a precipitate. After cooling to 20°C and stirring for about 3-16 hours, the slurry is filtered off, washed with THF/ demineralized water (1 :2) in 2 portions and with demineralized water in three portions, and dried at 50°C / <70 mbar for about 17 hours, providing 6-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid-(2-tert-butoxyethoxy)-amide (Compound 5) as monohydrate.

 

B. A synthesis method with isolation of the intermediate of step a) from the reaction mixture of step a) prior to the reaction of step b)

Alternatively, 6-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5 -carboxylic acid-(2-tert-butoxyethoxy)-amide (Compound 5) can be made by the synthesis method as shown below. Compound 3, which is a methyl ester, is first converted to a carboxylic acid, which is then isolated by a crystallization to form Compound

6. Compound 6 is then coupled with Compound 4 to form Compound 5 as monohydrate.

The crystallization step in this method removes starting materials such as Compound 1, process impurities, and the dba ligand from the prior catalyst before the coupling reaction with Compound 4, and at the same time maintains the overall yield of the synthesis.

 

 

6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-memy acid In an inertized (N2) reaction vessel at internal temperature of 60°C, Compound 3 (1.0 eq.) is dissolved in DMF and stirred with a fiber, which is sold under the trademark

SMOPEX 234, and activated charcoal for the removal of palladium to not more than 100 ppm. The fiber and activated charcoal are removed by filtration at 60°C and washed with DMF.

The filtrate (containing Compound 3) is transferred to a second inertized (N2) reaction vessel and cooled to an internal temperature of 30°C. A thin suspension can form at this point of time. 30% sodium hydroxide (1.1 eq.) and water (for rinsing) are added, and the resulting reaction mixture is vigorously stirred for 3 hours at an internal temperature of 30 °C. The methyl ester is saponified. Conversion is checked by an IPC (HPLC). As soon as the IPC criterion is met, a filter aid, which is sold under the trademark HYFLO, is added. The mixture is stirred for 15 minutes and then filtered at 30°C via a plate filter and polish filter to a third reaction inertized (N2) vessel.

An aqueous HC1 solution 7.5 % is added to the clear filtrate in the third vessel at an internal temperature of 30 °C until a pH value of 8 is reached. Then the solution is seeded at an internal temperature of 30°C with Compound 6, and an aqueous HC1 solution 7.5 % is added under vigorous stirring until a pH value of pH 2.8 is reached. The product gradually crystalizes. The suspension is cooled over 60 min to an internal temperature of 25 °C and

water is added. The suspension is stirred for at least 4 hours at an internal temperature of 25°C.

The resulting solid is collected by centrifugation or filtration. The filter cake is first washed with DMF/water 1 :1 (w/w) and then with water, discharged and dried in a vacuum at 50°C. The water content is controlled by IPC. The crystalline product Compound 6 is discharged as soon as the IPC criterion is met.

 

6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid- (2-tert-butoxyethoxy) – amide

An inertized (N2) reaction vessel is charged with Compound 6 (1.0 eq.), DMF, and

THF at room temperature. The suspension is heated to 25 °C under stirring with flow of nitrogen. After CDI (1.13 eq.) is added, the suspension can get thinner and slight evolution of gases can be observed. After the suspension finally becomes a solution, it is then monitored by IPC (HPLC).

As soon as the IPC (HPLC) criterion is met, the reaction mixture is heated to 50°C over 20 minutes and imidazole hydrochloride (0.3 eq.) is added, forming a solution of

Intermediate 2.

To the solution of Intermediate 2, Compound 4 (1.3 eq.) is added over 60 minutes at internal temperature of 50°C under stirring at a speed of 300 rpm with flow of nitrogen. As soon as the IPC (HPLC) criterion is met, the mixture is cooled to 20-25 °C over 30 minutes. The mixture is then stored at ambient temperature overnight under nitrogen without stirring. DMF is added to the mixture followed by heating it to 50 °C over 30 minutes. Complete conversion of Intermediate 2 to Compound 5 is confirmed by IPC (HPLC).

Water is added to the mixture at internal temperature of 50 °C over 20 minutes. Then the solution is seeded with Compound 5. After stirring at 50 °C for 60 minutes, more water is added to the suspension at 50 °C over 90 minutes. After vigorous stirring, the suspension is cooled to 20 °C over 2 hours and filtered. The filter cake is washed twice with THF/water (v/v: 1 :2) at 20 °C, and twice with water at 20 °C. Finally, the filter cake is dried at 50 °C under vacuum to provide 6-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid-(2-tert-butoxyethoxy)-amide (Compound 5) as monohydrate.

 

Example 3. Preparation of 6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxyethyoxy)-amide (Compound A)

Compound 5 Compound A

6-(4-Bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid-(2-tert-butoxyethoxy)-amide (Compound 5) monohydrate is added in 3 portions to a premixed solution of Acetonitrile and excess Phosphoric acid (85 % aqueous solution) at internal temperature 20-25 °C. After stirring for about 15 minutes, the suspension is heated to internal temperature 50-53 °C. The suspension is maintained at this temperature for 6 hours, cooled to internal temperature 20-25 °C. The mixture is then heated to internal temperature 35-37°C and diluted with Ethanol- Water (3 :1 v/v). EKNS and CEFOK are added, the reaction mixture is stirred approximately 15 minutes and filtered over a funnel coated with CEFOK. The filtrate is cooled to approximately 30°C. 3 N aqueous potassium hydroxide (ΚΟΗ) is added to the cooled filtrate over a period of 90 minutes until a pH- value of about 8.1 is reached. The suspension is heated to internal temperature 60-63 °C, stirred at this temperature for a period of about 2 hours, cooled to 20-23 °C over a period of about 45 minutes, filtered over a funnel, and dried at 50°C pressure <100 mbar over a period of about 17 hours, providing 6-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxyethyoxy)-amide (Compound A) as a white powder.

 

Example 4. Preparation of Crystallized 6-(4-bromo-2-fluorophenylamino)-7-fluoro-3-methyl-3H-benzoimidazole-5-carboxylic acid (2-hydroxyethyoxy)-amide (Compound A) In a dry vessel at room temperature, Compound A is added to a premixed solvent solution of methanol/THF/water (35/35/30 w/w). The suspension is heated to internal temperature 53-55°C, and the resulting solution is hot filtered by deep and membrane filtration (via a paper filter and PTFE membrane) at internal temperature 53-56°C. The clear solution is stirred and cooled to 47-48°C, and the seed crystals suspension (i.e., seed crystals of crystallized Compound A in water, 10% m/m) is added (0.2 to 0.5% of crystallized Compound A expected yield mass). After about 20 minutes, water is slowly added within 25 hours (33.3% within 15 hours and 66.6% within 10 hours with at least 10 minute stirring after addition of water) to obtain a final ratio of methanol THF/water (20/20/60 w/w). After the water is added, the suspension is cooled down to internal temperature 3-5 °C within 10 hours and stirred for 0.5 hours. The white suspension is filtered over a sinter glass nutsche (75 ml, diameter = 6 cm, pore 3) suction filter and washed once with ice cold methanol/THF/water (15/15/70 w/w at 2-4 °C), and two times with ice cold water (2-4 °C). Drying takes place in a vacuum oven dryer at 20°C for 10 hours, and then at 40°C for 10 hours, and then at 60°C for at least 12 hours with pressure < lOmbar, providing crystallized Compound A.

Example 5. Pharmaceutical Composition

Crystallized Compound A is formulated as indicated in Table 1 :

Table 1

 

* The weight of the drug substance is taken with reference to the dried substance (100%) on the basis of assayed value. The difference in weight is adjusted by the amount of lactose monohydrate.

** The Opadry II is combined with the sterile water to make a 12% w/w Opadry II (85F) film coat suspension, which is then sprayed onto the core tablet.

*** Removed during processing

 

Upon mixing of the tablet core components, the pharmaceutical composition is converted into a tablet form by direct compression. The formed tablet may be further coated with the tablet coating provided above.

 

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